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See detailBronchiektasie
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of the 34. Internationaler Fortbildungskurs Kleintierkrankheiten : “Thorax – Herz- und Lungenerkrankungen" - Flims -Switzerland (2013, February)

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See detailPhysical and numerical modelling in low-head structures design
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Rulot, François ULg et al

in Bung, Daniel; Pagliara, Stefano (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Workshop on Hydraulic Design of Low-Head Structures (2013, February)

Physical and numerical modelling may be combined within so-called composite or hybrid modelling. This enables to optimally take benefit of the respective strengths of each modelling approach, while ... [more ▼]

Physical and numerical modelling may be combined within so-called composite or hybrid modelling. This enables to optimally take benefit of the respective strengths of each modelling approach, while compensating for their specific drawbacks. Different types of composite modelling may be identified, such as embedding a detailed physical model within a broader scale numerical model, interconnecting different physical and numerical models focusing each on specific processes, or validating a numerical model from experimental data before exploiting the numerical model to generate more results than availa-ble from the experimental facility. Besides, specifically in more basic research, composite modelling may also be used to improve in-depth understanding of the relative importance of different processes which act simultaneously in the experimental test and may be artificially separated in numerical simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailLa transition des territoires périurbains vers un modèle plus durable : perspectives pour le renouvellement périurbain.
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal; Hudon, Marek (Eds.) 1er Congrès interdisciplinaire du Développement Durable : Quelle transition pour nos sociétés ? Thème 3 : Logement et Aménagement du territoire. Recueil. (2013, February)

L’article aborde la question du recyclage des quartiers périurbains existants sous l'angle énergétique. Deux leviers d’actions sont mobilisés à cet effet : la forme urbaine, qui est étudiée en ... [more ▼]

L’article aborde la question du recyclage des quartiers périurbains existants sous l'angle énergétique. Deux leviers d’actions sont mobilisés à cet effet : la forme urbaine, qui est étudiée en complémentarité de l’échelle du bâtiment individuel, et la mobilité, car l’étalement urbain est entretenu et favorisé, en grande partie par la dépendance à la voiture individuelle. Deux indicateurs principaux (les besoins de chauffage de différents types de formes périurbaines et un indice de performance des déplacements) sont développés et discutés pour mettre en évidence les scénarios de renouvellement les plus adaptés et répondre à deux questions : « comment intervenir dans les quartiers périurbains existants ? » et « où intervenir ? ». Des pistes concrètes visant à l’opérationnalisation d’un « renouvellement périurbain » plus durable sont ensuite proposées. [less ▲]

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See detailChronische. Bronchitis Hund
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of the 34. Internationaler Fortbildungskurs Kleintierkrankheiten : “Thorax – Herz- und Lungenerkrankungen" - Flims -Switzerland (2013, February)

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See detailGrowth, development and metabolic programming in premature infants
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in 8th International Neonatal Conference (2013, February)

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See detail7. Lutte intégrée contre les ravageurs
Chavalle, Sandrine; Censier, Florence ULg; De Proft, Michel

in Destain, Jean-Pierre; Bodson, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc Céréales (2013, February)

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See detailNouveaux modes d’action publique en faveur de la transition des quartiers urbains vers un développement durable.
Ruelle, Christine ULg; Stangherlin, Gregor; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal; Hudon, Marek (Eds.) 1er Congrès Interdisciplinaire du Développement Durable - Thème 5: Rôle des pouvoirs publics dans la transition. (2013, January 31)

L’article aborde la question de l’action publique visant à promouvoir le développement durable des quartiers urbains existants. En particulier, il envisage la pertinence de développer cette action à ... [more ▼]

L’article aborde la question de l’action publique visant à promouvoir le développement durable des quartiers urbains existants. En particulier, il envisage la pertinence de développer cette action à partir d’une réorientation de la « politique des quartiers », modalité de l’action publique héritée de la fin du XXème siècle. Les structures publiques de quartier mises en place dans le cadre de cette politique pourraient en effet jouer un rôle d’accélérateurs de la transition de ces quartiers. Elles ont le potentiel pour cela, notamment grâce au réseau social qu’elles développent au sein de la population locale, sans l’engagement de laquelle les pouvoirs publics peuvent bien peu de choses. L’article envisage ensuite la pertinence d’une généralisation de cette politique à tous les quartiers urbains, selon des intensités variables et en complémentarité avec les politiques urbaines plus stratégiques, afin d’assurer un développement équilibré de nos territoires. [less ▲]

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See detailA multiaxial constitutive model for concrete in the fire situation
Gernay, Thomas ULg; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

in Proceedings of the 13th Fire and Materials Conference (2013, January 28)

Performance-based design in fire engineering leads to increasing demand for advanced temperature-dependent material models for the load bearing materials used in building structures. These models must be ... [more ▼]

Performance-based design in fire engineering leads to increasing demand for advanced temperature-dependent material models for the load bearing materials used in building structures. These models must be valid in natural fire situations including cooling down phase and must be sufficiently robust for complex numerical calculations such as, for example, the analysis of tensile membrane action in composite slabs. Although structural concrete is widely used in civil engineering, proper modelling of its thermo-mechanical behaviour remains a challenging issue for engineers mainly because of the complexity of the phenomena that result from the microcracking process in this material and because of the necessity to ensure the numerical robustness of the models. This paper presents a new multiaxial concrete model based on a plastic-damage formulation and developed to meet the specific requirements of structural fire engineers and researchers. The model, which incorporates an explicit term for transient creep strain and encompasses a limited number of material parameters, has been implemented in a finite element software dedicated to the nonlinear analysis of structures in fire. The paper presents a series of numerical simulations conducted to highlight the model ability to capture the main phenomena that develop in concrete under fire (permanent strains, degradation of the elastic properties, unilateral effect) as well as its ability to be used for the fire analysis of large-scale structural elements. As an example, the new concrete model is used in the numerical analysis of a full scale fire test on a composite steel-concrete slab and it is shown that the computed and measured results agree. [less ▲]

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See detailGAUFRE: a tool for an automated determination of atmospheric parameters from spectroscopy
Valentini, Marica ULg; Morel, Thierry ULg; Miglio, Andrea et al

in 40th Liege International Astrophysical Colloquium 'Ageing low-mass stars: from red giants to white dwarfs' (2013, January 01)

We present an automated tool for measuring atmospheric parameters (T_eff, log(g), [Fe/H]) for F-G-K dwarf and giant stars. The tool, called GAUFRE, is written in C++ and composed of several routines ... [more ▼]

We present an automated tool for measuring atmospheric parameters (T_eff, log(g), [Fe/H]) for F-G-K dwarf and giant stars. The tool, called GAUFRE, is written in C++ and composed of several routines: GAUFRE-RV measures radial velocity from spectra via cross-correlation against a synthetic template, GAUFRE-EW measures atmospheric parameters through the classic line-by-line technique and GAUFRE-CHI2 performs a chi^2 fitting to a library of synthetic spectra. A set of F-G-K stars extensively studied in the literature were used as a benchmark for the program: their high signal-to-noise and high resolution spectra were analysed by using GAUFRE and results were compared with those present in literature. The tool is also implemented in order to perform the spectral analysis after fixing the surface gravity (log(g)) to the accurate value provided by asteroseismology. A set of CoRoT stars, belonging to LRc01 and LRa01 fields was used for first testing the performances and the behaviour of the program when using the seismic log(g). [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitative NIR Spectroscopy of Massive Stars
Sana, H.; Stap, F. A.; de Koter, A. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, January 01)

Interest for near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy of massive stars has been dramatically increasing over the last decade. Because it allows one to observe objects inaccessible at optical wavelengths due to ... [more ▼]

Interest for near-infrared (NIR) spectroscopy of massive stars has been dramatically increasing over the last decade. Because it allows one to observe objects inaccessible at optical wavelengths due to absorption, the infrared domain offers a privileged window to study highly extinguished objects. Yet, a detailed calibration of the massive star properties at NIR wavelength is still missing. Following the lines of the work of Repolust et al. (2005), we have acquired high resolution spectroscopy of several nearby massive stars using VLT/CRIRES, focusing on spectral lines of interest in the J, H, K, and L bands. In this work, we present the earliest results of our quantitative spectroscopic analysis of the main sequence stars in our sample. Using the unique combination of a genetic algorithm approach with the state-of-the-art non-LTE atmosphere model FASTWIND, we compare the stellar and wind properties as derived from the optical and the NIR regime. [less ▲]

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See detail2009: A Colliding-Wind Odyssey
Fahed, R.; Moffat, A. F. J.; Zorec, J. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, January 01)

We present the results from two optical spectroscopic campaigns on colliding-wind binaries (CWB) which both occurred in 2009. The first one was on WR 140 (WC7pd + O5.5fc), the archetype of CWB, which ... [more ▼]

We present the results from two optical spectroscopic campaigns on colliding-wind binaries (CWB) which both occurred in 2009. The first one was on WR 140 (WC7pd + O5.5fc), the archetype of CWB, which experienced periastron passage of its highly elliptical 8-year orbit in January. The WR 140 campaign consisted of a unique and constructive collaboration between amateur and professional astronomers and took place at half a dozen locations, including Teide Observatory, Observatoire de Haute Provence, Dominion Astrophysical Observatory, Observatoire du Mont-Mégantic and at several small private observatories. The second campaign was on a selection of 5 short-period WR + O binaries not yet studied for colliding-wind effects: WR 12 (WN8h), WR 21 (WN5o + O7 V), WR 30 (WC6 + O7.5 V), WR 31 (WN4o + O8), and WR 47 (WN6o + O5). The campaign took place at Leoncito Observatory, Argentina, during 1 month. We provide updated values of most of these systems for the orbital parameters, new estimates for the WR and O star masses and new constraints on the mass-loss rates and colliding wind geometry. [less ▲]

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See detailCoRoT Observations of O Stars: Diverse Origins of Variability
Blomme, R.; Briquet, Maryline ULg; Degroote, P. et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, January 01)

Six O-type stars were observed continuously by the CoRoT satellite during a 34.3-day run. The unprecedented quality of the data allows us to detect even low-amplitude stellar pulsations in some of these ... [more ▼]

Six O-type stars were observed continuously by the CoRoT satellite during a 34.3-day run. The unprecedented quality of the data allows us to detect even low-amplitude stellar pulsations in some of these stars (HD 46202 and the binaries HD 46149 and Plaskett's star). These cover both opacity-driven modes and solar-like stochastic oscillations, both of importance to the asteroseismological modeling of O stars. Additional effects can be seen in the CoRoT light curves, such as binarity and rotational modulation. Some of the hottest O-type stars (HD 46223, HD 46150 and HD 46966) are dominated by the presence of red-noise: we speculate that this is related to a sub-surface convection zone. [less ▲]

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See detailX-Ray Plasma Temperature Distribution in the Wind of ζ Puppis
Hervé, Anthony ULg; Rauw, Grégor ULg; Nazé, Yaël ULg

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, January 01)

Different scenarios try to explain the X-ray production in the O-type star wind (magnetic confinement, embedded shocks…) and their plasma temperature distribution. In this context, we have developed a new ... [more ▼]

Different scenarios try to explain the X-ray production in the O-type star wind (magnetic confinement, embedded shocks…) and their plasma temperature distribution. In this context, we have developed a new modeling code which computes synthetic spectra as a function of plasma temperature, abundances, and localization of the X-ray emitting shell in the wind. Then we combine several synthetic spectra in order to fit the observed high-resolution spectra. Our preliminary results on ζ Puppis reveal a non-porous wind as well as non-solar abundances for the CNO elements. More important, an extended region with a low temperature plasma begins to emit close to the star surface while small shells with hotter temperature plasmas emit farther in the wind. [less ▲]

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See detailMassive Non-Thermal Radio Emitters: New Data and their Modeling
Volpi, D.; Blomme, R.; De Becker, Michaël ULg et al

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, January 01)

During recent years some non-thermal radio emitting OB stars have been discovered to be binary or multiple systems. The non-thermal emission is due to synchrotron radiation that is emitted by electrons ... [more ▼]

During recent years some non-thermal radio emitting OB stars have been discovered to be binary or multiple systems. The non-thermal emission is due to synchrotron radiation that is emitted by electrons accelerated up to high energies. The electron acceleration occurs at the strong shocks created by the collision of radiatively-driven winds. Here we summarize the available radio data and more recent observations for the binary Cyg OB2 No. 9. We also show a new emission model which is being developed to compare the theoretical total radio flux and the spectral index with the observed radio light curves. This comparison will be useful in order to solve fundamental questions, such as the determination of the stellar mass-loss rates, which are perturbed by clumping. [less ▲]

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See detailAre Magnetic OB Stars More Prone to Mixing? Still an Unsettled Issue
Morel, Thierry ULg

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, January 01)

We review our knowledge of the mixing properties of magnetic OB stars and discuss whether the observational data presently available support, as predicted by some theoretical models, the idea that ... [more ▼]

We review our knowledge of the mixing properties of magnetic OB stars and discuss whether the observational data presently available support, as predicted by some theoretical models, the idea that magnetic phenomena favour the transport of chemical elements. A (likely statistical) relationship between enhanced mixing and the existence of a field has been emerging over the last few years. As discussed in this contribution, however, a clear answer to this question is presently hampered by the lack of large and well-defined samples of magnetic and non-magnetic stars. [less ▲]

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See detailNew INTEGRAL Observations of η Carinae Close to Periastron
Leyder, J.-C.; Walter, R.; Rauw, Grégor ULg

in Astronomical Society of the Pacific Conference Series (2013, January 01)

The soft X-ray thermal emission of η Carinae varies strongly around the periastron, following the orbital period of 5.5 yr. We studied the hard X-ray non-thermal emission of η Car using new INTEGRAL ... [more ▼]

The soft X-ray thermal emission of η Carinae varies strongly around the periastron, following the orbital period of 5.5 yr. We studied the hard X-ray non-thermal emission of η Car using new INTEGRAL observations taken close to periastron. We showed that the hard X-ray emission is very likely to be associated with η Car, and not with any other source found within the INTEGRAL error circle. We also showed that the 3-σ detection during the soft X-ray minimum is consistent with a hydrogen column density that does not exceed 6×10[SUP]23[/SUP] cm[SUP]-2[/SUP]. [less ▲]

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See detailQu’est-ce qu’une preuve de développement de compétence ? Témoignages autour de la récolte et de l’analyse critique de preuves de développement de compétences dans deux programmes faisant usages du portfolio pour l’évaluation finale de leurs étudiants
Poumay, Marianne ULg; Georges, François ULg

in Actes du 25ème colloque de l’ADMEE-Europe Fribourg - Evaluation et autoévaluation, quels espaces de formation (2013, January)

Il n’est pas « naturel » pour l’apprenant d’entrer dans une logique par laquelle il lui revient de démontrer ses progrès. Dans le présent article, nous tentons de mieux cerner la notion de preuves au ... [more ▼]

Il n’est pas « naturel » pour l’apprenant d’entrer dans une logique par laquelle il lui revient de démontrer ses progrès. Dans le présent article, nous tentons de mieux cerner la notion de preuves au travers de portfolios réalisés par des enseignants et formateurs inscrits dans deux programmes de l’université de Liège (Belgique). [less ▲]

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See detailA nap to recap: Reward strengthens relational memory during daytime sleep
Igloi, Kinga; Gaggioni, Giulia Alice ULg; Eryilmaz, Hamdi et al

in Abstract book of the ABIM meeting (2013, January)

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See detailLinearized Power Flow Equations Based Predictive Control of Transmission Voltages
Hajian, Mahdi; Rosehart, William; Glavic, Mevludin et al

in Proceedings of the 46th Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences (HICSS-46) (2013, January)

In this paper, an approach based on the concept of Model Predictive Control (MPC) is used to control transmission voltages and prevent long-term voltage instability. The MPC model is based on a linearized ... [more ▼]

In this paper, an approach based on the concept of Model Predictive Control (MPC) is used to control transmission voltages and prevent long-term voltage instability. The MPC model is based on a linearized steady-state system model derived from power flow equations. Simulation results are presented for the case of Nordic32 test system. [less ▲]

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See detailWindelband on Beurteilung
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

in Van der Schaar, Maria (Ed.) Judgement and the Epistemic Foundation of Logic (2013, January)

A main challenge for philosophers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century was to construct judgements as acts of decision or position (thesis) rather than as acts of combination or synthesis ... [more ▼]

A main challenge for philosophers of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century was to construct judgements as acts of decision or position (thesis) rather than as acts of combination or synthesis. Let us call this the thetic view. Franz Brentano (1838–1917) is usually regarded as the best supporter of this view, since he takes advantage of the Kantian-Herbartian notion of ‘position’ (Setzung) to break with the traditional definition of judgement as symplokè (Martin 2006, 64 sq.; see Brentano 2008, 335). Generally speaking I think this usual line of interpretation is quite cor- rect, yet it could benefit from a more detailed account of the Brentano reception. What I would like to suggest is this: At stake in Brentano’s legacy is not just the rejection of the synthetic view but also the way in which the thetic dimension is itself conceived. There are, in fact, various ways of constructing judgements as thetic or positional phenomena. Brentano’s notion of ‘existential assertion’ is not the only way to do so. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom Fritz Teufel to Leo Bassi : Happening and provocation. Just a History of Overbidding and Inflation?
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

in Utopia and Critical Thinking in the Creative Process (2013, January)

Ludico-symbolic coups and assassination attempts, make-believe funerals and degeneration of trials into grotesque rhetorical jousting : everywhere throughout Europe and the United States in the mid ... [more ▼]

Ludico-symbolic coups and assassination attempts, make-believe funerals and degeneration of trials into grotesque rhetorical jousting : everywhere throughout Europe and the United States in the mid sixties, political happenings thrived. The acts/performances, which were for the most part carried out by groups or individuals close to the Marxist and pacifist student protest movement, can’t be dissociated from a situationnist understanding of the urban milieu, transformed into one large stage for militant theatre. Founded on the principal of diversion and provocation, these actions quickly led to inflation and overbidding. Caught in a hectic whirl which forced them to always push the limit further in order to evade, if only temporarily, a process of institutionalisation that threatens any act of provocation, they soon begin to loose their political effectiveness. Born from a common political and artistic origin as the leaders of the student left movement, several “terrorist” groups harden their tone at the beginning of the seventies and perpetrate acts of violence with a revolutionary intention. Breaking away from the theatrical and ludic student activity while also retaining their situationnist obedience and a certain theatrical conception of the urban place, these armed groups think up actions in the beginning of the seventies which induce a rupture in the performative and theatrical tradition of the end of the sixties. These acts have been the subject of in depths studies by authors who, however conscious of the theatrical origins of the actions of the extreme left terrorists, refer to a terminology which imposes a distinction between action (or happening/performance) and “terrorist” acts. On the basis of this terminological distinction, we will demonstrate not only that these actions of the beginning of the seventies must be considered in a direct lineage with the political-theatrical creation of the end of the sixties, but that they also offer a first escape route, politically efficient, to the inflation which threatens any act of provocation. If the actions of the RAF, the Red Brigades or the Weathermen evade institutionalisation which threatens any act of provocation, they nevertheless remain politically unsustainable and condemn those who imagine them as well as those who execute them to an inevitably tragic ending, incompatible with the pursuit of creative practice. This paradigm will guide us in identifying some more recent creative processes (fake conferences of the Yes Men, shows/performances of Leo Bassi) which try to overcome in turn the political precariousness of their predecessors in endowing themselves with an (auto)reflexive dimension. Beyond their heterogeneity, these actions/shows shall thus be perceived as objects which surpass the act of provocation, inevitably destined to wear out. Because, in actively implicating the spectator to a point where he becomes a full fledge component of an engaged and reflexive creative process, these practices reinstate the politico-theatrical performance in its indispensable efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailRécit et interaction : la piste structuraliste
Hurel, Pierre-Yves ULg

in Klein, Annabelle; Collard, Anne-Sophie (Eds.) COMMUNICATION : Regards croisés sur la relation (2013)

Le rapport entre récit et interactivité est régulièrement présenté comme paradoxal : comment une oeuvre peut-elle intégrer la liberté d’un participant extérieur à une histoire prédéterminée ? La recherche ... [more ▼]

Le rapport entre récit et interactivité est régulièrement présenté comme paradoxal : comment une oeuvre peut-elle intégrer la liberté d’un participant extérieur à une histoire prédéterminée ? La recherche y répond en grande majorité par la théorisation d’une narration émergente, qui abandonne le sens fort du récit. Nous y répondons par une nouvelle approche, nourrie par les thèses structurales – dont nous démontrons l’actualité et la pertinence dans le champ de recherche qui nous occupe. Ceci nous permettra de (re)définir l’objet et de comprendre sa relation au public. Certains webdocumentaires, jeux vidéo, jeux de rôle, hypertextes ou films interactifs font partie d’un même type de narration : le récit interactif. [less ▲]

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See detailFlowOS: A Programmable Platform for Commodity Hardware Middleboxes
Abdul, Alim; Bezahaf, Mehdi; Mathy, Laurent ULg

in Proceedings of CFI 2013 (2013)

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See detailImpact of different scenarios related to the new Common Agricultural Policy on farm income in Wallonia
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Habran, Maxime ULg

in Lorencowicz, Edmund; Uziak, Jacek; Huyghebaert, Bruno (Eds.) VI International Scientific Symposium "Farm Machinery and Processes Management in Sustainable Agriculture" : Symposium Proceedings (2013)

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been reformed several times since the treaty of Rome in 1958. For the period 2014-2020 at the European level, a new CAP had to be agreed upon by the 27 Member ... [more ▼]

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been reformed several times since the treaty of Rome in 1958. For the period 2014-2020 at the European level, a new CAP had to be agreed upon by the 27 Member States and the EU parliament. Discussions were launched in 2010 and several proposals were made. In Belgium, as agricultural policy is regionalized, the Walloon Minister for Agriculture decided to support academic research in order to assess the possible impact of different scenarios on farm income, and so to help the regional authorities to take decisions when the EU legislation would be adopted, giving a large set of possibilities to the Members States/regions. So, different scenarios were defined with the partners of the administration, including farmers' unions, and their impacts on farm income were calculated. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the Determinants of Travelers’ Mental Knowledge of Public Parking Facilities
Cools, Mario ULg; van der Waerden, Peter; Janssens, Davy

in Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (DVD-ROM) (2013)

This paper describes a study of car drivers’ familiarity with the parking situation in the vicinity of a regional shopping center. The data used for this study are collected in Hasselt, a medium sized ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a study of car drivers’ familiarity with the parking situation in the vicinity of a regional shopping center. The data used for this study are collected in Hasselt, a medium sized city in Belgium. The central shopping area of Hasselt is surrounded by 23 public parking facilities. 1007 residents have been asked to indicate if they are familiar with each parking facility. The concept of familiarity was related to the socio-demographic and cognitive attributes of the respondents, their trips to the city center and the type of parking facility using multinomial logistic regression and bivariate probit regression. The results show that familiarity with parking facilities is especially related to age and education, and to the frequency of car use towards the city centre, and to a lesser extent to place of residence, income and perceived mental knowledge. In addition to these results, this paper demonstrates the value of collecting virtual buffer data by means of an online survey tool. The authors recommend that simulation models that predict parking choice behavior take into account the different levels of familiarity with parking facilities, and the contributing factors. An important avenue for further research is the combination of personal and facility specific information to assess the familiarity with different types of parking facilities. [less ▲]

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See detailDepositional facies settings and geochemical proxies of Late Devonian sequences in northwestern Thailand.
Königshof, Peter; Racki, G.; Savage, N. et al

in ICPSEA3 2013: The 3rd International Conference on the Palaeontology of South-East Asia. Abstract book (2013)

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See detailTransboundary hydraulic modelling of extreme floods in the Meuse River
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Pirotton, Michel ULg et al

in The Wise Find Pleasure in Water (2013)

Detailed inundation modelling was conducted along a 100 km long transnational section of the Meuse River (in Belgium and The Netherlands), using very similar models for the whole computation (2D unsteady ... [more ▼]

Detailed inundation modelling was conducted along a 100 km long transnational section of the Meuse River (in Belgium and The Netherlands), using very similar models for the whole computation (2D unsteady models). As a result, damping of the flood waves could be quantified and the possible relevance of using a steady-state approach could be assessed. The new detailed 2D hydraulic simulations have demonstrated that only a very limited damping of the flood waves occurs along the simulated reaches. From the perspective of the variation in peak discharge, the study concludes that running the hydraulic model in steady mode makes perfectly sense. Nonetheless, the steady computations lead to extensive overestimations of the inundated extent and of the stored volume in the floodplains. The 2D unsteady model constitutes also a tool of primary interest, which is readily available to design and evaluate protection measures for flood-prone areas such as in the city of Liege. [less ▲]

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See detailDu destin des archives en Islam. Analyse des données et éléments de réponse
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Aigle, Denise; Péquignot, Stéphane (Eds.) La Correspondance entre souverains, princes et cités-états. Approches croisées entre l'Orient musulman, l'Occident et Byzance (XIIIe-début XVIe siècle) (2013)

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See detail(Bio)synthesis, extraction and purification of garlic derivatives showing therapeutic properties
DETHIER, Bérénice ULg; Nott, Katherine ULg; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg

in Smagghe, Guy; Boeckx, Pascal; Bossier, Peter (Eds.) et al Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biosciences 2013 (2013)

Garlic has been used worldwide for centuries for its taste but also for its health benefits. Garlic's therapeutic compounds are mostly organosulfur compounds, recognized for their antioxidant, anticancer ... [more ▼]

Garlic has been used worldwide for centuries for its taste but also for its health benefits. Garlic's therapeutic compounds are mostly organosulfur compounds, recognized for their antioxidant, anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial activity and their effect on cardiovascular diseases (reviewed by Block, 2010). When the cloves are crushed, allicin is synthesized as the vacuolar enzyme alliinase meets its substrate, the cytoplasmic alliin. Allicin is unstable and undergoes rearrangements to form three main groups of derivatives: allyl sulfides, ajoenes and vinyldithiins. The garlic processing method has a major influence on the products released both in terms of chemical composition and yields. For example, the type of medium (aqueous or oily) and the temperature can favour the formation of specific compounds. Our work aims at studying the influence of - the garlic origin, - the reaction conditions and - the extraction procedures (solvent, microwaves) on the organosulfur compounds formed. Particular attention is given to the stereochemistry and the stability of the compounds. Better understanding of the formation of high value natural molecules is important in order to lead further studies on the biological activity of the compounds or to use them as nutraceuticals. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of shear and pull-off tests for testing adhesion of different content limestone fillers mortars used as repair system
Chendes, Remus; Dan, Sorin; Courard, Luc ULg

in STOIAN, Valeriu; DAN, Daniel; BOB, Corneliu (Eds.) et al Construction sustainability: efficient solution for design, execution and rehabilitation of the building (2013)

When a repair operation is performed and a new concrete or mortar is applied on the old concrete substrate, it is very important to have a good bond between the old concrete layer and the repair concrete ... [more ▼]

When a repair operation is performed and a new concrete or mortar is applied on the old concrete substrate, it is very important to have a good bond between the old concrete layer and the repair concrete system. The bond strengths usually determinate using pure tensile tests (pull-off tests) because of the field applicability of this category of tests. However, in most of the applications, shear stress is the main reason of the bond failure. In general, bond strength under tensile is considered smaller than bond strength in shear stress conditions. The objective of this paper is to compare the results obtained from tensile and shear tests and to potentially determine a mathematical relation between shear and tension. The materials used for tests are Ordinary Portland Cement and modified limestone fillers mortars. Specific humidity storage conditions have been selected. [less ▲]

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See detailSpicules or no spicules in Devonian stromatoporoids, that’s the question?
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Kershaw; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg et al

in Whalen; Osadetz; Richards (Eds.) et al IGCP-580/596, Geophysical and Geochemical techniques : a window on the Paleozoic world, Abstract book (2013)

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See detailEffects of dietary A-lipoic-acid on feed intake and hypothalamic AMPK activity of young broiler chicks
Wang, Y.; Willems, E.; Franssens, L et al

in Proceedings of the 6th Combined Workshop on Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry (2013)

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See detailTraining modifies the innate immune response both in the airways and in blood in horses
Frellstedt, Linda ULg; Gosset, Philippe; Desmet, Christophe ULg et al

in Proceedings of the ICI (2013)

Lower airway diseases are common problems in sports and racing horses. In humans, exercise has been associated with upper respiratory tract infections due to down-regulated expression of Toll-like ... [more ▼]

Lower airway diseases are common problems in sports and racing horses. In humans, exercise has been associated with upper respiratory tract infections due to down-regulated expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs), costimulatory and antigen-presenting molecules on monocytes. The objectives of this study were 1) to examine the expression of TLRs in equine bronchial epithelial cells (EBEC) and blood monocytes in untrained and trained horses; 2) to stimulate EBEC and monocytes in vitro with TLR ligands, in order to mimic bacterial/viral infections; 3) to compare the cytokine production of EBEC and monocytes in untrained and trained horses. Bronchial biopsies were taken from 8 horses during lower airway endoscopy at rest and 24 hours after a standardized exercise test (SET). Bronchial epithelial cells were grown in vitro and activated with TLR ligands. Blood monocytes were collected at rest and after the SET. TLR1-TLR9 expression was evaluated via real-time PCR and cytokine production was measured via ELISA. TLR3 and TLR4 expression was modified by training. The expression of TLR2, TLR7 and TLR8 was modified only by strenuous exercise in trained horses. Training had local immuno-suppressive effects shown by a decreased production of TNF-alpha and IFN-beta in EBEC in response to TLR2 and TLR3 ligands. Training also caused a systemic pro-inflammatory response evidenced by increased production of TNF-alpha in monocytes in response to TLR2 and TLR4 ligands. These findings suggest that training and strenuous exercise in trained subjects may result in an increased susceptibility of the lower airway to infections associated with systemic inflammation. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanification Optimiste dans les Processus Décisionnels de Markov avec Croyance
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Busoniu, Lucian; Munos, Rémi

in 8èmes Journées Francophones de Planification, Décision et Apprentissage pour la conduite de systèmes (JFPDA'13) (2013)

Cet article décrit l'algorithme BOP (de l'anglais ``Bayesian Optimistic Planning''), un nouvel algorithme d'apprentissage par renforcement Bayésien indirect (c'est à dire fondé sur un modèle). BOP étend l ... [more ▼]

Cet article décrit l'algorithme BOP (de l'anglais ``Bayesian Optimistic Planning''), un nouvel algorithme d'apprentissage par renforcement Bayésien indirect (c'est à dire fondé sur un modèle). BOP étend l'approche de l'algorithme OP-MDP (de l'anglais ``Optimistic Planning for Markov Decision Processes'', voir [Busoniu2011,Busoniu2012]) au cas où les probabilités de transitions du MDP sous-jacent sont initialement inconnues, et doivent être apprises au travers d'interactions avec l'environnement. Les connaissances sur le MDP sous-jacent sont représentées par une distribution de probabilités sur l'ensemble de tous les modèles de transitions à l'aide de distributions de Dirichlet. L'algorithme BOP planifie dans l'espace augmenté état-croyance obtenu par concaténation du vecteur d'état avec la distribution postérieure sur les modèles de transitions. On montre que BOP atteint l'optimalité Bayésienne lorsque le paramètre de budget tend vers l'infini. Quelques expériences préliminaires montrent des résultats encourageants. [less ▲]

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See detailWorkshops as tools for creative collaboration: finding a balance between facilitation and auto-organization
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Cornet, Adeline; Antoine, Mélanie

in Proceedings of Co-Create 2013 (2013)

This paper analyses four settings of so-called collaborative “creative workshops” (their methods, logistics, regulation processes) and provide peepholes on their respective features, with the informed ... [more ▼]

This paper analyses four settings of so-called collaborative “creative workshops” (their methods, logistics, regulation processes) and provide peepholes on their respective features, with the informed goals of defining criteria for comparison, finding shared essence and distinctive characteristics. Key aspects such as time, facilitation and auto-organization shape a “creative continuum” that formalizes how creativity can be stimulated and how participants might collaboratively develop creative behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailDes données de perception et de performance pour réguler un dispositif en ligne
Jacquet, Maud ULg; Georges, François ULg; Michiels, Laurence ULg et al

in Colloque scientifique international portant sur les TIC en éducation : bilan, enjeux actuels et perspectives futures (2013)

En 2010, pour la première fois en Communauté française de Belgique, un même cours de médecine vétérinaire a été proposé par un même enseignant à quatre universités. L’enseignant désigné pour cette ... [more ▼]

En 2010, pour la première fois en Communauté française de Belgique, un même cours de médecine vétérinaire a été proposé par un même enseignant à quatre universités. L’enseignant désigné pour cette expérience a bénéficié d’un accompagnement technopédagogique de l’IFRES (ULg) pour concevoir son cours. Dans cet article, nous décrirons le dispositif en ligne, nous présenterons l’usage que les apprenants en ont eu, leurs perceptions et leurs performances. L’objet de cette analyse est principalement d'offrir à l’enseignant des informations utiles pour réguler son cours. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical Exploration of Oscillation Modes in Rapidly Rotating Stars
Ballot, Jérôme; Lignières, François; Reese, Daniel ULg

in Goupil, M.; Belkacem, K.; Neiner, C. (Eds.) et al Studying Stellar Rotation and Convection (2013)

In this chapter, we show that two-dimensional oscillation codes help us to improve our knowledge of the effects of rapid rotation on acoustic (p) and gravity (g) modes. We first discuss how to solve the ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we show that two-dimensional oscillation codes help us to improve our knowledge of the effects of rapid rotation on acoustic (p) and gravity (g) modes. We first discuss how to solve the full problem of stellar oscillations in rapidly rotating stars by including the effects of the Coriolis force as well as those of the centrifugal distortion. We illustrate the development and the validation of a 2-D code using the Two-dimensional Oscillation Program (TOP) as an example. We then describe what strategies are being developed to explore the p- and g-mode spectra, how effective these methods are, and what intrinsic difficulties they face. In the last part of this chapter, we present results obtained with these techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailThe astronomical calibration of the Givetian (Middle Devonian) time scale (Dinant Synclinorium, Belgium).
De Vleeschouwer; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg et al

in American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Abstract (2013)

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See detailLe cas des systèmes hypothétiques coordonnés du grec ancien
Denizot, Camille ULg

in Bodelot, Colette; Gruet-Skrabalova, Hana; Trouilleux, François (Eds.) Morphologie, syntaxe et sémantique des subordonnants (2013)

On rencontre, dans l’Iliade et chez Hérodote, principalement, des systèmes hypothétiques où la protase (introduite par εἰ) et l’apodose sont en outre coordonnés par μέν / δέ. Ces occurrences paradoxales ... [more ▼]

On rencontre, dans l’Iliade et chez Hérodote, principalement, des systèmes hypothétiques où la protase (introduite par εἰ) et l’apodose sont en outre coordonnés par μέν / δέ. Ces occurrences paradoxales peuvent être expliquées de manière satisfaisante si on sépare soigneusement le niveau sémantique (où l’hypothèse peut être expliquée) et le niveau syntaxique (où le caractère non subordonné de la protase peut être démontré) ; cette explication permet de décrire les emplois non subordonnants de εἰ sans avoir à les faire dériver d’une structure subordonnée. [less ▲]

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See detailSemantic Annotation of GPS Traces: Activity Type Inference
Reumers, Sofie; Liu, Feng; Janssens, Davy et al

in Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (DVD-ROM) (2013)

Due to the rapid development of technology, larger data sets concerning activity travel behavior become available. These data sets often lack semantic interpretation. This implies that annotation in terms ... [more ▼]

Due to the rapid development of technology, larger data sets concerning activity travel behavior become available. These data sets often lack semantic interpretation. This implies that annotation in terms of activity type and transportation mode is necessary. This paper aims to infer activity types from GPS traces by developing a decision tree-based model. The model only considers activity start times and activity durations. Based on the decision tree classification, a probability distribution and a point prediction model were constructed. The probability matrix describes the probability of each activity type for each class (i.e. combination of activity start time and activity duration). In each class, the point prediction model selects the activity type that has the highest probability. Two types of data were collected in 2006 and 2007 in Flanders, Belgium, i.e. activity travel data and GPS data. The optimal classification tree constructed comprises 18 leaves. Consequently, 18 if-then rules were derived. An accuracy of 74% was achieved when training the tree. The accuracy of the model for the validation set, i.e. 72.5%, shows that overfitting is minimal. When applying the model to the test set, the accuracy was almost 76%. The models indicate the importance of time information in the semantic enrichment process. This study contributes to future data collection in that it enables researchers to directly infer activity types from activity start time and duration information obtained from GPS data. Because no location information is needed, this research can be easily and readily implemented to millions of individual agents. [less ▲]

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See detailStromatoporoid diversity and growth in late Wenlock reefs and associated facies (Silurian) at Wenlock Edge, UK.
Kershaw; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg

in Lindskog; Mehlqvist (Eds.) Proceedings of the 3rd IGCP 591 Annual Meeting Lund, Sweden, 9–19 June 2013 (2013)

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See detailA new super-element for estimating the collision resistance of an inclined ship side
Buldgen, Loïc ULg; Le Sourne, Hervé; Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Advancements in Marine Structures : Proceedings of MARSTRUCT 2013, the 4th International Conference on Marine Structures, Espoo, Finland, 25th – 27th March 2013 (2013)

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See detailCitations et usages de l'art du Moyen Empire à l'époque thoutmoside
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

in Bickel, Susanne (Ed.) Vergangenheit und Zukunft. Studien zum historischen Bewusstsein in der Thutmosidenzeit (2013)

The article aims at characterizing forms and functions of the uses of Middle Kingdom art in royal and court productions during the Thutmosid Period. In order to assess this artistic phenomenon as a ... [more ▼]

The article aims at characterizing forms and functions of the uses of Middle Kingdom art in royal and court productions during the Thutmosid Period. In order to assess this artistic phenomenon as a conscious revival and not just a survival of the Past and of the tradition, the analysis starts with a brief examination of the disruption that was felt and expressed during the Second Intermediate Period. It then goes on investigating the evolution of the references to Middle Kingdom art from the dawn of the 18th Dynasty to the time of Hatshepsut and Thutmosis III, when some sorts of artistic quotations replaced a global renaissance of Middle Kingdom forms of expression. A special attention is paid to the relationship between creativity and archaism under the reign of Hatshepsut, and leads to conclude the article with some theoretical deductions on the study of Ancient Egyptian archaism and a tentative definition of how innovation was conceptualized in Ancient Egyptian culture. [less ▲]

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See detailNew capabilities of the INCL4.6 model implemented into high-energy transport codes
Leray, S.; Boudard, A.; Braunn, B. et al

in Proceedings of Shielding Aspects of Accelerators, Targets and Irradiation Facilities 2011 (2013)

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See detailLes besoins sociaux et économiques de la collectivité dans le droit de l’aménagement du territoire et de l’urbanisme
Pâques, Michel ULg; Donnay, Luc ULg; Vercheval, Cécile ULg

in Delnoy, Michel; Born, Charles-Hubert; Van Damme, Nathalie (Eds.) Le droit de l’aménagement du territoire et de l’urbanisme, 50 ans après la loi organique (2013)

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See detailUsing agro-hydrology to adapt to climate evolutions
Degré, Aurore ULg; Sohier, Catherine ULg; Bauwens, Alexandra ULg et al

in Dewals, Benjamin; Fournier, Maité (Eds.) Transboundary Water Management in a Changing Climate (2013)

Natural phenomena such as floods, drought, erosion, nitrate leaching and plant growth are influenced by climate change. The Soil - Water Systems division of Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech aims at studying these ... [more ▼]

Natural phenomena such as floods, drought, erosion, nitrate leaching and plant growth are influenced by climate change. The Soil - Water Systems division of Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech aims at studying these phenomena; better understanding processes; modelling them in order to predict their change in the future and to assess their potential consequences. Then, we can propose strategies to adapt to these changes. As an agronomy faculty, we believe that adapting agriculture can play a major role in mitigating climate evolution effects at plot and catchment scales. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement de la coordination dans le Syntactic Reference Corpus of Medieval French (SRCMF)
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Casanova Herrero, Emili; Calvo Rigual, Cesareo (Eds.) Actes du XXVIe Congrès de Linguistique et Philologie Romanes (2013)

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See detailSeeing the corona with the solar probe plus mission: the wide-field imager for solar probe+ (WISPR)
Vourlidas, A.; Howard, R. A.; Plunkett, S. P. et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2013)

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See detailEscouloubre Piano Key weir: prototype versus scale models
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Silvestri, Aurélien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Erpicum, Sébastien; Laugier, Frédéric; Pfister, Michael (Eds.) et al Labyrinth and Piano Key Weirs II - PKW 2013 (2013)

A 1.77 m high piano key weir in operation on the Escouloubre balance basin enabled the observation of real size flows for discharges ranging from 1.2 to 10 m³/s, corresponding to upstream heads ranging ... [more ▼]

A 1.77 m high piano key weir in operation on the Escouloubre balance basin enabled the observation of real size flows for discharges ranging from 1.2 to 10 m³/s, corresponding to upstream heads ranging from 11 to 48 cm. These observations are depicted and compared to the results gained on three physical models of the weir, built and operated considering a Froude similitude and geometric scale factors of, respectively, 1:7, 1:15 and 1:25. The study highlights the scale effects which may affect piano key weirs scale model studies and provides criteria to limit them. In particular, the results analysis shows that the scale models succeed in representing the flow conditions on the weir when the model upstream head is higher than 60 mm, and succeed in predicting the weir discharge capacity when the model upstream head is higher than 30 mm. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the DSM to welded H profile cross-sections
Rossi, Barbara ULg; Li, Yongzhen ULg

in Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (2013)

The objective of the paper is to assess the accuracy of current Direct Strength Method (DSM) equations applied to steel structural welded H shapes in axial compression. Commercialised hot-rolled H ... [more ▼]

The objective of the paper is to assess the accuracy of current Direct Strength Method (DSM) equations applied to steel structural welded H shapes in axial compression. Commercialised hot-rolled H sections covering IPE, HE, HD, HL, HP, W and UB profiles and made of three grades (235MPa, 355MPa and 460MPa) were treated in (Li & Rossi 2012). This analysis focuses on welded sections made of the same three grades, including sections characterized by local buckling with a significant post-buckling reserve. The finite element model is described. Then, the results of a parametric analysis using the finite element model are re-ported. The codified resistances are also compared to the numerical results. For each cross-section, the recently developed analytical expressions provided in (Seif & Schafer 2010) for hot-rolled profiles are used to cal-culate the elastic cross-section local buckling stress. A comparison with CUFSM results is also reported. Then, the possibility to use the concept of DSM for the design of structural welded steel shapes is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailA multi-scale computational scheme for anisotropic hydro-mechanical couplings in saturated heterogeneous porous media
Mercatoris, Benoît ULg; Massart, T. J.; Sluys, L. J.

in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Fracture Mechanics of Concrete and Concrete Structures, FraMCoS 2013 (2013)

This contribution discusses a coupled two-scale framework for hydro-mechanical problems in saturated heterogeneous porous geomaterials. The heterogeneous nature of such materials can lead to an anisotropy ... [more ▼]

This contribution discusses a coupled two-scale framework for hydro-mechanical problems in saturated heterogeneous porous geomaterials. The heterogeneous nature of such materials can lead to an anisotropy of the hydro-mechanical couplings and non-linear effects. Based on an assumed model of the mesostructure, the average macroscopic hydro-mechanical behaviour is extracted by means of a computational homogenisation procedure in a monolithic way. The ingredients needed to upscale the hydro-mechanical couplings are outlined. The two-scale simulation results are compared with direct numerical simulation for the consolidation of a particle-matrix porous material. [less ▲]

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See detailImpacts of future floods and low flows on the economy in the Meuse basin
Sinaba, B; Döring, R; Kufeld, M et al

in Dewals, Benjamin; Fournier, Maïté (Eds.) Transboundary Water Management in a Changing Climate (2013)

Climate change in Western Europe is projected to result in more humid winters and drier summers. Further, the sverities of floods and low flows are assumed to increase in the future. The impacts of these ... [more ▼]

Climate change in Western Europe is projected to result in more humid winters and drier summers. Further, the sverities of floods and low flows are assumed to increase in the future. The impacts of these events could lead to adverse consequences on the economy. Given this framework, within the AMICE project, the impacts of future floods and low flow will be analyzed. A flood risk analysis in the Meuse basin is conducted taking into account future climate scenarios. Further, the impacts of future droughts and low flows are analyzed for the economic sectors energy production, agriculture and navigation. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of gas transport in low-permeability media: two-phase flow analysis of an in-situ experiment
Gerard, Pierre; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg; de la Vaissière, Rémi et al

in POROMECHANICS V: Proceedings of the Fifth Biot Conference on Poromechanics (2013)

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See detailMagnetic fields in O stars
Nazé, Yaël ULg

in proceedings of "Putting A-stars into context" (2013)

Over the last decade, large-scale, organized (generally dipolar) magnetic fields with a strength between 0.1 and 20 kG were detected in dozens of OB stars. This contribution reviews the impact of such ... [more ▼]

Over the last decade, large-scale, organized (generally dipolar) magnetic fields with a strength between 0.1 and 20 kG were detected in dozens of OB stars. This contribution reviews the impact of such magnetic fields on the stellar winds of O-stars, with emphasis on variability and X-ray emission. [less ▲]

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See detailApports des configurations spatiales augmentées aux activités de formation par projet
Ben Rajeb, Samia ULg; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in van de Leemput, Cécile; Chauvin, Christine; Hellemans, Catherine (Eds.) Activités humaines, technologies et bien être (2013)

Cet article présente et discute l’analyse des implications de quatre configurations spatiales augmentées (CSA) sur des activités collaboratives en formation par projet. Ces configurations sont permises ... [more ▼]

Cet article présente et discute l’analyse des implications de quatre configurations spatiales augmentées (CSA) sur des activités collaboratives en formation par projet. Ces configurations sont permises grâce au dispositif Studio Digital Collaboratif, dont le logiciel SketSha (Sketch Sharing) permet le partage d’annotations et de documents graphiques à distance et en temps réel. L’analyse de ces implications est conduite ici de façon qualitative et selon quatre axes, mettant en évidence leurs atouts et limitations : - la réalisation de soi : développement des compétences en situations de conception collaborative; - la production collective : requalification du document comme objet intermédiaire pour la collaboration; - les relations entre les acteurs : reconsidération de la hiérarchie et émergence d'une synchronisation cognitive; - la requalification des espaces de travail : remise en cause de la dichotomie co-présence / à distance dans les collaborations synchrones. [less ▲]

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See detailPossibilities and limitations of the Prevost model for the modelling of cohesionless soil cyclic behaviour
Cerfontaine, Benjamin ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg

in Proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering (2013)

The Prevost’s model is currently used to model cyclic behaviour of soils especially in earthquake engineering. The original model is able to capture the main features of cyclic behaviour: pore pressure ... [more ▼]

The Prevost’s model is currently used to model cyclic behaviour of soils especially in earthquake engineering. The original model is able to capture the main features of cyclic behaviour: pore pressure build up and plastic deformation accumulation. But accurate modelling of laboratory tests requires improvements. Enhanced models exist but require a lot of parameters that make them cumbersome for practical purpose. A suction caisson, part of a tripod offshore foundation for wind turbines is modelled. Possibilities of the Prevost’s model are highlighted compared with a classical Drucker-prager model. [less ▲]

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See detailA Trie Merging Approach with Incremental Updates for Virtual Routers
Luo, LAYONG; Xie, Gaogang; Salamatian, Kavé et al

in Annual International Conference on Computer Communications (2013)

Virtual routers are increasingly being studied, as an important building block to enable network virtualization. In a virtual router platform, multiple virtual router instances coexist, each having its ... [more ▼]

Virtual routers are increasingly being studied, as an important building block to enable network virtualization. In a virtual router platform, multiple virtual router instances coexist, each having its own FIB (Forwarding Information Base). In this context, memory scalability and route updates are two major challenges. Existing approaches addressed one of these challenges but not both. In this paper, we present a trie merging approach, which compactly represents multiple FIBs by a merged trie and a table of next-hop-pointer arrays to achieve good memory scalability, while supporting fast incremental updates by avoiding the use of leaf pushing during merging. Experimental results show that storing the merged trie requires limited memory space, e.g., we only need 10MB memory space to store the merged trie for 14 full FIBs from IPv4 core routers, achieving a memory reduction by 87% when compared to the total size of the individual tries. We implement our approach in an SRAM (Static Random Access Memory)-based lookup pipeline. Using our approach, an on-chip SRAM-based lookup pipeline with 5 external stages is sufficient to store the 14 full IPv4 FIBs. Furthermore, our approach can guarantee a minimum update overhead of one write bubble per update, as well as a high lookup throughput of one lookup per clock cycle, which corresponds to a throughput of 251 million lookups per second in the implementation. [less ▲]

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See detailScientific and Technological Payloads Aboard the B3LSat CubeSat of the QB50 Network
Dell'Elce, Lamberto ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Delabie, Tjorven et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd IAA Conference on University Satellite Missions and Cubesat Workshop (2013)

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See detailOptimistic Planning for Belief-Augmented Markov Decision Processes
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Busoniu, Lucian; Munos, Rémi

in Proceedings 2013 Symposium on Adaptive Dynamic Programming and Reinforcement Learning (ADPRL-13), Singapore, 15–19 April 2013 (2013)

This paper presents the Bayesian Optimistic Planning (BOP) algorithm, a novel model-based Bayesian reinforcement learning approach. BOP extends the planning approach of the Optimistic Planning for Markov ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the Bayesian Optimistic Planning (BOP) algorithm, a novel model-based Bayesian reinforcement learning approach. BOP extends the planning approach of the Optimistic Planning for Markov Decision Processes (OP-MDP) algorithm [Busoniu2011,Busoniu2012] to contexts where the transition model of the MDP is initially unknown and progressively learned through interactions within the environment. The knowledge about the unknown MDP is represented with a probability distribution over all possible transition models using Dirichlet distributions, and the BOP algorithm plans in the belief-augmented state space constructed by concatenating the original state vector with the current posterior distribution over transition models. We show that BOP becomes Bayesian optimal when the budget parameter increases to infinity. Preliminary empirical validations show promising performance. [less ▲]

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See detail"Europe-Amérique" / "Europe-Magazine": un hebdomadaire belge, organe de l'extrême-droite française, 1945-1960?
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Dard, Olivier (Ed.) Supports et vecteurs des droites radicales au XXe siècle (Europe-Amériques) (2013)

Issued under various titles between 1944 and the early 1980’s, the Belgian weekly Europe Amérique / Magazine showed itself at first rather eclectic in the choice of its writers and the articles it ... [more ▼]

Issued under various titles between 1944 and the early 1980’s, the Belgian weekly Europe Amérique / Magazine showed itself at first rather eclectic in the choice of its writers and the articles it published. It had soon more and more pronounced leanings towards the far right and specialized itself in a vociferous form of anticommunism, the rehabilitation of Vichy regime and strong criticism of the Republic as the brain child of a biased vision of the Resistance. It opened its columns to avowed rightist French journalists ear-marked for theit conduct during WW2 and / or having their names on the black list of the Comité National des Ecrivains. After describing the inner story of the weekly, the causes and consequences of its two prohibitions in France (1946-1948, 1949-1953), this article deals with its strongly Vichy tainted staff of French writers (Alfred Fabre-Luce, Louis Guitard, Louis Rougier, Pierre Dominique, Albert Paraz, Lucien Rebatet...) and its closeness with the well-known Paroles Françaises, Ecrits de Paris and Rivarol. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of landslides activity in Maily‐Say Valley, Kyrgyz Tien Shan
Schlögel, Romy; Fernandez-Steeger, Tomas; Braun, Anika et al

in Landslide Science and Practice (2013)

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See detailBoosting Response Rates: Evidence from Flemish Travel Behavior Survey
Cools, Mario ULg

in Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (DVD-ROM) (2013)

This paper investigates the transition of the Flemish travel survey (OVG) from a household-based travel survey to a person-based travel survey. The paper examines the design features of the different OVGs ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the transition of the Flemish travel survey (OVG) from a household-based travel survey to a person-based travel survey. The paper examines the design features of the different OVGs, with particular attention to the resulting response rates. In addition to the sample unit, the contact and survey procedure has switched from telephone/postal to face-to-face. The most striking effect of the changed methodology is the spectacular increase in the response rates: overall response rates of the most recent OVGs were more than double that of the previous OVGs, resulting in overall response rates of 75%. In addition, the likelihood that some questionnaires were missing (e.g. diaries were retrieved, but household questionnaires were not) decreased from 7% to 3%. Furthermore, the paper shows that a person-based travel survey still can be used for travel demand modeling frameworks that incorporate (some) household interactions. Notwithstanding, some issues have been raised, such as the decreased comparability of travel figures due to the changes in the survey design. In conclusion, the inclusion of a “with whom” dimension in the trip diary is recommended, and it is advocated that policy makers should clearly outline the primary objectives for the OVG for the coming years. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of aging on task- and stimulus-related attention during a working memory task
Kurth, Sophie ULg; Hagelstein, Catherine ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (2013)

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See detailLe corps dans la médecine des moines au Moyen Age : autour de quelques Régimes de santé monastiques
Xhayet, Geneviève ULg

in Hüe, Denis; De Gramont, Jérôme; Baillaud, Bernard (Eds.) Corps et encyclopédies : Actes du colloque de Cerisy, 10-14 septembre 2008 (2013)

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See detailCost, return analysis and constraints in livestock production and marketing in Hai Duong, Vietnam
Le Thi Minh, Chau ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Nguyen, Tuan Son

in Kovacevic, Dusan (Ed.) IV International Symposium "Agrosym 2013" : Proceedings (2013)

The study, using the survey data from 145 livestock production households, showed that livestock contributed significant parts to the households’ income. Given a production unit, the high investment in ... [more ▼]

The study, using the survey data from 145 livestock production households, showed that livestock contributed significant parts to the households’ income. Given a production unit, the high investment in inputs and the considerable experience in production and marketing created higher income for the livestock-based group than that for the non livestock-based group. However, the farmers perceived some constraints relating to both production and marketing. The result from the Garrett’s ranking technique presented the ranking position of constraints, respectively included the livestock disease, the limited credit access, the high and rapid increase in feed price, the high volatility of output price, and the insufficiency of market information and weak bargaining power. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of a generalized steady-state simulation framework for positive displacement compressors and expanders
Bell, Ian ULg; Lemort, Vincent ULg; Groll, Eckhard et al

in Proceedings of the International Conference on Compressors and their Systems 2013 (2013)

In this paper, a generalized framework is presented that can be used to simulate the steady-state performance of a wide range of positive displacement compressors and expanders (scroll, piston, screw ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a generalized framework is presented that can be used to simulate the steady-state performance of a wide range of positive displacement compressors and expanders (scroll, piston, screw, rotary, spool, etc.). The complete simulation algorithm is described, and an emphasis is placed on the numerical methods required to obtain robust behavior of the simulation. This formulation has been implemented into an open-source software package entitled PDSim written in the Python language. PDSim is the first open-source generalized compressor and expander simulation package. The source code can be freely obtained from http://pdsim.sf.net [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques considérations sur la préservation de l'authenticité des quartiers résidentiels modernes du nord de Bucarest
Dawans, Stéphane ULg; Houbart, Claudine ULg

in Crisan, Rodica (Ed.) Conservation / Regeneration. The modernist neighborhood (2013)

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See detailEvaluation de la durabilité des productions porcines en Wallonie : développement d'un outil de modélisation
Picron, Pascale ULg; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Dochain, Denis et al

in 45èmes Journées de la Recherche Porcine (2013)

Garantir la durabilité d’une filière de production implique d’évaluer son impact sur les trois dimensions du développement durable : (1) maîtrise des impacts sur l’environnement, (2) viabilité économique ... [more ▼]

Garantir la durabilité d’une filière de production implique d’évaluer son impact sur les trois dimensions du développement durable : (1) maîtrise des impacts sur l’environnement, (2) viabilité économique, (3) attentes sociétales des éleveurs, des citoyens et des consommateurs. Cette recherche s’inscrit dans le cadre de la révision, par les autorités publiques de Wallonie (Belgique), des critères minimaux permettant la reconnaissance de la qualité différenciée axés sur les 3 piliers de la durabilité. Elle consiste à développer un outil informatique de modélisation mathématique du fonctionnement technico-environnemental de la production porcine et de ses impacts socio-économiques. Le programme est développé dans Matlab. Le modèle s’articule autour des différentes composantes des systèmes de production selon le paradigme orienté-objet. Les nouveaux critères de différenciation qui définiront de nouveaux labels axés sur des attributs de durabilité en constituent les variables motrices : taille de l’exploitation, origine des aliments et des matières premières, logement, indépendance énergétique, effluents, etc. Les impacts sont relevés à chaque étape de production jusqu’à la sortie du porc sur pied de la ferme selon la norme « Analyse de Cycle de Vie » (ACV). L’évaluation environnementale utilise des modèles mécanistiques de flux de composés chimiques, convertis en indicateurs ACV. L’analyse de la dimension sociale s’appuie sur une base de données intégrée, comprenant le temps de travail. Enfin, un modèle économique attestera du dernier volet. L’outil finalisé permettra de prédire les conséquences de choix opérationnels liés aux critères de qualité différenciée au niveau d’une exploitation. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques rappels et réflexions sur les rapports entre l'oral et l'écrit en langue et en didactique des langues
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Defays, Jean-Marc; Meunier, Deborah (Eds.) L'oral et l'écrit en didactique des langues romanes (2013)

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See detailSatellitenbasiertes Kollisionsvermeidungssystem
Christen, Fréderic ULg; Katriniok, Alexander; Eckstein, Lutz et al

in Eckstein, Lutz; Tschöke, Helmut; Krahl, Jürgen (Eds.) et al Innovative Automobiltechnik IV (2013)

Gegenwärtig entwickelt die RWTH Aachen University im Rahmen des Projekts "Galileo above" (Anwendungszentrum für bodengebundenen Verkehr ) ein Kollisionsvermeidungssystem (Collision Avoidance System, CAS ... [more ▼]

Gegenwärtig entwickelt die RWTH Aachen University im Rahmen des Projekts "Galileo above" (Anwendungszentrum für bodengebundenen Verkehr ) ein Kollisionsvermeidungssystem (Collision Avoidance System, CAS) unter Einbeziehung von Galileo-Daten. Ziel des CAS ist - wie der Name suggeriert - Fahrzeuge zu erkennen, die sich auf Kollisionskurs mit dem eigenen Fahrzeug befinden und automatisch eine kollisionsvermeidende Maßnahme (Bremsen und/oder Lenken) einzuleiten, insofern der Fahrer nicht rechtzeitig reagiert. Der begrenzte Erfassungsbereich und die Einschränkungen, der die verwendete kosten-optimierte Sensorik unter unterschiedlichsten Umgebungsbedingungen unterliegt, sind häufig ein begrenzender Faktor für die Realisierbarkeit und Robustheit von Fahrerassistenzsystemen (FAS). Der Einsatz von GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) in Verbindung mit einer digitalen Karte und Fahrzeug-zu-Fahrzeug- bzw. Fahzeug-zu-Infrastruktur-Kommunikation bietet das Potenzial, den Erfassungsbereich der Sensorik deutlich zu erweitern und diese unter schwierigen Umgebungsbedingungen zu stützen. Für die Entwicklung des CAS wird das Galileo Testzentrum automotiveGATE in Al-denhoven genutzt. Das automotiveGATE erweitert das Aldenhoven Testing Center um sogenannte Pseudoliten (Pseudo-Satelliten), welche Galileo-ähnliche Navigati-onsdaten in einem begrenzten Gebiet ausstrahlen. Das automotiveGATE ermöglicht somit die Entwicklung und Erprobung von Galileo-basierten Applikationen vor der Inbetriebnahme des eigentlichen Galileo-Satellitennavigationssystems. Im Rahmen dieses Beitrags werden Erläuterungen zur Perzeption und Sensorfusion, zur Deeskalationsstrategie und Eingriffsentscheidung sowie zu Testergebnissen bei Auffahrsituationen des CAS gegeben. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Geheimnisse der Schrift: Heinrich von Kleists Poetik der Verschlossenheit und das Prinzip der Verschiebung in seinen Texten
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Brittnacher, Hans Richard; von der Lühe, Irmela (Eds.) Risiko – Experiment – Selbstentwurf. Kleists radikale Poetik (2013)

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See detailDépasser les verrouillages de régimes socio-techniques des systèmes alimentaires pour construire une transition agroécologique
Baret, Philippe; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Vanloqueren, Gaëtan et al

in van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal; Hudon, Marek (Eds.) Actes du Premier Congrès Interdisciplinaire du Développement Durable: Quelle transition pour nos sociétés? Thème 2: Alimentation , Agriculture, Elevage: 5-14 (2013)

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See detailClassification of positron emission tomography images using multiple kernel learning
Segovia-Román, Fermín ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Proceeding of 3rd NIPS 2013 Workshop on Machine Learning and Interpretation in NeuroImaging (2013)

Over the last years, several approaches to analyze nuclear medicine imaging using computer systems have been proposed with the aim of assisting the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders. Probably one ... [more ▼]

Over the last years, several approaches to analyze nuclear medicine imaging using computer systems have been proposed with the aim of assisting the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders. Probably one of the most complex challenges facing these approaches is to deal with the huge amount of data provided by brain images. In this work, we propose an original approach based on multiple kernel learning. First the images were parcellated (according to the structure of the brain) by means of the automatic anatomical labeling atlas. Then, the importance of each region for the assisted diagnosis was estimated using a classifi- cation procedure. Finally, all the regions were combined in a multiple kernel method in which one kernel per region was computed and all the kernels were weighted according to the importance of the region they represented. For testing purposes, a database with 46 PET images from stable mild cognitive impairment subjects and early Alzheimer’s disease converter patients was used. An accuracy rate of 73.91% was achieved when differentiating between both groups. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystal chemistry of a near end-member triplite, Mn2+2(PO4)F, from Codera valley (Sondrio province, Central Alps, Italy)
Vignola, P; Gatta, D; Hatert, Frédéric ULg et al

in PEG2013 – 6th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Abstract book (2013)

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See detailDéterminants de la masse grasse et de la masse maigre chez les prématurés
Simon, Laure; Frondas-Chauty, Anne; SENTERRE, Thibault ULg et al

in Société Française de Néonatologie (Ed.) XXèmes Journées Francophones de Recherche en Néonatologie (2013)

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See detailPregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep: breeds, techniques and achievements
El Amiri, Bouchra; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Szenci, Otto et al

in Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Hungarian Association for Buiatrics (2013)

The aim of the present review is to summarize the achievements on pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep during the last 20 years on terms of results obtained after purifications, molecular biology ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present review is to summarize the achievements on pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep during the last 20 years on terms of results obtained after purifications, molecular biology, radio-immunoassays (RIA), enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA), double radial immune-diffusion (Ouchterlony) and Western blot techniques. The analysis of documented papers that concerned these attempts showed that the animal genetic material used was composed of variable breeds from north Africa, Europe and USA (the Aragonesa, Ouled Djellal, Laucaun drairy sheep, Berrichone, Texel x Norvegian crossed ewes, Awassi x Merino, Blackheaded Moutton sheep x Blackheaded German Mutton sheep (BGM), Rhoen sheep crosses of BGM with Dorper sheep, Assaf, Chura, Merino, Texel, Suffolk, Boujaâd Moroccan breed). The RIA represents the wildspread technique used (54%) while Oucherlony and Western blot had been limited in use (4% each). From 1990 to 2000 only 27% of the achievements being available today were realized. The main data, profiles and studies were performed from 2000 to now (63%). To conclude, this review allows summarizing and updating the knowledge about the PAG in sheep. [less ▲]

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See detailDietro, il paesaggio: Misura e ritmo di una strada tra le colline e il Piave.
Bocchi, Renato; Latini, Luigi; Szanto, Catherine ULg

in Architettura del Mondo. Ricerche e progetti dal mondo universitario (2013)

The Alta Marca Trevigiana (Colli del Piave), between Valdobbiadene and Conegliano, doesn't have a definite recognized identity, despite its strong visual character. However, for the visitor driving along ... [more ▼]

The Alta Marca Trevigiana (Colli del Piave), between Valdobbiadene and Conegliano, doesn't have a definite recognized identity, despite its strong visual character. However, for the visitor driving along the “Sinistra Piave”, the landscape is seen as a rhythmical composition of invitation to movement at different scales and at various intensity, that can be compared to a musical composition. The question then is how to transform the road from a simple through-way into an occasion to engage with the Colli del Piave, to transform a “landscape scenery” into an “experienced landscape”. [less ▲]

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See detailThermal manipulations during embryogenesis induce long-lasting changes in the regulation of energy metabolism
Loyau, T.; Métayer-Coustard, S.; Crochet, S. et al

in Proceedings of the 6th Combined Workshop on Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry (2013)

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See detailLa vie terminologique de l’énonciation
[Lttr 13]; Badir, Sémir ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg et al

in Dufaye, Lionel; Gournay, Lucie (Eds.) Benveniste après un demi-siècle, regards sur l'énonciation aujourd'hui (2013)

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See detailMutations urbaines et problématique d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans une zone urbaine d'un pays en développement : cas de la ville de Yaoundé (Centre-Cameroun)
Kouam Kenmogne, Guy-Romain; Djomou Bopda, Serge Laurent; Rosillon, Francis ULg

in Actes du 5ème colloque international Water resources and sustainable development (2013)

La présente étude réalisée dans le bassin versant de l'Abiergué à Yaoundé (Cameroun) a permis de mettre en exergue les lacunes liées aux services d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans le ... [more ▼]

La présente étude réalisée dans le bassin versant de l'Abiergué à Yaoundé (Cameroun) a permis de mettre en exergue les lacunes liées aux services d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans le processus d'urbanisation galopante et non planifiée d'une ville ou d'un pays en développement. Les ménages ont recours au réseau conventionnel (40,3 %), puits (37,1 %), sources (10,1 %), bornes fontaines (9,2 %) et forages (2,4 %) pour couvrir leurs besoins en eau. L'évacuation des excrétas se fait au travers des latrines à fond perdu (58,7 %), latrines à canon (7,7 %), latrines améliorées (5,5 %) et wc modernes avec fosse (24,1 %). Les déchets solides sont évacués suivant divers canaux : bacs publics (49,1 %), enlèvement direct par le concessionnaire (20,2 %), terrains vagues (13,8 %), fosses (6,3 %), rigoles (5,5 %) et service de précollecte (1,7 %). Il incombe en premier aux pouvoirs publics aidés par les acteurs non institutionnels d'y apporter des solutions malgré les pesanteurs d'ordre social, économique et foncier. [less ▲]

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See detailPriests and Cult Personnel in Three Hellenistic Families
Carbon, Jan-Mathieu ULg; Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Horster, Marietta; Klöckner, Anja (Eds.) Cities and Priests. Cult Personnel in Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands from the Hellenistic to the Imperial Period (2013)

This paper offers an examination of three significant familial inscriptions from the Hellenistic period. The texts are detailed cultic dossiers initiated by three individuals—Diomedon on Cos, Poseidonios ... [more ▼]

This paper offers an examination of three significant familial inscriptions from the Hellenistic period. The texts are detailed cultic dossiers initiated by three individuals—Diomedon on Cos, Poseidonios in Halicarnassus, and Epikteta on Thera. Though they are often very briefly grouped together, these inscriptions are discussed here in greater textual and contextual detail. In particular, the analysis focusses on the cult personnel, which is appointed in these families, demonstrating that it remains independent from the polis, but is organised with reference to a civic framework. By setting these inscriptions in parallel, the discussion opens up productive perspectives on the evolutions of familial cults in the Hellenistic period.—The inscription of Poseidonios is reedited in an Appendix by Jan-Mathieu Carbon. [less ▲]

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See detailPastoral dynamics in the region of Diffa (Niger) : a descriptive analysis of livestock capital
Laouali, Abdoulkadri ULg; Rouchet, François ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Dusan Kovacevic, Kovacevic (Ed.) Book of proceedings - Fourth International Scientific Symposium „Agrosym 2013“ (2013)

Located between the desert zone in the North and the Sahelian zon in the South, the Region of Diffa is a pastoral area par excellence in Niger. Breeding, witch a highly diversified livestock, is the ... [more ▼]

Located between the desert zone in the North and the Sahelian zon in the South, the Region of Diffa is a pastoral area par excellence in Niger. Breeding, witch a highly diversified livestock, is the dominant economic activity in the region. It occupied 95% of the population and contributes annually to 55% in the formation of the region gross domestic production. For understanding the pastoral dynamic a survey of 300 households (150 households witch herd sedentary and 150 witch herd mobile) was conducted during the first semester of 2012. The data analysis is performed from a herd of 15,618 animal heads consisting mainly of small ruminants for both sedentary (72%) and mobile (52%). The herd structure (sedentary and mobile) by age and sex shows on the one hand, the males are early and systematically exploited, all species including, and the reproduction is carried out by a core of female spawners more less stable and dominated by young females, on the other hand. Comparative analysis of compositions and structures of the livestock by agro-ecological zone (Pastoral bowls zone; Komadougou River and Lake Chad zones) reveals zonal disparities particularly in the sedentary livestock system. [less ▲]

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See detailRotation Effects as Possible Responsible for the Surface Effects on the Sun and Solar-Type Stars
Suárez, J. C.; Goupil, M. J.; Reese, Daniel ULg et al

in Suárez, Juan Carlos; Garrido, Rafael; Balona, Luis A. (Eds.) et al Stellar Pulsations (2013)

One of the main sources of uncertainty in the asteroseismic models of the Sun and solar-like stars is the poor match between predicted oscillation frequencies and observed ones in the very high frequency ... [more ▼]

One of the main sources of uncertainty in the asteroseismic models of the Sun and solar-like stars is the poor match between predicted oscillation frequencies and observed ones in the very high frequency domain. Today, effects of turbulence, diffusion, etc., i.e., the so-called "surface effects" are signaled as possible responsible for such a discrepancy. We show that the effect of the stellar deformation due to rotation is of the same order or even larger than these effects. We show that rotation effects, are important for the asteroseismic analysis of the Sun and solar-like stars and they cannot be neglected when modeling such stars. [less ▲]

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See detailBilinguisme et digraphisme dans le codex miscellaneus de Montserrat
Macedo, Gabriel ULg

in Rochette, Bruno; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) Bilinguisme et digraphisme dans le monde gréco-romain. L'apport ds papyrus latins. Actes de la table ronde de Liège, 12-13 mai 2011 (2013)

The present paper proposes a codicologic, palaeographic and contextual study of an extraordinary Late Antique book: the Montserrat codex miscellaneus. Dated on palaeographic grounds to the IV century AD ... [more ▼]

The present paper proposes a codicologic, palaeographic and contextual study of an extraordinary Late Antique book: the Montserrat codex miscellaneus. Dated on palaeographic grounds to the IV century AD, this manuscript provides us with evidence of particular interest on bilingualism and digraphism in Byzantine Egypt, for it is the only antique codex containing texts in both Greek and Latin, of both Christian and Secular content, and pertaining to different literary genres, such as rhetoric, hexametric poetry and Christian liturgy. [less ▲]

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See detailActive network management: planning under uncertainty for exploiting load modulation
Gemine, Quentin ULg; Karangelos, Efthymios ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 2013 IREP Symposium - Bulk Power Systems Dynamics and Control - IX (2013)

This paper addresses the problem faced by a distribution system operator (DSO) when planning the operation of a network in the short-term. The problem is formulated in the context of high penetration of ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem faced by a distribution system operator (DSO) when planning the operation of a network in the short-term. The problem is formulated in the context of high penetration of renewable energy sources (RES) and distributed generation (DG), and when flexible demand is available. The problem is expressed as a sequential decision-making problem under uncertainty, where, in the first stage, the DSO has to decide whether or not to reserve the availability of flexible demand, and, in the subsequent stages, can curtail the generation and modulate the available flexible loads. We analyze the relevance of this formulation on a small test system, discuss the assumptions made, compare our approach to related work, and indicate further research directions. [less ▲]

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See detailUnsupervised Learning Of Predictive Parts For Cross-object Grasp Transfer
Detry, Renaud ULg; Piater, Justus

in IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (2013)

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See detailEarthquakes, Landslides, Dams and Reservoirs in the Tien Shan, Central Asia
Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Abdrakhmatov, Kanatbek; Torgoev, Isakbek et al

in Margottini, Claudio; Sassa, Kyoji (Eds.) Landslide Science and Practice (2013)

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See detailPregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins (PAGs) in prolific (Boujaâd x D’man) and non- prolific (Boujaâd) Moroccan sheep by means of four radio-immunoassays
El Amiri, Bouchra; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; El Abbadi, N et al

in Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Hungarian Association for Buiatrics (2013)

The aim of the present study was: i) to investigate the use of PAGs for pregnancy follow up in Boujaâd non prolific (n=8) vs. Boujaâd x D’man a prolific sheep (n=20), ii) to study whether the boPAG tracer ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was: i) to investigate the use of PAGs for pregnancy follow up in Boujaâd non prolific (n=8) vs. Boujaâd x D’man a prolific sheep (n=20), ii) to study whether the boPAG tracer (daily available at the laboratory of physiology of reproduction, Liège, could be used in RIA without affecting the results, iii) to prospect the possibility of transferring the technique to a Moroccan laboratory. The blood samples were weekly collected from the first week of gestation till the 4 week after lambing. The RIA1, RIA2, RIA3 and RIA4 were all based on ovPAG standard, while the tracer and antiserum changed according to the system. The RIA1, RIA3 and RIA4 were performed in Belgium while the RIA2 was carried out in Morocco. The results showed that the highest correlation was obtained between the RIA3 and RIA4 (R2 = 0.83) while the lowest was recorded between the RIA2 and RIA4 (R2 = 0.69). The lowest concentrations derived from the RIA2. The highest concentrations were recorded before lambing (279.29; 88.21; 268.75; 152.67 ng/ml respectively for RIAs 1, 2, 3 and 4). To conclude, the profiles of ovPAG showed that it is possible to flow-up with success using the four systems. In addition, the RIA1 using boPAG as tracer could be a good alternative to the homologous one and finally, it is possible to set up routinely the RIA technique for PAG detection in Moroccan laboratories. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of Davenport's Background/Resonant decomposition for the estimation of higher response moments
Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the Sixth European-African Conference on Wind Engineering (2013)

The non Gaussian buffeting analysis of a structure subjected to turbulent wind may be advantageously performed with a Volterra approach. Although this concept may be applicable to nonlinear structures ... [more ▼]

The non Gaussian buffeting analysis of a structure subjected to turbulent wind may be advantageously performed with a Volterra approach. Although this concept may be applicable to nonlinear structures, the scope of this paper is limited to structures with a deterministic linear behavior. In this case, the Volterra kernels take a simple explicit expression and the statistical moments of the structural response are simply recovered by a multi-dimensional integration of the corresponding spectra. Because the multi-dimensional spectra of the loading are usually determined numerically, these integrals have to be computed numerically too. The computational burden necessary for the estimation of these integrals turns out to be prohibitive as soon as high order moments are required (beyond and including 4th moment). The numerical conditioning is in fact again worse when the structural damping is low as the Volterra kernels then exhibit very large gradients in the frequency space, which are difficult to capture properly. Because the timescales related to the dynamics of the structure and to the random wind loading are well distinct, a nowadays customary decomposition of the response into Background and Resonant contributions (dating back to A. Davenport's earliest works) provides a very good estimation of the second statistical moment. Recently the concept has been extended to the Background/biResonant decomposition for the estimation of the third statistical moment of the response. This paper presents the extension to the computation of the fourth statistical moment, with the only assumptions of slight damping and low-frequency loading such as those that made Allan Davenport's Background/Resonant (B/R) decomposition fruitful. After some multiple scales considerations, the fourth moment of the response is approximated as the sum of a background component, a tetraresonant component and a mixed background-biresonant component. Mathematical developments will be presented in the full paper along with illustrative examples, while the current 4-page abstract just presents of a flavour of it. [less ▲]

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See detailComment favoriser la régulation interactive lors d’activités de résolution de problèmes en petits groupes ?
Demonty, Isabelle ULg; Dupont, Virginie ULg; Fagnant, Annick ULg

in Congrès international. Actualité de la recherche en éducation et en formation. AREF 2013 (2013)

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See detailShort overview of global sustainable development indicators
Paveliuc Olariu, Codrin ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Bran, Florina; Ioan, Ildiko; Maruntelu, Tudor-George (Eds.) et al 5th International Conference "Ecological performance in a competitive economy", Bucharest 7-8 March 2013 : proceedings (2013)

In this paper, a bibliographical review of current sustainable development indicators used at regional and global level is presented. This review was undertaken as part of an analysis on the status quo on ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a bibliographical review of current sustainable development indicators used at regional and global level is presented. This review was undertaken as part of an analysis on the status quo on how to measure sustainable development and the ways to quantify results regarding set goals. Its purpose is to establish if the results of the actions taken in order to achieve the targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and those that will be taken in order to reach the target of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). [less ▲]

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See detailReprésentation de l'oral et structures syntaxiques dans la prose de la _Queste del saint Graal_ (1225-1230)
Glikman, Julie; Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Lagorgette, Dominique; Larrivée, Pierre (Eds.) Représentations du Sens Linguistique 5 (2013)

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See detailA prospective study of cardiac valvular status in patients treated with cabergoline for endocrine disease
VROONEN, Laurent ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg; Tome, M et al

in Symposium "Perspectives in Endocrinology" - Congresses Highlights 2012: ECE Firenze, ENDO Houston, ESPE Leipzig, SFE Toulouse, IWMEN Liège (2013)

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See detailQuantitative feed restriction programs for broiler chickens
Everaert, Nadia ULg; Buyse, Johan

in Proceedings of the 19th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (2013)

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See detailThe Ramses project : Methodology and practices in the annotation of Late Egyptian Texts
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Hafemann, Ingelore (Ed.) Perspektiven einer corpusbasierten historischen Linguistik und Philologie : Internationale Tagung des Akademienvorhabens „Altägyptisches Wörterbuch“ an der BBAW, 12.-13. Dezember 2011 (2013)

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the ... [more ▼]

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the general architecture of Ramses software. The second part describes the encoding procedures and reviews the current state of the annotation. In the third section, some changes brought about by the use of large-scale corpora are discussed from an epistemological viewpoint. The paper ends with the presentation of some new avenues for research that will ensue from the use of a complex multilevel corpus. [less ▲]

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See detailL'évolution jurisprudentielle sur le statut du notaire
Donnay, Luc ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2013)

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See detailEssai de typologie des exploitations agricoles axées sur le financement de la production agricole au Bénin
Sossou, Comlan ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Hinnou Cossi Léonard

in Société Française d'Economie Rurale (Ed.) 7èmes Journées de Recherches en Sciences Sociales : actes du colloque (2013)

La mondialisation et la libéralisation économique qui s’imposent dans les pays du Sud, touchent aujourd’hui largement le secteur agricole et pose la problématique du financement de l’agriculture avec une ... [more ▼]

La mondialisation et la libéralisation économique qui s’imposent dans les pays du Sud, touchent aujourd’hui largement le secteur agricole et pose la problématique du financement de l’agriculture avec une acuité nouvelle. Les agricultures familiales ont besoin de s’intensifier, de se moderniser, de financer l’innovation technique, organisationnelle, etc. Le plus souvent, leur seule capacité d’autofinancement ne suffit pas à financer cette modernisation. Leurs besoins en services financiers portent sur diverses formes de crédit mais varie suivant les catégories d’exploitants agricoles. Le présent article s’est intéressé à analyser la dynamique du financement de la production agricole en lien avec le type d’exploitation agricole. Cet essai de typologie est fait à l’aide d’une méthode statistique basée sur l’analyse multi-variée et spécifiquement une analyse en composantes principales (ACP). Cette analyse a été appliquée à un échantillon de 475 exploitants agricoles. Les résultats montrent que les exploitants agricoles sont diversifiés et sont répartis en quatre types (pauvres et vulnérables, pauvres, riches et plus prospères) qui se distinguent par leur niveau de revenu, leur capacité d’investissement et leur accessibilité aux microcrédits. Les perceptions de l’accès aux crédits et de leur utilisation varient selon les différentes catégories d’exploitants agricoles. Dans tous les cas, il se dégage que les exploitants le plus prospère développement et adoptent des stratégies qui facilitent leur accès aux crédits et ainsi à l’investissement agricole. [less ▲]

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