References of "Scientific conferences in universities or research centers"
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See detailDiversity of Clostridium difficile isolates from humans and animals
Rodriguez Diaz, Cristina ULg; Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Korsak Koulagenko, Nicolas ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 17)

Clostridium difficile is an important cause of infectious diarrhea in hospitals. The major risk factors for the development of nosocomial C. difficile associated disease include antibiotic therapy and ... [more ▼]

Clostridium difficile is an important cause of infectious diarrhea in hospitals. The major risk factors for the development of nosocomial C. difficile associated disease include antibiotic therapy and increasing age. In animals, as pigs, calves and horses, C. difficile also seems to be an important cause of enteric disease. The main objective of this study was to characterize and compare animal and human C. difficile strains with respect to the PCR-ribotype and the antibiotic resistance. Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) and multiple-Locus Variable number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA) were performed in order to study clonal relationships of the isolates. Human C. difficile isolates were obtained from care home residents and hospitalized patients. Animal isolates were collected from stool samples and carcasses of pigs and cattle at slaughter. An identification of the strains was performed by PCR-ribotyping. Further characterization was performed by antibiotic resistance, MLST and MLVA analysis. A neighbourd-joining phylogenetic three was constructed in order to determine the correlation between human and food isolates. A great variety of PCR ribotypes was found among the animal isolates, including PCR ribotypes 078 and 014. The most prevalent PCR-ribotypes in the nursing home were PCR-ribotypes 027 and 020. A high resistance to moxifloxacin, erythromycin, gentamicin and clindamycin was detected for some of the strains. Phylogenetic analysis showed that human and animal isolates with the same PCR-ribotype cluster in the same lineage, suggesting a potential risk of interspecies transmission. [less ▲]

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See detailVers une approche intégrée de l'évaluation et de l'intervention psychologiques
Van der Linden, Martial ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 17)

Dans cette présentation, nous défendrons une démarche d’évaluation clinique qui favorise la formulation d’une interprétation psychologique individualisée, prenant en compte la co-occurrence de difficultés ... [more ▼]

Dans cette présentation, nous défendrons une démarche d’évaluation clinique qui favorise la formulation d’une interprétation psychologique individualisée, prenant en compte la co-occurrence de difficultés psychologiques différentes, le caractère plurifactoriel de ces difficultés et l’hétérogénéité des mécanismes psychologiques qui les sous-tendent. Cette démarche d’évaluation implique d’examiner différents types de processus psychologiques (cognitifs, affectifs, motivationnels, relationnels, identitaires) et d’intégrer leur contribution respective dans une interprétation psychologique cohérente, conduisant en outre à l’identification du rôle des facteurs sociaux, situationnels et biologiques. Dans ce contexte, l’intervention psychologique devrait être taillée sur mesure en fonction des dysfonctionnements psychologiques spécifiques de la personne et devrait comporter plusieurs facettes d’intervention complémentaires, focalisées sur différents processus psychologiques. Nous illustrerons cette approche de l’évaluation et de l’intervention dans différents domaines des difficultés psychologiques (symptômes dépressifs, apathie chez les personnes âgées, insertion sociale chez les personnes ayant reçu un diagnostic de schizophrénie, difficultés de couple). [less ▲]

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See detailWound management of a pregnant Belgian blue cow with severe toxic cutaneous necrosis affecting the limbs.
Gaillot, Claire; Claeys, Stéphanie ULg; Douffet, François ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 17)

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See detailLa maladie rénale chronique (MRC)
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; moonen, martial; WEEKERS, Laurent ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 17)

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See detailRéflexions sur les outils d'évaluation de la phonologie et de la morphosyntaxe dans le diagnostic de dysphasie
Devault, Cecilia; Labbé, Amandine; Leclercq, Anne-Lise ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 17)

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See detailLa communication augmentative et alternative dans l'autisme
dor, Orianne ULg; Grevesse, Pascale

Scientific conference (2014, October 17)

Cet atelier vise à présenter et tester différentes méthodes de communication augmentative et alternative (CAA) adaptées aux personnes présentant un trouble du spectre de l'autisme (TSA) ainsi que leur ... [more ▼]

Cet atelier vise à présenter et tester différentes méthodes de communication augmentative et alternative (CAA) adaptées aux personnes présentant un trouble du spectre de l'autisme (TSA) ainsi que leur impact sur le développement du langage et de la communication. Une attention particulière sera portée aux technologies mobiles (tablettes). [less ▲]

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See detailHepatocholecystitis due to Salmonella Dublin in a crossbred calf
Ronzoni, Anna; Bayrou, Calixte ULg; Evrard, Laurence ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 17)

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See detailSize Matters, Book Value does not! The Fama-French empirical CAPM revisited
Lambert, Marie ULg; Hübner, Georges ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 16)

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See detailDire l'indicible. Une anthropologie économique des pratiques mafieuses de certains migrants italiens en Belgique: notes préliminaires
De Biase, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 16)

L’objectif de cette recherche consiste à étudier les processus économiques, politiques et sociaux ayant favorisé la diffusion de pratiques criminelles et mafieuses chez certains migrants d’origine ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de cette recherche consiste à étudier les processus économiques, politiques et sociaux ayant favorisé la diffusion de pratiques criminelles et mafieuses chez certains migrants d’origine italienne en Belgique. Nous émettons l’hypothèse que l’apparition de pratiques mafieuses ne se fait pas via l’exportation des activités criminelles sur une « base ethnique » d’un lieu à un autre, mais que ces pratiques se développent à la suite d'une adaptation aux contextes d’immigration où se vérifient toutes les conditions de transformation du parcours d’intégration de certains migrants en un parcours criminel ou mafieux. C’est pour cela que nous proposons un nouveau cadre théorique qui dépasse les interprétations habituelles sur les phénomènes mafieux dans les parcours d’immigration et qui se propose d’étudier le vaste et complexe système de relations dans lequel les forces criminelles s’enracinent. Pour ce faire, nous proposons de nous concentrer sur l’étude du secteur agroalimentaire et de la restauration dans lesquels la criminalité d’origine italienne a beaucoup investi durant les dernières décennies. Par ailleurs, nous proposons une analyse comparée à la société d’origine des migrants, le Sud de l’Italie, afin de comprendre les continuités et les ruptures dans les pratiques mafieuses entre les contextes d’origine des migrants et ceux présents dans les espaces d'immigration. Pour tester les hypothèses, cette recherche se base sur l’étude de la littérature scientifique, les données statistiques de la criminalité, les sources médiatiques, sur quelques dossiers figurant dans les archives judiciaires des tribunaux belges. Mais, la recherche est surtout basée sur une approche ethnographique qui repose sur des recueils biographiques, de récits familiaux et de l'observation participant en travaillant comme agent pour une entreprise d'import/export de produits italiens. [less ▲]

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See detailL'analyse de risques, à dimension humaine au sein de mon organisation
Sindic, Marianne ULg; Delvosalle, Christian; Bruyr, Dominique et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 15)

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See detailAdapter l'évaluation au nouveau contexte de l'enseignement supérieur : quelques défis et enjeux de l'évaluation des compétences
Poumay, Marianne ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 14)

Les référentiels de compétences promus par l'ARES, le décret « paysage », ses unités d’apprentissage et ses trajectoires flexibles sont autant de changements qui questionnent aujourd’hui les équipes ... [more ▼]

Les référentiels de compétences promus par l'ARES, le décret « paysage », ses unités d’apprentissage et ses trajectoires flexibles sont autant de changements qui questionnent aujourd’hui les équipes éducatives. Comment se rendre compte que l’on évalue bien des compétences et non des acquis d’apprentissage plus morcelés ? Comment évaluer la complexité sans risque d’une trop large subjectivité ? Comment rendre l’évaluation plus collégiale, en cohérence avec la notion d’unités d’apprentissage ? L’exposé proposera un cadre théorique, identifiera quelques enjeux majeurs pour les enseignants et ébauchera, en les illustrant, quelques réponses possibles à ces défis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe missing piece of the jigsaw: the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic of Central Asia
Flas, Damien ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 14)

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See detailLes nanoparticules et les micro-organismes au service de la dépollution des sols
Lavigne, Benoît; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 75 (4 ULg)
See detailScreening of elicitor candidates on winter wheat against Septoria tritici
Le Mire, Géraldine ULg; Deleu, Magali ULg; Ongena, Marc ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 14)

The various experiments to be held prior to elicitor screening are detailed, along with the screening metholodogy. Explanation is given on the increasing interests of plant elicitors, or "stimulators of ... [more ▼]

The various experiments to be held prior to elicitor screening are detailed, along with the screening metholodogy. Explanation is given on the increasing interests of plant elicitors, or "stimulators of natural defenses", for the sustainability of our agro-ecosystems. [less ▲]

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See detailDe la fable au portrait. L'image d'un chien sur une mosaïque alexandrine.
Morard, Thomas ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 13)

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See detailChercheurs, libérez l'accès: vous serez plus lus et mieux cités
Rentier, Bernard ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 13)

Availability of an article on the Internet without any barrier increases by a 20-fold factor its downloading songs as compared to those in restricted access requiring a reprint request. An article is ... [more ▼]

Availability of an article on the Internet without any barrier increases by a 20-fold factor its downloading songs as compared to those in restricted access requiring a reprint request. An article is being cited twice as much if immediately accessible. It is a fact. Hence it is crucial, if one wants to be read (why else would one one publish ?) to deposit one's manuscripts immediately after acceptance (i.e. before publication) and to make them freely accessible as soon as permitted. | L'accessibilité d'un article sur l'Internet sans aucune entrave technique augmente d'environ 20 fois ses téléchargements par rapport à l'accès restreint nécessitant une demande de tiré-à-part. Un article est cité environ 2 fois plus s'il est directement accessible. C'est une réalité. Il est donc crucial, si l'on veut être lu (sinon, pourquoi publie-t'on?) de déposer ses manuscrits immédiatement après acceptation (donc avant la publication) et de les rendre librement accessibles dès le moment où on y est autorisé. [less ▲]

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See detailSize Matters, Book Value does not! The Fama-French empirical CAPM revisited
Lambert, Marie ULg; Hübner, Georges ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 10)

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See detailEpigenetic regulation of macrophage polarisation
Hamaïdia, Malik ULg; Cosse, Jean-Philippe ULg; Willems, Luc ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 10)

Présentation des résultats devant les promoteurs membres de l'axe 4 Agricuture is life (plateforme Gembloux AgroBiotech)

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See detailWie und warum erinnert man an den Ersten Weltkrieg? Eine europäische Perspektive
Brüll, Christoph ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 10)

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See detailLa prise en charge des facteurs de risque dans le diabète de type 2 est-elle optimale?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 10)

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See detailTraitement biologique anaérobie des déchets organiques : Comment tirer profit de la biomasse
Hiligsmann, Serge ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 09)

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See detailSyndrome de Münchausen par Procuration
Malchair, Alain ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (4 ULg)
See detailDurkheim et la littérature
Ledent, David ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 09)

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See detailL'évolution du droit dans le temps et dans l'espace
Gerkens, Jean-François ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 06)

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See detailHuman cortical excitability depends on time spent awake and circadian phase
Ly, Julien ULg; Gaggioni, Giulia ULg; Chellappa, Sarah Laxhmi ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 04)

At any point in time, human performance results from the interaction of two main factors: a circadian signal varying with the time of the day and the sleep need accrued throughout the preceding waking ... [more ▼]

At any point in time, human performance results from the interaction of two main factors: a circadian signal varying with the time of the day and the sleep need accrued throughout the preceding waking period. But what’s happen at the cortical cerebral level? We used a novel technique coupling transcranial magnetic stimulation with electroencephalography (TMS/EEG) to assess the influence of time spent awake and circadian phasis on human cortical excitability. Twenty-two healthy young men underwent 8 TMS/EEG sessions during a 28 hour sleep deprivation protocole. We found that cortical excitability depends on both time spent awake and circadian phasis. [less ▲]

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See detailDétection précoce de la souffrance psychique chez l’adolescent
Malchair, Alain ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 03)

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See detailWhat's happening in Adenoma Valley
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October 03)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULg)
See detailHYDRO-MECHANICAL COUPLING IN A FE 2 METHOD
van den Eijnden, Abraham Pieter ULg; Plua, Carlos; Bésuelle, Pierre et al

Scientific conference (2014, October 01)

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See detailElectrical tuned vibration absorber: application of the equal-peak method to linear and non-linear RL piezoelectric shunts
TONDREAU, Gilles; DERAEMAEKER, Arnaud; Soltani, Payam ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, October)

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See detailSéminaire International "UNISCAPE En-Route" - Paysages blessés: réemploi et recyclage
Occhiuto, Rita ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October)

Ces sites oubliés, usés, d’abord envahis lourdement, exploités jusqu’au bout de leurs entrailles et souvent recouverts des déchets d’une société insouciante, alimentent la double face des paysages: la ... [more ▼]

Ces sites oubliés, usés, d’abord envahis lourdement, exploités jusqu’au bout de leurs entrailles et souvent recouverts des déchets d’une société insouciante, alimentent la double face des paysages: la face visible, riante, bucolique et apaisante contre la face cachée, non visible, souffrante, asphyxiée et déchirée. Ces blessures, tout autant que les regards sélectifs dont ces paysages sont les victimes, nous intéressent. Les thèmes à traiter partent de questions liées à la dés-affectation, à la dis-location, à la dis-jonction (B. Goetz), à la perte d’identité, mais aussi à la mémoire, au temps, aux pratiques de réappropriation et de sensibilisation dont l’objectif premier est de remettre, dans un nouveau circuit de production, les lieux blessés dont on a profondément transformé les structures et les équilibres. Les réflexions et les pratiques de relance concernant les cohérences paysagères assoupies sont aujourd’hui à la base de méthodologies et expérimentations qui permettent à des contextes usés d’acquérir le rôle de lieux porteurs de « nouvelles chaînes signifiantes » (U. Eco). Le séminaire offre l’occasion de faire ré-émerger des potentiels novateurs à partir de territoires qui ont perdu toute visibilité et capacité d’assurer le maintien de conditions d’équilibre et qui souffrent encore aujourd’hui de dynamiques de dis-sociation coupant toute relation entre l’homme et son milieu. Revenir à s’intéresser aux matériaux qui constituent le caractère et la structure des contextes paysagers en s’intéressant aux raisons qui en ont marqué aussi bien les phases cohérentes que les autres, permet de redécouvrir les processus et les dynamiques encourues ou en cours. Le retour à la lecture fine des lieux pour lequel le séminaire plaide donne des clefs permettant d’esquisser des voies de rétablissement de consciences actives pour réenclencher des aptitudes proactives indispensables pour le dépassement des phases critiques atteintes en matière de réaffectation de territoires en crise. Les échanges pourront ainsi toucher à des questions relatives à la réinsertion d’un lieu dans un nouveau cycle de vie, au regard de sa capacité à réacquérir reconnaissance et dignité à partir de son histoire, détenant déjà les éléments nécessaires pour une nouvelle phase de relance. [less ▲]

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See detailNovel role for type E Immunoglobulins: host protection against venoms.
Marichal, Thomas ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
See detailSquamocolumnar junction cells and HPV infection
Herfs, Michael ULg

Scientific conference (2014, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
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See detailRole de la Myoferlin dans l'angiogénese du cancer pancreatique
Fahmy, Karim ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (3 ULg)
See detailClinical significance of MT4-MMP and EGFR expression in Breast Cancer
Yip, Cassandre ULg; PAYE, Alexandra ULg; Truong, Alice ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, September 30)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (5 ULg)
See detailPanorama de l'état limite ou du trouble borderline.
Desseilles, Martin ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
See detailTable ronde autour de "Psychopathologie de l'homme en situation"
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 ULg)
See detailOne click… and a novel Antibiotic !
Rigali, Sébastien ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (5 ULg)
See detailClinical and genetic aspects of familial isolated pituitary adenomas
Beckers, Albert ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 25)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
See detailLe comunità italiane in Belgio tra assimilazione e transnazionalismo
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 25)

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See detail9th Congress of the International Society of NeuroImmunoModulation (ISNIM)
Geenen, Vincent ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 25)

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See detailAutomutilations à l'adolescence
Malchair, Alain ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (1 ULg)
See detailBeyond immigrant integration debates and policies. An EU multicultural citizenship?
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 24)

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See detailVers un cycle de conception, gestion et évaluation de projets intégrés
Leduc, Laurent ULg; Detroz, Pascal ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 23)

Objectifs de la conférence : * Susciter la réflexion sur vos pratiques de travaux de groupe et plus particulièrement sur ceux impliquant des Projets Intégrés * Fournir des balises théoriques pour penser ... [more ▼]

Objectifs de la conférence : * Susciter la réflexion sur vos pratiques de travaux de groupe et plus particulièrement sur ceux impliquant des Projets Intégrés * Fournir des balises théoriques pour penser votre pratique * Rendre compte de la diversité des pratiques [less ▲]

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See detailInfections sexuellement transmissibles et rapports à risque ...
Melin, Pierrette ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 20)

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See detailFrom landscape infrastructures to conservation biological control. Why the concept of functional diversity may be useful?
Hatt, Séverin ULg; Francis, Frédéric ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 19)

Landscape infrastructures are numerous. They can be hedgerows, woodlands or wildflower strips. They are known to provide ecosystem services such as reducing soil erosion and nutrient leaching or support ... [more ▼]

Landscape infrastructures are numerous. They can be hedgerows, woodlands or wildflower strips. They are known to provide ecosystem services such as reducing soil erosion and nutrient leaching or support biodiversity conservation. They may also help to biologically control pests. But conclusions of research papers are not unanimous about the positive effect of wildflower strips to control pests in fields. The cause may be the type of flower mixes sown in fields. In this context, the concept of functional diversity may be useful to constitute flower mixes that better enhance biological control. [less ▲]

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See detailApplications of stable isotopes in trophic ecology and ecotoxicology
Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Remy, François ULg; Michel, Loïc ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, September 19)

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See detailProbabilistic models of porous materials
Gommes, Cédric ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 19)

Hosts of natural processes and technologies depend on phenomena taking place inside nanometer-sized pores. Heterogeneous catalysis, adsorption separation processes, the weathering of porous rocks are but ... [more ▼]

Hosts of natural processes and technologies depend on phenomena taking place inside nanometer-sized pores. Heterogeneous catalysis, adsorption separation processes, the weathering of porous rocks are but a few examples. The effect of pore size on confined phenomena has been described for a long time by famous laws such as the Gibbs-Thomson and Kelvin equations. However, the underlying analyses assume geometrically perfect pores having the shape of cylinders or spheres, which is never encountered in practice. The role played by geometrical disorder in confined phenomena remains relatively unexplored. The aim of this presentation is twofold. First, we illustrate with the case of nitrogen adsorption how geometrical disorder modifies the stability of confined liquids. Second, we show that disorder per se does not rule out quantitative experimental data analysis, which we illustrate with in situ SAXS of confined liquid-liquid phase separation. In both cases the discussion is based on probabilistic models of porous materials, which is the natural mathematical tool to capture the role of geometrical disorder. [less ▲]

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See detailSpatiotemporal evolution of the distribution of trace elements in the sediments of the English Channel
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Pini, Jennifer; White, Shannon et al

Scientific conference (2014, September 18)

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See detailThe Political Genealogy of New Public Management: politicians’ willingness behind administrative reforms
Esposito, Giovanni ULg; Gaeta, Giuseppe Lucio

Scientific conference (2014, September 16)

Despite all the criticisms levelled against New Public Management (NPM) and the arguments raised in favor of a post-NPM model, the three e’s – effectiveness, efficiency and economy - still feature high on ... [more ▼]

Despite all the criticisms levelled against New Public Management (NPM) and the arguments raised in favor of a post-NPM model, the three e’s – effectiveness, efficiency and economy - still feature high on the political agenda of European countries in the field of public sector organizations. Bearing in mind that for an administrative system to move significantly towards NPM it is important to have politicians willing to shift in that direction, this paper undertakes a long-term cross-country analysis of NPM reforms in Europe based on the content of political parties’ manifestos released since 1950s. Given that no comprehensive empirical analysis is available about European parties’ positioning concerning NPM reforms, our study shows how the parties’ promise of promoting more effectiveness, efficiency and economy in government and public administration has varied across European countries during the last half-century. The study allows understanding not only the differences among national contexts in both Eastern and Western Europe, but also the variations through time across political forces that have engaged the most in calling for NPM reforms. [less ▲]

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See detailPopulation liégeoise exposée aux perturbateurs endocriniens. Mesures ponctuelles et répétées.
DEWALQUE, Lucas ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 12)

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See detailRecent development in the ring-opening polymerization of cyclic phosphates
Lecomte, Philippe ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 09)

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See detailGestión por los actores locales de los recursos físicos, vegetales y animales, para el desarrollo sostenible y la calidad de vida. Una experiencia interdisciplinaria en el valle del Draa, Marruecos
Hornick, Jean-Luc ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 08)

In 2001, an interdisciplinary team, composed of 22 scientists, developed a methodology aiming at analyzing problems of water resources in Vallée du Draa (Morocco). The issue was studied through 4 points ... [more ▼]

In 2001, an interdisciplinary team, composed of 22 scientists, developed a methodology aiming at analyzing problems of water resources in Vallée du Draa (Morocco). The issue was studied through 4 points of view: (i) disponibility of water, according to a hydrogeological evaluation of the region, (ii) mechanic, technic and physic access to water, taking into account political, cultural and financial sovereign, allowing to guarantee access to water at the levels of nation, region, locality, family and individual, (iii) quality of water and its evolution – rainy, superficial, underground, residual water, water for agriculture and breeding, (IV) efficiency and profitability of water. Water needs appeared to be higher that available resources. Rainy and superficial water supplies appeared to be weak and poorly distributed in time. Strong seasonal change in the level of phreatic layer suggested an overexploitation of aquifers. Valleys were characterized by sedimentation of irrigation canals, exploitation of underground water, remoteness and dispersion of agricultural areas. Social and gender equitability in water distribution and access were poor, leading to desertion and emigration. Water quality was considered as poor. It can be concluded that palm groves allows populations to maintain in an area. Sustainability of the system depend on water access, water quality and profitability. Survival of the system depends on irrigation, rights to water access, and presence of water of quality. [less ▲]

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See detail'What is an incident?': Conceptual Boundaries under the Microscope
Rossignol, Nicolas ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September 04)

Within the context of a nuclear facility, how can an event be qualified as an incident or not, depending on different definitions, either formal or corresponding to actors' own representations? In this ... [more ▼]

Within the context of a nuclear facility, how can an event be qualified as an incident or not, depending on different definitions, either formal or corresponding to actors' own representations? In this presentation, we show how different those definitions are, and we elaborate on the reasons why such a focus on conceptual boundaries is interesting in the context of "incident reporting". [less ▲]

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See detailLinear and nonlinear piezoelectric shunting strategies for vibration mitigation
Soltani, Payam ULg; Tondreau, Gilles; Deraemaeker, Arnaud et al

Scientific conference (2014, September 01)

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See detailBrentano, la théorie des catégories et la définition de la substance
Boccaccini, Federico ULg

Scientific conference (2014, September)

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See detailComparison between Experimental and SPH Models over a Sharp-crested Weir
Lodomez, Maurine ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, August 28)

In this paper the numerical simulations of a free surface flow over a sharp-crested weir are presented and compared to experimental results. The numerical model implemented consists of the meshless ... [more ▼]

In this paper the numerical simulations of a free surface flow over a sharp-crested weir are presented and compared to experimental results. The numerical model implemented consists of the meshless Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method which uses Navier-Stokes equations and the Tait equation of state for water. This numerical method has been developed in the framework of a master thesis and aimed to define the characteristics of the free jet. The validation of the results was performed through the analysis of the pressure field and the comparison of the numerical free surface profiles with experimental measurements conducted in the Hydraulic Laboratory of the University of Liège (ULg). A good qualitative agreement has been obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailL'odeur : question de sens ou de chimie
Romain, Anne-Claude ULg

Scientific conference (2014, August 28)

Afin de mesurer au mieux un paramètre, il faut préalablement connaître son identité. Concernant la métrologie de la pollution olfactive, toute la difficulté réside dans la particularité de cette pollution ... [more ▼]

Afin de mesurer au mieux un paramètre, il faut préalablement connaître son identité. Concernant la métrologie de la pollution olfactive, toute la difficulté réside dans la particularité de cette pollution. En effet, bien qu’associée à la pollution de l’air par les molécules volatiles qui la génèrent, elle en diffère par son effet sensoriel. Il va de soi que la pollution olfactive n’a de sens que par son odeur. Chaque individu a son propre odorat et dès lors sa propre interprétation de l’odeur. C’est cette subjectivité qui rend cette pollution si délicate à qualifier et à quantifier et qui la distingue de la pollution de l’air. De plus, contrairement à d’autres pollutions sensorielles de type sonore ou visuel, l’élément porteur ’est pas dans ce cas une grandeur physique telle que la longueur d’onde électromagnétique ou la variation de pression mais une grandeur physico-chimique particulière dont la mesure est beaucoup plus complexe. Un dictionnaire de langue française définit l’odeur comme « une émanation volatile, caractéristique de certains corps et susceptible de provoquer chez l’homme ou chez un animal des sensations dues à l’excitation d’organes spécialisés ». Cette définition de l’odeur met notamment en jeu deux disciplines : la chimie et la physiologie. En effet un chimiste pourrait présenter l’odeur comme un ensemble de molécules aux propriétés spécifiques qui inhalées par un individu génère une réaction, il s’intéresserait dès lors aux odorants alors qu’un physiologiste parlerait plutôt du stimulus induit par ces odorants et des mécanismes qui le provoquent au niveau des organes. Le traitement de l’information olfactive par le cerveau, la perception olfactive, conduit à plusieurs types de sensation. En effet, l’odeur perçue a trois grandes particularités : l’intensité, la qualité (ou la nature de l’odeur) et la tonalité hédonique ou affective (agrément/désagrément). A ces trois dimensions, il faut ajouter le caractère temporel du stimulus, dimension très utilisée dans le cadre de la pollution olfactive. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscutant de la Session Mainstreaming Migrant Integration Policies
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2014, August 27)

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See detailConvective drying of sawdust/sludge mixtures in a fixed bed: The effect of sludge origin
Li, Jie ULg; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

Scientific conference (2014, August 26)

Sludges collected from Oupeye WWTP (MS=80%), Grosses Battes WWTP (MS=85.5%), and Embourg WWTP (MS=88%) in Belgium and presenting different properties were used. The influence of the sawdust/sludge ratio ... [more ▼]

Sludges collected from Oupeye WWTP (MS=80%), Grosses Battes WWTP (MS=85.5%), and Embourg WWTP (MS=88%) in Belgium and presenting different properties were used. The influence of the sawdust/sludge ratio on convective drying was investigated in a fixed bed. X-ray tomography was used to assess changes in volume, exchange surface and void fraction. Results showed that the average drying rates were 0.062 (Oupeye), 0.079 g/s (Grosses Battes) and 0.042 g/s (Embourg) respectively, using raw sludges. For sawdust/sludge mixtures with the mass ratio of 4/6, the average drying rates of sludges were improved (Oupeye: 0.092 g/s, Grosses Battes: 0.106 g/s, Embourg: 0.049 g/s). [less ▲]

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See detailMatériaux du futur: ressources naturelles ou secondaires?
Courard, Luc ULg

Scientific conference (2014, August 26)

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See detailBiorefining: a new paradigm for the green chemistry
Richel, Aurore ULg

Scientific conference (2014, August 15)

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See detailGreen Chemistry and the Biorefinery: a SWOT analysis for the European Region
Richel, Aurore ULg

Scientific conference (2014, August 13)

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See detailSaturn's aurorae
Stallard, Tom; Badman, Sarah; Dyudina, Ulyana et al

Scientific conference (2014, August 05)

The aurora at Saturn represents a direct manifestation of the interaction between the planet’s surrounding space environment and its upper atmosphere. Our understanding of this interaction has greatly ... [more ▼]

The aurora at Saturn represents a direct manifestation of the interaction between the planet’s surrounding space environment and its upper atmosphere. Our understanding of this interaction has greatly improved over the past decade, as a result of both in-situ and remote sensing of the aurora by Cassini, as well as through Earth-based observations. On Earth, the interaction is dominated by the connection between the magnetosphere and the Solar Wind, with opening and closing of magnetic field lines leading to sporadic aurora that are strongly controlled by changes in the solar wind. On Jupiter, internal plasma sources combine with a rotationally-dominated magnetosphere to produce intense currents associated with the breakdown in co-rotation in the magnetosphere, producing powerful and continuous aurora. Investigations into Saturn’s aurora have shown that the overall morphology changes dramatically with the arrival of compressions in the solar wind, suggesting a strong interaction with the solar wind at Earth. However, the varying rotation rate of Saturn’s magnetosphere, first identified by measurements of Saturn’s radio emission, can also be measured in many aspects of the auroral emission. This in turn suggests a degree of rotational control within the aurora. As such, the better we understanding the relative strength of these influences on the aurora of Saturn, the more we can understand how the magnetosphere interacts the planet and how, in turn, the planet drives changes in the magnetosphere. Here, we will present observations of the auroral emission directly produced by particles precipitating into Saturn’s atmosphere (radio emission), the resultant atmospheric auroral excitation this produces within of atomic hydrogen (UV and visible emission) and molecular hydrogen (UV emission), as well as thermal emission from both ions produced through auroral ionization and neutral species heated within the auroral region (IR emission). These observations show a wide variety of different auroral features ranging from the rotational pole, though the main auroral emission and down to latitudes where Saturn’s atmosphere interacts with Enceladus. Observations at these different wavelength, when compared and contrasted, reveal details about the particle precipitation process that drive them, as well as the affect these currents have on the surrounding neutral atmosphere. In-situ measurements by Cassini of the particles and magnetic field above the polar region allow us to measure and understand the field-aligned currents that produce the aurora. In comparing these currents with the auroral emission at the foot of these field lines, it is possible to understand the magnetospheric origin for Saturn’s auroral emission, as well as understanding the two-way interaction between the atmosphere and magnetosphere that is driven though the currents that produce this aurora. [less ▲]

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See detailCassini Ultraviolet Images of Saturn's Aurorae
Pryor, Wayne; Jouchoux, Alain; Esposito, Larry et al

Scientific conference (2014, August 04)

Cassini has been obtaining auroral images and spectra of Saturn with the Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS). We will present highlights of the auroral images, showing a variety of morphologies ... [more ▼]

Cassini has been obtaining auroral images and spectra of Saturn with the Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS). We will present highlights of the auroral images, showing a variety of morphologies, including multiple arcs, spiral forms, polar cusp activity, and rotating emission features, some of them pulsating with a roughly 1-hour period. A satellite footprint of Enceladus is occasionally visible. [less ▲]

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See detailatelier sciences : les supports d'enseignement
Poffé, Corentin ULg; Laschet, Mélanie ULg; Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg

Scientific conference (2014, August)

présidence d'un atelier touchant aux supports d'enseignement, des notes pour les élèves au tableau noir et aux manuels.

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See detailAllergic asthma and treatment strategies
Hamaïdia, Malik ULg

Scientific conference (2014, July 25)

La présentation a eu pour but d'expliquer les mécanismes cellulaires et moléculaires impliqués dans le développement des réactions d'hypersensibilités. La présentation s'est focalisée sur le rôle de ... [more ▼]

La présentation a eu pour but d'expliquer les mécanismes cellulaires et moléculaires impliqués dans le développement des réactions d'hypersensibilités. La présentation s'est focalisée sur le rôle de différentes populations leucocytaires (mastocytes, granulocytes, cellules dendritiques) dans les réactions d'hyspersensibilité (de type I, II, III et IV). Puis, le rôle crucial des Th2 dans le développement de l'asthme allergique est discuté en détail. Enfin les stratégies thérapeutiques permettant d'inhiber les réponses cellulaires associées aux lymphocytes Th2 sont énumérées et expliquées (exemple: anti-IgE, anti-IL-4, anti-TSLP....). [less ▲]

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See detailQuelle histoire pour les forêts d'Afrique centrale ?
Morin-Rivat, Julie ULg

Scientific conference (2014, July 24)

Conférence grand public sur les indicateurs de perturbations climatiques et anthropiques dans les forêts d'Afrique centrale.

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See detailCommentaire sur l'étude: « Belgique-Maroc, 50 années de migration »
Martiniello, Marco ULg

Scientific conference (2014, July 10)

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See detailProjecting MRI brain images for the detection of Alzheimer’s Disease
Martínez-Murcia, Francisco Jesús; Górriz, Juan Manuel; Ramírez, Javier et al

Scientific conference (2014, July 09)

Recent advances in the process of diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s Disease, rely on the use of molecular imaging that allow the interpretation of different metabolic biomarkers ... [more ▼]

Recent advances in the process of diagnosis of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer’s Disease, rely on the use of molecular imaging that allow the interpretation of different metabolic biomarkers in the brain. However these procedures are considered of invasive nature, as they involve the injection of radioactive markers. On the other hand, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) is perhaps the most widely used and less invasive medical imaging technique, although its ability to detect Alzheimer’s Disease has revealed limited. In this paper, a new method that simplifies the process of analysing 3D MRI brain images using a two dimensional projection is proposed. Our system outperforms other methods that use MRI, achieving up to a 86% of accuracy and significantly reducing the computational load. Additionally, it allows the visual analysis and interpretation of the images, which can be of great help in the diagnosis of this and other types of dementia. [less ▲]

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See detailCommunautés de Pratique : production et partage de connaissances dans le monde hospitalier
Snoeck, Céline ULg; Tilman, Chloé

Scientific conference (2014, July 08)

« Les CoP (Communautés de Pratiques) sont des groupes de personnes qui partagent une préoccupation ou une passion pour quelque chose et qui apprennent à le faire mieux en interagissant régulièrement. » ... [more ▼]

« Les CoP (Communautés de Pratiques) sont des groupes de personnes qui partagent une préoccupation ou une passion pour quelque chose et qui apprennent à le faire mieux en interagissant régulièrement. ». Dans le monde hospitalier comme dans celui des entreprises, il est capital de compter des professionnels performants et efficaces. La mise en place de communautés de pratique peut aider les organisations à rencontrer cet objectif. Certaines Communautés de Pratique émergent spontanément, évoluent naturellement et se réorientent ou meurent tout simplement au terme de leurs projets. D’autres voient le jour grâce à l’intervention d’une personne extérieure. L’origine de la CoP n’interfère pas sur la qualité du travail effectué en son sein mais l’organisation et les rôles y sont répartis différemment. Cet article traite de la plus-value du rassemblement en Communauté de Pratique pour des personnes évoluant dans le monde hospitalier. [less ▲]

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See detailThe paleoearthquake record of the Cinarcık Segment of the North Anatolian Fault in the Marmara Sea (Turkey) and its implication regarding past historical rupture scenario across the Marmara Sea
Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Drab, Laureen; Albini, P et al

Scientific conference (2014, July 07)

Istanbul and its 12 million inhabitants borders the Marmara Sea, a submarine pull-apart basin related to the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), a major strike slip fault that ruptures in M>7 earthquakes ... [more ▼]

Istanbul and its 12 million inhabitants borders the Marmara Sea, a submarine pull-apart basin related to the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), a major strike slip fault that ruptures in M>7 earthquakes. Constraining the recurrence rate of M>7 earthquakes that threaten the megacity is problematic because the active faults are submarine. For assessing past submarine earthquake ruptures of the Cinarcik Fault Segment located just south of Istanbul, we studied two sedimentary cores and identified seismoturbidites related to historical ruptures. Earthquake related turbidites are identified in both cores, based on their distinctive sedimentological and geochemical signatures. The seismoturbidites recorded in one of the core named Klg04 are inferred to record only mass wasting events related to the rupture on the Cinarcik Segment because of its specific geomorphological location. To constrain the seismoturbidites chronology, we combine short-lived radionuclide, radiocarbon and paleoinclination data. The first four seismoturbidites recorded match the 1894, 1509, 14th century and 989 historical earthquakes. The obtained age model allows us to discuss past historical rupture scenario across the Marmara Sea. The fact that the 1766 earthquakes are not recorded is further discussed based on new macroseismic intensity data and sedimentary records East of the Cinarcik Basin. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat Can Law Learn From Behavioural Sciences?
Sibony, Anne-Lise ULg

Scientific conference (2014, July 07)

What can law learn from behaviorual sciences? This conference will adress the question starting with examples from consumer law and consumer psychology. It wil cover methodological issues of ... [more ▼]

What can law learn from behaviorual sciences? This conference will adress the question starting with examples from consumer law and consumer psychology. It wil cover methodological issues of interdisciplinary legal scholarship, focussing in particular on the types of statements law can usefully borrow from science and how it can make sensible use of them. [less ▲]

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See detailAsian Social Enterprise Models at the Crossroads of Market, Civil Society and Public Policy
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Scientific conference (2014, July 04)

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See detailPollution lumineuse et santé
JEDIDI, Haroun ULg

Scientific conference (2014, July 04)

Cet exposé détaille les effets néfastes de la pollution lumineuse sur l'environnement et la santé humaine.

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See detailDurabilité des ciments ternaires à base de laitier vis-à-vis des attaques sulfatiques
Rondeux, Mélanie ULg; Courard, Luc ULg; Michel, Frédéric et al

Scientific conference (2014, July 03)

Depuis plusieurs années, des recherches sont effectuées afin de substituer une partie du clinker, composant principal du ciment Portland, dont la production libère des quantités importantes de CO2, par ... [more ▼]

Depuis plusieurs années, des recherches sont effectuées afin de substituer une partie du clinker, composant principal du ciment Portland, dont la production libère des quantités importantes de CO2, par les laitiers de haut-fourneau, les cendres volantes et/ou les fillers calcaires. Dans le projet CEMCALC I, la possibilité de remplacer une partie de ce clinker par du laitier de haut fourneau et du filler calcaire a été étudiée. Plusieurs compositions de ciment ternaire (clinker, laitier, filler) ont été étudiées, notamment vis-à-vis des attaques sulfatiques à 5°C. Des mesures de module d’élasticité dynamique, de vitesse sonore, ainsi que des analyses DRX et des observations au MEB ont été réalisées. Les ciments montrant la meilleure résistance aux attaques sulfatiques à 5°C sont ceux qui contiennent le plus de laitier. Les phases responsables de la dégradation des éprouvettes sont les croûtes secondaires de gypse, ainsi qu’une solution solide composée d’ettringite et de thaumasite. [less ▲]

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