References of "Paper published in a journal"
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See detailÉVOLUTION DE LA TENEUR EN EAU LE LONG D’UNE TOPOSEQUENCE FORESTIERE ARGILO-LIMONEUSE
Deraedt, Deborah ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Degré, Aurore ULg

in Milieux Poreux et Transferts Hydriques (in press)

For the hydrological modeling of forested watersheds, the understanding of the forest hydrodynamic is essential. This study focusses on the hydrology of a Belgian forested plot with high stoniness and ... [more ▼]

For the hydrological modeling of forested watersheds, the understanding of the forest hydrodynamic is essential. This study focusses on the hydrology of a Belgian forested plot with high stoniness and steep slope. The soil water content is monitored at several positions on the toposequence and at different depth. During rain events, peak in soil water content are observed in different depth depending on the position along the toposequence. [less ▲]

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See detailDonnées des bases latines du LASLA et classification générique
Longrée, Dominique ULg

in Les Etudes Classiques (in press)

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See detailLes modes d'acquisition et de transmission du savoir médical dans l'antiquité gréco-romaine
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (in press)

This paper aims to define and describe the ways of acquiring and transmitting medical knowledge in Greco-Roman Antiquity through an analysis of literary, archaeological, and, primarily, papyrological ... [more ▼]

This paper aims to define and describe the ways of acquiring and transmitting medical knowledge in Greco-Roman Antiquity through an analysis of literary, archaeological, and, primarily, papyrological sources. The methods and practices revealed by these sources include experiment, analogy, and imitation, oral and written teaching, the composition and copying of books (illustrated or not), as well as the elaboration of commentaries, abridgments, questionnaires, and word lists. These modes of knowledge transfer were intended not only for medical practitioners and students, but also for philiatroi, for generally educated people, as well as for scribes, and eventually tachygraphers, of medical books. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo-loop-induced neutrino masses: A model-independent perspective
Aristizabal Sierra, Diego ULg

in PoS - Proceedings of Science (in press)

We disucuss Majorana neutrino mass generation mechanisms at the two-loop order. After briefly reviewing the systematic classification of one-loop realizations, we then focus on a general two-loop ... [more ▼]

We disucuss Majorana neutrino mass generation mechanisms at the two-loop order. After briefly reviewing the systematic classification of one-loop realizations, we then focus on a general two-loop classification scheme which provides a model-independent catalog for neutrino mass models at the two-loop order [less ▲]

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See detailPaper Formats of the Mamluk Period: The Contribution of Mamluk Chancery Paper
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Journal of Islamic Manuscripts (in press)

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See detailL’emblématique de Louise de Savoie
Fagnart, Laure ULg; Girault, Pierre-Gilles

in Armas e Troféus. Rivista de Historia, Heraldica, Genealogia (in press)

A l'occasion de cette étude, à la suite des travaux d'Anne-Marie Lecoq (1987), nous sommes revenus sur le discours héraldique de la comtesse et duchesse d'Angoulême, Louise de Savoie, l'influente mère de ... [more ▼]

A l'occasion de cette étude, à la suite des travaux d'Anne-Marie Lecoq (1987), nous sommes revenus sur le discours héraldique de la comtesse et duchesse d'Angoulême, Louise de Savoie, l'influente mère de François Ier. Nous avons présenté et explicité ses devises favorites, à savoir la cordelière, qui évoque autant le nœud de Savoie que la cordelière franciscaine, le vol, sans doute choisi puisque l’aile évoque le L de Louise par homophonie, le bouquet de lis ou le cygne « navré », mais aussi les écus et les monogrammes qui lui sont associés et qui ponctuent enluminures, tapisseries, bas-reliefs et éléments sculptés de l’architecture. Notre intention a été de montrer d’une part comment Louise de Savoie manifeste, par l’intermédiaire de ces signes emblématiques, son identité et son pouvoir, d’autre part comment elle construit, par leur biais, un patrimoine, mental, susceptible de renforcer son clan et ses héritiers. [less ▲]

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See detailLa ceramica della Schola del Traiano a Ostia Antica
Deru, Xavier ULg; Desbat, Armand; Dienst, Simon ULg et al

in Forum Romanum Belgicum (in press)

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See detailMesurer les distances entre des textes pré-carolingiens linguistiquement non-normés: le cas de la Passion de sainte Marine
Goullet, Monique; Philippart de Foy, Caroline ULg

in Etudes Classiques (Namur, Belgium) (in press)

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See detailBiolaw and dual use dilemma: the freedom of scientific research in relationship with traditional and emerging sciences and technologies
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

in International Journal of Biolaw (in press)

Science and technology require an intervention by the law, and law is called upon to intervene in front of their evolution, and to look for proper solutions of governance and rational responses to their ... [more ▼]

Science and technology require an intervention by the law, and law is called upon to intervene in front of their evolution, and to look for proper solutions of governance and rational responses to their risks. One of the main issues to be investigated from the legal viewpoint is represented by the ‘dual-use dilemma’ that arises both in ‘traditional’ and new areas of techno-sciences. Indeed, any kind of research has the potential to be used both for bad as well as for good purposes. Therefore, it is important to reflect upon the ways to control possibly dangerous research without preventing the progress from going further. Such ‘dual-use dilemma’, then, entails the study of one of the fundamental freedoms in the biolaw area: the freedom of scientific research, its limits, and relationship with other rights/needs/freedoms (such the need of security). This work focuses on two areas of the techno-scientific world. One is more ‘traditional’, i.e. nuclear science, in whose context the reflections on ‘dual-use’ were born and developed, and the other one is a new emerging technology, which is synthetic biology. The aim is to understand how the freedom of scientific research could be shaped in relationship with other rights/needs/interests for dealing with ‘dual-use’ issues in the aforementioned areas of science and technology. [less ▲]

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See detailsynthéticité et intuition en mathématiques contemporaines : Kant au-delà de Kant
Mazurkiewicz, Stany ULg

in Eikasia. Revista de Filosofia. (in press)

Ce texte entend réévaluer l'idée de "pure synthèse intellectuelle" que l'on trouve chez Kant. Celle-ci cadre avec la pratique mathématique et métamathématique postérieure à Kant. Elle permet de dépasser l ... [more ▼]

Ce texte entend réévaluer l'idée de "pure synthèse intellectuelle" que l'on trouve chez Kant. Celle-ci cadre avec la pratique mathématique et métamathématique postérieure à Kant. Elle permet de dépasser l'alternative entre l'intuitionnisme développé dans la Critique de la raison pure et la fondation de la mathématique sur une logique formelle analytique. Je montre que cette idée convient à Bolzano et à Dedekind, dont je soutiens que les projets sont irréductibles à du logicisme et qui sont dès lors bien plus "kantiens" qu'il n'y paraît. [less ▲]

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See detailQuatre configurations pour créer une dynamique interactive entre formation et recherche Expériences dans le domaine de la formation des professionnels de la santé
Faulx, Daniel ULg; Burlet, Géraldine ULg; Bernard, Nicolas ULg et al

in Recherches Qualitatives (in press)

Dans cette contribution, nous nous penchons sur la possibilité de créer une dynamique interactive entre intervention sur le terrain et recherche scientifique dans le domaine de la formation. Les terrains ... [more ▼]

Dans cette contribution, nous nous penchons sur la possibilité de créer une dynamique interactive entre intervention sur le terrain et recherche scientifique dans le domaine de la formation. Les terrains d’application se situent tous ici dans le domaine de la santé. Nous présentons quatre configurations d’une telle complémentarité. Chacune d’entre elles représente une articulation différente entre le but de développement des participants et celui de production de savoirs scientifiques. Dans le premier cas, une démarche de recherche est entreprise en amont de la conception d’une formation. La deuxième configuration illustre une recherche scientifique appliquée à un dispositif d’intervention existant et qui vient en retour en modifier la logique. Pour la troisième, il s’agit d’une articulation continue entre recherche et formation s’alimentant mutuellement dans une logique de recherche-action. Enfin, la quatrième partie se penche sur trois dispositifs pédagogiques dont la caractéristique est de combiner des intentions formatives avec des préoccupations de recherche [less ▲]

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See detailArrêt(s) sur image(s) : usages et pratiques du photogramme
Thonon, Jonathan ULg

in MethIS : Méthodes et Interdisciplinarité en Sciences Humaines (in press)

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See detailThe role of conservators: an international survey on conservation within contemporary art collections
D'Haenens, Manon ULg

in CeROArt : Conservation, Exposition, Restauration d'Objets d'Art (in press)

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See detailLes références à la maladie et à son traitement dans les archives de Zénon
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Histoire des Sciences Médicales (in press)

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See detailAn efficient algorithm to decide periodicity of b-recognisable sets using MSDF convention
Boigelot, Bernard ULg; Mainz, Isabelle ULg; Marsault, Victor ULg et al

in Leibniz International Proceedings in Informatics (2017, August), 80

Given an integer base b>1, a set of integers is represented in base b by a language over {0,1,...,b-1}. The set is said to be b-recognisable if its representation is a regular language. It is known that ... [more ▼]

Given an integer base b>1, a set of integers is represented in base b by a language over {0,1,...,b-1}. The set is said to be b-recognisable if its representation is a regular language. It is known that eventually periodic sets are b-recognisable in every base b, and Cobham's theorem implies the converse: no other set is b-recognisable in every base b. We are interested in deciding whether a $b$-recognisable set of integers (given as a finite automaton) is eventually periodic. Honkala showed that this problem is decidable in 1986 and recent developments give efficient decision algorithms. However, they only work when the integers are written with the least significant digit first. In this work, we consider the natural order of digits (Most Significant Digit First) and give a quasi-linear algorithm to solve the problem in this case. [less ▲]

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See detailConstraints on Landslide-Climate Research Imposed by the Reality of Fieldwork in Central Africa
Monsieurs, Elise ULg; Kirschbaum, Dalia B.; Thiery, Wim et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd North American Symposium on Landslides proceedings (2017, June 05)

Climate change is reported to be ‘very likely’ associated with an increasing trend in extreme rainfall intensity over the tropics. Its impact on the timing of landslide initiation however remains poorly ... [more ▼]

Climate change is reported to be ‘very likely’ associated with an increasing trend in extreme rainfall intensity over the tropics. Its impact on the timing of landslide initiation however remains poorly understood. Central Africa, located in the tropics, has repeatedly been highlighted as lacking landslide catalogs and landslide-climate studies. We present a research approach, adapted to the data-poor context of Central Africa, to study regional rainfall controls on landslides conditioned by climate change. Preliminary results are presented, including a description of the current rain gauge network installed, an inventory of 83 landslide events with known date and location, and a case study of a landslide occurrence. We show that the underrepresentation of Central Africa in current landslide-climate research is related to the dearth of adequate rainfall ground monitoring networks and spatiotemporal data on landslide occurrence, rather than to the lack of landslide occurrence. Research constraints imposed by the context of Central Africa are highlighted. In presenting this challenging research setting, our aim is not to discourage research in the region, but to identify lessons learned from previous field work and emphasize the abundant opportunities inviting natural hazard studies in Central Africa. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantification of serum androstanediol glucuronide
LE GOFF, Caroline ULg

in Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (2017, June)

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See detailEmpathie et culpabilité : les émotions au coeur du lien social
Devillers, Bérengère ULg

in Actes des 17èmes journées de valorisation de la recherche « La place des émotions dans le travail socio-éducatif » (2017, June)

Bonjour à tous, et merci aux organisateurs de m’avoir invitée. C’est un plaisir pour moi d’être là aujourd’hui parmi vous. Je vais tout d’abord revenir sur la traduction du « Good Lives Model ». Plusieurs ... [more ▼]

Bonjour à tous, et merci aux organisateurs de m’avoir invitée. C’est un plaisir pour moi d’être là aujourd’hui parmi vous. Je vais tout d’abord revenir sur la traduction du « Good Lives Model ». Plusieurs traductions sont communément admises, les plus connues étant celles de « modèle de bonne vie » ou « modèle de vie satisfaisante » ou encore « modèle de vies saines ». Il faut savoir que le groupe Antigone, dans lequel je travaille, n’adhère pas vraiment à ces définitions. En effet, nous trouvons que les traductions françaises proposées enferment le sujet dans une vision prescriptive de ce que devraient être les besoins, qu’elles laissent entendre qu’il y aurait des besoins universels auxquels tous les individus devraient répondre. Or nous ne nous y retrouvons pas et cela ne correspond pas à l’intention de Ward qui veut faire référence à une manière de vivre qui est bénéfique pour le sujet lui-même. Je vous propose donc de garder l’appellation anglophone, « Good Lives Model ». Je vais revenir à l’émergence de ce modèle : il s’agit d’un modèle de réhabilitation qui a vu le jour au début des années 2000 sous l’impulsion de Tony Ward, tout d’abord pour le public des auteurs d’infractions à caractère sexuel. Cependant, il s’est rapidement étendu à d’autres populations, notamment les auteurs de violences domestiques, le public psychiatrique, et ce pour le public aussi bien adolescent qu’adulte. D’autres adaptations ont depuis vu le jour, notamment à l’initiative d’un service français, l’ARCA, qui est spécialisé en recherche et en intervention en délinquance sexuelle, et où le directeur, Erwan Dieu, a adapté le Good Lives Model au public radicalisé. Plusieurs expériences ont également été menées en Belgique, notamment une à l’hôpital des Marronniers, à Tournai, dans une unité de défense sociale qui accueille des délinquants sexuels. L’équipe a décidé, suite à une formation, de reprendre les outils du Good Lives Model et de les adapter avec les patients, afin qu’ils correspondent à leur langage, à leur niveau de compréhension et donc à leurs besoins. Le GLM se veut avant tout humaniste, positiviste et tout à fait écologiste, parce qu’il tient compte des différents systèmes qui gravitent autour de la personne. Il a pour première cible de traitement le développement des besoins humains fondamentaux. Sa deuxième cible est la réduction du risque de récidive, mais qui se veut être un effet de la poursuite du bien-être et des besoins des personnes. Le Good Lives Model comprend des principes théoriques et des implications cliniques. Selon un principe prioritaire au niveau théorique, nous considérons que le délinquant est animé par les mêmes besoins humains que tout un chacun, mais que les voies qu’il emprunte ne sont pas pro-sociales. Nous mettrons donc la notion de besoin au centre de la prise en charge, bien plus que le passage à l’acte délinquant. Le principe clinique qui me paraît être le plus en lien avec le thème qui nous occupe aujourd’hui est peut-être la notion de responsabilité à substituer à celle de culpabilité. Je ne connais pas précisément votre cadre légal protectionnel de la jeunesse. En Belgique, dans les mesures qui sont privilégiées par le magistrat de la jeunesse dès lors qu’un jeune a commis un fait qualifié d’infraction, nous retrouvons les mesures réparatrices, mais dans une visée de responsabilisation du jeune, de prise en compte des conséquences dommageables pour les victimes. Tel est le mandat qui est confié aux équipes chargées du suivi du jeune. Dans le cadre de la philosophie du modèle GLM, nous verrons s’opérer un glissement de la notion de responsabilité, qui reposait avant tout sur les épaules du jeune, vers celles de l’intervenant psychosocial et de son environnement proche : les familiers, mais aussi tous les intervenants gravitant autour du jeune. Par quoi cela passe-t-il concrètement ? Tout d’abord le GLM est attentif à la définition du problème. Bien souvent, le problème est libellé soit dans les rapports qui ont été rédigés par au sujet du jeune, soit dans l’ordonnance qui précise notamment la qualification des faits. Nous laisserons cela de côté, et nous repartirons avec le jeune de la définition du problème tel qu’elle se pose pour lui, dans l’ici et maintenant. Nous ne repartirons donc pas du passé, mais nous nous centrerons sur les conséquences pour lui et pour son environnement dans le présent, ce qui suppose que nous devrons nous accorder sur les buts et objectifs de la prise en charge. Le jeune et les intervenants seront donc associés aux différentes phases du plan de traitement, où les intervenants psychosociaux auront également une responsabilité. Par conséquent, ils s’engageront à réaliser des démarches avec le jeune. Par quoi passe encore cette responsabilité ? L’intervenant psychosocial devra créer les conditions propices à un engagement et à un maintien du jeune dans la prise en charge. La notion de disposition au traitement (Treatment Readiness, Ward et al., 2004) nous éclaire ici sur cette question de l’engagement tant de l’usager que de l’intervenant dans le processus de changement. En effet, la disposition au traitement est définie comme étant « la présence de caractéristiques (états et dispositions) dans le chef du délinquant mais aussi de la situation thérapeutique qui sont susceptibles de promouvoir l’engagement dans la thérapie et donc l’amélioration des aptitudes au changement thérapeutique » (Ward et al., 2004). Il existe également un langage assez particulier qui devra être adapté aux besoins et au niveau de développement du jeune. Tony Ward avait initialement énoncé onze besoins fondamentaux, et le GMAP, qui est le service en Nouvelle-Zélande ayant adapté le GLM pour les adolescents, a réduit le nombre de besoins à huit. Les besoins couvriront surtout la santé (émotionnelle, en général et sexuelle) ainsi que les besoins de réalisation, d’amusement, de trouver un sens à sa vie et de développer des relations. Nous travaillerons donc beaucoup tout ce qui est du registre des émotions, soit tout d’abord pouvoir identifier ses émotions avant de pouvoir les gérer. Dans les questions en lien avec le modèle de réhabilitation, il est vrai que nous travaillons le lien social. Or, dans l’optique GLM, nous ferons d’abord passer le lien social par un lien à restaurer du jeune vis-à-vis de lui-même. Dans l’optique GLM, nous considérerons que travailler le lien social et la réparation d’un dommage vis-à-vis de la société sans se soucier d’abord d’une réparation à l’encontre du jeune est anticipé, par rapport au fait de vouloir d’emblée se lancer dans une logique de réparation. Par conséquent, un accent est mis sur une alliance thérapeutique, et le jeune se sentira beaucoup plus concerné puisque nous partirons de sa définition à lui du problème, telle qu’elle se pose pour lui avant tout. Il pourra alors retrouver un sens, et quelque part, sortir un peu de cette stigmatisation, de cet étiquetage qui lui pèse et qui est souvent lié à tout son parcours, ou qui transparaît au travers des différents rapports, des diverses rencontres avec le magistrat ou les intervenants. Cette optique de travail pourra permettre également au jeune de sortir de ses mécanismes de défense, de faciliter une distanciation par rapport aux mécanismes habituels de minimisation, de déni, d’opposition, et nous verrons que les équipes ou les intervenants qui s’imprègnent de principes liés au GLM pourront s’inscrire davantage dans des rapports relationnels s’éloignant de rapports d’opposition, de recadrage (tels que souvent vécus par les équipes). Pour revenir sur l’expérience menée aux Marronniers, il a été constaté, dans les effets au premier plan, une amélioration de la qualité relationnelle avec les patients. Ceux-ci étaient tout à fait étonnés que l’équipe se détache du travail centré exclusivement sur les passages à l’acte, la récidive, les perspectives de réhabilitation, pour s’intéresser à leurs besoins. Le deuxième effet observé concerne le bien-être des travailleurs, qui s’est traduit par une réduction significative du taux d’absentéisme. L’équipe psycho-sociale ressentant en effet davantage de plaisir à travailler les forces plutôt que les déficits de leurs patients. Avec le jeune, nous travaillons aussi la question de la responsabilité active : toujours dans la notion d’ici et maintenant, que pourra engager le jeune, par exemple si un membre de la famille est toujours très préoccupé, s’il s’agit d’un abus intrafamilial, par la réalité du risque au quotidien ? Que peut dire le jeune de son rapport à la sexualité, mais vraiment dans l’ici et maintenant et dans des perspectives futures, dans ce qu’il peut mettre en place pour rassurer sa famille ? Nous travaillons donc le projet du jeune centré sur ses besoins et son avenir, et beaucoup moins le passé. Cela ne veut pas dire qu’il n’y a pas de place pour le travail sur l’empathie, sur les habilités relationnelles, personnelles et sociales, mais nous nous recentrons d’abord sur le jeune, sur les situations d’adversité qu’il a pu rencontrer durant sa trajectoire de vie afin de favoriser une expression libre de ses émotions. Comme nous l’avons vu avec notre collègue Nadine Lanctôt, bien souvent, nous pointons du doigt tous les éléments de victimisation, maltraitance sexuelle, négligence, mais nous oublions tout l’effet des violences plus émotionnelles, plus insidieuses, qui ont également des effets tout à fait délétères sur le développement du jeune. Ainsi, nous trouvons important de travailler toute cette reconnexion du jeune à ses différents états émotionnels, afin qu’il puisse distinguer le registre des idées, des émotions, des sensations physiologiques, pour ensuite pouvoir refaire ce travail vis-à-vis du passage à l’acte. Le GLM offre un cadre conceptuel et opérationnel utile aux professionnels pour intégrer une gamme d’évaluations et d’informations, de supports théoriques et d’outils d’intervention, dans la perspective d’une compréhension riche, cohérente et complémentaire des (et avec leurs) usagers. [less ▲]

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See detailTree Ensemble Methods and Parcelling to Identify Brain Areas Related to Alzheimer’s Disease
Wehenkel, Marie ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg; Phillips, Christophe ULg et al

in 2017 International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging (PRNI), proceedings (2017, June)

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See detailImpact of an ultra-trail of 330 km on plasma levels
LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Gergelé, Laurent et al

in Clinical Chemistry and laboratory medicine (2017, June)

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See detailLeibniz and the Polyp, or the Metaphysical Puzzle of Life
Dony, Arthur ULg

in Scienza e Philosophia (2017, June), 17

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See detailMODELISATION D’UN ECHANGEUR A THERMOSIPHONS POUR LA RECUPERATION DE CHALEUR
Le, Van Long ULg; Dumas, Xavier; Ferrand, Ludovic et al

in XIIIème Colloque Interuniversitaire Franco-Québécois sur la Thermique des Systèmes (2017, May)

Le présent travail a pour objectif de modéliser un échangeur à thermosiphons diphasiques pour transporter la chaleur d’un effluent gazeux (c.à.d. gaz de combustion) à haute température (720°C) au système ... [more ▼]

Le présent travail a pour objectif de modéliser un échangeur à thermosiphons diphasiques pour transporter la chaleur d’un effluent gazeux (c.à.d. gaz de combustion) à haute température (720°C) au système ORC (cycle organique de Rankine). Les thermosiphons sont placés dans les gaz de combustion et refroidis par le fluide de travail du système ORC (le Cyclopentane pour le cas actuel). Le débit massique des fumées et la puissance thermique de l’échangeur sont respectivement imposés de 21 kg/s et de 4.022 MWth. Le fluide organique s’évapore à une température de 200°C et quitte l’évaporateur sans surchauffe (vapeur saturée). Le modèle de simulation développé dans le logiciel EES (Engineering Equation Solver) est capable de déterminer le nombre nécessaiare de thermosiphons. L’influence des pas transversaux et longitudinaux de l’échangeur sur le nombre de thermosiphons et la perte de charge des fumées est également examinée pour les dispositions quinconces et alignées des tubes de thermosiphons. [less ▲]

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See detailCanopy aerodynamic distance (z-d) estimation and impact on eddy covariance measurements
Hurdebise, Quentin ULg; De Ligne, Anne ULg; Vincke, Caroline et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts 2017 (2017, April 24)

Understanding if and how the spatial and temporal variability of the surrounding environment affects turbulence is essential for long-term eddy covariance measurements above growing and heterogeneous ... [more ▼]

Understanding if and how the spatial and temporal variability of the surrounding environment affects turbulence is essential for long-term eddy covariance measurements above growing and heterogeneous ecosystems. It requires characterizing the surrounding environment. One way to achieve this is to analyse the canopy aerodynamic distance, which is the difference between measurement height (z) and displacement height (d). In this study, twenty years of eddy covariance measurements from the Vielsalm Terrestrial Observatory, a site located in a mixed temperate forest, were used. Canopy aerodynamic distance (z-d) estimates were obtained using two micrometeorological methods: the first one, which is original so far as we know, was based on analysing sensible heat cospectra; the second one was derived from the wind speed profile equation. Canopy height estimates based on inventories were used to validate both methods. The micrometeorological methods allowed the z-d variations due to changes in canopy or measurement height to be detected. In addition, the results obtained using the two methods were well correlated, spatially and temporally, with the z-d derived from canopy height measurements. The micrometeorological approaches used could therefore be a promising tool for investigating z-d variability at a high directional and temporal resolution. Questions remain, however, particularly with regard to the variability observed that cannot be explained by canopy or measurement height variation. Forest management practices and the non-fulfilment of similarity relationships were suspected to be the main explanatory factors. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Belgian Internment Policy as an Example of Hybrid Governance
Pans, Maurice; Darcis, Coralie ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Bestuurswetenschappen en Publiekrecht (2017, April), 4(4),

Het domein van de zorg voor geïnterneerde personen kent internationaal een omslag. Naast de “criminalisering” van personen met een psychiatrische stoornis die criminele feiten begaan, ontwikkelen er zich ... [more ▼]

Het domein van de zorg voor geïnterneerde personen kent internationaal een omslag. Naast de “criminalisering” van personen met een psychiatrische stoornis die criminele feiten begaan, ontwikkelen er zich nieuwe visies en zorgperspectieven op de kwaliteit van leven en de re-integratie in de maatschappij van zowel personen met psychische kwetsbaarheid als geïnterneerde personen.1 Tot zeer recent werden geïnterneerde personen bijna exclusief benaderd als personen die misdaden of misdrijven hebben gepleegd waar ze door hun psychische stoornis niet voor verantwoordelijk konden worden gesteld. De onderliggende logica van de aanpak was sterk geënt op een model waarbij opsluiting en isolatie van de maatschappij centraal stonden omwille van misdaad. Geïnterneerde personen werden om die reden opgesloten in een gevangenissysteem volgens een justitiële benadering. Het behandelings- en zorgperspectief raakte hierbij ondergesneeuwd. De “criminalisering” van personen met psychische stoornissen heeft in België historisch geleid tot inadequate aanpak en begeleiding van deze groep patiënten. Meerdere veroordelingen van de Belgische Staat door het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens (EHRM), overvolle gevangenissen, het gebrek aan somatische en psychiatrische gezondheidszorg binnen gevangenissen en psychiatrische annexen en aanbevelingen van het Europees Comité voor de Preventie van Foltering en Onmenselijke of Vernederende Behandeling of Bestraffing (CPT) zijn directe aanleidingen voor het Masterplan Internering (juni 2016)2 en de wet van 5 mei 2014 betreffende de internering van personen3. In deze bijdrage staan we stil bij het Masterplan Internering van 2016 en de nieuwe Interneringswet van 5 mei 2014. We proberen te duiden op welke manier in beide bronnen randvoorwaarden worden gecreëerd voor een hybride bestuursvorm in de sector. We staan kort stil bij beleidsmatige en juridische ontwikkelingen die vooraf gingen. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the evolution of the osteoarthritis pathology and the mechanical properties of cartilage in a spontaneous osteoarthritis model in the Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs.
Legrand, Catherine ULg; Centonze, Prescilia ULg; Comblain, Fanny ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017, April), 25

In animal models, the severity of cartilage damage is assessed by histological scores evaluating the structure, the proteoglycan con- tent, the integrity of the tidemark, the cellularity, and osteophytes ... [more ▼]

In animal models, the severity of cartilage damage is assessed by histological scores evaluating the structure, the proteoglycan con- tent, the integrity of the tidemark, the cellularity, and osteophytes. In parallel to these histological analyzes, we studied the mechanical properties of cartilage at different stages of disease progression in the Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs. We also correlated the severity of histo- logical lesions with the mechanical properties of cartilage. [less ▲]

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See detailTraduction en français du "back pain attitudes questionnaire" et étude de ses qualités métrologiques
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; hALLEUX, V.; DARLOW, B. et al

in Kinesitherapie Revue (2017, April), 184

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See detailContrôle du mouvement lombopelvien et football
Grosdent, Stéphanie ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Cortès Flores, A. et al

in Kinesitherapie Revue (2017, April), 184

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See detailAn innovative non-animal chitosan hydrogel is able to restore the rheology of osteoarthritis synovial fluid ex vivo
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Rocasalbas, Guillem; Chausson, Mickaël et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017, April)

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See detailA Markov Chain Monte Carlo Cellular Automata Model to Simulate Urban Growth
El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULg; Nishida, Gen; Saadi, Ismaïl ULg et al

in GEOProcessing 2017 proceedings, The Ninth International Conference on Advanced Geographic Information Systems, Applications, and Services (2017, March 25)

This paper investigates the potential of a cellular automata (CA) model based on logistic regression (logit) and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) to simulate the dynamics of urban growth. The model ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the potential of a cellular automata (CA) model based on logistic regression (logit) and Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) to simulate the dynamics of urban growth. The model assesses urbanization likelihood based on (i) a set of urban development driving forces (calibrated based on logit) and (ii) the land-use of neighboring cells (calibrated based on MCMC). An innovative feature of this CA model is the incorporation of MCMC to automatically calibrate the CA neighborhood transition rules. The MCMC based CA model is applied to Wallonia region (Belgium) to simulate urban growth from 1990 to 2000 using Corine Land Cover data (CLC). The outcome of logit model is evaluated by the relative operating characteristic (ROC). The simulated map of 2000 is then validated against 2000 actual map based on cell-to-cell location agreement. The model outcomes are realistic and relatively accurate confirming the effectiveness of the proposed MCMC-CA approach. [less ▲]

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See detailProfile of osteoarthritic patients undergoing total hip and knee arthroplasty.
Neuprez, Audrey ULg; KURTH, William ULg; GILLET, Philippe ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailAbaloparatide-SC for postmenopausal osteoporosis: analysis of the number needed to treat compared with teriparatide.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Black, D.M.; Hattersley, G. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailThe SarcoPhAge study: evolution of sarcopenic subjects after 2 years of follow-up.
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Locquet, Médéa ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailMetronomic treatments in Pediatric Neuro-Oncology, a new therapeutic alternative?
Fohn, Anaïs; Hoyoux, Claire; DRESSE, Marie-Françoise ULg et al

in Tijdschrift van de Belgische Kinderarts = Journal du Pédiatre Belge (2017, March), 19(1), 88

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See detailLow bone mineral density and fractures are associated with incident cardiovascular disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Veronese, N.; Stubbs, B.; Crepaldi, G. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailPublic health and economic impact of vitamin D-fortified dairy products for fracture prevention in France.
Hiligsmann, M.; Burlet, N.; Fardellone, P. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailBiomarkers of osteoarthritis : practical considerations.
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailThe risk of subsequent osteoporotic fractures is decreased in patients experiencing fracture while on denosumab: results from the FREEDOM and FREEDOM Extension studies.
Kendler, D.L.; Chines, A.; Brandi, M.L. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailThe relationship between knee osteoarthritis and incident hypertension: a representative longitudinal study.
Veronese, N.; Stubbs, B.; Smith, T. et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailDaily management of knee osteoarthritis: from the ESCEO algorithm to the CONCEPT study.
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailSarcopenia in nursing home residents: the senior cohort.
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailSubjective sleep quality in sarcopenic vs non-sarcopenic older adults from the sarcophage cohort.
Locquet, Médéa ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Delandsheere, Laura ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailImmunomodulatory effects of rapamycin in xenogeneic Graft versus Host Disease
Ehx, Grégory ULg; Hannon, Muriel ULg; DUBOIS, Sophie ULg et al

in Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation (2017, March), 23(3), 365366

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Several studies have suggested that rapamycin (RAPA), an mTOR ... [more ▼]

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) remains a major cause of morbidity and mortality after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Several studies have suggested that rapamycin (RAPA), an mTOR inhibitor with immunosuppressive properties, may reduce GVHD severity and mortality, possibly by promoting regulatory T cells (Tregs). However, few data have been reported about the impact of this drug on overall T cell population. The present work aims at investigating the mechanisms by which RAPA impacts GVHD in a humanized mouse model of GVHD (NSG mice infused with human PBMCs). We observed that RAPA injections significantly reduced xenogeneic GVHD lethality and severity. RAPA dramatically reduced human cells chimerism in RAPA mice and increased CD4+/CD8+ T cells balance due to a lower proliferation of CD8+ T cells. In addition, the frequencies of naive CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were higher and the CD4+ T cells showed a reduced effector phenotype (CD45RO+CD27-). Further, the differentiation of helper T cells (Th1, Th2 and Th17) was significantly decreased in treated mice. Tregs were positively affected as RAPA up-regulated their expression of BCL-2 and KI67 as well as their STAT5 phosphorylation level, leading to higher Treg frequency in treated mice. Altogether these data suggest that RAPA ameliorates GVHD by lowering cytotoxic and effector CD4+ T cells frequency as well as promoting Tregs. [less ▲]

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See detailOsteoarthritis increases the risk of cardiovascular disease: data from the osteoarthritis initiative.
Veronese, N.; Smith, T; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailPrevalence of sarcopenia accoring to 10 different operational definitions of the frailty.
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Beaudart, Charlotte ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017, March), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailImpact of an ultra-marathonof 330km on plasma levels of cardiac biomarkers
Le Goff, Caroline ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Gergelé, Laurent et al

in British Journal of Sports Medicine (2017, February), 51(4), 347

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See detailIntention, image et singularité selon le premier Sartre : réflexion sur les propriétés et les fonctions de l'acte d'imagination
Recchia, Fabio ULg

in Bulletin d'Analyse Phénoménologique (2017, February)

Partant d’une problématisation de la méthode phénoménologique mise en jeu par "L’Imaginaire", nous proposons de relire les développements de ce texte à partir de la perspective offerte par la théorie de ... [more ▼]

Partant d’une problématisation de la méthode phénoménologique mise en jeu par "L’Imaginaire", nous proposons de relire les développements de ce texte à partir de la perspective offerte par la théorie de l’intentionnalité du premier Sartre. Nous tenterons ainsi de dégager l’unité systématique du projet sartrien d’une « phénoménologie de l’image » en le rapportant aux propositions philosophiques posées de manière décisive par "l’article sur l’intentionnalité". Par ce biais, il s’agira également de fixer les propriétés de la conscience imageante, ainsi que les fonctions jouées par l’acte d’imagination dans l’économie générale de la conscience, en particulier dans l’événement de sa personnalisation. De sorte que nous parcourons les tensions reliant l’imagination de la conscience à son ipséité ; tandis que, du point de vue de l’histoire de la philosophie, nous examinerons certaines des torsions qu’appliqua Sartre sur l’analyse husserlienne de l’image afin d’approfondir celle-ci dans la direction d’une philosophie de la liberté personnelle du sujet. [less ▲]

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See detailUne anomalie du Congrès de Vienne : le Territoire neutre de Moresnet : Repenser la frontière politique et linguistiqueomalie du Congrès de Vienne : le Territoire neutre de Moresnet : Repenser la frontière politique et linguistique
Robelin, Cyril ULg

in Austriaca (2017, January)

An anomaly in the Congress of Vienna: Neutral Moresnet or how to rethink the political and linguistic boundaries. Neutral-Moresnet was a 3.4 km² neutral territory near Aachen. Its history is the result of ... [more ▼]

An anomaly in the Congress of Vienna: Neutral Moresnet or how to rethink the political and linguistic boundaries. Neutral-Moresnet was a 3.4 km² neutral territory near Aachen. Its history is the result of a misunderstanding. In Article 25 of the Vienna Final Act, Moresnet is annexed to Prussia, but in Article 66 this province is placed under Dutch sovereignty. In the site of "Vieille-Montagne” an important zinc mine is discovered. They decided to establish co-sovereignty. From then on, two commissioners oversee the area. Over time, Moresnet developed a national folklore, especially with the process of Nation-State at the end of the 19th century. This triangle is seen by foreign observers as the smallest country in the world and even as an "imaginary country" (vampires, new Eldorado). Some Esperantists hoped to make Moresnet the country of international languages ​​because in this tiny territory German, French and dialects are spoken. Moresnet rethinks the concept of border. After the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, this small state belongs to Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailUne série consécutive de 125 greffes hépatiques à partir de donneurs cadavériques en mort circulatoire
DETRY, Olivier ULg; MEURISSE, Nicolas ULg; HANS, Marie-France ULg et al

in Transplant International (2017, January), 30(Suppl 1), 2481

Introduction: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) has been proposed to partially overcome the organ donor shortage. DCD-LT remains controversial, with reported increased risk of graft loss and ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Donation after circulatory death (DCD) has been proposed to partially overcome the organ donor shortage. DCD-LT remains controversial, with reported increased risk of graft loss and retransplantation. The authors retrospectively reviewed a single centre experience with controlled DCD-LT in a 14-year period. Patients and Methods: 125 DCD-LT were consecutively performed between 2003 and 2016. All donation and procurement procedures were performed as controlled DCD in operative rooms. Data are presented as median (ranges). Median donor age was 56 years (16–84). Most grafts were flushed with HTK solution in the first part of experience, and more recently with IGL1. Allocation was centre-based. Median follow-up was 52 (1–164) months. No patient was lost to follow-up. Results: Median total DCD warm ischemia was 19 min (9–39). Median cold ischemia was 238 min (105–576). Patient survivals were 90.2%, 77.5% and 74.5 % at 1.3 and 5 years, respectively. Graft survivals were 87.7%, 76.3% and 73.2% at 1.3 and 5 years, respectively. Biliary complications included anas- tomotic strictures and extrahepatic main bile duct ischemic obstruction, that were managed either by endoscopy or hepatico-jejunostomy. No PNF was observed in this series and one graft was lost due to ischemic cholangiopathy. Discussion: In this series, DCD LT appears to provide results similar to classical LT. Short cold ischemia and recipient selection with low MELD score may be the keys to good results in DCD LT, in terms of graft survival and avoidance of ischemic cholangiopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of the cumulated proteins and energy deficits on ICU patient’s outcome
PAGE, Isaline ULg; Warnier, Stéphanie; NYS, Monique ULg et al

in Annals of Intensive Care (2017, January), 7(Suppl1), 200

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See detailQuartz-enhanced photo-acoustic spectroscopy for breath analyses
Petersen, J; Lamard, L; Feng, P et al

in Proceedings SPIE (2017, January), 10055

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See detailUNE INJECTION UNIQUE DE CELLULES STROMALES MESENCHYMATEUSES AU JOUR 3 APRES GREFFE HEPATIQUE EST INSUFFISANTE POUR INDUIRE UNE TOLERANCE OPERATIONNELLE
DETRY, Olivier ULg; VANDERMEULEN, Morgan ULg; DELBOUILLE, Marie-Hélène ULg et al

in Transplant International (2017, January), 30(suppl 1), 812

Introduction: Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) infusion could be a mean to establish donor-specific immunological tolerance in solid organ recipients. The aim of this phase 2 study was test the hypothesis ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) infusion could be a mean to establish donor-specific immunological tolerance in solid organ recipients. The aim of this phase 2 study was test the hypothesis of possible induction of operative tolerance by third-party MSC in liver transplant (LT) recipients. Methods: 10 stable and low-risk LT recipients under standard immunosup- pression (Tac-MMF- low dose steroids) received 1.5–3 9 106/kg third-party MSCs on post-operative day 3 ` 2. By protocol, progressive weaning of immunosuppression was attempted in patients who did not develop rejection and had normal graft function and month-6 graft biopsy. Tacrolimus was progressively tapered from day 180 to be discontinued by day 270. After day- 270 graft biopsy, MMF was progressively tapered and definitely discontinued by day 365 in the absence of rejection. Results: One patient from the MSC group was excluded from immunosup- pression withdrawal attempt due to HCC recurrence, and the 9 others met the necessary criteria. In one patient, tacrolimus and MMF withdrawal was performed without rejection. In two patients, MMF monotherapy was achieved at month 9, but graft rejection occurred during MMF withdrawal and was successfully treated by tacrolimus reintroduction. In 6 patients, the transam- inases significantly increased during tacrolimus withdrawal. In these cases, withdrawal was cancelled and liver tests normalised after increase of the tacrolimus dose. No graft was lost due to the withdrawal attempt. Conclusion: A single post transplant MSC injection is not sufficient to induce operative tolerance after LT. [less ▲]

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See detailResults of the SarcoPhAge study after 2 years of follow-up.
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Locquet, Médéa ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2017), 6 Suppl 1

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See detailOn the Elaboration of Metal-Ceramic Composite Coatings by Laser Cladding
Mertens, Anne ULg; L'Hoest, Thibaut; Magnien, Julien et al

in Materials Science Forum (2017), 879

This paper reports on a preliminary investigation into the elaboration, by the additive process known as laser cladding, of composite coatings with a matrix of stainless steel 316L reinforced with varying ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on a preliminary investigation into the elaboration, by the additive process known as laser cladding, of composite coatings with a matrix of stainless steel 316L reinforced with varying contents of tungsten (WC) or silicon carbides (SiC) particles. Laser cladding is characterised by ultra-fast solidification and cooling rates, thus giving rise to ultra-fine out-of-equilibrium microstructures and potentially enhanced mechanical properties. Both types of composite coatings – i.e. with SiC or WC ‒ are compared in terms of their microstructures and hardness. Special attention is given to the dissolution of the carbides particles and to interfacial reactions taking place between the particles and the metallic matrix. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential use of estetrol in sensorineural hearing loss protection
DELHEZ, Amandine ULg; Manfroid, Isabelle ULg; LEFEBVRE, Philippe ULg et al

in B-ENT (2017)

Introduction and Aims: Estrogens have a positive impact on the auditory function. Indeed, estradiol (E2) treatment in animals protects against acoustic trauma and aminoglycoside toxicity and its depletion ... [more ▼]

Introduction and Aims: Estrogens have a positive impact on the auditory function. Indeed, estradiol (E2) treatment in animals protects against acoustic trauma and aminoglycoside toxicity and its depletion can contribute to age-related hearing loss. However, estradiol is not suitable in clinical practice, given the increased risk of cancer and thromboembolic events. There is a need to find new treatments that present a higher benefit/risk ratio. In this work, we studied a new natural estrogen derivative, estetrol (E4), that was shown to act as a Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulator (SERM). Estetrol is thus able to display estrogen-like as well as antiestrogen activity depending on the target tissue. Interestingly, E4 allows the prevention of menopause symptoms such as osteoporosis or hot flushes through an agonistic action, whereas it exerts anti-estrogenic effects on the mammary gland. These preclinical data suggest that E4 presents a safer profile than E2. Material and Methods: To investigate whether this molecule presents otoprotective actions, we exposed P2 cultured organs of Corti to gentamicin, with or without estetrol (E4). After 48 hours of culture, hair cell survival was evaluated following anti-myosin VII Immunohistochemistry. We next moved on to in vivo studies using young zebrafish larvae (5dpf), since they constitute a highly effective model to determine the potential ototoxicity of drugs and to screen for candidates of hair cell protective agents. We monitored the survival of hair cells within neuromasts following chronic or acute exposure to gentamicin. Results: In cochlear culture, gentamicin-induced hair cell loss was significantly reduced by E4. Interestingly, the toxicity of aminoglycoside was also reduced in vivo upon treatment of zebrafish larvae with E4. Conclusion: The survival rate of hair cells was increased in the presence of estetrol both in vitro and in vivo indicating that estetrol constitutes an interesting protective drug against hearing loss. [less ▲]

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See detailHealth outcomes of sarcopenia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
Zaaria, M.; Pasleau, Françoise ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2017), 6 Suppl 1

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See detailAnalyse des conséquences cliniques de la sarcopénie: une revue systématique et méta-analyse.
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Zaaria, M.; Pasleau, F. et al

in L'année Gérontologique (2017), 31(1), 18

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See detailHealth outcomes of sarcopenia: a systematic review and metaanalysis.
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Zaaria, M.; Pasleau, Françoise ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2017), 28 Suppl 1

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See detailPROPOSITION D'UN SUPPORT D'AIDE À LA DÉCISION POUR L'AMÉLIORATION DE L'ACCÈS À UNE EAU SOUTERRAINE DE MEILLEURE QUALITÉ DANS UN CONTEXTE DE CONTAMINATION GÉOGÉNIQUE AU FLUORURE AU BENIN (AFRIQUE DE L'OUEST)
Tossou, Joël; Hermans, Thomas ULg; Orban, Philippe ULg et al

in Geo-Eco-Trop : Revue Internationale de Géologie, de Géographie et d'Ecologie Tropicales (2017)

Les eaux souterraines des aquifères de socle cristallin de la partie centrale du Bénin (Département des Collines) présentent des concentrations élevées en fluorure, allant jusqu'à 7 mg/L alors que la ... [more ▼]

Les eaux souterraines des aquifères de socle cristallin de la partie centrale du Bénin (Département des Collines) présentent des concentrations élevées en fluorure, allant jusqu'à 7 mg/L alors que la norme recommandée par l'OMS est de 1.5 mg/L. La consommation de ces eaux à fortes teneurs en fluorure impacte la santé humaine. La population de la région est effectivement largement affectée par la fluorose dentaire. Les investigations hydrogéochimiques révèlent que l’origine de ces teneurs anormales est géogénique avec une forte contribution des minéraux ferromagnésiens, principalement la biotite. Ce travail se propose de réaliser une double cartographie à l'échelle du département des Collines: (i) une carte de l'estimation des teneurs en fluorure dans les eaux souterraines par krigeage ordinaire et (ii) une carte de la probabilité d'excéder la valeur guide de l’OMS (1.5 mg/L) en fluorure dans les eaux par krigeage d'indicatrices. Outre la cartographie en elle-même, l'analyse de la structure spatiale des données (teneurs en fluorure des eaux souterraines) à travers le calcul des variogrammes montre qu'il existe un lien fort entre celles-ci et les structures géologiques dominantes, confirmant l'origine géogénique du fluorure. Ces informations cartographiques serviront de support à la décision pour les décideurs et les gestionnaires de la ressource quant au choix judicieux des zones de captage d'eau potable pour minimiser/éviter les risques de fortes teneurs en fluorure. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of the soil pore network architecture on the soil’s physical functionnalities
Smet, Sarah ULg; Beckers, Eléonore ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2017), 19

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See detailEncounters of the third kind: antonyms and tertium
Steffens, Marie ULg

in Studies van de BKL - Travaux du CBL - Papers of the LSB (2017), 11

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See detailA surprising and dramatic neuroendocrine-immune phenotype of mice deficient in Growth Hormone-Releasing Hormone (GHRH)
Farhat, Khalil; Bodart, Gwennaelle; Martens, Henri ULg et al

in Neuroimmunomodulation (2017)

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See detailEarthquake imprints on a lacustrine deltaic system: Example of the Kürk Delta along the East Anatolian Fault (Turkey)
Hubert, Aurelia ULg; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULg; Moreno, David et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2017), 19

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See detailDecision algorithms for the re-treatment with viscosupplementation in patients suffering from knee osteoarthritis
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Richette, Pascal; Raman, R et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017), 25

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See detailAssessing Inter- and Intramolecular Continuous-Flow Strategies towards Methylphenidate Hydrochloride
Gerardy, Romaric ULg; Winter, Marc; Vizza, Alessandra et al

in Reaction Chemistry and Engineering (2017), 2(2), 149-158

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See detailL'étude SarcoPhAge: devenir des sujets sarcopéniques après 2 ans de suivi.
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Locquet, Médéa ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in L'Année Gérontologique (2017), 31(1), 42

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See detailThe theoretical instability strip of V777 Her white dwarfs
Van Grootel, Valérie ULg; Fontaine, Gilles; Brassard, Pierre et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2017), 509

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See detailCan Autonomous Vehicles Reduce Car Mobility? Evidence from a Stated Adaptation Experiment in Belgium
Cools, Mario ULg; Rongy, Caroline; Limbourg, Sabine ULg

in Transportation Research Board Annual Meeting. Compendium of Papers (2017)

From literature, it is clear that the discussion about the potential benefits and drawbacks of autonomous vehicles is not finished. In order to provide insight into this discussion, this paper ... [more ▼]

From literature, it is clear that the discussion about the potential benefits and drawbacks of autonomous vehicles is not finished. In order to provide insight into this discussion, this paper investigates different attitudes with respect to different key factors for the deployment of system of autonomous taxis. To this end, a stated adaptation experiment was carried out in Belgium in March 2016. To investigate which factors influence the variables of interest, i.e. (i) the number of minutes one is prepared to wait before an autonomous taxi picks up the person, (ii) the ownership of a private car when autonomous taxis are available, (iii) the willigness to share an autonomous taxi, (iv) the permittance for the autonomous vehicle to take a detour when it is beneficial for the society, and (v) the willigness to share your private agenda to ensure a timely autonomous taxi, different regression models are constructed. The results show that the considered explanatory factors only capture a small part of the variability five variables of interest. This is as signal that market segmentation might be very challenging. Besides, this is an indication that a broader range of factors should be included such as life-style factors and psychological constructs. Finally, this acknowledges the need for some skepticism with regard to the potential benefits of autonomous vehicles. The results are interesting for providing realistic boundaries and cross-classification in further simulation studies that look at the benefits of autonomous vehicles. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing Inter-and Intramolecular Continuous-Flow Strategies towards Methylphenidate Hydrochloride
Gerardy, Romaric ULg; Winter, Marc; Vizza, Alessandra et al

in Reaction Chemistry and Engineering (2017)

The batch-to-flow translation of inter- and intramolecular strategies for the diastereoselective preparation of the active pharmaceutical ingredient threo-methylphenidate hydrochloride is presented. Both ... [more ▼]

The batch-to-flow translation of inter- and intramolecular strategies for the diastereoselective preparation of the active pharmaceutical ingredient threo-methylphenidate hydrochloride is presented. Both inter- and intramolecular strategies imply the telescoping of multiple processing steps and the generation of unstable diazospecies under continuous-flow conditions. The intermolecular strategy relies on an unprecedented continuous-flow Rh-catalyzed intermolecular C-H carbene insertion, providing enriched threo-N-Boc methylphenidate in 38% or 19% isolated yield according to sequential or fully telescoped processes, respectively. Quantitative Boc-deprotection is carried out off-line. The intramolecular strategy relies on a continuous-flow thermal intramolecular C-H carbene insertion, providing enriched threo-methylphenidate hydrochloride in 70% isolated yield. A continuous-flow photochemical alternative is also presented. The critical step of the most promising intramolecular strategy is implemented on mesoscale in a pilot-scale continuous-flow reactor. [less ▲]

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See detailMaking Sense Out of Pulsating Pre-ELM and ELM White Dwarfs
Fontaine, Gilles; Istrate, Alina; Gianninas, Alexandros et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2017), 509

We present a unified view of pulsations in both pre-ELM and ELM white dwarfs within the framework of state-of-the-art binary evolution calculations that take into account the combined effects of diffusion ... [more ▼]

We present a unified view of pulsations in both pre-ELM and ELM white dwarfs within the framework of state-of-the-art binary evolution calculations that take into account the combined effects of diffusion and rotational mixing. We find that rotational mixing is able to maintain against settling a sufficient amount of helium in the envelope in order to fuel pulsations through He II-He III ionization on the pre-ELM branch of the evolutionary track in the spectroscopic HR diagram. By the time such a low-mass white dwarf enters the ZZ Ceti instability strip on the cooling branch, settling has taken over rotational mixing and produced a pure H envelope. Such a star then pulsates again, but, this time, as a DA white dwarf of the ZZ Ceti type. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergetic and Environmental Performances of a Domestic Hot Water Condensing Boiler Fired by Wood Pellets
Ngendakumana, Philippe ULg; Gabriele, Fabian; Restivo, Yannick et al

in Energy Procedia (2017)

In order to assess the performances of the domestic heating boilers with a CE mark, a wood pellets fired condensing boiler has been purchased and installed in the Laboratory for tests. The objective of ... [more ▼]

In order to assess the performances of the domestic heating boilers with a CE mark, a wood pellets fired condensing boiler has been purchased and installed in the Laboratory for tests. The objective of the study was not only to check the announced performances, but mainly to investigate the influence of the different parameters affecting the functioning of the boiler, the thermal efficiency and the pollutants (NOx and CO) emission being aimed at. Tests have been performed to study the influence of the cycling frequency of the burner functioning, the overall excess air, the return water temperature, and the output power of the boiler. As announced by the manufacturer, the tested boiler fulfils the requirements of the Blue Angel Label, but the recommended value for the excess air (1.2) can be reduced to a value of about 0.4 without excessive emissions of CO. The boiler could perform better if the ON period of the cycle of the burner is increased even better if the OFF period is suppressed. The NOx are mainly formed from the nitrogen content of the pellets and their emissions can only be reduced by a lower nitrogen content of the pellets than the limit stated in the standard. Random peaks observed in the evolution of CO, the boiler being operating in steady state regime, are attributed to the combustion process of pellets which is a non-continuous process by nature. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of moderate increasing exercice on the mechanical balance of the knee joint in young rats
Rahnamay Moshtagh, Parisa; Korthagen, N; Plomp, S et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017), 25

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See detailPreliminary assessment of the possibilities of the Particle Finite Element Method in the numerical simulation of bird impact on aeronautical structures
Cerquaglia, Marco Lucio ULg; Deliège, Geoffrey ULg; Boman, Romain ULg et al

in Procedia Engineering (2017), 173

As well known, in the analysis of bird impact events the bird is often reduced, even experimentally, to a surrogate projectile modeled as a weakly compressible fluid (typically a mixture of water and air ... [more ▼]

As well known, in the analysis of bird impact events the bird is often reduced, even experimentally, to a surrogate projectile modeled as a weakly compressible fluid (typically a mixture of water and air). From a numerical standpoint, the presence of a free surface and the strong interaction with the aircraft structures represent a limit for traditional computational fluid dynamics methods based on an Eulerian grid. On the other hand, classical Lagrangian methods cannot cope with the extremely large deformations experienced by the projectile during the impact. The Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM) is a Lagrangian particle method that can account for very large deformations, preserving the robustness and generality of the finite element method, and thus owning a key advantage over other approaches, e.g. Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH), usually cursed with consistency and stability issues. To assess the possibilities of the method in the context of bird impact, theoretical analyses are initially performed based on the impact of a water jet on a rigid surface. Then, the influence of the geometry of a more realistic projectile is analyzed and the capability of the method to take into account separation and fragmentation is highlighted. [less ▲]

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