[en] biodiversity policy ; environmental policy ; socio-economics of nature restoration ; increasing public support and participation ; legal issues of nature restoration
[en] In Belgium, the delineation of Special Protection Areas (SPA) and Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) has been done. At present many questions arise concerning the management of these areas. The multiple use of the space generates conflicts of interest. The SELNAT-project aims to answer the question “How to make Natura 2000 work properly?”, taking into account socio-economic, legal and ecological management aspects. This project aims to achieve more insight in a sustainable management of Natura 2000 sites. In a first part of the study, the legal framework, the ecological status and the socio-economic frame have been described. The main legal, economic, social and ecological bottlenecks for the Natura 2000 network implementation in Belgium have been highlighted. In a next phase, guidelines for the elaboration of a ‘good management plan’ for the Natura 2000 network will be developed at the local scale taking into account the principles of the Ecosystem approach.. The fundamental question in this part is which instruments are needed at what time in the implementation process to reach the ecological targets taking into account economic, legal and social considerations. In a first step we evaluated the feasibility and effectiveness of these instruments by means of a literature review and a survey among experts of the field. In a second step we’ll try to develop a management plan for two case study areas, a Flemish site and a Walloon site. A the end of the project, recommendations for policy makers about the improvement of these instruments will be formulated.