Reference : Decrease of T-Lymphocyte Proliferation in Exercise-Induced Asthma
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Cardiovascular & respiratory systems
Decrease of T-Lymphocyte Proliferation in Exercise-Induced Asthma
Bury, Thierry [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences de la motricité > Physiologie humaine et physiologie de l'effort physique >]
Corhay, Jean-Louis mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Pneumologie-Allergologie >]
Louis, Renaud mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Pneumologie - Allergologie]
Radermecker, Maurice [Université de Liège - ULg > Services généraux (Faculté de médecine) > Relations académiques et scientifiques (Médecine) >]
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[en] The present study was designed to examine the effect of physical exercise on T-lymphocyte proliferation in patients with exercise-induced asthma (EIA). Indeed, a decrease in different immune functions is described in normal man after exercise. Thirty subjects (10 normal and 20 asthmatic subjects with or without EIA) underwent a submaximal exercise test on an electrically driven treadmill. Before and after this test, ventilatory variables were measured, and venous blood was taken to study plasma histamine (RIA) and spontaneous and phytohemagglutinin (PHA)-pulsed T-lymphocyte proliferation (mononuclear cells isolated on Ficoll-Hypaque; tritiated thymidine incorporation). Ten minutes after the end of the exercise, there was a significant FEV1 decrease only in asthmatic subjects with EIA (mean: 24 +/- 5%). In the same group, the mean plasma histamine level was 0.31 ng/ml-1 (+/- 0.06) before the challenge. It rose to 0.62 ng/ml-1 (+/- 0.14) 10 min after the end of the exercise (P < 0.05), and returned to normal limits 20 min after the test. In this group, there was also a significant decrease (by about 35%) of spontaneous and PHA-pulsed T-lymphocyte proliferation 2 and 4 h after the exercise. By contrast, exercise challenge had no effect on either plasma histamine level or T-lymphocyte proliferation in the normal group. Our results show a rapid and transient increase in plasma histamine in EIA. This was followed 2 and 4 h later by a significant decrease of T-lymphocyte proliferation. A possible relationship between these two phenomena is discussed.

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