Reference : Evolution and predictive factors of relapse in ulcerative colitis patients treated wi...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Gastroenterology & hepatology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/108257
Evolution and predictive factors of relapse in ulcerative colitis patients treated with mesalazine after a first course of corticosteroids.
English
Bello, C. [> > > >]
Belaiche, Jacques [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Département des sciences cliniques]
Louis, Edouard mailto [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Gastro-Entérologie-Hépatologie >]
Reenaers, Catherine [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > Rhumatologie]
2011
Journal of Crohn's & colitis
5
3
196-202
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
1873-9946
1876-4479
Netherlands
[en] INTRODUCTION: Mesalazine remains the first line treatment for the induction and the maintenance of remission in mild to moderate ulcerative colitis (UC). Its efficacy as a maintenance treatment after a first flare treated with corticosteroids has not been specifically studied. The aims of our work were to study a cohort of UC patients treated with mesalazine after a course of oral systemic corticosteroids and to identify predictive factors of relapse and of colectomy. MATERIAL AND METHOD: We studied retrospectively a cohort of 143 UC patients, who never received immunosuppressive drugs, and treated for the first time with oral corticosteroids for a flare. Among patients responding to corticosteroids, we studied the group treated by mesalazine after the flare. RESULTS: Fifty% (n=52) achieved a complete clinical remission with steroid weaning. In this group, 67% (n=35) received oral mesalazine. Seventy-five % of patients treated by mesalazine relapsed (median 29 months, range: 1-156). Fourteen % required a colectomy (median 11 months, range: 1-24). Kaplan Meier curve showed a relapse rate and a colectomy rate over one year of 26% and 11% respectively. In multivariate analysis, male gender and short duration of disease were predictive factors of the time-to-relapse. No factor was predictive of time-to-colectomy. CONCLUSION: Maintenance efficacy of mesalazine over one year after a first course of corticosteroids for a disease flare is reasonably high. The longer-term relapse rate becomes higher in male patients with a short disease duration. An immunosuppressive treatment could be discussed in case of further relapse despite improved medication-adherence. Medication-adherence should first be assessed and promoted. An immunosuppressive treatment could be discussed in case of further relapse despite improved medication-adherence.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/108257
10.1016/j.crohns.2010.12.011
Copyright (c) 2011 European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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