References of "Paper published in a journal"      in Complete repository Arts & humanities   Archaeology   Art & art history   Classical & oriental studies   History   Languages & linguistics   Literature   Performing arts   Philosophy & ethics   Religion & theology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Business & economic sciences   Accounting & auditing   Production, distribution & supply chain management   Finance   General management & organizational theory   Human resources management   Management information systems   Marketing   Strategy & innovation   Quantitative methods in economics & management   General economics & history of economic thought   International economics   Macroeconomics & monetary economics   Microeconomics   Economic systems & public economics   Social economics   Special economic topics (health, labor, transportation…)   Multidisciplinary, general & others Engineering, computing & technology   Aerospace & aeronautics engineering   Architecture   Chemical engineering   Civil engineering   Computer science   Electrical & electronics engineering   Energy   Geological, petroleum & mining engineering   Materials science & engineering   Mechanical engineering   Multidisciplinary, general & others Human health sciences   Alternative medicine   Anesthesia & intensive care   Cardiovascular & respiratory systems   Dentistry & oral medicine   Dermatology   Endocrinology, metabolism & nutrition   Forensic medicine   Gastroenterology & hepatology   General & internal medicine   Geriatrics   Hematology   Immunology & infectious disease   Laboratory medicine & medical technology   Neurology   Oncology   Ophthalmology   Orthopedics, rehabilitation & sports medicine   Otolaryngology   Pediatrics   Pharmacy, pharmacology & toxicology   Psychiatry   Public health, health care sciences & services   Radiology, nuclear medicine & imaging   Reproductive medicine (gynecology, andrology, obstetrics)   Rheumatology   Surgery   Urology & nephrology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Law, criminology & political science   Civil law   Criminal law & procedure   Criminology   Economic & commercial law   European & international law   Judicial law   Metalaw, Roman law, history of law & comparative law   Political science, public administration & international relations   Public law   Social law   Tax law   Multidisciplinary, general & others Life sciences   Agriculture & agronomy   Anatomy (cytology, histology, embryology...) & physiology   Animal production & animal husbandry   Aquatic sciences & oceanology   Biochemistry, biophysics & molecular biology   Biotechnology   Entomology & pest control   Environmental sciences & ecology   Food science   Genetics & genetic processes   Microbiology   Phytobiology (plant sciences, forestry, mycology...)   Veterinary medicine & animal health   Zoology   Multidisciplinary, general & others Physical, chemical, mathematical & earth Sciences   Chemistry   Earth sciences & physical geography   Mathematics   Physics   Space science, astronomy & astrophysics   Multidisciplinary, general & others Social & behavioral sciences, psychology   Animal psychology, ethology & psychobiology   Anthropology   Communication & mass media   Education & instruction   Human geography & demography   Library & information sciences   Neurosciences & behavior   Regional & inter-regional studies   Social work & social policy   Sociology & social sciences   Social, industrial & organizational psychology   Theoretical & cognitive psychology   Treatment & clinical psychology   Multidisciplinary, general & others     Showing results 801 to 900 of 5471     4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14     Investigation of potential new targets for the diagnosis and/or the treatment of osteoarthritisLambert, Cécile ; Dubuc, J.-E.; Montell, E. et alin Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2013, April), 21(Supplement April 2013), Purpose: Synovial inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology process of osteoarthritis (OA). We have previously compared the gene expression pattern of synovial cells isolated from inflammatory ... [more ▼]Purpose: Synovial inflammation plays a key role in the pathophysiology process of osteoarthritis (OA). We have previously compared the gene expression pattern of synovial cells isolated from inflammatory (I) or normal/reactive (N/R) areas of a synovial membrane harvested from the same OA patient. We identified a large number of mediators belonging to key pathways involved in OA pathogenesis. The aim of this study was to validate different potential new targets for the diagnosis and/or the treatment OA. Methods: Synovial cells (SC) were isolated from synovial specimens obtained from OA patients undergoing knee replacement. The inflammatory status of the synovial membrane was characterized according to macroscopic criteria. The biopsies from N/R and I areas were cultured separately for a period of 7 days. Microarray gene expression profiling between N/R and I areas was performed. The biological relevance of up- and down-regulated genes was analyzed with Ingenuity Pathways Analysis. Western blot and immunohistochemistry confirmed the identified genes most differentially expressed in the key pathways. The production of the triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-1 (TREM1), the alarmin S100 calcium binding protein A9 (S100A9), the wingless-type MMTV integration site family, member 5A (Wnt-5A) and the stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) were evaluated by Western blot. S100A9, hyaluronan synthase-1 (HAS1) and STC1 expression and localization were investigated by immunohistochemistry. Results: 896 genes differentially expressed in N/R and I areas were identified. The key pathways were related to inflammation, cartilage metabolism, Wnt signaling and angiogenesis. In the inflammatory gene pattern, TREM1 and S100A9 were strongly upregulated. We validated the production of these proteins in OA synovial biopsies by Western blot. TREM1 and S100A9 were increased in I compared to N/R synovial cells culture. S100A9 was observed in the perivascular area and in sublining cells in I synovial biopsies, but not in N/R biopsies. An increased staining was also observed in the intima lining layer of I when compared to N/R biopsies. The most upregulated anabolism enzyme in I synovial biopsies was HAS1. Using immunohistochemistry, we observed in I areas an increase of the HAS1-positive cells mainly in the intima lining. We also studied the protein production of Wnt-5A, the most upregulated intermediate of Wnt signaling pathway. The protein level was increased in I compared to N/R areas. Finally, in the angiogenesis pathway, one the most u-regulated gene was STC1. A significant increase of STC1 production was observed in I areas compared to N/R areas by Western blot. This result was also supported by the immunohistochemical analysis. In I area, the staining for STC1 was more intense in perivascular and sublining cells. Conclusions: Synovial membrane inflammation is a key target for OA treatments. In this work, we have identified proteins involved in the synovitis pathways like angiogenesis, cells infiltration and matrix remodeling. These proteins could be targeted by drugs and used as companion biomarkers for evaluating their efficacy. Although qualitative, our results could also yield to the identification of markers of the disease. This investigation has to be further pursued. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 92 (5 ULg) Validity of the French hip and knee replacement expectations surveysNEUPREZ, Audrey ; François, Garance ; Delcour, JP et alin Osteoporosis International (2013, April), 24(Suppl.1), 374Detailed reference viewed: 45 (21 ULg) What is the predictive value of MRI for the occurrence of hard clinical endpoints in knee osteoarthritis?Pelletier, Jean-Pierre; Peterfy, Charles; Brandi, Maria Luisa et alin Osteoporosis International (2013, April), 24(Suppl.1), 84-85Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg) Health economics in osteoarthritisHiligsmann, Mickaël ; Cooper, Cyrus; Arden, Nigel et alin Osteoporosis International (2013, April), 24(Suppl.1), 79-80Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg) Changes in the structure and the symptoms of the osteoarthritis knee and prediction of future knee replacement over an 8-year follow-up periodBruyère, Olivier ; Cooper, Cyrus; Pavelka, Karel et alin Osteoporosis International (2013, April), 24(Suppl.1), 209Detailed reference viewed: 48 (17 ULg) Effects of chondroitin sulfate on the gene expression profile in IL-1β stimulated synovial fibroblast cells culturesLambert, Cécile ; Dubuc, Jean-Emile; Montell, E. et alin Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2013, April), 21(Supplement April 2013), Purpose: Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is one the most used molecules in the management of OA. In this study, we performed a microarray analysis and identified a differential expression profile between control ... [more ▼]Purpose: Chondroitin sulfate (CS) is one the most used molecules in the management of OA. In this study, we performed a microarray analysis and identified a differential expression profile between control and IL-1β stimulated synovial fibroblast cells cultures. In a second step, we investigated the effects of CS on this gene expression profile. Methods: OA synovial specimens were obtained from 12 patients undergoing knee replacement. At the surgery time, the synovial membrane was dissected. Synovial fibroblast cells (SFC) were enzymatically isolated and used after four passages (P4). SFC were pre-treated 1 hour with highly purified bovine CS (200 µg/ml, Bioibérica S.A., Barcelona, Spain) before treatment with IL-1β (1 ng/ml) for 24 hours. Total RNA was extracted using the RNeasy Mini Kit. RNA purity and quality were evaluated using the Experion RNA StdSens Analysis kit (Bio-rad Laboratories). Gene expression profiling was performed using Illumina’s multi-sample format Human HT-12 BeadChip (Illumina Inc.). Differential analysis was performed with the BRB array tools software. Class comparison test between control (Ctl) and interleukin (IL)-1β conditions, Ctl and Ctl/CS and IL-1β and IL-1β/CS conditions was based on paired t-test where Ctl and IL-1β, Ctl and Ctl/CS and IL-1β and IL-1β/CS were paired for each patient. The biological relevance of up- and down-regulated genes was analyses with Ingenuity Pathways Analysis (Ingenuity® Systems). Probes with a p-value below 0.001 were chosen and classified as up- or down-regulated ones. Results: 3308 genes were identified as differentially expressed genes between Ctl and IL-1β conditions. We observed a differential profile of expression of major pathways involved in OA pathogenesis. The key identified pathways were related to inflammation, complement cascade, angiogenesis, cartilage catabolism and anabolism and Wnt signaling. In the inflammatory network, the most upregulated cytokines were IL-8 and IL-6 with a fold change of 156.25 and 58.8 respectively. We also identified several chemokines, enzymes and metallothioneins (MTs). Complement factor B (CFB) and complement component 3 (C3) are two factors upregulated in the inflammatory complement cascade. We also identified some genes implicated in the angiogenesis pathway. The most upregulated was Stanniocalcin 1 (STC1) with a fold change of 9.09. The differential expression of intermediates involved in both cartilage anabolism and catabolism was revealed by the IL-1β stimulation, showing an imbalance in favour of catabolism. MMP-3 was largely upregulated (fold change of 62.5). Wnt 5A and low density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP8) were significantly upregulated while frizzled homolog 2 (FZD2) and dickkopf homolog 3 (DKK3) were downregulated in the Wnt signaling pathway. We next performed a class comparison test between Ctl and Ctl/CS in one hand and IL-1β and IL-1β/CS on the other hand. 660 genes were identified as differentially expressed between Ctl and Ctl/CS conditions while 241 genes were identified between IL-1β and IL-1β/CS. Among them, our attention was focused on two genes upregulated in the presence of CS: lysyl oxidase-like 4 (LOXL4) and claudin 11 (CDLN11), two genes that negatively regulate cell invasion. Conclusions: We here evidenced in synovial fibroblast cells the modulation of gene expression following IL-1β stimulation. We also demonstrated the modulatory effects of CS on gene expression and isolated several CS-modulated genes of interest such as LOXL4 and CDLN11, which could constitute new mechanisms of action of the molecule and contribute to explain the symptomatic efficacy of CS in the treatment of OA. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 61 (2 ULg) Cost-effectiveness of vitamin D and calcium supplementation in the treatment of postmenopausal womenHiligsmann, Mickaël ; Ben Sedrine, Wafa ; Rabenda, Véronique et alin Osteoporosis International (2013, April), 24(Suppl.1), 198Detailed reference viewed: 49 (6 ULg) Role of nutraceuticals in the symptomatic and structural management of osteoarthritisBruyère, Olivier in Osteoporosis International (2013, April), 24(Suppl.1), 82-83Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg) Planet TOPERS: Planets, Tracing the Transfer, Origin, Preservation, and Evolution of Their ReservoirsDehant, V.; Van Hoolst, T.; Breuer, D. et alin Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013, April), 15An overview is given of the Planet TOPERS project addressing habitability in our solar system.Detailed reference viewed: 59 (8 ULg) Quality of life in sarcopenia and frailtyRizzoli, René; Reginster, Jean-Yves ; Arnal, Jean-François et alin Osteoporosis International (2013, April), 24(Suppl.1), 76-77Detailed reference viewed: 42 (13 ULg) Mode lifetime and associated scaling relationsBelkacem, K.; Appourchaux, T.; Baudin, F. et alin EPJ Web of Conferences (2013, March 01), 43Thanks to the CoRoT and Kepler spacecrafts, scaling relations (linking seismic indices and global stellar parameters) are becoming the cornerstone of ensemble asteroseismology. Among them, the relation ... [more ▼]Thanks to the CoRoT and Kepler spacecrafts, scaling relations (linking seismic indices and global stellar parameters) are becoming the cornerstone of ensemble asteroseismology. Among them, the relation between the cut-off frequency and the frequency of the maximum in the power spectrum of solar-like pulsators as well as the relation between mode lifetime and the effective temperature remain poorly understood. However, a solid theoretical background is essential to assess the accuracy of those relations and subsequently of the derived stellar parameters. We will thus present recent advances on the understanding of the underlying mechanisms governing those relations and show that the physics of mode lifetime (thus of mode damping) plays a major role. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 22 (0 ULg) Red giants rotational splittingsOuazzani, R. M.; Goupil, M. J.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine et alin EPJ Web of Conferences (2013, March 01), 43The space missions CoRoT and Kepler provide high quality data that allow to test the transport of angular momentum in stars by the seismic determination of the internal rotation profile. Our aim is to ... [more ▼]The space missions CoRoT and Kepler provide high quality data that allow to test the transport of angular momentum in stars by the seismic determination of the internal rotation profile. Our aim is to test the validity of the seismic diagnostics for red giant rotation that are based on a perturbative method and to investigate the oscillation spectra when the validity does not hold. We use a non-perturbative approach implemented in the ACOR code [1] that accounts for the effect of rotation on pulsations, and solves the pulsations eigenproblem directly for dipolar oscillation modes. We find that the limit of the perturbation to first order can be expressed in terms of the core rotation and the period separation between consecutive dipolar modes. Above this limit, each family of modes with different azimuthal symmetry m, has to be considered separately. For rapidly rotating red giants, new seismic diagnostics can be found for rotation by exploiting the differences between the period spacings associated with each m-family of modes. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg) Non-radial, non-adiabatic solar-like oscillations in RGB and HB starsGrosjean, Mathieu ; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ; Belkacem, K. et alin EPJ Web of Conferences (2013, March 01), 43CoRoT and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. We compare the theoretical spectrum of two red giants in ... [more ▼]CoRoT and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. We compare the theoretical spectrum of two red giants in the same region of the HR diagram but in different evolutionary phases. We present here our first results on the inertia, lifetimes and amplitudes of the oscillations and discuss the differences between the two stars. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 21 (9 ULg) Amplitudes of solar-like oscillations in red giants: Departures from the quasi-adiabatic approximationSamadi, R.; Belkacem, K.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine et alin European Physical Journal Web of Conferences (2013, March 01), 43CoRoT and Kepler measurements reveal us that the amplitudes of solar-like oscillations detected in red giant stars scale from stars to stars in a characteristic way. This observed scaling relation is not ... [more ▼]CoRoT and Kepler measurements reveal us that the amplitudes of solar-like oscillations detected in red giant stars scale from stars to stars in a characteristic way. This observed scaling relation is not yet fully understood but constitutes potentially a powerful diagnostic about mode physics. Quasi-adiabatic theoretical scaling relations in terms of mode amplitudes result in systematic and large differences with the measurements performed for red giant stars. The use of a non-adiabatic intensity-velocity relation derived from a non-adiabatic pulsation code significantly reduces the discrepancy with the CoRoT measurements. The origin of the remaining difference is still unknown. Departure from adiabatic eigenfunction is a very likely explanation that is investigated in the present work using a 3D hydrodynamical model of the surface layers of a representative red giant star. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg) Belgian multicentre experience with intestinal transplantationCeulemans, L; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ; DETRY, Olivier et alin Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2013, March), 76(1), 07Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg) An overview of white dwarf starsFontaine, Gilles; Brassard, Pierre; Charpinet, Stéphane et alin EPJ Web of Conferences (2013, March), 43We present a brief summary of what is currently known about white dwarf stars, with an emphasis on their evolutionary and internal properties. As is well known, white dwarfs represent the end products of ... [more ▼]We present a brief summary of what is currently known about white dwarf stars, with an emphasis on their evolutionary and internal properties. As is well known, white dwarfs represent the end products of stellar evolution for the vast majority of stars and, as such, bear the signatures of past events (such as mass loss, mixing phases, loss and redistribution of angular momentum, and thermonuclear burning) that are of essential importance in the evolution of stars in general. In addition, white dwarf stars represent ideal testbeds for our understanding of matter under extreme conditions, and work on their constitutive physics (neutrino production rates, conductive and radiative opacities, interior liquid/solid equations of state, partially ionized and partially degenerate envelope equations of state, diffusion coefficients, line broadening mechanisms) is still being actively pursued. Given a set of constitutive physics, cooling white dwarfs can be used advantageously as cosmochronometers. Moreover, the field has been blessed by the existence of four distinct families of pulsating white dwarfs, each mapping a different evolutionary phase, and this allows the application of the asteroseismological method to probe and test their internal structure and evolutionary state. We set the stage for the reviews that follow on cooling white dwarfs as cosmochronometers and physics laboratories, as well as on the properties of pulsating white dwarfs and the asteroseismological results that can be inferred. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULg) Stockage de bois chablis sous bâcheCastaings, Frédéric; Jourez, Benoît ; Riguelle, Simon in Infos de RND (Les) (2013, March), (1er semestre), 3-5Le samedi 24 janvier 2009, la tempête Klaus traverse le sud-ouest de la France. Tempête la plus dévastatrice depuis 1999, la forêt des Landes et ses pins maritimes paient un lourd tribut à ce phénomène ... [more ▼]Le samedi 24 janvier 2009, la tempête Klaus traverse le sud-ouest de la France. Tempête la plus dévastatrice depuis 1999, la forêt des Landes et ses pins maritimes paient un lourd tribut à ce phénomène extrême: 60% de la superficie est touchée, environ 40 millions de m3 de bois sont à terre, quatre fois la récolte annuelle. Il faudra attendre plusieurs mois avant que les aires de stockage par aspersion soient opérationnelles. Trop tard, le pin maritime montre déjà des signes de bleuissement de son bois, il est invendable sur les marchés à forte valeur ajoutée, là où l’esthétisme prime. Écarté des meilleurs débouchés, le lambris et le plancher, le manque à gagner est énorme. Un tel scénario catastrophe, notre région s’y prépare depuis 2005, tirant les enseignements des expériences étrangères et fondant son action sur les spécificités de notre forêt, de notre filière. C’est dans ce cadre que le 28 février dernier, à Eupen, des grumes d’épicéa stockées depuis presque cinq ans ont été extraites des bâches hermétiques qui les protégeaient. Comment le bois est-il ressorti de cette épreuve? Que penser de cette méthode alternative de stockage? Quelle place lui réserver ? Benoit Jourez du Laboratoire de Technologie du Bois du DEMNA (Département de l’Étude du milieu naturel et agricole) nous a apporté son éclairage et nous a conviés à l’ouverture de la poche étanche. Entre supputations et réalité des bois extraits après cinq ans, suspense… [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 62 (9 ULg) Différences d’activité de l’inflammasome NLRP3 entre sujets obèses avec et sans anomalies métaboliquesEsser, Nathalie ; L'Homme, Laurent ; DE ROOVER, Arnaud et alin Diabètes & Métabolism (2013, March), 39(suppl 1), 102Detailed reference viewed: 58 (16 ULg) Mesure continue du glucose et diabète gestationnel : revue des études disponiblesRADERMECKER, Régis ; Sepulchre, Ein Diabètes & Métabolism (2013, March), 39Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg) The empirical mass distribution of hot B subdwarfs: implications for stellar evolution theoryVan Grootel, Valérie ; Fontaine, Gilles; Charpinet, Stéphane et alin EPJ Web of Conferences (2013, March), 43Subdwarf B (sdB) stars are hot, compact, and evolved objects that form the very hot end of the horizontal branch, the so-called Extreme Horizontal Branch (EHB). Understanding the formation of sdB stars is ... [more ▼]Subdwarf B (sdB) stars are hot, compact, and evolved objects that form the very hot end of the horizontal branch, the so-called Extreme Horizontal Branch (EHB). Understanding the formation of sdB stars is one of the remaining challenges of stellar evo- lution theory. Several scenarios have been proposed to account for the existence of such objects, made of He-burning core surrounded by very thin H-rich envelope. They give quite different theoretical mass distributions for the resulting sdB stars. Detailed astero- seismic analyses, including mass estimates, of 15 pulsating hot B subdwarfs have been published since a decade. The masses have also been reliably determined by light curve modeling and spectroscopy for 7 sdB components of eclipsing and/or reflection effect binaries. These empirical mass distributions, although based on small-number statistics, can be compared with the expectations of stellar evolution theory. In particular, the two He white dwarfs merger scenario does not seem to be the dominant channel to form iso- lated sdB stars, while the post-red giant branch scenario is reinforced. This opens new questions on extreme mass loss of red giants to form EHB stars, possibly in connection with the recently discovered close substellar companions and planets orbiting sdB stars. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (7 ULg) Asteroseismology of hot B subdwarf starsCharpinet, Stéphane; Van Grootel, Valérie ; Brassard, Pierre et alin EPJ Web of Conferences (2013, March), 43Nonradial pulsations in Extreme Horizontal Branch stars (also known as hot B subdwarfs or sdB stars) offer strong opportunities to study through asteroseismology the structure and internal dynamics of ... [more ▼]Nonradial pulsations in Extreme Horizontal Branch stars (also known as hot B subdwarfs or sdB stars) offer strong opportunities to study through asteroseismology the structure and internal dynamics of stars in this intermediate stage of stellar evolution. Most sdB stars directly descend from former red giants and are expected to evolve straight into white dwarfs after core helium exhaustion. They thus represent the most direct link between these two stages. Their properties should therefore reflect both the outcome of the core evolution of red giant stars and the initial state for a fraction of the white dwarfs. We review the status of this field after a decade of efforts to exploit both p-mode and g-mode pulsating sdB stars as asteroseismic laboratories. From the discoveries of these two classes of pulsators in 1997 and 2003, respectively, up to the current epoch of data gathering of unprecedented quality from space, a lot of progress has been made in this area and prospects for future achievements look very promising. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (5 ULg) The mangrove forest as a feeding ground and nursery habitat for the ichthyofauna: Mida Creek in KenyaGajdzik, Laura ; Vanreusel, Ann; Koedeam, Nico et alin Mees, J.; Seys, J. (Ed.) (2013). Book of abstracts – VLIZ Young Marine Scientists' Day. Brugge, Belgium, 15 February 2013. VLIZ Special Publication, 63. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. xii, 168 pp. Part of: VLIZ Special Publication. Vlaams Instituut voor de Zee (VLIZ): Oostende. ISSN 1377-0950 (2013, February 15)Mangrove forests are among the most productive ecosystems, sustaining both terrestrial and aquatic fauna (Kathiresan, 2011). They are important to coastal fisheries by providing foraging and hiding places ... [more ▼]Mangrove forests are among the most productive ecosystems, sustaining both terrestrial and aquatic fauna (Kathiresan, 2011). They are important to coastal fisheries by providing foraging and hiding places for commercially valuable fishes (Tomlinson, 1986; Rönnbäck 1999). This research investigated the fish assemblage of Mida Creek (Kenya, East Africa) as well as the presumed feeding and nursery functions of the area for the ichthyofauna present. This explorative study contributes to a Kenyan-Flemish project in which scientists aim to identify the impacts of human exploitation and management regimes of mangroves on biodiversity richness and abundance, including demersal fish. The species composition of the ichthyofauna of Mida and trophic interactions therein was studied for five representative sampling areas. These sites are located at various distances from local villages in order to include the effect of different degrees of human disturbance. Samples were collected during 5-6 consecutive days close to spring tide in mid July 2011. Fishes were caught using several types of passive fishing gears such as large and small fyke nets, gill nets and occasionally beach seine. Each individual was identified to species level, measured and weighed. We performed stomach content analysis to provide information about fish diet. Furthermore, stable isotope analysis was applied on most fishes in order to detect whether the source of primary production for the higher trophic levels is mangrove-related or not. A total of 29 fish species was found with a catch of 939 teleost specimens. Our analyses showed that a majority of fish belonged to the zoobenthivorous/omnivorous trophic mode, they were mainly feeding on invertebrates. Their diet was quite similar over different locations and life stages. Two species (Sphyraena barracuda and Synodus variegatus) exhibited a mixed diet with a piscivorous preference. Results concerning the population structure suggested that the fish community of Mida consisted of both transient and resident species. Juveniles were, however, numerically more abundant in the whole area than adult specimens. Based on our restricted sampling period and methodology, we were not able to accurately detect human impacts on fish stock and species composition between locations. Finally, our results confirm that Mida Creek mangrove is an important habitat for the ichthyofauna especially for juvenile fishes. Its role as feeding and nursery ground appears well established. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg) Development of an experimental device allowing plant-plant interaction studies and in situ dynamic trapping of volatile organic compounds emitted by barley (Hordeum distichon L.) rootsDelory, Benjamin ; Delaplace, Pierre ; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure et alin Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2013, February 08), 78(1), 97-102In response to wounding or herbivore attack, leaves and roots of higher plants release volatile organic compounds (VOCs). To date, VOCs analysis and plant−plant interaction studies have been mainly ... [more ▼]In response to wounding or herbivore attack, leaves and roots of higher plants release volatile organic compounds (VOCs). To date, VOCs analysis and plant−plant interaction studies have been mainly performed on aboveground plant tissues, leaving the roles played by root VOCs in plant−plant interaction unexplored. In this context, this project aims at setting up an original experimental device allowing both dynamic trapping of VOCs emitted by mechanically damaged H. distichon roots and the study of the roles played by root VOCs in intra and interspecific plant−plant interactions. The experimental device consists of Barley seedlings cultivated in closed PTFE reactors filled with wet sand. Before being analysed by gas chromatography−mass spectrometry, root VOCs are trapped via a dynamic system on Tenax cartridges using a charcoal-filtered and humidified air. Preliminary results show that 7 day-old wounded Barley roots emit C9 fatty acid derivatives (E-non-2-enal and nona-2,6-dienal) as major compounds, contrasting with aboveground plant tissues that mainly emit C6 alcohols, aldehydes, and their derivative esters. For plant−plant interaction studies, receiver plants are exposed to an airflow enriched with VOCs from root damaged Barley plants of the same age. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 181 (35 ULg) Long term measurements of volatile organic compounds exchanges above a maize field at Lonzee (Belgium)Bachy, Aurélie ; Aubinet, Marc ; SALERNO, Giovanni et alin Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2013, February), 78(1), 127-132VOC (volatile organic compounds) include a wide set of molecules which are mostly emitted by the plants. Atmospheric scientists are strongly interested in these compounds because of their important role ... [more ▼]VOC (volatile organic compounds) include a wide set of molecules which are mostly emitted by the plants. Atmospheric scientists are strongly interested in these compounds because of their important role in the atmospheric chemistry and their final impact on air pollution and climate change. Evaluation of current and future VOC emissions is thus necessary and requires a comprehensive understanding of VOC production and exchange dynamics under a wide panel of climatic conditions and ecosystems. Forest and non pastured grasslands have been largely studied for the last decade. However, knowledge about VOC fluxes from croplands remains scarce. Our study focuses on the VOC exchanges between a maize field and the atmosphere. It is incorporated in a wider project that aims to study VOC fluxes from two croplands (maize and winter wheat) and a pastured grassland. VOC fluxes have been measured on a maize field during the whole growing season using a micrometeorological method (eddy covariance). While first results show half-hourly bidirectionnal exchanges among all the preselected compounds, in average methanol stands for the greatest emitted VOC, followed by green leaf volatiles, and acetic acid is the greatest taken up VOC. Small isoprene and monoterpenes fluxes are also observed. A diurnal pattern is found for all those VOC, with greater emission/uptake during the day, suggesting a flux dependence on environmental parameters. These environmental controls will be further investigated [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 161 (23 ULg) Lepton flavor violation and seesaw symmetriesAristizabal Sierra, Diego in Hyperfine Interactions (2013, February), 214When the standard model is extended with right-handed neutrinos the symmetries of the resulting Lagrangian are enlarged with a new global U(1)R Abelian factor. In the context of minimal seesaw models we ... [more ▼]When the standard model is extended with right-handed neutrinos the symmetries of the resulting Lagrangian are enlarged with a new global U(1)R Abelian factor. In the context of minimal seesaw models we analyze the implications of a slightly broken U(1)R symmetry on charged lepton flavor violating decays. We find, depending on the R-charge assignments, models where charged lepton flavor violating rates can be within measurable ranges. In particular, we show that in the resulting models due to the structure of the light neutrino mass matrix muon flavor violating decays are entirely determined by neutrino data (up to a normalization factor) and can be sizable in a wide right-handed neutrino mass range. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (6 ULg) Collaborations distantes synchrones dans les pratiques de conceptionBen Rajeb, Samia ; Leclercq, Pierre in International Journal of Design Sciences and Technology (2013, January)Cet article propose une analyse des pratiques de la collaboration architecturale dans des situations de travail distantes. Il s'intéresse en particulier à la mise en oeuvre d'outils pour le travail ... [more ▼]Cet article propose une analyse des pratiques de la collaboration architecturale dans des situations de travail distantes. Il s'intéresse en particulier à la mise en oeuvre d'outils pour le travail synchrones dans les agences d'architecture. Il s'appuie sur l'observations in situ de trois situations qui illustrent successivement différents modes d'interaction : nous analyserons ainsi l'usage de la visioconférence, de l'écran partagé puis du studio distant collaboratif. Pour identifier quels rôles peuvent assurer ces différents outils numériques, notre méthodologie s'appuiera sur la catégorisation proposée par les concepts architecturologiques, décrivant les opérations de conception architecturale, complétées des opérations pragmatiques de collaboration. Une grille évaluative des opérations supportées respectivement par ces trois technologies identifiera leurs limitations, atouts et conditions d'opérabilité, permettant ainsi d'apprécier la mise en oeuvre actuelle et future des technologies collaboratives en agence d'architecture. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 140 (51 ULg) Erythropoietin therapy after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation : a prospective randomised trial.JASPERS, Aurélie ; Baron, Frédéric ; WILLEMS, Evelyne et alin Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013, January)Based on the impairment of erythropoietin production after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), we previously reported in a phase-2 trial that recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO ... [more ▼]Based on the impairment of erythropoietin production after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), we previously reported in a phase-2 trial that recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) therapy was very efficient when started one month after transplantation. We also demonstrated that anemia after nonmyeloabalative (NM) HCT was less sensitive to rhEPO therapy than after conventional allogeneic HCT. This prompted us to confirm these findings in a prospective randomised trial. One hundred and thirty-one patients were randomised (1:1) between no treatment (arm 1) or erythropoietin (Neorecormon) at the dose of 500 U/kg/week (arm 2). Once the target Hb (13g/dL) has been attained, the dose of rhEPO was reduced by half, while it was withheld when Hb was = 14g/dL. Cohort A included 42 patients on day 28 after myeloablative HCT, cohort B 39 patients on day 28 after NMHCT, and cohort C 50 patients on day 0 of NMHCT. Primary endpoints included proportion of complete correctors (i.e. patients reaching Hb = 13g/dL) and median time to achieve Hb correction in each arm. The proportion of complete correctors before day 126 posttransplant was 0% in group 1A vs 52.4% in group 2A, 0% in group 1B vs 69.5% in group 2B and 19.1% in group 1C vs 70.2% in group 2C. Median time to achieve Hb = 13g/dL was not reached in group 1B vs 49 days in group 2B; 363 and 59 days in groups 1A and 1B respectively and 363 and 87 days in groups 3A and 3B respectively (figure 1). Hb evolution in each group is shown in figure 2. Seventyone patients (47/62 in control groups and 24/57 in treated groups, p=0.0003) required red blood cell transfusions. The difference was most pronounced in cohort B. There was no difference in rates of thrombo-embolic events or other complications between the two arms. In conclusion, this is the first trial to demonstrate that EPO therapy hastens erythroid recovery and decreases transfusion requirements when started one month after allogeneic HCT. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 34 (11 ULg) Milk components predicted by mid-infrared spectrometry as indicators of the udder health status of the dairy cowBastin, Catherine ; Laine, Aurélie ; Gengler, Nicolas in Journal of Dairy Science (2013), 96(E-Suppl. 1), Detailed reference viewed: 51 (9 ULg) The effects of vitamin D on skeletal muscle strenght : a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trialsBeaudart, Charlotte ; Buckinx, Fanny ; Rabenda, Véronique et alin European Geriatric Medicine (2013), 4(S1), 72Detailed reference viewed: 29 (9 ULg) Strontium ranelate prevents radiological progression in patients with primary knee osteoarthritisCooper, C; Berembaum, F; Nash, P et alin Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 306-307Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg) Second harmonic generation from tyrosine containing peptidesNasir, Mehmet Nail ; Bergmann, Emeric; Benichou, Emmanuel et alin Proceedings of SPIE (2013), 8817The Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) response from Tyrosine-containing peptides at the air-water interface is presented. First, the quadratic hyperpolarizability of the aromatic amino acid Tyrosine ... [more ▼]The Second Harmonic Generation (SHG) response from Tyrosine-containing peptides at the air-water interface is presented. First, the quadratic hyperpolarizability of the aromatic amino acid Tyrosine obtained by Hyper Rayleigh Scattering is reported, demonstrating its potentiality as an endogenous molecular probe for SHG studies. Then, the single Tyrosine antimicrobial peptide Mycosubtilin is monitored at the air-water interface and compared to another peptide, Surfactin, lacking a Tyrosine residue. Adsorption kinetics and polarization analysis of the SHG intensity for the peptide monolayers clearly demonstrate that the SHG response from Mycosubtilin arises from Tyrosine. Besides, it confirms that indeed Tyrosine can be targeted as an endogenous molecular probe. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg) Mise en image du spectacle et spectacularisation de l’image à l’âge baroqueDelfosse, Annick ; Dekoninck, Ralph; Delbeke, Maarten et alin Degrés : Revue de Synthèses à Orientation Sémiologique (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 151 (30 ULg) Deciphering the role of 75KDA SIRT1 fragment in osteoarthritisDvir-Ginzberg, M; Oppenheimer, H; Meir, H et alin Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2013), 21Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg) ALERT protocol: Efficiency of an e-learning training in a non-Advanced Medical Priority Dispatch System (AMPDS) Emergency Medical Services centresSTIPULANTE, Samuel ; HANSENNE, Yannick; EL-FASSI, Mehdi et alin Resuscitation (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 42 (8 ULg) In silico simulations of bone remodeling with improved parameter estimation from local strains and dynamic morphometry in vivoLevchuk, Alina; Sommer, Remo; Badilatti, Sandro D. et alin JOURNAL OF BONE AND MINERAL RESEARCH (2013), 28(1), Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 ULg) Self-shuffling wordsCharlier, Emilie ; Kamae, Teturo; Puzynina, Svetlana et alin Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2013)In this paper we introduce and study a new property of infinite words which is invariant under the action of a morphism: We say an infinite word x, defined over a finite alphabet A, is self-shuffling if x ... [more ▼]In this paper we introduce and study a new property of infinite words which is invariant under the action of a morphism: We say an infinite word x, defined over a finite alphabet A, is self-shuffling if x admits factorizations: x=\prod_{i=1}^\infty U_iV_i=\prod_{i=1}^\infty U_i=\prod_{i=1}^\infty V_i with U_i,V_i \in \A^+. In other words, there exists a shuffle of x with itself which reproduces x. The morphic image of any self-shuffling word is again self-shuffling. We prove that many important and well studied words are self-shuffling: This includes the Thue-Morse word and all Sturmian words (except those of the form aC where a is a letter and C is a characteristic Sturmian word). We further establish a number of necessary conditions for a word to be self-shuffling, and show that certain other important words (including the paper-folding word and infinite Lyndon words) are not self-shuffling. In addition to its morphic invariance, which can be used to show that one word is not the morphic image of another, this new notion has other unexpected applications: For instance, as a consequence of our characterization of self-shuffling Sturmian words, we recover a number theoretic result, originally due to Yasutomi, which characterizes pure morphic Sturmian words in the orbit of the characteristic. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (8 ULg) Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation (tVNS) for headache prophylaxis: initial experienceMAGIS, Delphine ; GERARD, Pascale ; Schoenen, Jean in Journal of Headache & Pain (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg) Si isotope and Ge/Si ratios record successive cycles of dissolution/precipitation of pedogenic clay mineralsCornelis, Jean-Thomas ; Weis, Dominique; Lavkulich, Les et alin Mineralogical Magazine (2013), 77(5), 918Detailed reference viewed: 35 (0 ULg) The Immunomodulating Peptide Thymosin Alpha 1 Has no Effect on Multiple Myeloma Evolution and on Immune ReconstitutionBinsfeld, Marilène ; Otjacques, Eléonore ; Hannon, Muriel et alin Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013), Abstracts book(Supplement of 28th General Meeting of the Belgian Hematological Society), 41Detailed reference viewed: 41 (18 ULg) Strontium ranelate effect on knee osteoarthritis progression : a MRI analysisGenant, HK; Zaim, S; Guermazi, A et alin Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 312-313Detailed reference viewed: 40 (3 ULg) Estimation of the fascine efficiency in terms of runoff infiltration and sediments depositionDegré, Aurore ; Pineux, Nathalie ; Cantreul, Vincent et alin Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013), 15Runoff inundations and mudflows are more and more frequent phenomena. In 2011, Belgium had a lot of its municipalities affected by this problematic. Since then, mitigation measures are more and more set ... [more ▼]Runoff inundations and mudflows are more and more frequent phenomena. In 2011, Belgium had a lot of its municipalities affected by this problematic. Since then, mitigation measures are more and more set up in agricultural watersheds. The fascines are one of these measures which allow to protect the public and private infrastructures and in the same way, which don’t reduce the famers productivity. They consist in branches faggots piled up between two rows of stakes. These linear constructions are mainly put in place across concentrated runoff axis in order to slow down the water and to filter the mud. Only few quantifications of their effectiveness (in terms of flow and concentration water reduction) exist and are however needed to better recommend these types of mitigation measures. Our experiment aims at measuring discharge and mud concentration reduction due to the fascines in a completely defined context. The tests were realised through fascines planted in field border. A watertight surface of 2,45m to 0,80m carries the water to the fascines. Three types of fascines were tested (willow wood fascine, straw fascine, straw compacted fascine), three different water flows were applied (0,5L/s, 3L/s and 6L/s) and three water concentration in dry soil (13g/L, 26g/L, 38g/L) were used. The different factor combinations were tested. The results show that we can expect a reduction of 60% of the flow for the biggest water flows (proportional efficiency with the water flow). The factor interaction study doesn’t allow to see a difference between the type. About the sediment water concentration, the filtration can reach 50%, the fascine with wood faggots showing a better efficiency. Finally, the difference between the fascine type show that straw fascine can support a biggest watershed (25 hectares) than the wood faggot fascine can (5-10 hectares) but during a smaller return period (one year against five years). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 109 (43 ULg) Prognostic value of FDG PET/CT in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma treated with liver transplantation.GOVAERTS, L.; DETRY, Olivier ; BLETARD, Noëlla et alin European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2013), 2013(SUPPL), 287Detailed reference viewed: 8 (2 ULg) First steps towards an explicit modeling of aba production and translocation in relation with the water uptake dynamicsLobet, Guillaume ; Pagès, Loic; Draye, Xavierin Acta Horticulturae (2013), 991Water flow in the plant continuum is thought to be controlled by the leaf, xylem and the root radial conductances. Leaf conductance is widely recognized as the master control in the system as it can act ... [more ▼]Water flow in the plant continuum is thought to be controlled by the leaf, xylem and the root radial conductances. Leaf conductance is widely recognized as the master control in the system as it can act as a switch in the water flow, even under high transpiration demand. The control of the stomatal aperture by the plant has been the object of numerous research projects since decades and different models have been developed to study stomatal regulation. The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) produced in the leaves acts as an endogenous signal triggering stomatal closure, but is also thought to act as a long distance signal that is produced by roots experiencing water deficit. However, the relative contributions of leaf-supplied ABA, root-supplied ABA and xylem water potential in the regulation of water flow remains a matter of controversy. Using a novel functional structural plant model (PlaNet-Maize-ABA), we report here a first attempt to explicitly simulate ABA production, degradation, translocation in all plant organs and their effect on the transpiration flow. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 28 (2 ULg) Levels of Dechloranes and PBDEs in Serum from Central European PopulationBrasseur, Catherine ; Focant, Jean-François in Organohalogen Compounds (2013), 75Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg) Simulation von Extraktionskolonnen für wässrige ZweiphasensystemeSchmidt, M; Wessling, M; Pfennig, Andreas in Chemie Ingenieur Technik (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg) Imaging osteoarthritis using (18F)FPRGD2 PET/CT : observation and potential application.WITHOFS, Nadia ; ALVAREZ MIEZENTSEVA, Victoria ; SIMONI, Paolo et alin Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (2013), 54(SUPPL), 250Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg) Improving the Accuracy of Monitoring Great Apes in the Wild: A Case Study from Southeast CameroonTagg, Nikki; Willie, Jacob; Petre, Charles-Albert in Folia Primatologica : International Journal of Primatology = Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie = Journal international de Primatologie (2013), 84Detailed reference viewed: 14 (6 ULg) The general approach to the patient with osteoarthritis : is a treatment algorithm feasible ?Reginster, Jean-Yves in Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 385Detailed reference viewed: 15 (2 ULg) Surface and lipid interaction properties of novel rhamnolipids to explain their eliciting activityNasir, Mehmet Nail ; Monhonval, Pierre; Nott, Katherine et alin European Biophysics Journal [=EBJ] (2013), 42(S1), 168Detailed reference viewed: 44 (12 ULg) Pharmacological management : osteoporosis and osteoarthritis, similarities and differencesReginster, Jean-Yves in Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 75-76Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg) Study of a solar concentrator for space based on a diffractive/refractive optical combinationMichel, Céline ; Loicq, Jerôme ; Languy, Fabian et alin AIP Conference Proceedings (2013), (1556), 97-100This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator for space applications focusing on two spatially separated PV cells, allowing independent control of output power of each cell. It has the ... [more ▼]This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator for space applications focusing on two spatially separated PV cells, allowing independent control of output power of each cell. It has the advantages of both spectral splitting and solar concentration by the combination of a blaze transmission diffraction grating and a flat cylindrical Fresnel lens. An optical optimization has been realized and two variations of configuration have been developed to improve tracking tolerance: first, a design completed by secondary reflective concentrators and second, a symmetrical configuration composed of two lenses. First numerical results are presented, highlighting the possibility to design a concentrator at about 10×, with an electrical output power about 290W/m² lens and less than 10% losses for tracking errors lower than ±0.9°. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 47 (15 ULg) Evaluation de l'exposition professionnelle aux cytostatiques des travailleurs de deux services du CHU de LiègeRusu, Dorina; DUBOIS, Nathalie ; Surleraux, Cécile et alin Acta Clinica Belgica (2013), 68(6), 472Detailed reference viewed: 110 (23 ULg) Combination of Regulatory T Cells Injection with Rapamycin for Treatment of Chronic Graft-versus-Host DiseaseBelle, Ludovic ; Binsfeld, Marilène ; HANNON, Muriel et alin Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg) How adaptation strategies of crops could counteract climate change effects? The case of four catchments in Wallonia, Belgium.Bauwens, Alexandra ; Sohier, Catherine ; Degré, Aurore in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013), 15A sharp increase in extreme heat and drought stress is projected in Belgium by the end of the 21st century, with the potential to signiﬁcantly reduce crops’ yields under current agricultural practices ... [more ▼]A sharp increase in extreme heat and drought stress is projected in Belgium by the end of the 21st century, with the potential to signiﬁcantly reduce crops’ yields under current agricultural practices. This contribution uses an agro-hydrological model in order to assess the potential effects of climate evolution on crop development, yield, and water balance for the main agricultural productions in the Meuse catchment. Erosion risk is also evaluated. We show that grasslands and maize yield decrease and yield variability increases under climate change scenarios. The leaf area index study permits to put in emphasis the earlier start of the vegetation due to warmer climate. It appears that all the sensitive stages occur earlier in the season and that crops are negatively affected by summer drought stress. The better understanding of crops development under evolving climate allows us to propose some changes in agricultural practices and to assess their effectiveness. We evaluate different strategies of adaptation in agricultural practices in order to reduce the potential negative effects of climate change on grasslands and maize production. Adaptation strategies proposed are advanced sowing and harvesting date, introduction of a cover crop for maize and advance in the cutting dates for grasslands. In the particular case of the Vesdre catchment, shifting the growth period of maize permits to avoid the water-deﬁcit period and allow increased yield. This shift makes it possible to introduce a cover crop that will drastically reduce winter soil erosion. For grassland, the adjustment of the cutting dates favored the ﬁrst cut and the earlier start of the vegetation. The second cut is less proﬁtable due to summer drought stress. The vulnerability assessments focused on the main rotation encountered in the cultivated areas and in the difference in the cover type of these crops. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg) Herbaceous Plant Availability and Use by Western Lowland Gorillas in South East CameroonWillie, Jacob; Tagg, Nikki; Petre, Charles-Albert et alin Folia Primatologica : International Journal of Primatology = Internationale Zeitschrift für Primatologie = Journal international de Primatologie (2013), 84Detailed reference viewed: 19 (7 ULg) Baseline measurements of COLL2-1 and COLL2-1 NO2 in urine are highly predictive of joint space narrowing in knee osteoarthritisHenrotin, Yves ; Kraus, V.; Huebner, J. et alin Annals of Rheumatic Diseases (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg) QUASI-STATIC MECHANICAL BEHAVIOUR OF TI-6AL-4V ALLOY AT ROOM TEMPERATURETuninetti Vásquez, Victor ; Gilles, Gaëtan ; Milis, Olivier et alin Complas XII (2013), XIIIn order to determine the mechanical behavior of a bulk TA6V alloy, a set of mechanical tests such as shear, compression, tensile monotonic tests, and tensile tests on notched samples are performed. The ... [more ▼]In order to determine the mechanical behavior of a bulk TA6V alloy, a set of mechanical tests such as shear, compression, tensile monotonic tests, and tensile tests on notched samples are performed. The material is tested at constant strain rate. Full-field optical technique for displacement measurements and strain computation are used for all the experiments. Plastic anisotropy and tension–compression asymmetry are observed. The CPB06 [1] yield criterion adapted for hexagonal close packed (hcp) material is identified. The sensitivity of the material parameters on the identification method as well as the efficiency of the model to predict forces and displacement field are discussed. Validation is done by using Finite Element method (FEM) simulations and 3D Digital Image Correlation (3D-DIC) measurements on specimens with multi-axial stress and strain fields subjected to large deformation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 165 (47 ULg) Time-Controlled Cryogenic Zone Compression (tCZC) GC-HRMS, A Novel Tool fro Targetted Analysis at Uktra Trace LevelKrumwiede, D; Mehmlann, H; Focant, Jean-François et alin Organohalogen Compounds (2013), 75Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg) Influence of sleep homeostasis and circadian rhythm on waking EEG oscillations in PER3 polymorphism under sleep deprivationMuto, Vincenzo ; Meyer, Christelle ; Jaspar, Mathieu et alin Sleep (2013), 36Detailed reference viewed: 106 (26 ULg) Patients' preferences for osteoporosis drug therapy : a discrete choice experimentHiligsmann, Mickaël ; Dellaert, B; Dirksen, C et alin Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 53Detailed reference viewed: 15 (3 ULg) Identifying early Earth microfossils in unsilicified sedimentsJavaux, Emmanuelle ; Asael, Dan; Bekker, Andrey et alin Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013), 15Detailed reference viewed: 61 (11 ULg) ‘Volkomen Hollands en toch op Europees peil’: E. du Perron over Louis CouperusAndringa, Kim in Cahiers voor een lezer (2013), 37Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg) Importance of LUC and ILUC on the carbon footprint of bioproduct:case of bio-HDPEBelboom, Sandra ; Léonard, Angélique in International seminar on society and materials (2013)Due to the depletion of fossil fuels and the increase of greenhouse gas emissions, solutions are needed to replace petrol based products. As a consequence, the number of biobased products developed using ... [more ▼]Due to the depletion of fossil fuels and the increase of greenhouse gas emissions, solutions are needed to replace petrol based products. As a consequence, the number of biobased products developed using agricultural feedstock is continuously increasing. This study focuses on the carbon footprint of bio-HDPE produced either from Brazilian sugar cane or Belgian sugar beet. The goal of this study is to compare the carbon footprint of bio-HDPE with the fossil one, taking into account the effect of land use change. Common boundaries of the agricultural systems comprise the cultivation step for both crops, i.e. sugar cane and sugar beet, with all associated energy and fertilizer consumptions, the transportation step from field to the industrial plant, the sugar crops transformation into hydrate bioethanol, the by-products valorisation, the dehydration and polymerization steps and the HDPE incineration as end of life issue. Fossil scenario includes the production of ethylene, its polymerization and its incineration. When comparing the entire life cycle of bio and fossil HDPE, the GHG emissions are lower for the biobased product which is the willing effect. This result is only valid if no Land Use Change (LUC) or Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC) effect appears. To assess the environmental impact of the deforestation or of the transformation of a pasture into a field, the EC-Guidelines from the European Union were used in order to calculate the CO2 emissions depending on several parameters. For sugar cane, LUC consists in the transformation of pastures into fields in the region of Sao Paulo in Brazil. Three scenarios can be developed based on different agricultural practices for pasture and field (tillage and fertilizers inputs): the best, the worst and the average. The best case leads to a supplementary environmental gain. The worst and average achieve additional emissions. A payback time, considering the time needed to find again an environmental gain compared to the fossil counterpart, was calculated for the average scenario which is equal to 12 years. The ILUC effect for sugar cane is assumed to be deforestation due to the transformation of forest into pasture induced by the previous LUC effect. The rate of deforestation can vary between 16% or 100% depending on used statistics and leads to a payback time of respectively 26 and 101 years. For sugar beet, no LUC is considered. Indeed, no land expansion is available in Belgium due to small available areas. In the case of an increase of bioplastics production, Belgium should import sugar beet from neighboring countries which can induce ILUC. In this study, sugar beet is assumed to be provided by the Netherlands on pastures previously transformed into fields. The average scenario implies a payback time of 8 years. This study permits to highlight the importance of LUC and ILUC especially for energetic crops dedicated to replace fossil products. This effect can reverse expected results and induce long payback times. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 146 (6 ULg) Inhibition of sclerostin with romosozumab in postmenopausal women with low BMD : phase 2 trial resultsMcClung, M; Grauer, A; Boonen, S et alin Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 38-39Detailed reference viewed: 127 (3 ULg) Grétry mémorialiste ou l’ethos du compromisDaubercies, Laurence in Art&Fact (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg) Validation of analytical method for the determination in serum of psychotropic drugs commonly prescribed in Rwanda by HPLC-DADHahirwa, Innocent; Charlier, Corinne ; DENOOZ, Raphael et alin Acta Clinica Belgica (2013), 68(6), 479Detailed reference viewed: 50 (16 ULg) Systemic Active and Total Myeloperoxidase Levels in Coronary Artery Disease.GACH, Olivier ; MAGNE, Julien ; Franck, Thierry et alin Cardiology (2013), 126(Suppl. 2), 1-521Backgound: Measurement of total Myeloperoxidase (MPO) by ELISA is considered as a marker of neutrophil activation but is not the true indicator of the degree of its activity. In a dynamic pathology such ... [more ▼]Backgound: Measurement of total Myeloperoxidase (MPO) by ELISA is considered as a marker of neutrophil activation but is not the true indicator of the degree of its activity. In a dynamic pathology such as atherosclerosis, it may be important to measure the real active part of MPO because it represents the true witness of the oxidant potential of the enzyme. Aim: To identify the relation between coronary artery disease identified by coronaro-angiography on measured serum total and active MPO levels and evaluate the correlation between these MPO levels and the presence of clinically defined unstable condition. Methods: Prospective analyse of serum samples of patients before (within 30 min) coronaro-angiography. Total and active MPO concentrations were assessed by sandwich Elisa and SIEFED® method’s respectively. Results: Two hundred and twenty patients were included in this study (age: 66.1±10.7 years, 67% of male). Among these, 62% presented significant coronary artery disease (stenosis more than 60% at least in one épicardial coronary artery). Twenty four patients (11%) presented unstable coronary syndrome. Mean active and total MPO in the general population were 50.1±63.5 and 147.6±223.3 ng.mL-1 respectively. In comparison, mean active MPO was 47.1±47.9 ng.mL-1 in stable patients and 75.1±135.2 ng.mL-1 in unstable patients (p=0.04). Mean total MPO was 146.3±224.7 ng.mL-1 in stable patients and 158.2±215.8 ng.mL-1 in the unstable’s one (p=0.8). There was a significant correlation between active MPO levels and instability (r=0.14, p=0.04) not present for total MPO levels (r=0.016, p=0.8). Conclusion: We observed a correlation between active MPO and clinical instability while there was no correlation with total MPO. Our preliminary results suggest that this marker could be a powerful indicator of instability which could possess an important prognostic impact. This hypothesis requires an evaluation in wider population and during a prolonged follow-up. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 51 (5 ULg) Modeling of Dendritic Cell-based vaccination Immunotherapy using Artificial Neural NetworksMehrian, Mohammad ; Arabameri, Abazar; Sedghi, Alireza et alin Modeling of Dendritic Cell-based vaccination Immunotherapy using Artificial Neural Networks (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 23 (10 ULg) Prevalence of vitamin D inadequacy in European postmenopausal women aged over 80 yearsBruyère, Olivier ; Slomian, Justine ; Beaudart, Charlotte et alin European Geriatric Medicine (2013), 4(S1), 13-14Detailed reference viewed: 71 (27 ULg) Nutrition and bone health : turning beliefs into knowledge for healthy behaviourBrandi, ML; Reginster, Jean-Yves in Osteoporosis International (2013), 24(1), 388-389Detailed reference viewed: 29 (3 ULg) Développement et validation de la version française d'un questionnaire traitant des attentes des patients dans l'arthrose des membres inférieursNEUPREZ, Audrey ; Delcour, JP; Fatemi, F et alin Revue du Rhumatisme (2013), 80(S1), 181Detailed reference viewed: 61 (8 ULg) Chirurgie bariatrique chez le patient diabétique de type 1 : résultats d’une expérience limitée.FRANCK, Marie ; DE FLINES, Jenny ; PAQUOT, Nicolas et alin Diabète & Métabolisme (2013), 39(suppl), 102Detailed reference viewed: 39 (3 ULg) an attempt of time calibration of the Lower Tournaisian (Hastarian Substage) based on orbitally forced sequencesPoty, Edouard ; Mottequin, Bernard ; Denayer, Julien in Document de l'Institut Scientifique, Rabat (2013), 26Detailed reference viewed: 39 (3 ULg) On the Number of Abelian Bordered WordsRampersad, Narad; Rigo, Michel ; Salimov, Pavel in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2013), 7907In the literature, many bijections between (labeled) Motzkin paths and various other combinatorial objects are studied. We consider abelian (un)bordered words and show the connection with irreducible ... [more ▼]In the literature, many bijections between (labeled) Motzkin paths and various other combinatorial objects are studied. We consider abelian (un)bordered words and show the connection with irreducible symmetric Motzkin paths and paths in Z not returning to the origin. This study can be extended to abelian unbordered words over an arbitrary alphabet and we derive expressions to compute the number of these words. In particular, over a 3-letter alphabet, the connection with paths in the triangular lattice is made. Finally, we study the lengths of the abelian unbordered factors occurring in the Thue--Morse word. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 74 (14 ULg) Effect of a fungal infection on the volatile compounds emitted by barley’s roots and their roles in the interactions in the rhizosphereFiers, Marie ; Barsics, Fanny ; Lognay, Georges et alin Bulletin OILB/SROP = IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (2013), 86Detailed reference viewed: 61 (22 ULg) Genetic analysis of pig survival in a crossbred populationDufrasne, Marie ; Misztal, Ignacy; Tsuruta, Shogo et alin Journal of Animal Science (2013), 91(E-Suppl.2), 193Detailed reference viewed: 30 (14 ULg) On differentially dissipative dynamical systemsForni, Fulvio ; Sepulchre, Rodolphe in IFAC-PapersOnLine website. (2013)Dissipativity is an essential concept of systems theory. The paper provides an extension of dissipativity, named differential dissipativity, by lifting storage functions and supply rates to the tangent ... [more ▼]Dissipativity is an essential concept of systems theory. The paper provides an extension of dissipativity, named differential dissipativity, by lifting storage functions and supply rates to the tangent bundle. Differential dissipativity is connected to incremental stability in the same way as dissipativity is connected to stability. It leads to a natural formulation of differential passivity when restricting to quadratic supply rates. The paper also shows that the interconnection of differentially passive systems is differentially passive, and provides preliminary examples of differentially passive electrical systems. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 72 (9 ULg) The interdependent relationship between C dynamics and soil-forming processes in a podzollic chronosequence under a temperate rainforest.Vermeire, Marie-Liesse; Lavkulich, Les; Cornelis, Jean-Thomas in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013), 15Detailed reference viewed: 17 (0 ULg) Modeling nonuniformity of left ventricular relaxation in acute myocardial ischemiaMORIMONT, Philippe ; Pironet, Antoine ; Desaive, Thomas et alin Journal of Critical Care (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg) Genetic analysis of longitudinal measurements of feed intake in Piétrain sire linesDufrasne, Marie ; Jaspart, Véronique; Wavreille, José et alin Journal of Animal Science (2013), 91(E-Suppl.2), 293Detailed reference viewed: 34 (10 ULg) Visean corals from the transverse Jebel Begaa to Gara el Itima (eastern Tafilalt, Morocco)Aretz, Markus; Denayer, Julien in Document de l'Institut Scientifique, Rabat (2013), 26Detailed reference viewed: 27 (1 ULg) Image-guided failure assessment of human trabecular bone - Inverse finite element modelling for characterization of elastic propertiesZwahlen, Alexander; Christen, David; Ruffoni, Davide et alin BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING-BIOMEDIZINISCHE TECHNIK (2013), 58(1), Local interpretation of micro finite element (mu FE) simulations has become important in different fields of bone biomechanics. Although on an apparent level mu FE has successfully been validated against ... [more ▼]Local interpretation of micro finite element (mu FE) simulations has become important in different fields of bone biomechanics. Although on an apparent level mu FE has successfully been validated against experiments, local validations are sparse and limited by imaging resolution. At the tissue level heterogeneity of Young's modulus has been reported. Although non-uniform material distribution have been shown to only have a minor influence on the apparent material properties, its impact on local material behaviour is largely unknown. By combining image-guided failure assessment (IGFA) using synchrotron-based-micro-computed tomography, strain mapping and inverse mu FE modelling, we present an experimental and computational framework which will allow studying local effects of intratrabecular heterogeneity of the Young's modulus. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 30 (0 ULg) Approche globale de la redistribution post-mortem de substances psychoactives : résultats préliminairesLemaire, Eric ; DENOOZ, Raphael ; Charlier, Corinne et alin Acta Clinica Belgica (2013), 68(6), 469Detailed reference viewed: 58 (16 ULg) Prognostic value of FDG PET/CT in patients with lung tumors treated by Cyberknife.LOVINFOSSE, Pierre ; JANVARY, Zsolt Levente ; JANSEN, Nicolas et alin Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (2013), 54(SUPPL), 567Detailed reference viewed: 31 (6 ULg) Gestion de la reproduction dans les troupeaux bovins laitierHanzen, Christian ; Rao, Anne-Sophie ; Theron, Léonard in Revue Africaine de Santé et de Productions Animales [=RASPA] (2013)La décision de la commission européenne de mettre fin en 2015 à la politique des quotas laitiers mise en place en 1984 va vraisemblablement bousculer le paysage laitier européen mais aussi mondial. Plus ... [more ▼]La décision de la commission européenne de mettre fin en 2015 à la politique des quotas laitiers mise en place en 1984 va vraisemblablement bousculer le paysage laitier européen mais aussi mondial. Plus que jamais les grands pays producteurs (Etats-Unis, Canada, France, Allemagne, Pays-Bas, Irlande, Nouvelle-Zélande) vont dans ce contexte de libéralisation et de globalisation de « l’or blanc » se livrer une concurrence effrénée dans laquelle la majorité des producteurs n’auront que peu ou rien à dire. L’augmentation attendue de la production laitière mondiale (15 milliards de litres par an entre 2010 et 2020) résulte bien entendu de l’augmentation de la population mondiale (3,1 milliards entre 1970 et 2010 auxquels s’ajouteront 2 milliards de plus en 2050) mais également du fait que davantage de personnes en Extrême et Moyen-Orient, en Amérique du Sud et en Afrique du Nord consomment davantage de lait et de produits dérivés. L’enjeu pour la majorité des éleveurs européens ou non va être de réduire les coûts liés à la production laitière en (1) optimisant les ressources alimentaires, (2) en améliorant la santé mammaire, (3) en augmentant la longévité des vaches, (4) en réduisant la fréquence des maladies métaboliques, locomotrices ou infectieuses et (5) en améliorant la fécondité. L’amélioration de la fécondité passe définition oblige par la réduction de l’âge du premier vêlage et de l’intervalle entre vêlages. Par gestion, il faut entendre dans un premier temps la quantification du problème et dans un second l’identification des diverses hypothèses diagnostiques qui en sont responsables. Les facteurs de nature alimentaire, thérapeutique, pathologique ou de gestion susceptibles de modifier l'évolution normale de chaque femelle depuis sa naissance jusqu'au moment de sa réforme sont de nature diverse. Ils concernent l'individu ou le troupeau. Ils sont directement ou indirectement responsables de leur fertilité et/ou de leur fécondité. Leurs effets se manifestent de manière isolée ou synergique. Ils concernent aussi bien les animaux que ceux qui en ont la responsabilité sanitaire ou de gestion. Ils sont de nature anatomique, infectieuse, hormonale, thérapeutique ou zootechnique. Par gestion de la reproduction, il faut entendre une approche épidémiologique, globale de l’infécondité qui en intègre les aspects spécifiques sans négliger pour autant les autres aspects qui ne lui sont pas directement liés. Par gestion de la reproduction, on peut aussi comprendre sa gestion hormonale à savoir le recours à des protocoles thérapeutiques de synchronisation des inséminations et donc des vêlages. L’une et l’autre approche s’inscrive dans le contexte d’une identification systématique des animaux à risque au travers d’un suivi mensuel de reproduction. Ce suivi est la clé de voûte d’une gestion de la reproduction. Au travers d’une démarche hypothético-déductive, la présente communication se propose de - quantifier les performances de reproduction au travers des ses principaux paramètres de fécondité et de fertilité : cette première étape est indispensable pour identifier la présence ou non d’un problème d’infécondité, - passer en revue et de manière aussi synthétique que possible les diverses hypothèses et donc les facteurs de risque responsables d’infécondité - proposer des stratégies curatives ou préventives, anti-infectieuses ou hormonales voire zootechniques pour limiter les conséquences de l’infécondité. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 508 (38 ULg) Simultaneous fitting of statistical-model parameters to symmetric and asymmetric fission cross sectionsMancusi, Davide; Charity, R.J; Cugnon, Joseph in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2013), 420Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg) Experimental and numerical study of TA6V mechanical behavior under different quasi-static strain paths at room temperatureGilles, Gaëtan ; Habraken, Anne ; Cazacu, Oana et alin AIP Conference Proceedings (2013), 1532This paper presents an experimental study of the quasi-static mechanical behavior of TA6V titanium alloy. Different monotonic tests were carried out in several orientations in the plane of the sheet in ... [more ▼]This paper presents an experimental study of the quasi-static mechanical behavior of TA6V titanium alloy. Different monotonic tests were carried out in several orientations in the plane of the sheet in order to characterize the anisotropy and the tension-compression asymmetry exhibited by the material. Initial yielding is modeled by the phenomenological CPB06 criterion and Voce's isotropic hardening is used to describe its evolution. The simulation of a deep-drawing process is performed using the proposed constitutive modeling and compared with experimental data. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 48 (17 ULg) Mobile phones video CPR: preliminary results in a non-Advanced Medical Priority Dispatch System (AMPDS) Emergency Medical Services centresSTIPULANTE, Samuel ; DELFOSSE, Anne-sophie ; ZANDONA, Régine et alin Resuscitation (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 55 (16 ULg) Altered cartilage phenotype in mice lacking Sirt-1 geneGabay, Odile; Zaal, K; Sanchez, Christelle et alin Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2013), 21Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg) Spectral Modelling of Massive Binary Systems: The Example of LZ CepPalate, Matthieu ; Rauw, Grégor ; Mahy, Laurent in Central European astrophysical bulletin (2013)Despite their importance for many astrophysical processes, massive stars are still not fully understood. Massive binaries offer an attractive way to improve our knowledge of the fundamental properties of ... [more ▼]Despite their importance for many astrophysical processes, massive stars are still not fully understood. Massive binaries offer an attractive way to improve our knowledge of the fundamental properties of these objects. However, some secondary effects are known to generate variations in the spectra of massive binaries, rendering their analyses more difficult. We present here a new approach to the computation of synthetic spectra of massive binaries at different phases of their orbital cycle. Our model starts with the Roche potential modified by radiation pressure and accounts for the influence of the companion star on the shape and physical properties of the stellar surface. We further account for gravity darkening and reflection effects to compute the surface temperature. Once the local gravity and temperature are determined, we interpolate in a grid of NLTE plan-parallel atmosphere model spectra to obtain the local contribution to the spectrum at each surface points. Then we sum all the contributions, accounting for the Doppler shift, and limb-darkening to obtain the total spectrum. The computation is repeated for different orbital phases and can be compared to the observations to determine the best parameters. We illustrate our method through the example of the LZ Cep system (O9III + ON9.7V). [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 25 (4 ULg) The neural correlates of recollection and familiarity during agingAngel, Lucie; Bastin, Christine ; Genon, Sarah et alin Journal of Psychophysiology (2013), 27(Suppl 1), 48Detailed reference viewed: 44 (5 ULg) Intraperitoneal Adhesions After Open or Laparoscopic Abdominal Procedure: An Experimental Study in the Rat.Arung, Willy; Drion, Pierre ; Honoré, Pierre et alin Surgical Endoscopy (2013), 27Detailed reference viewed: 24 (0 ULg) La consommation d’oleuropéine ou de rutine diminue le développement spontané de l’arthrose chez le cobaye HartleySanchez, Christelle ; Horcajada, Marie-Noëlle; Membrez, Fanny et alin Revue du Rhumatisme (2013), 80SDetailed reference viewed: 37 (4 ULg) Feasibility and accessibility to the laparoscopic procedures in University Hospital of KinshasaNsadi Fwene, Berthier; Veyi Tadulu, D.; Kazadi Mutshim, JM et alin Surgical Endoscopy (2013), 27Detailed reference viewed: 25 (5 ULg) Genetics of body energy status of Holstein cows predicted by mid-infrared spectrometryBastin, Catherine ; Berry, D.; Gengler, Nicolas et alin Journal of Dairy Science (2013), 96(E-Suppl. 1), Detailed reference viewed: 62 (15 ULg) Quantitative determination of non persistent endocrine disruptors in human urineDewalque, Lucas ; PIRARD, Catherine ; DUBOIS, Nathalie et alin Acta Clinica Belgica (2013), 68(6), Detailed reference viewed: 33 (24 ULg) Prospective study of an advanced nurse triage for a target pathology at the admission in the emergency departmentJOBE, Jérôme ; VANDERCLEYEN, C; Ghuysen, Alexandre et alin Acta Clinica Belgica (2013), 68(6), 2Detailed reference viewed: 29 (8 ULg) Probing the phase of the elastic $pp$ scattering amplitude with vortex proton beamsIvanov, Igor in AIP Conference Proceedings (2013)We show that colliding vortex proton beams instead of (approximate) plane waves can lead to a direct measurement of how the overall phase of the scattering amplitude changes with the scattering angle. In ... [more ▼]We show that colliding vortex proton beams instead of (approximate) plane waves can lead to a direct measurement of how the overall phase of the scattering amplitude changes with the scattering angle. In elastic $pp$ scattering, this will open a novel way to measure the parameter $\rho(t)$ and probe the real part of the Pomeron. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg) Identification of biomarkers of hemostatic, endothelial and immune function in sepsisGOTHOT, André ; GOSSET, Christian ; FOGUENNE, Jacques et alin Belgian Journal of Hematology (2013)Detailed reference viewed: 17 (13 ULg) Spatial distribution of erosion and deposition on an agricultural watershedPineux, Nathalie ; Colinet, Gilles ; Degré, Aurore in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2013), 15To better understand the agricultural landscapes evolution becomes an essential preoccupation and, for this, it is needed to take into account the sediments deposition, in a distributed way. As it is not ... [more ▼]To better understand the agricultural landscapes evolution becomes an essential preoccupation and, for this, it is needed to take into account the sediments deposition, in a distributed way. As it is not possible in practice to study all terrestrial surfaces in detail by instrumenting sectors to obtain data, models of prediction are valuable tools to control the current problems, to predict the future tendencies and to provide a scientific base to the political decisions. In our case, a landscape evolution model is needed, which aims at representing both erosion and sedimentation and dynamically adjusts the landscape to erosion and deposition by modifying the initial digital elevation model. The Landsoil model (Landscape design for Soil conservation under soil use and climate change), among others, could fulfil this objective. It has the advantage to take the soil variability into account. This model, designed for the analysis of agricultural landscape, is suitable for simulations from parcel to catchment scale, is spatially distributed and event-based. Observed quantitative data are essential (notably to calibrate the model) but still limited. Particularly, we lack observations spatially distributed on the watershed. For this purpose, we choose a watershed in Belgium (Wallonia) which is a 124 ha agricultural zone in the loamy region. Its slopes range from 0% to 9%. To test the predictions of the model, comparisons will be done with: - sediment measurements which are done with water samplings in four points on the site to compare the net erosion results; - sediment selective measurements (depth variation observed along graduated bares placed on site) to compare the erosion and deposition results; - very accurate DSM’s (6,76 cm pixel resolution X-Y) obtained by the drone (Gatewing X100) each winter. Besides planning what the landscape evolution should be, a revision of the soil map (drew in 1958) is organized to compare with the past situation and establish how the landscape moved in 50 years. The first results of the sediment measurements and of the pictures of the drone will be showed in the presentation. [less ▲]Detailed reference viewed: 52 (20 ULg)