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See detailCan any possible combination of modes improve intermodal attractiveness?
Mostert, Martine ULg; Caris, An; Limbourg, Sabine ULg

in Proceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2017 (2017, May)

In its White Paper on Transport, the European Commission recognizes intermodal transport as an alternative solution to road transport. In practice, intermodal transport can be constituted by any ... [more ▼]

In its White Paper on Transport, the European Commission recognizes intermodal transport as an alternative solution to road transport. In practice, intermodal transport can be constituted by any combination of modes, while in the literature, intermodal transport is often modeled as a combination of modes in the order “road-rail/inland waterway-road”. This work develops a new intermodal allocation model which allows choosing between any direct (road, rail and inland waterways) transport and any intermodal transport chain constituted by up to three modes of transport. Intermodal solutions can pass through one or two intermodal terminals. Applied on experimental data at the European level, the model gives insight on the optimal flow distribution for economic objectives (optimization of transport operational costs) and environmental objectives (optimization of transport CO2 emissions and air pollution external costs). Results highlight that the traditional modeling of intermodal transport as a “road-rail/inland waterway-road” combination better fits economic than environmental objectives. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated Geological-Geophysical Models of Unstable Slopes in Seismic Areas
Mreyen, Anne-Sophie ULg; Micu, Mihai; Onaca, Alexandru et al

in Mikos, Matjaz (Ed.) Advancing Culture of Living with Landslides (2017, May)

We will present a series of new integrated 3D models of landslide sites that were investigated in distinctive seismotectonic and climatic contexts: (1) along the Hockai Fault Zone in Belgium and (2) in ... [more ▼]

We will present a series of new integrated 3D models of landslide sites that were investigated in distinctive seismotectonic and climatic contexts: (1) along the Hockai Fault Zone in Belgium and (2) in the seismic region of Vrancea, Romania. Both sites are deep-seated failures located in more or less seismically active areas. In such areas, slope stability analyses have to take into account the possible contributions to ground failure. Our investigation methods had to be adapted to capture the deep structure as well as the physico-mechanical characteristics that influence the dynamic behaviour of the landslide body. Field surveys included electrical resistivity tomography profiles, seismic refraction profiles (analysed in terms of both seismic P-wave tomography and surface waves), ambient noise measurements to determine the soil resonance frequencies through H/V analysis, complemented by geological and geomorphic mapping. The H/V method, in particular, is more and more used for landslide investigations or sites marked by topographic relief (in addition to the more classical applications on flat sites). Results of data interpretation were compiled in 3D geological-geophysical models supported by high resolution remote sensing data of the ground surface. Data and results were not only analysed in parallel or successively; to ensure full integration of all inputs-outputs, some data fusion and geostatistical techniques were applied to establish closer links between them. Inside the 3D models, material boundaries were defined in terms of surfaces and volumes. Those were implemented in 2D and 3D numerical dynamic models (presented in a companion paper). [less ▲]

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See detailEtude expérimentale et numérique d'un échangeur destiné à la récupération de chaleur fatale sur bancs d'essais de moteurs aéronautiques
Gendebien, Samuel ULg; Guillaume, Ludovic ULg; Bellolio Domke, Sebastian Andres ULg et al

in Colloque Inter-universitaire Franco-Québécois (CIFQ 2017), 22-24 mai 2017, Saint-Lô, France (2017, May)

Aujourd’hui, d’importants efforts sont réalisés dans divers secteurs afin de diminuer la consommation en énergie. En ce qui concerne le secteur aéronautique, de nombreux tests sont réalisés sur les ... [more ▼]

Aujourd’hui, d’importants efforts sont réalisés dans divers secteurs afin de diminuer la consommation en énergie. En ce qui concerne le secteur aéronautique, de nombreux tests sont réalisés sur les moteurs afin d’assurer la sécurité du transport aérien. Dans ce contexte, il a été envisagé de récupérer, recycler et valoriser l’énergie produite par le moteur au moyen d’un échangeur placé dans la cheminée d’évacuation des gaz. Pour ce faire, un prototype de modèle réduit d’échangeur récupératif sur gaz de combustion (gaz/eau ou gaz/huile) a été conçu, fabriqué et testé. Ce papier présente les caractéristiques du modèle réduit de l’échangeur développé spécifiquement pour cette application. L’ensemble du banc d’essais et le système de mesure mis en place afin de caractériser les performances de l’échangeur sont décrits. Une analyse des résultats expérimentaux est présentée. Les tests sont notamment divisés en deux parties : établissement des performances en régime monophasique et diphasique. Notons également que les performances hydrauliques de l’échangeur ont été expérimentalement déterminées. Un modèle numérique de type semi-empirique est proposé pour prédire les performances de l’échangeur. Ce dernier nécessite un calibrage des paramètres au moyen des données expérimentales afin de prédire les performances de l’échangeur sous une grande plage de conditions opératoires. Une comparaison entre résultats numériques et expérimentaux est finalement présentée. [less ▲]

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See detailIsokinetic profil of subjects with proximal patellar tendinopathy
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Roberjot, Mathieu; DELVAUX, François ULg et al

in The Future of Football Medicine (2017, May)

Introduction: Proximal patellar tendinopathy is relatively common among sportsmen, even among football players who do repetitive shooting sessions. However, the strength profile of subjects with proximal ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Proximal patellar tendinopathy is relatively common among sportsmen, even among football players who do repetitive shooting sessions. However, the strength profile of subjects with proximal patellar tendinopathies is rarely described and the isokinetic profile remains unknown. Purpose: We aimed to determine the strength profile of subjects suffering from this frequently recurrent pathology. Methods: Forty-three players (29,1±8.5 y.o.; 78.1±11.9kg; 179.3±7.2cm) with chronic proximal patellar tendinopathy confirmed by ultrasounds were recruited. Quadriceps and hamstrings muscular performances of the healthy and pathological side were measured using an isokinetic dynamometer (Cybex Norm) at the concentric speed of 60°/s (C60) and 240°/s (C240) and at the eccentric speed of 30°/s (E30 - only for hamstrings). A visual analogic scale of pain (VAS) has also been used after each isokinetic test in order to associate the level of complaints and the intensity of contractions. Results: The results (Table 1) for the isokinetic tests comparing the healthy (HS) to the pathological side (PS) are significant for the different conditions of contraction and test speeds, as for the results of the VAS associated to those tests (p<0.01). Indeed, pathological limbs had a maximum peak torque for the quadriceps at C60 and at C240 lower than healthy limbs (2.17 ± 0.68 N.m/kg vs 2.47 ± 0.55 N.m/kg, p = 0.0003 and 1.46 ± 0.42 N.m/kg vs. 1.56 ± 0.31 N.m/kg, p = 0.02, respectively); this represents a bilateral difference of 14% for C60 and 7% in C240. In E30, pathological limbs were also weaker than the healthy limbs (2.46 ± 0.91 N.m/kg vs 2.79 ± 0.96 N.m/kg, p = 0.0008) which represents a difference of 13% between healthy and pathological limbs. For the hamstrings of the pathological limbs, we observed a maximum peak torque at C60 and C240 lower than for the hamstrings of the healthy limbs (1.26 ± 0.37 N.m/kg vs. 1.37 ± 0.36 N.m/kg, p = 0.006 and 0.80 ± 0.23 N.m/kg vs 0.85 ± 0.20 N.m/kg, p = 0.04). The bilateral differences of hamstring strength were 8.7% in C60 and 6% in C240. The PS were more painful than the HS (VAS C60: 3.47 ± 2.65 vs 0.20 ± 1.05; p>0.01; VAS C240: 2.83 ± 2.47 vs. 0.68 ± 0.10; p>0.01; VAS E30: 5,26 ± 2.78 vs 0.58 ± 1.93; p>0.01). The difference of pain can be seen especially in eccentric mode. This observation suggest that isokinetic tests, beyond the measure of strength, could represent a pain provocation test, even with a possible pronostic value for the efficacy of treatment. Conclusions: In our study, the isokinetic results of patients with proximal patellar tendinopathy showed a significant difference in strength profile between the HS and the PS as well as VAS associated with each tests. However, the diversity of outcomes recorded in our population suggests that an individualized rehabilitation treatment is probably more relevant than a common protocol for the healing of this tendon pathology. Isokinetic tests can also represent a tool for assessment of treatment planning. Finally, it would seem that isokinetic tests in the eccentric mode on the quadriceps can be a pain assessment tool for the pathological tendon. [less ▲]

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See detailHow to manage a case of ischial tuberosity avulsion fracture?
Tyberghein, Maëlle; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; GODON, Bernard ULg et al

in The Future of Football Medicine (2017, May)

Introduction Apophyseal avulsion fractures of the pelvis are common among teenage football player. Usually, they are the result of a sudden forceful concentric or eccentric contraction of the muscle ... [more ▼]

Introduction Apophyseal avulsion fractures of the pelvis are common among teenage football player. Usually, they are the result of a sudden forceful concentric or eccentric contraction of the muscle attached to the apophysis. Indeed, before ossification, the apophyseal growth cartilage is the weakest point in the musculotendinous unit, making the apophysis vulnerable to injure. Athletes most commonly affected are soccer players when they tackle or shot powerful at goal and gymnasts during floor exercises which imposed sudden and excessive lengthening. Management of these fractures remains unclear. There are no guidelines between conservative and surgical approach even if most publications recommend a surgery if the diastasis exceeds 2cm and a conservative approach on the other hand. Case report A sixteen-year-old high-level player presented at the consultation with right ischial pain. Three months earlier, while he was sprinting, he had felt acute pain opposite the ischial tuberosity which compelled him to stop the training. He had already consulted another physician, who prescribed an X-ray which revealed an avulsion fracture of the ischial tuberosity with a maximal diastasis of 1.9 cm (Fig 1.a.). According to most publications (1,3), surgery is advisable from 2 cm of diastasis. 1.9 cm was within the range between a surgical and a conservative approach, and the conservative one was applied. An isokinetic assessment was planned. It highlighted hamstring strength imbalances with bilateral difference of 31% in concentric strength and 28% in eccentric strength in comparison with the healthy side. The mixed ratio of the hamstrings in eccentric mode at 30°/s to quadriceps in concentric mode at 240°/s was decreased to 0.8, while the lower limit in our clinical practice corresponded to 0.9. The patient was not allowed to resume competition and a rehabilitation by specific and progressive strengthening in both modes of contraction was initiated; in particular the eccentric training was initially submaximal and progressively intensified. Six weeks later, isokinetic assessment was repeated and showed significant improvement of right hamstring strength, particularly for eccentric contraction. The greatest improvement was the mixed Hecc/Qconc ratio wich had increased from 0.8 to 1.44. In regard to radiology, we observed no change since the previous X-Ray (Fig 1.b.). Intensified training on the field was allowed in order to resume competition. Less than one year after the injury, the patient restarted competition successfully with performance levels which were almost the same as before the injury. Discussion Many publications have discussed the surgical versus the conservative approach to treating ischiatic avulsion. Most of the published literature advocate the relevance of surgery when the diastasis exceeds 2 cm because widely displaced fractures may lead to chronic symptomatology if the treatment remains conservative. Different criteria, such as pain relief, ability to perform in sport, gross strength, activity score, X-Rays, are used by authors to demonstrate the recovery after treatment. No study accurately measured the hamstring strength before and after treatment. However, strength imbalance, especially as regards the H/Q mixed ratio, significantly increases the risk of sustaining hamstring injury in soccer player (2). For our patient, the rehabilitation enabled him to re-establish hamstring strength in six weeks with substantial improvement of eccentric assessment. The mixed Hecc/Qconc ratio increased from 0.8 to 1.44. This improvement significantly decreased the risk of recurrence of hamstring injury. Regarding X-Ray imagery, there was no evidence of healing. We advocate that radiological assessment should not be the main recovery criterion and that specific strengthening should be started even when avulsion persists on the X-Ray. Furthermore, hamstring strength should be measured accurately and objectively, e.g. by isokinetism, to be one of the main return to play criterion in association with clinical data. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact on athletic performance of an early return to play following an ACL rupture
Duval, Thomas; LEHANCE, Cédric ULg; DANIEL, Christophe ULg et al

in The Future of Football Medicine (2017, May)

Introduction and purpose: The rupture of the anterior cross ligament (ACL) is the most frequent knee injury incurred during participation in sports and especially in football. Typically, the injured ... [more ▼]

Introduction and purpose: The rupture of the anterior cross ligament (ACL) is the most frequent knee injury incurred during participation in sports and especially in football. Typically, the injured athlete must undergo a surgical reconstruction of the ligaments followed by a lengthy rehabilitation period. However, the timeline for return to competition after this operation remains a challenge. More than one third of the athletes are unable to go back to sport performing at the same level prior to the injury. Approximately 65% of patients who experience this injury are able to return to sport at the same level. The fear of undergoing a new accident remains a major hurdle with this sporting recovery and the persistence of functional deficits is the first cause of repetitive ligament injuries. A reathletization program guided by strength and conditioning coaches results in a greatly reduces the risk of recurring injury by approximately 66% Methods: Our study involved a randomized control test. Our sample included ten subjects, five in the experimental group and five in the control group. Beginning one month post-surgery, the first group participated in weekly reathletization session beginning one week post-operation, associated with rehabilitation in classical physiotherapy, over a period of six months. The second participated solely in standard physiotherapy. Both groups were subjected to an initial isokinetic test as a base measurement to track improvement. After six months, the subjects of the two groups were evaluated using the following tools: an isokinetic test, a questionnaire of KOOS and finally a Hop tests. Results: The analysis of the isokinetic test and the questionnaire of KOOS ( p= 0.30) enabled us to note differences between the two groups using quantified values; however, the results were significant. On the other hand, the analysis of the results obtained through the functional tests showed significant differences between the two groups, highlighting the increased performance and benefit for the group participating in weekly reathletization. The experimental group displayed results in the three jump tests which indicates a greater strength and recovery. For the single hop test and the triple hop, the result is p = 0.04, and for the cross over test, the result is p = 0.02. Conclusion: In our preliminary study, the quantified values for both groups indicated a greater improvement in the performances of the experimental group reathletization. Although during the statistical analysis and especially in the isokinetic test, few elements significantly evolved to see any for the questionnaire KOOS. The preliminary analysis warrants an experiment involving a larger subject pool be completed. A reathletisation program beginning one month after operation has been found to limit the nuisances and long period of inactivities (weight increase, losses of muscular force, decrease of aerobic performances) typically experienced by those who rupture the ACL. This program has been found to be especially effective when coupled with regular physiotherapy meetings. [less ▲]

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See detailOperational assessment of intermodality future in Belgium: Best-case scenario
Tawfik, Christine Maher Fouad ULg; Limbourg, Sabine ULg

in Proceedings of the BIVEC/GIBET Transport Research Days 2017 (2017, May)

From the perspective of stimulating intermodal transport as an ecological and economically promising freight transport scheme in the EU, this paper is devoted to assess its future position with respect to ... [more ▼]

From the perspective of stimulating intermodal transport as an ecological and economically promising freight transport scheme in the EU, this paper is devoted to assess its future position with respect to crucial and plausible operational factors that were selected a priori. The study is conducted in the context of a best-case scenario development, within a rational and optimal decision making framework. We address this goal by designing a realistic medium-term network design and pricing model, from the economic perspective of a typical intermodal operator, fitted to the sequential mathematical structure of bilevel programming. Based on real-life sized data, in and through Belgium, the results underline the costly position of rail transport and a clear correlation between the competitiveness of intermodal transport on one side, and the market size and the trucking competition’s price on the other. It is additionally suggested that intermodal transport can benefit from small rail subsidies in the early market covering stages. [less ▲]

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See detailProbabilistic assessment of adaptation options from an ensemble of crop models: a case study in the Mediterranean"
R., Ferrise; M., Ruiz-Ramos; A., Rodríguez et al

in Book of Abstracts - MACSUR2017 Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailEffect of changing size and composition of a crop model ensemble on impact and adaptation response surfaces
A., Rodríguez; R., Ferrise; M., Ruiz-Ramos et al

in Book of Abstracts - MACSUR2017 Scientific Conference (2017, May)

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See detailPlatelet-rich plasma versus hyaluronic acid to treat patellar tendinopathies
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Roberjot, Mathieu; SAMSON, Antoine ULg

in The Future of Football Medicine (2017, May)

Introduction: The treatment of patellar tendinopathies could be difficult. This is the reason why new treatments have been developed, among which platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections. Some clinical ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The treatment of patellar tendinopathies could be difficult. This is the reason why new treatments have been developed, among which platelet rich plasma (PRP) injections. Some clinical series have previously evaluated the effect of PRP in the treatment of proximal patellar tendinopathies. Recent systematic review concluded that PRP could be recommend as a treatment in such indication (1). Recently, the viscoelastic properties of hyaluronic acid (HA) on liquid connective tissue have been proposed for the treatment of tendinopathies (2). Some fundamental studies show encouraging results on HA’s ability to promote tendon gliding and reduce adhesion as well as to improve tendon architectural organisation. Some observations also support its use in a clinical setting to improve pain and function. Purpose: We aimed to compare the effect of PRP injection versus two injections of HA after three months on patients who have a proximal patellar tendinopathy. Methods: Eleven leisure football players with proximal patellar tendinopathies being not relieved after minimum three months of physiotherapy treatments where included. Six of them (group 1: 29.5±9.9 y.o.; 78.9±12.8kg; 177.4±6;9cm) have received a leukocyte poor PRP injection (obtained using an aphaeresis machine) under US guidance. This technique of PRP collection enable to obtain reproducible pure PRP with the same chosen concentration of 850 000 platelets/microliter. The other five subjects (group 2: 29.3±8.1 y.o.; 77.1±10.6kg; 178.1±5.8cm) received two HA 2% (40mg/2mL) injections (2mL) at one week apart. All of them have benefited of standardized rehabilitation, 3 times a week. Concerning the evaluation of the pathology, algo-functional tests (visual analogic scale (VAS), pressure algometer, IKDC score, VISA-P score), isokinetics (Cybex Norm; concentric 60°/s (C60), concentric 240°/s (C240) and eccentric 30°/s(E30)) associated to VAS, along with the patellar tendon ultrasonography (US) have been realized over three times (pre-injection, after 6 weeks, after 3 months post-injections). Results: The results of VAS (p<0,01), algometric scores (p<0,01), IKDC scores (p<0,01) and VISA-P (p<0,01) show a considerable improvement in the two groups, but not for the US findings. For the group 1 (Table 1), isokinetic tests show significant results for the hamstrings in C60°/s with an improvement of maximum peak torque (p=0,01) for the pathological limb, a diminution (p>0,05) for the healthy limb and during the analysis of the bilateral difference (p=0,0002). For the group 2, the improvement of quadriceps maximum peak torque in C240°/s is significant (p>0,01) for the pathological knee after 6 weeks post-injections only. The VAS associated with isokinetic tests decreases significantly for all contraction modes after three months of study. Conclusions: Both PRP and HA can improve the symptoms of proximal patellar tendinopathy, even if the results are slightly better in the PRP group. [less ▲]

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See detailA terminology in General Practice / Family Medicine to represent non-clinical aspects for various usages
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Grosjean, Julien; Ittoo, Ashwin ULg et al

in R. Randell et al. (Ed.) Informatics for Health: Connected Citizen-Led Wellness and Population Health (2017, April 24)

Abstract. The hereby proposed terminology called “Q-Codes” can be defined as an extension of the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2). It deals with non-clinical concepts that are ... [more ▼]

Abstract. The hereby proposed terminology called “Q-Codes” can be defined as an extension of the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2). It deals with non-clinical concepts that are relevant in General Practice/Family Medicine (GP/FM). This terminology is a good way to put an emphasis on underestimated topics such as Teaching, Patient issues or Ethics. It aims at indexing GP/FM documents such as congress abstracts and theses to get a more comprehensive view about the GP/FM domain. The 182 identified Q-Codes have been very precisely defined by a college of experts (physicians and terminologists) from twelve countries. The result is available on the Health Terminology/Ontology Portal (http://www.hetop.org/Q) and formatted in OWL-2 for further semantic considerations and will be used to index the 2016 WONCA World congress communications. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of Migration in a Multi-Risk Context: Case of Bujumbura/Burundi
Nibigira, Léonidas ULg; Ozer, Pierre ULg; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg

in MAIER, ROBIN; REVELL, MARK (Eds.) THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF GEOGRAPHERS, 2017 Annual Meeting, April 5 - 9, 2017 Boston, Massachusetts / PROGRAM (2017, April 08)

Human mobility affects land use and human density distribution. Unfortunately, this rarely takes into account the real and potential changes induced by hazards on the natural systems. Thus, migration and ... [more ▼]

Human mobility affects land use and human density distribution. Unfortunately, this rarely takes into account the real and potential changes induced by hazards on the natural systems. Thus, migration and natural hazards should be constantly analyzed through cross-sectional and global studies to reduce disastrous consequences resulting from their mutual interactions. In a multi-risk and demographic sprawl context, the study focused on the cross-analysis of human density and natural hazards in Bujumbura. The results show that migration of people should ideally be guided by knowledge of the area's sensitivity to natural hazards, taking into account other parameters such as hazards susceptibility maps and production opportunities. While the migration of people toward overcrowded centers constitutes a big challenge, it is an important asset when it concerns areas in need of manpower. It also allows the balance in relieving saturated areas, reducing human pressure on the environment. Therefore, there is a need that policymakers comply with those aspects, finding the right balance for a better situation. [less ▲]

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See detailLong-term outcome of the transobturator vaginal tape inside out (TVT-O) for the treatment of USMI in female dogs
Hamon, Martin ULg; Hamaide, Annick ULg; Claeys, Stéphanie ULg

in Proceedings of AVSTS Spring Meeting,Birmingham, April 5, 2017 (2017, April 05)

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See detailFrom parts to whole and back again. The emblem system in the French Jesuit Festivals
De Marco, Rosa ULg

in Höpel, Ingrid; McKeown, Simon (Eds.) Emblems and Impact Volume II Von Zentrum und Peripherie der Emblematik. Selected Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Society for Emblem Studies (2017, April 01)

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See detailIntroduction
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Ricciardetto, Antonio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) En marge du Serment hippocratique : contrats et serments dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes de la Journée d'étude internationale (Université de Liège, 29 octobre 2014) (2017, April)

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See detailUn contrat d'enseignement de la médecine du IIIe siècle avant notre ère : P.Heid. III 226
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Ricciardetto, Antonio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) En marge du Serment hippocratique : contrats et serments dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes de la Journée d'étude internationale (Université de Liège, 29 octobre 2014) (2017, April)

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See detailEntre Rome et l’Égypte romaine. Pour une étude de la nourrice entre littérature médicale et contrats de travail
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg; Gourevitch, Danielle

in Ricciardetto, Antonio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) En marge du Serment hippocratique : contrats et serments dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes de la Journée d'étude internationale (Université de Liège, 29 octobre 2014) (2017, April)

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See detailImportance of monitoring parenteral nutrition
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in International Conference for Advancing Nutrition – Neonatology, Brussels (2017, March 30)

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See detailThe dual SSTR2/5 specific somatostatin analog, AP102, does not affect glucose metabolism in diabetic ZDF rats: a comparative 14-day infusion study versus pasireotide
Daly, Adrian ULg; Sumeray, Mark

in Abstract Book of the 15th International Pituitary Congress (2017, March 29)

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See detailInfectious diseases diagnosis and vaccination in pet rabbits : an everyday challenge
Marlier, Didier ULg

in Marlier, Didier (Ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Avian heRpetological and Exotic mammal medicine (2017, March 25)

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See detailNew PVT Metrics with an Improved Sensitivity to Sleep Deprivation: Analysis from Short to Long Time Intervals
Latour, Philippe ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in Managing Fatigue 2017 - Online Proceedings - http://fatigueconference2017.com/presentations.html (2017, March 20)

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See detailCaractérisation des habitats et communautés benthiques en baie de Calvi (Corse) : évaluation du potentiel de l’imagerie ROV.
Sirjacobs, Damien ULg; Aguera Garcia, Antonio; Pelaprat, Corinne et al

in Bajjouk, Touria; Mahier, Marie; Piel, Steven (Eds.) et al Carhambar, 2017. Cartographie des habitats marins benthiques : de l’acquisition à la restitution. Actes de colloque. Édition Ifremer‐AFB. 161 p. (2017, March 15)

La Station de Recherches Sous-Marines et Océanographiques (STARESO) contribue à l’étude des habitats et communautés benthiques depuis de nombreuses années, notamment en baie de Calvi (Corse). Une campagne ... [more ▼]

La Station de Recherches Sous-Marines et Océanographiques (STARESO) contribue à l’étude des habitats et communautés benthiques depuis de nombreuses années, notamment en baie de Calvi (Corse). Une campagne d’acquisition d’image a été réalisée en juillet 2016 à l’aide d’un robot de type VideoRay afin d’évaluer les apports potentiels de cette approche dans certains des suivis environnementaux menés en baie de Calvi. Le robot a été équipé de caméras go-pro orientées vers le bas et vers l’avant (configurations d’acquisition en mode vidéo, vidéo stéréoscopique ou photos digitales). Le potentiel de certaines de ces approches sera évalué et illustré, notamment sur base de comparaison avec des observations produites en plongée. Ces exemples se focalisent tant sur des communautés globales et des indices paysagers (indice Lima) que sur des compartiments de ces communautés (macroalgues) ou encore sur la marge inférieure des habitats remarquables que constituent les herbiers de Posidonies. [less ▲]

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See detailUrbanization and changing flood risk: a multi-level analysis
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Bruwier, Martin ULg; El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULg et al

in Bronstert, Axel; Thieken, Annegret; Petrow, Theresia (Eds.) et al The Effects of Global Change on Floods, Fluvial Geomorphology and Related Hazards in Mountainous Rivers (2017, March 06)

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See detailFeasibility Study of PV & Li-Ion Battery Based Micro-Grids for Bolivian Off-Grid Communities
Balderrama Subieta, Sergio Luis ULg; Tarantino, Andrea; Sabatini, Stefano et al

in Proceedings of IRES 2017 - The 11th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (2017, March)

In the rural areas of Bolivia, where about a third of the people lacks access to reliable electricity, both a complex geography and a scattered population make the costs of extending the national grid ... [more ▼]

In the rural areas of Bolivia, where about a third of the people lacks access to reliable electricity, both a complex geography and a scattered population make the costs of extending the national grid prohibitively high. As an alternative, we evaluate the feasibility of an isolated micro-grid, composed by Li-ion batteries and Photovoltaic (PV) panels, for a Bolivian remote community living without access to electricity. We surveyed two remote rural villages to assess the potential electricity consumption patterns of the population once provided access to electricity. We estimated the average demand profile using the tool LoadProGen, and we collected local techno-economic and solar irradiation data of the zone. We employed such data as inputs in a robust linear programming-based optimization tool to determine the capacities of the Li-ion battery bank and the PV array thatminimize the net present cost (NPC) of the system. [less ▲]

See detailFeasibility Study of PV & Li-Ion Battery Based Micro-Grids for Bolivian Off-Grid Communities
Balderrama Subieta, Sergio Luis ULg; Tarantino, Andrea; Sabatini, Stefano et al

in Proceedings of IRES 2017 - The 11th International Renewable Energy Storage Conference (2017, March)

In the rural areas of Bolivia, where about a third of the people lacks access to reliable electricity, both a complex geography and a scattered population make the costs of extending the national grid ... [more ▼]

In the rural areas of Bolivia, where about a third of the people lacks access to reliable electricity, both a complex geography and a scattered population make the costs of extending the national grid prohibitively high. As an alternative, we evaluate the feasibility of an isolated micro-grid, composed by Li-ion batteries and Photovoltaic (PV) panels, for a Bolivian remote community living without access to electricity. We surveyed two remote rural villages to assess the potential electricity consumption patterns of the population once provided access to electricity. We estimated the average demand profile using the tool LoadProGen, and we collected local techno-economic and solar irradiation data of the zone. We employed such data as inputs in a robust linear programming-based optimization tool to determine the capacities of the Li-ion battery bank and the PV array thatminimize the net present cost (NPC) of the system. [less ▲]

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See detailExpanding chemistry's horizon with continuous-flow reactors
Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULg

in Corning Reactor Technologies Annual Conference (2017) (2017, March)

Continuous-flow micro- and mesofluidic reactors come with inherent properties that can be advantageously utilized for expanding the horizon of synthetic organic chemistry. Accurate control over local ... [more ▼]

Continuous-flow micro- and mesofluidic reactors come with inherent properties that can be advantageously utilized for expanding the horizon of synthetic organic chemistry. Accurate control over local process parameters, even under extreme conditions, inherent safety, production homogeneity and seamless scale-up are amongst the most important assets of continuous-flow chemistry. Besides, flow chemistry enables the design of efficient multistep processes with significantly reduced footprints. In this lecture, we will discuss some of the most fascinating aspects of continuous-flow micro- and mesofluidic reactors in the specific context of preparative organic chemistry. Multiple examples illustrating the development and implementation of continuous-flow multistep strategies for the synthesis of high-value added organic targets will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimized integration of heat storage into district heating networks fed by a biomass CHP plant.
Sartor, Kevin ULg

in Proceedings (2017, February 28)

Biomass Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants connected to district heating networks (DHN) are recognized as a very good opportunity to increase the share of renewable sources into energy systems. However ... [more ▼]

Biomass Combined Heat and Power (CHP) plants connected to district heating networks (DHN) are recognized as a very good opportunity to increase the share of renewable sources into energy systems. However, as CHP plants are not optimized for electricity production, their operation is profitable only if a sufficient heat demand is available throughout the year. On the other hand, these plants often work for baseline operation and back-up boilers are used to supply the peak demand. To extend the use of the CHP plants and reduce costs, conventional fuel use and emissions, it is proposed to study the feasibility of using additional high temperature heat storage as retrofit of an existing CHP plant. This work is based on a simple and effective methodology that provides accurate estimations of economic, environmental and energetic performances of CHP plants connected to district heating networks. The DHN of the University in Liège (Belgium) is used as an application framework to demonstrate the effectiveness of the selected approach. The potential energy and pollutant emissions savings and resulting energy costs are estimated and the current policy limitations will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailThermal comfort models for net zero energy buildings in hot climates
Belkhouane, Hamza ULg; Hensen, Jan; Attia, Shady ULg

in Second International Conference on Energy and Indoor Environment for Hot Climates (2017, February 26)

Several energy efficiency concepts and comfort models emerged in the last 15 years seeking high performance buildings and optimal occupant comfort conditions. The aim of high performance buildings is to ... [more ▼]

Several energy efficiency concepts and comfort models emerged in the last 15 years seeking high performance buildings and optimal occupant comfort conditions. The aim of high performance buildings is to reduce the carbon footprint and energy consumption of buildings while maintain a fit to purpose comfort. In this context, this work raises the question of fir to purpose comfort models that can from one side reduce the energy consumption of typical office buildings in hot climates (cooling dominated) while on the other side ensuring indoor thermal comfort. Indeed, studies that address energy efficiency are many, however it is in most cases applied to temperate or cold climates and barely explored for hot climates. The objective of this paper is to (1) combine several comfort models for a net zero energy building in hot climates, (2) select the comfort model that shows the optimal comfort quality of indoor environment and (3) compare the building's annual energy consumption for each used comfort model. To respond to our research problems, a methodology has been established, which goes through several phases. First identifying the different comfort models comfortable to use in hot climates (ISO 7730 / EN 15251 / adaptive ASHRAE / Givoni), secondly selecting a typical validated office building model as a reference building and finally selecting representative cities in the Mediterranean arid and hot climate (Algiers / Sicily / Cairo / Dubai). The study used building performance simulation to generate the different results on the energy consumption and the operative temperatures of the different models of comfort in each city. The paper ultimately identifies the fit to purpose comfort models for a medium size net zero energy office building in hot climates. The paper presents a comparison that can help building professional to identify the most appropriate comfort model that allows optimizing energy consumption, ensuring thermal comfort for robust perfromnce of net zero energy buildings in hot climates. [less ▲]

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See detail9. Nutrition azotée de l’épeautre en Ardenne et en région limoneuse
Escarnot, Emmanuelle; Meza Morales, Walter ULg; Crémer, S. et al

in Bodson, Bernard; Watillon, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc Céréales (2017, February 22)

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See detail10. 1. Impact de la gestion des résidus de cultures sur la fertilité des sols et la production agricole
Hiel, Marie-Pierre ULg; Barbieux, Sophie ULg; Pierreux, Jérome ULg et al

in Bodson, Bernard; Watillon, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc Céréales (2017, February 22)

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See detail2. Implantation des cultures
Eylenbosch, Damien ULg; Meza Morales, Walter ULg; Monfort, Bruno et al

in Bodson, Bernard; Watillon, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc Céréales (2017, February 22)

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See detailA Raster SOLAP Designed for the Emergency Services of Brussels Agglomeration
Kasprzyk, Jean-Paul ULg; Donnay, Jean-Paul ULg

in CLOUD COMPUTING 2017 - The Eighth International Conference on Cloud Computing, GRIDs, and Virtualization (2017, February 20)

In order to quickly reach incident locations, emergency services have to fairly distribute their resources on the territory. This distribution is based on an analysis which depends on heterogeneous ... [more ▼]

In order to quickly reach incident locations, emergency services have to fairly distribute their resources on the territory. This distribution is based on an analysis which depends on heterogeneous spatial data like past interventions (recurring risk), specific geographical places (sporadic risk), road network or socio-economic variables. On the other hand, Spatial Online Analytical Processing (SOLAP) tools are designed for the collection and the analysis of large spatial data sets. In this study, an original raster SOLAP model is implemented for emergency services of Brussels agglomeration. It allows decision-makers to freely generate risk maps (continuous fields), depending on several dimensions (time, intervention type, risk type, etc.), and to compare them with the accessibility of firefighters and ambulances. Simulations can also be performed on resources locations to see their impact on the main accessibility. [less ▲]

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See detailBest Practices for NZEB design in Mixed & Cooling Dominated Climates
Attia, Shady ULg

in HARPUTLUGİL, Timuçin (Ed.) Symposium for Improving Energy Efficiency in Buildings Project (2017, February 14)

High performance buildings including net zero energy buildings (NZEB) are facing difficulty to become market mainstream in warm and hot climates. Beside the economic there are serious technical and design ... [more ▼]

High performance buildings including net zero energy buildings (NZEB) are facing difficulty to become market mainstream in warm and hot climates. Beside the economic there are serious technical and design challenges that hampers design teams design, construct and operate NZEB in mixed and cooling dominated climates. There is a difficulty to make the Passive House standard cross the heating dominated climatic zones in Northern and Central Europe to get implemented in mixed or cooling dominated climates as an ultra-energy efficient building concept. There is a need for setting new climate adaptive energy efficiency target metrics for NZEBs in warm and hot climates. This paper presents guidance and recommendations on the necessary performance target metrics for NZEBs and makes them explicit. Results are based on cross analysis of several case studies, presenting an overview of challenges and providing recommendations based on available empirical evidence to further lower those barriers Worldwide with a focus on the European construction sector. By defining the performance thresholds for NZEBs including the metrics we offer design team the possibility of verification and design assessment during early design decision making phases to instil a kind of practical, evidence based and quantifiable guidance for high performance buildings and in particular NZEBs. [less ▲]

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See detailImplication for the use of benthic foraminifera as bio-indicators of pollution: The case study of the Northern coast of Sfax (South eastern Tunisia)
Lamourou, Ali ULg; Touir, Jamel; Fagel, Nathalie ULg

in YNHM 4TH YOUNG NATURAL HISTORY SCIENTISTS' MEETING (2017, February 12)

The use of foraminifers as bioindicators of pollution in coastal and paralic environments has undergone a very fast development. Among various criteria, morphological anomalies are sometimes considered as ... [more ▼]

The use of foraminifers as bioindicators of pollution in coastal and paralic environments has undergone a very fast development. Among various criteria, morphological anomalies are sometimes considered as pollution indicators. This paper presents a synthesis of the studies correlating foraminiferal assemblages and environmental concerns. Sediment cores retrieved along the northern coast of Sfax (Tunisia) are used to monitor the response of benthic foraminifera to modern pollution and environmental stress. Sediment samples were separated immediately after collection for benthic foraminifera analysis. Binocular microscope and the Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) were carried out to identify the most significant, normal or deformed, specimens. All observations confirmed that foraminifera may be used as indicators of pollution after deconvoluting from natural impacts. The most sensitive foraminifera identified in the study area are Ammonia tepida, Ammonia beccarii, Elphidium crispum, Peneroplis pertususles Miliolidae, Peneroplis pertusus et Rosalina sp and Peneroplis planatus. The morphological study of benthic foraminifera from surface sediments attests for the pollution of the actual coast. This pollution is recorded in the benthic foraminifera tests mainly as shell deformations, chambers or streaks or abnormal colors. [less ▲]

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See detailFlutter and limit cycle oscillation suppression using linear and nonlinear tuned vibration absorbers
Verstraelen, Edouard ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg

in Proceedings of the SEM IMAC XXXV (2017, February)

Aircraft are more than ever pushed to their limits for performance reasons. Consequently, they become increasingly nonlinear and they are more prone to undergo aeroelastic limit cycle oscillations ... [more ▼]

Aircraft are more than ever pushed to their limits for performance reasons. Consequently, they become increasingly nonlinear and they are more prone to undergo aeroelastic limit cycle oscillations. Structural nonlinearities affect aircraft such as the F-16, which can undergo store-induced limit cycle oscillations (LCOs). Furthermore, transonic buzz can lead to LCOs because of moving shock waves in transonic flight conditions on many aircraft. This study presents a numerical investigation of passive LCO suppression on a typical aeroelastic system with pitch and plunge degrees of freedom and a hardening stiffness nonlinearity. The absorber used is made of a piezoelectric patch glued to the plunge springs and connected to a resistor and an inductance forming a RLC circuit. A mechanical tuned mass damper absorber of similar configuration is also considered. The piezoelectric absorber features significant advantages in terms of size, weight and tuning convenience. The results show that both types of absorber increase the linear flutter speed of the system in a similar fashion but, when optimal, they lead to a sub-critical bifurcation while a super-critical bifurcation was observed without absorber. Finally, it is shown that the addition of a properly tuned nonlinear spring (mechanical absorber) or capacitor (piezo- electric absorber) can restore the super-criticality of the bifurcation. The tuning of the nonlinearity is carried out using numerical continuation. [less ▲]

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See detailNonlinear Robust Control for Satellite Formation Flying via Adaptive Second-Order Sliding Modes
Cho, Hancheol ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in 27th AAS/AIAA Space Flight Mechanics Meeting, San Antonio 5-9 February 2017 (2017, February)

This paper presents a robust adaptive control methodology based on the concept of second-order sliding modes for satellite formation control in the presence of unknown, but bounded uncertainties. By ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a robust adaptive control methodology based on the concept of second-order sliding modes for satellite formation control in the presence of unknown, but bounded uncertainties. By introducing two sliding variables to achieve the concept of second-order sliding modes, a robust controller is designed so that it forces the first sliding variable to converge to a desired error box in a finite time. Then, the second sliding variable is automatically bounded in a much smaller region by sliding mode control theory, thereby considerably improving the control accuracy. The proposed control scheme is of a smooth form and effectively alleviates chattering. An adaptive law that updates the control gain is also presented without a priori knowledge of the uncertainties. Numerical simulations, in which a desired formation configuration is required to be precisely maintained under uncertain mass and external disturbances, are carried out to validate the efficiency and the accuracy of the proposed robust adaptive control scheme developed herein. [less ▲]

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See detailApproximate Bayes Optimal Policy Search using Neural Networks
Castronovo, Michaël ULg; François-Lavet, Vincent ULg; Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence (ICAART 2017) (2017, February)

Bayesian Reinforcement Learning (BRL) agents aim to maximise the expected collected rewards obtained when interacting with an unknown Markov Decision Process (MDP) while using some prior knowledge. State ... [more ▼]

Bayesian Reinforcement Learning (BRL) agents aim to maximise the expected collected rewards obtained when interacting with an unknown Markov Decision Process (MDP) while using some prior knowledge. State-of-the-art BRL agents rely on frequent updates of the belief on the MDP, as new observations of the environment are made. This offers theoretical guarantees to converge to an optimum, but is computationally intractable, even on small-scale problems. In this paper, we present a method that circumvents this issue by training a parametric policy able to recommend an action directly from raw observations. Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) are used to represent this policy, and are trained on the trajectories sampled from the prior. The trained model is then used online, and is able to act on the real MDP at a very low computational cost. Our new algorithm shows strong empirical performance, on a wide range of test problems, and is robust to inaccuracies of the prior distribution. [less ▲]

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See detailAn App-based Algorithmic Approach for Harvesting Local and Renewable Energy Using Electric Vehicles
Dubois, Antoine; Wehenkel, Antoine; Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence (ICAART 2017) (2017, February)

The emergence of electric vehicles (EVs), combined with the rise of renewable energy production capacities, will strongly impact the way electricity is produced, distributed and consumed in the very near ... [more ▼]

The emergence of electric vehicles (EVs), combined with the rise of renewable energy production capacities, will strongly impact the way electricity is produced, distributed and consumed in the very near future. This position paper focuses on the problem of optimizing charging strategies for a fleet of EVs in the context where a significant amount of electricity is generated by (distributed) renewable energy. It exposes how a mobile application may offer an efficient solution for addressing this problem. This app can play two main roles. Firstly, it would incite and help people to play a more active role in the energy sector by allowing photovoltaic (PV) panel owners to sell their electrical production directly to consumers, here the EVs’ agents. Secondly, it would help distribution system operators (DSOs) or transmission system operators (TSOs) to modulate more efficiently the load by allowing them to influence EV charging behaviour in real time. Finally, the present paper advocates for the introduction of a two-sided market-type model between EV drivers and electricity producers. [less ▲]

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See detailLes commissaires d'Action française
Schmidt, Anne-Catherine ULg

in Audigier, François (Ed.) Histoire des services d'ordre en France du XIXème siècle à nos jours (2017, February)

Les discours et les actes violents des camelots du roi sont bien connus et ont régulièrement été évoqués par l'historiographie. En revanche, l'organisation des commissaires d'Action française, chargés du ... [more ▼]

Les discours et les actes violents des camelots du roi sont bien connus et ont régulièrement été évoqués par l'historiographie. En revanche, l'organisation des commissaires d'Action française, chargés du maintien de l'ordre dans les manifestations, est assez méconnue. Ce papier tente d'y remédier. [less ▲]

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See detailConclusion
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Nocchi Macedo, Gabriel; Scappaticcio, Marie Chiara (Eds.) Signes dans les textes, textes sur les signes. Érudition, lecture et écriture dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes du colloque international (Liège, 6-7 septembre 2013) (2017, January 20)

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See detailImpact of Serious Games on Health and Well-being of Elderly: A Systematic Review
Nguyen, Thi Thanh Hai; Ishmatova, Diana; Tapanainen, Tommi ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 50th Hawaiian International Conference on Systems Sciences (2017, January 06)

Besides their entertainment value, serious games can have beneficial therapeutic effects for elderly people that improve their health and well-being. Games are likely to be accepted by elderly persons who ... [more ▼]

Besides their entertainment value, serious games can have beneficial therapeutic effects for elderly people that improve their health and well-being. Games are likely to be accepted by elderly persons who have enjoyed games their lives, and because there are more and more of such elderly, it is important to investigate games as a therapeutic device. This research reviewed the literature focusing on the effects of games on elderly persons in three main types of effects: physical, cognitive, and social effects. The majority of reviewed papers focused on physical and cognitive effects, and were published in recent years, which emphasizes the relative novelty of this topic and suggests that future research will need to address social impact as well. In addition, while many papers claimed positive impacts as a result of using games, our review found that more attention should be given to research designs. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental Assessment of the Influence of Interface Geometries on Structural Dynamic Response
Dossogne, Tilàn ULg; Jerome, Trevor; Lancereau, Damien et al

in Proceedings of the International Modal Analysis Conference (IMAC) XXXV (2017, January)

Jointed interfaces are sources of the greatest amount of uncertainty in the dynamics of a structural assembly. In practice, jointed connections introduce nonlinearity into a system, which is often ... [more ▼]

Jointed interfaces are sources of the greatest amount of uncertainty in the dynamics of a structural assembly. In practice, jointed connections introduce nonlinearity into a system, which is often manifested as a softening response in frequency response, exhibiting amplitude dependent damping and stiffness. Additionally, standard joints are highly susceptible to unrepeatability and variability that make meaningful prediction of the performance of a system prohibitively difficult. This high degree of uncertainty in joint structure predictions is partly due to the physical design of the interface. This paper experimentally assesses the influence of the interface geometry on both the nonlinear and uncertain aspects of jointed connections. The considered structure is the Brake-Reuß beam, which possesses a lap joint with three bolted connections, and can exhibit several different interface configurations. Five configurations with different contact areas are tested, identified, and compared, namely joints with complete contact in the interface, contact only under the pressure cones, contact under an area twice that of the pressure cones, contact only away from the pressure cones and Hertzian contact. The contact only under the pressure cone and Hertzian contact are found to behave linearly in the range of excitation used in this work. The contact area twice that of the pressure cone behaves between the complete contact and contact only under the pressure cone cases. [less ▲]

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See detailUnsteady lifting line theory using the Wagner function
Boutet, Johan ULg; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg

in Proceedings of the 55th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting (2017, January)

A method is presented to model the incompressible, attached, unsteady lift and moment acting on a thin three-dimensional wing in the time domain. The model is based on the combination of Wagner theory and ... [more ▼]

A method is presented to model the incompressible, attached, unsteady lift and moment acting on a thin three-dimensional wing in the time domain. The model is based on the combination of Wagner theory and lifting line theory trough the unsteady Kutta-Joukowsky theorem. The result is a set of closed form linear ordinary di erential equations that can be solved analytically or using a Runge-Kutta-Fehlberg algorithm. The method is validated against numerical predictions from an unsteady Vortex Lattice method for rectangular and tapered wings undergoing step or oscillatory changes in plunge or pitch. As the aerodynamic loads are written in state space form in the proposed method, they can be easily included in aeroelastic and flight dynamic calculations. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of complex nonlinearities using cubic splines with automatic discretization
Dossogne, Tilàn ULg; Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in Proceedings of the International Modal Analysis Conference (IMAC) XXXV (2017, January)

One of the major challenges in nonlinear system identification is the selection of appropriate mathematical functions to model the observed nonlinearities. In this context, piecewise polynomials, or ... [more ▼]

One of the major challenges in nonlinear system identification is the selection of appropriate mathematical functions to model the observed nonlinearities. In this context, piecewise polynomials, or splines, offer a simple and flexible representation basis requiring limited prior knowledge. The generally-adopted discretization for splines consists in an even distribution of their control points, termed knots. While this may prove successful for simple nonlinearities, a more advanced strategy is needed for nonlinear restoring forces with strong local variations. The present paper specifically introduces a two-step methodology to select automatically the location of the knots. It proposes to derive an initial model, using nonlinear subspace identification, and incorporating cubic spline basis functions with fixed and equally-spaced abscissas. In a second step, the location of the knots is optimized iteratively by minimizing a least-squares cost function. A single-degree-of-freedom system with a discontinuous stiffness characteristic is considered as a case study. [less ▲]

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See detailSomatic mosaicism is implicated in the etiology of XLAG syndrome
Rostomyan, Liliya ULg; Daly, Adrian ULg; Yuan, Bo et al

in Abstract book : Symposium "Perspectives in Endocrinology" (2017, January)

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See detailThermal history modelling to understand microstructures observed in repair technology of Ti-6Al-4V
Tran, Hoang Son ULg; Tchuindjang, Jérôme Tchoufack ULg; Hakan, Paydas et al

in Extended Abstract book of 14th Conf. on Computer Methods in Materials Technology KomPlasTech 2017 (2017, January)

Laser cladding is a metal deposition technique used to fabricate or repair components. In the present work Ti-6Al-4V deposits with a variable thickness are studied to assess the use of laser cladding as a ... [more ▼]

Laser cladding is a metal deposition technique used to fabricate or repair components. In the present work Ti-6Al-4V deposits with a variable thickness are studied to assess the use of laser cladding as a repair technology [1]. Solidification following melting and partial remelting of pre-existing layers is coupled with heat treatment of the solidified material due to the repeated heating and cooling cycles during building. The effect of the building strategy on the metallurgical characteristics of the material for a decreasing track length (DTL) or a constant track length (CTL) strategy is analyzed. Depending on the possible heat accumulation, the nature of the phases are determined by metallography and hardness maps of the deposits. Optical Microscopy (OM), Stereo Microscopy (SM), and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) were used in order to study the microstructure. The generation of the microstructure results from the material thermal history. This one is computed by Finite Element Method and a careful analysis establishes the link between the phase state and the detailed thermal history. [less ▲]

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See detailGenetic predisposition to breast cancer occuring in a male-to-female transsexual patient
Potorac, Iulia ULg; CORMAN, Vinciane ULg; Manto, Florence ULg et al

in Abstract book : Symposium "Perspectives in Endocrinology" (2017, January)

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See detailAnalysis of Kids’ Athletics implementation in Wallonia
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Wuillaume, Sandrine; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Sakslahti, Arja (Ed.) Book of abstracts (2017, January)

Introduction Since decades in Wallonia (French speaking part of Belgium), athletics competitions for children are miniaturized versions of adults’ competitions. Despite the fact that it has been pointed ... [more ▼]

Introduction Since decades in Wallonia (French speaking part of Belgium), athletics competitions for children are miniaturized versions of adults’ competitions. Despite the fact that it has been pointed out that such kind of approach, based on performance, is not appropriated for motor learning and could result in an increased rate of dropout (1), no change has occurred since years. The International Association of Athletic Federation has developed and promoted a more appropriate model of competition for children under 10 years old: ‘Kids’Athletics’ (KA)(2). While this model is well known, it has not been selected by the Wallonian federation as the gold standard yet . This study aimed to analyze the perceived interest of a group of experts about KA, and to identify the strategies that could be considered for KA implementation in Wallonia. Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 athletics or marketing experts (demographic presentation; knowledge about KA and personal experience with KA ; opinion about KA model in comparison with the traditional one, and ; strategies that could be helpful to implement KA in Wallonia). Results Findings showed that 12 experts knew the KA concept while 9 have experimented it in their own club. None mentioned an official competition between clubs. A list of KA’s advantages and disadvantages has been identified (organization, children needs, and development). All experts considered that KA was more adapted to children than traditional competition. Based on subjects’ proposals, a progressive strategy for KA implementation is suggested. It includes the support of the federation and recommends to start with the more convinced clubs. Conclusion This study confirms that KA should be implemented in Wallonia. In order to optimize the chances of success, it would be appropriate to multiply actions, taking into account the potential barriers identified by the experts. Keywords : Children, track and field, competition, Kids Athletics, Wallonia. References Gozzoli C., Locatelli, E., Massin, D., & Wangemann, B.. (2002). IAAF Kids’ Athletics : A team event for children. Monaco: IAAF Shields, D. L. & Bredemeier, B. L. (2009). True competition: A guide to pursuing excellence in sport and society. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. [less ▲]

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See detailMeasuring children motor skills with MOBACK-1: descriptive data and critical analysis
Jidovtseff, Boris ULg; Vandeloise, Vérane; Cloes, Marc ULg et al

in Sääkslahti, Arja (Ed.) The book of abstracts (2017, January)

Introduction The development of motor skills competencies is critical during childhood should be considered as the central learning outcome in physical education. Assessing motor competencies of the ... [more ▼]

Introduction The development of motor skills competencies is critical during childhood should be considered as the central learning outcome in physical education. Assessing motor competencies of the children make sense for teachers, trainers and researchers. The MOBAK-1 testing battery has been recently developed with the aim of assessing a wide panel of motor skills in relationship with locomotion and object-control abilities (1). This battery is complete and easy to use but present a scoring system that is only based on the success or the failure of the task. The aim of the study was to collect descriptive data from Belgian children with MOBAK-1, and to do a critical analysis of the scoring system through the analysis of the failure reasons in the tests. Methods The MOBAK-1 testing battery (1) was addressed to 166 primary school pupils (7.2±0.6 YO) coming from the French speaking part of Belgium. For each test, children received a score from 0 to 2, according to the number of success and fails in the task. Additionally, the evaluator took notes of the failure reasons when it occurs. Results Results from our subjects were in accordance with a previous study (1) for all tests except rolling and jumping tasks. The analysis of the failure reasons revealed that some criteria were too severe as some children failed while they were almost able to do the test correctly. This appeared especially in the rolling and jumping tests where the score did not really reflect the level of the children. Conclusion MOBACK-1 testing battery was successful to assess children motor skills for 6 out of 8 tests. Critical analysis of children failures in the tests revealed that some criteria seemed to be severe. Scoring system should be improved in order to inform about the children level in each test. References 1. Herrmann, C., Gerlach, E., & Seelig, H. (2015). Development and validation of a test instrument for the assessment of basic motor competencies in primary school. Measurement in Physical Education and Exercise Science, 19(2), 80-90. [less ▲]

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See detailCognitive functioning and multimodal neuroimaging interactions in patients with disorders of consciousness
Aubinet, Charlène ULg; Murphy, Lesley; Gosseries, Olivia ULg et al

in Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society (2017)

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See detailInfluence of hydrophobic treatments applications on the concrete carbonation delay
Courard, Luc ULg

in De Schutter, Geert (Ed.) Proceedings RILEM PRO 107 (2017)

Water-repellents are increasingly used in the recent years. Those ones are generally used to reduce the degradation caused by freeze / thaw, by alkali-aggregates reaction or by chloride ions. The ... [more ▼]

Water-repellents are increasingly used in the recent years. Those ones are generally used to reduce the degradation caused by freeze / thaw, by alkali-aggregates reaction or by chloride ions. The objective of this study is to determine if hydrophobic treatments also have an influence on the propagation of the carbonation front into the concrete. Capillary absorption tests, permeability to water-vapor and oxygen, FTIR, DSC and porosity were carried out on concrete samples. Six products with different concentrations, solvent and molecules were tested. The results showed that the application of a water-repellent delays the propagation of the carbonation front. The most efficient products were the silanes which presented a higher penetration depth. Concrete compactness and porosity played also an important role in silane penetration depth. [less ▲]

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See detailLa diffusion des Blattmasken dans le bassin Méditerranéen. Entre tradition et innovation
Derwael, Stéphanie ULg

in Actes du colloque "Colloque La diffusion des répertoires décoratifs en Méditerranée antique et médiévale" (2017)

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See detailFrance et Italie à l'époque du Grand Schisme. La politique par les bannières
Masson, Christophe ULg

in Vaillancourt, Luc (Ed.) « Des bruits courent » : rumeurs et propagande au temps des Valois (2017)

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See detailA Comparison of Micro-objective Non-parametric Statistical Matching Techniques for the Integration of Different Survey Data
Eftekhar, Hamed ULg; Cools, Mario ULg

in Proceedings of the 96th Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (2017)

Lack of information is often reported as one of the main study limitations in transport research. Other data sources provide an important opportunity, as the information from these data sources might be ... [more ▼]

Lack of information is often reported as one of the main study limitations in transport research. Other data sources provide an important opportunity, as the information from these data sources might be fully exploited when they are integrated using an appropriate mathematical framework. This paper determines which data integration techniques can be adopted in the context of road safety, and which criteria should be used to assess the quality of the integrated dataset. The paper contributes to the literature by providing a comparison of different techniques that allow the tabulation of the joint micro-data. To compare the suitability of different Statistical Matching techniques, data from the 2012 Belgium Road Safety Institute (BRSI) Attitude Survey and data from the 2010 Belgian National Household Travel Survey (BELDAM) are integrated. In particular, the socio-economic factor "Income" is being matched to the BRSI Attitude Survey data. The paper discusses and compares different non-parametric micro-objective Statistical Matching techniques, in which the “Income” variable from the BELDAM survey was added to the BRSI Attitude Survey. Based on similarity/dissimilarity measures, the Rank hot-deck Statistical Matching yielded the best result, which is in line with the existing literature. Moreover, from the results, it can be concluded that statistical data matching is a practically applicable technique, which can help overcome the lack of additional information. Further research should focus on using the integrated datasets with an attempt of expanding the scope of variables, and explicitly testing for omitted variable bias. [less ▲]

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See detailLa bataille de (la) Ptérie. La Lydie face à la Perse (ca. 547 av. J.-C.)
Leloux, Kevin ULg

in Xhayet, G. (Ed.) NEUVIÈME CONGRÈS DE L'ASSOCIATION DES CERCLES FRANCOPHONES D'HISTOIRE ET D'ARCHÉOLOGIE DE BELGIQUE et LVIe CONGRÈS DE LA FÉDÉRATION DES CERCLES D'ARCHÉOLOGIE ET D'HISTOIRE DE BELGIQUE CONGRÈS DE LIÈGE 23-26 AOÛT 2012 (2017)

Chacun sait que chez les anciens Grecs, Crésus passait pour un roi richissime à la tête d’un des plus puissants royaumes de son temps. En apportaient la preuve ses nombreuses offrandes consacrées au ... [more ▼]

Chacun sait que chez les anciens Grecs, Crésus passait pour un roi richissime à la tête d’un des plus puissants royaumes de son temps. En apportaient la preuve ses nombreuses offrandes consacrées au sanctuaire de Delphes, visibles de tous. L’épisode de sa mort sur un bûcher, un des moments les plus dramatiques de son existence, fut évoqué par nombre d’auteurs anciens et elle a fait l’objet de représentations figurées tout au long de l’Antiquité. Enfin, il ne faut pas oublier que pour un Grec du VIe siècle, l’homme passait pour constituer comme un rempart infranchissable protégeant les cités grecques de la côte d’Asie Mineure contre la puissance montante des Perses de Cyrus II le Grand. Ainsi la défaite inattendue du roi lydien face aux troupes perses en Ptérie constitue-t-elle un épisode décisif de l’époque archaïque grecque dans la mesure où elle signe la fin prochaine du royaume lydien et de son formidable maître. Les cités grecques d’Asie Mineure allaient vite devoir face à leur destin : une soumission aux Perses puis leur révolte entraînant les terribles guerres médiques. Dans notre exposé, on mettra l’accent sur les causes de cette bataille décisive perdue par Crésus à Ptérie, sur son déroulement et ses enjeux à la lumière des sources à notre disposition. On sera amené à analyser le tracé de la Route royale empruntée par le dernier descendant de Gygès pour se rendre en Cappadoce ; on aura ainsi l’occasion de voir que son existence est bien antérieure à l’arrivée des Perses en Anatolie occidentale. Enfin notre exposé présentera la localisation exacte de la ville de Ptérie, une question débattue depuis longtemps mais que des fouilles archéologiques récentes ont permis d’éclairer. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Characteristics of al-Maqrīzī's Handwriting
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bauden, Frédéric; Franssen, Elise (Eds.) "In the Author's Hand": Holograph and Authorial Manuscripts in the Islamic Handwritten Tradition (2017)

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See detailAn Analytical Framework for Classifying Software Tools and Systems Dealing with Cultural Heritage Spatio-Temporal Information
Luczfalvy Jancsó, Andrea ULg; Jonlet, Benoît ULg; Delye, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Fogliaroni, Paolo; Ballatore, Andrea; Clementini, Eliseo (Eds.) Proceedings of Workshops and Posters at 13th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT 2017) (2017)

This paper presents an analytical framework for classifying information systems developed for applications in the cultural heritage field. These can be numerous and quite different from one another ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an analytical framework for classifying information systems developed for applications in the cultural heritage field. These can be numerous and quite different from one another, depending for the purpose they were developed for. In order to assess if one of the already existing systems can be used or modified to fit our research goals, a list of requirements was established. Starting from those, categories were defined and the information systems are then compared and evaluated based on those characteristics. This analytical framework is an important step in our research since using a tool that is not appropriate for the study object will not be able to provide valuable information to answer the main research questions. [less ▲]

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See detailA computational model of mid-term outage scheduling for long-term system studies
Marin, Manuel ULg; Karangelos, Efthymios ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in PowerTech Manchester 2017 Proceedings (2017)

This paper presents a computational model of the mid-term outage scheduling process of electric power transmis- sion assets, to be used in long-term studies such as mainte- nance policy assessments and ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a computational model of the mid-term outage scheduling process of electric power transmis- sion assets, to be used in long-term studies such as mainte- nance policy assessments and system development studies, while accounting for the impact of outage schedules on short-term system operation. We propose a greedy algorithm that schedules the outages one by one according to their impact on system operation estimated via Monte-Carlo simulations. The model is implemented in JULIA and applied to the IEEE RTS-96. [less ▲]

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See detailUne architecture de frontières : les monastères des annonciades célestes dans les Trois-Evêchés (17e-18e siècles)
Piront, Julie ULg

in Bourdieu, Catherine (Ed.) Vie religieuse féminine dans les Trois-Evêchés : vocations, missions et cadres d'existence (2017)

Les Trois-Evêchés ont été un terrain fertile pour les congrégations féminines aux 16e-18e siècles puisqu'ils ont vu la naissance de projets religieux conjuguée à une installation massive de « nouveaux ... [more ▼]

Les Trois-Evêchés ont été un terrain fertile pour les congrégations féminines aux 16e-18e siècles puisqu'ils ont vu la naissance de projets religieux conjuguée à une installation massive de « nouveaux ordres » nés ou réformés dans le sillage du concile de Trente. Fondées en Italie au début du 17e siècle, les annonciades célestes se sont implantées majoritairement sur la « dorsale catholique ». Au cœur de ce territoire de frontières, les Trois-Évêchés occupent une position géographique, politique et religieuse incontournable. Dans le cadre de cette journée d’études, il s’agira d’interroger les spécificités éventuelles des cinq monastères que les annonciades célestes firent édifier dans les Trois-Évêchés en les comparant à l’ensemble de la production architecturale de l’ordre en Europe aux 17e et 18e siècles. En allant plus loin, nous verrons comment les représentations mentales de ces édifices ont participé à la genèse de l’identité de l’ordre, notamment grâce aux sources écrites et iconographiques qui en témoignent. [less ▲]

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See detailStability and Consistency of the LISP Pull Routing Architecture
Li, Yue; Saucez, Damien; Iannone, Luigi et al

in Proc. IEEE Workshop on Network Measurements (WNM) (2017)

Future Internet has been a hot topic for the last decade. One of the approaches put forward in order to revise the Internet architecture is LISP~--~Locator/ID Separation Protocol, which leverages the ... [more ▼]

Future Internet has been a hot topic for the last decade. One of the approaches put forward in order to revise the Internet architecture is LISP~--~Locator/ID Separation Protocol, which leverages the separation of the identifier and the locator roles of IP addresses. Contrary to the classical push model used by the BGP-based routing architecture, LISP relies on a pull model. In particular, routing information is pulled from a new network element, the Mapping System, to provide the association between the identifier (i.e., the address used to identify a host inside a domain) and a list of locators (i.e., the addresses to locate an attachment point) upon an explicit query. In this paper, we evaluate a LISP Mapping System deployment in the public LISP Beta Network from two standpoints: Stability and Consistency. Our measurements show that the mapping information is stable over time and consistent between the different mapping entities and the vantage points. Our analysis shows that there are cases where the Mapping System is unstable and/or inconsistent, hence, beside proposing a taxonomy in order to classify them, we carry out an in-depth investigation of such cases so to provide hints on how to improve the performance of LISP. [less ▲]

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See detailThermo-economic optimization during preliminary design phase of organic Rankine cycle systems for waste heat recovery from exhaust and recirculated gases of heavy duty trucks
Guillaume, Ludovic ULg; Legros, Arnaud; Dickes, Rémi ULg et al

in IMechE (Ed.) Vehicle Thermal Management Systems conference (2017)

Waste heat recovery (WHR) Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system is a very promising technology for reducing fuel consumption and consequently the CO2 emissions of future heavy-duty trucks (HDT). Nonetheless ... [more ▼]

Waste heat recovery (WHR) Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) system is a very promising technology for reducing fuel consumption and consequently the CO2 emissions of future heavy-duty trucks (HDT). Nonetheless, the adoption of this technology in the automotive domain requires specific R&D activities going from the system definition to the on-board integration. This study focuses on the preliminary design phase of ORC systems recovering the heat wasted from two of the sources available on a HDT: the exhaust and recirculated gases. From these heat sources and their combinations, 6 possible architectures are identified. On the other hand, 4 volumetric expansion machine technologies are considered (scroll, screw, piston and vane Expanders). At the end, 24 topologies are therefore modelled considering the main components (Pump, Heat exchangers, Expansion machines). A three-step optimization method is proposed to identify the most promising system. First, the most suitable conditions are identified for the design of the ORC systems using a simple model of volumetric expansion machine. In a second step, the design phase, using more detailed models for the expansion machines, a thermos-economic optimization is performed. Finally, in a third step, the output power of the latter system models is maximized in off-design conditions, optimizing the evaporating pressure and the overheating degree. [less ▲]

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See detailFaire les courses au quotidien. L’approvisionnement alimentaire d’un groupe de migrantes marocaines en Italie en temps de crise
Mescoli, Elsa ULg

in Matagne, Geoffroy; Van Ingelgom, Virginie (Eds.) Politiques de crise, crises du politique (2017)

La crise généralisée qui, depuis quelques années, a affaibli les économies de nombre d’états, a eu des conséquences sur la typologie des migrations internationales : les trajectoires, les projets, les ... [more ▼]

La crise généralisée qui, depuis quelques années, a affaibli les économies de nombre d’états, a eu des conséquences sur la typologie des migrations internationales : les trajectoires, les projets, les destinations, les départs se sont modifiés en fonction de nouveaux facteurs auxquels les individus et les groupes étaient confrontés . A côté de ces macro-dynamiques globales, la crise a également engendré des changements dans la vie quotidienne des migrants lorsqu’ils étaient déjà partis et qu’ils s’étaient déjà installés ailleurs. Dans ce cadre, ma contribution vise à analyser les pratiques d’approvisionnement alimentaire d’un groupe de migrantes marocaines en Italie mettant en place des stratégies pour faire face aux conséquences concrètes de la crise économique (notamment la diminution de leur pouvoir d’achat en conséquence de leur précarité professionnelle). Au travers de plusieurs déplacements dans la ville où elles habitaient et de la mobilisation des réseaux familiaux alimentant des circuits informels d’échange de biens, ces femmes satisfaisaient leurs différentes exigences – parmi lesquelles le désir de performer des préparations propres à leur mémoire incorporée – tout en répondant aux contraintes économiques déterminées par la crise. Je vais ainsi démontrer qu’en dépit des difficultés rencontrées, ces femmes arrivaient à exercer une agency dans le nouvel espace vécu et à se positionner de façon active au travers de leurs choix et conduites quotidiennes. [less ▲]

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See detailLa bibliothèque d'Antoine Galland
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bauden, Frédéric; Waller, Richard (Eds.) Antoine Galland (1646-1715) et son Journal. Actes du colloque international organisé à l’Université de Liège (16-18 janvier 2015) à l’occasion du tricentenaire de sa mort (2017)

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See detailLists of Gifts in the Mamluk Diplomatic Tradition
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Bauden, Frédéric (Ed.) Culture matérielle et contacts diplomatiques entre l’Occident latin, Byzance et l’Orient islamique (XIe-XVIe siècle) (2017)

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See detailUne évaluation mutuelle pour soutenir les processus d’apprentissage et transformer les pratiques d’enseignement : ce qu’en disent de futurs enseignants du secondaire
Fagnant, Annick ULg; Goffin, Christelle ULg

in 29e colloque de l'Admée Europe - L'évaluation : levier pour le développement professionnel et les apprentissages (axe 4) (2017)

Dans une étude qui s’intéressait aux conceptions de futurs enseignants du secondaire (Goffin & Fagnant, 2016), nous avons notamment montré que ces derniers témoignent d’expériences très limitées en ... [more ▼]

Dans une étude qui s’intéressait aux conceptions de futurs enseignants du secondaire (Goffin & Fagnant, 2016), nous avons notamment montré que ces derniers témoignent d’expériences très limitées en matière d’évaluation formative : leur vécu en tant qu’élève fait davantage état de pratiques d’auto-notations (Rey & Feyfant, 2014) que de réelle autoévaluation. Sur la base de ce constat, nous leur avons fait vivre une expérience d’évaluation mutuelle (Bourgeois & Laveault, 2015) dans le cadre d’un cours de pédagogie générale. Cette communication présentera le dispositif mis en place, tout en y portant un regard critique documenté par plusieurs sources d’informations. En préparation de la séance-cible, les étudiants étaient invités à analyser une de leurs séquences à l’aide de la grille CompAS (Parmentier & Paquay, 2002). Ils devaient rédiger un texte présentant cette analyse et étaient prévenus que cette première ébauche serait évaluée par un autre étudiant en vue d’être retravaillée pour figurer dans leur rapport final. Après avoir pris connaissance et discuté de l’évaluation réalisée par un autre étudiant, ils ont pu affiner et poursuivre le travail initialement demandé, notamment en développant des pistes touchant aux différentes formes d’évaluation qu’ils pourraient pratiquer en classe avec leurs élèves dans le cadre de cette séquence de cours. Quelques exemples, issus des 231 travaux réflexifs recueillis en fin d’année, permettront d’illustrer leur compréhension de la perspective élargie de l’évaluation formative (Allal & Mottier Lopez, 2005). Une analyse des commentaires rédigés par les étudiants suite à l’expérience d’évaluation mutuelle vécue permettra également de pointer les avantages et les limites qu’ils perçoivent à ce dispositif et les retombées qu’ils envisagent pour leurs pratiques de classes. Outre quelques limites relevées, les résultats sont globalement positifs et montrent que cette expérience a ainsi pu, dans une certaine mesure, nourrir leurs processus d’apprentissage et leur développement professionnel. [less ▲]

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See detailAsynchronous Power Flow on Graphic Processing Units
Marin, Manuel ULg; Defour, David; Milano, Federico

in Procedings (2017)

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See detailLe plan zonal de sécurité, instrument d'accountability de la police locale ?
Croquet, Alice ULg

in Ficet, Joël; Fallon, Catherine (Eds.) Actes du Colloque de l'ABSP - "Crise de la démocratie et nouveau management public" : Liège, 10-11 avril 2014 (2017)

La contribution propose d'analyser dans quelle mesure l'on peut comprendre le Plan Zonal de Sécurité comme un outil d'accountability des zones de police locale.

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See detailMachine Learning of Real-time Power Systems Reliability Management Response
Duchesne, Laurine ULg; Karangelos, Efthymios ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in PowerTech Manchester 2017 Proceedings (2017)

In this paper we study how supervised machine learning could be applied to build simplified models of real-time (RT) reliability management response to the realization of uncertainties. The final ... [more ▼]

In this paper we study how supervised machine learning could be applied to build simplified models of real-time (RT) reliability management response to the realization of uncertainties. The final objective is to import these models into look-ahead operation planning under uncertainties. Our response models predict in particular the real-time reliability management costs and the resulting reliability level of the system. We tested our methodology on the IEEE-RTS96 benchmark. Among the supervised learning algorithms tested, extremely randomized trees, kernel ridge regression and neural networks appear to be the best methods for this application. Furthermore, by using feature “importances” computed by tree-based ensemble methods, we were able to extract the most relevant variables to predict the response of real-time reliability management, and thus obtain a better understanding of the system properties. [less ▲]

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See detailContract farming application in the Vietnamese shrimp value chain
Thi Minh Ho, Hop; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Petropoulos, D.; Kyriazopoulos, G. (Eds.) Conference proceedings of 2nd International Conference of Development & Economy (ICODECON) (2017)

Shrimp value chain in Vietnam functions with a large number of farmers. The stay in the weakest position in the chain due to their small individual scale with an average land of about 0.5 ha/farm, and low ... [more ▼]

Shrimp value chain in Vietnam functions with a large number of farmers. The stay in the weakest position in the chain due to their small individual scale with an average land of about 0.5 ha/farm, and low skills (Ho, 2012). As a leader and holding the strongest power in the shrimp value chain, the processors determine shrimp prices and set up requirements of shrimp quality and size in the market though quality control has not been completely implemented due to the limitations of financial capital, knowledge, awareness, as well as the quality of raw material supplied by collectors and farmers. In order to help the shrimp sector to work more efficiently, the Vietnamese government brought together shrimp farmers and plant processors through a farming contract. Two years after this application, the contract farming model failed due to the floor price mechanism, risk sharing, small scale of the model while there are excess suppliers in the market, administrative misconception and inefficient public management. As a result, farmers still stay at the weakest position and the shrimp sector could not improve its product safety to adapt to the requirement of import markets. The study results recommend necessarily a planning and projection of shrimp production zones, re-organizing shrimp farmers into legal teams or groups or coopératives to increase the size of the existing shrimp cultivation units in Vietnam. [less ▲]

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See detailLes frontières du droit à l'épreuve des films de mafias
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Pasteger, David ULg

in Flores-Lonjou, Magalie (Ed.) Frontière(s) au cinéma - Actes des septièmes rencontres "Droit et cinéma" (2017)

demander dans quelle mesure l’injonction du brigand qui exige « la bourse ou la vie ! » peut être comparée à la norme de comportement édictée par un Etat sous la forme d’une loi, c’est poser la ... [more ▼]

demander dans quelle mesure l’injonction du brigand qui exige « la bourse ou la vie ! » peut être comparée à la norme de comportement édictée par un Etat sous la forme d’une loi, c’est poser la sempiternelle question de la frontière qui sépare le droit du non-droit, tout au moins dans une perspective juspositiviste, en tant que cette école de théorie du droit refuse de définir le phénomène juridique en se référant à une valeur ou un ensemble de valeurs. La frontière du droit et du non-droit est en effet particulièrement difficile à tracer, nonobstant plusieurs siècles de discussions philosophiques à ce sujet. Lorsque, fatigué de parcourir les chemins, le brigand décide de s’installer en ville pour s’y adonner au racket des commerçants du quartier et qu’il s’adjoint ensuite le concours d’autres bandits, c’est un gang de malfaiteurs qui voit le jour. Si, ultérieurement, ce gang se concerte avec d’autres bandes de truands pour s’épauler mutuellement dans les exactions auxquelles ils se livrent sur leurs territoires respectifs, il prend alors la forme d’une organisation criminelle ou, au sens large du terme, d’une « mafia ». Le cinéma de Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, Brian De Palma, Sergio Leone ou bien encore Matteo Garrone, entre autres, dépeint, souvent avec réalisme, la genèse et le fonctionnement de telles organisations criminelles. La communication a proposé, au moyen d’illustrations tirées des films de ces grands cinéastes, une analyse de microscopie juridique du crime organisé. Une description serrée de la particule élémentaire du phénomène juridique, identifiée par Lucien François dans son ouvrage de théorie du droit Le cap des Tempêtes sous l’appellation de « jurème », met en lumière une indéniable proximité entre les techniques de pouvoir utilisées respectivement par le brigand isolé, la bande organisée et l’Etat souverain. En remontant ensuite vers la structure plus complexe d’un système étatique, on se demandera si, en fin de compte, dans la vision juspositiviste poussée au bout de sa logique par Lucien François, l’Etat ne pourrait être réduit, d’un point de vue ontologique, à un pouvoir de fait comparable, par les techniques de contrainte qu’il exerce sur ses sujets, à une organisation criminelle – abstraction faite des valeurs promues ou poursuivies par tel ou tel appareil étatique. [less ▲]

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See detailIMPACT OF IMAGE BRIGHTNESS REDUCTION ON PERCEIVED QUALITY OF 3D EXPERIENCE FOR 3D CINEMA SPECTATORS
Loock, Severin; Grogna, David ULg; Jaspar, Mathieu ULg et al

in International Conference on 3D Imaging (IC3D) (2017)

3D movies are calibrated to meet a certain screen bright- ness standard. Therefore, what would be the consequences on the quality of the 3D experience for spectators watching a 3D movie when movie ... [more ▼]

3D movies are calibrated to meet a certain screen bright- ness standard. Therefore, what would be the consequences on the quality of the 3D experience for spectators watching a 3D movie when movie theaters do not respect this standard? First, we attempted to better understand which factors were important for a spectator by conducting an experiment where participants watched a 3D movie and filled out an exploratory questionnaire. Then, we aimed to investigate the link between image brightness loss and the quality of the 3D experience as perceived by the spectator. First results show no perceived difference in the quality of the 3D experience between a nor- mal brightness and a brightness decreased by 10% for four factors, i.e. (1) the appreciation of the movie, (2) the con- tent of the movie, (3) the 3D quality of the movie, and (4) the quality of the 3D experience in general. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelques observations sur la tenture de l’Histoire d’Hercule des Musées royaux d’Art et d’Histoire de Bruxelles
Laruelle, Anne-Sophie ULg

in Actes du neuvième congrès de l'Association des Cercles francophones d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Belgique (2017)

Depuis 1953, les Musées royaux d’Art et d’Histoire possèdent quatre tapisseries, illustrant autrefois une Histoire d’Hercule, tissées durant la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle dans l'atelier bruxellois de ... [more ▼]

Depuis 1953, les Musées royaux d’Art et d’Histoire possèdent quatre tapisseries, illustrant autrefois une Histoire d’Hercule, tissées durant la seconde moitié du XVIe siècle dans l'atelier bruxellois de Frans Schavaert. La découverte de quatre autres pièces, dispersées dans diverses collections privées, a permis à quelques spécialistes de reconsidérer la tenture dans son ensemble. L’objectif de cette communication est de réexaminer cette suite, encore trop souvent méconnue des chercheurs, qui constitue un bel exemple, toujours conservé en Belgique, du style Renaissance dans l’art de la tapisserie bruxelloise. Cette intervention consiste à revoir les aspects iconographique et stylistique de la tenture, à retracer la date du tissage, particulièrement à l’aide des bordures, et à fournir de nouvelles données sur l’œuvre du licier [less ▲]

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See detailUrodynamic and morphometric characteristics of the lower urogenital tract in growing male Beagle littermates
Porato, Mathilde ULg; Noël, Stéphanie ULg; Bolen, Géraldine ULg et al

in Congress of the European Veterinary Society for Small Animal Reproduction : Vienna, Austria June 29 - July 1, 2017 (2017)

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See detailDeformación del espacio: cuestiones de representación y de identidad de Cortázar a la autoficción neofantástica
Licata, Nicolas ULg

in Agraz Ortiz, Alba; Sánchez-Hernández, Sara (Eds.) Topografías literarias. El espacio en la literatura hispánica de la Edad Media al Siglo XXI (2017)

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See detailA best fit heuristic for the three-dimensional Bin Packing Problem with practical constraints from an air transportation application
Paquay, Célia ULg; Limbourg, Sabine ULg; Schyns, Michael ULg

in Proceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2017 (2017)

This work considers the three-dimensional Multiple Bin Size Bin Packing Problem which consists in packing a set of cuboid boxes into containers of various shapes, while minimising unused space. The aim of ... [more ▼]

This work considers the three-dimensional Multiple Bin Size Bin Packing Problem which consists in packing a set of cuboid boxes into containers of various shapes, while minimising unused space. The aim of the present work is to find good initial solutions in short computational times. In this purpose, a fast best fit heuristic able to manage the different constraints to be met in transportation is developed. The heuristic is split into two distinct phases. The first phase deals with the packing of boxes into identical bins using an extension of the Extreme Points rule. During this phase, the fragility, stability and orientation of the boxes are taken into account, as well as the special shape of the bins and their weight capacity. The second phase considers the multiple types of available bins. If necessary, the best loading pattern identified is enhanced with respect to weight distribution in post processing. After parametrisation, computational experiments are performed on data sets specially designed for this application. The heuristic requires very short computational times to achieve promising results. [less ▲]

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See detailCould Piano key weirs be subject to nappe oscillations?
Lodomez, Maurine ULg; Pirotton, Michel ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in 3rd International Workshop on Labyrinth and Piano Key Weirs - PKW 2017 (2017)

Nappe oscillation may affect a variety of free overflow hydraulic structures operating at low heads such as crest gates and various types of weirs. This phenomenon produces oscillations in the thin nappe ... [more ▼]

Nappe oscillation may affect a variety of free overflow hydraulic structures operating at low heads such as crest gates and various types of weirs. This phenomenon produces oscillations in the thin nappe cascading downstream of the control structure. These oscillations can result in a high noise levels that may affect people and structures located nearby. With long linear and thin overtopping walls, piano key weirs might be subject to strong nappe oscillation risks, as a few documented cases with labyrinth weirs. However, the specific geometric features of piano key weirs, such as the outlet ramps or the limited width of the inlet apex, could perhaps prevent the development of nappe oscillation. In this paper, a prototype-scale linear weir is operated to assess the risk of nappe oscillations on a piano key weir like configuration (sidewall). In particular, the effect of the weir width and inclined apron is analyzed. The experimental results show that nappe oscillation development should not occur on piano key weir, contrary to what might be observed on a labyrinth weir with the same crest. [less ▲]

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See detailLa tradition textuelle de la Continuation du ‘Roman de Guiron’
Veneziale, Marco ULg

in Duval, Frédéric; Leonardi, Lino; Trachsler, Richard (Eds.) Congrès international de linguistique et de philologie romanes (Nancy, 15-20 juillet 2013). Section 13 : Philologie textuelle et éditoriale (2017)

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See detailLes « Annonciades » à Namur : première comparaison architecturale des « Rouges » et des « Célestes » installées au sein d’une même cité
Piront, Julie ULg

in Actes du 9e Congrès de l'Association des Cercles francophones d'Histoire et d'Archéologie de Belgique (2017)

En 1502, les Annonciades sont fondées en France par Jeanne de Valois, épouse répudiée du roi de France, Louis XII. La règle franciscaine dicte le mode de vie de ces religieuses. Elles sont vêtues d’un ... [more ▼]

En 1502, les Annonciades sont fondées en France par Jeanne de Valois, épouse répudiée du roi de France, Louis XII. La règle franciscaine dicte le mode de vie de ces religieuses. Elles sont vêtues d’un scapulaire rouge enfilé sur une robe grise, avec une voile noir. Un couvent de ces Annonciades de France, dites « rouges », est fondé à Namur en 1623. Cent ans plus tard, l’ordre des Annonciades célestes apparaît en 1602 en Italie, créé par Vittoria Fornari, dame de la petite noblesse génoise. Puisant ses préceptes dans la règle de saint Augustin, il est alors connu sous le nom de « l’ordine della Santissima Annunziata » (en français, « l’ordre de la Très Sainte Annonciade »). Ces religieuses sont identifiables par la couleur de leur costume : un scapulaire et un manteau « bleu céleste », portés sur une robe blanche et un voile noir. L’ordre gagne rapidement la France puis la Belgique. Un couvent est établi à Namur en 1631. Ces deux communautés revendiquaient donc le nom d’« Annonciades » et se côtoyèrent parfois dans une même ville. Ce fut le cas à Namur où elles s’établirent toutes les deux en moins d’une décennie. Ces circonstances offrent des dénominateurs communs pour permettre une comparaison architecturale inédite de ces deux établissements. Si le couvent des Annonciades célestes demeure partiellement conservé, celui des Annonciades rouges a disparu. Néanmoins, les sources archivistiques et iconographiques permettront de documenter l’analyse du plan de ces deux édifices ainsi que des matériaux de construction. Si le lieu d’implantation de ces bâtiments influencera probablement les techniques de construction, les différences entre les deux règles surgiront peut-être dans le plan de l’édifice. [less ▲]

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See detailAgent-based analysis of dynamic access ranges to the distribution network
Mathieu, Sébastien ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Cornélusse, Bertrand ULg

in Proceedings of the 6th European Innovative Smart Grid Technologies (ISGT) (2017)

There is a need to clearly state an interaction model that formalizes interactions between actors of the distribution system exchanging flexibility. In previous works we quantitatively evaluated the ... [more ▼]

There is a need to clearly state an interaction model that formalizes interactions between actors of the distribution system exchanging flexibility. In previous works we quantitatively evaluated the performance of five interaction models devised with industrial partners using the agent-based testbed DSIMA. Simulation results showed that these interaction models relying on active network management suffer from a lack of coordination between the distribution and the transmission system operator, activating flexibility simultaneously in opposite directions. This paper introduces a new interaction model fixing this issue based on dynamic access bounds to the network changing throughout the day and preventing the activation of flexibility leading to congestions. This new interaction model is implemented in DSIMA and compared to a model restricting the grid users to a very restrictive but safe access range. Results show that this new model allows to safely increase by 55% the amount of distributed generation in the network. [less ▲]

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See detailLA MESURE DE RELIQUAT AZOTÉ DANS LE SOL EN DÉBUT DE PÉRIODE DE LIXIVIATION (APL) : méthodologie et bilan après 12 années de contrôle des exploitations agricoles en Belgique (région wallonne)
Vandenberghe, Christophe ULg; Colinet, Gilles ULg; Khalidi, Mostafa et al

in Pin, Dominique; Thibault, Olivier (Eds.) DES TERRITOIRES À L’EUROPE : Construire ensemble les transitions environnementales (2017)

In 1991, the European Union enacted a “Nitrates” directive that each member state has had to translate into an action plan in its territory. One of the tools the Walloon region uses to control the ... [more ▼]

In 1991, the European Union enacted a “Nitrates” directive that each member state has had to translate into an action plan in its territory. One of the tools the Walloon region uses to control the implementation of this action programme is the measure of residual nitrogen in the soil at the beginning of the nitrate leaching period (Nitrogen Leaching Potential). From 2004 to 2007, this tool was used in a hundred-odd farms that had voluntarily requested an exemption from the maximum amount of spreadable farmyard manure. Since 2008, it can be used by the Walloon Administration in any farm located in a vulnerable area. [less ▲]

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See detailLe juge doit-il être frappé d'anathème? Examen de la responsabilité civile pour la faute du juge en droits québécois et belge
Bouhon, Frédéric ULg; Lacroix, Mariève

in Les dynamiques de modernisation de la justice dans les pays du nord et du sud (2017)

L'article présenté dans le cadre du colloque de Casablanca est un résumé des travaux de droit comparé menés à propos de la question de la responsabilité civile pour la faute des juges dans l'exercice de ... [more ▼]

L'article présenté dans le cadre du colloque de Casablanca est un résumé des travaux de droit comparé menés à propos de la question de la responsabilité civile pour la faute des juges dans l'exercice de leur fonction, au Québec et en Belgique. [less ▲]

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See detailContradictions autour de la (dé)légitimation de l'engagement corporel. Pratiques cynégétiques et naturalistes
Massart, Clémence ULg

in Acte de colloque Atelier sur la contradiction (2017)

Une partition s’est opérée dans la gestion de l’environnement (en termes de domaine d’expertise et d’espaces dédiés) entre la nature remarquable, dont se préoccupe principalement le monde de la protection ... [more ▼]

Une partition s’est opérée dans la gestion de l’environnement (en termes de domaine d’expertise et d’espaces dédiés) entre la nature remarquable, dont se préoccupe principalement le monde de la protection de la nature (gestionnaires d’espaces protégés et associations de protection de la nature), et la nature ordinaire sur laquelle se focalise le monde de la chasse. Or, par leur mobilité et leur capacité à transgresser les frontières, les animaux interrogent parfois cette partition et parviennent à relier ces deux formes de nature et, avec elles, leurs experts. Dans le cas de la Réserve Naturelle Régionale (RNR) de Saint Bonnet, les sangliers, qui circulent entre l’espace protégé et sa périphérie, font émerger un problème commun à ces deux mondes a priori peu reliés. Comment se rencontrent les savoirs et les expertises de ces mondes ? La gestion du sanglier parvient-elle à provoquer des rapprochements entre les divers savoirs sur la nature, voire à induire leur articulation ? En répondant à ces questions, nous illustrerons trois types de « contradictions » qui se manifestent à l’échelle collective et individuelle. Nous montrerons d’abord que la confrontation de ces experts et expertises s’inscrit dans deux mouvements parallèles et potentiellement contradictoires autour de la production de connaissances sur la nature : l’émergence d’une tendance cosmopolitique, qui prend en compte d’une diversité de savoirs, et un mouvement de professionnalisation de certains acteurs de l’environnement. Le croisement de ces deux mouvements engendre ensuite des controverses qui révèlent différentes formes d’oppositions entre les expertises ancrées dans l’expérience et celles ancrées dans l’expérimentation. Enfin, ces oppositions révèlent elles-mêmes des contradictions dans les arguments et les pratiques de chaque acteur. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecification guidelines for surface preparation of concrete prior to repair
Courard, Luc ULg; Bissonnette, Benoît; Garbacz, Andrzej

in High Tech Concrete: Where Technology and Engineering Meet (2017)

The repair of concrete requests specific preparation operations needed for guaranteeing compatibility between substrate and new materials as well as the development of adhesion properties. These ... [more ▼]

The repair of concrete requests specific preparation operations needed for guaranteeing compatibility between substrate and new materials as well as the development of adhesion properties. These specification guidelines contain design and construction recommendations for surface preparation of concrete for repair and overlay. The paper summarizes current knowledge, best practices and results of the research concerning the surface preparation of concrete prior to application of repair/overlay materials. The specifications are applicable to repairing damaged or deteriorated concrete structures, correcting design or construction deficiencies, or upgrading a structure for new uses, or to meet more restrictive code requirements. This is based on 10 years research activities on this topic through scientific cooperation programs between Wallonia, Quebec and Poland and support of American Concrete Institute. [less ▲]

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See detailPortrait et durabilité de différentes voies de valorisations des ressources céréalières wallonnes. Résultats extraits du projet ALT-4-CER
Van Stappen, Florence; Delcour, Alice ULg; Decruyenaere, Virginie et al

in Bodson, Bernard; Watillon, Bernard (Eds.) Livre Blanc Céréales : 1967-2017 : 50 ans de partenariat entre agriculteurs et chercheurs. Edition février 2017 (2017)

Cet article a pour but de communiquer de manière succincte les résultats du projet ALT-4-CER, financé par le Centre wallon de Recherches agronomiques (CRA-W) sur base des fonds de la loi de ... [more ▼]

Cet article a pour but de communiquer de manière succincte les résultats du projet ALT-4-CER, financé par le Centre wallon de Recherches agronomiques (CRA-W) sur base des fonds de la loi de défiscalisation des institutions de recherches Moerman. Ce projet s'est déroulé de mars 2011 à juillet 2015. Le projet comportait les objectifs suivants : (1) dresser un portrait des utilisations actuelles des céréales wallonnes ; (2) élaborer des scénarios originaux d'évaluations possibles de l'utilisation des céréales wallonnes en concertation avec le secteur wallon ; (3) évaluer, sur base d'analyses du cycle de vie (ACV), les impacts environnementaux (et socio-économiques, disponibles mais non repris dans cet article) de la production et la transformation des céréales wallonnes selon des exemples de filières de valorisation. L'article présente des informations, extraites des résultats du projet, sur le portrait en 2010 de la valorisation des céréales wallonnes et sur l'estimation de l'impact environnemental de la production de céréales en Wallonie. Il se limite à donner les conclusions et messages-clés de l'étude sur la construction de scénarios possibles d'évolution de l'utilisation des céréales wallonnes d'une part et, d'autre part, sur l'utilisation des céréales pour la production d'énergie. [less ▲]

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See detailLes tables de discussion : une pratique d’évaluation formative par les pairs mise en place pour des étudiants de Master en Sciences de l’Éducation
Michel, Aurore ULg; Baye, Ariane ULg

in 29e Colloque de l'Admée Europe - L'évaluation : levier pour le développement professionnel et les apprentissages (Axe 4) (2017)

Cette communication exposera une pratique d’évaluation formative mutuelle proposée dans le cadre d’un cours sur les dispositifs pédagogiques de lutte contre le décrochage et l’exclusion adressé aux ... [more ▼]

Cette communication exposera une pratique d’évaluation formative mutuelle proposée dans le cadre d’un cours sur les dispositifs pédagogiques de lutte contre le décrochage et l’exclusion adressé aux étudiants de Master. Cette pratique vise à accompagner les étudiants dans la réalisation d’un travail de groupe ayant pour tâche d’analyser un dispositif pédagogique de lutte contre le décrochage. Pour les aider dans la réalisation, deux moments clés structurent l’accompagnement : une rencontre avec les encadrantes pour discuter et valider la démarche envisagée et des « tables de discussion » centrées sur l’évaluation formative mutuelle du travail collectif à produire (travail dit « intermédiaire » rédigé au plus près de la version finale attendue). L’objectif de ces tables pour chaque groupe est double : permettre de prendre de la distance par rapport à sa propre production écrite et de profiter du regard extérieur apporté par les autres groupes pour enrichir son propre travail. Les lectures d’autres rapports intermédiaires et le feedback apporté par chaque membre de la table de discussion sont en effet autant de nouvelles sources de réflexion. Ces nouveaux apports permettent notamment de clarifier l’attendu par rapport aux critères d’évaluation finaux et de retravailler le contenu (Mottier Lopez, 2015). Concrètement, chaque étudiant est amené à évaluer, par écrit, sur base d’une grille reprenant les critères et indicateurs d’évaluation du travail final, deux à trois travaux intermédiaires. Lors de cette phase de lecture, l’étudiant relève tant les éléments positifs que négatifs identifiés et formule, pour ces derniers, des pistes concrètes d’amélioration. Lors des tables de discussion, le timing est prévu de façon à octroyer à chaque groupe présent un temps égal d’échanges autour des lectures et évaluations formatives réalisées par chaque participant présent. La communication décrira le dispositif d’évaluation formative et présentera les données recueillies auprès des étudiants concernant l’utilité du dispositif. [less ▲]

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See detailFrançois Ier et les arts du Nord (1515-1547). Des liens à explorer et à appronfondir encore
Fagnart, Laure ULg; Lecocq, Isabelle

in Fagnart, Laure; Lecocq, Isabelle (Eds.) François Ier et les arts du Nord (1515-1547) (2017)

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See detailDiplomatie sur le terrain : la première mission diplomatique florentine en territoire mamelouk.
Rizzo, Alessandro ULg

in Culture matérielle et contacts diplomatiques entre l’Occident latin, Byzance et l’Orient islamique (XIe-XVIe siècle). (2017)

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See detailImportance of parenteral nutrition in feeding the premature infant
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in International Conference for Advancing Nutrition - Neonatology, Brussels (2017)

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See detailLes fondamentaux de la pédagogie (expérimentale) appliqués à l'hygiène en 2017
Leclercq, Dieudonné ULg

in SF2H (Ed.) Actes du Colloque (2017)

Rapid overview of the three O-M-E pillars of a training program or an educative purposeful action applied to hygiene: (O) The objectives (structured by the ASCID model for diagnosing educational needs of ... [more ▼]

Rapid overview of the three O-M-E pillars of a training program or an educative purposeful action applied to hygiene: (O) The objectives (structured by the ASCID model for diagnosing educational needs of patients and of caregivers ; (M) The Methods (structured by the Learning Events Model- LEM) and (E) the Evaluations, illustrated by two methods quite different but complementary: confidence degrees in responses and OSCE: Objective Structured Clinical Exams. [less ▲]

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See detail(Re)productive Traditions in Ancient Egypt. Some considerations with a particular focus on literature and language(s)
Winand, Jean ULg

in Gillen, Todd (Ed.) (Re)productive Traditions in Ancient Egypt. (2017)

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See detailOn the Analysis of Internet Paths with DisNETPerf, a Distributed Paths Performance Analyzer
Wassermann, Sarah ULg; Casas, Pedro; Donnet, Benoît ULg et al

in Proc. 10th IEEE Workshop on Network Measurements (WNM) (2017)

Traceroute is the most widely used Internet path analysis tool today to study the topology of the Internet and to diagnose routing failures as well as poor performance events. A major limitation of ... [more ▼]

Traceroute is the most widely used Internet path analysis tool today to study the topology of the Internet and to diagnose routing failures as well as poor performance events. A major limitation of traceroute when the destination is not controllable by the user is its inability to measure reverse paths, i.e., the path from any given destination back to the source. This is a major drawback for ISPs, who need to understand the performance of the Internet paths connecting popular services (e.g., YouTube and Facebook) to their customers. Even if public servers and distributed measurement platforms can provide partial reverse path visibility through ad-hoc measurements, there is still a need for a structured approach capable of analyzing the performance of Internet paths connecting any pair of nodes (servers, routers, hosts, etc.). While the problem of reverse traceroute has been addressed in the past, proposed techniques rely on IP address spoofing – which might lead to security concerns, and assume the availability of certain route-tracking options –, which might not be available. In this paper, we introduce and evaluate DisNETPerf, a new tool which provides exactly the same type of information as traceroute, but for paths connecting arbitrarily selected nodes. DisNETPerf works by firstly locating probes (i.e., measurement points) that are the closest to a given target node, using them to perform traceroute measurements from the target point-of-view to a given destination for path performance monitoring and troubleshooting purposes. We propose two techniques for probe location, and demonstrate that the reverse path (from server to users) can be measured with very high accuracy in certain scenarios. We also analyze relevant characteristics of Internet paths and distributed measurement platforms, which reinforce the applicability and relevance of DisNETPerf in current Internet. [less ▲]

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See detailA New Kingdom Case Study: the Artistic Copying Network Around Pahery of Elkab (EK 3)
Devillers, Alisée ULg

in Miniaci, G.; Moreno Garcia, J. C.; Quirke, St. (Eds.) et al Voices, Images, and Artefacts of Ancient Craftsmen/women. Encountering the Material Producers of Middle Bronze Age Egypt (2000-1500 BC) (à paraître) (2017)

Through the case study of the artistic copying network around the tomb of Pahery in Elkab (EK 3), the paper aims at illustrating the circulation of knowledge via iconographic patterns in Ancient Egypt. As ... [more ▼]

Through the case study of the artistic copying network around the tomb of Pahery in Elkab (EK 3), the paper aims at illustrating the circulation of knowledge via iconographic patterns in Ancient Egypt. As will be underlined, this phenomenon is closely linked with the creativity process. After describing the different tombs related to EK 3, we will attempt to reach two artists’ individualities behind the iconographic programs of those funerary chapels. Finally, in order to create “analogy-bridges” which may provide food for thought for Egyptology, the productive copy process and the creativity notion will be briefly compared with the Western Renaissance context. [less ▲]

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See detailCodifying ‘Sacred Laws’ in Ancient Greece
Carbon, Jan-Mathieu ULg; Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Jaillard, Dominique; Nihan, Christophe (Eds.) Writing Laws in Antiquity / L'écriture du droit dans l'Antiquité (2017)

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See detailFlowConvertor: Enabling Portability of SDN Applications
Pan, Heng; Xie, Gaogang; Li, Zhenyu et al

in IEEE INFOCOM 2017 (2017)

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See detailMulti-GNSS relative positioning with Galileo, BeiDou and GPS
Deprez, Cécile ULg; Warnant, René ULg

in Proceedings of NAVITEC 2016 (2016, December 16)

For several years, the number of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) has been increasing, opening new perspectives in the field of precise positioning. Particularly, the European system, Galileo ... [more ▼]

For several years, the number of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) has been increasing, opening new perspectives in the field of precise positioning. Particularly, the European system, Galileo, is experiencing a prompt expansion with the launch, in 2015 and 2016, of 8 satellites belonging to the new Full Operational Capability (FOC) generation. Broadcasting new signals, with new modulations, the first studies addressing this system reveal promising level of precisions on both code and carrier phase observables. Yet, Galileo is far from being the only GNSS undergoing a noteworthy revolution. Alternatively, the Chinese program BeiDou, still in a developing phase, as well as the American GPS, currently undergoing a modernization of its signals, also knew major progress these last two years. Indeed, 7 new satellites have reached the initial BeiDou constellation, bringing to 20 the number of active satellites. Among them, 5 spacecraft inaugurated the Phase III generation, broadcasting the new B1, B2 and B3 signals. Regarding GPS, the block IIF, made of L5 signal broadcasting satellites, kept expanding but at a less steep rate than BeiDou or Galileo. In this study, we first estimated the individual precisions of each signals broadcast by the aforementioned GNSS. For this purpose, we created two short baselines of approximatively 5 meters between similar type receivers. We combined their measurements to form double differences, leaving in the position equations only multipath and receiver noise. The great expectations regarding Galileo’s quality turned into affirmations as long as we studied this system. As a matter of a fact, the code pseudoranges values of the 4 signals of Galileo we have considered (E1, E5a, E5b, E5a+b) presented outstanding precisions (from 5 to 17 centimetres on code pseudoranges with an elevation mask of 10 degrees) when compared to GPS (from 12 to 20 centimetres on codes pseudoranges) and BeiDou (from 26 to 40 centimetres for codes and for phases) in identical conditions. Even though the precision of Galileo observables is noticeable, the influence of the poor geometry of the satellite constellation degrades in a significant way the resulting precision of the position estimated, no matter the recent increase in the number of satellites. Indeed, in this incomplete constellation, the addition of new satellites results in longer visibility period but not in larger number of satellites observed at a single epoch. Combining Galileo with GPS or BeiDou is a way to solve this issue, as the three systems have been designed to be compatible. Therefore, multi-GNSS relative positioning based on overlapping frequencies should entail better accuracy and reliability in position estimations. However, the differences between satellite systems induce inter-system biases (ISBs) inside the multi-GNSS equations of observation. The overlapping frequencies of these GNSS are the L1 and L5 frequencies of GPS with the E1 and E5a signals of Galileo, respectively. As far as BeiDou is concerned, the B2 signal of emitted by the Phase II BeiDou satellites corresponds to the E5b frequency of Galileo. Regarding the new Phase III satellites, the B2 frequencies will correspond to the Galileo E5a+b signal and B1 of BeiDou will be compatible with E1 of Galileo and GPS. The combined use of these overlapping frequencies in zero baseline double differences (ZB DD) based on a unique pivot satellite is employed to resolve ISBs. This model removes all the satellite- and receiver-dependent error sources by differentiating and the zero baseline configuration allows atmospheric and multipath effects elimination. We conducted this study on the L1/E1, L5/E5a, B1(phase II)/E5b overlapping frequencies. Our receivers were not able to receive the phase III signals of BeiDou satellites. An analysis of the long-term stability of ISBs (GPS- Galileo and Galileo - BeiDou) was conducted on various pairs of receivers over large time spans. The possible influence of temperature variations inside the receivers over ISB values was also investigated. Our study is based on the 6 multi-GNSS receivers (2 Septentrio PolaRx4, 1 Septentrio PolaRxS, 1 Septentrio PolaRx5 and 2 Trimble NetR9) installed on the roof of our building in Liege. The estimated ISBs are then used as corrections in the multi- GNSS observation model and the resulting accuracy of multi-GNSS positioning is compared to GPS, Galileo and BeiDou standalone solutions. [less ▲]

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