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See detailConsiderations about the optimum design of piano key weirs
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of Africa 2013 Conference (CD-Rom) (2013)

Piano Key Weirs, a recent innovation in the Labyrinth Weirs geometry, have been studied for years by several research centers and laboratories all over the world. The first prototypes have already been ... [more ▼]

Piano Key Weirs, a recent innovation in the Labyrinth Weirs geometry, have been studied for years by several research centers and laboratories all over the world. The first prototypes have already been built, mainly in France, and others are under construction in Vietnam, Algeria and India. Despite some general design equations have been proposed recently, no optimum geometry has been defined yet. Whatever its geometry, a PKW is more efficient than a standard linear weir of same width. It is also more efficient than a labyrinth weir with the same cycle shape. But the PKW geometry may appear as complex as it involves a large set of parameters. Optimization of the weir design is thus not straightforward. Using the results of a large number of systematic scale model tests carried out to analyse the effect of the main geometric parameters on the PKW discharge capacity, the paper shows how a single optimum design doesn’t exist. This is especially true when economic and technical criteria are considered instead of a single hydraulic performance criteria. Despite this observation, some general rules to design a PKW can be suggested, as well as considerations about the best value of the main ratios defining the structure geometry. The relative influence of these parameters on the PKW efficiency is also highlighted. [less ▲]

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See detailInnovative Learning for Collaborative Design in Ergonomics
Folcher, Viviane; Zreik, Khaldoun; Ben Rajeb, Samia ULg et al

in Stouffs, Rudy; Sariyildiz, Sevil (Eds.) Computation and Performance (2013)

The proposed article deals with introducing collaborative architectural design into the training of ergonomists at the Master 2 level. The collaborative design workshop aims to confront ergonomists with ... [more ▼]

The proposed article deals with introducing collaborative architectural design into the training of ergonomists at the Master 2 level. The collaborative design workshop aims to confront ergonomists with the difficulties any design project involves, and which challenge architects, designers, engineers and so on: collaboration between people with different skills and different expertise; powerful time constraints; need for their work to converge; working together and/or at a distance; sharing documents; decision-making, etc. The article will present a short review of work carried out in the domains of architecture and design, and of the contribution of ergonomics within architectural projects. We shall then present the workshop’s educational aims, and give details of the way it functioned. Finally, observation results will be presented and discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the Determinants of Travelers’ Mental Knowledge of Public Parking Facilities
Cools, Mario ULg; van der Waerden, Peter; Janssens, Davy

in Proceedings of the 92nd Annual Meeting of the Transportation Research Board (DVD-ROM) (2013)

This paper describes a study of car drivers’ familiarity with the parking situation in the vicinity of a regional shopping center. The data used for this study are collected in Hasselt, a medium sized ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a study of car drivers’ familiarity with the parking situation in the vicinity of a regional shopping center. The data used for this study are collected in Hasselt, a medium sized city in Belgium. The central shopping area of Hasselt is surrounded by 23 public parking facilities. 1007 residents have been asked to indicate if they are familiar with each parking facility. The concept of familiarity was related to the socio-demographic and cognitive attributes of the respondents, their trips to the city center and the type of parking facility using multinomial logistic regression and bivariate probit regression. The results show that familiarity with parking facilities is especially related to age and education, and to the frequency of car use towards the city centre, and to a lesser extent to place of residence, income and perceived mental knowledge. In addition to these results, this paper demonstrates the value of collecting virtual buffer data by means of an online survey tool. The authors recommend that simulation models that predict parking choice behavior take into account the different levels of familiarity with parking facilities, and the contributing factors. An important avenue for further research is the combination of personal and facility specific information to assess the familiarity with different types of parking facilities. [less ▲]

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See detailThe astronomical calibration of the Givetian (Middle Devonian) time scale (Dinant Synclinorium, Belgium).
De Vleeschouwer; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg et al

in American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting, Abstract (2013)

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See detailInvestigation of the determinants of the mental knowledge of public parking facilities
Cools, Mario ULg; van der Waerden, Peter; Janssens, Davy

in Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Transport Research (2013)

This paper presents a study regarding the determinants of travellers’ mental knowledge of public parking facilities. The data regarding the mental knowledge were collected in the city of Hasselt, Belgium ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a study regarding the determinants of travellers’ mental knowledge of public parking facilities. The data regarding the mental knowledge were collected in the city of Hasselt, Belgium, by means of an internet-based questionnaire. In total 1007 respondents completed the questionnaire. Two different dependent variables were specified: the mental representation of parking facilities (known or not) and the identification of parking facilities (identified first or not). In addition, three different groups of determinants were included in the models: parking attributes, personal characteristics, and mental knowledge of the city. The data are analyzed using generalized estimating equations (GEE) models for binary data. The analyses show a considerable influence of the following parking attributes: type of parking facility, Park & Ride status, charged parking, number of places, and location of parking facility. Furthermore our study revealed that personal characteristics and mental knowledge of the city play a marginal role. [less ▲]

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See detailUnsupervised Learning Of Predictive Parts For Cross-object Grasp Transfer
Detry, Renaud ULg; Piater, Justus

in IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems (2013)

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See detailInfluence de facteurs environnementaux influençant la teneur en urée dans le lait de vache en Wallonie et estimation des rejets azotés
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Knapp, Emilie ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg et al

in Vandenberghe, Christophe; Colinet, Gilles; Destain, Jean-Pierre (Eds.) et al 2ème Atelier Nitrate-Eau, évaluation du programme de gestion durable de l'azote (2013)

En Wallonie, les teneurs en urée du lait de tank sont déterminées dans toutes les fermes lors de chaque livraison à la laiterie par le comité du lait. Un total de 8295337 données récoltées pendant l'année ... [more ▼]

En Wallonie, les teneurs en urée du lait de tank sont déterminées dans toutes les fermes lors de chaque livraison à la laiterie par le comité du lait. Un total de 8295337 données récoltées pendant l'année 2000 et la période 2002-201 ont été analysées à l'aide d'un modèle linéaire. [less ▲]

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See detailDepositional facies settings and geochemical proxies of Late Devonian sequences in northwestern Thailand.
Königshof, Peter; Racki, G.; Savage, N. et al

in ICPSEA3 2013: The 3rd International Conference on the Palaeontology of South-East Asia. Abstract book (2013)

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See detailUsing agro-hydrology to adapt to climate evolutions
Degré, Aurore ULg; Sohier, Catherine ULg; Bauwens, Alexandra ULg et al

in Dewals, Benjamin; Fournier, Maité (Eds.) Transboundary Water Management in a Changing Climate (2013)

Natural phenomena such as floods, drought, erosion, nitrate leaching and plant growth are influenced by climate change. The Soil - Water Systems division of Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech aims at studying these ... [more ▼]

Natural phenomena such as floods, drought, erosion, nitrate leaching and plant growth are influenced by climate change. The Soil - Water Systems division of Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech aims at studying these phenomena; better understanding processes; modelling them in order to predict their change in the future and to assess their potential consequences. Then, we can propose strategies to adapt to these changes. As an agronomy faculty, we believe that adapting agriculture can play a major role in mitigating climate evolution effects at plot and catchment scales. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of the frequency for the numerical modeling of the parasitic capacitances of wound magnetic components
De Greve, Zacharie; Lehti, Leena; Deblecker, Olivier et al

in 9th International Symposium on Electric and Magnetic Fields (EMF2013) (2013)

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See detailL’ethnoarchivage zápara ou les commissaires de l’immatériel
Bilhaut, Anne-Gaël ULg

in Bergeron, Y.; Ferey, V. (Eds.) Archives et musées : le théâtre du patrimoine (France-Canada) (2013)

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See detailOn differential passivity of physical systems
Forni, Fulvio ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg; van der Schaft, Arjan

in 52nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2013)

Differential passivity is a property that allows to check with a pointwise criterion that a system is incrementally passive, a property that is relevant to study interconnected systems in the context of ... [more ▼]

Differential passivity is a property that allows to check with a pointwise criterion that a system is incrementally passive, a property that is relevant to study interconnected systems in the context of regulation, synchronization, and estimation. The paper investigates how restrictive is the property, focusing on a class of open gradient systems encountered in the coenergy modeling framework of physical systems, in particular the Brayton-Moser formalism for nonlinear electrical circuits. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimized Look-Ahead Trees: Extensions to Large and Continuous Action Spaces
Jung, Tobias ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Maes, Francis

in Proc. of IEEE Symposium on Adaptive Dynamic Programming and Reinforcement Learning (ADPRL'13) (2013)

This paper studies look-ahead tree based control policies from the viewpoint of online decision making with constraints on the computational budget allowed per decision (expressed as number of calls to ... [more ▼]

This paper studies look-ahead tree based control policies from the viewpoint of online decision making with constraints on the computational budget allowed per decision (expressed as number of calls to the generative model). We consider optimized look-ahead tree (OLT) policies, a recently introduced family of hybrid techniques, which combine the advantages of look-ahead trees (high precision) with the advantages of direct policy search (low online cost) and which are specifically designed for limited online budgets. We present two extensions of the basic OLT algorithm that on the one side allow tackling deterministic optimal control problems with large and continuous action spaces and that on the other side can also help to further reduce the online complexity. [less ▲]

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See detailPregnancy-Associated Glycoproteins (PAGs) in prolific (Boujaâd x D’man) and non- prolific (Boujaâd) Moroccan sheep by means of four radio-immunoassays
El Amiri, Bouchra; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; El Abbadi, N et al

in Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Hungarian Association for Buiatrics (2013)

The aim of the present study was: i) to investigate the use of PAGs for pregnancy follow up in Boujaâd non prolific (n=8) vs. Boujaâd x D’man a prolific sheep (n=20), ii) to study whether the boPAG tracer ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present study was: i) to investigate the use of PAGs for pregnancy follow up in Boujaâd non prolific (n=8) vs. Boujaâd x D’man a prolific sheep (n=20), ii) to study whether the boPAG tracer (daily available at the laboratory of physiology of reproduction, Liège, could be used in RIA without affecting the results, iii) to prospect the possibility of transferring the technique to a Moroccan laboratory. The blood samples were weekly collected from the first week of gestation till the 4 week after lambing. The RIA1, RIA2, RIA3 and RIA4 were all based on ovPAG standard, while the tracer and antiserum changed according to the system. The RIA1, RIA3 and RIA4 were performed in Belgium while the RIA2 was carried out in Morocco. The results showed that the highest correlation was obtained between the RIA3 and RIA4 (R2 = 0.83) while the lowest was recorded between the RIA2 and RIA4 (R2 = 0.69). The lowest concentrations derived from the RIA2. The highest concentrations were recorded before lambing (279.29; 88.21; 268.75; 152.67 ng/ml respectively for RIAs 1, 2, 3 and 4). To conclude, the profiles of ovPAG showed that it is possible to flow-up with success using the four systems. In addition, the RIA1 using boPAG as tracer could be a good alternative to the homologous one and finally, it is possible to set up routinely the RIA technique for PAG detection in Moroccan laboratories. [less ▲]

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See detailPremiers enseignements de l’étude DESCENDANCE : prévalence des dysglycémies méconnues chez des apparentés de diabétiques de type 2 sur deux générations
Cosson, E; Gourdy, p; Penformis, A et al

in Résumés des communications de la réunion scientifique de la SFD 2013 (2013)

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See detailAn analytical approach for Piano Key weir hydraulic design
Machiels, Olivier; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Erpicum, Sébastien; Laugier, Frédéric; Pfister, Michael (Eds.) et al Labyrinth and Piano Key weirs II - PKW 2013 (2013)

A hydraulic design equation for Piano Key Weirs is set up using the results of a large experimental parametric study. Comparison of the analytical formulation with experi-mental data from various physical ... [more ▼]

A hydraulic design equation for Piano Key Weirs is set up using the results of a large experimental parametric study. Comparison of the analytical formulation with experi-mental data from various physical modeling studies, considering idealized as well as real projects Piano Key Weirs configurations, shows a 15% accuracy in unit discharge prediction on a large range of geometric parameters values. Comparison of the proposed formulation to two other recently proposed equations highlights the importance to consider such analytical approaches inside the range of parameter values for which they have been validated. [less ▲]

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See detailFoucon de Candie : microscopie et macroscopie de l'interpolation
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Combes, Annie; Szkilnik, Michelle (Eds.) Le texte dans le texte. L'interpolation médiévale (2013)

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See detailClassification of positron emission tomography images using multiple kernel learning
Segovia-Román, Fermín ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in Proceeding of 3rd NIPS 2013 Workshop on Machine Learning and Interpretation in NeuroImaging (2013)

Over the last years, several approaches to analyze nuclear medicine imaging using computer systems have been proposed with the aim of assisting the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders. Probably one ... [more ▼]

Over the last years, several approaches to analyze nuclear medicine imaging using computer systems have been proposed with the aim of assisting the diagnosis of neurodegenerative disorders. Probably one of the most complex challenges facing these approaches is to deal with the huge amount of data provided by brain images. In this work, we propose an original approach based on multiple kernel learning. First the images were parcellated (according to the structure of the brain) by means of the automatic anatomical labeling atlas. Then, the importance of each region for the assisted diagnosis was estimated using a classifi- cation procedure. Finally, all the regions were combined in a multiple kernel method in which one kernel per region was computed and all the kernels were weighted according to the importance of the region they represented. For testing purposes, a database with 46 PET images from stable mild cognitive impairment subjects and early Alzheimer’s disease converter patients was used. An accuracy rate of 73.91% was achieved when differentiating between both groups. [less ▲]

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See detailAutomatic differentiation between Alzheimer’s Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment combining PET data and psychological scores
Segovia-Román, Fermín ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg; Salmon, Eric ULg et al

in 3rd International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in Neuroimaging (2013)

In recent years, several approaches to develop computer aided diagnosis systems for dementia have been pro- posed. The purpose of this work is to measure the advantages of using not only brain images as ... [more ▼]

In recent years, several approaches to develop computer aided diagnosis systems for dementia have been pro- posed. The purpose of this work is to measure the advantages of using not only brain images as data source for those systems but also some psychological scores. To this aim, we compared the accuracy rates achieved by systems that use psychological scores beside the image data in the classification step and systems that use only the image data. The experiments show that the formers achieve higher accuracy rates regardless of the procedure carried out to analyze the image data. [less ▲]

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See detailExercise modifies the innate immune response in equine bronchial epithelial cells
Frellstedt, Linda ULg; Gosset, Philippe; Pirottin, Dimitri ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd Scientific Meeting of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine (University of Liege - Belgium) (2013)

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See detailNew mesh generation developments in GMSH
Remacle, Jean-François; Johnen, Amaury ULg; Lambrechts, Jonathan et al

in Actes du 11e Colloque National en Calcul des Structures (CSMA 2013), Giens, France (2013)

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See detailBilinguisme et digraphisme dans le codex miscellaneus de Montserrat
Macedo, Gabriel ULg

in Rochette, Bruno; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) Bilinguisme et digraphisme dans le monde gréco-romain. L'apport ds papyrus latins. Actes de la table ronde de Liège, 12-13 mai 2011 (2013)

The present paper proposes a codicologic, palaeographic and contextual study of an extraordinary Late Antique book: the Montserrat codex miscellaneus. Dated on palaeographic grounds to the IV century AD ... [more ▼]

The present paper proposes a codicologic, palaeographic and contextual study of an extraordinary Late Antique book: the Montserrat codex miscellaneus. Dated on palaeographic grounds to the IV century AD, this manuscript provides us with evidence of particular interest on bilingualism and digraphism in Byzantine Egypt, for it is the only antique codex containing texts in both Greek and Latin, of both Christian and Secular content, and pertaining to different literary genres, such as rhetoric, hexametric poetry and Christian liturgy. [less ▲]

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See detailMicrocracks-induced damage modelling for transversely isotropic rock
Levasseur, Séverine ULg; Welemane, Hélène; Kondo, Djimédo

in 3rd International Symposium on Computational Geomechanics (ComGeo III) (2013)

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See detailReprésentation de l'oral et structures syntaxiques dans la prose de la _Queste del saint Graal_ (1225-1230)
Glikman, Julie; Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Lagorgette, Dominique; Larrivée, Pierre (Eds.) Représentations du Sens Linguistique 5 (2013)

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See detailHydraulic studies for the Taoussa project, Mali
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of Africa 2013 conference (CD-Rom) (2013)

The Taoussa Project is a component of a large development scheme of the Niger River in the north-eastern part of Mali aiming at reducing desertification and improving socio-economic activity. It is mainly ... [more ▼]

The Taoussa Project is a component of a large development scheme of the Niger River in the north-eastern part of Mali aiming at reducing desertification and improving socio-economic activity. It is mainly made of a rockfill dam with central core around 18 m high and 1,000 m long across the valley of the Niger River, 130 km upstream of the town of Gao in the eastern part of Mali. The dam is equipped with a 25 MW hydroelectric power plant, a lock, a dock and a spillway. The spillway is made of a gated ogee crested weir divided into 10 bays and a downstream stilling basin, with a maximum discharge capacity of 3,100 m³/s. 210 km of high tension overhead cables and a 130 km long road complete the Project. The multipurpose Taoussa dam will enable the sustainable development of the Project area by securing water resources, increasing low-water level discharges downstream, creating a link between road and fluvial transports (dock) and producing electricity. The Ministère de l’Energie, des Mines et de l’Eau du Mali - Autorité pour l’Aménagement de Taoussa -commissioned Coyne et Bellier – Tractebel Engineering in 2006 to perform the detailed studies for the Project. In this framework, the hydraulic studies have been performed by the Laboratory of Engineering Hydraulics (HECE) of the University of Liege. These hydraulic studies, depicted in details in the paper, have been carried out successively by two complementary approaches: a first step realized on the basis of numerical modelling to study the flows at the scale of the reservoir and the river, and a second experimental investigation, using a scale model, to analyse in details the spillway operation conditions. They consider varied problems from large scale flow conditions in the reservoir during the spillway operation and hydrodynamic interactions between the dam, the lock and the hydroelectric power plant to validation and optimization of the hydraulic design and dimensions of the gated spillway and the stilling basin or release conditions downstream of the project structures, including the temporary derivation stage. [less ▲]

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See detailLes marbres dans les traités d’architecture français des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles
Gilles, Isabelle ULg

in Toussaint, Jacques (Ed.) Actes du colloque : Autour des marbres jaspés (2013)

Les traités d’architecture français reflètent parfaitement l’intérêt plus ou moins appuyé pour les marbres tout au long de l’Ancien Régime. De Philibert de l’Orme à Nicolas Le Camus de Mézières, nous ... [more ▼]

Les traités d’architecture français reflètent parfaitement l’intérêt plus ou moins appuyé pour les marbres tout au long de l’Ancien Régime. De Philibert de l’Orme à Nicolas Le Camus de Mézières, nous ferons un rapide tour d’horizon du discours sur les marbres ; discours dans lequel apparaissent des questions de provenance, de couleurs, de mise en œuvre... mais également d’usage. Nous envisagerons ainsi les emplois particuliers des marbres. En effet, dans la théorie architecturale, le choix des matériaux — que la matière soit réelle ou imitée — doit répondre à des principes bien établis, autour des notions de convenance et de bienséance. Le matériau choisi et sa mise en œuvre doivent ainsi correspondre à la fois à la qualité sociale du commanditaire et à l’usage du lieu dans lequel le matériau prend place. L’emploi des marbres nous rappelle encore la dimension « totale » de cette architecture de l’Ancien Régime, pensée et écrite avec soin, dans laquelle tous les éléments œuvrent de concert. [less ▲]

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See detailComposite joints under M-N at elevated temperatures - Experimental investigations and analytical model
Demonceau, Jean-François ULg; Haremza, Cécile; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Proceeding of the Composite Construction VII conference (2013)

The Eurocodes recognise robustness as a way to ensure the structural integrity of a building frame subjected to an unforeseen event and therefore to avoid a so-called “progressive failure” mode in extreme ... [more ▼]

The Eurocodes recognise robustness as a way to ensure the structural integrity of a building frame subjected to an unforeseen event and therefore to avoid a so-called “progressive failure” mode in extreme loading situations. However few practical guidelines exist nowadays which would allow a designer to design a structure accordingly. Within the European RFCS ROBUSTFIRE project, the behaviour of steel and composite car parks subjected to localised fire leading to a column loss was investigated. Under such a scenario, the beam-to-column joints play a key role in the global structural response. Indeed, these joints, initially loaded in bending, may be subjected to elevated temperatures and to combined axial load “N” and bending moment “M”. In this paper, a methodology to predict the mechanical response of bolted composite beam-to-column joints at elevated temperatures under M-N is presented and validated through comparison to experimental tests conducted at the University of Coimbra. [less ▲]

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See detailRural resilience and the role of social capital of Kirundo province farmers in north of Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure ULg; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Backovic, Slobodan (Ed.) 3rd AGRIMBA-AVA Congress "Agribusiness and rural development as a global challenge" : programme and abstract book (2013)

Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population and plays a vital role in food production and participates of more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo was ... [more ▼]

Burundi, family agriculture occupies more than 90% of the active population and plays a vital role in food production and participates of more than 50% of GDP. Before the civil war of 1993, Kirundo was deemed "breadbasket of the country" for the simple reason that fed many parts of Burundi in particular food legumes and cereals, so that family farming was oriented the market. Kirundo alone includes 8 lakes with opportunities for field irrigation. Today, this is the first province in Burundi shows a high rate of malnutrition, poverty increased and a sharp decline in agricultural production up more than 500%. In this study, 73 farmers were surveyed in Kirundo, supplemented by secondary data collection. Analysis of data showed us that, despite recurrent droughts in that region which was caused several deaths due to famines and several displacements of people to neighboring countries such as Rwanda and Tanzania, we found 44% of farmers surveyed who had the resilience to climate change. The analysis of data shows that these farmers were members of local development associations, having learned specific topics such as financial management, processing and storage of agricultural products and livestock. That social capital network influences positively their income because they practice not only farming but also revenue-generating activities such as trade and crafts. [less ▲]

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See detailTransboundary hydraulic modelling of extreme floods in the Meuse River
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Pirotton, Michel ULg et al

in The Wise Find Pleasure in Water (2013)

Detailed inundation modelling was conducted along a 100 km long transnational section of the Meuse River (in Belgium and The Netherlands), using very similar models for the whole computation (2D unsteady ... [more ▼]

Detailed inundation modelling was conducted along a 100 km long transnational section of the Meuse River (in Belgium and The Netherlands), using very similar models for the whole computation (2D unsteady models). As a result, damping of the flood waves could be quantified and the possible relevance of using a steady-state approach could be assessed. The new detailed 2D hydraulic simulations have demonstrated that only a very limited damping of the flood waves occurs along the simulated reaches. From the perspective of the variation in peak discharge, the study concludes that running the hydraulic model in steady mode makes perfectly sense. Nonetheless, the steady computations lead to extensive overestimations of the inundated extent and of the stored volume in the floodplains. The 2D unsteady model constitutes also a tool of primary interest, which is readily available to design and evaluate protection measures for flood-prone areas such as in the city of Liege. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Common Agricultural Policy towards 2020
Burny, Philippe ULg; Habran, Maxime ULg; Terrones Gavira, François ULg

in Lorencowicz, Edmund; Uziak, Jacek; Huyghebaert, Bruno (Eds.) VI International Scientific Symposium "Farm Machinery and Processes Management in Sustainable Agriculture" : Symposium Proceedings (2013)

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined in the Treaty of Rome and implemented since 1962, has always been under reform, mainly in 1992, 1999, 2003 and 2009. However, after the last enlargements and ... [more ▼]

The Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) defined in the Treaty of Rome and implemented since 1962, has always been under reform, mainly in 1992, 1999, 2003 and 2009. However, after the last enlargements and the international financial crisis, a new reform was needed for the budget period going from 2014 to 2020. The first ideas were launched by the EU Commissionner for Agriculture, M. Dacian Ciolos, in 2010. After three years of discussions, the political agreement between the Council of Ministers, the EU Parliament and the Commission was reached in June 2013. So, this paper presents the main decisions of this agreement. [less ▲]

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See detailStatistical tests for group comparison of manifold-valued data
Collard, Anne ULg; Phillips, Christophe ULg; Sepulchre, Rodolphe

in Proceedings of the 52nd IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (2013)

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See detailImpact of 3000-t blast on unstable slopes near the Kambarata-2 HPP site, Kyrgyzstan
Torgoev, Isakbek; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Strom, Alexander

in Margottini, CLaudio; Sassa, Kioji (Eds.) Landslide Science and Practice (2013)

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See detailDietro, il paesaggio: Misura e ritmo di una strada tra le colline e il Piave.
Bocchi, Renato; Latini, Luigi; Szanto, Catherine ULg

in Architettura del Mondo. Ricerche e progetti dal mondo universitario (2013)

The Alta Marca Trevigiana (Colli del Piave), between Valdobbiadene and Conegliano, doesn't have a definite recognized identity, despite its strong visual character. However, for the visitor driving along ... [more ▼]

The Alta Marca Trevigiana (Colli del Piave), between Valdobbiadene and Conegliano, doesn't have a definite recognized identity, despite its strong visual character. However, for the visitor driving along the “Sinistra Piave”, the landscape is seen as a rhythmical composition of invitation to movement at different scales and at various intensity, that can be compared to a musical composition. The question then is how to transform the road from a simple through-way into an occasion to engage with the Colli del Piave, to transform a “landscape scenery” into an “experienced landscape”. [less ▲]

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See detailDie Geheimnisse der Schrift: Heinrich von Kleists Poetik der Verschlossenheit und das Prinzip der Verschiebung in seinen Texten
Küpper, Achim ULg

in Brittnacher, Hans Richard; von der Lühe, Irmela (Eds.) Risiko – Experiment – Selbstentwurf. Kleists radikale Poetik (2013)

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See detailDescribing the “elusive”: a new perception of the practices and the resources of illuminators in the North of Europe from the fourteenth to the sixteenth century
Neven, Sylvie ULg

in Saunders, David; Spring, Marika; Meek, Andrew (Eds.) Renaissance Workshop (2013)

Due to their trade value, a huge range of artistic materials are documented and recorded in historical written sources. However, certain substances are not registered in these archives because they did ... [more ▼]

Due to their trade value, a huge range of artistic materials are documented and recorded in historical written sources. However, certain substances are not registered in these archives because they did not have a market value. This is especially the case for vegetal species which artists easily found in nature and used for their colouring principles, like anthocyanin colorants. As they are characterized by a great sensitivity to the slightest changes in pH and as they are highly unstable in ordinary daylight, these colorants were not frequently used in the dyeing of quality materials or in painting. Up until now, they have been mainly considered as being used in a domestic context, for the dyeing of everyday clothes. Moreover, after ageing, the plant species are difficult to identify with currently-used analytical methods. We therefore intend to bring to light these « elusive » substances through the close examination of an original and primordial source : artistic recipe books. Our previous researches have highlighted that these books not only describe these organic colorants, but that they also indicate their use in illumination. From the 14th to the 16th century, hundreds of recipe books containing information relating to these colorants were produced. They describe both their preparation, their diverse applications and the required conditions for their conservation. These recipe books also inform us about the different hues obtained from these colorants. Our study will involve analysing the significance of these organic substances as well as (re)defining their use with a view to increasing our knowledge of historical artistic practices and materials. Furthermore, it could also help to identify specific artistic productions or workshops. Finally, it would be possible to learn more about the status of artists, their working conditions and their training. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential use of mid-infrared milk spectrum in pregnancy diagnosis of dairy cows
Laine, Aurélie ULg; Goubau, Amaury; Dale, Laura-Monica et al

in Book of Abstracts of the 64th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science (2013)

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See detailIntroduction
Dumont, Jonathan ULg; Fagnart, Laure ULg

in Dumont, Jonathan; Fagnart, Laure (Eds.) Georges Ier d'Amboise. 1460-1510. Une figure plurielle de la Renaissance. Actes du colloque tenu à l'Université de Liège les 2 et 3 décembre 2010 (2013)

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See detailIn ovo injection of tolbutamide alters the post-hatch performance and insulin sensitivity of broiler chickens
Franssens, L.; Lesuisse, J.; Wang, Y. et al

in Proceedings of the 6th Combined Workshop on Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry (2013)

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See detailSoft-bottom macrobenthos monitoring in the framework of the STARE-CAPMED program
Donnay, Annick ULg; Pelaprat, Corinne; Fréjefond, Charlène et al

in CIESM Congress Proceedings n*40 (2013)

STARE-CAPMED is a research program set up by the Stareso research station (Calvi, Corsica). Its aim is to improve the understanding of processes by which anthropogenic activities have adversed effects on ... [more ▼]

STARE-CAPMED is a research program set up by the Stareso research station (Calvi, Corsica). Its aim is to improve the understanding of processes by which anthropogenic activities have adversed effects on the functioning of Calvi Bay coastal ecosystems. One of its work packages is the monitoring of soft-bottom macrobenthos along 5 gradients of potential anthropogenic pressures. First results suggest that, before summer (summer is the period where man-driven impacts are expected to be stronger due to high tourist frequentation) these sources of potential anthropogenic pressures perturb soft-bottom macrobenthos assemblages. [less ▲]

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See detailChanging Architecture's materiality and meaning through digital culture
Delvaux, Frederic ULg; Bianchi, Romuald ULg; Defawes, Georges ULg et al

in Proceedings of the international conference Changing cities : spatial, morphological, formal and socio-economic dimensions (2013)

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See detailFirst record of Demosponge spicules in a late Devonian stromatoporoid basal skeleton (Frasnian, Belgium).
Reitner; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Kershaw et al

in Abstracts: Ninth world sponge conference 2013 (2013)

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See detailScientific and Technological Payloads Aboard the B3LSat CubeSat of the QB50 Network
Dell'Elce, Lamberto ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Delabie, Tjorven et al

in Proceedings of the 2nd IAA Conference on University Satellite Missions and Cubesat Workshop (2013)

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See detailNumerical modeling and digital image correlation strain measurements of coated metal sheets submitted to large bending deformation
Duchene, Laurent ULg; Ben Bettaieb, Amine ULg; Tuninetti Vásquez, Victor ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 16th ESAFORM conference on Material Forming (2013)

The recently developed SSH3D solid-shell element, which is based on the Enhanced Assumed Strain (EAS) and the Assumed Natural Strain (ANS) techniques, is utilized for the modeling of a severe bending ... [more ▼]

The recently developed SSH3D solid-shell element, which is based on the Enhanced Assumed Strain (EAS) and the Assumed Natural Strain (ANS) techniques, is utilized for the modeling of a severe bending sheet forming process. To improve the element's ability to capture the through thickness gradients, a specific integration scheme was developed. In this paper, the performances of this element for the modeling of the T-bent process were assessed thanks to comparison between experimental and numerical results in terms of the strain field at the outer surface of the sheet. The experimental results were obtained by Digital Image Correlation. It is shown that a qualitative agreement between experimental and numerical results is obtained but some numerical parameters should be optimized to improve the accuracy of the simulation predictions. In this respect, the influence of the penalty coefficient of the contact modeling was analyzed. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderstanding rural economy of Kirundo farmers province in north of Burundi
Minani, Bonaventure ULg; Rurema, Déo-Guide; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Belgian Association of Agricultural Economists (Ed.) 2013 PHD Workshop 29-31 May Leuven : proceedings (2013)

This objective of this study is to analyze the socio-economic, political and environmental various constraints of farming systems that are on the basis of poverty observed in this area in order to ... [more ▼]

This objective of this study is to analyze the socio-economic, political and environmental various constraints of farming systems that are on the basis of poverty observed in this area in order to formulate realistic strategies for increasing the productivity and profitability of family farming in that province. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse de l'efficience des traitements de mammites de 60 fermes de Wallonie dans la base LAECEA
Theron, Léonard ULg; Reding, Edouard; Detilleux, Johann ULg et al

in Brard, Christophe (Ed.) Recueil des Journées Nationale des GTV (2013)

Le traitement de la mammite bovine est un acte à part dans la routine d’une exploitation bovine. En effet, si les cas les plus graves sont vus presque systématiquement pas le vétérinaire traitant en ... [more ▼]

Le traitement de la mammite bovine est un acte à part dans la routine d’une exploitation bovine. En effet, si les cas les plus graves sont vus presque systématiquement pas le vétérinaire traitant en France ou en Belgique, la plupart des cas peu sévères font l’objet d’une tacite délégation de diagnostic et de traitement, sur base d’une formation préalable et d’une prescription enregistrée. Aujourd’hui, cette pathologie représente le plus important poste de consommation d’antibiotiques en exploitation laitière. Concernant cette problématique, la profession vétérinaire doit disposer de nouveaux outils de diagnostic, de traitement, et surtout d’évaluation de la qualité du traitement. Or, depuis la fin des années 1940, la pratique de l’antibiothérapie est restée, comme en médecine humaine, basée essentiellement sur l’antibiothérapie empirique, plus ou moins régulée par des cultures bactériologiques et des antibiogrammes (Durel et al., 2012). La profession s’est dotée d’outils d’analyse épidémiologique et clinique au cours des décennies, mais les résultats sont mitigés : une diminution globale de la consommation d’antibiotiques, mais le recours accru à des classes de dernières générations. Aujourd’hui le grand enjeu de l’antibiothérapie se corse, avec l’identification de mécanisme de résistance suspects d’être communs avec la médecine humaine(Jaglic et al., 2010). Plusieurs classes de molécules communes avec la médecine humaine sont identifiées, et leur utilisation menace d’être régulée (Bagcigil et al., 2007). Face à ce constat, l’utilisation des antibiotiques destinés au traitement de la mamelle a été étudiée en Belgique, dans soixante fermes laitières wallonnes (Théron et al., 2011). [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of tyrosin kinase inhibitors in a MEN2B patient with metastatic medullary thyroid carcinoma
Tome, M; Tomas, M-H; VROONEN, Laurent ULg et al

in Symposium "Perspectives in Endocrinology" - Congresses Highlights 2012: ECE Firenze, ENDO Houston, ESPE Leipzig, SFE Toulouse, IWMEN Liège (2013)

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See detailL'impact des activités non-agricoles sur la pauvreté et l'inégalité rurales, cas des groupements Bugorhe et Irhambi-Katana (Territoire de Kabare, Province du Sud-Kivu)
Furaha Mirindi, Germaine ULg; Mastaki, Leki; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Société Française d'Economie Rurale (Ed.) 7èmes Journées de Recherches en Sciences Sociales : actes du colloque (2013)

Dans un contexte d’abandon ou négligence du secteur agricole par le pouvoir public, cette étude cherche à analyser la contribution de l’activité non agricole sur la réduction de la pauvreté et des ... [more ▼]

Dans un contexte d’abandon ou négligence du secteur agricole par le pouvoir public, cette étude cherche à analyser la contribution de l’activité non agricole sur la réduction de la pauvreté et des inégalités dans le territoire de kabare dans la province du Sud-kivu. La présente étude se focalise sur deux groupements du territoire de kabare de la province du Sud-Kivu à savoir Bugorhe et Irhambi-katana dont le centre de kavumu a été retenu dans l’échantillonnage pour le premier et le centre Katana dans le second. Deux grandes catégories des ont intéressées la présente étude : les ménages qui exercent l’activité agricole uniquement et les ménages combinant l’activité agricole et le commerce (notés ici ménages agricommerçants). A partir des données de l’enquête menée en mars et avril 2012, nous examinons l’effet du revenu non-agricole sur la pauvreté et l’inégalité en zone rurale de la province du Sud-kivu. Nous partons d’une approche qui considère le revenu non-agricole comme un « transfert exogène » qui s’ajoute au revenu total du ménage et analysons la contribution des différents types de revenus à l’inégalité en utilisant la décomposition de l’indice de Gini. Nous analysons la pauvreté en référence à l’approche de la Banque Africaine de Développement (2010) de l’analyse de la pauvreté en RDC. L’approche absolue de mesure de la pauvreté (pauvreté monétaire) qui est mesurée par les indices de Foster-Greer Thorbecke (F.G.T, 1984). L’étude a porté sur un échantillon de 135 ménages obtenu à partir de la technique de sondage systématique appliquée sur les ménages agri-commerçants, et d’un échantillonnage par quotas appliqué sur les ménages à unique activité agricole. Selon ces enquêtes, les ménages agricommerçants échappent aux chocs négatifs grâce à l’activité commerciale qui assure les besoins de base et finance l’activité agricole. Malgré le déclin relatif et structurel du secteur agricole du Sud-Kivu, 98,3% des ménages n’abandonnent pas cette activité pour des raisons d’autoconsommation (100% des ménages), de sécurité et d’estime sociale (73%), de stabilité économique (82%). Les ménages à unique activité agricole sont plus exposés au phénomène de pauvreté : 80,9% d’eux vivent avec un revenu inférieur au seuil minimum de 171,2$/pers/an. La profondeur de la pauvreté est plus accentuée chez les ménages agriculteurs (37,6%) que chez les ménages agri-commerçants (1,9%). En plus, la pauvreté est plus sévère chez les ménages agriculteurs (21,9%) que chez les ménages agri-commerçants (0,3%). Le secteur agricole contribue moins à l’inégalité par rapport à l’activité de commerce. En effet, pour un indice de Gini de 0,5242, le revenu issu du commerce contribue fortement à l’inégalité de revenus des ménages à l’ordre de 58,7% contre une contribution à l’inégalité de l’ordre de 24,4% du revenu agricole pour un indice de Gini de 0,2356. Dans le contexte du milieu d’étude, l’activité commerciale permet aux ménages de survivre mais n’est pas un moyen efficace pour un développement rural durable dans ce milieu à fort potentialité agricole. [less ▲]

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See detailDrame et récit de l'événement : qu'arrive-t-il au lecteur ?
Servais, Christine ULg

in Langage, discours, événement (2013)

On analyse ici les manifestations discursives de la contradiction que constitue en soi, pour le discours médiatique, un événement, et ce en faisant porter l'interrogation sur le récepteur. Il s'agit de se ... [more ▼]

On analyse ici les manifestations discursives de la contradiction que constitue en soi, pour le discours médiatique, un événement, et ce en faisant porter l'interrogation sur le récepteur. Il s'agit de se demander comment le média relaie le choc que constitue l'événement en nouant ensemble deux affirmations : l'événement fait quelque chose au discours médiatique et celui-ci fait quelque chose au lecteur. Cette dimension performative du discours est soutenue par la déconstruction derridienne du signe linguistique et par la notion de "partage du sensible" de Jacques Rancière. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Age and Maternal Dietary Addition of Omega-3 Fatty Acids EPA and DHA in Broiler Breeders on Incubation Performance
Koppenol, A.; Buyse, J.; Wang, Y. et al

in Proceedings of the 6th Combined Workshop on Fundamental Physiology and Perinatal Development in Poultry (2013)

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See detailImpacts of future floods and low flows on the economy in the Meuse basin
Sinaba, B; Döring, R; Kufeld, M et al

in Dewals, Benjamin; Fournier, Maïté (Eds.) Transboundary Water Management in a Changing Climate (2013)

Climate change in Western Europe is projected to result in more humid winters and drier summers. Further, the sverities of floods and low flows are assumed to increase in the future. The impacts of these ... [more ▼]

Climate change in Western Europe is projected to result in more humid winters and drier summers. Further, the sverities of floods and low flows are assumed to increase in the future. The impacts of these events could lead to adverse consequences on the economy. Given this framework, within the AMICE project, the impacts of future floods and low flow will be analyzed. A flood risk analysis in the Meuse basin is conducted taking into account future climate scenarios. Further, the impacts of future droughts and low flows are analyzed for the economic sectors energy production, agriculture and navigation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe proportion of ungrazed area of the pasture (PUP) determines when forage intake and diet quality decline in grazing systems
Benvenutti, Marcelo A.; Pavetti, Daniel R.; Cangiano, Carlos A. et al

in Proceedings of the 22nd International Grassland Congress (2013)

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See detailComportements et pratiques alimentaires à Kinshasa. Une approche basée sur le rapprochement des conditions de vie et des modes de consommation alimentaires des ménages
Muteba Kalala, Damien ULg; Ntoto, Roger; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Société Française d'Economie Rurale (Ed.) 7èmes Journées de Recherches en Sciences Sociales : actes du colloque (2013)

La présente étude part d’un constat selon lequel; des ménages se retrouvent dans une situation d’insécurité alimentaire lorsque leurs modes de vie et moyens d’existence ne sont pas adaptés et qu’ils n’ont ... [more ▼]

La présente étude part d’un constat selon lequel; des ménages se retrouvent dans une situation d’insécurité alimentaire lorsque leurs modes de vie et moyens d’existence ne sont pas adaptés et qu’ils n’ont pas la capacité de trouver un équilibre entre un ensemble de besoins. La demande alimentaire des ménages ne peut donc être analysée indépendamment de l’ensemble des moyens d’existence et conditions de vie des ménages: relations sociales, ressources disponibles, localisation géographique. Trois quartiers de la ville de Kinshasa ont été choisis en fonction de leur niveau présumé de richesse afin d’analyser les modes de consommation alimentaire des ménages. Il s’agit du quartier Résidentiel de la commune de Limete (quartier aisé), les quartiers 1 et 7 dans la commune de Ndjili (quartier moyen) et le quartier Mabulu dans la commune de Makala (quartier pauvre). Le suivi rapproché de 30 ménages a permis de mettre en évidence les liens entre les modes de vie et les modes de consommation alimentaire. S’agissant des modes de vie, il a été identifié que pour accéder à l'alimentation, les ménages ont développé deux stratégies: la diversification des sources des revenus et la diversification des pourvoyeurs de revenus. Le nombre de sources de revenu par ménage est respectivement de 4 dans les ménages moins aisés et de 2 dans les ménages moyens et dans les ménages aisés. Ce nombre tend à augmenter avec la détérioration des conditions de vie. Le revenu hebdomadaire des membres des ménages a été estimé à respectivement 602 USD quartier aisé, 181 USD dans le quartier moyen et 41 USD dans le quartier pauvre. S’agissant des modes de consommation alimentaire, l’étude a montré que :la part des dépenses des céréales tend à diminuer dans les ménages moins aisés. Les racines et tubercules présentent une tendance opposée à celle des céréales. Ce sont les ménages les moins aisés qui consacrent la part relative la plus importante des dépenses pour l’achat des racines et tubercules soit 27% des dépenses alimentaires. Les légumineuses semblent également avoir une grande importance relative chez les ménages les moins aisés. Les ménages achètent davantage de viandes que de poissons. Les fruits sont des produits dont la consommation est saisonnière. La consommation des oeufs sous-forme d’omelette préparée hors ménage est très prisée par les ménages les moins aisés. Dans les ménages aisés, le lait est plus consommé que le sucre, la tendance est inversée pour les moins aisés. La quantité d’aliments consommés/personne/jour a été estimée respectivement à 1 120 grammes dans les ménages aisés, 801 grammes dans les ménages moyens et 493 grammes dans les ménages moins aisés. Les apports énergétiques/personne/jour sont respectivement estimés à 2452 calories dans les ménages aisés, 1838 calories dans les ménages moyens et 1130 calories dans les ménages pauvres. Les apports protéiques/personnes/jour sont respectivement dans l’ordre de 100grammes dans les ménages aisés, 80grammes dans les ménages moyens et 50grammes dans les ménages pauvres. La consommation de protéine ne semble pas être largement déficitaire tant dans les ménages aisés que dans les ménages pauvres. [less ▲]

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See detailLe bol de Wellin et son "parent" de Valsgärde?
Van Wersch, Line ULg; Mathis, François ULg

in Lorren, Claude (Ed.) La Gaule, le monde insulaire et l'Europe du Nord au haut Moyen Age (2013)

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See detailPriests and Cult Personnel in Three Hellenistic Families
Carbon, Jan-Mathieu ULg; Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Horster, Marietta; Klöckner, Anja (Eds.) Cities and Priests. Cult Personnel in Asia Minor and the Aegean Islands from the Hellenistic to the Imperial Period (2013)

This paper offers an examination of three significant familial inscriptions from the Hellenistic period. The texts are detailed cultic dossiers initiated by three individuals—Diomedon on Cos, Poseidonios ... [more ▼]

This paper offers an examination of three significant familial inscriptions from the Hellenistic period. The texts are detailed cultic dossiers initiated by three individuals—Diomedon on Cos, Poseidonios in Halicarnassus, and Epikteta on Thera. Though they are often very briefly grouped together, these inscriptions are discussed here in greater textual and contextual detail. In particular, the analysis focusses on the cult personnel, which is appointed in these families, demonstrating that it remains independent from the polis, but is organised with reference to a civic framework. By setting these inscriptions in parallel, the discussion opens up productive perspectives on the evolutions of familial cults in the Hellenistic period.—The inscription of Poseidonios is reedited in an Appendix by Jan-Mathieu Carbon. [less ▲]

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See detailONELAB: Open Numerical Engineering LABoratory
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Henrotte, François; Remacle, Jean-François et al

in Actes du 11e Colloque National en Calcul des Structures (CSMA 2013), Giens, France (2013)

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See detailRaymond De Becker : une certaine idée de la Belgique. Réflexions sur une identité nationale et culturelle
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Dard, Olivier; Deschamps, Etienne; Duchenne, Geneviève (Eds.) Raymond De Becker (1912-1969). Itinéraire et facettes d’un intellectuel réprouvé (2013)

Au fil de ses écrits des années trente – brochures, articles, tribunes libres –, Raymond De Becker (1912-1969), intellectuel et journaliste à la réputation aujourd'hui sulfureuse au vu de son parcours ... [more ▼]

Au fil de ses écrits des années trente – brochures, articles, tribunes libres –, Raymond De Becker (1912-1969), intellectuel et journaliste à la réputation aujourd'hui sulfureuse au vu de son parcours dans la collaboration, s’est beaucoup interrogé sur la Belgique et son histoire. Il est donc possible d’appréhender la mission qu’il lui assigne ou sa définition de l’union nationale mais, surtout, de décrypter l’analyse qu’il fait des rapports entre Flamands, Wallons et Bruxellois et de voir comment il articule cette analyse avec l’évolution de sa pensée sur la notion de race, d’ethnie et de nationalité. Soulever ces différentes questions conduit à interroger, mais en surface, son rapport aux pays voisins et sa vision de l’Europe et de l’Occident. Quelle Belgique idéale Raymond De Becker veut-il construire ? [less ▲]

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See detailLe rôle du commerce frontalier des produits alimentaires avec le Rwanda dans l'approvisionnement des ménages de la ville de Bukavu (province du Sud-Kivu)
Vwima Ngezirabona, Stany ULg; Mastaki, Jean-Luc; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Brot, Jean (Ed.) Les Cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde n° 28-2013 : XXVIIIes Journées sur le Développement "Mobilités internationales, déséquilibres et développement : vers un développement durable et une mondialisation décarbonée ?" (2013)

Ce travail s'inscrit dans un cadre géographique regroupant deux pays (RDC et Rwanda) appartenant à la Communauté Économique des Pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL) avec le Burundi. Le commerce des produits ... [more ▼]

Ce travail s'inscrit dans un cadre géographique regroupant deux pays (RDC et Rwanda) appartenant à la Communauté Économique des Pays des Grands Lacs (CEPGL) avec le Burundi. Le commerce des produits alimentaires entre population transfrontalière est une réalité: Elle est facilitée par un ensemble d'accords et certaines pratiques de proximité qui n'ont jamais été mises en cause, même pendant les périodes des guerres. Les flux importants de produits alimentaires enregistrés lors de la traversée du corridor frontalier entre Bukavu (RDC) et le district de Rusizi (Rwanda), les difficultés et risques auxquels les petits commerçants et les ménages sont soumis, constituent des éléments qui ont guidé le choix de l'approche conceptuelle. Lors de la traversée des frontières, on peut se rendre compte que la ville de Bukavu et le district de Rusizi (Rwanda) ont des fonctions bien réparties. Alors que Bukavu fonctionne comme un grand centre de consommation, le district de Rusizi s'est positionné stratégiquement comme une ville entrepôt (Soule et Musila, 2005). Ces approvisionnements à partir de l'étranger solidifient encore la dépendance alimentaire de la province du Sud-Kivu en général et la ville de Bukavu en particulier. Ce problème mérite une étude particulière et a guidé aussi le choix de ce travail. Le choix de l'approche conceptuelle de cette étude a été aussi motivé par le souci d'étalonner la contribution du commerce frontalier à la paix, à la lutte contre la pauvreté et à la sécurité alimentaire. Ceci constitue des réponses à plusieurs préoccupations de développement et d'intégration régionale. Dans ce cadre, plusieurs auteurs, comme Johnson et al. (2009), Cling (2006), Tegera et al. (2007), Masato Hayashikawa (2009), ont déjà montré qu'il existe un lien entre commerce, développement et lutte contre la pauvreté. Divers programmes sous-régionaux (CEPGL), régionaux (COMESA, CIRGL), internationaux (Banque mondiale) ainsi que diverses ONGs internationales (Alert International, DFID) s'intéressent à cette problématique. [less ▲]

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See detailResident lung CD11b+Ly6C- dendritic cells are responsible for allergic airway sensitization to house dust mite in mice
Mesnil, Claire ULg; Sabatel, Catherine ULg; Marichal, Thomas ULg et al

in Proceeding of International Congress of Immunology 2013 (2013)

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See detailThe Ramses project : Methodology and practices in the annotation of Late Egyptian Texts
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Winand, Jean ULg

in Hafemann, Ingelore (Ed.) Perspektiven einer corpusbasierten historischen Linguistik und Philologie : Internationale Tagung des Akademienvorhabens „Altägyptisches Wörterbuch“ an der BBAW, 12.-13. Dezember 2011 (2013)

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the ... [more ▼]

This paper is an updated presentation of the Ramses project being currently developed at the University of Liège. The first section stresses the main objectives and gives a technical description of the general architecture of Ramses software. The second part describes the encoding procedures and reviews the current state of the annotation. In the third section, some changes brought about by the use of large-scale corpora are discussed from an epistemological viewpoint. The paper ends with the presentation of some new avenues for research that will ensue from the use of a complex multilevel corpus. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of gas transport in low-permeability media: two-phase flow analysis of an in-situ experiment
Gerard, Pierre; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg; de la Vaissière, Rémi et al

in POROMECHANICS V: Proceedings of the Fifth Biot Conference on Poromechanics (2013)

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See detailPerceptual andMotor Inhibition in ADHD:Evidence for a specific impairment?
Catale, Corinne ULg; Geurten, Marie ULg; Lejeune et al

in Abstracts book (2013)

Objective: Inhibition, one of the core executive processes in executive functioning (Miyake et al., 2000) is generally not considered as an unitary construct (see for example, Friedman & Miyake, 2004 ... [more ▼]

Objective: Inhibition, one of the core executive processes in executive functioning (Miyake et al., 2000) is generally not considered as an unitary construct (see for example, Friedman & Miyake, 2004; Nassauer & Halperin, 2003). Following the perceptual versus motor dissociation proposed by Nassauer and Halperin (2003), we studied perceptual and motor inhibition in children with AttentionDeficit andHyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Participants and Methods: Sixteen 7-12 years old children with ADHD and 30 matched control children were administered a version of the Conflict Resolution task (Nassauer & Halperin, 2003) adapted for children. In this task, the perceptual inhibition task required the children to respond to the direction of a dog (running towards the left or the right) while ignoring its location (left or right) on a computer screen. In the motor inhibition task, the children had to press a key corresponding to the opposite direction of a centrally running dog. Results: Comparisons analyses of inhibition performances between ADHD children and matched controlled subjects showed that ADHD children performed significantly less accurately for stimulus-stimulus characteristic conflicts (i.e., perceptual inhibition) than for stimulus- response conflicts (i.e., motor inhibition), which suggests a specific impairment in perceptual inhibition in our group of ADHD children. Conclusions: In conclusion, this study supports the presence of two forms of inhibition which can be differentiated and specifically impaired in 7- to 12-year-old ADHD children. [less ▲]

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See detailIlum-išar et Apil-kīn : deux nouvelles inscriptions de Mari
Colonna d'Istria, Laurent ULg; Rendu Loisel, Anne-Caroline

in Feliu, L.; Llop, J.; Millet Albà, A. (Eds.) et al Time and History in the Ancient Near East-Proceedings of the 56th Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale at Barcelona 26–30 July 2010 (2013)

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See detailLectio bilingue, bilinguismo della lectio sull’accentazione grafica nei papiri latini: sondaggi dai PNess. II 1 e 2
Scappaticcio, Maria Chiara ULg

in Bilinguisme et digraphisme dans le monde gréco-romain: l’apport des papyrus latins (2013)

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See detailL'actualité en matière de voiries
Donnay, Luc ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2013)

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See detailRegular Modes in Rapidly Rotating Stars
Pasek, Mickael; Georgeot, Bertrand; Lignières, François et al

in Suárez, Juan Carlos; Garrido, Rafael; Balona, Luis A. (Eds.) et al Stellar Pulsations (2013)

Rapid rotation has to date prevented reliable mode identification in most intermediate to massive pulsating stars. In this contribution we show how an asymptotic method for pressure modes predicts regular ... [more ▼]

Rapid rotation has to date prevented reliable mode identification in most intermediate to massive pulsating stars. In this contribution we show how an asymptotic method for pressure modes predicts regular frequency spacings in the spectrum of rapidly rotating stars. We give a semi-analytical formula for these spacings that is in good agreement with numerically computed high-frequency modes. This should help to extract from observed spectra important information on the structure of rapidly rotating stars. [less ▲]

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See detailExtension of the DSM to welded H profile cross-sections
Rossi, Barbara ULg; Li, Yongzhen ULg

in Research and Applications in Structural Engineering, Mechanics and Computation (2013)

The objective of the paper is to assess the accuracy of current Direct Strength Method (DSM) equations applied to steel structural welded H shapes in axial compression. Commercialised hot-rolled H ... [more ▼]

The objective of the paper is to assess the accuracy of current Direct Strength Method (DSM) equations applied to steel structural welded H shapes in axial compression. Commercialised hot-rolled H sections covering IPE, HE, HD, HL, HP, W and UB profiles and made of three grades (235MPa, 355MPa and 460MPa) were treated in (Li & Rossi 2012). This analysis focuses on welded sections made of the same three grades, including sections characterized by local buckling with a significant post-buckling reserve. The finite element model is described. Then, the results of a parametric analysis using the finite element model are re-ported. The codified resistances are also compared to the numerical results. For each cross-section, the recently developed analytical expressions provided in (Seif & Schafer 2010) for hot-rolled profiles are used to cal-culate the elastic cross-section local buckling stress. A comparison with CUFSM results is also reported. Then, the possibility to use the concept of DSM for the design of structural welded steel shapes is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailL'évolution jurisprudentielle sur la compétence relative aux projets à la fois privés et publics
Van Damme, Nathalie; Donnay, Luc ULg

in Leleu, Yves-Henri (Ed.) Chroniques notariales (2013)

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See detailSatellitenbasiertes Kollisionsvermeidungssystem
Christen, Fréderic ULg; Katriniok, Alexander; Eckstein, Lutz et al

in Eckstein, Lutz; Tschöke, Helmut; Krahl, Jürgen (Eds.) et al Innovative Automobiltechnik IV (2013)

Gegenwärtig entwickelt die RWTH Aachen University im Rahmen des Projekts "Galileo above" (Anwendungszentrum für bodengebundenen Verkehr ) ein Kollisionsvermeidungssystem (Collision Avoidance System, CAS ... [more ▼]

Gegenwärtig entwickelt die RWTH Aachen University im Rahmen des Projekts "Galileo above" (Anwendungszentrum für bodengebundenen Verkehr ) ein Kollisionsvermeidungssystem (Collision Avoidance System, CAS) unter Einbeziehung von Galileo-Daten. Ziel des CAS ist - wie der Name suggeriert - Fahrzeuge zu erkennen, die sich auf Kollisionskurs mit dem eigenen Fahrzeug befinden und automatisch eine kollisionsvermeidende Maßnahme (Bremsen und/oder Lenken) einzuleiten, insofern der Fahrer nicht rechtzeitig reagiert. Der begrenzte Erfassungsbereich und die Einschränkungen, der die verwendete kosten-optimierte Sensorik unter unterschiedlichsten Umgebungsbedingungen unterliegt, sind häufig ein begrenzender Faktor für die Realisierbarkeit und Robustheit von Fahrerassistenzsystemen (FAS). Der Einsatz von GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) in Verbindung mit einer digitalen Karte und Fahrzeug-zu-Fahrzeug- bzw. Fahzeug-zu-Infrastruktur-Kommunikation bietet das Potenzial, den Erfassungsbereich der Sensorik deutlich zu erweitern und diese unter schwierigen Umgebungsbedingungen zu stützen. Für die Entwicklung des CAS wird das Galileo Testzentrum automotiveGATE in Al-denhoven genutzt. Das automotiveGATE erweitert das Aldenhoven Testing Center um sogenannte Pseudoliten (Pseudo-Satelliten), welche Galileo-ähnliche Navigati-onsdaten in einem begrenzten Gebiet ausstrahlen. Das automotiveGATE ermöglicht somit die Entwicklung und Erprobung von Galileo-basierten Applikationen vor der Inbetriebnahme des eigentlichen Galileo-Satellitennavigationssystems. Im Rahmen dieses Beitrags werden Erläuterungen zur Perzeption und Sensorfusion, zur Deeskalationsstrategie und Eingriffsentscheidung sowie zu Testergebnissen bei Auffahrsituationen des CAS gegeben. [less ▲]

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See detailConclusions de la première journée
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Destatte, Philippe; Lanneau, Catherine; Meurant-Pailhe, Fabrice (Eds.) Jules Destrée, « La Lettre au roi » et au-delà (2013)

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See detailOrdre et procédures collectives: un long fleuve tranquille?
Aydogdu, Roman ULg; Decharneux, Joëlle ULg

in La procédure d'ordre en pratique (2013)

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See detailQuantitative feed restriction programs for broiler chickens
Everaert, Nadia ULg; Buyse, Johan

in Proceedings of the 19th European Symposium on Poultry Nutrition (2013)

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See detailMacrofauna, rock magnetism and sedimentology in the Etroeungt Limestone (‘Strunian’, Uppermost Famennian) at Avesnelles (northern France)
Hubert, B.L. M.; Devleeschouwer, X.; Mistiaen, B. et al

in Whalen, M. (Ed.) Programme with Abstracts (2013)

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See detailSymposium - Echec scolaire, redoublement ou décrochage : les croyances des enseignants sous la loupe…
Fagnant, Annick ULg; Poncelet, Débora

in Congrès international. Actualité de al recherche en éducation et en formation. AREF 2013 (2013)

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See detailL'avènement des Hommes modernes en Belgique
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Bodu, Pierre; Chehmana, Lucie; Klaric, Laurent (Eds.) et al Le Paléolithique supérieur ancien de l'Europe du Nord-Ouest (2013)

In Belgium, Palaeolithic research goes back to the early 19th century, in the wake of mining and quarry work. Geology and paleontology developed early and rapidly and were economically important. As a ... [more ▼]

In Belgium, Palaeolithic research goes back to the early 19th century, in the wake of mining and quarry work. Geology and paleontology developed early and rapidly and were economically important. As a result, the earliest human history was reconstructed here entirely independently, by defining the Mousterian (Engis, 1830), Aurignacian (Montaigle), Gravettian (Trou Magrite) and Magdalenian (Chaleux) periods. Belgium, due to its central position, is in addition particularly representative of the wave of "modernity" that suddenly was adopted across northwest Europe, overlying a highly diverse and innovative cultural base during the time of the Neandertals. At this point in time, as in others, Belgium played the role of intermediary and incubator between the British Isles and the Rhineland, extending as far as the Loire. [less ▲]

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See detailPregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep: breeds, techniques and achievements
El Amiri, Bouchra; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Szenci, Otto et al

in Proceedings of the 23rd International Congress of Hungarian Association for Buiatrics (2013)

The aim of the present review is to summarize the achievements on pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep during the last 20 years on terms of results obtained after purifications, molecular biology ... [more ▼]

The aim of the present review is to summarize the achievements on pregnancy-associated glycoproteins in sheep during the last 20 years on terms of results obtained after purifications, molecular biology, radio-immunoassays (RIA), enzyme linked immune sorbent assay (ELISA), double radial immune-diffusion (Ouchterlony) and Western blot techniques. The analysis of documented papers that concerned these attempts showed that the animal genetic material used was composed of variable breeds from north Africa, Europe and USA (the Aragonesa, Ouled Djellal, Laucaun drairy sheep, Berrichone, Texel x Norvegian crossed ewes, Awassi x Merino, Blackheaded Moutton sheep x Blackheaded German Mutton sheep (BGM), Rhoen sheep crosses of BGM with Dorper sheep, Assaf, Chura, Merino, Texel, Suffolk, Boujaâd Moroccan breed). The RIA represents the wildspread technique used (54%) while Oucherlony and Western blot had been limited in use (4% each). From 1990 to 2000 only 27% of the achievements being available today were realized. The main data, profiles and studies were performed from 2000 to now (63%). To conclude, this review allows summarizing and updating the knowledge about the PAG in sheep. [less ▲]

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See detailActive network management: planning under uncertainty for exploiting load modulation
Gemine, Quentin ULg; Karangelos, Efthymios ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 2013 IREP Symposium - Bulk Power Systems Dynamics and Control - IX (2013)

This paper addresses the problem faced by a distribution system operator (DSO) when planning the operation of a network in the short-term. The problem is formulated in the context of high penetration of ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem faced by a distribution system operator (DSO) when planning the operation of a network in the short-term. The problem is formulated in the context of high penetration of renewable energy sources (RES) and distributed generation (DG), and when flexible demand is available. The problem is expressed as a sequential decision-making problem under uncertainty, where, in the first stage, the DSO has to decide whether or not to reserve the availability of flexible demand, and, in the subsequent stages, can curtail the generation and modulate the available flexible loads. We analyze the relevance of this formulation on a small test system, discuss the assumptions made, compare our approach to related work, and indicate further research directions. [less ▲]

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See detailLocalizing and comparing weight maps generated from linear kernel machine learning models
Schrouff, Jessica ULg; CREMERS, Julien ULg; GARRAUX, Gaëtan ULg et al

in 2013 Third International Workshop on Pattern Recognition in NeuroImaging (PRNI 2013): proceedings (2013)

Recently, machine learning models have been applied to neuroimaging data, allowing to make predictions about a variable of interest based on the pattern of activation or anatomy over a set of voxels ... [more ▼]

Recently, machine learning models have been applied to neuroimaging data, allowing to make predictions about a variable of interest based on the pattern of activation or anatomy over a set of voxels. These pattern recognition based methods present undeniable assets over classical (univariate) techniques, by providing predictions for unseen data, as well as the weights of each voxel in the model. However, the obtained weight map cannot be thresholded to perform regionally specific inference, leading to a difficult localization of the variable of interest. In this work, we provide local averages of the weights according to regions defined by anatomical or functional atlases (e.g. Brodmann atlas). These averages can then be ranked, thereby providing a sorted list of regions that can be (to a certain extent) compared with univariate results. Furthermore, we defined a “ranking distance”, allowing for the quantitative comparison between localized patterns. These concepts are illustrated with two datasets. [less ▲]

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See detailÉmancipation intellectuelle et émancipation politique. Entretien avec Jacques Rancière
Janvier, Antoine ULg; Cukier, Alexis; Lavergne, Cécile

in Cukier, Alexis; Lavergne, Cécile (Eds.) Actualité des concepts d'aliénation et d'émancipation (2013)

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See detailAn Optimistic Posterior Sampling Strategy for Bayesian Reinforcement Learning
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Korda, Nathan; Munos, Rémi

in NIPS 2013 Workshop on Bayesian Optimization (BayesOpt2013) (2013)

We consider the problem of decision making in the context of unknown Markov decision processes with finite state and action spaces. In a Bayesian reinforcement learning framework, we propose an optimistic ... [more ▼]

We consider the problem of decision making in the context of unknown Markov decision processes with finite state and action spaces. In a Bayesian reinforcement learning framework, we propose an optimistic posterior sampling strategy based on the maximization of state-action value functions of MDPs sampled from the posterior. First experiments are promising. [less ▲]

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See detailTraitement de la coordination dans le Syntactic Reference Corpus of Medieval French (SRCMF)
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg

in Casanova Herrero, Emili; Calvo Rigual, Cesareo (Eds.) Actes du XXVIe Congrès de Linguistique et Philologie Romanes (2013)

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See detailWorkshops as tools for creative collaboration: finding a balance between facilitation and auto-organization
Elsen, Catherine ULg; Cornet, Adeline; Antoine, Mélanie

in Proceedings of Co-Create 2013 (2013)

This paper analyses four settings of so-called collaborative “creative workshops” (their methods, logistics, regulation processes) and provide peepholes on their respective features, with the informed ... [more ▼]

This paper analyses four settings of so-called collaborative “creative workshops” (their methods, logistics, regulation processes) and provide peepholes on their respective features, with the informed goals of defining criteria for comparison, finding shared essence and distinctive characteristics. Key aspects such as time, facilitation and auto-organization shape a “creative continuum” that formalizes how creativity can be stimulated and how participants might collaboratively develop creative behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailDes données de perception et de performance pour réguler un dispositif en ligne
Jacquet, Maud ULg; Georges, François ULg; Michiels, Laurence ULg et al

in Colloque scientifique international portant sur les TIC en éducation : bilan, enjeux actuels et perspectives futures (2013)

En 2010, pour la première fois en Communauté française de Belgique, un même cours de médecine vétérinaire a été proposé par un même enseignant à quatre universités. L’enseignant désigné pour cette ... [more ▼]

En 2010, pour la première fois en Communauté française de Belgique, un même cours de médecine vétérinaire a été proposé par un même enseignant à quatre universités. L’enseignant désigné pour cette expérience a bénéficié d’un accompagnement technopédagogique de l’IFRES (ULg) pour concevoir son cours. Dans cet article, nous décrirons le dispositif en ligne, nous présenterons l’usage que les apprenants en ont eu, leurs perceptions et leurs performances. L’objet de cette analyse est principalement d'offrir à l’enseignant des informations utiles pour réguler son cours. [less ▲]

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See detailEssai de typologie des exploitations agricoles axées sur le financement de la production agricole au Bénin
Sossou, Comlan ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Hinnou Cossi Léonard

in Société Française d'Economie Rurale (Ed.) 7èmes Journées de Recherches en Sciences Sociales : actes du colloque (2013)

La mondialisation et la libéralisation économique qui s’imposent dans les pays du Sud, touchent aujourd’hui largement le secteur agricole et pose la problématique du financement de l’agriculture avec une ... [more ▼]

La mondialisation et la libéralisation économique qui s’imposent dans les pays du Sud, touchent aujourd’hui largement le secteur agricole et pose la problématique du financement de l’agriculture avec une acuité nouvelle. Les agricultures familiales ont besoin de s’intensifier, de se moderniser, de financer l’innovation technique, organisationnelle, etc. Le plus souvent, leur seule capacité d’autofinancement ne suffit pas à financer cette modernisation. Leurs besoins en services financiers portent sur diverses formes de crédit mais varie suivant les catégories d’exploitants agricoles. Le présent article s’est intéressé à analyser la dynamique du financement de la production agricole en lien avec le type d’exploitation agricole. Cet essai de typologie est fait à l’aide d’une méthode statistique basée sur l’analyse multi-variée et spécifiquement une analyse en composantes principales (ACP). Cette analyse a été appliquée à un échantillon de 475 exploitants agricoles. Les résultats montrent que les exploitants agricoles sont diversifiés et sont répartis en quatre types (pauvres et vulnérables, pauvres, riches et plus prospères) qui se distinguent par leur niveau de revenu, leur capacité d’investissement et leur accessibilité aux microcrédits. Les perceptions de l’accès aux crédits et de leur utilisation varient selon les différentes catégories d’exploitants agricoles. Dans tous les cas, il se dégage que les exploitants le plus prospère développement et adoptent des stratégies qui facilitent leur accès aux crédits et ainsi à l’investissement agricole. [less ▲]

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See detailApports des configurations spatiales augmentées aux activités de formation par projet
Ben Rajeb, Samia ULg; Leclercq, Pierre ULg

in van de Leemput, Cécile; Chauvin, Christine; Hellemans, Catherine (Eds.) Activités humaines, technologies et bien être (2013)

Cet article présente et discute l’analyse des implications de quatre configurations spatiales augmentées (CSA) sur des activités collaboratives en formation par projet. Ces configurations sont permises ... [more ▼]

Cet article présente et discute l’analyse des implications de quatre configurations spatiales augmentées (CSA) sur des activités collaboratives en formation par projet. Ces configurations sont permises grâce au dispositif Studio Digital Collaboratif, dont le logiciel SketSha (Sketch Sharing) permet le partage d’annotations et de documents graphiques à distance et en temps réel. L’analyse de ces implications est conduite ici de façon qualitative et selon quatre axes, mettant en évidence leurs atouts et limitations : - la réalisation de soi : développement des compétences en situations de conception collaborative; - la production collective : requalification du document comme objet intermédiaire pour la collaboration; - les relations entre les acteurs : reconsidération de la hiérarchie et émergence d'une synchronisation cognitive; - la requalification des espaces de travail : remise en cause de la dichotomie co-présence / à distance dans les collaborations synchrones. [less ▲]

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See detailSurface properties of concrete and criteria for adhesion of repair systems
Courard, Luc ULg; Garbacz, Andrzej; Piotrowski, Tomasz et al

in Van Gemert, Dionys; Kabashi, Naser; Nushi, Violeta (Eds.) et al Proceedings of the 1st Symposium on Polymers in Concrete (2013)

Before any repair operation, an effective assessment of the concrete substrate has to be performed. Usually next to the surface reparation of concrete, evaluation of the cohesion of the superficial ... [more ▼]

Before any repair operation, an effective assessment of the concrete substrate has to be performed. Usually next to the surface reparation of concrete, evaluation of the cohesion of the superficial concrete is requested for adhesion and durability reasons. Many authors describe the influence of the surface preparation technique on the superficial cohesion of concrete or the adhesion. However, the real effects of surface preparation technique only begin to be investigated in terms of superficial microcracking or roughness quantification. This project was performed in regards to the influence of concrete substrate strength and preparation technique efficiency. The effect of the concrete removal/preparation technique is most likely dependent upon the nature and the quality of the concrete substrate. Preparation techniques are compared from the point of view of concrete removing but also potential deterioration. The visual observation of the concrete surfaces indicates that the high pressure water jetting technique induces a particular texture characterized by large waves mostly parallel to the water flow. The concrete slabs have afterwards been covered with a Self-Compacting Repair Mortar and adhesion has been characterized. [less ▲]

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See detailLes besoins sociaux et économiques de la collectivité dans le droit de l’aménagement du territoire et de l’urbanisme
Pâques, Michel ULg; Donnay, Luc ULg; Vercheval, Cécile ULg

in Delnoy, Michel; Born, Charles-Hubert; Van Damme, Nathalie (Eds.) Le droit de l’aménagement du territoire et de l’urbanisme, 50 ans après la loi organique (2013)

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See detailRelation oeuvre/spectateur : quels modèles pour décrire une réception active?
Servais, Christine ULg

in Delhalle, Nancy (Ed.) Le théâtre et ses publics - la création partagée (2013)

L'article s'interroge sur la façon dont il faut décrire la relation oeuvre/spectateur si l'on souhaite que le modèle puisse donner une place au spectateur sans néanmoins la déterminer. Après un examen des ... [more ▼]

L'article s'interroge sur la façon dont il faut décrire la relation oeuvre/spectateur si l'on souhaite que le modèle puisse donner une place au spectateur sans néanmoins la déterminer. Après un examen des enjeux (épistémologiques et politiques) de ces questions, il conclut sur l'intérêt qu'il y aurait, si l'on souhaite suivre les propositions de Rancière sur l'"efficacité paradoxale" des oeuvres, à référer les études de réception à un modèle de la communication fondé sur le malentendu. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of shear and pull-off tests for testing adhesion of different content limestone fillers mortars used as repair system
Chendes, Remus; Dan, Sorin; Courard, Luc ULg

in STOIAN, Valeriu; DAN, Daniel; BOB, Corneliu (Eds.) et al Construction sustainability: efficient solution for design, execution and rehabilitation of the building (2013)

When a repair operation is performed and a new concrete or mortar is applied on the old concrete substrate, it is very important to have a good bond between the old concrete layer and the repair concrete ... [more ▼]

When a repair operation is performed and a new concrete or mortar is applied on the old concrete substrate, it is very important to have a good bond between the old concrete layer and the repair concrete system. The bond strengths usually determinate using pure tensile tests (pull-off tests) because of the field applicability of this category of tests. However, in most of the applications, shear stress is the main reason of the bond failure. In general, bond strength under tensile is considered smaller than bond strength in shear stress conditions. The objective of this paper is to compare the results obtained from tensile and shear tests and to potentially determine a mathematical relation between shear and tension. The materials used for tests are Ordinary Portland Cement and modified limestone fillers mortars. Specific humidity storage conditions have been selected. [less ▲]

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See detailMyeloid Hif1alpha counteracts allergic airway sensitization in mice through macrophage-mediated immunoregulation
Toussaint, Marie ULg; Fievez, Laurence ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg et al

in Abstract book of Keystone Symposium "Myeloid Cells: Regulation and Inflammation" (2013)

Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF) has important roles in promoting pro-inflammatory and bactericidal functions in myeloid cells. Conditional genetic ablation of its major subunit Hif1alpha in the myeloid ... [more ▼]

Hypoxia Inducible Factor (HIF) has important roles in promoting pro-inflammatory and bactericidal functions in myeloid cells. Conditional genetic ablation of its major subunit Hif1alpha in the myeloid lineage consequently results in decreased inflammatory responses in classical models of acute inflammation in mice. In contrast, we observed that mice conditionally deficient for Hif1alpha in myeloid cells display enhanced sensitivity to the development of airway allergy to the experimental allergen ovalbumin as well as to house dust mite antigens. Following allergen exposure, these mice indeed developed enhanced allergen-specific T cell responses due to augmented activation of lung dendritic cells. Further analyses supported the idea that upon allergen exposure, MyD88-dependent upregulation of Hif1alpha boosts the expression of the immunosuppressive cytokine Interleukin (IL)-10 by lung interstitial macrophages. Interstitial macrophage-derived IL-10 in turn counteracts allergen-induced lung dendritic cell activation, consequently preventing the development of allergen-specific T cell responses. Thus, this study supports that, in addition to its known pro-inflammatory activities, myeloid Hif1alpha possesses immunoregulatory functions implicated in the prevention of airway allergy. [less ▲]

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See detailMutations urbaines et problématique d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans une zone urbaine d'un pays en développement : cas de la ville de Yaoundé (Centre-Cameroun)
Kouam Kenmogne, Guy-Romain; Djomou Bopda, Serge Laurent; Rosillon, Francis ULg

in Actes du 5ème colloque international Water resources and sustainable development (2013)

La présente étude réalisée dans le bassin versant de l'Abiergué à Yaoundé (Cameroun) a permis de mettre en exergue les lacunes liées aux services d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans le ... [more ▼]

La présente étude réalisée dans le bassin versant de l'Abiergué à Yaoundé (Cameroun) a permis de mettre en exergue les lacunes liées aux services d'accès à l'eau potable et à l'assainissement dans le processus d'urbanisation galopante et non planifiée d'une ville ou d'un pays en développement. Les ménages ont recours au réseau conventionnel (40,3 %), puits (37,1 %), sources (10,1 %), bornes fontaines (9,2 %) et forages (2,4 %) pour couvrir leurs besoins en eau. L'évacuation des excrétas se fait au travers des latrines à fond perdu (58,7 %), latrines à canon (7,7 %), latrines améliorées (5,5 %) et wc modernes avec fosse (24,1 %). Les déchets solides sont évacués suivant divers canaux : bacs publics (49,1 %), enlèvement direct par le concessionnaire (20,2 %), terrains vagues (13,8 %), fosses (6,3 %), rigoles (5,5 %) et service de précollecte (1,7 %). Il incombe en premier aux pouvoirs publics aidés par les acteurs non institutionnels d'y apporter des solutions malgré les pesanteurs d'ordre social, économique et foncier. [less ▲]

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See detailEmploi des types de subordination dans un corpus ltin
Denooz, Joseph ULg

in Bodelot, Collette (Ed.) Morphologie, syntaxe et sémantique des subordonnants (2013)

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See detailA DDM double sweep preconditioner for the Helmholtz equation with matrix probing of the DtN map
Vion, Alexandre ULg; Bélanger-Rioux, R.; Demanet, L. et al

in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Waves (WAVES 2013) (2013)

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See detailArt on the lagoon: Eliasson at the Biennale of Venice
Szanto, Catherine ULg; Gay, Fabrizio; Ballarin, Matteo

in Newman, Conor; Nussaume, Yann; Pedroli, Bas (Eds.) Landscape and Imagination. Towards a new baseline for education in a changing world (2013)

The Biennales of Venice are not limited to exhibitions in national pavilions. Every year artists and architects choose to confront the site and more specifically, the lagoon. In the edition of 2005, the ... [more ▼]

The Biennales of Venice are not limited to exhibitions in national pavilions. Every year artists and architects choose to confront the site and more specifically, the lagoon. In the edition of 2005, the artist O. Eliasson proposed an installation (Your black horizon, 2005) where the visitors left the wide expanse and intense light of the lagoon to enter a darkened enclosed space with subtle light effects. These aesthetic experiences enhanced the visitors’ perception of light by changing the usual spatiality and temporality of colour. We will analyze the role of memory in the rite of the visit, and look at how the museal strategies of the artist create a play with spatial memory and sense of orientation in relation to the outdoor space of the lagoon. [less ▲]

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See detailThieu Litchi production in Thanh Ha district (Hai Duong province, Vietnam) : producers and extension services strategies
Rouchet, François ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg; Ton, Vu Dinh

in Dusan Kovacevic, Kovacevic (Ed.) Book of proceedings - Fourth International Scientific Symposium „Agrosym 2013“ (2013)

The Thanh Ha district (Haï Duong province, North-Vietnam) has a long history of traditional Thanh Ha Thieu litchis cultivar production. However, the price paid to the farmers for this traditional ... [more ▼]

The Thanh Ha district (Haï Duong province, North-Vietnam) has a long history of traditional Thanh Ha Thieu litchis cultivar production. However, the price paid to the farmers for this traditional cultivation has been reducing significantly for more than 10 years. In this communication, recent evolution of Thanh Ha Thieu litchis production and strategies established by producers in order to face the fall in price are studied and a diagnosis of the agricultural extension services involved in Thanh Ha Thieu litchi production is drawn up. Primary data were collected in 2012 through personal interviews and focus groups with multiple stakeholders, authorities and extension organisms and a survey of producers' households made with semi-structured questionnaires. Substantial reduction of litchis production participation in total household incomes was revealed. In parallel, Thieu litchis plantations superficies fall down being converted in favor of new fruit species or in favor of other litchis varieties depending on the production area operating a diversification process. Moreover, progressive abandonment of not converted plantations is marked by plantations cares reduction. In the past five years, all agricultural extension sessions about litchis production have been initiated and organized by the authorities at province and district level collaborating with input supply privat companies. Various inefficiency problems are highlighted such as disequilibrium in training session access, relative trainings uselessness or mismatch between producers' training demand and offer. [less ▲]

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See detailLes relations père/fille dans le Roman en prose de Guillaume d'Orange
Henrard, Nadine ULg

in Füg-Pierreville, Corinne (Ed.) Les relations entre les hommes et les femmes dans la Chanson de geste. Actes du colloque international de Lyon des 28 et 29 novembre 2011 (2013)

Etude des relations entre les pères et leur(s) fille(s) dans le Cycle de Guillaume d'Orange, et en particulier dans sa mise en prose, qui récrit vers 1450 treize des vingt-quatre chansons du cycle, pour ... [more ▼]

Etude des relations entre les pères et leur(s) fille(s) dans le Cycle de Guillaume d'Orange, et en particulier dans sa mise en prose, qui récrit vers 1450 treize des vingt-quatre chansons du cycle, pour voir si ce texte tardif modifie les données des poèmes quant à ce lien de parenté. Sont étudiés les aspects affectifs de la paternité et le rôle des pères dans la destinée des filles, ce qui permet d'envisager la manière dont est traitée dans les textes littéraires la problématique du consentement des filles au moment du mariage. Alors que Boniface représente pour Hermengart un père affectueux et attentif aux souhaits de son héritière, Aymeri et Louis sont pour leurs filles respectives des pères peu impliqués, qui délèguent à Guillaume la négociation des alliances matrimoniales. C'est donc un frère ou un oncle maternel qui se substitue à un père encore actif pour régler le sort des filles. Cet effacement des pères s'explique littérairement par la volonté de promouvoir le héros éponyme du cycle en chef de clan, mais la question est de savoir une réalité historique vient soutenir ce phénomène qui substitue l'autorité du frère à celle du père. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the glucose metabolism of the embryonic and neonatal broiler chicks by injection of insulin
Franssens, L.; Lesuisse, J.; Koppenol, A. et al

in EAAP series (2013)

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