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See detailRapport d'activité semestriel n°3
Legrand, Catherine ULg; Henrotin, Yves ULg

Report (2016)

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See detailAnalyse dynamique de la durabilité vécue et mise en œuvre par les acteurs des circuits courts wallons
Plateau, Lou; Holzemer, Laurence; Nyssens, Thiago et al

Report (2016)

« Quels sont les déterminants, les freins et les leviers permettant d’améliorer la durabilité des circuits courts ? » « Comment favoriser la réappropriation de ces connaissances par les acteurs de terrain ... [more ▼]

« Quels sont les déterminants, les freins et les leviers permettant d’améliorer la durabilité des circuits courts ? » « Comment favoriser la réappropriation de ces connaissances par les acteurs de terrain ? » Telles sont les questions pour lesquelles il a été demandé à l’équipe de recherche d’apporter des éléments de réponse. L’analyse livrée est le fruit d’une recherche menée par le Centre d’Études Économiques et Sociales de l’Environnement de l’Université Libre de Bruxelles entre 2015 et 2016, financée par la Région wallonne et coordonnée par la Fédération Inter-Environnement Wallonie. L’approche avec laquelle la durabilité a été abordée dans ce projet est singulière et se démarque explicitement d’une approche qui serait centrée sur les trois piliers (économique, social et environnemental) et leurs intersections. Cet affranchissement conceptuel a été traduit par une méthode itérative et inductive qui a permis d’aboutir à un ensemble de connaissances et de constats en provenance directe de différents acteurs impliqués dans les filières en circuits courts. L’approche a permis, dans le même temps, d’augmenter le caractère réappropriable des données récoltées. La durabilité des circuits courts a été abordée au travers de sujets et d’enjeux appartenant à la réalité quotidienne des acteurs et de leurs métiers. La durabilité dont il est question ici est celle vécue et mise en oeuvre quotidiennement par les acteurs. Cette approche implique de questionner de fil en aiguille les modèles d’entreprenariat, les interactions socioéconomiques mais aussi les différentes motivations, conceptions du monde et valeurs. La démarche a cherché à adopter une perspective qui soit en résonnance avec la réalité des personnes au sein de leurs activités. [less ▲]

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See detailPEGASE OPERA II : RECHERCHE ET CALIBRATION DE FONCTIONS D’APPORT DES MACROÉLÉMENTS SUR DES BASSINS VERSANTS TYPE
Everbecq, Etienne ULg; Grard, Aline ULg; MAGERMANS, POL ULg et al

Report (2016)

Le logiciel PegOpera est un outil scientifique et opérationnel utilisé entre autres par les gestionnaires de l’eau dans les champs d’applications de la Gestion Intégrée des Ressources en Eau. Développé à ... [more ▼]

Le logiciel PegOpera est un outil scientifique et opérationnel utilisé entre autres par les gestionnaires de l’eau dans les champs d’applications de la Gestion Intégrée des Ressources en Eau. Développé à l’Aquapôle de l’université de Liège, il est composé : - du modèle Pegase (Planification Et Gestion de l’ASsainissement des Eaux), un modèle intégré bassins hydrographiques/rivières qui permet de calculer de façon déterministe et prévisionnelle la qualité des eaux des rivières - d’une interface utilisateurs conviviale permettant son utilisation aisée Le modèle Pegase (Planification Et Gestion de l’ASsainissement des Eaux) est un modèle intégré bassins hydrographiques/rivières qui permet de calculer de façon déterministe et prévisionnelle la qualité des eaux des rivières en fonction des rejets et apports de pollution (relation pression-impact). Développé depuis la fin des années 1980 à l’université de Liège, il permet d'orienter les choix des opérateurs publics et privés en matière de gestion des eaux de surface à l'échelle des petits et grands bassins versants. Le modèle et le logiciel sont développés en permanence. En juillet 2014, 4 Agences de l’eau Françaises ont décidé de continuer à supporter les développements du modèle et du Logiciel avec comme objectifs principaux d’apporter des améliorations scientifiques afin d’améliorer la connaissance du fonctionnement écologique des cours d’eau, ainsi que de maintenir l’outil performant, de haut niveau technologique, en adéquation avec les besoins des opérateurs. Ce programme triennal (2014-2016), appelé PEGASE OPERA 2, s’articule sur 3 axes principaux : • Axe 1 : Développements scientifiques du modèle PEGASE (modélisation des processus) ; • Axe 2 : Modularité et Interopérabilité du logiciel PEGOPERA ; • Axe 3 : Amélioration des fonctionnalités du logiciel PEGOPERA. Une des tâches importantes prévues dans le programme PEGASE OPERA II est d’ajouter au modèle PEGASE la possibilité de calculer explicitement le pH. En effet, outre le fait que le pH intervient explicitement dans certaines normes de qualité, son influence sur certains processus simulés par PEGASE (phénomènes d’adsorption/désorption, …) justifie à elle seule cet ajout. Le calcul du pH dans les eaux de surface implique au minimum deux aspects à prendre en compte : - le pH dépend fortement du pouvoir tampon de l’eau, et donc des éléments minéraux lessivés (principalement le calcium et les carbonates) par le bassin versant, information peu disponible et dépendant fortement du type de sols. Le concept des fonctions d’apport des sols régionalisables utilisé dans Pegase prête assez bien à cette approche ; - une fois l’estimation des éléments minéraux lessivés par le bassin versant réalisée de manière cohérente, le pH peut être calculé sur base d’équations bien connues, vu que les principaux processus influençant le pH (photosynthèse notamment) sont déjà inclus dans PEGASE. Ce rapport technique (destiné aux utilisateurs avertis du logiciel PegOpera) reprend une description des tests de calibration des fonctions d’apport régionalisées (pour les macroéléments) réalisés sur le bassin de la Loire. [less ▲]

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See detailConvention relative à la réhabilitation du Saumon atlantique dans le bassin de la Meuse (Rapport 2015-2016)
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Dierckx, Arnaud ULg; Benitez, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

Report (2016)

Le présent rapport d’activités intègre les travaux des deux équipes universitaires de Liège et de Namur (coordination Ulg – Dr M. Ovidio) dans la cadre de la subvention relative à la réhabilitation du ... [more ▼]

Le présent rapport d’activités intègre les travaux des deux équipes universitaires de Liège et de Namur (coordination Ulg – Dr M. Ovidio) dans la cadre de la subvention relative à la réhabilitation du saumon atlantique dans le bassin de la Meuse. [less ▲]

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See detailGiser: Gestion intégrée sol-érosion-ruissellement - Rapport d'activités 2015-2016
Bielders, Charles; Degré, Aurore ULg; Demarcin, Pierre ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailRAPPORT FINAL - Portefeuille de projets TipTopLam
Gravet, Denis; Carton, Marc; Contrepois, Quentin et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLa répartition des compétences en matière d'emploi : les programmes de mise à l'emploi et les aides versées aux entreprises
Behrendt, Christian ULg; Vanrykel, Fanny ULg

Report (2016)

Rapport d'expertise réalisé à la demande du Gouvernement de la Communauté germanophone, non public (16 pages)

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See detailEtude "Cancer du sein et emploi"
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; Schippers, Nathalie; Van Hoof, Elke

Report (2016)

Objectives Due to increasing treatment efficiency, more breast cancer patients can consider work resumption. Because of its multifactorial nature, return to work (RTW) remains a challenge. The objective ... [more ▼]

Objectives Due to increasing treatment efficiency, more breast cancer patients can consider work resumption. Because of its multifactorial nature, return to work (RTW) remains a challenge. The objective of this study is to explore facilitators and barriers to the RTW process as experienced by breast cancer patients and to describe their return to work trajectories. Methods Women under treatment in 4 Belgian oncology centres were invited to participate in the survey. Inclusion criteria were primary breast cancer; stage I, II or III; aged between 18 and 60; working at the time of diagnosis as employee or civil servant. Participating patients completed a questionnaire at inclusion (within 3 months of diagnosis) and underwent an in-depth interview six months later. The interview focused on experiences of being work disabled and (preparation of) return to work. The interviews were fully transcribed and a thematic analysis was carried out by two independent researchers. Results A total of 44 women could be included in the study between July 2014 and February 2015. By the time of the interview, 18 women had returned to work; 3 had resumed work while being in treatment; and 11 women had a therapeutic RTW on part-time basis. Breast cancer patients report feelings of fear, guilt, and pressure concerning work resumption. They have complaints of pain, fatigue and loss of concentration. They feel ill-informed about financial implications of being work disabled and of partial work resumption and about possibilities to resume work in a flexible way. They are in favour of a more flexible work schedule at the workplace. Some women aspire to a career transition but feel that such a transition is not realistic at the time being due to their health status, energy level or financial situation. Conclusion Better information from healthcare professionals is needed to support women’s work resumption. Idiosyncratic work resumption trajectories point to the need of an individual approach of work resumption management. [less ▲]

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See detailComment définir le service public à travers ses différentes facettes, missions et principes?
Caponetti, Lia ULg; Sak, Barbara

Report (2016)

This paper introduces key notions to public services in Belgium and Europe such as: collective interest, public interest and general interest, analysed in a historical and evolutionary perspective, and ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces key notions to public services in Belgium and Europe such as: collective interest, public interest and general interest, analysed in a historical and evolutionary perspective, and then presented and discussed in their present understanding. Particular emphasis is put on the French notions issued from the French law given their contribution in shaping European law which is regulating today an important part of the organisation of public services. Missions attributed to public services are then classified following a Matriochka model, on the basis on their scope/proximity to the general interest: missions of general interest, missions of public service, missions of universal service and, finally, missions of minimum service. The seven basic principles framing public services are also presented. The second part of the paper deals with the notion of public service under the European Union’s perspective. Here the concept of services of general interest (SGI) is introduced and shaded with other deriving notions such as: services of general economic interest (SGEI) and social services general interest (SSGI). Principles and values at the basis of the European notions are finally presented and analysed through a review of legislation. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation de la stabilité d'une paroi rocheuse à Flémalle
Delvoie, Simon ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg

Report (2016)

La caractérisation détaillée du massif rocheux a été réalisée à partir de mesures in situ et d'observations. Ces données sont ensuite utilisées dans l'analyse de stabilité du massif rocheux. Un traitement ... [more ▼]

La caractérisation détaillée du massif rocheux a été réalisée à partir de mesures in situ et d'observations. Ces données sont ensuite utilisées dans l'analyse de stabilité du massif rocheux. Un traitement adéquat de la paroi est finalement proposé afin de minimiser les projections de blocs rocheux sur d'éventuels bâtiments sur le moyen et le long terme. [less ▲]

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See detailLiteracy in Norway. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Kovacs, Maria; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Austria. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Ehgartner, Reinhard; Gangl, Verena; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Croatia. Country Report. Short Version
Cupar, Drahomira; Cunovic, Kristina; Radonic, Marija et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Belgium (Flanders. Country Report. Short Version
Van Acker, Tania; de Krosse, Hedwig; Kuypers, Tine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Denmark. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Arnadottir, Erna; Garbe, Christine; Kristmundsson, Gudmundur et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Austria. Country Report. Short Version
Ehgartner, Reinhard; Gangl, Verena; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Slovenia. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Doupona Horvat, Marjeta; Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Germany. Country Report. Children and adolescents and adults
Garbe, Christine; Grotluschen, Anke; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Malta. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Mifsud, Charles; Petrova, Rositsa; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Belgium (Flanders). Country Report. Children and adolescents
van Acker, Tania; Garbe, Christine; de Krosse, Hedwig et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in England. Country Report. Short Version
Dombey, Henrietta; Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Bulgaria. Country Report. Children and adolescents.
Dachkova, Lydia; Garbe, Christine; Georgieva, Natalia et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Denmark. Country Report. Short Version
Arnadottir, Erna; Kristmundsson, Gudmundur; Shiel, Gerry et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Greece. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Koutsogiannis, Dimitris; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Czech Republic. Country Report - Children and Adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Annette; Laufkova, Veronika et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Lithuania. Country Report - Children and Adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Annette; Masiulienė, Laura et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Finland. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Shiel, Gerry et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Estonia. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Kerge, Krista; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Iceland. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Arnadottir, Erna; Garbe, Christine; Kristmundsson, Gudmundur et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in France. Country Report. Short Version
Jeantheau, Jean-Pierre; Johnson, Sandra; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Hungary. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Shiel, Gerry et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Bulgaria. Country report. Short version.
Dachkova, Lydia; Georgieva, Natalia; Tzvetkova, Marieta et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Ireland. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Curtin, Alicia; Garbe, Christine; Hall, Cathy et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Scotland. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Jonhson, Sandra; Young, Myra; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Germany. Country Report. Short Version
Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Mallows, David et al

Report (2016)

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See detailEtat des lieux de l’activité professionnelle des médecins généralistes francophones diplômés entre 1999 et 2013
Lenoir, Anne-Laure ULg; Cayn, Marion; Fraipont, Bénédicte et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Cyprus. Country Report. Short version
Balbinot, Valeria; Heracleous, Maria; Manolitsis, George et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Portugal. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Arqueiro, Ana; Cunha, Juliana; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in the Netherlands. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Garbe, Christine; de Krosse, Hedwig; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Romania. Country Report.
Valtin, Renate; Garbe, Christine; Toia, Maria et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Cyprus. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Michaelidou, Athena et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Croatia. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Cupar, Drahomira; Cunovic, Kristina; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Italy. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Balbinot, Valeria; Cunha, Juliana; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Belgium (French Community). Country Report - Children and Adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Annette; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Sweden. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Garbe, Christine; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg; Persson, Ulla-Britt et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in France. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Jonhson, Sandra; Jonhson, Rod; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailThe evidentiary effects of authentic acts in the Member States of the European Union, in the context of successions - Report for Belgium
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Report (2016)

The EU Succession Regulation (Regulation 650/2012) allows for cross-border circulation of authentic instruments in a matter of succession. Authentic instruments are documents created by authorised ... [more ▼]

The EU Succession Regulation (Regulation 650/2012) allows for cross-border circulation of authentic instruments in a matter of succession. Authentic instruments are documents created by authorised authorities which benefit from certain evidential advantages. As this Regulation does not harmonise Member State substantive laws or procedures concerning succession the laws relating to the domestic evidentiary effects of succession authentic instruments remain diverse. Article 59 of the Succession Regulation requires the Member States party to the Regulation to give succession authentic instruments the evidentiary effects they would enjoy in their Member State of origin. The only limits on this obligation being public policy or the irreconcilability of the authentic instrument with a court decision, court settlement or another authentic instrument. This report, which was commissioned by the University of Aberdeen in the framework of a request of the Committee on Legal Affairs, provides an information resource for legal practitioners concerning the evidentiary effects of succession authentic instruments in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailLiteracy in England. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Buddeberg, Klaus; Dombey, Henrietta; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLiteracy in Sapin. Country Report. Children and adolescents
Benitez Sastre, Laura; D'Angelo Menendez, Estela; Garbe, Christine et al

Report (2016)

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See detailAudition sur la procédure de ratification (par la Commission des Affaires générales et des Relations internationales du Parlement wallon)
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg

Report (2016)

Le document annexé est le compte-rendu de la séance du 29 février 2016 de la Commission des Affaires générales et des Relations internationales du Parlement wallon. À cette date, l'auteur a été auditionné ... [more ▼]

Le document annexé est le compte-rendu de la séance du 29 février 2016 de la Commission des Affaires générales et des Relations internationales du Parlement wallon. À cette date, l'auteur a été auditionné (de même que d'autres intervenants) dans le but d'éclairer les députés sur le rôle du Parlement wallon dans le processus de conclusion des traités internationaux. L'exposé touche à des questions générales de droit international public et à des questions de droit constitutionnel belge (notamment des questions liées au caractère fédéral de l'État belge et à son incidence sur le processus de conclusion des traités par les autorités belges). [less ▲]

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See detailResponses to Death, Care and Family Relations in Urban Senegal
Evans, Ruth; McCarthy, Jane Ribbens; Bowlby, Sophie et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLa pauvreté infantile et juvénile en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles
Guio, Anne-Catherine; Baye, Ariane ULg

Report (2016)

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See detailFLYCOAT - Programme d'excellence : Rapport scientifique et technique 1°phase 1er Mars 2015 au 29 Février 2016
Dedry, Olivier ULg; Mertens, Anne ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

Report (2016)

Le projet FLYCOAT innovera dans les domaines suivants : - Résistance à l’usure : améliorer les revêtements existants par des procédés de fabrication innovants, pour répondre à des propriétés spécifiques ... [more ▼]

Le projet FLYCOAT innovera dans les domaines suivants : - Résistance à l’usure : améliorer les revêtements existants par des procédés de fabrication innovants, pour répondre à des propriétés spécifiques, comme la tenue à l’érosion et à l’impact (grêle, gravillonnage) - Protection anti-corrosion : obtenir des performances équivalentes aux systèmes actuels en l’absence de chromates - Propriétés électriques : conférer des propriétés antistatiques - Propriétés thermiques : améliorer la résistance à la thermo-oxidation et au cyclage thermique. - Résistance aux liquides aéronautiques. [less ▲]

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See detailLa formation initiale à l’extramuros des enseignants du primaire : Premières recommandations pour un curriculum innovant dans la perspective de son élargissement à cinq ans
Partoune, Christine ULg

Report (2016)

La recherche Extramuros repose sur le constat suivant: le milieu proche de l’école est de moins en moins exploité par les enseignants du primaire, même en milieu rural où il est beaucoup plus facile ... [more ▼]

La recherche Extramuros repose sur le constat suivant: le milieu proche de l’école est de moins en moins exploité par les enseignants du primaire, même en milieu rural où il est beaucoup plus facile d’envisager des sorties. Il s’agit pourtant d’un enjeu majeur, tant pour le développement global de l’enfant que pour le développement local. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegration of Composites for Greener Engine - Rapport scientifique & technique
Aatach, Mohamed ULg; Gaydardzhiev, Stoyan ULg

Report (2016)

The project's objective is to achieve a greater integration of composite materials in the low-pressure compressor, major product of Techspace Aero. The recycling of composite materials is one of the main ... [more ▼]

The project's objective is to achieve a greater integration of composite materials in the low-pressure compressor, major product of Techspace Aero. The recycling of composite materials is one of the main parts of this project. The focus is on the review of technologies, reuse and resulting properties on the recycling of fibre reinforced polymers and the development of new processes for end-of-life aerospace grade advanced carbon fiber reinforced composite materials (electrodynamic and conventional fragmentation, physicochemical characterization, environmental impact assessment, etc.) [less ▲]

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See detailPEGASE : DESCRIPTION DES PARAMÈTRES DU MODÈLE PEGASE
Everbecq, Etienne ULg; Grard, Aline ULg; MAGERMANS, POL ULg et al

Report (2016)

Le logiciel PegOpera est un outil scientifique et opérationnel utilisé entre autres par les gestionnaires de l’eau dans les champs d’applications de la Gestion Intégrée des Ressources en Eau. Développé à ... [more ▼]

Le logiciel PegOpera est un outil scientifique et opérationnel utilisé entre autres par les gestionnaires de l’eau dans les champs d’applications de la Gestion Intégrée des Ressources en Eau. Développé à l’Aquapôle de l’université de Liège, il est composé : - du modèle Pegase (Planification Et Gestion de l’ASsainissement des Eaux), un modèle intégré bassins hydrographiques/rivières qui permet de calculer de façon déterministe et prévisionnelle la qualité des eaux des rivières - d’une interface utilisateurs conviviale permettant son utilisation aisée Le modèle Pegase (Planification Et Gestion de l’ASsainissement des Eaux) est un modèle intégré bassins hydrographiques/rivières qui permet de calculer de façon déterministe et prévisionnelle la qualité des eaux des rivières en fonction des rejets et apports de pollution (relation pression-impact). Développé depuis la fin des années 1980 à l’université de Liège, il permet d'orienter les choix des opérateurs publics et privés en matière de gestion des eaux de surface à l'échelle des petits et grands bassins versants. Le modèle et le logiciel sont développés en permanence. En juillet 2014, 4 Agences de l’eau Françaises ont décidé de continuer à supporter les développements du modèle et du Logiciel avec comme objectifs principaux d’apporter des améliorations scientifiques afin d’améliorer la connaissance du fonctionnement écologique des cours d’eau, ainsi que de maintenir l’outil performant, de haut niveau technologique, en adéquation avec les besoins des opérateurs. Ce programme triennal (2014-2016), appelé PEGASE OPERA 2, s’articule sur 3 axes principaux : • Axe 1 : Développements scientifiques du modèle PEGASE (modélisation des processus) ; • Axe 2 : Modularité et Interopérabilité du logiciel PEGOPERA ; • Axe 3 : Amélioration des fonctionnalités du logiciel PEGOPERA. Ce rapport technique (destiné aux utilisateurs avertis du logiciel PegOpera) reprend une description des principaux paramètres du sous-modèle écologique de Pegase - signification des paramètres - valeurs de références des paramètres - pour certains paramètres importants, informations sur la manière dont les valeurs numériques des paramètres ont été calibrées et/ou validées - rappel de certains processus modélisés dans Pegase Plus spécifiquement, il reprend une description des sous-modèles matières en suspension / sédiments / micropolluants à prochainement intégrer dans le modèle [less ▲]

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See detailThe English Experience of Soft Densification (Les expériences anglaises en matière de densification douce). Phase II Draft Report
Bibby, Peter; Dunning, Richard; Ferrari, Ed et al

Report (2016)

This report is the second phase of research into the English Experience of Soft Densification and builds upon the quantitative data analysis undertaken in phase I. Adopting an intensive qualitative case ... [more ▼]

This report is the second phase of research into the English Experience of Soft Densification and builds upon the quantitative data analysis undertaken in phase I. Adopting an intensive qualitative case study approach two local authorities, the London Borough of Ealing and Bristol City Council, are considered in detail. Ealing represents a suburban area that experienced concurrently significant soft densification and de-conversion of existing stock in the period 2001 to 2011, whilst Bristol over the same period experienced a high level of housing growth. [less ▲]

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See detailLitteratie en Belgique francophone. rapport court
Garbe, Christine; Géron, Stéphanie ULg; Lafontaine, Dominique ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailRapport d'activité 2015 de la convention de recherche : "DEPITRIM : Detection, control measures and impact study of Epitrix in Belgium"
Maes, Martine; Jansen, Jean-Pierre; De Clercq, Patrick et al

Report (2016)

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See detailRéalisation d'une étude du potentiel d'efficacité en matière de chaleur et de froid en Région de Bruxelles-Capitale - Cartographier les besoins de chaleur et de froid
Reiter, Sigrid ULg

Report (2016)

Ce rapport décrit la méthodologie de mise en oeuvre d'une carte portant sur le territoire de la Région bruxelloise et représentant les points de demande de chaleur et de froid, les infrastructures ... [more ▼]

Ce rapport décrit la méthodologie de mise en oeuvre d'une carte portant sur le territoire de la Région bruxelloise et représentant les points de demande de chaleur et de froid, les infrastructures existantes et prévues de réseaux de chaleur et de froid ainsi que les points d’approvisionnement potentiels en chaleur et en froid à l'échelle de la ville. Les cartes produites sont également présentées dans ce rapport. [less ▲]

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See detailReduction of the treatment gap for problematic alcohol use in Belgium
Mistiaen, Patriek; Kohn, Laurence; Mambourg, Françoise et al

Report (2016)

1.1 Background Alcohol consumption is a widespread phenomenon in western societies and it is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Problematic alcohol use affects an estimated 3.6% of the ... [more ▼]

1.1 Background Alcohol consumption is a widespread phenomenon in western societies and it is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Problematic alcohol use affects an estimated 3.6% of the population between 15 and 64 years of age worldwide. The Belgian health survey found that 10% of the Belgian population has a problematic alcohol use. However, only a small proportion of people with a problematic alcohol use seeks or receives treatment. A European study (including Belgium) found that only 8% of persons with an alcohol problem had consulted some form of professional assistance in the past year. A Belgian study found that 12.8% of persons with an alcohol use problem indicated they searched for help in the year after the problem started but 61% did so in later years with a mean delay of 18 years. So, many people who could profit from help/assistance do not seek or receive it and there is a long delay. It may be concluded that there is a large ‘treatment gap’. 1.2 Research aim To analyse explanations for the treatment gap and to find ways and interventions, including facilitators and barriers in applying these, to improve the treatment rate of people with problematic alcohol use in Belgium. 1.3 Methods This study applied 3 research approaches: • Review of the international and Belgian literature o Medline, EMBASE, Cochrane Library and Psychinfo and grey literature sources were searched in summer 2014 for review studies and for Belgian primary studies with date limit >2000 and written in English, Dutch, French or German o Literature was categorized into barriers/facilitators for seeking/starting treatment in individuals with problematic alcohol use, in care professionals and in society and into interventions for reducing the treatment in the mentioned three groups o Only descriptive analyses of the literature were appliedQualitative research by interviews with persons with an alcohol use problem (n=14), and interviews and focus groups with care professionals, and experts in the alcohol field (n=60) o To identify the factors on a personal, organisational and societal level that impede or facilitate the screening and advice given by professionals, initiation of treatment, and treatment-uptake by individuals with AUP; o To understand the complex interactions between those factors; o To identify the interventions/measures the surveyed individuals and professionals would consider effective in reducing the treatment gap from the point of view of the professionals and patients. • Delphi study with persons with an alcohol use problem, care professionals, policy makers and experts (total across groups n= 35) in the alcohol field to check acceptability and priority of recommendations for improvement of the treatment o Two rounds by online questionnaire were planned and a face to face meeting afterwards with Delphi-participants to discuss results of previous rounds and to reach final agreement 1.4 Results In the literature study 85 relevant reviews and 22 Belgian primary studies were included. It was found that individuals with AUP follow a long road before seeking help. Main barriers along the road are denial of the problem, belief that alcohol problems may improve on their own, desire to handle problems on their own, thinking that treatment is ineffective or uncomfortable, dislike of the prevalent group, fear of stigma, lack of financial resources and other. Next it was found that care professionals face also many barriers to initiate a kind of intervention; common mentioned barriers are lack of time and lack of knowledge and confidence. Also it appeared there is a societal/public stigma towards people with a problematic alcohol use, causing a barrier for affected persons to seek help. Several effective interventions targeted at easing patient barriers and help them to seek treatment or initiate behaviour change were found: Screening-brief interventions-referral to treatment (SBIRT) by health care professionals, internet based screening and awareness programs,stigma reducing interventions. Also a large amount of research was found to overcome these impediments. Main intervention for patients is making them aware of their problem, e.g. by screening on alcohol use and motivational brief interventions. Main interventions for professionals is to train and to motivate them to screen and give brief interventions; however, all reviews stated as well that there was a lot of diversity in training formats and intensity, making it difficult to synthetize the results and to define the optimum duration and format of such initiatives. Interventions at a societal level are less clear The qualitative study revealed that several barriers as well as facilitators are experienced by individuals with AUP and professionals. It appears that the treatment gap is a multiple phenomenon. Some elements are related to the individuals with an AUP, some others to the health professionals, and, more globally, in the socioeconomic context. Four main themes could be deduced from the interviews: individuals with AUP go through a long and stepped (however not always a linear) process before becoming aware of and recognising their problem; relatives (at home or in the social network) and colleagues (at work) play an important role along the persons’ trajectory; professionals lack the time, knowledge, skills and proper attitudes and they pass the buck when it comes to tackling the AUP; and the origin and treatment of AUP are largely influenced by societal habits and views. It appeared that more information is needed among the general population about alcohol-related problems and healthcare professionals’ knowledge on the topic, and the skills to manage it properly should be enhanced. In addition contextual and societal barriers have to be tackled. The Delphi-study resulted in a general consensus on all proposals, based on the literature and the qualitative study. But it was stressed that it is necessary to implement the proposals simultaneously to enhance synergy. 1.5 Conclusion The three research approaches confirmed each other and showed that the treatment gap for persons with problematic alcohol use is a multi-layered problem (individuals with AUP, their relatives, professionals, care system and general society). There are effective interventions to lower the treatment gap, but to obtain maximal effectiveness measures have to be taken at all levels in simultaneous way. [less ▲]

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See detailSocial enterprises and their eco-systems: A European mapping report. Updated country report: Belgium
Huybrechts, Benjamin ULg

Report (2016)

This report provides an overview of the roots, concept, legal evolution, numbers and eco-system of social enterprise in Belgium and the challenges it faces. In the first section, a number of roots and ... [more ▼]

This report provides an overview of the roots, concept, legal evolution, numbers and eco-system of social enterprise in Belgium and the challenges it faces. In the first section, a number of roots and drivers are described that have paved the way for the current understanding and landscape of social enterprise in Belgium. These roots include the associative tradition, the cooperative movement, the tradition of mutuals, the (new) social economy and the more recent business-oriented approach. The role of public policies and philanthropic actors is also discussed. In the second section, the legal evolution of social enterprise is sketched out, and three main ideal types are identified based on their underlying dynamics: (i) the entrepreneurial approach to the general interest (typically embodied by associations and foundations); (ii) the combination of mutual and general interest (typically embodied by cooperatives and mutuals); and (iii) the more borderline case of businesses that combine private and general interest. In this section, the social purpose company framework is presented, as well as a number of certification schemes. In the third section on measuring social enterprises, two approaches are distinguished: bottom-up and inclusive. Figures are presented based on studies following each approach, with the inclusive approach providing the most comprehensive number of more than 18 000 social enterprises in Belgium. Figures on employment, growth rates, legal forms and activity sectors are also presented. The fourth section reviews the main actors in the social enterprise eco-system in Belgium and its various regions. Significant attention is devoted to public authorities and public policies at the federal and regional levels. Networks and federations of different types are also presented, as well as advice and consultancy organisations, universities, observatories, incubators, etc. Finally, the need for and supply of social finance are presented and the gaps between demand and supply are discussed. Finally, the last section discusses some of the debates, obstacles and opportunities around social enterprise in Belgium. Four trends and challenges are also discussed: diversification, market recognition, social impact and communication/visibility. The annexes include the EU operational definition of social enterprise, five illustrations relating to different fields of activity, and a list of references for further exploration of the social enterprise landscape in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailCiments ternaires à haute teneur en calcaire
Pierre, Christian; VanHamme, Géraldine; Lauch, Kim-Séang et al

Report (2016)

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See detailBehaviour of composite joints under combined bending moments and axial loads - Deliverable D.9 - Robustimpact
D'Antimo, Marina ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

Report (2016)

The present work is dedicated to the behaviour of composite joints under combined bending moments and axial loads. The results presented in this part have been mainly developed in [1]. The component ... [more ▼]

The present work is dedicated to the behaviour of composite joints under combined bending moments and axial loads. The results presented in this part have been mainly developed in [1]. The component method is a nowadays widely recognized procedure for the evaluation of the design properties of structural joints. It is used as a reference method in the Eurocodes and the proposed rules in these codes are mainly devoted to the characterization of joints subjected to bending moments and shear forces. However, in some situations, these joints can be subjected to combined axial loads and bending moments, for instance in frames subjected to an exceptional event leading to the loss of a column, situation where significant tying forces can developed in the structural beams above the lost column. The purpose of this work is to present and validate a design model, founded on the component method, aiming at predicting the behaviour of composite joints subjected to combined axial loads and bending moments. In particular, in the following the validation of this model through comparisons to recent experimental tests performed on steel composite beam-to-column joints at University of Stuttgart will be presented. The proposed method is mainly adapted from the former research work of Demonceau [2]. Some changes are made in order to improve the former method and also to extend it to the type of joints used in the framework of the current European project (Deliverable 5). Beam to column composite joints with flush-end-plate connection are mainly investigated hereinafter. The work will manly focus on the behaviour of joints under sagging moments, as it has not been widely researched yet in comparison to joints under hogging moment. An excel-based routine of the proposed method has been developed; it has been designed to be adaptable to different types of composite joints, with the objective to facilitate the verification and/or the application of the above-mentioned design model. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign guidlines - Deliverable D.13 - Robustimpact
Charlier, Marion; Hanus, François; Vassart, Olivier et al

Report (2016)

The present document details the design guidelines which emanates from the RobustImpact project. The reasoning used is depicted below in Figure 1-1. The first step is to define the impact scenario and its ... [more ▼]

The present document details the design guidelines which emanates from the RobustImpact project. The reasoning used is depicted below in Figure 1-1. The first step is to define the impact scenario and its key parameters. Then the impact can be characterized as a hard impact or as a soft impact. The first option assumes that the kinetic energy of the impactor is absorbed by the impactor itself while the second option assumes that the kinetic energy of the impactor is mainly absorbed by the column, thus leading to plastic deformations and the activation of geometrical non-linear effects in the column. If the soft impact is considered, the buckling resistance of the column must be examined in order to evaluate if the impacted column shows sufficient residual resistance after the impact. If this is not the case, the structure will resist if it is able to sustain the load initially carried by the impacted column by redistributing it in the damaged structure, i.e. if it is able to activate alternative load path. The resistance brought by other structural elements will then be evaluated. If the impacted column is a peripheral column, the yield line theory is used to evaluate the resistance of both slab and beams. In case of a central column, Bailey’s method evaluating the slab resistance taking into account the membrane effect is used to determine the contribution of the slab. The contribution of the beams is then quantified by evaluating the corresponding P-u curve. All the methods have been validated using FEM softwares. Since the project concerns structures whose columns are impacted by vehicles, the accidental load combination must be considered. In addition, the yield strength of the steel should be considered as 𝑓𝑦,𝑑𝑦𝑛= 𝜇.𝑓𝑦> 𝑓𝑦 . Indeed was proved than the steel mechanical properties are better under dynamic loading. Nevertheless, there is for the moment no available quantification for the majoring coefficient that should apply to 𝑓𝑦 : this could be done realizing tests. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainable Public Finances: EU Perspective: Seven key insights
Schumesch, Patrice ULg; Manuzi, Martin

Report (2016)

Governments need to restore citizens' trust in public finances. How to do so has been at the heart of discussions in the joint ICAEW-PwC series on 'Sustainable Public Finances - EU Perspectives'. This ... [more ▼]

Governments need to restore citizens' trust in public finances. How to do so has been at the heart of discussions in the joint ICAEW-PwC series on 'Sustainable Public Finances - EU Perspectives'. This report sets out key insights from discussions with senior European and international policymakers and stakeholders in Brussels over the last two years. [less ▲]

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See detailVerification of analytical and numerical tools - Deliverable D.5b - Robustimpact
Hoffmann, Nadine; Kuhlmann, Ulrike; Vanvinckenroye, Hélène ULg et al

Report (2016)

The numerical recalculation performed on the slab, beam and joint tests as well as the analytical recalculation of these tests have been employed as support for the experimental investigations represented ... [more ▼]

The numerical recalculation performed on the slab, beam and joint tests as well as the analytical recalculation of these tests have been employed as support for the experimental investigations represented within the previous chapter. In particular, numerical and analytical analysis have been performed to design the experimental test and the test setup for the symmetric and the asymmetric 3D test performed by UTRE. For the 2D-frame tests a numerical simulation was performed and the analytical model was validated. In addition to the recalculation of the experimental investigations on composite joints some parameters were varied in order to evaluate the influence on the behavior of the composite joints. Furthermore an analytical approach to predict the response of joints subjected to M-N-loading was investigated. In addition, analytical calculations have been performed in order to predict the results of the static and dynamic experimental tests. [less ▲]

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See detailLe cadre réglementaire européen en matière de services publics : législation, financement et contraintes
Caponetti, Lia ULg

Report (2016)

This paper provides an overview of public services / services of general (economic) interest from the European Union (EU) perspective. The first part sums up, in four theoretical phases, the evolutionary ... [more ▼]

This paper provides an overview of public services / services of general (economic) interest from the European Union (EU) perspective. The first part sums up, in four theoretical phases, the evolutionary process that led to the consolidation of the European legal framework for those services. The second part analyses the legal provisions, within EU treaties, dedicated to those services. Finally, the third part highlights some of the most critical issues related to the regulation of such services, notably: financing issues, regulation of State aid and the division of competence between the EU level and the national level (principle of subsidiarity). [less ▲]

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See detailLa législation wallonne sur les cultes : état des lieux et pistes de réforme
Jeholet, Pierre-Yves; Sägesser, Caroline; Husson, Jean-François ULg

Report (2016)

Rapport rédigé à la demande du Parlement de Wallonie sur l'état de la situation dans les compétences régionales en matière de cultes et la recherche de pistes d'amélioration.

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See detailRapport de mission - MSB 2016
Houbart, Virginie ULg

Report (2016)

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See detailLes enjeux de l'impact social
Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg; Rijpens, Julie; Marée, Michel ULg

Report (2016)

Cette recherche éclaire les décisions publiques en matière de soutien aux entreprises d'économie sociale en synthétisant les avancées sur la question de l'impact social en Europe.

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See detailDesign report of the specimens for all the experimental analyses - Deliverable D.4.1 - Robustimpact
Hoffmann, Nadine; Kuhlmann, Ulrike; Huvelle, Clara et al

Report (2016)

The present report focuses on the design of the experimental analysis that are going to be performed within the ROBUSTIMPACT project (Grant Agreement Number: RFSR-CT-2012-00029). The project focuses on ... [more ▼]

The present report focuses on the design of the experimental analysis that are going to be performed within the ROBUSTIMPACT project (Grant Agreement Number: RFSR-CT-2012-00029). The project focuses on the behavior of composite steel and concrete framed buildings against accidental actions. Within the project, several experimental analyses are going to be performed spanning from the local to the global behavior. The report is divided in 4 parts, each one describing the preliminary work of each partner of the project. In particular:  Part A reports the work performed by USTUTT (University of Stuttgart) including the design of four experimental tests on composite joints and two experimental tests on composite frames. In particular, the composite joints will be investigated in order to better understand the behavior in terms of activation of catenary actions. The tests on composite frames are performed investigating the influence of the high speed loading and strain rate effects on the deformation capacity of these structures.  Part B reports the work performed by ULg (University of Liege) including the design of 44 experimental impact tests on beam-to-column joints and column base joints. With these tests will be possible to investigate the response of different joint components under impact loading for different level of energy.  Part C reports the work performed by UTRE (Università degli Studi di Trento) including the design of the case study reference structures and the design of the experimental tests. In particular, two 3D full scale tests will be performed by simulating to total loss of the impacted column in order to investigate the redundancy of the 3D slab system in terms of activation of membrane effects.  Part D reports the work performed by RWTH (University of Aachen) including the design of six crash tests on columns that are going to be performed in order to investigate the residual strength of the damaged member after the impact. The aim is to determine the response of the member during the impact as well as the dynamic interaction of the member with the surrounding structure. [less ▲]

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See detailDetailed results of the experimental tests - Deliverable D.5a - Robustimpact
Hoffmann, Nadine; Kuhlmann, Ulrike; Vanvinckenroye, Hélène ULg et al

Report (2016)

At the Institute for Steel Structures crash tests on columns were carried out to investigate the dynamic response of the member during the impact as well as the dynamic interaction of the member with the ... [more ▼]

At the Institute for Steel Structures crash tests on columns were carried out to investigate the dynamic response of the member during the impact as well as the dynamic interaction of the member with the surrounding structure. The tests' campaign planned by the Università degli Studi di Trento comprises of: - two full-scale tests on 3D specimens representative of the reference buildings; From two reference structures selected as cases study two representative substructures characterised by the same overall dimensions but by a symmetric and an asymmetric configuration (i.e., column layout), respectively, have been identified. The substructures, built in laboratory, are tested reproducing the collapse of a central column. The aim of the tests is to investigate the influence of the biaxial membrane effect associated with the concrete slab in a framed structure when the collapse of a column happens. - 20 tensile tests on T-stubs related to the beam-to-column joint adopted in the reference structures and in the full-scale specimens. T-stubs associated to both the column (10 specimens) and the end-plate (10 specimens) are tested. The tests are performed at two different loading speeds aiming at investigating the influence of strain rate effects on the joint performance, with particular reference to the deformation capacity. As a reference, also quasi-static tests are planned. At the Institute of Structural Design experimental tests were carried out investigating the behaviour of 2D-frames under a column loss. In addition the behaviour of composite joints under high speed loading was examined. Within the framework of the project, two tests on composite frames were tested as well as four tests on composite joints. The 2D substructure tests planned at USTUTT have the objective to evaluate the benefit of the concrete slab compared to the behaviour of the composite frame structure concerning the development of a membrane effect. For this purpose, the results of the composite frame tests will be compared to the 3D substructure tests performed at UTRE. Therefore, the test specimens of the 2D substructure tests are adapted to the 3D substructure tests. In order to compare also the results of the composite joint tests to the behaviour of the frames and to observe the influence of the joints on each other the test specimens for the joint tests are also adapted to the frame tests. Experimental impact tests were planned at the University of Liege (ULg): 22 tests on beam-to-column joints with 5 different joint configurations and 22 tests on column base joints with 4 different joint configurations. One of the objectives of the performed study was to propose realistic joints and column bases which could fit with the laboratory facilities of ULg, what induced a downscaling of the dimension of the members in comparison to the dimension of the ones met in the reference building. With the designed specimens, it is possible to investigate the response of different joint components under impact loading, for different levels of energy (small, medium and high levels), and to compare this response to the one obtained through a static test to highlight the dynamic effects. These static tests are performed for each type of specimens and will be used to clearly determine the different level of energy to be used for the impact tests. The general test setup for all tests was derived in Work Package 3 and can be found in the deliverable D.4.1 [18] of the project. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction to the Cambodian Spatial Planning System
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg; Koditek, Walter; Hänert, Thomas et al

Report (2016)

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See detailLes solutions pour répondre aux besoins de chaleur et de froid dans le cadre d'une étude du potentiel d'efficacité en matière de chaleur et de froid en Région de Bruxelles-capitale
Reiter, Sigrid ULg

Report (2016)

Sur base d’une analyse approfondie de la littérature scientifique et industrielle, ce chapitre présente dans un premier temps les différentes technologies existantes permettant de répondre aux besoins de ... [more ▼]

Sur base d’une analyse approfondie de la littérature scientifique et industrielle, ce chapitre présente dans un premier temps les différentes technologies existantes permettant de répondre aux besoins de chaleur et dans un second temps les technologies existantes permettant de répondre aux besoins de froid. Ce chapitre traite aussi bien des solutions centralisées que des solutions décentralisées pour répondre aux besoins de chaleur et de froid. Ensuite, des matrices Technologies-besoins adaptées au contexte de la région de Bruxelles-Capitale (RBC) ont été élaborées (en prenant en compte les aspects techniques, financiers et légaux) pour représenter le degré d’intérêt de l’application de chaque solution au sein de la RBC pour différents types de projets différenciés par leurs types de besoins en chaud et en froid. [less ▲]

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See detailSimplified equivalent static approach and results for deriving structural requirements - Deliverables D.11 and D.12 - Robustimpact
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; D'Antimo, Marina ULg; Huvelle, Clara et al

Report (2016)

Deliverable 11 and 12 have been merged in the present document which can be seen as the main outcome of the activities conducted with Work Package 9 of the Robustimpact project. Section 2 presents first ... [more ▼]

Deliverable 11 and 12 have been merged in the present document which can be seen as the main outcome of the activities conducted with Work Package 9 of the Robustimpact project. Section 2 presents first the sophisticated numerical investigations conducted on a reference structure subjected to impacts of vehicles. Then, Section 3 presents in details the simplified analytical models/tools developed within the present project to predict the response of a structure (or a part of a structure) further to the impact of a vehicle. With the presented models, it is demonstrated that an accurate prediction of the structural results may be obtained and that all the parameters influencing this response are mastered. Section 4 introduces the different parametric studies which have been conducted (partly using the models/tools presented in Section 3) on 2D and 3D steel and composite structures or on composite floors. Finally, Section 5 highlights the structural requirements which can be proposed as an outcome of the performed investigations. Through this document, it is demonstrated that the different objectives of Work Package 9 have been reached in the framework of this project. [less ▲]

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See detailDélivrable D3.3 Bilans hydrogéologiques
Schmit, Flore; Hallet, Vincent; Briers, Pierre ULg et al

Report (2016)

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See detailDistrict & Municipal Land Use Master Plan and Land Use Plan Handbook
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg; Koditek, Walter; Hänert, Thomas et al

Report (2016)

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See detailProvincial Spatial Planning Handbook
Diepart, Jean-Christophe ULg; Koditek, Walter; Hänert, Thomas et al

Report (2016)

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