Reference : Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)-specific comorbidity index: a new tool for r...
Scientific journals : Article
Human health sciences : Hematology
Hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT)-specific comorbidity index: a new tool for risk assessment before allogeneic HCT.
Sorror, Mohamed L [> > > >]
Maris, Michael B [> > > >]
Storb, Rainer [> > > >]
Baron, Frédéric mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département des sciences cliniques > GIGA-R : Hématologie - Département des sciences cliniques >]
Sandmaier, Brenda M [> > > >]
Maloney, David G [> > > >]
Storer, Barry [> > > >]
American Society of Hematology
Yes (verified by ORBi)
[en] Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Cause of Death ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Comorbidity ; Female ; Humans ; Infant ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prognosis ; Proportional Hazards Models ; Reproducibility of Results ; Risk Assessment ; Stem Cell Transplantation/contraindications ; Survival Rate ; Transplantation, Homologous/contraindications ; Treatment Outcome
[en] We previously reported that the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) was useful for predicting outcomes in patients undergoing allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT). However, the sample size of patients with scores of 1 or more, captured by the CCI, did not exceed 35%. Further, some comorbidities were rarely found among patients who underwent HCT. Therefore, the current study was designed to (1) better define previously identified comorbidities using pretransplant laboratory data, (2) investigate additional HCT-related comorbidities, and (3) establish comorbidity scores that were suited for HCT. Data were collected from 1055 patients, and then randomly divided into training and validation sets. Weights were assigned to individual comorbidities according to their prognostic significance in Cox proportional hazard models. The new index was then validated. The new index proved to be more sensitive than the CCI since it captured 62% of patients with scores more than 0 compared with 12%, respectively. Further, the new index showed better survival prediction than the CCI (likelihood ratio of 23.7 versus 7.1 and c statistics of 0.661 versus 0.561, respectively, P < .001). In conclusion, the new simple index provided valid and reliable scoring of pretransplant comorbidities that predicted nonrelapse mortality and survival. This index will be useful for clinical trials and patient counseling before HCT.

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