References of "Poster"
     in
Bookmark and Share    
See detailPhase-resolved observations of a peculiar O star
Nazé, Yaël ULg

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIn vitro transport studies of nifedipine nanoparticles across Caco-2/HT29- 5M21 cultures and co-cultures
Hecq, Julien; Nollevaux, Géraldine; Deleers, M. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailInvestigation of factors influencing levels of trace metals using stable isotope analysis.
Bustamante, Paco; Das, Krishna ULg; Caurant, Florence

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRelevance of soil mapping criteria to predict geochemical background of trace elements in soils from local to regional scales.
Colinet, Gilles ULg; Bogaert, Patrick; Bock, Laurent ULg

Poster (2006)

Among natural factors driving the soil content in metallic trace elements (MTE), the geochemical background is often deemed as a sound base for the detection of contaminations. Numerous studies have shown ... [more ▼]

Among natural factors driving the soil content in metallic trace elements (MTE), the geochemical background is often deemed as a sound base for the detection of contaminations. Numerous studies have shown the difficulties to take into account the multi-dimensionnality of the spatial variability of most soil properties. As far as a detailed soil map is available for Belgium, the relevance of its information was investigated at various spatial scales in the Walloon Region (Southern Belgium), from the plot to the entire region, to evaluate the feasibility of a multi-scale mapping of geochemical background. A database of soil profiles (gathering both agricultural and forest soils) was used to analyse the relationships between the MTE total content (measured after HF-HClO4-HCl dissolution) and other general characteristics such as pH, Total Organic Carbon content (TOC), Particle Size Distribution (PSD), and cationic exchange capacity (CEC). The factors of MTE spatial distribution inside and between solums were investigated through multivariate statistical analysis. The spatial dependence of these factors was then studied over plot, field, farm, county and region scales, and compared to the spatial structures of the soil map parameters. At the solum level, strong relationships between most of the studied MTE were found, as well as between stone charge and fine earth contents. The PSD is the main driving factor of MTE content in non-carbonated soils, whatever the land use. When considering soil associations, such as catenas, the slope redistribution processes must be taken into account. However, the PSD remains the main driving factors and, as the soil map contains information about that property (mainly the textural class and the profile development), a cartography of the geochemical background based on the use of the soil map and pedotransfer functions or regression models appears relevant. At the regional scale, some long-range spatial structures could be identified. These result mainly from the geological structure of the Walloon region, where the lithological zonation is rather clearly marked. The soil map (texture and nature of stone charge) appears relevant at that scale too but does need a generalization process and fails however to differenciate the intra-type soil spatial variability. Some basic processes of integration of point measurements and qualitative information have been explored. They should be further investigated in the future. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPatine et polychromie métallique dans l’antiquité : Détection, analyse compréhension
Mathis, François ULg; Trocellier, Patrick; Salomon, Joseph et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (0 ULg)
See detailPlasminogen activator inhibitor type 1 (PAI-1) controls bone marrow-dependent and independent vascularization
Jost, M; Maillard, C; Lecomte, J et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (4 ULg)
Full Text
See detailEtude écopathologique des facteurs de risque des mammites dans les élevages laitiers en Wallonie
Delfosse, C.; Froidmont, E.; Curnel, Y. et al

Poster (2006)

La mammite a de multiples origines et est souvent de type subclinique, rendant contrôle et surveillance difficiles. La majorité des études relatives aux mammites se caractérise par une approche ... [more ▼]

La mammite a de multiples origines et est souvent de type subclinique, rendant contrôle et surveillance difficiles. La majorité des études relatives aux mammites se caractérise par une approche individuelle. Le cadre expérimental restreint de celles-ci ne permet pas une interprétation précise des observations, à la suite du nombre limité de facteurs étudiés. L’approche choisie pour cette étude se veut globale et implique un grand nombre d’exploitations. Elle a pour objectifs d’identifier et de hiérarchiser, au travers d’une enquête, les caractéristiques générales de traite et les conditions environnementales des élevages laitiers influençant le statut sanitaire du pis [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 156 (26 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLarge-scale synthesis and shaping of xerogel catalysts
Alié, Christelle ULg; Ferauche, Fabrice; Tcherkassova, Natalia et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailL'assiette des Belges en chiffres
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailImmobilizing metal nanoparticles in porous silica through sol-gel process
Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Beketov, Gennadiy; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (5 ULg)
See detailCorticosteroid-binding capacity, but not total corticosterone, is decreased during lactation in rat dams
Pawluski, Jodi L; Charlier, Thierry ULg; Hammond, Geoffrey L et al

Poster (2006)

The role of corticosterone on the hippocampal structure and function is well documented in male rats. More recently research has shown that chronically stressed female rats with elevated corticosterone ... [more ▼]

The role of corticosterone on the hippocampal structure and function is well documented in male rats. More recently research has shown that chronically stressed female rats with elevated corticosterone levels, exhibit significant dendritic alterations in the hippocampus and, paradoxically, enhanced learning and memory performance. Similar changes have been shown with first reproductive experience (primiparity) compared to further reproductive experience (multiparity). We have shown that at the time of weaning, primiparous rats exhibit altered hippocampal morphology (Pawluski and Galea, 2006), decreased hippocampal cell survival (Pawluski and Galea 2006), and improved reference memory performance (Pawluski et al, 2006) compared to multiparous and virgin female rats. Therefore, given the similarities to what has been shown in the chronically stressed virgin female rat, it seems plausible that corticosterone may play an active role in mediating the alterations seen in primiparous rats. The present study aimed to investigate whether there are differences in the level of free circulating corticosterone during late pregnancy and the postpartum period with reproductive experience. Total corticosterone and corticosteroid-binding capacity were assayed from serum in five groups of rats; multiparous, primiparous, pregnant-only, pup-exposed virgins, and nulliparous rats on 6 days (2 days during gestation: days 14 and 19, and 4 days during lactation; days 1, 5, 14, and 21, where applicable). Results show that total corticosterone level on postpartum day 1 was significantly elevated compared to all other days. In addition, primiparous and multiparous rats have significantly lower corticosteroid-binding capacity throughout lactation. This suggests that primiparous and multiparous rats have more free-circulating corticosterone during lactation. Further research is needed to determine the mechanism underlying the changes in hippocampal structure and function with primiparity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
See detailDifferential effects of hypoxia on étoposide induced apoptosis according to the cancer cell lines
Cosse, Jean-Philippe ULg; Sermeus, Audrey; Vannuvel, Kayleen et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMotivation, volition et performances universitaires chez des étudiants de première année en sciences psychologiques
Broonen, Jean-Paul ULg

Poster (2006)

A model explaining college performance is proposed where motivation, volition, and study strategies are combined as predictors. Mastery-approach goals are positive predictors and avoidance-goals negative ... [more ▼]

A model explaining college performance is proposed where motivation, volition, and study strategies are combined as predictors. Mastery-approach goals are positive predictors and avoidance-goals negative predictors of volitional control intentions of effort. These intentions are positive predictors of endorsement of study strategies intentions. The last ones and intentions of voltional control of effort are positive antecedents of corresponding behaviours, which positively predict exam performances [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 120 (27 ULg)
Full Text
See detailStrategy for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of crop syrup containing enzymatically produced Isomaltooligosaccharides known as emerging prebiotics
Goffin, Dorothée ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are non-digestible oligosaccharides, considered as prebiotics and therefore aim to selectively feed probiotics indigenous to the human colon. Recent data obtained in human ... [more ▼]

Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are non-digestible oligosaccharides, considered as prebiotics and therefore aim to selectively feed probiotics indigenous to the human colon. Recent data obtained in human subjects, support the involvement of dietary oligosaccharides in physiological processes in the different intestinal cell type and also outside the gastrointestinal tract (e.g. hormone production, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism). IMOs consists of glucose monomers linked by at least one α-1-6, or in a lower proportion α -1-3 (nigerose family) or α -1-2 (kojibiose family) glucosidic linkages. In our case they are produced enzymatically from corn starch. It results in a very complex mixture with molecules characterized at the same time by their DP value (from 2 to ~20), linkages types (α-1-2, 3 or 6) and the proportion and position of each type of linkage (only α -1-6 or combined types). The challenge of this study was to find a qualitative and quantitative method to characterize the syrups. In a subsequent study, every unidentified peak could be determined by NMR or Mass spectrometry. Three different chromatographic methods have been tested and compared over their selectivity, sensibility, robustness, applicability and their quantitative power. The HPLC-RID (Refractive Index Detector) used with a Prevail Carbohydrate column (Alltech), adapted for carbohydrates with a certain value of DP, appear to be poorly selective due to the obligation of working in isocratic conditions. The HPLC-ELSD (Evaporating Light Scattering Detector) used with the same column gave a very good separation upon the DP as the Prevail accepts a wide range of solvant changing and even a separation of the different DP 2 molecules. The sensibility was also improved due to the stability of the baseline. The quantitative analysis is a bit more awkward due to the relatively limited linear portion of the calibration curve. High-performance Anion Exchange Chromatography coupled with Pulsed Amperometric Detection (HPAEC-PAD) appeared to deserve a special mention, since it provides selective separation and sensitive detection. In fact, this technique is the only chromatographic one to separate with effectiveness homologue molecules having a difference only in their DP (up to high DPs) or linkage types. This is due to the separation mode based on the difference in ionic force of the sugars in alkaline conditions (mainly due to the DP and the structure of the molecule). However, during the detection, the electrochemical behavior of carbohydrates can be affected by molecular weight as well as by structural differences giving rise to different response factors; as a consequence, HPAEC-PAD is not generally considered as suitable for quantitative studies of complex mixtures of oligosaccharides. In this work a methodological approach is presented in order to get a quantitative response through a rigorous methodology for our IMOs. It also opens the way to the theoretical determination of the response factor for the homologue molecules in relation with their structure and DP. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (9 ULg)
See detailStrategy for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of crop syrup containing enzymatically produced Isomaltooligosaccharides known as emerging prebiotics.
Goffin, Dorothée ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are non-digestible oligosaccharides, considered as prebiotics and therefore aim to selectively feed probiotics indigenous to the human colon. Recent data obtained in human ... [more ▼]

Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are non-digestible oligosaccharides, considered as prebiotics and therefore aim to selectively feed probiotics indigenous to the human colon. Recent data obtained in human subjects, support the involvement of dietary oligosaccharides in physiological processes in the different intestinal cell type and also outside the gastrointestinal tract (e.g. hormone production, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism). IMOs consists of glucose monomers linked by at least one α-1-6, or in a lower proportion α -1-3 (nigerose family) or α -1-2 (kojibiose family) glucosidic linkages. In our case they are produced enzymatically from corn starch. It results in a very complex mixture with molecules characterized at the same time by their DP value (from 2 to ~20), linkages types (α-1-2, 3 or 6) and the proportion and position of each type of linkage (only α -1-6 or combined types). The challenge of this study was to find a qualitative and quantitative method to characterize the syrups. In a subsequent study, every unidentified peak could be determined by NMR or Mass spectrometry. Three different chromatographic methods have been tested and compared over their selectivity, sensibility, robustness, applicability and their quantitative power. The HPLC-RID (Refractive Index Detector) used with a Prevail Carbohydrate column (Alltech), adapted for carbohydrates with a certain value of DP, appear to be poorly selective due to the obligation of working in isocratic conditions. The HPLC-ELSD (Evaporating Light Scattering Detector) used with the same column gave a very good separation upon the DP as the Prevail accepts a wide range of solvant changing and even a separation of the different DP 2 molecules. The sensibility was also improved due to the stability of the baseline. The quantitative analysis is a bit more awkward due to the relatively limited linear portion of the calibration curve. High-performance Anion Exchange Chromatography coupled with Pulsed Amperometric Detection (HPAEC-PAD) appeared to deserve a special mention, since it provides selective separation and sensitive detection. In fact, this technique is the only chromatographic one to separate with effectiveness homologue molecules having a difference only in their DP (up to high DPs) or linkage types. This is due to the separation mode based on the difference in ionic force of the sugars in alkaline conditions (mainly due to the DP and the structure of the molecule). However, during the detection, the electrochemical behavior of carbohydrates can be affected by molecular weight as well as by structural differences giving rise to different response factors; as a consequence, HPAEC-PAD is not generally considered as suitable for quantitative studies of complex mixtures of oligosaccharides. In this work a methodological approach is presented in order to get a quantitative response through a rigorous methodology for our IMOs. It also opens the way to the theoretical determination of the response factor for the homologue molecules in relation with their structure and DP. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (9 ULg)
See detaillymphatic ring assay: a new in vitro model of lymphangiogenesis
Bruyère, F; Melen, L; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailCorrelations of longevity evaluation with type traits in Walloon Region.
Vanderick, Sylvie ULg; Croquet, Coraline; Mayeres, Patrick et al

Poster (2006)

Approximated genetic correlations between direct longevity and type traits were computed for a sire Holstein population. Data were based on results for type traits (77,965 records) and for direct ... [more ▼]

Approximated genetic correlations between direct longevity and type traits were computed for a sire Holstein population. Data were based on results for type traits (77,965 records) and for direct longevity (74,289 records) from the INTERBULL routine run of November 2005. Most of type traits presented a high relationship with direct longevity (from 0.06 up to 0.29). The strongest positive correlation with longevity was for udder depth (0.29) and the strongest negative correlation was for chest depth (-0.21). According the different results, an animal with a good direct longevity seemed to be smaller and less heavy than an animal with a shorter longevity. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailSimple heuristic model of an aerosol filter
Lecocq, Rapahaël; Calvo, Sébastien ULg; Saroha, Anil et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailCarbon dioxide in European coastal waters
Borges, Alberto ULg; Schiettecatte, L.-S.; Abril, G. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSound production mechanism in Amphiprion clarkii (Teleostei: Pomacentridae)
Colleye, Orphal ULg; Herrel, Anthony; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2006)

In the family Pomacentridae, six genera were reported as sound producers: Amphiprion, Dascyllus, Stegastes, Chromis, Abudefduf and Plectroglyphidodon. The anemonefishes (Amphiprioninae) live in social ... [more ▼]

In the family Pomacentridae, six genera were reported as sound producers: Amphiprion, Dascyllus, Stegastes, Chromis, Abudefduf and Plectroglyphidodon. The anemonefishes (Amphiprioninae) live in social group in association with sea anemones, which protect them from predators. Their sound emissions seem involved in courtship and territorial defense, contributing to both survival and reproductive success. However, the mechanism of sound production is unresolved. It has been hypothesized that it involves swimbladder or the action of the pharyngeal jaws amplified by swimbladder. The aim of this study was to understand the sonic mechanism involved in the agonistic sounds in Amphiprion clarkii. The approach consists in high-speed cineradiography and functional morphology. During agonistic sounds (pops), fishes perform different movements such as skull elevation, pectoral girdle retraction, hyoid lowering and mouth closing. Pops are produced when the hyoid is completely lowered and the mouth closed. The simultaneous realization of these movements was never observed in teleost. In Amphiprion sp., it is possible due to an additional ligament inserted on the hyoid bar and on the inner lower jaw. The hyoid lowering combined to the closing (and thus the elevation) of the mandible could generate a tension of the ligament, provoking its vibration [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
Full Text
See detailTime series of the partial pressure of carbon dioxide (2001 2004) and preliminary inorganic carbn budget in the Scheldt plume (Belgian coastal waters)
Schiettecatte, L.-S.; Gazeau, F.; van der Zee, C. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
See detailThe lymphatic ring assay: a new in vitro model of lymphangiogenesis
Bruyère, F; Melen, L; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (3 ULg)
See detailDifferential effects of hypoxia on étoposide induced apoptosis according to the cancer cell lines
Cosse, Jean-Philippe ULg; Sermeus, Audrey; Vannuvel, Kayleen et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEncapsulation of the sunscreen agent, octyl dimethyl PABA, in lipid microparticles: effect on photostability
Tursilli, Rosanna; Scalia, Santo; Piel, Géraldine ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLa BREFA, Batterie Rapide d’Evaluation des Fonctions Attentionnelles chez l’enfant : données préliminaires.
Catale, Corinne ULg; Hogge, Michaël; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

Poster (2006)

En neuropsychologie de l’enfant, les troubles attentionnels et exécutifs sont rapportés dans un grand nombre de pathologies développementales (autisme, trouble de l’attention avec hyperactivité… ; voir ... [more ▼]

En neuropsychologie de l’enfant, les troubles attentionnels et exécutifs sont rapportés dans un grand nombre de pathologies développementales (autisme, trouble de l’attention avec hyperactivité… ; voir Pennington & Ozonoff, 1996) et de pathologies acquises (par exemple, le traumatisme crânien [TC]). Et pourtant, le neuropsychologue se trouve encore souvent démuni pour l’évaluation clinique et psychométrique des fonctions attentionnelles et exécutives chez l’enfant. Les quelques épreuves disponibles sont pour la plupart issues de la neuropsychologie de l’adulte et sont de ce fait peu adaptées à l’enfant. Outre le manque d’attractivité qui les caractérise, ces épreuves sont souvent peu pertinentes dans une perspective développementale, en particulier parce qu’elles ne peuvent être administrées que si l’enfant a déjà acquis, au préalable, certaines habiletés cognitives (par exemple, la lecture pour l’épreuve du Stroop ou la connaissance de la chaîne alphabétique pour le Trail Making Test). L’objectif du présent travail consiste à développer une batterie d’évaluation du fonctionnement attentionnel et exécutif (BREFA) adaptée à l’enfant et qui prend en considération les écueils théoriques et cliniques évoqués ci-dessus. Basée sur le modèle de Posner et Petersen (1990), cette batterie a été administrée à 109 enfants âgés de 5 à 11 ans sans antécédents neurologiques. Les épreuves incluses dans la batterie se veulent attractives pour l’enfant (stimuli colorés et familiers) et permettent d’évaluer les capacités d’attention sélective, d’attention soutenue, de flexibilité et d’inhibition cognitive. Des analyses de variance ont été réalisées pour chaque épreuve, avec le groupe d’âge (5 ans - 6 ans - 7 ans - 8 ans - 9 ans - 10 ans - 11 ans) comme variable indépendante. Outre un effet développemental pour l’ensemble des épreuves administrées (p < .001), les analyses post-hoc montrent une amélioration des performances particulièrement marquée pour la tranche 5-8 ans aux épreuves d’inhibition et de flexibilité (p < .05), résultat compatible avec les données issues la littérature (Klenberg, Korkman, & Lahti-Nuutila, 2001). Par ailleurs, des données préliminaires obtenues auprès d’un groupe de 10 enfants atteints d’un TC léger suggèrent que les épreuves de flexibilité et d’inhibition proposées dans la BREFA sont sensibles aux difficultés attentionnelles et exécutives que peuvent présenter ces enfants. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 91 (5 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailEtude de l'appareil producteur de sons d'Ophidion barbatum
Fontenelle, Nicolas; Henrist, Catherine ULg; Cloots, Rudi ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailMéthode d'analyse du mouvement de l'épaule par utilisation de nappes
Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Lempereur, Mathieu; Burdin, Valérie et al

Poster (2006)

Nous proposons une méthode permettant d’étudier le mouvement des structures osseuses du complexe de l'épaule (humérus, omoplate, clavicule). Cette méthode est basée sur le suivi de nappes de marqueurs ... [more ▼]

Nous proposons une méthode permettant d’étudier le mouvement des structures osseuses du complexe de l'épaule (humérus, omoplate, clavicule). Cette méthode est basée sur le suivi de nappes de marqueurs plutôt qu'un ensemble de marqueurs individuels à l'aide d'un système de caméras VICON. Le suivi du mouvement des nappes par un algorithme de recalage robuste doit permettre de s'affranchir du mouvement de la peau et avoir accès aux mouvements des structures osseuses sous-jacentes. Cette méthode est comparée à une méthode standard de la littérature. Les résultats montrent que le mouvement de l’omoplate est sous estimé ou sur estimé suivant les axes de rotation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPerception of aphid infested tomato plant volatiles by the predator Episyrphus balteatus
Verheggen, François ULg; Arnaud, Ludovic; Capella, Quentin et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailUranyl-selenites, unique minerals of Musonoï Mine, Katanga, DRC
Pirard, Cassian; Hatert, Frédéric ULg

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailNew validation strategy for the LC determination of ascorbic acid in sublingual tablets
Cahay, B.; Rousseau, Anne ULg; Klinkenberg, R. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacterization at nanometric scale of the interaction between fluoroquinolones (ciprofloxacin) and membrane lipids
Bensikaddour, Helmet; Fa, Nathalie; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
See detailOrigine biogénétique des triterpènes pentacycliques présents dans la sécrétion défensive de Platyphora Kollari (Chrysomelidae)
Ghostin, Jean; Laurent, Pascal ULg; Daloze, Désiré et al

Poster (2006)

Les chrysomèles sont des insectes phytophages brillement colorés qui représentent une des famille (Chrysomelidae) les plus importante de l'ordre des coléoptères. Etant aposématiques, ils sont facilement ... [more ▼]

Les chrysomèles sont des insectes phytophages brillement colorés qui représentent une des famille (Chrysomelidae) les plus importante de l'ordre des coléoptères. Etant aposématiques, ils sont facilement repérables par des prédateurs potentiels et ont, au cours de l'évolution, développé des mécanismes de défense chimique élaborés. La découverte de glycosides triterpéniques basés sur le squelette oléanane a soulevé le problème de leur origine biogénétique. En effet, il est bien connu que les insectes ne possèdent pas la squalène synthase, une enzyme indispensable à la formation des stéroïdes et des triterpènes pentacycliques. Dès lors, une biosynthèse de novo de ce type de dérivé est peu probable. Par ailleurs, l'analyse de la plante hôte des chrysomèles a montré que la séquestration des glycosides au départ de cette plante est également exclue. Une troisième possibilité serait que l'insecte utilise un précurseur provenant de son alimentation pour fabriquer ses substances défensives. Un tel précurseur pourrait être la b-amyrine identifiée chez différentes plantes hôtes des chrysomèles ou l'acide oléanolique dont la structure de base se retrouve au niveau des triterpènes défensifs. Enfin, l'analyse des plantes hôtes a montré que celles-ci contiennent à la fois de la b-amyrine et de l'a-amyrine dans un rapport 1,76/1. Cependant aucun glycoside triterpénique basé sur le squelette ursane n'a été isolé jusqu'à présent chez les chrysomèles, ce qui suggère un mécanisme de transport sélectif en faveur de la b-amyrine. Dans le cadre de ce travail, nous présenterons les synthèses d'a-amyrine, de b-amyrine et d'acide oéanolique trideutériés, ainsi que les résultats d'incorporation des deux premiers précurseurs chez Platyphora kollari. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 197 (0 ULg)
See detailImproving control of storage diseases on apple by combining biological and physical postharvest methods
Creemers, P.; Van Laer, S.; Vorstermans, B. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
See detailPostharvest biological control of grey mould rot on strawberry fruit using moderately halophilic bacteria
Essghaier, B.; Sadfi-Zouaoui, N.; Fardeau, M. L. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
See detailStudy of the combined effects of temperature, pH and Aw on the growth rate of Trichoderma asperellum using a response surface methodology
Begoude, B. A. D.; Lahlali, R.; Friel, D. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
See detailGenomic structure of new tunisian peach latent mosaic viroid variants
Fekih Hassen, I.; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (1 ULg)
See detailImpact of Mycosphaerella fijiensis toxins on banana antioxidant systems.
Busogoro, J. P.; Olivier, T.; Leiva, M. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (0 ULg)
See detailStudy of the modes of action of two biocontrol agents Z1 and ZH2
Drider, R.; Friel, D.; El Guilli, M. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
See detailEtude épidémiologique du viroïde de la mosaïque latente du pêcher en Tunisie
Fekih Hassen, I.; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
See detailNutritional involment in the biocontrol activity of Aureobasidium pullulans against blue mold on apples
Krimi Bencheqroun, S.; Bajji, M.; Bentata, F. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 25 (0 ULg)
See detailDevelopment of real time PCR for quantification of Erwinia spp infecting potato tubers in Belgium
Moh, A.; Massart, Sébastien ULg; Roussel, S. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailValidation of a potentiometric method using azithromycin selective electrode
Rachidi, Mohamed ULg; Cherra, Y.; Digua, K. et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMulti-biomaterial for controlled release of active substances
Zalfen, Alina; Nizet, Dominique; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailPotential of mid-infrared spectrometry for prediction of fatty acid contents in cow milk
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Dehareng, Frédéric; Dardenne, Pierre et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (2 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailRoutes to increase the relaxivity of contrast agents for MRI
Thonon, David ULg; Vanasschen, Christian; Paris, Jérôme et al

Poster (2006)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEchinoderm skeletons record sea temperatures
Ranner, Herwig; Ladrière, Ophélie ULg; Navez, Jacques et al

Poster (2005, December 31)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
See detailModulation of Dayside Reconnection During Northward IMF
Provan, G.; Lester, M.; Cowley, S. W. et al

Poster (2005, December 01)

On 17 September 2000 the IMF was directed continuously northward for more than three hours. Density fluctuations in the solar wind resulted in quasi-periodic variations in the solar wind dynamic pressure ... [more ▼]

On 17 September 2000 the IMF was directed continuously northward for more than three hours. Density fluctuations in the solar wind resulted in quasi-periodic variations in the solar wind dynamic pressure, and correlated fluctuations also occurred in the IMF Bz component. The Northern hemisphere SuperDARN radars observed bursts of high-latitude high-velocity plasma flow during this northward IMF interval, both when ionospheric signatures consistent with low-latitude merging were observed, and when lobe merging was occurring. On average the recurrence period of these flow bursts was ~22 min. During this time the SI-12 spectrographic imager channel on the IMAGE spacecraft observed the dayside proton auroral spot continuously (Frey et al., 2003). The brightness of the auroral spot varied over time. Here we find a direct correlation between the occurrence of bursts of plasma flow and periodic fluctuations in the brightness of the proton auroral spot. Our results suggest that correlated fluctuations in the solar wind dynamic pressure and IMF Bz component modulated ionospheric precipitation and dayside reconnection, resulting in fluctuations in the brightness of the proton auroral spot and periodic variations in the dayside high-latitude plasma flow. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
See detailWhat controls pCO2 dynamics in Antarctic sea ice and related air-ice CO2 fluxes?
Delille, Bruno ULg; Schoemann, Véronique; Lancelot, Christiane et al

Poster (2005, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
Peer Reviewed
See detailComparison of the Sensititre YeastOne and Fungitest methods with the NCCLS M27-A2 reference method for antifungal susceptibility testing of yeasts
Hayette, Marie-Pierre ULg; Kondarowski, E.; Melin, Pierrette ULg et al

Poster (2005, December)

Background: The recent introduction of Sensititre YeastOne, a colorimetric microdilution method that includes new antifungal agents has opened the field to MIC’s determination by an easy-to-perform method ... [more ▼]

Background: The recent introduction of Sensititre YeastOne, a colorimetric microdilution method that includes new antifungal agents has opened the field to MIC’s determination by an easy-to-perform method. The aim of this study was to compare this test with the NCCLS M27-A protocol and with Fungitest, a current routine method for yeasts susceptibility testing. Methods: Sensititre YeastOne method (Trek diagnostic), and the NCCLS M27-A2 were performed on 300 yeasts clinical isolates distributed as follow: 125 C. albicans, 273 non-albicans species. Four antifungal agents were tested by the reference method: amphotericine B (AmB), fluconazole (FZ), itraconazole (ITZ), and voriconazole (VOR). The reading of the Sensititre and NCCLS results was visually performed after 24 and 48 h respectively. The Fungitest (Biorad) method was applied on 121 among the 300 isolates and the reading was made after 24 to 48 h incubation time according to the positive control growth. Results: By the NCCLS method, the MICs50/MICs90 (µg/ml) were as follows: 1/2 (AmB); 16/64 (FZ); 0.25/4 (ITZ) and 0.125/2 (VOR). Sensititre vs. NCCLS: The overall agreement within 2 dilutions for AmB, FZ, ITZ and VOR was respectively 54, 82, 80 and 78%. The MICs50/MICs90 were in absolute concordance for VOR by both techniques. Very major errors (%) were recorded as follows: 0.01/0 (AmB with a MIC ≥ 4/8µg/ml for resistant strains respectively), 1.6 (FZ), 3.6 (ITZ) and 2.3 (VOR with a MIC ≥ 8µg/ml for resistant strains). Fungitest vs. NCCLS: The agreement between both methods including minor discrepancies was 98% (AmB), 88% (FZ) and 98% (ITZ). Following the breakpoints given by the manufacturer, very major errors were 6.3% for FZ, 0.03% for ITZ and none for AmB. Conclusions: Sensititre is a convenient alternative to the NCCLS method for yeast susceptibility testing. Fungitest in spite of good correlations must change the breakpoints and include new antifungal agents to be competitive. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 97 (1 ULg)