Reference : Reasoning versus knowledge retention and ascertainment throughout a problem-based lea...
Scientific journals : Article
Social & behavioral sciences, psychology : Education & instruction
Reasoning versus knowledge retention and ascertainment throughout a problem-based learning curriculum
Collard, Anne mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > IFRES >]
Gelaes, Sabine mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > IFRES >]
Vanbelle, Sophie mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de mathématique > Département de mathématique >]
Brédart, Serge mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cognitives > Psychologie cognitive - Doyen de la Faculté de Psychologie et des sc. de l'éducation >]
Defraigne, Jean-Olivier mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Chirurgie cardio-vasculaire et thoracique >]
Boniver, Jacques mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences biomédicales et précliniques > Anatomie et cytologie pathologiques >]
Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Pédiatrie - IFRES >]
Medical Education
Blackwell Publishing
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Biomedical Reasoning ; Knowledge ; Problem-Based Learning ; Higher Education ; ascertainment degree
[en] CONTEXT: Since 2000, problem-based learning (PBL) seminars have been introduced into the curriculum of medical studies at the University of Liège. We aimed to carry out a cross-sectional investigation of the maturational increase in biomedical reasoning capacity in comparison with factual knowledge retention throughout the curriculum.
METHODS: We administered a factual knowledge test (i.e. a true ⁄ false test with ascertainment
degree) and a biomedical reasoning test (i.e. an adapted script concordance test [SCT]) to 104 students (Years 3–6) and a reference panel. The selected topic was endocrinology.
RESULTS: On the SCT, the students obtained higher scores in Years 5 and 6 than in Years 3
and 4. In Year 3, the scores obtained on SCT questions in a new context indicated transfer of
reasoning skills. On the true ⁄ false test, the scores of Year 3 students were significantly
higher than those of students in the other three year groups. A positive correlation between SCT scores and true ⁄ false test scores was observed only for students in Years 3 and 4. In each group, the ascertainment degree scores were higher for correct than for incorrect responses and the difference was calculated as an index of self-estimation of core knowledge. This index was found to be positively correlated to SCT scores in the four year groups studied.
CONCLUSIONS: Biomedical reasoning skills are evidenced early in a curriculum involving
PBL and further increase during training. This is accompanied by a decrease in factual knowledge retention. The self-estimation of core knowledge appears to be related to reasoning
capacity, which suggests there is a link between the two processes.
Fonds de la Recherche Fondamentale Collective d'Initiative des Chercheurs - FRFC

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