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See detailExposer l'art conceptuel: entre oeuvre d'art et concept
Eloy, Céline ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (0 ULg)
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See detailMercury in the blood of free ranging pinnipeds: levels, sources of variation, toxicocinetic and potential impact using an in vitro model
Das, Krishna ULg; Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg; Habran, Sarah ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Despite 30 years of international regulations, Hg levels in marine mammals have not decreased. Various environmental models even suggest a rise of mercury in the biota during the next decades, linked to ... [more ▼]

Despite 30 years of international regulations, Hg levels in marine mammals have not decreased. Various environmental models even suggest a rise of mercury in the biota during the next decades, linked to climate change. The objective of this study is (1) to assess Hg levels in blood samples of free-ranging pinnipeds, (2) to understand level variation during different periods of life (gestation, lactation, fasting) and potential impact on lymphocytes using a preliminary in vitro model (peripheral blood mononuclear cells, PBMC). Blood samples were collected from harbour seals (Phoca vitulina n= 22) from the North Sea and from elephant seals from the Californian coast (Mirounga angustirostris 12 females and 12 pups). Harbour seal PBMC were isolated, set in medium culture and contaminated with methyl-Hg (1 µM). Biological tests and proteomic assay were realized on control and contaminated PBMC. Hg levels were from the same order of magnitude for the two species despite two different lifestyles and habitats: from 40 to 590 ng.g-1 fw in harbour seal and from 63 to 919 ng.g-1 fw in elephant seal. Hg concentrations in the blood depend upon several factors such as body weight, fasting and lactation duration for mothers and pups. After 21 days of lactation, female elephant seals doubled their blood Hg levels (from 308 to 593 ng.g-1fw) while a decrease is observed for pups. This increase is linked to mobilization from blubber and muscle during fasting associated to lactation. Cell model revealed an in vitro effect of Hg even at low concentration (1µM). Number of PBMC, viability, metabolic activity, DNA and RNA synthesis were reduced in vitro suggesting deleterious effects of Hg in concentrations encountered in free-ranging pinnipeds. Knowing that Hg methylation in the ocean is linked to temperature, one can wonder on Hg levels (and effects) in pinnipeds during the next decades. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (3 ULg)
See detailEHEC dialogue with eucaryotic cells
Mainil, Jacques ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
See detailCreation of Dicke States in Distant Qubits with Linear Optics
Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
See detailPsychanalyse et psychothérapie psychanalytique
Naziri, Despina ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
See detailGeneration of Dicke states in Distant Matter Qubits with Linear Optics
Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
See detailY a-t-il un discours universitaire dans la salle (de cours)?
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailGESTION DU RISQUE LORS DU TRANSFERT DE METHODES ANALYTIQUES – CAS D’UNE METHODE BIOANALYTIQUE
Rozet, Eric ULg; Dewe, W.; Morello, R. et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe development of extended type noun uses : a comparison between English sort/kind and French sorte/espèce
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Willemse, Peter; Davidse, Kristin

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (0 ULg)
See detailA Nested Model of the Cariaco Basin: Study of the Hydrography and Interactions with the Open Ocean
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg; Virmani, J. I. et al

Conference (2007)

The circulation of the Cariaco Basin (Venezuela) is modeled using the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) nested in the global 1/12 degree Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). The objective of this work ... [more ▼]

The circulation of the Cariaco Basin (Venezuela) is modeled using the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) nested in the global 1/12 degree Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM). The objective of this work is to obtain a better understanding of the Cariaco Basin circulation by studying the processes that link the basin with the Caribbean Sea. To our knowledge, this is the first attempt to model the circulation in the Cariaco Basin with a nested high resolution hydrodynamical model. In particular, we examined the interaction of the Cariaco Basin with the large-scale, open-ocean processes, as the westward Caribbean Current and the eastward subsurface counter-current flowing along the South America Caribbean coast. These two current systems connect the Cariaco Basin with the Caribbean Sea waters, and therefore are directly related to the ventilation of the basin. By studying the kinematics and dynamics of the Cariaco Basin we anticipate gaining a better understanding on how the past conditions affected the basin characteristics and hence the geological records obtained from the basin sediments. We will report on several years of observations from the continuous monitoring of currents within the basin, plus analyses of year-long model runs that provide a basin-wide, three-dimensional context for the circulation. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHypnosis-related analgesia: a thulium-YAG fMRI study
Vanhaudenhuyse, Audrey ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
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See detailRespiratory distress syndrome in full-term newborn calves
Rollin, Frédéric ULg; Danlois, Fabien; Aliaoui, Hamani et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 148 (7 ULg)
See detailAssimilation of High-Frequency Radar Currents in a Nested Model of the West Florida Shelf
Barth, Alexander ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Weisberg, R. H.

Conference (2007)

High-frequency radar currents are assimilated in a West Florida Shelf (WFS) model based on the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS), which is nested in the Atlantic Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) for ... [more ▼]

High-frequency radar currents are assimilated in a West Florida Shelf (WFS) model based on the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS), which is nested in the Atlantic Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) for the purpose of including both local and deep-ocean forcing, particularly the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current. Tides are not included in this model. An ensemble simulation of the WFS model is carried out under different wind-forcings in order to estimate the error covariance of the model state vector and the covariance between ocean currents and winds. Radial currents measured by high-frequency radar antennas near Saint Petersburg and Venice, Florida, USA, are assimilated using this ensemble-based error covariance. Different assimilation techniques using a time-average ensemble, a filter to reduce surface-gravity waves and an extended state vector including wind stress were tested. Results of the WFS model assimilating surface currents show an improvement of the model currents not only at the surface but also at depth. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (3 ULg)
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See detailL'Etat, les marchés des produits agricoles et le paysan
Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 54 (10 ULg)
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See detailComparative analysis of melting properties, polymorphic behavior and triacylglycerol composition of palm oil and fractions
Braipson, Sabine ULg; Gibon, Véronique; Deroanne, Claude

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (4 ULg)
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See detailThe Pleistocene Labrador Sea, northwest North Atlantic (IODP Sites 1302/03, 1305 and ODP Site 646) with highlights on warm interglacials
De Vernal, A.; Hillaire-Marcel, C.; McKay, J. et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
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See detailHolocene instabilities in GIN sea overflows based on mineralogical and Nd/Pb isotopic sedimentary records
Simon, Q.; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Mattielli et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailLow-temperature chemical vapor deposition of highly-doped n-type epitaxial Si at high growth rate
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Loo, Roger; Caymax, Matty

Conference (2007)

We investigated the growth of in-situ n-type doped epitaxial Si layers with arsenic and phosphorus by means of low-temperature chemical vapor deposition using trisilane as Si-precursor. Indeed, in order ... [more ▼]

We investigated the growth of in-situ n-type doped epitaxial Si layers with arsenic and phosphorus by means of low-temperature chemical vapor deposition using trisilane as Si-precursor. Indeed, in order to prevent the alteration of the characteristics of the devices which are already present on the wafer, an epitaxy process at low temperature is highly desired for applications such as BiCMOS. In this work, the varying parameters are the deposition temperature, the Si-precursor mass flow and the dopant gas flow. As a result, a process for the deposition of heavily doped epilayers was demonstrated at 600 °C with high deposition rate, which is important for maintaining high throughput and low process cost. We showed that using trisilane as a Si-precursor resulted in a much more linear n-type doping behavior than using dichlorosilane. Therefore it allowed an easier process control and a wider dynamic doping range. Our process is an interesting route for the epitaxy of a low-resistance emitter layer for bipolar transistor application. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
See detailDEVELOPMENT OF AN INTRAPERITONEAL IMPLANT FOR THE ENDOMETRIOSIS TREATMENT
Krier, Fabrice ULg; Nizet, Dominique; Riva, Raphaël ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (6 ULg)
See detailNotre assiette aujourd'hui et demain
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
See detailSupercritical fluid technology to produce solid lipid microparticles
Nizet, Dominique; Jaspart, Séverine ULg; Brion, Michael et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (3 ULg)
Full Text
See detailExperimental models/cell model: organotypic cultures
Jacobs, Nathalie ULg; Delvenne, Philippe ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (0 ULg)
See detailActualités en droit pénal social
Maréchal, Benoît ULg

Conference (2007)

Introduction to the social criminal law.

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (0 ULg)
See detailReal time TEC monitoring using triple frequency GNSS data : a three step approach
Spits, Justine; Warnant, René ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (1 ULg)
See detailQuantum imaging with incoherent photons
von Zanthier, J.; Thiel, C.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (6 ULg)
See detailHybrid Model for Kp prediction, combining solar wind and magnetometer data
Kutiev, Ivan; Andonov, B.; Muhtarov, P. et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
See detailThe metabolome of developing pea seeds
Vigeolas, Hélène ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (1 ULg)
See detailCreation of Dicke States in Distant Qubits with Linear Optics
Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 1 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailHmty-km and the egyptian bronzes polychromy:A study of the Egyptian collection of the Louvre museum
Mathis, François ULg; Delange, Elisabeth; Robcis, Dominique et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
See detailShort Course on Validation
Rudaz, Serge; Hubert, Philippe ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
See detailQuantum imaging with incoherent photons
von Zanthier, J.; Thiel, C.; Bastin, Thierry ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (3 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailApplication of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS) to the determination of transition probabilities of laser lines in Au II spectrum
Ortiz, M.; Mayo, R.; Biémont, Emile ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Experimental branching fractions for laser lines arising from excited states of 5d97s configuration of Au II have been determined by application of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). The ... [more ▼]

Experimental branching fractions for laser lines arising from excited states of 5d97s configuration of Au II have been determined by application of Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS). The experimental relative transition probabilities were converted into an absolute scale using theoretical values for the radiative lifetimes of the corresponding states, calculated in this work. Transition probabilities and radiative lifetimes have been determined by a relativistic Hartree - Fock method taking configuration interaction and core-polarization effects into account. A comparison of the present results with the available theoretical values has been made and shows a reasonable agreement although discrepancies are observed between theory and experiment for some transitions. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCapital social et variables socio-démographiques : quelle valeur ajoutée ?
Italiano, Patrick ULg; Jacquemain, Marc ULg

Conference (2007)

The paper presents a multivariate analysis of survey data to assess in what measure indicators of social capital keep an explanatory power when we control main socio-demographic variables. The result is ... [more ▼]

The paper presents a multivariate analysis of survey data to assess in what measure indicators of social capital keep an explanatory power when we control main socio-demographic variables. The result is that those variable do not absorb the totality of the effect of social capital but the remaining impact is weak. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (4 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailAn activity-based approach for surveying and modelling travel behaviour: analysis of the mixed-mode design effects
Cools, Mario ULg; Moons, Elke; Wets, Geert

Conference (2007)

Reports from various international organisations, like for instance the European Commission’s White paper “European transport policy for 2010: time to decide” show that policy makers acknowledge the ... [more ▼]

Reports from various international organisations, like for instance the European Commission’s White paper “European transport policy for 2010: time to decide” show that policy makers acknowledge the increasing importance of mobility. Mobility is not just considered to be a cornerstone for economic growth, but also seen as a social need that offers people the opportunity for self-fulfilment and relaxation. In order to lead an efficient policy, governments require reliable predictions of travel behaviour, traffic performance, and traffic safety. Thus, traffic and transportation models can provide the right framework to support long-term decisions. On an international level, activity-based models have become one of the leading paradigms to model travel behaviour. The most important characteristic of these models is that travel is considered as a derivative from the activities that individuals and households need or wish to perform. This means that travel is no longer seen as an isolated fact in these models, which is a great advantage in comparison to the classic models. The development of activity-based models requires very specific data. Since a special emphasis was laid on the dynamic character of the model, both the planned and executed activities were surveyed. 2500 households were selected using a stratified cluster technique. The selected household were asked to fill out an activity-diary and to report rescheduling decisions during a one-week period. Approximately one half of the households received a PDA-module; the other half was surveyed by means of a traditional paper-and-pencil diary. Although both data collection modes were designed in such way that the correspondence of the questions was optimised, it remains essential to identify differences in the data that are introduced by using multiple modes. This paper starts with describing the differences that existed in the questionnaire design of the two modes, and then further explores the statistical differences in terms of some key observations, such as average number of trips reported, and average travel time. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (1 ULg)
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See detailNeonatal screening of hemoglobinopathies on dried blood
BOEMER, François ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (6 ULg)
See detailError analysis of a high-resolution physical model of the Mediterranean Sea
Vandenbulcke, Luc ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg et al

Conference (2007)

We analyze the errors that are inevitably associated to hydrodynamic models, in a realistic case. The error of the GHER model in the Mediterranean Sea has already been studied in e.g. Beckers et al. (2000 ... [more ▼]

We analyze the errors that are inevitably associated to hydrodynamic models, in a realistic case. The error of the GHER model in the Mediterranean Sea has already been studied in e.g. Beckers et al. (2000) by comparing it with other primitive equation models, or in Alvera (2004) by comparing the model with observations and with the climatology, using usual statistical methods and also wavelet decompositions. In this study, we rather study the sensitivity of the model to various variables using an ensemble of models. We chose a relatively high resolution, 1/16°, corresponding to the resolution now used in operational OGCMs covering the Mediterranean, such as the MFS system (http://www.bo.ingv.it/mfs). We explain how we generated an ensemble of model simulations, where various more-or-less well known inputs are allowed to vary according to the uncertainty affecting them. Statistics calculated on this ensemble are, in fact, the response of the non-linear hydrodynamic system to errors on the forcing terms. When those statistics are calculated at a certain timestep, they allow us to provide a spatial analysis of the model error; statistics calculated over the time dimension will show whether errors are intensified by the system, or rather disappear. The model error is interesting as such. However, it can also be used for different purposes. For example, it allows using data assimilation techniques without needing the usual assumptions of reduced-rank Kalman Filters. It also allows studying the sensitivity of coupled model (biological, oil spill, search-and-rescue, …) to physical forcings. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (2 ULg)
See detailMood Food
Goffin, Dorothée ULg

Conference (2007)

Mood-food can be understood as a nutrition substance, which is able to influence the good disposition of a person. Regulation is made by Neurotransmitters such as endorphins, serotonin, norepinephine and ... [more ▼]

Mood-food can be understood as a nutrition substance, which is able to influence the good disposition of a person. Regulation is made by Neurotransmitters such as endorphins, serotonin, norepinephine and dopamine, made from amino acids through chemical pathways requiring vitamins and minerals as cofactors. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
See detailEvolution des eucaryotes au précambrien
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
See detailShort Course on Method validation
Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Hubert, Philippe ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailEmission of alarm pheromone in aphids : a contagious phenomenon ?
Verheggen, François ULg; Schwartzberg, Ezra; Haubruge, Eric ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (4 ULg)
See detailQuantification of Tropospheric Activity according to Double Differences Analysis of GNSS Phases Records.
Brenot, Hugues; Lejeune, Sandrine; Wautelet, Gilles ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCarbon xerogels as catalyst supports for PEM fuel cell cathode
Job, Nathalie ULg; Marie, Julien; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAlpha-smooth muscle actin immunoreactivity in the human ileum: playing foul play?
Wedel, Theo; Waltregny, David ULg; Bogers, J. P. et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailThe white matter damage in neonates by inflammation
Battisti, Oreste ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (3 ULg)
See detailEvaluation of Analytical Method Transfer on a Risk Based Methodology using Total Error
Rozet, Eric ULg; Dewe, W.; Govaerts, B. et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (8 ULg)
See detailHow become waxed and wax became a copula
Petré, Peter ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
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See detailObjectivité de la solution d'un problème d'excavation de cavité
Sieffert, Yannick; Collin, Frédéric ULg; Chambon, René

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (3 ULg)
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See detailLes consommateurs : entre attentes et pratiques
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 27 (6 ULg)
See detailTotal Error-Based Criterion for Analytical Method Transfer Experiments
Rozet, Eric ULg; Dewe, W.; Boulanger, Bruno ULg et al

Conference (2007)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
See detailGene regulation in Arabidopsis halleri, a model system to understand zinc homeostasis in plants.
Hanikenne, Marc ULg; Talke, Ina N.; Lanz, Christa et al

Conference (2006, December 18)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
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See detailLarge-scale groundwater modelling in the Walloon part of the Meuse basin: challenges and first steps
Brouyère, Serge ULg; Orban, Philippe ULg

Conference (2006, December 14)

This presentation described the first steps in the development of large (groundwater body) scale groundwater flow and transport modelling in the Meuse district

Detailed reference viewed: 5 (0 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailCattedrale e collegiali di Liegi
Corswarem, Emilie ULg

Conference (2006, December 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (0 ULg)
See detailSorties d’écoles et chemins de l’insertion : un parcours brouillé
Farvaque, Nicolas; Moulaert, Thibault; Orianne, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2006, December 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (2 ULg)
See detailL’interférence de l’ARN (ARNi): un mécanisme fondamental longtemps ignoré
Cornet, Anne ULg

Conference (2006, December 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
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See detailSyndrome de Hoffmann aux urgences
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2006, December 05)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (27 ULg)
See detailCalcification and transparent exopolymer particles (TEP) production in batch cultures of Emiliania huxleyi exposed to different pCO2
De Bodt, Caroline; d'Hoop, Quentin; Harlay, Jérôme ULg et al

Conference (2006, December 04)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (0 ULg)
See detailComprehensive auroral imaging of Saturn during the International Heliophysical Year
Nichols, J. D.; Clarke, J. T.; Duval, J. et al

Conference (2006, December 01)

As part of the International Heliophysical Year in 2007, a large-scale campaign is planned to observe the UV auroras of Jupiter and Saturn with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). In this talk we will ... [more ▼]

As part of the International Heliophysical Year in 2007, a large-scale campaign is planned to observe the UV auroras of Jupiter and Saturn with the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). In this talk we will provide an overview of the Saturn campaign. Previous HST observations of Saturn's auroras have greatly extended our knowledge of the processes that occur in the planet's magnetosphere. In particular, Saturn's main oval auroras vary much more than Jupiter's in terms of latitudinal position and extent, and have been shown to be correlated with the conditions in the solar wind. However, these campaigns have generally been limited by their short-term nature, and in order to establish exactly how the auroras depend on the solar wind we must make observations continually over at least one complete solar rotation. This is the goal of the 2007 campaign, in which Saturn will be observed for a period of 30 days in January and February. The timing is fortuitous since not only will the planet be in opposition, allowing near-Earth measurements of the interplanetary medium to be extrapolated to Saturn's orbit, the Cassini spacecraft will be in a position to obtain in-situ plasma and magnetic field measurements from the magnetosphere and solar wind. Cassini will also make observations of Saturn's UV and SKR emissions throughout the campaign, and the planet will be observed by ground-based IR and radio telescopes. Here we provide a brief review of our current understanding of Saturn's auroras, along with an overview of the coordinated observations planned at Saturn and the key science goals we aim to address. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailMagnetotail topology around substorm onset time
Meurant, M.; Donovan, E. F.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg et al

Conference (2006, December 01)

The time evolution of the magnetotail topology during minutes preceding and following substorm onset is an important question of the magnetospheric dynamic. The substorm onset is a local and explosive ... [more ▼]

The time evolution of the magnetotail topology during minutes preceding and following substorm onset is an important question of the magnetospheric dynamic. The substorm onset is a local and explosive phenomenon, which makes it difficult to describe with in situ data. In this study, we investigate this problem thanks the remote sensing data provided by the FUV camera onboard the IMAGE spacecraft. In the first part of this study, we use a set of IMAGE-FUV and GOES-8 simultaneous observations obtained during substorms periods to develop a model of the magnetic field elevation angle at geosynchronous orbit. In the second part, we use a set of 259 substorms observed by the IMAGE spacecraft between 2000 and 2002. Taking advantage of the global scale of the observations provided by IMAGE-FUV, we describe the time evolution of the magnetotail topology provided by the model. An interesting result shows that the field is symmetrically stretched around the onset position before the onset time and this symmetry is broken after onset, with a more important stretching duskward to the onset. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (9 ULg)
See detailSaturn's Auroras and Polar Atmosphere from Cassini UVIS
Pryor, W. R.; West, R.; Larsen, K. et al

Conference (2006, December 01)

Cassini's Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) has completed two years of study of Saturn's atmosphere and auroras. Two long slit spectral channels are used to obtain EUV data from 56.3-118.2 nm and ... [more ▼]

Cassini's Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph (UVIS) has completed two years of study of Saturn's atmosphere and auroras. Two long slit spectral channels are used to obtain EUV data from 56.3-118.2 nm and FUV data from 111.5-191.3 nm. 64 spatial pixels along each slit are combined with slit motion to construct spectral images of Saturn, with sufficient spatial resolution to image Saturn's auroral oval when Cassini leaves Saturn's equatorial plane. We will present new images and time-series data from summer 2006. Detailed spectral models of molecular hydrogen auroral emissions that include hydrocarbon absorption and hydrogen self- absorption have now been compared to UVIS data. We are analyzing a UV spectral feature detected in an auroral oval image from 2005. The feature is an absorption feature concentrated inside the oval, at wavelengths dominated by reflected sunlight and acetylene absorption. The absorption feature appears as a broad absorption "scoop". One plausible molecule that has a similar absorption feature is benzene, which has a cross-section some 500 times larger than acetylene in this spectral region. Thus UVIS is sensitive to small quantities of benzene. Enhanced polar benzene has been previously observed at Jupiter and can be generated in coupled photochemical/auroral models. We will explore the uniqueness of this interpretation, and compare the inferred benzene abundances to results from complementary Cassini CIRS infrared observations. Additional out of the equatorial plane UVIS Saturn data planned for the coming months will improve the signal- to-noise ratio and spatial resolution on the auroral ovals and their interior. Coordinated observations with Cassini VIMS and Hubble Space Telescope are being scheduled for 2007. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 31 (1 ULg)
See detailThe HST UV Auroral Imaging Campaign of Jupiter and Saturn during the International Heliophysical Year
Clarke, J. T.; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

Conference (2006, December 01)

An extended campaign of observations of the UV auroral emissions from Jupiter and Saturn is scheduled for three periods beginning in Jan. 2007 and ending in late June 2008. This will be by far the most ... [more ▼]

An extended campaign of observations of the UV auroral emissions from Jupiter and Saturn is scheduled for three periods beginning in Jan. 2007 and ending in late June 2008. This will be by far the most extensive series of remote high resolution imaging of planetary aurora to date, and should provide new physical insight into the cause and effect relationships governing the controlling processes for the giant planet auroral emissions. These observations will overlap with in situ measurements of local solar wind and magnetospheric plasma conditions by Cassini at Saturn in Jan. 2007 and by the New Horizons mission approaching Jupiter in Feb. 2007. The UV auroral emission brightness and distributions will also be compared with extrapolated estimates of the solar wind conditions near each planet from periods just before planetary opposition in Jan. 2007 (Saturn) and June 2007 (Jupiter). The HST observations will also be coordinated with ground-based observations of near-IR auroral and nonthermal radio emissions. This paper will give an overview of the program, including the schedule of HST observations and the schedule of known coordinated observations. While a preliminary schedule has been submitted for the HST observations, this schedule will be finalized only when the HST orbit is sufficiently well known for the periods of observation for detailed pointing to be specified. By the time of Fall AGU, it should be possible to show the detailed schedule and pointing for the Jan-Feb 2007 observations. The paper will include a presentation of the plans for the rapid reduction and distribution of the HST auroral images to the community. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailLe sens de l’orientation. Résistance, ouverture et relégation
Andre, Géraldine ULg

Conference (2006, December)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
See detailAtmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Climate Over Phanerozoic Times
François, Louis ULg; Lefèbvre, Vincent; Goddéris, Yves et al

Conference (2006, December)

The atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio has fluctuated widely over the Phanerozoic, according to the estimates from available proxy records. Because atmospheric CO2 is a major greenhouse gas, these fluctuations ... [more ▼]

The atmospheric CO2 mixing ratio has fluctuated widely over the Phanerozoic, according to the estimates from available proxy records. Because atmospheric CO2 is a major greenhouse gas, these fluctuations should have led to significant climatic variations. The "classical" view is indeed that atmospheric CO2 has been the main driver of the Earth's climate history. On long-term time scales, the atmospheric CO2 level is the result of the balance between CO2 inputs from volcanoes or oxidation of old organic carbon (kerogen) in exposed rocks and outputs through silicate weathering or organic carbon deposition. Existing model reconstructions of the Phanerozoic history of atmospheric CO2 are based on such budgets. Recent data and model experiments currently challenge these models. First, the carbon cycle may be more complex than represented in the earliest models. In particular, silicate weathering depends on numerous factors, which are not obvious to model or are poorly known over the Phanerozoic. Mountain uplift is one such factor, which has been much debated in the last decade. Lithology is another example: basalts weather much more rapidly than other silicate rocks and the emplacement of large basaltic areas on the continents may trigger glaciations. Continental configuration is also more important than previously thought, as indicated by recent model experiments on super-continent fragmentation coupling geochemical and climate models. Problems of "classical" Phanerozoic CO2 models are also well illustrated by the fact that the most recent estimates of CO2 degassing show very little variation between the Cretaceous and the present, a period when large changes in CO2 have occurred, whereas degassing is the most important forcing of CO2 evolution in long-term carbon cycle models. Second, CO2 is not the only driver of climate evolution. This obvious fact has largely been forgotten in Phanerozoic studies. What the proxies tell us on paleo-atmospheric CO2 is not always in line with what we know about paleoclimatic records. For instance, the proxies suggest relatively high CO2 levels during the Late Ordovician glaciations. Similarly, the Late Jurassic now appears to be colder than earlier thought, while again proxies suggest high atmospheric CO2 at that time. The mid-Miocene climate warming, which occurs simultaneously with a drop in CO2, provides another example. This latter change in CO2 is unanimously reflected in all proxies and, so, this decoupling between CO2 and climate cannot arise from uncertainties on the reconstructed CO2 levels or from dating problems, as might be the case of the former two examples. Other climatic drivers than CO2 clearly need to be considered. In this respect, vegetation- climate feedbacks have been completely disregarded in long-term climatic studies. Cenozoic cooling is, however, accompanied by a progressive transition from closed forests to more widespread grasslands and deserts on the continental areas, a change which must have had major impacts on the surface albedo and the water cycle. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of block copolymers and their use for biomedical applications
Jérôme, Christine ULg

Conference (2006, December)

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