Reference : Effects of available surface on gaseous emissions from group-housed gestating sows ke...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Animal production & animal husbandry
Life sciences : Environmental sciences & ecology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/11410
Effects of available surface on gaseous emissions from group-housed gestating sows kept on deep litter
English
Philippe, François-Xavier mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de productions animales > Ecologie et éthologie vétérinaires >]
Canart, Bernard [> >]
Laitat, Martine mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département clinique des animaux de production (DCP) > Département clinique des animaux de production (DCP) >]
Wavreille, José [> >]
Bartiaux-Thill, Nicole [> >]
Nicks, Baudouin mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de productions animales > Ecologie et éthologie vétérinaires >]
Cabaraux, Jean-François mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de productions animales > Ecologie et éthologie vétérinaires >]
2010
Animal
Cambridge University Press
4
10
1716-1724
Yes
International
1751-7311
1751-732X
Cambridge
United Kingdom
[en] ammonia ; available surface ; deep litter ; gestating sow ; greenhouse gases
[en] In the European Union, the group-housed pregnant sows have to have a minimal legal available area of 2.25m²/sow. However,
it has been observed that an increased space allowance reduces agonistic behaviour and consecutive wounds and thus induces
better welfare conditions. But, what about the environmental impacts of this greater available area? Therefore, the aim of this
study was to quantify pollutant gases emissions (nitrous oxide, N2O, methane, CH4, carbon dioxide, CO2 and ammonia, NH3),
according to the space allowance in the raising of gestating sows group-housed on a straw-based deep litter. Four successive
batches of 10 gestating sows were each divided into two homogeneous groups and randomly allocated to a treatment: 2.5 v.
3.0m²/sow. The groups were separately kept in two identical rooms. A restricted conventional cereals based diet was provided
once a day in individual feeding stalls available only during the feeding time. Rooms were automatically ventilated. The gas
emissions were measured by infra red photoacoustic detection during six consecutive days at the 6th, 9th and 12th weeks of
gestation. Sows performance (body weight gain, backfat thickness, number and weight of piglets) was not significantly different
according to the space allowance. In the room with 3.0m²/sow and compared with the room with 2.5m²/sow, gaseous emissions
were significantly greater for NH3 (6.29 v. 5.37 g NH3-N/day per sow; P<0.01) and significantly lower for N2O (1.78 v. 2.48 g
N2O-N/day per sow; P<0.01), CH4 (10.15 v. 15.21 g/day per sow; P<0.001), CO2 equivalents (1.11 v. 1.55 kg/day per sow;
P<0.001), CO2 (2.12 v. 2.41 kg/day per sow; P,0<001) and H2O (3.10 v. 3.68 kg/day per sow; P<0.001). In conclusion, an
increase of the available area for group-housed gestating sow kept on straw-based deep litter seems to be ambiguous on an
environmental impacts point of view. Compared with a conventional and legal available area, it favoured NH3 emissions, probably
due to an increased emitting surface. However, about greenhouse gases, it decreased N2O, CH4 and CO2 emissions, probably
due to reduced anaerobic conditions required for their synthesis, and led to a reduction of CO2 equivalents emissions.
Researchers ; Professionals
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/11410
10.1017/S1751731110000583

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