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See detailStrontium ranelate increases cell viability in IL-1 beta stimulated human chondrocytes
Merville, Marie-Paule ULg; Deroyer, Céline ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 53-54384

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See detailValidation of a virtual patient and virtual trials method for accurate prediction of TGC protocol performance
Suhaimi, Fatanah; Le Compte, Aaron; Penning, Sophie ULg et al

in Critical Care (2011, March)

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See detailRelationship between changes in bone mineral density or bone turnover markers and vertebral fracture incidence in patients treated with Bazedoxifene
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Detilleux, Johann ULg; Chines, Arkadi et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 324

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See detailStable precision over time when assessing the cartilage loss on knee osteoarthritis radiograph
DEROISY, Rita ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 42-43246

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See detailIncidence of hip fracture in Belgium between 2000 and 2007 and future projections
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Detilleux, Johann ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 145

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See detailAre patients with HBV and HCV infection different? Comparison between 2 cohorts of newly diagnosed cases included in prospective registries of the Belgian Association for the Study of the Liver
De Vroey, B.; Moreno, C.; Laleman, W. et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2011, March), 74(1), 21

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See detailMost Effective Interventions to Improve Patient Compliance with Osteoporosis Medications
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Salas, M.; Hughes, D. A. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl 1), 335

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See detailEvolution over a 15 year period of the epidemiological profile of 2884 newly diagnosed HCV patients in Belgium.
LOLY, Jean ULg; GERARD, Christiane ULg; VAIRA, Dolorès ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2011, March), 74

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See detailThe true clinical relevance of crystalline glucosamine sulphate in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 410

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See detailLong-term efficacy and safety of strontium ranelate in postmenopausal osteoporotic women: results over 10 years
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Kaufman, Jean-Marc; Devogelaer, Jean-Pierre et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 110-111

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See detailCost-effectiveness of Denosumab compared with generic alendronate in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic women
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 112-113

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See detail’Spontaneous Revolution” in Tunisia. Yearnings for Freedom, Justice, and Dignity
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

in The Institute Letter. Institute for Advanced Study (2011, March), (Spring), 8-19

Reflexion about the Tunisian revolution

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See detailRisk of hip fracture in community-dwelling and institutionalized osteoporotic patients: a 3-year study
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Zegels, Brigitte ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 332-333

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See detailFive-year Denosumab treatment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the first two years of the freedom trial extension
Papapoulos, S.; Man, Z.; Mellstrom, D. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 107-108

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See detailProtecting men and women from fracture
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2011, March), 22(Suppl.1), 413-414

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See detailEnhanced insulin sensitivity variability in the first 3 days of ICU stay: Implications for TGC
Chase, J. Geoffrey; Le Compte, Aaron; Penning, Sophie ULg et al

in Critical Care (2011, March)

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See detailFinding Routing Shortcuts using an Internet Coordinate System
Cantin, François ULg; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2011, February 23), 6557

Overlay routing is a promising way to improve the quality of service in the Internet but its main drawback is scalability: measuring the characteristics of the paths, exchanging the measurement results ... [more ▼]

Overlay routing is a promising way to improve the quality of service in the Internet but its main drawback is scalability: measuring the characteristics of the paths, exchanging the measurement results between the nodes and computing the best routes in the full mesh overlay network generally imply a high consumption of resources. In this paper, we design the basis of a lightweight self-organising one-hop overlay routing mechanism improving the latencies: we define criteria that rely on the information provided by an Internet Coordinate System (ICS) in order to provide a small set of potential one-hop shortcuts for any given path in the network with a small measurement cost. Our best criterion does not guarantee to find the best shortcut for any given path in a network but, even in networks with hundreds or thousands of nodes, it will restrict the search for potential shortcuts to about one or two percent of the total number of nodes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe WASP-South search for transiting exoplanets
Hellier, C.; Anderson, D. R.; Collier Cameron, A. et al

in EPJ Web of Conferences (2011, February 01), 11

Since 2006 WASP-South has been scanning the Southern sky for transiting exoplanets. Combined with Geneva Observatory radial velocities we have so far found over 30 transiting exoplanets around relatively ... [more ▼]

Since 2006 WASP-South has been scanning the Southern sky for transiting exoplanets. Combined with Geneva Observatory radial velocities we have so far found over 30 transiting exoplanets around relatively bright stars of magnitude 9-13. We present a status report for this ongoing survey. [less ▲]

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See detailTRAPPIST: a robotic telescope dedicated to the study of planetary systems
Gillon, Michaël ULg; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Magain, Pierre ULg et al

in EPJ Web of Conferences (2011, February 01), 11

We present here a new robotic telescope called TRAPPIST<xref ref-type="fn" rid="FN2">1</xref> (TRAnsiting Planets and PlanetesImals Small Telescope). Equipped with a high-quality CCD camera mounted on a 0 ... [more ▼]

We present here a new robotic telescope called TRAPPIST<xref ref-type="fn" rid="FN2">1</xref> (TRAnsiting Planets and PlanetesImals Small Telescope). Equipped with a high-quality CCD camera mounted on a 0.6 meter light weight optical tube, TRAPPIST has been installed in April 2010 at the ESO La Silla Observatory (Chile), and is now beginning its scientific program. The science goal of TRAPPIST is the study of planetary systems through two approaches: the detection and study of exoplanets, and the study of comets. We describe here the objectives of the project, the hardware, and we present some of the first results obtained during the commissioning phase. [less ▲]

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See detailLIVER TRANSPLANTATION FOR ACUTE HEPATIC FAILURE DUE TO CHEMOTHERAPY-INDUCED HEPATITIS B VIRUS REACTIVATION IN LYMPHOMA PATIENTS
Noterdaeme, T.; Longree, L.; Bataille, C. et al

in Transplant International (2011, February), 24(1), 10-10

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See detailFATAL SMALL FOR SIZE SYNDROME AFTER RIGHT LOBE DONATION
DETRY, Olivier ULg; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; LAUWICK, Séverine ULg et al

in Transplant International (2011, February), 24(1), 8-8

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See detailEFFECTS OF LARGE PORE HEMOFILTRATION IN A SWINE MODEL OF FULMINANT HEPATIC FAILURE
DETRY, Olivier ULg; JANSSEN, Nathalie ULg; CHERAMY-BIEN, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Transplant International (2011, February), 24(1), 10-10

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See detailPlatelet-rich plasma (PRP) and tendon healing: animal model
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg; Renouf, Julien et al

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (2011, February), 45(2), 1

Introduction: The tendon is a tissue which does not heal easily. Recently, several studies have demonstrated the positive effects of platelets on the healing process of tendons. A local injection of ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The tendon is a tissue which does not heal easily. Recently, several studies have demonstrated the positive effects of platelets on the healing process of tendons. A local injection of platelet–rich plasma (PRP), which releases in situ many growth factors, has the potentiality to enhance the tendon healing process. The aim of our experiment was to ascertain by an original mechanical measure whether the use of PRP was of interest for accelerating the healing process of rats’ Achilles tendons after surgical induced lesion. Methods: A 5mm defect was surgically induced in 90 rats’ Achilles tendon. Rats were divided into 2 groups of 45: (A) control (no treatment) and (B) PRP treatment. Rats of group B received a PRP injection in situ after the surgery. Afterwards, rats of both groups were placed in their cages without immobilization. After 5, 15 and 30 days, 10 traumatized Achilles tendons of each group were dissected and removed. Immediately after sampling, tendons were submitted to a biomechanical tensile test up to rupture, using a “Cryo-jaw”. After that, transcriptomic analyses were made on the tendon samples, to study the expression of type III collagen, matrix metalloproteases and tenomodulin. A hydroxyproline dosage was done to quantify the collagen in the tendon during its healing process. Tendons of the 15 remaining rats of each group were subjected to a histological study, respectively at day 5, 15 and 30 (5 rats for each time). Results: We demonstrated that the force necessary to induce tendon rupture during biomechanical tensile test study was greater for tendons which had been submitted to an injection of PRP compared to the control group: +19% (day 5), +30% (day 15) and +43% (day 30). Histological study showed that PRP could enhance cells proliferation, angiogenesis and collagen organisation. Our biochemical analyses did not explain beneficial effects of PRP. Indeed, there was no significant difference neither between the expression of different studied genes, nor in the quantity of hydroxyproline between both groups. Conclusion: This experimentation has shown that a PRP injection could accelerate the tendons healing process and improve its quality. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning to rank with extremely randomized trees
Geurts, Pierre ULg; Louppe, Gilles ULg

in JMLR: Workshop and Conference Proceedings (2011, January), 14

In this paper, we report on our experiments on the Yahoo! Labs Learning to Rank challenge organized in the context of the 23rd International Conference of Machine Learning (ICML 2010). We competed in both ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we report on our experiments on the Yahoo! Labs Learning to Rank challenge organized in the context of the 23rd International Conference of Machine Learning (ICML 2010). We competed in both the learning to rank and the transfer learning tracks of the challenge with several tree-based ensemble methods, including Tree Bagging, Random Forests, and Extremely Randomized Trees. Our methods ranked 10th in the first track and 4th in the second track. Although not at the very top of the ranking, our results show that ensembles of randomized trees are quite competitive for the “learning to rank” problem. The paper also analyzes computing times of our algorithms and presents some post-challenge experiments with transfer learning methods. [less ▲]

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See detailLongitudinal Monitoring of Immune Reconstitution After Allogeneic Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT): Impact of T Cell Depletion of the Graft
SERVAIS, Sophie ULg; Hannon, Muriel ULg; Daulne, Coline ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2011), Abstracts book(Supplement of 26th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 31

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See detailImpact of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) as treatment for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) : a survey from the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the EBMT
Baron, Frédéric ULg; Labopin, Myriam; Niederwieser, Dietger et al

in Blood (2011), 118

The goal of RIC allo-SCT is to harness the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect, while minimizing toxicities and the risk of GVHD. However, prior studies have shown a lower risk of relapse in AML patients ... [more ▼]

The goal of RIC allo-SCT is to harness the graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect, while minimizing toxicities and the risk of GVHD. However, prior studies have shown a lower risk of relapse in AML patients (pts) who experienced chronic GVHD after RIC allo-SCT versus in those who did not. Here, we investigated the impact of occurrence of GVHD on transplantation outcomes in a large cohort of AML pts given allogeneic PBSC after RIC conditioning. Data from 1859 AML pts in first (n=1439) or second (n=420) CR transplanted between 2000 and 2009 following a RIC regimen at EBMT affiliated centres were analyzed. Pts were given PBSC from HLA-identical sibling (MRD, n=1208), or from HLA-matched unrelated donors (MUD, n=651). Median pt age at transplantation was 56 y (range, 18–77). 338 male pts were given grafts from female donors. RIC was based on low-dose TBI in 520 (28%) pts, while the remaining pts received chemotherapy-based RIC. ATG was given in 269 (22%) MRD and in 267 (41%) MUD recipients, respectively, while 151 (13%) MRD and 165 (25%) MUD recipients received in-vivo T cell depletion with alemtuzumab. The impact of chronic GVHD on relapse risk, non-relapse mortality (NRM), leukemia-free survival (LFS), and overall survival (OS) was assessed using time-dependent multivariate Cox models and in a landmark analysis at 18 months after transplant. Three-year incidences of relapse, NRM, LFS and OS were 34±1%, 15±1%, 51±2% and 60±2% in MRD recipients, respectively, and 34±2% (p=NS), 24±2% (P<0.001), 42±2% (P=0.001) and 47±2% (P=0.001) in MUD recipients, respectively. Grade II, III and IV acute GVHD were observed in 133 (11%), 61 (5%) and 30 (2%) MRD recipients and in 119 (18%), 41 (6%) and 24 (4%) MUD recipients, respectively. The 3-y cumulative incidence of chronic GVHD was 47%. Fifty-three percent of patients with chronic GVHD had extensive chronic GVHD, while the remaining 47% had limited chronic GVHD. In multivariate analyses, occurrence of grade II-IV acute GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.8; P=0.04), a higher risk of chronic (HR=2.2; P<0.001) and extensive chronic GVHD (HR=2.8; P<0.001), a higher risk of NRM (HR=2.4 P<0.001), a worsened LFS (HR=1.3; P=0.01), and a worsened OS (HR=1.5; P<0.001). In multivariate time-dependent analyses, occurrence of limited chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.7; P=0.05), comparable NRM (HR=1.4; P=0.16), comparable LFS (HR=0.9; P=0.29) and better OS (HR=0.5; P<0.001), while occurrence of extensive chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR=0.6; P=0.01), higher NRM (HR=3.2; P<0.001), a trend for worsened LFS (HR=1.3; P=0.06) and comparable OS (HR=0.9; P=0.34). The median interval from transplantation to occurrence of chronic GVHD was 163 (range, 100–1545) days. To further assess the graft-versus-leukemia effect of chronic GVHD, we performed a landmark analysis in patients who were leukemia-free at 18 months after transplantation (n=776). Median follow-up from this landmark time-point was 24 (range, 0.1–112) months. Two-year relapse, NRM, LFS and OS were 16±2%, 2.5±1%, 82±2%, and 89±2%, respectively, in patients without chronic GVHD before the landmark time-point, versus 9±1% (P=0.001), 8±1% (P<0.001), 83±2% (P=0.65), and 86±2% (P=0.38), respectively, in patients with chronic GVHD before the landmark time-point.In conclusion, in this cohort of AML patients transplanted in remission, occurrence of chronic GVHD was associated with a lower risk of relapse that translated to better OS in patients with limited chronic GVHD but not in those with extensive chronic GVHD who experienced higher long term NRM, highlighting the need for long term prospective assessment of long term effects and quality of life in patients receiving RIC allo-SCT. [less ▲]

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See detailUppermost Devonian and Mississippian sequence stratigraphy and rugose coral biostratigraphy of Zonguldak and Bartin area, NW Turkey
Denayer, Julien ULg; Poty, Edouard ULg

in Record - Geological Survey of Western Australia (2011), 2011/20

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See detailDioxins in Human Milk from Different Regions of France: Pilot of the French Longitudinal Study of Children (ELFE)
Vandentoren, S; Frery, N; Bidondo, ML et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2011), 73

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See detailDramatic reduction of postnatal growth restriction after optimizing nutrition in very low birth weight infants.
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg; Rigo, J

in Pediatric Research (2011), 70(S5), 71

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See detailTraining on the alert phone CPR protocol in belgium : evaluation of the dispatchers
El Fassi, Mehdi; Skivee, V.; STIPULANTE, Samuel ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2011), 66(2), 9

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See detailCharacterization of a new potential virulence factor of Microsporum canis, the secreted subtilisin Sub6
Mathy, Anne ULg; Baldo, Aline ULg; Salamin, K. et al

in Mycoses (2011), 54(suppl 2), 112-113

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See detailAging affects the impact of light on non-visual cognitive brain functions
Vandewalle, Gilles ULg; Daneault, V.; Hébert., M. et al

in Sleep (2011), 34(Suppl. 1),

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See detailStimulant effects of ethanol in adolescent Swiss mice: development of sensitization and consequences in adulthood
Quoilin, Caroline ULg; Didone, Vincent ULg; Quertemont, Etienne ULg

in Alcohol & Alcoholism (2011), 46(Supplément 1), 40

The adolescent period is characterized by behavioral and neurobiological changes, which might predispose adolescents to the long-term negative consequences of alcohol. For example, enhanced risks of ... [more ▼]

The adolescent period is characterized by behavioral and neurobiological changes, which might predispose adolescents to the long-term negative consequences of alcohol. For example, enhanced risks of alcohol dependence are reported when drinking is initiated early. In the present studies, we used Swiss female mice to test whether chronic ethanol injections during adolescence durably affect the sensitivity to the stimulant effects of ethanol in adulthood. In a first set of experiments, several groups of young (28 day-old) mice were daily injected with various ethanol doses (1.5 – 4 g/kg) to test for ethanol sensitization during adolescence in comparison to adult mice exposed to the same schedule of ethanol injections. The results show that young mice express much higher stimulant effects after acute ethanol injections. However, they also require higher ethanol doses than adult mice to develop a sensitization to the stimulant effects of ethanol. In a second set of experiments, 28 day-old mice were sensitized to ethanol for 14 days with high ethanol doses (2.5 or 4 g/kg) and then tested for the stimulant effects of ethanol and the development of ethanol sensitization in adulthood. The results of this second set of experiments show that mice sensitized to ethanol during their adolescence remain more sensitive to the acute stimulant effects of ethanol in adulthood, especially when high ethanol doses were administered. However, the rate of the development of a sensitization to this effect was only slightly affected relative to adult mice exposed to a chronic ethanol regimen for the first time. Together, these results indicate that adolescent mice are more sensitive to the stimulant effects of ethanol but require higher ethanol doses to develop a sensitization. However, when a sensitization develops during adolescence, these mice still experience higher ethanol stimulant effects when tested in adulthood. [less ▲]

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See detailFinite orbits of language operations
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Domaratzski, Michael; Harju, Tero et al

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2011), 6638

We consider a set of natural operations on languages, and prove that the orbit of any language L under the monoid generated by this set is finite and bounded, independently of L. This generalizes previous ... [more ▼]

We consider a set of natural operations on languages, and prove that the orbit of any language L under the monoid generated by this set is finite and bounded, independently of L. This generalizes previous results about complement, Kleene closure, and positive closure. [less ▲]

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See detailOnline Sparse Bandit for Card Games
Lupien St-Pierre, David ULg; Louveaux, Quentin ULg; Teytaud, Olivier

in Advance in Computer Games (2011)

Finding an approximation of a Nash equilibria in matrix games is an important topic that reaches beyond the strict application to matrix games. A bandit algorithm commonly used to approximate a Nash ... [more ▼]

Finding an approximation of a Nash equilibria in matrix games is an important topic that reaches beyond the strict application to matrix games. A bandit algorithm commonly used to approximate a Nash equilibrium is EXP3. However, the solution to many problems is often sparse, yet EXP3 inherently fails to exploit this property. To the knowledge of the authors, there exist only an offline truncation to tackle such issue. In this paper, we propose a variation of EXP3 to exploit the fact that solution is sparse by dynamically removing arms; the resulting algorithm empirically performs better than previous versions. We apply the resulting algorithm to a MCTS program for the Urban Rivals card game. [less ▲]

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See detailNew alginate-chitosan hydrogel beads with anti-inflammatory and anabolic effects on human chondrocytes
Oprenyeszk, Frédéric ULg; Mathy, Marianne ULg; Sanchez, Christelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2011), 19(Suppl 1), 222

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See detail69 speaker 3D DOSIMETRY SYSTEMS-GELS, EPIDS AND OTHERS
Duchateau, Michael; Verellen, D.; Depuydt, T. et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (2011), 99

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See detailRelation between Cobalt Fractionation and its Accumulation in Metallophytes from South of Central Africa
Faucon, Michel-Pierre; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Jitaru, P et al

in Mineralogical Magazine (2011), 75(3), 832

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See detailThe Dihadron fragmentation functions way to Transversity
Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Bacchetta, Alessandro; Radici, Marco

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2011)

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See detailIs there value in maintaining small populations ? Example of the Dual-Purpose Belgian Blue breed.
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Bastin, Catherine ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2011), 94(E-suppl.1), 664

Current status of thinking on genomic selection in dairy cattle is mostly major breed centric (e.g., Holstein) and only for traditional traits (e.g., milk yields). Once you depart from this, it becomes ... [more ▼]

Current status of thinking on genomic selection in dairy cattle is mostly major breed centric (e.g., Holstein) and only for traditional traits (e.g., milk yields). Once you depart from this, it becomes obvious that different, often related, issues appear (e.g., lack of large training populations, need for expensive recording of new phenotypes). Also, there is an urgent need to rethink issues that are important for sustainability of dairy production (e.g., added value foods, animal robustness). In this context, small populations (breeds/lines) could represent a potential source of extra information to justify their maintenance. As marker densities increase, efficient dissection of different selection histories of divergent breeds or lines, potentially identifying pockets of unexploited variability will increase. A current example from the Belgian (Walloon) perspective is the Dual Purpose (DP) line of the Belgian Blue Breed (BBB), with presently around 4500 breeding females, for historical reason of which only 1500 have good pedigrees, and which is present in Belgium and northern France. Recent research, done on this line, showed its tendency to produce less saturated milk fat and to have better fertility. Results indicated that it could stay competitive in specific markets, especially because of largely increased meat value. Currently, the myostatin mutation is largely used for breeding purposes. To assess the genetic diversity of the breed, recently, over 200 genotypes (SNP50K) for nearly all breeding bulls of the last 20 years became available. HD genotypes should be available in the near future, also allowing to access selection history of this breed as being in between the 2 extreme breeds: Beef BBB (with which it shares a recent history) and Holstein-Friesian (which is related through its geographic proximity over centuries). Finally, genomic selection for DP-BBB will need to consider a single step type approach without the need of reference population and potentially relying heavily on SNP3K of cows, also with the objective to recreate relationships between animals of interest. [less ▲]

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See detailMississippian Lithostrotionidae from Zonguldak and Bartin (NW Turkey)
Denayer, Julien ULg

in Kölner Forum für Geologie und Paläontologie (2011), 19

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See detailHigh-Energy Physics with Particles Carrying Non-Zero Orbital Angular Momentum
Ivanov, Igor ULg

in Few-Body Systems (2011)

Thanks to progress in optics in the past two decades, it is possible to create photons carrying well-defined non-zero orbital angular momentum (OAM). Boosting these photons into high-energy range ... [more ▼]

Thanks to progress in optics in the past two decades, it is possible to create photons carrying well-defined non-zero orbital angular momentum (OAM). Boosting these photons into high-energy range preserving their OAM seems feasible. Intermediate energy electrons with OAM have also been produced recently. One can, therefore, view OAM as a new degree of freedom in high-energy collisions and ask what novel insights it can bring. Here we discuss generic features of scattering processes involving twisted particles in the initial state. We show that they make it possible to perform a Fourier analysis of a plane wave cross section with respect to the azimuthal angles of the initial particles, and to probe the autocorrelation function of the amplitude, a quantity inaccessible in plane wave collisions. [less ▲]

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See detailA phase 3 study of the efficacy and safety of Denosumab in men with low bone mineral density : design of the ADAMO
Orwoll, E.; Stubbe Teglbjaerg, Ch; Langdahl, B. et al

in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research (2011), 26(S1), 511

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See detailReduction of Cumulative Nutritional Deficit and Improvement of Early Growth in Extremely Preterm Infants
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg; Rigo, J

in Pediatric Research (2011), 70(S5), 830

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See detailPupil light reflects in response to monochromatic light stimuli in younger and older subjects
Daneault, V; Vandewalle, Gilles ULg; Teikari, P et al

in Sleep (2011), 34(Suppl. 1),

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See detailDihadron fragmentation functions and their relevance for transverse spin studies
Courtoy, Aurore ULg; Bacchetta, A.; Radici, M.

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2011), 295(1),

Dihadron fragmentation functions describe the probability that a quark fragments into two hadrons plus other undetected hadrons. In particular, the so-called interference fragmentation functions describe ... [more ▼]

Dihadron fragmentation functions describe the probability that a quark fragments into two hadrons plus other undetected hadrons. In particular, the so-called interference fragmentation functions describe the azimuthal asymmetry of the dihadron distribution when the quark is transversely polarized. They can be used as tools to probe the quark transversity distribution in the nucleon. Recent studies on unpolarized and polarized dihadron fragmentation functions are presented, and we discuss their role in giving insights into transverse spin distributions. [less ▲]

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See detailA methodology to assess the exactness of Stream Network modeling process on agricultural watersheds
Ouedraogo, Mohamar ULg; Degre, Aurore ULg; Beckers, Eléonore ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011)

The goal of our study is to evaluate the exactness of stream network modeling process on agricultural watersheds. Agricultural watersheds topography is always changing, making it difficult to be modeled ... [more ▼]

The goal of our study is to evaluate the exactness of stream network modeling process on agricultural watersheds. Agricultural watersheds topography is always changing, making it difficult to be modeled. According to the standard ISO-7078 (ISO-7078, 1985) of the Inernational Organization of Standardization, the exactness of a measurement process or a modeled process can be defined as the difference between results obtained from the measurement process and a reference accepted as the «true value». A small watershed of a dozen hectares size has been surveyed by terrestrial LiDAR (Light Detecting And Ranging) scanner and photogrammetrical techniques to produce a row data of 30 cm resolution. Three interpolation techniques i.e. natural neighbourg, multiquadratic radial basis function and inverse distance weighted have been applied on the original data to create original digital elevation models (DEM) of 1 m resolution. RTK (Real Time Kinematics) GPS (Global Positionning System) ground control points have been surveyed on the watershed to evaluate DEM errors and fit a variogram that is used by a conditional sequencial gaussian simulation model to generate error maps. However, ground control point’s elevations accuracy is depending on the microtopography of parcels in an agricultural watershed. Depending on the crop that is planned by the farmer, the soil tillage will be different, and soil structure and roughness can considerably influence ground control point’s elevation. Analysis of variance and geostatistical methods have been applied on total station and RTK GPS data to estimate intervals in which, ground control points elevations vary. These intervals have been estimated for two parcels that soils are tilled in different ways. These errors are added to the generated errors maps to create final error maps. The final errors maps are added to the original DEM to create likely DEM realizations for the watershed (Temme and al., 2007). Then, two spurious sinks filtering methods (Colson 2006; Lindsay and Creed, 2005) and one flat area treatment method (Jenson and Domingue, 1988) are applied on each DEM realization for preprocessing. Finally, the three common flow direction extraction methods (D8, D-infity and Multiple Flow Direction) are applied on each preprocessed DEM to extract stream Network. The extracted stream network is overlapped with RTK GPS field positioned stream network i.e. a polyline format data. To estimate the exactness of the stream extraction methods, the polyline format is converted in raster format. That allows to compute for each pixel of the observed stream network, the distance to the extracted stream network. Then, for each pixel the mean distance can be calculated, and can be represented through the stream network. LiDAR technology is becoming useful for environment modeling because of his accuracy. Such quantity of data is not free of errors. This research will allow us to estimate the uncertainty of stream network modeled from agricultural watersheds by considering the main sources of errors that are propagated through computing processes. [less ▲]

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See detailBilan 2010 des activités du Laboratoire de dendrohcornologie du Centre européen d'archéoémétrie (CEA) de l'Université de Liège
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg; Maggi, Christophe ULg

in Archeologia Mediaevalis, archéologie du Moyen Âge et des Temps modernes dans les trois régions belges et les pays limitrophes (2011), 34

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See detailPOTENTIAL EFFECTS OF BLOOD CONTAMINANTS ON IMMUNE RESPONSES IN HARBOUR SEALS (PHOCA VITULINA)
Dupont, Aurélie ULg; Weijs, Liesbeth; Siebert, Ursula et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2011), 73

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See detailTowards the Prediction of Damage Of Peritectic Steels During Continuous Casting Process
Keller, Clément ULg; Schwartz, Renée; Bobadilla, Manuel et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2011), 1353

In the Continuous Casting process, products are sometimes rejected or called defective due to the presence of transversal cracks. This type of macroscopic damage is expected to be due to a ductility loss ... [more ▼]

In the Continuous Casting process, products are sometimes rejected or called defective due to the presence of transversal cracks. This type of macroscopic damage is expected to be due to a ductility loss during cooling in the bending and unbending areas of the CC line. In order to study this damage, a 2D model has been developed to predict at the mesoscopic level the intergranular crack event taking into account the creep and diffusion of voids. Already validated for a microalloyed steel, the model is identified and used in this study to predict the crack formation for three different grades of peritectic steels. Results show encouraging predictions of the damage. [less ▲]

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See detailPractical Handling, Ease of Use, Safety and Efficacy of A New Pediatric Triple-Chamber Bag for Parenteral Nutrition in Preterm Infants
rigo, J; marlowe, ML; Bonnot, D et al

in Pediatric Research (2011), 70(S5), 719

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See detailThe Belgian collections of fossil Cnidaria and Porifera
Mottequin, Bernard ULg; Coen-Aubert, Marie; Poty, Edouard ULg

in Kölner Forum für Geologie und Paläontologie (2011), 19

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See detailOcytocine et dépression. Perspective psychoneuroendocrinienne.
Scantamburlo, Gabrielle ULg

in Encéphale (L') (2011), 37

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See detailDramatic reduction of postnatal growth restriction after optimizing nutrition in extremely preterm infants
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg; Rigo, J

in Intensive Care Medicine (2011), 37(S2), 397

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See detailEnumeration and decidable properties of automatic sequences
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Rampersad, Narad; Shallit, Jeffrey

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2011), 6795

We show that various aspects of k-automatic sequences — such as having an unbordered factor of length n — are both decidable and effectively enumerable. As a consequence it follows that many related ... [more ▼]

We show that various aspects of k-automatic sequences — such as having an unbordered factor of length n — are both decidable and effectively enumerable. As a consequence it follows that many related sequences are either k-automatic or k-regular. These include many sequences previously studied in the literature, such as the recurrence function, the appearance function, and the repetitivity index. We also give a new characterization of the class of k-regular sequences. Many results extend to other sequences defined in terms of Pisot numeration systems. [less ▲]

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See detailModel-based cardiovascular monitoring of large pore hemofiltration during endotoxic shock in pigs
Revie, JA; Stevenson, DJ; Chase, JG et al

in Critical Care (2011), 15 (Suppl 1)

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See detailDynamic processes in sea ice captured by the temporal evolution of its biogeochemical
Zhou, Jiayun; Tison, Jean-Louis; Eicken, Hajo et al

in VLIZ Special Publication (2011), 48

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See detailRetrieving semantic information from faces and voices
Barsics, Catherine ULg

in In L. Carlson, C. Hoelscher, & T.F. Shipley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society (2011)

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See detailOne-loop finite corrections to seesaw neutrino masses
Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg

in PoS - Proceedings of Science (2011)

In the standard seesaw model, finite corrections to the neutrino mass matrix arise from one-loop self-energy diagrams mediated by heavy neutrinos. We discuss the impact that these corrections may have on ... [more ▼]

In the standard seesaw model, finite corrections to the neutrino mass matrix arise from one-loop self-energy diagrams mediated by heavy neutrinos. We discuss the impact that these corrections may have on the different entries of the tree-level effective neutrino mass matrix, paying special attention to their dependence with the seesaw model parameters. We also briefly comment on the implications these corrections might have on low-energy neutrino observables. [less ▲]

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See detailThe evolution of the inorganic fluorine budget since the mid-1980s based on FTIR measurements at northern mid-latitudes
Duchatelet, Pierre ULg; Feng, Wuhu; Chipperfield, Martyn et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011)

Fluorine enters the stratosphere principally in the form of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons, mainly CFC-12 and CFC-11), HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons, mainly HCFC-22) and HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons, mainly HFC ... [more ▼]

Fluorine enters the stratosphere principally in the form of CFCs (chlorofluorocarbons, mainly CFC-12 and CFC-11), HCFCs (hydrochlorofluorocarbons, mainly HCFC-22) and HFCs (hydrofluorocarbons, mainly HFC-134a) which have been (or are still) widely emitted at ground level by human activities. In the lower stratosphere, the photolysis of these halogenated source gases leads to the formation of the two fluorine reservoirs COClF and COF2. The subsequent photolysis of these two compounds frees F atoms, which principally react with CH4 and H2O to form the extremely stable HF gas, by far the dominant fluorine reservoir in the middle and upper stratosphere. Despite the fact that fluorine does not significantly contribute in stratospheric ozone depletion, measurements of the concentrations of individual F-containing species in different altitude ranges of the atmosphere are important as they reflect the amounts of anthropogenic gases transported into the middle atmosphere as well as their decomposition. Such measurements also provide insight into the partitioning between major fluorine source gases (which are potent greenhouse gases) and reservoirs and allows a global inventory of organic (CFy), inorganic (Fy) and total (FTOT) fluorine burdens to be monitored as a function of time. Indeed, regular updates of such inventories are important as the partitioning between F-containing gases in the stratosphere is continually evolving as emissions of anthropogenic gases from the surface change, principally as a consequence of the progressive ban on the production of CFCs and HCFCs adopted by the Montreal Protocol and its subsequent Amendments and Adjustments. To complement recent studies regarding fluorine species (Duchatelet et al., 2009, 2010, 2011; Mahieu et al., 2011), this communication presents the time series of the inorganic fluorine budget Fy over the last twenty-five years, based on HF and COF2 total column amounts derived from high resolution Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) solar spectra recorded at Jungfraujoch (46.5°N, 8.0°E, 3580m asl). A trend analysis of our HF, COF2 and Fy time series is performed and discussed in the context of past and current emissions of halogenated source gases. Comparisons with model and space data are also included. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Role of the Running Coupling Constant in the Unveiling of The Hadronic Structure
Courtoy, Aurore ULg

in PoS - Proceedings of Science (2011), QCD-TNT-II

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See detailExperimental characterization and constitutive modeling of TA6V mechanical behavior in plane strain state at room temperature
Gilles, Gaëtan ULg; Tuninetti Vásquez, Victor ULg; Ben Bettaieb, Mohamed ULg et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2011), 1383

This paper presents an experimental and theoretical study of the quasi-static behavior of TA6V titanium alloy in plane strain state. In order to quantify the anisotropy of the material, tests were carried ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an experimental and theoretical study of the quasi-static behavior of TA6V titanium alloy in plane strain state. In order to quantify the anisotropy of the material, tests were carried out at room temperature on specimens cut out from a sheet along three loading directions. The initial yield locus is described by the phenomenological CPB06ex3 criterion and Voce’s type isotropic hardening is used. Finite element simulations are performed and compared with the experiments. [less ▲]

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See detailPulmonary embolism diagnostics from the driver function
Stevenson, DJ; Revie; Chase, JG et al

in Critical Care (2011), 15 (Suppl 1)

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See detailFirst retrievals of carbon tetrafluoride (CF4) from ground-based FTIR measurements: production and analysis of the two-decadal time series above the Jungfraujoch
Duchatelet, Pierre ULg; Zander, Rodolphe ULg; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011)

Carbon tetrafluoride (CF4 or PFC-14) is a potent greenhouse gas that is almost 7400 times more effective (100-yr horizon) than CO2 on a per molecule basis (IPCC, 2007). This high global warming potential ... [more ▼]

Carbon tetrafluoride (CF4 or PFC-14) is a potent greenhouse gas that is almost 7400 times more effective (100-yr horizon) than CO2 on a per molecule basis (IPCC, 2007). This high global warming potential, coming from its medium absorbance combined with a very long atmospheric lifetime (>50000 years; Ravishankara et al., 1993), makes CF4 a key species among the various greenhouse gases targeted by the Kyoto Protocol. In the Northern hemisphere, current atmospheric CF4 concentrations are close to 78 pptv, with a large fraction (around 35 pptv, Mühle et al., 2010) coming from natural processes like lithospheric emissions (Harnisch and Eisenhauer, 1998). In addition, CF4 has been used increasingly since the eighties in electronic and semiconductors industry. The primary aluminum production processes have also been clearly identified as an important anthropogenic source of CF4 emissions. The partitioning between these two main sources is however problematic, principally due to lacking or incomplete CF4 emission factors from inventories performed in industrial fields (e.g. International Aluminum Institute, 2009). Recent in situ ground level measurements of CF4 in the Northern hemisphere (Khalil et al., 2003; Mühle et al., 2010) or remotely from space (Rinsland et al., 2006) have indicated a significant slowdown in the increase rate of atmospheric CF4. This probably results from measures adopted by the aluminum industry aiming at the reduction of the frequency and duration of “anode effects” and therefore of related PFCs emissions (International Aluminum Institute, 2009). The present contribution reports on the long-term evolution (1990-2010) of the atmospheric carbon tetrafluoride total vertical abundance derived from ground-based Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) solar spectroscopy observations around 1285 cm-1 at the Jungfraujoch (46.5°N, 8.0°E, 3580m asl) and compares our findings with results available in the literature. To our knowledge, no equivalent time series (i.e. based on ground-based FTIR technique) has been published to date. [less ▲]

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See detailLocal stability results for the collective behaviors of infinite populations of pulse-coupled oscillators
Mauroy, Alexandre ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2011)

In this paper, we investigate the behavior of pulse-coupled integrate-and-fire oscillators. Because the stability analysis of finite populations is intricate, we investigate stability results in the ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate the behavior of pulse-coupled integrate-and-fire oscillators. Because the stability analysis of finite populations is intricate, we investigate stability results in the approximation of infinite populations. In addition to recovering known stability results of finite populations, we also obtain new stability results for infinite populations. In particular, under a weak coupling assumption, we solve for the continuum model a conjecture still prevailing in the finite dimensional case. © 2011 IEEE. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitative evaluation of fluid resuscitation in burn children : a retrospective study.
ROUSSEAU, Anne-Françoise ULg; LEDOUX, Didier ULg; RICHARD, Patrick et al

in Burns : Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries (2011), 37(suppl 1), 12

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See detailOrigin and evolution of Dorlodotia (Rugosa)
Denayer, Julien ULg; Poty, Edouard

in Kölner Forum für Geologie und Paläontologie (2011), 19

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See detailTrend evolution and seasonal variation of tropospheric and stratospheric carbonyl sulfide (OCS) above Jungfraujoch
Lejeune, Bernard ULg; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Duchatelet, Pierre ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011), 13

Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) is the most abundant sulfur-containing trace gas in the atmosphere and accounts for a substantial portion of the sulfur in the stratospheric aerosol layer which influences the ... [more ▼]

Carbonyl sulfide (OCS) is the most abundant sulfur-containing trace gas in the atmosphere and accounts for a substantial portion of the sulfur in the stratospheric aerosol layer which influences the Earth’s radiation budget and stratospheric ozone chemistry. The major identified OCS sources are oceans and anthropogenic emissions, while atmospheric loss and uptake by vegetation and soils constitute the main OCS sinks. The uptake by vegetation strongly influences the distribution and seasonality of OCS throughout most of the Northern Hemisphere, just like for CO2. Montzka et al. (2007) pointed that atmospheric OCS measurements have the potential to constrain the biomass Gross Primary Production (GPP). Unfortunately, there remain large uncertainties on some components strengths of the atmospheric OCS budget. A recent work by Suntharalingam et al. (2008) showed that uptake by plants has been strongly underestimated in actual balanced budgets, suggesting that additional significant OCS sources have still to be identified. In order to improve our understanding of the different processes governing seasonal and inter-annual OCS variability, a new approach has been developed and optimized, using the SFIT-2 algorithm, to retrieve atmospheric abundance of OCS from high-resolution ground-based infrared solar spectra. Our observations are recorded on a regular basis with Fourier Transform Infrared spectrometers (FTIRs), under clear-sky conditions, at the NDACC site (Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change, http://www.ndacc.org) of the International Scientific Station of the Jungfraujoch (Swiss Alps, 46.5°N, 8.0°E, 3580m asl). Information content analysis of the retrieved OCS products shows us that we are able to distinguish between tropospheric and stratospheric partial column contributions for this species. Thanks to our unique observational database, we have produced an updated OCS long-term trend from 1995 to 2010, representative for both the troposphere and stratosphere at northern mid-latitudes. In this contribution, we will present and critically discuss the recent OCS trend evolution, in particular the end of the slow decline of its abundance observed in 2002 and the maximum reached in 2008. In addition to the OCS inter-annual variations, we will analyze the OCS seasonal cycle during the 15 last years. We will also compare our results with simulations of seasonal OCS variations issued from a 3D global atmospheric chemical transport model (CTM), in order to try to quantify the individual contribution of the various processes playing a role in the Jungfraujoch OCS variability and influencing its atmospheric abundance. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Upper Viséan rugose corals in the microbial-sponge-bryozoan-coral bioherm in Kongul Yayla (Taurides, S. Turkey)
Denayer, Julien ULg; Aretz, Markus

in Kölner Forum für Geologie und Paläontologie (2011), 19

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See detailFinal results of NKTR-102, a topoisomerase I inhibitor-polymer conjugate, in patients (Pts) with pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC) demonstrating significant antitumor activity
Garcia, A; Awada, A; Chan, S et al

in Journal of Clinical Oncology (2011), 29(supplement 27),

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See detailModel-based cardiovascular monitoring of acute pulmonary embolism in porcine trials
Revie, JA; Stevenson, DJ; Chase, JG et al

in Critical Care (2011), 15 (Suppl 1)

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See detailFirst retrievals of methyl chloride from ground-based high-resolution FTIR solar observations
Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Harrison, Jeremy; Bernath, Peter F. et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011), 13

Methyl chloride (CH3Cl) is one of the most abundant chlorine-bearing gas in the Earth’s troposphere and a significant contributor to the organic chlorine budget. Measurements by in situ networks indicate ... [more ▼]

Methyl chloride (CH3Cl) is one of the most abundant chlorine-bearing gas in the Earth’s troposphere and a significant contributor to the organic chlorine budget. Measurements by in situ networks indicate a mean volume mixing ratio of 550 pptv, with a significant seasonal cycle of about 80 pptv, peak to peak. This species also exhibits inter-annual variability, but no long-term trend. Major sources are from tropical and sub-tropical plants and dead leaves, the oceans and biomass burning. Some industrial processes and waste incineration further add to the emissions. Oxidation by the hydroxyl radical is by far the largest CH3Cl sink, followed by soil uptake. Although balanced, its atmospheric budget is still affected by large uncertainties and contributions from unidentified sources and sinks cannot be ruled out. Methyl chloride has an atmospheric lifetime of 1 year, a global warming potential of 13 (100-yr horizon) and an ozone depleting potential of 0.02. The retrieval of methyl chloride from ground-based infrared (IR) spectra is very challenging. Indeed, numerous interferences by strong water vapor and methane lines complicate the detection of small CH3Cl absorptions, close to 1%, near 3 microns. In addition, and although weak, ethane features contribute to the difficulty, in particular since a significant number of ethane branches were absent until very recently from official HITRAN compilations. Therefore, the scientific literature does not report thus far about any investigations of CH3Cl from ground-based remote sensing observations. In this contribution, we will present first CH3Cl total column retrievals, using the SFIT-2 algorithm (v3.94) and high-resolution Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) solar absorption observations recorded with a Bruker 120HR instrument, at the high altitude station of the Jungfraujoch (46.5°N, 8°E, 3580 m asl), within the framework of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC, visit http://www.ndacc.org). In our retrievals, we use new ethane absorption cross sections recorded at the Molecular Spectroscopy Facility of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (Harrison et al., 2010). They were calibrated in intensity by using reference low-resolution spectra from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) IR database. These new cross sections were recently released as a HITRAN update (see http://www.hitran.com). Pseudoline parameters fitted to these ethane spectra have been combined with HITRAN 2004 line parameters (including all the 2006 updates) for all other species encompassed in the selected microwindows, including our target CH3Cl. We will evaluate the improvement brought by the new ethane line parameters on the fitting residuals, and characterize the quality, the precision and the reliability of the retrieved product. If successful, a long-term CH3Cl total column time series will be produced using the Jungfraujoch observational database, and we will perform preliminary investigations of the seasonal and inter-annual variations of methyl chloride total columns at northern mid-latitudes. [less ▲]

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See detailEvidence for the existence of pathogenicity determinants in the Long Terminal Repeats (LTRs) of the Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) genome
Rodriguez, Sabrina ULg; Trono, K.; Jones, L.R.

in AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses (2011), 8(1), 26

Evidence for the existence of pathogenicity determinants in the Long Terminal Repeats (LTRs) of the Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) genome Sabrina M. Rodríguez1*, Karina Trono2, Leandro R. Jones3 1 Molecular ... [more ▼]

Evidence for the existence of pathogenicity determinants in the Long Terminal Repeats (LTRs) of the Bovine Leukemia Virus (BLV) genome Sabrina M. Rodríguez1*, Karina Trono2, Leandro R. Jones3 1 Molecular and Cellular Epigenetics, Interdisciplinary Cluster for Applied Genoproteomics (GIGA) , University of Liège (ULg), Belgium. 2 Instituto de Virología, CICVyA, Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria INTA-Castelar, CC 25 (1712), Castelar. 3 División de Biología Molecular, Estación de Fotobiología Playa Unión, CC 15, Rawson, Chubut 9103, Argentina. *E-mail: sabrina.rodriguez@ulg.ac.be The majority of BLV-infected animals are asymptomatic carriers (AL) while about 30% develop a benign persistent lymphocytosis (PL). Fatal lymphosarcoma (LS) occurs in 5% of infected animals. The genetic basis of these diverse outcomes of BLV infection is still unknown. Viral LTRs constitute a genetic determinant of pathogenesis for other retroviruses. However, this possibility has never been tested for BLV. Analyses to test correlation between clinical and genotypic traits across species must be corrected by including the group phylogeny. Otherwise, shared evolutionary history can jeopardize statistical independence. Thus, the influence of BLV LTR genetic variation on the clinical manifestation of the disease was investigated by employing Cladistic and Probabilistic, phylogenetic comparative methods. With this purpose, the 5´LTR region of 40 BLV proviruses from bovines with different clinical presentations (AL, PL, LS) was sequenced. Seven polymorphic positions showing an apparent association with the clinical presentation were identified. A provirus phylogeny was obtained using env gene sequences from 28 of the 40 provirus studied in this work. Both Cladistic and Probabilistic comparative analyses based on the empirical sequence alignment and the provirus phylogeny suggested that positions 41 and 56 might be correlated to the clinical presentation. The probabilistic analysis further indicated an association with the viral pathogenesis for positions 373, 450, 494 and 505, though the corresponding statistical supports were lower in comparison to the supports obtained for positions 41 and 56. These observations indicate that the BLV LTRs might contain pathogenicity determinants. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of ease of use and experience of the new paediatric triple-chamber bag for parenteral nutrition for preterm infants
Rigo, J; Marlowe, ML; Bonnot, D et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2011), 37(S2), 396

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See detailSoil redistribution in rural catchment: how fifty years old soil survey can help model improvement
Legrain, Xavier ULg; Colard, François ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011), 13

In a context of high urbanization’s pressure in rural zones, landscape modelling of erosion opens interesting perspectives in land use planning. In most cases, validation data are the weak point. In this ... [more ▼]

In a context of high urbanization’s pressure in rural zones, landscape modelling of erosion opens interesting perspectives in land use planning. In most cases, validation data are the weak point. In this study, we present how fifty years old soil observations can help progressing towards a more accurate validation of such modelling in rural areas. As of 1947, a comprehensive systematic survey of the Belgian soil cover was initiated. Field observations were done every 75 meters by soil auger to a standard depth of 125cm (if possible). Map units were delineated on cadastral field survey maps at scale 1:5,000, based on auger observations and landscape context, then generalised on the 1:10,000 topographic base map for a publication at 1:20,000 scale. The legend of the map includes more than 6,000 different soil types and variants. More recently, the Walloon part of this map was digitalised to produce the Digital Soil Map of Wallonia (DSMW). A 10m resolution DEM was build up in 2009. Its RMSE is 0.8m. Soil erodibility and runoff production maps were derived at the same resolution. A land use map exists at 1:10,000 scale since 2005 and is updated yearly. We applied the USPED model (Unit Stream Power - based Erosion Deposition) (Moore and Burch, 1986) in a small watershed where first soil observations took place in 1956. New soil observations were done in 2010. The watershed is completely included in a cultivated area. The model was applied considering a transport capacity limitation proposed by Mitasova and Mitas (1996). Furthermore, we slightly modified it, in order to take into account recent advances in RUSLE factors computations like LS computation proposed by Desmet and Govers (1996) and Nearing (1997). The spatial distribution of erosion and deposition area produced by the model on the basis of the current DEM is consistent with a comparison between old and recent pedological observations. Furthermore, a comparison between horizons’ thickness in 1956 and 2010 gives spatially distributed quantitative information on erosion and deposition. Nevertheless, some uncertainties remain since the pedological descriptions are based on thickness classes, due to the variability of soil cartographical units, and since the current DEM is itself affected by an uncertainty on the elevation value. Future research will then focus on more accurate elevation data as starting point and then it will become conceivable to model the evolution of watershed elevation including land use and other local anthropogenic structures like hedgerows, ditches or grass strips. [less ▲]

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See detailNeurally Adjusted Ventilatory Assist (NAVA) improves the matching of diaphragmatic electrical activity and tidal volume in comparison to pressure support (PS)
Piquilloud, L; Chiew, YS; Bialais, E et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2011), 37 (Suppl 1)

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See detail392 poster INTERNATIONAL IMRT CREDENTIALING BY PHYSICAL PHANTOM IRRADIATION: THE EORTC ROG EXPERIENCE
Fairchild, Alysa; GULYBAN, Akos ULg; Denis, J. M. et al

in Radiotherapy & Oncology (2011), 99

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See detailFirst occurrence of the lungfish Sagenodus (Dipnoi, Sarcopterygii) from the Carboniferous Lagerstätte of Montceau-les-Mines, France
Olive, Sébastien ULg; Clément, Gaël; Pouillon, Jean-Marc

in Ichthyolith Issues (2011)

New material of the dipnoan genus Sagenodus is described from the Carboniferous of the Barrat quarry (Blanzy-Creuzot coal basin, Montceau-les-Mines, France). This is the first occurrence of this lungfish ... [more ▼]

New material of the dipnoan genus Sagenodus is described from the Carboniferous of the Barrat quarry (Blanzy-Creuzot coal basin, Montceau-les-Mines, France). This is the first occurrence of this lungfish in France, which enlarges its distribution within Europe (Fritsch, 1888; Schultze, 1993; Watson and Gill, 1923). This material is Stephanian B in age, the previously established geological range of this Euramerican (Schultze and Chorn, 1997) genus. Remains consist of skull, lower jaw and shoulder girdle elements, closely set together with many ribs. This material, considered as belonging to a single disarticulated specimen, presents affinities with the material of Sagenodus sp. from Germany (Schultze, 1993) and appears significantly different to all other known Sagenodus species. However this new material can only be attributed to Sagenodus sp. because of its incompleteness. Montceau-les-Mines is interpreted as a freshwater environment deposit and the presence of Sagenodus in this locality confirms that most of the localities of Sagenodus are freshwater deposits. The strong affinities, existing between the material from France and Germany, indicate that there were solid hydrographic links between both basins during the Stephanian B–Upper Rotliegend period. [less ▲]

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See detailRespiratory variability in mechanically ventilated patients
Desaive, Thomas ULg; Piquilloud, L.; Moorhead, KT et al

in Critical Care (2011), 15 (Suppl 1)

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See detailInvestigation of the efficiency of the Ti555 compared with TA6V alloy in the case of an aeronautic application
Ben Bettaieb, Mohamed ULg; Van Hoof, T.; Zhang, Lihong ULg et al

in The 12th World Conference on Titanium Ti-2011 (2011)

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See detailOn the Role of the Running Coupling Constant in a Quark Model Analysis of T-odd TMDs
Courtoy, Aurore ULg

in International Journal of Modern Physics Conference Series (2011), 04

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See detailSITE – SPECIFIC MONITORING FOR DISEASE FORECASTING IN WINTER WHEAT.
El Jarroudi, Moussa ULg; Giraud, Frédéric; Delfosse, Philippe et al

in Journal of Plant Pathology [=JPP] (2011), 93(Supplement 1), 19-20

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See detailThe impact of blue light on non-visual brain functions changes with age
Daneault*; Vandewalle*, Gilles ULg; Hébert, M et al

in NeuroImage (2011), 56(Suppl. 1),

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See detailDune rehabilitation using a mechanical fixation technique : effect on sediment fluxes and on the quantitative and qualitative recovery of the herbaceous groundcover.
Tidjani, Adamou Didier; Bielders, Charles; Ambouta, Karimou et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011)

This research shows the potentialities of mechanical windbreaks to rapidly stabilize dunes in the north sahelian area (Niger) thanks to the recovery of herbaceous groundcover.

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See detailNew Solid-Shell Finite Element Based on EAS and ANS Concepts for Sheet Metal Forming
Ben Bettaieb, Amine ULg; Duchene, Laurent ULg; Zhang, Lihong ULg et al

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2011), 1383

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See detail2D DIGE, label free quantification, principal component and mass spectrometry analysis for biomarkers discovery in MCF-7/BOS cells exposed to 17β-estradiol and endocrine disruptors.
Collodoro, Mike ULg; Lemaire, Pascale; Eppe, Gauthier ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2011)

Endocrine system disruption has become a subject of great interest over the last few decades, since it has become evident that natural and also synthetic substances can mimic or reduce the activity of ... [more ▼]

Endocrine system disruption has become a subject of great interest over the last few decades, since it has become evident that natural and also synthetic substances can mimic or reduce the activity of endogenous hormones. Compounds with estrogenic activity are an important family of potential endocrine disruptors that have to be monitored either in the food chain or in the environment. Estrogens are known to induce or promote hormonal dependent cancers, to reduce sperm counts and fertility in men and generate the feminization of exposed wildlife populations. The rapid screening of unwanted chemicals in the food chain is beset by difficulties. The number of toxic compounds is very large and no universal method can cope with their diversity. In this work, emergent differential proteomic techniques are used to discover a set of biomarkers for the development of a multiple estrogen contaminants screening test. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of different spatial interpolators on the estimate of extreme precipitations
Ly, Sarann ULg; Beckers, Eléonore ULg; Charles, Catherine ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2011), 13

The design values of the areal precipitation are needed for engineer to manage vital elements of our infrastructure. The areal precipitation can be generated by different interpolation methods. The ... [more ▼]

The design values of the areal precipitation are needed for engineer to manage vital elements of our infrastructure. The areal precipitation can be generated by different interpolation methods. The problem involves choosing the interpolation method that we should use to estimate the extreme event. This work aimed at analyzing the effects of different interpolation methods on the estimate of extreme events of daily areal precipitations at catchment scale. The extreme rainfalls were estimated using areal daily rainfall interpolated by several interpolation methods (Thiessen polygon, Inverse Distance Weighting, Ordinary Kriging, Universal Kriging, Kriging with an External Drift and Ordinary Cokriging). We used thirty-years-long daily time series and different density of rain gages (from 4 to 70 rain gages). Our study is located in the Ourthe and Ambleve catchment area (2908 km²) in the southern part of Belgium). Spatial interpolation with the geostatistical and Inverse Distance Weighting algorithms outperformed considerably interpolation with the Thiessen polygon. Kriging with an External Drift and Ordinary Cokriging presented the highest Root Mean Square Error between the geostatistical and Inverse Distance Weighting methods. Ordinary Kriging and Inverse Distance Weighting were considered to be the best methods, as they provided smallest Root Mean Square Error for nearly all cases. However, it’s not really the case of extreme estimates for particular return period. The extreme daily rainfall, corresponding to return periods of 25, 50 and 100 years, were computed by fitting of a statistical model to the series of maximum annual precipitation. These estimates were conducted using HYFRAN which allows us to fit 16 different statistical models, in 2 or 3 parameters. The most known are the models of Gumbel, Gamma, Weibull, exponential, Pareto, lognormale, Pearson III and GEV. Our results showed that the behaviour of extreme daily areal rainfall in this area was best described via the Gumbel and lognormal distributions. Using 70 rain gages, little differences in extreme rainfall were observed between the interpolation methods. The estimates from these methods were in the area of 95% confidence intervals of the estimates using the Thiessen polygon. However, when the number of rain gages diminishes, the Universal Kriging and Kriging with External drift methods produced extreme estimates outside the area of 95% confidence intervals of the estimates using the Thiessen polygon with all available stations. The analysis described here provides a means to choose the interpolation method in view to calculate extreme events. It shows to engineers or hydrologists the need for a particular care when working in the regions of sparse data. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of output-only methods for condition monitoring of industrials systems
Rutten, Christophe ULg; Nguyen, Viet Ha; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2011), 305

In the field of structural health monitoring or machine condition monitoring, the activation of nonlinear dynamic behavior complicates the procedure of damage or fault detection. Blind source separation ... [more ▼]

In the field of structural health monitoring or machine condition monitoring, the activation of nonlinear dynamic behavior complicates the procedure of damage or fault detection. Blind source separation (BSS) techniques are known as efficient methods for damage diagnosis. However, most of BSS techniques repose on the assumption of the linearity of the system and the need of many sensors. This article presents some possible extensions of those techniques that may improve the damage detection, e.g. Enhanced-Principal Component Analysis (EPCA), Kernel PCA (KPCA) and Blind Modal Identification (BMID). The advantages of EPCA rely on its rapidity of use and its reliability. The KPCA method, through the use of nonlinear kernel functions, allows to introduce nonlinear dependences between variables. BMID is adequate to identify and to detect damage for generally damped systems. In this paper, damage is firstly examined by Stochastic Subspace Identification (SSI); then the detection is achieved by comparing subspace features between the reference and a current state through statistics and the concept of subspace angle. Industrial data are used as illustration of the methods. [less ▲]

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See detailQuels enseignements tirer des données de délinquance auto-révélées ?
Gavray, Claire ULg

in Observatoire : Revue d'Action Sociale & Médico-Sociale les actes + (2011)

Les données de délinquance juvénile nous obligent à contrer le discours alarmiste, tout en ne banalisant pas les problèmes vécus/causés par une minorité de jeunes qui sont bien pris dans la spirale de la ... [more ▼]

Les données de délinquance juvénile nous obligent à contrer le discours alarmiste, tout en ne banalisant pas les problèmes vécus/causés par une minorité de jeunes qui sont bien pris dans la spirale de la délinquance, comme victime et comme auteur... [less ▲]

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See detailEfficiency of elisa : a new french-language triage algorithm
JOBE, Jérôme ULg; Ghuysen, Alexandre ULg; Gerard, P. et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2011)

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See detailValidation of the Abbott Architect 25(OH)-vitamin D assay
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; CARLISI, Ignazia ULg; BEKAERT, Anne-Catherine ULg et al

in Clinical Chemistry & Laboratory Medicine (2011), 49(s1), 418

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See detailCatecholamine biosynthesis pathway potentially involved in banana defense mechanisms to crown rot disease
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; De Clerck, Caroline ULg; Frettinger, Patrick et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2011), 76(4), 591-601

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (4 ULg)