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See detailBelRAI IV : Recherche-action en préparation de l'implémentation de la méthode RAI en Belgique
Declercq, A; Gosset, Christiane ULg; Mello, J et al

Report (2010)

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See detailBelRAI IV : Actie-onderzoek ter voorbereiding van de implementatie van de RAI-methode in België
Declercq, A; Gosset, Christiane ULg; Mello, J et al

Report (2010)

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See detailThe most biostratigraphic important miospore species from the Late Devonian, Euramerica (part I)
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Petus, Elodie ULg

Report (2010)

Palynological research project in collaboration with CENPES/BPA palynologists (Petrobras). Second project (2010-2012) Presented next are details of the consulting research project on "Upper Devonian – ... [more ▼]

Palynological research project in collaboration with CENPES/BPA palynologists (Petrobras). Second project (2010-2012) Presented next are details of the consulting research project on "Upper Devonian – Lower Pennsylvanian miospore collection and database" devised exclusively for CENPES/BPA palynologists. Project description The mounting of a palynological reference collection and database of biostratigraphically important miospores from the Upper Devonian through the Lower Pennsylvanian (Namurian). This includes a minimum of 150 selected species from Western Europe, and a minimum of 150 selected species from Gondwana. It should be noted that several stratigraphically relevant species are common to both regions, but the collection will emphasize regional differences in their size and morphography. Two main parts will compose the final product: the reference slide collection proper, and the database. a) Sufficiently well preserved specimens (identifiable at species level) will be located on conventional palynological slides by means of an England Finder graticule. The slides will be numbered and stored in special boxes. The slides will be mounted at Université de Liège, Belgium, with the whole assemblage of palynomorphs recovered from the organic residues after the processing of selected samples at the University. Provenance data for each reference slide will be provided whenever possible, including: country, basin, rock unit (fm.), biostratigraphic unit, and age. An appropriate number of specimens (so as to cover an array of size and morphological variability) will be referenced for each species - although not necessarily on the same slide. Every selected specimen will be photographed. All these data will be stored in the database. b) The database will be organized by using the software FileMaker Pro (we do not provide the software - for more information see http://www.filemaker.co.uk/). The database will be saved on CDRom or DVD media. The database will consist of: - The original description of each species and a high-resolution scanned (PDF) copy of publications illustrating the type specimens. A synthetic additional description of the specimens will be added, and the main differences from morphologically similar species will be stressed. - Synonymy lists. - Stratigraphic ranges (age and zonal span). - Geographic distribution. - A complete list of bibliographic references from which the above data are compiled. - Reference slide data (slide numbers and England Finder coordinates). - High-resolution pictures of all selected specimens in the slide collection, including detail pictures when deemed necessary for the species characterization. - A keyword research tool (e.g,: search for morphology, stratigraphy, taxa names, slides). [less ▲]

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See detailDélivrable 16 (A) : Rapport intermédiaire global présentant les travaux réalisés et les résultats acquis à la date du 5 février 2010
Pereira, Benoît; Schneider, Arnaud; Titeux, Hugues et al

Report (2010)

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See detailConvention de sous-traitance "FIDOR" Etude de faisabilité d'un réseau de nez électroniques pour estimer la nuisance olfactive autour d'un centre de compostage.
Cerisier, Christophe; Collard, Laurent ULg; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

Report (2010)

The report presents the results of a study conducted in the waste treatment facility of Habay and concerning an e-nose network named FIDOR, providing in real time the five components of the odour ... [more ▼]

The report presents the results of a study conducted in the waste treatment facility of Habay and concerning an e-nose network named FIDOR, providing in real time the five components of the odour annoyance, the Frequency, the Intensity, the Duration, the Offensiveness and the impact on the Receptor. The report is a complete description of the system and is the property of the company Odometric which commissioned the study. [less ▲]

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See detailFissuration de dépôts durs à base de Ni et de Co en Laser Cladding
Montrieux, Henri-Michel ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

Report (2010)

Le rapport concerne l'étude de la fissuration de dépôts durs en Ni-Cr-Fe-B-Si réalisés par Laser Cladding. Il est montré que la fissuration est provoquée par la présence de contraintes mécaniques ... [more ▼]

Le rapport concerne l'étude de la fissuration de dépôts durs en Ni-Cr-Fe-B-Si réalisés par Laser Cladding. Il est montré que la fissuration est provoquée par la présence de contraintes mécaniques résiduelles d'origine thermique et on se trouve face à un phénomène de fissuration à froid. Le travail comporte également la comparaison de 4 nuances de poudre différentes utilisées en Laser Cladding au niveau du coefficient de dilatation thermique et des microstructures. La présence de composés céramiques (borure ou carbure) de nature pro-eutectique a pour effet de diminuer le coefficient de dilatation mais d'augmenter la fragilité. Le rôle du coefficient de dilatation thermique dans la fissuration semble être moins important que la nature de la microstructure en elle-même. Le choix de nuances présentant une structure hypo-eutectique et une haute dureté semble être pertinent en ce qui concerne l'établissement d'un compromis entre la dureté et la résilience de ces matériaux particuliers. [less ▲]

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See detailLes Pissenlits asbl – Entretiens de groupe - Rapport technique
Melen, G.; Absil, Gaëtan ULg

Report (2010)

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See detailLandscape Capacity and Social Attitude towards wind energy projects in Belgium
Van Rompaey; Schmitz, Serge ULg; Kestelot, C.

Report (2010)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (16 ULg)
See detailAmélioration de la qualité texturale des bétons à base de laints hydrauliques
Courard, Luc ULg; Martin, Marie

Report (2010)

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See detailDisability in Belgium: There is More than Meets the Eye
Jousten, Alain ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg; Lefebvre, Mathieu ULg

Report (2010)

The paper provides a perspective on the development of the Belgian disability insurance system. Using both survey and administrative data, it sketches a picture of the (changing) factors leading towards ... [more ▼]

The paper provides a perspective on the development of the Belgian disability insurance system. Using both survey and administrative data, it sketches a picture of the (changing) factors leading towards disability, as well as the outcomes in terms of program participation. The paper shows the key role of integrating other forms of early retirement programs into the analysis. The main findings are an unspectacular trend in the number of DI beneficiaries over time combined with a strong expansion of (early-) retirement schemes. [less ▲]

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See detailHORIZONTAL EVALUATION METHOD FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF THE CONSTRUCTION PRODUCTS DIRECTIVE HEMICPD
Lor, Marc; Vause, Kevin; Dinne, Karla et al

Report (2010)

A. Context One of the objectives of the European Construction Products Directive (CPD) is to harmonize the technical specifications with regard to dangerous substances and construction materials ... [more ▼]

A. Context One of the objectives of the European Construction Products Directive (CPD) is to harmonize the technical specifications with regard to dangerous substances and construction materials. Construction products could emit or contain dangerous substances that have been defined as dangerous substances under Commission directives and national regulations. In the future construction products may only be placed on the market in the European Union if they accord with the (second generation) harmonized technical specifications including health aspects and bear the CE mark. B. Objectives The goal of this research project is to improve the flow of knowledge and information vis-à-vis normalisation activities in the domain of indoor air measurements, indoor product emission testing, labeling and certification by proposing an evaluation method and standardized assessment methods for a harmonized approach relating to emissions from building materials into indoor air for implementation in Belgium. This approach will comply with current European harmonizing efforts ongoing on European level. C. Conclusions  International tendencies as well as national developments indicate the growing importance of building material emission testing  Harmonisation of governmental schemes to assess volatile organic emissions in the context of the CPD is necessary to obtain transparency  The topic of different limit values in different countries is a difficult problem to solve  It was demonstrated that it is possible with alternative methods (µ-chamber and FLEC) to achieve a qualitative and quantitative correlation with the reference method. However there is a need to extend this comparative study to more materials  The important influence of the quantification procedure on the emission results was demonstrated  The possiblity to investigate microbial resistance of building materials with the so called µ-chamber technique was demonstrated  A twofold methodology for the odour determination of building materials was developed: a quantitative method based on intensity and a qualitative method based on hedonic scale. Furthermore the basis for the development of an electronic nose specific for evaluation of building materials was laid down  A possible evaluation scheme for Belgium on the basis of AFSSET/AgBB/prEN15052 was proposed with two modifications: - Time path modification (7 or 10 days) - Prescreening with alternative method (< 20 L) D. Contribution of the project in a context of scientific support to transfer of knowledge and innovation This research project for implementation of the essential requirement “Hygiene, health and the environment” of the Construction Products Directive has besides its informative and sensitizing role also performed a supporting role in the development of new innovative low emission construction products. The research project has also ensured a Belgian input in the validation work of the draft standard "Emissions into indoor air" - WI 351009 - Construction products - Assessment of emissions of regulated dangerous substances from construction products - Determination of emissions into indoor air” in development in working group 2 of CEN/TC 351. Furthermore this research project has lead to the development of new innovative test methods tailored to the specific needs of construction products. [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed study on groundwater pollution by bentazone in the Walloon Region, Belgium
Limbourg, Quentin; Mattern, Samuel; Hallet, Vincent et al

Report (2010)

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See detailADAPT - Towards an Integrated Decision Tool for Adaptation Measures - Case study: Floods
Giron, Eve; Coninx, Ingrid; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

Report (2010)

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See detailDoes Retirement Affect Cognitive Functioning?
Bonsang, Eric; Adam, Stéphane ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg

Report (2010)

This paper analyzes the effect of retirement on cognitive functioning using two large scale surveys. On the one hand the HRS, a longitudinal survey among individuals aged 50+ living in the United States ... [more ▼]

This paper analyzes the effect of retirement on cognitive functioning using two large scale surveys. On the one hand the HRS, a longitudinal survey among individuals aged 50+ living in the United States, allows us to control for individual heterogeneity and endogeneity of the retirement decision by using the eligibility age for Social Security as an instrument. On the other hand, a comparable international European survey, SHARE, allows us to identify the causal effect of retirement on cognitive functioning by using the cross-country differences in the age-pattern of retirement. The results highlight in both cases a significant negative, and quantitatively comparable, effect of retirement on cognitive functioning. Our results suggest that promoting labor force participation of older workers is not only desirable to insure the viability of retirement schemes, but it could also delay cognitive decline, and thus the occurrence of associated impairments at older age. [less ▲]

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See detailOntslagmanagement in psychiatrische ziekenhuizen: tussentijds rapport april 2010
Goossens, E.; César, Angèle ULg; Collard, Joëlle ULg et al

Report (2010)

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See detailTechnisch rapport TR3 MP0.4 - Case study industriegebouw
Pyl, Lincy; Lansival, Jean-Baptiste; Hanus, François ULg

Report (2010)

Ce rapport décrit le calcul de la résistance au feu d'un hall industriel sous feu naturel et contient trois parties : l'évaluation de la distribution de température dans le compartiment, l'échauffement de ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport décrit le calcul de la résistance au feu d'un hall industriel sous feu naturel et contient trois parties : l'évaluation de la distribution de température dans le compartiment, l'échauffement de la structure et sa stabilité. [less ▲]

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See detailProcessus de prise de décision en agriculture : Une analyse des déterminants du choix des cultures et de l’utilisation des produits chimiques de synthèse à Dridji (Bénin)
Fanou, A. Joseph; Assogba, Sonagnon Claude-Gervais ULg; Voudouhê, Davo Simplice

Report (2010)

Le présent article analyse les facteurs que les producteurs intègrent aux processus de prise de décisions du choix des cultures et de l’utilisation des produits chimiques de synthèse (PCS) à Dridji ... [more ▼]

Le présent article analyse les facteurs que les producteurs intègrent aux processus de prise de décisions du choix des cultures et de l’utilisation des produits chimiques de synthèse (PCS) à Dridji, commune de Djidja et les logiques sous tendant ces choix. Les données, collectées auprès de 74 personnes grâce à des entretiens semi et non structurés, d’observations participantes et directes ont été soumises à des analyses de perception et des analyses quantitatives grâce aux outils de la statistique descriptive. Il ressort de l’étude que la décision du choix des cultures est prise par le chef ménage et est déterminée par les objectifs du ménage, les résultats de la campagne antérieure, les caractéristiques des cultures, la disponibilité en main d’œuvre et en PCS, la maîtrise de l’itinéraire technique des cultures. Près de 60% des chefs ménages associent plus leurs épouses que les actifs agricoles à cette décision du fait qu’au sein des ménages (près de 72%), les actifs agricoles sont en majorité des apprenants et donc plus occupés par leur formation le temps que dure celle-ci. Quant à l’utilisation des PCS, elle est déterminée par le type de culture, la connaissance d’alternatives efficaces de lutte contre les ravageurs, la connaissance des effets des PCS sur la santé humaine. Si cette décision est prise par le chef ménage et implique les actifs, elle n’est mise en œuvre que par les hommes bien conscients des dangers liés aux PCS sur l’environnement et la santé humaine. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the effect of load eccentricity in a tensile pull-off test on bond strength
Courard, Luc ULg; Garbacz, Andrezj

Report (2010)

The report presents the results of a research project and the impact of incorrect design on tensile strength values. According to results of laboratory experiments and modelling, it can be observed that ... [more ▼]

The report presents the results of a research project and the impact of incorrect design on tensile strength values. According to results of laboratory experiments and modelling, it can be observed that, if there is an influence of 2° and 4° angle of inclination on pull-off bond strength, it is however not statistically significant: the decrease of pull-off strength is usually no larger than 14% for 4°. [less ▲]

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See detailSIDC Telescience
Warnant, René ULg; Bidaine, Benoît ULg; Brenot, Hugues et al

Report (2010)

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See detailRapport d'étude : radiographie des étudiants inscrits au 1er bachelier de la catégorie pédagogique de la HEBP
Danse, Cédric ULg

Report (2010)

Rapport de recherche portant sur les facteurs de motivation et d'accrochage scolaire en lien avec la réussite.

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See detailAnnual report 2010 of the IGCP-580 Project.
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Whalen, Michael; Hladil, Jindrich et al

Report (2010)

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See detailEtude de la filière industrielle des énergirs renouvelables
Scheuren, Claude; Andre, Philippe ULg; Germani, David et al

Report (2010)

Rapport final du projet Firewal2, réalisé en collaboration avec l'asbl Energy Factor 4

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See detailAssessment of the effects of tree species diversity on forest biodiversity and ecosystem functioning (FORBIO) - Final Report
Verheyen, Kris; Carnol, Monique ULg; Branquart, Etienne et al

Report (2010)

Forests are biodiversity hotspots worldwide with 70% of terrestrial biodiversity being included in forested landscapes. However, deforestation, forest degradation and fragmentation lead to an increasing ... [more ▼]

Forests are biodiversity hotspots worldwide with 70% of terrestrial biodiversity being included in forested landscapes. However, deforestation, forest degradation and fragmentation lead to an increasing rate of species extinctions. Hence, predicting the consequences of changes in species numbers, in distribution patterns of taxa, and of shifts in dominance, has become a major challenge for community and ecosystem ecology. However, until now the relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning in forests have been largely underexplored Therefore, the overall aims of the BELSPO cluster project FORBIO are: to review, synthesize and disseminate existing knowledge about the benefits and drawbacks of mixed stands vs monocultures (WP1); and to establish a highly innovative, large-scaled forest biodiversity experiment to evaluate the impact of increasing tree diversity on forest ecosystem functioning (WP2). To achieve the first objective, a so-called ‘white paper’ has been compiled by the FORBIO team members which has been published in Dutch as a special issue of the BosRevue and in French as a special issue of Forêt Wallone. Among stakeholders, many different opinions exist about the functioning of mixed forests and therefore the scientific evidence was confronted with stakeholder perceptions on ecosystem services in mixed forests compared to monocultures. The principal outcome was that stakeholders appear to have quite strong opinions on the functioning of mixed vs monoculture stands, whereas the review of the scientific literature highlighted the lack of specific information on forest ecosystem services in mixed forests compared to monocultures, in particular from studies where confounding factors can be eliminated or accounted for. The second objective was met by establishing two large-scaled tree diversity experiments in Zedelgem (Flanders) and Gedinne (Wallonia). Based on a state-of-the-art experimental design, 32 810 and 33 304 trees of five different species were planted in 42 and 44 experimental plots in Zedelgem and Gedinne, respectively. A third experiment with a similar design will be established in Hecthel-Eksel (Flanders) in 2011. FORBIO’s short-term contributions to sustainable development are mainly related to the fact that the project has introduced the state-of-the-art concepts and empirical support on the various relationships between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning to a large audience of forest owners, managers, users and scientists in Belgium. In the long-run, FORBIO will significantly contribute to a better understanding of the importance of tree species diversity for the functioning of forest ecosystems and the ecosystem services that they provide thanks to the establishment of the two (and soon three) large-scaled tree diversity experiments. Furthermore, the experiments, embedded in the worldwide TreeDivNetwork, will most likely continue to act as an attractor for researchers from Belgium and abroad. [less ▲]

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See detailThème 1A Eco-zonings - Subvention 2009-2010 - Rapport final
Bory, Alexandra ULg; Brévers, Florence ULg; Dopagne, Claude ULg et al

Report (2010)

Dans le cadre d'une recherche exploratoire, le concept d'éco-zoning est encadré par comparaison à des concepts similaires présents dans la littérature, des études de cas et des rencontres avec les parties ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre d'une recherche exploratoire, le concept d'éco-zoning est encadré par comparaison à des concepts similaires présents dans la littérature, des études de cas et des rencontres avec les parties prenantes. puis une définition en est formulée. La mise en oeuvre coordonnée de mesures d'aménagement et d'urbanisme, de management environnemental et d'écologie industrielle est préconisée pour contribuer à une plus grande durabilité des zones d'activité économique. Une structure d'évaluation des zones d'activité économique est élaborée. [less ▲]

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See detailVoronoi model learning for batch mode reinforcement learning
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

Report (2010)

We consider deterministic optimal control problems with continuous state spaces where the information on the system dynamics and the reward function is constrained to a set of system transitions. Each ... [more ▼]

We consider deterministic optimal control problems with continuous state spaces where the information on the system dynamics and the reward function is constrained to a set of system transitions. Each system transition gathers a state, the action taken while being in this state, the immediate reward observed and the next state reached. In such a context, we propose a new model learning--type reinforcement learning (RL) algorithm in batch mode, finite-time and deterministic setting. The algorithm, named Voronoi reinforcement learning (VRL), approximates from a sample of system transitions the system dynamics and the reward function of the optimal control problem using piecewise constant functions on a Voronoi--like partition of the state-action space. [less ▲]

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See detailComputing bounds for kernel-based policy evaluation in reinforcement learning
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Murphy, Susan A.; Wehenkel, Louis ULg et al

Report (2010)

This technical report proposes an approach for computing bounds on the finite-time return of a policy using kernel-based approximators from a sample of trajectories in a continuous state space and ... [more ▼]

This technical report proposes an approach for computing bounds on the finite-time return of a policy using kernel-based approximators from a sample of trajectories in a continuous state space and deterministic framework. [less ▲]

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See detailBelRAI 2010. Rapport intermédiaire
Declercq, A; Gosset, Christiane ULg; Milisen, K et al

Report (2010)

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See detailBelRAI 2010. Tussentijds rapport
Declercq, A; Gosset, Christiane ULg; Milisen, K et al

Report (2010)

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See detailTIMODAZ report: Deliverable D10 - Constitutive models development
Arson, C; Charlier, Robert ULg; Chambon, R et al

Report (2010)

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See detailTIMODAZ report: Deliverable D13 – Simulation of lab and in situ tests
Charlier, Robert ULg; Chambon, R; Collin, Frédéric ULg et al

Report (2010)

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See detailRecherche "ECRIN" sur l'utilisation e l'échelle ADBB au sein des consultations du nourrisson, O.N.E.
Degraux, Christine ULg; de Lamotte, manuela; Frischen, Caroline

Report (2010)

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See detailEDUCATE State of the Art Professional Practice
Altomonte, Sergio; Attia, Shady ULg

Report (2010)

State of the Art of Environmental Sustainability in Professional Practice. The results of a survey about Environmental Sustainability in the professional practive of architecture and construction.

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See detailEDUCATE State of the Art Academic Curricula and Conditions for Registration
Altomonte, Sergio; Attia, Shady ULg; Herde, André et al

Report (2010)

The analysis and consolidation of the state of the art of environmental sustainability in higher education and in the conditions for accreditation and professional registration has constituted one of the ... [more ▼]

The analysis and consolidation of the state of the art of environmental sustainability in higher education and in the conditions for accreditation and professional registration has constituted one of the tasks of the 6-month long Work Package 2 - the first stage of development of EDUCATE - so as to build a comprehensive picture in terms of integration of environmental design and energy efficiency in current academic pedagogies and in the criteria that control access to the practice of architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailTerminologies, informatique et soins primaires. Belgique 1980-2010
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Report (2010)

La mise en place de systèmes d’information de santé, cohérents et évolutifs, nécessite l’adoption de terminologies de référence dans le domaine de la santé. Nous examinons ici les différentes approches ... [more ▼]

La mise en place de systèmes d’information de santé, cohérents et évolutifs, nécessite l’adoption de terminologies de référence dans le domaine de la santé. Nous examinons ici les différentes approches terminologiques disponibles dans les logiciels belges, l’effort d’une terminologie centralisée connue sous le nom de 3BT, la tendance internationale autour d’un produit anglo-saxon dénommé SNOMED-CT et nous indiquons la voie qui nous parait la plus adéquate pour le développement d’une informatique médicale plus fluide dans les années à venir, condition indispensable pour l’analyse ultérieure de données de morbidité. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the privacy of file sharing services
Nikiforakis, Nick; Gadaleta, Francesco ULg; Younan, Yves et al

Report (2010)

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See detailANNUAL SCIENTIFIC REPORT PHASE II "Impact of Phenology and Environmental Conditions on BVOC Emissions from Forest Ecosystems" "IMPECVOC"
Dewulf, Jo; Joó, Eva; Steppe, Kathy et al

Report (2009)

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See detailAPPLICATION DE L’OPTIMISATION DE FORME ET DE TOPOLOGIE A LA CONCEPTION INNOVANTE D’EJECTEURS POUR UN CONCASSEUR MAG’IMPACT
Van Miegroet, Laurent ULg; Lemaire, Etienne ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg

Report (2009)

La recherche concerne l'application des techniques d'optimisation de forme et de topologie à la conception innovante des ejecteurs du concasseurs MAG'IMPACT.

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See detailALMA - ALimentation dans les Milieux d'Accueil de la petite enfance
Absil, Gaëtan ULg; Demarteau, Michel; Bauwens, Hélène et al

Report (2009)

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See detailGMFS Final report Stage 1 and Stage 2
Gilliams, Sven; Bydekerke, Lieven; Delrue, Josefien et al

Report (2009)

Global Monitoring for Food Security (GMFS) is a Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) Service Element (GSE) project, part of the European Space Agency (ESA) contribution to the European ... [more ▼]

Global Monitoring for Food Security (GMFS) is a Global Monitoring for Environment and Security (GMES) Service Element (GSE) project, part of the European Space Agency (ESA) contribution to the European Union (EU) /ESA GMES Programme. GMFS aims to establish an operational service for crop monitoring in support of Food Security Monitoring to serve policy makers and operational users. The GMFS project started in March 2003 as part of Stage 1 of the ESA Earthwatch GMES services Element “Service Consolidation Actions”, and was continued in October 2005 as part of the Stage 2 of the ESA Earth watch GMES services Element – “Scaling Up Consolidated GMES Services”. In this document an overview is given of the work done throughout the previous six years. GMFS aimed at monitoring crop state /vegetation condition at continental and national scale. Low resolution Earth Observation (EO) data was used for monitoring purposes at continental scale, while at national scale products were based upon medium and high resolution data, field work and agro-meteorological models. The project was guided by a project strategy group with members from the United States Agency for International Development - Famine Early Warning System Network (USAID-FEWSNET), Directorate General for Development (DG-DEV), Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research - International Wheat Improvement Center (CGIAR-CIMMYT), European Commission Joint Research Center (EC-JRC), United Nations World Food Programme (WFP) and United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO). The goal of the project in Stage 1 (March 2003 –November 2004) was to consolidate an early warning system for food security. This started off by an intensive literature review and setting up an initial service for the Centre de Suivi Ecologique (CSE) in Dakar Senegal. In the second Phase of Stage 1 activities focussed more on the actual service delivery and setting up activities with users. Those activities included the monitoring agricultural production for Senegal, monitoring agriculture in Malawi and giving support to the Crop and Food Supply Assessment Mission (CFSAM) of FAO /WFP. Additionally, services were set up for the centre Agro-Hydro-Météorologique (AGRHYMET) as a result of a meeting between AGHRYMET and Vlaamse Instelling voor Technologisch Onderzoek (VITO). During 2005 the early warning service was continued to support GMFS users although there was at that time no formal contract to do so. At the start of the Second Stage, in October 2005, a GMFS user executive board, consisting of one representative from: EC-JRC, FAO, WFP, Southern Africa Development Community Regional Remote Sensing Unit (SADC-RRSU), Regional Centre for Mapping of Resources for Development (RCMRD) and AGRHYMET, was set up to support the consortium in defining the correct services and to review the work. Since the focus for the Second Stage was on up scaling the consolidated services, it was decided that the early warning service and support to the CFSAM were to be continued, the agricultural mapping service was to be expanded to more countries - namely, Senegal, Sudan, Ethiopia, Malawi and Zimbabwe - and extra services on yield modeling using remote sensing and agro-meteorological models were to be provided. During the second year of this stage, the services were even more extended with, support to the Ministry of Agriculture and Meteorological Department in Mozambique, extra activities in Ethiopia and Sudan and support to the regional centers on operational use of the ESA Data Dissemination System (DDS). [less ▲]

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