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See detailEffect of the content of partially hydrogenated oils on the physical and structural properties of bakery margarines
Cavillot, V; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Kervyn de meerendré, M. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailProtection des races animales locales menacées en Région wallonne
Burny, Philippe ULg; Mulders, Christian

Poster (2008)

L'intensification des élevages et la recherche de hautes performances zootechniques a eu notamment pour conséquence la mise en évidence d'un nombre restreint de races sur lesquelles tous les efforts de ... [more ▼]

L'intensification des élevages et la recherche de hautes performances zootechniques a eu notamment pour conséquence la mise en évidence d'un nombre restreint de races sur lesquelles tous les efforts de sélection se sont concentrées. Indirectement, de nombreuses races locales, pourtant bien adaptées à leur milieu spécifique, se sont vues de plus en plus marginalisées, au point même de se voir menacées de disparition. Pour lutter contre cet aspect négatif des progrès de l'élevage, des mesures ont été prises par l'Europe afin d'aider au maintien d'un patrimoine génétique potentiellement intéressant pour l'avenir. [less ▲]

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See detailThe nucleolus in reptiles: Ultrastructural studies
Lamaye, F; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailAphid honeydew is not only a sugary and amino-acid secretion
Leroy, Pascal ULg; Heuskin, Stéphanie ULg; Sabri, Ahmed ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Aphids, feeding from the phloem sap of plants, are the most common honeydew producing insects. This aphid excretory product consists in an aqueous mixture of different chemical compounds of which the most ... [more ▼]

Aphids, feeding from the phloem sap of plants, are the most common honeydew producing insects. This aphid excretory product consists in an aqueous mixture of different chemical compounds of which the most important are sugars (90-95% of the dry weight) and amino acids. This excretory product, used by parasitoids and predators, plays a crucial role in the tritrophic interactions : (1) honeydew is an important food complement and (2) honeydew acts as a volatile and a contact kairomone. These characteristics could be exploited for enhancing the biological control in fields through the use of an « artificial honeydew ». [less ▲]

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See detailMultiplicity of O-type stars in NGC 2244
Mahy, Laurent ULg; Nazé, Yaël ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg et al

Poster (2008)

We present the main results from our long‐term spectroscopic campaign devoted to the O‐type stars in the young open cluster NGC 2244. Previous works by our team on the O‐stars multiplicity in other young ... [more ▼]

We present the main results from our long‐term spectroscopic campaign devoted to the O‐type stars in the young open cluster NGC 2244. Previous works by our team on the O‐stars multiplicity in other young open clusters (IC 1805 and NGC 6231) showed that the number of binary systems in such clusters was larger than 40%. Until now, only two stars (HD 47129 and HD 48099) in the surroundings of NGC 2244 have been confirmed as spectroscopic binaries (SB) although Garcia & Mermilliod (2001) estimated the O‐type binary fraction at 50%. In this context, we revisited the spectral classification, the projected rotational velocity and the multiplicity of O‐type stars in NGC 2244. [less ▲]

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See detailA blue oxidase from the white continent
Roulling, Fredéric; Verté, F.; Feller, Georges ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailImportance des aides aux vaches allaitantes dans le revenu agricole en Région wallonne
Delille, Nicolas ULg; Bouquiaux, J. M.; Closset, M. F. et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (14 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDating an early medieval church by the luminescence method: the case of St Martin at Angers (France)
Blain, Sophie ULg; Prigent, Daniel; Guibert, Pierre et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailUrbanisme durable - Outil d'évaluation et d'aide à la conception de projets
Boniver, Véronique ULg; Dopagne, Claude ULg; Melin, Eric ULg et al

Poster (2008)

L'outil Urbadur mis au point permet de tester, d'évaluer et d'aider à la conception de nouveaux projets de constructions neuves. Il est accessible librement sur internet et permet à tout utilisateur ... [more ▼]

L'outil Urbadur mis au point permet de tester, d'évaluer et d'aider à la conception de nouveaux projets de constructions neuves. Il est accessible librement sur internet et permet à tout utilisateur potentiel de tester en amont un projet concret en répondant à une série de questions. Dans un second temps, sur base de l'évaluation obtenue et des commentaires fournis, l'utilisateur peut modifier son projet pour augmenter sa durabilité environnementale et tester celui-ci une nouvelle fois. L'outil pourrait être amélioré mais il permet déjà, dans sa version actuelle, de concevoir progressivement des projets de construction plus durables d'un point de vue environnemental. [less ▲]

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See detailModel of Irrigation Development for Floodplain of the Tonle Sap Great Lake
someth, Paradis; Kubo, n; Ly, Sarann ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Rice is a staple crop in Cambodia. To meet the large requirement of rice consumption due to rapid increased population and to boost the economy, the rice production in this country needs to be enhanced ... [more ▼]

Rice is a staple crop in Cambodia. To meet the large requirement of rice consumption due to rapid increased population and to boost the economy, the rice production in this country needs to be enhanced. The Tonle Sap Great Lake of Cambodia has huge floodplain suitable for large amount for rice production and potential water resources for rice-based farming system. Due to large variation of water level of the lake, some areas around the lake are flooded in wet season and shortage of water in dry season. Studies to exploit the flood and the water rsources of the lake and its tributaries have not been well conducted yet. The West Baray and Batheay irrigation systems are located in the floodplain of the Tonle Sap Great Lake and the Mekong River. In this research, the irrigation systems are studied as model sites for future development of the floodplain of the Tonle Sap Great Lake. [less ▲]

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See detailEmission of alarm pheromone in aphids: A contagious phenomenon?
Verheggen, François ULg; Mescher, Mark; Francis, Frédéric ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailCharacterization of mycosubtilin, a natural antifungal agent, in membrane biomimetic systems
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Kouzayha, Achraf; Wattraint, Olivier et al

Poster (2008)

The emergence of several diseases which affects immune system (HIV infections, few cancers) and the expansion of immunosuppressive and chemical anticancer therapies increase mycosis frequency. Treatments ... [more ▼]

The emergence of several diseases which affects immune system (HIV infections, few cancers) and the expansion of immunosuppressive and chemical anticancer therapies increase mycosis frequency. Treatments currently used to cure mycoses meet problems such as antifungal agent toxicity or pathogenic strain resistance. Thus there is increasing interest for new medical applications of antifungal molecules. In this context, we investigated the behaviour of an antifungal lipopeptide, mycosubtilin, on cytoplasmic membranes. In this aim, biomimetic systems of biological membranes, such as lipid monolayers at the air-water interface and lipid multilayers were used. The interactions of mycosubtilin with these biomimetic systems were examined by different methods (kinetic isotherms, Brewster angle microscopy, FTIR spectroscopy and 1H HR- Magic Angle Spinning NMR). We demonstrated an original behaviour of mycosubtilin in the presence of sterol monolayer, suggesting a mycosubtilin-sterol affinity. We showed as well that mycosubtilin can interact with C=O ester residues and alkyl chains of phospholipids. Moreover, mycosubtilin has a preference for condensed phospholipid domains. [less ▲]

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See detailCytochemical and immunocytological study of the reptilian nucleolus
Lamaye, Françoise; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailPhilopatry of the Bank swallow (Riparia riparia) in Belgium : analysis of ringing recoveries.
Dardenne, Sophie ULg; Devillers, P.; Lafontaine, R.M. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailAphid – ant mutualism : How do aphids focus ant foraging ?
Verheggen, François ULg; Diez, Lise; Detrain, Claire et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailPresence of six bee viruses in Apis mellifera L. populations in Wallonia (Belgium)
Mignon, Jacques ULg; Snoeck, Chantal; Nguyen, Bach Kim ULg et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailAgreement between two independent groups of raters
Vanbelle, Sophie ULg

Poster (2008)

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See detailHolocene records of regional dust deposition using peat bogs
Le Roux, G.; De Vleeschouwer, F.; Cheburkin, A. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailHolocene instabilities in GIN sea overflows based on mineralogical and Nd/Pb isotopic sedimentary records
Simon, Q.; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Jennings, A. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailSedimentological Fingerprints of Recent Earthquakes in Lake Sediments: A Case Study on the North Anatolian Fault (NAF), Turkey
Avsar, U.; Boes, X.; Hubert-Ferrari, A. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailIntercomparison of lead 210 and radiocarbon bomb pulse age models. A key study in a peat bog core from North Poland
Piotrowska, Natalia; De Vleeschouwer, François; Sikorski, Jaroslaw et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailHistology and ultrastructure of the elastic spring apparatus in Acanthodoras cataphractus (Siluriformes: Doradidae)
Fabri, Grégory; Thiry, Marc ULg; Parmentier, Eric

Poster (2008)

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See detailTraces of the last earthquake sequence (1939-1944) along NAF from lacustrine sediments.
Avsar, U.; Boes, X.; Hubert-Ferrari, A. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailSTUDY OF PEGYLATED LIPOSOMES CRYOPROTECTION IN TERMS OF RETENTION EFFICIENCY
Ducat, Emilie ULg; Evrard, Brigitte ULg; Piel, Géraldine ULg

Poster (2008)

Purpose: Print 3G, a peptidic antagonist of oncoproteins involved in breast cancer, was encapsulated in PEGylated liposomes. Seeing its temperature instability, this peptide must be stored at – 20°C. In ... [more ▼]

Purpose: Print 3G, a peptidic antagonist of oncoproteins involved in breast cancer, was encapsulated in PEGylated liposomes. Seeing its temperature instability, this peptide must be stored at – 20°C. In this study, the cryoprotection of PEGylated liposomes was investigated to ensure their stability in terms of size and retention capacity when frozen. Calcein, a self-quenching fluorescent marker encapsulated in liposomes, was used as a tracer of liposome integrity. The release of calcein was studied before and after freezing, with or without cryoprotectants at several concentrations. Methods: Unilamellar vesicles made of SPC:CHOL:mPEG-750-DSPE (47:47:6) or SPC:CHOL:mPEG-2000-DSPE (47:47:6) were prepared by the film evaporation method. Size of the liposomes dispersions containing a cryoprotectant (sucrose, trehalose or lysine) at various concentrations were measured by photon correlation spectroscopy before and after freezing. From these results, two cryoprotectants (at the best molar ratio of sugar-to-lipid) were chosen for future experiments with calcein. Its release from the inner cavity of liposomes was measured fluorometrically before and after freezing, with or without cryoprotectant. The percentage of calcein retained was determined at excitation and emission wavelengths of 490 and 520 nm, respectively. The liposomes were prepared with cryoprotectant either only outside the vesicles or both inside and outside. Results: In regards to the results obtained with PCS, sucrose and trehalose (molar ratio of sugar-to-lipid = 4) were selected for calcein experiments. The best results in terms of retention efficiency were obtained using cryoprotectant inside and outside the vesicles. Liposomes containing mPEG-750-DSPE show the best retention efficiency after freezing with trehalose (75.42 ± 2.39 %, n=3) in comparison with sucrose (62.16 ± 4.34 %, n=3). Liposomes containing mPEG-2000-DSPE doesn’t show significant difference (T-Test) between trehalose (84.27 ± 5.05%, n=3) and sucrose (83.38 ± 3.18 %, n=3). In the future experiments, these results will be compared with experiments of frozen liposomes encapsulating Print 3G. Acknowledgements: This work was supported by the Ministry of the Walloon Region. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional properties of phospholipids and proteins from rapeseed as native tensioactives
Vaca Medina, Guadalupe; Mouloungui, Zéphirin; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

Poster (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAphids adapt their alarm pheromone production according to their social environment
Verheggen, François ULg; Haubruge, Eric ULg; Demoraes, Consuelo et al

Poster (2008)

Aphid alarm pheromone—the volatile sesquiterpene (E)-β-farnesene (Eβf) in most species—is released in response to predation and other stresses and typically causes nearby aphids who receive the signal to ... [more ▼]

Aphid alarm pheromone—the volatile sesquiterpene (E)-β-farnesene (Eβf) in most species—is released in response to predation and other stresses and typically causes nearby aphids who receive the signal to cease feeding, drop from their host plant, and disperse. Because aphid alarm pheromone confers apparent fitness benefits on recipients while its production and release likely entail costs for the emitting aphid, it could be adaptive for aphids to regulate their Eβf production in response to variation in the social environment. To explore this possibility we compared the production of Eβf by Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) individuals reared from first-instar larvae to the adult stage in isolation to that of individuals reared among conspecifics or among individuals of a different aphid species, Myzus persicae (Sulzer). Levels of EβF produced in each treatment were assayed by GC-FID quantification of EβF in volatiles collected from crushed aphids. Production of EβF by A. pisum reared in isolation (14.4ng/aphid) was significantly lower than that of aphids reared in a colony of conspecifics (49.1ng/aphid), reared in a M. persicae colony (31.5ng/aphid) or reared among conspecifics of another aaphid clone (52.7ng/aphid). Though A. pisum individuals in our experiments produced less EβF when reared among M. persicae than among conspecifics, this difference was not statistically significant. In a separate experiment we reared A. pisum individuals in isolation and exposed them to the odor of conspecifics. Under these conditions, EβF production was similar to that of aphids reared among conspecifics, suggesting that aphids use volatile cues to assess their social environment and regulate their production of alarm pheromone accordingly. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent climatic instability in Poland and effect of Little Ice Age on human activities
De Vleeschouwer, F.; Lamentovicz, M.; Piotrowska, N. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailDevelopment of a "pre-anthropogenic" peat standard for geochemical, paleo-environmental and archaeological investigations
Le Roux; De Vleeschouwer, F.; Cheburkin et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailSeasonal variability of CO2 fluxes in the tropical lagoons of Ivory Coast
Koné, Y. J. M.; Gourene, G.; Abril, G. et al

Poster (2008)

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See detailEthanolic fermentation as a tool for high added value products purification from biomass
Destain, Jacqueline ULg; Laurent, Pascal ULg; Thonart, Philippe ULg et al

Poster (2008)

The biorefinery concept implies the development of processes in order to valorise the whole part of a crop. In this concept, white biotechnologies are usually considered for the production of new ... [more ▼]

The biorefinery concept implies the development of processes in order to valorise the whole part of a crop. In this concept, white biotechnologies are usually considered for the production of new compounds or compounds actually derived from the oil industry. For example, interest in ethanolic fermentation is growing nowadays, mainly for its energetic applications, starting from starch or saccharose. Biorefinery integrating lignocellulosic materials are under development. Whatever the initial substrate may be, wet technologies would produce sugars and other soluble materials from the biomass. Different results could be expected:most of the hydrolysates molecules are used by the microorganisms;some molecules could be inhibitors for the fermentation;some molecules are "indifferent ones" and could be concentrated by the fermentation proccess followed by distillation. In the latest case, these molecules are concentrated in the residual medium and could be more easily recuperated. An example of this exists in the production of ethanol from beet. The different juices (diffusion, clarified, ...) contain molecules such as raffinose, glutamine, betaine, saponins or pectic materials. Some products are used by the yeasts and other are concentrated. Our purpose is to summary the results obtained, allowing the development of the concept in other biorefinery applications. [less ▲]

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See detailCauses et mécanismes de la perte de l’aptitude au fractionnement du maïs séché à haute température
Malumba Kamba, Paul ULg; Deroanne, Claude; Masimango, Thaddée et al

Poster (2007, December 10)

Le séchage par entrainement d’air chaud dénature les principales familles des protéines du maïs, ce qui entraine la diminution de leur solubilité. Les températures élevées de séchage induisent également ... [more ▼]

Le séchage par entrainement d’air chaud dénature les principales familles des protéines du maïs, ce qui entraine la diminution de leur solubilité. Les températures élevées de séchage induisent également une diminution de l’aptitude à l’imprégnation d’eau des grains lors du trempage des maïs avec pour conséquence la diminution du ramollissement des grains, ce qui occasionne des moutures imparfaites et une réduction de la libération des granules d’amidon lors des phases de séparation de l’amidon et des protéines. La fonction logistique à deux asymptotes permet une meilleure prévision des rendements d’extraction de l’amidon et des quantités des glutens récoltées au tamisage en fonction de la température du séchage. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom the numerisation of the Soil Map of Wallonia to a real information and management tool
Legrain, Xavier ULg; Bah, Boubacar Billo ULg; Veron, Philippe et al

Poster (2007, December 05)

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See detailDetección del BLV en muestras de semen de toros seropositivos
Rossich, L.; Gutiérrez, G.; Rodriguez, Sabrina ULg et al

Poster (2007, December 02)

Detección del BLV en muestras de semen de toros seropositivos Rossich Luciano1; Gutierrez Geronimo1; Rodriguez Sabrina1; Lefebvre Eduardo2; Trono Karina1; Dus Santos Maria Jose1. (1) Instituto de ... [more ▼]

Detección del BLV en muestras de semen de toros seropositivos Rossich Luciano1; Gutierrez Geronimo1; Rodriguez Sabrina1; Lefebvre Eduardo2; Trono Karina1; Dus Santos Maria Jose1. (1) Instituto de Virología, CICVyA, INTA-Castelar. CC 77. Buenos Aires, Argentina. (2) Centro de Inseminación Artificial La Elisa. Argentina. La principal ruta de transmisión del Virus de la Leucosis Bovina (BLV) es horizontal y esta dada por la exposición directa de fluidos biológicos contaminados con linfocitos infectados; principalmente sangre. A pesar de que antígenos virales y ADN proviral han sido identificados en semen, leche y calostro; la transmisión natural a través de estas secreciones no ha sido demostrada. El impacto sanitario y económico de la infección por BLV esta asociada con la interferencia en el movimiento internacional del ganado vacuno y su germoplasma. Datos experimentales soportan la improbabilidad de que el semen congelado de toros seropositivos para BLV puedan infectar vacas receptoras, sin embargo, aun hoy existen restricciones para la comercialización de semen de animales infectados. Dado que no existe vacuna ni tratamiento aplicable, la erradicación y control de la enfermedad esta exclusivamente basada en el diagnóstico temprano y segregación de los animales infectados. En este contexto la especificidad y la sensibilidad del diagnóstico utilizado constituyen un punto crítico. Hemos desarrollado previamente una PCR con alta sensibilidad y especificidad para detectar el genoma de BLV en muestras de semen congelado. El objetivo de este trabajo es el estudio del patrón de excreción natural de BLV en semen. Muestras de semen congelado de 30 toros seropositvos fueron analizados. Fue posible detectar ADN proviral en 144 de 752 muestras. La detección del genoma del BLV ha ocurrido en varias colecciones pero en forma alternada con períodos de no detección. Adicionalmente, la presencia de ARN proviral en sangre y muestras de sangre fue evaluada. [less ▲]

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See detailColliding-wind binaries as non-thermal X-ray emitters: an observational investigation from XMM-Newton to next generation X-ray observatories
De Becker, Michaël ULg

Poster (2007, December)

The investigation of massive stars in the radio domain revealed about 25 years ago that some of them are synchrotron emitters, showing that these objects are able to accelerate particles up to ... [more ▼]

The investigation of massive stars in the radio domain revealed about 25 years ago that some of them are synchrotron emitters, showing that these objects are able to accelerate particles up to relativistic velocities. In this context, non-thermal emission processes such as inverse Compton scattering are expected to be at work in the high-energy domain. For this reason, an observational campaign devoted to the X-ray investigation of non-thermal radio emitters has been carried out with XMM-Newton. However, considering the rather strong thermal X-ray emission from these systems below 10 keV, XMM-Newton does not appear to be the ideal observatory to detect their putative non-thermal X-rays. As a consequence, the advent of next generation X-ray observatories with a bandpass extending significantly above 10 keV (SIMBOL-X, XEUS, NEXT) is expected to provide important results related to the non-thermal high-energy emission from colliding-wind binaries and their capability to accelerate particles. [less ▲]

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See detailImmobilisation de la lipase de Yarrowia lipolytica.
Alloue, W. A. M.; Destain, Jacqueline ULg; El Mejdoub, Thami ULg et al

Poster (2007, December)

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See detailEvolution of Bovine herpesvirus 4: recombination and transmission between African buffalo and cattle
Dewals, Benjamin G ULg; Thirion, Muriel; Markine-Goriaynoff, Nicolas et al

Poster (2007, November 23)

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV 4) has been isolated from cattle throughout the world, but virological and serological studies have suggested that the African buffalo is also a natural host for this virus. We ... [more ▼]

Bovine herpesvirus 4 (BoHV 4) has been isolated from cattle throughout the world, but virological and serological studies have suggested that the African buffalo is also a natural host for this virus. We have previously found that the Bo17 gene of BoHV-4 was acquired from an ancestor of the African buffalo, probably around 1.5 Myr ago. Analysis of the variation of the Bo17 gene sequence among BoHV-4 strains suggested a relatively ancient transmission of BoHV 4 from the buffalo to the Bos primigenius lineage, followed by a host dependent split between zebu and taurine BoHV 4 strains. In the present study, the evolutionary history of BoHV-4 was investigated by analysis of five gene sequences from each of nine strains representative of the viral species: three isolated from African buffalo in Kenya, and six from cattle from Europe, N. America and India. No two gene sequences had the same evolutionary tree, indicating that recombination has occurred between divergent lineages: six recombination events were delineated for these sequences. Nevertheless, exchange has been infrequent enough that a clonal evolutionary history of the strains could be discerned, upon which the recombination events were superimposed. The dates of divergence among BoHV-4 lineages were estimated from synonymous nucleotide substitution rates. The inferred evolutionary history suggests that African buffalo were the original natural reservoir of BoHV-4, and that there have been at least three independent transmissions from buffalo to cattle, probably via intermediate hosts, and – at least in the case of N. American strains – within the last 500 years. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence du séchage par entraînement d’air chaud sur l’aptitude au fractionnement par voie humide du maïs
Malumba Kamba, Paul ULg; Deroanne, Claude; Masimango, Thaddée et al

Poster (2007, November 21)

Le séchage par entrainement d’air chaud dénature les principales familles des protéines du maïs, ce qui entraine la diminution de leur solubilité. Les températures élevées de séchage induisent également ... [more ▼]

Le séchage par entrainement d’air chaud dénature les principales familles des protéines du maïs, ce qui entraine la diminution de leur solubilité. Les températures élevées de séchage induisent également une diminution de l’aptitude à l’imprégnation d’eau des grains lors du trempage des maïs avec pour conséquence la diminution du ramollissement des grains, ce qui occasionne des moutures imparfaites et une réduction de la libération des granules d’amidon lors des phases de séparation de l’amidon et des protéines. Une fonction polynomiale de troisième degré est proposée pour prévoir le rendement d’extraction des amidons en fonction des températures appliquées pendant le séchage du maïs de variété Baltimore. [less ▲]

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See detailASSESSMENT OF RETAINED AUSTENITIC PHASE IN INDEFINITE CHILL CAST IRON MICROSTRUCTURE TOWARDS VARIOUS TECHNIQUES
Tchuindjang, Jérôme Tchoufack ULg; Terziev, Liuben; Sinnaeve, Mario et al

Poster (2007, November 16)

Indefinite Chill Cast Irons also called ICDP when used as rolling mill rolls are high alloyed cast iron alloys belonging to the Fe-Cr-C system. ICDP exhibit improved properties regarding hot oxidation and ... [more ▼]

Indefinite Chill Cast Irons also called ICDP when used as rolling mill rolls are high alloyed cast iron alloys belonging to the Fe-Cr-C system. ICDP exhibit improved properties regarding hot oxidation and wear resistances as their microstructure is a mixture of a martensitic with bulky cementite (M3C) and lamellar graphite fully dispersed into the matrix. Mechanical properties involved depend either on the chemical composition of the alloy or the crystallisation behaviour and the heat treatments performed subsequently in order to lead to the desired microstructure. Thus hardenability of the matrix is of great concern as heat treatments sequence is intended to transform austenite in a more stable structure like martensite or even bainite, depending on Cr content. In fact austenite is known to be unstable during hot working conditions as hot temperature and external stresses could yield transformation of this phase into martensite with major volume distortions and even multiple cracks network on the component involved. To avoid such a hitch in service it is quite necessary to make sure all the austenite is completely transformed into martensite while performing subsequent heat treatments like quenching or tempering on the material obtained after casting process. Various techniques are allowable starting from classical ones (X-Ray Diffraction (XRD), Image Analysis, Vibrating Sample Magnetometer (VSM), Dilatometry) to more exotic one like Conversion Electron Mössbauer Spectroscopy (CEMS). From an industrial point of view, it is important to set a fast and reliable method to assess retained austenite presence into ICDP microstructure at the end of any step of the thermomechanical process. The present work is intended to compare different techniques used for retained austenite assessment in ICDP alloys as a first step prior to the calibration of a classical method like dilatometry. This calibration is to be set starting from complex XRD and CEMS spectrometers analyses. Dilatometry seems to overrate retained austenite volume fraction in the as-cast conditions while good agreements are made on the overall batch of techniques when considering heat treated material where retained austenite transformation occurred [less ▲]

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See detailOptoacoustic specific detection of prostate cancer using functionalized gold nanorods
Fleron, Maximilien ULg; Schol, Daureen ULg; Greisch, Jean-François et al

Poster (2007, November 16)

A major challenge in prostate cancer oncology is to develop more accurate imaging assessments than those currently available. Indeed, an efficient imaging technique which significantly improves the ... [more ▼]

A major challenge in prostate cancer oncology is to develop more accurate imaging assessments than those currently available. Indeed, an efficient imaging technique which significantly improves the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic and predicting the cancer behaviour would be extremely valuable. This project intends to prove the concept of using optoacoustic imaging in combination with biologically functionalized nanoparticles as an integrated biosensor based system for the production of specific and sensitive data for accurate diagnosis of prostate cancer. This concept results on the use of contrast agents which transform an incident luminous energy into local heating inducing a pressure wave detectable by acoustic (echography). For the optoacoustic detection, the nanoparticles used must present a maximum of absorption in the optical transparency window of the human tissues in order to allow their and subsequently the tissue specific excitations while avoiding unwanted destructive energy transfers. According to these characteristics (energy transfer by thermoelastic reaction), rod-like gold nanoparticles (stick form) with a maximum of absorption towards 760 nm were produced by using a “bottom-up” approach with dynamic templates (surfactant). These nanoparticles are then coupled with an antibody directed against the cancerous cells to guarantee the specific detection of the particles. The development of the biosensor is firstly performed to target the Prostate Specific Membrane Antigen (PSMA), a transmembrane protein considered as a suitable biomarker for prostate cancer. Detection and localisation of PSMA on LNCaP fixed cell surface was performed by immunostainning on monolayer cell culture and on spheroid slices. Then, by backscattered electron (BSE) microscopy analysis and two-photon luminescence imaging, detection of nanoparticles on fixed and living cell surface shows the successful binding of the biosensor to the cells expressing PSMA. In prospect, the detection of the biosensor will be tested on spheroids, on human biopsies and finally on in vivo models (mouse xenograft models). [less ▲]

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See detailHybridisation efficiency in generating Hybridisation efficiency in generating invasive progeny in the alien Fallopia (Polygonaceae) complex
Saad, Layla ULg; Tiébré, Marie-Solange; Hardy, Olivier et al

Poster (2007, November 16)

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See detailArabidopsis halleri, a model system to understand zinc homeostasis in plants
Hanikenne, Marc ULg; Talke, Ina N.; Hamilton, Christopher ULg et al

Poster (2007, November 16)

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See detailDiet of crustaceans species associated to deep-sea wood falls
Hoyoux, Caroline ULg; Samadi, Sarah; Zbinden, Magali et al

Poster (2007, November 16)

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See detailDetection of BLV in frozen semen samples by PCR assay.
Rossich, L.; Gutiérrez, G.; Rodriguez, Sabrina ULg et al

Poster (2007, November 12)

Intermitent detection of BLV in frozen semen simples by PCR assay L. Rossich1, J. Gutierrez1, S. Rodriguez1, E. Lefebvre2, K. Trono1 and M. J. Dus Santos1 (1) Instituto de Virología, CICVyA, INTA-Castelar ... [more ▼]

Intermitent detection of BLV in frozen semen simples by PCR assay L. Rossich1, J. Gutierrez1, S. Rodriguez1, E. Lefebvre2, K. Trono1 and M. J. Dus Santos1 (1) Instituto de Virología, CICVyA, INTA-Castelar. CC 77. Buenos Aires, Argentina. (2) Centro de Inseminación Artificial La Elisa. Argentina. Introduction: The major route of transmission of BLV is horizontal by direct exposure to biological fluids contaminated with infected lymphocytes, mainly blood. Although viral antigens and proviral DNA has been identified in semen, milk and colostrums, natural transmission through these secretions has not been demonstrated. The sanitary and economic impact of BLV infection is associated with the interference in the international movement of cattle and their germ plasm. Although experimental data support the improbability that semen from BLV-positive bulls could infect recipient cows, restriction for commercialization of semen from infected animals is still present[1-6]. Since there is no vaccine or treatment available, eradication and control of the disease is exclusively based on early diagnostic and segregation of infected animals. In this context the specificity and sensitivity of the diagnostic test used is a critical point. We have previously developed a PCR assay with high sensitivity and specificity to detect BLV genome in frozen semen samples. The objective of this work was to study the detection of BLV in semen. Material & methods: Samples: Serum, whole blood and semen samples were obtained from CIALE (Artificial Insemination Centre La Elisa, Capitan Sarmiento, Buenos Aires, Argentina) Serology: The agar gel immunodifussion (AGID) test kit used to detect antibodies to BLV was produced by the Faculty of Veterinary, La Plata University, Argentina. An indirect ELISA using recombinant p24 as antigen was used to detect antibodies to BLV. This assay has been completely developed and standardized in the Institute of Virology, INTA-Castelar, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Detection of proviral DNA: DNA was extracted from PMBCs (purified from whole blood) and semen samples (fresh and straw). PCR assays that amplified a region of genes pol and gag and a nPCR that amplified a region of gene env were developed. Results: Two PCR assays were standardized for detecting BLV genome in semen and PMBC. The limit of detection of viral particles was assessed by the addition of purified pBLV344 (a plasmid containing the complete BLV genome, kindly provided by Dr. Willems, Faculté Universitaire des Sciences Agronomiques, Gembloux, Belgium) to DNA from semen or PMBCs of a seronegative bull. By gag-PCR and pol-PCR, it was possible to detect 60 viral particles, using bromide staining after electrophoresis separation of DNA. In order to increase analytical sensitivity, a nested-PCR was developed which amplified a region of env gene. The n-PCR was able to detected 6 viral particles. Assessment of the limit of detection was highly repetitive under the standardized conditions. Frozen semen samples from 30 seropositive bulls were remitted to the laboratory and analyzed in the period 2005-2007. It was possible to detect proviral DNA in 172 out of 862 samples. BLV genome detection occurred in several collections but in an alternated way with non detection periods. Fresh semen samples, straws and whole blood were also obtained from 5 seronegative and 5 seropositive bulls and tested together for the presence of BLV provirus. Results indicated that while detection of provirus was positive in PMBC from all seropositive bulls, detection of gag, pol and env genes in semen did not occurred in all the samples. Discussions & conclusions: The results obtained suggest that BLV could present an intermittent pattern of excretion. Further studies should be done to confirmed the results obtained and to establish why the presence of BLV provirus in semen is not constant. References : 1. Choi, K, et al. 2002. Vet Diagn Invest 14: 403-406. 2. Kaja, R. and Olson, C. 1982. Theriogenology 18: 107-112. 3. Miller, J. and Van Der Maaten, M. 1979. J Natl Cancer Inst 62; 425-428. 4. Monke, D. 1986. JAVMA 188 (8): 823-826. 5. Romero, C., et al. 1983. Tropical Animal Health and production. 15: 215-218. 6. Straub O. 1982. In: Fourth International Symposium of Bovine Leukosis. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff Publishers: 299-308. [less ▲]

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See detailPREDetector : Prokaryotic Regulatory Element Detector
Hiard, Samuel ULg; Rigali, Sébastien ULg; Colson, Séverine ULg et al

Poster (2007, November 12)

Background: In the post-genomic area, in silico predictions of regulatory networks are considered as a powerful approach to decipher and understand biological pathways within prokaryotic cells. The ... [more ▼]

Background: In the post-genomic area, in silico predictions of regulatory networks are considered as a powerful approach to decipher and understand biological pathways within prokaryotic cells. The emergence of position weight matrices based programs has facilitated the access to this approach. However, a tool that automatically estimates the reliability of the predictions and would allow users to extend predictions in genomic regions generally regarded with no regulatory functions was still highly demanded. Result: Here, we introduce PREDetector, a tool developed for predicting regulons of DNA-binding proteins in prokaryotic genomes that (i) automatically predicts, scores and positions potential binding sites and their respective target genes, (ii) includes the downstream co-regulated genes, (iii) extends the predictions to coding sequences and terminator regions, (iv) saves private matrices and allows predictions in other genomes, and (v) provides an easy way to estimate the reliability of the predictions. Conclusion: We present, with PREDetector, an accurate prokaryotic regulon prediction tool that maximally answers biologists’ requests. PREDetector can be downloaded freely at http://www.montefiore.ulg.ac.be/~hiard/predetectorfr.html [less ▲]

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See detailAccurate detection of Bovine Leukemia Virus using recombinant p24-ELISA and PCR
Gutiérrez, G.; Dus Santos, M.J.; Álvarez, I. et al

Poster (2007, November 12)

ACCURATE DETECTION OF BOVINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS USING RECOMBINANT P24-ELISA AND PCR Gutierrez, Geronimo; Dus Santos, Maria Jose; Alvarez, Irene; Lomonaco, Marina; Politzki, Romina; Rodríguez, Sabrina; Trono ... [more ▼]

ACCURATE DETECTION OF BOVINE LEUKEMIA VIRUS USING RECOMBINANT P24-ELISA AND PCR Gutierrez, Geronimo; Dus Santos, Maria Jose; Alvarez, Irene; Lomonaco, Marina; Politzki, Romina; Rodríguez, Sabrina; Trono, Karina Introduction: Diagnosis of Bovine leukemia virus (BLV) infection is currently carried out by agar gel immunodiffusion (AGID) and ELISA (1). Even when both tests are approved by the OIE for trade purposes, several factors can contribute to yield conflicting results that need to be confirmed. In this work, ELISA and PCR were used as complementary tools to confirm the real sanitary status for specific situations as breeding or commercialization. The performance characteristics of an in-house developed recombinant ELISA (rp24-ELISA) were evaluated according to international guidelines (2,3). Material & methods: The BLV p24 major capsid protein was expressed as a recombinant thioredoxin-6xHis fusion protein in Escherichia coli in our laboratory. The purified rp24 was used as antigen for the ELISA test (rp24-ELISA) to detect antibodies to BLV. To assess the performance characteristics of this test 710 field serum samples were analyzed by rp24-ELISA and a commercial AGID test (UNLP AGID). Amplification of the envelope gene by nested PCR (nPCR) (4) and an in-house Western Blot assay were used to confirm discordant results on a well-characterized herd. Results: rp24-ELISA and AGID showed a 90.5% of concordance when the 710 field serum samples were analyzed on the accuracy trial. rp24-ELISA could detect 269 positives samples while AGID only detected 210. When nPCR was carried out 18 out of 22 samples that were declared as positive by rp24-ELISA were positive by nPCR. In addition, the rp24-ELISA was able to detect 5 out of 21 infected animals that were not detected by AGID. Five out of 8 samples that were not declared as positives by AGID were detected by WB and rp24-ELISA. Complementary, the rp24-ELISA demonstrated to be a precise assay with excellent repeatability, reproducibility and better analytical sensitivity than AGID Discussions & conclusions Taking these results into account, the rp24-ELISA could be adopted as an official test method for diagnosis and control of BLV in Argentina, and together with the nested-PCR assay could be considered as complementary tools for confirmatory situations. References 1- World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). 2004. Manual of Diagnostic Test and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals (mammals, birds and bees). Chapter 2.3.4. Enzootic bovine leukosis 2- World Organization for Animal Health (OIE). 2004. Manual of Diagnostic Test and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals (mammals, birds and bees). Chapter 1.1.3. Principles of validation and of diagnostic assays for infectious diseases. 3- International Committee of Harmonisation. Tripartite Guidelina Q2A: Text on Validation of Analytical Procedures, 1994, and Tripartite Guideline Q2B: Validation of Analytical Procedures: Methodology, 1996. 4-Lew, AE; Bock, RE; Molloy, JB; Minchin, CM; Robinson, SJ; Steer, P. Sensitive and specific detection of proviral bovine leukemia virus by 5´Taq nuclease PCR using a 3´ minor groove binder fluorogenic probe. J Virol Methods, 2004 Feb;115(2):167-75 [less ▲]

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See detailCompiling polymorphic miRNA-target interactions: the Patrocles database.
Hiard, Samuel ULg; Tordoir, Xavier ULg; Coppieters, Wouter ULg et al

Poster (2007, November 12)

Using positional cloning, we have recently identified the mutation responsible for muscular phenotype of the Texel sheep. It is located in the 3’UTR of the GDF8 gene - a known developmental repressor of ... [more ▼]

Using positional cloning, we have recently identified the mutation responsible for muscular phenotype of the Texel sheep. It is located in the 3’UTR of the GDF8 gene - a known developmental repressor of muscle growth - and creates an illegitimate target site for miRNA expressed in the same tissue. This causes miRNA-mediated translation inhibition of mutant GDF8 transcripts which leads to muscle hypertrophy. We followed up on this finding by searching for common polymorphisms and mutations that affect either (i) RNAi silencing machinery components, (ii) miRNA precursors or (iii) target sites. These might likewise alter miRNA-target interaction and could be responsible for substantial differences in gene expression level. They have been compiled in a public database (“Patrocles”: www.patrocles.org), where they are classified in (i) DNA sequence polymorphisms (DSP) affecting the silencing machinery, (ii) DSP affecting miRNA structure or expression and (iii) DSP affecting miRNA target sites. DSP from the last category were organized in four classes: destroying a target site conserved between mammals (DC), destroying a non-conserved target site (DNC), creating a non-conserved target site (CNC), or shifting a target site (S). To aid in the identification of the most relevant DSP (such as those were a target site is created in an antitarget gene), we have quantified the level of coexpression for all miRNA-gene pairs. Analysis of the numbers of Patrocles-DSP as well as their allelic frequency distribution indicates that a substantial proportion of them undergo purifying selection. The signature of selection was most pronounced for the DC class but was significant for the DNC and CNC class as well, suggesting that a significant proportion of non-conserved targets is truly functional. The Patrocles database allowed for the selection of DSP that are likely to affect gene function and possibly disease susceptibility. The effect of these DSP is being studied both in vitro and in vivo. In conclusion, Patrocles-DSP could be widespread and underlie an appreciable amount of phenotypic variation, including common disease susceptibility. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of an in vitro model for mercury exposure in marine mammals
Dupont, Aurélie ULg; Bouquegneau, Jean-Marie ULg; Siebert, Ursula et al

Poster (2007, November 01)

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See detailNocturnal vertical migrations by amphipods of the Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile foliar stratum : Importance of the litter cover
Michel, Loïc ULg; Sturaro, Nicolas ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg et al

Poster (2007, November)

In seagrass meadows, several groups of vagile invertebrates are well known to perform a nocturnal rise from the lower layers of the meadow to the foliar stratum. This vertical migration is generally ... [more ▼]

In seagrass meadows, several groups of vagile invertebrates are well known to perform a nocturnal rise from the lower layers of the meadow to the foliar stratum. This vertical migration is generally regarded as a defense mechanism against predation by diurnal fishes, as well as a mean to maximize the exploitation of trophic resources offered by the meadow. Here, we focused on the amphipods from a Mediterranean Posidonia oceanica meadow. We sampled the community present in the meadows of Calvi Bay (NW Corsica) using two different techniques (hand-towed net and litter collecting). Samples were taken at two seasons, during both night and daytime. Our results confirm the nocturnal rise to the foliar stratum. Combined to an analysis of the recent literature, they also tend to show that amphipods spend the daytime not in the matte itself, as it has been proposed in the past, but in the thin layer of Posidonia litter present at the interface between the foliar stratum and the root/rhizome system. This would emphasize the role of the litter cover in the complexity of the habitat within the meadow, and therefore in the vagile invertebrate community structure and the functioning of the whole meadow as an ecosystem. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic de gestation chez la jument par un test rapide de dosage semi-quantitatif de la Relaxine
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; van de Weerdt, Marie-Lys; Deleuze, Stefan ULg

Poster (2007, November)

Introduction. Chez la jument, les méthodes hormonales de diagnostic de gestation sont peu sensibles et/ou manquent de précocité [2]. Le dosage de la progestérone, à considérer comme un diagnostic de non ... [more ▼]

Introduction. Chez la jument, les méthodes hormonales de diagnostic de gestation sont peu sensibles et/ou manquent de précocité [2]. Le dosage de la progestérone, à considérer comme un diagnostic de non gestation [2], est peu sensible, non réalisable après le 120ème jour et ne donne pas d’indication sur la viabilité fœtale. Le dosage de l’eCG (ou PMSG, Pregnant Mare Serum Gonadotrphin) ne tient pas compte de la mortalité embryonnaire et n’est réalisable que pendant une courte période (du 40ème au 140ème jour) [2]. Le dosage des oestrogènes urinaires nécessite souvent un sondage urinaire et est peu utilisé en raison de son caractère tardif [2]. Le dosage de l’oestrone sulfate permet d’estimer la viabilité fœtale mais il est peu précoce (réalisable dès le 100ème jour) [2]. La relaxine, un polypeptide organisé en 2 sous unités et essentiellement synthétisé par le placenta chez la brebis, la jument, la chienne et la chatte [1,4,6,7,9] est une candidate pour le diagnostic de gestation et de viabilité foetale. Chez la chienne et la chatte, il existe un dosage immunologique semi-quantitatif de la relaxine sanguine utilisable sur le terrain dès le 28ème jour chez la chienne et le 31ème jour chez la chatte [notice technique du Relaxin Witness®]. Chez la chienne, les taux de relaxine obtenus par dosages immunologiques sont de 1ng/ml à 4 semaines et atteignent un pic à 4ng/ml à 6 semaines [4]. Chez le chatte, le dosage de la relaxine est aux alentours de 5ng/ml à 31 jours pour atteindre un pic autour de 9ng/ml au 40ème jour [6]. Chez la jument gestante, le taux de relaxine par dosage chromatographique est basal jusqu’au 80ème jour pour ensuite augmenter brutalement et atteindre 80ng/ml chez la jument et 10ng/ml chez la ponette [5,8]. Ensuite, les concentrations vont continuer à augmenter chez la ponette alors qu’elles vont diminuer lentement chez la jument [8]. Dans les deux cas, les valeurs de relaxine chutent brusquement lors du part [8]. On trouve aussi de la relaxine dans le follicule et dans le corps jaune mais l’effet de cette production sur les concentrations sanguines n’est pas connu [3]. Objectifs du travail. Le but est d’étudier la Sensibilité, la Spécificité, la Valeur Prédictive Positive et Négative d’un test immunologique de dosage semi-quantitatif de la Relaxine réalisable sur le terrain comme moyen de diagnostic de gestation. Matériel et méthode. Les sérums de 10 juments (Ponettes, juments de selle ou de trait) sont soumis au test Witness Relaxin® (Synbiotics Corporation, Lyon, France), un test ELISA Sandwich : l’échantillon est mis en contact avec un anticorps, le complexe migre sur une membrane et est capturé sur une zone où est fixée le second anticorps. La fixation fait l’apparaître une bande colorée, une bande de contrôle atteste de la réussite du test. Le diagnostic et le stade de gestation sont confirmés par échographie transrectale ou transabdominale. Le degré de signification est obtenu par le test exact de Fischer. La sensibilité, la spécificité, la Valeur Prédictive Positive et Négative sont calculées. Résultats. Test + Test - Total Gestante 0 6 6 Non Gestante 0 4 4 Total 0 10 10 Dans l’échantillon, 4 juments n’étaient pas gestantes et 6 étaient gestantes de plus de 100 jours. Aucun des tests Witness Relaxine® n’a été positif : ni pour les juments vides, ni pour les juments pleines. La sensibilité est de 0%, la spécificité est de 100%, la Valeur Prédictive Positive du test est non calculable et la Valeur Prédictive Négative du test est de 40% pour une valeur du Test Exact de Fischer significative à100%. Les sérums des 6 juments pleines ont été envoyés au laboratoire Synbiotics pour un ELISA classique. Aucun échantillon n’a répondu aux anticorps du test ELISA. Discussion. Même si les anticorps développés pour le test d’immunomigration ou l’ELISA répondent dans de nombreuses espèces (chien, chat, souris), ils ne réagissent pas chez le cheval. Pourtant, les concentrations en relaxine observées chez le cheval sont plus importantes que celles observées chez les autres espèces [4,5,6,8]. Une première hypothèse fut celle de la sursaturation des anticorps et d’une non reconnaissance de ceux-ci. Cependant, à des dilutions amenant la concentration en relaxine à des titres dix fois inférieurs, le test Witness Relaxin (Synbiotics Corporation, Lyon, France) n’a pas répondu. Afin de soumettre les échantillons à un ELISA classique, les échantillons ont été envoyés au laboratoire Synbiotics. Aux différentes dilutions testées (1 ; 0,1), aucune reconnaissance de la relaxine par les anticorps n’a été notée. Malgré une structure en deux sous-unités (A et B) et un poids moléculaire semblable à celle des autres espèces [7], l’unité B de la relaxine équine n’est pas reconnue par les anticorps du test. Conclusions. Les kits rapides de dosage semi-quantitatif de la relaxine commercialisés ne détectent pas la relaxine équine. Des études doivent développer des anticorps spécifiques à la sous-unité bêta des équidés. Remerciements. Nos remerciements vont à la société Synbiotics (Lyon, France) pour la réalisation des tests ELISA Relaxine classiques et leur collaboration scientifique. Références. 1. KLONISCH T., MATHIAS S., CAMBRIDGE G., HOMBACH-KLONISCH S., RYAN P.L., ALLEN W.R. (1997): Placental localization of Relaxin in the Pregnant Mare. Placenta, 18:121-128. 2. McKINNON A.O. (1993): Diagnosis of pregnancy. in: McKinnon A.O., Voss J.L.: Equine Reproduction. Lea &Febiger, Philadelphia, London: 501-508. 3. RYAN P.L., KLONISCH T., YAMASHIRO S., RENAUD R.L., WASNIDGE C., PORTER D.G. (1997): Expression and localization of relaxin in the ovary of the mare. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 110:329-338. 4. STEINETZ B.G., GOLDSMITH L.T., LUST G. (1987): Plasma Relaxin Levels in Pregnant and Lactating dogs. Biology of Reproduction, 37:719-725. 5. STEWART D.R., STABENFELDT G.H. (1981): Relaxin Activity in the Pregnant Mare. Biology of Reproduction, 25:281-289. 6. STEWART D.R., STABENFELDT G.H. (1985): Relaxin Activity in the Pregnant Cat. Biology of Reproduction, 32:848-854. 7. STEWART D.R., PAPKOFF H. (1986): Purification and Characterization of Equine Relaxin. Endocrinology, 119(3):1093-1099. 8. STEWART D.R., ADDIEGO L.A., PASCOE D.R., HALUSKA G.J., PASHEN R. (1992): Breed Differences in Circulating Equine Relaxin. Biology of Reproduction, 46:648-652. 9. WATHES D.C., REES J.M., PORTER D.G. (1988): Identification of relaxin in the placenta of the ewe. Journal of Reproduction and Fertility, 84:247-257. [less ▲]

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See detailObservations of CH4, CH3D and H2CO at Ile de La Réunion from ground-based FTIR and MAXDOAS campaign measurements
Vigouroux, Corinne; De Mazière, Martine; Van Roozendael, Michel et al

Poster (2007, November)

Ile de La Réunion (21°S, 55°E) is candidate to become a primary station the ground-based Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) which was formed to provide long-term ... [more ▼]

Ile de La Réunion (21°S, 55°E) is candidate to become a primary station the ground-based Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC) which was formed to provide long-term monitoring of atmospheric trace gases at globally distributed sites. Ground-based network data are also very valuable for the validation of satellite data, such as SCIAMACHY, ACE-FTS and IASI. Up to now, only a few NDACC stations are located in the Southern Hemisphere, and none of them is at subtropical latitude. Three campaigns of FTIR measurements were made at the Ile de La Réunion in preparation of a near future permanent installation, namely in October 2002, from August to October 2004, and from May to November 2007. A UV-visible Multi-Axis DOAS (MAXDOAS) instrument was operated at the same site from July 2004 to June 2005. The inversion algorithms for both the MAXDOAS and FTIR spectral data analyses use the Optimal Estimation Method to derive information about the vertical distribution of the target gases. We will present the vertical profiles and total columns of the greenhouse gas CH4 and its isotopologue CH3D, obtained from the FTIR measurements. For the latter, the number of degrees of freedom for signal is close to one, limiting the information to the total column abundance. Early comparisons with correlative measurements from satellite data will be discussed. Formaldehyde (H2CO) is a source of HOx and an indicator for biogenic emissions, biomass burning, and anthropogenic pollution. It can be measured by both the FTIR and UV-Visible MAXDOAS instruments. The total columns obtained by the two techniques in the common period of measurements August-October 2004 will be discussed. We will also show the comparisons of the time series for formaldehyde from both instruments with correlative SCIAMACHY data above La Réunion. [less ▲]

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See detailDialogue between peripheral nervous system and immunity: a confocal exploration
Dorban, G.; Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Demonceau, C. et al

Poster (2007, November)

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See detailEtat sanitaire des ruchers en Région wallonne (Belgique)
Mignon, Jacques ULg; Nguyen, Bach Kim ULg; Snoeck, C. et al

Poster (2007, November)

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See detailHow relevant is the wall shear stress to describe the cleanability of a solid surface ?
Detry, Jean; Jensen, B.; Deroanne, Claude et al

Poster (2007, November)

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See detailConsequences of cannabis use in schizophrenia patients
Boulanger, Marie ULg; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2007, October 26)

Previous research has shown that the ability to organize information for remembering in an intentional and strategic way is impaired in schizophrenia patients (Rizzo et al., 1996) and that the remembering ... [more ▼]

Previous research has shown that the ability to organize information for remembering in an intentional and strategic way is impaired in schizophrenia patients (Rizzo et al., 1996) and that the remembering is accompanied by a low level of autonoetic awareness (Danion et al., 1999). Chronic and heavy uses of cannabis induce cognitive impairments. These impairments persist while the user remains intoxicated, and may or may not be reversible after prolonged abstinence from cannabis (Lundqvist, 2005). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether past cannabis use may reduce more subtle deficits in neurocognitive functioning such as deficit of the specificity of autobiographical memories and the associated level of autonoetic awareness in a population of schizophrenia patients. The TEMPau (Piolino, 2000) was used to evaluate the autobiographic memory and the level of autonoetic consciousness. Participants were asked to generate 3 specific memories for four life periods (0-9 years old, 10-19 years old, after 20 years old and the last 12 months). Performances from 6 past cannabis use schizophrenia patients were compared to performances of 8 schizophrenia patients no users. Patients were not treated with benzodiazepines. The analysis revealed a significant group difference for the 10-19 years old period for the specificity of autobiographical memories ( t2,11 = 2.3 ; p = 0.041). Past cannabis users reported less specific events (m = 6.83 (1.94)) compared to the no users patients (m = 9.14 (1.67)). The implications of this result will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailIonosphere Modelling for GALILEO Single Frequency Users
Bidaine, Benoît ULg; Warnant, René ULg

Poster (2007, October 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 116 (18 ULg)