Reference : Functional and Evolutionary Analysis of Flatfish Gonadotropin Receptors Reveals Clada...
Scientific journals : Article
Life sciences : Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/109497
Functional and Evolutionary Analysis of Flatfish Gonadotropin Receptors Reveals Cladal- and Lineage-Level Divergence of the Teleost Glycoprotein Receptor Family
English
[en] Functional and Evolutionary Analysis of Flatfish Gonadotropin Receptors Reveals Cladal- and Lineage-Level Divergence of the Teleost Glycoprotein Receptor Family
Chauvigné, Francois [> >]
Tingaud-Sequeira, Angele [> >]
Agulleiro, Maria J [> >]
Calusinska, Magdalena mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > > Centre d'ingénierie des protéines >]
Gomez, Ana [> >]
Finn, Roderick Nigel [> >]
Cerda, Joan [> >]
3-Mar-2010
Biology of Reproduction
Society for the Study of Reproduction
82
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0006-3363
1529-7268
Madison
WI
[en] gonadotropins ; flatfish
[en] Pituitary gonadotropins, follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH),
and luteinizing hormone (LH) act via their cognate glycoprotein
hormone receptors (GpHRs), FSH receptor (FSHR), and LH/
choriogonadotropin receptor (LHCGR) to regulate gonad physiology.
Here, we show that the flatfish Senegalese sole (Solea
senegalensis) expresses functional isoforms of fshr and lhcgr, but
the genomic origin, ligand activation, and tissue distribution of
the receptor transcripts are more complex than expected. By
integrating the molecular phylogeny of GpHRs with the syntenic
loci of vertebrate orthologs, and by subsequently characterizing
the physical maps with the phylogeny of flanking genes, we
found that vertebrate GpHRs have undergone a divergent
evolution. In Teleostei, fshr genes have a common descent and
can be classified as fshra, whereas lhcgrb genes exist as
alternatively coded genes even in closely related species.
Structural analyses of the receptors revealed that Fshra has an
elongated ligand-binding domain, containing an extra leucinerich
repeat that specifically arose in the Acanthomorpha
because of exon duplication. Ectopic expression in Xenopus
laevis oocytes demonstrated that sole Fshra responded to piscine
Fsh and Lh, whereas Lhcgrba was preferentially activated by its
cognate hormone. The expression pattern of sole fshra and
lhcgrba in gonads during the reproductive cycle was consistent
with earlier observations wherein Fshra regulates ovarian
growth and spermatogenesis and Lhcgrb triggers gamete
maturation, respectively. However, contrary to observations in
other teleosts, fshra was localized exclusively in Sertoli cells of
the testis, whereas lhcgrba was expressed in Leydig cells as well as in spermatids. These results demonstrate the presence of
alternatively coded lhcgr isoforms (lhcgrba and lhcgrbb) in
teleosts and suggest a role of the lhcgrba receptor in the
differentiation of spermatids into spermatozoa in Senegalese
sole.
Researchers
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/109497

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