[en] Using existential anthropology in understanding contemporary history
I try to reveal the value of the Sartrean model of intentional consciousness in understanding the human relationships and the political conflicts of our time. I examine the cultural aspects of Sartre’s thought. Sartre’s existential anthropology of the historical real-life refers to a complex philosophical method inspired by Husserl’s phenomenology, Freud’s psychoanalysis and Marx’s dialectic. It aims at understanding individual’s imaginary and behavior. Using that method, not only are we able to reveal the structure of people’s intentions in building and defending their personal and national interests, but also can we manifest the imaginary that constitute what Sartre designates by Dog’s mind, that meant criminal’s and racist’s beliefs. Sartre used his method in understanding writers as Baudelaire, Flaubert or Genet, who was also a criminal. Our intention is to apply psycho-analysis in understanding great figures of human history, such as Hitler, the “Dog” of our time, so that we shall be able to built harmless intercultural relationships.
Unité de recherche "Phénoménologies"
Université de Liège
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