|Reference : Ureteral endometriosis: a complication of rectovaginal endometriotic (adenomyotic) nodules|
|Scientific journals : Article|
|Human health sciences : Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)|
|Ureteral endometriosis: a complication of rectovaginal endometriotic (adenomyotic) nodules|
|Donnez, Jacques [> >]|
|NISOLLE, Michelle [Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Liège - CHU > > Gynécologie-Obstétrique CHR >]|
|Squifflet, Jean [> >]|
|Fertility and Sterility|
|Yes (verified by ORBi)|
|[en] Ureterohydronephrosis ; ureteral endometriosis ; rectovaginal adenomyosis ; ureterolysis|
|[en] Objective: To present data from 18 cases of ureteral endometriosis.
Design: Prospective clinical study.
Setting: Department of gynecology at a university hospital.
Patient(s): Four hundred and five patients with severe dysmenorrhea or deep dyspareunia due to a rectovaginal endometriotic (adenomyotic) nodule.
Intervention(s): Patients were prospectively evaluated using intravenous pyelography. All patients underwent laparoscopic surgery to remove rectovaginal adenomyosis and ureterolysis.
Main Outcome Measure(s): Presurgical and postsurgical evaluation and histologic analysis.
Result(s): Preoperative intravenous pyelography revealed ureteral stenosis with ureterohydronephrosis in 18 patients (4.4%). A significantly higher prevalence (11.2%) was observed in nodules ≥ 3 cm in diameter. Five women (20%) had complete ureteral stenosis. Kidney scintigraphy revealed damaged kidney parenchymal function, which ranged from 18% to 42%. Laparoscopic ureterolysis was done in 16 women; 2 women underwent ureteral resection and uretero-ureterostomy. A significant postoperative decrease in ureterohydronephrosis was noted in all patients; however, renal function improved only slightly.
Conclusion(s): Ureteral endometriosis was found in 4.4% of patients with rectovaginal endometriotic (adenomyotic) nodules. Ureterolysis and removal of associated adenomyotic lesions was sufficient therapy in most patients; two required resection of the ureteral stenotic segment. Intravenous pyelography should be performed in all women with rectovaginal nodules ≥ 3 cm to prevent nonreversible loss of renal function.
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