Reference : Fast core rotation in red-giant stars as revealed by gravity-dominated mixed modes
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/107458
Fast core rotation in red-giant stars as revealed by gravity-dominated mixed modes
English
Beck, Paul G [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique stellaire théorique et astérosismologie >]
Kallinger, Thomas [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
De Ridder, Joris [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Aerts, Conny [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
García, Rafael A [Laboratoire Astrophysique, Instrumentation et Modélisation (AIM), CEA/DSM--CNRS--Université Paris Diderot; Institut de Recherche sur les lois Fondamentales de l'Univers/Service d'Astrophysique (IRFU/Sap), Centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex, France]
Hekker, Saskia [Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek', University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands]
Dupret, Marc-Antoine mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique stellaire théorique et astérosismologie]
Mosser, Benoit [Laboratoire d'études spatiales et d'instrumentation (LESIA), CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon Cedex, France]
Eggenberger, Patrick [Observatoire de Genève, Université de Genève, 51 Ch. des Maillettes, 1290 Sauverny, Switzerland]
Stello, Dennis [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney 2006, Australia]
Elsworth, Yvonne [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK]
Frandsen, Søren [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark]
Carrier, Fabien [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Hillen, Michel [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Gruberbauer, Michael [Department of Astronomy and Physics, Saint Marys University, Halifax, NS B3H 3C3, Canada]
Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jørgen [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark]
Miglio, Andrea mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique stellaire théorique et astérosismologie]
Valentini, Marica mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique stellaire théorique et astérosismologie >]
Bedding, Timothy R [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney 2006, Australia]
Kjeldsen, Hans [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark]
Girouard, Forrest R [Orbital Sciences Corporation/NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, 94035 California, USA]
Hall, Jennifer R [Orbital Sciences Corporation/NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, 94035 California, USA]
Ibrahim, Khadeejah A [Orbital Sciences Corporation/NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, 94035 California, USA]
1-Jan-2012
Nature
Nature Publishing Group
481
55-57
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0028-0836
1476-4687
Basingstoke
United Kingdom
[en] When the core hydrogen is exhausted during stellar evolution, the central region of a star contracts and the outer envelope expands and cools, giving rise to a red giant. Convection takes place over much of the star's radius. Conservation of angular momentum requires that the cores of these stars rotate faster than their envelopes; indirect evidence supports this. Information about the angular-momentum distribution is inaccessible to direct observations, but it can be extracted from the effect of rotation on oscillation modes that probe the stellar interior. Here we report an increasing rotation rate from the surface of the star to the stellar core in the interiors of red giants, obtained using the rotational frequency splitting of recently detected `mixed modes'. By comparison with theoretical stellar models, we conclude that the core must rotate at least ten times faster than the surface. This observational result confirms the theoretical prediction of a steep gradient in the rotation profile towards the deep stellar interior.
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/107458
also: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/130360
10.1038/nature10612
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2012Natur.481...55B

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