References of "Paper published in a book"
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See detailConservation genetics : new tools and hope for threatened species
Michaux, Johan ULg

in abstract book of the 6th European congress of mammalogy (2013)

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See detailEvaluation de la durabilité des productions porcines en Wallonie : développement d'un outil de modélisation
Picron, Pascale ULg; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Dochain, Denis et al

in 45èmes Journées de la Recherche Porcine (2013)

Garantir la durabilité d’une filière de production implique d’évaluer son impact sur les trois dimensions du développement durable : (1) maîtrise des impacts sur l’environnement, (2) viabilité économique ... [more ▼]

Garantir la durabilité d’une filière de production implique d’évaluer son impact sur les trois dimensions du développement durable : (1) maîtrise des impacts sur l’environnement, (2) viabilité économique, (3) attentes sociétales des éleveurs, des citoyens et des consommateurs. Cette recherche s’inscrit dans le cadre de la révision, par les autorités publiques de Wallonie (Belgique), des critères minimaux permettant la reconnaissance de la qualité différenciée axés sur les 3 piliers de la durabilité. Elle consiste à développer un outil informatique de modélisation mathématique du fonctionnement technico-environnemental de la production porcine et de ses impacts socio-économiques. Le programme est développé dans Matlab. Le modèle s’articule autour des différentes composantes des systèmes de production selon le paradigme orienté-objet. Les nouveaux critères de différenciation qui définiront de nouveaux labels axés sur des attributs de durabilité en constituent les variables motrices : taille de l’exploitation, origine des aliments et des matières premières, logement, indépendance énergétique, effluents, etc. Les impacts sont relevés à chaque étape de production jusqu’à la sortie du porc sur pied de la ferme selon la norme « Analyse de Cycle de Vie » (ACV). L’évaluation environnementale utilise des modèles mécanistiques de flux de composés chimiques, convertis en indicateurs ACV. L’analyse de la dimension sociale s’appuie sur une base de données intégrée, comprenant le temps de travail. Enfin, un modèle économique attestera du dernier volet. L’outil finalisé permettra de prédire les conséquences de choix opérationnels liés aux critères de qualité différenciée au niveau d’une exploitation. [less ▲]

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See detailIlum-išar et Apil-kīn : deux nouvelles inscriptions de Mari
Colonna d'Istria, Laurent ULg; Rendu Loisel, Anne-Caroline

in Feliu, L.; Llop, J.; Millet Albà, A. (Eds.) et al Time and History in the Ancient Near East-Proceedings of the 56th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale at Barcelona 26–30 July 2010 (2013)

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See detailInvestigation of the determinants of the mental knowledge of public parking facilities
Cools, Mario ULg; van der Waerden, Peter; Janssens, Davy

in Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Transport Research (2013)

This paper presents a study regarding the determinants of travellers’ mental knowledge of public parking facilities. The data regarding the mental knowledge were collected in the city of Hasselt, Belgium ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a study regarding the determinants of travellers’ mental knowledge of public parking facilities. The data regarding the mental knowledge were collected in the city of Hasselt, Belgium, by means of an internet-based questionnaire. In total 1007 respondents completed the questionnaire. Two different dependent variables were specified: the mental representation of parking facilities (known or not) and the identification of parking facilities (identified first or not). In addition, three different groups of determinants were included in the models: parking attributes, personal characteristics, and mental knowledge of the city. The data are analyzed using generalized estimating equations (GEE) models for binary data. The analyses show a considerable influence of the following parking attributes: type of parking facility, Park & Ride status, charged parking, number of places, and location of parking facility. Furthermore our study revealed that personal characteristics and mental knowledge of the city play a marginal role. [less ▲]

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See detailSoft-bottom macrobenthos monitoring in the framework of the STARE-CAPMED program
Donnay, Annick ULg; Pelaprat, Corinne; Fréjefond, Charlène et al

in CIESM Congress Proceedings n*40 (2013)

STARE-CAPMED is a research program set up by the Stareso research station (Calvi, Corsica). Its aim is to improve the understanding of processes by which anthropogenic activities have adversed effects on ... [more ▼]

STARE-CAPMED is a research program set up by the Stareso research station (Calvi, Corsica). Its aim is to improve the understanding of processes by which anthropogenic activities have adversed effects on the functioning of Calvi Bay coastal ecosystems. One of its work packages is the monitoring of soft-bottom macrobenthos along 5 gradients of potential anthropogenic pressures. First results suggest that, before summer (summer is the period where man-driven impacts are expected to be stronger due to high tourist frequentation) these sources of potential anthropogenic pressures perturb soft-bottom macrobenthos assemblages. [less ▲]

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See detailL'évolution jurisprudentielle sur le statut du notaire
Donnay, Luc ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2013)

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See detailCatalytic layer for PEMFC based on carbon xerogels
Deschamps, Fabien ULg; Traina, Karl; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Fundamentals and Development of Fuel cells 2013 conference (2013)

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See detailRural resilience and the role of social capital of Kirundo province farmers in north of Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure ULg; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Backovic, Slobodan (Ed.) 3rd AGRIMBA-AVA Congress "Agribusiness and rural development as a global challenge" : programme and abstract book (2013)

Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population and plays a vital role in food production and participates of more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo was ... [more ▼]

Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population and plays a vital role in food production and participates of more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo was deemed "breadbasket of the country" for the simple reason that fed many parts of Burundi in particular food legumes and cereals, so that family farming was oriented the market. Kirundo alone includes 8 lakes with opportunities for field irrigation. Today, this is the first province in Burundi shows a high rate of malnutrition, poverty increased and a sharp decline in agricultural production up more than 500%. In this study, 73 farmers were surveyed in Kirundo, supplemented by secondary data collection. Analysis of data showed us that, despite recurrent droughts in that region which was caused several deaths due to famines and several displacements of people to neighboring countries such as Rwanda and Tanzania, we found 44% of farmers surveyed who had the resilience to climate change. The analysis of data shows that these farmers were members of local development associations, having learned specific topics such as financial management, processing and storage of agricultural products and livestock. That social capital network influences positively their income because they practice not only farming but also revenue-generating activities such as trade and crafts. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of organic farming in Wallonia
Burny, Philippe ULg; Debode, Frédéric

in Bran, Florina; Ioan, Ildiko; Maruntelu, Tudor-George (Eds.) et al 5th International Conference "Ecological performance in a competitive economy", Bucharest 7-8 March 2013 : proceedings (2013)

Belgium is a highly densely populated country where agricultural methods usually consume large quantities of inputs, including pesticides and chemical fertilizers. However, organic farming is practiced ... [more ▼]

Belgium is a highly densely populated country where agricultural methods usually consume large quantities of inputs, including pesticides and chemical fertilizers. However, organic farming is practiced since many years and has registered a significant development during the last years, reaching 7% of the number of farmers in Wallonia (South of Belgium) and 7% of the Walloon agricultural area. Presently, the Walloon Minister for Agriculture strongly supports this sector and has proposed a strategic development plan of organic farming, the target being to reach 14% of the Walloon agricultural area in 2020. This paper presents and discusses the situation of organic farming in Wallonia and the main features and challenges of the new strategic development plan. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential use of mid-infrared milk spectrum in pregnancy diagnosis of dairy cows
Laine, Aurélie ULg; Goubau, Amaury; Dale, Laura-Monica et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 64th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2013)

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See detailProfiles of pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (PAG) concentrations during gestation in swamp buffalo
Van Hahn, N; Viet Linh, N; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 10th World Buffalo Congress and 7th Asian Buffalo Congress (2013)

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See detailPregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep: breeds, techniques and achievements
El Amiri, Bouchra; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Szenci, Otto et al

in Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Hungarian Association for Buiatrics (2013)

The aim of the present review is to summarize the achievements on pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep during the last 20 years on terms of results obtained after purifications, molecular biology ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present review is to summarize the achievements on pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep during the last 20 years on terms of results obtained after purifications, molecular biology, radio-immunoassays (RIA), enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA), double radial immune-diffusion (Ouchterlony) and Western blot techniques. The analysis of documented papers that concerned these attempts showed that the animal genetic material used was composed of variable breeds from north Africa, Europe and USA (the Aragonesa, Ouled Djellal, Laucaun drairy sheep, Berrichone, Texel x Norvegian crossed ewes, Awassi x Merino, Blackheaded Moutton sheep x Blackheaded German Mutton sheep (BGM), Rhoen sheep crosses of BGM with Dorper sheep, Assaf, Chura, Merino, Texel, Suffolk, Boujaâd Moroccan breed). The RIA represents the wildspread technique used (54%) while Oucherlony and Western blot had been limited in use (4% each). From 1990 to 2000 only 27% of the achievements being available today were realized. The main data, profiles and studies were performed from 2000 to now (63%). To conclude, this review allows summarizing and updating the knowledge about the PAG in sheep. [less ▲]

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See detailSemantic Annotation of GPS Traces: Activity Type Inference
Reumers, Sofie; Liu, Feng; Janssens, Davy et al

in Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (DVD-ROM) (2013)

Due to the rapid development of technology, larger data sets concerning activity travel behavior become available. These data sets often lack semantic interpretation. This implies that annotation in terms ... [more ▼]

Due to the rapid development of technology, larger data sets concerning activity travel behavior become available. These data sets often lack semantic interpretation. This implies that annotation in terms of activity type and transportation mode is necessary. This paper aims to infer activity types from GPS traces by developing a decision tree-based model. The model only considers activity start times and activity durations. Based on the decision tree classification, a probability distribution and a point prediction model were constructed. The probability matrix describes the probability of each activity type for each class (i.e. combination of activity start time and activity duration). In each class, the point prediction model selects the activity type that has the highest probability. Two types of data were collected in 2006 and 2007 in Flanders, Belgium, i.e. activity travel data and GPS data. The optimal classification tree constructed comprises 18 leaves. Consequently, 18 if-then rules were derived. An accuracy of 74% was achieved when training the tree. The accuracy of the model for the validation set, i.e. 72.5%, shows that overfitting is minimal. When applying the model to the test set, the accuracy was almost 76%. The models indicate the importance of time information in the semantic enrichment process. This study contributes to future data collection in that it enables researchers to directly infer activity types from activity start time and duration information obtained from GPS data. Because no location information is needed, this research can be easily and readily implemented to millions of individual agents. [less ▲]

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See detailPastoral dynamics in the region of Diffa (Niger) : a descriptive analysis of livestock capital
Laouali, Abdoulkadri ULg; Rouchet, François ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg et al

in Dusan Kovacevic, Kovacevic (Ed.) Book of proceedings - Fourth International Scientific Symposium „Agrosym 2013“ (2013)

Located between the desert zone in the North and the Sahelian zon in the South, the Region of Diffa is a pastoral area par excellence in Niger. Breeding, witch a highly diversified livestock, is the ... [more ▼]

Located between the desert zone in the North and the Sahelian zon in the South, the Region of Diffa is a pastoral area par excellence in Niger. Breeding, witch a highly diversified livestock, is the dominant economic activity in the region. It occupied 95% of the population and contributes annually to 55% in the formation of the region gross domestic production. For understanding the pastoral dynamic a survey of 300 households (150 households witch herd sedentary and 150 witch herd mobile) was conducted during the first semester of 2012. The data analysis is performed from a herd of 15,618 animal heads consisting mainly of small ruminants for both sedentary (72%) and mobile (52%). The herd structure (sedentary and mobile) by age and sex shows on the one hand, the males are early and systematically exploited, all species including, and the reproduction is carried out by a core of female spawners more less stable and dominated by young females, on the other hand. Comparative analysis of compositions and structures of the livestock by agro-ecological zone (Pastoral bowls zone; Komadougou River and Lake Chad zones) reveals zonal disparities particularly in the sedentary livestock system. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomatic differentiation between Alzheimer’s Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment combining PET data and psychological scores
Segovia-Román, Fermín ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in 3rd International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging (2013)

In recent years, several approaches to develop computer aided diagnosis systems for dementia have been pro- posed. The purpose of this work is to measure the advantages of using not only brain images as ... [more ▼]

In recent years, several approaches to develop computer aided diagnosis systems for dementia have been pro- posed. The purpose of this work is to measure the advantages of using not only brain images as data source for those systems but also some psychological scores. To this aim, we compared the accuracy rates achieved by systems that use psychological scores beside the image data in the classification step and systems that use only the image data. The experiments show that the formers achieve higher accuracy rates regardless of the procedure carried out to analyze the image data. [less ▲]

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See detailThe clinical and genetic characteristics of patients with gigantism
Rostomyan, Liliya ULg; Daly, Adrian ULg; Tichomirowa, M et al

in Symposium "Perspectives in Endocrinology" - Congresses Highlights 2012: ECE Firenze, ENDO Houston, ESPE Leipzig, SFE Toulouse, IWMEN Liège (2013)

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See detailOptimized Look-Ahead Trees: Extensions to Large and Continuous Action Spaces
Jung, Tobias ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Maes, Francis

in Proc. of IEEE Symposium on Adaptive Dynamic Programming and Reinforcement Learning (ADPRL'13) (2013)

This paper studies look-ahead tree based control policies from the viewpoint of online decision making with constraints on the computational budget allowed per decision (expressed as number of calls to ... [more ▼]

This paper studies look-ahead tree based control policies from the viewpoint of online decision making with constraints on the computational budget allowed per decision (expressed as number of calls to the generative model). We consider optimized look-ahead tree (OLT) policies, a recently introduced family of hybrid techniques, which combine the advantages of look-ahead trees (high precision) with the advantages of direct policy search (low online cost) and which are specifically designed for limited online budgets. We present two extensions of the basic OLT algorithm that on the one side allow tackling deterministic optimal control problems with large and continuous action spaces and that on the other side can also help to further reduce the online complexity. [less ▲]

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See detailWhither probabilistic security management for real-time operation of power systems ?
Karangelos, Efthymios ULg; Panciatici, Patrick; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Bulk Power System Dynamics and Control - IX Optimization, Security and Control of the Emerging Power Grid (IREP), 2013 IREP Symposium (2013)

This paper investigates the stakes of introducing probabilistic approaches for the management of power system’s security. In real-time operation, the aim is to arbitrate in a rational way between ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the stakes of introducing probabilistic approaches for the management of power system’s security. In real-time operation, the aim is to arbitrate in a rational way between preventive and corrective control, while taking into account i) the prior probabilities of contingencies, ii) the possible failure modes of corrective control actions, iii) the socio-economic consequences of service interruptions. This work is a first step towards the construction of a globally coherent decision making framework for security management from long-term system expansion, via mid-term asset management, towards short-term operation planning and real-time operation. [less ▲]

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See detailNew mesh generation developments in GMSH
Remacle, Jean-François; Johnen, Amaury ULg; Lambrechts, Jonathan et al

in Actes du 11e Colloque National en Calcul des Structures (CSMA 2013), Giens, France (2013)

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See detailA journey across scales, borders and data sources: minimum commute distance (MCD) analysis of home-to-work trips in Belgium
Teller, Jacques ULg; Cools, Mario ULg

in Hesse, Markus; Caruso, Geoffrey; Gerber, Philippe (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2013 (2013)

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See detailLes procédures alternatives en droit belge : autant de tentatives d'accélérer la justice
Jacobs, Ann ULg

in Jacobs, Ann (Ed.) Les alternatives au procès pénal (2013)

Examen des différentes alternatives au procès pénal en droit belge, de leur raison d'être, de leur champ d'application et de leurs enjeux.

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See detailMicro-CT evaluation of the effect of material, donor and implantation site variability on the bone forming capacity of progenitor cell/CaP-collagen constructs implanted ectopically in nude mice
Van Hove, Astrid; Geeroms, Carla; Maréchal, Marina et al

in Abstract book User Meeting Bruker MicroCT 2013 (2013)

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See detailMyeloid Hif1alpha counteracts allergic airway sensitization in mice through macrophage-mediated immunoregulation
Toussaint, Marie ULg; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Abstract book of Keystone Symposium "Myeloid Cells: Regulation and Inflammation" (2013)

Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF) has important roles in promoting pro-inflammatory and bactericidal functions in myeloid cells. Conditional genetic ablation of its major subunit Hif1alpha in the myeloid ... [more ▼]

Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF) has important roles in promoting pro-inflammatory and bactericidal functions in myeloid cells. Conditional genetic ablation of its major subunit Hif1alpha in the myeloid lineage consequently results in decreased inflammatory responses in classical models of acute inflammation in mice. In contrast, we observed that mice conditionally deficient for Hif1alpha in myeloid cells display enhanced sensitivity to the development of airway allergy to the experimental allergen ovalbumin as well as to house dust mite antigens. Following allergen exposure, these mice indeed developed enhanced allergen-specific T cell responses due to augmented activation of lung dendritic cells. Further analyses supported the idea that upon allergen exposure, MyD88-dependent upregulation of Hif1alpha boosts the expression of the immunosuppressive cytokine Interleukin (IL)-10 by lung interstitial macrophages. Interstitial macrophage-derived IL-10 in turn counteracts allergen-induced lung dendritic cell activation, consequently preventing the development of allergen-specific T cell responses. Thus, this study supports that, in addition to its known pro-inflammatory activities, myeloid Hif1alpha possesses immunoregulatory functions implicated in the prevention of airway allergy. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude tribologique sur des lubrifiants solides à haute température dans des machines de détente
Legros, Arnaud ULg; Zaïdi, Hamid; Diny, Mouad et al

in La tribologie : fondamentaux et applications complexes (2013)

Dans le cadre de la conception d’un expanseur dédié à la récupération d’énergie à l’échappement d’un moteur à combustion interne, une étude sur des lubrifiants solides a été menée afin de choisir le ... [more ▼]

Dans le cadre de la conception d’un expanseur dédié à la récupération d’énergie à l’échappement d’un moteur à combustion interne, une étude sur des lubrifiants solides a été menée afin de choisir le couple de matériaux adéquat pour le joint principal de la machine. Ce joint doit assurer à la fois une fonction d’étanchéité interne et limiter ainsi les pertes par fuites internes de l’expanseur. Il doit également présenter un coefficient de frottement la plus faible possible afin de réduire les pertes par friction. Ce joint est en effet sollicité par des contraintes en frottement plan dans un environnement sous vapeur d’eau à des températures pouvant atteindre 250°C. Ces températures rendent complexe l’utilisation d’huile et le recours à des matériaux auto lubrifiants est dès lors l’unique solution. [less ▲]

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See detailStatistical tests for group comparison of manifold-valued data
Collard, Anne ULg; Phillips, Christophe ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe

in Proceedings of the 52nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2013)

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See detailFatty Acid Composition of Yolk, Residual Yolk and Liver at different Ages in Broilers hatched from 43-week-old Omega-3 fed Breeders
Koppenol, A.; Delezie, E.; Everaert, Nadia ULg et al

in Proceedings of The International Congress on Advancements in Poultry Production in the Middle East and African States (2013)

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See detailFixation du CO2 dans les blocs de béton à base de granulats recyclés
Parmentier, Véronique; Michel, Frédéric ULg; Courard, Luc ULg

in Gagné, Richard (Ed.) Actes de la 14ème édition des Journées Scientifiques (2013)

A l’heure où l’industrie cimentière est majoritairement responsable de la production de CO2 dans le secteur de la construction, il s’avère utile de compenser cette production par un phénomène inverse: la ... [more ▼]

A l’heure où l’industrie cimentière est majoritairement responsable de la production de CO2 dans le secteur de la construction, il s’avère utile de compenser cette production par un phénomène inverse: la captation du CO2. Ce processus d’absorption de CO2, appelé carbonatation, améliore certaines propriétés du béton lors de la conversion du dioxyde de carbone CO2 en carbonate de calcium CaCO3. Les préoccupations environnementales actuelles motivent l’étude de la carbonatation dans le but de maximiser l'absorption du dioxyde de carbone. Les granulats recyclés, produits à base de déchets de béton concassés mécaniquement, peuvent prendre place dans de nouvelles applications en béton. Ils peuvent remplacer les granulats naturels en tout ou en partie, épargnant ainsi l’extraction des matières premières naturelles. La combinaison des deux approches vise à élaborer un produit dont l’impact environnemental est réduit au minimum. [less ▲]

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See detailEstetrol: a new fetal estrogen with antioxidative and neuroprotective activity in the newborn
Tskitishvili, Ekaterine ULg; Nisolle, Michelle ULg; Noël, Agnès ULg et al

in Estetrol attenuates neonatal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury (2013)

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See detailUnderstanding rural economy of Kirundo farmers province in north of Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure ULg; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Belgian Association of Agricultural Economists (Ed.) 2013 PHD Workshop 29-31 May Leuven : proceedings (2013)

This objective of this study is to analyze the socio-economic, political and environmental various constraints of farming systems that are on the basis of poverty observed in this area in order to ... [more ▼]

This objective of this study is to analyze the socio-economic, political and environmental various constraints of farming systems that are on the basis of poverty observed in this area in order to formulate realistic strategies for increasing the productivity and profitability of family farming in that province. [less ▲]

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See detailPregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins (PAGs) in prolific (Boujaâd x D’man) and non- prolific (Boujaâd) Moroccan sheep by means of four radio-immunoassays
El Amiri, Bouchra; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; El Abbadi, N et al

in Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Hungarian Association for Buiatrics (2013)

The aim of the present study was: i) to investigate the use of PAGs for pregnancy follow up in Boujaâd non prolific (n=8) vs. Boujaâd x D’man a prolific sheep (n=20), ii) to study whether the boPAG tracer ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was: i) to investigate the use of PAGs for pregnancy follow up in Boujaâd non prolific (n=8) vs. Boujaâd x D’man a prolific sheep (n=20), ii) to study whether the boPAG tracer (daily available at the laboratory of physiology of reproduction, Liège, could be used in RIA without affecting the results, iii) to prospect the possibility of transferring the technique to a Moroccan laboratory. The blood samples were weekly collected from the first week of gestation till the 4 week after lambing. The RIA1, RIA2, RIA3 and RIA4 were all based on ovPAG standard, while the tracer and antiserum changed according to the system. The RIA1, RIA3 and RIA4 were performed in Belgium while the RIA2 was carried out in Morocco. The results showed that the highest correlation was obtained between the RIA3 and RIA4 (R2 = 0.83) while the lowest was recorded between the RIA2 and RIA4 (R2 = 0.69). The lowest concentrations derived from the RIA2. The highest concentrations were recorded before lambing (279.29; 88.21; 268.75; 152.67 ng/ml respectively for RIAs 1, 2, 3 and 4). To conclude, the profiles of ovPAG showed that it is possible to flow-up with success using the four systems. In addition, the RIA1 using boPAG as tracer could be a good alternative to the homologous one and finally, it is possible to set up routinely the RIA technique for PAG detection in Moroccan laboratories. [less ▲]

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See detailEmploi des types de subordination dans un corpus ltin
Denooz, Joseph ULg

in Bodelot, Collette (Ed.) Morphologie, syntaxe et sémantique des subordonnants (2013)

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See detailLes besoins sociaux et économiques de la collectivité dans le droit de l’aménagement du territoire et de l’urbanisme
Pâques, Michel ULg; Donnay, Luc ULg; Vercheval, Cécile ULg

in Delnoy, Michel; Born, Charles-Hubert; Van Damme, Nathalie (Eds.) Le droit de l’aménagement du territoire et de l’urbanisme, 50 ans après la loi organique (2013)

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See detailA new super-element for estimating the collision resistance of an inclined ship side
Buldgen, Loïc ULg; Le Sourne, Hervé; Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Advancements in Marine Structures : Proceedings of MARSTRUCT 2013, the 4th International Conference on Marine Structures, Espoo, Finland, 25th – 27th March 2013 (2013)

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See detailIs organic farming the solution for the future of Walloon agriculture ?
Burny, Philippe ULg; Debode, Frédéric

in Atkociuniene (Ed.) The Sixth International Scientific Conference "Rural Development 2013" : Proceedings, volume 6, book 1 (2013)

Organic farming is considered to be one of the solutions for the problems of sustainability faced today by the agriculutral sector. This paper describes the growth of the Walloon organic sector during the ... [more ▼]

Organic farming is considered to be one of the solutions for the problems of sustainability faced today by the agriculutral sector. This paper describes the growth of the Walloon organic sector during the last years thanks to the support of the regional authorities through financial incentives and a new regional strategic development plan. It also presents some results collected during an on-farm survey concerning organic cereals. It appears that organic farming has significantly developed thaks to public support even if the prices of organic products are exceeding by 30% those of conventional products. Organic farming can play a significant role in the future of Walloon agriculture. However, due to the high conversion rate during these last years, it is not guaranteed that the financial support could be conserved at a such level. [less ▲]

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See detailLexicografía e informática: sí, pero... / Lexicographie et informatique: oui, mais...
Baiwir, Esther ULg

in Ruiz Miyares, Leonel; Álvarez Silva, María Rosa; Muñoz Alvarado, Alex (Eds.) Actualizaciones en Comunicación Social - Vol. 1 (2013)

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See detailLe cas des systèmes hypothétiques coordonnés du grec ancien
Denizot, Camille ULg

in Bodelot, Colette; Gruet-Skrabalova, Hana; Trouilleux, François (Eds.) Morphologie, syntaxe et sémantique des subordonnants (2013)

On rencontre, dans l’Iliade et chez Hérodote, principalement, des systèmes hypothétiques où la protase (introduite par εἰ) et l’apodose sont en outre coordonnés par μέν / δέ. Ces occurrences paradoxales ... [more ▼]

On rencontre, dans l’Iliade et chez Hérodote, principalement, des systèmes hypothétiques où la protase (introduite par εἰ) et l’apodose sont en outre coordonnés par μέν / δέ. Ces occurrences paradoxales peuvent être expliquées de manière satisfaisante si on sépare soigneusement le niveau sémantique (où l’hypothèse peut être expliquée) et le niveau syntaxique (où le caractère non subordonné de la protase peut être démontré) ; cette explication permet de décrire les emplois non subordonnants de εἰ sans avoir à les faire dériver d’une structure subordonnée. [less ▲]

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See detailLes relations père/fille dans le Roman en prose de Guillaume d'Orange
Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Füg-Pierreville, Corinne (Ed.) Les relations entre les hommes et les femmes dans la Chanson de geste. Actes du colloque international de Lyon des 28 et 29 novembre 2011 (2013)

Etude des relations entre les pères et leur(s) fille(s) dans le Cycle de Guillaume d'Orange, et en particulier dans sa mise en prose, qui récrit vers 1450 treize des vingt-quatre chansons du cycle, pour ... [more ▼]

Etude des relations entre les pères et leur(s) fille(s) dans le Cycle de Guillaume d'Orange, et en particulier dans sa mise en prose, qui récrit vers 1450 treize des vingt-quatre chansons du cycle, pour voir si ce texte tardif modifie les données des poèmes quant à ce lien de parenté. Sont étudiés les aspects affectifs de la paternité et le rôle des pères dans la destinée des filles, ce qui permet d'envisager la manière dont est traitée dans les textes littéraires la problématique du consentement des filles au moment du mariage. Alors que Boniface représente pour Hermengart un père affectueux et attentif aux souhaits de son héritière, Aymeri et Louis sont pour leurs filles respectives des pères peu impliqués, qui délèguent à Guillaume la négociation des alliances matrimoniales. C'est donc un frère ou un oncle maternel qui se substitue à un père encore actif pour régler le sort des filles. Cet effacement des pères s'explique littérairement par la volonté de promouvoir le héros éponyme du cycle en chef de clan, mais la question est de savoir une réalité historique vient soutenir ce phénomène qui substitue l'autorité du frère à celle du père. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst record of Demosponge spicules in a late Devonian stromatoporoid basal skeleton (Frasnian, Belgium).
Reitner; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Kershaw et al

in Abstracts: Ninth world sponge conference 2013 (2013)

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See detailAir CO2 in Comblain-au-Pont Cave (Belgium). Relationships with soil CO2 and open air meteorology
Godissart, Jean; Ek, Camille ULg

in International Congress of Speleology Proceedings (2013)

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See detailSymposium - Echec scolaire, redoublement ou décrochage : les croyances des enseignants sous la loupe…
Fagnant, Annick ULg; Poncelet, Débora

in Congrès international. Actualité de al recherche en éducation et en formation. AREF 2013 (2013)

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See detailFoucon de Candie : microscopie et macroscopie de l'interpolation
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Combes, Annie; Szkilnik, Michelle (Eds.) Le texte dans le texte. L'interpolation médiévale (2013)

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See detailIn ovo injection of tolbutamide alters the post-hatch performance and insulin sensitivity of broiler chickens
Franssens, L.; Lesuisse, J.; Wang, Y. et al

in Proceedings of the 6th Combined Workshop on Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry (2013)

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See detailNumerical Exploration of Oscillation Modes in Rapidly Rotating Stars
Ballot, Jérôme; Lignières, François; Reese, Daniel ULg

in Goupil, M.; Belkacem, K.; Neiner, C. (Eds.) et al Studying Stellar Rotation and Convection (2013)

In this chapter, we show that two-dimensional oscillation codes help us to improve our knowledge of the effects of rapid rotation on acoustic (p) and gravity (g) modes. We first discuss how to solve the ... [more ▼]

In this chapter, we show that two-dimensional oscillation codes help us to improve our knowledge of the effects of rapid rotation on acoustic (p) and gravity (g) modes. We first discuss how to solve the full problem of stellar oscillations in rapidly rotating stars by including the effects of the Coriolis force as well as those of the centrifugal distortion. We illustrate the development and the validation of a 2-D code using the Two-dimensional Oscillation Program (TOP) as an example. We then describe what strategies are being developed to explore the p- and g-mode spectra, how effective these methods are, and what intrinsic difficulties they face. In the last part of this chapter, we present results obtained with these techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailLes centres de langues universitaires à la croisée des chemins, face à la globalisation
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in DEVIVRY-PLARD; FAURE, Pascaline; BRUDERMANN, Cédric (Eds.) Apprendre les langues à l’Université au 21e siècle (2013)

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See detailBoosting Response Rates: Evidence from Flemish Travel Behavior Survey
Cools, Mario ULg

in Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (DVD-ROM) (2013)

This paper investigates the transition of the Flemish travel survey (OVG) from a household-based travel survey to a person-based travel survey. The paper examines the design features of the different OVGs ... [more ▼]

This paper investigates the transition of the Flemish travel survey (OVG) from a household-based travel survey to a person-based travel survey. The paper examines the design features of the different OVGs, with particular attention to the resulting response rates. In addition to the sample unit, the contact and survey procedure has switched from telephone/postal to face-to-face. The most striking effect of the changed methodology is the spectacular increase in the response rates: overall response rates of the most recent OVGs were more than double that of the previous OVGs, resulting in overall response rates of 75%. In addition, the likelihood that some questionnaires were missing (e.g. diaries were retrieved, but household questionnaires were not) decreased from 7% to 3%. Furthermore, the paper shows that a person-based travel survey still can be used for travel demand modeling frameworks that incorporate (some) household interactions. Notwithstanding, some issues have been raised, such as the decreased comparability of travel figures due to the changes in the survey design. In conclusion, the inclusion of a “with whom” dimension in the trip diary is recommended, and it is advocated that policy makers should clearly outline the primary objectives for the OVG for the coming years. [less ▲]

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See detailQu'est-ce qu'une mutation religieuse ?
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg; Scheid, John

in Bonnet, Corinne; Bricault, Laurent (Eds.) Panthée: Religious Transformations in the Graeco-Roman Empire (2013)

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See detailArt on the lagoon: Eliasson at the Biennale of Venice
Szanto, Catherine ULg; Gay, Fabrizio; Ballarin, Matteo

in Newman, Conor; Nussaume, Yann; Pedroli, Bas (Eds.) Landscape and Imagination. Towards a new baseline for education in a changing world (2013)

The Biennales of Venice are not limited to exhibitions in national pavilions. Every year artists and architects choose to confront the site and more specifically, the lagoon. In the edition of 2005, the ... [more ▼]

The Biennales of Venice are not limited to exhibitions in national pavilions. Every year artists and architects choose to confront the site and more specifically, the lagoon. In the edition of 2005, the artist O. Eliasson proposed an installation (Your black horizon, 2005) where the visitors left the wide expanse and intense light of the lagoon to enter a darkened enclosed space with subtle light effects. These aesthetic experiences enhanced the visitors’ perception of light by changing the usual spatiality and temporality of colour. We will analyze the role of memory in the rite of the visit, and look at how the museal strategies of the artist create a play with spatial memory and sense of orientation in relation to the outdoor space of the lagoon. [less ▲]

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See detailL’imaginaire linguistique des historiens de la littérature, en France et en périphéries
Provenzano, François ULg

in Moussa, Sarga (Ed.) Le XIXe siècle et ses langues (2013)

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See detailShort overview of global sustainable development indicators
Paveliuc Olariu, Codrin ULg; Burny, Philippe ULg

in Bran, Florina; Ioan, Ildiko; Maruntelu, Tudor-George (Eds.) et al 5th International Conference "Ecological performance in a competitive economy", Bucharest 7-8 March 2013 : proceedings (2013)

In this paper, a bibliographical review of current sustainable development indicators used at regional and global level is presented. This review was undertaken as part of an analysis on the status quo on ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a bibliographical review of current sustainable development indicators used at regional and global level is presented. This review was undertaken as part of an analysis on the status quo on how to measure sustainable development and the ways to quantify results regarding set goals. Its purpose is to establish if the results of the actions taken in order to achieve the targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and those that will be taken in order to reach the target of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of landslides activity in Maily‐Say Valley, Kyrgyz Tien Shan
Schlögel, Romy; Fernandez-Steeger, Tomas; Braun, Anika et al

in Landslide Science and Practice (2013)

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See detailDe l'office de la Trinité pour le diocèse de Liège au Xe siècle. Liège, Metz, Mayence, Saint-Gall
Close, Florence ULg

in Kupper, Jean-Louis; Wilkin, Alexis (Eds.) Évêque et prince. Notger de Liège et la Basse-Lotharingie aux alentours de l’an mil (2013)

La tradition liégeoise reste attachée à la personne de l’évêque Étienne (901-920) qui, à l’aube du Xe siècle, montait sur le siège de saint Lambert. Son œuvre a joui d’une renommée certaine au fil des ... [more ▼]

La tradition liégeoise reste attachée à la personne de l’évêque Étienne (901-920) qui, à l’aube du Xe siècle, montait sur le siège de saint Lambert. Son œuvre a joui d’une renommée certaine au fil des siècles . Elle a connu un grand succès mesurable à l’aune des copies manuscrites dont elle a fait l’objet. On reconnaît désormais à cet évêque un rôle non négligeable dans la diffusion d’un procédé musical mis au point, dans le courant du IXe siècle, dans les abbayes d’Elnone et de Saint-Thierry de Reims. Pourtant, Étienne de Liège n’a, de toute évidence, pas fait école dans la cité mosane . On douta même longtemps de la part qui fut effectivement la sienne dans la composition de ces œuvres. Cet article s'interroge sur les motifs de cette remise en cause des qualités littéraires et musicales du dernier évêque carolingien liégeois. Quelle image ce prélat laissa-t-il à ses ouailles et à ses successeurs ? Quelle influence exerça-t-il réellement sur la production musicale et liturgique ultérieure ? Notger contribua-t-il à la diffusion de son œuvre ? Cet article propose quelques éléments de réponses à la lumière d'une étude de la tradition manuscrite de l'office de la Trinité. [less ▲]

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See detailA DDM double sweep preconditioner for the Helmholtz equation with matrix probing of the DtN map
Vion, Alexandre ULg; Bélanger-Rioux, R.; Demanet, L. et al

in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Waves (WAVES 2013) (2013)

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See detailClassification of MCI and AD patients combining PET data and psychological scores
Segovia-Román, Fermín ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in International Workshop on Advances in Regularization, Optimization, Kernel Methods and Support Vector Machines: theory and applications (2013)

This study’s aim was to measure the advantages of using psychological test data in the automatic classification of functional brain images in order to assist the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders ... [more ▼]

This study’s aim was to measure the advantages of using psychological test data in the automatic classification of functional brain images in order to assist the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Several computer-aided diagnosis systems for AD based on PET images were developed. Some of them used psychological scores beside the image data in the classification step and others did not. The results show the ones that take into account the psychological scores achieve higher accuracy rates. [less ▲]

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See detail) Shallow water facies setting around the Kačák Event – Microfacies, MS studies, and geochemical proxies.
Königshof; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Suttner et al

in ICPSEA3 2013: The 3rd International Conference on the Palaeontology of South-East Asia. Abstract book (2013)

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See detailLe rôle du commerce frontalier des produits alimentaires avec le Rwanda dans l'approvisionnement des ménages de la ville de Bukavu (province du Sud-Kivu)
Vwima Ngezirabona, Stany ULg; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Brot, Jean (Ed.) Les Cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde n° 28-2013 : XXVIIIes Journées sur le Développement "Mobilités internationales, déséquilibres et développement : vers un développement durable et une mondialisation décarbonée ?" (2013)

Ce travail s'inscrit dans un cadre géographique regroupant deux pays (RDC et Rwanda) appartenant à la Communauté Économique des Pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL) avec le Burundi. Le commerce des produits ... [more ▼]

Ce travail s'inscrit dans un cadre géographique regroupant deux pays (RDC et Rwanda) appartenant à la Communauté Économique des Pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL) avec le Burundi. Le commerce des produits alimentaires entre population transfrontalière est une réalité: Elle est facilitée par un ensemble d'accords et certaines pratiques de proximité qui n'ont jamais été mises en cause, même pendant les périodes des guerres. Les flux importants de produits alimentaires enregistrés lors de la traversée du corridor frontalier entre Bukavu (RDC) et le district de Rusizi (Rwanda), les difficultés et risques auxquels les petits commerçants et les ménages sont soumis, constituent des éléments qui ont guidé le choix de l'approche conceptuelle. Lors de la traversée des frontières, on peut se rendre compte que la ville de Bukavu et le district de Rusizi (Rwanda) ont des fonctions bien réparties. Alors que Bukavu fonctionne comme un grand centre de consommation, le district de Rusizi s'est positionné stratégiquement comme une ville entrepôt (Soule et Musila, 2005). Ces approvisionnements à partir de l'étranger solidifient encore la dépendance alimentaire de la province du Sud-Kivu en général et la ville de Bukavu en particulier. Ce problème mérite une étude particulière et a guidé aussi le choix de ce travail. Le choix de l'approche conceptuelle de cette étude a été aussi motivé par le souci d'étalonner la contribution du commerce frontalier à la paix, à la lutte contre la pauvreté et à la sécurité alimentaire. Ceci constitue des réponses à plusieurs préoccupations de développement et d'intégration régionale. Dans ce cadre, plusieurs auteurs, comme Johnson et al. (2009), Cling (2006), Tegera et al. (2007), Masato Hayashikawa (2009), ont déjà montré qu'il existe un lien entre commerce, développement et lutte contre la pauvreté. Divers programmes sous-régionaux (CEPGL), régionaux (COMESA, CIRGL), internationaux (Banque mondiale) ainsi que diverses ONGs internationales (Alert International, DFID) s'intéressent à cette problématique. [less ▲]

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See detailSystematics and molecular phyulgeny of the Dipodidae superfamily (Rodentia, Mammalia)
Pisano, Julie; Pages, Marie; Lebedev, Vladimir et al

in Abstract book of the 13th Rodens & Spatium conference (2013)

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See detailWorkshops as tools for creative collaboration: finding a balance between facilitation and auto-organization
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Cornet, Adeline; Antoine, Mélanie

in Proceedings of Co-Create 2013 (2013)

This paper analyses four settings of so-called collaborative “creative workshops” (their methods, logistics, regulation processes) and provide peepholes on their respective features, with the informed ... [more ▼]

This paper analyses four settings of so-called collaborative “creative workshops” (their methods, logistics, regulation processes) and provide peepholes on their respective features, with the informed goals of defining criteria for comparison, finding shared essence and distinctive characteristics. Key aspects such as time, facilitation and auto-organization shape a “creative continuum” that formalizes how creativity can be stimulated and how participants might collaboratively develop creative behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailLocalizing and comparing weight maps generated from linear kernel machine learning models
Schrouff, Jessica ULg; CREMERS, Julien ULg; GARRAUX, Gaëtan ULg et al

in 2013 Third International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in NeuroImaging (PRNI 2013): proceedings (2013)

Recently, machine learning models have been applied to neuroimaging data, allowing to make predictions about a variable of interest based on the pattern of activation or anatomy over a set of voxels ... [more ▼]

Recently, machine learning models have been applied to neuroimaging data, allowing to make predictions about a variable of interest based on the pattern of activation or anatomy over a set of voxels. These pattern recognition based methods present undeniable assets over classical (univariate) techniques, by providing predictions for unseen data, as well as the weights of each voxel in the model. However, the obtained weight map cannot be thresholded to perform regionally specific inference, leading to a difficult localization of the variable of interest. In this work, we provide local averages of the weights according to regions defined by anatomical or functional atlases (e.g. Brodmann atlas). These averages can then be ranked, thereby providing a sorted list of regions that can be (to a certain extent) compared with univariate results. Furthermore, we defined a “ranking distance”, allowing for the quantitative comparison between localized patterns. These concepts are illustrated with two datasets. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomated text categorization in a dead language. The detection of genres in Late Egyptian
Gohy, Stéphanie ULg; Martin Leon, Benjamin ULg; Polis, Stéphane ULg

in Polis, Stéphane; Winand, Jean (Eds.) Texts, Languages & Information Technology in Egyptology. Selected papers from the meeting of the Computer Working Group of the International Association of Egyptologists (Informatique & Égyptologie), Liège, 6-8 July 2010 (2013)

This paper is a first step in applying machine learning methods typical of Automated Text Catego-rization (ATC) for Automatic Genre Identification (AGI) in Late Egyptian, a language written in either ... [more ▼]

This paper is a first step in applying machine learning methods typical of Automated Text Catego-rization (ATC) for Automatic Genre Identification (AGI) in Late Egyptian, a language written in either hieroglyphic or hieratic scripts that is found in documents from Ancient Egypt dating from ca. 1350-700 BCE. The study is divided into three parts. After a general intro¬duction on AGI (§1), we introduce the levels of annotation that are integrated in the Ramses corpus and can be used when performing AGI on Late Egyptian (§2). In the following section (§3) we offer a brief survey of the types of features that have been discussed in the literature on AGI, before proceeding with three case studies where we apply supervised machine learning methods — namely the naïve Bayes classifier (§4.1), the Support Vector Machine (§4.2), and the Segment and Combine approach (§4.3) — to a selection of texts in the corpus. Their respective performances are tested using lexical, part-of-speech and inflectional features. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimistic Planning for Belief-Augmented Markov Decision Processes
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Busoniu, Lucian; Munos, Rémi

in Proceedings 2013 Symposium on Adaptive Dynamic Programming and Reinforcement Learning (ADPRL-13), Singapore, 15–19 April 2013 (2013)

This paper presents the Bayesian Optimistic Planning (BOP) algorithm, a novel model-based Bayesian reinforcement learning approach. BOP extends the planning approach of the Optimistic Planning for Markov ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the Bayesian Optimistic Planning (BOP) algorithm, a novel model-based Bayesian reinforcement learning approach. BOP extends the planning approach of the Optimistic Planning for Markov Decision Processes (OP-MDP) algorithm [Busoniu2011,Busoniu2012] to contexts where the transition model of the MDP is initially unknown and progressively learned through interactions within the environment. The knowledge about the unknown MDP is represented with a probability distribution over all possible transition models using Dirichlet distributions, and the BOP algorithm plans in the belief-augmented state space constructed by concatenating the original state vector with the current posterior distribution over transition models. We show that BOP becomes Bayesian optimal when the budget parameter increases to infinity. Preliminary empirical validations show promising performance. [less ▲]

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See detailLectio bilingue, bilinguismo della lectio sull’accentazione grafica nei papiri latini: sondaggi dai PNess. II 1 e 2
Scappaticcio, Maria Chiara ULg

in Bilinguisme et digraphisme dans le monde gréco-romain: l’apport des papyrus latins (2013)

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See detailManifestation du divin et reconfiguration des panthéons à la période hellénistique. L'exemple des Artémis d'Asie mineure
Paul, Stéphanie ULg

in Borgeaud, Philippe; Fabiano, Doralice (Eds.) Perceptions et constructions du divin dans l'Antiquité (2013)

During the second half of the 2nd century B.C., the city of Bargylia, in Caria, undertook a major reorganization of the cult of Artemis Kindyas, who manifested herself to help the city when it was ... [more ▼]

During the second half of the 2nd century B.C., the city of Bargylia, in Caria, undertook a major reorganization of the cult of Artemis Kindyas, who manifested herself to help the city when it was threatened by war. A few remarkable inscriptions provide evidence of the regulations designed to « increase the honours » of the goddess, which mainly consist in making an ox sacrifice more splendid. Less than a century beforehand, a similar situation is observed in the cult of Artemis Leukophryene in Magnesia of the Meander, and of Artemis Hiakynthotrophos in Cnidus. Based on these three examples, this paper aims at showing how these epiphanies were used to settle a given deity into its function of patron deity of the city, both from an external and from an internal point of view. [less ▲]

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See detailConsiderations about the optimum design of piano key weirs
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of Africa 2013 Conference (CD-Rom) (2013)

Piano Key Weirs, a recent innovation in the Labyrinth Weirs geometry, have been studied for years by several research centers and laboratories all over the world. The first prototypes have already been ... [more ▼]

Piano Key Weirs, a recent innovation in the Labyrinth Weirs geometry, have been studied for years by several research centers and laboratories all over the world. The first prototypes have already been built, mainly in France, and others are under construction in Vietnam, Algeria and India. Despite some general design equations have been proposed recently, no optimum geometry has been defined yet. Whatever its geometry, a PKW is more efficient than a standard linear weir of same width. It is also more efficient than a labyrinth weir with the same cycle shape. But the PKW geometry may appear as complex as it involves a large set of parameters. Optimization of the weir design is thus not straightforward. Using the results of a large number of systematic scale model tests carried out to analyse the effect of the main geometric parameters on the PKW discharge capacity, the paper shows how a single optimum design doesn’t exist. This is especially true when economic and technical criteria are considered instead of a single hydraulic performance criteria. Despite this observation, some general rules to design a PKW can be suggested, as well as considerations about the best value of the main ratios defining the structure geometry. The relative influence of these parameters on the PKW efficiency is also highlighted. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Age and Maternal Dietary Addition of Omega-3 Fatty Acids EPA and DHA in Broiler Breeders on Incubation Performance
Koppenol, A.; Buyse, J.; Wang, Y. et al

in Proceedings of the 6th Combined Workshop on Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry (2013)

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See detailPerceptual andMotor Inhibition in ADHD:Evidence for a specific impairment?
Catale, Corinne ULg; Geurten, Marie ULg; Lejeune et al

in Abstracts book (2013)

Objective: Inhibition, one of the core executive processes in executive functioning (Miyake et al., 2000) is generally not considered as an unitary construct (see for example, Friedman & Miyake, 2004 ... [more ▼]

Objective: Inhibition, one of the core executive processes in executive functioning (Miyake et al., 2000) is generally not considered as an unitary construct (see for example, Friedman & Miyake, 2004; Nassauer & Halperin, 2003). Following the perceptual versus motor dissociation proposed by Nassauer and Halperin (2003), we studied perceptual and motor inhibition in children with AttentionDeficit andHyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Participants and Methods: Sixteen 7-12 years old children with ADHD and 30 matched control children were administered a version of the Conflict Resolution task (Nassauer & Halperin, 2003) adapted for children. In this task, the perceptual inhibition task required the children to respond to the direction of a dog (running towards the left or the right) while ignoring its location (left or right) on a computer screen. In the motor inhibition task, the children had to press a key corresponding to the opposite direction of a centrally running dog. Results: Comparisons analyses of inhibition performances between ADHD children and matched controlled subjects showed that ADHD children performed significantly less accurately for stimulus-stimulus characteristic conflicts (i.e., perceptual inhibition) than for stimulus- response conflicts (i.e., motor inhibition), which suggests a specific impairment in perceptual inhibition in our group of ADHD children. Conclusions: In conclusion, this study supports the presence of two forms of inhibition which can be differentiated and specifically impaired in 7- to 12-year-old ADHD children. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of different scenarios related to the new Common Agricultural Policy on farm income in Wallonia
Burny, Philippe ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg; Habran, Maxime ULg

in Lorencowicz, Edmund; Uziak, Jacek; Huyghebaert, Bruno (Eds.) VI International Scientific Symposium "Farm Machinery and Processes Management in Sustainable Agriculture" : Symposium Proceedings (2013)

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been reformed several times since the treaty of Rome in 1958. For the period 2014-2020 at the European level, a new CAP had to be agreed upon by the 27 Member ... [more ▼]

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been reformed several times since the treaty of Rome in 1958. For the period 2014-2020 at the European level, a new CAP had to be agreed upon by the 27 Member States and the EU parliament. Discussions were launched in 2010 and several proposals were made. In Belgium, as agricultural policy is regionalized, the Walloon Minister for Agriculture decided to support academic research in order to assess the possible impact of different scenarios on farm income, and so to help the regional authorities to take decisions when the EU legislation would be adopted, giving a large set of possibilities to the Members States/regions. So, different scenarios were defined with the partners of the administration, including farmers' unions, and their impacts on farm income were calculated. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Ramses project : Methodology and practices in the annotation of Late Egyptian Texts
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Hafemann, Ingelore (Ed.) Perspektiven einer corpusbasierten historischen Linguistik und Philologie : Internationale Tagung des Akademienvorhabens „Altägyptisches Wörterbuch“ an der BBAW, 12.-13. Dezember 2011 (2013)

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the ... [more ▼]

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the general architecture of Ramses software. The second part describes the encoding procedures and reviews the current state of the annotation. In the third section, some changes brought about by the use of large-scale corpora are discussed from an epistemological viewpoint. The paper ends with the presentation of some new avenues for research that will ensue from the use of a complex multilevel corpus. [less ▲]

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See detailChildren’s Knowledge About Memory: Adaptation and French Validation of a Scale to Assess it.
Geurten, Marie ULg; Catale, Corinne ULg; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

in INS Abstract Book (2013)

The present study aimed at adapting and testing a French version of Kreutzer et al.’s metamemory interview (1975) in a group of 128 children aged of 4, 6, 9, and 12. Following Fritz et al. (2010 ... [more ▼]

The present study aimed at adapting and testing a French version of Kreutzer et al.’s metamemory interview (1975) in a group of 128 children aged of 4, 6, 9, and 12. Following Fritz et al. (2010), adjustments have been made to reduce language skill contamination as well as to increase the developmental appropriateness and sensibility of the scale. Results show the emergence of two sub-scales (“strategy knowledge” and “general memory knowledge”) on the factor analysis and reveal an excellent interrater reliability as well as a good internal consistency for the global scale and two sub-scales (respectively, Cronbach α = .79; .81 and .71). As expected with regard to the literature, a significant correlation has appeared between the metamemory scale and short-term memory capacities (convergent validity). Similarly, the metamemory score has shown its ability to predict children memory performance (predictive validity). Finally, the lack of correlation between most of the scale’s items and vocabulary measurement (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test) and the very good ability of the scale to distinguish between age groups demonstrate that the adaptations made to improve the Kreutzer et al.’s scale in terms of language’s contamination and developmental sensibility have reached their goal. Regarding its psychometric properties, these results suggest that this interview can be considered as a useful and reliable tool for developmental research. Furthermore, they confirm the importance of metamemory knowledge in memory performance. Future studies will have to be carried out to show the utility of this scale in a clinical population. [less ▲]

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See detailEssai de typologie des exploitations agricoles axées sur le financement de la production agricole au Bénin
Sossou, Comlan ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Hinnou Cossi Léonard

in Société Française d'Economie Rurale (Ed.) 7èmes Journées de Recherches en Sciences Sociales : actes du colloque (2013)

La mondialisation et la libéralisation économique qui s’imposent dans les pays du Sud, touchent aujourd’hui largement le secteur agricole et pose la problématique du financement de l’agriculture avec une ... [more ▼]

La mondialisation et la libéralisation économique qui s’imposent dans les pays du Sud, touchent aujourd’hui largement le secteur agricole et pose la problématique du financement de l’agriculture avec une acuité nouvelle. Les agricultures familiales ont besoin de s’intensifier, de se moderniser, de financer l’innovation technique, organisationnelle, etc. Le plus souvent, leur seule capacité d’autofinancement ne suffit pas à financer cette modernisation. Leurs besoins en services financiers portent sur diverses formes de crédit mais varie suivant les catégories d’exploitants agricoles. Le présent article s’est intéressé à analyser la dynamique du financement de la production agricole en lien avec le type d’exploitation agricole. Cet essai de typologie est fait à l’aide d’une méthode statistique basée sur l’analyse multi-variée et spécifiquement une analyse en composantes principales (ACP). Cette analyse a été appliquée à un échantillon de 475 exploitants agricoles. Les résultats montrent que les exploitants agricoles sont diversifiés et sont répartis en quatre types (pauvres et vulnérables, pauvres, riches et plus prospères) qui se distinguent par leur niveau de revenu, leur capacité d’investissement et leur accessibilité aux microcrédits. Les perceptions de l’accès aux crédits et de leur utilisation varient selon les différentes catégories d’exploitants agricoles. Dans tous les cas, il se dégage que les exploitants le plus prospère développement et adoptent des stratégies qui facilitent leur accès aux crédits et ainsi à l’investissement agricole. [less ▲]

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See detailLes matières colorantes en contexte Solutréen : Combe Saunière (Dordogne), Fressignes (Indre) et Les Maîtreaux (Indre-et-Loire)
Salomon, Hélène ULg; Vignaud, Colette; Aubry, Thierry et al

in Actes du Colloque : Le Solutréen... 40 ans après la publication du Smith’66 (2013)

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See detailONELAB: Open Numerical Engineering LABoratory
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Henrotte, François; Remacle, Jean-François et al

in Actes du 11e Colloque National en Calcul des Structures (CSMA 2013), Giens, France (2013)

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See detailThe proportion of ungrazed area of the pasture (PUP) determines when forage intake and diet quality decline in grazing systems
Benvenutti, Marcelo A.; Pavetti, Daniel R.; Cangiano, Carlos A. et al

in Proceedings of the 22nd International Grassland Congress (2013)

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See detailTransboundary hydraulic modelling of extreme floods in the Meuse River
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Pirotton, Michel ULg et al

in The Wise Find Pleasure in Water (2013)

Detailed inundation modelling was conducted along a 100 km long transnational section of the Meuse River (in Belgium and The Netherlands), using very similar models for the whole computation (2D unsteady ... [more ▼]

Detailed inundation modelling was conducted along a 100 km long transnational section of the Meuse River (in Belgium and The Netherlands), using very similar models for the whole computation (2D unsteady models). As a result, damping of the flood waves could be quantified and the possible relevance of using a steady-state approach could be assessed. The new detailed 2D hydraulic simulations have demonstrated that only a very limited damping of the flood waves occurs along the simulated reaches. From the perspective of the variation in peak discharge, the study concludes that running the hydraulic model in steady mode makes perfectly sense. Nonetheless, the steady computations lead to extensive overestimations of the inundated extent and of the stored volume in the floodplains. The 2D unsteady model constitutes also a tool of primary interest, which is readily available to design and evaluate protection measures for flood-prone areas such as in the city of Liege. [less ▲]

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See detailPattern Recognition for Neuroimaging Toolbox
Schrouff, Jessica ULg; Rosa, Maria; Rondina, Jane et al

in Suykens, J.A.K.; Argyriou, A.; De Brabanter, K. (Eds.) et al International workshop on advances in Regularization, Optimization, Kernel Methods and Support Vector Machines: theory and applications (ROKS 2013), Book of Abstracts (2013)

In the past years, mass univariate statistical analyses of neuroimaging data have been complemented by the use of multivariate pattern analyses, especially based on machine learning models. While these ... [more ▼]

In the past years, mass univariate statistical analyses of neuroimaging data have been complemented by the use of multivariate pattern analyses, especially based on machine learning models. While these allow an increased sensitivity for the detection of spatially distributed e ffects compared to univariate techniques, they lack an established and accessible software framework. Here we introduce the \Pattern Recognition for Neuroimaging Toolbox" (PRoNTo), an open-source, cross-platform and MATLAB-based software comprising many necessary functionalities for machine learning modelling of neuroimaging data. [less ▲]

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See detailHydraulic studies for the Taoussa project, Mali
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of Africa 2013 conference (CD-Rom) (2013)

The Taoussa Project is a component of a large development scheme of the Niger River in the north-eastern part of Mali aiming at reducing desertification and improving socio-economic activity. It is mainly ... [more ▼]

The Taoussa Project is a component of a large development scheme of the Niger River in the north-eastern part of Mali aiming at reducing desertification and improving socio-economic activity. It is mainly made of a rockfill dam with central core around 18 m high and 1,000 m long across the valley of the Niger River, 130 km upstream of the town of Gao in the eastern part of Mali. The dam is equipped with a 25 MW hydroelectric power plant, a lock, a dock and a spillway. The spillway is made of a gated ogee crested weir divided into 10 bays and a downstream stilling basin, with a maximum discharge capacity of 3,100 m³/s. 210 km of high tension overhead cables and a 130 km long road complete the Project. The multipurpose Taoussa dam will enable the sustainable development of the Project area by securing water resources, increasing low-water level discharges downstream, creating a link between road and fluvial transports (dock) and producing electricity. The Ministère de l’Energie, des Mines et de l’Eau du Mali - Autorité pour l’Aménagement de Taoussa -commissioned Coyne et Bellier – Tractebel Engineering in 2006 to perform the detailed studies for the Project. In this framework, the hydraulic studies have been performed by the Laboratory of Engineering Hydraulics (HECE) of the University of Liege. These hydraulic studies, depicted in details in the paper, have been carried out successively by two complementary approaches: a first step realized on the basis of numerical modelling to study the flows at the scale of the reservoir and the river, and a second experimental investigation, using a scale model, to analyse in details the spillway operation conditions. They consider varied problems from large scale flow conditions in the reservoir during the spillway operation and hydrodynamic interactions between the dam, the lock and the hydroelectric power plant to validation and optimization of the hydraulic design and dimensions of the gated spillway and the stilling basin or release conditions downstream of the project structures, including the temporary derivation stage. [less ▲]

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See detailDislocations à gauche et nature des subordonnants en Latin classique
Longrée, Dominique ULg; Philippart de Foy, Caroline ULg; Purnelle, Gérald ULg

in Bodelot, Colette; Gruet-Skrabalova, Hana; Trouilleux, François (Eds.) Morphologie, syntaxe et sémantique des subordonnants (2013)

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See detailOrdre et procédures collectives: un long fleuve tranquille?
Aydogdu, Roman ULg; Decharneux, Joëlle ULg

in La procédure d'ordre en pratique (2013)

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See detailDendrochronologie en région bruxelloise, en Wallonie et en France par l'Université de Liège (CEA) en 2012
Hoffsummer, Patrick ULg; Lambert, Georges-Noel; Blain, Sophie ULg et al

in Chronique, Archaeologia Mediaevalis 36, Bruxelles, 2013. (2013)

La campagne d'analyses dendrochronologiques en région bruxelloise s'est poursuivie en 2012 dans le cadre de conventions passées avec la Direction des Monuments et Sites (DMS) de la Région de Bruxelles ... [more ▼]

La campagne d'analyses dendrochronologiques en région bruxelloise s'est poursuivie en 2012 dans le cadre de conventions passées avec la Direction des Monuments et Sites (DMS) de la Région de Bruxelles-Capitale. Cinq analyses viennent s'ajouter à celles déjà faites les années antérieures. L'étude en cours dans le cadre du projet de synthèse sur l'évolution des charpentes à Bruxelles est prévue pour 2014. ce sujet sera développé en profondeur durant l'année 2013 dans la perspective d'une publication éditée à l'initiative de la DMS, du CEA (ULg) et du Centre de recherches en archéologie et patrimoine de l'ULB (CReA-Patrimoine).Par ailleurs, d'autres travaux en cours, notamment dans la région d'Auxerre, initiés lors du projet des Toits de l'Europe financé par l'Union européenne, ont pu être clôturés et déboucheront sur des publications spécifiques (église Notre-Dame de Vermenton, l'abbaye de Reigny à Vermenton et l'église Saint-Martin à Branches). Enfin deux études importantes ont été menées en Wallonie sur les sites du château d'Ecaussinnes et de l'abbaye de Floreffe. [less ▲]

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See detailL'avènement des Hommes modernes en Belgique
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Bodu, Pierre; Chehmana, Lucie; Klaric, Laurent (Eds.) et al Le Paléolithique supérieur ancien de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest (2013)

In Belgium, Palaeolithic research goes back to the early 19th century, in the wake of mining and quarry work. Geology and paleontology developed early and rapidly and were economically important. As a ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, Palaeolithic research goes back to the early 19th century, in the wake of mining and quarry work. Geology and paleontology developed early and rapidly and were economically important. As a result, the earliest human history was reconstructed here entirely independently, by defining the Mousterian (Engis, 1830), Aurignacian (Montaigle), Gravettian (Trou Magrite) and Magdalenian (Chaleux) periods. Belgium, due to its central position, is in addition particularly representative of the wave of "modernity" that suddenly was adopted across northwest Europe, overlying a highly diverse and innovative cultural base during the time of the Neandertals. At this point in time, as in others, Belgium played the role of intermediary and incubator between the British Isles and the Rhineland, extending as far as the Loire. [less ▲]

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See detailUnravelling the determinants of carpool behaviour in Flanders, Belgium: Integration of qualitative and quantitative research
Cools, Mario ULg; Tormans, Hans; Briers, Steffen et al

in Hesse, Markus; Caruso, Geoffrey; Gerber, Philippe (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the BIVEC-GIBET Transport Research Days 2013 (2013)

The goal of this study is to identify those factors that trigger carpoolers to share their rides and the barriers that restrain non-carpoolers from doing so. To this end, four focus group sessions were ... [more ▼]

The goal of this study is to identify those factors that trigger carpoolers to share their rides and the barriers that restrain non-carpoolers from doing so. To this end, four focus group sessions were organized. In addition, information from the 2009-2010 Flemish household travel survey was analysed. From the focus group discussions, it can be concluded that the concept of carpooling is generally well known, but that the media attention and stimuli for the topic seem to have faded away over time. The main motivations to carpool are the social aspect, the financial benefit or a combination of both. The quantitative analysis underlined for the difference between the distinct types of employees. Furthermore, the finding that the home-work distance increases the likelihood to carpool emphasizes the importance of the financial benefits of carpooling. Financial stimuli are thought to have the most potential to increase the share of carpooling in the modal split. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction
Dumont, Jonathan ULg; Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Dumont, Jonathan; Fagnart, Laure (Eds.) Georges Ier d'Amboise. 1460-1510. Une figure plurielle de la Renaissance. Actes du colloque tenu à l'Université de Liège les 2 et 3 décembre 2010 (2013)

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See detailMolecular phylogeographt of the common dormouse
mouton, alice; Grill, andrea; Sara, Maurizio et al

in Abstract book of the 13th Rodens & Spatium conference (2013)

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See detailA la recherche d’une doctrine stratégique : L’invasion de la Belgique en 1914 à la lumière de l’environnement intellectuel des stratèges belges depuis 1839
Bechet, Christophe ULg

in Cochet, François (Ed.) Expériences combattantes XIXe - XXIe siècles. Tome 3 : Les environnements du combattant (2013)

L’environnement intellectuel des stratèges belges présenté dans cet article ne doit donc pas être considéré comme un corpus doctrinal précis mais plutôt comme une série d’interrogations géopolitiques ... [more ▼]

L’environnement intellectuel des stratèges belges présenté dans cet article ne doit donc pas être considéré comme un corpus doctrinal précis mais plutôt comme une série d’interrogations géopolitiques propres à l’espace belge, son statut de neutralité et ses fortifications. Ainsi, les choix posés par le Roi Albert I depuis l’ordre de mobilisation le 31 juillet 1914 jusqu’au repli de l’armée belge sur Anvers dans la nuit du 18-19 août peuvent être mis en parallèle avec les divers débats, polémiques ou études stratégiques antérieurs concernant la défense de la Belgique. Au cours de ces trois premières semaines de conflit, le souverain belge est en effet confronté à trois dilemmes majeurs : 1)Quand mobiliser ? Faut-il mobiliser avant la France et l’Allemagne ? 2) Quelle attitude adopter après la phase de mobilisation ? Faut-il concentrer les troupes vers la frontière menacée ou au centre du pays ? 3) En cas d’invasion, la jonction de l’armée belge avec une armée de secours est-elle prioritaire ? [less ▲]

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See detailTransient Fokker-Planck equation with SPH method : Application in seismic design
Canor, Thomas ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Papadrakakis, M; Papadopoulos, V; Plevris, V (Eds.) Proceedings COMPDYN2013 (2013)

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See detailMacrofauna, rock magnetism and sedimentology in the Etroeungt Limestone (‘Strunian’, Uppermost Famennian) at Avesnelles (northern France)
Hubert, B.L. M.; Devleeschouwer, X.; Mistiaen, B. et al

in Whalen, M. (Ed.) Programme with Abstracts (2013)

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See detailModeling of strain localization around the radioactive waste disposal galleries
Salehnia, Fatemeh ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Levasseur, Séverine ULg

in Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics (2013)

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See detailÉmancipation intellectuelle et émancipation politique. Entretien avec Jacques Rancière
Janvier, Antoine ULg; Cukier, Alexis; Lavergne, Cécile

in Cukier, Alexis; Lavergne, Cécile (Eds.) Actualité des concepts d'aliénation et d'émancipation (2013)

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See detailA Trie Merging Approach with Incremental Updates for Virtual Routers
Luo, LAYONG; Xie, Gaogang; Salamatian, Kavé et al

in Annual International Conference on Computer Communications (2013)

Virtual routers are increasingly being studied, as an important building block to enable network virtualization. In a virtual router platform, multiple virtual router instances coexist, each having its ... [more ▼]

Virtual routers are increasingly being studied, as an important building block to enable network virtualization. In a virtual router platform, multiple virtual router instances coexist, each having its own FIB (Forwarding Information Base). In this context, memory scalability and route updates are two major challenges. Existing approaches addressed one of these challenges but not both. In this paper, we present a trie merging approach, which compactly represents multiple FIBs by a merged trie and a table of next-hop-pointer arrays to achieve good memory scalability, while supporting fast incremental updates by avoiding the use of leaf pushing during merging. Experimental results show that storing the merged trie requires limited memory space, e.g., we only need 10MB memory space to store the merged trie for 14 full FIBs from IPv4 core routers, achieving a memory reduction by 87% when compared to the total size of the individual tries. We implement our approach in an SRAM (Static Random Access Memory)-based lookup pipeline. Using our approach, an on-chip SRAM-based lookup pipeline with 5 external stages is sufficient to store the 14 full IPv4 FIBs. Furthermore, our approach can guarantee a minimum update overhead of one write bubble per update, as well as a high lookup throughput of one lookup per clock cycle, which corresponds to a throughput of 251 million lookups per second in the implementation. [less ▲]

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See detailDépasser les verrouillages de régimes socio-techniques des systèmes alimentaires pour construire une transition agroécologique
Baret, Philippe; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Vanloqueren, Gaëtan et al

in van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal; Hudon, Marek (Eds.) Actes du Premier Congrès Interdisciplinaire du Développement Durable: Quelle transition pour nos sociétés? Thème 2: Alimentation , Agriculture, Elevage: 5-14 (2013)

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See detailStil und Stilisierung bei Joseph Roth
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Hoffmann, Nora; Shchyhlevska, Natalia (Eds.) Joseph Roth als Stilist (2013)

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See detailTransition et écologisation de l’agriculture en Région Wallonne : trajectoires en Agriculture de Conservation
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Vankeerberghen, Audrey ULg; Dannevoye, Bastien ULg et al

in van Ypersele, Jean-Pascal; Hudon, Marek (Eds.) Actes 1er Congrès Interdisciplinaire de Développement Durable: Quelle transition pour nos sociétés. Thème 2: Alimentation , Agriculture, Elevage. 101-122 (2013)

Cet article s’intéresse aux trajectoires de transition d’agriculteurs engagés dans le mouvement d'« Agriculture de Conservation des sols » en Région Wallonne (Belgique). L'agriculture de conservation vise ... [more ▼]

Cet article s’intéresse aux trajectoires de transition d’agriculteurs engagés dans le mouvement d'« Agriculture de Conservation des sols » en Région Wallonne (Belgique). L'agriculture de conservation vise à restaurer ou à maintenir la fertilité des sols ainsi qu'à enrayer l'érosion de ces derniers par la mise en œuvre de techniques telles que la réduction du travail du sol (techniques de non-labour), la couverture permanente des sols et les rotations de cultures appropriées. Ce modèle agricole se développe aujourd'hui dans de nombreux pays et gagne peu à peu la reconnaissance d'institutions publiques. L’interprétation du processus de transition vers l’agriculture de conservation reste néanmoins ambiguë, car cette dernière s’inscrit dans des perspectives diverses et parfois contradictoires : initiative technique, économique, agronomique ou encore écologique. Le cadre analytique choisi est celui de la théorie multi-niveaux de la transition, considérant l'agriculture de conservation comme une niche d'innovation « par retrait », se construisant par décrochages successifs du labour en tant qu'institution du régime de l'agriculture conventionnelle. À travers les trajectoires de trois agriculteurs engagés dans des techniques de non-labour, il s'agira de saisir les modalités d'articulation et de désarticulation entre l'agriculture de conservation, d'une part, et le labour et l'agriculture conventionnelle, d'autre part. Cette analyse permettra de comprendre dans quelles perspectives les agriculteurs inscrivent leur pratique de l'agriculture de conservation ainsi que la position qu'ils lui donnent par rapport à l'agriculture conventionnelle. [less ▲]

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See detailModélisation hydraulique detaillée d’inondations extrêmes sur un tronçon transnational de la Meuse
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Evènements extrêmes d’inondation : de l’étude de l’aléa à la gestion du risque pour les ouvrages hydrauliques (2013)

Extreme floods of the river Meuse were simulated based on a detailed 2D unsteady hydraulic model. As part of a coordinated transnational modeling program, the study area considered here extends from ... [more ▼]

Extreme floods of the river Meuse were simulated based on a detailed 2D unsteady hydraulic model. As part of a coordinated transnational modeling program, the study area considered here extends from Ampsin (Belgium) to the Belgian-Dutch border. The results of the present simulations are passed as upstream boundary condition to a second hydraulic model simulating the same flood scenarios in the Meuse in the Netherlands. In the simulations discussed here for the Belgian part of the Meuse, high accuracy and high resolution data were used to represent the main riverbed and the urbanized floodplains. The operation of all influencing mobile dams was represented in the model. The considered flood scenarios include the 100-year flood in the present situation (Q100), as well as two more extreme floods: Q100 + 15 % and Q100 + 30 %. These values correspond to return periods of the order of, respectively 300 and 1000 years in the present climate; but, according to a transnational climate change scenario in the Meuse basin, they may also be considered as estimates of the 100-year flood in 2050 and 2100. The computations have shown a very limited damping of the flood wave in the study area, not exceeding approximately 1 % of the peak discharge for Q100 and Q100 + 15 %, and reaching about 3 % for Q100 + 30 %. Compared to Q100, increases in the flood levels for Q100 + 15 % and Q100 + 30 % are, respectively, in the ranges 0.5-0.9 m and 1.0-1.8 m. Comparisons with the results from previous steady simulations revealed discrepancies not exceeding 5 cm for Q100 and Q100 + 15 %, and reaching a maximum of approximately 30 cm for Q100 + 30 %. Hence, from the perspective of the variation in peak discharge and flood levels, the study concludes that running the hydraulic model in steady mode is reasonable; although some differences occur in terms of inundation extents. The 2D unsteady model constitutes also a tool of primary interest, which is readily available to design and evaluate protection measures for flood-prone areas such as in the city of Liege. [less ▲]

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See detailGénéralisation Min Max pour l'Apprentissage par Renforcement Batch et Déterministe : Relaxations pour le Cas Général T Etapes
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Boigelot, Bernard ULg et al

in 8èmes Journées Francophones de Planification, Décision et Apprentissage pour la conduite de systèmes (JFPDA'13) (2013)

Cet article aborde le problème de généralisation minmax dans le cadre de l'apprentissage par renforcement batch et déterministe. Le problème a été originellement introduit par [Fonteneau, 2011], et il a ... [more ▼]

Cet article aborde le problème de généralisation minmax dans le cadre de l'apprentissage par renforcement batch et déterministe. Le problème a été originellement introduit par [Fonteneau, 2011], et il a déjà été montré qu'il est NP-dur. Deux schémas de relaxation pour le cas deux étapes ont été présentés aux JFPDA'12, et ce papier présente une généralisation de ces schémas au cas T étapes. Le premier schéma fonctionne en éliminant des contraintes afin d'obtenir un problème soluble en temps polynomial. Le deuxième schéma est une relaxation lagrangienne conduisant également à un problème soluble en temps polynomial. On montre théoriquement que ces deux schémas permettent d'obtenir de meilleurs résultats que ceux proposés par [Fonteneau, 2011]. [less ▲]

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See detailThe abundance of charcoal fragments emphasizes the assumption of huge palaeofires in the mixed moist semi-evergreen rainforest of the northern republic of Congo
Gillet, Jean-François ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg

in Damblon, Freddy (Ed.) Proceedings of the Fourth International Meeting of Anthracology (2013)

In this paper, we study the origins of the northern Congo Republic rainforests. Macroscopic charcoal fragments were systematically recorded through auger investigations and pits observations in four ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we study the origins of the northern Congo Republic rainforests. Macroscopic charcoal fragments were systematically recorded through auger investigations and pits observations in four forest types: the open canopy Marantaceae forest, the dense forest with Marantaceae, the Gilbertiodendron dewevrei forest and the Triplochiton scleroxylon forest. In addition, the charred Elaies guineensis seeds were distinguished from the other charcoals in the pits. Ten selected charcoals, including charred E. guineensis seeds, were dated by AMS. Abundance of charcoal fragments in the soils at various depths indicated several episodes of fires in the region. A dryer climatic phase, between 2320 and 1330 BP, associated with a large scale human occupation related to the important harvesting of oil palm nuts, could explain the widespread Marantaceae forests. Recent slash-and-burn shifting cultivation, c. 200 BP, would allow T. scleroxylon installation. Implications for forest management are discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of 3000-t blast on unstable slopes near the Kambarata-2 HPP site, Kyrgyzstan
Torgoev, Isakbek; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Strom, Alexander

in Margottini, CLaudio; Sassa, Kioji (Eds.) Landslide Science and Practice (2013)

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See detailDie Geheimnisse der Schrift: Heinrich von Kleists Poetik der Verschlossenheit und das Prinzip der Verschiebung in seinen Texten
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Brittnacher, Hans Richard; von der Lühe, Irmela (Eds.) Risiko – Experiment – Selbstentwurf. Kleists radikale Poetik (2013)

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See detailExercise modifies the innate immune response in equine bronchial epithelial cells
Frellstedt, Linda ULg; Gosset, Philippe; Pirottin, Dimitri ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (University of Liege - Belgium) (2013)

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See detailSurface properties of concrete and criteria for adhesion of repair systems
Courard, Luc ULg; Garbacz, Andrzej; Piotrowski, Tomasz et al

in Van Gemert, Dionys; Kabashi, Naser; Nushi, Violeta (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Polymers in Concrete (2013)

Before any repair operation, an effective assessment of the concrete substrate has to be performed. Usually next to the surface reparation of concrete, evaluation of the cohesion of the superficial ... [more ▼]

Before any repair operation, an effective assessment of the concrete substrate has to be performed. Usually next to the surface reparation of concrete, evaluation of the cohesion of the superficial concrete is requested for adhesion and durability reasons. Many authors describe the influence of the surface preparation technique on the superficial cohesion of concrete or the adhesion. However, the real effects of surface preparation technique only begin to be investigated in terms of superficial microcracking or roughness quantification. This project was performed in regards to the influence of concrete substrate strength and preparation technique efficiency. The effect of the concrete removal/preparation technique is most likely dependent upon the nature and the quality of the concrete substrate. Preparation techniques are compared from the point of view of concrete removing but also potential deterioration. The visual observation of the concrete surfaces indicates that the high pressure water jetting technique induces a particular texture characterized by large waves mostly parallel to the water flow. The concrete slabs have afterwards been covered with a Self-Compacting Repair Mortar and adhesion has been characterized. [less ▲]

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