Bouquegneau, Jean-Marie[Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences et gestion de l'environnement > Océanologie >]
Gobert, Sylvie[Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences et gestion de l'environnement > Océanologie >]
Annual Beltox Congress
le 08 décembre 2011
Belgian Society of Toxicology and Ecotoxicology
[en] Mytilus galloprovincialis ; trace elements ; biomonitoring
[en] Mussel caging with Mytilus galloprovincialis has been successively used to monitor classic trace metal (Cd, Cu, Zn, Cr, Fe, Ni, Pb) pollution of Mediterranean coastal waters at spatial scales ranging from 10 to 100km. However, its relevance as bioindicator at smaller scales (100 m - 1 km) is poorly known. Moreover, the levels of some little studied trace elements (Al, V, Mn, Sb, Sn, Ag, Mo, Se, As, Co, Be, Bi), recently identified as potential pollutants of coastal environments, have not yet been assessed in that species. In this work, M. galloprovincialis was used to monitor the 19 listed trace elements at the scale of the Calvi Bay (NW Corsica, France). Additionally, we investigated decontamination kinetics and trace element tissue speciation before and after spawning.
Mytilus galloprovincialis trace element levels reflect the good water quality of the Calvi Bay, showing little spatial variations either at 100m or 1km scales. Filter feeders are only influenced by their relatively homogeneous pelagic environment (dissolved trace elements and suspended particulate matters), in contrast to organisms which inhabit typically heterogeneous benthic habitats. This bioindicator, a convincing candidate for the monitoring of the 12 little studied trace elements, effectively accumulates the 19 studied elements to 105 seawater concentrations. Mytilus galloprovincialis rapidly equilibrates (within days) with its environment, and is therefore a good indicator of chronic and stable chemical pollutions. Tissue speciation shows that the most relevant organ to monitor trace elements is the hepatopancreas. However, the important variability induced by the reproductive cycle of mussels requires using this bioindicator during its sexual dormancy.
Évolution de la pollution en éléments traces dans le milieu marin suite aux modifications récentes de leur production et de leur utilisation par l'homme: cas de la Méditerranée occidentale.