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See detailImpacts environnementaux des unités de biométhanisation
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Neyrinck, Roland; Cerisier, Christophe et al

Report (2012)

The report presents a study conducted in the frame of a European Interreg project. The role of the research group was to investigate the possible environmental impacts of on-farm biogas production from ... [more ▼]

The report presents a study conducted in the frame of a European Interreg project. The role of the research group was to investigate the possible environmental impacts of on-farm biogas production from anaerobic reactors. The odour impact was chiefly analysed with the aim of assessing the odour generated by farms equipped for biogas production compared to classical farms. Also, the odour levels in the head space of various materials, either prior or after methanation were compared, using different methods. [less ▲]

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See detailAspects redistributifs des services publics en Wallonie
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Sak, Barbara; Fortemps, Françoise ULg et al

Report (2012)

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See detailETAPE - Rapport d’évaluation des résultats
Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg; Bednarek, Stéphanie; Lachaussée, Sophie et al

Report (2012)

Contexte et objectifs ETAPE est un programme d’intervention précoce à domicile au bénéfice de familles à risque de négligence parentale. Le programme prend en charge des enfants de 0 à 30 mois, ainsi que ... [more ▼]

Contexte et objectifs ETAPE est un programme d’intervention précoce à domicile au bénéfice de familles à risque de négligence parentale. Le programme prend en charge des enfants de 0 à 30 mois, ainsi que leurs parents, au rythme d’une à deux visites à domicile par semaine. L’intervention consiste en des massages du bébé, des jeux psychomoteurs. Un temps important est en outre consacré à l’accompagnement et à la guidance du rôle parental. L’originalité du projet est qu’il est centré sur le développement psychomoteur et affectif du bébé en lien avec son ou ses parents. L’étude cherche à mesurer l’efficacité du programme en termes de développement psychomoteur de l’enfant, de qualité d’attachement au sein de la dyade parent-enfant et de compétences éducatives des parents. Méthodologie Les aptitudes psychomotrices de l’enfant ont été mesurées au moyen du test de Brunet et Lézine modifié, au début, en milieu et en fin d’intervention. Le caractère sécure ou non de l’attachement a été mesuré chez le caregiver par Q-Sort en début et en fin d’intervention. Les compétences parentales ont été évaluées tous les six mois durant l’intervention au moyen d’un questionnaire développé par l’équipe de recherche en 2008 (MASPIN) et complété par les intervenants sur base de leurs observations. Résultats Douze enfants ont été étudiés. Les trois quarts ont été pris en charge avant 1 an ; la durée moyenne d’intervention est de 11,3 mois. En moyenne, les enfants gagnent nettement en score de développement moteur global, gagnent un peu en socialisation, sont stables en développement moteur fin. La plupart régressent au score de langage, ce qui influence négativement le score global de développement. Deux enfants sur douze sont sécures au début et à la fin de l’intervention (mais ce ne sont pas les mêmes). Aucun ne termine l’intervention significativement insécurisé, mais la relation dans la dyade n’est en général pas optimale. Les résultats de MASPIN permettent d’étoffer les autres résultats obtenus et de mieux comprendre l’évolution au cas par cas. Discussion Les résultats, mesurés par les tests de Brunet-Lézine et le Q-Sort semblent modestes dans certains domaines, mais doivent être analysés à la lumière des conditions d’intervention. MASPIN a donné une vue beaucoup plus précise de la réalité et de son évolution. Ce questionnaire a aussi permis de monitorer l’intervention. Toutefois, la finesse des observations et l’aspect subjectif de la cotation empêchent une analyse globale des résultats ; la fidélité intercotateur doit encore être validée. MASPIN permet en outre de donner des repères pour le dialogue avec d’autres professionnels impliqués dans le suivi des situations, et fournit un canevas qui facilite la discussion avec les familles sur l’exercice de la parentalité et les objectifs d’intervention. L’analyse des résultats permet de prendre conscience que certaines compétences (par ex., le langage) méritent d’être mieux soutenues et stimulées par les intervenants de terrain.) Des collaborations extérieures devront être développées (par ex : psychologue, aide sociale). L’investissement requis de la part des intervenants est important. Le risque de découragement est grand ; ils doivent être soutenus et supervisés de façon efficace dans ce travail. L’instauration d’un vrai esprit d’équipe est indispensable Conclusion Le rendement de ce programme, destiné à un public particulièrement difficile, est intéressant mais variable selon les situations prises en charge, que ce soit en termes de développement psychomoteur ou d’attachement à la figure parentale. L’outil MASPIN se révèle précieux dans de multiples aspects de la prise en charge, depuis le dialogue avec les professionnels qui identifient la situation, jusqu’au monitorage des objectifs au fil de l’intervention, en passant par la construction des objectifs d’intervention avec les parents. [less ▲]

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See detailGISER - Gestion intégrée Sol Erosion Ruissellement - rapport d'activités année 1
Pineux, Nathalie ULg; Maugnard, Alexandre; Demarcin, Pierre ULg et al

Report (2012)

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See detailImpact of global climate change and desertification on the environment and society in Southern Centre of Vietnam (a case study in Binh Thuan province). Climate today and tomorrow: state of play and perception.
Ozer, Pierre ULg

Report (2012)

The Province of Binh Thuan is the driest area of Vietnam. It is felt as being affected by desertification processes that are mainly resulting from the ongoing „climate change‟, especially shortening ... [more ▼]

The Province of Binh Thuan is the driest area of Vietnam. It is felt as being affected by desertification processes that are mainly resulting from the ongoing „climate change‟, especially shortening rainfall. But has climate, and especially precipitations, really changed in recent years? Or is the recent increase of agricultural activities with higher water needs may explain such perception of a changing climate? In the collection of four papers presented hereafter, we try to answer to these questions. Yet, the first paper investigates recent trends in precipitation and temperatures using daily data from the weather station of Phan Thiet. It appears that the area did not experience any significant precipitation decrease (rainfall have, at the contrary, globally increased) but a very significant increase in temperature. The second paper focuses on future climate projections (that is 2046-2065 and 2081-2100 compared to historical data 1970-1999). It shows that the Province of Binh Thuan will face an increase of mean temperature of about 1.6°C (over 2046-2065) and 2.5°C (over 2081-2100) and an increase of extreme temperatures and extreme rainfall events. However, no significant changes about the evolution of the annual amount of precipitation were found. It also indicates that the dry season is likely to be longer in 2046-2065 owing to a delay in the onset of the rainy season (up to 15 days) accompanied by an earlier end of the rainy season (up to 30 days). The third paper explores recent land use and land cover changes in the Province of Binh Thuan. Comparisons of the land cover maps reveal that a steady growth in population has caused extensive changes of land cover throughout the area. The maps also indicate that the loss of woody land (forest) and the extension of irrigated area, combined with built-up encroachment, remains one of the most serious environmental problems today. Yet, results showed over the 12-year span, approximately 115,120 ha of forests were converted respectively to brush, irrigated area, cropland and built-up. This is an overall average decrease of approximately 9,594 ha of forested area per year. Based on the identified causes of these changes, we made policy recommendations for better management of land use and land cover. Such results show that water needs are always increasing due to the extension of irrigated areas. The last paper concludes with a case study of a fishing village disappearing as a result of shoreline erosion. It shows that the term “climate change” is misused probably because it is easier to blame a global issue rather than the local mismanagement of natural resources, the lack of land use planning and the nonexistence of policies focused on natural hazard management in the uncontrolled construction the seaside resort of Mui Ne. This reflexion about the wrong perception of climate change which may cause several economic problems could be extended to water availability which may not be sufficient to support recent developments of irrigated agriculture. Understanding current problems may help developing adaptation strategies in the next decades. Further research is needed to understand such perception of climate change, especially when knowing that future climate may be really affected by an increase of extreme rainfall events and an extended dry season. [less ▲]

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See detailMéthodologie de dimensionnement et de confection d’un Seepage Meter artisanal
NITCHEU Martial; MIDEKOR Akoly; Sauret, Elie ULg

Report (2012)

This document is a guideline for the design of seepage meter to direct flux measurements of water exchanged at the interface "groundwater - river". It describes the principles, limitations and advantages ... [more ▼]

This document is a guideline for the design of seepage meter to direct flux measurements of water exchanged at the interface "groundwater - river". It describes the principles, limitations and advantages of the use of seepage meters and provides technical details relevant to the design and manufacture a seepage meter based of the simplified model of Lee (1977). Direct measurements on the Kou River in Burkina Faso (West Africa) is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailTask 4.0 – Subsystem Optimization of the Structure Scantling
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Yerna, Olivier ULg; Amrane, Amirouche ULg

Report (2012)

In the present report concerning Task 4.0 – Subsystem Optimization of the Structure Scantling, the structural optimization of the ship is carried out. This optimization is performed with regard to the ... [more ▼]

In the present report concerning Task 4.0 – Subsystem Optimization of the Structure Scantling, the structural optimization of the ship is carried out. This optimization is performed with regard to the objective functions and the constraints defined in Deliverables 2.0 & 3.0 [1]. Task 4.0 is divided into three parts: - The initial scantling - The load cases and loadings - The optimized scantling This report presents the results and benefits of optimization. Comments and analysis are provided throughout the report. [less ▲]

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See detailVieillir, mais pas tout seul. Une enquête sur la solitude et l'isolement social des personnes âgées en Belgique
Vandenbroucke, S; Lebrun, JM; Vermeulen, B et al

Report (2012)

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See detailOud word je niet alleen. Een enquête over eenzaamheid en sociaal isolement bij ouderen in België
Vandenbroucke, S; Lebrun, JM; Vermeulen, B et al

Report (2012)

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See detailMise au point d’une méthode de traitement par micro-ondes des bois d’emballage destinés à l’exportation comme alternative aux mesures phytosanitaires actuellement appliquées (bromure de méthyle et traitement thermique).
Leyman, Michaël ULg; Bauduin, Aline; Henin, Jean-Marc et al

Report (2012)

La convention RF 09/6216 WOODPACKTREAT, subventionnée par le Service Public Fédéral, c’est déroulée du 01-02-2010 au 31-03-2012. L’objectif de ce projet consistait à élaborer une méthode standardisée de ... [more ▼]

La convention RF 09/6216 WOODPACKTREAT, subventionnée par le Service Public Fédéral, c’est déroulée du 01-02-2010 au 31-03-2012. L’objectif de ce projet consistait à élaborer une méthode standardisée de traitement sanitaire des bois d’emballage à l’aide de micro-ondes en déterminant, en fonction des caractéristiques du bois, les modalités du traitement requis afin de garantir une mortalité de 100% des ravageurs/pathogènes présents. De manière plus spécifique, les objectifs étaient au nombre de quatre : 1. étudier la relation existante entre la température de surface (Ts), facilement contrôlable, et la température au coeur du bois (Tc) lorsque les caractéristiques de planches varient (épaisseur, humidité, masse volumique et température initiale) ; 2. vérifier la stabilité de la relation Tc-Ts en fonction de la puissance du rayonnement, de la durée de l’exposition et de la charge de bois dans le four ; 3. contrôler le taux de mortalité des organismes placés dans les conditions de Ts qui garantissent 60° C à coeur pendant 60 secondes à l’issue du traitement ; 4. s’assurer de la faisabilité technique du procédé qui sera mis au point, de sa rentabilité, ainsi que son potentiel d’intégration dans une chaîne de fabrication. Un four à micro-ondes de 2,5 GHz dont la puissance pouvait variée de 0 à 28,8 kW fut utilisé. Les planches prises pour les expériences mesuraient 80 X 20 X 2,2 cm. L’ensemble des objectifs n’ont pas pus être menés à bien en raisons de problèmes survenus au four (notamment la découverte d’une répartition non homogène des micro-ondes). Toutefois, un certain nombre de résultat ont put être trouvés, dont voici les principaux: 1. La relation entre les Ts et les Ts n’est significativement influencée que par le type d’essence (la température et l’humidité initiale n’ont pas d’influences significatives). La Ts nécessaire pour avoir dans 99 % des cas une Tc au minimal de 60 °C est de 68 °C pour le peuplier et de 72,5 °C pour le pin. 2. Pour une même énergie incidente, l’élévation de la T est influencée par la durée d’exposition aux rayonnements. Plus la durée est importante, plus le rendement est meilleur. Ce dernier atteint au bout d’un certain temps une valeur limite. La charge du four influence également le rendement. Plus il y a de masse dans le four, plus le rendement est élevé. 3. Le stade de développement d’ Hylotrupes bajulus L. (espèce de référence en matière d’essais de traitement biocide préventif ou curatif du bois) le plus résistant aux micro-ondes ainsi que sa température létale ont été déterminés. Les larves de plus de 150 mg sont les plus résistantes. Une température de 69,7°C garanti 99,99683% de mortalité (taux imposé par l’annexe 1 de l’ISPM 15). 4. Le procédé semble techniquement réalisable. Il semble, par contre, financièrement peu rentable. Toutefois, cette situation pourrait changer avec un durcissement des normes. Suite à ces constatations, il est prévu, au cours d’une convention SPW & ULg: de mettre au point et de valider, en fonction des caractéristiques du bois, le programme de traitement (60°C pendant 60 secondes) ; de vérifier sur des larves d’H. bajulus la létalité du traitement micro-onde établi ; d’évaluer la possible intégration du processus dans une chaîne de production industrielle. [less ▲]

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See detailIMPROVE SHIP DESIGN COMPLEXITY (EASYSHIP)
Hage, André ULg; Rigo, Philippe ULg; Caprace, Jean-David ULg

Report (2012)

Nowadays productibility has become a major design attribute for shipbuilding industry. If a ship cannot be manufactured or assembled efficiently, it is not properly designed. To increase the ... [more ▼]

Nowadays productibility has become a major design attribute for shipbuilding industry. If a ship cannot be manufactured or assembled efficiently, it is not properly designed. To increase the productibility of ships, the scientific community and shipyards has developed the concept of Design For Production (DFP) which can be defined as "Design to reduce production costs to a minimum, compatible with the requirements of the vessel to fulfil its operational functions with acceptable safety, reliability and efficiency". DFP optimises all the manufacturing functions (fabrication, assembly, test, procurement, delivery, service, repair, etc.) that reduce the production work content while still meeting the specified design requirements and quality. The goal is to include the impact of design decisions on the production process. Time pressures on commercial ship contracts result in the overlapping of phases of design development, procurement and production. This makes the impact of engineering changes more difficult to manage. There is a need to systematically study the detail design process and its impact on construction with the objective to improve the process and its integration with construction. DFP can significantly reduce the costs, since ships can be quickly assembled from fewer parts. Thus, ships are easier to build and assemble, in less time, with better quality. Designers will save time and money by the reduction of the production complexity. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport 2 FIRST Spin Off IMONIC
Goffin, Dorothée ULg

Report (2012)

Rapport du projet FIRST spin-off IMONIC financé par le SPW (Production de mélanges à valeur santé contenant des isomaltooligosaccharides et de l’acide gluconique prébiotiques et répondant au cahier des ... [more ▼]

Rapport du projet FIRST spin-off IMONIC financé par le SPW (Production de mélanges à valeur santé contenant des isomaltooligosaccharides et de l’acide gluconique prébiotiques et répondant au cahier des charges de l’agriculture biologique). [less ▲]

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See detailContract 21539/08/NL/SFe - Advancement of mechanical verification methods for non-linear spacecraft: Modal analysis using nonlinear normal modes.
Renson, Ludovic ULg; Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

Report (2012)

The objective of this technical note is to explore the applicability of nonlinear modal analysis to spacecraft structures. To this end, algorithms for the continuation of periodic solutions are applied to ... [more ▼]

The objective of this technical note is to explore the applicability of nonlinear modal analysis to spacecraft structures. To this end, algorithms for the continuation of periodic solutions are applied to the finite element model of the SmallSat spacecraft. Nonlinear normal modes and their corresponding frequencies of oscillation are computed, and the results are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailContract 21539/08/NL/SFe - Advancement of mechanical verification methods for non-linear spacecraft: Nonlinear identification using a subspace-based method in the frequency domain
Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Renson, Ludovic ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

Report (2012)

The objective of this technical note is to explore the applicability of a newly introduced nonlinear system identification technique to spacecraft structures. To this end, numerical experiments are ... [more ▼]

The objective of this technical note is to explore the applicability of a newly introduced nonlinear system identification technique to spacecraft structures. To this end, numerical experiments are conducted using a finite element model of the SmallSat spacecraft. A detailed introduction to the method, referred to as the frequency-domain nonlinear subspace identification (FNSI) method, is provided and its major assets are commented. Random-type and sine-sweep excitations are considered and identification results are extensively discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailSuburban areas favoring energy efficiency (SAFE) : Rapport scientifique et technique final.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; de Meester, Tatiana; De Herde, André et al

Report (2012)

Rapport de recherches final présentant les résultats du projet de recherches SAFE (2009-2012). Le projet de recherches SAFE portait sur l'évaluation énergétique des quartiers périurbains existants dans le ... [more ▼]

Rapport de recherches final présentant les résultats du projet de recherches SAFE (2009-2012). Le projet de recherches SAFE portait sur l'évaluation énergétique des quartiers périurbains existants dans le but d'en améliorer l'efficience énergétique par le développement de nouveaux modes de conception et de planification des tissus périurbains. L'objectif concret de ce projet de recherche est d'offrir un outil informatique interactif, accessible sur le web (www.safe-energie.be), qui permette d'évaluer l'efficience énergétique des lotissements wallons existants et de comparer différentes stratégies de renouvellement périurbain. Cet outil est destiné à l'ensemble des acteurs du processus de conception, réalisation et rénovation du milieu urbain. L'outil informatique développé estl'aboutissement d'une recherche de pointe basée sur la modélisation énergétique de quartiers périurbains à l'aide de simulations du microclimat urbain (logiciel de CFD, etc), de simulations dynamiques des consommations énergétiques des bâtiments pendant leur utilisation et de simulations énergétiques des fragments urbains sur l'ensemble de leur cycle de vie (intégrant l'évaluation énergétique des bâtiments, du transport et des réseaux d'énergie). [less ▲]

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See detailOntslagmanagement in psychiatrische ziekenhuisen. Eindrapport 2010-2011
Goossens, E; César, Angèle ULg; Gosset, Christiane ULg et al

Report (2012)

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See detailDISco: a Distributed Information Store for network Challenges and their Outcome
Martin, Sylvain ULg; Chiarello, Laurent ULg; Leduc, Guy ULg

Report (2012)

We present DISco, a storage and communication middleware designed to enable distributed and task-centric autonomic control of networks. DISco is designed to enable multi-agent identification of anomalous ... [more ▼]

We present DISco, a storage and communication middleware designed to enable distributed and task-centric autonomic control of networks. DISco is designed to enable multi-agent identification of anomalous situations -- so-called "challenges" -- and assist coordinated remediation that maintains degraded -- but acceptable -- service level, while keeping a track of the challenge evolution in order to enable human-assisted diagnosis of flaws in the network. We propose to use state-of-art peer-to-peer publish/subscribe and distributed storage as core building blocks for the DISco service. [less ▲]

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See detailBiodiversité et aménagement du territoire : vers une stratégie territoriale de conservation de la nature en Wallonie ?
Sérusiaux, Emmanuël ULg; Dopagne, Claude ULg; Melin, Eric ULg et al

Report (2012)

Dans le cadre du diagnostic du Schéma de Développement de l’Espace Régional (SDER, 2011) mené par la Conférence Permanente de Développement Territorial (CPDT), une analyse scientifique et ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre du diagnostic du Schéma de Développement de l’Espace Régional (SDER, 2011) mené par la Conférence Permanente de Développement Territorial (CPDT), une analyse scientifique et prospective des enjeux territoriaux liés à la problématique de la biodiversité est proposée pour la Wallonie. Dans un premier temps, l’atteinte des objectifs spécifiques du SDER (1999) est examinée. Ensuite, partant des tendances d’évolution observées, les besoins adressés par la thématique « biodiversité » au territoire wallon sont définis, quantifiés et spatialisés. Ces propositions concrètes et scientifiquement argumentées sont destinées à alimenter la construction d’une stratégie globale de conservation de la nature en région wallonne. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport Health CoP 2012
Snoeck, Céline ULg; Bomgart, Marie-Laure; Denis, Brigitte ULg et al

Report (2012)

Rapport résumant les activités menées en 2012 dans le projet Health CoP.

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See detailThe State of Environmental Migration 2011
Gemenne, François ULg; Brücker, Pauline; Ionesco, Dina

Report (2012)

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See detailRobustness of car parks against localised fire - Deliverable IV: Development of FEM model for car parks under localised fire
Fang, Cheng; Izzuddin, Bassam; Elghazouli, Ahmed et al

Report (2012)

Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel - Steel RTD Project carried out with a financial grant of the Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel - Grant Agreement Number ... [more ▼]

Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel - Steel RTD Project carried out with a financial grant of the Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel - Grant Agreement Number RFSR‐CT‐2008‐00036 [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of car parks against localised fire - Deliverable VI: Development of design recommendations, critical appraisal and application to a study case
Fang, Cheng; Izzuddin, Bassam; Elghazouli, Ahmed et al

Report (2012)

Grant Agreement Number RFSR‐CT‐2008‐00036

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See detailATTEL-PERFORMANCE‐BASED APPROACHES FOR HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR COLUMNS AND CONNECTIONS UNDER EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE LOADINGS - WP1 - D1
Ferrario, Fabio; Bursi, Oreste S.; Zanon, Gabriele et al

Report (2012)

Work Package 1‐ Deliverable1  State‐of‐the‐art report on collection and evaluation of experimental test data and design procedures 

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See detailBelgian Report of activity in the frame of the International Association of Geodesy
Bruyninx, Carine; Dehant, Véronique ULg; Defraigne, Pascale et al

Report (2012)

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See detailTowards improved operation rules for the Vesdre reservoirs
Detrembleur, Sylvain; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

Report (2012)

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See detailMechanisms of photocatalysis in TiO2 thin films for air purification
Poelman, Dirk; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Report (2012)

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See detailJupiter system Ultraviolet Dynamics Explorer (JUDE), an instrument proposed for the ESA-JUICE mission
Grodent, Denis ULg; Bunce, Emma J.; Renotte, Etienne ULg et al

Report (2012)

In the proposal that follows we present a detailed concept for the science case, instrument requirements, technical design, calibration and operations, management structure, and financial plan for the ... [more ▼]

In the proposal that follows we present a detailed concept for the science case, instrument requirements, technical design, calibration and operations, management structure, and financial plan for the Jupiter system Ultraviolet Dynamics Experiment (JUDE), which will provide an outstanding solution to the UV instrumentation requirements for the JUICE mission. The JUDE instrument will represent a novel technical capability in UV instrumentation for planetary science, and will deliver the first true UV imaging capability beyond Earth orbit. The JUDE instrument design consists of two separate channels – the imaging channel (ImaC) and the spectrograph channel (SpeC), neither of which has any moving parts. This simple combination of two autonomous channels allows a true image and a spectrum at FUV wavelengths to be obtained simultaneously, allowing science goals to be realised which are not possible with a traditional scanning-slit imaging-spectrograph design The international consortium assembled to build the JUDE instrument is formed of two institutes from two European countries, and one from the United States. Prof. Denis Grodent (Université de Liège, Belgium) will act as the PI for the entire instrument team and the ULg/CSL team will provide a substantial hardware contribution to the instrument in the form of the optics, coatings, and Data Processing Unit (DPU). Dr Emma Bunce (University of Leicester, UK) will act as Co-PI for the instrument and the UoL team will supply the Micro-Channel Plate (MCP) detectors and read-out electronics. Prof. John Clarke (Co-I) of Boston University, USA will provide the grating element for the spectral channel of the instrument, in addition to instrument calibration activities. The science Co-Is are gathered from multiple institutes/nations including Belgium, UK, Germany, Italy, and the United States (see Part 1 for the full team list). Collectively, the team have decades of expertise in the areas of outer planet magnetospheres, planetary auroral and atmospheric emissions and surface UV observations from multiple platforms including Cassini UVIS, Juno UVS, Hubble Space Telescope, and numerous terrestrial missions. The team also have roles on non-UV instruments which will maximise the interpretation of the JUDE data. The two instrument channels are built on proven and robust technology with much flight heritage (e.g. Juno, Cassini, BepiColombo, IMAGE, ROSAT, Chandra, Voyager, Freja, DE-1, Swift). More specifically, the optics and focal plane detector proposed for the JUDE instrument are widely based on previous designs by CSL, at the ULg and UoL, for the FUV Spectro-Imager on the NASA IMAGE spacecraft, the UV Spectrograph on the NASA Juno mission to Jupiter, and the ROSAT Wide Field Camera. The data return from the instrument will greatly benefit the European and international science communities in planetary and terrestrial sciences, and the knowledge obtained will be generally applicable to broader astrophysics disciplines (e.g. extrasolar planetary physics). In answering the UV science objectives for the JUICE mission the JUDE instrument will clearly address the ESA Cosmic Vision Themes 1: What are the conditions for planet formation and the emergence of life? and 2: How does the Solar System work? The JUDE images (in particular) provide a clear path towards a high-level related programme of education and public outreach which the JUDE team are well equipped and keen to exploit. The JUDE instrument will contribute to all of the UV-related science objectives of JUICE, plus additional science objectives not listed in the Science Requirements Matrix. - At Ganymede and other moons (Europa and Callisto) JUDE will contribute directly to breakthroughs in the following scientific areas: 1) the characterisation of local environment, specifically through the first investigation of the morphology and variation of Ganymede’s aurora. A clear understanding of the auroral and atmospheric emissions at Ganymede will provide vital information on their formation mechanisms and will contribute to studies of the interaction of the Ganymede magnetosphere with Jupiter’s magnetosphere; 2) the first detailed observations of the satellites’ atmospheric (exosphere/ionosphere) composition and structure through measurements of their atmospheric emission and absorption spectra during multiple stellar occultation opportunities; and 3) the study of the satellites surface composition using surface reflectance measurements. The measurements at UV wavelengths are essential because they allow the study of the relationship between the satellites’ surface weathering, their atmospheres and the external environment which is mainly affected by the surrounding Jovian magnetosphere. By carefully studying processes at the surface and in the satellites’ atmospheres together, JUDE will provide the information required to distinguish between two classes of compositional heterogeneities at the satellites’ surfaces: 1) heterogeneities that arise from interaction with the external environment; 2) heterogeneities that arise from dynamical interaction with the subsurface. - With respect to Jupiter, JUDE will: 1) provide “state of the art” measurements of the Jovian atmospheric dynamics and transport through high temporal and spatial resolution auroral imaging; 2) allow a new understanding of the Jovian magnetosphere as a fast rotator through interpretation of the Jovian aurora as direct evidence for the 3D magnetosphere dynamics – a view which is continuously available in the planet’s upper atmosphere (independent of the spacecraft location within the magnetosphere); 3) investigate the magnetosphere as a giant accelerator through observations of the field-aligned current systems responsible for acceleration of electrons (and production of aurora); 4) discover the plasma sources and sinks of the moons through auroral imaging of the moon footprints in Jupiter’s atmosphere as a witness of the electromagnetic interactions taking place; 5) obtain new information on Jupiter’s atmospheric structure and composition through multiple stellar occultation opportunities. In addition, JUDE will make remote observations of the Io torus emissions and will provide the first in situ observation of the variability of the torus, over the lifetime of the mission, providing important information about the internal activity of the moon. JUDE offers a unique opportunity to obtain the first concurrent datasets of the different coupled elements of the Jupiter system: Io's atmosphere, aurora, the plasma torus, the Jovian plasma sheet and the Jovian aurora. The JUDE imaging and spectral channels are both designed to capture FUV lines from sulphur ions in the Io plasma torus. Finally, JUDE’s remote sensing capability offers an exciting opportunity to discover the Europa “plume” activity that may be present, through limb observations during flybys and from more distant observing locations. The Ganymede-focused and moon related science objectives will be addressed in the Ganymede orbit phase and during the multiple moon flybys, whilst the Jupiter science will be predominantly achieved during the Jupiter Equatorial Phases and during the high-inclination phase. The JUDE UV imager and spectrograph will produce discovery level science at Ganymede and the first true 2D UV images from Jupiter orbit. The exceptional JUICE trajectory affords many opportunities for breakthrough science discoveries in accordance with the SciRD; in addition to those, it provides unprecedented opportunities to directly witness the electromagnetic connection between Ganymede and Jupiter by making the first simultaneous UV observations of the respective atmospheres within the JUDE field-of-view. This is possible as a direct consequence of the JUDE true imaging capability. To successfully meet the science requirements outlined above, the JUDE ImaC has a spatial resolution of 20 arcsec over a circular field-of-view with 6˚ diameter, which allows a 100 km spatial resolution on Jupiter from Ganymede orbital distances (and 20 m resolution on Ganymede from 200 km, for example). JUDE’s ImaC mirrors and detector window will be covered with multilayer coatings which efficiently select a narrow bandpass from 130 to 143 nm, to allow measurements of the faint Oxygen lines at 130.4 nm and 135.6 nm in Ganymede’s (and other moon’s) atmosphere. This bandpass also allows observations of the SIV lines (between 140.5 and 142.4 nm) emitted within the Io plasma torus and in Io’s atmosphere. The bright Jovian emissions will also be suppressed within this bandpass which will necessarily limit the count rate to an acceptable level. The Ly-α line at 122 nm will be largely excluded as will the reflected sunlight longward of 150 nm. The sensitivity of the ImaC is 50 Rayleigh (at 3-sigma). The SpeC has a spectral resolution of 0.5 nm in order to meet the requirements of the SciRD, and has a field-of-view which is a 6˚ x 0.1˚ slit co-aligned with, and centred on, the ImaC circular field-of-view. The lower wavelength of the SpeC bandpass is set to ~110 nm in order to include the bright Ly-α line (useful to study the H corona) in a region of reduced transmission. The upper wavelength limit, ~195 nm, is such that transmission is slowly decreasing in the 180-195 nm spectral region, allowing measurements of the moon’s albedos beyond 165 nm, as well as the detection of compounds such as CO2, SO2, O2, O3, H2CO3 and H2O2 by comparing JUDE reflectance spectra to those obtained in laboratory studies. FUV emission lines from S and O are also observable within the bandpass and B-type stars emitting within this waveband will allow occultation experiments to be performed, to determine the composition and structure of the moon’s atmospheres and the detection of a possible Europa plume. The same is true for the Jovian atmosphere for which attenuation by H2 and hydrocarbons allows determination of the atmospheric structure. The sensitivity of the SpeC is 10 R/nm (at 3-sigma). The JUDE instrument channels: ImaC and the co-aligned SpeC, are both operating within the 110–195 nm range. Each channel has independent optics and detector elements, providing a level of redundancy such that loss of either imager or spectrograph does not constitute an entire loss of science. In contrast to more conventional (e.g. scanning or pushbroom) imaging spectrographs, JUDE can provide high time resolution (<1 second) high throughput images over a wide field of view (6° diameter) with no time variation across the field – a capability which is critical in gaining a better understanding of the complex dynamical processes taking place in the Jovian magnetosphere. The primary optic in each channel is a multilayer-coated mirror operating at normal incidence, with flight heritage in the form of the scan mirror in the Ultraviolet Spectrograph (UVS) now en-route to Jupiter onboard JUNO. The imaging channel uses a secondary mirror to of a similar type to focus the image onto the focal plane detector, while in the spectrograph channel, the secondary is a spherical, holographic grating. The spectrograph design is simple, with heritage in airglow spectrographs flown on terrestrial UV missions, and the Imaging UV Spectrograph for MAVEN. The grating element is produced by Jobin-Yvon, who have produced diffraction gratings for major missions including SOHO and HST. Each channel includes an identical microchannel plate (MCP) detector with the robust, radiation-tolerant performance required for a mission in the formidable environment of Jupiter. Such detectors are well proven, having flown on many missions including ROSAT (UoL heritage). They have also operated in the vicinity of Jupiter, in the focal plane of the UV spectrograph onboard the Voyager probes. The detector readout is a new type of capacitive division image charge readout (C-DIR; invented by Dr Jon Lapington) which offers, simultaneously, high spatial resolution and high count rate performance. Adaptive signal processing capabilities allow JUDE to accommodate the very wide dynamic range expected, from observations of Jupiter’s auroral ovals which emit with intensities of mega Rayleighs, to the weak (few tens of Rayleigh) emissions found at Ganymede. The readout structure is simple and robust, and has already been demonstrated in laboratory trials, while the electronics chain has its heritage in particle physics detectors, and has therefore been designed with radiation tolerance as a primary consideration. Pre-launch and in-flight calibrations will be implemented to assure that the JUDE data are suitable for quantitative scientific analysis. The proposed JUDE configuration successfully meets the scientific objectives of the JUICE mission. Our decision to implement an imaging channel instead of covering the MUV waveband increases the whole mission’s scientific output while remaining compliant with the MPDD. Due to its high-temporal resolution read-out system, JUDE is capable of producing volumes of data that are incompatible with the limited telemetry allocated to the UV instrument, even after a modest compression factor is applied. We therefore have proposed a mode of operation (the JUDE reference mode) which takes 1 minute snapshots over an observation opportunity (for example during a flyby sequence). Using this reference mode, and taking the maximum count rate estimates for the various targets, we find that the JUDE data volume is compliant with the tight allocation for the UV instrumentation of 40 GBytes/year The JUDE design presented in this proposal is above the mass allocation. We believe that all components of our design are necessary to reach the scientific goals of JUICE mission and that any major changes (such as the descope of a channel) will be at the considerable expense of the expected science return. However, further optimisation will be performed during the Phase A to bring JUDE into the allocated mass envelope while compromising its scientific return only slightly. We propose an efficient management structure with clearly delineated responsibilities. The Principal Investigator, Prof. Denis Grodent (Be) will take on the responsibilities as specified in the JUICE payload Announcement of Opportunity, supported closely by the Co-PI Dr Emma Bunce (UK) and by the team of Co-Investigators. The contribution of each country is represented by lead Co-Investigators: Prof. John Clarke (Boston University), Dr. Candy Hansen (PSI), and Dr Xianzhe Jia (University of Michigan), and Dr Nigel Bannister (UK) as CoI and Instrument Scientist (see Figure 1 below). The philosophy has been to assign well-defined tasks to each institute with an overall project manager to coordinate the efforts. The Consortium Project Manager (Etienne Renotte, CSL) will execute the managerial tasks relevant to the instrument development. The Product and Quality Assurance management will be implemented by all hardware contributors. Each consortium institute has a local project manager for their respective work packages, reporting to the Consortium Project Manager. The outreach potential of JUDE’s instantaneous wide field images is enormous. The potential PhD students of 2030 who we hope to educate and inspire with JUDE images and spectra are currently 3 years old; their supervisors are in secondary school. The team regards the educational aspects of the instrument and data as particularly important, and we plan a comprehensive JUDE/JUICE programme of outreach to schools and to the public, as part of the project and one which will be initiated upon selection. The national funding agency of Belgium serves as the Lead Funding Agency (LFA) for the JUDE instrument. The letters of endorsement from Belgium and United Kingdom are included in this proposal. Although the agencies endorse their respective national contributions, funding will be secured after the selection of the instrument proposal, according to the usual procedure. [less ▲]

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See detailATTEL PROJECT PERFORMANCE-BASED APPROACHES FOR HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR COLUMNS AND CONNECTIONS UNDER EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE LOADINGS - D5
Sommariva, Manuel; Maio, Daniele; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg et al

Report (2012)

D.5.1. : Definition of stability curves D.5.2. : D5.2: simulation data relevant to the selected typologies of base-joints, of HSS-CHS columns and HSS-CFT columns and of HSS-concrete composite beam-to ... [more ▼]

D.5.1. : Definition of stability curves D.5.2. : D5.2: simulation data relevant to the selected typologies of base-joints, of HSS-CHS columns and HSS-CFT columns and of HSS-concrete composite beam-to-column joints D.5.3. : Report on parametric numerical analyses [less ▲]

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See detailATTEL PERFORMANCE-BASED APPROACHES FOR HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR COLUMNS AND CONNECTIONS UNDER EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE LOADINGS - D6
Pournara, Aglaia-Eugenia; Varelis, George E.; Papatheocharis, Charis et al

Report (2012)

Design Guidelines and proposal for EC3, EC4 and EC8

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See detailATTEL PROJECT - PERFORMANCE-BASED APPROACHES FOR HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR COLUMNS AND CONNECTIONS UNDER EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE LOADINGS - D3
Zilli, Giuliana; Demofonti, Giuseppe; Ferino, Jan et al

Report (2012)

- D3.1: monotonic and cyclic test data on base-joint specimens; - D3.2: monotonic and cyclic test data on column specimens; - D3.3: monotonic and cyclic test data on beam-to-column joint specimens; - D3.4 ... [more ▼]

- D3.1: monotonic and cyclic test data on base-joint specimens; - D3.2: monotonic and cyclic test data on column specimens; - D3.3: monotonic and cyclic test data on beam-to-column joint specimens; - D3.4: cyclic test results laboratory report. [less ▲]

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See detailASsessment of modelling uncertainties in long-TERm climate and sea level change projections"Aster" : final report
Fichefet, T; Loutre, M.-F.; Goosse, H. et al

Report (2012)

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See detailRobustness of car parks against localised fire - Deliverable V: Practical behavioural models for car park structures towards design practice
Fang, Cheng; Izzuddin, Bassam; Elghazouli, Ahmed et al

Report (2012)

Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel - Steel RTD Project carried out with a financial grant of the Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel - Grant Agreement Number ... [more ▼]

Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel - Steel RTD Project carried out with a financial grant of the Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel - Grant Agreement Number RFSR‐CT‐2008‐00036 [less ▲]

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See detailRobustness of car parks against localised fire - Deliverable II: Experimental tests and development of sophisticated behavioural models
Haremza, Cécile; Santiago, Aldina; Simões da Silva, Luís et al

Report (2012)

Grant Agreement Number RFSR-CT-2008-00036

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See detailRobustness of car parks against localised fire - Draft Final Report
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Huvelle, Clara ULg; Coméliau, Ludivine ULg et al

Report (2012)

Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel Steel RTD Project carried out with a financial grant of the Research Programme of the Research Fund for Coal and Steel

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See detailRobustness of car parks against localised fire - Deliverable III: Development of simplified behavioural models
Haremza, Cécile; Santiago, Aldina; Simões da Silva, Luís et al

Report (2012)

Grant Agreement Number RFSR-CT-2008-00036

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See detailATTEL PROJECT PERFORMANCE‐BASED APPROACHES FOR HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR COLUMNS AND CONNECTIONS UNDER EARTHQUAKE AND FIRE LOADINGS - D2
Sommariva, Manuel; Maio, Daniele; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg et al

Report (2012)

D2.1: Report on the design of specimens D2.2: Definition of practical solutions for the selected typologies of column bases, of HSSCHS columns and HSS‐CFT columns and of HSS‐concrete composite ... [more ▼]

D2.1: Report on the design of specimens D2.2: Definition of practical solutions for the selected typologies of column bases, of HSSCHS columns and HSS‐CFT columns and of HSS‐concrete composite beam‐to‐column joints [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D2
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Hoang, Van Long ULg et al

Report (2012)

D2.1: Actions on foot- cycle-bridges and railway bridges and stresses on critical elements. D2.2: Validation of MB and FE software and estimation of stresses on critical elements.

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D4
Rivera, Sergio; Alvarez, Ricardo; Lezcano, Ricardo et al

Report (2012)

D4.1: Materials and fracture-mechanic properties including loading rate and corrosion D4.2: Test data on welded tubular connections D4.3: Performance of advanced post-treatment welding techniques D4.4 ... [more ▼]

D4.1: Materials and fracture-mechanic properties including loading rate and corrosion D4.2: Test data on welded tubular connections D4.3: Performance of advanced post-treatment welding techniques D4.4: Test data on bolted tubular connections [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D3
Rivera, Sergio; Alvarez, Ricardo; Lezcano, Ricardo et al

Report (2012)

D3.1: Mechanical, toughness and corrosion properties for HSS employed in this study. D3.2: Cyclic test data of tubular (cylindrical) members or member assemblies D3.3: Buckling test data of tubular ... [more ▼]

D3.1: Mechanical, toughness and corrosion properties for HSS employed in this study. D3.2: Cyclic test data of tubular (cylindrical) members or member assemblies D3.3: Buckling test data of tubular (cylindrical) members or member assemblies [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D6
Demofonti, Giuseppe; Zilli, Giuliana; Tamponi, Gian Marco et al

Report (2012)

D6.1: S-N data relevant to connections and refinement of the component method for bolted connections D6.2: Simulations data on tubular members D6.3: Simulation data on case studies and similar structural ... [more ▼]

D6.1: S-N data relevant to connections and refinement of the component method for bolted connections D6.2: Simulations data on tubular members D6.3: Simulation data on case studies and similar structural types. [less ▲]

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See detailPerformance-based Approaches for high strength Tubular columns and connections under Earthquake and fire Loadings (ATTEL) - D4
Sommariva, Manuel; Maio, Daniele; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg et al

Report (2012)

Fire test data

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D8
Bursi, Oreste S.; Kumar, Anil; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg

Report (2012)

D8.1: Evaluation of the results of the SWOT analysis. D8.2: Evaluation of the results of the monitoring activity.

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D1
Johansson, Eva; Fuertes, Nuria; Guvaia, Helena et al

Report (2012)

D1.1: Report on tubular structures of interest subjected to extreme repeated loadings. D1.2: Report on current design procedures for welded/bolted HSS materials, members and connections. D1.3: Report on ... [more ▼]

D1.1: Report on tubular structures of interest subjected to extreme repeated loadings. D1.2: Report on current design procedures for welded/bolted HSS materials, members and connections. D1.3: Report on Bayesian estimations in probabilistic reliability assessment. D1.4: Report on Output-only structural identification techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D7
Rivera, Sergio; Alvarez, Ricardo; Lezcano, Ricardo et al

Report (2012)

D7.1: Report on design guidelines and recommendations for HSS for tubular structures D7.2: Report on design guidelines and recommendations for tubular members and connections D7.3: Report on maintenance ... [more ▼]

D7.1: Report on design guidelines and recommendations for HSS for tubular structures D7.2: Report on design guidelines and recommendations for tubular members and connections D7.3: Report on maintenance and durability of HSS tubular structures [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES PROJECT DESIGN AND INTEGRITY ASSESSMENT OF HIGH STRENGTH TUBULAR STRUCTURES FOR EXTREME LOADING CONDITIONS - D5
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Hoang, Van Long ULg et al

Report (2012)

D5.1: Refined material parameter formula depending upon fast loading. D5.2: Simulation data on welded joints relevant to the structures under study. D5.3: Simulation data on bolted joints relevant to the ... [more ▼]

D5.1: Refined material parameter formula depending upon fast loading. D5.2: Simulation data on welded joints relevant to the structures under study. D5.3: Simulation data on bolted joints relevant to the structures under study. [less ▲]

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See detailFlux-based Risk Assessement of the impact of Contaminants on Water resources and ECOsystems
Jamin, Pierre ULg; Dujardin, Juliette; Crèvecoeur, Sophie et al

Report (2012)

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See detailSynthèse de 24 années de suivi d’une communauté de reptiles typiques du nord de l’Europe
Graitson, Eric ULg; Hussin, José; Vacher, Jean-Pierre

Report (2012)

The results of a 24 year survey of a community of reptiles typical of northern Europe along a 19 km long railway track in the South of Belgium suggests that: i) four among the six species (Anguis fragilis ... [more ▼]

The results of a 24 year survey of a community of reptiles typical of northern Europe along a 19 km long railway track in the South of Belgium suggests that: i) four among the six species (Anguis fragilis, Podarcis muralis, Zootoca vivipara, and Natrix natrix helvetica) exhibited stable abundance levels and distribution patterns; ii) Vipera berus strongly decreased and is now nearly extinct; iii) Coronella austriaca appeared in the course of the survey and its populations sharply increased. The decrease of Vipera berus can be explained by the degradation of some of its habitats. The causes of the increase of Coronella austriaca are unknown but might be linked to climate change. [less ▲]

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See detailBIANZO II: Biodiversity of three representative groups of the Antarctic Zoobenthos - Coping with Change
Ingels, Jeroen; Vanreusel, Ann; De Broyer, Claude et al

Report (2012)

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See detailRapport de l'expérience Collaborative du projet "Durabilité de l'Elevage et Gestion du Parasitime
Vankeerberghen, Audrey ULg; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

Report (2012)

La problématique traitée est celle de la transition des éleveurs vers des pratiques de gestion du parasitisme ayant un impact moins négatif sur l'environnement. Cette recherche est basée sur un travail ... [more ▼]

La problématique traitée est celle de la transition des éleveurs vers des pratiques de gestion du parasitisme ayant un impact moins négatif sur l'environnement. Cette recherche est basée sur un travail collaboratif avec les éleveurs permettant d'aborder la question du parasitisme animal à travers une exploration du « système-bouse » formé par la bouse, ses insectes coprophages, leurs prédateurs, et les vermifuges. Notre première hypothèse de travail est la suivante : dans la gestion du parasitisme en élevage bovin, la mise en place de pratiques ayant un impact moins négatif sur l'environnement (et donc sur les coprophages et leurs prédateurs) nécessite que les éleveurs s'intéressent à cette problématique et que celle-ci fasse sens pour eux. Notre but premier est donc de saisir quelle est leur propre compréhension du « système-bouse » et par quels biais il est possible d'intéresser les éleveurs pour modifier leurs pratiques. Dans un second temps, nous nous intéressons à la question de la transformation des pratiques anti-parasitaires chez les éleveurs wallons. Pour ce faire, nous mobilisons le cadre analytique ESR (Hill 1995) ainsi que la typologie des conceptions de la santé animale de Cabaret et Nicourt (2011). À travers les parcours des éleveurs rencontrés, nous cherchons à comprendre comment les éleveurs gèrent le parasitisme, quelle est leur conception de la maladie animale, dans quelle logique ils se situent. Ces parcours mettennt en évidence plusieurs logiques possibles de transformation des pratiques anti-parasitaires et d'apprentissage de nouvelles pratiques. Leur analyse souligne également l'importance du rôle que peut jouer la symbolique des parasitoses dans ces transformations. Finalement, nous entamons une réflexion sur les convergences et divergences entre les alternatives proposées et le système de gestion du pâturage et du troupeau chez les éleveurs. L'étude se conclut par un bilan des avantages et limites des différentes approches du modèle ESR dans le cas de la gestion du parasitisme ainsi que des freins et obstacles à la transformation à la reconfiguration des pratiques anti-parasitaires en Région wallonne. Il apparaît enfin que les éleveurs ne sont pas les seuls acteurs dans la gestion de la maladie animale et qu'une transformation est également nécessaire au sein des autres catégories d'acteurs impliquées. [less ▲]

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See detailHITUBES - Design and integrity assessment of high strength tubular structures for extreme loading conditions - Final report
Bursi, Oreste; Kumar, Anil; Demofonti, Giuseppe et al

Report (2012)

High Strength Steel (HSS) characterized by yield strength ranging between 500MPa to 700MPa has been available for many years. However, its use in onshore engineering is quite restrictive. Reasons were ... [more ▼]

High Strength Steel (HSS) characterized by yield strength ranging between 500MPa to 700MPa has been available for many years. However, its use in onshore engineering is quite restrictive. Reasons were threefold: i) Eurocodes covered steels with yield strength up to 460MPa; ii) higher costs than regular steel; iii) lack of conceptual design with HSS. Nonetheless very recently, there has been a growing trend for the use of HSS in tubular structures thanks to Eurocode 3 Part 1-12 (2006), that extended its scope to steel grades up to S690/S700MC. Along this line, the HITUBES project intended to develop performance-based designs and assessment procedures to make full use of HSS tubes up to S700MC for structures subject also to extreme repeated loads; in fact Eurocode 3 Part 1-12 imposes many limitations at the material, structural and design level. The ambitious targets are to increase the performance of tubular structures, reduce weights, construction and operating costs. The project covered the period 01/07/2008-31/12/2011, and main research work focussed on several aspects listed herein: literature survey; selection of finite element-based and identification dynamic analysis codes; selection of realistic Case Studies and FE analysis for the evaluation of actions and stresses; structural identification and health monitoring of a cable-stay and arch footbridges; tests planning and execution including welding procedure specifications; simulations of welded and bolted connections under monotonic, low-cycle and high-cycle fatigue loadings; simulation of Case studies and reliability analysis for quantification of realistic performance scenarios; SWOT analysis and monitoring of project activities. [less ▲]

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See detailContribution au développement d’un procédé industriel de revêtement d’acier
Amoura, Makhlouf; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg

Report (2012)

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See detailD31-1254: Influence de l'âge et du poids d'abattage sur la qualité organoleptique du poulet de chair à croissance lente en Région wallonne (Rapport d'activités intermédiaire).
De Maeseneire, Coraline ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg; Thewis, André ULg

Report (2011)

Ces dernières années, la progression de la production avicole en Wallonie est, en grande partie, liée au développement de filières dites de qualité différenciée. En 2009, ce sont près de 2.000.000 de ... [more ▼]

Ces dernières années, la progression de la production avicole en Wallonie est, en grande partie, liée au développement de filières dites de qualité différenciée. En 2009, ce sont près de 2.000.000 de poulets qui ont été associés à ce type de production. Cependant, contrairement au poulet standard pour lesquels les pratiques sont très standardisées, les pratiques d’élevage en qualité différenciée peuvent varier, notamment la génétique, l’âge et le poids à l’abattage, le sexe de l’animal, l’accès à un parcours… Ces variations peuvent influencer l’homogénéité de la qualité organoleptique de la viande de poulet au sein d’une même filière ainsi que la perception (et la confiance) des consommateurs vis-à-vis de la viande des poulets qui en sont issus. L’objectif de ce projet est d’étudier et d’objectiver de manière scientifique la qualité organoleptique de la viande de poulet de chair au sein de trois filières avicoles de qualité différenciée afin de fournir aux détenteurs de ces filières des informations quant aux facteurs susceptibles de modifier la qualité organoleptique de leurs produits ainsi que la perception de ceux-ci par les consommateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration of quality indices of distribution in benchmarking analysis
Coelli, Tim; Gautier, Axel ULg; Perelman, Sergio ULg et al

Report (2011)

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See detailRapport d'activité du projet Health CoP 2011
Denis, Brigitte ULg; Snoeck, Céline ULg

Report (2011)

Rapport d'activité en lien avec les actions menées en milieu hospitalier. Création et animation de communautés de pratique supportées par les TIC.

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See detailStatistical analysis of low-flows in Wallonia
Vestraete, Arnaud; Gailliez, Sébastien ULg; Degré, Aurore ULg

Report (2011)

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See detailQuatrième campagne de mesure des odeurs sur le CET "Champ de Beaumont" à Monceau-sur-Sambre Estimation et monitoring des nuisances olfactives
Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Thomas, Jean-François; Delva, Julien et al

Report (2011)

The study is conducted in the frame of a programme of monitoring of all landfill sites in Wallonia. The "odour" part is assigned to ULg. The present report concerns more particularly a fourth campaign on ... [more ▼]

The study is conducted in the frame of a programme of monitoring of all landfill sites in Wallonia. The "odour" part is assigned to ULg. The present report concerns more particularly a fourth campaign on the site of "Champ de Beaumont at Monceau-sur-Sambre. Besides the usual field inspection technique, the research group has used electronic noses to monitor the emissions of odours near the source so as the analysis of complaints in the surroundings. [less ▲]

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See detailRapport de recherche (PACITA, task2.1 documenting Technology Assessment in Europe) : Parliamentary Technology Assessment in Flanders - IST case study
Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Evers, Johan; Rosskamp, Benedikt ULg

Report (2011)

This article gives an overview of the historical institutionalization of the Flemish parliamentary Technology Assessment organization viWTA/IST, its niche in the Flemish innovation landscape, its daily ... [more ▼]

This article gives an overview of the historical institutionalization of the Flemish parliamentary Technology Assessment organization viWTA/IST, its niche in the Flemish innovation landscape, its daily practices and its future challenges. This text has been drafted on the basis of interviews with staff members (‘insiders’) of the institute, with some key stakeholders who have been in contact with viWTA/IST over the years (‘outsiders’) and through desk research and feedback discussions between both PACITA partners. [less ▲]

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See detailEspace rural - ruralité - relations ville-campagne
Vauchel, Bernadette ULg; Launoy, Sylvain; Rousseaux, Véronique et al

Report (2011)

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See detailEngagement organisationnel, temps de travail et modalités de mise en oeuvre de la performance : le cas des cadres d'une grande entreprise québécoise
Tremblay, Diane-gabrielle; Grodent, Françoise ULg; Linckens, Aurélie ULg

Report (2011)

Nous avons voulu étudier la question de la performance, plus particulièrement des modalités utilisées par les salariés pour accroître leur performance et atteindre les normes organisationnelles, tout en ... [more ▼]

Nous avons voulu étudier la question de la performance, plus particulièrement des modalités utilisées par les salariés pour accroître leur performance et atteindre les normes organisationnelles, tout en nous intéressant aux modes de gestion des organisations qui y sont associés. Nous avons donc entrepris une recherche auprès des cadres d’une grande entreprise québécoise. Nous avons donc voulu nous pencher sur la question du point de vue des acteurs que sont les cadres des trois premiers niveaux de gestion afin de mieux comprendre les moyens et les dispositifs qu'ils peuvent mettre en oeuvre pour atteindre les objectifs qui leur sont fixés ou encore qu'ils se fixent parfois eux-mêmes. [less ▲]

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See detailBiodiversité et aménagement du territoire : quels indicateurs pour la Wallonie ?
Parkinson, Denis ULg; Dopagne, Claude ULg; Melin, Eric ULg et al

Report (2011)

La biodiversité ou diversité du monde vivant peut, selon une approche spatiale, se définir au travers de l’expression et de la disponibilité des niches écologiques des espèces de la flore et de la faune ... [more ▼]

La biodiversité ou diversité du monde vivant peut, selon une approche spatiale, se définir au travers de l’expression et de la disponibilité des niches écologiques des espèces de la flore et de la faune d’un territoire. Pour permettre l’existence et le maintien de cette biodiversité, les niches doivent répondre aux exigences écologiques variées des espèces vivantes. Ces exigences concernent tout particulièrement la surface mobilisable, la disponibilité de la niche dans le temps et la connectivité des lieux où elle s’exprime, l’absence de substances eutrophisantes ou toxiques d’origine anthropique, et d’une façon plus générale la fonctionnalité des processus fondamentaux du milieu (bilan hydrique, cycle du carbone). Les options prises en matière de développement territorial peuvent constituer des leviers puissants pour enrayer la forte érosion constatée de la biodiversité en Wallonie. Ces leviers sont multiples : création d’aires protégées, prise en compte de la connectivité écologique dans les différents outils (plan de secteur, schémas de structure, plans communaux d’aménagement...), intégration systématique de la fonction écologique des habitats naturels dans les différentes catégories d’affectation du sol, etc. Placé dans la perspective de la planification du SDER, la biodiversité doit donc être abordé à la fois comme un secteur réclamant que des espaces lui soient directement dédicacés et comme une contrainte ou une opportunité à intégrer dans tous les autres actes et programmes territoriaux. [less ▲]

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See detailLes nouveaux défis du développement territorial en Wallonie
Bianchet, Bruno ULg; Bottieau, Vincent; Droeven, Emilie ULg et al

Report (2011)

Dans le cadre des travaux d’actualisation du Schéma de Développement de l'Espace Régional (SDER), le Gouvernement Wallon a retenu six défis prioritaires : la démographie, le climat, l’énergie, la ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre des travaux d’actualisation du Schéma de Développement de l'Espace Régional (SDER), le Gouvernement Wallon a retenu six défis prioritaires : la démographie, le climat, l’énergie, la compétitivité, la cohésion sociale et la mobilité. Les différences de nature et de statut de ces défis sont manifestes. Toutefois trois grands traits communs peuvent être mis en évidence dans le cadre de leur définition : les défis sont pour partie exogènes au territoire wallon ; ils sont de nature « politique » et ils n’étaient pas suffisamment pris en compte dans le SDER de 1999. Les auteurs s’attachent à clarifier les pressions que ces défis imposent en Wallonie, mettant l’accent mis sur la manière dont les défis se traduisent spécifiquement sur le territoire, en identifiant les tendances observées et les hypothèses d’évolution aux horizons 2020 et 2040 afin de dégager les enjeux territoriaux et leviers d'action de l'aménagement du territoire à mobiliser pour y faire face. [less ▲]

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See detailL'eau dans le cadre du Diagnostic territorial de la Wallonie préparatoire à l'actualisation du SDER
Everbecq, Etienne ULg; Blockx, Caroline ULg; Grard, Aline ULg et al

Report (2011)

Dans le cadre des travaux d'actualisation du Schéma de Développement de l'Espace Régional (SDER), la Conférence Permanente de Développement Territorial (CPDT) a mené, d’octobre 2010 à octobre 2011, à la ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre des travaux d'actualisation du Schéma de Développement de l'Espace Régional (SDER), la Conférence Permanente de Développement Territorial (CPDT) a mené, d’octobre 2010 à octobre 2011, à la demande du Gouvernement Wallon, les travaux concernant le diagnostic. Ces travaux ont mené à la construction, pour chacune des 15 thématiques abordées, d'indicateurs permettant d'évaluer la situation passée, existante et future. Cette note de recherche présente les réflexions menées sur le choix, la conception et le calcul des 3 indicateurs "eau" développés : (i) un indicateur sur la consommation d'eau, (ii) un indicateur sur l'épuration des eaux usées et (iii) un indicateur sur la qualité des eaux de surface [less ▲]

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See detailFinalisation de la formule, applicable en Région wallonne, de la distance minimale d'implantation des porcheries et des poulaillers par rapport aux habitations.
Cobut, Pierre; Nicolas, Jacques ULg; Lalande, Dominique et al

Report (2011)

A formulae to calculate the minimum distance between livestock buildings and residential areas was designed by the research group in 2006. This report concerns a study aiming at finalizing the approach ... [more ▼]

A formulae to calculate the minimum distance between livestock buildings and residential areas was designed by the research group in 2006. This report concerns a study aiming at finalizing the approach towards a guideline applicable in Wallonia. Different enhancements to the former formulae are proposed, taking into account recent technical improvements, and a comparison with the odour percentile concept is presented. [less ▲]

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See detailAcceptabilité locale des projets éoliens
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Parotte, Céline ULg; Rossignol, Nicolas ULg

Report (2011)

Ce rapport présente les résultats d'une année de recherche suivant le protocole précis fixé par les chercheurs. Il est le fruit de l'analyse de quatre cas d’étude répartis sur le territoire wallon ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport présente les résultats d'une année de recherche suivant le protocole précis fixé par les chercheurs. Il est le fruit de l'analyse de quatre cas d’étude répartis sur le territoire wallon sélectionnés selon des critères bien établis, d'entretiens avec les différentes parties prenantes aux projets de parc éolien (bourgmestres, échevins, promoteurs, riverains, responsables de coopératives, fonctionnaires régionaux, …), d'analyse d'un grand nombre de documents issus des dossiers relatifs aux projets éoliens, disponibles aux administrations communales en question, dans la presse, de la réalisation de Focus Group avec des riverains, de la mise en place d'un Atelier Scénario avec l'ensemble des acteurs liés au processus décisionnel de la Région wallonne. Concrètement, ce rapport identifie les structures et les caractéristiques institutionnelles génératrices de conflit et tente de répondre, grâce aux acteurs de terrain, à la question suivante: “Est-il possible de construire un processus qui permette une meilleure appropriation du projet?” pour dégager des propositions d’aménagements du processus décisionnel. [less ▲]

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See detailAppui à la gestion et à la protection des ressources en eau souterraines exploitées dans la région de Bobo Dioulasso (Burkina Faso) - Rapport d'activité N°6 rélatif aux subventions 2010-2011
Sauret, Elie ULg; Derouane, Johan; Brouyère, Serge ULg et al

Report (2011)

L’année 2011 correspond à la troisième année de la deuxième phase d’exécution du projet de coopération bilatérale entre le Burkina Faso et Wallonie-Bruxelles International intitulé « Appui à la gestion et ... [more ▼]

L’année 2011 correspond à la troisième année de la deuxième phase d’exécution du projet de coopération bilatérale entre le Burkina Faso et Wallonie-Bruxelles International intitulé « Appui à la gestion et à la protection des ressources en eaux souterraines exploitées dans la région de Bobo-Dioulasso ». L’exécution des activités de cette troisième année s’est étalée du 01 octobre 2010 au 31 octobre 2011. L’ensemble des activités réalisées et les résultats obtenus sont repris dans ce document de synthèse. [less ▲]

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See detailBelRAI VI : Recherche-action sur l'usage transmural des instruments d'évaluation BelRAI
Declercq, A; Flamaing, J; Gosset, Christiane ULg et al

Report (2011)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (5 ULg)