|Reference : Distribution and epidermal growth factor receptor expression of primordial follicles ...|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Human health sciences : Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)|
|Distribution and epidermal growth factor receptor expression of primordial follicles in human ovarian tissue before and after cryopreservation.|
|Qu, Jian Ping [ > > ]|
|Godin, Pierre-Arnaud [ > > ]|
|NISOLLE, Michelle [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Gynécologie-Obstétrique CHR >]|
|Donnez, Jacques [ > > ]|
|Oxford University Press|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|[en] cryopreservation ; epidermal growth factor ; ovarian tissue ; primordial follicle ; receptor|
|[en] The freezing of ovarian tissue and the growth of immature oocytes from primordial follicles is an interesting concept in ovarian tissue transplantation and in-vitro fertilization. In this study, the morphology and distribution of primordial follicles were studied in ovarian tissue from 24 women before and after cryopreservation. Cryopreservation did not significantly change either the morphology or number per unit volume of morphologically normal follicles in frozen ovarian tissue. Primordial follicles were predominant, accounting for 78.6% and 82.6% of total follicles in fresh and frozen ovarian tissues respectively. The distribution of follicles was extremely uneven in ovarian tissue. A large variation in follicle numbers was observed in ovarian tissue samples from patient to patient, and even in the same patient, indicating that the number of follicles counted in one sample of ovarian tissue may not represent the number of follicles in other tissue samples. Ovarian tissue could be frozen in the form of strips instead of fragments for fast processing and better viability of ovarian tissue in cryopreservation. The number of follicles in ovarian tissue declined with the increasing age of the patients. An immunohistochemical study showed that immunoreactivity for the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor was detected in primordial follicles of adult ovarian tissue. EGF receptor staining was most intense in the oocytes of primordial follicles. Weak staining for EGF receptor was observed in some surrounding pregranulosa cells. Immunohistochemical staining for EGF receptor was also present in the stromal cells of ovarian tissue, but to a much lesser degree. There was no significant difference in the immunohistochemical staining for EGF receptor in ovarian tissue before and after cryopreservation.|
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