Reference : Selection and heating of colouring materials in Mousterian level of es-Skhul (ca. 100 00...
Scientific journals : Article
Arts & humanities : Archaeology
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/100103
Selection and heating of colouring materials in Mousterian level of es-Skhul (ca. 100 000 years B.P., Mount Carmel, Israel)
English
Salomon, Hélène mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de physique > Physique nucléaire, atomique et spectroscopie >]
Vignaud, Colette mailto [Centre de recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF), France > > > >]
Coquinot, Yvan mailto [Centre de recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF), France > > > >]
Beck, Lucile mailto [Centre de recherche et de Restauration des Musées de France (C2RMF), France > CEA JANNUS, Gif-sur-Yvette, France > > >]
Stringer, Christopher mailto [Department of Palaeontology, The Natural History Museum, London SW7 5BD, UK > > > >]
Strivay, David mailto [Université de Liège - ULg > Département de physique > Physique nucléaire, atomique et spectroscopie >]
d'Errico, Francesco mailto [Université de Bordeaux, UMR 5199 PACEA, PACEA, Préhistoire, Paléoenvironnement, Patrimoine, France > Institute for Archaeology, History, Cultural and Religious Studies, University of Bergen, Norway > > >]
2012
Archaeometry
Wiley
54
4
698–722
Yes (verified by ORBi)
International
0003-813X
1475-4754
Oxford
United Kingdom
[en] iron oxide ; phosphorite ; heat treatment ; israel ; middle palaeolithic ; catchment analysis ; TEM ; FEG-SEM ; PIXE-PIGE ; µXRD
[en] The transformation of yellow goethite into red hematite by heating has long been assumed for
Palaeolithic red artefacts excavated close to fireplaces. However, this transformation is
extremely rare. Using SEM–FEG–EDX, PIXE–PIGE, TEM and mXRD, we characterized the
mineralogical and chemical compositions of four microsamples of colouring materials from
the Mousterian layer B in the es-Skhul rock-shelter, from about 100 kya ago. For some
colouring materials, the Mousterian people of es-Skhul chose to gather remote yellow lumps
for heating. Their significant transport distance provides evidence of the possible high cultural
value of these colouring materials for transformation into red pigments.
Centre Européen en Archéométrie - CEA
CNRS–OMLL programme of the European Science Foundation ; Programme ORIGINE II of the Aquitaine Region ; Programme PROTEA of the French Ministry of Higher Education and Research ; European Research Council (FP7/2007/2013)/ERC Grant TRACSYMBOLS n# 249587) ; ULg (Liège University) programme for post-doctoral fellowship
http://hdl.handle.net/2268/100103
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