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See detailLes Français, les Suisses, l’Empire (1499–1516)
Marchandisse, Alain ULg

in Viganò, Marino (Ed.) Marignano 1515 : la svolta. Atti del congresso internazionale, Milano, 13 settembre 2014 (2015)

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See detailLes contrats immobiliers. La promotion immobilière et la loi Breyne
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques Notariales (2015)

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See detailEvaluation de l’efficacité d’une approche didactique en formation d’enseignants du secondaire supérieur : la compétence schématiser en sciences biologiques
Poffé, Corentin ULg; Laschet, Mélanie ULg; Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg

in Detroz, Pascal; Borsu, Olivier (Eds.) L'évaluation à la lumière des contextes et des disciplines (2015)

Présentation d'un dispositif d'évaluation de l'efficacité d'une intervention didactique en formation d'enseignants en sciences biologiques portant sur les supports d'enseignement, et plus particulièrement ... [more ▼]

Présentation d'un dispositif d'évaluation de l'efficacité d'une intervention didactique en formation d'enseignants en sciences biologiques portant sur les supports d'enseignement, et plus particulièrement, la compétence schématiser. Une analyse des besoins, une construction d'un module de formation et son administration puis l'évaluation du dispositif construit, tant au niveau des futurs enseignants qu'au niveau des formateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of moving boundary and finite-volume heat exchanger models in Modelica language
Desideri, Adriano ULg; Dechesne, Bertrand ULg; Wronski, Jorrit et al

in 3rd International seminar on ORC power systems, Brussels 12-14 October 2015 (2015)

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See detailLes mentions d'auteurs antiques dans les chansons de geste françaises
Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Haugeard, Philippe; Ribémont, Bernard (Eds.) Chanson de geste et savoirs savants, Convergences et interférences (2015)

Les origines savantes ou populaires des épopées françaises médiévales ont longtemps fait débat. Il s'avère que ces textes contiennent un très grand nombre de références à des personnages issus de ... [more ▼]

Les origines savantes ou populaires des épopées françaises médiévales ont longtemps fait débat. Il s'avère que ces textes contiennent un très grand nombre de références à des personnages issus de l’Antiquité qui témoignent d’une formation scolaire chez les auteurs des chansons. Sur la base d'un examen de l'ensemble du corpus, cette étude s'intéresse plus particulièrement aux mentions explicites faites à des auteurs antiques, qu'ils soient grecs (Homère, Aristote, Platon) ou latins (Virgile, Ovide, César, Caton, Sénèque). En tenant de déterminer les traditions qui ont pu nourrir l'inspiration des auteurs des chansons de geste, elle s'emploie à définir les situations dans lesquelles les références en question apparaissent, et s’interroge sur les finalités que poursuivent les poètes à travers l’évocation des auteurs antiques, dont certains, comme César ou Virgile, sont davantage restés dans les mémoires pour des éléments réels ou imaginaires de leur vie plutôt que pour leur œuvre. [less ▲]

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See detailLandslide Susceptibility Mapping with Data Mining Methods—a Case Study from Maily-Say, Kyrgyzstan
Braun, A.; Fernandez-Steeger, T.; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg et al

in Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 2: Landslide Processes (2015)

Abstract: Multiple factors, such as geology, high mountain topography, seismic activity, climatic conditions and mining activities cause significant landslide hazard in the region around Maily-Say ... [more ▼]

Abstract: Multiple factors, such as geology, high mountain topography, seismic activity, climatic conditions and mining activities cause significant landslide hazard in the region around Maily-Say, Kyrgyzstan. To assess the landslide susceptibility a database containing landslide information and geological, morphological and hydrological parameters associated with landslide occurrence was established and analyzed with different data mining algorithms. The most promising results were achieved with an Artificial Neural ... [less ▲]

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See detailModeling accessibility to schools: the case of Wallonia, Belgium
Maldague, Hubert ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg; Cools, Mario ULg

in Rasouli, Soora; Timmermans, Harry (Eds.) Current Issues in Transportation Research, Proceedings of the BIVEC/GIBET Transport Research Days 2015 (2015)

Several recent studies about school mobility highlighted the significant decline of active modes and public transport's modal shares. Associated with this decline, it can be observed that distances ... [more ▼]

Several recent studies about school mobility highlighted the significant decline of active modes and public transport's modal shares. Associated with this decline, it can be observed that distances between home and schools have been rising the last two decades. To develop appropriate policies alleviating the negative effects of the increased motorization in the school commute, a diagnosis of probable causes is required. To perform this diagnosis, we develop an accessibility-based methodology using data stemming from the Belgian national household travel (BELDAM) survey. Gamma-functions are calibrated to describe the use of different transport modes according to their relative travel times. Data from OpenStreetMap are used to describe the Walloon roads network in terms of the maximum allowed vehicle speed and length for each link. Properties of the network are modified to match with other transport modes. Maps of accessibility to schools are computed for each transport mode by merging the value of access time represented by isochrones and the calibrated gamma-functions. [less ▲]

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See detailMigrants in industrial zones - Push and pull factors. A case study in industrial zones in Bac Ninh province, Vietnam
Ngo Trung, Thanh; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Nguyen Thi, Dien

in Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Ed.) ARES "Gender, migration and rural development" (2015)

Since migration was mentioned as a pattern of development, the debates have never ended. In Vietnam, the industrial zone has been developed rapidly for more than 20 years. However, the rate of migrant ... [more ▼]

Since migration was mentioned as a pattern of development, the debates have never ended. In Vietnam, the industrial zone has been developed rapidly for more than 20 years. However, the rate of migrant labor is high. Based on push and pull theory of migration the study is to find the reasons that push or pull rural labors to migrate to industrial zones. By surveying 190 migrants in industrial zone, the study found that the employment in the zones is not stable in the long run. Migration not always driven by poor economic condition of the houhsehold in the areas of origin, it is the way of life of young rural labor and the migrants in the zones seem to be pulled rather than pushed. [less ▲]

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See detailDuality of migrant lives: Gendered migration and agricultural production in Red River Delta region, Vietnam
Nguyen Thi, Dien; Nguyen Thi Minh Khué, ULg; Ngo Trung, Thanh et al

in Académie de Recherche et d'Enseignement Supérieur (ARES) (Ed.) ARES "Gender, migration and rural development" (2015)

This research analyzes the gender dimensions of labor migration and agricultural production among farm households in Red River Delta region of Vietnam. Through surveying 215 households in Bac Ninh ... [more ▼]

This research analyzes the gender dimensions of labor migration and agricultural production among farm households in Red River Delta region of Vietnam. Through surveying 215 households in Bac Ninh province, the paper explores impacts of female and male migration on agricultural production and its implications on rural development. The results show that in comparison to male migration household, the female one tends to focus on agricultural production by taking the opportunities to rent more land (26.3%) and effective use their own allocated land for agricultural production (97.4%). The overall impacts of migration on agricultural production are the aging of farm labor force (49.6 year old in average) and higher female participation in agricultural production. The findings suggest that female migrants have a greater contribution in agriculture production both in term of working time and agricultural capital investment while male migrants enhance household income by accumulating capital outside agriculture. Through the gender lens, this research emphasizes the duality in the nature of migrant lives and the implications of rural labor migration on the fixed categories. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyzing Access, Egress, and Main Transport Mode of Public Transit Journeys: Evidence from the Flemish National Household Travel Survey
Creemers, Lieve; Bellemans, Tom; Janssens, Davy et al

in Proceedings of the 94th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (2015)

The primary objective of this paper is to explore the influence of socio-demographic and contextual variables on the multimodal character of public transit journeys. Accounting for multimodality in public ... [more ▼]

The primary objective of this paper is to explore the influence of socio-demographic and contextual variables on the multimodal character of public transit journeys. Accounting for multimodality in public transit journeys is important from a demand modeling point of view, especially in the assessment of new projected public transit infrastructure. To meet the objective, data from the national household travel survey of Flanders (Belgium) is analyzed. Based on 2,202 public transit journeys, the main public transit mode choice (bus/tram/metro or train) and access/egress mode choice are simultaneously estimated using a multinomial logit model, and by explicitly making a distinction between unimodal and multimodal transit journeys. The results indicate that various socio-demographical (e.g. age, gender, level of education, household income) and contextual factors (e.g. journey distance, journey motive, urbanization degree, car availability) significantly influence the joint decision process. Total journey distance and car availability are identified as the most important explanatory variables. In terms of model performance, the model appears to yield satisfactory predictions, justifying the integration of the model in more general demand modeling frameworks. [less ▲]

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See detailAmbulatory system using wearable accelerometers for gait analysis in Parkinson’s disease
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Demonceau, Marie ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 14th Belgian Day on Biomedical Engineering (2015)

We describe a signal-processing algorithm for gait analysis in Parkinson’s disease (PD) using an ambulatory system with wearable accelerometers. This algorithm is versatile enough to detect, on a stride ... [more ▼]

We describe a signal-processing algorithm for gait analysis in Parkinson’s disease (PD) using an ambulatory system with wearable accelerometers. This algorithm is versatile enough to detect, on a stride-by-stride basis, refined gait parameters that quantify subtle gait disturbances in PD in a rater-independent way. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental investigation of shear bolted connections for tubular racking structures
D'Antimo, Marina ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in XXV Congresso CTA: Salerno 1-3 ottobre 2015 (2015)

The competition in the field of storage racking structures is so that the companies proposing structural solutions for such structures are always looking for an optimisation of the structural elements ... [more ▼]

The competition in the field of storage racking structures is so that the companies proposing structural solutions for such structures are always looking for an optimisation of the structural elements, through the use of optimized thin wall members, and for an optimisation on site, by proposing easy and cheap connections to limit the time of construction. Within this framework, a simple connection with long bolts for tubular racking structures represents an interesting solution whose shear resistance is not covered by the rules provided by the current EC3. In order to verify the possibility to extend the formulations given in EC3 for connections between plates elements to this kind of connection solution in the present paper the results of an experimental campaign on 24 bolted connections, between hollow tube and long through bolts, are presented and analysed. In particular the attention is focused on the bearing failure mode around the tube’s hole due to bolt’s shank contact pressure. The performed analyses evidenced, preliminarily, that Eurocode 3 gives conservative values for the prediction of the bearing resistance. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanical behaviour of tape springs used in the deployment of reflectors around a solar panel
Dewalque, Florence ULg; Collette, Jean-Paul; Bruls, Olivier ULg

in Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Mechanics and Materials in Design (M2D) (2015)

In order to increase the production of power on small satellites, large solar panels are commonly deployed and, in some cases, reflectors are added to improve the concentration factor on solar cells. In ... [more ▼]

In order to increase the production of power on small satellites, large solar panels are commonly deployed and, in some cases, reflectors are added to improve the concentration factor on solar cells. In this work, reflectors are deployed by the means of compliant mechanisms known as tape springs. Their attractive characteristics are, among others, their passive behaviour, their self-locking capacity, their elastic deformations and their robustness. It is shown here through parametric studies that the behaviour of a tape spring is mainly governed by its geometry. Thus, for each specific application, its dimensions must be determined in order to minimise two critical features: the maximum stresses affecting the structure and the maximum amplitudes of motion during deployment. In this paper, an optimisation procedure is proposed to meet these requirements. [less ▲]

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See detailCharles de Méan, trait d'union entre Rome et le Code civil?
Lagasse, Benoît ULg

in De ruysscher, Dave; Cappelle, Kaat; Colette, Maarten (Eds.) et al Rechtsgeschiedenis op nieuwe wegen (2015)

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See detailAnalyse des contraintes de développement du fruit de la passion au Burundi. Cas de la commune Matongo province Kayanza
Bashangwa Mpozi, Bosco ULg; Ndimanya, Patrice; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Brot, Jean (Ed.) Les Cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde n° 30-2015 : XXXes Journées sur le Développement "Ethique, entrepreneuriat et développement" (2015)

Face à une situation de manque de terre et de pression démographique sans aucune amélioration des techniques de production, le choix des cultures à pratiquer permettant de rentabiliser la petite surface ... [more ▼]

Face à une situation de manque de terre et de pression démographique sans aucune amélioration des techniques de production, le choix des cultures à pratiquer permettant de rentabiliser la petite surface agricole disponible devient donc crucial pour les producteurs de Matongo en particulier et du Burundi en général. C'est dans ce contexte que le fruit de la passion est intégré dans les systèmes de production de certains ménages de Matongo dans le but d'améliorer leurs conditions de vie grâce à un supplément de revenu. Vu l'état actuel de la vulnérabilité de l'agriculture et de l'économie dans cette commune, il s'avère important de connaître les contraintes rencontrées par les adoptants du fruit de la passion en tenant compte de l'environnement dans lequel se pratique sa culture. [less ▲]

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See detailDrift of tilted shielded rotary atomisers based on wind tunnel measurements
Ouled Taleb Salah, Sofiene ULg; Massinon, Mathieu ULg; De Cock, Nicolas ULg et al

in Proceedings of International Symposium on Crop Protection Ghent 2015 (2015)

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See detailDamage analysis of laminated composites with LMS Samtech SAMCEF: validation on industrial applications
Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Delsemme, Jean-Pierre; Jetteur, Philippe et al

in American Society for Composites 30th technical Conference (2015)

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See detailUse of polypropylene fibers coated with nano-silica particles into a cementitious mortar
Coppola, Bartolomeo ULg; Di Maio, Luciano; Scarfato, Paola et al

in POLYMER PROCESSING WITH RESULTING MORPHOLOGY AND PROPERTIES: FEET IN THE PRESENT AND EYES AT THE FUTURE (2015)

Fiber reinforced cementitious composite (FRCC) materials have been widely used during last decades in order to overcome some of traditional cementitious materials issues: brittle behaviour, fire ... [more ▼]

Fiber reinforced cementitious composite (FRCC) materials have been widely used during last decades in order to overcome some of traditional cementitious materials issues: brittle behaviour, fire resistance, cover spalling, impact strength. For composite materials, fiber/matrix bond plays an important role because by increasing fiber/matrix interactions is possible to increase the behaviour of the entire material. In this study, in order to improve fiber to matrix adhesion, two chemical treatments of polypropylene fibers were investigated: alkaline hydrolysis and nano-silica sol-gel particles deposition. Treatmtents effect on fibers morphology and mechanical properties was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and tensile tests. SEM investigations report the presence of spherical nano-silica particles on fiber surface, in the case of sol-gel process, while alkaline hydrolysis leads to an increase of fibers roughness. Both treatments have negligible influence on fibers mechanical properties confirming the possibility of their use in a cementitious mortar. Pullout tests were carried out considering three embedded length of fibers in mortar samples (10, 20 and 30 mm, respectively) showing an increase of pullout energy for treated fibers. The influence on fiber reinforced mortar mechanical properties was investigated by three-point flexural tests on prismatic specimens considering two fibers length (15 and 30 mm) and two fibers volume fractions (0.50 and 1.00 %). A general increase of flexural strength over the reference mix was achieved and an overall better behaviour is recognizable for mortars containing treated fibers. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards an Archaeological Information System: Improving the Core Data Model
Van Ruymbeke, Muriel ULg; Carré, Cyril ULg; Delfosse, Vincent ULg et al

in Giligny, F.; Djindjian, F.; Costa, L. (Eds.) et al CAA 2014 21st century Archaeology : Concepts methods and tools : Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (2015)

The use of Geographic Information Systems within the field of archaeology has been demonstrated through numerous scientific studies in the past. However, such systems do not usually encompass all the ... [more ▼]

The use of Geographic Information Systems within the field of archaeology has been demonstrated through numerous scientific studies in the past. However, such systems do not usually encompass all the characteristics of the archaeological data. Since 2009, the Geomatics Unit of the University of Liège works on the development of a robust, flexible and dynamic Archaeological Information System. The interdisciplinary research group focuses on the development of a conceptual data model based on the general characteristics of archaeological data namely its spatio-temporal, heterogeneous, multimodal and imperfect character. The following paper exposes latest output and especially the integration of archaeological data ambiguity [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of the new Common Agricultural Policy (2015-2020) on the value of direct payments and on farmers' income in Wallonia (South of Belgium)
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Kyriazopoulos, G.; Petropoulos, D. (Eds.) 1st International Conference of Development and Economy (ICODECON) : The advantages and disadvantages of Economic Crises : Book of abstracts (2015)

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See detailImpact of value chain governance on the development of small scale shrimp farmers in Vietnam
Ho, Thi Minh Hop; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Petropoulos, D.; Kyriazopoulos, G. (Eds.) 1st International Conference of Development and Economy (ICODECON) : The advantages and disadvantages of Economic Crises : Book of abstracts (2015)

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See detailAdvances in virtual process chain and connection with online monitoring methods for first time tight manufacturing of thermoset laminated composites
Brauner, Christian; Miene, Andrea; Bruyneel, Michaël ULg et al

in NAFEMS World Congress 2015 (2015)

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See detailUne mobilité résidentielle durable est-elle possible? Pratique de déplacements, modèles urbains et choix de localisation de populations résidentes en Wallonie.
Reiter, Sigrid ULg; Ghiezen, Sébastien; Pierson, Charlotte

in Actes du Colloque International APERAU 2014: "Villes à vivre: le quotidien métropolitain entre ancrage et mobilité". (2015)

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See detailElectricity storage with liquid fuels in a zone powered by 100% variable renewables
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; François-Lavet, Vincent ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the European Energy Market - EEM15 (2015)

In this work, an electricity zone with 100% renewables is simulated to determine the optimal sizing of generation and storage capacities in such a zone. Using actual wind output data, the model evaluates ... [more ▼]

In this work, an electricity zone with 100% renewables is simulated to determine the optimal sizing of generation and storage capacities in such a zone. Using actual wind output data, the model evaluates the economic viability of a power-to-fuel storage technology that combines water electrolysis, CO2 capture and methanol synthesis. The main advantage of using methanol as an energy carrier is that liquid fuels are suitable for (long-term) energy storage thanks to their high energy density. The levelized electricity cost projection by 2050 equals 83.4 €/MWh in the base case configuration. The effects of storage round-trip efficiency and the storage unit lifetime are quantified and their impacts on the electricity cost discussed. Additional benefits of using methanol as a fuel substitute may be taken into account in further work. [less ▲]

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See detailSignes et corrections dans le P.Vat. gr. 11v - Favorinos, De exsilio
Macedo, Gabriel ULg

in Marganne, Marie-Hélène; Amato, Eugenio (Eds.) Entre papyrologie, philologie et littérature. Autour du traité "Sur l'Exil" de Favorinos d'Arles. Actes de la journée d'études, Nantes 13-11-2013 (2015)

A study of scribal practices, signs and corrections on the only known copy of Favorinos' De exsilio.

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See detailLe Transport de marchandises et de personnes sur le Nil en 823 A.H./1420 È.C.
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Schubert, Alexander T.; Sijpesteijn, Petra M. (Eds.) Documents and the History of the Early Islamic World (2015)

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See detailLes nouveaux outils de diagnostic et de pronostic de la myopathie atypique
Habyarimana, Jean ULg; BOEMER, François ULg; Amory, Hélène ULg et al

in Proceeding de la 41ème Journée de la Recherche équine (2015)

In equines, ingestion of hypoglycin A, a toxin produced in the seeds (samaras) of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) tree alters the energetic metabolism of muscle cells and results in atypical myopathy ... [more ▼]

In equines, ingestion of hypoglycin A, a toxin produced in the seeds (samaras) of sycamore maple (Acer pseudoplatanus) tree alters the energetic metabolism of muscle cells and results in atypical myopathy (AM). This alterations leads to a characteristic biochemical profile of acylcarnitines (AC) that enables to confirm the diagnosis of AM. This study aims at validating a methodology for the dosage of hypoglycin A in vegetal extracts but also in blood. In addition, the biochemical profile in AC has been determined in AM cases (5 survivors and 13 deceased) and in 5 horses suffering from exercise-induced myopathy. The AC profiles of these horses have been compared to the one of healthy horses (n = 35). This study showed that hypoglycin A was present in seeds and spring seedlings of sycamore and also in blood of AM cases horses. In addition, the establishment of AC profile contributes to the diagnostic and helps to assess the prognosis of AM cases. [less ▲]

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See detailPositive operations on convective drying of sewage sludge: comparison of back mixing and sawdust addition
Li, Jie; Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th European Drying Conference (EuroDrying'2015) (2015)

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See detailCorps commun et rupture anthropologique dans la schizophrénie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

in Penser la psychose : actes du colloque du 14-16 novembre 2013 (2015)

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See detailPar(ad)is perdus. Nostalgies urbaines chez Georges Simenon et Léo Malet
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Denis, Benoît; Popovic, Pierre (Eds.) Une cité entre deux mondes. La ville dans les arts et la littérature en France entre 1958 et 1981 (2015)

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See detailIndividualized Nutrition of preterm: What are the challenges?
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in SENTERRE, Thibault (Ed.) Symposium on Intrauterine and Early Postnatal Nutrition: Long-Term Outcome (2015)

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See detailA Lower Tournaisian (Hastarian) silicified brachiopod-coral fauna from South Belgium
Denayer, Julien ULg; Mottequin, Bernard; Poty, Edouard

in Bernecker, Michaela (Ed.) 12th International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera 2015 - Abstract Volume (2015)

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See detailStudy of Normalization and Aggregation Approaches for Consensus Network Estimation
Bellot, Pau; Salembier, Philippe; Oliveras-Verges, Albert et al

in 2015 IEEE Symposium Series on Computational Intelligence (SSCI) (2015)

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See detailOn some drawbacks and possible improvements of a Lagrangian finite element approach for simulating incompressible flows
Cerquaglia, Marco Lucio ULg; Deliège, Geoffrey ULg; Boman, Romain ULg et al

in Oñate, E.; Bischoff, M.; Owen, D.R.J. (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the IV International Conference on Particle-Based Methods – Fundamentals and Applications (2015)

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See detailGeophysical investigation of the Hockai Fault Zone, Eastern Belgium
Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Nguyen, Frédéric ULg; Halleux, Lucien ULg et al

in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (2015)

In the frame of a regional project evaluating the geothermal potential of the Wallonian Region of Belgium, the Hockai Fault Zone has been identified as one of the most interesting targets. It is a ... [more ▼]

In the frame of a regional project evaluating the geothermal potential of the Wallonian Region of Belgium, the Hockai Fault Zone has been identified as one of the most interesting targets. It is a seismically active fault zone that hosted the largest historical earthquake in Northwestern Europe, the M6-6.5 Verviers event in 1692 as well as a swarm of small earthquakes that was recorded in 1989-90. On the surface, the presence of the fault zones is marked by a series of geomorphic features, such as several landslides near the borders in the northern part, repeated NW-SE oriented scarps all along the Eastern border (over a distance of 40 km), river diversions and captures with formation of paleo-valleys.... [less ▲]

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See detailBLOGUES DES ENSEIGNANTS ET IDENTITÉS NUMÉRIQUES
Vintila, Elena-Georgiana ULg

in Ţenescu, Alina; Florea, Aurelia (Eds.) IDENTITATE SI VARIAŢIE DISCURSIVĂ (2015)

Un enseignant est un être social, sa pratique dans la classe n’est qu’une composante de la complexité qui le caractérise. Dehors de la classe, ou comme un prolongement de celle-ci, les professeurs se ... [more ▼]

Un enseignant est un être social, sa pratique dans la classe n’est qu’une composante de la complexité qui le caractérise. Dehors de la classe, ou comme un prolongement de celle-ci, les professeurs se mettent à animer des blogues. Blogues des professeurs de FLE, blogues professionnels. Linguistiquement, les blogues des professeurs se classent du côté de l’ « identité » et de l’ « image de soi ». [less ▲]

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See detailLes boitiers de vote électroniques, de l’outil d’évaluation interactive au dispositif d’apprentissage actif
Younes, Nathalie; Soulier, Sebastien; Detroz, Pascal ULg

in Detroz, Pascal; Borsu, Olivier (Eds.) Actes du 27ème colloque de l ADMEE Europe : l'évaluation à la lumière des contextes et des disciplines (2015)

Outil d’évaluation interactive, les boitiers de vote, apparaissent comme un outil propice à la mise en œuvre d’une pédagogie favorisant l’engagement de tous les étudiants dans le cours et en permettant ... [more ▼]

Outil d’évaluation interactive, les boitiers de vote, apparaissent comme un outil propice à la mise en œuvre d’une pédagogie favorisant l’engagement de tous les étudiants dans le cours et en permettant une régulation du processus enseignement/apprentissage « on line ». La littérature déjà abondante apporte des éléments qui vont dans ce sens bien que certains résultats viennent également questionner les bénéfices cognitifs des BVE. Parallèlement aux comptes-rendus d’expérience, les recherches, essentiellement quantitatives, s’intéressent davantage aux appréciations des acteurs et aux performances des étudiants qu’à l’observation des usages en situation. Afin d’appréhender l’utilisation effective des BVE dans les cours, des études de cas approfondies ont été conduites à l’université Blaise Pascal selon un protocole de recueil de données reposant sur des entretiens conduits avec les enseignants avant et après des séances de cours observées et filmées ainsi qu’un recueil des points de vue des étudiants. A partir des résultats obtenus, nous avons construit un schéma théorique visant à modéliser les dimensions structurantes de l’apprentissage actif avec les boitiers qui sera présenté lors de la communication. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing resilience of dairy cattle by studying impact of heat stress on predicted feed intake
Vanrobays, Marie-Laure ULg; Hammami, Hedi ULg; Laine, Aurélie ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Third DairyCare Conference 2015 (2015)

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See detailLa cure aux eaux de Balaruc selon Nicolas Dortoman : Traits communs au thermalisme renaissant et particularités d'après le De causis et effectibus
Xhayet, Geneviève ULg

in Meyers, Jean, Pérez-Jean, Brigitte (Ed.) Nicolas Dortoman et Balaruc : La médecine thermale à la Renaissance (2015)

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See detailA repair quality control with elastic waves based methods vs. substrate quality
Garbacz, Andrzej; Piotrowski, Tomasz; Courard, Luc ULg et al

in Dehn; Beushausen, Hans (Eds.) Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting IV (2015)

An adhesion in repair system is one of the most important factors that affect the repair efficiency. The elaboration of reliable nondestructive method for an adhesion mapping is one of the most important ... [more ▼]

An adhesion in repair system is one of the most important factors that affect the repair efficiency. The elaboration of reliable nondestructive method for an adhesion mapping is one of the most important tasks. A majority of NDT methods mentioned in EN 1504-10 and ACI Concrete Repair Manual for assessment of concrete structures are based on propagation of stress waves. However, these investigations are rarely focused on evaluation of bond strength. Repair system is difficult to test with NDT methods because of many factors influencing stress wave propagation. In this paper the effect of a quality of concrete substrate on propagation of stress waves in repair system and their influence on possibility of estimation of the bond strength is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailU-Pb monazite dating of the Turee Creek Group sedimentary succession: implications on the rise of oxygen and glacial events
Caquineau, Tom; Paquette, Jean Louis; François, Camille ULg et al

in Goldschmidt Conference Abstract, Prague, CZ, 2015 (2015)

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See detailLe Portrait d'homme en armure de Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo : un portrait présumé de Gaston de Foix
Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Barreto, Joana; Quaranta, Gabriele; Nativel, Colette (Eds.) Voir Gaston de Foix (1512-2012). Métamorphoses européennes d'un héros paradoxal (2015)

Cette enquête est dédiée au "Portrait d'homme en armure", l'une des œuvres les plus célèbres du peintre Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo. Elle se concentre sur l'identification présumée du modèle avec Gaston de ... [more ▼]

Cette enquête est dédiée au "Portrait d'homme en armure", l'une des œuvres les plus célèbres du peintre Giovanni Gerolamo Savoldo. Elle se concentre sur l'identification présumée du modèle avec Gaston de Foix et sur les raisons de cette association. Elle s'attache également à l'histoire ancienne du tableau, qui peut être restituée avec précision : l’œuvre, qui provient de la collection de peintures de François Ier, a été conservée dans l'appartement des bains du château de Fontainebleau. Enfin, les intentions du premier roi Valois sont interrogées. Pourquoi et comment François Ier a-t-il acquis ce portrait et, surtout, pourquoi l'a-t-il exposé dans les salles du château qui étaient dédiées au bain ? [less ▲]

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See detailGIS-Based Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in the Great Lakes Region of Africa, Case Study of Bujumbura Burundi
Nibigira, Léonidas ULg; Draidia, Salah ULg; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg

in Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 2: Landslide Processes (2015)

Abstract: Landslides in Central Africa represent a constant threat to the population. The present work took its motivation from the increasing number of recorded incidents in recent times. It is focused ... [more ▼]

Abstract: Landslides in Central Africa represent a constant threat to the population. The present work took its motivation from the increasing number of recorded incidents in recent times. It is focused on the analysis of mass movements in a regional context. Remote sensing based on the use of satellite images (Pleiades images of 2011) and aerial photographs (1957, 1958 and 1981) allowed us to identify instabilities at different scales. The study of these mass movements and the characterization of the processes governing ... [less ▲]

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See detailAmulettes ou exercices scolaires : sur les difficultés de la catégorisation des papyrus chrétiens
de Haro Sanchez, Magali ULg; Carlig, Nathan ULg

in de Haro Sanchez, Magali (Ed.) Écrire la magie dans l’antiquité. Actes du colloque international (Liège, 13-15 octobre 2011) (2015)

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See detailA preliminary regional assessment of earthquake-induced landslide susceptibility for Vrancea Seismic Region
Micu, Mihai; Balteanu, Dan; Iunescu, Constantin et al

in EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (2015)

In seismically-active regions, earthquakes may trigger landslides enhancing the short-to-long term slope denudation and sediment delivery and conditioning the general landscape evolution. Co-seismic slope ... [more ▼]

In seismically-active regions, earthquakes may trigger landslides enhancing the short-to-long term slope denudation and sediment delivery and conditioning the general landscape evolution. Co-seismic slope failures present in general a low frequency - high magnitude pattern which should be addressed accordingly by landslide hazard assessment, with respect to the generally more frequent precipitation-triggered landslides. The Vrancea Seismic Region, corresponding to the curvature sector of the Eastern Romanian Carpathians, represents the most active sub-crustal (focal depth > 50 km) earthquake province of Europe. It represents the main seismic energy source throughout Romania with significant transboundary effects recorded as far as Ukraine and Bulgaria. During the last 300 years, the region featured 14 earthquakes with M>7, among which seven events with magnitude above 7.5 and three between 7.7 and 7.9. Apart from the direct damages, the Vrancea earthquakes are also responsible for causing numerous other geohazards, such as ground fracturing, groundwater level disturbances and possible deep-seated landslide occurrences (rock slumps, rock-block slides, rock falls, rock avalanches). ... [less ▲]

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See detailPronominal gender agreement: a salience-based competition
De Vos, Lien ULg

in Agreement in diachronic perspectives (2015)

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See detailProgressive damage modeling in composites: from aerospace to automotive industry
Delsemme, Jean-Pierre; Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Jetteur, Philippe et al

in Third International Conference on Buckling and Post-buckling Behavior of Composite Laminated Shell Structures (2015)

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See detailEconomie sociale et transitions polycentriques
Bauwens, Thomas ULg; Mertens de Wilmars, Sybille ULg

in De Keuleneer, Eric; Rentier, Bernard; Artige, Lionel (Eds.) et al La croissance: réalités et perspectives (2015)

Les nombreux défis que représente la transition sociale et écologique vers une société post-croissance constituent des problèmes typiques d’action collective. La littérature récente consacrée à ces ... [more ▼]

Les nombreux défis que représente la transition sociale et écologique vers une société post-croissance constituent des problèmes typiques d’action collective. La littérature récente consacrée à ces derniers met en exergue la notion de système « polycentrique » de gouvernance des biens publics, qui implique une multiplicité de centres de décision indépendants partageant un ensemble de règles communes. Un système polycentrique suppose également un degré élevé de participation citoyenne auto-organisée. Les formes organisationnelles adaptées pour encadrer l’action citoyenne ont cependant été jusqu’à présent peu étudiées, à tout le moins dans leur lien avec la transition. Cet article vise à combler ce vide et à explorer les rôles que peuvent jouer les organisations d’économie sociale à cet égard. Nous montrons comment leurs spécificités organisationnelles les rendent aptes à encadrer l’action citoyenne auto-organisée et donc à favoriser la mise en place de systèmes de gouvernance polycentrique de la transition social-écologique. Enfin, nous appliquons cette grille de lecture à deux domaines d’activité : l’énergie et l’alimentation. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the projective geometry of Kalman filter
Carli, Francesca Paola ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in Proc. of 54th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC), 2015 (2015)

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See detailWaste heat recovery rankine cycle based system modeling for heavy duty trucks fuel saving assessment
Grelet, Vincent; Lemort, Vincent ULg; Nadri, Madiha et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd ASME International Seminar on ORC Power Systems (ORC) (2015)

This paper presents a method to model heat exchangers used in waste heat recovery Rankine based systems in heavy duty trucks. The method is developed to predict both transfer and working fluid physical ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a method to model heat exchangers used in waste heat recovery Rankine based systems in heavy duty trucks. The method is developed to predict both transfer and working fluid physical properties such as temperature and density after the heat exchange process. Due to the flexibility of such a model, it can be used for a numerous quantity of fluids including water-alcohol mixture. A validation of the developed model is shown and compared to steady state and dynamic test results. The model shows good performance as well in terms of accuracy, which is in the range of 5K error as in computational time which is faster than real time and makes it suitable for concept optimization, control and fuel economy evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of water diffusivity during drying of mortar
Kahlerras, Loubna ULg; Courard, Luc ULg; Michel, Frédéric ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 5th European Drying Conference (EuroDrying'2015) (2015)

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See detailArrojadite-(BaNa), BaNa3(Na,Ca)Fe2+13Al(PO4)11(PO3OH)(OH)2, a new phosphate mineral from the Luna Albite pegmatite, Dorio commune, Lecco province, Italy.
Vignola, P; Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Baijot, Maxime ULg et al

in 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites- PEG 2015, Abstract book (2015)

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See detailLes enseignants à l'image. Représentations iconographiques et audiovisuelles du mouvement enseignant en Belgique francophone (1995-1996)
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Rochet, Bénédicte; Bettens, Ludo; Gillet, Florence (Eds.) et al Quand l'image (dé)mobilise. Iconographie et mouvements sociaux au XXe siècle (2015)

Les réformes institutionnelles de 1988-1989 ont transféré aux Communautés les compétences en matière d’enseignement. Pour la Communauté française, cette responsabilisation a très vite rimé avec la ... [more ▼]

Les réformes institutionnelles de 1988-1989 ont transféré aux Communautés les compétences en matière d’enseignement. Pour la Communauté française, cette responsabilisation a très vite rimé avec la nécessité de réaliser d’importantes économies et donc d’importantes réformes structurelles. Une première vague de protestation secoue Bruxelles et la Wallonie en 1990 mais, cinq ans plus tard, un nouveau plan d’économies préparé par la socialiste Laurette Onkelinx, Ministre-Présidente de la Communauté française, en charge notamment de l’Education, donne naissance à un long et douloureux mouvement de protestation. Celui-ci semble matérialiser la rupture entre une base enseignante proche, selon les réseaux, du PS ou du PSC, et un Exécutif au sein duquel ces deux partis fonctionnent en coalition. Réduction des dépenses, suppression de trois mille postes, fusions d’écoles, tous les ingrédients sont réunis pour que la situation soit explosive. Elle va l’être d’autant plus – et cela marquera d’ailleurs durablement les esprits – que certaines manifestations de mécontentement vont s’exprimer avec violence, s’attaquer à des symboliques fortes (la Fête de la Communauté française en septembre 1995, le 1er mai 1996) et perturber la vie privée de la Ministre et de son entourage. Notre contribution s’inscrit dans le volet « images produites ». Elle s’interrogera sur le rôle des images dans la représentation que la presse écrite généraliste a donnée du mouvement enseignant et des enseignants eux-mêmes durant ce conflit. Grâce à certaines archives numérisées, le traitement du mouvement par l’audiovisuel public pourra, lui aussi, être abordé. La photographie de presse, la caricature et le reportage ont-ils contribué à présenter le mouvement enseignant de manière objective et dépassionnée ? Ont-ils au contraire – et jusqu’à quel point ? - intégré les clichés traditionnels véhiculés sur cette catégorie socio-professionnelle (conservatisme, attachement à de supposés « privilèges »…). Quelle image est renvoyée du syndicalisme enseignant ? Comment est mise en scène la relation triangulaire entre grévistes, ministre et public de l’école (parents et élèves) ? Quels sont le poids et le rôle dévolus à chacun ? Quelle est, spécifiquement, le traitement réservé au mouvement par un journal comme La Wallonie ? Comment a-t-il accompagné en images la rupture entre le monde enseignant, la CGSP et le parti socialiste, culminant le 1er mai 1996 ? [less ▲]

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See detailDiscrete Element Method Modeling of Ball Mills - Liner Wear Evolution
Boemer, Dominik ULg; Rycerski, Serge; Vis, Jean et al

in Oñate, E.; Bischoff, M.; Owen, D.R.J. (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the IV International Conference on Particle-Based Methods – Fundamentals and Applications (2015)

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See detailThermal Treatments of AlSi10Mg Processed by Laser Beam Melting
Mertens, Anne ULg; Dedry, Olivier ULg; Reuter, David et al

in Bourell, Dave (Ed.) Proceedings of the 26th International Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium (2015)

Recent studies have shown that AlSi10Mg processed by Laser Beam Melting (LBM) exhibits a much finer microstructure when compared to its cast counterpart as a consequence of the much faster cooling rates ... [more ▼]

Recent studies have shown that AlSi10Mg processed by Laser Beam Melting (LBM) exhibits a much finer microstructure when compared to its cast counterpart as a consequence of the much faster cooling rates imposed in the LBM process. Such microstructural refinement causes a significant increase in strength and hardness, to such an extent that as-fabricated LBM AlSi10Mg was reported to present hardness value of 127 ± 3 Hv0.5, similar to the hardness of high pressure die cast AlSi10Mg in the aged condition (i.e. 130-133 Hv). Yet, little attention has been given so far to the influence of thermal treatments on the microstructure and mechanical behavior of LBM AlSi10Mg. The present work hence aims to investigate the effect of two different types of heat treatments – i.e. (i) stress relief and (ii) solutionizing and ageing − on the microstructure, hardness and tensile properties of LBM AlSi10Mg. [less ▲]

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See detailLes traumatisés de Sedan (1870) et la Belgique
Bechet, Christophe ULg

in Cochet, François (Ed.) Expérience combattante –XIXe-XXIe siècles, IV : L’expérience traumatique (2015)

Au lendemain de la bataille de Sedan (1er septembre 1870), la Belgique accueillit un grand nombre de blessés français et prussiens. Le transfert des grands blessés se fit grâce à l'action de l'association ... [more ▼]

Au lendemain de la bataille de Sedan (1er septembre 1870), la Belgique accueillit un grand nombre de blessés français et prussiens. Le transfert des grands blessés se fit grâce à l'action de l'association belge de secours aux militaires blessés en temps de guerre (Croix Rouge de Belgique). L'accueil favorable des autorités belges répondait autant à des considérations humanitaires que politiques. Sur le plan technique, les graves blessures causées par les armes à feu, de plus en plus puissantes, posèrent de nouveaux défis aux chirurgiens belges. [less ▲]

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See detailLearning the Tactile Signatures of Prototypical Object Parts for Robust Part-based Grasping of Novel Objects
Hyttinen, Emil; Kragic, Danica; Detry, Renaud ULg

in IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (2015)

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See detailEmpirical model of a variable speed vapor injection compressor for air source heat pump dynamic modeling
Dechesne, Bertrand ULg; Bertagnolio, Stéphane

in International conference on compressors and their systems (2015)

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See detailThe Fe-Mn phosphate mineral assemblages from the La Viquita pegmatite, San Luis, Argentina.
Galliski, M; Roda-Robles, Encarnacion ULg; Hatert, Frédéric ULg et al

in . 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites- PEG 2015, Abstract book (2015)

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See detailFundamental approach for the concept of concrete repair compatibility
Courard, Luc ULg; Bissonnette, Benoît; Garbacz, Andrzej

in Dehn, Frank (Ed.) Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting IV (2015)

Before being translated in terms of physical, mechanical and chemical of materials, the initial step for evaluating compatibility is interface creation. The thermodynamic properties of the materials as ... [more ▼]

Before being translated in terms of physical, mechanical and chemical of materials, the initial step for evaluating compatibility is interface creation. The thermodynamic properties of the materials as well as transport mechanisms – diffusion, capillary succion – at the interface and roughness of the concrete substrate are acting from the beginning and influencing the durability of the bond strength. A review of the main parameters influencing bond development is presented on the base of the equilibrium of the surface free ener-gies of liquid and solid, applied to the concept of repair mortars, coating and hydrophobic treatments [less ▲]

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See detailRisques et défis sécuritaires de la (non)-intégration des Balkans occidentaux dans l’Union européenne
Lika, Liridon ULg

in Wintgens, Sophie; Grandjean, Geoffrey; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie (Eds.) L’insécurité en question : définition, enjeux et perspectives (2015)

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See detailImpact on laminated composite plates: comparison of test and simulation results obtained with LMS Samtech SAMCEF
Bruyneel, Michaël ULg; Maurice, Verenne; Carrella, Delphine et al

in V ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on the Mechanical Response of Composites (2015)

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See detailStress-based topology optimization with fatigue failure constraints
Collet, Maxime ULg; Bruggi, Matteo; Bauduin, Simon ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering Computing (2015)

This paper shows how the design of a structure can evolve when considering a stressbased topology optimization along with fatigue failure constraints. More precisely, fatigue failure is added in a stress ... [more ▼]

This paper shows how the design of a structure can evolve when considering a stressbased topology optimization along with fatigue failure constraints. More precisely, fatigue failure is added in a stress-based topology optimization Matlab code by following the approach of the design of machine elements, i.e. based on S-N curves or fatigue criteria. The fatigue is introduced through weel-known criteria for high-cycle fatigue such as the Sines and Crossland criteria. The paper presents how these criteria can be formulated for a topology optimization problem. Numerical results for both criteria are successively compared and discussed. The character of fatigue failure in the optimization procedure is illustrated as well as some issues that have to be improved in future work. [less ▲]

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See detailStructuring the lexicon
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Lazaridis, N.; Kousoulis, P. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Egyptologists. University of the aegean, rhodes 22-29 May 2008 (2015)

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See detailAssessing the effect of a catchment-scale restoration project in Wallonia (Belgium)
Peeters, Alexandre ULg; Verniers, Gisèle; De le Court, Bernard

in Angelopoulos, Natalie; Buijse, Tom; van Oorschot, Mijke (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the International Conference on River and Stream Restoration “Novel Approaches to Assess and Rehabilitate Modified Rivers”. FP7 REFORM deliverable 7.5. (2015)

In the context of fulfilling the Water Framework Directive requirements, the LIFE+ project Walphy allowed experimental restoration projects to be undertaken on two medium-size catchments of the Meuse ... [more ▼]

In the context of fulfilling the Water Framework Directive requirements, the LIFE+ project Walphy allowed experimental restoration projects to be undertaken on two medium-size catchments of the Meuse basin in Wallonia (Belgium) between 2009 and 2014. Before undertaking sustainable rehabilitation measures, a multi-scale assessment of hydromorphological conditions (catchment, stream and site) was conducted. It was based on a variety of variables characterizing the river system and its geomorphic processes (e.g. sediment transport), along with human-induced disturbances (e.g. barriers to river continuity). The Bocq catchment has been subject to a large-scale restoration project through the removal or modification of 20 barriers (mainly old weirs), reconnecting the Bocq with the Meuse. In addition, 2.6 km of straightened courses were improved by restoring meanders or diversifying habitats through a wide range of rehabilitation techniques. The success of the restoration projects was evaluated on the basis of a multi-disciplinary monitoring. We compared hydromorphological parameters and biological diversity of benthic invertebrates, fish and macrophytes. 2-3 years post-rehabilitation, hydromorphology was significantly improved. Depending on the rehabilitation measures, the restoration effects observed for invertebrates and fish differ. Weir removal and restored meanders have resulted in the most positive effects, while habitat diversification has led to more contrasted results, depending on the level of ambition. The geomorphological monitoring has focused on the effectiveness of spawning gravel rehabilitation and the effect of barriers on sediment transport. Topographic surveys and the use of pebble tracers have highlighted a natural bedload transport following a weir removal. [less ▲]

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See detailQui a peur des droits de l’enfant ?
Fierens, Jacques ULg

in Actes du colloque ‘La révolution silencieuse. 25 ans des droits de l’enfant’, 20-21 novembre 2014 (2015)

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See detailSegmentation of gait cycles using foot-mounted 3D accelerometers
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Bruls, Olivier ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg et al

in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on 3D Imaging 2015 (2015)

We describe a new gait segmentation method based on the continuous wavelet transform to identify stride-by-stride gait cycles from measurements of foot-mounted three-dimensional (3D) accelerometers. The ... [more ▼]

We describe a new gait segmentation method based on the continuous wavelet transform to identify stride-by-stride gait cycles from measurements of foot-mounted three-dimensional (3D) accelerometers. The detection of such gait cycles is indeed a crucial step for an accurate extraction of relevant gait events such as heel strike, toe strike, heel-off, and toe-off. We demonstrate the ability of this segmentation method, used in conjunction with a validated extraction algorithm, to calculate the following gait (duration) parameters for each gait cycle during the gait of a healthy young subject and of an elderly subject with Parkinson’s disease (PD) in OFF and ON states: durations of (1) loading response, (2) mid-stance, (3) push-off, (4) stance, (5) swing, (6) stride, (7) step, and (8) double support phases. The experimental results show that the proposed method can extract relevant refined gait parameters to quantify subtle gait disturbances in subjects with PD. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenges in teaching architectural morphogenesis
Stals, Adeline ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference for Design Education Researchers (2015)

Reviewing the successive cognitive, operative and constructive models of architectural morphogenesis through time, the paper first recalls students and teachers in architecture how designers started ... [more ▼]

Reviewing the successive cognitive, operative and constructive models of architectural morphogenesis through time, the paper first recalls students and teachers in architecture how designers started experimenting digital design to reach self-generative, morphogenetic morphologies. Generally referred to as “non-standard architecture”, this innovative morphogenesis favours a new kind of spatial and architectural audacity but also generates three types of rupture: i) a rupture between form and structure; ii) a rupture in terms of process continuity and iii) a rupture in terms of multi-disciplinary collaboration. We consequently have to acknowledge the fact that, at a current state, non-standard architecture still struggles in terms of self-coherency and implementation, leaving a large amount of projects at their virtual, embryonic state especially in pedagogical contexts. We believe the challenge resides in overcoming the overly simplistic and reductionist appeal of purely formal and visual non-standard architecture: these morphologies should, on the contrary, be intrinsically defined by their form and structure relationship. We suggest such reconciliation should occur during the early stages of architectural education. Two experimental instruments, that perhaps constitute interesting renewed pedagogical models, are reported in this paper and we conclude by listing the remaining challenges when it comes to the teaching of architectural morphogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailShear bolted connections for tubular racking structures: Numerical analysis
D'Antimo, Marina ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Proceeding of XXV Congresso CTA: Salerno 1-3 ottobre 2015 (2015)

The prediction of the shear resistance of connections as presently given in Eurocode 3, Part 1-8, cannot be applied in a straightforward way to the connection for tubular racking structures realized by ... [more ▼]

The prediction of the shear resistance of connections as presently given in Eurocode 3, Part 1-8, cannot be applied in a straightforward way to the connection for tubular racking structures realized by means of long through bolts. In order to verify the possibility to extend the codified approach to such joint configurations, in the present paper a finite element model with three-dimensional solid elements is established investigating the behaviour of the connections under shear load in a wide range of variability of the geometrical parameters. The validation of the numerical model has been performed starting from the results of experimental tests already performed by the authors at the laboratory on Materials and Structures of the University of Liège. Based on the finite element results, the load displacement curves for all the assemblies were successfully predicted evidencing the important role played by the hole’s geometry and reduced diameter of the bolts on the initial stiffness of the connections. The results of a parametric study by means of a calibrated FE model in Abaqus/CAE allowed to verify the possibility to extend the formulations provided by EC3 for predicting the bearing resistance of plates to these kind of connections and to analyse the influence of the main parameters governing the bearing resistance: the distance e1 between the hole and the edge of the tube, the distance e2 between the hole and the lateral edge of the plate composing the tube section and the thickness t of the tube. [less ▲]

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See detailHow to use ICT to help students to gain in confidence and efficiency in an algorithmic and computer programming course ?
Colaux, Catherine ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg

in INTED2015 Proceedings (2015)

Algorithmic and computer programming in the bachelor’s degree is a course that demands a large involvement of students in performing non-standard exercises. This practical aspect is incompatible with ... [more ▼]

Algorithmic and computer programming in the bachelor’s degree is a course that demands a large involvement of students in performing non-standard exercises. This practical aspect is incompatible with classical ex cathedra course. It is the reason why we implement a blended learning approach much more responsive to students in a bachelor class of Bio Engineering at the Gembloux Agro Bio Tech Faculty (University of Liege, Belgium). This course alternates theoretical classes, take-home lessons with the help of online pedagogical resources and video and debriefing sessions where students have the possibility to benefit from teacher’ support. In doing so, the students are better prepared for the examination. They also gain in confidence and motivation. The teacher no longer simply transmits the knowledge but assists the students in their reflection process and their mastering of programming tools [less ▲]

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See detailToward the quantification of the cement paste content of fine recycled concrete aggregates by salicylic acid dissolution corrected by a theoretical approach
Zhao, Zengfeng ULg; Remond, Sébastien; Damidot, Denis et al

in Proceedings of the 14th International Congress on the Chemistry of Cement (2015)

Recycled concrete aggregates (RCA) are mainly composed of an intimate mix between natural aggregates and cement paste and the complete separation between these two phases is difficult. Cement paste ... [more ▼]

Recycled concrete aggregates (RCA) are mainly composed of an intimate mix between natural aggregates and cement paste and the complete separation between these two phases is difficult. Cement paste generally presents a much larger porosity than natural aggregates, the content and the physicochemical properties of cement paste therefore have a large influence on the properties of RCA. Any method seems to be adapted to the characterization of cement paste content (CPC) in fine recycled concrete aggregates (FRCA) especially for RCA containing calcareous aggregates. A simple method based on the dissolution of the cement paste in a solution of salicylic acid in methanol was specifically developed to estimate the cement paste content of RCA. Results showed that salicylic acid dissolution method can dissolve most phases of hardened Portland cement paste such as Portlandite, ettringite and C-S-H without dissolving siliceous and calcareous aggregates. The experimental results for two neat Portland cement pastes (white cement paste and grey cement paste) showed that the soluble fraction in salicylic acid (SFSA) was equal to the cement paste content for white cement and slightly lower for the grey cement. The SFSA was measured for different types of RCA. The RCA manufactured in the laboratory whose composition is fully known and three RCA manufactured from industrial crushing platforms have been characterized. Whatever RCA used in our study, SFSA varies almost linearly with the average particle size. A linear relationship was obtained between the water absorption coefficient and SFSA. This relationship allowed us to accurately determine the water absorption coefficient of the smallest granular class 0/0.63mm. [less ▲]

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See detailLe contrat de vente immobilière. Développements récents
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Grisard, Delphine ULg; Onclin, François ULg et al

in Kohl, Benoît (Ed.) La vente immobilière (2015)

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See detailDE3: Yet another high-order integration scheme for linear structural dynamics
Depouhon, Alexandre; Detournay, Emmanuel; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the 5th ECCOMAS Thematic Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering. (2015)

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See detailHommes et dieux dans le formulaire métrique indo-iranien ancien
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Démons iraniens: Actes du colloque international organisé à l'Université de Liège les 5 et 6 février 2009 à l'occasion des 65 ans de Jean Kellens (2015)

No Indo-iranian formula was coordinating gods with demons, but another one, welle attested, was linking mortal men with gods. Initially, it was saying the solidarity between both groups, who were meeting ... [more ▼]

No Indo-iranian formula was coordinating gods with demons, but another one, welle attested, was linking mortal men with gods. Initially, it was saying the solidarity between both groups, who were meeting on the sacrificial ground. Its use in Rigvedic and Avestan texts shows divergent evolutions. In India, men and gods go away from each other. In Iran, the original coordination, whose negative meaning is appearing, is inserted ina an always wider demonic list, which is included in a sentence using another inherited formula, whose theme was the crossing of enmities. During the evolution process of this formula, men go with the ancient *daiva- to demonisation. [less ▲]

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See detailHazard and Risk Related to Earthquake-Triggered Landslides
Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Fan, X.; Torgoev, A.

in Engineering Geology for Society and Territory - Volume 2: Landslide Processes (2015)

Abstract This paper first analyses how important earthquake-induced landslide hazards are compared to other geohazards at world-wide scale. Further, we will outline where these hazards may have the ... [more ▼]

Abstract This paper first analyses how important earthquake-induced landslide hazards are compared to other geohazards at world-wide scale. Further, we will outline where these hazards may have the strongest impacts—at regional and local scale. In this regard, we consider the short-and long-term effects of geological, tectonic, climatic and morphological conditions. Hazard and risk related to these processes will also be analysed on the basis of a series of case histories: eg, the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake-landslide disaster in China. A ... [less ▲]

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See detailThe Syntax-Semantics Interface in Earlier Egyptian: a Case Study in Verbs of Cognition
Winand, Jean ULg

in Allen, James P.; Collier, Mark; Stauder, Andréas (Eds.) Coping with Obscurity: the Brown Workshop on Earlier Egyptian Grammar (2015)

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See detailObservations sur la forme, l'état du support et la mise en page du P.Vat.gr. 11
Carlig, Nathan ULg

in Amato, Eugenio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) Le traité "Sur l'exil" de Favorinos d'Arles. Papyrologie, philologie et littérature (2015)

Observations sur le papyrus de Favorinos, son état de conservation et ses caractéristiques de forme et de mise en page, effectuées après autopsie du rouleau à la Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

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See detailLa fin du Paléolithique moyen dans le Nord de l’Europe : la question des origines du Lincombien-Ranisien-Jerzmanowicien
Flas, Damien ULg

in Depaepe, Pascal; Goval, Emilie; Koehler, Héloïse (Eds.) et al Les plaines du Nord-Ouest : carrefour de l’Europe au Paléolithique moyen ? (2015)

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See detailLa signature dans les lettres du duc de Bourgogne Philippe le Bon
Dumont, Jonathan ULg; Marchandisse, Alain ULg

in Dumézil, Bruno; Vissière, Laurent (Eds.) Epistolaire politique II : « Authentiques et autographes (IVe–XVIe siècles) » (2015)

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See detailHypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy and Premature Babies Brain Damage: Impact of Estetrol
Tskitishvili, Ekaterine ULg; Nisolle, Michelle ULg; Noël, Agnès ULg et al

in The 11th Congress of the European Society of Gynecology, Prague 21-24 October, 2015 (2015)

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury remains a main problem of perinatal medicine. About 20% of affected newborns die in the postnatal period, and an additional 25% will sustain childhood disabilities ... [more ▼]

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury remains a main problem of perinatal medicine. About 20% of affected newborns die in the postnatal period, and an additional 25% will sustain childhood disabilities mostly in the form of motor and cognitive delays. The nature of the deficits is dependent on the gestational age and severity of the insult, though it is s seldom reported in preterm infants. No medical treatment provides important neuroprotection against HIE. Studies in animal models of HIE may provide important information for the development of treatment for this pathological condition. Estetrol (E4) is a recently described estrogen with four hydroxyl-groups that is synthesized exclusively during pregnancy by the human fetal liver. In this study, we defined the antioxidative effect of E4 in primary hippocampal cell cultures taken from newborn rat pups (in vitro) and evaluated its neuroprotective and therapeutic potency in neonatal HIE model of the immature newborn rat (in vivo). Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH) and cell survival (MTS) assays were performed on primary neuronal cell cultures. Rat pups body temperatures were examined along with their body and brain weights. Brains were studied at the level of the hippocampus and cortex. Intact cell counting and expressions of markers for neuronal cell viability (microtubule-associated protein-2 (MAP-2)), neurogenesis (doublecortin (DCX)) and angiogenesis (vascular-endothelial growth factor (VEGF)) were evaluated by histo- and immunohistochemistry. The serum levels of two markers of brain damage (S100B and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)) were measured by ELISA. Our results demonstrate that E4 has a significant neuroprotective and therapeutic dose-dependent effects. Estetrol has powerful antioxidative and cell survival effects in vitro. It decreases the early gray matter loss and promotes neuro- and angiogenesis in vivo. Estetrol treatment has no effects on body weight, brain weight or body temperature. Taken together, Estetrol might become an important safe and physiological substance to treat neonatal HIE. [less ▲]

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See detailCombining satellite, aerial and ground measurements to assess forest carbon stocks in Democratic Republic of Congo
Beaumont, Benoît; Bouvy, Alban; Stephenne, Nathalie et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts, Vol. 17, EGU2015-4765-2, 2015 (2015)

Monitoring tropical forest carbon stocks changes has been a rising topic in the recent years as a result of REDD+ mechanisms negotiations. Such monitoring will be mandatory for each country willing to ... [more ▼]

Monitoring tropical forest carbon stocks changes has been a rising topic in the recent years as a result of REDD+ mechanisms negotiations. Such monitoring will be mandatory for each country willing to benefit from these financial incentives in the future. Aerial and satellite remote sensing technologies offer cost advantages in implementing large scale forest inventories. Despite the recent progress made in the use of airborne LiDAR for C stocks estimation, no widely operational and cost effective method has yet been delivered for central Africa forest monitoring. Within the Maï Ndombe region of DRC, the EO4REDD project develops a method combining satellite, aerial and ground measurements. This combination is done in three steps: [1] mapping and quantifying forest cover changes using an object-based semi-automatic change detection (deforestation and forest degradation) methodology based on very high resolution satellite imagery (RapidEye), [2] developing an allometric linear model for above ground biomass measurements based on dendrometric parameters (tree crown areas and heights) extracted from airborne stereoscopic image pairs and calibrated using ground measurements of individual trees on a data set of 18 one hectare plots and [3] relating these two products to assess carbon stocks changes at a regional scale. Given the high accuracies obtained in [1] (> 80% for deforestation and 77% for forest degradation) and the suitable, but still to be improved with a larger calibrating sample, model (R2 of 0.7) obtained in [2], EO4REDD products can be seen as a valid and replicable option for carbon stocks monitoring in tropical forests. Further improvements are planned to strengthen the cost effectiveness value/REDD+ suitability in the 2nd phase of EO4REDD. This 2nd phase will include [A] specific model developments per forest type; [B] measurements of afforestation, reforestation and natural regeneration processes and [C] study of Sentinel data series potential use. [less ▲]

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See detailRobust rendez-vous planning using the scenario approach and differential flatness
Dell'Elce, Lamberto ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in Advances in the Astronautical Sciences (2015)

There is a growing interest in uncertainty handling in the spacecraft dynamics community. In particular, robust optimization of spacecraft maneuvers is regarded as an important challenge. This paper ... [more ▼]

There is a growing interest in uncertainty handling in the spacecraft dynamics community. In particular, robust optimization of spacecraft maneuvers is regarded as an important challenge. This paper proposes an optimal control approach for orbital rendez-vous planning under stochastic dynamics and constraints. The method combines differential flatness theory with the scenario approach for optimization under uncertainties. By mapping state and control variables into a set of flat outputs, the enforcement of dynamics equations and boundary conditions is automatically satisfied. The rigorous foundations of the scenario approach lead to a finite-dimensional formulation of the problem which guarantees the feasibility of the solution within an arbitrary portion of the stochastic domain. The methodology is illustrated by means of two case studies involving a rendez-vous in elliptic orbit and a propellantless maneuver using differential drag, respectively. [less ▲]

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See detailA modular approach dedicated to dam-break and dam-breaching modelling
Stilmant, Frédéric ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Advances in Hydroinformatics (2015)

The paper presents an integrated tool for dam-break hazard modelling. It is based on a two-dimensional, depth-averaged hydraulic model that uses a conservative and shock-capturing finite volume scheme on ... [more ▼]

The paper presents an integrated tool for dam-break hazard modelling. It is based on a two-dimensional, depth-averaged hydraulic model that uses a conservative and shock-capturing finite volume scheme on a Cartesian grid. The hydraulic model is designed so that different zones within the computation domain can be modelled with different spatial resolutions and/or different model enhancements (e.g. pressurised flows, sediment transport, etc.). The two-dimensional model can be coupled with lumped models that compute the water stage in reservoirs and the outflow discharge through hydraulic structures, in case of normal operating, failure of a valve or breaching processes. These features make hydraulic modelling versatile and computationally efficient. They enable the definition of different failure scenarios, which is of prominent importance given the uncertainty of such a phenomenon. If several hydraulic structures are involved, the procedure takes the behaviour of each structure into account. The sensitivity of the results with respect to the interactions between the flow and the terrain (roughness coefficient, collapse of buildings, breaching process) can be analysed. The results of the hydraulic model are handled thanks to a graphical user interface that provides one-, two- and three-dimensional views and animations of the unsteady flow-field and enables the understanding and verification of the results. Danger maps are generated based on the results of one or more ‘worst-case’ scenarios. In case of a complete risk analysis, the danger maps are combined with data on the exposure and vulnerability of elements at risk for the computation of the corresponding damage. [less ▲]

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See detailSensitivity analysis for climate change impacts, adaptation and mitigation projection with pasture models
Bellocchi, G.; Ehrhardt, F.; Soussana, J. F. et al

in Climate-Smart Agriculture 2015 (2015)

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See detailÉtude anatomoradiologique d’un crâne déformé d’Ancón (Pérou)
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg; Boman, Françoise; Duchat, Florent et al

in Charlier, Philippe (Ed.) Actes du Ve Colloque international de Pathographie (2015)

Matériels et méthodes : l’étude porte sur un crâne déformé provenant d’Ancón au Pérou, inventorié au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN) de Paris en 1889. L’étude est géographique, historique ... [more ▼]

Matériels et méthodes : l’étude porte sur un crâne déformé provenant d’Ancón au Pérou, inventorié au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN) de Paris en 1889. L’étude est géographique, historique, macroscopique et tomodensitométrique. Résultats : situé sur la côte à 40 km au nord de Lima, la capitale du Pérou, le site d’Ancón est un site archéologique de la période lithique, et un lieu de sépulture depuis l’époque Chavín (1250 à 250 av. J.-Chr.). Dès l’époque Chavín, les peuples du Pérou ancien construisaient des centres cérémoniels dirigés par une élite théocratique, et déformaient le crâne des enfants dès les premiers jours de la vie, à l’aide de moyens de pression variés. La déformation du crâne d’Ancón est une déformation antéro-postérieure oblique, brachycéphale, bilobée et asymétrique, sans trépanation ni déformation dentaire associée. C’est une variante bilobée du type Huaura de déformation crânienne, qui est associé aux régions de Chancay-Ancón et Lima. L’étude tomodensitométrique des variations d’épaisseur de la voûte, avec amincissement en regard des zones de pression, a montré que la déformation était intentionnelle, et caractérisée par une pression fronto-pariéto-temporale bilatérale surtout antérieure et dégressive d’avant en arrière, associée à une pression frontale, occipitale, et sagittale médiane. En l’absence de contexte et de datation, l’ancienneté du crâne étudié ne peut pas être précisée au long d’une période de presque trois millénaires, jusqu’à la domination Inca et l’arrivée des Espagnols (1532). Le crâne pourrait appartenir à l’une ou l’autre des cultures successives du site d’Ancón : Chavín, Baňos de Boza o Miramar, Lima, Wari, et Chancay (1200 à 1470), dont les céramiques représentent la déformation bilobée. Le crâne est probablement celui d’une femme âgée de plus de 45 ans à son décès, de statut social élevé, faisant partie de l’élite magico-religieuse, politique et économique dirigeante. L’étude de l’endocrâne a permis d’observer la déformation des veines superficielles et des lobes du cerveau. Il existe des signes de parodonpathie chronique à un stade avancé. Un abcès d’origine dentaire pourrait avoir été la cause du décès. Conclusions et perspectives : en ce qui concerne la pratique des déformations crâniennes, la région d’Ancón-Chancay et de Lima paraît être remarquable à trois égards : par le grand nombre de crânes déformés, par le grand nombre de crânes bilobés, et par la proportion importante de femmes, dont on peut supposer qu’elles étaient nées de familles nobles, et destinées dès l’enfance à faire partie de l’élite théocratique. La reconstitution 3D de l’épaisseur de la voûte crânienne a permis pour la première fois à notre connaissance de caractériser ce type de déformation, et pourrait permettre de reconstituer l’appareil déformateur. Seule la reprise des exhumations programmées sur le site d’Ancón, dans le cadre d’un projet prospectif pluridisciplinaire, pourrait permettre de mieux préciser la proportion d’individus à crâne déformé, la proportion des crânes bilobés, et le sex ratio, dans chaque contexte historique et socio-culturel de ce type de déformation crânienne intentionnelle ; et, peut-être, de retrouver in situ l’appareil déformateur correspondant. [less ▲]

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See detailQualité diagnostique et efficacité d'un dispositif en ligne entraînant à la résolution de problèmes complexes en physique
Marique, Pierre-Xavier ULg; Jacquet, Maud ULg; Georges, François ULg et al

in Actes du colloque ADMEE-Europe - Actes du 27e colloque qui s'est tenu en janvier 2015 à Liège (2015)

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See detailExplicit Multi Model Predictive Control of a Waste Heat Rankine Based System for Heavy Duty Trucks
Grelet, Vincent; Dufour, Pascal; Nadri, Madiha et al

in Proceedings of the 54th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2015)

This paper presents an explicit multi-model predictive controller (MMPC) for a waste heat recovery system (WHRS) mounted on a heavy duty truck engine. WHRS based on the Rankine cycle principle attracts a ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an explicit multi-model predictive controller (MMPC) for a waste heat recovery system (WHRS) mounted on a heavy duty truck engine. WHRS based on the Rankine cycle principle attracts a lot of interest in the heavy duty industry, over the past few years, to decrease the fuel consumption and reach the future pollutant emissions standards. Control issues have still to be faced before the integration of such a system into a vehicle. Model predictive controllers suits really well for our control purpose due to their ability to handle online optimal control problem. This paper focuses on the development of an explicit control law based on MMPC with aim to control the fluid temperature at the inlet of the expansion machine in order to increase the system performance and the reliability. [less ▲]

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See detailMonte Carlo Simulations of Autorotative Dynamics of a Simple Tower Crane Model
Vanvinckenroye, Hélène ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Wind Engineering (2015)

The increasing number of crane accidents recorded over the last years might be understood as a need for progress on crane modeling. The induced risk of self-excited vibrations has already been ... [more ▼]

The increasing number of crane accidents recorded over the last years might be understood as a need for progress on crane modeling. The induced risk of self-excited vibrations has already been investigated through numerous experiments. This work presents a simple numerical model of a crane in a turbulent wind field, in order to support the available experimental approaches. First, the problem is defined with the necessary assumptions of the model. Second, the equation of motion is developed and wind characteristics are detailed. This equation presents several specificities requiring dedicated resolution methods. In a first analysis, the crane model is simplified in order to approach the behavior of the parametric pendulum and enable a general comparison of both responses. Indeed, the parametric pendulum is a well-known problem that is already widely described in the literature. In a second step, the response of the crane is studied under a realistic stochastic wind load with the full model. [less ▲]

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See detail"Arianisme “vandale” et controverse religieuse : le cas de la Disputatio Cerealis contra Maximinum"
Fialon, Sabine ULg

in Wolff, Étienne (Ed.) Littérature, politique et religion en Afrique vandale (2015)

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See detailY a-t-il une filiation entre la structure des fiches de malades dans les Épidémies hippocratiques et celle des rapports médicaux grecs d’Égypte (Ier-IVe siècles) conservés sur papyrus ?
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Charlier, Philippe (Ed.) Actes du Ve Colloque international de Pathographie. Bergues, mai 2013 (2015)

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See detailIñigo de Brizuela et Andrés de Soto, deux regards sur la politique
Pirlet, Pierre-François ULg

in Labrador Arroyo, Felix (Ed.) II Encuentro de Jóvenes Investigadores en Historia Moderna, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, (1-2 juillet 2013) (2015)

Iñigo de Brizuela and Andrés de Soto, both confessors of the Archdukes were key figures at Brussels' court. Each of them used to influence the policy, using different bias. But they weren't trying to ... [more ▼]

Iñigo de Brizuela and Andrés de Soto, both confessors of the Archdukes were key figures at Brussels' court. Each of them used to influence the policy, using different bias. But they weren't trying to reach similar goals: Brizuela carefully acted to preserve Spanish interests in the Catholic Netherlands, while de Soto struggled for a Catholic victory. Their political actions and its reasons will be covered by this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailPressure and velocity on an ogee spillway crest operating at high head ratio: experimental measurements and instrumentation
Peltier, Yann ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Carvalho, Rita; Pagliara, Stefano (Eds.) 2nd International workshop on hydraulic structures: data validation (2015)

This paper aims at validating pressure and velocity measurements conducted in two physical scale models of an ogee spillway crest operating at heads largely greater than the design head. The design head ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at validating pressure and velocity measurements conducted in two physical scale models of an ogee spillway crest operating at heads largely greater than the design head. The design head of the second model is 50% smaller than the one of the first model. No piles effect or air entrance is considered in the study. The velocity field is measured by Large Scale Particle Image Velocimetry. The relative pressure along the spillway crest is measured using pressure sensors. Comparisons of measured velocities between both spillways indicate low scale effects, the scaled-profiles collapsing in most parts of the flow. By contrast, measurements of relative pressure along the spillway crest differ for large heads. A theoretical velocity profile based on potential flow theory and expressed in a curvilinear reference frame is then fitted to the velocity measurements, considered as reference, for extrapolating the velocity at the spillway crest. Comparing the extrapolated velocity at the spillway crest and the velocity expressed from the relative pressure finally emphasizes that bottom pressure amplitudes are overestimated for the large spillway, while an averaging effect might operate for the pressure measurements on the small spillway. [less ▲]

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See detailHydro-mechanical behavior of Boom clay host-rock in interaction with a deep excavated gallerys' lining
Salehnia, Fatemeh ULg; Li, Xiangling; Charlier, Robert ULg

in Alert workshop 2015-Booklet of abstracts (poster session) (2015)

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See detailModeling and control of waste heat recovery Rankine based systems for heavy duty trucks
Grelet, Vincent; Dufour, Pascal; Nadri, Madiha et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on Advanced Control of Chemical Processes (2015)

This paper presents a control oriented model development for waste heat recovery Rankine based control systems in heavy duty trucks. Waste heat recovery systems, such as Rankine cycle, are promising ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a control oriented model development for waste heat recovery Rankine based control systems in heavy duty trucks. Waste heat recovery systems, such as Rankine cycle, are promising solutions to improve the fuel efficiency of heavy duty engines. Due to the highly transient operating conditions, improving the control strategy of those systems is an important step to their integration into a vehicle. The system considered here is recovering heat from both EGR and exhaust in a serial arrangement and use a mixture of water and ethanol as working fluid. The paper focuses on a comparison of a classical PID controller which is the state of the art in the automotive industry and a nonlinear model based controller in a simulation environment. The nonlinear model based controller shows better performance than the PID one and ensures safe operation of the system. [less ▲]

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See detailLes portails romans de la cathédrale de Tournai. Contextualisation et restauration. Conclusions.
Duperroy, Francoise ULg

in Duperroy, Francoise; Desmet, Yves (Eds.) Les portails romans de la cathédrale Notre-Dame de Tournai. Contextualisation et restauration. (2015)

The Mantile door and the Capitol dorr of the Tournai Cathedral, a monument listed as a Word Heritage Site, are among the most intersting of Belgium. Their trilobal shape seems relatively exceptional and ... [more ▼]

The Mantile door and the Capitol dorr of the Tournai Cathedral, a monument listed as a Word Heritage Site, are among the most intersting of Belgium. Their trilobal shape seems relatively exceptional and gives them teheir character. The sculptures on these portals from the 12th century have not revealed all their secrets, particularly with regard to their place in the global iconographic programme of the Cathedral. A preliminary study initiated in 2012 to better undestand their structure is part of the vast project on conservation of the Cathedral oranized an international meeting with the scientific collaboration of the IRPA. This Conference was to be an opportunity to update and deepen our knowledge of church portals in their widest aspects - technical, typological, stylistic, iconographic - both in terms of architecture and sculpture. Comparisons with contemporary portals, in France in particular, was alson ath the heart of the discussions. [less ▲]

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See detailChronophage, le design empathique?
Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Findeli, Alain; Borja de Mozota, Brigitte; Froehlicher, Thomas (Eds.) et al Actes des 9èmes Ateliers de la Recherche en Design (2015)

Cet article envisage la dimension chronophage de l’approche empathique, une des dimensions fondamentales du design d’expérience. Quels efforts investir dans le raisonnement « centré-utilisateurs », et ... [more ▼]

Cet article envisage la dimension chronophage de l’approche empathique, une des dimensions fondamentales du design d’expérience. Quels efforts investir dans le raisonnement « centré-utilisateurs », et pour quels résultats ? L’examen des données récoltées au fil de quatre protocoles (un empirique et trois expérimentaux) révèle comment une “créativité disciplinée” peut outiller une approche plus agile des besoins-utilisateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailCoffee cooperatives promoting peacebuilding and socio-economic development of farmers in Huye District , Southern Rwanda
Bititi, Gisaro M-Ya; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Mbonyinkebe, Déo

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) Book of Proceedings Sixth International Scientific Agricultural Symposium "AgroSym 2015" (2015)

Cooperative organisations play an important role in the peacebuilding efforts undertaken in the wake of the Rwanda genocide in1994. The genocide tore apart and destroyed large parts of the country’s socio ... [more ▼]

Cooperative organisations play an important role in the peacebuilding efforts undertaken in the wake of the Rwanda genocide in1994. The genocide tore apart and destroyed large parts of the country’s socio-economic and institutional foundations, its consequences are still evident. Coffee is the main source of income for approximatively 500.000 households. The paper aimed to analyze the impact of coffee cooperatives and the coffee washing stations in the peacebuilding socio-economic changes of coffee farmer’s members in Huye District, Southern Province of Rwanda. A research surveyed selected 70 small coffee farmers from 3 cooperatives to measure socio-economic development of coffee washing stations on the growers. Results reveal that cooperatives increase production and improve the socioeconomic households’ income (86.5%). Jobs are created for women and girls especially during the harvesting and the coffee processing (98.7%). When farmers are working together, a synergy is created among them, by disucussion, exchanging experiences, which avoide discrimination, conflict, division between antagonist ethnic groups Hutu and Tutsi (67.1%). Results reveal that coffee cooperatives promote a spirit of understanding each other and the tolerance between farmers (72.3%). Cooperatives provide loans to the members through the “rotating funds: Ibimina”. They also educate members through vocational trainings by enhancing and empowering farmers especially women and girls (97.1%). This is evidenced by the provision of adequate shelter, the observation of human rights, access to the medical insurance, school fees for children, undertaking entrepreneurial activities, unity and reconciliation between members, participating in the household’s incomes allocation. Cooperatives uses various strategies in peacebuilding such as working together to construct new schools and houses, land inheritance for women, clubs for peacebuilding and visiting each others (74.3%). [less ▲]

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