Reference : Performance on an everyday life activity in persons diagnosed with alcohol dependency co...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Treatment & clinical psychology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/111439
Performance on an everyday life activity in persons diagnosed with alcohol dependency compared to healthy controls: Relations between a computerized shopping task and cognitive and clinical variables.
English
Laloyaux, Julien mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > Psychologie clinique cognitive et comportementale >]
Michel, Céline mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > > >]
Mourad, Haitham mailto [Intercommunale de Soins Spécialisés de Liège (Mental Health Sector) > > > >]
Bertrand, Hervé mailto [Intercommunale de Soins Spécialisés de Liège (Mental Health Sector) > > > >]
Domken, Marc-André mailto [Intercommunale de Soins Spécialisés de Liège (Mental Health Sector) > > > >]
Van der Linden, Martial mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > Psychopathologie cognitive >]
Laroi, Frank mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de Psychologie : cognition et comportement > Psychologie clinique cognitive et comportementale >]
2012
Alcohol & Alcoholism
Oxford University Press
47
3
240-247
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0735-0414
1464-3502
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] Everyday life activities ; Alcohol dependency ; Ecological validity ; Neurocognition ; Social functioning ; Computerized
[en] Aim: Persons diagnosed with alcohol dependency often suffer from cognitive impairments. Little is known, however, concerning how these cognitive deficits impact complex, everyday life activities. By this experiment, we wished to contribute to a better characterization of the nature of everyday life difficulties in patients with alcohol dependency using a computerized shopping task.

Methods: We developed a computerized real-life activity task (shopping task), where participants are required to shop for a list of 8 grocery store items. Twenty individuals diagnosed with alcohol dependency and 20 healthy controls were administered a battery of cognitive tests, clinical scales and the computerized shopping task.

Results: Performance on the computerized shopping task significantly differentiated patients and healthy controls for several variables and in particular for Total time. Moreover, Total time to complete the task correlated significantly with several cognitive measures. In particular, poor performance on measures of processing speed, verbal episodic memory, cognitive flexibility and inhibition were significantly correlated with longer Total time. Finally, longer Total time was significantly correlated with poorer everyday life functioning and longer duration of illness.

Conclusions: These findings suggest that the computerized task used in the present study is a good proxy measure of the level of everyday life and cognitive functioning of persons diagnosed with alcohol dependency.
This work was supported in part by an unrestricted grant from AstraZeneca Belgium.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/111439
10.1093/alcalc/ags014
http://alcalc.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2012/02/20/alcalc.ags014

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