References of "Paper published in a journal"
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See detailThe neural bases of proactive and reactive control processes in normal aging
Manard, Marine ULg; François, Sarah ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience (2014)

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See detailValidated ready-to-use GC-MS/MS method for dioxin analysis in food and feed following the new EU Regulations
l'homme, Benjamin; Sandy, Chris; Scholl, Georges ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2014), 76

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See detailValidation des paramètres de marche par un système accélérométrique (Locométrix ®) à l’aide d’un système opto-électronique 3D (Coda Motion ®)
GILLAIN, Sophie ULg; Schwartz, C; Dramé, M et al

in Cahiers de l'Année Gérontologique (Les) (2014), 6(Suppl. 1), 186

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See detailAnalyse non destructive des pigments préhistoriques : du laboratoire à la grotte
Beck, Lucile; Lebon, Matthieu; Lahlil, Sophia et al

in Paléo (2014), special issue

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See detailOn Interpreting g-Mode Period Spacings in sdB Stars
Charpinet, Stéphane; Brassard, Pierre; Van Grootel, Valérie ULg et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2014), 481

Long period B subdwarf (sdB) pulsators, when observed from space with the satellites CoRoT and Kepler, show particularly rich g-mode oscillation spectra with often hundreds of frequencies. In many of ... [more ▼]

Long period B subdwarf (sdB) pulsators, when observed from space with the satellites CoRoT and Kepler, show particularly rich g-mode oscillation spectra with often hundreds of frequencies. In many of these pulsation spectra, regularities in the observed period distributions typical of high order g-modes in chemically homogeneous stars have been reported. This led to a claim that sdB stars could be much less chemically stratified than previously thought. In this paper, we show that such an interpretation is unfounded. We reinvestigate trapping effects on g-modes in sdB stars in view of current observations and show that ”standard” stratified models can also produce nearly quasi-constant period spacings in the low frequency range which are comparable to those observed in the g-mode spectra of these stars. [less ▲]

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See detailQuadrupole splitting and isomer shifts in Te oxides investigated using nuclear forward scattering
Klobes, B.; Barrier, N.; Vertruyen, Bénédicte ULg et al

in Hyperfine Interactions (2014), 226(1-3), 713-719

Nuclear forward scattering by 125Te is a viable alternative to conventional 125Te Mössbauer spectroscopy avoiding all source related issues. Using reference compounds with known hyperfine parameters and ... [more ▼]

Nuclear forward scattering by 125Te is a viable alternative to conventional 125Te Mössbauer spectroscopy avoiding all source related issues. Using reference compounds with known hyperfine parameters and Te oxides exhibiting stereochemically active lone pairs, we show that nuclear forward scattering by 125Te can be reliably used to extract quadrupole splitting energy and relative isomer shift. The rough correlation between Te-Ocoordination and quadrupole splitting energy as put forward by Takeda and Greenwood (J. Chem. Soc. Dalton, 2207, 1975), is corroborated by the presented results. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht. [less ▲]

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See detailAltered mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation capacity in horses suffering from polysaccharide storage myopathy
Tosi, Irène ULg; Art, Tatiana ULg; Cassart, Dominique ULg et al

in Equine Veterinary Journal. Supplement (2014), 46(Suppl 46), 9

Introduction: Exertional myopathies are a common cause of exercise intolerance in the equine athlete, and Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy (PSSM) is a widely described muscular disease. It is characterized ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Exertional myopathies are a common cause of exercise intolerance in the equine athlete, and Polysaccharide Storage Myopathy (PSSM) is a widely described muscular disease. It is characterized by an accumulation of abnormal glycogen in myofibers due to a genetic defect in the skeletal muscle glycogen synthase (GYS1) enzyme. We hypothesized that energy production through oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) in muscular mitochondria might be impaired in type-1 PSSM-affected horses. Methods: Eight horses with a history of exertional rhabdomyolysis were tested for the GYS1 mutation. Muscle biopsies were collected and used for histological analysis and high resolution respirometry (HRR). HRR values from 3 groups of horses (5 PSSM-positive horses, 3 horses with a history of myopathy but PSSM-negative and 16 healthy controls) were compared using a linear mixed model to take into account repeated (2–3 times) measurements made for each horse. Results: In 5/8 horses histology revealed an accumulation of abnormal glycogen in myofibers. These 5 horses also tested positive for the GYS1 mutation. A severe depression of maximal OXPHOS capacitywas observed by HRR in 7/8 horses with exertional rhabdomyolysis, with lower values in PSSM-positive cases (4/5). Conclusions: Our study shows a severely decreased OXPHOS capacity in PSSM-affected horses. PSSM is considered primarily a defect in glycogen synthesis but altered OXPHOS might play a central role in its pathogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailDesigning large-scale CO2 capture units with assessment of solvent degradation
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; Crosset, Cyril; Dumont, Marie-Noëlle ULg et al

in Energy Procedia (2014), 63

Solvent degradation is one of the main operational drawbacks of post-combustion CO2 capture with amine solvents. Although the different degradation mechanisms have been largely studied in recent years, it ... [more ▼]

Solvent degradation is one of the main operational drawbacks of post-combustion CO2 capture with amine solvents. Although the different degradation mechanisms have been largely studied in recent years, it is still impossible to predict the solvent losses and the emissions of degradation products that may occur in a CO2 capture plant depending on its size and on its operating conditions. In the present work, we experimentally study the degradation of MEA monoethanolamine) under accelerated conditions implying high temperature, continuous gas feed and vigorous agitation. A special focus is set on the oxidative degradation of MEA, which is studied in the absence of CO2. Based on the experimental results, we propose a kinetic model to describe both MEA oxidative and thermal degradation pathways. The degradation kinetics is then included into a global model of the CO2 capture process, enabling solvent losses and emissions of degradation products to be predicted as a function of the process operating conditions. The predicted MEA loss is in the same order of magnitude as reported in degradation measurements from pilot plants, although lower by a factor 3. This kind of model assessing solvent degradation could and should be used for the design of large-scale CO2 capture plants in order to simultaneously consider the energy consumption of the process and its environmental impact related to the emissions of degradation products and amine solvent. Further developments shall consider the effect of SOx, NOx and dissolved metals on MEA degradation. [less ▲]

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See detailFacteurs de risque de chute chez des sujets résidant en maison de repos : étude prospective d'une durée de 2 ans
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement (2014), 12(1), 164-165

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See detailEvaluation du nombre de résidents en maison de retraite médicalisée bénéficiant d'une supplémentation en vitamine D
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Cavalier, Etienne ULg et al

in Cahiers de l'Année Gérontologique (Les) (2014), 6(Suppl. 1), 68

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See detailAssociation entre la masse musculaire totale et la densité minérale osseuse de la hanche
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Cahiers de l'Année Gérontologique (Les) (2014), 6(Suppl. 1), 125-6

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See detailEvolution sur deux ans des capacités fonctionnelles et motrices de sujets âgés résidant en maison de repos
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement (2014), 12(1), 57-58

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See detailEffects of a commercial formulation of a plant resistance elicitor on non-target organisms
Jansen, Jean-Pierre; Buenotesta, Raphaël; Schiffers, Bruno ULg

in Bulletin OILB/SROP = IOBC/WPRS Bulletin (2014), 103

The toxicity of Fyto11, a plant resistance elicitor commercial formulation used to increase the natural resistance of Cucurbitaceae (cucumber, zucchini and melon) and Solanaceae (tomato and sweet pepper ... [more ▼]

The toxicity of Fyto11, a plant resistance elicitor commercial formulation used to increase the natural resistance of Cucurbitaceae (cucumber, zucchini and melon) and Solanaceae (tomato and sweet pepper) against powdery mildew under greenhouse conditions, has been assessed on several beneficial arthropods: the honeybee Apis mellifera, the predatory miteTyphlodromus pyri, the aphid parasitic wasp Aphidius rhopalosiphi and the aphid predator Episyrphus balteatus. Tested at 0.5% and 1.0% spray dilution on plants, Fyto11 did not lead to significant corrected mortalities for E. balteatus larvae and adult wasps of A. rhopalosiphi, with a maximum of 5.4% mortality. No effects on reproduction capacity of the parasitic wasps were observed. The exposure of T. pyri protonymphs to Fyto11 on glass plates lead to corrected mortalities of 1.1% and 32.6% at 0.5% and 1.0% and to a reduction of female fertility of 9.0% and 25.4%, compared to the control performance. When assessed on the honeybee by contact and oral exposure, Fyto11 did not lead to significant effects, with LD50 estimated as > 10 μg a.i./bee (oral) and 12.5 μg a.i./bee (contact), leading to HQ ratio < 50 and classifying the product at no or low risk for honeybees. These results showed that the product was harmless for all beneficials at the proposed commercial rate, except for T. pyri at 1.0% on glass plates, where the product was rated as slightly harmful. Even if all the beneficial species’ diversity has not been assessed with this product, negative effects on non-target organisms are not expected in field conditions and Fyto11 can be considered as compatible with IPM programs. [less ▲]

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See detailFurther reduction in nonvertebral fracture rate is observed following 3 years of denosumab treatment: results with up to 7 years in the freedom extension
Ferrari, S; Adachi, JD; Lippuner, K et al

in Osteoporosis International (2014), 25(2), 56

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See detailEffect of different technological approaches on the optical properties of ZnO sol-gel thin films
Ivanova, T.; Harizanova, A.; Koutzarova, T. et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2014), 514

The work presents a sol-gel approach with two types of solvents for ZnO films deposition in view of varying the films' structural and optical properties. The ZnO films were characterized by X-Ray ... [more ▼]

The work presents a sol-gel approach with two types of solvents for ZnO films deposition in view of varying the films' structural and optical properties. The ZnO films were characterized by X-Ray diffraction (XRD) and found to have a polycrystalline wurtzite phase structure. The grain sizes and the lattice parameters were determined; it was established that the ZnO crystallites' size increases with the annealing temperatures from 25 nm to 36 nm. The ZnO films possess high transmittance in the visible spectral range. Further, the optical band gap values were estimated. The material's vibration properties were analyzed by Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The two technological sol-gel approaches for deposition of ZnO films, using two different solvents, proved to be successful in producing structures with different structural and optical properties. The thin films fabricated were very smooth and uniform and exhibited a high transparency in the visible spectral range. [less ▲]

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See detailDétection de l'hémoglobinurie paroxystique nocturne par cytométrie en flux : Validation
Louis, Céline; FOGUENNE, Jacques ULg; KEUTGENS, Aurore ULg et al

in Revue de l'Association Belge des Technologues de Laboratoire = Tijdschrift van de Belgische Vereniging van Laboratoriumtechnologen (2014), 41(3), 240

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See detailYearly Follow-up of Methane Turbulent Exchange Over an Intensively Grazed Pasture in Belgium
Dumortier, Pierre ULg; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Beckers, Yves ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2014), 79(1), 91-96

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See detailEtudes préliminaires sur le bâtiment du Néolithique final des "Vaux" à Moulins-sur-Céphons (Indre) : Activités, utilisation et fonction
Hamon, T.; Rodot, M.-A.; Bourne, S. et al

in Revue Archéologique du Centre de la France (2014)

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See detailMicropaleontology and chemostratigraphy of the Neoproterozoic Mbuji-Mayi Supergroup, Democratic Republic of Congo.
Kabamba Baludikay, Blaise ULg; Bekker, Andrey; Baudet, Daniel et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2014), 16(EGU2014),

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See detailSimulation of a vertical ground heat exchanger as low temperature heat source for a closed adsorption seasonal storage of solar heat
Hennaut, Samuel ULg; Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Davin, Elisabeth ULg et al

in Energy Procedia (2014), 48

Get It @ ULg(opens in a new window)|View at Publisher| Export | Download | More... Energy Procedia Volume 48, 2014, Pages 370-379 2nd International Conference on Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings ... [more ▼]

Get It @ ULg(opens in a new window)|View at Publisher| Export | Download | More... Energy Procedia Volume 48, 2014, Pages 370-379 2nd International Conference on Solar Heating and Cooling for Buildings and Industry, SHC 2013; Freiburg; Germany; 23 September 2013 through 25 September 2013; Code 104547 Simulation of a vertical ground heat exchanger as low temperature heat source for a closed adsorption seasonal storage of solar heat (Conference Paper) Hennaut, S.a , Thomas, S.a, Davin, E.a, Skrylnyk, A.b, Frère, M.b, André, P.a a University of Liège, Building Energy Monitoring and Simulation, Avenue de Longwy 185, 6700 Arlon, Belgium b University of Mons, Energy Research Cente, Boulevard Dolez 31, 7000 Mons, Belgium View references (9) Abstract This paper deals with the simulation of a vertical geothermal heat exchanger as low temperature heat source for a closed adsorption seasonal heat storage. The seasonal storage should allow reaching a nearly 100 % solar fraction for space heating of a "low energy" building". The selected adsorbent and adsorbate are respectively bromide strontium and water. The studied system, including the building and the ground exchanger, is simulated using the dynamic simulation software TRNSYS. Results show that expected performances are reached with a borehole of 100 m. The evaporation temperatures computed are really close to 0°C which might cause some problems. But an advanced research would maybe impose a deeper borehole to avoid cooling the ground on the long term. [less ▲]

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See detailReaching the 1% accuracy level on stellar mass and radius determinations from asteroseismology
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Charpinet, Stephane; Fontaine, Gilles et al

in Proceedings of the International Astronomical Union (2014), 301

Asteroseismic modeling of subdwarf B (sdB) stars provides measurements of their fundamental parameters with a very good precision; in particular, the masses and radii deter- mined from asteroseismology ... [more ▼]

Asteroseismic modeling of subdwarf B (sdB) stars provides measurements of their fundamental parameters with a very good precision; in particular, the masses and radii deter- mined from asteroseismology are found to typically reach a precision of 1% containing various uncertainties associated with their inner structure and the underlying microphysics (composition and transition zones profiles, nuclear reaction rates, etc.). Therefore, the question of the accuracy of the stellar parameters derived by asteroseismology is legitimate. We present here the seismic modeling of the pulsating sdB star in the eclipsing binary PG 1336-018, for which the mass and the radius are independently and precisely known from the modeling of the reflection/irradiation effect and the eclipses observed in the light curve. This allows us to quantitatively evaluate the reliability of the seismic method and test the impact of uncertainties in our stellar models on the derived parameters. We conclude that the sdB star parameters inferred from asteroseismology are precise, accurate, and robust against model uncertainties. [less ▲]

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See detailSleep loss changes executive brain responses in the wake maintenance zone
Jaspar, Mathieu ULg; Meyer, Christelle ULg; Muto, Vincenzo ULg et al

in Journal of Sleep Research (2014), 23(1), 61

Objectives: Brain mechanisms underlying executive processes are regulated by circadian and sleep homeostatic processes. Furthermore, during sleep deprivation (SD), cognitive performance and neural ... [more ▼]

Objectives: Brain mechanisms underlying executive processes are regulated by circadian and sleep homeostatic processes. Furthermore, during sleep deprivation (SD), cognitive performance and neural responses are differentially modulated by a clock gene PERIOD3 polymorphism. Here, we investigated interindividual differences on executive brain responses under SD. Critically, we focused on the circadian evening wake maintenance zone (WMZ), a key time-point for sleep-wake regulation. Methods: Thirty healthy young volunteers, genotyped for the PER3 polymorphism (10 PER3 5/5; 20 PER3 4/4 homozygotes), underwent 42-h SD under constant routine conditions. They performed a 3-back working memory task in 13 successive fMRI sessions. To compare neural activity in the WMZ before and during SD, sessions were realigned according to individual dim light melatonin onset. Results: We tested for a group (PER3 5/5 > PER3 4/4) by session effect (WMZ before vs. during SD). From the fi rst evening WMZ (i.e. during a normal waking day) to the second (i.e. following 40 h of continuous waking), PER3 5/5 individuals relative to PER3 4/4 showed significantly larger increase in responses in the left mid-cingulate, bilateral precuneus and thalamus. Interestingly, these regions are involved in executive processes and arousal regulation (thalamus). Conclusions: These results show that the strong circadian wake-maintenance signal depends on sleep pressure, in a PER3-genotype dependent manner. Interestingly, pronounced genotype differences were observed in the thalamus, an area that compensates potential lower cortical activity under SD. [less ▲]

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See detailEight years of denosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the first five years of the freedom extension
Papapoulos, S; Lippuner, K; Roux, C et al

in Osteoporosis International (2014), 25(2), 46-47

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See detailDélires et Hallucinations : Echelle transdiagnostique d’auto-évaluation.
Beaupain, Margaux; Thirion, Julie; Wagener, Aurélie ULg et al

in Revue Francophone de Clinique Comportementale et Cognitive (2014), 19(3), 72

Introduction : Les délires et les hallucinations sont des symptômes majeurs présents chez 80% des personnes souffrant d’un trouble psychotique (e.g., bipolaire, schizophrène). Cependant, ces phénomènes ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Les délires et les hallucinations sont des symptômes majeurs présents chez 80% des personnes souffrant d’un trouble psychotique (e.g., bipolaire, schizophrène). Cependant, ces phénomènes sont également présents dans d’autres troubles psychiatriques (e.g., troubles anxieux, dépression) et chez 8% des individus tout venants (Linscott & Van Os, 2012) suggérant l’importance de les évaluer. D’après la littérature, les populations cliniques et non-cliniques se distinguent d’avantage à travers différentes dimensions telles que la détresse, la conviction et le contenu que par la fréquence (Lincoln, 2007). Cependant, les évaluations existantes se centrent principalement sur la fréquence des phénomènes, ce qui laisse beaucoup d’informations cliniques de côté. De plus, elles ne sont que rarement basées sur une approche en continuum permettant d’appréhender la complexité et l’hétérogénéité des phénomènes (allant des perceptions aberrantes jusqu’aux délires et hallucinations). Enfin, ce sont souvent des hétéroévaluations qui sont chronophages et requièrent du personnel qualifié alors que certaines études suggèrent une bonne validité des autoévaluations de ces phénomènes (Se Hyun et al., 2010). Afin de pallier ces limites, nous avons développé une échelle transdiagnostique d’auto-évaluation des idées délirantes et hallucinations en se basant sur une approche en continuum. Méthode : Une revue de la littérature sur les caractéristiques et outils d’évaluations des idées délirantes et des hallucinations a été réalisée. Vingt-quatre items parmi les plus discriminants ont été sélectionnés et adaptés. Pour chaque item, huit dimensions ont été sélectionnées : fréquence, détresse, interférence, conviction, état de conscience, contenu positif VS négatif, agréabilité et attribution interne VS externe. Les individus répondent d’abord à la fréquence sur une échelle de type Likert en 5 points (« Oui, ça m’arrive souvent » à « Non, ça ne m’est jamais arrivé »). Si la réponse est positive, les sept autres dimensions sont évaluées via une échelle visuelle analogique de 0 à 10. Perspectives: L’échelle est actuellement en cours de validation. Elle sera pré-testée auprès d’étudiants avant d’être validée auprès de populations cliniques et non-cliniques. A long terme, cette échelle transdiagnostique d’auto-évaluation pourrait être utilisée en clinique comme un outil favorisant une meilleure prise en charge de ces symptômes et comme un nouvel outil de recherche. [less ▲]

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See detailEconomic evaluation of an osteoporosis screening campaign: using FRAX as a prescreening tool
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Ben Sedrine, Wafa ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2014), 25(2), 38-39

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See detailLes récits numériques : de nouvelles formes narratives ?
Hurel, Pierre-Yves ULg

in L'espace de publication de Culture Numérique (2014)

Face aux discours techno-enthousiastes sur les innovations des récits numériques, des études de l’hyperfiction cherchent à définir les nouveautés réelles apportées par le média informatique. Cet article ... [more ▼]

Face aux discours techno-enthousiastes sur les innovations des récits numériques, des études de l’hyperfiction cherchent à définir les nouveautés réelles apportées par le média informatique. Cet article s’inscrit dans ce courant en comparant les récits interactifs numériques aux non-numériques, tels que les jeux de rôle, le théâtre expérimental ou les livres dont vous êtes le héros. Cette comparaison se fait en deux temps : d’abord le rapprochement par les caractéristiques narratives, puis la distinction par les spécificités des supports. Elle nuance le caractère nouveau de l’arborescence, de l’émergence, de l’hybridation de l’avatar et de spatialité ; et cherche à déterminer des caractéristiques propres au numérique. [less ▲]

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See detailNitrogen fertilisation recommendations : could they be improved using stochastically generated climates in conjunction with crop models ?
Dumont, Benjamin ULg; Basso, Bruno; Meza Morales, Walter ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 12th ICPA (2014)

Accurate determination of optimal Nitrogen (N) recommendations which ensure maximization of farmer's revenue while minimizing the environmental constraint is maybe among the major challenges in ... [more ▼]

Accurate determination of optimal Nitrogen (N) recommendations which ensure maximization of farmer's revenue while minimizing the environmental constraint is maybe among the major challenges in agriculture. Crop models have the potential to deal with such aspects and could thus be used to develop decision support systems. However unknown future weather conditions remains the key point of accurate yield forecast. This paper presents the results of a preliminary study that aims to supply the unknown future with stochastically generated climatic conditions. Coupling the methodology with appropriate decision rules led to a generic decision support system able to guide the N management practices. [less ▲]

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See detailBioactive Intraocular Lens – A Strategy to Control Secondary Cataract
Huang, Yi-Shiang ULg; Bertrand, Virginie ULg; Bozukova, Dimitriya et al

in IFMBE Proceedings (2014), 41

Cataract is the opacity of the lens, causing impairment of vision or even blindness. Today, a surgery is still the only available treatment. The intraocular lens (IOL) is a polymer implant designed to ... [more ▼]

Cataract is the opacity of the lens, causing impairment of vision or even blindness. Today, a surgery is still the only available treatment. The intraocular lens (IOL) is a polymer implant designed to replace the natural lens in the cataract surgery. However, the bioinert materials could not satisfy the unmet need in the secondary cataract control. Posterior capsular opacification (PCO, or Secondary Cataract), characterized by a thick and cloudy layer of lens epithelial cells (LECs), is the most common postoperative complication. In our research, a bioactive molecule is immobilized onto the conventional acrylic hydrophilic polymer pHEMA (Poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate)) using oxygen plasma treatment followed by deposition. The RGD peptide sequence, being well-known for its ability to promote cellular attachment by binding to integrin receptors, is designed to stimulate the adhesion of LECs on the IOL. Our data show the peptide immobilized biomaterial not only exhibits similar optical property, but also reveals enhanced biological properties in cell adhesion and cell morphology maintenance. By means of surface functionalization of IOL to stimulate LECs adhesion, the secondary cataract could be controlled. [less ▲]

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See detailA volatile sex pheromone in the invasive ladybeetle Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
Fassotte, Bérénice ULg; Fischer, Christophe ULg; Durieux, Delphine ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2014), 79(1), 79-81

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See detailEvolution over two years of functional and motor abilities among nursing home residents
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2014), 25(2), 121

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See detailDevelopment of an Environmental Information System for Odour using Citizen and Technology Innovative Sensors and Advanced Modelling
Uhrner, Ulrich; Grosso, gioavanna; Romain, Anne-Claude ULg et al

in CEUR Workshop Proceedings (2014), 1322

The challenge of OMNISCIENTIS is to develop a community based odour monitoring and information system to mitigate odour annoyance and to foster citizens’ participation in environmental governance. The ... [more ▼]

The challenge of OMNISCIENTIS is to develop a community based odour monitoring and information system to mitigate odour annoyance and to foster citizens’ participation in environmental governance. The core is an information system collecting various data of odour emissions obtained by electronic noses and other sensors, meteorological conditions and observations by citizens acting as human sensors. A specific odour dispersion model is developed to use all this information and provide immediate feedback to all stakeholders. This work presents the architecture of the environmental information system, some first results from odour monitoring and model development and validation. [less ▲]

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See detailToward redesigning the relationship between farming systems and biodiversity conservation
Brédart, David ULg; Denayer, Dorothée ULg; Mormont, Marc ULg

in Proceedings of the 11th European IFSA Symposium. Farming systems facing global challenges: capacities and strategies. (2014)

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See detailThe Extreme UV Imager of Solar Orbiter – From detailed design to Flight Model
Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Rochus, Pierre ULg; Renotte, Etienne ULg et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2014), 9144

The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board the Solar Orbiter mission will provide full-sun and high-resolution image sequences of the solar atmosphere at selected spectral emission lines in the extreme ... [more ▼]

The Extreme Ultraviolet Imager (EUI) on-board the Solar Orbiter mission will provide full-sun and high-resolution image sequences of the solar atmosphere at selected spectral emission lines in the extreme and vacuum ultraviolet. After the breadboarding and prototyping activities that focused on key technologies, the EUI project has completed the design phase and has started the final manufacturing of the instrument and its validation. The EUI instrument has successfully passed its Critical Design Review (CDR). The process validated the detailed design of the Optical Bench unit and of its sub-units (entrance baffles, doors, mirrors, camera, and filter wheel mechanisms), and of the Electronic Box unit. In the same timeframe, the Structural and Thermal Model (STM) test campaign of the two units have been achieved, and allowed to correlate the associated mathematical models. The lessons learned from STM and the detailed design served as input to release the manufacturing of the Qualification Model (QM) and of the Flight Model (FM). The QM will serve to qualify the instrument units and sub-units, in advance of the FM acceptance tests and final on-ground calibration. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent increases in Stratospheric HCl: Stratospheric Dynamics versus the Montreal Protocol
Chipperfield, M.P.; Mahieu, Emmanuel ULg; Notholt, J. et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2014), 16

Long-lived chlorine-containing source gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), are transported into the stratosphere where they decompose and cause ozone depletion. Increases in chlorine during the ... [more ▼]

Long-lived chlorine-containing source gases, such as chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), are transported into the stratosphere where they decompose and cause ozone depletion. Increases in chlorine during the 1970s-1990s resulted in long-term ozone decreases, especially in the polar regions. Following the implementation of the Montreal Protocol, the near-surface chlorine loading was observed to peak in 1993 and, since then, to decrease in line with expectations. After release from source gases in the stratosphere, chlorine mainly forms the reservoir HCl, providing an alternative method for monitoring the progress of the Montreal Protocol. A maximum in stratospheric HCl was observed around 1996, followed by decay at a rate close to 1%/year, consistent with the tropospheric chlorine peak and known transport timescales. However, we will present total column observations from ground-based FTIR instruments which show an unexpected and significant upturn in stratospheric HCl around 2007 in the northern hemisphere. Height-resolved observations from satellite instruments (HALOE, MLS, ACE) confirm this increase and show that it occurs in the lower stratosphere. These observations contrast with the ongoing monotonic decrease of near-surface chlorine source gases. Using 3-D model simulations (TOMCAT/SLIMCAT and KASIMA) we attribute this trend anomaly to a slowdown in the NH atmospheric circulation, causing air in the lower stratosphere to become more aged with a larger relative conversion of source gases to HCl. An important conclusion is that the Montreal Protocol is still on track and will still lead to long-term decreases in stratospheric chlorine. This dynamical variability could also significantly affect the evolution of stratospheric ozone and must be accounted for when searching for signs of ozone recovery. [less ▲]

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See detailThermal mismatch influence on residual stress in veneer on zirconia
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Najjar, Achref; Jakubowicz-Kohen, Boris et al

in Dental Materials (2014)

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See detailLa loutre en France et Navarre
Pigneur, Lise-Marie; Marc, Daniel; Fournier, Pascal et al

in Bulletin de liaison des Mammalogistes de Midi-Pyrénées (2014)

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See detailWhich measurement strategies to improve spatial erosion and deposition patterns modelling?
Pineux, Nathalie ULg; Maugnard, Alexandre; Swerts, Gilles ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2014), 16

Validation of the erosion models requires field data. To date, many authors continue to highlight the paucity of accurate field observations and long-term enough studies. The fields observations are often ... [more ▼]

Validation of the erosion models requires field data. To date, many authors continue to highlight the paucity of accurate field observations and long-term enough studies. The fields observations are often put aside because these measures are difficult to obtain: weighty experimental devices, climatic dependence, . . . Hence the models are evolving and propose refined calculation procedures including for instance the calculation of landscape evolution. The need of field data therefore increases and new measuring strategies should arise. In the centre of Belgium we choose an agricultural watershed quite representative of the local context. It covers 124 ha of loamy soil with more than 90% of arable land and a weak proportion of forest and artificial lands. The slope ranges between 0 and 9%. Instrumentation on the watershed includes meteorological observations and discharge measurement coupled with water sampling at different outlets. The weather data (radiation, temperature, wind velocity, relative humidity and rainfall) and discharge measurement (comparison between Doppler and pressure sensors) will allow us to model the hydrological behaviour of the catchment. Rainfall readings (tipping buckets) are completed with erosivity readings (disdrometer). Erosivity, together with soil data, land use and agricultural practices observations on field, will be used as entry in the Landsoil model. The sediment samplings at 3 points in the catchment will give an insight of the sediment delivery of 3 subcatchments. The Landsoil model calculates the evolution of the DTM through time. This cannot be compared to measurements at the outlet and requires further data collection. Older elevation data and/or archaeological data are a possible source of information even if their precision remains scarce in our context. 1950’s soil surveys are on the contrary really informative since they detail the horizons depth in a spatial way and can be compared to new observation across the watershed. Coupled with unmanned aerial system, they should allow us to test the model performances and improve our knowledge of the spatial patterns of erosion and deposition. [less ▲]

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See detailMiddle Miocene climate and vegetation model reconstructions and their validation with the NECLIME database
François, Louis ULg; Henrot, Alexandra-Jane ULg; Utescher, Torsten et al

in Geophys. Res. Abstracts (2014), 16

The NECLIME database gathers data of the fossil flora recorded at many localities around the world at different times of the Miocene. François et al. (Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology ... [more ▼]

The NECLIME database gathers data of the fossil flora recorded at many localities around the world at different times of the Miocene. François et al. (Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 304, 359–378, 2011) have presented a new method for evaluating palaeoclimate model simulations from such fossil floras. In this method, palaeovegetation is simulated from climate model outputs, using a dynamic vegetation model. Model vegetation reconstruction is then compared to the vegetation cover indicated by the fossil flora record at the various localities, using a common classification of plant functional types (PFTs) in the data and the model. Here, we apply this method to test several published Middle Miocene climate simulations conducted with General Circulation Models of different complexity: (a) Planet Simulator, (b) FOAM-LMDZ4, (c) MPI-ESM, (d) CCSM3.0 and (4) CESM1.0. Corresponding palaeovegetation distributions are simulated with the CARAIB dynamic vegetation model, in which an upgraded vegetation classification involving 26 PFTs has been imple- mented. The NECLIME palaeoflora data from 154 localities distributed worldwide have been translated in terms of the presence/absence of these PFTs. A comparison of models and data is then undertaken globally and in selected regions of the world, using all available localities. The level of agreement varies among models, among PFTs and among regions. For instance, some models are able to produce tropical and subtropical PFTs in Europe consistently with the data, but the agreement for these PFTs may be much poorer in other parts of the world, such as in northeastern Eurasia. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence of sarcopenia according to different diagnostic tools
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2014), 25(2), 115

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See detailWhat does multiplication of tidemarks mean in the ovine femora-tibial joint ?
Pirson, R; Matagne, A; Nisolle, JF et al

in Osteoporosis International (2014), 25(S2), 172

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See detailIn vitro study toward the endocrine activity and the genotoxic potential of migration products from plastic baby bottles
Simon, Coraline ULg; Onghena, M.; Covaci, A. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2014), 76

Bisphenol A (BPA) is documented in several studies to be a well-known source of food contamination. Recently, the European Union took a series of measures, including a ban for the import and sale of ... [more ▼]

Bisphenol A (BPA) is documented in several studies to be a well-known source of food contamination. Recently, the European Union took a series of measures, including a ban for the import and sale of polycarbonate (PC) baby bottles to reduce BPA exposure of infants. Plastic alternatives to PC, which have massively appeared on the Belgian market, include polypropylene (PP), silicone, polyamide (PA) and polyethersulfone (PES). In a recent opinion (No. 8697, 11.03.2010), the Belgian Superior Health Council issued its concern regarding the alternatives to PC currently used. Furthermore, they asked to investigate the possible risks associated with the use of these alternatives. In this study, a screening towards the endocrine activity of chemicals migrating from PC alternatives, identified by the group of Simoneau, was performed by using different reporter gene assays. Furthermore, the genotoxic potential of these compounds was also assessed with the Vitotox assay, an indicator test for DNA damage. The aim of the screening was to select the substances that may present a risk for human health and thus require further characterization. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing the foraging behavior of Agriotes sordidus wireworms in dual-choice olfactometers
Barsics, Fanny ULg; Fiers, Marie; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2014), 79(2), 151-156

The different steps of the foraging process of wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae) would be better understood if accurate and holistic information regarding the role of plant-produced chemicals ... [more ▼]

The different steps of the foraging process of wireworms (Coleoptera: Elateridae) would be better understood if accurate and holistic information regarding the role of plant-produced chemicals constituting their environment were available. Volatile organic compounds (VOC) play important roles in the interactions between plants and insects in many ecosystems, whether they take place aboveground or belowground. The roles of VOC are still relatively unknown for wireworms, and deserve attention. Here, we performed three experimentations with barley roots as baits. In the two first, we assessed the effect of chopped roots and fungus infected roots on the orientation of wireworms. In the third experiment, the larvae were confronted to both healthy and fungus infected roots. We discuss the results in terms of suitability of the olfactometers we designed for the investigation of olfaction in wireworms, and we provide suggestions to improve their use. [less ▲]

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See detailDenosumab for the treatment of men with low bone mineral density: 24-month results from the Adamo Trial
Langdahl, B; Teglbjaerg, C; Ho, PR et al

in Endocrine Reviews (2014), 35(3), 22-1

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See detailArbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian simulations of stationary and non-stationary metal forming processes
Boman, Romain ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in AIP Conference Proceedings (2013, December 16), 1567

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See detailEvolution of the theoretical power spectrum of solar-like oscillations along the ascending phase on the red giant branch.
Grosjean, Mathieu ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Belkacem, Kevin et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, December), 479

CoRoT and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. An important question comes from the observation of mixed ... [more ▼]

CoRoT and Kepler observations of red giants reveal rich spectra of non-radial solar-like oscillations allowing to probe their internal structure. An important question comes from the observation of mixed modes : When during the star’s ascension on the RGB are mixed-modes more likely to be detectable ? We follow the evolution of a star on the RGB and investigate the effect of its ascension on theoretical power spectrum. Equilibrium models (computed with the code ATON) represent four different stages of a star on the RGB. The mass of the star (1.5M") is in the typical mass range of stars observed by CoRoT and Kepler. We used a non-radial non-adiabatic code to compute the theoretical solar-like oscillations of these models. An important output of these calculations is the theoretical lifetimes of the modes. Then we computed the oscillation amplitudes through a stochastic excitation model. These computations allow us to draw theoretical power spectrum and discuss the possibility to observe mixed-modes at different evolutionary stages on the RGB. We found that structure modifications in a star ascending the RGB have an important impact on theoretical power spectrum of solar-like oscillations. Efficiencies of trapping and lifetimes of mixed modes are indeed strongly affected by this evolution. [less ▲]

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See detailResidual stress in veneering ceramic layered on Y-TZP, alumina, and ZTA polycrystalline ceramics
Fukushima, Karen; Sadoun, Michael; Cesar, Paulo et al

in Dental Materials (2013, December), 29(E10-E11),

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See detailIS ULTRA-SHORT COLD ISCHEMIA THE KEY TO ISCHEMIC CHOLANGIOPATHY AVOIDANCE IN DCD- LT?
DETRY, Olivier ULg; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; Cheham, Samir et al

in Transplant International (2013, December), 26(S2), 53-98

Introduction: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) donors have been proposed to partially overcome the organ donor shortage. DCD-LT remains controversial, with reported increased risk of ischemic ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) donors have been proposed to partially overcome the organ donor shortage. DCD-LT remains controversial, with reported increased risk of ischemic cholangiopathy leading to graft loss. The authors retrospectively reviewed a single centre experience with DCD-LT in a 9-year period. Patients and Methods: 70 DCD-LT were performed from 2003 to November 2012. All DCD procedures were performed in operative rooms. Median donor age was 59 years. Most grafts were flushed with HTK solution. Allocation was centre-based. Median total DCD warm ischemia was 19.5 min. Mean follow-up was 36 months. No patient was lost to follow-up. Results: Median MELD score at LT was 15. Median cold ischemia was 235 min. Median peak AST was 1,162 U/L. Median peak bilirubin was 31.2 mg/dL. Patient and graft survivals were 92.8% and 91.3% at one year and 79% and 77.7% at 3 years, respectively. One graft was lost due to hepatic artery thrombosis. No PNF or graft loss due to ischemic cholangiopathy was observed in this series. Causes of death were malignancies in 8 cases. Discussion: In this series, DCD LT appears to provide results equal to classical LT. Short cold ischemia and recipient selection with low MELD score may be the keys to good results in DCD LT, in terms of graft survival and avoidance of ischemic cholangiopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailWhite Dwarf Stars: A Brief Overview
Fontaine, Gilles; Brassard, Pierre; Charpinet, Stephane et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, December), 479

We present a brief summary of what is currently known about white dwarf stars, with an emphasis on their evolutionary and internal properties. As is well known, white dwarfs represent the end products of ... [more ▼]

We present a brief summary of what is currently known about white dwarf stars, with an emphasis on their evolutionary and internal properties. As is well known, white dwarfs represent the end products of stellar evolution for the vast majority of stars and, as such, bear the signatures of past events (such as mass-loss, mixing phases, loss and redistribution of angular momentum, and thermonuclear burning) that are of essential importance in the evolution of stars in general. In addition, white dwarf stars represent ideal testbeds for our understanding of matter under extreme conditions, and work on their constitutive physics (neutrino production rates, conductive and radiative opacities, interior liquid and solid equations of state, partially ionized and partially degenerate envelope equations of state, diffusion coefficients, line broadening mechanisms) is still being actively pursued. Given a set of constitutive physics, cooling white dwarfs can be used advantageously as cosmochronometers. Moreover, the field has been blessed by the existence of four distinct families of pulsating white dwarfs, each mapping a different evolutionary phase, and this allows the application of the asteroseismological method to probe and test their internal structure and evolutionary state. [less ▲]

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See detailDONATION AFTER CIRCULATORY DEATH LIVER TRANSPLANTATION: IS DONOR AGE AN ISSUE?
DETRY, Olivier ULg; Ledinh, Heu; HONORE, Pierre ULg et al

in Transplant International (2013, December), 26(s2), 112-228

Background: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) donors > 55 years are usually not considered suitable for liver transplantation (LT). At our institute, age is not an absolute exclusion criterion to ... [more ▼]

Background: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) donors > 55 years are usually not considered suitable for liver transplantation (LT). At our institute, age is not an absolute exclusion criterion to refuse DCD liver grafts. We retrospectively compared the transplant outcome of patients receiving older DCD liver grafts to the younger ones. Methods: 70 DCD liver transplants have been performed from 2003 to 2012, which includes 32 liver grafts from younger donors <55y (group A), 20 between 56 and 69 years (group B), and 18 from older donors ≥70 years (group C). The three groups were compared in terms of donor and recipient demographics, procurement and transplantation conditions, peak laboratory values during the first post-transplant week and results at one and three years. Results are expressed as median IQR. Results: No difference other than age in donor and recipient characteristics as well as procurement conditions was noted between both groups. Median donor age of the group A was 44 (38-45) years, in group B 62 (60-64) years and 73 (71-75) in group C. Median primary warm ischemia time (WIT) were 20 (17-22), 21 (19-25) and 19 (16-23) min, respectively (NS). Median cold ischemia time (CIT) was 236 (229-294), 245 (227-290) and 210 (195-277) min, respectively (NS). Peak AST (UI/ml) was 1162 (1072-3971), 1416 (1006-2752), and 1067 (902-4037), respectively (NS). There was no primary nonfunction and one patient needed retransplantation for artery thrombosis. Biliary complications occurred similarly in both groups, without graft loss secondary to ischemic cholangiopathy. Graft and patient survivals were not different at one and three years. Conclusion: This study shows comparable results between DCD liver transplants from younger and older donors. Therefore donor age >55 years should not be a contraindication to DCD liver transplantation if other donor risk factors (such as WIT, CIT) are minimized. [less ▲]

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See detailBOLERO-3 : Everolimus plus Trastuzumab and Vinorelbine in asian patients with HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer
Toi, Masakazu; Masuda, Norikazu; ANDRE, Fabrice et al

in Cancer Research (2013, December), 73(24), 4-12-19

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See detailForward Physics of Hadronic Colliders
Ivanov, Igor ULg

in Physics of Particles and Nuclei Letters (2013, December), 10(7), 739750

These lectures were given at the Baikal Summer School on Physics of Elementary Particles and Astrophysics in July 2012. They can be viewed as a concise introduction to hadronic diffraction, to the physics ... [more ▼]

These lectures were given at the Baikal Summer School on Physics of Elementary Particles and Astrophysics in July 2012. They can be viewed as a concise introduction to hadronic diffraction, to the physics of the Pomeron and related topics. [less ▲]

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See detailA spectral operator-theoretic framework for global stability
Mauroy, Alexandre ULg; Mezic, Igor

in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2013, December)

The global description of a nonlinear system through the linear Koopman operator leads to an efficient approach to global stability analysis. In the context of stability analysis, not much attention has ... [more ▼]

The global description of a nonlinear system through the linear Koopman operator leads to an efficient approach to global stability analysis. In the context of stability analysis, not much attention has been paid to the use of spectral properties of the operator. This paper provides new results on the relationship between the global stability properties of the system and the spectral properties of the Koopman operator. In particular, the results show that specific eigenfunctions capture the system stability and can be used to recover known notions of classical stability theory (e.g. Lyapunov functions, contracting metrics). Finally, a numerical method is proposed for the global stability analysis of a fixed point and is illustrated with several examples. [less ▲]

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See detailg-Mode Oscillations in Hot B Subdwarf Stars
Charpinet, Stéphane; Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Fontaine, Gilles et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, December), 479

Observations from space with CoRoT and Kepler have revealed the rich pulsation spectra that characterize the long period hot B subdwarf (sdB) pulsators of the V1093 Her type. These evolved and compact ... [more ▼]

Observations from space with CoRoT and Kepler have revealed the rich pulsation spectra that characterize the long period hot B subdwarf (sdB) pulsators of the V1093 Her type. These evolved and compact helium core burning stars can develop low amplitude oscillations with periods in the range ∼ 1 − 4 hours that correspond to low degree, mid to high order g-modes. These modes have the property to penetrate deep inside the star, down to the boundary of the central convective core. They are consequently particularly interesting as asteroseismic probes. Here we briefly review how the g-modes behave in sdB stars, focusing in particular on the seismic signatures coming from the core itself. We also briefly summarize the first seismic results obtained from space data in pioneering efforts to exploit the potential of long period sdB pulsators as deep probes of the core structure. [less ▲]

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See detailA new in vitro protocol to study HGF/HGK attachment and proliferation on prostheses materials
GRENADE, Charlotte ULg; MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; VAN HEUSDEN, Alain ULg et al

in Dental Materials (2013, December), 29(E15-E16),

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See detailThe SNAP trial : schedules of nab-Paclitaxel in metastatic breast cancer. International breast cancer study group (ICGSG 42-12) and breast international group (BIG 2-12)
Gennari, Alessandra; JERUSALEM, Guy ULg; Maibach, Rudolf

in Cancer Research (2013, December), 73(24), 3-1-02

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See detailInfluence of firing time and framework thickness on layered Y-TZP discs curvature
Jakubowicz, Boris; MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Sadoun, Michael

in Dental Materials (2013, December), 29(E25-E26),

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See detailSafety analysis of BOLERO-3 : a phase III trial of daily Everolimus vs placebo, both with weekly Trastuzumab and Vinorelbine in Trastuzumab-resistant, advanced breast cancer
JERUSALEM, Guy ULg; Masuda, Norikazu; Andre, Fabrice et al

in Cancer Research (2013, December), 73(24), 3-15-03

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See detailDONATION AFTER CIRCULATORY DEATH INCREASES THE CADAVERIC DONOR POOL
Le Dinh, H.; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; SQUIFFLET, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Transplant International (2013, December), 26(S2), 54-101

Background: There is a controversy on the possibility to increase the organ donor pool by donation-after-circulatory-death (DCD) and the possible decrease in donation-after-brain-death (DBD) by DCD ... [more ▼]

Background: There is a controversy on the possibility to increase the organ donor pool by donation-after-circulatory-death (DCD) and the possible decrease in donation-after-brain-death (DBD) by DCD programs. Our aim is to report the DCD experience at the University Hospital of Liege, Belgium, from 2002 through 2012, in a donor region of about 1 million inhabitants. Methods: The prospective organ donor and recipient databases were retrospectively reviewed. Results: 94 and 331 procurements were performed from controlled DCD and DBD donors in the time period, respectively. DCD donors contributed to 22.1% of the deceased donor (DD) organ procurement activity from Jan 2002 to Dec 2012, and up to one-third annually since 2009. DCD liver and kidneys contributed 23.7% and 24.2% of the DD liver and kidney transplantation activity, respectively. There was no decrease of the DBD procurement in the study period. In 2012, overall 54 DD were procured in the Liege region, reaching a high procurement activity.Conclusions: Controlled DCD donors are a valuable source of transplantable liver and kidney grafts, and in our experience do not adversely affect DBD organ procurement activity. [less ▲]

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See detailLes orthophonistes utilisent-ils les données issues de la recherche scientifique ? Analyse des pratiques afin d’ajuster la formation universitaire en Belgique
Durieux, Nancy ULg; Pasleau, Françoise ULg; Vandenput, Sandrina ULg et al

in Glossa (2013, December), 113

Une des missions fondamentales d’une formation universitaire est de permettre aux futurs professionnels d’identifier et de traiter efficacement les informations nécessaires aux prises de décisions parmi ... [more ▼]

Une des missions fondamentales d’une formation universitaire est de permettre aux futurs professionnels d’identifier et de traiter efficacement les informations nécessaires aux prises de décisions parmi un nombre toujours croissant de documents disponibles. Pour atteindre cet objectif, le recours à l’Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) s’avère une approche méthodologique permettant d’acquérir les savoirs et savoir-faire requis pour, notamment, la recherche d’informations probantes. L’EBP doit donc logiquement faire partie de la formation initiale des futurs orthophonistes en restant en adéquation avec les besoins et pratiques des professionnels. À cette fin, il est important d’identifier les questions que se posent les cliniciens dans leur pratique quotidienne, la manière dont ils trouvent des réponses et s’ils ont recours ou non aux données issues de la recherche scientifique. Une enquête a été lancée en mai 2012 auprès d’orthophonistes travaillant en Communauté française de Belgique. La présente communication exposera les principaux résultats, recueillis auprès de 410 orthophonistes, qui conduiront à des pistes d’action pour l’enseignement universitaire et la formation continue. [less ▲]

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See detailBOLERO-3 : Quality-of-life maintained in patients with HER-2 positive metastatic breast cancer treated with Everolimus plus Trastuzumab plus Vinorelbine
Isaacs, Claudine; Ozguroglu, Mustafa; JERUSALEM, Guy ULg et al

in Cancer Research (2013, December), 73(24), 4-12-18

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See detailThe instability strip of ZZ Ceti white dwarfs and its extension to the extremely low mass pulsators
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Fontaine, Gilles; Brassard, Pierre et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, December), 479

The determination of the location of the theoretical ZZ Ceti instability strip in the log g − Teff diagram has remained a challenge over the years, due to the lack of a suitable treatment for convection ... [more ▼]

The determination of the location of the theoretical ZZ Ceti instability strip in the log g − Teff diagram has remained a challenge over the years, due to the lack of a suitable treatment for convection in these stars. We report here a detailed stability survey over the whole ZZ Ceti regime, including the very low masses where three pulsators have recently been found. We computed to this aim 29 evolutionary sequences of DA models with various masses and chemical layering. These models are characterized by the so-called ML2/α=1.0 convective efficiency and take into account the important feedback effect of convection on the atmospheric structure. We pulsated these models with the Liege nonadiabatic pulsation code MAD, which is the only one to conveniently incorporate a full time-dependent convection treatment and, thus, provides the best available description of the blue edge of the instability strip. On the other hand, given the failure of all nonadiabatic codes to account properly for the red edge of the strip, including MAD, we tested the idea that the red edge is due to energy leakage through the atmosphere. Using this approach, we found that our theoretical ZZ Ceti instability strip accounts remarkably well for the boundaries of the empirical strip. [less ▲]

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See detailStimuli-responsive magnetic nanohybrids for triggered drug release and potential tumor treatment via hyperthermia
Liu, Ji ULg; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Mornet, Stéphane et al

in Journal of Controlled Release (2013, November 28), 172(1), 39

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See detailLarge Nc baryons and Regge trajectories
Matagne, Nicolas; Stancu, Floarea ULg

in Bled Workshops in Physics (2013, November), 14(1), 37-42

The mixed symmetric positive and negative parity baryons are described in a similar way in the $1/N_c$ expansion method of QCD by using a procedure where the permutation symmetry is incorporated exactly ... [more ▼]

The mixed symmetric positive and negative parity baryons are described in a similar way in the $1/N_c$ expansion method of QCD by using a procedure where the permutation symmetry is incorporated exactly. This allows to express the mass formula in terms of a small number of linearly independent operators. We show that the leading term follows a different Regge trajectory from that found for symmetric states, when plotted as a function of the band number $N$. [less ▲]

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See detailL’admissibilité de la preuve en droit civil et en droit pénal
Kefer, Fabienne ULg

in Revue de Droit Social = Tijdschrift voor Sociaal Recht (2013, November), (2), 195-229

L’admissibilité d’une preuve, à savoir la vocation à être prise en considération comme élément de preuve, s’apprécie de manière différente selon qu’il s’agit d’un litige en matière pénale ou en matière ... [more ▼]

L’admissibilité d’une preuve, à savoir la vocation à être prise en considération comme élément de preuve, s’apprécie de manière différente selon qu’il s’agit d’un litige en matière pénale ou en matière civile au sens large. On distingue le système de la preuve libre (matière pénale) et celui de la preuve réglementée (matière civile). L’admissibilité est une question de fond. La question de l’admissibilité des preuves est, depuis plusieurs années, dominée par la jurisprudence de la Cour de cassation initiée par le célèbre arrêt Antigone du 14 octobre 2003, et selon laquelle les preuves irrégulièrement obtenues sont désormais admissibles, sauf si certains vices sont constatés. La circonstance qu’une preuve ou un élément de preuve a été obtenu illicitement n’entraîne pas l’exclusion de la preuve, même si cette irrégularité consiste dans une violation de droits fondamentaux garantis par les Conventions internationales ou la Constitution. Si le vice dans l’obtention de la preuve produite aux débats n’est pas sanctionné de nullité par la loi, c’est au juge qu’il appartient d’apprécier les conséquences de l’irrégularité sur la recevabilité de ce moyen de preuve : celui-ci ne sera pas pris en considération par le juge pour forger sa conviction si l'irrégularité commise a entaché la fiabilité de la preuve ou si elle compromet le droit à un procès équitable. L’arrêt de la Cour de cassation du 10 mars 2008 a, selon la grande majorité des commentateurs, étendu la jurisprudence Antigone à la matière civile, réalisant ainsi une unification de la jurisprudence afférente à ce question. Que le procès soit civil ou pénal, le droit au procès équitable et le principe de proportionnalité se sont substitués au principe de la légalité de la preuve. La tâche du juge s’en trouve complexifiée mais en contrepartie, il dispose de plus de moyens de réconcilier la vérité vraie et la vérité déclarée. Cette jurisprudence a été adoptée sous l’influence des droits étrangers. Le droit comparé révèle que d’autres systèmes juridiques considèrent que la justice serait parfois bien plus discréditée par un refus de prendre en considération des éléments de preuve recueillis de manière illégale que par leur admission et confient au juge le pouvoir de veiller à préserver cette image de la justice en sauvegardant l’équité du procès. [less ▲]

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See detailSurvival improvement of secondary acute myeloid leukemia over time: experience from 962 patients included in 13 EORTC-Gimema-HOVON leukemia group trials
RAMADAN, Safaa M.; SUCIU, Stefan; STEVENS-KROEF, Marian J.P.L. et al

in Blood (2013, November), 122(21), 829

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See detailPrevalence of cardiovascular risk factors in Wallonia (Belgium): results from the NESCaV study
Streel, Sylvie ULg; Donneau, Anne-Françoise ULg; Hoge, Axelle ULg et al

in European Journal of Public Health (2013, November)

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See detailVitamin D coverage among adults in Wallonia (Belgium): findings from the NESCaV study
Hoge, Axelle ULg; Donneau, Anne-Françoise ULg; Streel, Sylvie ULg et al

in European Journal of Public Health (2013, November), 23

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See detailThe May 4, 2013 Stellar Occultation by Pluto and Implications for Pluto's Atmosphere
Olkin, Catherine B.; Young, L. A.; Borncamp, D. et al

in Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (2013, October 01), 45

On May 4 2013, Pluto passed in front of a 14 star and the shadow was well observed from multiple occultation groups. This paper presents results from the three light curves observed at Las Cumbres ... [more ▼]

On May 4 2013, Pluto passed in front of a 14 star and the shadow was well observed from multiple occultation groups. This paper presents results from the three light curves observed at Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network (LCOGT) from their Cerro Tololo site. The three LCOGT telescopes have 1.0 m apertures and used identical frame-transfer cameras. The cameras currently have a 2 second readout time therefore autonomous observations were scheduled with different exposure times to give good time resolution of the event. We will present results of this occultation and compare occultation results from 1988 to 2013 with volatile transport models. [less ▲]

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See detailHyper-volatiles in Comet C/2010 G2 (Hill)
Kawakita, Hideyo; Dello Russo, N.; Vervack, R. J. J. et al

in Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (2013, October 01), 45

We performed high-dispersion near-infrared spectroscopic observations of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) at 2.5 AU from the Sun using NIRSPEC (R ~ 2.5x10^4) at the Keck II telescope on UT 2012 Jan 9 and 10. The ... [more ▼]

We performed high-dispersion near-infrared spectroscopic observations of comet C/2010 G2 (Hill) at 2.5 AU from the Sun using NIRSPEC (R ~ 2.5x10^4) at the Keck II telescope on UT 2012 Jan 9 and 10. The comet had been in outburst. Over the two nights of our observations, prominent emission lines of CH4 and C2H6 along with weaker emission lines of H2O, HCN, CH3OH and CO were detected. The gas production rate of CO was comparable to that of H2O. The mixing ratios of CO, HCN, CH4, C2H6, and CH3OH with respect to H2O are higher than those for normal comets by a factor of five or more. Hyper-volatile species such as CO and CH4 were enriched in the coma of comet Hill suggesting that the sublimation of these hyper-volatiles could sustain the outburst of the comet. Based on a comparison with optical observations, some fraction of water in the inner coma existed as icy grains. Those icy ice grains were likely ejected from nucleus by the sublimation of hyper-volatiles. [less ▲]

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See detailA Search For 15NH2 Emission Lines In Comets
Rousselot, Philippe; Pirali, O.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (2013, October 01), 45

The determination of nitrogen isotopic ratios in solar system objects is important for a good understanding of their origin. The measurements of [SUB]14[/SUB]N/[SUB]15[/SUB]N isotopic ratio done so far in ... [more ▼]

The determination of nitrogen isotopic ratios in solar system objects is important for a good understanding of their origin. The measurements of [SUB]14[/SUB]N/[SUB]15[/SUB]N isotopic ratio done so far in various solar system objects and molecules have revealed a great diversity (from 50 to 441), all of them, except Jupiter, being enriched in [SUB]15[/SUB]N compared to the protosolar nebula. Different explanations have been proposed to explain this enrichement. One of them suggests that these differences reflect the different interstellar N reservoirs from which N-bearing molecules are originating (Hily-Blant et al., 2013). These authors, from observations of H[SUB]13[/SUB]CN and HC[SUB]15[/SUB]N in two prestellar cores, suggest that the molecules carrying the nitrile- (-CN) functional group would be more enriched in [SUB]15[/SUB]N than the molecules carrying the amine (-NH) functional group. Comets are interesting targets to test this theory because they contain both HCN and NH[SUP]3[/SUP] molecules. So far the [SUB]14[/SUB]N/[SUB]15[/SUB]N ratio has only been measured in CN (Arpigny et al., 2003; Manfroid et al., 2009) and HCN (Bockelée-Morvan et al., 2005, 2008) in comets, leading for both species to [SUB]14[/SUB]N/[SUB]15[/SUB]N ≈ 150. Our work aimed at measuring the [SUB]14[/SUB]N/[SUB]15[/SUB]N isotopic ratio in NH[SUP]2[/SUP], which comes from NH[SUP]3[/SUP]. We have determined accurately the wavelengths of [SUB]15[/SUB]NH[SUP]2[/SUP] emission lines with the AILES beamline spectrometer at synchrotron SOLEIL by Fourier transform spectroscopy. The analysis of this spectrum has permitted to extract the [SUB]15[/SUB]NH[SUP]2[/SUP] emission lines wavelengths and to search for [SUB]15[/SUB]NH[SUP]2[/SUP] cometary emission lines. Thanks to a collection of spectra of 12 different comets obtained from 2002 to 2011 with the UVES spectrometer at the VLT ESO 8-m telescope (Manfroid et al., 2009), it has been possible to search for [SUB]15[/SUB]NH[SUP]2[/SUP] emission lines with a high sensitivity. We will present the results obtained from these data. Arpigny et al., Science, 301, 1522-1525, 2003 Bockelée-Morvan et al., in Comets II, ed. M. C. Festou, H. U. Keller, & H. A. Weaver (Tucson: Univ. Arizona Press), 391-423, 2005 Bockelée-Morvan et al., ApJ, 679, L49-L52, 2008 Hily-Blant et al., Icarus 223, 582-590, 2013 Manfroid et al., A&A, 503, 613-624, 2009 [less ▲]

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See detailDNA fingerprinting using Diversilab system for genotyping characterization of Microsporum audouinii and Trichophyton violaceum
SACHELI, Rosalie ULg; DIMO, Lauryl; GRAIDE, Hélène ULg et al

in Mycoses (2013, October 01), 56(Supplement S3), 99

Objectives: To investigate the epidemiological determinants responsible for the high number of anthropophilic dermatophytes received by the National Reference Center for Mycosis of Liege (NRCL) during the ... [more ▼]

Objectives: To investigate the epidemiological determinants responsible for the high number of anthropophilic dermatophytes received by the National Reference Center for Mycosis of Liege (NRCL) during the year 2012. To perform a genotypic characterization by the Diversilab® system focusing on the two main isolated species, Microsporum audouinii and Trichophyton violaceum. To present a preliminary study preceding the national survey launched in 2013. Methods: A total of 51 strains of M. audouinii (50 clinical + 1 reference (ref.) strains) and 15 strains of T. violaceum (14 clinical + 1 ref. strain) originating from different locations through Belgium were included in the study. The fungal strains were first cultivated on Malt agar, then sub-cultured in Sabouraud liquid medium (Fluka). The grown mycelium was processed for DNA extraction following recommendations of the manufacturer (Ultra Clean® DNA Microbial isolation kit, MoBio laboratories). Genotypic analysis was performed using the DiversiLab® system (BioMérieux) for DNA fingerprinting and analysis. Results: Regarding M. audouinii, four different genotypic groups of strains were separated. Group 1 includes 11 strains and is only found in the Liège surroundings. Group 2 includes only one strain with little differences compared to group 1 and collected from the Liège area. These two groups may be related to each other. Group 3 contains 36 strains and the reference strain. This genotype is distributed in different Belgium locations. The last group, group 4, contains only 3 isolates sharing low similarities in comparison with the 3 other groups. Concerning T. violaceum, 6 different genotypic groups with a mixed geographical distribution were determined. Group 1 includes 8 clinical isolates and the ref. strain. The other five isolates are all different and seem not to be related to each other. Conclusion: The automated typing DiversiLab® system proved to be an easy and efficient method to investigate the molecular epidemiology of dermatophytes infections. Preliminary results of the study show that, through Belgium, several groups of isolates co-exist for M. audouinii and T. violaceum providing evidence of genetic heterogeneity. This variation can be related to acquired mutations due to environmental adaptation. Further investigations are necessary to better understand the impact of this genotypic variation. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the Forbidden Oxygen Lines in Comets at Different Heliocentric and Nucleocentric Distances
Decock, Alice ULg; Rousselot, P.; Jehin, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society (2013, October 01), 45

Oxygen is an important element in the chemistry of the solar system objects given its abundance and its presence in many molecules including H2O 80% of cometary ices). The analysis of oxygen atoms in ... [more ▼]

Oxygen is an important element in the chemistry of the solar system objects given its abundance and its presence in many molecules including H2O 80% of cometary ices). The analysis of oxygen atoms in comets can provide information not only on the comets themselves but also on the solar system. These atoms have been analyzed using the 3 forbidden oxygen lines [OI] observed in emission in the optical region at 5577.339 Å (the green line), 6300.304 Å and 6363.776 Å (the red lines) (Swings, 1962). Our analysis is based on a sample of 12 comets of various origins. The observing material is made of 53 high signal-to-noise spectra obtained with the high-resolution UVES spectrograph at the ESO VLT from 2002 to 2012 (Manfroid et al, 2009). After noticing that the green line is blended with one C2 line, we built synthetic spectra of C2 for each observing circumstances and we subtracted its contribution to the cometary spectra in order to ensure the decontamination of the 5577 Å line. Then, we measured the intensity of the 3 [OI] lines at different heliocentric distances. By comparing the green to red lines ratio (G/R) with the Bhardwaj & Raghuram (2012) effective excitation rates, we found that H2O is the main parent molecule when the comet is observed at 1 au. When the comet is located beyond 2.5 au from the Sun, CO2 also contributes to the production of oxygen. Studying forbidden oxygen lines could be a new way to estimate the abundances of CO2 in comets, a very difficult task from the ground (Decock et al. 2013). In order to estimate the effect of the quenching on our results, we analyzed the evolution of the G/R ratio at different nucleocentric distances. For nearby comets, we divided the extended 2D spectrum into several zones in order to analyze the oxygen lines as close as possible to the nucleus (down to ~10 km for the closest comets). Their analysis will allow us to study the link of the oxygen lines with the nucleocentric distance. We found a clear variation of the G/R ratio close to the comet nucleus that is in agreement with a contribution from CO2 as predicted by Raghuram & Bhardwaj (2013). [less ▲]

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See detailUne infiltration de plasma riche en plaquettes (PRP) pour traiter les tendinopathies rotuliennes supérieures chroniques
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2013, October), 56(Sup 1),

Objective: Jumper’s knee is a frequent chronic overuse syndrome of the upper part of the patellar tendon. Platelets contain lots of growth factors which could enhance the healing process of tendons ... [more ▼]

Objective: Jumper’s knee is a frequent chronic overuse syndrome of the upper part of the patellar tendon. Platelets contain lots of growth factors which could enhance the healing process of tendons. Infiltration of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) could be a new therapy for such chronic tendinopathies. Materiel and methods: Twenty patients with chronic upper patellar tendinopathy were enrolled. Assessments were made before infiltration of PRP, and 6 weeks and 3 months after the infiltration, using a 10-point Visual Analogic Scale, clinical examinations with a pressure algometer, algofunctional scores (IKDC and VISA-P), functional assessments (isokinetic and optojump evaluations) and imagery (ultrasounds and MRI). The PRP was obtained with an apheresis system (COM.TEC, Fresenius). Six millilitres of PRP were injected without local anaesthetic. One week after infiltration, patients started a standardised sub-maximal eccentric reeducation. Results: Pain during daily activities significantly decreased with time (especially after 6 weeks and continued to a lesser extend up to 3 months). During functional evaluation, it decreased as well, but without significant functional improvement. No improvements in the imagery measurements were observed. Younger patients seemed to be more susceptible to have an improvement of pain by the PRP infiltration. Discussion: This study demonstrates that a local infiltration of PRP associated with a submaximal eccentric protocol is efficient to improve symptoms of chronic jumper’s knee in patients non-responsive to classical conservative treatments. [less ▲]

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See detailLe gigantisme : Les résultats d'une étude clinique et génétique internationale
Rostomyan, Liliya ULg; Daly, Adrian ULg; Lila, A et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2013, October), 74

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See detailStatut algofonctionnel chez les femmes belges après traitement pour néoplasie mammaire
Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; MICHALET, A; BOURSE, Julie ULg et al

in Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2013, October), 56(Suppl. 1), 244

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See detailAlgofunctional status in Belgian women one year after completion of therapy for breast cancer
Foidart-Dessalle, Marguerite ULg; MICHALET, A; BOURSE, Julie ULg et al

in Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2013, October), 56(Suppl. 1), 246-247

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See detailPratique des actes préventifs : ce qui détermine l'attitude des médecins généralistes belges
Vanmeerbeek, Marc ULg

in Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique = Epidemiology and Public Health (2013, October), 61(octobre), 309

En Belgique, l’implémentation des procédures préventives reste insuffisante dans plusieurs domaines, avec un gradient socio-économique défavorable aux moins nantis. Une implication accrue des médecins ... [more ▼]

En Belgique, l’implémentation des procédures préventives reste insuffisante dans plusieurs domaines, avec un gradient socio-économique défavorable aux moins nantis. Une implication accrue des médecins généralistes pourrait améliorer ces deux aspects, grâce à leur proximité avec les bénéficiaires potentiels. L’opinion des généralistes belges sur un investissement accru en prévention a été évaluée au moyen d’une échelle d’attitude construite au départ de verbatims provenant d’une enquête qualitative préalable. L’échelle a exploré 5 axes : vision globale de la santé, gestion collective des patients, évaluation de processus, collaboration et santé publique. Un questionnaire postal a été envoyé à 2.500 généralistes, dont 457 ont répondu valablement. L’axe gestion collective a obtenu la moyenne des scores d’attitude favorable à la prévention la plus élevée (77%), devant les axes santé globale (76%), évaluation (72%), collaboration (69%) et santé publique (63%). L’analyse factorielle a révélé deux facteurs principaux, l’organisation de la pratique (62% de la variance) et la formalisation (14% de la variance). L’organisation de la pratique (gestion des échéances, des données, pro-activité, sentiment de responsabilité envers la patientèle) était le facteur principal et était lié surtout aux associations et groupes pluridisciplinaires. La formalisation (codification précise de la pratique, assortie ou non d’une évaluation) venait ensuite et expliquait les plus fortes différences entre praticiens et entre communautés linguistiques. Les meilleurs scores étaient liés à une moindre ancienneté (<20 ans de pratique), aux associations et à la pratique urbaine. Le sexe du médecin ou le fait de travailler dans une structure préventive comme la protection maternelle et infantile étaient sans effet significatif. L’organisation de la prévention dépend des gouvernements de Flandre et de Wallonie-Bruxelles, mais des facteurs personnels et organisationnels propres aux généralistes doivent être considérés pour expliquer les résultats actuels. Une diffusion plus large et équitable des actes préventifs passe par la prise en compte de ces facteurs. [less ▲]

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See detailGAIMS: a powerful gait analysis system satisfying the constraints of clinical routine
Pierard, Sébastien ULg; PHAN BA, Remy ULg; DELVAUX, Valérie ULg et al

in Multiple Sclerosis Journal (2013, October), 19(S1), 359

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See detailElaboration de critères pour l'évaluation de "l'agir" du plan national nutrition santé en Belgique
Absil, Gaetan ULg; Schippers, Nathalie ULg; Vandoorne, Chantal ULg

in Revue d'Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique = Epidemiology and Public Health (2013, October), 61(4), 304

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See detailGerminome intracrânien bifocal : la biopsie est-elle toujours indispensable?
KREUTZ, Julie ULg; BONNEVILLE, Jean-François ULg; Potorac, Iulia ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2013, October), 74

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See detailUne néoplasie endocrinienne multiple particulière
Boccar, S; VROONEN, Laurent ULg; HAMOIR, Etienne ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2013, October), 74

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See detailRéaction inflammatoire exubérante comme effet secondaire d’une infiltration de PRP
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; LEONARD, Philippe ULg et al

in Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2013, October), 56(Sup 1), 068

Introduction : Infiltrations of plasma rich platelets (PRP) represent a new treatment of tendinopathies. Currently, no side effects were reported in this indication. Case report: We report the case of a ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Infiltrations of plasma rich platelets (PRP) represent a new treatment of tendinopathies. Currently, no side effects were reported in this indication. Case report: We report the case of a 35-year-old type 1 diabetic patient with right upper patellar tendinopathy that had persisted for more than 6 months. The patient benefited from an intratendinous infiltration of 6 mL of PRP (8.105 platelets/mm3, almost no red or white blood cells) after a carefully disinfection but without local anesthesia. Typically, a standardized program of sub-maximal eccentric rehabilitation should be started 1 week after infiltration. However, the patient experienced local swelling with erythema, increased heating and pain, which appeared just underneath the patella, without biological inflammatory syndrome. In absence of septic general symptoms, no blood or wound culture were made. At 2 weeks post-infiltration, a greatly increased Doppler signal in a thicker tendon was observed by ultrasounds compared to that before infiltration, but there was no sign of infection demonstrated by either MRI or CT. However, the local inflammation did not decrease after a 3-week treatment of local cryotherapy, local and oral NSAID, and adjunct use of colchicine 1 mg. Thus, an insidious infection was suspected, even though there was no evidence of biological inflammatory syndrome or sign of infectious lesion on imagery examination. Antibiotic therapy (rifampicine 600 mg + minocycline 100 mg), was initiated for three months. Due to a lack of improvement via imaging and clinical examination, a 3-phase bone scintigraphy was performed. The results suggested the presence of a complex regional pain syndrome type 1. The patient benefited from classical physical therapy and concomitant pain killers. The evolution was favorable after 6 months of treatment. Discussion : Even though PRP infiltration represents a new and promising treatment for tendinopathy, more studies are needed both to verify its clinical efficacy. Moreover, implementing this innovative treatment requires caution because of potential adverse events. Thus, the balance between benefits and risks must be carefully evaluated before using this treatment, especially in patients with type 1 diabetes. [less ▲]

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See detailStrength improvement after 3months of resistance training among Parkinson's disease patients
Demonceau, Marie ULg; rodriguez de la cruz, carlos; NAVEAU, Florence ULg et al

in Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine (2013, October), 56(s1), 196

Objectives.– To assess the feasibility and the effects of a strengthening program for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods.– Fourteen patients with Hoehn and Yahr stage [1] < III of PD were ... [more ▼]

Objectives.– To assess the feasibility and the effects of a strengthening program for people with Parkinson's disease (PD). Methods.– Fourteen patients with Hoehn and Yahr stage [1] < III of PD were allocated to either 24 sessions of strength training (ST group; n = 8) or to a control group (C group; n = 6) for 3 months. Concentric knee muscle strength and a maximal cycling incremental test were performed at baseline and after training. Training consisted of progressive resistive exercises on leg press, leg extension, leg curl, between 50 and 80% of 1RM and was completed by non-instrumented exercises for trunk and upper limbs muscles. Anxiety, depression and quality of life were assessed using questionnaires. An Anova for repeated measures was used for statistical analysis. Results.– Six patients of the ST group (75%) fully completed the program. There were significant “group by time” effects for all knee muscles strength measures of less involved side (P < 0.05). A significant “group by time” effect was also found for knee flexors of the most involved side, but only at angular speed of 180°/s (P = 0.03). Patients of ST group also increased maximal aerobic power (+13%) whereas patients of C group decreased their performances (–9%; “group by time” effect, P = 0.04). No changes in anxiety, depression or quality of life could be highlighted. Conclusions.– The increase of some strength measures in ST group showed that progressive strength training counteracts strength decrease among people with Parkinson's disease. Strengthening also had a positive effect on maximal aerobic power. [less ▲]

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See detailLe PPNAD, une cause rare de syndrome de Cushing
PETIGNOT, Sandrine ULg; VROONEN, Laurent ULg; HAMOIR, Etienne ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2013, October), 74

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See detailReceptor expression in craniopharyngiomas causing tumor growth in pregnancy : case report and review of the literature
Tome, M; VROONEN, Laurent ULg; THIRY, Albert ULg et al

in Annales d'Endocrinologie (2013, October), 74

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)