Reference : Le régime alimentaire de la chouette effraie, Tyto alba, dans les Pyrénées Orientales. E...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Zoology
Le régime alimentaire de la chouette effraie, Tyto alba, dans les Pyrénées Orientales. Etude des variations écogéographiques
[en] The diet of the barn owl in the oriental Pyrenees. Ecogeographic variations
Libois, Roland mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de Biologie, Ecologie et Evolution > Zoogéographie >]
Fons, Roger [ > > ]
Saint Girons, Marie Charlotte [ > > ]
Revue d'Ecologie
Société Nationale de Protection de la Nature et d'Acclimatation de France
[en] Barn owl ; Diet ; small mammals ; ecological variations ; biogeography
[en] Correspondence analysis is used to study the variations of the diet of the Barn owl in the eastern part of the Pyrenees, and their relationships with the various vegetation zones of the area. Nineteen samples of owl pellets (18561 prey items) were collected, together with information on the altitude, climate, vegetation and land-use of the sites where pellets were gathered. Mus spretus is a typical eumediterranean species. Pitymys pyrenaicus, Microtus arvalis, Clethrionomys glareolus, Sorex "araneus" and S. minutus are conspicuously absent. Pitymys duodecimcostatus, Suncus etruscus and Crocidura suaveolens cannot be considered as "indicator species" of the mediterranean biome. These small mammals take advantage of some man-made environmental changes to enter areas well outsite the limits of the mediterranean bioclimate: e.g. cultivated fields with deep soils for Pitymys and dry-stone walls for Crocidurine shrews. The strong correslation existing between ecoclimatic factors and prey selection emphazises the opportunistic nature of barn owl's predatory behaviour. The use of fossil pellets as an indicator of past environmental cnditions of a given area is amply justified
Researchers ; Professionals

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