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See detailLes insctruments de la fiscalité environnementale
Bourgeois, Marc ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
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See detailAphid-ant mutualism: an outdoor study of the benefits for Aphis fabae
Verheggen, François ULg; Detrain, Claire; Diez, Lise et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (6 ULg)
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See detailIdentification and characterization of new blood-accessible colorectal cancer biomarkers
Conrotto, Paolo; Roesli, Christoph; Rybak, J. et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailValidation of X-ray Micro-CT as Screening Tool for Bone Tissue Engineering Scaffolds
Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Schrooten, Jan; Van Cleynenbreugel, Tim et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (3 ULg)
See detailShort Course on Method Validation
Rozet, Eric ULg; Hubert, Philippe ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (4 ULg)
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See detailIntegrating soil and plant knowledge at different scales to better understand the dynamics of water in SPAC.
Lobet, Guillaume ULg; Chaumont, F.; Javaux, M. et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
See detailLe service public et le droit communautaire
Durviaux, Ann-Lawrence ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (0 ULg)
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See detailVision as Inference in a Hierarchical Markov Network
Piater, Justus ULg; Scalzo, Fabien; Detry, Renaud ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailLe commerce équitable : leçons d’expériences
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 65 (24 ULg)
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See detailHistoires parallèles de la sculpture moderne
Bawin, Julie ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
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See detailScaffolds for bone tissue engineering: design, production and evaluation
Schrooten, Jan; Impens, Saartje; Chen, Y. et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
See detailPrise de décision et gestion des risques
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (3 ULg)
See detailThermocline characterization on modeled and observed temperature profiles: a technique for model error evaluation
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2008)

The thermocline position in the water column is an important variable in hydrodynamic modeling. Its characterization allows to verify the model accuracy, and analyze the parameter choice made by the ... [more ▼]

The thermocline position in the water column is an important variable in hydrodynamic modeling. Its characterization allows to verify the model accuracy, and analyze the parameter choice made by the modeler, such as the choice of the turbulence closure. A correct representation of the surface ocean boundary layer is also very important in order to correctly represent the air-sea exchanges. Moreover, coupled physicalbiological models require a good representation of the thermocline position, in order to correctly represent the population dynamics at the surface layers. We present a technique to calculate the parameters of the thermocline: depth, width and temperature. These are calculated by a least-squares fitting of individual temperature profiles (from model and observations) to a sigmoid function. The residual is also obtained, giving an estimate of the goodness of the fit. The parameters calculated allow for a comparison of the model thermocline to observations. Our approach consists in comparing the model thermocline depth, width and temperature to observations. By examining separately the accuracy of the model thermocline depth and temperature, we gain insight in the processes that need correction in the model. For example, if the model thermocline is too deep compared to observations, or the width of the thermocline is incorrect, mixing parameters and surface momentum fluxes should be revised. However, if the depth is well represented but the temperature is incorrect, the surface heat fluxes may be the source of the error. By simply comparing model and observed temperature profiles we are not able to differentiate between error sources. The technique presented here stands therefore as a useful method for model evaluation. [less ▲]

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See detailVariable selection for dynamic treatment regimes: a reinforcement learning approach
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

Conference (2008)

Dynamic treatment regimes (DTRs) can be inferred from data collected through some randomized clinical trials by using reinforcement learning algorithms. During these clinical trials, a large set of ... [more ▼]

Dynamic treatment regimes (DTRs) can be inferred from data collected through some randomized clinical trials by using reinforcement learning algorithms. During these clinical trials, a large set of clinical indicators are usually monitored. However, it is often more convenient for clinicians to have DTRs which are only defined on a small set of indicators rather than on the original full set. To address this problem, we analyse the approximation architecture of the state-action value functions computed by the fitted Q iteration algorithm - a RL algorithm - using tree-based regressors in order to identify a small subset of relevant ones. The RL algorithm is then rerun by considering only as state variables these most relevant indicators to have DTRs defined on a small set of indicators. The approach is validated on benchmark problems inspired from the classical ‘car on the hill’ problem and the results obtained are positive. [less ▲]

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See detailProsthesis-Patient Mismatch is an independent Predictor of Short-term Mortality Following Mitral Valve Replacement.
Magne, Julien ULg; Mathieu, P; Dumesnil, JG et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailImpact of Prosthesis-Patient Mismatch on Short-term Mortality Following Mitral Valve Replacement.
Magne, Julien ULg; Mathieu, P; Dumesnil, JG et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (0 ULg)
See detailVanadium oxide-based mesoporous films as positive electrode material in Li-ion batteries
Krins, Natacha ULg; Caes, Sébastien ULg; Arrebola, José-Carlos et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
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See detailProbable microfossils in 3.2 Ga-old shallow-water siliciclastic deposits
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg; Marshall, Craig; Bekker, Andrey

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
See detailAnalyse quantitative par spectroscopie proche infrarouge: Application au test d'unifomité de teneur des comprimés
Ginot, Y. M.; Bernard-Moulin, P.; Cinier, R. et al

Conference (2008)

La spectroscopie Proche infrarouge présente un large potentiel d'applications dans l'industrie pharmaceutique par sa capacité à transmettre des informations reliées à la fois à la structure chimique des ... [more ▼]

La spectroscopie Proche infrarouge présente un large potentiel d'applications dans l'industrie pharmaceutique par sa capacité à transmettre des informations reliées à la fois à la structure chimique des échantillons et à leur état physique. Elle peut être mise à profit pour des analyses qualitatives, telles l'identification des matières premières, et également pour des analyses quantitatives telles le dosage d'un principe actif dans un comprimé. Avec pour avantage une rapidité inégalée pour délivrer un résultat comparée aux techniques classiques en vigueur. Attrayante par ses performances, cette spectroscopie nécessite cependant une prise en main qui doit respecter une démarche minutieuse et souvent déroutante par son aspect heuristique (allers-retours) et à la mise en oeuvre d'outils d'analyse statistique multivariée. Si de nombreuses publications témoignent de la puissance de cet outil, il est apparu opportun de rassembler en un même texte la démarche de développement à suivre et les repères à connaître pour permettre son utilisation en analyse quantitative dans un contexte de libération pharmaceutique. Le travail de cette commission a été de rassembler les éléments issus de la pratique industrielle en se concentrant sur l'un des essais les plus intéressants: celui de l'uniformité de teneur des comprimés. Ce test est en effet l'une des applications où la rapidité de mise en oeuvre est le plus appréciable, tout en étant celui qui peut poser le plus de questions quant à la validité des résultats et la prise de décision pharmaceutique. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 246 (7 ULg)
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See detail3D Probabilistic Representations for Vision and Action
Piater, Justus ULg; Detry, Renaud ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailCrystal chemistry of natural and synthetic fillowite-type phosphates
Hatert, Frédéric ULg; Keller, Paul; Grew, Ed et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (1 ULg)
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See detailImpact of prosthesis-patient mismatch on short-term mortality following mitral valve replacement.
Magne, Julien ULg; Mathieu, P; Dumesnil, JG et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailConstruction et droit de la consommation: propos introdutifs
Kohl, Benoît ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
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See detailWATER QUALITY AND POLLUTION CONTROL IN PHNOM PENH, CAMBODIA
men, nareth; Ly, Sarann ULg; ann, vannak et al

Conference (2008)

The urban infrastructure, particularly water supply and drainage systems, have deteriorated severely in the past two decades in Phnom Penh, the capital city and the economic center of Cambodia. Water ... [more ▼]

The urban infrastructure, particularly water supply and drainage systems, have deteriorated severely in the past two decades in Phnom Penh, the capital city and the economic center of Cambodia. Water pollution caused by untreated wastewater is one of the serious problems that confront most developing countries (Kwai et al.1991). In Phnom Penh City, all kinds of wastewater are discharged to rivers, lakes and wetlands throughout the city without proper treatment causing serious surface water pollution. Water testing is an essential factor to control water pollution. However, water quality data and water quality testing systems are still poorly developed in Cambodia due to lack of facilities and technical expertise. Therefore, there is no information available on sewage water quality in Phnom Penh City. That’s why the work is aimed at collating basic information about the situation of water supply, waste water system and solid waste. The present information will provide the basis for targeting further field research. This is included the overview of sources and activities that may lead to pollution, with an appreciation of type of water pollutants involved, their magnitude and movement. Types of waste and effluent disposal including sanitation, liquid and solid waste management systems are described. After reviewing all the available, we found that the distribution of water has been well organized by the Phnom Penh Water Supply Authority while the managements of the wastewater, storm water and solid waste are poor due to the rapid urbanisation and industrialisation. [less ▲]

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See detailLate Devonian plants from Australia: the anatomically preserved flora from Barraba, New South Wales.
Meyer-Berthaud, Brigitte; Blanchard, Romain; Decombeix, Anne-Laure et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailOUFTI-1: The CubeSat developed at the University of Liège, Belgium
Galli, Stefania; Pisane, Jonathan ULg; Ledent, Philippe et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
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See detailThe Effects of Early Retirement on Youth Unemployment: The Case of Belgium
Jousten, Alain ULg

Conference (2008)

The paper studies the effect of the pension system on the unemployment of the young

Detailed reference viewed: 63 (29 ULg)
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See detailConformal doping of FINFET's : a fabrication and metrology challenge
Vandervorst, Wilfried; Eyben, Pierre; Mody, Jay et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 43 (0 ULg)
See detailLa consécration de la Charte des droits fondamentaux
Defossez, Alexandre ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 42 (5 ULg)
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See detailEnglish and Spanish Size Noun-constructions, a locus of ongoing grammaticalization
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Verveckken, Katrien

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (5 ULg)
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See detailStatus and causes of decline in heterochronic newts from Europe
Denoël, Mathieu ULg; Dzukic, Georg; Ficetola, Gentile et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailA distinctive marginal marine palynological assemblage from the Pridoli of Northwestern Saudi Arabia
Al-Hajri, S.; Verniers, J.; Paris, F. et al

Conference (2008)

This paper describes a rare occurrence of a rich and diverse palynological assemblage from a controversial stratigraphic unit in well EW8 in northwestern Saudi Arabia. The composition of this assemblage ... [more ▼]

This paper describes a rare occurrence of a rich and diverse palynological assemblage from a controversial stratigraphic unit in well EW8 in northwestern Saudi Arabia. The composition of this assemblage strongly suggests a Pridoli age and therefore it is referred here to the Tawil Formation. The assemblage encountered contains very characteristic chitinozoans, acritarchs, tasmanities, scolecodontsm, eurypterid cuticle and common land-derived miospores and hilate cryptospores. Chitinozoans such as Margachitina elegans, Ancyrochitina fragilis brevis, Ancyrochitina fragilis, Sphaerochitina sphaerocephala, Urnochitina urna, Pseudochlathrochitina carmenchui and Lagenochitina brevicollis confer the Pridoli age assignment. This assemblage of chitinozoans correlates very well with Assemblage D from the Alternances Gréso-Argileuses Formation of the A1-61 well in northwestern Libya. Among the acritarchs present are: Cymbosphaeridium pilar, Leoniella carminae,Diexallophasis spp., Tunisphaeridium cf caudatum, Leiofusa estrecha and Eupoikilofusa striatifera. <br /> <br />Furthermore, the join occurrence of U. urna, P. carmenchui and M. elegans is clearly indicative of the middle part of the Pridoli as in the Libyan well A1-61, and in many wells in Algeria. This corresponds to what is considered to be a transgressive mid Pridoli event in the Algerian Sahara, with non marine intervals bracketing this brief marine sea level rise. This event is likely to have extended into all of north Gondwana including Arabia. [less ▲]

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See detailFruit microstructure evaluation using synchrotron X-ray computed tomography
Verboven, Pieter; Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Mebatsion, Hibru K. et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (2 ULg)
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See detailHolocene Records of Aerosols in Continental Environments (HoRACE)
Le Roux; De Vleeschouwer, F.; Cherbukin et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 6 (1 ULg)
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See detailPhotodegradation of bacteria on TiO2 thin films produced by sol-gel method
Tasseroul, Ludivine ULg; Braconnier, Benoît; Nonet, Stéphane et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (3 ULg)
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See detailRange-dependence compensation in airborne bistatic STAP radar for partially-calibrated conformal antenna arrays
Ries, Philippe; Lapierre, Fabian D.; Lesturgie, Marc et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 8 (0 ULg)
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See detailLe genre et la diversité : enjeux et opportunités
Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg)
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See detailL’insulte « socialement correcte » ?
Meunier, Deborah ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
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See detailThe grammaticalization of English and French type nouns
Brems, Lieselotte ULg; Willemse, Peter; Davidse, Kristin

Conference (2008)

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See detailRadiative data in the Zr I spectrum obtained by Laser Induced Fluorescence
Malcheva, G.; Mayo, R.; Ortiz, M. et al

Conference (2008)

Radiative lifetimes of 17 excited states in Zr I, in the energy interval 29000 – 40974 cm-1, have been investigated using the Time-Resolved Laser-Induced Fluorescence (TR-LIF) method. The levels belong to ... [more ▼]

Radiative lifetimes of 17 excited states in Zr I, in the energy interval 29000 – 40974 cm-1, have been investigated using the Time-Resolved Laser-Induced Fluorescence (TR-LIF) method. The levels belong to the 4d25s5p, 4d35p and 4d5s25p electronic configurations were excited in a single - step process from levels belonging to the ground 4p25s2 a 3F or to low-lying 4p25s2 a 3P, a 5F terms. For 14 levels, the lifetimes have been measured for the first time. Experimental results are compared with theoretical calculations performed with a multiconfigurational relativistic Hartree–Fock method including core polarization effects. [less ▲]

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See detailUsing monovariate and multivariate EOFs to reconstruct missing data with DINEOF
Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg; Sirjacobs, Damien ULg et al

Conference (2008)

DINEOF (Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions) is an EOF-based method to reconstruct missing data in geophysical data sets. DINEOF can be used to reconstruct monovariate data sets (as sea ... [more ▼]

DINEOF (Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions) is an EOF-based method to reconstruct missing data in geophysical data sets. DINEOF can be used to reconstruct monovariate data sets (as sea surface temperature (SST), chlorophyll, etc), and multivariate data sets with little increase in complexity. For multivariate reconstructions, extended EOFs are used, which take into account the interrelationships between related variables to infer data at missing locations. Spatial maps of the standard deviation of the reconstruction error can be also calculated. In the past, DINEOF has been compared to Optimal Interpolation (OI) techniques for the Adriatic Sea SST. The results showed that DINEOF was faster than OI, making it very suitable for operational applications. DINEOF was also more accurate when compared to in situ data. Another advantage of DINEOF is that there is no need for a priori knowledge of the statistics of the reconstructed data set (such as covariance or correlation length), thus reducing the subjectivity of the analysis. DINEOF has been successfully used to reconstruct a large variety of domains over the world ocean, mostly at the regional scale. In addition to an overview of the technique's capabilities, limitations and future developments, recent work aimed to improve the quality of the reconstructions at the global and local scales will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailATOMIC STRUCTURES OF HEAVY ELEMENTS : RECENT PROGRESS AND PERSPECTIVES
Biémont, Emile ULg; Fivet, V.; Palmeri, P. et al

Conference (2008)

In the present paper, we discuss some recent advances concerning the determination of new radiative parameters (transition probabilities, oscillator strengths, radiative lifetimes, branching fractions ... [more ▼]

In the present paper, we discuss some recent advances concerning the determination of new radiative parameters (transition probabilities, oscillator strengths, radiative lifetimes, branching fractions, Landé factors) in heavy ions. We also emphasize the difficulties that are frequently met in the field and that sometimes prevent obtaining accurate atomic data for the transitions of astrophysical interest. We concentrate particularly on the determination of radiative parameters for selected rare-earth (RE) ions (lanthanides and actinides) and for some atoms and ions of the sixth row of the periodic table. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-native prosody: production and perception of accent
Rasier, Laurent ULg; Caspers, Johanneke; Van Heuven, Vincent

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
See detailOperational monitoring of multi-qubit entanglement classes with trapped ions
Bastin, Thierry ULg; Thiel, C.; von Zanthier, J. et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailExtraction, caractérisation et activités antimicrobiennes de quelques huiles essentielles des plantes du haut et moyen atlas du Maroc
Dahak, K.; Lakhmili, S.; Wathelet, Jean-Paul ULg et al

Conference (2008)

Notre étude a porté sur l'extraction des huiles essentielles (HE) de certaines plantes Marocaines du haut Atlas: région de Marrakech (Citrus aurantium, Lavandula dentata et Feoniculum vulgare) et du moyen ... [more ▼]

Notre étude a porté sur l'extraction des huiles essentielles (HE) de certaines plantes Marocaines du haut Atlas: région de Marrakech (Citrus aurantium, Lavandula dentata et Feoniculum vulgare) et du moyen Atlas: région d’azilal (Ouaouizerth) (Laurus nobilis et Lavandula officinalis). [less ▲]

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See detailDevonian mio-and megaspores in Western Gondwana
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Breuer, Pierre; Miller, M.

Conference (2008)

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See detailRisk-aware decision making and dynamic programming
Defourny, Boris ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

Conference (2008)

This paper considers sequential decision making problems under uncertainty, the tradeoff between the expected return and the risk of high loss, and methods that use dynamic programming to find optimal ... [more ▼]

This paper considers sequential decision making problems under uncertainty, the tradeoff between the expected return and the risk of high loss, and methods that use dynamic programming to find optimal policies. It is argued that using Bellman's Principle determines how risk considerations on the return can be incorporated. The discussion centers around returns generated by Markov Decision Processes and conclusions concern a large class of methods in Reinforcement Learning. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Hybrid Finite-Element Mixing-Cell method: a new flexible method for large scale groundwater modelling
Orban, Philippe ULg; Brouyère, Serge ULg; Wildemeersch, Samuel ULg et al

Conference (2008)

Interest of end-users and policy makers for understanding and managing water systems at the regional scale has increased for years. At this scale, groundwater models of different complexity ranging from ... [more ▼]

Interest of end-users and policy makers for understanding and managing water systems at the regional scale has increased for years. At this scale, groundwater models of different complexity ranging from black-box models to physically based distributed models have been used in various hydrogeological conditions. Black-box models, such as transfer functions, have been applied for example to model groundwater in large scale hydrological models, to model karstic systems, in particular for the interpretation of isotopic data. Their concepts are simple and attractive because they require relatively few data. The main drawbacks are however that modelling results are not spatially distributed and their predictive capability is questionable due to the semi-empirical nature of process descriptions. On the contrary, due to a more advanced description of ongoing processes, physically-based distributed models are expected to have better predictive capabilities than black-box models. However, because such models require more data, they are generally applied for case studies that are better characterized from a hydrogeological point of view, for which the distribution of water levels or solute concentrations in the groundwater systems are needed. For large-scale modelling purposes, black-box models and physically-based distributed models have both proved their utilities and have their own justifications, advantages and disadvantages. However, few attempts have been made to combine the advantages of these two categories of approaches in a unified modelling application. A new flexible modelling approach, the Hybrid Finite-Element Mixing-Cell method (HFEMC), has been developed that allows combining in a single model, and in a fully integrated way, different mathematical approaches of various complexities for groundwater modelling in complex and large scale environments. This method has been implemented in the groundwater flow and solute transport numerical code SUFT3D. The approach has been first tested and illustrated using basic and advanced “synthetic” examples that allow validating and discussing its advantages over existing modelling concepts. The HFEMC approach is now applied for the development of a large scale groundwater flow and solute transport model in different groundwater basins in Belgium. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 126 (45 ULg)
See detailVolatile blends and oxylipins profiles in potato leaves (Solanum tuberosum L.) exposed to insects infestations and mechanical wounding.
Gosset, V.; Göbel, Cornelia; Harmel, N. et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (4 ULg)
See detailQuantum imaging with single photon sources
Thiel, C.; Bastin, Thierry ULg; von Zanthier, J. et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailDisturbed sense of agency in checking symptoms
Belayachi, Sanaa ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailHeat pumping and reversible air conditioning : how to make the best use of HVAC equipment ?
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg; Lebrun, Jean ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg et al

Conference (2008)

Substituting a heat pump to a boiler may save more than 50% of primary energy, if electricity is produced by a modern combined cycle power plant (and even more if a part of that electricity is produced ... [more ▼]

Substituting a heat pump to a boiler may save more than 50% of primary energy, if electricity is produced by a modern combined cycle power plant (and even more if a part of that electricity is produced using renewable sources). Two of the most attractive heat pumps applications consist in recovering the heat rejected by the condenser of an existing chiller and in using this chiller in reversible mode. This is the topic of the IEA-ECBCS Annex 48 project (“Heat pumping and reversible air conditioning”). An overview of the project is presented and the work of the different participants is briefly explained. Case studies are also briefly presented and more details are given on one of them. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanical characterization of porous structures by the combined use of micro-CT and in-situ loading
Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Schrooten, Jan; Elicegui, Laida et al

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 9 (2 ULg)
See detailDetection of small-scale structures in the neutral atmosphere using double differences of GNSS measurements
Brenot, Hugues; Lejeune, Sandrine; Warnant, René ULg

Conference (2008)

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See detailProsody in second language acquisition: production and perception
Rasier, Laurent ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (0 ULg)
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See detailArchaeometry at the Centre Européen d’Archéométrie-Université de Liège
Calvo Del Castillo, Helena ULg; Mathis, François ULg; Garcia Moreno, Renata et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailPraktijkgerelateerd contrastief onderzoek naar vreemdetaalverwerving
Hiligsmann, Philippe; Baelen, Mélanie; Leloup, Anne-Lore et al

Conference (2008)

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See detailArchaeometry at the Centre Européen d'Archéométrie
Calvo Del Castillo, Helena ULg

Conference (2008)

Detailed reference viewed: 4 (0 ULg)
See detailA Nested Model of the West Florida Shelf: Assimilation of High-Frequency Radar Currents and study of Loop Current generated flow
Barth, Alexander ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Zheng, L. et al

Conference (2008)

High-Frequency Radar Currents are assimilated in a West Florida Shelf (WFS) model based on the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) which is nested in the Atlantic Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) to ... [more ▼]

High-Frequency Radar Currents are assimilated in a West Florida Shelf (WFS) model based on the Regional Ocean Model System (ROMS) which is nested in the Atlantic Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) to include both local and deep-ocean forcing, particularly the Gulf of Mexico Loop Current (LC). An ensemble simulation of the WFS ROMS model is carried out under different wind forcings in order to estimate the error covariance of the model state vector and the covariance between ocean currents and winds. Radial currents measured by HF-Radar antennas near St. Petersburg and Venice, FL, are assimilated using this ensemble-based error covariance. Different assimilation techniques using a time-average ensemble, a filter to reduce surface-gravity waves and an extended state vector including wind stress were tested. Results of WFS ROMS model assimilating surface currents show an improvement of the model currents not only at the surface but also at depth. The LC is a highly unstable current which generates large anticyclones traveling to the West but also a series of smaller anticyclones and filaments moving to the East and affecting the West Florida shelf. An additional tracer is included in the model simulation to track the presence of LC water. With this tracer, the total amount of LC water reaching the shelf and its mechanism is studied. [less ▲]

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