Reference : Gravity modes as a way to distinguish between hydrogen- and helium-burning red giant stars
Scientific journals : Article
Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences : Space science, astronomy & astrophysics
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/107456
Gravity modes as a way to distinguish between hydrogen- and helium-burning red giant stars
English
Bedding, Timothy R [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia]
Mosser, Benoit [LESIA, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon cedex, France]
Huber, Daniel [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia]
Montalban Iglesias, Josefa mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique stellaire théorique et astérosismologie >]
Beck, Paul [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Christensen-Dalsgaard, Jørgen [Danish AsteroSeismology Centre (DASC), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark]
Elsworth, Yvonne P [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK]
García, Rafael A [Laboratoire AIM, CEA/DSM-CNRS, Université Paris 7 Diderot, IRFU/SAp, Centre de Saclay, 91191 Gif-sur-Yvette, France]
Miglio, Andrea mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique stellaire théorique et astérosismologie]
Stello, Dennis [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia]
White, Timothy R [Sydney Institute for Astronomy (SIfA), School of Physics, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia]
De Ridder, Joris [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Hekker, Saskia [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK]
Aerts, Conny [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Barban, Caroline [LESIA, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon cedex, France]
Belkacem, Kevin [Institut d'Astrophysique Spatiale, UMR 8617, Université Paris XI, Bâtiment 121, 91405 Orsay Cedex, France]
Broomhall, Anne-Marie [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK]
Brown, Timothy M. [Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope, Goleta, California 93117, USA]
Buzasi, Derek L. [Eureka Scientific, 2452 Delmer Street Suite 100, Oakland, California 94602-3017, USA]
Carrier, Fabien [Instituut voor Sterrenkunde, KU Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200D, 3001 Leuven, Belgium]
Chaplin, William J [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Birmingham, Birmingham B15 2TT, UK]
di Mauro, Maria Pia [INAF - IASF, Istituto di Astrofisica Spaziale e Fisica Cosmica, Via del Fosso del Cavaliere 100, 00133 Roma, Italy]
Dupret, Marc-Antoine mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département d'astrophys., géophysique et océanographie (AGO) > Astrophysique stellaire théorique et astérosismologie]
Frandsen, Søren [Danish AsteroSeismology Centre (DASC), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark]
Gilliland, Ronald L [Space Telescope Science Institute, 3700 San Martin Drive, Baltimore, Maryland 21218, USA]
Goupil, Marie-Jo [LESIA, CNRS, Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Université Denis Diderot, Observatoire de Paris, 92195 Meudon cedex, France]
Jenkins, Jon M [SETI Institute/NASA Ames Research Center, MS 244-30, Moffett Field, California 94035, USA]
Kallinger, Thomas [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, 6224 Agricultural Road, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 1Z1, Canada]
Kawaler, Steven [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa 50011, USA]
Kjeldsen, Hans [Danish AsteroSeismology Centre (DASC), Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark]
Mathur, Savita [High Altitude Observatory, NCAR, PO Box 3000, Boulder, Colorado 80307, USA]
Noels-Grötsch, Arlette mailto [Institut d'Astrophysique et de Géophysique de l'Université de Liège, Allée du 6 Août 17, B 4000 Liège, Belgium]
Aguirre, Victor Silva [Max-Planck-Institut für Astrophysik, Karl-Schwarzschild-Str. 1, 85748 Garching bei München, Germany]
Ventura, Paolo [INAF - Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Via Frascati 33, 00040 Monte Porzio Catone (RM), Italy]
1-Mar-2011
Nature
Nature Publishing Group
471
608-611
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0028-0836
1476-4687
Basingstoke
United Kingdom
[en] Red giants are evolved stars that have exhausted the supply of hydrogen in their cores and instead burn hydrogen in a surrounding shell. Once a red giant is sufficiently evolved, the helium in the core also undergoes fusion. Outstanding issues in our understanding of red giants include uncertainties in the amount of mass lost at the surface before helium ignition and the amount of internal mixing from rotation and other processes. Progress is hampered by our inability to distinguish between red giants burning helium in the core and those still only burning hydrogen in a shell. Asteroseismology offers a way forward, being a powerful tool for probing the internal structures of stars using their natural oscillation frequencies. Here we report observations of gravity-mode period spacings in red giants that permit a distinction between evolutionary stages to be made. We use high-precision photometry obtained by the Kepler spacecraft over more than a year to measure oscillations in several hundred red giants. We find many stars whose dipole modes show sequences with approximately regular period spacings. These stars fall into two clear groups, allowing us to distinguish unambiguously between hydrogen-shell-burning stars (period spacing mostly ~50seconds) and those that are also burning helium (period spacing ~100 to 300 seconds).
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/107456
also: http://hdl.handle.net/2268/130365
10.1038/nature09935
http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2011Natur.471..608B
http://de.arxiv.org/abs/1103.5805

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