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See detailHydraulic studies for the Taoussa project, Mali
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of Africa 2013 conference (CD-Rom) (2013)

The Taoussa Project is a component of a large development scheme of the Niger River in the north-eastern part of Mali aiming at reducing desertification and improving socio-economic activity. It is mainly ... [more ▼]

The Taoussa Project is a component of a large development scheme of the Niger River in the north-eastern part of Mali aiming at reducing desertification and improving socio-economic activity. It is mainly made of a rockfill dam with central core around 18 m high and 1,000 m long across the valley of the Niger River, 130 km upstream of the town of Gao in the eastern part of Mali. The dam is equipped with a 25 MW hydroelectric power plant, a lock, a dock and a spillway. The spillway is made of a gated ogee crested weir divided into 10 bays and a downstream stilling basin, with a maximum discharge capacity of 3,100 m³/s. 210 km of high tension overhead cables and a 130 km long road complete the Project. The multipurpose Taoussa dam will enable the sustainable development of the Project area by securing water resources, increasing low-water level discharges downstream, creating a link between road and fluvial transports (dock) and producing electricity. The Ministère de l’Energie, des Mines et de l’Eau du Mali - Autorité pour l’Aménagement de Taoussa -commissioned Coyne et Bellier – Tractebel Engineering in 2006 to perform the detailed studies for the Project. In this framework, the hydraulic studies have been performed by the Laboratory of Engineering Hydraulics (HECE) of the University of Liege. These hydraulic studies, depicted in details in the paper, have been carried out successively by two complementary approaches: a first step realized on the basis of numerical modelling to study the flows at the scale of the reservoir and the river, and a second experimental investigation, using a scale model, to analyse in details the spillway operation conditions. They consider varied problems from large scale flow conditions in the reservoir during the spillway operation and hydrodynamic interactions between the dam, the lock and the hydroelectric power plant to validation and optimization of the hydraulic design and dimensions of the gated spillway and the stilling basin or release conditions downstream of the project structures, including the temporary derivation stage. [less ▲]

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See detailL'évolution jurisprudentielle sur le statut du notaire
Donnay, Luc ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2013)

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See detailExtension of Davenport's Background/Resonant decomposition for the estimation of higher response moments
Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the Sixth European-African Conference on Wind Engineering (2013)

The non Gaussian buffeting analysis of a structure subjected to turbulent wind may be advantageously performed with a Volterra approach. Although this concept may be applicable to nonlinear structures ... [more ▼]

The non Gaussian buffeting analysis of a structure subjected to turbulent wind may be advantageously performed with a Volterra approach. Although this concept may be applicable to nonlinear structures, the scope of this paper is limited to structures with a deterministic linear behavior. In this case, the Volterra kernels take a simple explicit expression and the statistical moments of the structural response are simply recovered by a multi-dimensional integration of the corresponding spectra. Because the multi-dimensional spectra of the loading are usually determined numerically, these integrals have to be computed numerically too. The computational burden necessary for the estimation of these integrals turns out to be prohibitive as soon as high order moments are required (beyond and including 4th moment). The numerical conditioning is in fact again worse when the structural damping is low as the Volterra kernels then exhibit very large gradients in the frequency space, which are difficult to capture properly. Because the timescales related to the dynamics of the structure and to the random wind loading are well distinct, a nowadays customary decomposition of the response into Background and Resonant contributions (dating back to A. Davenport's earliest works) provides a very good estimation of the second statistical moment. Recently the concept has been extended to the Background/biResonant decomposition for the estimation of the third statistical moment of the response. This paper presents the extension to the computation of the fourth statistical moment, with the only assumptions of slight damping and low-frequency loading such as those that made Allan Davenport's Background/Resonant (B/R) decomposition fruitful. After some multiple scales considerations, the fourth moment of the response is approximated as the sum of a background component, a tetraresonant component and a mixed background-biresonant component. Mathematical developments will be presented in the full paper along with illustrative examples, while the current 4-page abstract just presents of a flavour of it. [less ▲]

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See detailModeling of strain localization around the radioactive waste disposal galleries
Salehnia, Fatemeh ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Levasseur, Séverine ULg

in Coupled Phenomena in Environmental Geotechnics (2013)

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See detailManifestation du divin et reconfiguration des panthéons à la période hellénistique. L'exemple des Artémis d'Asie mineure
Paul, Stéphanie ULg

in Borgeaud, Philippe; Fabiano, Doralice (Eds.) Perceptions et constructions du divin dans l'Antiquité (2013)

During the second half of the 2nd century B.C., the city of Bargylia, in Caria, undertook a major reorganization of the cult of Artemis Kindyas, who manifested herself to help the city when it was ... [more ▼]

During the second half of the 2nd century B.C., the city of Bargylia, in Caria, undertook a major reorganization of the cult of Artemis Kindyas, who manifested herself to help the city when it was threatened by war. A few remarkable inscriptions provide evidence of the regulations designed to « increase the honours » of the goddess, which mainly consist in making an ox sacrifice more splendid. Less than a century beforehand, a similar situation is observed in the cult of Artemis Leukophryene in Magnesia of the Meander, and of Artemis Hiakynthotrophos in Cnidus. Based on these three examples, this paper aims at showing how these epiphanies were used to settle a given deity into its function of patron deity of the city, both from an external and from an internal point of view. [less ▲]

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See detailCitations et usages de l'art du Moyen Empire à l'époque thoutmoside
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

in Bickel, Susanne (Ed.) Vergangenheit und Zukunft. Studien zum historischen Bewusstsein in der Thutmosidenzeit (2013)

The article aims at characterizing forms and functions of the uses of Middle Kingdom art in royal and court productions during the Thutmosid Period. In order to assess this artistic phenomenon as a ... [more ▼]

The article aims at characterizing forms and functions of the uses of Middle Kingdom art in royal and court productions during the Thutmosid Period. In order to assess this artistic phenomenon as a conscious revival and not just a survival of the Past and of the tradition, the analysis starts with a brief examination of the disruption that was felt and expressed during the Second Intermediate Period. It then goes on investigating the evolution of the references to Middle Kingdom art from the dawn of the 18th Dynasty to the time of Hatshepsut and Thutmosis III, when some sorts of artistic quotations replaced a global renaissance of Middle Kingdom forms of expression. A special attention is paid to the relationship between creativity and archaism under the reign of Hatshepsut, and leads to conclude the article with some theoretical deductions on the study of Ancient Egyptian archaism and a tentative definition of how innovation was conceptualized in Ancient Egyptian culture. [less ▲]

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See detailLa dimension "travail", un élément clé pour le maintien de nos systèmes laitiers
Turlot, Amélie; Froidmont, Eric; Bauraind, Catherine et al

in Centre wallon de Recherches agronomomiques (Ed.) 18ème Carrefour des Productions Animales "Nouvelles approches pour une optimisation de nos élevages laitiers" (2013)

Les agriculteurs sont les principaux architectes du milieu rural wallon. En effet, ils assurent la gestion de près de la moitié de la superficie de la Wallonie. On observe néanmoins, depuis quelques ... [more ▼]

Les agriculteurs sont les principaux architectes du milieu rural wallon. En effet, ils assurent la gestion de près de la moitié de la superficie de la Wallonie. On observe néanmoins, depuis quelques années, une régression lente (3%/an) et constante de leur effectif. Confrontés à un contexte changeant, de plus en plus concurrentiel, les agriculteurs sont face à des choix stratégiques difficiles en vue d’optimiser l’efficience de leur exploitation. Pour y parvenir, ils doivent mener une réflexion globale de leur mode de production et intégrer tous les aspects assurant la durabilité de leur exploitation. Pour les aider dans cette démarche, une analyse de la durabilité de 90 exploitations « 100% Lait » (>95% de vaches laitières et pas de culture de rente) a été réalisée dans le cadre de DuraLait et de DuraLait Plus. Ces études sont subsidiées par la DGARNE, Direction de la Qualité. Les piliers économique et social de la durabilité ont été plus particulièrement étudiés dans ces projets. L’organisation du travail a été spécifiquement traitée car elle constitue un enjeu essentiel pour l’avenir de l’agriculture. En effet, les agriculteurs souhaitent soulager la pénibilité de leur travail. Dans un contexte économique difficile, cette dimension est essentielle pour envisager le maintien de l’agriculture dans notre région. Le présent article s’intéresse uniquement aux données relatives à l’organisation du travail. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimized Look-Ahead Trees: Extensions to Large and Continuous Action Spaces
Jung, Tobias ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Maes, Francis

in Proc. of IEEE Symposium on Adaptive Dynamic Programming and Reinforcement Learning (ADPRL'13) (2013)

This paper studies look-ahead tree based control policies from the viewpoint of online decision making with constraints on the computational budget allowed per decision (expressed as number of calls to ... [more ▼]

This paper studies look-ahead tree based control policies from the viewpoint of online decision making with constraints on the computational budget allowed per decision (expressed as number of calls to the generative model). We consider optimized look-ahead tree (OLT) policies, a recently introduced family of hybrid techniques, which combine the advantages of look-ahead trees (high precision) with the advantages of direct policy search (low online cost) and which are specifically designed for limited online budgets. We present two extensions of the basic OLT algorithm that on the one side allow tackling deterministic optimal control problems with large and continuous action spaces and that on the other side can also help to further reduce the online complexity. [less ▲]

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See detailẢnh hưởng của kiểu gen halothane đến năng suất sinh sản của đàn lợn hạt nhân Piétrain kháng stress trong điều kiện chuồng kín và chuồng hở
Do Duc, Luc ULg; Ha Xuan, Bo; Vu Dinh, Ton et al

in Báo cáo khoa học Hội nghị Khoa học Công nghệ sinh học toàn quốc 2013 (2013)

The study was carried out on purebred nucleus herd of stress negative Piétrain pigs raised at Dong Hiep farm, Hai Phong province (HP) consisting of 18 males (13 CC and 5 CT) and 45 sows (31 CC and 14 CT ... [more ▼]

The study was carried out on purebred nucleus herd of stress negative Piétrain pigs raised at Dong Hiep farm, Hai Phong province (HP) consisting of 18 males (13 CC and 5 CT) and 45 sows (31 CC and 14 CT) and at Animal farm of Hanoi University of Agriculture (HN), including 9 males (3 CC and 6 CT) and 21 sows (11 CC and 10 CT) from May 2010 in April 2013 to evaluate the effect of halothane genotype of boars (CC and CT) and halothane genotype of sows (CC and CT) on reproductive performance. The results showed that reproductive performance was not significantly different between boars CC and CT (P>0 .05). Body weight of piglets born from sows CT (1.54 kg) was higher than those from CC (1.42 kg) at birth, however at weaning this trend was opposite (6.46 kg vs. 6.00 kg). Reproduction performances of CC and CT boars were similar under opening and closing farm conditions. However, using of CC sows can improve the body weight of piglets at the weaning; in particularly, CC sows in the closing farm condition. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the DSM to welded H profile cross-sections
Rossi, Barbara ULg; Li, Yongzhen ULg

in Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (2013)

The objective of the paper is to assess the accuracy of current Direct Strength Method (DSM) equations applied to steel structural welded H shapes in axial compression. Commercialised hot-rolled H ... [more ▼]

The objective of the paper is to assess the accuracy of current Direct Strength Method (DSM) equations applied to steel structural welded H shapes in axial compression. Commercialised hot-rolled H sections covering IPE, HE, HD, HL, HP, W and UB profiles and made of three grades (235MPa, 355MPa and 460MPa) were treated in (Li & Rossi 2012). This analysis focuses on welded sections made of the same three grades, including sections characterized by local buckling with a significant post-buckling reserve. The finite element model is described. Then, the results of a parametric analysis using the finite element model are re-ported. The codified resistances are also compared to the numerical results. For each cross-section, the recently developed analytical expressions provided in (Seif & Schafer 2010) for hot-rolled profiles are used to cal-culate the elastic cross-section local buckling stress. A comparison with CUFSM results is also reported. Then, the possibility to use the concept of DSM for the design of structural welded steel shapes is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailCrystal chemistry of a near end-member triplite, Mn2+2(PO4)F, from Codera valley (Sondrio province, Central Alps, Italy)
Vignola, P; Gatta, D; Hatert, Frédéric ULg et al

in PEG2013 – 6th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Abstract book (2013)

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See detailOn-line profiling of Escherichia coli stress response
Brognaux, Alison ULg; Shanshan, Han; Sorensen, Soren et al

in Communications in Agricultural and Applied Biological Sciences (2013)

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See detailThe role of tyrosin kinase inhibitors in a MEN2B patient with metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma
Tome, M; Tomas, M-H; VROONEN, Laurent ULg et al

in Symposium "Perspectives in Endocrinology" - Congresses Highlights 2012: ECE Firenze, ENDO Houston, ESPE Leipzig, SFE Toulouse, IWMEN Liège (2013)

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See detailAre Designers Sufficiently Instructed to Make the Most Rewarding Use of the Latest Steel Codes?
Maquoi, René ULg

in 2013 SSRC Stability Conference (2013)

Series of comments stressing some points of Eurocode 3 which must be duly mastered to enable more economical design of steel structures.

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See detailEffects of aging on task- and stimulus-related attention during a working memory task
Kurth, Sophie ULg; Hagelstein, Catherine ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Belgian Association for Psychological Sciences (2013)

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See detailDrame et récit de l'événement : qu'arrive-t-il au lecteur ?
Servais, Christine ULg

in Langage, discours, événement (2013)

On analyse ici les manifestations discursives de la contradiction que constitue en soi, pour le discours médiatique, un événement, et ce en faisant porter l'interrogation sur le récepteur. Il s'agit de se ... [more ▼]

On analyse ici les manifestations discursives de la contradiction que constitue en soi, pour le discours médiatique, un événement, et ce en faisant porter l'interrogation sur le récepteur. Il s'agit de se demander comment le média relaie le choc que constitue l'événement en nouant ensemble deux affirmations : l'événement fait quelque chose au discours médiatique et celui-ci fait quelque chose au lecteur. Cette dimension performative du discours est soutenue par la déconstruction derridienne du signe linguistique et par la notion de "partage du sensible" de Jacques Rancière. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of exercise on innate immunity in horses
Art, Tatiana ULg

in Proceedings of the 6th Congress of the European College of Equine Internal Medicine (ECEIM): ACVIM, Le Touquet France (2013)

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See detailKarenwebberite, Na(Fe,Mn)2+PO4, a new phosphate mineral species from the Malpensata pegmatite, Lecco province, Italy.
Vignola, P; Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Fransolet, André-Mathieu ULg et al

in PEG2013 – 6th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Abstract book (2013)

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See detailThermal manipulations during embryogenesis induce long-lasting changes in the regulation of energy metabolism
Loyau, T.; Métayer-Coustard, S.; Crochet, S. et al

in Proceedings of the 6th Combined Workshop on Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry (2013)

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See detailCrystal chemistry and geothermometric applications of primary pegmatite phosphates.
Hatert, Frédéric ULg

in PEG2013 – 6th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, Abstract book (2013)

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See detailDynamic Computation and Design of a World’s Record Death-Ride
Denoël, Vincent ULg; Canor, Thomas ULg; Demanet, Johan

in Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Computational Methods in Structural Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering (2013)

A death-ride is a long cable anchored between two dead ends, allowing the crossing of wide valleys. Besides these mobility purposes, it is also operated in rescue operations, or simply for leisure. From a ... [more ▼]

A death-ride is a long cable anchored between two dead ends, allowing the crossing of wide valleys. Besides these mobility purposes, it is also operated in rescue operations, or simply for leisure. From a serviceability viewpoint, a death-ride design should offer a comfortable and/or enjoyable journey to the riders, which is typically expressed in terms of maximum velocity. From a strength viewpoint, a death-ride should be designed in order to safely withstand the cable self-weight, wind forces, the rider’s load and at last but not least, the initial tension in the cable. Actually, the tensioning operation is usually subtle. Indeed, in case of a loose cable, the rider may be stopped in the in-span sagging area. Conversely a too tight cable will generate large stresses but also large outlet velocity at the end of the ride. The design of a death-ride is a tradeoff between all these aspects. The paper presents the dynamic model that was used for the design of a 1.2km long death-ride, with an only 10-mm diameter, a constraint fixed in the very first stages of this project for compatibility reasons, with the existing equipment. This death-ride, built and used in May 2010 in a Grimp competition [1], has a world record of the longest death-ride in urban area. The structural part of the dynamic model is rather common, with a co-rotational description of the cable by means of a chain-like model [2]. An interesting feature, however, concerns the interaction between the rider and the cable. In fact, because the pulley is rolling on the cable, the position of the force acting on the cable, resulting from the ride, depends on the rider’s velocity, which itself depends on the cable inclination. This coupling is solved in a staggered manner, and the details of the algorithm are given in the full paper. In some limiting cases, a comparison with analytical solutions is also provided, where these analytical solutions are available [3]. Experimental validation and observation of the operated death-ride will also be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailL’ethnoarchivage zápara ou les commissaires de l’immatériel
Bilhaut, Anne-Gaël ULg

in Bergeron, Y.; Ferey, V. (Eds.) Archives et musées : le théâtre du patrimoine (France-Canada) (2013)

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See detailLes jeunes de l'Extrême-Nord/Cameroun, l'Internet et la participation au développement communautaire. Esquisse d'une stratégie de Net-développement
Beche, Emmanuel ULg

in Oben Ako et Zourmba, Edouard et Hamadou (Ed.) Enjeux et perspectives techniques, économiques et sociales pour le développement des régions septentrionales du Cameroun (2012, December 14)

Dans cet article, nous étudions comment les jeunes de l’Extrême-Nord/Cameroun utilisent l’Internet au service du développement communautaire. Nous nous sommes basé à cet effet sur l’examen des données ... [more ▼]

Dans cet article, nous étudions comment les jeunes de l’Extrême-Nord/Cameroun utilisent l’Internet au service du développement communautaire. Nous nous sommes basé à cet effet sur l’examen des données d’entretien et sur l’analyse de contenu des sites web/blogs et des groupes facebook qu’ils mobilisent et éditent dans ce cadre. Cet examen indique qu’avec les cyberpages, ces jeunes informent et mobilisent en faveur du développement de leur région. Sur les groupes facebook, ils forment des communautés de pratiques où ils discutent et se concertent sur des besoins et projets de développement. En analysant ces pratiques dont les effets sont toutefois limités par un contexte socio-technologique déficitaire, nous avons aussi esquissé une stratégie de Net-développement communautaire. [less ▲]

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See detailDes modules de formation au service de la lutte contre la fracture numérique : regards sur 10 années du Plan Mobilisateur TIC.
Brundseaux, Marie-France ULg; Georges, François ULg; Verpoorten, Ingrid ULg

in NKambou (Ed.) Intégration Technologique et Nouvelles Perspectives d’Usage (2012, December 12)

This article presents the training modules which have been designed for training organisations of the Plan Mobilisateur TIC in Wallonia. This training device aims to introduce the internet to insecure ... [more ▼]

This article presents the training modules which have been designed for training organisations of the Plan Mobilisateur TIC in Wallonia. This training device aims to introduce the internet to insecure unemployed people. The authors will try to show how online learning devices have followed the evolution of digital divide between 2002 and 2012. [less ▲]

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See detailCalitatea lucernei sub influenţa fertilizării în condiţiile din silvostepa Moldovei
Stavarache, Mihai; Vîntu, Vasile; Samuil, Costel et al

in Ţenu, Ioan; Vîntu, Vasile; Jităreanu, Gerard (Eds.) Durable Agriculture and Food Security – Priority objectives in research activity of the Ph.D. students from the UASVM Iasi (2012, December 07)

The research conducted during 2011-2012, on the Ezăreni farm, has sought influence of fertilization on the leaves/stems ratio, crude protein content (CP), neutral detergent fiber content (NDF), acid ... [more ▼]

The research conducted during 2011-2012, on the Ezăreni farm, has sought influence of fertilization on the leaves/stems ratio, crude protein content (CP), neutral detergent fiber content (NDF), acid detergent fiber content (ADF) and relative feed value (RFV), of alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) in the second and third year of vegetation, at the first cut. The studied experimental plots were v1- unfertilized (control plot), v2-N50P50, v3-N75P50 and v4-30 t/ha manure). The results showed that the fertilization negatively affected crude protein content of plants. Although the protein content of leaves was higher and that of strains was less affected, the leaves/stems ratio decided this indicator for plant production. Organic fertilization showed a highly significant positive effect on the content of plant leaves and stems in NDF and ADF. [less ▲]

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See detailCan we use Electrical Resistivity Tomography to measure root zone moisture dynamics in fields with multiple crops?
Garré, Sarah ULg; Coteur, Ine; Wongleecharoen, Chalemchart et al

in 2012 Scientific program (2012, December 07)

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See detailnon invasive estimation of left atrial pressure and mitral valve area waveforms during an entire cardiac cycle
Paeme, Sabine ULg; Pironet, Antoine ULg; LANCELLOTTI, Patrizio ULg et al

in proceeding of 11th national day of the National Committee on Biomedical Engineering (2012, December 07)

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See detailInfluenţa fertilizării minerale asupra producţiei la amestecul de lucernă şi golomăţ în anul III de vegetaţie
Muntianu, Iulian Constantin; Stavarache, Mihai; Ciobanu, Ciprian et al

in Ţenu, Ioan; Vîntu, Vasile; Jităreanu, Gerard (Eds.) Durable Agriculture and Food Security – Priority objectives in research activity of the Ph.D. students from the UASVM Iasi (2012, December 07)

This study was conducted during three production cycles of the third year of vegetation. The main objective was to determine the production of dry matter (DM) and crude protein (CP) made under the ... [more ▼]

This study was conducted during three production cycles of the third year of vegetation. The main objective was to determine the production of dry matter (DM) and crude protein (CP) made under the influence of mixture and fertilization with nitrogen on P50 agrofond to alfalfa and orchard grass. To achieve these objectives, three variants of mixture were tested between alfalfa and cocksfoot that were applied to four rates of mineral fertilizers. The mixture 75% alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) and 25% orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata L.) under the effect of dosing with N100P50achieved the highest production increase of DM on cycle I, 108% (5.24 Mg haDM) compared to the control, unfertilized alfalfa in pure culture (4.85 Mg ha DM). The highest increase forthe CP yield was obtained on cycle I from the 100% alfalfa fertilized with doses of N-1-1100P50, 122% (1230 kg haCP) from 100% alfalfa unfertilized (1009 kg ha CP). Alfalfa fertilized with N-1-1100P50 rate had the highest increases on total DM yield (106%, 10.64 Mg haDM) and on total quantity of CP(124%, 2304 kg ha CP). [less ▲]

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See detailDirect parameter identification in a model of the cardiovascular system
Pironet, Antoine ULg; Dauby, Pierre ULg; Desaive, Thomas ULg

in 11th Belgian Day on Biomedical Engineering (2012, December 07)

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See detailINFLUENCE OF MYELOPEROXIDASE ACTIVITY ON EQUINE POST-THAW SEMEN QUALITY
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Franck, Thierry ULg; Parrilla Hernandez, Sonia ULg et al

in Edeas, Marvin (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd ISANH World congress on Fertility and Antioxidants (2012, December 06)

This study confirms that active MPO is associated with cellular fraction of the ejaculate, as previously suggested for total MPO concentration in thawed semen (2). However, active MPO concentrations were ... [more ▼]

This study confirms that active MPO is associated with cellular fraction of the ejaculate, as previously suggested for total MPO concentration in thawed semen (2). However, active MPO concentrations were dramatically lower than total MPO concentrations observed in equine semen (3), which could be explained by presence of inactive MPO subunits in semen. MPO activity in sperm-rich pellet can be used as a predictive marker of post-thaw semen quality. Moreover, methods to inhibit MPO should be investigated in semen. [less ▲]

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See detailHydrodynamique et Architecture Navale
Hage, André; Rigo, Philippe ULg; Lapy, Matthieu ULg

in Journées scientifiques et techniques du CETMEF 2012 (2012, December 05)

State of art en matière d'hydrodynamique navale et architecture navale pour la navaigatio nfluviale

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See detailSignatures of rotation in oscillation spectra
Reese, Daniel ULg; Prat, V.; Barban, C. et al

in Boissier, S.; de Laverny, P.; Nardetto, N. (Eds.) et al SF2A-2012: Proceedings of the Annual meeting of the French Society of Astronomy and Astrophysics (2012, December 01)

Rotation makes oscillation spectra of rapidly rotating stars much more complicated. Hence, new strategies need to be developed in order to interpret such spectra. In what follows, we describe how multi ... [more ▼]

Rotation makes oscillation spectra of rapidly rotating stars much more complicated. Hence, new strategies need to be developed in order to interpret such spectra. In what follows, we describe how multi-colour photometric mode visibilities can be generalised to rapidly rotating stars, while fully taking into account centrifugal deformation and gravity darkening. We then go on to describe some first results as well as a strategy for constraining mode identification. [less ▲]

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See detailAntiwindup regulation of saturated linear systems
Forni, Fulvio ULg; Zaccarian, Luca; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in 51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2012, December)

We consider the output regulation problem for linear systems subject to actuators saturation. A state-feedback unconstrained regulator is transformed into an error-feedback bounded regulator by ... [more ▼]

We consider the output regulation problem for linear systems subject to actuators saturation. A state-feedback unconstrained regulator is transformed into an error-feedback bounded regulator by introducing an observer which is then decomposed into the sum of "unconstrained" and "antiwindup" dynamics. The unconstrained dynamics are regulated towards a predefined reference trajectory, by a control signal u which may violate the saturation bounds during transients. The antiwindup dynamics transiently store the mismatch between unconstrained and constrained dynamics. The antiwindup design also applies to a predefined error-feedback dynamic regulator for the unconstrained system, as in standard antiwindup setting. As a particular case of distinct interest, the design provides a new global asymptotic stabilizer for saturated null-controllable systems. [less ▲]

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See detailValidated Extraction of Gait Events from 3D Accelerometer Recordings
Boutaayamou, Mohamed ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg; Stamatakis, Julien et al

in IEEE International Conference on 3D Imaging (IC3D) (2012, December)

This work is part of a project that deals with the three-dimensional (3D) analysis of normal and pathological gaits based on a newly developed system for clinical applications, using low-cost wireless ... [more ▼]

This work is part of a project that deals with the three-dimensional (3D) analysis of normal and pathological gaits based on a newly developed system for clinical applications, using low-cost wireless accelerometers and a signal processing algorithm. This system automatically extracts relevant gait events such as the heel strikes (HS) and the toe-offs (TO), which characterize the stance and the swing phases of walking. The performances of the low-cost accelerometer hardware and related algorithm have been compared to those obtained by a kinematic 3D analysis system and a force plate, used as gold standard methods. The HS and TO times obtained from the gait data of 7 healthy volunteers (147 trials) have been found to be (mean ± standard deviation) 0.42±7.92 ms and 3.11±10.08 ms later than those determined by the force plate, respectively. The experimental results demonstrate that the new hardware and associated algorithm constitute an effective low-cost gait analysis system, which could thus be used for the assessment of mobility in routine clinical practice. [less ▲]

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See detailCarrying capacity of stainless steel columns in the low slenderness range
Rossi, Barbara ULg; Rasmussen, Kim J.R.

in 6th International Conference on Coupled Instabilities in Metal Structures : CIMS, Glasgow 3-5 December 2102 (2012, December)

In European standards, for Class 4 cross-sections, the Effective Width Method (EWM) must be used to account for the effect of local buckling. Because of the complexity of this method, other methods have ... [more ▼]

In European standards, for Class 4 cross-sections, the Effective Width Method (EWM) must be used to account for the effect of local buckling. Because of the complexity of this method, other methods have been developed, such as the Direct Strength Method (DSM) for cold-formed thin-walled profiles and the Continuous Strength Method (CSM), initially established for members made of stainless steels. To a large extent, the CSM yield accurate predictions, especially in the low slenderness range where the current DSM design procedure tends to produce conservative results, for materials with pronounced strain hardening. The present paper presents an extension of the DSM which provides accurate strength predictions in the low slenderness range for stainless steel thin-walled section columns failing by distortional, local and overall buckling. [less ▲]

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See detailÉtude comparative de la répartition des matières et des apprentissages en langues anciennes dans l’enseignement francophone européen
Pietquin, Paul ULg

in Dufays, J.-L.; Carlier, Gh.; De Kesel, Myriam (Eds.) et al Progression et transversalité. Comment (mieux) articuler les apprentissages dans les disciplines scolaires ? (2012, December)

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See detailKick synchronization versus diffusive synchronization
Mauroy, Alexandre ULg; Sacré, Pierre ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in Proceedings of the 51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2012, December)

The paper provides an introductory discussion about two fundamental models of oscillator synchronization: the (continuous-time) diffusive model, that dominates the mathematical literature on ... [more ▼]

The paper provides an introductory discussion about two fundamental models of oscillator synchronization: the (continuous-time) diffusive model, that dominates the mathematical literature on synchronization, and the (hybrid) kick model, that accounts for most popular examples of synchronization, but for which only few theoretical results exist. The paper stresses fundamental differences between the two models, such as the different contraction measures underlying the analysis, as well as important analogies that can be drawn in the limit of weak coupling. [less ▲]

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See detailPolarization Holography with liquid crystals polymers and applications
Piron, Pierre ULg; Blain, Pascal ULg; Habraken, Serge ULg et al

in International Conference on Fibre Optics and Photonics (2012, December)

Liquid Crystals Polymers are birefringent molecules locally orientable. By recording the polarization pattern due to the overlap of differently polarized beams on LCP, space-variant retarders are realized ... [more ▼]

Liquid Crystals Polymers are birefringent molecules locally orientable. By recording the polarization pattern due to the overlap of differently polarized beams on LCP, space-variant retarders are realized. We present two applications polarization holography and coronagraphy. [less ▲]

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See detailI-see-3D! An Interactive and Immersive System that dynamically adapts 2D projections to the location of a user’s eyes
Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Pierlot, Vincent ULg; Lejeune, Antoine ULg et al

in International Conference on 3D Imaging (IC3D) (2012, December)

This paper presents a system that gives the illusion of a 3D immersive and interactive environment with 2D projectors. The user does not need to wear glasses, nor to watch a (limited) screen. The virtual ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a system that gives the illusion of a 3D immersive and interactive environment with 2D projectors. The user does not need to wear glasses, nor to watch a (limited) screen. The virtual world is all around him, drawn on the floor. As the user is himself immersed in the virtual world, there is no need for a proxy like an avatar; he can move inside the virtual environment freely. Moreover, the Isee-3D system allows a user to manipulate virtual objects with his own body, making interactions with the virtual world very intuitive. Giving the illusion of 3D requires to render images insuch a way that the deformation of the image projected on thefloor is taken into account, as well as the position of the user’s “eye” in its virtual world. The resulting projection is neither perspective nor orthographic. Nevertheless, we describe how thiscan be implemented with the standard OpenGL pipeline, without any shader. Our experiments demonstrate that our system is effective in giving the illusion of 3D. Videos showing the results obtained with our I-see-3D system are available on our website http://www.ulg.ac.be/telecom/projector [less ▲]

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See detailParametric numerical study of seismic slope stability and verification of the Newmark method
Torgoev, Almazbek ULg; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg

in Ugai, K; Wakai, A; Yagi, H (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Earthquake-induced landslides, Kiryu, Japan, 2012 (2012, December)

2D dynamic modelling of seismic slope stability is applied to a landslide-prone area in Central Asia, the Mailuu-Suu Valley, situated in the south of Kyrgyzstan. The calculations are made with models ... [more ▼]

2D dynamic modelling of seismic slope stability is applied to a landslide-prone area in Central Asia, the Mailuu-Suu Valley, situated in the south of Kyrgyzstan. The calculations are made with models constructed from over 30 profiles located in the target area, presenting different geological, tectonic and morphological settings. One part of the profiles were selected within landslide zones, the other part was selected in stable areas. Many of the landslides are complex slope failures involving falls, rotational sliding and/or planar sliding and flows. These input data were extracted from a 3D structural geological model built with the GOCAD software. Geophysical and geomechanical parameters were defined on the basis of results obtained by multiple surveys performed in the area over the past 15 years. These include geophysical investigation, seismological experiments and ambient noise measurements. Dynamic modelling of slope stability is performed with the UDEC version 4.01 software that is able to compute deformation of discrete elements. Inside these elements both elasto-plastic and purely elastic materials (similar to rigid blocks) were tested. Various parameter variations were tested to assess their influence on the final outputs. For a few models groundwater flow is included. The total parametric study involved more than 100 different models (about 800 computation hours). [less ▲]

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See detailMorpho-structural analysis and mass movements Case study of Oued El Kaïm reservoir dam Nort-East Algeria
Draidia, Salah ULg; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Benabbas, Chaouki

in Annual International Conference on Geological & Earth sciences_GEOS-2013 (2012, December)

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See detailQuantifying and Mitigating IGMP Filtering in Topology Discovery
Marchetta, Pietro; Mérindol, Pascal; Donnet, Benoît ULg et al

in IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM) (2012, December)

Recent developments in router level topology discovery have suggested the introduction of IGMP probing in addition to standard techniques such as traceroute and alias resolution. With a single IGMP probe ... [more ▼]

Recent developments in router level topology discovery have suggested the introduction of IGMP probing in addition to standard techniques such as traceroute and alias resolution. With a single IGMP probe, one can obtain all multicast interfaces and links of a multicast router. If such a probing is a promising approach, we noticed that IGMP probes are subject to filtering, leading so to the fragmentation of the collected multicast graph into several disjoint connected components. In this paper, we cope with the fragmentation issue. Our contributions are threefold: (i) we experimentally quantify the damages caused by IGMP filtering on collected topologies of large tier-1 ISPs; (ii) using traceroute data, we construct a hybrid graph and estimate how far each IGMP fragment is from each other; (iii) we provide and experimentally evaluate a recursive approach for reconnecting disjoint multicast components. The key idea of the third contribution is to recursively apply alias resolution to reassemble disjoint fragments and, thus, progressively extend the mapping of the targeted ISP. Data presented in the paper, as well as reconstructed topologies, are freely available at http://svnet.u-strasbg.fr/merlin. [less ▲]

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See detailA Review of Recent Case Studies of Landslides Investigated in the Tien Shan Using Microseismic and Other Geophysical Methods
Torgoev, Almazbek ULg; Lamair, Laura ULg; Torgoev et al

in Ugai, K; Wakai, A; Yagi, H (Eds.) Proceedings of the International Symposium on Earthquake-induced landslides (2012, December)

This paper reviews recent case studies completed on landslides (and dams) with probable (post-) seismic origin or susceptible to seismic failure in the Tien Shan, Central Asia. The first investigation ... [more ▼]

This paper reviews recent case studies completed on landslides (and dams) with probable (post-) seismic origin or susceptible to seismic failure in the Tien Shan, Central Asia. The first investigation presented here was carried out in 2005 on the Kainama earthflow, mainly composed of loess, which occurred in April 2004 and killed 33 people. Geophysical and seismological were used to build a reliable 3D model of the geometry and properties of the subsurface layers. The paper will also present results from microseismic measurements on loess landslides in Tajikistan that partly have a seismic origin. They are located close to the area that was affected in 1949 by the M=7.4 Khait earthquake and the numerous landslides triggered during the event, including the Khait rock avalanche. [less ▲]

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See detailRéduction des troubles électrolytiques chez les prématurés <1250g
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in Storme, laurent (Ed.) Livres des communications. 18ème Journées Francophones de Recherche en Néonatologie (2012, December)

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See detailL'eLearning et les femmes : retour d'expérience. Une étude exploratoire auprès de 22 femmes
Lesire, Catherine ULg; Géron, Stéphanie ULg; Georges, François ULg

in Paliard, C.; Nkambou, R.; Narce, C. (Eds.) et al Actes du 8ème Colloque Technologies de l’Information et de la Communication pour l’Enseignement: Intégration Technologique et Nouvelles Perspectives d’Usage (2012, December)

Who are the women who learn online ? Why and in which circumstances have they chosen to learn online ? Have they taken advantage of this experience ? In this article, we speak about the exploratory survey ... [more ▼]

Who are the women who learn online ? Why and in which circumstances have they chosen to learn online ? Have they taken advantage of this experience ? In this article, we speak about the exploratory survey carried out with 22 women to know their motivation in online courses, what they did during those courses and what they remember of their experience. We also wanted to know whether eLearning gave women the opportunity to learn and to be trained even when they have a lot of responsabilities and sometimes little time to learn. [less ▲]

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See detailModel-based glycemic control in critical care
Pretty, Christopher ULg; Penning, Sophie ULg; Le Compte, Aaron J. et al

in Proceedings of the 11th Belgian Day on Biomedical Engineering (2012, December)

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See detailThe usefulness of CPTs for deterministic, spatially heterogeneous, large-scale aquitard parametrisation
Rogiers, Bart; Mallants, Dirk; Batelaan, Okke et al

in Oswald, S.E.; Kolditz, O.; Attinger, S. (Eds.) Models - Repositories of Knowledge (2012, December)

Aquitards can be effectively parameterised and incorporated in a groundwater flow model by using standard cone penetration tests (CPTs). Several conceptually different realizations of an aquitard’s ... [more ▼]

Aquitards can be effectively parameterised and incorporated in a groundwater flow model by using standard cone penetration tests (CPTs). Several conceptually different realizations of an aquitard’s hydraulic conductivity field were evaluated based on: (i) conventional methods of soil behaviour type classification, (ii) recent relationships from the literature, and (iii) novel site-specific relations with hydraulic conductivity. We show that use of most of these CPT-based hydraulic conductivity estimations in groundwater flow modelling effectively enhance model performance based on absolute head values and gradients across the aquitard. Conceptual models that considered a spatially heterogeneous hydraulic conductivity for the aquitard performed better than the reference case with a uniform aquitard hydraulic conductivity. However, the hydraulic conductivity of thin heavy clay lenses, characteristic of the aquitard present in our study area, cannot be captured using these continuum approaches. The latter leads to a bias in the direct hydraulic conductivity predictions; an alternative is to invoke inverse modelling with the heterogeneous parameter fields. To address this issue, the concept of the boundary energy associated with the CPT signal is also introduced for characterising the presence of heavy clay lenses. Overall, the CPT-based concepts provide more accurate, robust, and high-resolution data-based parameterisation of the studied aquitard. [less ▲]

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See detailInsulin clearance during hyper-insulinemia euglycemia therapy
Penning, Sophie ULg; MASSION, Paul ULg; Pretty, Christopher ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 11th Belgian Day on Biomedical Engineering (2012, December)

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See detailThe rabbit left ventricle modeling at the cellular scale: application to flow-clamp experiments
Kosta, Sarah ULg; Pironet, Antoine ULg; Dauby, Pierre ULg

in Proceedings of the 11th Belgian National Day on Biomedical Engineering (2012, December)

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See detailOptimal discovery with probabilistic expert advice
Bubeck, Sébastien; Ernst, Damien ULg; Garivier, Aurélien

in Proceedings of the 51st IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2012) (2012, December)

Motivated by issues of security analysis for power systems, we analyze a new problem, called optimal discovery with probabilistic expert advice. We address it with an algorithm based on the optimistic ... [more ▼]

Motivated by issues of security analysis for power systems, we analyze a new problem, called optimal discovery with probabilistic expert advice. We address it with an algorithm based on the optimistic paradigm and the Good-Turingmissing mass estimator. We show that this strategy attains the optimal discovery rate in a macroscopic limit sense, under some assumptions on the probabilistic experts. We also provide numerical experiments suggesting that this optimal behavior may still hold under weaker assumptions. [less ▲]

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See detailCréation d'un outil d'évaluation de la durabilité des productions de qualité différenciée en Wallonie
Picron, Pascale ULg; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Lagneaux, Séverine et al

in 12ème Journée d'étude des productions porcines et avicoles (2012, November 28)

L’objectif de cette étude est de comparer simultanément l’impact environnemental, social et économique liés à l’application de différents critères de qualités différenciées. L’outil développé s’articule ... [more ▼]

L’objectif de cette étude est de comparer simultanément l’impact environnemental, social et économique liés à l’application de différents critères de qualités différenciées. L’outil développé s’articule autour de la modélisation des impacts environnementaux d’après la méthodologie ACV et s’appuie sur des matrices techniques (MT) pour l’évaluation sociale et économique. D’un point de vue opérationnel, il s’agit de développer un outil de simulation qui répond aux cahiers des charges minimaux de la qualité différenciée à travers le paramétrage réalisé par l’utilisateur final de l'application. Le modèle est implémenté dans l’environnement de programmation MATLAB R2011a (MathWorks, Natick, MA, USA). [less ▲]

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See detailExamen andrologique de l'étalon - Badanie andrologiczne ogiera
Ponthier, Jérôme ULg

in Gajewski, Zdzislaw (Ed.) Rosrod Koni II - wybrane problemy (2012, November 24)

QualityThe andrological examination is the main procedure to predict the breeding performance. It includes clinical examination as well as additionnal methods. The general health status, libido and the ... [more ▼]

QualityThe andrological examination is the main procedure to predict the breeding performance. It includes clinical examination as well as additionnal methods. The general health status, libido and the reproductive tract status has to be precisely evaluated. However, the final assessment has to be established trough the results of these analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailThe nuclear physics of OHe
Cudell, Jean-René ULg; Khlopov, Maxim; Wallemacq, Quentin ULg

in Mankoc (Ed.) Proceedings of the 15th Bled Workshop "What Comes Beyond the Standard Models" (2012, November 24)

A recent composite-dark-matter scenario assumes that the dominant fraction of dark matter consists of O-helium (OHe) dark atoms, in which a lepton-like doubly charged particle O is bound with a primordial ... [more ▼]

A recent composite-dark-matter scenario assumes that the dominant fraction of dark matter consists of O-helium (OHe) dark atoms, in which a lepton-like doubly charged particle O is bound with a primordial helium nucleus. It liberates the physics of dark matter from unknown features of new physics, but it demands a deep understanding of the details of known nuclear and atomic physics, which are still unclear. Here, we consider in detail the physics of the binding of OHe to various nuclei of interest for direct dark matter searches. We show that standard quantum mechanics leads to bound states in the keV region, but does not seem to provide a simple mechanism that stabilizes them. The crucial role of a barrier in the OHe-nucleus potential is confirmed for such a stabilization. [less ▲]

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See detailIntérêt du Start Back Screening Tool pour les médecins généralistes
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Mahieu, Geneviève; Hill, JC et al

in Abstract Book of 6th Biennial Congress Belgian Back Society (2012, November 17)

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See detailValidity of a new self-administered questionnaire assessing back posture habits
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Martin, E.; GROSDENT, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Abstract Book of 6th Biennial Congress Belgian Back Society (2012, November 17)

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See detailOptimization of the formation of vinyldithiins, a therapeutic compound from garlic
DETHIER, Bérénice ULg; Hanon, Emilien; Fauconnier, Marie-Laure ULg

in Pulkrabova, Jana; Tomaniova, Monika; Godulova, Vanda (Eds.) et al Chemical reactions in food: book of abstracts (2012, November 14)

Garlic has been used worldwide for centuries for its taste, but also for its health benefits. The therapeutic compounds are mostly organosulfurs, and can be formed when an enzyme, alliinase, gets in ... [more ▼]

Garlic has been used worldwide for centuries for its taste, but also for its health benefits. The therapeutic compounds are mostly organosulfurs, and can be formed when an enzyme, alliinase, gets in contact with its substrate, alliin. Both are separated in an entire cell, and react when the plant is damaged. The product of the enzymatic reaction, allicin, turns quickly into different molecules with potential beneficial effects. The way garlic is processed has a major influence on the released products. Indeed, an aqueous or oily medium, as far as the temperature, can emphasize the formation of specific compounds. Vinyldithiins are one of the active molecules, and are part of the garlic’s organoleptic properties. Their effects against obesity have been recently proven. This study aims to describe the conditions of vinyldithiins formation, as well as its extraction, purification and analyse. Vinyldithiins are mostly produced when garlic is crushed in edible oil, at low temperature. Extraction conditions (garlic/oil ratio, oil and garlic source, temperature and extraction time) were optimized. Analysis of the results were performed by HPLC.Finally, a purification process was set up. These results allow better knowledges on vinyldithiins formation that can be applied in garlic-based nutraceuticals. They might also lead to new uses of garlic in the production of highly valuable compounds. [less ▲]

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See detailUne approche basée objet combinée avec les classificateurs avancés (SVM, RF, RN) pour la détection des changements du bâti.
El Mansouri, Loubna ULg

in Proceding of Spatial Analysis and GEOmatics 2012 (2012, November 09)

L'objectif de cet article est de développer une méthodologie automatique pour la détection des changements du bâti en milieu urbain. L'approche est basée sur la comparaison entre un plan existant et une ... [more ▼]

L'objectif de cet article est de développer une méthodologie automatique pour la détection des changements du bâti en milieu urbain. L'approche est basée sur la comparaison entre un plan existant et une image à très haute résolution spatiale(THRS) récente. Elle s'enchaine sur 4 étapes. Premièrement l'image est segmentée pour produire des primitives. La sélection des attributs est faite ensuite quantitativement par l'algorithme MrMR, basé sur l'information mutuelle. Des classificateurs par apprentissage supervisé avancés ont été utilisés dans l'étape de la classification (SVM, Ensembles d'arbres de décision et Réseaux de Neurones). La prédiction finale des objets est déduite par un système de vote à partir des 3 meilleurs classificateurs. Enfin, une étape de détection de changements permet d'identifier les segments qui représentent les changements du bâti. Les données utilisées concernent la ville de Rabat (Maroc). Une image QuickBird a été utilisée avec un plan existant à l'échelle 1:10,000. Indépendamment de la qualité de la forme des bâtiments détectés, la méthode offre des meilleurs taux en complétude (95%) et en bonne détection (83%) [less ▲]

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See detailSpécificités des dégradations dans les bétons du patrimoine
Courard, Luc ULg; Lejeune, Astrid ULg

in Conservation et restauration des bétons du patrimoine moderniste (2012, November 09)

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See detailOptimum design of low-cost housing in developing countries using nonsmooth simulation-based optimization
Nguyen, Anh Tuan ULg; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Proceedings of the 28th International PLEA Conference (2012, November 07)

An optimum design of Low-cost housing (LCH) offers low-income urban inhabitants great opportunities to obtain a shelter at affordable price and acceptable indoor thermal conditions. In the present study ... [more ▼]

An optimum design of Low-cost housing (LCH) offers low-income urban inhabitants great opportunities to obtain a shelter at affordable price and acceptable indoor thermal conditions. In the present study, the design and operation of a low cost dwelling were numerically optimized using simulation-based approach in which a dynamic building simulation program (EnergyPlus) was coupled with the optimization engine (GenOpt). Three multi-objective cost functions which include construction cost, indoor thermal comfort and 50-year operating cost were applied for naturally ventilated (NV) and air-conditioned (AC) buildings. Optimization problem which consists of 18 building parameters combined with 6 ventilation strategies was examined by two population-based optimization algorithms (Particle Swarm optimization and Hybrid algorithm) to find optimum combinations among these variables. The results show that the design requirements of NV and AC dwellings are not quite similar, and in a few categories, even contradictory. Optimum design corresponding to each cost function was outlined. Results of this paper also show great potential of optimization in comfort improvement, energy saving, life cycle cost, up to 40%. [less ▲]

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See detailUse of Life Cycle Assessment to determine the environmental impact of thermochemical conversion routes of lignocellulosic biomass: state of the art
Gerbinet, Saïcha ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in LCA conference 2012 - Proceeding of the 2nd international conference on life cycle approaches (2012, November 07)

The biomass is a promising way to substitute fossil fuels. Lignocellulosic biomass valorisation is part of second generation technologies. They are interesting in that they imply less competition with ... [more ▼]

The biomass is a promising way to substitute fossil fuels. Lignocellulosic biomass valorisation is part of second generation technologies. They are interesting in that they imply less competition with food crops for land and water, and they allow for the whole plant to be processed. Moreover, lignocellulose is abundant in cheap and non-food materials extracted from plants such as wood and energy crops. The thermo-chemical route is being considered more extensively, especially the gasification process. This process converts carbonaceous biomass into combustible gases (CO, H2, CO2, CH4, and impurities) called syngas in the presence of a suitable oxidant. The syngas can be converted into a large range of products, such as diesel, via a Fischer-Tropsch process, or methanol, used for producing DME (dimethyl ether), both of which can serve as fuels in traditional motors. Syngas can also be used to produce ethylene and propylene, two building blocks for the chemical industry. Production of these four compounds is specifically investigated. In order to insure that, under the principle of sustainability, the use of lignocellulosic biomass is a viable alternative, its environmental impact must be accurately quantified. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology will be used in this regard for the gasification process. The gasification technology will be described, and a state of the art in LCA of the gasification process will be presented. Finally, the need for new research will be established. [less ▲]

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See detailLife Cycle Assessment of an artisanal Belgian blond beer
Melon, Raphaëlle ULg; Wergifosse, Vincianne; Renzoni, Roberto ULg et al

in [avniR] editions (Ed.) Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference on life cycle approaches (2012, November 06)

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See detailThe effects of hull modification on design parameters of medium speed monohuhll passenger ferries
Hetharia, Wolter; Rigo, Philippe ULg; Hage, André ULg

in ICSOT : Developments in ship design & construction (2012, November 01)

Developments in ship design & construction

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See detailQualification d’un appareil d'éclairage décoratif soumis aux vibrations induites par un pont ferroviaire
Marin, Frédéric; Simon, Daniel; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Serra, Roger (Ed.) 3ième Colloque "Analyse Vibratoire Expérimentale" (2012, November)

Au même titre que la plupart des pièces mécaniques soumises aux vibrations, les appareils d'éclairage installés en extérieur sont amenés à satisfaire, en fonction de leurs conditions d’utilisation, aux ... [more ▼]

Au même titre que la plupart des pièces mécaniques soumises aux vibrations, les appareils d'éclairage installés en extérieur sont amenés à satisfaire, en fonction de leurs conditions d’utilisation, aux exigences de procédures d'essais appliquées sur table vibrante. Celles-ci ont pour but de garantir l'intégrité structurelle du luminaire lorsque, une fois sur site, il est soumis aux effets du vent. Dans le cas des appareils d'éclairage décoratifs installés sur un pont de chemin de fer de structure métallique, le vent n'étant plus la source principale de vibrations en comparaison du trafic ferroviaire, on est dès lors confronté à une absence de toute indication appropriée décrivant l'essai à mener. Par conséquent, l'objectif de cette étude est d'élaborer une spécification d'essai de durée réduite, appliquée en laboratoire sur table vibrante, et représentative de l'environnement vibratoire réel de l'appareil à certifier. Sur base des essais réalisés en laboratoire, des prescriptions de montage et d'installation sont également formulées afin de garantir des conditions d’utilisation et d’essai identiques. [less ▲]

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See detailMéthodologie d’excitation de modes à diamètres nodaux d’un anneau statorique de turboréacteur
Nyssen, Florence ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Simon, Daniel et al

in Serra, Roger (Ed.) 3ième Colloque "Analyse Vibratoire Expérimentale" (2012, November)

Cette étude consiste à développer une approche expérimentale, permettant l’isolation de modes à diamètres nodaux spécifiques d’un étage statorique de compresseur basse pression, ayant pour objectif final ... [more ▼]

Cette étude consiste à développer une approche expérimentale, permettant l’isolation de modes à diamètres nodaux spécifiques d’un étage statorique de compresseur basse pression, ayant pour objectif final la calibration de jauges de déformation. Plus spécifiquement, une étude portant sur le nombre minimal de sources d’excitation (shakers) et sur leur répartition circonférentielle optimale a été menée, l’objectif suivi étant d’isoler des modes à diamètres cibles dans des conditions de laboratoire. La première partie de l’étude consiste en une approche théorique, basée sur les concepts d’appropriation modale en régime forcé. La combinaison optimale des positions des différents points d’excitation est choisie de façon à maximiser une fonction objectif, définie comme le rapport entre l’énergie injectée dans le mode cible et la valeur maximale des énergies injectées dans les modes présentant une fréquence naturelle proche du mode d’intérêt. Dans la deuxième partie de l’étude, des simulations numériques sur un modèle éléments finis de la structure ont été menées sur base des résultats théoriques obtenus. Enfin, la troisième partie a permis de valider expérimentalement les prédictions numériques via des analyses d’influence du nombre d’excitateurs et de leur position sur l’amplitude de la réponse fréquentielle. [less ▲]

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See detailA "new" design requirement: the mitigation of the progressive collapse of buildings under exceptional loading
Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg

in Proceedings of the First International Conference of Civil Engineering (2012, November)

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and ... [more ▼]

Recent events such as natural catastrophes or terrorism attacks have highlighted the necessity to ensure the structural integrity of buildings under an exceptional event. According to the Eurocodes and some different other national design codes, the structural integrity of civil engineering structures should be ensured through appropriate measures but, in most cases, no precise practical guidelines on how to achieve this goal are provided. At Liège University, the robustness of building frames is investigated with the final objective to propose design requirements to mitigate the risk of progressive collapse considering the conventional scenario “loss of a column” further to an unspecified event. In particular, a complete analytical procedure has been developed for the verification of the robustness of steel or composite plane frames. For sake of simplicity, these first works have been based on the assumption that the dynamic effects linked to the column loss were limited and could therefore be neglected. More recently, complementary works have been carried out with the objective to address the dynamic effects. Besides that, the extension of the static procedure to actual 3D frames is under investigation in Liège. The present paper gives a global overview of the ongoing researches in the field of robustness at Liège University; in particular, the global strategy to derive design requirements is detailed. [less ▲]

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See detailPlant growth- promoting rhizobacteria emit volatiles compounds with biostimulation activity in dicot and monocot plant species.
du Jardin, Patrick ULg; Delaplace, Pierre ULg; Varin, Sébastien et al

in Perata, Pierdomenico; Brown, Patrick; Ponchet, Michel (Eds.) Abstracts Book for Oral and Poster Presentations of the 1st World Congress on the use of Biostimulants in Agriculture (2012, November)

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See detailWhat is the best use of sugar crops? Environmental assessment of two applications : biofuels vs. bioproducts
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in [avniR] editions (Ed.) LCA Conference 2012 - Proceedings of the 2nd international conference on life cycle approaches (2012, November)

Agricultural crops became through years a possibility to increase European energy independence. Brazil has taken this opportunity since the seventies by using sugar cane bioethanol as vehicle fuel. The ... [more ▼]

Agricultural crops became through years a possibility to increase European energy independence. Brazil has taken this opportunity since the seventies by using sugar cane bioethanol as vehicle fuel. The development of biofuels production is more recent in Europe. Due to temperate climates, bioethanol production is mostly based on wheat and sugar beet, this latter being considered as the ‘equivalent’ sugar crop to sugar cane for Europe. Biofuel is the most common application of bioethanol but its transformation into bioethylene through a dehydration step can be an alternative as already found in Brazil. This paper will consider both potential uses and compare them using Life Cycle Assessment methodology. Common boundaries of the systems comprise the cultivation step for both crops, i.e. sugar cane and sugar beet, with all associated energetic and fertilizer consumptions, the transportation step from field to the industrial plant, the sugar crops transformation into hydrate bioethanol and the by-products valorisation. For the biofuel scenario, a dehydration step using molecular sieve is added to get anhydrous bioethanol. For the bioethylene scenario, an industrial dehydration step is added. Direct comparison between both scenarios is not possible due to different products uses. The comparison was then performed for both scenarios between the bio-based product and its fossil equivalent. ReCiPe 2008 method was used to get the environmental impacts. As expected, the impact of bio-based products in climate change and fossil fuel depletion categories decreases compared to the fossil counterparts. For other categories, difference is less significant and results are often better for fossil products. Land use change category was implemented to assess its importance. Depending on assumptions, the greenhouse gas emissions from crop implementation on a natural land can counteract the previous mentioned benefits. This study shows the importance of assumptions, especially in the agricultural field, on the obtained results. [less ▲]

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See detailLimitations of the current practice in neonatal PN across Europe
SENTERRE, Thibault ULg

in 3rd International Congress of Union of European Neonatal and Perinatal Societies (2012, November)

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See detailTime-domain finite-element modelling of laminated iron cores – Large skin effect homogenization considering the Jiles-Atherton hysteresis model
Vazquez Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Niyonzima, Innocent ULg; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 15th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2012) (2012, November)

This paper deals with the incorporation of the Jiles- Atherton (J-A) hysteresis model in a time-domain finite-element homogenization technique for laminated iron cores. The separate discretization of each ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with the incorporation of the Jiles- Atherton (J-A) hysteresis model in a time-domain finite-element homogenization technique for laminated iron cores. The separate discretization of each lamination is avoided by using dedicated skin-effect basis functions, which also serve to interpolate the J- A hysteretic material law. As validation test case, a stacked ring core surrounded by a toroidal coil is considered. [less ▲]

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See detailLa perception de la présence des investisseurs institutionnels publics dans la structure de capital des « Maisons de luxe » belges : le point de vue des entrepreneurs dirigeants
Riguelle, France ULg; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Finet, Alain, Monaco, Carole (Ed.) Les Investisseurs Institutionnels : diabolisation ou sacralisation ? (2012, November)

This contribution aims at proposing a synthetic review of the perceived interest for Belgian Luxury Houses of the presence of public institutional investors in their capital structure from the ... [more ▼]

This contribution aims at proposing a synthetic review of the perceived interest for Belgian Luxury Houses of the presence of public institutional investors in their capital structure from the entrepreneur's point of view. Our results highlight the duality of interests perceived by CEO's of Belgian luxury Houses. [less ▲]

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See detailHomogenisation of Windings and Laminations in Time-Domain Finite-Element Modeling of Electrical Machines
Gyselinck, Johan; Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Vazquez Sabariego, Ruth ULg

in Proceedings of the 15th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2012) (2012, November)

This paper deals with time-domain homogenisation of multi-turn windings and laminated cores in 2D and 3D finite- element (FE) modelling of rotating electrical machines. Herein the number of additional ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with time-domain homogenisation of multi-turn windings and laminated cores in 2D and 3D finite- element (FE) modelling of rotating electrical machines. Herein the number of additional degrees of freedom (auxiliary field variables) in the homogenised regions can be fixed depending on the extent of the eddy current effects and on the desired accuracy. The homogenisation technique is illustrated and validated by means of a 2D model of a switched reluctance motor. Global quantities, such as the phase impedance, converge very well to those produced by a precise but very expensive 3D model. [less ▲]

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See detailMODELING OF A GLASS WOOL PROCESS IN VIEW OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT (L.C.A.)
Gerbinet, Saïcha ULg; Renzoni, Roberto ULg; Briard, Vincent et al

in LCA conference 2012 - Proceeding of the 2nd international conference on life cycle approaches (2012, November)

Taking into account the environmental aspects in the building sector has become unavoidable. In France, environmental and sanitary statements for building products (“Fiches de Déclarations ... [more ▼]

Taking into account the environmental aspects in the building sector has become unavoidable. In France, environmental and sanitary statements for building products (“Fiches de Déclarations Environnementales et Sanitaires” (FDE&S)) have been developed. The environmental part of the statement is based on Life Cycle Assessment. So, KnaufInsulation, glass wool producer for the French market, has started to evaluated the environmental impacts of it process in view of FDE&S realization. The process has been modeling in GaBi with industrial data. Adjustable parameters have been introduced to allow to study the environmental impacts of almost all the KnaufInsulation products. So the FDE&S can be easily done for the different products. This model is also used for eco-conception. The LCA results allow to show the life cycle leaks. More, in modifying the model, the impact of a change in the process on its environmental performances will be highlighted. So relevant improvement will be brought out. The model and the mains results as the eco-conception strategy will be presented. The interest of making a modeling based on the step and process of the life cycle of a product or a product range will be clearly understood. [less ▲]

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See detailPoint actuel sur la signification des ratios agonistes / antagonistes au membre inférieur
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Abstract book des XIVèmes Rencontres isocinétiques MEDIMEX / ROTHSCHILD (2012, November)

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See detailAn online interactive tool for the energy assessment of residential buildings and transportation
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg; de Meester, Tatiana; Reiter, Sigrid ULg

in Proceedings of PLEA 2012 (2012, November)

In the current context of increasing environmental awareness, energy efficiency is presented as a viable approach to the mitigation of climate change. In addition to public policies dealing with energy ... [more ▼]

In the current context of increasing environmental awareness, energy efficiency is presented as a viable approach to the mitigation of climate change. In addition to public policies dealing with energy efficiency, heightening public awareness on the impact of citizens’ lifestyles and behaviours is crucial and could quickly lead to significant reductions in the total energy consumption of a territory. This paper presents a new online interactive tool which enables citizens, local authorities and private developers (1) to assess energy consumption in the building and transportation sectors, at the individual and at the neighbourhood scales; (2) to compare them and (3) to find relevant and personalized hints to reduce their energy consumptions. Numerous methods and tools including a typological classification of buildings, thermal dynamic simulations, life-cycle assessments, statistical treatments of national censuses, etc. were used and combined to build the database used in the online interactive tool. This tool makes the main results of a scientific research accessible to a large non-specialized audience which is crucial in the scope of the sustainable development. Keywords: interactive tool, assessment methods, buildings, transportation, households, scientific popularization [less ▲]

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See detailPerformances isocinétiques et risque lésionnel de l’épaule chez le joueur de handball de haut niveau
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Schiettecatte, Delphine; GAULT, Clément ULg et al

in Abstract book des XIVèmes Rencontres isocinétiques MEDIMEX / ROTHSCHILD (2012, November)

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See detailAccurate h-Conform Finite Element Model of Multiply Connected Thin Regions via a Subproblem Method
Dang, Quoc Vuong ULg; Dular, Patrick ULg; Vazquez Sabariego, Ruth ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 15th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2012) (2012, November)

A subproblem method for solving eddy current finite element is developed to correct the inaccuracies near edges and corners arising from thin shell models. Such models replace thin volume regions by ... [more ▼]

A subproblem method for solving eddy current finite element is developed to correct the inaccuracies near edges and corners arising from thin shell models. Such models replace thin volume regions by surfaces but neglect border effects in the vicinity of their edges and corners. A thin shell solution, performed by a simplified mesh near the thin structures, serves as a source of a correction problem consisting of the actual volume thin regions alone and concentrating the meshing effort on the thin regions. The general case of multiply connected thin regions is considered. [less ▲]

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See detailComputational Homogenization for Laminated Ferromagnetic Cores in Magnetodynamics
Niyonzima, Innocent ULg; Vazquez Sabariego, Ruth ULg; Henrotte, François et al

in Proceedings of the 15th Biennial IEEE Conference on Electromagnetic Field Computation (CEFC2012) (2012, November)

In this paper, we investigate the modeling of fer- romagnetic multiscale materials. We propose a computational homogenization method based on the heterogeneous multiscale method (HMM) that includes eddy ... [more ▼]

In this paper, we investigate the modeling of fer- romagnetic multiscale materials. We propose a computational homogenization method based on the heterogeneous multiscale method (HMM) that includes eddy currents and hysteretic losses at the mesoscale. The HMM comprises: 1) a macroscale problem that captures the slow variations of the overall solution; 2) many microscale problems that allow to determine the constitutive law at the macroscale. As application example, a laminated iron core is considered. [less ▲]

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See detailAn overview of the microbenthic loop in Posidonia oceanica meadows: the good, the bad and the ugly
Pete, Dorothée ULg; Quattrocchi, Loïc; Velimirov, Branko et al

in Creed, J.C.; Oigman-Pszczol, S.S. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 10th International Seagrass Biology Workshop (ISBW10), 25- 30 November 2012, Armação dos Búzios, Brazil (2012, November)

Posidonia oceanica is an endemic seagrass of the Mediterranean Sea. The ecosystem based on this plant is essential from an ecological and economical point of view (commercial species, touristic activities ... [more ▼]

Posidonia oceanica is an endemic seagrass of the Mediterranean Sea. The ecosystem based on this plant is essential from an ecological and economical point of view (commercial species, touristic activities, oxygen production), though very sensitive to environmental perturbations. To detect those perturbations, scientists are trying to find more efficient ecological indicators. Most of the time, those indicators are based on the plant itself. Unfortunately, this seagrass does not react very quickly to perturbations so, when a reaction is noticed, it is often too late to prevent irremediable damages to the ecosystem. The sedimentary compartment of P. oceanica meadows has been less studied than the canopy level. However, it could be a good source of ecological indicators because it is the final container of all the pollution. In this framework, the microbenthic loop has been studied. It is a major subsystem of those meadows and encompasses organic matter, bacteria, microphytobenthos and meiofauna. As those organisms have a rapid turnover and stay almost all their life inside the sediment, they seemed good potential indicators. This presentation will show what is useful or not inside the sediment and more specifically inside the microbenthic loop. Results of a comparison between a fish farm and a reference location will be used, as well as in situ experiments (shading and sediment loading) and small spatial scale variations. At the end of this presentation, you will know what are the good, the bad and the ugly in the sedimentary compartment of a P. oceanica meadow. [less ▲]

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See detailDetecting Consciousness with a Brain-computer Interface
Noirhomme, Quentin ULg; Lesenfants, Damien ULg; Lehembre, Remy ULg et al

in Pons, J. L.; Torricelli, D.; Pajaro, M. (Eds.) Converging Clinical and Engineering Research on Neurorehabilitation (2012, November)

Recent electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies showed command-specific changes in EEG or fMRI signals of unresponsive patients providing motor-independent evidence of conscious thoughts. These ... [more ▼]

Recent electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies showed command-specific changes in EEG or fMRI signals of unresponsive patients providing motor-independent evidence of conscious thoughts. These promising results have paved the way for a new application for Brain-computer Interface (BCI): detecting consciousness in patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC). In the present abstract, we review the first results obtained by BCI-like applications in patients with DOC and discuss the challenges facing BCI research. We believe that patients with DOC may benefit from BCI based diagnosis. BCIs may detect changes in the signal in response to command and, in some cases, may permit communication. [less ▲]

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See detailDétection d'endommagement et résonances locales sur composite CFRP par vibrothermographie
Demy, Philippe ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg; Simon, Daniel

in Serra, Roger (Ed.) 3ième Colloque "Analyse Vibratoire Expérimentale" (2012, November)

La vibrothermographie est une technique de thermographie active capable de détecter des singularités de type délaminage ou décollement dans un matériau composite comme les laminés en fibres de carbone ... [more ▼]

La vibrothermographie est une technique de thermographie active capable de détecter des singularités de type délaminage ou décollement dans un matériau composite comme les laminés en fibres de carbone très utilisés actuellement en construction aéronautique (CFRP). Les causes physiques du mécanisme d'échauffement interne, suite à l'interaction avec les ondes élastiques, peuvent être la friction, l'hystérésis viscoélastique ou encore la déformation plastique. La méthode est efficace également sur des géométries complexes et requiert uniquement que les deux faces internes du délaminage soient libres de vibrer. Cette étude consiste à déterminer la relation entre l'échauffement observé et la fréquence d'une excitation sinusoïdale entre 8 et 27 kHz. Il apparaît clairement des pics d'échauffement pour certaines fréquences particulières. La comparaison avec les fréquences de résonance locale du défaut modélisé par éléments finis montre des similitudes avec l'apparition de certains de ces pics. Une étude expérimentale visant à exploiter la présence de ceux-ci montre l'intérêt d'un test vibrothermographique de type balayage rapide (chirp), dans l'optique de mettre sur pied un test court et fiable pour le contrôle non destructif de matériaux composites. [less ▲]

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See detailInterference of a secondary task on procedural learning in children
Lejeune, Caroline ULg; Desmottes, Lise ULg; Catale, Corinne ULg et al

in Belgian Brain Congress 2012: Abstract Book (2012, October 27)

Introduction Procedural learning is generally considered as involving different learning phases, with cognitive resources playing an important role only during the initial learning step. Through repeated ... [more ▼]

Introduction Procedural learning is generally considered as involving different learning phases, with cognitive resources playing an important role only during the initial learning step. Through repeated practice, the skill becomes progressively more automatic and the involvement of controlled cognitive functions is progressively reduced (Anderson, 2000;Doyon and Benali, 2005;Beaunieux et al., 2006). This view has been supported by studies in which the mirror-tracing paradigm was used to evaluate procedural learning, demonstrating the implication of the executive mechanisms in the first phase of perceptuomotor learning (Rouleau, 2002;Brosseau et al., 2007). However, from a developmental perspective, little is known about the progression of learning in procedural tasks, as well as about the role played by the explicit cognitive processes during learning in children. We recently showed that the cognitive mechanisms involved during the procedural task differed between age groups (Lejeune et al., in press). Indeed, we observed that 7-year-old children performed the procedural task in a less controlled fashion than 10-year-olds, who used a more conscious strategy, which permits them to reach better performance levels. The aim of the present study was to confirm the differential implication of explicit mechanisms in procedural learning in children by using a dual-task paradigm. Objective The present study used a dual-task paradigm in order to further investigate the role played by explicit mechanisms during the early and final stages of procedural learning in two ages-groups (7- and 10 year-olds). An auditory interference task was introduced at the beginning and at the end of the procedural learning phase. According to Sun, Merrill, and Peterson (2001), the introduction of an interference task should affect more the explicit processes than the implicit processes, the latter being more automatic. Thus, we predict that performance would be altered by in the dual-task condition only during the first phase of learning, and not during the automation phase. Furthermore, considering that the cognitive mechanisms underlying procedural learning would be different between 7- and 10-year-old children, we predicted that the impact of the dual-task would differ between the two aged-groups: the dual-task condition should affect performance in 10-year-old children but not in the 7-year-old group. Method Seventy-six children were presented with a Mirror Tracing task under single or dual-task conditions. For the Mirror Tracing task, we conformed to the procedure used in previous studies in children (Vicari et al., 2005;Prehn-Kristensen et al., 2009) and we opted for a 5 points star with the double outline of 1 cm. The instruction was to follow the contour of the figure in order to “catch” different picture without leaving the limits of the contour. There were two learning sessions; the task included 10 trials, with a short break (2 min) between trials, and a second 10 trial session was conducted after a one-week delay. In dual-task condition, participants had to perform the procedural learning task while performing at the same time the interference auditory task (which consisted to answer to questions presented continuously). Results Results showed that completion time and accuracy during the mirror tracing task improved with each successive trial in both groups: all children learned the procedural skill regardless of their age and the experimental condition. As predicted, results showed that the impact of the dual-task differed between aged-groups during the first learning phase. While 10-year-old children were significantly slower and less accurate in the dual-task condition than 10-year-old children in the single-task condition, no difference between learning conditions was revealed in the 7-year-old group. Interestingly, at the end of learning (trials 19 and 20), the interference effect had disappeared: there was no impact of the secondary task on procedural performance, whatever the age-group. Discussion In this study, we explored with a dual-task paradigm the role played by explicit mechanisms during the early and final stages of procedural learning in two age-groups (7- and 10 year-olds). During the first learning step, 10-year-old children in the single-task condition used a conscious strategy to perform the task, which permits them to reach better performance levels than 10-year-old children in the dual-task condition (which prevents them from using their controlled cognitive processes). On the contrary, no impact of the interference task was observed in 7-year-old children, who performed the mirror tracing task similarly in the single- and dual-task conditions. This result supports our hypothesis that, in the beginning of a perceptuo-motor learning task, youngest children perform the procedural task in a more implicit fashion comparatively to older children. Thus, while performance of 10-year-old children is congruent with a top-down conception of procedural learning (i.e., performance in the first learning stages would be sustained by high-level explicit mechanisms), this is not the case for youngest children whose explicit mechanisms are not yet mature. So, our results confirm that the involvement of explicit learning mechanisms is not a “necessary condition” for motor skill learning to occur, a point of view supported by the bottom-up skill learning approach which postulates that explicit declarative knowledge is not necessarily associated with procedural skill learning and that the knowledge acquired could be stored in an implicit mode from the beginning of learning (Karmiloff-Smith, 1992;Sun et al., 2001). [less ▲]

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See detailIs there a relationship between perseverations and spatial short-term memory deficits in unilateral neglect?
Wansard, Murielle ULg; Bartolomeo, Paolo; Gillet, Sophie ULg et al

in Abstract Book Belgian Brain Congress (2012, October 27)

Introduction Spatial neglect is a multicomponent syndrome characterized by an inability to orient or to respond to stimuli arising in the hemispace contralateral to a brain lesion. According to many ... [more ▼]

Introduction Spatial neglect is a multicomponent syndrome characterized by an inability to orient or to respond to stimuli arising in the hemispace contralateral to a brain lesion. According to many authors, spatial neglect can be explained by an attentional deficit, and more specifically by a lateral attentional bias towards the right (magnetic attraction) and/or difficulties in disengaging attention from items to the right side. However, attentional theories are not sufficient to explain some behaviors such as revisiting and perseverations. Recently, it has been suggested that revisiting and perseveration behaviors in visual search tasks shown in parietal neglect could be related to impairments in visuo-spatial working memory (Husain et al., 2001; Malhotra et al., 2005; Malhotra, Mannan, Driver, & Husain, 2004). This hypothesis is supported by studies (1) in which a contrast is made between cancellation tasks with and without visual control, the absence of visual feedback increasing left neglect (omissions) and repeated cancellations (perseverations) towards the ipsilesional space, and (2) in which the Corsi test is administrated in a vertical way. However, Ronchi et al. (2009) did not confirm the link between impairments in spatial short-term memory and perseverations. Indeed, these authors found no correlation between perseverations in star cancellation and spatial memory performance in the Corsi test. Nevertheless, they did not use a condition without visual feedback, which is considered as involving more spatial short-term memory than a condition with visual feedback. This methodological choice could explain the lack of relationship between short-term memory and perseverations in the Ronchi et al.’s study. The purpose of our study was to test the hypothesis of a spatial short-term memory deficit being an explanatory factor of perseverations in unilateral neglect. Methods We assessed twenty right-damaged patients suffering from left neglect. Neglect signs were evaluated with the Batterie d’Evaluation de la Négligence (BEN) (Azouvi et al., 2002). Twenty healthy older participants matched for age and sociocultural level served as controls. In order to explore the relationship between perseverations and spatial short-term memory, two different tasks were administrated: a computerized version of the Corsi test and a cancellation task. All tests were computerized and presented on a touchscreen. The subject’s spatial span corresponded to the longest sequence in which at least three out of four sequences were correctly reproduced. The cancellation task consisted of 32 “O” presented in two conditions: with (visible) and without (invisible) visual feedback. Patients were instructed to cancel out all targets only once. The number of omissions and perseverations was calculated for each participant in both conditions. Results Control participants performed better than neglect patients in the Corsi test; eleven neglect patients showed a deficit in spatial short-term memory. In the cancellation tasks, Wilcoxon matched-pairs signed ranks tests highlighted that perseverations and omissions were greater in the invisible condition for each group. In this condition, neglect patients made more omissions and perseverations (all ps <.05) than control subjects, while in the visible condition there was only a significant difference for the omissions. However, spatial short-term memory did not explain perseverations in invisible condition (R² = .17, F(1,18) = 3.66, p = .07). Discussion These findings suggest that a spatial short-term memory deficit cannot be considered as an explanatory factor for the perseveration behavior in unilateral neglect. Moreover, perseverations and omissions were greater in the invisible condition than in the visible one; therefore, the hypothesis of the magnetic attraction is not confirmed either. In the neglect patients’ group, the visual feedback decreases, and even eliminates the neglect symptoms (omissions and perseverations) compared to the invisible condition. In other words, the presence of visual feedback can help patients to explore their visual environment. We propose that, in the invisible condition, difficulties to plan a visual search could exacerbate both omissions and perseverations, leading to recursive search towards the right side of the space and thus promote failure to explore left space. However, further investigations will be necessary to confirm this hypothesis. [less ▲]

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See detailA Simplified Assessment of Ship Impact on Navigation Lock Gates
Buldgen, Loïc ULg; Le Sourne, Hervé; Rigo, Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of the fourth International Conference on Estuaries and Coasts (2012, October 26)

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See detailUndefinable or undefined? Remarks on Hjelmslev's definition strategy
Cigana, Lorenzo ULg

in Galassi, Romeo; Badir, Sémir; Cigana, Lorenzo (Eds.) et al I. Glossematica: principi e applicazioni / II. Actes du colloque "Reading the Résumé of a Theory of Language/Lire le Résumé d'une Théorie du Langage" (2012, October 26)

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See detailPneumonia and ciliar disease - News about genetic background (i.e. Irish wolfhound), pathology, diagnostics and therapy
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of 58th Annual Conference of GSAVA in Duesseldorf, Germany (2012, October 20)

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See detailLung Fibrosis in dogs - News about genetic background, pathology, diagnostics and therapy
Clercx, Cécile ULg

in Proceedings of 58th Annual Conference of GSAVA in Duesseldorf, Germany (2012, October 20)

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See detailEffect of Azawak colostrum administration on plasma protein profile in red kid
Abdoul, H; Marichatou, H; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2012, October 19)

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See detailPlacental and gastric aspartic proteinases: new insights from bovine species
Bella, Amina ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg

in Proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (2012, October 19)

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See detailThe three-dimensional reconstruction of the innervation pattern in the lymphoid compartment of the ovine pharyngeal tonsil highlighted a possible way of neuro-invasion by the scrapie agent.
Toppets, Vinciane ULg; Piret, Joëlle ULg; Grobet, Luc ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, ULg, Belgium, October 19, 2012 (2012, October 19)

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See detailClinical aspects of alfaxalone use in rabbits. Partial results.
Tutunaru, Alexandru-Cosmin ULg; Sonea, P; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in BCLAS, ESLAV (Ed.) Proceedings BCLAS, ESLAV & ECLAM Scientific Meeting (2012, October 15)

Alfaxalone, a synthetic neuroactive steroid, has been shown to induce smooth general anesthesia in wild and companion rabbits. The aim of the study was to test the effect of alfaxolone in experimental ... [more ▼]

Alfaxalone, a synthetic neuroactive steroid, has been shown to induce smooth general anesthesia in wild and companion rabbits. The aim of the study was to test the effect of alfaxolone in experimental rabbits without concomitant oxygen supplementation.Respiratory status was assessed by measuring the duration of the post-induction apnea, the respiratory rate, the oxygen saturation of hemoglobin in the peripheral blood (SpO2) and the end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2) Cardiac function was assessed by monitoring heart rate using a pulse oximeter. The degree of anesthesia was monitored by evaluating ear and paw pinch reflex, as well as ocular signs such as nystagmus, exophtalmia and the loss of palpebral and corneal reflexes. [less ▲]

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See detailLe mineur en droit médical
Nottet, Aurélie ULg

in Genicot, Gilles (Ed.) Nouveaux dialogues en droit médical (2012, October 12)

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See detailAnalyse de l'eau du Poncia (Gembloux)
Warzée, Sébastien; Iseux, Julien; Guyon, Jérémie et al

in L'analyse chimique, outil des experts (2012, October 11)

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See detailGabriel package: software for education and research
Olive, Gilles ULg

in L'analyse chimique, outil des experts (2012, October 11)

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See detailEncres anciennes: l'encre ferro-gallique
Wymeersch, Noémie; Bouchat, Isabelle; Henry, Lauric et al

in L'analyse chimique, outil des experts (2012, October 11)

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See detailInland intermodal freight transport modelling
Carreira, Joana; Santos, Bruno; Limbourg, Sabine ULg

in ETC Proceedings (2012, October 10)

The demand for goods has grown in the past decades, in such a way that today freight transport has become essential for the support of modern economies. The search for a competitive freight transport ... [more ▼]

The demand for goods has grown in the past decades, in such a way that today freight transport has become essential for the support of modern economies. The search for a competitive freight transport system, able to cope with the growing freight flows, has lead in the last decades to large investments in intermodal transport options, mainly in Europe and North America. Intermodal freight transport is the movement of goods done with the same loading unit (or vehicle) by successive modes of transport, without handling the goods themselves when changing the modes. This paper focus on inland intermodal freight transport, in particular, on the rail?truck transport of cargo containers in Belgium. The work aims to discuss the strategic decision of locating the rail-truck intermodal terminals in Belgium, in which freight can change between modes, while tacking into account the containerized cargo flows between the seaports of Belgium (Antwerp, Zeebruge, Ghent, and Ostend), the main generation centres in Belgium, and the generation centres at the border regions of neighbouring countries. The competitiveness of rail-truck networks in comparison of truck-only is discussed, in particular, for a relative small country as Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailPrincipal Static Wind Loads on a large roof structure
Blaise, Nicolas ULg; Hamra, Lotfi ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the 12th ANIV conference of wind engineering In Vento (2012, October 07)

Usually, structural wind design is realized using static wind loads. Such loadings are expected, as a main property, to recover by static analyses, the envelope values that would be obtained by a formal ... [more ▼]

Usually, structural wind design is realized using static wind loads. Such loadings are expected, as a main property, to recover by static analyses, the envelope values that would be obtained by a formal buffeting analysis. For simple structures, equivalent static wind loads might be used but they are established in order to reproduce envelope values of specific structural responses and are thus not suitable to reconstruct efficiently the entire envelope. Recently, more general methods were derived to propose global static loadings that reconstruct the entire envelope but several drawbacks remained as their robust applicability for any structure and accuracy. This paper addresses a new type of static loadings, the principal static wind loads, derived in a strict mathematical way, the singular value decomposition, to make it optimum for the envelope reconstruction problem. The method is illustrated with a large roof and the reconstruction accuracy is analysed by studying the rate of envelope reconstruction, envelope previously obtained by a rigourous stochastic analysis. The way principal loadings are derived makes them suitable for combinations in order to increase the rate of the envelope reconstruction. As a major outcome, the method provides a finite number of design load cases that matches a desired level of accuracy in the envelope reconstruction. [less ▲]

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See detailL’argumentation par le pathos dans la métaphore. Analyse énonciative d’un phénomène dialogique.
Goin, Emilie ULg

in Colloque international « Langage et analogie. Figement. Argumentation. »: Sfax/Tozeur 4-5 octobre 2012 (2012, October 05)

En nous plaçant dans la perspective de la linguistique pragma-énonciative et de l’analyse du discours, nous envisagerons le rôle argumentatif de la dimension pathémique de la métaphore (souvent liée à la ... [more ▼]

En nous plaçant dans la perspective de la linguistique pragma-énonciative et de l’analyse du discours, nous envisagerons le rôle argumentatif de la dimension pathémique de la métaphore (souvent liée à la dimension idéologique). Nous verrons comment cette argumentation est déterminée par deux phénomènes, qui relèvent, chacun à leur manière, de l’hétérogénéité énonciative : d’une part la mobilisation d’une série de lieux communs inducteurs d’émotion et d’autre part l’identification de la source énonciative de la métaphore, celle-ci pouvant être plus ou moins assumée ou déléguée, avec des cas d’indétermination où les points de vue se superposent. [less ▲]

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See detailNew construction or renovation in Belgium: Setting the net and nearly zero energy building target in perspective
Attia, Shady ULg

in PassiveHouse 2012 Conference Proceedings (2012, October 05)

The recast of the European Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) requires all new buildings to be “nearly zero energy’ buildings (nZEB) by 2020, including existing buildings undergoing major ... [more ▼]

The recast of the European Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD) requires all new buildings to be “nearly zero energy’ buildings (nZEB) by 2020, including existing buildings undergoing major renovations. The revised Energy Performance in Buildings Directive calls governments to meet the nearly zero energy targets by 2020. Governments must adopt and publish regulations and procedures for the other requirements mainly the cost optimal calculation by July 2012. Many elements of the EPBD recast pertain to new buildings. Unfortunately, the recast does not set targets for improving existing buildings and non-legislative measures are required to address how to achieve a greater share of renovation. Therefore, this paper aims to identify the share of the newly constructed buildings by 2020 in Belgium. The objective is to put the nearly zero energy targets in a wider perspective in relation to the existing building stock. The paper investigates some future scenarios for the national buildings stock growth rate, coupled with demographic growth by 2050. The study’s results indicate that newly constructed building will be less than 7% by 2020 and less than 15% by 2050 in Belgium. Thus by not addressing the potential for energy renovations in the building sector the EPBD is avoiding the larger problem. [less ▲]

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See detailPrototyping of a Phase Change Material Heat Storage Device
Collette, Jean-Paul; Rochus, Pierre ULg; Peyrou-Lauga, Romain et al

in Proceedings of the 63rd International Astronautical Congress 1-5 Octobre 2012 (2012, October 05)

A new concept of Phase Change Materials (PCM) device has recently been developed to improve the thermal control of spacecraft. Two Phase Change Material candidates have been selected after extensive ... [more ▼]

A new concept of Phase Change Materials (PCM) device has recently been developed to improve the thermal control of spacecraft. Two Phase Change Material candidates have been selected after extensive testing of a set of available materials. Special attention has been paid to the hysteresis and ageing. In the design of the container, the thermal expansion of the PCM is a critical parameter that has been taken into consideration by two competing technologies. These designs have been tested: a prototype of PCM heat storage device has been effectively manufactured and tested under vacuum environment. 1D and 2D mathematical models have been developed. Conclusions are drawn to promote the use of PCM Heat Storage device in various space missions. [less ▲]

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