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See detailInventaire des dégâts d'écorcement en peuplements résineux
Gheysen, Thibaut ULg; Lejeune, Philippe ULg; Arnal, Delphine et al

Poster (2008, January 25)

Une gestion des populations de cervidés en harmonie avec la forêt et les multiples fonctions qu’elle est aujourd’hui amenée à remplir nécessite notamment de pouvoir apprécier de manière objective et ... [more ▼]

Une gestion des populations de cervidés en harmonie avec la forêt et les multiples fonctions qu’elle est aujourd’hui amenée à remplir nécessite notamment de pouvoir apprécier de manière objective et précise la pression exercée par la grande faune sur les zones davantage réservées à la production ligneuse. Les recensements par observations directes constituent souvent la principale source d’informations à partir desquelles il est habituel d’estimer les populations de cervidés et d’établir les plans de gestion de ces populations. Ces méthodes présentent cependant le double désavantage d’être coûteuses en moyens humains et de produire des résultats dont la précision et l’objectivité laissent parfois à désirer. Aussi, certains auteurs préconisent-ils de remplacer ou, à tout le moins, de compléter ces recensements par une observation des dégâts frais affectant la végétation ligneuse. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 57 (21 ULg)
See detailPolar lipids analysis from the MFGM by SPE and HPLC-ELSD
Bodson, Pascal ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2008, January 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (9 ULg)
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See detailOptiVal: Vers de nouveaux outils de gestion pour les éleveurs laitiers wallons, Prédire la réussite à l’insémination
Laloux, Laurent; Bastin, Catherine ULg; Glorieux, Géry et al

Poster (2008, January 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (3 ULg)
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See detailLa membrane du globule gras du lait (MFGM) : une composition et une structure originale.
Bodson, Pascal; Vanderghem, Caroline ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

Poster (2008, January 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (7 ULg)
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See detailSoil physical fertility: thesis project for water-soil-plant model improvement
Beckers, Eléonore ULg; Degre, Aurore ULg

Poster (2008, January)

Quantities of nutrients like N, P and K in the soil are generally assumed to be the more important parameters of its fertility. The physical fertility of the soil such as water holding capacity, hydraulic ... [more ▼]

Quantities of nutrients like N, P and K in the soil are generally assumed to be the more important parameters of its fertility. The physical fertility of the soil such as water holding capacity, hydraulic conductivity…is often ignored. The present thesis project purposes the development of a physically-based model linking agricultural practices and changes on soil physical properties. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of intravenous lidocaïne in healthy adult horses.
Amory, Hélène ULg; Lopez Arevaldo, Diégo; Maes, An et al

Poster (2008, January)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (3 ULg)
See detailProtein synthesis and folding is a rate limiting step for bacterial growth at low temperatures.
Piette, Florence; D'Amico, Salvino; Leprince, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
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See detailUse of the daily differencing approach to evaluate uncertainties affecting eddy covariance measurements
Laffineur, Quentin ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

The eddy covariance technique is recognised to be the most adapted micrometeorological method to study the exchange processes between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Like all other methods, it ... [more ▼]

The eddy covariance technique is recognised to be the most adapted micrometeorological method to study the exchange processes between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere. Like all other methods, it is submitted to systematic and random measurement errors. A thorough analysis of these errors is necessary in order to set the limits of validity of the method and to quantify the uncertainty that affects net carbon exchange computed with this method. In this presentation, we’ll concentrate on the random errors using the dailydifferencing approach (DDA) developed by Hollinger and Richardson (2005). The interest of this approach is that it requests only single tower measurements and is thus applicable to all flux tower sites. In this approach, uncertainties are estimated by comparing flux values taken at two successive days at the same hour and under similar meteorological conditions. The analysis may be applied to sensible heat, latent heat and CO2 flux densities. It was applied here to the eddy-covariance data from the Vielsalm mixed forest site (10 years of data) and from the Lonzée agricultural site (4 years of data). Both sites are situated in Belgium and are part of the Carboeurope IP network. The study is developed in the frame of the European IMECC project. The absolute and relative random error was quantified for both sites. Their daily evolution and their dependencies on different climate conditions (magnitude of the flux, PPFD, Rnet, wind velocity, wind direction, clarity index) were analysed. For both sites, the absolute random error increases linearly with the absolute value of flux. This is the principal factor controlling the random error. More particularly the response of the random error to wind velocity was analysed. For the CO2 flux, the absolute random error decreases with increasing wind speed. This effect is more important for the agricultural site than for the forest site. The behaviour of the relative random error with wind speed is more contrasted: it generally decreases with increasing wind speed at low velocities but, for some directions may increase with wind speed at high velocities. In addition, the random error was found very dependent on wind direction at the forest site probably as a result of site heterogeneity. [less ▲]

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See detailDosage des pepsinogènes bovins A et C par RIA
Terroni, D.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Michiels, J. A. et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCharacterization of mycosubtilin, a natural antifungal agent, in membrane biomimetic systems
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Kouzayha, Achraf; Wattraint, Olivier et al

Poster (2008)

The emergence of several diseases which affects immune system (HIV infections, few cancers) and the expansion of immunosuppressive and chemical anticancer therapies increase mycosis frequency. Treatments ... [more ▼]

The emergence of several diseases which affects immune system (HIV infections, few cancers) and the expansion of immunosuppressive and chemical anticancer therapies increase mycosis frequency. Treatments currently used to cure mycoses meet problems such as antifungal agent toxicity or pathogenic strain resistance. Thus there is increasing interest for new medical applications of antifungal molecules. In this context, we investigated the behaviour of an antifungal lipopeptide, mycosubtilin, on cytoplasmic membranes. In this aim, biomimetic systems of biological membranes, such as lipid monolayers at the air-water interface and lipid multilayers were used. The interactions of mycosubtilin with these biomimetic systems were examined by different methods (kinetic isotherms, Brewster angle microscopy, FTIR spectroscopy and 1H HR- Magic Angle Spinning NMR). We demonstrated an original behaviour of mycosubtilin in the presence of sterol monolayer, suggesting a mycosubtilin-sterol affinity. We showed as well that mycosubtilin can interact with C=O ester residues and alkyl chains of phospholipids. Moreover, mycosubtilin has a preference for condensed phospholipid domains. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEffects of light on cerebral activity
Vandewalle, Gilles ULg; Dijk, Derk-Jan; Phillips, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailOptimization of a drug-cyclodextrin complexation reaction by a static supercritical carbon dioxide process
Brion, Michael; Nizet, Dominique; Evrard, Brigitte ULg

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
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See detailUrbanisme durable - Outil d'évaluation et d'aide à la conception de projets
Boniver, Véronique ULg; Dopagne, Claude ULg; Melin, Eric ULg et al

Poster (2008)

L'outil Urbadur mis au point permet de tester, d'évaluer et d'aider à la conception de nouveaux projets de constructions neuves. Il est accessible librement sur internet et permet à tout utilisateur ... [more ▼]

L'outil Urbadur mis au point permet de tester, d'évaluer et d'aider à la conception de nouveaux projets de constructions neuves. Il est accessible librement sur internet et permet à tout utilisateur potentiel de tester en amont un projet concret en répondant à une série de questions. Dans un second temps, sur base de l'évaluation obtenue et des commentaires fournis, l'utilisateur peut modifier son projet pour augmenter sa durabilité environnementale et tester celui-ci une nouvelle fois. L'outil pourrait être amélioré mais il permet déjà, dans sa version actuelle, de concevoir progressivement des projets de construction plus durables d'un point de vue environnemental. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (14 ULg)
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See detailHeterogeneity of zooxanthellae density in the coral Acropora globiceps around Moorea (French Polynesia)
Ladrière, Ophélie ULg; van Lierde, Elodie; Penin, Lucie et al

Poster (2008)

Understanding the natural heterogeneity of coral zooxanthellae density appears as very important to understand variations in coral survival due to bleaching (the loss of these micro-algal symbionts ... [more ▼]

Understanding the natural heterogeneity of coral zooxanthellae density appears as very important to understand variations in coral survival due to bleaching (the loss of these micro-algal symbionts). Heterogeneity of coral bleaching at different observation scales (within a colony, among neighbouring colonies of the same species or on a wider scale) remains largely misunderstood. The present work explores intracolonial, spatial and temporal variations of zooxanthellae density in the coral Acropora globiceps Dana 1846, over a period of three months on the forereef of Moorea, French Polynesia. In our study, intracolonial zooxanthellae densities did not vary significantly. However, zooxanthellae densities differed slightly between inner and outer branches but this trend was not significant at 6, 12 and 18 meters depth. On a wider scale, zooxanthellae densities also vary spatially : a positive correlation was observed between depth and symbiont density (density increases when light intensity decreases, so according to depth). Moreover, the location of colonies exposed to different hydrodynamical conditions was not a parameter controling the concentration of zooxanthellae. Finally, the temporal variation of zooxanthellae densities did not show significant variations even if it decreased slightly over the study period. The results of this study highlight the importance of accounting for variations within and among colonies to determine zooxanthellae densities and to assess the evolution of zooxanthellae populations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg)
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See detailInter-annual variability of the carbon dioxide oceanic sink south of Tasmania
Borges, Alberto ULg; Tilbrook, B.; Metzl, N. et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailSecreted subtilisins of Microsporum canis are involved in adhesion of arthroconidia to feline corneocytes
Mathy, Anne ULg; Tabart, Jérémy; Mignon, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Microsporum canis is a pathogenic fungus that causes a superficial skin infection called dermatophytosis mainly in cats, dogs and humans. Like other dermatophytoses, the physiopathology of this dermatosis ... [more ▼]

Microsporum canis is a pathogenic fungus that causes a superficial skin infection called dermatophytosis mainly in cats, dogs and humans. Like other dermatophytoses, the physiopathology of this dermatosis remains largely unknown. From a fungal perspective, the infection process can be divided in three steps: adhesion of M. canis arthroconidia to corneocytes, conidial germination, and fungal invasion of the keratin network. The mechanisms involved in adherence of M. canis to epidermis have never been investigated. However, several previously characterized secreted fungal endoproteases like subtilisins (Sub), including the keratinolytic protease Sub3, are secreted in vivo and could be involved in the first pathogenic steps. The objective of this study were (1) to develop an in vitro model to study M. canis adherence to feline corneocytes and (2) to assess whether the Sub are involved in fungal adhesion. An arthroconidial suspension was spread over the surface of reconstituted feline epidermis (RFE). Co-cultures were incubated for varying lengths of time and adherent conidia were labelled using Calcofluor white and counted. In subsequent assays arthroconidia were exposed to the serine protease inhibitor chymostatin or a mixture of two anti-Sub3 monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) one hour prior to the adherence assay. In our model, adherence of M. canis arthroconidia to RFE is time-dependent, beginning within two hours and still increasing after six hours. Chymostatin and Mabs inhibit M. canis adherence to RFE by 53 and 23 % respectively, which suggests that subtilisins and particularly Sub3, are fungal virulence factors involved in the adherence process. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (4 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDevelopment of Procedural Learning in Children : The “Toy Task”
Lejeune, Caroline ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

The authors generally agree that procedural learning abilities play an important role in the child development and that they are present early in childhood. However, few studies have been carried out in ... [more ▼]

The authors generally agree that procedural learning abilities play an important role in the child development and that they are present early in childhood. However, few studies have been carried out in this area because of the difficulty to develop tests specifically designed for the evaluation of these capacities in young children. In this study, we presented a new task aimed to evaluate visuo-motor skill learning in the young child. The purpose of the present study was to explore whether procedural learning abilities are present in the same extent in 4-year as 7- and 10-year-old children. Our sample is composed of 60 children divided into 3 age-groups. The task is composed of 5 blocks of 12 trials during which each subject has to use a reversed mouse of a computer in order to “catch” different toys appearing on the screen; 2 blocks of 12 trials was administered after a 15 minutes delay. Our results show an important difference between the groups for the first block; on the other hand, for the next blocks, the results show an absence of age-related difference between participants in our perceptive-motor skill learning task, confirming the idea according to which procedural learning abilities are efficient early in development (the difference observed during the first block being probably due to the intervention of executive mechanisms). [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailUse of supercritical fluids technology (PGSS) for the production of betametazone loaded solid lipid microparticles
Nizet, Dominique; Jaspart, Séverine ULg; Brion, Michael et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 59 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDating an early medieval church by the luminescence method: the case of St Martin at Angers (France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Prigent, Daniel; Guibert, Pierre et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPotential implication of host/symbiont recognition mechanisms in coral bleaching
Vidal-Dupiol, Jérémie; Mitta, Guillaume; Roger, Emmanuel et al

Poster (2008)

Bleaching in corals can be attributed to loss of endosymbiotic zooxanthellae and/or loss of photosynthetic pigments within zooxanthellae. This major disturbance of the reef ecosystem is principally ... [more ▼]

Bleaching in corals can be attributed to loss of endosymbiotic zooxanthellae and/or loss of photosynthetic pigments within zooxanthellae. This major disturbance of the reef ecosystem is principally induced by increases in water temperature. Since the beginning of the 80ís and the onset of global climate change, this phenomenon has been occurring at increasing rates and scales, and with increasing severity. In this study, we focused on finding early regulated genes involved in bleaching. In aquaria, one set of Pocillopora damicornis nubbins was subjected to a gradual seawater temperature increase from 28°C to 32°C over 15 days, and a second control set remained at constant temperature (28°C). Bleaching was monitored by measuring zooxanthellae density. The mRNA differentially expressed between the stressed state (sampled just before the onset of bleaching) and the non stressed state (control) were isolated from the nubbins by Suppression Subtractive Hybridization. The corresponding cDNA were sequenced and confronted to sequence databases to obtain gene similarities. Finally, transcription rates of the most interesting genes were conducted by Q-PCR. Two particularly interesting candidate genes showed an important decrease in their transcription rates following thermal stress and before zooxanthellae loss. These two genes show similarities with genes involved in host/symbiont and host/parasite models. The implication of these molecular actors suggests a possible role of recognition mechanisms between the host and its symbiont, in the breakdown of the symbiosis during the bleaching phenomenon. Experiments such as RACE-PCR, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry are currently underway to confirm our hypotheses. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (3 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCompositional protein analysis of HDL by SELDI-TOF MS during experimental endotoxemia
Levels, Johannes HM; Marée, Raphaël ULg; Geurts, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPhospholipids quantification in vegetable oil degumming residues by HPLC-ELSD
Pierart, Céline ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Wathelet, B et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
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See detailInfluence of nitrogen fertilizer treatments on soft wheat starch characteristics
Massaux, Carine; Sindic, Marianne ULg; Lenartz, Jonathan et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe TNF receptor signalling network: Modular modelling and cell-type specific analysis
Waldherr, S; Doszczak, M; Schliemann, Monica ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailFunctional properties of phospholipids and proteins from rapeseed as native tensioactives
Vaca Medina, Guadalupe; Mouloungui, Zéphirin; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailIsolation of novel hydrolytic genes from an Antarctic metagenomic library
Pipers, D.; Berlemont, R.; Power, P. et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailCesàrolite, a possible member of the birnessite group of minerals
Perchiazzi, Natale; Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Merlino, Stefano et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMagnetic resonance imaging arteriography of canine normal brain: an anatomic study
Jacqmot, Olivier ULg; Hoffmann, A. C.; Bustin, P. H. et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 28 (8 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailA Critical Study of Primate Reintroduction Projects in the Mesoamerican Region.
Martin, Sarah ULg; Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Libois, Roland ULg

Poster (2008)

Very little is known about primate reintroduction projects in Mesoamerica. The aim of this study was to focus on existing projects concerning primate re-introductions, conservation-introduction ... [more ▼]

Very little is known about primate reintroduction projects in Mesoamerica. The aim of this study was to focus on existing projects concerning primate re-introductions, conservation-introduction, translocation, as well as on reinforcement-supplementation of parallel initiatives. In order to create a database, a survey was sent to a panel of scientists in Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Costa Rica and Panama, and we visited five projects in Costa Rica from March to August 2006. A total of 19 projects were found: Costa Rica hosted the higher number (7) while Salvador and Nicaragua did not host any. Fourteen out of those 19 projects concerned confiscated animals. Six of the 7 Costa Rican projects used confiscated primates; the other ones came from wild populations or were born in captivity. Alouatta palliata and Ateles geoffroyi are the most common species subject to reintroduction effort in the Mesoamerican region. A wide range of factors seem to influence reintroduction success such as: the project’s budget, the release site, the mode of transportation, the caging setting, the support from local communities, the presence of environmental education programs, but also the age of primates, etc. Each project seems to work as a completely separated entity, with its own definition of reintroduction success and its own policy. There’s no communication between the projects, no matter if they are based in the same country or work on the same species. A reintroduction guideline for this region should be established as well as a regional network coordinating the information. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 112 (11 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDecreased Thymosin Beta 4 Expression Results in Poor Prognosis and Decreased Survival in Multiple Myeloma
CAERS, Jo ULg; Hose, Dirk; Kuipers, Ine et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
See detailOperational monitoring of multi-qubit entanglement classes via tuning of local operations
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailRegulation of HIV late phase transcription by CTIP2
Cherrier, Thomas ULg; Rohr, Olivier

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (0 ULg)
See detailOperational monitoring of multi-qubit entanglement classes with trapped ions
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
See detailSwitching entanglement classes via local operations
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
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See detailSox10 is not necessary for auditory neurons survival
Breuskin, I; Bodson, M; Thelen, Nicolas ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
See detailProgress towards new atomic species laser cooling
Krins, Stéphanie ULg; Saint-Georges, P.; Bastin, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
See detailTowards an iron magneto-optical trap
Krins, Stéphanie ULg; Saint-Georges, P.; Bastin, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (4 ULg)
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See detailRole of thiamine triphosphate and adenosine thiamine triphosphate in Escherichia coli
Gigliobianco, Tiziana ULg

Poster (2008)

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found in all organisms studied from bacteria to mammals. In E. coli, ThTP is accumulated as a result of amino acid starvation in the presence of a suitable carbon source ... [more ▼]

Thiamine triphosphate (ThTP) is found in all organisms studied from bacteria to mammals. In E. coli, ThTP is accumulated as a result of amino acid starvation in the presence of a suitable carbon source such as glucose, pyruvate and lactate. On the other hand, adenosine thiamine triphosphate (AThTP), that was recently discovered in E. coli, accumulates in the absence of a carbon source. While AThTP is synthesized in E. coli according to the reaction ThDP + ADP (ATP) ↔ AThTP + Pi (PPi) by a soluble high molecular mass nucleotidyl transferase, the mechanism of synthesis of ThTP remains unknown. Though both bacterial and mammalian adenylate kinases are able to catalyze ThTP synthesis at a very low rate in vitro, this reaction is not responsible for ThTP synthesis in vivo. AThTP is synthesized in E. coli incubated in minimal medium devoid of any carbon source. The addition of glucose leads to the immediate disappearance of AThTP and the appearance of ThTP. ThTP production is strongly impaired in the presence of protonophores, even when a high intracellular concentration of ATP is maintained through glycolysis. Our results suggest that ThTP accumulation requires a high protonmotive force rather than a high intracellular ATP concentration. On the other hand, AThTP is synthesized under conditions of limited energy availability, either in the absence of a carbon source or in the presence of a carbon source and metabolic inhibitors or uncouplers. Interestingly, ThTP and AThTP never accumulate simultaneously in high amounts. Our results suggest that in E. coli both compounds might therefore act as specific “alarmones”, responding to different conditions of cellular stress. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
See detailGeneration of symmetric Dicke states
Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHistology and ultrastructure of the elastic spring apparatus in Synodontis eupterus
Fabri, Grégory; Montchowui, E; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
See detailLaser cooling of new atomic species - scheme of operation
Saint-Georges, P.; Krins, Stéphanie ULg; Bastin, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (0 ULg)
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See detailHETEROGENEITY OF ZOOXANTHELLAE DENSITY IN THE CORAL ACROPORA GLOBICEPS AROUND MOOREA (FRENCH POLYNESIA)
Ladrière, Ophélie ULg; van Lierde, Elodie; Penin, Lucie et al

Poster (2008)

Understanding the natural heterogeneity of coral zooxanthellae density appears as very important to understand variations in coral survival due to bleaching (the loss of these micro-algal symbionts ... [more ▼]

Understanding the natural heterogeneity of coral zooxanthellae density appears as very important to understand variations in coral survival due to bleaching (the loss of these micro-algal symbionts). Heterogeneity of coral bleaching at different observation scales (within a colony, among neighbouring colonies of the same species or on a wider scale) remains largely misunderstood. The present work explores intracolonial, spatial and temporal variations of zooxanthellae density in the coral Acropora globiceps Dana 1846, over a period of three months on the forereef of Moorea, French Polynesia. In our study, intracolonial zooxanthellae densities did not vary significantly. However, zooxanthellae densities differed slightly between inner and outer branches but this trend was not significant at 6, 12 and 18 meters depth. On a wider scale, zooxanthellae densities also vary spatially : a positive correlation was observed between depth and symbiont density (density increases when light intensity decreases, so according to depth). Moreover, the location of colonies exposed to different hydrodynamical conditions was not a parameter controling the concentration of zooxanthellae. Finally, the temporal variation of zooxanthellae densities did not show significant variations even if it decreased slightly over the study period. The results of this study highlight the importance of accounting for variations within and among colonies to determine zooxanthellae densities and to assess the evolution of zooxanthellae populations. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 45 (2 ULg)
See detailInteraction-free Generation of Angular Momentum Eigenstates in Remote Qubits
Thiel, C.; Maser, A.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMechanism of sound production in Oreochromis niloticus
longrie, Nicolas; van Wassemberg, Sam; Mauguit, Quentin et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Full Text
See detailDINEOF univariate reconstruction of missing satellite data from the North Sea Belcolour-1 database.
Sirjacobs, Damien ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg et al

Poster (2008)

The Belcolour-1 database holds more than 4 years of uniformly resampled MERIS chlorophyll (CHL), total suspended matter (TSM), MODIS-AQUA CHL, TSM and sea surface temperature (SST) over the North Sea. A ... [more ▼]

The Belcolour-1 database holds more than 4 years of uniformly resampled MERIS chlorophyll (CHL), total suspended matter (TSM), MODIS-AQUA CHL, TSM and sea surface temperature (SST) over the North Sea. A first step of the RECOLOUR* project consists in the univariate reconstruction of missing data with the DINEOF method (Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions). In particular, the DINEOF treatment of MERIS CHL and TSM images available for the year 2003 allowed an efficient synthesis of the coherent modes of variability existing at the scale of the whole North Sea. For both parameters, 4 modes were retained by general cross validation as an optimum for the reconstruction of missing data. For CHL, the first spatial mode shows the high influence of coastal nutrients outputs (mainly continental estuaries and diffused coastal sources) and the lower concentration in the well stratified central and northern part of the North Sea compared to the southern bight and the eastern English Channel. The spatial trends described by the first mode are permanent features during the year, although slightly enhanced during the summer and reduced during winter. The second spatial mode correspond to the main algal blooming events (spring and autumn) with increased concentrations in the whole southern bight of the north sea, around the Isle of Wight and in frontal alike structure north-west from Denmark. The third Eofs describes well the dynamics of an early phytoplankton bloom occurring in march along the Norwegian coast, where a strong stratification induced by an output of cold water from Baltic Sea provides good light conditions to phytoplankton. Concerning TSM, the first spatial mode shows the dominant influence of large estuaries and of resuspension from shallow coastal sedimental plains. The patterns suggest a general transport of sediments from south-east England up to the northern Dutch coastal waters, as a clear distinction between the stratified northern part and the well mixed and charged southern and German bights. Although these trends are permanent during the year, the range of the spatial variations are slightly reduced during the summer, following the reduction of resuspension, of total sediment outputed by rivers and of advection along continental coasts. The second mode shows a clear seasonal signal. The winter influence of the second spatial mode can be understood as general sediment enrichment due to higher resuspension, but a clear influence of intense winter terrestrial water outflows leading to lower sediment concentration in the plumes then in the surrounding waters. This is clear for the Elbe river discharge, the whole natural part of the Wadden Sea and the Seine river plume. The Scheelde and Thames rather seems to be just neutralizing the seasonal TSM resuspension signal. The Rhine river discharge seems to make exception as no influence is detected in the second spatial mode. During summer, the contribution of the second EOF is reversed with a general reduction of suspended matter concentration in most part of the area but some local sediment enrichment at specific river discharges. Original MERIS CHL and TSM images were filled and reconstructions were produced at a daily interval based on a linear interpolation of the temporal modes. From this, weekly averages could be calculated at stations such as the turbidity maximum of the Scheelde river plume, showing the onset of the spring bloom co-occurring with a period characterised both by the TSM seasonal reduction and by important TSM temporal variability. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailPurification of nuclear mRNPs, characterization of their content and function in transcription
Close, Pierre ULg; Skehel, M; East, P et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailMechanisms of ATM regulation by TGF-beta
Paupert, Jenny ULg; Barcellos-Hoff, Mary-Helen

Poster (2008)

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See detailThe effects of cognitive remediation therapy on AM deficits in schizophrenia patients
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Collet, Denis; Cornet, Lidvine et al

Poster (2008)

Schizophrenia is accompanied by deficit in autobiographical memories (AM). These impairments are correlated to difficulties in imagining specific events that might happen to them in the future ... [more ▼]

Schizophrenia is accompanied by deficit in autobiographical memories (AM). These impairments are correlated to difficulties in imagining specific events that might happen to them in the future (D’Argembeau, Raffard et Van-der-Linden, 2008). Previous study suggested that the specific autobiographical memory (past and future) may be improved by an AM remediation therapy (Blairy et al., accepted). The aim of the present study was to compare performances from individuals involved in an AM remediation intervention to individuals involved in the cognitive remediation therapy program from Brenner (IPT) (Pomini, Neis, Brenner, Hodel et Roder, 1998). The results showed that the participants tend to recall more specific events after therapies, confounded pass and future events (t(7) = 3.28 ; p = .013). These results would be promising for future research. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimisation of blocked designs in fMRI studies
Maus, Bärbel ULg; van Breukelen, G. J. P.; Goebel, R. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailPhilopatry of the Bank swallow (Riparia riparia) in Belgium : analysis of ringing recoveries.
Dardenne, Sophie ULg; Devillers, P.; Lafontaine, R.M. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailImpacts and uncertainties of upscaling of remote sensing data validation for a semi-arid woodland.
Hufkens, K; Bogaert, Jan ULg; Dong, Q H et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailBioethanol subproducts as a basis of plant biorefinery
Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Laurent, Pascal ULg; Ndoye, Bassirou et al

Poster (2008)

The philosophy of our research is built on the behaviour of non-sugar compounds from biomass during ethanolic fermentation. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, industrially used to bioconvert sugar into ethanol ... [more ▼]

The philosophy of our research is built on the behaviour of non-sugar compounds from biomass during ethanolic fermentation. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, industrially used to bioconvert sugar into ethanol under anaerobic conditions, assimilates some compounds present in the fermentable juice (proteins, amino acids,...). But others compounds are not used by the yeast. They leave in the vinasse after ethanol distillation and are thus concentrated by the process. Our purpose is to discuss the behaviour of betaine, saponins and raffinose in sugar juices (raw juice, thin juice, thick juice) and in vinasse after ethanolic fermentation. An attention will be given to some high added value products (like betaine) and the potentialities to use fermentation as a tool of purification in white chemistry. [less ▲]

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See detailNew insights in auditory organ development: the inner pillar cell goes it own way
Thelen, Nicolas; Malgrange, B; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailProtein synthesis and folding is a rate limiting step for bacterial growth at low temperatures.
Piette, Florence; D'Amico, Salvino; Leprince, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailMorphological echocardiographic measurements: reference values as a function of body size in equids
Al Haidar, A; Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Van Erck, Emmanuelle et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailPhosphorylation of huntingtin by cyclin dependent kinase 5.
Godin, Juliette ULg; Anne, Sandrine; Humbert, Sandrine

Poster (2008)

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See detailSkill Learning and Repetition Priming in Alzheimer’s Disease
Merbah, Sarah ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

Poster (2008)

Several studies have shown with the mirror reading paradigm that procedural learning and repetition priming might be preserved in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease (Deweer et al., 1994). Repetition ... [more ▼]

Several studies have shown with the mirror reading paradigm that procedural learning and repetition priming might be preserved in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease (Deweer et al., 1994). Repetition priming is demonstrated by the reading times improvement for repeated words, while procedural learning is demonstrated when this improvement is also observed for new words. Our hypothesis was that this improvement could be due to a repetition priming effect for the letters rather than to the learning of a mirror reading skill. Indeed, because the same letters are presented throughout the task, a repetition priming effect could be sufficient to explain the improvement of performance. In order to test this hypothesis, we have administered to 20 young and elderly subjects and to 20 Alzheimer’s patients a new mirror reading task including two phases: an acquisition phase comprising pseudo-words constructed with one part of the alphabet, and a test phase in which both pseudo-words constructed with the same part of the alphabet and pseudo-words constructed with another part of the alphabet were presented. Reading faster the new pseudo-words composed with the repeated letters would reflect a repetition priming effect, while reading faster pseudo-words composed with “new” letters would reflect a procedural learning effect. Results show comparable repetition priming effects in Alzheimer’s patients and in young and elderly subjects, whereas only young and elderly subjects showed a procedural learning effect. These results suggest, contrary to previous studies, that the learning of a new perceptual skill could be not preserved in Alzheimer’s disease. [less ▲]

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See detailAgonistic sounds in the skunk clownfish (Amphiprion akallopisos) : spectral and temporal basis for fish size assessment and individual recognition
Colleye, Orphal ULg; Frederich, Bruno ULg; Vandewalle, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Clownfishes (i.e. Amphiprion akallopisos) are territorial fishes that use sound production to defend their anemone territory. They live in social groups within which there is a size-based dominance ... [more ▼]

Clownfishes (i.e. Amphiprion akallopisos) are territorial fishes that use sound production to defend their anemone territory. They live in social groups within which there is a size-based dominance hierarchy. In such a system, agonistic interactions are usual and play an important role in social organization by maintaining size differences between individuals adjacent in rank. Sounds are known to be used in agonistic interactions; they could therefore be associated with aggressive display within the group hierarchy. In the present study, we compared the sonic characteristics between individuals of different sizes and of different sexual status (non-breeder, male and female). Sound analysis revealed that dominant frequency and pulse length are highly correlated with fish size, and are not related to sex. No information related to size can be extracted from the pulse period, interpulse duration and number of pulses per train. Evidence is provided that dominant frequency and pulse length are morphologically determined signals related to fish size. In that case, smaller individuals produce shorter duration and higher frequency sounds than larger individuals. Both sonic features are signals conveying information related to the size of the emitter. This finding could be of significant importance, and might help to understand one of the mechanisms that carry the clue for individual recognition within the group hierarchy. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanisms of ATM regulation by TGF-beta
Paupert, Jenny ULg; Barcellos-Hoff, Mary-Helen

Poster (2008)

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See detailAnalysis of lateral mobility of Ardenne rivers during the last centuries using iron slag
Houbrechts, Geoffrey ULg; Snijders, Jean-Philippe; Petit, François ULg

Poster (2008)

In the Ardenne region, old maps of different periods indicate that the layout of major rivers has been relatively stable since the end of the 18th century. However, given the scale of the different ... [more ▼]

In the Ardenne region, old maps of different periods indicate that the layout of major rivers has been relatively stable since the end of the 18th century. However, given the scale of the different documents and the relative inaccuracy of their georeferencing, it is not possible to precisely measure the rivers’ lateral erosion or to study the dynamic of small rivers. Moreover, maps older than the 18th century are not precise enough to permit this type of approach. Quantities of slag elements are present in the Ardenne rivers. These waste products come from hundreds of ironworks (blast furnaces and bloomeries) built close to different-sized rivers between the 14th and the 19th centuries. Slag was piled onto the floodplains and frequently thrown out directly into the rivers. For centuries, these slag elements were carried away during floods and were spread out along rivers. Given their properties, slag elements can be easily identified in sediments. When the slag elements are present in fine sediments at the point of contact with the gravel sheet, it means that the river has moved laterally since the inception of the iron industry, swept away older sediments and deposited more recent sediments contaminated by the slag. From historical studies, we precisely dated the periods of ironwork activity in several valleys. We also analysed the vertical concentrations of slag elements in several borings carried out along perpendicular cross sections. These data allowed us to estimate the lateral erosion velocity of some channels over several centuries. Moreover, we reconstructed the topography of several alluvial plains at the time ironworks were established and we evaluated sedimentation rates. [less ▲]

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