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See detailPhenomenology of $\alpha_s$ at intermediate energy: the quark-hadron duality approach
Courtoy, Aurore ULg

in PoS - Proceedings of Science (2013)

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See detailBiofilm formation on metal structured packing for the production of high added value biomolecules
Zune, Quentin ULg; Toye, Dominique ULg; Delvigne, Frank ULg et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (2013)

Many white biotechnology bioprocesses apply techniques from chemical engineering based on bioreactors with mechanical stirring system commonly employed in pharmaceutical sector, food industry or energy ... [more ▼]

Many white biotechnology bioprocesses apply techniques from chemical engineering based on bioreactors with mechanical stirring system commonly employed in pharmaceutical sector, food industry or energy field (Dasilva, 2004). As in chemical engineering, scale-up of these bioprocesses induces physicochemical constraints that affect physiological pathways and decrease performances. In this context, it is essential to think new bioprocesses better suited to physiology of microorganisms, minimizing physicochemical constraints. The aim of this work consists to use stainless steel structured packing (SSP) with high specific area (500-750 m²/m³) as inert support for biomass immobilization in order to produce high added value biomolecules. These bioreactors are biocatalysts in which microbial system is immobilized biomass on the form of a biofilm performing bioconversion of a substrate into a specific product (Rosche, 2009). In this study, an experimental setting containing a SSP reproduces solid-state fermentation (SSF) like conditions. Two well known microorganisms for their ability to form biofilm and secrete metabolites are tested in the experimental setting : Bacillus subtilis for its lipopeptides and Aspergillus oryzae for its glucoamylase. Effectiveness of the bioprocess in term of dynamic of the excretion of the target biomolecule is compared with a classical submerged culture (SmF). For lipopeptides production from B. subtilis, SSP is located in a 20L bioreactor continuously aspersed by liquid medium required to the growth of the biofilm. In the case of A. oryzae, the SSP is partially immerged in a 250 mL shake flask. X-ray tomography of the SSP allows non-invasive visualization and quantification of biofilm repartition inside the support. Implementation of SSP permits almost total immobilization of biomass on the form of a mono-species biofilm to the detriment of the liquid phase. Processing of images obtained by X-ray tomography of the SSP provides relevant information for the optimization of the bioprocess. For both microorganism species, results indicate the influence of parameters such as hydrodynamics, aeration rate and microorganism specificity, on the biofilm morphology inside the support and the performances of the bioprocess. SSF-like conditions in the experimental setting lead to technologic progress, such as absence of foam formation, persistence of the microbial system, and improve the dynamic of metabolites excretion compared with conditions imposed by the submerged culture. Further experiment will consider hydrodynamics aspects and amount of carbon source on effectiveness of the bioprocess. [less ▲]

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See detailInhibition de la sclérostine par le romosozumab chez des femmes ménopausées ayant une DMO basse : résultats de l'étude de phase 2
Brown, JP; McClung, MR; Grauer, A et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2013), 80(S1), 73

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See detailStudy on the sensitivity of three oat varieties to the saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata (von Roser) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae)
Censier, Florence ULg; Chavalle, Sandrine ULg; San Martin y Gomez, Gilles et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2013), 78(2), 287-292

The saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata (von Roser, 1840) is a univoltine pest of cereals which occurs in Europe. The larvae feed on stems and attractive saddle-shaped depressions, driving to ... [more ▼]

The saddle gall midge, Haplodiplosis marginata (von Roser, 1840) is a univoltine pest of cereals which occurs in Europe. The larvae feed on stems and attractive saddle-shaped depressions, driving to important yield losses when the galls are numerous. After 40 years without any reporting, large populations of H. marginata and important damage have been observed since 2010 in wheat crops in Belgium, especially in the Flemish Polders where clay soils and intensive farming of cereals favour heavy infestations. According to some research conducted in the 1960s during the last outbreak, oat (Avena sativa L.) is known to be one of the less favourable hosts to the saddle gall midge. Our study was performed in order to assess the host sensitivity of three oat varieties currently grown in Belgium: EVITA, EFFEKTIV and FREDDY. Therefore, oat varieties were sown on infested soil in two separate enclosures in a glasshouse. In the first enclosure, only the three oat varieties were grown; in the second one, these three oat varieties were grown together with two varieties of spring wheat: GRANNY and KWS CHAMSIN. Two parameters were measured: the percentage of leaves with laid eggs, and the number of galls per stem. The percentage of leaves with eggs showed that the infestation was significantly lower on oats when they were in presence of wheat. The egg infestation was also significantly higher on wheat than on oat, which means oat is a much less favourable host plant than spring wheat for egg laying. Oat varieties were significantly different from each other regarding the number of galls per stem, but with very little damage compared to wheat. The FREDDY variety even seemed to be completely resistant to saddle gall midge, as no galls were observed although there was a similar percentage of leaves with eggs for the three oat varieties. Cropping oat could thus contribute to reduce infestations of H. marginata. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary data on plicathyridines (Brachiopoda) from the Frasnian of southern Belgium and the Middle East (Afghanistan, Iran)
Mottequin, Bernard ULg; Marion, Jean-Marc ULg; Brice, Denise

in Documents de l’Institut Scientifique (Rabat) (2013), 26

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See detailResearch Contributions from Lola Ya Bonobo
André, Claudine; Songrady, Judy; Serckx, Adeline ULg et al

in Folia Primatologica : International Journal of Primatology = Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie = Journal international de Primatologie (2013), 84

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See detailThe Future of the Past: Architectural Heritage Guides as Handbooks for City Decoding and as a Blueprints for Urban design
Occhiuto, Rita ULg; De Fijter, Arie; Hautecler, Paul-Christian ULg

in Actes du Colloque (2013)

The recent UNESCO Recommendations on the historic hurban landscape insist on the opportunity to "shift from an emphasis on architectural monuments primarly" towards "a landscape approach" including "the ... [more ▼]

The recent UNESCO Recommendations on the historic hurban landscape insist on the opportunity to "shift from an emphasis on architectural monuments primarly" towards "a landscape approach" including "the broader urban context and its geographical setting", to understand historic urban landscape "as the result of a historic layerling, and to create new tools to adress this vision". Along this line of thought of thought, the proposed approach expands the traditional contents of architectural guides, providing keys to reconsider and evaluate the listed works' contribution to the evolution of their immediate surrounding, to the urban structure as a whole, up to the territorial scale. Moving from a design-oriented perspective and using the methods of urban morphology, the work consists mainly of set of original schemes, maps and drawings of Liège and its neighborhoods, as means to reveal the urban structure, its layerling over time, and the role of architectural heritage in clarifuing, enhancing, or even degrading the coherence of the urban artifact. Halfway between popular and scholarly literature, the forthcoming guides aim to become at both times "handbooks for city decoding" and blueprints for urban design. Providing tools lo read, comprehehen, and appreciate the part played by built heritage in a city's evolution and in the shaping of our daily environment helps to understand urban environments as a process bearing the overlapping influences of many experiments, partially implemented plans, competing visions and contradictory ideas. As a result, both the ordinary and specialized audience can possibly raise their awareness and perception of modernist architecture's legacy, but also learn how certain qualities were achieved and how certain local issues came about, acquiring relevant critical keys to take part as stakeholders or designers in the debate over the future city. [less ▲]

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See detailAltered cartilage phenotype in mice lacking Sirt-1 gene
Gabay, Odile; Zaal, K; Sanchez, Christelle ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2013), 21

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See detailModélisation du captage post-combustion du CO2 avec évaluation de la dégradation des solvants
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; BELLETANTE, Ségolène; Cabeza Mogador, Bruno et al

in Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés (2013), 104

Post-combustion CO2 capture in power plants is one of the most mature technologies for a short-term and large-scale decrease of CO2 emissions while simultaneously addressing the growing global energy ... [more ▼]

Post-combustion CO2 capture in power plants is one of the most mature technologies for a short-term and large-scale decrease of CO2 emissions while simultaneously addressing the growing global energy demand. CO2 is chemically absorbed in an amine solvent that can be regenerated at higher temperature, producing a pure CO2 stream. However, the large impact of this technology on the power plant efficiency and the environmental penalty are the main drawbacks for large-scale implementation. In this work, an innovative approach combining process modeling and evaluation of the environmental penalty due to amine degradation is presented. Based on experimental results, the kinetics of solvent oxidative and thermal degradation is estimated and included in the process model developed in Aspen Plus. Using this model, the influence of operating parameters like the oxygen concentration in the flue gas or the solvent regeneration pressure is studied. This model is a first step for a multi-objective optimization of the CO2 capture process, assessing both energy and environmental penalties of this technology. [less ▲]

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See detailComparing Co-Parenting Among Gay- and Straight-Parented Triads
D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Miscioscia, Marina ULg; Delvoye, Marie

in Psychology, Community & Heath (2013), 2(2), 87-88

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See detailOn differentially dissipative dynamical systems
Forni, Fulvio ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in IFAC-PapersOnLine website. (2013)

Dissipativity is an essential concept of systems theory. The paper provides an extension of dissipativity, named differential dissipativity, by lifting storage functions and supply rates to the tangent ... [more ▼]

Dissipativity is an essential concept of systems theory. The paper provides an extension of dissipativity, named differential dissipativity, by lifting storage functions and supply rates to the tangent bundle. Differential dissipativity is connected to incremental stability in the same way as dissipativity is connected to stability. It leads to a natural formulation of differential passivity when restricting to quadratic supply rates. The paper also shows that the interconnection of differentially passive systems is differentially passive, and provides preliminary examples of differentially passive electrical systems. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the Liège Intra Nuclear Cascade model to light ion-induced collisions for medical and space applications
Leray, S.; Mancusi, D.; Kaitaniemi, P. et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2013), 420

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See detailQuadripulse Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Visual Cortex for Chronic Migraine Prevention: A Pilot-Trial
Sasso d'Elia, Tullia; Vigano, Alessandro; Fataki, Michel et al

in Cephalalgia : An International Journal of Headache (2013), 33(8), 49

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See detailBlood lead, urinary lead, urinary δ-aminolevulinic acid and urinary porphyrins levels among people living in kinshasa, D.R. Congo : a pilot biomonitoring study
Mputu Malolo, Corneille-Liévin; Ndelo di Phanzu, Josaphat; Marini Djang'Eing'A, Roland ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2013), 68(6), 475

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See detailIdentifying early Earth microfossils in unsilicified sediments
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Asael, Dan; Bekker, Andrey et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013), 15

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See detailComparison of Immune Reconstitution after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation with Flu-TBI versus TLI-ATG Conditioning
Hannon, Muriel ULg; Humblet-Baron, S.; Graux, C. et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), Abstracts book(Supplement of 28th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 38

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See detailProcessing of Ti alloys by additive manufacturing: a comparison of the microstructures obtained by laser cladding, selective laser melting and electron beam melting
Reginster, Sylvie ULg; Mertens, Anne ULg; Paydas, Hakan ULg et al

in Materials Science Forum (2013), 765

Additive manufacturing processes such as laser cladding (LC) or selective laser melting (SLM) appear very promising in view of an economic near-net-shape production – and also, in the case of LC, the ... [more ▼]

Additive manufacturing processes such as laser cladding (LC) or selective laser melting (SLM) appear very promising in view of an economic near-net-shape production – and also, in the case of LC, the restoration - of complex and (almost) fully dense parts from Ti alloys. Both techniques involve the melting of a metallic powder with a laser. In the SLM process, the metallic powder is deposited layer by layer in a powder bed and then molten locally according to the desired shape, whereas in LC, the metallic powder is directly projected onto a substrate through a nozzle coaxial with the laser beam. The present research aims at comparing Ti-6Al-4V samples processed by these two techniques with reference samples produced by electron beam melting (EBM), another well established additive manufacturing process (patented by Arcam AB Company) in which a powder bed is molten locally by means of an electron beam. In all three processes, the melt pool undergoes an ultrafast cooling and solidifies very rapidly once the beam has left the area, thus giving rise to strongly out-of-equilibrium microstructures. Yet, each one of these processes also has its own specificities e.g. in terms of scanning strategy and of working atmosphere (low vacuum vs. protective Ar flow). In the present work, the microstructures obtained by these three processes have been compared in details, with a particular attention for characteristics such as porosity, grain size, and the various phases present. Since epitaxial growth of the newly deposited layer on the material previously solidified has been shown [1, 2] to exert a strong influence on the microstructure and on the resulting mechanical properties, great care has been taken to study the microstructural anisotropy associated with each one of the three processes. [less ▲]

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See detailReduction in VAP incidence by subglottic secretion drainage and antibiotic consumption in ICU patients
VAN CAUWENBERGE, Isabelle ULg; ANCION, Arnaud ULg; LAMBERMONT, Bernard ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2013), 39(Suppl 2), 465-4660898

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See detailThe Enhancement of Secondary Succession by Western Lowland Gorillas (Gorilla gorilla gorilla) in a Moist Tropical Forest of Southeast Cameroon
Petre, Charles-Albert ULg; Haurez, Barbara ULg; Tagg, Nikki et al

in Folia Primatologica : International Journal of Primatology = Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie = Journal international de Primatologie (2013), 84

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See detailInitiation of methane turbulent flux measurements over a grazed grassland in Belgium
Dumortier, Pierre ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Chopin, Henri ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013), 15

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See detailGestion de la reproduction dans les troupeaux bovins laitier
Hanzen, Christian ULg; Rao, Anne-Sophie ULg; Theron, Léonard ULg

in Revue Africaine de Santé et de Productions Animales [=RASPA] (2013)

La décision de la commission européenne de mettre fin en 2015 à la politique des quotas laitiers mise en place en 1984 va vraisemblablement bousculer le paysage laitier européen mais aussi mondial. Plus ... [more ▼]

La décision de la commission européenne de mettre fin en 2015 à la politique des quotas laitiers mise en place en 1984 va vraisemblablement bousculer le paysage laitier européen mais aussi mondial. Plus que jamais les grands pays producteurs (Etats-Unis, Canada, France, Allemagne, Pays-Bas, Irlande, Nouvelle-Zélande) vont dans ce contexte de libéralisation et de globalisation de « l’or blanc » se livrer une concurrence effrénée dans laquelle la majorité des producteurs n’auront que peu ou rien à dire. L’augmentation attendue de la production laitière mondiale (15 milliards de litres par an entre 2010 et 2020) résulte bien entendu de l’augmentation de la population mondiale (3,1 milliards entre 1970 et 2010 auxquels s’ajouteront 2 milliards de plus en 2050) mais également du fait que davantage de personnes en Extrême et Moyen-Orient, en Amérique du Sud et en Afrique du Nord consomment davantage de lait et de produits dérivés. L’enjeu pour la majorité des éleveurs européens ou non va être de réduire les coûts liés à la production laitière en (1) optimisant les ressources alimentaires, (2) en améliorant la santé mammaire, (3) en augmentant la longévité des vaches, (4) en réduisant la fréquence des maladies métaboliques, locomotrices ou infectieuses et (5) en améliorant la fécondité. L’amélioration de la fécondité passe définition oblige par la réduction de l’âge du premier vêlage et de l’intervalle entre vêlages. Par gestion, il faut entendre dans un premier temps la quantification du problème et dans un second l’identification des diverses hypothèses diagnostiques qui en sont responsables. Les facteurs de nature alimentaire, thérapeutique, pathologique ou de gestion susceptibles de modifier l'évolution normale de chaque femelle depuis sa naissance jusqu'au moment de sa réforme sont de nature diverse. Ils concernent l'individu ou le troupeau. Ils sont directement ou indirectement responsables de leur fertilité et/ou de leur fécondité. Leurs effets se manifestent de manière isolée ou synergique. Ils concernent aussi bien les animaux que ceux qui en ont la responsabilité sanitaire ou de gestion. Ils sont de nature anatomique, infectieuse, hormonale, thérapeutique ou zootechnique. Par gestion de la reproduction, il faut entendre une approche épidémiologique, globale de l’infécondité qui en intègre les aspects spécifiques sans négliger pour autant les autres aspects qui ne lui sont pas directement liés. Par gestion de la reproduction, on peut aussi comprendre sa gestion hormonale à savoir le recours à des protocoles thérapeutiques de synchronisation des inséminations et donc des vêlages. L’une et l’autre approche s’inscrive dans le contexte d’une identification systématique des animaux à risque au travers d’un suivi mensuel de reproduction. Ce suivi est la clé de voûte d’une gestion de la reproduction. Au travers d’une démarche hypothético-déductive, la présente communication se propose de - quantifier les performances de reproduction au travers des ses principaux paramètres de fécondité et de fertilité : cette première étape est indispensable pour identifier la présence ou non d’un problème d’infécondité, - passer en revue et de manière aussi synthétique que possible les diverses hypothèses et donc les facteurs de risque responsables d’infécondité - proposer des stratégies curatives ou préventives, anti-infectieuses ou hormonales voire zootechniques pour limiter les conséquences de l’infécondité. [less ▲]

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See detailLa consommation d’oleuropéine ou de rutine diminue le développement spontané de l’arthrose chez le cobaye Hartley
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Horcajada, Marie-Noëlle; Membrez, Fanny et al

in Revue du Rhumatisme (2013), 80S

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See detailStrunian Rugose and Tabulate corals from Northwestern Turkey
Denayer, Julien ULg

in Document de l'Institut Scientifique, Rabat (2013), 26

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See detailModeling of non-covalent complexes of the cell-penetrating peptide CADY and its siRNA cargo
Crowet, Jean-Marc ULg; Lins, Laurence ULg; Deshayes, Sébastien et al

in European Biophysics Journal [=EBJ] (2013), 42(S1), 63

CADY is a cell-penetrating peptide spontaneously making non-covalent complexes with short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) in water. Neither the structure of CADY nor that of the complexes is resolved. We have ... [more ▼]

CADY is a cell-penetrating peptide spontaneously making non-covalent complexes with short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) in water. Neither the structure of CADY nor that of the complexes is resolved. We have calculated and analyzed 3D models of CADY and of the non-covalent CADY–siRNA complexes in order to understand their formation and stabilization. Data from the ab initio calculations and molecular dynamics support that, in agreement with the experimental data, CADY is a polymorphic peptide partly helical. We calculated and compared several complexes with peptide/siRNA ratios of up to 40. The initial binding of CADYs is essentially due to the electrostatic interactions of the arginines with siRNA phosphates. Due to a repetitive arginine motif (XLWR(K)), CADYs can adopt multiple positions at the siRNA surface. Nevertheless, several complex properties are common: an average of 14 ± 1 CADYs is required to saturate a siRNA. The 40 CADYs/siRNA that is the optimal ratio for vector stability always corresponds to two layers of CADYs per siRNA and the peptide cage is stabilized by hydrophobic CADY–CADY contacts. The analysis demonstrates that the hydrophobicity, the positive charges and the polymorphism of CADY are mandatory to make stable the CADY–siRNA complexes. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the Accuracy of Monitoring Great Apes in the Wild: A Case Study from Southeast Cameroon
Tagg, Nikki; Willie, Jacob; Petre, Charles-Albert ULg

in Folia Primatologica : International Journal of Primatology = Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie = Journal international de Primatologie (2013), 84

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See detailAnother Generalization of Abelian Equivalence: Binomial Complexity of Infinite Words
Rigo, Michel ULg; Salimov, Pavel ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2013), 8079

The binomial coefficient of two words u and v is the number of times v occurs as a subsequence of u. Based on this classical notion, we introduce the m-binomial equivalence of two words refining the ... [more ▼]

The binomial coefficient of two words u and v is the number of times v occurs as a subsequence of u. Based on this classical notion, we introduce the m-binomial equivalence of two words refining the abelian equivalence. The m-binomial complexity of an infinite word x maps an integer n to the number of m-binomial equivalence classes of factors of length n occurring in x. We study the first properties of m-binomial equivalence. We compute the m-binomial complexity of the Sturmian words and of the Thue-Morse word. We also mention the possible avoidance of 2-binomial squares. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst steps towards an explicit modeling of aba production and translocation in relation with the water uptake dynamics
Lobet, Guillaume ULg; Pagès, Loic; Draye, Xavier

in Acta Horticulturae (2013), 991

Water flow in the plant continuum is thought to be controlled by the leaf, xylem and the root radial conductances. Leaf conductance is widely recognized as the master control in the system as it can act ... [more ▼]

Water flow in the plant continuum is thought to be controlled by the leaf, xylem and the root radial conductances. Leaf conductance is widely recognized as the master control in the system as it can act as a switch in the water flow, even under high transpiration demand. The control of the stomatal aperture by the plant has been the object of numerous research projects since decades and different models have been developed to study stomatal regulation. The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) produced in the leaves acts as an endogenous signal triggering stomatal closure, but is also thought to act as a long distance signal that is produced by roots experiencing water deficit. However, the relative contributions of leaf-supplied ABA, root-supplied ABA and xylem water potential in the regulation of water flow remains a matter of controversy. Using a novel functional structural plant model (PlaNet-Maize-ABA), we report here a first attempt to explicitly simulate ABA production, degradation, translocation in all plant organs and their effect on the transpiration flow. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetics of body energy status of Holstein cows predicted by mid-infrared spectrometry
Bastin, Catherine ULg; Berry, D.; Gengler, Nicolas ULg et al

in Journal of Dairy Science (2013), 96(E-Suppl. 1),

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See detailPrediction of residual stresses by FE simulations on bimetallic work rolls during cooling
Neira Torres, Ingrid ULg; Gilles, Gaëtan ULg; Tchuindjang, Jérôme Tchoufack ULg et al

in Computer Methods in Materials Science (2013), 13(1), 84-91

Bimetallic rolls used in the roughing stands of the Hot Strip Mill require mixed properties as a high wear resistance for the shell material and an enhanced toughness for the core material. The bimetallic ... [more ▼]

Bimetallic rolls used in the roughing stands of the Hot Strip Mill require mixed properties as a high wear resistance for the shell material and an enhanced toughness for the core material. The bimetallic roll studied in this paper is obtained from a vertical spin casting process followed by cooling and subsequent heat treatments. Failure of the compound roll sometimes occurs during the cooling stage of the casting route or later during the thermal treatments. It requires to deeply investigate the thermo mechanical metallurgical interactions generated during cooling and heat treatment in order to find the origin of cracks. For this purpose, a thermo metallurgic mechanical finite element model is used. However these numerical simulations require a high amount of mechanical, thermal and metallurgical parameters. In order to determinate these parameters, a study of available data for estimation of mechanical parameters was performed. Thermo physical parameters were obtained by DTA and DSC methods. Metallurgical characterization by inverse numerical method based on available CCT diagrams was performed to determine the TTT diagrams. First cooling numerical simulations are presented, allowing a rough estimate of residual stresses values and the identification of key parameters for predicting accurate residual stresses by sensitivity analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailIndirect comparison of bazedoxifene vs. oral bisphosphonates for the prevention of vertebral fractures in postmenopausal osteoporotic women
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Ellis, AG; Luo, X et al

in Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 37

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See detailEstimation of the fascine efficiency in terms of runoff infiltration and sediments deposition
Degré, Aurore ULg; Pineux, Nathalie ULg; Cantreul, Vincent ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013), 15

Runoff inundations and mudflows are more and more frequent phenomena. In 2011, Belgium had a lot of its municipalities affected by this problematic. Since then, mitigation measures are more and more set ... [more ▼]

Runoff inundations and mudflows are more and more frequent phenomena. In 2011, Belgium had a lot of its municipalities affected by this problematic. Since then, mitigation measures are more and more set up in agricultural watersheds. The fascines are one of these measures which allow to protect the public and private infrastructures and in the same way, which don’t reduce the famers productivity. They consist in branches faggots piled up between two rows of stakes. These linear constructions are mainly put in place across concentrated runoff axis in order to slow down the water and to filter the mud. Only few quantifications of their effectiveness (in terms of flow and concentration water reduction) exist and are however needed to better recommend these types of mitigation measures. Our experiment aims at measuring discharge and mud concentration reduction due to the fascines in a completely defined context. The tests were realised through fascines planted in field border. A watertight surface of 2,45m to 0,80m carries the water to the fascines. Three types of fascines were tested (willow wood fascine, straw fascine, straw compacted fascine), three different water flows were applied (0,5L/s, 3L/s and 6L/s) and three water concentration in dry soil (13g/L, 26g/L, 38g/L) were used. The different factor combinations were tested. The results show that we can expect a reduction of 60% of the flow for the biggest water flows (proportional efficiency with the water flow). The factor interaction study doesn’t allow to see a difference between the type. About the sediment water concentration, the filtration can reach 50%, the fascine with wood faggots showing a better efficiency. Finally, the difference between the fascine type show that straw fascine can support a biggest watershed (25 hectares) than the wood faggot fascine can (5-10 hectares) but during a smaller return period (one year against five years). [less ▲]

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See detailLocal estradiol synthesis in the brain and its implication in male and female sexual motivation of Japanese quail
de Bournonville, Catherine ULg; Schmit, Mélanie; Ball, Gregory F et al

in Trabajos del Instituto Cajal (2013)

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See detailPhysico-chemical and membrane-interacting properties of D-xylose-based bolaforms. Influence of the anomeric configuration
Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg; Legrand, Vincent; Gatard, Sylvain et al

in MATEC Web of Conferences (2013), 4

Sugar-based biosurfactants such as xylose-derived bolaforms have interesting properties, for example high biocompatibility and biodegradability which make them potential useful molecules in the ... [more ▼]

Sugar-based biosurfactants such as xylose-derived bolaforms have interesting properties, for example high biocompatibility and biodegradability which make them potential useful molecules in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic fields. Until now, no detailed analyses of the physico-chemical properties of these compounds have been undertaken. Two symmetrical D-xylose-based bolaforms were chemically synthesized where the two xylose heads are linked via an acetal link to a hydrocarbon chain containing 18 carbon atoms and an unsaturation. The two bolaforms differ only by their anomeric configuration: or The bolaform exhibits interfacial properties at the air-water interface which is not the case for the . FTIR spectroscopy showed that the interactions between the bolaform and POPC, a model phospholipid, involve the carbonyl groups of the phospholipid [less ▲]

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See detailKoaleszenz in Extraktionskolonnen und Abscheidern
Pfennig, Andreas ULg; Buchbender, Florian; Chuttrakul, P et al

in Chemie Ingenieur Technik (2013)

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See detailHerbaceous Plant Availability and Use by Western Lowland Gorillas in South East Cameroon
Willie, Jacob; Tagg, Nikki; Petre, Charles-Albert ULg et al

in Folia Primatologica : International Journal of Primatology = Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie = Journal international de Primatologie (2013), 84

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See detailDes ambassadeurs entre Liège et Bourgogne: Pour une étude des relations diplomatiques des pouvoirs liégeois avec les ducs Valois
Masson, Christophe ULg

in Publication du Centre Européen d'Etudes Bourguignonnes (2013), LIII(2013), 51-66

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See detailFinal analysis of overall survival for the Phase III CONFIRM trial: fulvestrant 500 mg versus 250 mg
DI LEO, Angelo; JERUSALEM, Guy ULg; PETRUZELKA, Lubos et al

in Cancer Research. Supplement (2012, December 15), 72(24), 1-4

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See detailDiscriminant BOLD Activation Patterns during Mental Imagery in Parkinson’s Disease
Schrouff, Jessica ULg; Cremers, Julien ULg; D'Ostilio, Kevin ULg et al

in Proceedings of MLINI 2012 (2012, December 07)

Using machine learning based models in clinical applications has become current practice and can prove useful to provide information at the subject’s level, such as predicting an (early) diagnosis or ... [more ▼]

Using machine learning based models in clinical applications has become current practice and can prove useful to provide information at the subject’s level, such as predicting an (early) diagnosis or monitoring the evolution of a disease. However, the performance of these models depends on the choice of a biomarker to detect the presence or absence of a disease. Choosing a biomarker is not straightforward, especially in the case of Parkinson’s disease when compared to healthy subjects. In the present work, we investigated the mental imagery of gait as a biomarker of Parkinson’s disease and showed that the signal in the mesencephalic locomotor region during the mental imagery of gait at a comfortable pace can discriminate significantly between idiopathic Parkinson’s disease patients and healthy subjects. Although there is room for improvement, the results of this preliminary study are promising. [less ▲]

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See detailInnovative Surface Plasmon Resonance biosensing architectures
desfours, Caroline; Hastanin, Juriy ULg; Drucbert, Anne-Sophie et al

in International Conference on Fibre Optics and Photonics (2012, December)

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures involving multi-wavelength interrogation are an attractive alternative for droplet biosensing. We present our results for in situ measurements of biological ... [more ▼]

Surface Plasmons Resonance (SPR) architectures involving multi-wavelength interrogation are an attractive alternative for droplet biosensing. We present our results for in situ measurements of biological molecules with a two-wavelength sensor and a SPR Coupler- Disperser spectroscopic sensor. [less ▲]

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See detailPotentiel de dispersion du sanglier et historique de la colonisation de la plaine agricole
Morelle, Kevin ULg; Prévot, Céline

in Forêt Wallonne (2012, December), 121

Les populations de sangliers augmentent en nombre et étendent leur aire de répartition un peu partout en Europe. En Wallonie, la population de sangliers a quadruplé en 30 ans. Plusieurs études se sont ... [more ▼]

Les populations de sangliers augmentent en nombre et étendent leur aire de répartition un peu partout en Europe. En Wallonie, la population de sangliers a quadruplé en 30 ans. Plusieurs études se sont penchées sur le sujet et les raisons de cette augmentation concernent souvent l’influence du climat. Grâce aux différents suivis réalisés par le DEMNA, les déplacements au sein des populations de sangliers sont mieux compris. L’article se penche d’abord sur le potentiel de dispersion du sanglier en se basant sur les données de bagage de marcassins. Deux variables sont analysées : la distance parcourue dans le cadre de la dispersion natale (mouvement à sens unique à partir du site de naissance d’un individu jusqu’à son site de première reproduction) et le taux de cette dispersion natale. Quelques résultats provenant d’une étude génétique sont également présentés. Le génotypage de 1153 sangliers répartis sur l’ensemble de la Wallonie a mis en évidence quatre sous-populations génétiquement homogènes. Parallèlement à l’augmentation de la taille de ses populations, le sanglier a vu son aire de distribution s’accroître en Wallonie. Un suivi par enquête a été réalisé auprès des conseils cynégétiques et des agents du DNF pour mieux comprendre l’expansion géographique observée. Une première phase de l’enquête visait à retracer l’expansion géographique du sanglier en Wallonie. La seconde phase consistait à réaliser un état des lieux sur la situation actuelle de la distribution du sanglier en périphérie du sillon Sambre-et-Meuse. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasurement of serum albumin by protein electrophoresis and bromocresol green methods in canine and equine patients
Ramery, Eve ULg; Bureau, Fabrice ULg

in Veterinary Clinical Pathology (2012, December), 41(4), 5

Background: Bromocresol green method (BCG) is routinely used in veterinary laboratories to measure albumin. A good agreement between BCG and electrophoresis (SPE) in healthy domestic animals is reported ... [more ▼]

Background: Bromocresol green method (BCG) is routinely used in veterinary laboratories to measure albumin. A good agreement between BCG and electrophoresis (SPE) in healthy domestic animals is reported. However, in human medicine, at low albumin and high globulin concentrations, BCG also binds to α- and β-globulins fractions. Surprisingly, there is no recent literature evaluating the BCG method in diseased domestic animals. Objective: The purpose of the present study was therefore to compare the serum albumin values obtained by SPE and BCG in canine and equine patients. Methods: Albumin measured by BCG and SPE was compared in the serum from 30 canine and 30 equine patients. Results: Good correlation was found (Spearman´s rho rs = 0.91 in dogs and 0.84 in horses). However, Altman and Bland analysis of results showed a positive bias of BCG with SPE (3.41 g/l in horses and 0.41 g/l in dogs) that increased when only hypoalbuminemic patients were considered (4.17 g/l in horses and 1.31 g/l in dogs). Conclusion: Results confirm that, despite good correlation, BCG method tends to overestimate albumin, especially in hypoalbuminemic patients. This is particularly evident in horses. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of medium without reducing agent for in vitro fermentation studies by bacteria isolated from pig intestine
POELAERT, Christine ULg; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Journal of Animal Science (2012, December), 90(Supplement 4), 387-389

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See detailUne étude de la vulnérabilité cognitive des parents au premier degré de patients schizophrènes
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Duke, Géraldine; Xhenseval, Laure et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2012, December), XVII(4), 53

Schizophrenic patients and their first-degree relatives suffer from cognitive deficits in different area (memory, executive, attentional and language functions) which allows us to consider these deficits ... [more ▼]

Schizophrenic patients and their first-degree relatives suffer from cognitive deficits in different area (memory, executive, attentional and language functions) which allows us to consider these deficits as endophenotypes of schizophrenia. Schizophrenic patients also suffer from a lack of autobiographical memory and instability of identity: our study aims to determine whether this deficit and this instability are endophenotypes of schizophrenia. In order to reach this objective, we evaluated first-degree relatives. The results show that first-degree relatives suffer from cognitive deficits but, contrary to our hypotheses, not any deficit of specificity or instability of identity have been highlighted among these parents. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation d'un protocole de prise en charge nutritionnelle interdisciplinaire chez des patients brulés
MALHERBE, Christian ULg; VERBRUGGE, Anne-Marie ULg; MAGNETTE, André ULg et al

in Nutrition Clinique et Metabolisme (2012, December), 26-Supp1

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See detailDynamic simulations of solar combisystems integrating a seasonal sorption storage: Influence of the combisystem configuration
Hennaut, Samuel ULg; Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Davin, Elisabeth ULg et al

in Strojarstvo: Journal for Theory and Application in Mechanical Engineering (2012, December), 54(6), 433-440

This paper focuses on the sizing of solar combisystems with adsorption seasonal storage to target autonomous solar space heating. Two main configurations of the combisystem are simulated, including one or ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the sizing of solar combisystems with adsorption seasonal storage to target autonomous solar space heating. Two main configurations of the combisystem are simulated, including one or two tanks. The influence of the seasonal storage on the sizing of the tanks is also discussed. Results show that performances of the system with two tanks are better (2 to 4 % with seasonal storage) but some improvements should be possible for the single tank configuration. The sizing of the sensible storage is nearly independent of the solar collectors area if there is a seasonal storage. The sensible storage size increase with the collectors area without adsorption storage. The analysis is conducted in simulation using the TRNSYS program. [less ▲]

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See detail(Pré)textes : perspective didactique sur le dépeçage des textes littéraires à des fins d'exemplification
Van Beveren, Julien ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (2012, December), 4

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See detailNon-thermal radiation from a runaway early-type star
del Valle, M.; Romero, G.E.; De Becker, Michaël ULg

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2012, December), 1505

HD 195592 is an O-type supergiant star, known as a well-established runaway. Recently, a Fermi γ-ray source (2FGL J2030.7+4417) with a position compatible with that of HD 195592 has been reported. Our ... [more ▼]

HD 195592 is an O-type supergiant star, known as a well-established runaway. Recently, a Fermi γ-ray source (2FGL J2030.7+4417) with a position compatible with that of HD 195592 has been reported. Our goal is to explore a scenario where HD 195592 is the counterpart of the Fermi γ-ray source. The high-energy emission would be inverse Compton radiation produced in the bowshock of the runaway star. We calculate relativistic particle energy losses and the resulting radiation from the bowshock of HD 195592 and show that the latter is compatible with the detected γ-ray emission. We conclude that the Fermi source 2FGL J2030.7+4417 might be produced, under some energetic assumptions, by inverse Compton up-scattering of infrared photons from locally heated dust. HD 195592 might therefore be the very first object detected belonging to the category of γ-ray emitting runaway massive stars, whose existence has been recently predicted. [less ▲]

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See detailPatterns of Clinical Management and Resource Utilisation for Postmenopausal Hormone-Receptor-Positive HER2-Negative (HR+ HER2-) Advanced Breast Cancer (BC) in Europe
ANDRE, Fabrice; MARINSEK, Nina; RICCI, Jean-François et al

in Value in Health (2012, November), 15(7), 419

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See detailVocal Impact of a Prolonged Reading Task in Dysphonic versus Normophonic Female Teachers
Remacle, Angélique ULg; Morsomme, Dominique ULg; Berrué, Elise et al

in Journal of Voice (2012, November), 26(6), 8201-82013

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact on voice of a 2-hour reading task between 70-75 dB(A) in 16 normophonic and 16 dysphonic female teachers with vocal nodules. METHODS: Objective measurements ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: This study evaluates the impact on voice of a 2-hour reading task between 70-75 dB(A) in 16 normophonic and 16 dysphonic female teachers with vocal nodules. METHODS: Objective measurements (acoustic analysis, voice range measurements, aerodynamic measurements) and subjective self-ratings were collected before the task and every 30 minutes during the reading to determine the voice evolution in both groups. RESULTS: Fundamental frequency, lowest frequency, highest frequency (F-High), highest intensity and intensity range increase through the reading, whereas Shimmer decreases. Maximum phonation time decreases after 30 minutes. Estimated subglottal pressure (ESP) and sound pressure level increase during the first hour. Afterwards, ESP decreases. Self-ratings worsen through time. When comparing the normophonic and the dysphonic teachers, self-ratings reveal more complaints in the dysphonic group. Few differences in objective measurements are found between both groups: normophonic teachers show lower ESP, higher F-High and greater frequency range. CONCLUSIONS: Frequency modifications from acoustic analysis and voice range measurements suggest an increased laryngeal tension during vocal load, while subjects perceive a worsening of voice. Aerodynamic parameters depict first a deterioration of voice efficiency and then an adaptation to the prolonged reading. The comparison between both groups shows a discrepancy between objective measurements and self-ratings, suggesting that both approaches are necessary to have a complete view of vocal load effects. Surprisingly, both groups behave similarly through vocal load, without more or quicker deterioration of voice in the dysphonic group. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation de l’impact de la filiere de production porcine sur les caractéristiques des jambons de l’IGP (Indication Géographique Protégée) Jambon d’Ardenne
Dzaomuho-Lenieregue, Phidias ULg; Eloundou Mballa, Pierre ULg; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

in Viandes et Produits Carnés (2012, November), Hors-Série

The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of pork production sector on technological behavior of raw material, properties of the ham final product and consumer preferences. An experimental ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study is to evaluate the influence of pork production sector on technological behavior of raw material, properties of the ham final product and consumer preferences. An experimental manufacturing assay of Ardenne Ham has been conducted for this purpose. Results show few incidence of pork production conditions on technological properties and chemical or sensory characteristics of hams. The preference tests, carried out with a sensory panel using several criteria, showed that consumers were able to distinguish two groups of hams, according to their fat content. They have a preference for lower-fat ham from one of the studied sectors. Method of multicriteria decision shows no overall preference for one of the submitted ham. [less ▲]

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See detailSingle nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter regions of Foxp3 and ICOSLG genes are associated with Alopecia areata.
Conteduca, Giuseppina ULg

in Clinical & Experimental Medicine (2012, November), 14(1), 91-7

Alopecia areata (AA), an autoimmune disease affecting anagen stage hair follicles, is associated with polymorphisms in immune-related genes and with decreased number of CD4+ CD25+ T regulatory cells (Treg ... [more ▼]

Alopecia areata (AA), an autoimmune disease affecting anagen stage hair follicles, is associated with polymorphisms in immune-related genes and with decreased number of CD4+ CD25+ T regulatory cells (Treg). Treg function is modulated by the forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3) transcription factor and by inducible costimulator (ICOS), through interaction with the relative ligand, ICOSLG, whose genes are polymorphic. The aim of the study was to investigate whether specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of the rs2294020 FOXP3 and/or rs378299 ICOSLG genes may be associated with AA. A case-control study was performed in 120 AA patients and 84 controls. SNPs were analyzed by gene sequencing. FOXP3 and ICOSLG gene expressions were analyzed by real-time PCR. Increased frequencies of the genotype carrying the FOXP3 rs2294020-3675(A) [P = 0.002, OR (95 % CI): 2.55 (1.2-2.7)] or the ICOSLG rs378299-509(C) [P = 0.01, OR (95 % CI): 2.21 (1.1-2.6)] allelic variants were observed in AA patients than in controls. The genotype carrying the combination of the FOXP3 rs2294020-3675(A) and ICOSLG rs378299-509(C) allelic variants with the HLA DQB1*03 allele was more frequently present in AA patients than in controls (P = 0.04). The presence of the FOXP3 rs2294020-3675(A) or the ICOSLG rs378299-509(C) allelic variant was associated with reduced relative gene expression in AA patients. These data suggest that rs2294020 SNP of FOXP3 gene and rs378299 SNP of ICOSLG gene are associated with AA and with a reduced expression of the FOXP3 and ICOSLG genes in alopecia patients. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is the potential increase of the heart graft pool by cardiac donation after circulatory death?
NOTERDAEME, Timothée; NELLESSEN, Eric ULg; HANS, Marie-France ULg et al

in Transplantation (2012, November), 94

Background: Heart transplantation remains to date the only definite treatment option for end-stage heart diseases. Currently only heart procured from brain death (DBD) donors are used. Combined with an ... [more ▼]

Background: Heart transplantation remains to date the only definite treatment option for end-stage heart diseases. Currently only heart procured from brain death (DBD) donors are used. Combined with an increasing demand, the constant heart graft shortage leads to an increase of deaths on cardiac transplantation waiting lists. The use of hearts procured after donation after circulatory death (DCD) could help to partly decrease the heart graft shortage. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential increase of heart graft pool by development of DCD heart transplantation. Methods: The authors retrospectively reviewed their local donor database for the period 2006-2011, and screened the complete controlled DCD donor population for potential heart donors, using the same criteria as for DBD heart transplantation. The acceptable warm ischemic time (WIT) was limited to 30min from life support withdrawal to aortic cannulation. Results: During the analyzed timespan, 177 DBD and 70 DCD were effectively performed. From the 177 DBD, a total of 70 (39.5%) hearts were procured and transplanted locally or in another center. Out of the 70 DCD, 8 (11%) donors fulfilled the criteria for heart graft procurement and had a WIT of less than 30 minutes. During the same period, 82 patients were newly listed for heart transplantation, of which 53 were transplanted, 20 died or were unlisted, and 9 were still awaiting transplantation. Conclusions: Based on our database and a WIT of less than 30min, it could be estimated that 11% of the DCD might be heart graft donors, representing a 11% increase in heart graft procurement, as well as potential reduction of the deaths on the waiting list by 40%. [less ▲]

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See detailHighly excited states of baryons in large Nc QCD
Matagne, Nicolas; Stancu, Floarea ULg

in Bled Workshops in Physics (2012, November), 13(1), 47-53

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See detailCouplage des modèles numériques SWAT et FeFlow pour l'étude des flux de nitrate à l'échelle d'un bassin versant agricole posé sur un aquifère sableux. Calibrage, validation et test de scénarios pour l'évaluation de pratiques agricoles plus durables en terme de gestion de l'azote
Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Deneufbourg, Mathieu ULg; Gaule, David et al

in Bulletin du groupe francophone Humidimétrie et Transferts en milieux poreux (2012, November), 58

Quatre prises d’eau exploitées à Arquennes (Belgique) sont contaminées par le nitrate. Leurs bassins d’alimentation sont situés en zone agricole caractérisée par un sol limoneux sur un aquifère sableux ... [more ▼]

Quatre prises d’eau exploitées à Arquennes (Belgique) sont contaminées par le nitrate. Leurs bassins d’alimentation sont situés en zone agricole caractérisée par un sol limoneux sur un aquifère sableux. Depuis 2004, ces bassins servent de site pilote dans le cadre de l’évaluation du Programme de Gestion Durable de l’Azote (PGDA), transposition de la Directive « Nitrates » en droit wallon. Les modèles numériques SWAT et FEFLOW ont permis de simuler les flux d’eau et de nitrate depuis la surface jusqu’aux galeries. Après calibrage et validation des modèles (sur la base d’une caractérisation du sol et du sous-sol et de traçages en milieux saturé et non saturé), plusieurs scénarios de pratiques agricoles ont été simulés afin de prédire l’évolution qualitative des eaux. L’expérience d’Arquennes a démontré que le recours au couplage SWAT / FEFLOW permet de proposer des solutions environnementales réalistes pour atteindre les objectifs fixés par la DCE. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes processing speed protect from age-related decline in cognitive control?
Manard, Marine ULg; Carabin, Delphine; Collette, Fabienne ULg

in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2012, October 27)

Age-related difficulties have been reported on proactive control whereas reactive control seems to remain intact (Braver, Gray, & Burgess, 2007; Braver, 2012). This study investigated the potential ... [more ▼]

Age-related difficulties have been reported on proactive control whereas reactive control seems to remain intact (Braver, Gray, & Burgess, 2007; Braver, 2012). This study investigated the potential influence of speed of processing abilities on the age-related decline in proactive control. We used a working memory recognition paradigm involving proactive or reactive cognitive control by manipulating the interference level across items. 80 young adults (18-29 years old) and 80 healthy older adults (60-89 years old) were included. The main results revealed significant effects of age on sensitivity to interference. As expected, reactive control performance remained intact with aging (similar interference effect in the two groups). In contrast, we observed a larger interference effect in the proactive condition in aging. Finally, when the groups are matched according to their processing speed (assessed by the Code task of the WAIS III, with both younger and older adults having a score comprised between 60 and 93), the effect of age on sensitivity to interference disappeared. In other words, when younger and older adults had similar speed of processing abilities, no age-related proactive control decline was observed. In conclusion, beyond the fact that this study confirms the selective age-related decline in proactive control, it also indicates that speed of processing, a measure considered as reflecting the integrity of cognitive functioning during aging (Salthouse, 1996), influences the efficiency of proactive control in that population. [less ▲]

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See detailMammoths used as food and building resources by Neanderthals: Zooarchaeological study applied to layer 4, Molodova I (Ukraine)
Demay, Laëtitia ULg; Péan, Stéphane; Patou-Mathis, Marylène

in Quaternary International (2012, October 25), 276-277(25 October 2012), 212-226

Considering Neanderthal subsistence, the use of mammoth resources has been particularly discussed. Apart from procurement for food, the use of mammoth bones as building material has been proposed. The ... [more ▼]

Considering Neanderthal subsistence, the use of mammoth resources has been particularly discussed. Apart from procurement for food, the use of mammoth bones as building material has been proposed. The hypothesis was based on the discovery made in Molodova I, Ukraine (Dniester valley). In this large multistratified open-air site, a rich Mousterian layer was excavated. Dated to the Inter-Pleniglacial (MIS 3), it has yielded 40 000 lithic remains associated with ca. 3000 mammal bones, mostly from mammoth. Several areas have been excavated: a pit filled with bones, different areas of activities (butchering, tool production), twenty-five hearths and a circular accumulation made of mammoth bones, described as a dwelling structure set up by Neanderthals. Attested dwelling structures made of mammoth bones are known in Upper Paleolithic sites, from Ukraine and Russia, attributed to the Epigravettian tradition. This paper presents a zooarchaeological study of large mammal remains from Molodova I layer 4, to understand the modalities of acquisition and utilization of mammoth resources for food and technical purposes, especially to test the hypothesis of using bones as building elements. The number of mammoths is estimated to at least fifteen individuals of all age classes and both sexes, which died during several episodes, near or on the site. The taphonomic modifications due to weathering, water percolation and plant roots indicate the location of bones in holes, such as the pit and the basement of the circular accumulation. Secondary actions of carnivores, especially of hyaenid type, are rare on bones, showing that the assemblage was not accumulated by these predators. The anatomical preservation, the age and sex features and the taphonomic data indicate several modalities of mammoth acquisition by hunting, scavenging and collecting. Based on anthropogenic marks, mammoth meat has been eaten. The presence of series of striations and ochre on mammoth bones are associated with a technical or symbolic use. Furthermore, mammoth bones have been deliberately selected (long and flat bones, tusks, connected vertebrae) and circularly arranged. This mammoth bone structure could be described as the basement of a wooden cover or as a wind-screen. The inner presence of fifteen hearths, lithic artifacts and waste of mammal butchery and cooking is characteristic of a domestic area, which was probably the centre of a residential camp recurrently settled. It appears that Neanderthals were the oldest known humans who used mammoth bones to build a dwelling structure. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermination of Romanian alfalfa crude protein and crude fiber contents as well as in vitro organic matter digestibility by NIR spectrometry
Dale, Laura ULg; Thewis, André ULg; Rotar, Ioan et al

in Scientific Papers. Series D, Animal Science (2012, October 04)

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a high quality forage which has been used worldwide. The superiority of alfalfa lies in its high yield, high protein content and high digestibility. The aim of this study ... [more ▼]

Alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) is a high quality forage which has been used worldwide. The superiority of alfalfa lies in its high yield, high protein content and high digestibility. The aim of this study was to develop a simple, fast and non-destructive method, named Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) to determinate alfalfa quality. To realize this study, alfalfa samples were obtained from Mănăştur Experimental Station – Farm Cojocna in 2008–2009, in one experiment carried out using randomization blocks design with two experimental factors (mineral fertilization and period of harvest). Alfalfa quality was first determinated on 48 samples by classical analyses: crude protein CP (AOAC, 1990), crude fiber CF (Fiber Cap, FOSS, DK) and in vitro organic matter digestibility OMDrt (DeBoever, 1986). Then the samples were scanned by NIRS. Calibration models were performed by PerkinElmer Spectrum Quant + 4.21 program (USA) on the 48 samples determinated by classical analysis. The results showed fully confirmed by acceptable coefficients of determination and standard error of cross-validation (R2=0.96 for CP, 0.94 for CF, 0.98 for OMDrt and SECV=0.77 for CP, 1.35 for CF, 1.13 for OMDrt). Successful results for prediction of other 176 alfalfa samples were then obtained using these calibration models: SEP=0.869 for CP, 1.058 for CF, 1.058 for OMDrt). The highest CP and OMDrt values of alfalfa were obtained in bud stage (22.0% and 66.0% respectively). While for CF, the highest content was registered in the seed formation stage (46.0%). The NIRS technique offers us the possibility to determinate rapidly and easily Romanian alfalfa important parameters, but the system could also be used for the determination of other constituents. [less ▲]

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See detailCumulative Time in Band (cTIB): Glycemic Level, Variability and Patient Outcome All in 1
Penning, Sophie ULg; Signal, Matthew; PREISER, Jean-Charles ULg et al

in Intensive Care Medicine (2012, October), 38 (Suppl 1)

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See detailArbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian Modelling of Tension Levelling
Boman, Romain ULg; Parrico, Anthony; Legrand, Nicolas et al

in Matériaux et Techniques (2012, October), 100(Hors série 2012), 40-42

This paper presents a two-dimensional model of tension levelling using the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) approach. During the simulation, the ALE mesh remains globally fixed along the rolling ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a two-dimensional model of tension levelling using the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian (ALE) approach. During the simulation, the ALE mesh remains globally fixed along the rolling direction. Therefore, the required number of finite elements is much smaller than in the Lagrangian case and smaller CPU times are obtained for the same accuracy on the results. The ALE model is first validated against a classical equivalent Lagrangian model. Then, both sets of numerical results are compared to experimental measurements from the pilot mill of ArcelorMittal Maizières R&D. [less ▲]

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See detailAccompagnement des aidants des patients Alzheimer comme approche non-pharmacologique essentielle!
Adam, Stéphane ULg; Bottard, Aude ULg; Crespin, Maurane ULg et al

in Revue Francophone de Gériatrie et de Gérontologie (2012, October), XIX(188), 326-327

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See detailINTERRATER AGREEMENT OF CLINICAL TESTS/SIGNS USED TO IDENTIFY PATIENTS WITH LUMBAR FUNCTIONAL INSTABILITY
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Emmanuel, P.; DISTREE, Vincent ULg et al

in Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy (2012, October), 42(10), 57

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See detailPulsational Mode Identification Based on Chromatic Amplitude Behaviour: Recent Results for Rapidly Oscillating Subdwarf B Stars
Randall, S.K.; Fontaine, G.; Brassard, P. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2012, October), 462

We present recent results from mode identification based on the amplitude-wavelength behaviour for three rapidly pulsating subdwarf B stars: HS 2201+2610, EC 11583–2708 and EC 20338–1925.

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See detailAssociation between chondrocytes hypertrophy and angiogenesis of cartilage in osteoarthritis
Pesesse, Laurence ULg; Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Delcour, Jean-Pierre et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2012, October), 64(10 (Suppl)), 760

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See detailChemometric tools for NIRS and NIR hyperspectral imaging
Dale, Laura ULg; Thewis, André ULg; Rotar, Ioan et al

in Bulletin of USAVM Cluj Napoca, Agriculture (2012, September 27), 69(1), 70-76

Nowadays in agriculture, new analytical tools based on spectroscopic technologies are developed. Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) is a well known technology in the agricultural sector allowing the ... [more ▼]

Nowadays in agriculture, new analytical tools based on spectroscopic technologies are developed. Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) is a well known technology in the agricultural sector allowing the acquisition of chemical information from the samples with a large number of advantages, such as: easy to use tool, fast and simultaneous analysis of several components, non-polluting, non-invasive and non destructive technology, and possibility of online or field implementation. Recently, NIRS system was combined with imaging technologies creating the Near Infrared Hyperspectral Imaging system (NIR-HSI). This technology provides simultaneously spectral and spatial information from an object. The main differences between NIR-HSI and NIRS is that many spectra can be recorded simultaneously from a large area of an object with the former while with NIRS only one spectrum was recorded for analysis on a small area. In this work, both technologies are presented with special focus on the main spectrum and images analysis methods. Several qualitative and quantitative applications of NIRS and NIR-HSI in agricultural products are listed. Developments of NIRS and NIR-HSI will enhance progress in the field of agriculture by providing high quality and safe agricultural products, better plant and grain selection techniques or compound feed industry’s productivity among others. [less ▲]

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See detailSacralisation et légitimation. Les hors-textes de la revue "L'Éprouvette" : fragments d’une Histoire discriminante
Dejasse, Erwin ULg

in Comicalités : Études de Culture Graphique (2012, September 27)

Between 2006 and 2007, L’Association have published the three issues of L’Éprouvette. These are, among other, illustrated by thirty-four images that are hugely enlarged fragments of comic’s panels. By ... [more ▼]

Between 2006 and 2007, L’Association have published the three issues of L’Éprouvette. These are, among other, illustrated by thirty-four images that are hugely enlarged fragments of comic’s panels. By comparing this with similar realizations (the exhibition Bande dessinée et Figuration narrative, the column « Cases mémorables » of the journal Les Cahiers de la bande dessinée), this paper asks about what it means reproducing comics’ fragments. It also tries to analyze the role played by these images within the journal and the links with the rest of the content. Endlessly, still by putting it in prospect with the realizations here above mentioned, it tries to see in what extent these images reflect a certain view about the history of the comic. [less ▲]

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See detailAnodal transcranial direct current stimulation over the visual cortex as a preventive treatment of migraine: a proof-of-concept study.
Sasso d'Elia, Tullia; Vigano, Alessandro; SAVA, Simona Liliana ULg et al

in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2012, September)

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See detailAires et agrandissements. Maths & Manips pour la transition primaire-secondaire
Guissard, Marie-France; Henry, Valérie ULg; Lambrecht, Pauline et al

in Losanges (2012, September), 18

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See detailPlatelet-rich plasma (PRP) to treat patellar tendinopathy: preliminary results
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; SIMONI, Paolo ULg et al

in Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine (2012, September), 37(5 - Suppl 1), 216

Introduction: Patellar tendinopathy, often remain rebel to conservative treatments. Researches have specifically demonstrated the platelets action as mediator and/or enhancer of tissue healing. The aim of ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Patellar tendinopathy, often remain rebel to conservative treatments. Researches have specifically demonstrated the platelets action as mediator and/or enhancer of tissue healing. The aim of our study was to investigate the effect of 1 injection of PRP in patients suffering from chronic patellar tendinopathy. Methods: Patients performed imaging (US and MRI) and functional assessments, and a clinical examination using an algometer, before treatment and 6 weeks after PRP treatment. They were also invited to answer to questionnaire relative to pain and functional status. PRP was obtained from autologous blood using an apheresis system (COM.TEC, Fresenius). The injection of 6mL of PRP was realised without local anaesthesia into the proximal insertion of the patellar tendon. A 48h rest-time was recommended after infiltration. Afterwards, a submaximal eccentric reeducation was initiated 1 week after infiltration 3 times a week during 5 weeks. In case of pain, anti-inflammatory drugs were prohibited and patient were encouraged to take class I or II painkillers. Results: At this time, 10 patients with patellar tendinopathy were included in our study. Pre-injection tests revealed pain of the upper part of the patellar tendon just below the patella, associated with loss of function. Imaging exams confirmed diagnosis. Six weeks post-injection, the clinical status was improved in all patients, with a significant decrease of algo-functional scores. The pain reported during functional assessments was decreased (in particular for the eccentric actions), yet no significant improvement of physical performances was observed. We found no significant differences between imaging exams before and 6 weeks after PRP injection. Conclusion: One in situ injection of PRP clinically improved patients with patellar tendinopathy 6 weeks after treatment. All the 10 patients reported a decrease of pain during day-life and through physical activities. However nor functional performances neither imaging were improved. [less ▲]

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See detailAge, GH and tumor size : the triangular relation in acromegaly. Data from the LAS (Liege Acromegaly Survey)
PETROSSIANS, Patrick ULg; Zacharieva, S; Chanson, P et al

in Journal für Klinische Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel (2012, September), 5(3), 43

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See detailCurrent evidence and indications for Prolotherapy with Platelet Rich Plasma in chronic musculoskeletal conditions
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg

in Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine (2012, September), 37(5 - Suppl 1), 104-106

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See detailAging of the newly diagnosed acromegalic patients : data frome the LAS (Liege Acromegaly Survey)
PETROSSIANS, Patrick ULg; Zacharieva, S; Chanson, P et al

in Journal für Klinische Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel (2012, September), 5(3), 33

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See detailComparison of temperature estimates from heat transport model and electrical resistivity tomography during a shallow heat injection and storage experiment
Hermans, Thomas ULg; Daoudi, Moubarak ULg; Vandenbohede, Alexander et al

in Berichte der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (2012, September), 93

Groundwater resources are increasingly used around the world as geothermal systems. Understanding physical processes and quantification of parameters determining heat transport in porous media is ... [more ▼]

Groundwater resources are increasingly used around the world as geothermal systems. Understanding physical processes and quantification of parameters determining heat transport in porous media is therefore important. Geophysical methods may be useful in order to yield additional information with greater coverage than conventional wells. We report a heat transport study during a shallow heat injection and storage field test. Heated water (about 50°C) was injected for 6 days at the rate of 80 l/h in a 10.5°C aquifer. Since bulk electric resistivity variations can bring important information on temperature changes in aquifers (water electric conductivity increases about 2%/°C around 25°C), we monitored the test with surface electric resistivity tomography and demonstrate its ability to monitor spatially temperature variations. Time-lapse electric images clearly show the decrease and then the increase in bulk electric resistivity of the plume of heated water, during respectively the injection and the storage phase. This information enabled to calibrate the conceptual flow and heat model used to simulate the test. Inverted resistivity values are validated with borehole electromagnetic measurements (EM39) and are in agreement with the temperature logs used to calibrate the parameters of the thermo-hydrogeological model for the injection phase. This field work demonstrates that surface electric resistivity tomography can monitor heat and storage experiments in shallow aquifers. These results could potentially lead to a number of practical applications, such as the monitoring or the design of shallow geothermal systems or the use of heated water to replace salt water in tracer tests. [less ▲]

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See detailA salt tracer test monitored with surface ERT to detect preferential flow and transport paths in fractured/karstified limestones
Robert, Tanguy ULg; Caterina, David ULg; Deceuster, John et al

in Berichte der Geologischen Bundesanstalt (2012, September), 93

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See detailChange in naming abilities between the ages of 50 and 90: The importance of analyzing naming latency
Verhaegen, Clémence ULg; Poncelet, Martine ULg

in Stem-, spraak- en taalpathologie (2012, September), 17(2), 126-128

This study tests the controversial hypothesis that word naming difficulties may arise in individuals as young as their 50s. Participants of 25-35, 50-59, 60-69 and above 70 years of age were given a ... [more ▼]

This study tests the controversial hypothesis that word naming difficulties may arise in individuals as young as their 50s. Participants of 25-35, 50-59, 60-69 and above 70 years of age were given a picture naming task. To uncover subtle naming difficulties, correct naming latencies were analyzed, in addition to accuracy. Moreover, in order to control whether the expected slower naming latencies could be due to a general slowing affecting all cognitive tasks, participants were also given an odd/even judgment task to assess cognitive processing speed. In participants in their 50s, we found subtle naming difficulties revealed by longer naming latencies, unaccompanied by any decrease in naming accuracy. The age-related naming disadvantage increased with age with the onset of naming errors. Thus, in adults in their 60s and their 70s, the results showed both a decrease in accuracy and an increase in correct naming latencies. Moreover, the increase in naming latencies remained significant even after controlling for odd/even judgment latencies, suggesting a degradation specific to the picture naming task. We assumed that these slower latencies may result from a language-specific impairment. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the treatment of chronic lateral epicondylitis
Deroanne, Adrien; Deroanne, Didier; Florkin, Marc et al

in Regional Anesthesia & Pain Medicine (2012, September), 37(5 - Suppl 1), 263

Background and aim: radial shock wave therapy (RSWT) is a relatively new way to treat chronic tendinopathies, such as lateral epicondylitis. However, very few studies have been realized on this subject ... [more ▼]

Background and aim: radial shock wave therapy (RSWT) is a relatively new way to treat chronic tendinopathies, such as lateral epicondylitis. However, very few studies have been realized on this subject, and the results are very divergent. We aimed to observe the impact of this technique on chronic lateral elbow pain. Method: fifteen subjects who had a lateral epicondylitis for at least 3 months were included in the study. Two groups were formed: experimental (10 subjects) who received 6 sessions of physiotherapy and RSWT, and the control group (5 subjects) who received exclusively physiotherapy. Physiotherapy sessions were composed of massage, stretching, diacutaneous fibrolysis, and a muscular eccentric program of the wrist extensor muscles. We evaluated the subjects before the first session, and after 6 weeks of treatment with a pain visual analog scale (VAS), the painless wrist flexion amplitude, ant the “Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation” (PRTEE) questionnaire. Results: the difference between initial and final evaluations was significant (regarding to the wilcoxon test) for all of the parameters studied (p=0,028 for the VAS, p=0,005 for the wrist flexion amplitude, and p=0,005 for the PRTEE) in the experimental group. It wasn’t significant in the control group (VAS p=0,144128, wrist flexion amplitude p=0,079617, and PRTEE p=0,067890). The comparison between the two groups was not significant, neither in the beginning, nor in the end of the treatment (regarding to the Umann and Whitney test) Conclusions: RSWT associated to physiotherapy is a more effective treatment for lateral epicondylitis than physiotherapy alone. [less ▲]

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See detailErythropoiesis in acromegaly : effect of GH or IGF-1 ? Data from the LAS (Liege Acromegaly Survey)
PETROSSIANS, Patrick ULg; Zacharieva, S; Chanson, P et al

in Journal für Klinische Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel (2012, September), 5(3), 45

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See detailPulsational Mode Identification Based on Chromatic Amplitude Behaviour: Recent Results for Rapidly Oscillating Subdwarf B Stars
Randall, Suzanna K; Fontaine, Gilles; Brassard, Pierre et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2012, September), 462(232),

We present recent results from mode identification based on the amplitude-wavelength behaviour for three rapidly pulsating subdwarf B stars: HS 2201+2610, EC 11583-2708 and EC 20338-1925.

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See detailBevacizumab for recurrent glioblastoma, early observations on patient outcome in the belgian medical need program
Duerinck, Johnny; Clement, Paul; Bouttens, F et al

in Neuro-Oncology (2012, September), 14(3), 51

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See detailGH or IGF-1 : which one is raising blood glucose ? Hints from the LAS (Liege Acromegaly Survey)
PETROSSIANS, Patrick ULg; Zacharieva, S; Chanson, P et al

in Journal of Klinische Endokrinologie und Stoffwechsel (2012, September), 5(3),

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See detailSleep pressure and a PER3 polymorphism affect blood pressure in healthy young people
Viola, Antoine; Reichert, Carolin; Maire, Micheline et al

in Journal of Sleep Research (2012, September), 21(Suppl.1), 81

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See detailThe Physics of Pulsating White Dwarf Stars
Fontaine, G.; Brassard, P.; Charpinet, S. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2012, September), 462

We present a summary of the properties of white dwarf stars, beginning with a brief reminder of their basic characteristics. We continue with a discussion of the spectral types, evolution, and other ... [more ▼]

We present a summary of the properties of white dwarf stars, beginning with a brief reminder of their basic characteristics. We continue with a discussion of the spectral types, evolution, and other properties of cooling white dwarfs, with an emphasis on the internal physics. We then introduce the pulsating white dwarfs and provide an updated view of their status. We finally discuss the impact (real and potential) of asteroseismology on our knowledge of degenerate stars. [less ▲]

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See detailIn vivo antimalarial activity of twigs extracts from Keetia leucantha
Béro, Joanne; Frederich, Michel ULg; Quetin-Leclercq, Joëlle

in Planta Medica (2012, August), 78(11), 1188

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See detailAnalytical criteria for use of MS/MS for determination of dioxins and dioxin-like PCBs in feed and food
Kotz, A; Malisch, R; Focant, Jean-François ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2012, August), 74

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