Reference : A method for evaluating transport energy consumption in suburban areas
Scientific journals : Article
Engineering, computing & technology : Architecture
Engineering, computing & technology : Energy
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/100613
A method for evaluating transport energy consumption in suburban areas
English
Marique, Anne-Françoise mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur TLU+C > Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire >]
Reiter, Sigrid mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département Argenco : Secteur TLU+C > Urbanisme et aménagement du territoire >]
Feb-2012
Environmental Impact Assessment Review
Elsevier Science
33
1-6
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0195-9255
[en] Suburban areas ; transport energy consumption ; commuting ; spatial development
[en] Urban sprawl is a major issue for sustainable development. It represents a significant contribution to energy consumption of a territory especially due to transportation requirements. However, transport energy consumption is rarely taken into account when the sustainability of suburban structures is studied. In this context, the paper presents a method to estimate transport energy consumption in residential suburban areas. The study aimed, on this basis, at highlighting the most efficient strategies needed to promote awareness and to give practical hints on how to reduce transport energy consumption linked to urban sprawl in existing and future suburban neighborhoods. The method uses data collected by using empirical surveys and GIS. An application of this method is presented concerning the comparison of four suburban districts located in Belgium to demonstrate the advantages of the approach. The influence of several parameters, such as distance to work places and services, use of public transport and performance of the vehicles, are then discussed to allow a range of different development situations to be explored. The results of the case studies highlight that travelled distances, and thus a good mix between activities at the living area scale, are of primordial importance for the energy performance, whereas means of transport used is only of little impact. Improving the performance of the vehicles and favoring home-work give also significant energy savings. The method can be used when planning new areas or retrofitting existing ones, as well as promoting more sustainable life styles regarding transport habits.
Lepur : Centre de Recherche en Sciences de la Ville, du Territoire et du Milieu rural ; LEMA
Région wallonne : Direction générale de l'Aménagement du Territoire, du Logement et du Patrimoine - DGATLP
SAFE (Suburban Areas Favoring Energy efficiency)
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/100613
10.1016/j.eiar.2011.09.001

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