References of "E-prints/Working papers"      in Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others     Showing results 101 to 200 of 889     1 2 3 4 5 6 7     Festivals Acadiens et CreolesSacré, Robert E-print/Working paper (2015)Comptes-rendus avec photos et liens Internet : 1) Houston et Galveston ( TX) 2) Festivals Acadiens et Créoles à Lafayette ( LA) jours 1 , 2 et 3 3) Lafayette by nightDetailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg) Why Did the Industrial Revolution Start in Britain?Van Neuss, Leif E-print/Working paper (2015)The main goal of this paper is to provide an integrated overview of the literature devoted to identifying the causes of the British industrial revolution. Why did the industrial revolution, a fascinating ... [more ▼]The main goal of this paper is to provide an integrated overview of the literature devoted to identifying the causes of the British industrial revolution. Why did the industrial revolution, a fascinating and multifaceted event which brought about modern economic growth, occur in eighteenth-century Britain? This question has animated a lot of discussions among scholars and is still nowadays heatedly debated in the literature. This debate is reflected in the large spectrum of theories which aim at explaining the true origins of the British industrialization. The paper first sheds light on a rising debate concerning the evolution of British incomes per capita before the British industrial revolution and the “Great Divergence”. The paper then investigates the proposed causes of the British industrialization, aggregating them into seven broad categories, i.e. (1) geography and natural resources, (2) demography, (3) agricultural progress, (4) demand-side factors, (5) trade and empire, (6) institutional and political factors, (7) science, technology, and human capital. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 591 (24 ULg) From 'Risk Communication' to Participatory Radiation Risk AssessmentShirabe, Masashi; Fassert, Christine; Hasegawa, Reiko E-print/Working paper (2015)In the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear accident, many of the post¿disaster responses undertaken by the Japanese government sparked vivid debates and criticisms from the civil society. The article ... [more ▼]In the aftermath of the Fukushima nuclear accident, many of the post¿disaster responses undertaken by the Japanese government sparked vivid debates and criticisms from the civil society. The article examines the post-accidental management of the authorities, with a special focus on their risk communication, and explores what went wrong in the process. It deals with the issues of risk assessment, expertise, counter-expertise, policy-makings, stakeholder participation, and trust in crisis and disaster situations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 54 (1 ULg) Large neighborhood search for multi-trip vehicle routingFrançois, Véronique ; Arda, Yasemin ; Crama, Yves et alE-print/Working paper (2015)We consider two large neighborhood search approaches for the multi-trip vehicle routing problem, where each vehicle can perform several routes during the working shift to serve a set of customers. The ... [more ▼]We consider two large neighborhood search approaches for the multi-trip vehicle routing problem, where each vehicle can perform several routes during the working shift to serve a set of customers. The problem specifically arises when customers are close to each other and/or when the demands are large. A common approach in the literature consists in solving this problem by mixing vehicle routing heuristics with bin packing routines to assign routes to vehicles. We compare this approach with the use of specific operators designed to tackle the routing and the assignment aspects of the problem simultaneously. We provide several best known solutions for benchmark instances. At the end of the work, we give insights about the proposed algorithm configurations by analyzing the behavior of several method components. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 142 (18 ULg) Qui ne risque rien n'a rien... Ou comment la Cour européenne des droits de l'homme incite le justiciable à éprouver la protection de ses droits fondamentaux devant son juge nationalRosoux, Géraldine E-print/Working paper (2015)L'article analyse la décision Gherghina c. Roumanie du 9 juillet 2015, qui rejette une requête pour défaut d'épuisement des voies de recours internes.Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg) 25 novembre 2015 : cent ans de RelativitéDe Rop, Yves E-print/Working paper (2015)La théorie proposée par Einstein au début du XXe siècle porte bien mal son nom; car si, historiquement, l'accent fut mis d'abord sur la relativité de certaines notions (en particulier, la mesure de l ... [more ▼]La théorie proposée par Einstein au début du XXe siècle porte bien mal son nom; car si, historiquement, l'accent fut mis d'abord sur la relativité de certaines notions (en particulier, la mesure de l'intervalle de temps écoulé entre deux événements donnés), on a compris par la suite qu'elle reposait plus fondamentalement sur l'existence de quantités absolues, c'est-à-dire, dont la mesure est identique pour tous les observateurs, quel que soit leur état de repos ou de mouvement. Ces quantités sont inconnues de la mécanique de Newton, laquelle ne reconnaît qu'un seul invariant : le temps. Ce texte cherche à retracer, avec un minimum de formalisme, comment s'est imposé un nouveau cadre géométrique pour la physique, dominé par cette exigence d'invariance des mesures spatio-temporelles et intégrant une description révolutionnaire de la gravitation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 77 (15 ULg) Elmore D. L'intégrale Frémeaux et Ass.Sacré, Robert E-print/Working paper (2015)Compte rendu Coffret 5 CDs + livret . La Wallon et le Blues , un mariage réussiDetailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg) Mars nighttime auroraEuropean Space Agency, ESA/ATG medialab; Gérard, Jean-Claude ; Soret, Lauriane E-print/Working paper (2015)Press release by the European Space Agency (ESA) on the occasion of the publication in two journals of the peer-reviewed literatureDetailed reference viewed: 26 (1 ULg) Rebates and Article 102 TFEU: The European Commission's Duty to Apply the Guidance PaperPetit, Nicolas E-print/Working paper (2015)This paper shows that the European Union (EU) courts' case-law and general principles of EU law place the European Commission (“Commission”) under a duty to apply the Guidance Communication on Enforcement ... [more ▼]This paper shows that the European Union (EU) courts' case-law and general principles of EU law place the European Commission (“Commission”) under a duty to apply the Guidance Communication on Enforcement Priorities (“Guidance Paper”) in abuse of dominance cases started after its adoption. This duty includes the obligation to test Article 102 TFEU cases under the As Efficient Competitor (“AEC”) framework, as set out in the 2009 Guidance Paper. The judgments handed down by the Union courts in Intel v Commission and Post Danmark II do not alter in any way the Commission’s “self binding” duty to apply the Guidance Paper. If the Commission wishes to depart from the AEC framework, it must officially withdraw its Guidance Paper. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (4 ULg) Les Nouveaux Réactionnaires : mythe ou réalité ?Durand, Pascal ; Sindaco, Sarah ; Devecchio, AlexandreE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 72 (3 ULg) Multi-period vehicle allocation with uncertain transportation requestsCrama, Yves ; Pironet, Thierry E-print/Working paper (2015)This work investigates optimization techniques for a multi-period vehicle allocation problem with uncertain requests. A company owning a limited fleet of trucks attempts to maximize its operational profit ... [more ▼]This work investigates optimization techniques for a multi-period vehicle allocation problem with uncertain requests. A company owning a limited fleet of trucks attempts to maximize its operational profit over an infinite horizon by optimally assigning transportation orders to the vehicles. Its profit stems from profits collected when transporting full truckloads, minus costs incurred when waiting or when moving unladen. The stochastic component of the problem arises from the uncertainty on the realization of each transportation order. The methodology is based on optimizing decisions for deterministic scenarios. Several policies are generated in this way, either by simple heuristics, or by more complex approaches, such as consensus and restricted expectation algorithms, or from network flow formulations over subtrees of scenarios. Myopic and a-posteriori deterministic optimization models are used to compute bounds allowing for performance evaluation. Numerical experiments are performed on various instances featuring different numbers of orders, graph sizes, sparsity, and probability distributions, and the performance of the algorithms is assessed by statistical tests. The robustness of various policies with respect to erroneous evaluations of the probability distributions is also analyzed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 183 (15 ULg) L’accompagnement de projets d’entrepreneuriat social dans leurs phases initialesDufays, Frédéric ; Lovens, Caroline ; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille E-print/Working paper (2015)L’entrepreneuriat social connaît depuis quelques années un intérêt croissant. Mais pour les entrepreneurs sociaux, concilier les dimensions sociales et économiques demande de faire face à des défis bien ... [more ▼]L’entrepreneuriat social connaît depuis quelques années un intérêt croissant. Mais pour les entrepreneurs sociaux, concilier les dimensions sociales et économiques demande de faire face à des défis bien spécifiques. Ne faut-il donc pas favoriser un accompagnement sur-mesure et modulable ? C’est le défi qu’a choisi de relever en Belgique francophone le programme ImpulCera en proposant aux entrepreneurs sociaux un soutien financier pour la réalisation d’une étude de faisabilité et pour le lancement de leur projet. Le présent article présente quelques résultats de l’évaluation de ce programme ainsi que les enseignements qui peuvent en être dégagés. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 94 (7 ULg) Pour analyser la qualité des médicamentsZiemons, Eric E-print/Working paper (2015)Technique permettant de décortiquer les caractéristiques chimiques et physiques des molécules, la spectroscopie vibrationnelle est précieuse dans le domaine pharmaceutique. Les chercheurs du laboratoire ... [more ▼]Technique permettant de décortiquer les caractéristiques chimiques et physiques des molécules, la spectroscopie vibrationnelle est précieuse dans le domaine pharmaceutique. Les chercheurs du laboratoire de Chimie Analytique de l’Université de Liège, spécialistes dans ce domaine de recherche, collaborent régulièrement avec des entreprises pharmaceutiques pour contrôler leurs matières premières, produits finis et procédés. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg) Le syndrome coup de sangCourouce-Malblanc, Anne; Daix, Charlène; Ferry, Bénédicte et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Le coup de sang est un terme utilisé pour nommer une myopathie brutale consécutive à un exercice qui se manifeste cliniquement par des crampes douloureuses et une urine de couleur anormalement foncée du ... [more ▼]Le coup de sang est un terme utilisé pour nommer une myopathie brutale consécutive à un exercice qui se manifeste cliniquement par des crampes douloureuses et une urine de couleur anormalement foncée du fait de l’élimination de la myoglobine des cellules musculaires détruites (myoglobinurie). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (4 ULg) Re-Pricing Through Disruption in Oligopolies with Tacit Collusion: A Framework for Abuse of Collective DominancePetit, Nicolas E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 30 (2 ULg) Ceci n’est pas un conseil !Choffray, Jean-Marie E-print/Working paper (2015)La « Grande Récession de 2008 » a un mérite. Un seul ! Elle a rendu public le fait que personne ne savait exactement ce qui s’était passé, ni ce qui se passait. Pourquoi une telle crise de confiance avait ... [more ▼]La « Grande Récession de 2008 » a un mérite. Un seul ! Elle a rendu public le fait que personne ne savait exactement ce qui s’était passé, ni ce qui se passait. Pourquoi une telle crise de confiance avait-elle vu le jour ? Quelles en seraient les conséquences ? Toutes et tous se sont trompés, y compris les meilleurs. Même celles et ceux qui étaient convaincus d’avoir raison ! Plus que jamais, l’incertitude, la saine et souveraine incertitude, garantit la liberté de l’investisseur... et du professeur ! [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 2011 (126 ULg) Markets flash graphsChoffray, Jean-Marie E-print/Working paper (2015)A graph is worth a hundred words... A good graph may suggest some new heuristics. And…, a series of excellent graphs may provide the backbone of a theory! The goal of this paper is to share a set of ... [more ▼]A graph is worth a hundred words... A good graph may suggest some new heuristics. And…, a series of excellent graphs may provide the backbone of a theory! The goal of this paper is to share a set of graphs from multiple sources that offer as many flashes on current and past market conditions. Inevitably, these graphs reflect my own biases and questionings. They are not meant to induce any action aside, maybe, from their integration in a personal Information System. The Great Recession of 2008, whose consequences are still unfolding, has been for each of us a powerful invitation to modesty. We live in a world where improbable, unthinkable and impossible events happen every day... More than ever, it’s time to sit down, shut up, watch out, build graphs, and think… hard! [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 233 (30 ULg) Institutional repositories: it’s a matter of sticks and carrotsRentier, Bernard E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 247 (11 ULg) Observing the emergence of chaos in a many-particle quantum systemTomkovic, Jiri; Muessel, Wolfgang; Strobel, Helmut et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Accessing the connection between classical chaos and quantum many-body systems has been a long-standing experimental challenge. Here, we investigate the onset of chaos in periodically driven two-component ... [more ▼]Accessing the connection between classical chaos and quantum many-body systems has been a long-standing experimental challenge. Here, we investigate the onset of chaos in periodically driven two-component Bose-Einstein condensates, whose small quantum uncertainties allow for exploring the phase space with high resolution. By analyzing the uncertainties of time-evolved many-body states, we find signatures of elliptic and hyperbolic periodic orbits generated according to the Poincar\'e-Birkhoff theorem, and the formation of a chaotic region at increasing driving strengths. The employed fluctuation analysis allows for probing the phase-space structure by use of only short-time quantum dynamics. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg) Will Big Data Deliver its Promised Productivity Growth?Artige, Lionel E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 51 (2 ULg) Blues et Wallon - Elmore D, l'intégrale cåzî complète en cinq CDsSacré, Robert E-print/Working paper (2015)Analyse d'une anthologie de 5 Cds représentant l'intégrale" cåzî "complète des enregsitrements d'Elmore D ( Prof. Daniel Droixhe) pour la compagnie française FREMEAUX et ASS.Detailed reference viewed: 34 (0 ULg) Dans le dédale des Musiques Africaines-AméricainesSacré, Robert E-print/Working paper (2015)Notes du cours " Histoire des Musiques Africaines Américaines, des origines à nos jours" (remise à jour 2015) - cours dispensé depuis 1984Detailed reference viewed: 28 (4 ULg) Le Gevarenwinkel Festival de HerseltSacré, Robert E-print/Working paper (2015)Compte rendu du Festival Gevarenwinkel à HERSELT les 28 et 29 août 2015 , avec photosDetailed reference viewed: 197 (3 ULg) Diversité des expressions et numérique: du constat à l'action?Vlassis, Antonios E-print/Working paper (2015)Antonios Vlassis nous livre un compte-rendu des débats de la dernière Conférence des Parties à la Convention sur la protection et la promotion de la diversité des expressions culturelles (CDEC) en ... [more ▼]Antonios Vlassis nous livre un compte-rendu des débats de la dernière Conférence des Parties à la Convention sur la protection et la promotion de la diversité des expressions culturelles (CDEC) en analysant précisément les enjeux liés au numérique et en décortiquant les prises de position exprimées par différents acteurs. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg) Observing Jupiter’s polar stratospheric haze with HST/STIS. An HST White PaperGrodent, Denis ; Bonfond, Bertrand ; Nichols, Jonathan D.E-print/Working paper (2015)The purpose of this HST white paper is to demonstrate that it is possible to monitor Jupiter’s polar haze with HST/STIS without breaking the ground screening limit for bright objects. This demonstration ... [more ▼]The purpose of this HST white paper is to demonstrate that it is possible to monitor Jupiter’s polar haze with HST/STIS without breaking the ground screening limit for bright objects. This demonstration rests on a thorough simulation of STIS output from an existing image obtained with HST/WFPC2. It is shown that the STIS NUV-MAMA + F25CIII filter assembly provides a count rate per pixel ~11 times smaller than that obtained for one pixel of WFPC2 WF3 CCD + F218W corresponding filter. This ratio is sufficiently large to cope with the bright solar light scattered by Jupiter’s atmosphere, which was a lesser concern for WFPC2 CCD safety. These STIS images would provide unprecedented spatial and temporal resolution observations of small-scale stratospheric aerosol structures, possibly associated with Jupiter’s complex FUV aurora. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg) Gouvy Jazz & Blues Festival Août 2015Sacré, Robert E-print/Working paper (2015)Compte rendu du festival BLUES avec photosDetailed reference viewed: 270 (0 ULg) Colère des agriculteurs, à qui la faute?Habran, Maxime E-print/Working paper (2015)Depuis le début de l’été, la colère gronde du côté des agriculteurs et pour cause, les prix du lait et de la viande ont atteint des seuils dangereusement bas. Que ce soit en France ou en Belgique, le ... [more ▼]Depuis le début de l’été, la colère gronde du côté des agriculteurs et pour cause, les prix du lait et de la viande ont atteint des seuils dangereusement bas. Que ce soit en France ou en Belgique, le combat est le même. Les agriculteurs veulent des prix plus élevés pour la viande et pour le lait car actuellement ceux-ci sont inférieurs aux coûts de production. Cette note a pour objectif de répondre à trois questions : d’où vient la crise, quelles sont les solutions et les mesures prises sont-elles suffisantes ? [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 216 (11 ULg) La gestation chez les petits camélidés d'Amérique du Sud : physiologie, constat et pathologieHanzen, Christian ; Cucho Dolmos, Hernan; Ampuero Casquino, Enrique et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 ULg) Does formal child care availability for 0-3 year olds boost mothers' employment rate? Panel data based evidence from BelgiumDujardin, Claire; Fonder, Muriel; Lejeune, Bernard E-print/Working paper (2015)In 2003, a new multi-annual program aimed at increasing the availability of formal child care for 0-3 year old children was launched in Wallonia, the French-speaking part of Belgium. This paper is ... [more ▼]In 2003, a new multi-annual program aimed at increasing the availability of formal child care for 0-3 year old children was launched in Wallonia, the French-speaking part of Belgium. This paper is interested in evaluating if this increased availability of formal child care resulted in a higher employment rate for women with at least one child under 3. To this end, we use a difference-in-differences approach based on municipality-level panel data, taking advantage of the fact that the increase in availability of formal child care differed greatly across municipalities. We find that the raise in child care availability significantly increased the maternal employment rate, but to a lesser extent than expected, most likely because of a substantial crowding-out effect. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 209 (7 ULg) The French language runs throughout the worldMorato, Nicola ; Gaunt, SimonE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 45 (3 ULg) From Constrained Delaunay Triangulations to Roadmap Graphs with Arbitrary ClearanceLens, Stéphane ; Boigelot, Bernard E-print/Working paper (2015)This work studies path planning in two-dimensional space, in the presence of polygonal obstacles. We specifically address the problem of building a roadmap graph, that is, an abstract representation of ... [more ▼]This work studies path planning in two-dimensional space, in the presence of polygonal obstacles. We specifically address the problem of building a roadmap graph, that is, an abstract representation of all the paths that can potentially be followed around a given set of obstacles. Our solution consists in an original refinement algorithm for constrained Delaunay triangulations, aimed at generating a roadmap graph suited for planning paths with arbitrary clearance. In other words, a minimum distance to the obstacles can be specified, and the graph does not have to be recomputed if this distance is modified. Compared to other solutions, our approach has the advantage of being simpler, as well as significantly more efficient. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 18 (4 ULg) Les biotechnologies de la reproduction des petits camélidés sud-américainsHanzen, Christian ; Cucho Dolmo, Hernan; Ampuero Casquino, Enrique et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 27 (2 ULg) Garantir la légalité et assurer la traçabilité. Deux piliers de la mise en oeuvre de l'APV-FLEGT.Moumbogou, Carl; Meunier, Quentin; Bracke, Charles et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 128 (5 ULg) Les forêts communautaires et l'APV-FLEGT au GabonMoumbogou, Carl; Meunier, Quentin; Mvou Biyogo, T. et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Promu par l’Union européenne depuis 2003, le plan d’action FLEGT propose une approche novatrice de lutte contre l’exploitation illégale des forêts, en établissant un lien entre l’amélioration de la ... [more ▼]Promu par l’Union européenne depuis 2003, le plan d’action FLEGT propose une approche novatrice de lutte contre l’exploitation illégale des forêts, en établissant un lien entre l’amélioration de la gouvernance dans les pays producteurs et l’accès au marché de l’UE. Ce plan concerne tous les titres forestiers, dont les forêts communautaires. Ces dernières ont été désignées au Gabon comme source légale de bois à la faveur des négociations d’un APVFLEGT avec l’UE. Dès lors, et afin de stabiliser le système qui sera mis en place, il est nécessaire de préparer des outils adaptés permettant d’articuler le FLEGT et les forêts communautaires. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 63 (4 ULg) Implications of Competitive Neutrality for Competition Agencies: A Process PerspectivePetit, Nicolas E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg) Bayesian inference in an extended SEIR model with nonparametric disease transmission rate: an application to the Ebola epidemic in Sierra LeoneFrasso, Gianluca ; Lambert, Philippe E-print/Working paper (2015)The 2014 Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone is analyzed using an extension of the SEIR compartmental model. The unknown parameters of the system of differential equations are estimated by combining data on ... [more ▼]The 2014 Ebola outbreak in Sierra Leone is analyzed using an extension of the SEIR compartmental model. The unknown parameters of the system of differential equations are estimated by combining data on the number of new (laboratory confirmed) Ebola cases reported by the Ministry of Health and prior distributions for the transition rates elicited using information collected by the WHO Response Team (2014) during the follow-up of specific Ebola cases. The evolution over time of the disease transmission rate is modeled nonparametrically using penalized B-splines. Our framework represents a valuable and robust stochastic tool for the study of an epidemic dynamic from irregular and possibly aggregated case data. Simulations and the analysis of the 2014 Sierra Leone Ebola data highlight the merits of the proposed methodology. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 129 (36 ULg) Criminal and Administrative Investigations in the field of VAT and Customs DutiesBourgeois, Marc ; Verscheure, Céline E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg) Le cycle sexuel de la femelle des petits camélidés sud-américainsHanzen, Christian ; Cucho Dolmos, Hernan; Ampuero Casquino, Enrique et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg) Que produit l'entreprise d'économie socialeMertens de Wilmars, Sybille ; Marée, Michel E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg) AuraDurand, Pascal E-print/Working paper (2015)Entrée du Lexique Socius sur le concept d'Aura chez Walter BenjaminDetailed reference viewed: 115 (11 ULg) L'Union européenne et les expressions culturelles à l'ère numérique : l'intégration négative par defaut?Vlassis, Antonios E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 58 (7 ULg) Anatomie de l'appareil génital femelle des petits camélidés sud-américainsHanzen, Christian ; Cucho Dolmos, Hernan; Amupero Casquino, Enrique et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 ULg) Optimal Enforcement of Competition Policy: The Commitments Procedure under UncertaintyGautier, Axel ; Petit, Nicolas E-print/Working paper (2015)Since the introduction of a commitments procedure in EU antitrust policy (Article 9 of Council Regulation 1/2003), the European Commission has extensively settled cases of alleged anticompetitive ... [more ▼]Since the introduction of a commitments procedure in EU antitrust policy (Article 9 of Council Regulation 1/2003), the European Commission has extensively settled cases of alleged anticompetitive practices. In this paper, we use a formal model of law enforcement (Bebchuk, 1984; Shavell, 1988) to identify the optimal procedure to resolve cases in a context of uncertainty related to the law (L-uncertainty) and to the facts (F-uncertainty). We show that commitments are suboptimal when L-uncertainty is high. Furthermore, the generalized use of commitments creates an additional risk of under-enforcement when F-uncertainty is significant. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 57 (7 ULg) Theories of Self-Preferencing Under Article 102 TFEU: A Reply to Bo VesterdorfPetit, Nicolas E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg) Passeport santé pour bananierMassart, Sébastien E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg) Les droits fondamentaux, une substance malléable pour le juge? Propos sur la "dématérialisation" des droits fondamentauxRosoux, Géraldine E-print/Working paper (2015)Ce texte contient un résumé de la thèse de doctorat de l'auteur; il est disponible en ligne: http://www.justice-en-ligne.be/article706.html.Detailed reference viewed: 44 (11 ULg) The crucial role of HST during the NASA Juno mission: a “Juno initiative”Grodent, Denis ; Bonfond, Bertrand ; Gérard, Jean-Claude et alE-print/Working paper (2015)In 2016, the NASA Juno spacecraft will initiate its one-year mission around Jupiter and become the first probe to explore the polar regions of Jupiter. The HST UV instruments (STIS and ACS) can greatly ... [more ▼]In 2016, the NASA Juno spacecraft will initiate its one-year mission around Jupiter and become the first probe to explore the polar regions of Jupiter. The HST UV instruments (STIS and ACS) can greatly contribute to the success of the Juno mission by providing key complementary views of Jupiter’s UV aurora from Earth orbit. Juno carries an ultraviolet Spectrograph (UVS) and an infrared spectral mapper (JIRAM) that will obtain high-resolution spectral images providing the auroral counterpart to Juno’s in situ particles and fields measurements with the plasma JADE and JEDI particle detectors. The Juno mission will be the first opportunity to measure simultaneously the energetic particles at high latitude and the auroral emissions they produce. Following programmatic and technical limitations, the amount of UVS data transmitted to Earth will be severely restricted. Therefore, it is of extreme importance that HST captures as much additional information as possible on Jupiter’s UV aurora during the one-year life of the Juno mission. This white paper is a plea for a “Juno initiative” that will ensure that a sufficient number of orbits is allocated to this unique solar system mission. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (1 ULg) Approche agroforestière. Synthèse des travaux menés par le projet DACEFI2 en agroforesterie. Document de capitalisation.Boldrini, Sylvie; Meunier, Quentin; Boukouendji, Basile et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Le projet DACEFI-2 a eu pour mission première la promotion de la foresterie communautaire comme outil de développement des communautés rurales. L’approche au Gabon en matière de gestion des terroirs ... [more ▼]Le projet DACEFI-2 a eu pour mission première la promotion de la foresterie communautaire comme outil de développement des communautés rurales. L’approche au Gabon en matière de gestion des terroirs villageois s’est voulue plus embrassante, promouvant en sus de l’exploitation forestière des activités comme l’agriculture, le maraîchage, la collecte des produits forestiers non ligneux ou encore l’agroforesterie. L’agroforesterie est une thématique qui converge parfaitement avec la gestion raisonnée de la forêt, et idéalement avec les modes d’interaction préexistants des villageois avec celle-ci. Concilier dans un même espace la culture de plantes vivrières et l’accès à des arbres à fort intérêt socio-économique apporte une plus-value notoire aux parcelles cultivées. L’optimisation des techniques culturales permet une meilleure productivité et une incitation à la sédentarisation des cultures, élément important à considérer compte tenu des difficultés d’entretien des parcelles éloignées du village (notamment liées aux dégâts causés par les animaux). Ce recueil compile les travaux réalisés en agroforesterie par les équipes du projet DACEFI-2. Il rappelle la stratégie d’intervention et les différentes activités menées, de la sensibilisation auprès des plus jeunes à la promotion de certains produits forestiers non ligneux à potentiel économique avéré. La promotion de l’arbre, de la récolte de la graine jusqu’à sa plantation en passant par sa mise en pépinière aura également animé toute l’équipe durant ces années d’exercice, afin de faire un peu plus valoir ses multiples intérêts et susciter les efforts de gestion, de conservation et de reboisement. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 114 (12 ULg) Access to Electoral Rights BoliviaZegada, Maria Teresa; Lafleur, Jean-Michel E-print/Working paper (2015)The issue of passive and active electoral rights in Bolivia has gone through various phases that are examined in details in this article. Universal suffrage in Bolivia occurred around the same time as in ... [more ▼]The issue of passive and active electoral rights in Bolivia has gone through various phases that are examined in details in this article. Universal suffrage in Bolivia occurred around the same time as in most states in that region: in the middle of the 20th century. The next wave of reforms occurred during the 1980s when dictatorships were removed from power. At that time, processes of democratization intensified in Bolivia and other parts of Latin America, eventually leading to the progressive strengthening of democratic institutions. It is really during the 1990s and early 2000s that the most important democratic transformations occurred. Major institutional reforms were passed during this period in particular to increase the participation of women and indigenous peoples in public affairs. The inclusion of the principles of gender equality and interculturality in the new constitution of 2009 is one of the clearest sign of this new approach. Similarly, another sector of the Bolivian population that had been traditionally prevented from exercising political rights. that is, Bolivians residing abroad have been closely attended to by the Evo Morales government since 2006. After the first external voting experience in 2009, the system was once again reformed to enable greater participation from abroad in the 2014 presidential election. These elements confirm that the extension of political rights in Bolivia is a process that has gone trough major changes over the past two decades but remains a work in process. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 37 (1 ULg) Efficient Path Interpolation and Speed Profile Computation for Nonholonomic Mobile RobotsLens, Stéphane ; Boigelot, Bernard E-print/Working paper (2015)This paper studies path synthesis for nonholonomic mobile robots moving in two-dimensional space. We first address the problem of interpolating paths expressed as sequences of straight line segments, such ... [more ▼]This paper studies path synthesis for nonholonomic mobile robots moving in two-dimensional space. We first address the problem of interpolating paths expressed as sequences of straight line segments, such as those produced by some planning algorithms, into smooth curves that can be followed without stopping. Our solution has the advantage of being simpler than other existing approaches, and has a low computational cost that allows a real-time implementation. It produces discretized paths on which curvature and variation of curvature are bounded at all points, and preserves obstacle clearance. Then, we consider the problem of computing a time-optimal speed profile for such paths. We introduce an algorithm that solves this problem in linear time, and that is able to take into account a broader class of physical constraints than other solutions. Our contributions have been implemented and evaluated in the framework of the Eurobot contest. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 50 (18 ULg) La culture dans l'agenda post-2015: de la mobilisation internationale à l'inclusion modeste?Vlassis, Antonios E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 ULg) Prélèvement, analyse et conservation du sperme du mâle des petits camélidés sud-américainsHanzen, Christian ; Cucho Dolmos, Hernan; Ampuero Casquino, Enrique et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 23 (0 ULg) Some misunderstood or unknown tricks (XIII) (LaTeX)Merciadri, Luca E-print/Working paper (2015)We will here again consider many tips and tricks. This time, they will mostly come from Glad Deschrijver, TeX Tricks, 2011. (http://users.ugent.be/~gdschrij/LaTeX/textricks.html.) Tricks: vertically ... [more ▼]We will here again consider many tips and tricks. This time, they will mostly come from Glad Deschrijver, TeX Tricks, 2011. (http://users.ugent.be/~gdschrij/LaTeX/textricks.html.) Tricks: vertically aligned itemize environments, allowing linebreaks after comma in math mode, writing under and over elements, and using stacks, footnotes with a new number at each section, footnotes in tabular, splitting algorithm environments on multiple pages, let " produce opening/closing quotation marks, indenting some text but not the first line, using diagonal dots positioned according to the opposite diagonal, using a centered verbatim environment, drawing a table with dashed lines, shaded cells and arrows pointing at a row and a column, correct spacing around square brackets (used for sets) in math mode. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg) Some misunderstood or unknown LaTeX tricks (XIV) and LaTeX learning curveMerciadri, Luca E-print/Working paper (2015)We will here give three tricks: i. using a personalized \overline, ii. boxing every digit of an integer, iii. using \scalebox. I will then expose my point of view about the LaTeX learning curve, and give ... [more ▼]We will here give three tricks: i. using a personalized \overline, ii. boxing every digit of an integer, iii. using \scalebox. I will then expose my point of view about the LaTeX learning curve, and give some of the most common beginners’ mistakes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg) Some misunderstood or unknown LaTeX tricks (XV)Merciadri, Luca E-print/Working paper (2015)After having looked at about 150 StackExchange pages of 50 topics (that sums up to about 7500 topics’ names), I give you, in this article and in the next issue, the most interesting topics’ answers to my ... [more ▼]After having looked at about 150 StackExchange pages of 50 topics (that sums up to about 7500 topics’ names), I give you, in this article and in the next issue, the most interesting topics’ answers to my eyes. We will first begin by two additions in regard to 31(3), 32(1). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (2 ULg) Some misunderstood or unknown LaTeX tricks (XVI)Merciadri, Luca E-print/Working paper (2015)This is the second (and last) part of the tricks I found on StackExchange. First part began in the preceding issue. We will begin by a personal trick, and end by some inquiry about my LaTeX Tips & Tricks.Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg) Importance et rôle de l’investissement…Choffray, Jean-Marie E-print/Working paper (2015)Quelques observations et réflexions en réponse à une question qui m’est souvent posée sur l’importance et le rôle des investisseurs. Ces « Charognards », particulièrement visés au cours des périodes de ... [more ▼]Quelques observations et réflexions en réponse à une question qui m’est souvent posée sur l’importance et le rôle des investisseurs. Ces « Charognards », particulièrement visés au cours des périodes de tension géopolitique, de populisme ou de débauche monétaire, semblables à celle que nous vivons aujourd’hui. Ma réponse en peu de mots : les investisseurs sont des défenseurs de la valeur du travail par temps calme et des vigies dans la tempête ! [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 706 (18 ULg) Documents as a source of information; Tabular packages' purposes, conflicts; Same space in matrices; Logic inferencesMerciadri, Luca E-print/Working paper (2015)The various aspects of the title are considered.Detailed reference viewed: 45 (16 ULg) Some misunderstood or unknown tricks (X) (LaTeX)Merciadri, Luca E-print/Working paper (2015)This is the 10th edition of my Tips & Tricks.' This time, we shall first see how to write dancing text,' roman numerals, how to draw under and over braces on same elements, and how to display aligned ... [more ▼]This is the 10th edition of my Tips & Tricks.' This time, we shall first see how to write dancing text,' roman numerals, how to draw under and over braces on same elements, and how to display aligned (in)equations systems. We will then end by discussing on BibLaTeX and Biber, which constitute a promising alternative to BibTeX. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 48 (2 ULg) Some misunderstood or unknown tricks (XI) (LaTeX) and encoding issues (II)Merciadri, Luca E-print/Working paper (2015)Three subjects will be detailed: 1. Using LaTeX syntax as an unambiguous way to communicate, 2. Writing a bold \ell, 3. Fonts' encodings.Detailed reference viewed: 7 (1 ULg) Entretien avec Kathryn BatchelorOumarou Mal Mazou, Rachid E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 24 (8 ULg) Transnational Health Insurance Schemes: A New Avenue for Congolese Immigrants in Belgium to Care for Their Relatives’ Health from Abroad?Lafleur, Jean-Michel ; Lizin, OlivierE-print/Working paper (2015)What can immigrants do for non-migrant relatives in their home country who need healthcare they cannot afford? To answer this question, we first examine four existing methods that can be found in the ... [more ▼]What can immigrants do for non-migrant relatives in their home country who need healthcare they cannot afford? To answer this question, we first examine four existing methods that can be found in the existing literature: mobility, remittances, workers’ health insurance and diasporic health insurance. In the second part of the paper, we discuss an innovative strategy called “transnational health insurance” (THI). These insurance schemes are set up by immigrants in cooperation with a multitude of actors including health insurance companies in destination countries and healthcare providers in countries origin. THIs offer health coverage to non-migrant relatives in the home country based on a premium paid directly by immigrants to the insurance company in their country of residence. Analyzing the creation and implementation of Belgian-Congolese THIs, we discuss the strengths and weaknesses of these schemes in responding to the needs of both immigrants and their non-migrant relatives. The article concludes with a discussion on the specificities of THIs as hybrid forms of remittances. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 247 (45 ULg) open comment period for the position paper on strategy to enable the distribution of banana streak virus-infected germplasmMassart, Sébastien E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg) Propriété coopérative et acceptabilité sociale de l’éolien terrestreBauwens, Thomas E-print/Working paper (2015)Onshore wind power development in Belgium has provoked considerable opposition at the local level. To cope with this issue, wind power cooperatives seem to present important assets. This article explores ... [more ▼]Onshore wind power development in Belgium has provoked considerable opposition at the local level. To cope with this issue, wind power cooperatives seem to present important assets. This article explores the reasons why these organizations are likely to enhance social acceptability of this technology. Then it confronts these normative assumptions with empirical data. The results of this analysis confirm the positive effect of cooperative ownership on the social acceptability of onshore wind turbines. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 145 (17 ULg) A semiparametric model for Generalized Pareto regression based on a dimension reduction assumptionHambuckers, julien ; Heuchenne, Cédric ; Lopez, OlivierE-print/Working paper (2015)In this paper, we consider a regression model in which the tail of the conditional distribution of the response can be approximated by a Generalized Pareto distribution. Our model is based on a ... [more ▼]In this paper, we consider a regression model in which the tail of the conditional distribution of the response can be approximated by a Generalized Pareto distribution. Our model is based on a semiparametric single-index assumption on the conditional tail index; while no further assumption on the conditional scale parameter is made. The underlying dimension reduction assumption allows the procedure to be of prime interest in the case where the dimension of the covariates is high, in which case the purely nonparametric techniques fail while the purely parametric ones are too rough to correctly fit to the data. We derive asymptotic normality of the estimators that we define, and propose an iterative algorithm in order to perform their practical implementation. Our results are supported by some simulations and a practical application on a public database of operational losses. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 64 (8 ULg) Machine Learning to Balance the Load in Parallel Branch-and-BoundMarcos Alvarez, Alejandro ; Wehenkel, Louis ; Louveaux, Quentin E-print/Working paper (2015)We describe in this paper a new approach to parallelize branch-and-bound on a certain number of processors. We propose to split the optimization of the original problem into the optimization of several ... [more ▼]We describe in this paper a new approach to parallelize branch-and-bound on a certain number of processors. We propose to split the optimization of the original problem into the optimization of several subproblems that can be optimized separately with the goal that the amount of work that each processor carries out is balanced between the processors, while achieving interesting speedups. The main innovation of our approach consists in the use of machine learning to create a function able to estimate the difficulty (number of nodes) of a subproblem of the original problem. We also present a set of features that we developed in order to characterize the encountered subproblems. These features are used as input of the function learned with machine learning in order to estimate the difficulty of a subproblem. The estimates of the numbers of nodes are then used to decide how to partition the original optimization tree into a given number of subproblems, and to decide how to distribute them among the available processors. The experiments that we carry out show that our approach succeeds in balancing the amount of work between the processors, and that interesting speedups can be achieved with little effort. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 122 (12 ULg) Comment retracer les impacts des projets sur la sécurité alimentaire par la construction d'une chaîne réaliste de LISA 1 à Cobly ?Tohinlo, Yecy E-print/Working paper (2015)Cette note vise à montrer à partir d’un exemple comment retracer une chaine d’effets complexes vers un impact, ici l’amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire des ménages. Elle met en application les ... [more ▼]Cette note vise à montrer à partir d’un exemple comment retracer une chaine d’effets complexes vers un impact, ici l’amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire des ménages. Elle met en application les principes généraux de l’évaluation réaliste. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (8 ULg) Que veut dire FLEGT ? Et pourquoi au Gabon ?Moumbogou, Carl; Meunier, Quentin; Mvou Biyogo, T. et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 120 (3 ULg) A branch-and-price algorithm for 2-period vehicle routing problemsCrama, Yves ; Rezaei Sadrabadi, Mahmood ; Van Woensel, TomE-print/Working paper (2015)We consider a Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) with deterministic orders in two periods from a set of stores. Orders in period 1 (2) can be postponed (advanced) to the other period but any diversion from the ... [more ▼]We consider a Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) with deterministic orders in two periods from a set of stores. Orders in period 1 (2) can be postponed (advanced) to the other period but any diversion from the initial orders incurs a penalty. From the perspective of a Logistics Service Provider (LSP), such diversions could be beneficial if savings in the routing costs outweigh the penalties. So could they be from a store's view, as the store can set a high enough penalty to compensate the diversion from its own optimal orders. In this paper, we introduce a new model where we seek a better solution for the LSP, compared to solving two independent VRPs with fixed orders, by allowing orders to be fully postponed or advanced. We apply a branch-and-price algorithm to solve this model to optimality. Many cutting-edge techniques are implemented to have an efficient branch-and-price algorithm, and two ideas to possibly improve the upper bound are tested. We draw algorithmic and managerial insights based on our test instances. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 135 (8 ULg) Investing in the FuturePahud de Mortanges, Charles E-print/Working paper (2015)This paper attempts to address the challenges of how to invest in Synthetic Biology firms, most of which are relatively new start-ups and unprofitable. Valuing an early-stage firm with only a brief ... [more ▼]This paper attempts to address the challenges of how to invest in Synthetic Biology firms, most of which are relatively new start-ups and unprofitable. Valuing an early-stage firm with only a brief operating history, little or no operating profit (or even revenue), and an immature and untested business model, could be a formidable challenge. We propose a limited number of quantitative, and a larger number of qualitative criteria. An investor may consider these when faced with analyzing a new untried business, but one he/she believes has considerable potential for success in the future. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 104 (3 ULg) On the nature of cosmological timeMagain, Pierre ; Hauret, Clémentine E-print/Working paper (2015)Time is a parameter playing a central role in our most fundamental modeling of natural laws. Relativity theory shows that the comparison of times measured by different clocks depends on their relative ... [more ▼]Time is a parameter playing a central role in our most fundamental modeling of natural laws. Relativity theory shows that the comparison of times measured by different clocks depends on their relative motions and on the strength of the gravitational field in which they are embedded. In standard cosmology, the time parameter is the one measured by fundamental clocks, i.e. clocks at rest with respect to the expanding space. This proper time is assumed to flow at a constant rate throughout the whole history of the Universe. We make the alternative hypothesis that the rate at which cosmological time flows depends on the dynamical state of the Universe. In thermodynamics, the arrow of time is strongly related to the second law, which states that the entropy of an isolated system will always increase with time or, at best, stay constant. Hence, we assume that time measured by fundamental clocks is proportional to the entropy of the region of the Universe that is causally connected to them. Under that simple assumption, we build a cosmological model that explains the Type Ia Supernovae data (the best cosmological standard candles) without the need for exotic dark matter nor dark energy. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 49 (10 ULg) Sequential testing of k-out-of-n systems with imperfect testsWenchao, Wei; Coolen, Kris ; Talla Nobibon, Fabrice et alE-print/Working paper (2015)A k-out-of-n system configuration requires that, for the overall system to be functional, at least k out of the total of n components be working. We consider the problem of sequentially testing the ... [more ▼]A k-out-of-n system configuration requires that, for the overall system to be functional, at least k out of the total of n components be working. We consider the problem of sequentially testing the components of a k-out-of-n system in order to learn the state of the system, when the tests are costly and when the individual component tests are imperfect, which means that a test can identify a component as working when in reality it is down, and vice versa. Each component is tested at most once. Since tests are imperfect, even when all components are tested the state of the system is not necessarily known with certainty, and so reaching a lower bound on the probability of correctness of the system state is used as a stopping criterion for the inspection. We define different classes of inspection policies and we examine global optimality of each of the classes. We find that a globally optimal policy for diagnosing k-out-of-n systems with imperfect tests can be found in polynomial time when the predictive error probabilities are the same for all the components. Of the three policy classes studied, the dominant policies always contain a global optimum, while elementary policies are compact in representation. The newly introduced class of so-called `interrupted block-walking' policies combines these merits of global optimality and of compactness. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 42 (4 ULg) Lacunary wavelet series on Cantor setsEsser, Céline E-print/Working paper (2015)We construct functions with prescribed multifractal spectra which satisfy the leaders profile method.Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg) Policy dialogue: What it is and how it can contribute to evidence-informed decision-making.Rajan, D; El Husseiny, D; Porignon, Denis et alE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg) Does sector-specific experience matter? The case of European higher education ministersLefebvre, Mathieu ; Jacqmin, JulienE-print/Working paper (2015)This paper looks at the relationship between higher education ministers and the performance of the sector that they govern. Using an original panel dataset with the characteristics of European higher ... [more ▼]This paper looks at the relationship between higher education ministers and the performance of the sector that they govern. Using an original panel dataset with the characteristics of European higher education ministers, we find that having a past experience in the sector leads to a higher level of performance, as measured by ranking data. Making a parallel with the literature about the impact of education on the educated, we discuss potential explanations behind the impact of this on-the-job learning experience. As we find that this characteristic has no impact on the spendings of the sector, we argue that this academic experience makes them more prone to introduce adequate reforms. Furthermore, we find that this result is driven by ministers with both this sector-specific and an electoral experience, the latter measured by a succesful election at the regional or national level. This tends to show that political credibility should not be overshadowed by the importance of the sector-specific experience of ministers. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 36 (3 ULg) PERFORMANCE ET INVENTION. LE LABORATOIRE DE L’EXPERIENCE ESTHETIQUEHagelstein, Maud E-print/Working paper (2015)Lorsqu’il cherche à qualifier l’époque de l’art dans laquelle nous baignons actuellement, le philosophe Jacques Rancière parle d’un régime pour lequel l’expérience esthétique serait déterminante ... [more ▼]Lorsqu’il cherche à qualifier l’époque de l’art dans laquelle nous baignons actuellement, le philosophe Jacques Rancière parle d’un régime pour lequel l’expérience esthétique serait déterminante : sensible (par définition) et prise dans un rapport paradoxal de continuité et d’exception avec l’expérience commune. Le régime esthétique de l’art – celui qui affecte les productions artistiques contemporaines – signerait notamment l’effacement des spécificités des arts (et l’abandon du régime très hiérarchisé des Beaux-Arts) au profit d’une expérience sensible commune à toutes les formes d’expression artistiques . Le propre de l’art serait donc de faire vivre à son spectateur une telle expérience, qui toucherait directement ses sens et son imagination. Une expérience dont la tonalité particulière serait directement reconnaissable. Une expérience en excès par rapport à ses habitudes et qui le ferait basculer progressivement dans le domaine si singulier de l’art. On voudrait ici défendre l’idée suivante : la performance artistique semble l’une des animatrices principales de ce régime contemporain en tant qu’elle vise à dégager – au-delà des particularismes des médias d’expression – un territoire très large (un laboratoire) d’expérimentation pour l’art. À travers leurs propositions, les artistes performeurs ne produisent pas des œuvres d’art (c’est-à-dire des produits finis), ils montrent le travail de la créativité à l’œuvre. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 93 (3 ULg) Social Enterprise in Belgium: A Diversity of Roots, Models and FieldsHuybrechts, Benjamin E-print/Working paper (2015)This working paper is structured as follows. The first introductory section reviews the main historical roots that have led to the emergence of a diversity of models related to social enterprise and the ... [more ▼]This working paper is structured as follows. The first introductory section reviews the main historical roots that have led to the emergence of a diversity of models related to social enterprise and the social economy in Belgium. Next, the second section sketches the main features of these models in terms of legal forms, types of social missions addressed, governance dynamics and resources. In the third section, these models are then illustrated in different fields of activity both established and emerging. Finally, the fourth section proposes a transversal analysis of the main trends and challenges facing the development and coexistence of the different models. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 129 (8 ULg) Critical analysis and alternative processing of Type Ia supernovae dataHauret, Clémentine ; Magain, Pierre E-print/Working paper (2015)Context: Type Ia Supernovae (SNIa) observations in the late 90’s were the first hints for an accelerated expansion of our Universe. Today, hundreds of objects have been observed and seem to confirm the ... [more ▼]Context: Type Ia Supernovae (SNIa) observations in the late 90’s were the first hints for an accelerated expansion of our Universe. Today, hundreds of objects have been observed and seem to confirm the flat LambdaCDM model as the cosmological model best representing our Universe. Aims: We study the SNIa observations gathered in the Union 2.1 and in the JLA compilations. By analyzing correlations and different ways of comparing cosmological models to the data, we bring to light some statistical biases, due to the current way of computing SNIa luminosity corrections for light-curve shape, color and host galaxy mass. Methods: We suggest an alternative, safer and model-independent methodology to calibrate the luminosity corrections, using only nearby SNIa. Results: With our recalibrated data, biases are strongly reduced. Moreover, open cosmological models are shown to be favoured over flat models (Omega_m,0 = 0.26+-0.08, Omega_Lambda,0 = 0.66+-0.12 for the SCP compilation and Omega_m,0 = 0.20+-0.08, Omega_Lambda,0 = 0.56+- 0.13 for the JLA one). Conclusions: The usual method to process SNIa data, i.e. simultaneously determining the parameters of the cosmological model and of the luminosity corrections on the full sample, is prone to bias the data in favour of the assumed cosmology, currently a flat LambdaCDM model, as well as to bias the cosmological parameters of the assumed model. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 56 (12 ULg) La réception du livre italien dans les anciens Pays-Bas à la première Modernité. Bilan et perspectives de recherche (revised edition)Adam, Renaud E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 26 (3 ULg) The Cambodian peasantry and the formalisation of land rights: historical overview and current issuesDiepart, Jean-Christophe ; Sem, TholE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 45 (1 ULg) Non-renewable and intermittent renewable energy sources: friends and foes?baranes, edmond; Jacqmin, Julien ; poudou, jean-christopheE-print/Working paper (2015)This paper studies the links between non-renewable and intermittent renewable energy sources in the production of electricity. We argue that the relationship between the price of natural gas and ... [more ▼]This paper studies the links between non-renewable and intermittent renewable energy sources in the production of electricity. We argue that the relationship between the price of natural gas and investments in solar and wind capacity is represented by a bell-shaped curve, as opposed to being linear. Hence, for relatively low natural gas prices, the two modes of production are substitutes. After a price threshold is reached, the two are complementary. A theoretical model explains this as the trade-off resulting from two forces: the input price differential of these two modes of production and the risks related to the unpredictable nature of renewable energy. Using U.S. state-level data from 1998 to 2012, we find that this relationship is robust to various empirical specifications. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 56 (0 ULg) La locura como compromiso : Un Quijote actualFrancois, Jeromine E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg) Le Petit Bottin des Lettres et des Arts : discours et effets d’une topographie fin de siècleSaint-Amand, Denis E-print/Working paper (2015)Publication des actes de la journée d'étude de la SERD (2011), supervisée par J.-L. Diaz et J.-D. WagneurDetailed reference viewed: 22 (4 ULg) Work Capacity and Longer Working Lives in BelgiumJousten, Alain ; Lefebvre, Mathieu E-print/Working paper (2015)We explore the link between health indicators and employment rates of the population aged 55 or more. Our focus lies on work capacity as a key determinant of employment. Using cohort mortality information ... [more ▼]We explore the link between health indicators and employment rates of the population aged 55 or more. Our focus lies on work capacity as a key determinant of employment. Using cohort mortality information as a proxy for overall health outcomes, we establish a substantial untapped work capacity in the population 55+. Similar results are obtained when relying on individual-level objective and subjective health and socioeconomic parameters as predictors. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 62 (2 ULg) 3-dimensional Continued Fraction Algorithms Cheat SheetsLabbé, Sébastien E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 14 (2 ULg) On some symmetric multidimensional continued fraction algorithmsLabbé, Sébastien ; Arnoux, PierreE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 19 (3 ULg) A Perron theorem for matrices with negative entries and applications to Coxeter groupsLabbé, Sébastien ; Labbé, Jean-PhilippeE-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg) On a group theoretic generalization of the Morse-Hedlund theoremCharlier, Emilie ; Puzynina, Svetlana; Zamboni, LucaE-print/Working paper (2015)In their 1938 seminal paper on symbolic dynamics, Morse and Hedlund proved that every aperiodic infinite word contains at least n+ 1 distinct factors of each length n. They further showed that an infinite ... [more ▼]In their 1938 seminal paper on symbolic dynamics, Morse and Hedlund proved that every aperiodic infinite word contains at least n+ 1 distinct factors of each length n. They further showed that an infinite word has exactly n+ 1 distinct factors of each length n if and only if it is binary, aperiodic and balanced, i.e., it is a Sturmian word. In this paper we obtain a broad generalization of the Morse-Hedlund theorem via group actions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg) Real options valuation under uncertaintyPlatania, Federico ; Lambert, Marie ; Moreno, ManuelE-print/Working paper (2015)In this paper we develop a novel valuation model and methodology to value a pharmaceutical R&D project based on real options approach. The real options approach enables the possibility of optimally ... [more ▼]In this paper we develop a novel valuation model and methodology to value a pharmaceutical R&D project based on real options approach. The real options approach enables the possibility of optimally abandon the project before completion whenever the investment cost turns out to be larger than the expected net cash flow stream. On the other hand, the proposed model accounts for two different sources of uncertainty, those are technical and economic risk. This model incorporates a novel economic state vector where each economic state captures the interaction among different market and economic forces using Fourier series as the particular basis for the economic function space. In this sense, Fourier series are considered as an aggregate of forces playing a relevant role in the process evolution determining the cash flow structure and also allowing us to properly define an economic scenario where the project will be developed. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 192 (11 ULg) Patterns of administrative integration in the European Union: a cross-country empirical analysis of political intentions to reform national public administrations (1997-2011)Esposito, Giovanni ; Gaeta, Giuseppe Lucio; Trasciani, GiorgiaE-print/Working paper (2015)In the aftermath of the worst financial and economic crisis in generations, the modernization of public administrations of the EU’s Member States (MSs) is among the structural reforms recommended by the ... [more ▼]In the aftermath of the worst financial and economic crisis in generations, the modernization of public administrations of the EU’s Member States (MSs) is among the structural reforms recommended by the European Commission to relaunch growth in the European economy. This type of reforms has a longstanding tradition in the MSs as they sharply intensified during the 1990s following the paradigm of New Public Management (NPM). Indeed, by backing NPM-style reforms, the European Commission has fostered convergence between the administrative systems of the MSs based on a soft strategy of integration where, instead of establishing binding pan-European rules enforced directly in all the MSs, it has set a number of regulatory standards implemented in the MSs with the support of national legislators and political parties. This paper empirically addresses the above-mentioned process of soft integration by unveiling the domestic determinants that have led MSs’ political parties to call for NPM-style reforms in their national contexts between 1997 and 2011. The hypothesis tested in this study is that MSs’ political parties have called for NPM-style reforms in order to respond to specific challenges issuing from the macro-economic, institutional and political configuration of their domestic contexts. The contribution of this paper is twofold. On the one hand, it contributes to a better understanding of the process of European administrative integration by providing robust empirical evidence about the patterns of diffusion NPM-style reforms across the MSs of the EU. On the other hand, the empirical evidence provided by this paper for the comprehension of NPM-style reforms in the context of the EU also contributes to a better understanding of some traditional theories addressing the reasons of the worldwide striking international trend of the NPM paradigm. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 35 (3 ULg) The European Public Sectors in The Age of Managerialism: a cross-country empirical study reconstructing the political history of public administrations in Europe during the XX centuryEsposito, Giovanni ; Gaeta, Giuseppe LucioE-print/Working paper (2015)During the XX century European administrative systems have undergone a profound process of managerial revolution during which private sector managerial tools and principles have spread across both central ... [more ▼]During the XX century European administrative systems have undergone a profound process of managerial revolution during which private sector managerial tools and principles have spread across both central and local governments in many countries. As many scholars have associated this process of change with the raise and diffusion of a managerialist ideology, this paper empirically investigates the electoral propaganda that since 1950s has supported the diffusion of managerialist values across the national administrative systems of the European countries. On the basis of a longitudinal study of the electoral programs released by the European parties since 1950s, this research provides evidence-based knowledge about: i) the different patterns of diffusion of the public-sector managerialist propaganda in Eastern and Western Europe; ii) the controversial relationship that exists between the spread of the managerialist ideology and the actual adoption of managerialist reforms in the national structures of the public sector. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 24 (4 ULg) Notice de Barlaam et Josaphat : les versions anonymes françaises (Arlima)Lambert, Adelaïde E-print/Working paper (2015)Contribution au site internet ARLIMA — Archives de littérature du Moyen Âge. Notice des cinq versions françaises anonymes du XIIIe s. de Barlaam et Josaphat : la version champenoise en prose, l'abrégé en ... [more ▼]Contribution au site internet ARLIMA — Archives de littérature du Moyen Âge. Notice des cinq versions françaises anonymes du XIIIe s. de Barlaam et Josaphat : la version champenoise en prose, l'abrégé en prose de la version champenoise, la traduction française de la version grecque du Mont Athos, la version en vers octosyllabiques et la mise en prose de la version en vers octosyllabiques. Les fiches, composées d'une description des textes (datation, forme, témoins, etc.) assortie d'une bibliographie complète (éditions et études critiques), établissent un bilan de l'état de la recherche sur ces versions. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 45 (8 ULg) ICSEM Working Paper Series: Comparing Social Enterprise Models WorldwideDefourny, Jacques ; Nyssens, MartheE-print/Working paper (2015)The International Comparative Social Enterprise Models (ICSEM) Project takes place within the Inter-University Attraction Pole on Social Enterprise (IAP-SOCENT) funded by the Belgian Science Policy and ... [more ▼]The International Comparative Social Enterprise Models (ICSEM) Project takes place within the Inter-University Attraction Pole on Social Enterprise (IAP-SOCENT) funded by the Belgian Science Policy and coordinated by the Centre for Social Economy, HEC Liege, University of Liege (2012-2017). It involves more than 200 researchers from 50 countries across the world. the ICSEM Working Paper Series is made of country contributions focusing on social enterprise models at the national level. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 88 (3 ULg) HYBRID INVESTIGATION OF AIR TRANSPORT PROCESSES IN MODERATELY SLOPED STEPPED SPILLWAY FLOWSValero Huerta, Daniel ; Bung, Daniel B.E-print/Working paper (2015)In stepped spillway flows, a self-aerated flow region is often found where large quantities of air may be entrained into the water body. This air is then mixed with the water phase leading to an air-water ... [more ▼]In stepped spillway flows, a self-aerated flow region is often found where large quantities of air may be entrained into the water body. This air is then mixed with the water phase leading to an air-water mixture flow with different characteristics than the clear water flow. Thus, air entrainment is an important flow feature which needs to be considered for safe design of these hydraulic structures. Advances in the development of new air-water measurement techniques and numerical modeling capabilities allow addressing these complex problems. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling can be a powerful supplement for physical model tests. In the presented study, the self-aeration process and the subsequent air transport in the aerated flow region of a stepped spillway model is investigated by means of both, new experimental and numerical methods. The slope of the spillway model is 1:2 and different flow rates are considered involving a skimming flow regime. For the physical model tests, a double-tip conductivity probe and ultrasonic sensors are used to evaluate air-water flow properties and flow depths, respectively. Additionally, high-speed camera recordings help to qualitatively analyze the air-water transport. In the numerical model, the same stepped spillway is simulated with identical flow conditions. A RANS approach coupled with RNG k-ε turbulence modeling and a VOF technique for free surface tracking is used. The determination of the inception point and the entrained air quantities are estimated employing a subscale model. To verify the numerical model, results are compared to the laboratory air-water measurements. The comparison of results from both techniques helps to identify their capabilities and limitations. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg) IMAGE PROCESSING FOR BUBBLE IMAGE VELOCIMETRY IN SELF-AERATED FLOWSBung, Daniel B.; Valero Huerta, Daniel E-print/Working paper (2015)In this study, different preprocessing techniques have been applied in order to test if the accuracy of Bubble Image Velocimetry (BIV) calculations in self-aerated flows can be improved. For this purpose ... [more ▼]In this study, different preprocessing techniques have been applied in order to test if the accuracy of Bubble Image Velocimetry (BIV) calculations in self-aerated flows can be improved. For this purpose, high-speed movies with a resolution of 1920 × 1200 px and a frame rate of 730 Hz are captured on a stepped spillway model with a Phantom M120 camera supplied by LaVision. BIV results are obtained by application of the open-source Matlab® toolbox PIVlab and compared to intrusive data from a double-tip conductivity probe. Averaging velocity fields from 249 frame pairs help to obtain robust results. Therefore, BIV is carried out in a loop with preceding variation of image processing techniques. Results show some potential improvement for the same cross correlation algorithm and post-processing options. However, BIV results tend to underestimate flow velocities when compared to the conductivity probe data. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (1 ULg) La guerre des chous. Monographie Kaol KozhHecquet, Corentin E-print/Working paper (2015)Detailed reference viewed: 31 (2 ULg) A NLP-MILP iterating algorithm for operational planning in electrical distribution systemsGerard, Damien ; Louveaux, Quentin ; Cornélusse, Bertrand E-print/Working paper (2015)We consider a class of optimal power flow (OPF) applications where some loads offer a modulation service in exchange for an activation fee. These applications can be modeled as multi-period formulations ... [more ▼]We consider a class of optimal power flow (OPF) applications where some loads offer a modulation service in exchange for an activation fee. These applications can be modeled as multi-period formulations of the OPF with discrete variables that define mixed-integer non-convex mathematical programs. We focus on the optimization of this Mixed-Integer Non-Linear Programming (MINLP) problem through a separation into a non-linear programming (NLP) and a mixed-integer programming (MIP) component. The NLP is a feasibility problem involving the power flow equations and the flexible loads needs. The MIP is used to choose which flexible loads to activate and in which order. In several papers, the MIP is based on a linearization of the non-linear power flow equations. We compare several variants of the linearization. We propose new formulations based on prior knowledge of the network to improve the decision-making process when the relaxation is inappropriate. We show computationally with many real-world instances that they help find feasible solutions faster than standard MINLP techniques. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 32 (3 ULg) Does sector-specific experience matter? The case of European higher education ministersJacqmin, Julien ; Lefebvre, Mathieu E-print/Working paper (2015)This paper looks at the relationship between higher education ministers and the performance of the sector that they govern. Using an original panel dataset with the characteristics of European higher ... [more ▼]This paper looks at the relationship between higher education ministers and the performance of the sector that they govern. Using an original panel dataset with the characteristics of European higher education ministers, we find that having a past experience in the sector leads to a higher level of performance, as measured by ranking data. Making a parallel with the literature about the impact of education on the educated, we discuss potential explanations behind the impact of this on-the-job learning experience. As we find that this characteristic has no impact on the spendings of the sector, we argue that this academic experience makes them more prone to introduce adequate reforms that makes the sector more attractive for top-researchers. Furthermore, we find that this result is driven by ministers with both this sector-specific and an electoral experience, the latter measured by a successful election at the regional or national level. This tends to show that political credibility should not be overshadowed by the importance of the sector-specific experience of ministers. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 28 (1 ULg) The role of market-oriented institutions in the deployment of renewable energies: evidences from EuropeJacqmin, Julien E-print/Working paper (2015)This paper investigates the link between economic freedom and the production of energy using renewable sources, with a specific focus on European countries. Using a dynamic panel approach, we find that ... [more ▼]This paper investigates the link between economic freedom and the production of energy using renewable sources, with a specific focus on European countries. Using a dynamic panel approach, we find that this relationship is positive and significant. The results of our instrumental variable approach indicate further the causal channel between economic freedom and the deployment of renewable energies. Looking at the subcomponents of the economic freedom index, we find that long term price stability and freedom to trade boost the production of renewable energies. However, the importance given to markets, rather than governments, in the economy has no significant impact. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULg) "Financial Fair Play" or "Oligopoleague" of Football Clubs?: A Preliminary Review under European Union Competition LawPetit, Nicolas E-print/Working paper (2015)This short paper offers a first analysis of the UEFA's "break even requirement" under the EU competition rules. It shows that there are good reasons to believe that the UEFA Financial Fair Play regulation ... [more ▼]This short paper offers a first analysis of the UEFA's "break even requirement" under the EU competition rules. It shows that there are good reasons to believe that the UEFA Financial Fair Play regulation violates Article 101 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU, in particular because it limits investments in the sense of Article 101(1) b) TFEU and in turn risks ossifying the market structure to the benefit of a tight oligopoly of football clubs. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 108 (10 ULg)