References of "Poster"
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See detailOxygen, a tool for assessing ocean tracer transport models
Mouchet, Anne ULg

Poster (2008, April)

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See detailLe réseau "Mieux manger à l'école" de la Fondation Roi Baudouin : Quelles synergies à l'échelle locale et régionale ?
Van Hoye, Aurélie ULg; Taminiaux, Pascale; Cerisier, Bettina

Poster (2008, April)

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See detailSea ice pCO2 dynamics and related air-ice CO2 fluxes during a flood-freeze cycle (Bellingshausen Sea, Antarctica)
Geilfus, Nicolas-Xavier ULg; Tison, Jean Louis; Carnat, Gauthier et al

Poster (2008, April)

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See detailLast century Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance projections from IPCC AR4 global models
Franco, Bruno ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Erpicum, Michel ULg

Poster (2008, April)

Results from atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCM's) for the IPCC 4th Assessment Report are used to investigate surface mass balance (SMB) future projections of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS ... [more ▼]

Results from atmosphere-ocean general circulation models (AOGCM's) for the IPCC 4th Assessment Report are used to investigate surface mass balance (SMB) future projections of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS). The most efficient models for the GrIS climate modeling are chosen by comparison between the 1970-1999 outputs (averages and trends) from the 20C3M Experiment outputs, and the reanalyses (ECMWF, NCEP) as well as climatologies. The SMB is estimated from the summer temperature (from which is deduced the run-off) and annual snowfall from the well-adapted AOGCM's. It is validated with 1970-1999 results from the regional climate model MAR by interpolating the AOGCM's outputs on the MAR grid. However, large uncertainties remain in these SMB projections due to the simplified physic and coarse AOGCM's resolution. High resolution simulations made with the MAR model (which simulates explicitly the SMB by taking into account the surface feedbacks) forced at its boundaries by a GrIS well-adapted AOGCM could bring more precise brief replies. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementation of hydrostatic constraint in the software DIVA: Theory and applications
Troupin, Charles ULg; Ouberdous, Mohamed ULg; Rixen, Michel et al

Poster (2008, March 31)

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See detailStudy of the role of Sprouty1 in the regulation of angiogenesis
Sabatel, Céline; Tabruyn, Sébastien ULg; Cornet, Anne et al

Poster (2008, March 30)

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See detailApplication of a chemoselective ligation strategy to the M1 factor of virginiamycin
Nott, Katherine ULg; Tatibouët, Arnaud; Rollin, Patrick et al

Poster (2008, March 26)

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See detailOptoacoustic specific detection of prostate cancer using functionalized gold nanorods
Schol, Daureen ULg; Fleron, Maximilien ULg; Greisch, Jean-François et al

Poster (2008, March 12)

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See detailSIGHTING FREQUENCY AND PHOTO-IDENTIFICATION OF BOTTLENOSE DOLPHINS (TURSIOPS TRUNCATUS) ALONG THE COAST OF BAHÍA SAN ANTONIO, PATAGONIA, ARGENTINA
Holsbeek, Ludo; Cammareri, Alejandro; Failla, Mauricio et al

Poster (2008, March 10)

The sighting frequency (SF), site fidelity, home-range and group composition of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) were assessed during a photo-identification study in 2006-2007. This study aims to ... [more ▼]

The sighting frequency (SF), site fidelity, home-range and group composition of bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) were assessed during a photo-identification study in 2006-2007. This study aims to provide first data on this unknown austral bottlenose dolphin population to answer to their increasing conservation needs. Data and pictures were collected during 132 surveys with an average observation effort of 2.8h (SD=1.6) per survey. All clear pictures were analysed using the automatic identification systems FinEx and FinMatch (EuroPhlukes Initiative). The SF was obtained dividing the number of sightings by the amount of effort. Site-fidelity was estimated using the Capture Mark Recapture method and the degree of residency by the re-identification frequency following Culloch (2004). In total, 377.4h were spent searching for bottlenose dolphins of which 57.3h were spent in the presence of 126 dolphin groups divided in 105 sightings. The SF was 0.28/h with and average duration of 43.2min/sighting (SD=0.76). A total of 43 dolphins were classified into an identification catalogue. These recognizable dolphins were re-identified up to 10 days with 44% (n=43) showing a degree of residency (resighting frequency (RF)¿4). The average group size was 6.1 (SD=7.9) ranging from one to fifty animals. Group size increased significantly with the presence of calves and with the distance from the coast. Nevertheless, all dolphins were seen in inshore waters ¿20m deep. The most frequent group formation was loose (34.5%), variable (29.8%), disperse (20.2%) and tight (15.5%). At least 6 identified dolphins, including one mother with her calf, were photographed in the mouth of the Rio Negro 250km from the study area indicating that their home-range is far from limited to Bahia de San Antonio. Data indicate that it concerns a resident but yet unknown population of bottlenose dolphins with a high commercial potential and an urgent need of conservation measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailExtraction of ferulic acid, a natural antioxidant, for potential agro-industrial applications.
Barberousse, Hélène; Roiseux, Olivier; Deroanne, Claude et al

Poster (2008, March 05)

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See detailFrom Bouncing to boxing
Terwagne, Denis ULg; Gilet, Tristan ULg; Vandewalle, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2008, March)

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See detailA structured expert judgement study on Salmonella spp. in pork: analyses of different weighting schemes.
Boone, Idesbald; Van der Stede, Y.; Bollaerts, K. et al

Poster (2008, March)

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See detailNorovirus bovins isolés en Belgique en 2007 et investigation de leur potentiel zoonotique par l’étude des interactions virus-celllules
Mauroy, Axel ULg; Scipioni, Alexandra; Mathijs, Elisabeth et al

Poster (2008, March)

Appartenant à la famille des Caliciviridae, les norovirus sont des virus non enveloppés. Leur génome est composé d’un ARN monocaténaire de polarité positive d’approximativement 7,5 kb. Trois cadres ... [more ▼]

Appartenant à la famille des Caliciviridae, les norovirus sont des virus non enveloppés. Leur génome est composé d’un ARN monocaténaire de polarité positive d’approximativement 7,5 kb. Trois cadres ouverts de lecture (ORFs) y sont décrits et l’ORF 2 code pour l’unique protéine composant leur capside. Les norovirus infectent l’homme et les animaux (bovins, porcins, murins). Chez l’homme, ils sont des agents majeurs de gastroentérite sporadique ou épidémique d’origine souvent alimentaire. Chez le bovin, ils seraient également les agents d’entérite bénigne bien qu’à l’heure actuelle aucune épidémie à norovirus n’ait été décrite chez cette espèce. La voie d’infection des norovirus est habituellement oro-fécale, ils sont très résistants dans l’environnement et une infection peut survenir même avec une très faible dose infectieuse. Les norovirus humains et animaux sont relativement proches génétiquement et coexistent parfois de manière très étroite dans nos pays d’Europe du nord. Il est donc logique d’envisager le risque zoonotique lié aux norovirus animaux et plus particulièrement celui lié aux norovirus bovins. Ces derniers sont considérés comme endémiques dans des pays proches de la Belgique et une forte séroprévalence apparente a été montrée dans ce pays. Ce travail avait pour but l’étude moléculaire des souches de norovirus bovins ayant circulé au cours de l’année 2007. L’investigation préliminaire de leur potentiel zoonotique a également été étudiée au travers des interactions virus-cellules. Une banque d’échantillons de matières fécales bovines en provenance d’un laboratoire d’analyse et de diagnostic vétérinaire installé en Région Wallonne (ARSIA) a été constituée tout au long de l’année. Un diagnostic rapide par RT PCR a été effectué pour détecter des séquences de norovirus bovins des deux génotypes décrits actuellement. Les couples d’amorces utilisés, JV12-13, BEC et CBECu s’hybridaient dans les régions codant pour la polymérase virale et dans le début de l’ORF2, régions assez conservées. Ces séquences ont été analysées comparativement à celles isolées dans les années précédentes. Parallèlement, des pseudoparticules d’une souche de norovirus bovin (B309) et d’une souche de norovirus humain (HV) ont été produites comme décrit précédemment avec de légères modifications. Leur concentration protéique a été obtenue par BCA et des lapins ont été immunisés avec ces antigènes. Trois injections de 25 µg d’antigènes dilués dans du PBS et complétées avec les adjuvants complet et incomplet de Freund ont été réalisées. La production d’un sérum hyperimmun dirigé contre la protéine de capside des norovirus a été contrôlée par ELISA. Les pseudoparticules ont ensuite été utilisées pour des études de liaisons sur différents types cellulaires dont les Caco2, cellules connues pour exprimer à leur surface des oligosaccharides proches de ceux des systèmes ABO et de Lewis, ces oligosaccharides étant impliqués comme récepteurs cellulaires pour de nombreux norovirus humains. L’attachement des pseudoparticules a été mis en évidence par immunofluorescence indirecte en utilisant les sérums polyclonaux et un anticorps secondaire anti-lapin couplé à l’Alexa fluor 488. Des séquences de norovirus bovins ont pu être identifiées dans les prélèvements de matières fécales bovines tout au long de la période de constitution de la banque, ces séquences étant proches de celles des norovirus bovins de génotype 2. Une prévalence apparente dans les cheptels bovins de Wallonie a put être déterminée. Au cours de premiers tests réalisés, si les pseudoparticules de HV se sont liées aux cellules Caco2, aucun attachement des pseudoparticules du norovirus bovin à ces mêmes cellules n’a pu être démontré. Nous avons donc montré que les norovirus sont largement répandus en Belgique et leur diagnostic tout au long de la période d’échantillonnage prouve un certain caractère endémique de ces virus en Belgique ; cette constatation rejoignant celles en provenance de pays proches (Grande Bretagne, Allemagne) et de séroprévalence. De ce fait, ils pourraient constituer un risque zoonotique, risque qui pourrait être cependant pondéré par les études préliminaires d’interaction virus-cellules. Des études plus approfondies ont besoin d’être conduites à ce sujet. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of the Production of the Amyloidogenic Variants of Human Lysozyme
Menzer, Linda ULg; Tocquin, Pierre ULg; Dony, Nicolas et al

Poster (2008, February 16)

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See detailREconstruction of COLOUR scenes
Sirjacobs, Damien ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg et al

Poster (2008, February 12)

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See detailTalking while walking in multiple sclerosis: Increased difficulty of walking abilities, deficit of working memory, or both?
DELRUE, Gaël ULg; Gryglewicz, Céline; Leonard, Yves et al

Poster (2008, February 02)

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See detailInventaire des dégâts d'écorcement en peuplements résineux
Gheysen, Thibaut ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Arnal, Delphine et al

Poster (2008, January 25)

Une gestion des populations de cervidés en harmonie avec la forêt et les multiples fonctions qu’elle est aujourd’hui amenée à remplir nécessite notamment de pouvoir apprécier de manière objective et ... [more ▼]

Une gestion des populations de cervidés en harmonie avec la forêt et les multiples fonctions qu’elle est aujourd’hui amenée à remplir nécessite notamment de pouvoir apprécier de manière objective et précise la pression exercée par la grande faune sur les zones davantage réservées à la production ligneuse. Les recensements par observations directes constituent souvent la principale source d’informations à partir desquelles il est habituel d’estimer les populations de cervidés et d’établir les plans de gestion de ces populations. Ces méthodes présentent cependant le double désavantage d’être coûteuses en moyens humains et de produire des résultats dont la précision et l’objectivité laissent parfois à désirer. Aussi, certains auteurs préconisent-ils de remplacer ou, à tout le moins, de compléter ces recensements par une observation des dégâts frais affectant la végétation ligneuse. [less ▲]

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See detailPolar lipids analysis from the MFGM by SPE and HPLC-ELSD
Bodson, Pascal ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2008, January 23)

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See detailOptiVal: Vers de nouveaux outils de gestion pour les éleveurs laitiers wallons, Prédire la réussite à l’insémination
Laloux, Laurent; Bastin, Catherine ULg; Glorieux, Géry et al

Poster (2008, January 23)

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See detailLa membrane du globule gras du lait (MFGM) : une composition et une structure originale.
Bodson, Pascal; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

Poster (2008, January 23)

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See detailSoil physical fertility: thesis project for water-soil-plant model improvement
Beckers, Eléonore ULg; Degre, Aurore ULg

Poster (2008, January)

Quantities of nutrients like N, P and K in the soil are generally assumed to be the more important parameters of its fertility. The physical fertility of the soil such as water holding capacity, hydraulic ... [more ▼]

Quantities of nutrients like N, P and K in the soil are generally assumed to be the more important parameters of its fertility. The physical fertility of the soil such as water holding capacity, hydraulic conductivity…is often ignored. The present thesis project purposes the development of a physically-based model linking agricultural practices and changes on soil physical properties. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of intravenous lidocaïne in healthy adult horses.
Amory, Hélène ULg; Lopez Arevaldo, Diégo; Maes, An et al

Poster (2008, January)

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See detailL’apprentissage procédural chez le jeune enfant : présentation d’un nouvel outil d’évaluation
Lejeune, Caroline ULg; Delcourt, Isabelle; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

The authors generally agree that procedural learning abilities play an important role in the child development and that they are present early in childhood. However, few studies have been carried out in ... [more ▼]

The authors generally agree that procedural learning abilities play an important role in the child development and that they are present early in childhood. However, few studies have been carried out in this area because of the difficulty to develop tests specifically designed for the evaluation of these capacities in young children. In this study, we presented a new task aimed to evaluate visuo-motor skill learning in the young child. The purpose of the present study was to explore whether procedural learning abilities are present in the same extent in 4-year as 7- and 10-year-old children. Our sample is composed of 60 children divided into 3 age-groups. The task is composed of 5 blocks of 12 trials during which each subject has to use a reversed mouse of a computer in order to “catch” different toys appearing on the screen; 2 blocks of 12 trials was administered after a 15 minutes delay. Our results show an important difference between the groups for the first block; on the other hand, for the next blocks, the results show an absence of age-related difference between participants in our perceptive-motor skill learning task, confirming the idea according to which procedural learning abilities are efficient early in development (the difference observed during the first block being probably due to the intervention of executive mechanisms). [less ▲]

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See detailUse of the daily differencing approach to evaluate uncertainties affecting eddy covariance measurements
Laffineur, Quentin ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

The eddy covariance technique is recognised to be the most adapted micrometeorological method to study the exchange processes between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Like all other methods, it ... [more ▼]

The eddy covariance technique is recognised to be the most adapted micrometeorological method to study the exchange processes between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Like all other methods, it is submitted to systematic and random measurement errors. A thorough analysis of these errors is necessary in order to set the limits of validity of the method and to quantify the uncertainty that affects net carbon exchange computed with this method. In this presentation, we’ll concentrate on the random errors using the dailydifferencing approach (DDA) developed by Hollinger and Richardson (2005). The interest of this approach is that it requests only single tower measurements and is thus applicable to all flux tower sites. In this approach, uncertainties are estimated by comparing flux values taken at two successive days at the same hour and under similar meteorological conditions. The analysis may be applied to sensible heat, latent heat and CO2 flux densities. It was applied here to the eddy-covariance data from the Vielsalm mixed forest site (10 years of data) and from the Lonzée agricultural site (4 years of data). Both sites are situated in Belgium and are part of the Carboeurope IP network. The study is developed in the frame of the European IMECC project. The absolute and relative random error was quantified for both sites. Their daily evolution and their dependencies on different climate conditions (magnitude of the flux, PPFD, Rnet, wind velocity, wind direction, clarity index) were analysed. For both sites, the absolute random error increases linearly with the absolute value of flux. This is the principal factor controlling the random error. More particularly the response of the random error to wind velocity was analysed. For the CO2 flux, the absolute random error decreases with increasing wind speed. This effect is more important for the agricultural site than for the forest site. The behaviour of the relative random error with wind speed is more contrasted: it generally decreases with increasing wind speed at low velocities but, for some directions may increase with wind speed at high velocities. In addition, the random error was found very dependent on wind direction at the forest site probably as a result of site heterogeneity. [less ▲]

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See detailDosage des pepsinogènes bovins A et C par RIA
Terroni, D.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Michiels, J. A. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailMagnetic resonance imaging arteriography of canine normal brain: an anatomic study
Jacqmot, Olivier ULg; Hoffmann, A. C.; Bustin, P. H. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailOptimization of a drug-cyclodextrin complexation reaction by a static supercritical carbon dioxide process
Brion, Michael; Nizet, Dominique; Evrard, Brigitte ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailInter-annual variability of the carbon dioxide oceanic sink south of Tasmania
Borges, Alberto ULg; Tilbrook, B.; Metzl, N. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailAnalysis of lateral mobility of Ardenne rivers during the last centuries using iron slag
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Snijders, Jean-Philippe; Petit, François ULg

Poster (2008)

In the Ardenne region, old maps of different periods indicate that the layout of major rivers has been relatively stable since the end of the 18th century. However, given the scale of the different ... [more ▼]

In the Ardenne region, old maps of different periods indicate that the layout of major rivers has been relatively stable since the end of the 18th century. However, given the scale of the different documents and the relative inaccuracy of their georeferencing, it is not possible to precisely measure the rivers’ lateral erosion or to study the dynamic of small rivers. Moreover, maps older than the 18th century are not precise enough to permit this type of approach. Quantities of slag elements are present in the Ardenne rivers. These waste products come from hundreds of ironworks (blast furnaces and bloomeries) built close to different-sized rivers between the 14th and the 19th centuries. Slag was piled onto the floodplains and frequently thrown out directly into the rivers. For centuries, these slag elements were carried away during floods and were spread out along rivers. Given their properties, slag elements can be easily identified in sediments. When the slag elements are present in fine sediments at the point of contact with the gravel sheet, it means that the river has moved laterally since the inception of the iron industry, swept away older sediments and deposited more recent sediments contaminated by the slag. From historical studies, we precisely dated the periods of ironwork activity in several valleys. We also analysed the vertical concentrations of slag elements in several borings carried out along perpendicular cross sections. These data allowed us to estimate the lateral erosion velocity of some channels over several centuries. Moreover, we reconstructed the topography of several alluvial plains at the time ironworks were established and we evaluated sedimentation rates. [less ▲]

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See detailContrastief taalonderzoek geïntegreerd aanpakken: hoe en waarom?
Rasier, Laurent ULg; Hiligsmann, Philippe; Baelen, Mélanie et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailUse of supercritical fluids technology (PGSS) for the production of betametazone loaded solid lipid microparticles
Nizet, Dominique; Jaspart, Séverine ULg; Brion, Michael et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailSecreted subtilisins of Microsporum canis are involved in adhesion of arthroconidia to feline corneocytes
Mathy, Anne ULg; Tabart, Jérémy; Mignon, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Microsporum canis is a pathogenic fungus that causes a superficial skin infection called dermatophytosis mainly in cats, dogs and humans. Like other dermatophytoses, the physiopathology of this dermatosis ... [more ▼]

Microsporum canis is a pathogenic fungus that causes a superficial skin infection called dermatophytosis mainly in cats, dogs and humans. Like other dermatophytoses, the physiopathology of this dermatosis remains largely unknown. From a fungal perspective, the infection process can be divided in three steps: adhesion of M. canis arthroconidia to corneocytes, conidial germination, and fungal invasion of the keratin network. The mechanisms involved in adherence of M. canis to epidermis have never been investigated. However, several previously characterized secreted fungal endoproteases like subtilisins (Sub), including the keratinolytic protease Sub3, are secreted in vivo and could be involved in the first pathogenic steps. The objective of this study were (1) to develop an in vitro model to study M. canis adherence to feline corneocytes and (2) to assess whether the Sub are involved in fungal adhesion. An arthroconidial suspension was spread over the surface of reconstituted feline epidermis (RFE). Co-cultures were incubated for varying lengths of time and adherent conidia were labelled using Calcofluor white and counted. In subsequent assays arthroconidia were exposed to the serine protease inhibitor chymostatin or a mixture of two anti-Sub3 monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) one hour prior to the adherence assay. In our model, adherence of M. canis arthroconidia to RFE is time-dependent, beginning within two hours and still increasing after six hours. Chymostatin and Mabs inhibit M. canis adherence to RFE by 53 and 23 % respectively, which suggests that subtilisins and particularly Sub3, are fungal virulence factors involved in the adherence process. [less ▲]

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See detailDating an early medieval church by the luminescence method: the case of St Martin at Angers (France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Prigent, Daniel; Guibert, Pierre et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailCompositional protein analysis of HDL by SELDI-TOF MS during experimental endotoxemia
Levels, Johannes HM; Marée, Raphaël ULg; Geurts, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailProtein synthesis and folding is a rate limiting step for bacterial growth at low temperatures.
Piette, Florence; D'Amico, Salvino; Leprince, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailInfluence of nitrogen fertilizer treatments on soft wheat starch characteristics
Massaux, Carine; Sindic, Marianne ULg; Lenartz, Jonathan et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailEffects of light on cerebral activity
Vandewalle, Gilles ULg; Dijk, Derk-Jan; Phillips, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailOperational monitoring of multi-qubit entanglement classes via tuning of local operations
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailAIRE role in melanoma
Conteduca, Giuseppina ULg

Poster (2008)

Polymorphisms of AIRE, a transcription factor that up-regulates intrathymic expression of tissue-specific antigens including melanoma-associated antigens (MAAs), may variably affect the selection of MAAs ... [more ▼]

Polymorphisms of AIRE, a transcription factor that up-regulates intrathymic expression of tissue-specific antigens including melanoma-associated antigens (MAAs), may variably affect the selection of MAAs-specific thymocytes, generating T-cell repertoires protecting or predisposing individuals to melanoma. We found that AIRE single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs1055311, rs1800520 and rs1800522 were significantly more frequent in healthy subjects than in melanoma patients, independently from sex, age and stages of melanoma. The presence of these SNPs was associated with increased frequency of two T-cell clonotypes specific for MAGE-1 linking their protective effect to selection/expansion of MAA-specific T cells. Interestingly, mRNA transcribed on the rs1800520 SNP showed increased free energy than the wild type suggesting that its reduced stability may be responsible for the different activity of the polymorphic AIRE molecule. This finding may contribute at identifying subjects with increased risk of developing melanoma or patients with melanoma that may take benefit from immunotherapy. [less ▲]

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See detailThe TNF receptor signalling network: Modular modelling and cell-type specific analysis
Waldherr, S; Doszczak, M; Schliemann, Monica ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailOperational monitoring of multi-qubit entanglement classes with trapped ions
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailSwitching entanglement classes via local operations
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailRegulation of HIV late phase transcription by CTIP2
Cherrier, Thomas ULg; Rohr, Olivier

Poster (2008)

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See detailProgress towards new atomic species laser cooling
Krins, Stéphanie ULg; Saint-Georges, P.; Bastin, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailMechanisms of ATM regulation by TGF-beta
Paupert, Jenny ULg; Barcellos-Hoff, Mary-Helen

Poster (2008)

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See detailTowards an iron magneto-optical trap
Krins, Stéphanie ULg; Saint-Georges, P.; Bastin, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailAgonistic sounds in the skunk clownfish (Amphiprion akallopisos) : spectral and temporal basis for fish size assessment and individual recognition
Colleye, Orphal ULg; Frederich, Bruno ULg; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Clownfishes (i.e. Amphiprion akallopisos) are territorial fishes that use sound production to defend their anemone territory. They live in social groups within which there is a size-based dominance ... [more ▼]

Clownfishes (i.e. Amphiprion akallopisos) are territorial fishes that use sound production to defend their anemone territory. They live in social groups within which there is a size-based dominance hierarchy. In such a system, agonistic interactions are usual and play an important role in social organization by maintaining size differences between individuals adjacent in rank. Sounds are known to be used in agonistic interactions; they could therefore be associated with aggressive display within the group hierarchy. In the present study, we compared the sonic characteristics between individuals of different sizes and of different sexual status (non-breeder, male and female). Sound analysis revealed that dominant frequency and pulse length are highly correlated with fish size, and are not related to sex. No information related to size can be extracted from the pulse period, interpulse duration and number of pulses per train. Evidence is provided that dominant frequency and pulse length are morphologically determined signals related to fish size. In that case, smaller individuals produce shorter duration and higher frequency sounds than larger individuals. Both sonic features are signals conveying information related to the size of the emitter. This finding could be of significant importance, and might help to understand one of the mechanisms that carry the clue for individual recognition within the group hierarchy. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneration of symmetric Dicke states
Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailNew insights in auditory organ development: the inner pillar cell goes it own way
Thelen, Nicolas; Malgrange, B; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailLaser cooling of new atomic species - scheme of operation
Saint-Georges, P.; Krins, Stéphanie ULg; Bastin, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailDINEOF univariate reconstruction of missing satellite data from the North Sea Belcolour-1 database.
Sirjacobs, Damien ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg et al

Poster (2008)

The Belcolour-1 database holds more than 4 years of uniformly resampled MERIS chlorophyll (CHL), total suspended matter (TSM), MODIS-AQUA CHL, TSM and sea surface temperature (SST) over the North Sea. A ... [more ▼]

The Belcolour-1 database holds more than 4 years of uniformly resampled MERIS chlorophyll (CHL), total suspended matter (TSM), MODIS-AQUA CHL, TSM and sea surface temperature (SST) over the North Sea. A first step of the RECOLOUR* project consists in the univariate reconstruction of missing data with the DINEOF method (Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions). In particular, the DINEOF treatment of MERIS CHL and TSM images available for the year 2003 allowed an efficient synthesis of the coherent modes of variability existing at the scale of the whole North Sea. For both parameters, 4 modes were retained by general cross validation as an optimum for the reconstruction of missing data. For CHL, the first spatial mode shows the high influence of coastal nutrients outputs (mainly continental estuaries and diffused coastal sources) and the lower concentration in the well stratified central and northern part of the North Sea compared to the southern bight and the eastern English Channel. The spatial trends described by the first mode are permanent features during the year, although slightly enhanced during the summer and reduced during winter. The second spatial mode correspond to the main algal blooming events (spring and autumn) with increased concentrations in the whole southern bight of the north sea, around the Isle of Wight and in frontal alike structure north-west from Denmark. The third Eofs describes well the dynamics of an early phytoplankton bloom occurring in march along the Norwegian coast, where a strong stratification induced by an output of cold water from Baltic Sea provides good light conditions to phytoplankton. Concerning TSM, the first spatial mode shows the dominant influence of large estuaries and of resuspension from shallow coastal sedimental plains. The patterns suggest a general transport of sediments from south-east England up to the northern Dutch coastal waters, as a clear distinction between the stratified northern part and the well mixed and charged southern and German bights. Although these trends are permanent during the year, the range of the spatial variations are slightly reduced during the summer, following the reduction of resuspension, of total sediment outputed by rivers and of advection along continental coasts. The second mode shows a clear seasonal signal. The winter influence of the second spatial mode can be understood as general sediment enrichment due to higher resuspension, but a clear influence of intense winter terrestrial water outflows leading to lower sediment concentration in the plumes then in the surrounding waters. This is clear for the Elbe river discharge, the whole natural part of the Wadden Sea and the Seine river plume. The Scheelde and Thames rather seems to be just neutralizing the seasonal TSM resuspension signal. The Rhine river discharge seems to make exception as no influence is detected in the second spatial mode. During summer, the contribution of the second EOF is reversed with a general reduction of suspended matter concentration in most part of the area but some local sediment enrichment at specific river discharges. Original MERIS CHL and TSM images were filled and reconstructions were produced at a daily interval based on a linear interpolation of the temporal modes. From this, weekly averages could be calculated at stations such as the turbidity maximum of the Scheelde river plume, showing the onset of the spring bloom co-occurring with a period characterised both by the TSM seasonal reduction and by important TSM temporal variability. [less ▲]

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See detailInteraction-free Generation of Angular Momentum Eigenstates in Remote Qubits
Thiel, C.; Maser, A.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailHETEROGENEITY OF ZOOXANTHELLAE DENSITY IN THE CORAL ACROPORA GLOBICEPS AROUND MOOREA (FRENCH POLYNESIA)
Ladrière, Ophélie ULg; van Lierde, Elodie; Penin, Lucie et al

Poster (2008)

Understanding the natural heterogeneity of coral zooxanthellae density appears as very important to understand variations in coral survival due to bleaching (the loss of these micro-algal symbionts ... [more ▼]

Understanding the natural heterogeneity of coral zooxanthellae density appears as very important to understand variations in coral survival due to bleaching (the loss of these micro-algal symbionts). Heterogeneity of coral bleaching at different observation scales (within a colony, among neighbouring colonies of the same species or on a wider scale) remains largely misunderstood. The present work explores intracolonial, spatial and temporal variations of zooxanthellae density in the coral Acropora globiceps Dana 1846, over a period of three months on the forereef of Moorea, French Polynesia. In our study, intracolonial zooxanthellae densities did not vary significantly. However, zooxanthellae densities differed slightly between inner and outer branches but this trend was not significant at 6, 12 and 18 meters depth. On a wider scale, zooxanthellae densities also vary spatially : a positive correlation was observed between depth and symbiont density (density increases when light intensity decreases, so according to depth). Moreover, the location of colonies exposed to different hydrodynamical conditions was not a parameter controling the concentration of zooxanthellae. Finally, the temporal variation of zooxanthellae densities did not show significant variations even if it decreased slightly over the study period. The results of this study highlight the importance of accounting for variations within and among colonies to determine zooxanthellae densities and to assess the evolution of zooxanthellae populations. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolation of novel hydrolytic genes from an Antarctic metagenomic library
Pipers, D.; Berlemont, R.; Power, P. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailHypoxia promotes resistance to etoposide by regulating p53 stability and c-jun DNA-binding activity
Cosse, Jean-Philippe ULg; Ronvaux, Marie; Ninane, Noelle et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailMechanism of sound production in Oreochromis niloticus
longrie, Nicolas; van Wassemberg, Sam; Mauguit, Quentin et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailThe effects of cognitive remediation therapy on AM deficits in schizophrenia patients
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Collet, Denis; Cornet, Lidvine et al

Poster (2008)

Schizophrenia is accompanied by deficit in autobiographical memories (AM). These impairments are correlated to difficulties in imagining specific events that might happen to them in the future ... [more ▼]

Schizophrenia is accompanied by deficit in autobiographical memories (AM). These impairments are correlated to difficulties in imagining specific events that might happen to them in the future (D’Argembeau, Raffard et Van-der-Linden, 2008). Previous study suggested that the specific autobiographical memory (past and future) may be improved by an AM remediation therapy (Blairy et al., accepted). The aim of the present study was to compare performances from individuals involved in an AM remediation intervention to individuals involved in the cognitive remediation therapy program from Brenner (IPT) (Pomini, Neis, Brenner, Hodel et Roder, 1998). The results showed that the participants tend to recall more specific events after therapies, confounded pass and future events (t(7) = 3.28 ; p = .013). These results would be promising for future research. [less ▲]

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