Reference : Feedback from reservoir sedimentation on the flow pattern in rectangular basins
Scientific congresses and symposiums : Paper published in a book
Engineering, computing & technology : Civil engineering
Feedback from reservoir sedimentation on the flow pattern in rectangular basins
[fr] Rétroactions des dépôts sédimentaires sur le mode d'écoulement dans des réservoirs rectangulaires
Camnasio, Erica [Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI) > > > >]
Erpicum, Sébastien mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Services généraux (Faculté des sciences appliquées) > Scientifiques attachés au Doyen (Sc.appliquées) >]
Orsi, Enrico [Politecnico di Milano (POLIMI) > > > >]
Pirotton, Michel mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > HECE (Hydraulics in Environnemental and Civil Engineering) >]
Schleiss, Anton [Laboratory of Hydraulic Constructions (LCH), Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) > > > >]
Dewals, Benjamin mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur MS2F > Hydraulics in Environmental and Civil Engineering >]
6th International Conference on Scour and Erosion (ICSE)
6th International Conference on Scour and Erosion (ICSE)
27-31 August 2012
[en] Flow patterns ; shallow reservoir ; sediments deposits ; turbulence damping ; Atténuation de la turbulence
[fr] Modes d'écoulement ; Réservoirs peu profonds ; Sédimentation
[en] Despite simple geometries, flow in shallow rectangular reservoirs show complex recirculation patterns, which strongly influence the sediment deposits and, in practice, affect the operation and maintenance costs of such facilities. Based on composite modelling, this research characterizes flow and sedimentation patterns in geometric conditions which have not been investigated so far.
Velocity fields developing in rectangular shallow reservoirs (h = 0.2 m) with different asymmetric locations of the inlet and the outlet channels were experimentally investigated. Tests were performed in a reservoir geometry (4.5 m x 4 m) characterized by a stable symmetric flow pattern in the basic symmetric configuration, at constant hydraulic conditions; the aim was to evaluate exclusively the effect of channels displacing on the flow patterns and on the sedimentation of suspended solids. Horizontal velocity components were measured by ultrasound velocity profilers in the entire reservoir and maps of velocity vectors were obtained. Velocity measurements were performed both with clear water and with an inflowing suspended load. At the end of the experiments sediments deposits thickness on the entire reservoir bottom was measured by a laser light method, and maps of sediments deposits thickness were produced. Reservoir trapping efficiency was evaluated, but no significant influence of inlet and outlet channels location on trapping efficiency was observed.
Numerical simulations were performed with the depth-averaged model WOLF 2D, in order to assess the ability of the model to reproduce the different types of flow patterns found in the experiments. In particular, a sensitivity analysis on bottom roughness as well as on the turbulence closure model and parameter was performed, in order to analyze a possible feedback effect of sediment deposits and/or suspended load on the type of flow pattern.
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