[en] Compensation ; Direct losses ; Emerging disease ; Financial support ; Indirect losses ; Insurance ; Private sector ; Public sector ; Animal health crisis
[en] The importance of animal health crises has considerably increased over the last few years. When a crisis occurs, farmers can receive financial support through various public, private and mixed compensation schemes. Economic losses resulting from diseases may be direct and indirect. If a disease is covered by European Union regulations then countries have a legal obligation to partly compensate farmers for direct losses, either directly through the national budget, or through a specific fund. The European Veterinary Fund also cofinances these losses. Only a few countries provide compensation for indirect losses. The private insurance sector also provides protection against some direct and indirect losses but the risks covered are variable. To encourage farmers to subscribe to this kind of insurance, some public authorities provide subsidies to help pay the premium. Insurance companies do not generally cover the risks linked to contagious diseases, but some companies do extend cover to include this type of risk. Several alternatives, such as mutual funds, are available to improve risk coverage. There is a lack of harmonisation among the various compensation schemes of different countries. Public authorities cannot provide full compensation, but mutual funds and private insurance companies are alternatives that should be further investigated and their use should be extended
to other countries. A classification of diseases would harmonise the situation at the European level.
Unité de Recherche en Epidémiologie et Analyse de Risque (UREAR)
Région wallonne : Direction générale de l'Agriculture - DGA
Développement d'un outil générique de quantification des pertes économiques directes et indirectes subies par les éleveurs et la société civile dans le cadre des maladies émergentes en Région Wallonne