[en] Bone Marrow Diseases/diagnosis/etiology ; Decision Trees ; Edema/diagnosis/etiology ; Femur Head ; Hip Joint ; Humans ; Magnetic Resonance Imaging
[en] Transient bone marrow edema of the hip is characterized by moderate homogeneous low MR signal intensity with ill-defined margins that involves at least a portion of the femoral head. Spin echo T1-weighted images are helpful to exclude other underlying diseases (tumor, infection, necrosis from systemic origin...), for which marrow edema is secondary or no epiphyseal in location. High-resolution fat-suppressed T2-weighted or proton density images allow evaluation of the articular cartilage, subchondral bone and subchondal marrow: if the articular cartilage is abnormal, the lesion is irreversible (arthrosis or necrosis); if the subchondral bone is focally interrupted and/or if the femoral is no longer spherical, the lesion is irreversible (necrosis); if a focal linear fluid collection is present under the subchondral bone, the lesion is irreversible (necrosis). Finally, subchondral changes may provide useful prognostic information: the absence of any abnormality other than marrow edema typically indicates that complete resolution is likely; the presence of a focal T2-weighted hypointense lesion immediately next to the subchondral bone suggests an irreversible lesion, especially if it is equal to or thicker than 4mm or the joint space. In some instances, prognosis cannot be reliably determined requiring the need for follow-up imaging.