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See detailEffect of fertilisation with selenium on plasma selenium in Belgian Blue suckling cows and heifers: first results
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Coenen, M. et al

in Land use systems in grassland dominated regions, 20th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation (2004)

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See detailDéficience du système glutathion chez le cheval de course
De Moffarts, Brieuc; Kirschvink, N.; Art, Tatiana ULg et al

in 30ème Journée de la Recherche Equine, Les Haras Nationaux (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 98 (5 ULg)
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See detailComposite columns to mitigate soft storey in reinforced concrete structures submittes to earthquake.
Plumier, André ULg; Stoychev, L.; Doneux, C.

in Proceedings of the Colloquium recent Advances and New Trends in Structural Design (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (1 ULg)
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See detailDistribution of the forces in a bolted connection under shear loading
Pietrapertosa, C.; Piraprez, E.; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Proceedings of the Fifth International Workshop on Connections (2004)

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See detailMineralogical characteristics of copper flotation products from Cayeli mine, Turkey and their influence to mineral processing
Strashimirov, S.; Dobrev, S.; Stamenov, S. et al

in Annual of the University of Mining and Geology, Sofia, 47, I, 147-153 (2004)

The paper presents mineralogical characteristics and pecularities of minerals distribution in products from Cu cycle of clastic ore mineral processing in Cayeli concentrator, Turkey. Special attention has ... [more ▼]

The paper presents mineralogical characteristics and pecularities of minerals distribution in products from Cu cycle of clastic ore mineral processing in Cayeli concentrator, Turkey. Special attention has been drawn to the mineralogical pecularities of sphalerite. The study has covered 16 samples from Cu flotation feed, Cu rougher concentrate, Cu final concentrate and tailing, each sieved in 4 granulometric classes. Significant quantity of sphalerite charactarized by higher amount of Cu and Fe as isomorphic impurities or extemely fine crystals of chalcopyrite are present in the Cu concentrate. Based on the performed studies, an improvement in the processing circuit has been suggested - especially in the grinding and hydrocycloning circuits. [less ▲]

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See detailFace au spectre de la pénurie, une nécessaire revalorisation objective et subjective d'une profession enseignante en quête d'elle-même
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Jaspar, Steve ULg; Mathieu, Cédric et al

in Actes du 3e congrès des chercheurs en éducation, Bruxelles, 16 mars 2004 (2004)

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See detailInsert'Prof : pour un dispositif de formation favorisant une insertion réussie dans la vie professionnelle
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Jardon, Dorothée; Jaspar, Steve ULg et al

in Actes du 3e congrès des chercheurs en éducation, Bruxelles, 16 mars 2004 (2004)

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See detailPromotion des entrepreneurs ruraux en Asie du Sud-Est
Dogot, Thomas ULg; Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Pham Van Bien et al

in Colloque international AIEA2 et Ateliers de la SCAE (Association internationale d’économie alimentaire et agro-industrielle, Société canadienne d’agroéconomie) : actes du colloque (2004)

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See detailWhich metrics to assess and compare the quality of image fusion products ?
Cornet, Yves ULg; Binard, Marc ULg

in New Strategies for European Remote Sensing (2004)

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See detailImprovements of an iterative and staggered Approach for a Model of Mixed Lubrication in Cold Rolling
STEPHANY; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of NUMIFORM 2004, The 8th International Conference on Numerical Methods in Industrial Forming Processes: Materials processing and design. Modeling, Simulation and Applications (2004)

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See detailThermomechanical Modeling at finite strains : updated EAS and SRI finite element formalisms
ADAM, L.; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of PACAM VIII, eigth Pan American Congress of Applied Mechanics (2004)

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See detailModeling and experimental validation of an industrial sheet metal forming process
CELENTANO, D.; GARCIA, C.; FLORES, F. et al

in Computational Mechanics, WCCM VI (2004)

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See detailModeling the elastic-plastic behavior of a rotor support structure under a large unbalance: numerical simulations
Stainier, Laurent ULg; BUI, Q. V.; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of ISMA 2004, International Conference on Noise & Vibration Engineering (2004)

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See detailMotivation et démotivation : les élèves ont la parole
Chenu, Florent ULg

in Actes du 3e congrès des chercheurs en éducation, Espace Flagey, Bruxelles, Mai 2004. (2004)

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See detailConsidérations théoriques et pratiques sur la portée des arrêts de la Cour d’arbitrage
Rosoux, Géraldine ULg; Tulkens, François

in La Cour d’arbitrage, un juge comme les autres ?, Actes du colloque organisé le 28 mai 2004 par la Faculté de droit de l’Université de Liège (Service de droit constitutionnel) et la Conférence libre du Jeune Barreau de Liège (2004)

This articles questions about the effects of the decisions of the Belgian constitutional court.

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See detailFire Modelling
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in COST C12, Improvement of Buildings' Structural Quality by New Technologies, Outcome of the Cooperative Activities (2004)

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See detailHow to manage obesity in growing giant dogs ?
Lhoest, Estelle; Jeusette, Isabelle; Claeys, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 8th ESVCN International Conference (2004)

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See detailMédecine grecque et papyrologie : bilan et perspectives
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Leclant, Jean; Jouanna, Jacques (Eds.) Actes du XIVe Colloque de la Villa grecque Kérylos "La Médecine grecque antique" organisé à Beaulieu-sur-mer, les 10 et 11 octobre 2003 (2004)

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See detailUne langue entre soi
Servais, Christine ULg

in Exils : théorie, histoire, figures, pratiques (2004)

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See detailA three-month course of depot octreotide in the treatment of Graves' orbitopathy : clinical results of a randomized placebo-controlled double-blind study
Wémeau, J. L.; Beckers, Albert ULg; Caron, P. et al

in 12th International Congress of Endocrinology - Abstract book (2004)

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See detailRecherches en technologies de l'éducation
Denis, Brigitte ULg

in 2e rencontre des chercheurs en éducation (ABCéduc) (2004)

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See detailLe projet de plate-forme électronique de construction et de gestion qualité de tests standardisés e-C&QCST
Gilles, Jean-Luc ULg; Piette, Sylvie-Anne ULg; Detroz, Pascal ULg et al

in Arzola, S. (Ed.) World education for educational research (WAER) : XIV congreso mundial de ciencias de la educacion : educatores para una nueva cultura : summary of papers abstracts (2004)

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See detailShould the safety and ethical evaluation of GMOs be based on the process or on the product of the novel gene combination?
du Jardin, Patrick ULg

in du Jardin, Patrick (Ed.) Science, Ethics & Society - 5th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics (2004)

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See detailChanges in carcass and meat composition during the finishing of Belgian Blue double-muscled cull cows
Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg et al

in Book of absracts of the 55th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2004)

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See detailConcrete surface treatments quantification by means of mechanical profilometry
Courard, Luc ULg; Garbacz, Andrzej; Gorka, M.

in Maultzsch, M. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 11th International Congress on Polymers in Concrete ICPIC 2004 (2004)

Existing concrete surfaces need to be roughened to a profile necessary to achieve mechanical interlock with repair material. Surface mechanical morphometry is based on the measurement of surface profile ... [more ▼]

Existing concrete surfaces need to be roughened to a profile necessary to achieve mechanical interlock with repair material. Surface mechanical morphometry is based on the measurement of surface profile - profilometry - which can be extended to 3D representation with surfometry by means of a stylus registering the profile. Profilometry and surfometry analysis were realized on concrete after different surface treatments (grinding, sandblasting, shotblasting, hand- and mechanical milling). The profile has been quantified by means of statistical and amplitude parameters calculated from the waviness (lower frequencies) and the roughness (higher frequencies) profiles of the surface. Bearing ratio and Abbott's curve observations are also very useful to characterise surface profiles. [less ▲]

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See detailApproaching the true prevalence of pituitary tumors
Beckers, Albert ULg; Ciccarelli, A.; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in 12th International Congress of Endocrinology - Abstract book (2004)

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See detailDetermination of pregnancy-associated glycoproteins (bPAG) in cow’s milk
Metelo, R.; Silva, S.; Sulon, J. et al

in Proceedings: 23rd World Buiatrics Congress, Québec, Canada (2004)

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See detailOn the O(1) Solution of Multiple-Scattering Problems
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Bruno, O.; Reitich, F.

in Proceedings of the 11th IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC'2004) (2004)

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See detailCharacterisation of a novel topical nanoemulsion vehicle with spreading properties
Roland, Isabelle ULg; Gillard, Patricia ULg; Delattre, Luc ULg et al

in Proceedings of Eur conference on drug delivery and pharmaceutical technology (2004)

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See detailAnalyse explicative des influences observables de la reconnaissance et de la validation des compétences : le cas du PMTIC.
Pierrard, Jean-François; Brundseaux, Marie-France ULg; Georges, François ULg et al

in L'évaluation des compétences: entre reconnaissance et validation des acquis de l'expérience (2004)

L’article présente une réflexion théorique argumentée sur le manque de justifications empiriquement fondées de la mise en place de la reconnaissance et de la Validation des Acquis de l’Expérience et sur ... [more ▼]

L’article présente une réflexion théorique argumentée sur le manque de justifications empiriquement fondées de la mise en place de la reconnaissance et de la Validation des Acquis de l’Expérience et sur les effets observables que celle-ci est censée avoir sur tous ceux et toutes celles qui en bénéficient. Pour étoffer la réflexion théorique, l’article présente, en outre, les résultats provisoires d’une étude de terrain réalisée, en Belgique francophone, sur les acteurs du Plan Mobilisateur aux Technologies de l’Information et de la Communication (PMTIC) ; acteurs qui reçoivent, chacun à leur échelon, la reconnaissance et la validation de leurs compétences par l’acteur de l’échelon supérieur. [less ▲]

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See detailLa philosophie de la réparation et le système pénal", Actes du Forum « La justice réparatrice à l’épreuve du carcéral
Dubois, Christophe ULg

in Actes du colloque "La justice réparatrice à l'épreuve du carcéral" (2004)

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (3 ULg)
See detailFacies and environments of the Middle Frasnian platform in Belgium
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Abstract book - 23th IAS meeting, Coimbra, Portugal (2004)

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See detailAn immunohistochemical study of eosinophilic bronchopneumopathy in dogs.
Peeters, Dominique ULg; Day, M. J.; Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of the 14th Annual Congress of the ECVIM-CA (2004)

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See detailRenormalization in effective theories: Prescriptions for kaon-nucleon resonance parameters
Semenov-Tyan-Shanskiy, Kirill ULg

in Lipatov, L.; Kim, V. (Eds.) Proceedings of First International Workshop, Hadron Structure and QCD, from low to high energies, Repino, St. Petersburg, Russia, 18-22 May 2004 (2004)

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See detailMarket dynamics driven by the decision-making power producers
Ernst, Damien ULg; Minoia, Anna; Marija, Ilic

in Proceedings of 2004 IREP Symposium - Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control - VI (2004)

In this paper we consider a tool for analyzing the market outcomes when competitive agents (power producers) interact through the market place. The market clearing mechanism is based on the locational ... [more ▼]

In this paper we consider a tool for analyzing the market outcomes when competitive agents (power producers) interact through the market place. The market clearing mechanism is based on the locational marginal price scheme. A model of the strategic behavior is formulated for the agents. Each agent chooses its bid in order to maximize its profit by assuming that the other agents will post the same bid as at the previous session of the market, and by knowing the network characteristics. The income of each agent over a certain temporal horizon for different power system configurations (the addition of new transmission capabilities, new power plants) is evaluated according to this market dynamics and by integrating this dynamics over the chosen temporal horizon. The mathematical formulation, for the sake of simplicity, is related to a two node power system. In the simulations, the influence of different conditions (line transfer capacity, the number and size of generators, the presence of portfolio) on market outcomes is analyzed, and interesting and sometimes counterintuitive results are found. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent state of the Aral sea from regular satellite observations. 35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly
Stanichny, Sergey ULg; Davidov, A.; Djenidi, Salim ULg et al

in 35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly (2004)

The Aral Sea disaster is one of the most significant examples of ecological catastrophe caused by mismanagement of water resources. Aral sea level dropped on 22 meters for the last 35 years. The sea ... [more ▼]

The Aral Sea disaster is one of the most significant examples of ecological catastrophe caused by mismanagement of water resources. Aral sea level dropped on 22 meters for the last 35 years. The sea separated in to two independent parts , the Large Sea(Southern) and the Small Sea (Northern), loosing more than 90% of its original water masses. After the collapse of the former Soviet Union, satellite retrieved data became the main source of information on this perishing system. Regular observations from AVHRR, SeaWiFS, MODIS and ASTER satellite sensors were used for our investigations. Sea surface temperature (SST) data of the AVHRR sensor and digital bottom map topography were used for sea level drop calculations. The Sea level defined as the digital map isobate corresponds quite well to the satellite derived coastline for the Eastern part of the Large Sea with a bottom slope of ˜ 0.00015. For the period 1989-2002 the sea level of the Large Sea dropped on 9.2 meters. However in 2003 the sea level remained stable. This stabilisation was due to an increase of water output of the rivers Amu--Darya and Syr-Darya in 2003. High resolution ASTER data showed that the main amount of Syr-Darya waters is discharged into the Large Sea. The dried bottom area now covers more than 45000 km2. On the base of AVHRR-SST data the temperature regime for different parts of the Aral Sea was calculated for the years 2002-2003. The annual amplitude of the SST variation reaches 37° C for the open waters. The observed minimum freezing point was -7° C due to very high salinity. Estimations from satellite retrieved freezing points show an increase of salinity up to 10% in the Eastern part of the Large Sea. It is almost paradox that on satellite images the ice appears warmer than the water. Strong variations of the water temperature (up to 5° C) within a few days could be observed from April to August and could be related to wind induced mixing. SeaWiFS ocean colour data were used for the investigation of the optical properties of the water in different parts of the Aral Sea for the years 2002-2003. A significant relation of optical properties with wind and temperature was obtained. Strong changes of the thermal regimes of the Sea can cause variations in local climatic conditions: The analysis of AVHRR NDVI - data for the surrounding areas demonstrated a shift in the annual vegetation cycle. In addition phenomena like: salt storms, wind driven tides, sources of groundwater, eddies and frontal structures as well as ice coverage of the Aral Sea were demonstrated on satellite images. [less ▲]

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See detailGaseous emissions in the raising of weaned pigs on fully slatted floor or on straw-bases deep litter
Nicks, Baudouin ULg; Laitat, Martine ULg; Farnir, Frédéric ULg et al

in Clement, G.; Madec, F. (Eds.) Proceedings of the in- between congress of the International Society for Animal Hygiene (2004)

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See detailCaractérisation pédologique des berges sensibles: problématique de l'accès du bétail aux cours d'eau
Leboeuf, Dimitri; Marcoen, Jean Marie ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg

in Monitoring et gestion physique des cours d'eau wallons. (2004)

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See detailControl of listeria monocytogenes in dairy farms
Belleflamme, Christel ULg; Di Tanna, Sybille ULg; Anceau, Christine ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Food Microbiology (2004)

- Performed in Walloon farms in contact with the PDR project - L. monocytogenes characterised by its ubiquity - Numerous sources of contaminations : environment, cross-contaminations, post-contaminations ... [more ▼]

- Performed in Walloon farms in contact with the PDR project - L. monocytogenes characterised by its ubiquity - Numerous sources of contaminations : environment, cross-contaminations, post-contaminations, mastitis,… [less ▲]

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See detailThe nitrogen isotope ratio in a few Oort Cloud comets
Jehin, Emmanuel ULg; Arpigny, Claude ULg; Manfroid, Jean ULg et al

in 35th COSPAR Scientific Assembly (2004)

In the past few years, high-resolution (R ˜ 70,000) and high quality spectra of the CN B^2Sigma^+ - X^2Sigma^+ (0,0) band (at 388 nm) of several Oort Could comets have been collected by our team in ... [more ▼]

In the past few years, high-resolution (R ˜ 70,000) and high quality spectra of the CN B^2Sigma^+ - X^2Sigma^+ (0,0) band (at 388 nm) of several Oort Could comets have been collected by our team in different observatories and have allowed the first optical detections of [SUP]12[/SUP]C[SUP]15[/SUP]N. Observations with first class spectrographs on large 8m telescopes, such as UVES at the ESO VLT, have shown that such very efficient equipment are able to provide isotopic ratios for comets as faint as m_r ˜ 9 (heliocentric magnitude), opening up the possibility of carrying out a systematic analysis over a significant sample of comets. While the measured [SUP]12[/SUP]C/[SUP]13[/SUP]C isotope ratios in the different comets are in good agreement with the Solar system value (89), the derived [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N ratios are only about half the value in Earth's atmosphere (272), indicating an excess of [SUP]15[/SUP]N by a factor of about 2 with respect to the "cosmic" value. It is striking to note that the optical determinations of [SUP]14[/SUP]N/[SUP]15[/SUP]N in the different comets are consistent with each other (140 � 30), but not with the ratios derived for comet Hale-Bopp from sub-millimeter measurements on HCN, generally believed to be the main parent of CN. This discrepancy could indicate the existence of (an) other unknown parent(s) of CN, with an even higher [SUP]15[/SUP]N excess. Organic compounds like those found in interplanetary dust particles (IDPs) are good candidates. Further determinations from HCN are now badly needed in other comets. Obtaining the value of the N isotopic ratio in Jupiter-family short-period comets would be of great significance in view of their presumed different place of birth. Much is also expected in this respect, as in many others, from several space missions such as Deep Impact, Stardust, and Rosetta. [less ▲]

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See detailDrying up of a natural spring for ensuring stability of an artificial slope: is it sustainable development ?
Dachy, Marie; Sage, Sandrine; Dassargues, Alain ULg

in Hack, R.; Azzam, R.; Charlier, Robert (Eds.) Engineering geology for infrastructure planning in Europe (2004)

Near a small city of the Belgian ‘Ardennes’ (East of Belgium), modification of a natural slope for extension of industrial activities has required an extensive drainage in a weathered zone composed of ... [more ▼]

Near a small city of the Belgian ‘Ardennes’ (East of Belgium), modification of a natural slope for extension of industrial activities has required an extensive drainage in a weathered zone composed of colluvium and weathered claystones and quartzites. After a few days, the drain at the foot of the artificial slope was producing about 1000 m3/day while a natural spring located at a 200 m distance on the hillside was completely dried up. This spring was used for drinking water by the local community. A shallow geophysical prospection by refraction seismics and 2D geoelectrical tomography, associated to geological, morphostructural and hydrogeological observations have lead to a clear understanding of (1) the spring occurrence; (2) the feeding conditions of the spring and consequently (3) the ‘lateral’ hydraulic impact of the drain. In the hill, the bedrock is changing from quartzites (uphill) to claystones (downhill) inducing changes in hydraulic conductivity and thickness of the overlying weathered zone. On the basis of these hydrogeological conditions, associated to the specific topographic conditions, different possible remediation schemas have been proposed to the decision makers. Unfortunately, the full restoration of the natural spring appears to be one of the most technically and financially difficult option …while it is surely the most suitable in the name of a sustainable development. [less ▲]

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See detailGround-based FTIR measurements of O3- and climate-related gases in the free troposphere and lower stratosphere
De Mazière, M.; Barret, B.; Vigouroux, C. et al

in Zerefos, C. S. (Ed.) Proceedings Quadrennial Ozone Symposium (2004)

In the frame of the EC project UFTIR (Time series of Upper Free Troposphere observations from a European ground-based FTIR network), a common strategy for an optimal determination of the chemical ... [more ▼]

In the frame of the EC project UFTIR (Time series of Upper Free Troposphere observations from a European ground-based FTIR network), a common strategy for an optimal determination of the chemical composition in the free troposphere and lower stratosphere with ground-based Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectrometers is being developed. The project focuses on 6 target species that are O3, CO, CH4, N2O, C2H6 and CHClF2 (HCFC-22). The strategy consists in selecting the most appropriate parameters to retrieve vertical concentration profiles from solar FTIR spectra. Among the important parameters are the spectral microwindows: they have been optimised to maximise the information content and to minimize the influence of poorly known spectroscopic data and interfering species. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of fertilisation with selenium on plasma selenium in Belgian Blue suckling cows and heifers: first results
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Coenen, M. et al

in Land use systems in grassland dominated regions, Book of abstracts of 20th General Meeting of the European Grassland Federation (2004)

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See detailSpécificités cardiorespiratoires des ânes
Delvaux, Véronique ULg; Kirschvink, N.; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Proceedings: Congrès de l'Association Vétérinaire Equine Française (AVEF) (2004)

A group of 22 donkeys underwent a series of non-invasive cardiorespiratory tests in order to establish the reference standards for this species and compare the results with those for horses. For ... [more ▼]

A group of 22 donkeys underwent a series of non-invasive cardiorespiratory tests in order to establish the reference standards for this species and compare the results with those for horses. For particular tests (haematology, measurement of arterial blood gases, electrocardiogram width phonocardiogram, thoracic radiographs, cardiac echocardiography), no major différences were found. However, the mechanical ventilation parameters differed from those for horses and were similar to those for food-producing animals (cattle). The conformation of the pharynx and larynx is slightly différent to that of horses making it more difficult to pass an endoscope through this area. The differencial leukocyte count from tracheal lavage includes a number of epithelial cells, and a higher percentage of eosinophils and neutrophils for donkeys compared to horses. These similarities and différences between donkeys and horses should be taken into account when performing ancillary tests. [less ▲]

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See detailThe mechanobiology of tissue differentiation around immediately loaded implants: a bone chamber experiment
Geris, Liesbet ULg; Van Oosterwyck, Hans; Duyck, Joke et al

in Proceedings of the 14th conference of the European Society of Biomechanics (2004)

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See detailA multi-Agent System for Architectural Sketches Interpretation
Juchmes, Roland ULg; Leclercq, Pierre ULg; Azar, Sleiman

in Hugues, John F.; Jorge, Joaquim A. (Eds.) Eurographics Workshop on Sketch-Based Interfaces and Modeling (2004)

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See detailArticuler présence et distance pour former aux technologies de l'éducation et de la formation. Communication présentée au Colloque TICE Méditérannée, Nice
Denis, Brigitte ULg; Vandeput, Etienne ULg

in Actes du Colloque TICE Méditerranée : « L'humain dans l'enseignement en ligne » (2004)

For five years, a postgraduate program in Educational and Training Technology has been developed by both Universities of Liège and Namur (Belgium). This program addresses already graduated adults having a ... [more ▼]

For five years, a postgraduate program in Educational and Training Technology has been developed by both Universities of Liège and Namur (Belgium). This program addresses already graduated adults having a training background. Depending on his/her training experience and a personnal project, the participant has the opportunity of developing different competencies profiles like: educational designer, designer and manager of training systems integrating ICT, e-tutor or trainer in e-learning environments, designer and producer of information or learning multimedia products. The plan of action articulates face-to-face and distance activities. It is based on several principles like definition and follow-up of a personal learning project, clarification of the actors’ roles, systematical use of technologies, active pedagogical methods and quality process. The authors present a series of scenarios including several types of distance activities. On the one hand, they illustrate these activities, insisting on their target goals, their meaning and usefulness, their development and their evaluation criteria. On the other hand, they discuss the organization of face-toface, blended or distance activities taking into account different sides of a learning system in order to stimulate the thought of designers and animators of such learning environments. [less ▲]

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See detailRéflexion sur les obstacles et les paradoxes d'une évaluation des compétences professionnelles
Chenu, Florent ULg

in Actes du 3e congrès des chercheurs en éducation, Espace Flagey, Bruxelles, Mai 2004. (2004)

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See detailBehavioural impact of food presentation: How to find an ideal number od weaned pigs per feeding place?
Laitat, Martine ULg; Vandenheede, Marc ULg; Desiron, Alain et al

in Kirkwood, J. K.; Roberts, E. A.; Vickery, S. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Universities Federation for Animal Welfare (2004)

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See detailSystèmes de croyance Niomankas et gestion des ressources naturelles de mangroves
Cisse, T.; Ghysels, A.; Vermeulen, Cédric ULg

in De Dapper, M. (Ed.) Tropical forests in a changing global context (2004)

Le concept de «savoirs endogènes» constitue actuellement l’un des axes majeurs de la réflexion autour de la problématique de la conservation de la biodiversité. En effet, on se rend de plus en plus compte ... [more ▼]

Le concept de «savoirs endogènes» constitue actuellement l’un des axes majeurs de la réflexion autour de la problématique de la conservation de la biodiversité. En effet, on se rend de plus en plus compte que l’activité de conservation de la diversité biologique, qui met à contribution les organisations locales, les structures étatiques et les ONG environnementales, ne peut pas seulement s’appuyer sur les connaissances scientifiques. La réflexion autour des savoirs écologiques locaux (Technical Ecological Knowledge [TEK]), et leur valorisation, apparaît comme une solution pour une gestion durable et viable des écosystèmes marins et côtiers, en particulier pour les forêts de mangrove du Siné-Saloum. Au Sénégal, l’ensemble du littoral subit depuis plusieurs décennies les effets de la désertification. Les initiatives se multiplient dans la Réserve de la Biosphère du Delta du Saloum [1]*** (RBDS) pour réhabiliter les écosystèmes côtiers. Il serait intéressant de voir quels peuvent être les apports des savoirs locaux, ceux des Niominka et Socé, dans la dynamique globale de conservation de la biodiversité écologique. Au moment où des plans de gestion de la mangrove [2] sont en train d’être conçus, il serait bon d’intégrer les savoirs écologiques endogènes dans le processus de leur conception et de mise en œuvre. En effet, dans le jeu des interactions entre communautés locales et ONG, donc intervenants extérieurs, il peut arriver que des réactions de rejet se manifestent. S’il en est ainsi, c’est parce que les ONG sont parfois porteuses d’initiatives qui ne tiennent pas compte des manières de penser, des rapports qui lient la nature aux populations autochtones, des systèmes de conception, de représentation et d’occupation de l’espace ou d’appropriation des ressources. Chez les Niominkas du Siné-Saloum, il existe des croyances et perceptions qui ont eu un impact positif sur la protection de l’environnement. Selon l’anthropologue sénégalais Massaer Diallo [3], «si ce que l’on appelle aujourd’hui “le respect de l’environnement” et la “gestion durable des ressources naturelles” a des cas équivalents dans des cultures et sociétés dites traditionnelles (régies par des logiques endogènes et anciennes), c’est parce que ces dernières étaient fondées sur une conception, des règles et valeurs qui impliquaient voire édictaient un rapport harmonieux ou équilibré avec la nature (physique, animale et végétale)». En voici quelques illustrations. La sacralisation de Jiffa, Péthiamak, chez les Sérères de Djilor, fait que ces sites — même si ce n’était pas l’objectif recherché — sont aujourd’hui les moins agressés dans la communauté rurale [4]. L’injonction du génie protecteur du Loog, Laga ndong, de ne parler que le sérère dans la zone de pêche Niamokine — dans un pays où l’écrasante majorité parle wolof — a favorisé le contrôle du bolong par les Niominkas et la limitation de l’exploitation de ses ressources aux autochtones. De plus, l’islamisation des sociétés traditionnelles sérères a introduit un rapport de type nouveau entre l’homme et la nature parce que le fait de couper un arbre ou tout simplement des feuilles d’arbres sans en avoir besoin est associé à un péché. Celui qui abuse de la ressource végétale est selon le Coran un pécheur. En planter, c’est attirer la miséricorde divine sur soi, dit-on dans le texte sacré des musulmans. Ces représentations religieuses ont donc des incidences sur l’équilibre de la nature. Les savoirs écologiques locaux présentent un intérêt bien particulier mais il faut se garder de faire de l’ethnologisme. Et puis, il y a chez les Niominka une forte croyance selon laquelle la mangrove est un don de Dieu. Par conséquent, la pérennité des ressources qu’elle génère est garantie par une divinité. Quelle est la place de ces croyances dans le processus de désintégration des forêts de mangrove dans le Siné et le Saloum? Le présent article tente de fournir des éléments d’appréciation sur la place des savoirs locaux dans la conservation de la diversité biologique chez les communautés Niominka de la RBDS. [less ▲]

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See detailElaboration d’une typologie hydro-géomorphologique de cours d’eau dans l’Euregio Meuse-Rhin
Hallot, Eric ULg; Schmitt, L.; Mols, J. et al

in Mosella - XXIX, 3-4 (2004)

This paper shows the first results of a method of river hydro-geomorphological typology applied on the Euregio Maas-Rhine. This is based on non factorial multivariate analysis (clusters) of only ... [more ▼]

This paper shows the first results of a method of river hydro-geomorphological typology applied on the Euregio Maas-Rhine. This is based on non factorial multivariate analysis (clusters) of only quantitative data automatically extracted from DEM or obtained by field measurements with a simplified protocol. The regional differentiation of variables allows the automatic characterization of rivers especially with the specific stream power. [less ▲]

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See detailLingopti project: semi-continuous casting process of copper-nickel alloys
Pecquet, Etienne ULg; Volles, Ralf; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 21st International Congress of Theoritical and Applied Mechanics (2004)

The following text deals with casting of copper-nickel alloys. They are high added values materials. The research contains two main parts. Laboratory tests (completed with bibliography) that provide ... [more ▼]

The following text deals with casting of copper-nickel alloys. They are high added values materials. The research contains two main parts. Laboratory tests (completed with bibliography) that provide thermal and mechanical properties of the ingot and the mould but also heat transfer coefficients between the ingot and its environment (mould, air and water). These parameters are required in the second part : development and validation of numerical modelization by the finite element method to optimise the industrial process. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of simple cheating in application-level multicast
Mathy, Laurent ULg; Blundell, N.; Roca, V. et al

in INFOCOM 2004. Twenty-third AnnualJoint Conference of the IEEE Computer and Communications Societies (2004)

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See detailLes contrats. Le contrat d'entreprise et la loi Breyne
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Chroniques du droit à l'usage du notariat (2004)

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See detailMarble classification using scale spaces
Dislaire, Godefroid; Pirard, Eric ULg; Vanrell, Maria

in Prykryl, R. (Ed.) Dimension Stone (2004)

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See detailAdipocyte fatty acid-binding protein expression and mitochondrial activity as indicators of intramuscular fat content in young bulls
Barnola, I.; Hocquette, J. F.; Jurie, C. et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 55th Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2004)

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See detailNew trends in flood risk analysis: working with 2D flow models, laser DEM and a GIS environment
Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Greco, M.; Carravetta, A.; Della Morte, R. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on Fluvial Hydraulics: River Flow 2004 (2004)

This paper outlines the integration of new and accurate laser DEM into the determination of floodplains. Global and robust GIS environment is absolutely necessary to manage this very large amounts of ... [more ▼]

This paper outlines the integration of new and accurate laser DEM into the determination of floodplains. Global and robust GIS environment is absolutely necessary to manage this very large amounts of topographic data. The development and interaction of 2D flow models, simplified or not, ensures to offer more accurate and flexible physically based tools to the decision-makers. [less ▲]

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See detailInverse analysis on in situ geotechnical measurement using a genetic algorithm
Malécot, Yann; Levasseur, Séverine ULg; Boulon, Marc et al

in Pande, G. N.; Pietruszczak, S. (Eds.) Numerical Models in Geomechanics (2004)

This paper is dedicated to the identification of constitutive parameters of the Mohr-Coulomb constitutive model from in situ measurements. A general definition of an objective function is proposed. A ... [more ▼]

This paper is dedicated to the identification of constitutive parameters of the Mohr-Coulomb constitutive model from in situ measurements. A general definition of an objective function is proposed. A direct approach of inverse analysis is used to identify the shear modulus and the friction angle in four different situations. The first two examples deal with a “numerical” and with a real pressuremeter curve. A difficult convergence and a strong non unicity of solution is observed, which is classical in inverse analysis (ill posed problems). In a second stage, the horizontal displacements related to two excavation problems are used for identifying the two mechanical parameters. A clear minimum of the objective function is detected, giving a unique solution. The reasons of these differences are discussed and some ways of improving the interpretation of the pressuremeter test results are proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelle(s) conception(s) de la motivation dans le sillage du décret Missions ? Le cas des programmes de français
Dufays, Jean-Louis; Lucchini, Silvia ULg

in Actes du 3ème Congrès des chercheurs en éducation. (Re)trouver le plaisir d’enseigner et d’apprendre – Construire savoirs et compétences (2004)

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See detailProposition d’une méthode de typologie hydro-géomorphologique des cours d’eau et tes sur un sous-bassin du Rhône (Bassin de l’Yzeron).
Schmitt, Laurent; Valette, L.; Valin, K. et al

in MOSELLA, XXIX (3-4) (2004)

Proposal of a method of hydro-geomorphological typology of rivers and test of a sub-basin of the Rhône River (Yzeron basin). The paper proposes a hydro-geomorphological typology method of watercourses ... [more ▼]

Proposal of a method of hydro-geomorphological typology of rivers and test of a sub-basin of the Rhône River (Yzeron basin). The paper proposes a hydro-geomorphological typology method of watercourses that might potentially be used in western Europe. The method was tested in the Yzeron basin (France). Field data were collected and analysed by multivariate statistics. Statistical results were consistent with the results of the typology model. Some recommendations are also made for the future development of automatic methods of characterization-sectorization of rivers. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards (perceived) latency minimisation in audio-conferencing systems over application-level multicast
Blundell, N.; Mathy, Laurent ULg

in Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 2004 IEEE International Conference on (2004)

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See detailL'assurance contre les catastrophes naturelles
Paris, Catherine ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale (Ed.) Actualité législative en droit immobilier (2001-2003) (2004)

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See detailStudy of the cooling process of an extruded aluminium profile
Bouffioux, Chantal ULg; Carton, Marc ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg et al

in Gosh, Somnath; Castro, Jose M.; Lee, June K. (Eds.) Proceedings of Materials Processing and Design: Modeling, Simulation and Applications (NUMIFORM 2004) (2004)

The prediction of the final axial stresses and the residual strains of complex extruded aluminium profiles requires a good knowledge of the material behavior and of the industrial process. This paper is ... [more ▼]

The prediction of the final axial stresses and the residual strains of complex extruded aluminium profiles requires a good knowledge of the material behavior and of the industrial process. This paper is focused on the methods required to provide the whole set of data: material ones and process ones. Scanning differential calorimetry, dilatometry and diffusivity tests identify thermophysic material properties and hot tensile tests identify parameters of the elastovisco- plastic Norton-Hoff law. The description of the industrial process and its simulations are described. Then a sensitivity analyzis provides the cooling key parameters causing the undesired final curvature during the industrial process. [less ▲]

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See detailStructural damage diagnosis under changing environmental conditions
Yan, A. M.; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; De Boe, Pascal et al

in 7th International Conference on Motion and Vibration Control, Saint Louis, 2004 (2004)

A method is proposed to perform structural health monitoring under varying environmental and operational conditions. The method is based on principal component analysis (PCA) applied to a data set ... [more ▼]

A method is proposed to perform structural health monitoring under varying environmental and operational conditions. The method is based on principal component analysis (PCA) applied to a data set containing vibration characteristics identified during the monitoring of the structure. The advantage of the method is that it does not require the measurement of environmental parameters that are taken into account as embedded variables. As the influence of environmental effects may be effectively eliminated, the residual error of the PCA prediction model remains small if the structure is healthy, and increases significantly when structural damage occurs. Novelty analysis on the residual errors provides a statistical indication of damage. The PCA-based damage detection method is illustrated using experimental data. It will also be shown that when the relationship between the vibration characteristics becomes nonlinear, PCA is advantageously replaced by one of its nonlinear generalizations. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of material parameters using bi-axial machine
Flores, Paulo; de Montleau, P.; Mathonet, V. et al

in Stören, Sigurd (Ed.) Proceedings of the 7th ESAFORM conference on Materials Forming (2004)

Experimental testing equipment is built in order to identify material parameters of complex phenomenological constitutive laws. This equipment consists in a bi-axial test machine able to perform plane ... [more ▼]

Experimental testing equipment is built in order to identify material parameters of complex phenomenological constitutive laws. This equipment consists in a bi-axial test machine able to perform plane strain and simple shear tests separately or simultaneously and a Miyauchi simple shear test device; an optical extensometer is used to identify the strain field. The article focus on the validation of the results of this new equipment by comparing with results obtained by standard machines and/or by using FEM simulations of already identified materials. The first results show that the bi-axial machine performs the plane strain test optimally and some modifications are proposed in order to improve the results for the simple shear test. Miyauchi device shows a good performance and the experimental results are compared with a FEM simulation. [less ▲]

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See detailModifying eigenvalue interactions near weak resonance
Auvray, Vincent; Dobson, Ian; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Proc. of International Symposium on Circuits and Systems (2004)

In electric power system instabilities such as subsynchronous resonance or interarea oscillations, two complex modes can approach each other in frequency and then interact by changing damping so that one ... [more ▼]

In electric power system instabilities such as subsynchronous resonance or interarea oscillations, two complex modes can approach each other in frequency and then interact by changing damping so that one of the modes becomes unstable. Selecting changes in parameters to minimize this interaction is difficult by trial and error. By analyzing the interaction as a perturbation of a weak resonance, we calculate sensitivities that indicate the parameters to be changed to minimize the interaction and stabilize the system. The method is illustrated with a simple example of two coupled linear oscillators. The use of sensitivity methods to change the type of the interaction is also demonstrated. [less ▲]

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See detailDes socles de compétences à la mise en place d'une démarche expérimentale à l'école primaire : intervention en formation initiale des enseignants
Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Stegen, Pierre; Graftiau, Marie-Christine et al

in Herphelin, Martine (Ed.) Actes du troisième congrès des chercheurs en éducation : (re)trouver le plaisir d'enseigner et d 'apprendre; construire savoirs et compétences (2004)

Dans le cadre de ce projet de recherche-action, une collaboration étroite entre deux services universitaires de Liège (Service de Didactique générale , faculté de Psychopédagogie et service de Chimie ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de ce projet de recherche-action, une collaboration étroite entre deux services universitaires de Liège (Service de Didactique générale , faculté de Psychopédagogie et service de Chimie organique - faculté des Sciences) et la Haute École Charlemagne (Liège et Huy) s’est mise en place pendant trois ans. La question centrale qui a guidé le travail durant ces trois années est : « Comment incorporer, dans le curriculum de formation des futurs instituteurs, des mises en situation favorisant le développement de leur capacité à construire des activités d’apprentissages faisant intervenir des démarches expérimentales telles que présentées dans le document « Socles de compétences » ? ». L’objet de la collaboration entre les différents partenaires concernés a été la construction d’un outil de formation prenant place dans les ateliers de formation professionnelle (AFP) des futurs enseignants. Cet outil de formation a pris la forme d’un module qui s’est articulé sur une démarche en trois temps : • Faire vivre aux futurs enseignants une démarche de recherche expérimentale concrète, au départ d’une énigme scientifique à leur niveau ; • Prendre du recul face au vécu pour faire identifier par les stagiaires les fondements didactiques de la démarche de formation et prolonger cette réflexion métacognitive par des moments de théorisation sur les contenus visés ; • Construire ensemble des séquences de leçons mettant en place une démarche expérimentale et les tester dans des classes du primaire Ce dispositif a été testé à cinq reprises, dans des situations différentes, à la Haute École Charlemagne dans les implantations de Liège et de Huy. Un document en cinq volumes constitue le rapport final qui clôture les trois années de recherche pour l’AGERS. Il est construit comme un outil destiné aux enseignants des Hautes Ecoles (psychopédagogues et/ou professeur de sciences) ainsi qu’aux maîtres de formation pratique. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence de la variété sur le développement de mycosphaerella graminicola et sur les stratégies de protection fongicide chez le blé
Bodson, Bernard ULg; Amand, O.; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg et al

in Conférence internationale sur les maladies des plantes (2003, December 03)

Mycosphaerella graminicola development is mainly influenced by climatic conditions; Rainrall, relative humidity and temperature are main para&meters taken in account in fungi development models and in ... [more ▼]

Mycosphaerella graminicola development is mainly influenced by climatic conditions; Rainrall, relative humidity and temperature are main para&meters taken in account in fungi development models and in decision support system for control of this wheat disease (Moreau and Maraite, 2000). However field trains have also shown that various crop parameters such variety susceptibility, have to be taken into consideration for optimum fungicide protection. [less ▲]

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See detailStabilization of periodic orbits in a wedge billiard
Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg; Gerard, Manuel

in Proceedings of the 42nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2003, December)

This paper introduces a stabilization problem for an elementary impact control system in the plane. The rich dynamical properties of the wedge billiard, combined to the relevance of the associated ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces a stabilization problem for an elementary impact control system in the plane. The rich dynamical properties of the wedge billiard, combined to the relevance of the associated stabilization problem for feedback control issues in legged robotics make it a valuable benchmark for energy-based stabilization of impact control systems. [less ▲]

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See detailLCA et rééducation isocinétique : analyse critique
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg

in Actes de la XXIIème Journée scientifique de l’AMISEK « Controverses en chirurgie et rééducation du genou » (2003, December)

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See detailMale hypogonadism caused by isolated LH deficiency : From pathology to gene, from gene to physiology
Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Salvi, R.; Pralong, F. et al

in Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine Society : December 2003 (2003, December)

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See detailAdvances in the time integration of Dynamical Systems. Applications to Crashworthiness problems
Noels, Ludovic ULg; Stainier, Laurent ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of the International Crashworthiness and Design Symposium 2003 (2003, December)

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See detailSegmentation by adaptive prediction and region merging
Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg; Talbot, Hugues

in Digital Image Computing Techniques and Applications, Volume II (2003, December)

This paper presents a segmentation technique based on prediction and adaptive region merging. While many techniques for segmentation exist, few of them are suited for the segmentation of natural images ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a segmentation technique based on prediction and adaptive region merging. While many techniques for segmentation exist, few of them are suited for the segmentation of natural images containing regular textures defined on non-rectangular segments. In this paper, we propose a description of regions based on a deconvolution algorithm whose purpose is to remove the influence of the shape on region contents. The decoupling of shape and texture information is achieved either by adapting waveforms to the segment shape, which is a time-consuming task that needs to be repeated for each segment shape, or by the extrapolation of a signal to fit a rectangular window, which is the chosen path. The deconvolution algorithm is the key of a new segmentation technique that uses extrapolation as a prediction of neighbouring regions. When the prediction of a region fits the actual content of a connected region reasonably well, both regions are merged. The segmentation process starts with an over-segmented image. It progressively merges neighbouring regions whose extrapolations fit according to an energy criterion. After each merge, the algorithm updates the values of the merging criterion for regions connected to the merged region pair. It stops when no further gain is achieved in merging regions or when mean values of adjacent regions are too different. Simulation results indicate that, although our technique is tailored for natural images containing periodic signals and flat regions, it is in fact usable for a large set of natural images. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom Fantômas to The Dice Cup : Poetry and the Boundaries of Novelization
Delville, Michel ULg

in baetens, jan (Ed.) La novellisation (2003, November 23)

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See detailThe genus Biernatella Balinski, 1977 (Brachiopoda) from the late Frasnian of Belgium
Mottequin, Bernard ULg

in Dhondt, A. (Ed.) Academic Session in honour of Pierre Bultynck : RBINS, Brussels 22 November 2003 (2003, November 22)

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See detailL'Entéropathie Epizootique du Lapin (EEL) : étude du rôle des infections par clostridium perfringens dans l’étio-pathogénie de ce syndrome
Dewrée, Roxane; Licois, Dominique; Coudert, Pierre et al

in Proceedings of the 10èmes Journées de la Recherche Cunicole (2003, November 20)

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See detailCanister free videogrammetry system for thermal vacuum and space applications
Roose, Stéphane ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg; Bolsee, Jean-Christophe et al

in Decker, J.; Brown, N. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Conference on Recent Developments in Traceable Dimensional Measurements, (2003, November 20)

The development of a canister-free videogrammetry system is presented. Applications in view, are coordinate measurements during thermal vacuum test and on-baord space flight metrology of mechanical ... [more ▼]

The development of a canister-free videogrammetry system is presented. Applications in view, are coordinate measurements during thermal vacuum test and on-baord space flight metrology of mechanical structures, reflectors and antenna's. The paper presents the breadboard system architecture. Two breadboards have been developed. One is based on a space-qualified micro-imager camera. Lenses and flashers are all commercial components and have been made vacuum compatible. Results of accuracy (typically 50ppm) and resolution (typically 25 ppm) tests, in ambient and in vacuum are also presented. [less ▲]

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See detailL'Entéropathie Epizootique du Lapin (EEL) : un bilan provisoire des résultats après 20 mois de recherches
Marlier, Didier ULg; Dewrée, Roxane; Licois, Dominique et al

in Proceedings of the 10èmes Journées de la Recherche Cunicole (2003, November 20)

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See detailEssais de reproduction expérimentale de l'entéropathie épizootique du lapin (EEL) avec des inoculums originaires de Belgique et des Pays-Bas et avec des souches bactériennes isolées de ces inoculums ainsi que de TEC2 et TEC3 (inoculums INRA)
Licois, Dominique; Dewrée, Roxane; Coudert, Pierre et al

in Proceedings of the 10èmes Journées de la Recherche Cunicole (2003, November 20)

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See detailPregnancy diagnosis in sheep by means of ultrasound and ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (ovPAGs)
Verberckmoes, S; Vandaele, L; De Cat, S et al

in Proceeding of pregnancy diagnosis in sheep by means of ultrasound and ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (2003, November 17)

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See detailTraffic Effects of Driver Assistance Systems – The Approach within INVENT
Benz, T.; Christen, Fréderic ULg; Lerner, G. et al

(2003, November 16)

Within the German Research Initiative INVENT, the partial project „Verkehrliche Wirkung, Recht und Akzeptanz (VRA)“ deals with traffic effects, legal aspects, acceptance and economics of driver assistance ... [more ▼]

Within the German Research Initiative INVENT, the partial project „Verkehrliche Wirkung, Recht und Akzeptanz (VRA)“ deals with traffic effects, legal aspects, acceptance and economics of driver assistance systems. This presentation gives examples for the consulting services of VRA as well as for the early simulations of a driver assistance system. Such simulations vary in scale from basic functions over driving situations and traffic situations to traffic scenarios. Results are presented for the basic functions and driving situations for a stop-and-go extension of adaptive cruise control. [less ▲]

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See detailOptical and mechanical design of a straylight rejection baffle for CoRoT
Plesseria, Jean-Yves ULg; Mazy, Emmanuel ULg; Defise, Jean-Marc ULg et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2003, November 01)

The COROT mission is part of the program "Petites Missions" of CNES (French space agency). It implies international cooperation between France, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Spain and the European Space ... [more ▼]

The COROT mission is part of the program "Petites Missions" of CNES (French space agency). It implies international cooperation between France, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Spain and the European Space Agency (ESA). COROT aims to perform astroseismology measurements and to detect exoplanets. Long duration observations of stars will be used to detect periodic variations with an afocal telescope followed by a dioptric objective and 4 CCDs. Due to the orbit of the spacecraft (low altitude polar orbit) and even if the observation are performed in a direction perpendicular to orbit plane, the measurements can be disturbed by the straylight reflected on the earth (albedo) that can generate periodic perturbation. CSL is in charge of the design and procurement, with the help of Belgian industries, of a baffle and its protective cover that will be mounted on top of the afocal entrance telescope. The requirements are very stringent from the optical point of view as well as from the mechanical point of view. The rejection of the baffle must be of the order of 10[SUP]13[/SUP] for field angles above 20 degrees while the allocated mass is 19 kilograms. [less ▲]

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See detailModélisation d'une semelle filante de fondation: influence de la règle d'écoulement, de l'angle de Lode et du maillage.
El Hammoumi, O.; Charlier, Robert ULg

in Int. Conf. FondSup - Fondations Superficielles (2003, November)

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See detailManagement of Electric and Hybrid vehicles
Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg; Yuan, H.

(2003, November)

The battery management system (BMS) is an important feature for electric (EVs) and hybrid (HVs) vehicles. The BMS has close connections with the vehicle control and command and gives access to real time ... [more ▼]

The battery management system (BMS) is an important feature for electric (EVs) and hybrid (HVs) vehicles. The BMS has close connections with the vehicle control and command and gives access to real time power available and remaining autonomy. Such information is dramatic and comprises major inputs of the hybrid vehicle strategy on the road. The BMS is obviously related to battery modeling. Electrochemical modeling would be based on the qualification of the intrinsic chemical reactions and would help to define the parameters of the battery. Generally it is hopeless to use this model in such applications, due to all its complexities [less ▲]

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See detailRole of estrogens in the modulation of inflammatory pain : a study in aromatase knock-out mice using the trigeminal formalin model
Multon, Sylvie ULg; RIKIR, Estelle ULg; HALLEUX, Sandrine ULg et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 33th Annual Meeting Society for Neuroscience (Nov 2003) (2003, November)

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See detailMMP-2 and MMP-9 activity is increased in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of asthmatic cats
Kirschvink, N.; Delvaux, François ULg; Leemans, J. et al

in Autumn Meeting, Belgian Society of Fundamental and Clinical physiology and Pharmacology - Liège - Belgique - novembre 2003 (2003, November)

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See detailL'Observatoire de la consommation alimentaire
Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg; Cordier, L.; Duquesne, B. et al

in Vers une politique de qualité, à quel prix ? (2003, October 08)

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See detailCan GENIE characterize debris disks around nearby stars?
Absil, Olivier ULg; Kaltenegger, L.; Eiroa, C. et al

in Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas (Eds.) Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets (2003, October 01)

The Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment will combine the light collected by two or more VLT telescopes and make them interfere in a destructive way, thereby revealing the close ... [more ▼]

The Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment will combine the light collected by two or more VLT telescopes and make them interfere in a destructive way, thereby revealing the close neighborhood of nearby stars. Operating at mid-infrared wavelengths, GENIE will be particularly sensible to warm circumstellar dust. This paper presents simulated observations of the debris disk around the nearby A2V star zeta Leporis obtained with the GENIE simulation software. Parameters such as inclination, density power-law exponent and inner radius can be retrieved with a relative precision of 1% or better using only six observations of 15 minutes. In the context of the DARWIN/TPF mission, warm circumstellar dust could be a serious limitation to the detection of Earth-like exoplanets. This paper shows that GENIE will detect disks as faint as 23 times our local zodiacal cloud around Sun-like stars at 10 pc, and will thus allow to discard unsuitable targets for DARWIN/TPF. [less ▲]

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See detailGENIEsim: the GENIE simulation software
Absil, Olivier ULg; den Hartog, R.; Erd, C. et al

in Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas (Eds.) Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets (2003, October 01)

GENIEsim, the GENIE simulation software, is an IDL-based code to simulate future observations with the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment, which should be commissioned on the Very ... [more ▼]

GENIEsim, the GENIE simulation software, is an IDL-based code to simulate future observations with the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment, which should be commissioned on the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) in 2007. The code simulates operation in the mid-infrared (L' and N bands) and includes all major noise sources. The atmospheric turbulence is described by a Kolmogorov power spectrum, from which random time series are computed for perturbations to the optical paths. The effect of turbulence is reduced by means of control loops, which are either included in the VLTI facility (MACAO, PRIMA) or specific to the GENIE instrument. The output of GENIEsim is a time series of fluxes computed by integration of a source field multiplied by the GENIE transmission map, projected onto the plane of the sky. Simulations have already allowed to identify critical points in the design of the instrument, such as OPD and dispersion control, calibration of stellar leakage and background subtraction. [less ▲]

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See detailBirefringent achromatic phase shifters for nulling interferometry and phase coronagraphy
Mawet, D.; Baudrand, J.; Lenaerts, Cedric ULg et al

in Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets (2003, October 01)

Achromatic Phase Shifters are mandatory components in the field of nulling interferometry and phase coronagraphy. Indeed, in order to detect faint objects (e.g. exo-planets) around a central bright star ... [more ▼]

Achromatic Phase Shifters are mandatory components in the field of nulling interferometry and phase coronagraphy. Indeed, in order to detect faint objects (e.g. exo-planets) around a central bright star, one must attenuate the latter by all means. To do this, the most efficient way is to "create" a destructive interference on the blinding light. This technique is called nulling and is common to the two fields mentioned above; the first with several telescopes, the second with only a single aperture. How does it work? The incoming light from the central object is divided into several beams on which one applies a differential Ï phase shift by means of these so-called phase shifters. Then, when the beams are properly recombined together, they simply subtract from each other. "Achromatic" means that we can apply this process over a large spectral bandwidth. This quality will not only be required for the detection and characterization of exo-planets but also for several other astrophysical objects involving huge contrasts like dust shells around young bright stars, AGN,... The proposed birefringent phase shifters and the original implementation schemes we suggest should provide flexible and powerful solutions for these purposes. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterisation of disks around YSOs with GENIE
Kaltenegger, Lisa; Absil, Olivier ULg; Eiroa, Carlos et al

in Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas (Eds.) Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets (2003, October 01)

Recent interferometric observations show that the interfered near-IR size of the circumstellar material around Young Stellar Object (YSO) are larger than those expected from accretion disk models. There ... [more ▼]

Recent interferometric observations show that the interfered near-IR size of the circumstellar material around Young Stellar Object (YSO) are larger than those expected from accretion disk models. There are currently different models that account for the excess IR emission of Young Stellar Objects (YSO). At the same time, the answers to many questions on the evolutionary status and the origin of the activity and variability depend critically on the relative importance of circumstellar distribution of material in disks or envelopes at different spatial scales. Operating at mid-infrared wavelengths, the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment (GENIE) will be particularly sensitive to warm circumstellar dust and will thus provide the opportunity to characterize dust disks around YSOs. Observations with GENIE will enable us to investigate the properties of the circumstellar dust, which are responsible for the excess near-infrared fluxes. The nulling of the central star will bring out the disk in much more detail and hence put stronger constraints on these models. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Ground-based European Nulling Interferometry Experiment (DARWIN-GENIE)
Gondoin, P.; Absil, Olivier ULg; den Hartog, R. et al

in Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas (Eds.) Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets (2003, October 01)

Darwin is one of the most challenging space projects ever considered by the European Space Agency (ESA). Its principal objectives are to detect Earth-like planets around nearby stars and to characterise ... [more ▼]

Darwin is one of the most challenging space projects ever considered by the European Space Agency (ESA). Its principal objectives are to detect Earth-like planets around nearby stars and to characterise their atmospheres. Darwin is conceived as a space "nulling interferometer" which makes use of on-axis destructive interferences to extinguish the stellar light while keeping the off-axis signal of the orbiting planet. Within the frame of the Darwin program, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) intend to build a ground-based technology demonstrator called GENIE (Ground based European Nulling Interferometry Experiment). Such a ground-based demonstrator built around the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) in Paranal will test some of the key technologies required for the Darwin Infrared Space Interferometer. It will demonstrate that nulling interferometry can be achieved in a broad mid-IR band as a precursor to the next phase of the Darwin program. [less ▲]

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See detailCould GENIE detect hot Jupiters?
den Hartog, Roland; Absil, Olivier ULg; Kaltenegger, L. et al

in Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas (Eds.) Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets (2003, October 01)

The prime objective of GENIE (Ground-based European Nulling Interferometry Experiment) is to obtain experience with the design, construction and operation of an IR nulling interferometer, as a preparation ... [more ▼]

The prime objective of GENIE (Ground-based European Nulling Interferometry Experiment) is to obtain experience with the design, construction and operation of an IR nulling interferometer, as a preparation for the DARWIN/TPF mission. In this context, the detection of a planet orbiting another star would provide an excellent demonstration of nulling interferometry. Doing this through the atmosphere, however, is a formidable task. In this paper we assess the prospects of detecting, with nulling interferometry on ESO's VLT, a Hot Jupiter, a giant planet in a close orbit around its parent star. First we discuss the definition of the optimal target. Then we present a simulated observation of the Tau Bootis system, which suggests that GENIE, in a L'-band single Bracewell configuration, could detect the hot Jupiter in a few hours time with a signal-to-noise ratio of up to ~80. Although there are strong requirements on the control-loop performance, background subtraction and accuracy of the photometry calibration, we conclude that at present there do not seem to be fundamental problems that would prevent GENIE from detecting hot Jupiters. Hence the answer to the question in the title is yes. [less ▲]

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See detailOverview of the DARWIN mission
Kaltenegger, L.; Karlsson, A.; Fridlund, M. et al

in Fridlund, Malcolm; Henning, Thomas (Eds.) Towards Other Earths: DARWIN/TPF and the Search for Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets (2003, October 01)

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See detailProfil isocinétique des fléchisseurs et extenseurs du coude
Maquet, Didier ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in Abstract book des 4èmes Journées Belges d’Isocinétisme (2003, October)

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See detailTeaching small animal clinical nutrition in Belgium
Diez, Marianne ULg; Hesta, Myriam

in Kamphues, J.; Wolf, P. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 7th ESVCN Conference (2003, October)

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