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See detailLa recherche scientifique au bénéfice des politiques publiques : applications dans le domaine de l'eau
Deliège, Jean-François ULg; Everbecq, Etienne ULg; Grard, Aline ULg

Conference (2012, November 30)

Les directives européennes, et en particulier la Directive Cadre sur l’Eau 2000/60/CE et ses directives filles, sont de nouveaux « Drivers » de la recherche scientifique, infléchissant les axes ... [more ▼]

Les directives européennes, et en particulier la Directive Cadre sur l’Eau 2000/60/CE et ses directives filles, sont de nouveaux « Drivers » de la recherche scientifique, infléchissant les axes prioritaires de la recherche à l'échelle Européenne, Nationale et Régionale (Wallonie). [less ▲]

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See detailDebt, Pension and Demographics
Artige, Lionel ULg; Cavenaile, Laurent; Pestieau, Pierre ULg

Conference (2012, November 29)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (6 ULg)
See detailPhénomènes physiques. Brentano et le partage entre corps et esprit
Gyemant, Maria ULg

Conference (2012, November 28)

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (0 ULg)
See detailLateral tarsal strip : entropion and ectropion treatment specificities
XHAUFLAIRE, Gaël ULg

Conference (2012, November 28)

Description of the lateral tarsal strip technique. Technical specificities relative to the treatment of entropion and ectropion. Technical specificities relative to the treatment of the superior eyelid ... [more ▼]

Description of the lateral tarsal strip technique. Technical specificities relative to the treatment of entropion and ectropion. Technical specificities relative to the treatment of the superior eyelid Floppy Eyelid Syndrom. Video presentation. [less ▲]

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See detailSensations corporelles et contenus représentationnels
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2012, November 28)

Cet exposé porte sur un problème qui a été très débattu ces dix dernières années dans la philosophie de l’esprit. La question litigieuse est de savoir s’il est possible de rendre compte de façon ... [more ▼]

Cet exposé porte sur un problème qui a été très débattu ces dix dernières années dans la philosophie de l’esprit. La question litigieuse est de savoir s’il est possible de rendre compte de façon intégralement intentionnelle d’un certain groupe de sensations corporelles, dont l’exemple paradigmatique est la douleur. J’aborde cette question sous un angle descriptif au sens de Brentano, donc en mettant de côté tout ce qui relève des prises de positions explicatives et métaphysiques (physicalisme, naturalisme, etc.). De ce point de vue, l'enjeu est de savoir dans quelle classe d’états mentaux l’expérience de la douleur peut être rangée. Je dresse d'abord un état de la question dans la littérature actuelle, puis j'examine les arguments de Carl Stumpf d'après lequel les états comme le plaisir et la douleur sont des "sensations affectives" (Gefühlsempfindungen) et, à ce titre, forment une espèce du genre des représentations sensorielles - donc doivent être rangées dans la première classe de phénomènes psychiques distinguée par Brentano: celle des représentations (et non dans la troisième, celle des "affects" ou des "émotions"). [less ▲]

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See detailClassifying pairs with trees for biological network inference
Schrynemackers, Marie ULg

Conference (2012, November 28)

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See detailL'activisme des investisseurs institutionnels, l'asymétrie d'informations et la liquidité du marché
Sougné, Danielle ULg; Ajina, Aymen ULg

Conference (2012, November 28)

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of institutional investors’ ownership and their activism on informational asymmetry and stock market liquidity using a sample of 162 French-listed ... [more ▼]

The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of institutional investors’ ownership and their activism on informational asymmetry and stock market liquidity using a sample of 162 French-listed companies over a 3-year period (2007-2009). The findings show that the proportion of institutional investors, and particularly, pension funds positively influence stock market liquidity, which confirms the signalling and trading hypotheses. These investors perform important trades among their portfolios, leading to favourable effects on the market liquidity. These shareholders’ real involvement in companies is considered as a governance mechanism that tends to contribute to a better liquidity. [less ▲]

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See detailSoutien à la parentalité, support de résiliences
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2012, November 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 39 (4 ULg)
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See detailOptimum weather forecasting for DLR : requirements
Nguyen, Huu-Minh ULg; Schell, Peter

Conference (2012, November 27)

The goal of the meeting was 1) to identify the research topics within weather forecasting (days) that need to be addressed to allow for an effective & reliable forecast of DLR and 2) to deter-mine the DLR ... [more ▼]

The goal of the meeting was 1) to identify the research topics within weather forecasting (days) that need to be addressed to allow for an effective & reliable forecast of DLR and 2) to deter-mine the DLR potential based on historical weather data, for planning DLR installations. Developing methods and tools to be able to determine the potential for DLR for specific loca-tions based on historical data and weather models would allow TSO/DSO to make much better decisions on where they could/should implement DLR to solve congestion and curtailment issues in their network. Increasing line electrical capacity on borders can mitigate market pres-sure and lower average generation prices thus increasing welfare. The aim of the WG3-DLR is to come up with a project proposal for these 2 topics that in-cludes: • A description of the obtainable results • An estimation of the R&D tasks required to attain these results • The timing and budget these tasks require Based on these project proposals and depending on their exact content, the proposals are in-tended to be used to either • Convince Transmission/Distribution Network Operators to fund the research for their own immediate needs, • Submit a proposal for EU funding of this research as follow-up to the currently running FP7 Twenties project, • Prepare a potential contribution to Cigré which should be presented at the Cigré B2 meeting due to take place in September in Auckland, NZ. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (13 ULg)
See detailEtat des lieux du patrimoine bâti wallon et enjeux de sa rénovation
Reiter, Sigrid ULg

Conference (2012, November 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 44 (14 ULg)
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See detailDynamics of the main/rotation aurora
Bonfond, Bertrand ULg

Conference (2012, November 27)

Detailed reference viewed: 30 (5 ULg)
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See detailA brief review of auroral emissions of the outer planets
Grodent, Denis ULg

Conference (2012, November 26)

Detailed reference viewed: 10 (5 ULg)
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See detailENMG of Brachial Plexus
WANG, François-Charles ULg

Conference (2012, November 24)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (1 ULg)
See detailCollecting strategies to create the AIP bank
Munaut, Carine ULg

Conference (2012, November 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (0 ULg)
See detailIntervention dans le cadre du Workshop Studien zur Struktur des Bewusstseins
Gyemant, Maria ULg

Conference (2012, November 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (0 ULg)
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See detailPromouvoir le BIEN-ÊTRE et la réussite scolaire
Vandoorne, Chantal ULg

Conference (2012, November 22)

Detailed reference viewed: 94 (17 ULg)
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See detailAnalyse des pratiques professionnelles : levier pour réduire les écarts?
Dury, Cécile ULg

Conference (2012, November 22)

OBJECTIFS : Développer les concepts du travail prescrit / travail réel Clarifier la problématique actuelle: normes, contraintes propres à l¿organisation du travail, la transgression des règles dans les ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIFS : Développer les concepts du travail prescrit / travail réel Clarifier la problématique actuelle: normes, contraintes propres à l¿organisation du travail, la transgression des règles dans les organisations, incidences psychosociologiques Comprendre les origines des écarts entre le travail prescrit et le travail réel en milieu hospitalier Identifier les risques pour les professionnels de santé et les incidences sur la qualité des soins Développer une réflexion autour des problématiques organisationnelles impactant la qualité des soins. Interroger le rôle du management dans la gestion des risques et l'évaluation des pratiques professionnelles Permettre le partage d'expérience sur l'analyse des pratiques professionnelles comme levier pour réduire les écarts. PUBLIC : Les professionnels de santé Titre de l'intervention : Analyse des pratiques professionnelles : levier pour réduire les écarts ? Cette présentation propose un partage d'expérience sur l'accompagnement de professionnels de santé dans l'analyse de leur pratique pour développer une "posture réflexive". Cette analyse amène à la compréhension du travail réel et favorise des prises de conscience nécessaire à l'évolution des pratiques. Dans un premier temps le cadre conceptuel sera développé et plus particulièrement le concept de "praticien réflexif" (travaux de Schön et Argyris, 1983). Chaque situation de travail est singulière et pour la traiter efficacement le professionnel de santé mobilise, sélectionne et coordonne un ensemble de ressources (Jonnaert P., 2009). Si le travail prescrit est standardisé, dans une situation problème identique, chaque professionnel va l'interpréter à partir de ses représentations, ses expériences antérieures, ses ressources, ses anticipations et agir d'une manière très personnelle, avec son "style". Réfléchir et analyser la pratique amène à mettre en mots, à faire exister le processus de l'action, à rendre explicite l'implicite de l'action. C'est rendre visible le "traitement" de l'action pour prendre du recul et faire émerger les apprentissages et donc amener à réduire les écarts entre le travail réel et prescrit. Dans un second temps un exercice collectif d'analyse de pratique professionnelle sera réalisé à partir d'une vidéo présentant un jeu de rôle avec pour thème un entretien d'évaluation d'une étudiante réalisé par une professionnelle de santé. Un questionnement amènera les participants à prendre du recul, s'engager dans une démarche réflexive sur la pratique visionnée. Entre le prescrit, qui stipule d'amener les étudiants à devenir des "praticiens réflexifs" et le réel des activités d'accompagnement au développement de cette posture, nous verrons comment cet exercice d'analyse de la pratique peut amener le professionnel en santé à des prises de conscience et donc à des changements de pratique. Différents outils d'analyse de la pratique seront proposés : l'entretien d'explicitation (Vermersch P., 1994), le schéma de quête (analyse structurale: Bourgeois, Piret et Nizet, 1996), les modèles d'apprentissages (Stordeur J, 1996), les stratégies réflexives-interactives (Lafortune 2012), etc. Nous terminerons par un temps d'échange et de mise en perspective autour de la question posée: le développement d'une posture réflexive peut-il être un levier pour réduire les écarts entre travail prescrit et travail réel à l'hôpital? Oui à certaines conditions car "travailler sur son "habitus" n'est pas confortable. C'est accepter d'être confronté à la part de soi qu'on connaît le moins et qu'on aime guère lorsqu'elle émerge"(Perrenoud P.1996). Cette démarche doit donc être soutenue, accompagnée et nous emprunterons quelques idées à Guy Le Boterf (2008) en guise de clôture dont celle du "management jardinier". [less ▲]

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See detailUsefulness of electrophysiology in muscle channelopathies
BETHLEN, Sarah ULg; NEUPREZ, Audrey ULg; Maystadt, Isabelle et al

Conference (2012, November 22)

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See detailEtudier dans une/d’autre(s) langue(s): entre obstacles et opportunités
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference (2012, November 22)

Detailed reference viewed: 53 (2 ULg)
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See detailClostridium difficile: méthodes de diagnostic microbiologique.
HUYNEN, Pascale ULg

Conference (2012, November 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 24 (3 ULg)
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See detailA New State of Turbulence: Elasto-Inertial Turbulence
Dubief, Yves; Samanta, Devranjan; Holzner, Markus et al

Conference (2012, November 20)

The elasticity of polymer solutions is found to generate a new state of turbulence, elasto-inertial turbulence (EIT), characterized by an interplay between elastic and flow instabilities. Experiments and ... [more ▼]

The elasticity of polymer solutions is found to generate a new state of turbulence, elasto-inertial turbulence (EIT), characterized by an interplay between elastic and flow instabilities. Experiments and direct numerical simulations (DNS) in pipe and channel flows demonstrate the emergence of EIT at Reynolds numbers much lower than the critical Reynolds number for transition to turbulence in Newtonian flows. EIT causes the friction factor to deviate from the laminar solution and subsequently transition to the maximum drag reduction asymptote around Re=1800. EIT is a self-sustained mechanism that arises from the interactions between fluctuations of extensional viscosity, velocity and pressure. The polymer solution elasticity controls the growth of flow instability, resulting in transitional-like flows at high Reynolds numbers. The existence of EIT is not limited to pipe, channel or boundary layer flows, and evidence of EIT will be discussed in other flows, including natural convection using DNS. [less ▲]

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See detailMechanics and characteristics of transition to turbulence in elasto-inertial turbulence
Terrapon, Vincent ULg; Dubief, Yves; Soria, Julio

Conference (2012, November 20)

Numerical experiments of transition in elasto-inertial turbulent channel flows are used to highlight the mechanisms of transition and characterize the MDR regime. Specifically, the pressure kernel from ... [more ▼]

Numerical experiments of transition in elasto-inertial turbulent channel flows are used to highlight the mechanisms of transition and characterize the MDR regime. Specifically, the pressure kernel from the generalized pressure Poisson equation is used to demonstrate the role of elastic instabilities in inducing and sustaining a turbulent-like flow. Additionally, dynamic mode decomposition is applied to statistically steady viscoelastic flows at different Reynolds number to identify the relative contributions of elastic and inertial instabilities. It is shown that elastic instabilities can be triggered through long-range interactions from disturbances in the free-stream, similarly to by-pass transition, and are then sufficient to self-sustain. When the Reynolds number is increased, the relative contribution of inertial instabilities becomes more important, and the flow demonstrates features that are characteristic to Newtonian turbulent flows (e.g., streaks, quasi-streamwise vortices), although at lower intensity. [less ▲]

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See detailUsage de l’agriculture dans le social : perspective comparative Japon - Europe
Muramatsu, Kenjiro ULg

Conference (2012, November 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 107 (2 ULg)
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See detailSelf et mémoire dans la maladie d'Alzheimer
Collette, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2012, November 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (9 ULg)
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See detailReprésentation et conflits d'intérêts
Kohl, Benoît ULg

Conference (2012, November 20)

Detailed reference viewed: 12 (5 ULg)
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See detailStudying the Topology and Dynamics of Elasto-inertial Channel Flow Turbulence Using the Invariants of the Velocity Gradient Tensor and Dynamic Mode Decomposition
Soria, Julio; Terrapon, Vincent ULg; Dubief, Yves

Conference (2012, November 20)

Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of the transition to and fully developed elasto-inertial turbulence (EIT) of a polymer solution in a channel flow has been used as a basis for the study of the topology ... [more ▼]

Direct numerical simulations (DNS) of the transition to and fully developed elasto-inertial turbulence (EIT) of a polymer solution in a channel flow has been used as a basis for the study of the topology and dynamics of these flows. The Reynolds number in these DNS ranged from 500 to 5000. The topology of these flows was studied through the joint probability density functions (JPDFs) of the second and third invariants of the velocity gradient tensor (VGT), $Q_A$ and $R_A$ respectively and the JPDFs of the second invariants of the rate-of-strain tensor and the rate-of-rotation tensor, $Q_S$ and $Q_W$ respectively. The results suggest that these transitional and fully developed EIT flows are predominantly made up of vortex sheets. Dynamic mode decomposition has been undertaken on the second invariant of the VGT, $Q_A$, which reveals that the most amplified mode is a two-dimensional structure located in the near-wall region. A ``discontinuity'' is observed close to the wall, which corresponds closely to the location of extrema of the mean polymer extension and is hypothesized to be a critical layer. [less ▲]

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See detailEco-efficacité et éco-efficience: un nouveau paradigme en construction(s)
Courard, Luc ULg

Conference (2012, November 20)

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See detailHow Cristiano Ronaldo performs his knuckleball?
Cohen, Caroline; Darbois-Texier, Baptiste ULg; Quéré, David et al

Conference (2012, November 19)

A soccer ball kicked at very low spin can exhibit a zigzag trajectory. Along its straight path, the ball deviates laterally from about 0.2 m, that is to say one ball diameter. One zig zag happens as the ... [more ▼]

A soccer ball kicked at very low spin can exhibit a zigzag trajectory. Along its straight path, the ball deviates laterally from about 0.2 m, that is to say one ball diameter. One zig zag happens as the ball travelled about 15 m. As the deviation direction seems unpredictable, this effect is highly annoying for goalkeepers. That why Cristiano Ronaldo and many soccer players are looking for this phenomenon. Those trajectories called knuckleballs are also observed on volleyball and baseball. We study experimentally indoor knuckleballs for different balls varying from soccer balls to smooth spheres. We show that knuckle effect doesn't derive from ball deformations at foot impact or ball seams. Actually, aerodynamic lift forces on a smooth sphere are fluctuating and are responsible for knuckleballs. From this study, we deduce side force intensity exerted on smooth spheres and sport balls for typical game Reynolds number (Re∼10^4−10^6). Finally we discuss required conditions to observe a knuckleball on the sport field. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy historical east deviation experiments are so difficult to perform?
Darbois-Texier, Baptiste ULg; Cohen, Caroline

Conference (2012, November 19)

From the 17th to the 19th century, a big deal was to prove Earth rotation existence. For this purpose, numerous experimental physicists from Borelli in 1668 to Reich in 1832 tried to measure an eastward ... [more ▼]

From the 17th to the 19th century, a big deal was to prove Earth rotation existence. For this purpose, numerous experimental physicists from Borelli in 1668 to Reich in 1832 tried to measure an eastward deviation of a falling sphere. Reich performed 106 falling experiments on a 158.5 m deep mine pit. The mean eastward deviation of its experiments is 2.8 cm. This value corresponds exactly with the theoretical one predicted by Laplace and Gauss expression at Freiberg latitude where experiments were conducted. While Reich took extreme precautions to perform its experiments, the dispersion on its results is very important. Actually aerodynamic lift forces on a smooth sphere made its free fall non perfectly straight. We understand Reich's results dispersion considering fluctuating lift forces intensity on a smooth sphere at those Reynolds numbers (Re∼10^4−10^5). This study provides a criterion above which we can distinguish between lift force and Coriolis deviation during a free fall experiment. [less ▲]

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See detailPertes et reconstructions identitaires au sein des familles monoparentales et recomposées. La question des spécificités processuelles.
Bullens, Quentin ULg

Conference (2012, November 17)

De nombreuses études se sont intéressées au devenir des familles monoparentales et recomposées, bref des familles ayant connu une situation de séparation, en les comparant aux familles dites intactes. Si ... [more ▼]

De nombreuses études se sont intéressées au devenir des familles monoparentales et recomposées, bref des familles ayant connu une situation de séparation, en les comparant aux familles dites intactes. Si ces études permettent de soulever certaines difficultés possibles dans ces systèmes séparés, elles passent cependant à côté de la spécificité de ces familles qui ne sont pas en tout point comparables aux familles intactes. C'est pourquoi nous proposons une étude qualitative clinique autour de la rencontre avec des familles monoparentales et recomposées qui, au travers d'une approche relative à la Grounded Theory Methodology (Glaser & Strauss, 1967), vise à permettre la mise en évidence du parcours spécifique de ces systèmes. Nous nous interrogeons alors sur l'articulation qui peut être envisagée entre frontières familiales, et notamment la notion d'ambiguïté (Boss, 1999), et la gestion de ce qui peut s'apparenter à une perte mais que nous pouvons déjà dire qui s'en décale et appelle à être défini. Nous nous intéressons alors également à la qualité relationnelle de ces systèmes au travers l'utilisation d'un outil interactionnel: le jeu du pique-nique (Frascarolo-Moutinot & Favez, 2005). Une dialectique s'installe entre l'adéquation de l'outil et la spécificité des systèmes étudiés, pouvant tantôt interroger la pertinence de l'outil, tantôt utiliser ses nombreux apports. A l'heure actuelle, nous avons recueilli des informations (entretien, échelles, JPN) sur une petite dizaine de familles qui nous permettent de nous arrêter afin de déterminer les premiers codages et analyses de ces résultats. [less ▲]

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See detailDe deux à trois... Transition à la parentalité et alliances familiales dans les familles lesboparentales.
Miscioscia, Marina ULg; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Delvoye, Marie

Conference (2012, November 17)

Le présent travail s’intéresse au moment particulier du cycle de vie familial dénommé "transition à la parentalité". Les études ayant approfondi ce moment délicat ont souligné la nécessité d’adopter une ... [more ▼]

Le présent travail s’intéresse au moment particulier du cycle de vie familial dénommé "transition à la parentalité". Les études ayant approfondi ce moment délicat ont souligné la nécessité d’adopter une perspective multifactorielle et procédurale pour une meilleure compréhension du système en voie de développement (Belsky, 1984). Deux principaux facteurs d'étude ont été déterminés : a) le développement des compétences interactives de la famille, la capacité du couple à organiser des modèles interactifs triadiques pendant la grossesse et de les réorganiser successivement dans la relation avec l'enfant; b) les caractéristiques propre à l'enfant, par exemple le tempérament, sont des facteurs pouvant influencer le développement des compétences interactives précoces ainsi que le style de parenting. Ces aspects ont été amplement étudiés au sein des familles hétéroparentales (Fivaz et al. 2001, Favez et al. 2010, McHale et al. 2001) mais très peu au sein des familles homoparentales (D’Amore et al., 2011). La plupart des recherches se sont intéressées à une comparaison du développement de l'enfant dans de ces deux types de familles, et ce sur différentes dimensions telles que la qualité des relations parent-enfant; le développement cognitif; le développement psycho-social; et l'identité de genre (Vecho & Schneider 2005). Nous proposons ici de présenter la situation d’une famille, issue de la recherche longitudinale que nous effectuons actuellement au sein du Service de Clinique Systémique et Psychopathologie Relationnelle de l’Université de Liège. Notre exposé présentera deux étapes de la passation du Lausanne Trilogue Play: prénatale au 7° mois de grossesse et postnatale au 3° mois de vie de l’enfant (Fivaz-Depeursinge, & Corboz-Warnery, 1999). Nous observerons l’intérêt de cette procédure du LTP prénatal en tant qu’instrument prédictif des capacités parentales à agir leurs compétences interactives à la naissance de l'enfant, vérifiées par la procédure du LTP postnatal. [less ▲]

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See detailLa Transition à la parentalité chez les couples homosexuels : étude exploratoire
Fossoul, Charlotte; D'Amore, Salvatore ULg; Miscioscia, Marina ULg et al

Conference (2012, November 17)

La transition à la parentalité est un processus-clé pour comprendre le développement des relations familiales selon une perspective systémique. Ce processus a surtout été étudié chez les familles ... [more ▼]

La transition à la parentalité est un processus-clé pour comprendre le développement des relations familiales selon une perspective systémique. Ce processus a surtout été étudié chez les familles hétérosexuelles et très peu d’études portent sur les familles avec des parents de même sexe. Quelles sont les spécificités de la transition à la parentalité chez les familles homoparentales ? Quelles différences existe-t-il parmi elles selon leur mode de procréation ? Quelles ressources mais aussi quelles difficultés expérimentent-elles au cours de la transition à la parentalité ? Cette étude exploratoire analysera les passages clés de cette transition parmi un échantillon de 30 familles homoparentales (13 recomposées et 17 dont un parent a eu recours à l’insémination artificielle) et cela, à travers une analyse quantitative des données sociodémographiques, des informations relatives au coming-out, à la formation du couple, au projet d’enfant, à l’arrivée de l’enfant ainsi qu’aux pressions sociales et culturelles vis-à-vis de la famille et des facteurs stressants. Les résultats obtenus permettent de faire ressortir certaines lignes directrices dans la construction de la transition à la parentalité chez les familles homoparentales ainsi que des ressemblances et différences entre les familles homoparentales issues de recompositions familiales et d’inséminations artificielles. [less ▲]

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See detailQuels patients risquent de ne pas reprendre le travail ?
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg

Conference (2012, November 17)

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See detailL'éthylisme zutique. Une logique de l'à-fond
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

Conference (2012, November 16)

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See detailImpact des facteurs socioéconomiques et culturels pour la mise en place de guidance parentale logopédique
Maillart, Christelle ULg; Al mounajjed, Mayada; D’Harcour, Elisabeth et al

Conference (2012, November 16)

Le renforcement des stratégies communicatives des parents (reformulation, étayage, imitation, etc.) est un pilier important des interventions langagières précoces en logopédie. Une récente méta-analyse ... [more ▼]

Le renforcement des stratégies communicatives des parents (reformulation, étayage, imitation, etc.) est un pilier important des interventions langagières précoces en logopédie. Une récente méta-analyse (Roberts & Kaiser, 2011) a étudié les effets des interventions langagières implémentées par les parents en cas de retard langagier chez de jeunes enfants entre 18 mois et 60 mois. La revue confirme l’efficacité de ce type d’intervention écologique et naturelle tant pour le développement du langage expressif que réceptif. Néanmoins, les auteurs signalent que dans la grande majorité des études actuellement publiées le public ayant participé à ces programmes peut être caractérisé comme étant d’un niveau socio-économique moyen. Les milieux socio-économiquement faibles ou multilingues ont été peu étudiés. Paradoxalement, ces milieux sont particulièrement à risque en termes de troubles de développement langagier. Il apparaît également que les dispositifs mis en place dans des milieux socio-économiques moyens ne peuvent pas être simplement transférés et généralisés à des populations différentes. Les résultats d’une étude (Yoder & Warren, 2001) menée sur des interventions en communication pré-linguistique (c.à.d. concernant des enfants qui parlent peu) ont montré que le niveau socio-économique des mères influençait l’efficacité des techniques utilisées. Ainsi, les enfants dont les mères avaient un plus faible niveau socio-économique bénéficiaient davantage d’interventions dans lesquelles les adultes suivaient leurs initiatives et répondaient à leurs tentatives de communications alors que les interventions basées sur l’imitation langagière se révélaient moins efficaces. Dans cette communication, nous présenterons le dispositif d’intervention langagière d’une recherche-action menée par des logopédistes dans des consultations « parent/enfant » gratuites organisées des populations défavorisées et multilingues. Ce projet pilote a nécessité une réflexion quant à l’influence des variables suivantes : mobilisation parentale (Dans des actions de prévention inscrites sur dans la durée, comment motiver des parents peu demandeurs quant au développement langagier?), ajustement des techniques proposées (Comment tenir compte des facteurs multiculturels dans des interventions précoces ?), disponibilité parentale (Comment impliquer les parents et les inscrire dans un suivi régulier ?), implication des travailleurs sociaux (Comment associer à ce travail des travailleurs sociaux non spécifiquement formés dans le domaine du langage mais qui sont un relai précieux en famille ?). La recherche-action concerne environ 200 enfants, répartis semi-aléatoirement entre des activités d ‘éveil psychomoteur (groupe contrôle) ou de stimulation langagière (groupe expérimental). Cet exposé se ciblera particulièrement sur les activités de stimulation langagière en analysant les ajustements proposés aux dispositifs de guidance classiques (cf. méthode Hanen) pour répondre aux spécificités des populations défavorisées et multilingues. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 283 (29 ULg)
See detailX-fragile et Neurosciences cognitives : entre promesses et réalité.
Majerus, Steve ULg

Conference (2012, November 16)

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See detailInfluence of the protein context on the propensity of polyglutamine tracts to trigger amyloid fibril formation
Huynen, Céline ULg

Conference (2012, November 16)

10 neurodegenerative diseases are associated with 10 proteins containing an expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tract higher than a threshold of 35-45Q. This polyQ tracts trigger the aggregation of the ... [more ▼]

10 neurodegenerative diseases are associated with 10 proteins containing an expanded polyglutamine (polyQ) tract higher than a threshold of 35-45Q. This polyQ tracts trigger the aggregation of the proteins into amyloid fibrils that could play an important role in the disease. It is therefore necessary to investigate the aggregation properties of polyQ proteins. Accordingly, we have created model proteins made of the β-lactamase BlaP with 23 to 79Q inserted at positions 197 or 216. Their aggregation behaviour recapitulate those of disease-associated proteins (i.e. a threshold and the anticipation phenomenon). Moreover, the threshold depends on the structural integrity of BlaP (which applies constraints to the polyQ). In this work, we investigate the role of the protein context in the aggregation process using two techniques: QCM-D coupled with AFM. We observe that the native conformation of BlaP is the barrier for fibril formation, interfering with the nucleation step. Moreover, the protein environment of the polyQ (position 197 or 216) influences its propensity to form fibrils. [less ▲]

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See detailGreen first ! ORBi, le choix d’une politique
Thirion, Paul ULg

Conference (2012, November 16)

Detailed reference viewed: 217 (30 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailAnti-utopie, dystopie et contre-utopie : quelles traversées de l’utopie ? D’Émile Souvestre à Léon Daudet
Stienon, Valérie ULg

Conference (2012, November 16)

Les récits anticipant des sociétés futures sous oppression ou sur le déclin sont régulièrement confondus sous les appellations génériques d’« anti-utopie », de « contre-utopie » et de « dystopie » ... [more ▼]

Les récits anticipant des sociétés futures sous oppression ou sur le déclin sont régulièrement confondus sous les appellations génériques d’« anti-utopie », de « contre-utopie » et de « dystopie ». Rarement problématisés en tant que tels, ces appariements dénotent une certaine indécision dans l’appréhension de tout un pan de la tradition littéraire utopique. Réfèrent-ils vraiment à une diversité de représentations des conditions d’accès au bonheur et de réalisation d’un idéal en société ? [less ▲]

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See detailManagement Control, Strategy and Sustainability: A Review of the Literature
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Herzig, Christian

Conference (2012, November 16)

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See detailSynthesis of new biomimetic and biodegradable polymers for clinical use
Clement, Benoît ULg; Grignard, Bruno ULg; Koole, Leo et al

Conference (2012, November 15)

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See detailMapping overland flow hazard in order to enhance citizens’ awareness of head catchment hydrology
Pineux, Nathalie ULg; Colard, François; Degré, Aurore ULg

Conference (2012, November 15)

Between 1998 and 2004, Europe suffered from more than hundred major inundations, responsible for some 700 deaths, for the moving of about half a million of people and the economic losses of at least 25 ... [more ▼]

Between 1998 and 2004, Europe suffered from more than hundred major inundations, responsible for some 700 deaths, for the moving of about half a million of people and the economic losses of at least 25 billions Euros covered by the insurance policies. Within this context, EU launched the 2007/60/CE directive. This directive aims at a better evaluation of the risks and a better coordination of prevention, protection and crisis management. In most countries, inundation maps only include rivers’ overflowing. In Wallonia (southern part of Belgium), it was decided to include overland flows and mudflows in the flood hazard map. Indeed, the cleaning operations for a village after a storm can lead to an estimated cost of 11 000 €. Average construction cost of retention dams to control off-site damage caused by floods and muddy flows was valued at 380 000€, and yearly dredging costs associated with these retention ponds at 15 000€. A specific study in Gembloux (25 000 inhabitants) estimated the mean annual cost for the runoff damages to 20 000€. This cost only consists of the physical damages caused to the settlements and movable properties of the residents as well as the emergency operations of the firemen and the city. On top of damages to public infrastructure (clogging of trenches, silting up of retention ponds) and to private property, runoff and mud flows generate a significant loss of arable land. Yet, the soil is not an unlimited resource. Moreover, sediments’ transfer to watercourses alters their physical and chemical quality. And that is not to mention the increased psychological stress for people. But head catchment hydrology is not well known. Mapping the overland flood and mud flow hazard over a 17000 km² region is a real challenge. This contribution will present the pragmatic methodology used in Wallonia. In accordance with the Directive, different maps are produced (25, 50 and 100 years of return period and an extreme scenario). Local characteristics are taken into account: rainfall statistics, soil data, land use and relief. They are used to assess runoff production and transfer to an outlet identified as the point where runoff enters the permanent river network. Peak discharge values are used as basis for the mapping. The maps locate the water paths using a colour chart based on the peak discharge. Summer 2011 and spring 2012 storm events as well as a survey made at the municipalities’ level allowed us to validate in some ways the maps produced. Whereas this first approach at regional scale includes uncertainties, the aim of these maps is currently to prompt recognition of the runoff inundation hazard. It is of major importance for soil conservation and citizens’ protection. Above all, it should contribute to lower the damages by early prevention during the design of town-planning projects. [less ▲]

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See detailNutritive value of four tropical forage legume hays fed to pigs in the Democratic Republic of Congo
Kambashi Mutiaka, Bienvenu ULg; Boudry, Christelle ULg; Picron, Pascale ULg et al

Conference (2012, November 15)

The incorporation of fibrous feed ingredients such as legume forages in the diets of pigs can be economically interesting due to their low cost and the fact that they do not compete with human food ... [more ▼]

The incorporation of fibrous feed ingredients such as legume forages in the diets of pigs can be economically interesting due to their low cost and the fact that they do not compete with human food. Psophocarpus scandens and Vigna unguiculata are potential protein pig resources. Due to their negative effect on the overall digestibility of the diets, the contribution of tropical forage legumes to the diet should not exceed 25 %. TFL can be potential sources of protein for small scale tropical pig farms, preferably in adult pigs. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis in scCO2 of nano-hydrogels for proteins delivery
Alaimo, David ULg; Grignard, Bruno ULg; Fustin, Charles-André et al

Conference (2012, November 14)

Detailed reference viewed: 40 (8 ULg)
See detailAn additional role for ATM in the control of NF-kappaB activation by DNA double-strand breaks.
Habraken, Yvette ULg

Conference (2012, November 13)

L’importance de la kinase ATM pour l’activation du complexe IKK suite aux dommages à l’ADN a été démontrée par de nombreuses équipes. ATM est requis pour (i) la phosphorylation de NEMO, (ii) l’activation ... [more ▼]

L’importance de la kinase ATM pour l’activation du complexe IKK suite aux dommages à l’ADN a été démontrée par de nombreuses équipes. ATM est requis pour (i) la phosphorylation de NEMO, (ii) l’activation du complexe TAK1/Tab2 et (iii) l’induction de la poly-ubiquitination de TRAF6 ou RIP1 ou ELKS. Nos travaux ont permis la mise en évidence d’une quatrième fonction d’ATM en aval du complexe IKK. Après avoir montré qu’ATM phosphorylait de manière spécifique la sérine 547 de p65, nous avons établi que la mutation S547A n’affectait pas globalement le potentiel transactivateur du NF-kappaB mais réprimait de manière spécifique la transcription de certains gènes [CXCL1, CXCL2, CCL20, IL-8, TNF, Selectine E, V-CAM1, et, A20]. La transcription d’IκBα et de Cox2 n’est pas influencée par la mutation. L’étude du mécanisme moléculaire, au niveau du promoteur de l’IL8, a montré que la phosphorylation de S547 est responsable de l’interaction avec HDCA1 dont la présence au niveau du promoteur diminue l’acétylation de l’histone H3 et donc réduit la transcription. Ces résultats ont été obtenus en cellules HEK293 exprimant p65WT ou p65S547A exogène (porteur d’une mutation silencieuse les rendant résistants au siRNA utilisé pour éteindre le p65 endogène). [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis, description and... evidence. Is the given a myth ?
Brisart, Robert; Leclercq, Bruno ULg

Conference (2012, November 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (1 ULg)
See detailIntroduction to advanced biomaterials
Grandfils, Christian ULg

Conference (2012, November 13)

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See detailPourquoi retourner à Brentano?
Dewalque, Arnaud ULg

Conference (2012, November 13)

What, if anything, can we expect to gain in adopting a Brentanian approach to the mind? Within the field of contemporary philosophy of mind, two distinct motivations are usually put forward in order to ... [more ▼]

What, if anything, can we expect to gain in adopting a Brentanian approach to the mind? Within the field of contemporary philosophy of mind, two distinct motivations are usually put forward in order to justify something like a return to Brentano: His intentionality thesis and his theory of inner perception. I suggest (a) that these two motivations are much more controversial than it is usually believed and (b) that there nevertheless exists another, more convincing reason for going back to Brentano, namely, his theory of mental analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation de la qualité de la viande hachée de porc par une approche métagénomique ciblée
Taminiau, Bernard ULg; Nezer, Carine; Adolphe, Ysabelle ULg et al

Conference (2012, November 13)

Food products represent great biotopes for bacteria. The optimization of foodstuffs conservation pass by a better understanding of those biotopes and their spoilage. The current techniques of new ... [more ▼]

Food products represent great biotopes for bacteria. The optimization of foodstuffs conservation pass by a better understanding of those biotopes and their spoilage. The current techniques of new generation sequencing give a new dimension to the microbial ecology, through the metagenomic analysis of individuals' large number, within a mixed microbial population. Our aim is to demonstrate that this methodology can be successfully applied to the validation of the quality of foodstuffs during storage. This study was carried out on pork minced meat with shelf-life tests in various conditions of preservation (temperature and packaging). The analysis was performed in parallel with standardized microbiological methods and with massive sequencing of two hypervariables regions of the rDNA 16S. The results show an excellent correlation between the two approaches and underline the tremendous utility of metagenomic analysis for in-depth characterization of the potential altering bacteria in fresh meat. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 111 (18 ULg)
See detailExergySim – Fließschemasimulationen in einem frühen Entwicklungsstadium mit dem Fokus auf Exergiebilanzen
Frenzel, P; Hillerbrand, R; Pfennig, Andreas ULg

Conference (2012, November 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 13 (0 ULg)
See detailDosage sérique des antimycosiques azolés
MISTRETTA, Virginie ULg; Charlier, Corinne ULg

Conference (2012, November 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 23 (5 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailDe la classification à la spectacularisation. La topographie urbaine dans la littérature panoramique
Stienon, Valérie ULg

Conference (2012, November 12)

La littérature dite « panoramique », selon l’expression rétrospective de Walter Benjamin (Paris, capitale du XIXe siècle), forme un ensemble complexe de textes et d’illustrations participant à un ... [more ▼]

La littérature dite « panoramique », selon l’expression rétrospective de Walter Benjamin (Paris, capitale du XIXe siècle), forme un ensemble complexe de textes et d’illustrations participant à un phénomène de société particulièrement notable en France sous la monarchie de Juillet. Prolongeant l’esthétique du tableau textuel, à laquelle se mêlent les influences de la petite presse et des sciences humaines en émergence, les recueils d’études de mœurs se multiplient à cette époque sous des formes diverses (galeries, magasins, musées) et mettent à l’honneur des types et des comportements sociaux. Dans ce contexte, avant l’ambitieux projet haussmannien, le corpus panoramique manifeste un intérêt particulier pour la figuration en mots et en images de la métropole parisienne. En témoignent les nombreuses Physiologies des années 1840 qui offrent des parcours dynamiques dans l’environnement urbain et multiplient les vues de lieux de loisirs et de promenades tels que les bals, les cafés, les passages, les parcs et les cabinets de lecture. Parmi les plus représentatives à cet égard, notons les Physiologies des Champs-Élysées, des Quartiers de Paris, des Rues de Paris, des Diligences et des Grandes Routes, de l’Omnibus, des Cafés de Paris, du Jardin des Plantes et du Flâneur. Ni véritables documents historiques, puisqu’elles mêlent la réalité à la fiction, ni tout à fait œuvres littéraires malgré plusieurs contributions balzaciennes significatives, ces monographies illustrées présentent un traitement particulier de la référence géographique. On examinera la spécificité de ces modes de représentation en rapport avec la nature des savoirs produits sur la ville : le type n’est-il qu’un ensemble de stéréotypes ? quelle distance critique adopter face aux informations urbaines dont regorgent ces textes ? quelles médiations mettent-ils en œuvre dans leur prise en charge des données empiriques ? Ces questions permettront de proposer des éléments de méthodologie pour aborder un traitement textuel et iconographique de l’espace urbain qui, à l’examen, apparaît moins tributaire de l’invention technique et picturale du panorama que d’un réinvestissement particulier de l’ethnographie et de la zoologie en plein développement. [less ▲]

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See detailIntervention dans le cadre du colloque Phénoménologie en Belgique
Gyemant, Maria ULg

Conference (2012, November 12)

Detailed reference viewed: 15 (1 ULg)
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See detailStudy of a solar concentrator for space based on a diffractive/refractive optical combination
Michel, Céline ULg; Loicq, Jerôme ULg; Languy, Fabian ULg et al

Conference (2012, November 12)

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator at 10× with spectral splitting focusing on two separated PV cells, allowing independent control. Optical elements, blazed diffraction ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a new design of a planar solar concentrator at 10× with spectral splitting focusing on two separated PV cells, allowing independent control. Optical elements, blazed diffraction grating and Fresnel lens, are optimized. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 67 (25 ULg)
See detailInfluence of Fiber Distribution and Grain Size on the Mechanical Behavior of Friction Stir Processed Mg-C Composites
Mertens, Anne ULg; Montrieux, Henri-Michel ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg et al

Conference (2012, November 12)

Short C fibers-Mg matrix composites have been produced by friction stir processing sandwiches made of a layer of C fabric stacked between two sheets of either the ductile Mg alloy AZ31B, or of the less ... [more ▼]

Short C fibers-Mg matrix composites have been produced by friction stir processing sandwiches made of a layer of C fabric stacked between two sheets of either the ductile Mg alloy AZ31B, or of the less ductile alloy AZ91D, that is capable of age hardening. It has been shown that the choice of the optimal experimental parameters for the production of sound composites was strongly dependent on the nature of the matrix. 3D X-ray tomography reveals that the fibers orient along the onion rings and that they are more or less fragmented depending on the local shear stress during the process. The fiber volume fraction is increased when the nugget volume decreases in particular for the AZ91D base material and for a high advancing speed for the AZ31B base material. The fiber volume fraction influences directly the grain size, the hardness and the tensile properties of the composites. [less ▲]

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See detailprevention of delirium in perioperatie cares in old persons
Petermans, Jean ULg

Conference (2012, November 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 32 (9 ULg)
See detailRole of γδ T cells in the tumoural progression of HPV-associated lesions
Van hede, Dorien ULg; Bastin, Renaud; Francis, Floriane et al

Conference (2012, November 09)

Detailed reference viewed: 26 (7 ULg)
See detailAlgorithms for testing the collective consumption model
Talla Nobibon, Fabrice; Cherchye, Laurens; Crama, Yves ULg et al

Conference (2012, November 09)

In this talk, we discuss an extension of the strong axiom of revealed preferences to collective households. The question that we address is whether a set of observed consumption baskets can be decomposed ... [more ▼]

In this talk, we discuss an extension of the strong axiom of revealed preferences to collective households. The question that we address is whether a set of observed consumption baskets can be decomposed in such a way that each of the derived data sets reflects the choices of a “rational” (i.e., utility-maximizing) individual member of the household. Although testing revealed preference axioms on data generated by a single decisionmaker can be done in polynomial time, the extension to two-member households is NP-complete. We propose two algorithms for testing the collective consumption model on large data sets. The first one is an exact algorithm based on a new mixed-integer programming formulation, whereas the second one is a heuristic based on a simulated annealing procedure that solves a global optimization formulation of the problem. Computational experiments are performed on real-life data. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring de la somnolence
Wertz, Jérôme ULg; François, Clémentine ULg; Verly, Jacques ULg

Conference (2012, November 09)

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See detailFunción de la intertextualidad bíblica en "El retrato de la Lozana Andaluza" de Francisco Delgado
François, Jéromine ULg

Conference (2012, November 09)

La Lozana andaluza describes the story of a gifted prostitute which adventures occur in Rome before the Sack of 1527. However, the writer, an Andalusian priest, fills his text with biblical references. As ... [more ▼]

La Lozana andaluza describes the story of a gifted prostitute which adventures occur in Rome before the Sack of 1527. However, the writer, an Andalusian priest, fills his text with biblical references. As the purpose of his Portrait gives rise to debate and is valued according to its (un)appropriateness to the Christian doctrine, we study the role of the biblical intertextuality in the determination of this purpose. Indeed, in La Lozana, the biblical hypotext presents its traditional function as an auctoritas but it also constitutes a favored tool of linguistic games, a source of comic effects, and supplies the framework of the Portrait. In this work we examine the mixed intertextuality used by an autor which anticlericalism was sometimes interpreted as an erasmist feature. Consequently, we highlight, always making links with the biblical marks of La Lozana, first some evidences that make an orthodox interpretation possible, and later some dissident tendencies that cross the story. The biblical intertextuality produces a duplicity of the discourse that prevents an univocal interpretation. In fact, this posture is understandable during a time which is disturbed by religious tensions. [less ▲]

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See detailAllaitement maternel : la place des pères
Noirhomme-Renard, Florence ULg

Conference (2012, November 09)

De nombreuses études montrent que les pères ont un rôle influent dans la prise de décision des femmes d’allaiter leur enfant, et que leur soutien est crucial pour le succès de l’allaitement dans la durée ... [more ▼]

De nombreuses études montrent que les pères ont un rôle influent dans la prise de décision des femmes d’allaiter leur enfant, et que leur soutien est crucial pour le succès de l’allaitement dans la durée. Or ils sont peu préparés à ce rôle et souhaiteraient davantage de soutien dans cette expérience. Les recherches menées montrent que si la plupart des pères, pendant la grossesse, ont une représentation positive de l’allaitement et veulent être impliqués, la confrontation avec la réalité est souvent difficile (difficultés d’allaitement inattendues, pression et contradictions de professionnels de santé tournés sur l’aspect technique de l’allaitement, place limitée auprès de l’enfant,…). Après le retour à domicile, les sentiments des pères vis-à-vis de l’allaitement sont très divers et semblent liés à la place qu’ils prennent dans la triade, modulée parfois par la place que leur laisse la mère de l’enfant. Certains pères vivent un sentiment d’exclusion, d’autres se voient comme un « membre de l’équipe allaitante », trouvant d’autres manières de s’impliquer avec leur enfant. Le soutien apporté aux mères prend différentes formes : direct et indirect, verbal et non-verbal, émotionnel et instrumental. Selon les mères ce soutien est essentiel, davantage encore dans certaines situations (primiparité, césarienne, difficultés d’allaitement, fatigue, retour au travail). De leur côté les pères ont besoin d’une reconnaissance de leur rôle par leur partenaire d’une part, par les professionnels de santé d’autre part. Un système de santé « ami des pères » doit impliquer les pères précocement et de manière effective, pour les aider à soutenir leur partenaire dans l’expérience de l’allaitement. [less ▲]

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See detailApproche moins invasive de la chirurgie muco-gingivale
LAMBERT, France ULg

Conference (2012, November 08)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (2 ULg)
See detailSpirou, une aventure du mouvement
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

Conference (2012, November 08)

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See detailCapitalizing on mid-infrared to improve nutritional and environmental quality of milk
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Dehareng, Frédéric; Gengler, Nicolas ULg et al

Conference (2012, November 07)

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See detailLiaison 1-84 PTH and KDIGO guidelines
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg

Conference (2012, November 07)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (2 ULg)
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Peer Reviewed
See detailPlantes Médicinales Antipaludiques de l'île de la Réunion
Frederich, Michel ULg; Jonville, Marie-Caroline ULg; Grondin, Isabelle et al

Conference (2012, November 06)

Detailed reference viewed: 49 (3 ULg)
See detailAir Cavity ship as a solution to reduce frictional resistance
Lapy, Matthieu ULg; Hage, André ULg

Conference (2012, November 06)

Frictional resistance is an important part of the total resistance of a ship, especially when the Froude number is small. There exists different ways to reduce it, like riblets, polymer injection, air ... [more ▼]

Frictional resistance is an important part of the total resistance of a ship, especially when the Froude number is small. There exists different ways to reduce it, like riblets, polymer injection, air lubrication and air cavity. The first two techniques are hard to implement for full-scale ships. The air lubrication is subjected to plenty of research for around twenty years and could lead to resistance reduction up to 80%. Unfortunately, full-scale tests do not present the same results. The principle of air cavity ships is quite different, in the sense that air is blocked under the hull. The system exists for more than 100 years, but does not seem to convince the naval architects, although it can reduce the resistance up to 20%. The problem is that it can increase the resistance. Better knowledge of the phenomena is then necessary. [less ▲]

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See detailVos définition de la naturalité et du clean-label
Goffin, Dorothée ULg

Conference (2012, November 06)

Table ronde avec panel d'expert sur la définition de la naturalité et du clean-label

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See detailDeveloping national health sector monitoring and accountability platforms. The opportunity of IHP+ in Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal
Paul, Elisabeth ULg; Akpamoli, Alphonse; Ba, Amadou D. et al

Conference (2012, November 01)

There is now growing consensus about the importance of building and strengthening national monitoring platforms in order to facilitate the evaluation of large-scale health programmes and initiatives in ... [more ▼]

There is now growing consensus about the importance of building and strengthening national monitoring platforms in order to facilitate the evaluation of large-scale health programmes and initiatives in low- and middle-income countries [see the paper published in 2010 in The Lancet by Victora et al.]. This is also crucial for improving accountability, which is defined by the United Nations' Commission on Information and Accountability for Women's and Children's Health as a cyclical process of monitoring, review, and (remedial) action. The International Health Partnership and related initiatives (IHP+), World Health Organization and other partners have recently developed guidelines to support country-led platforms for monitoring, evaluation and review of national health strategies. The national Compacts promoted in the framework of IHP+ offer an excellent opportunity to foster the development of such country-led platforms for information and accountability. Indeed, a Compact formalises the commitments of the recipient government and health sector partners to increase financing efforts in the health sector, to respect aid effectiveness principles and to support the national health policy and strategies in a common planning, coordination, and monitoring & evaluation framework. IHP+ is also closely connected to initiatives such as the Health Metrics Network that aims to improve the quality of health information in developing countries. We propose to analyse how the Ministries of Health in four Francophone Western African countries (Benin, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal) have seized the opportunity of IHP+ to strengthen their monitoring and accountability platforms, and assess what further actions could be taken in the future. We present a comparative analysis grid filled on the basis of the experience of the co-authors in supporting the process in the four countries. This composes the first step of an on-going research and experience sharing project supported by GRAP-PA Santé. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 41 (2 ULg)
Peer Reviewed
See detailContrasting Two Ways of Making Psychology: Brentano and Freud
Gyemant, Maria ULg

Conference (2012, November 01)

Brentano’s views on psychology influenced the way philosophy was made at the beginning of the 20th century. But did this influence spread as far as to give place to Freud’s revolutionary discovery of the ... [more ▼]

Brentano’s views on psychology influenced the way philosophy was made at the beginning of the 20th century. But did this influence spread as far as to give place to Freud’s revolutionary discovery of the psychoanalytical unconscious? We know that Sigmund Freud attended enthusiastically Brentano’s lectures between 1874 and 1876. Yet, since Brentano’s name is never mentioned in Freud’s later, properly psychoanalytical writings, there is a very convincing argument for stating that Brentano had no lasting influence on Freud. Furthermore, Freud’s theory of the unconscious doesn’t seem to continue, but rather to oppose Brentano’s psychological views. Yet, as it was shown lately by a number of philosophers there are reasons to believe that Brentano had a profound influence on Freud. An attentive analysis of Freud’s vocabulary as well as his arguments against “philosophical” objections supports this point rather convincingly. However, Freud was not a philosopher and Brentano’s historical influence does not suffice to transform the Freudian unconscious in a philosophical concept. It is the purpose of this paper to sketch a way to make a philosophical use of Freud’s unconscious by reconstructing the dialogue between Brentano and Freud on a conceptual level. First, I will explain the differences between Brentano and Freud’s psychology. While Brentano and even the most original of his students thought the mind is entirely conscious, and they only called “unconscious” certain intermittences of this consciousness, Freud’s metapsychology rests on the supposition that the mind is primarily unconscious and it is consciousness that appears locally as a quality of certain mental events. In the second part of my paper I will show that this opposition is not as radical as it seems. Freud’s metapsychological supposition of an unconscious mind is not merely stated but proven by clinical facts. And these facts allow Freud to substitute a dynamic approach of the mental to a descriptive psychology of Brentanian inspiration: a mental state is only conscious because it becomes thus by passing from an unconscious to a conscious state. It is this change in the point of view that allows Freud to see mental events as processes rather than mere states. Thus, the results of Brentano’s descriptive psychology are not denied but rather completed by Freud’s dynamic theory of the unconscious. The purpose of this paper is thus to clarify not only Freud’s historical relation to Brentano, but also the relation of his metapsychology to Brentano’s descriptive psychology and to all psychology that takes Freud’s discovery of the unconscious seriously. Despite the explicit critique of the unconscious that we find in the Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint, I think that Freud never truly opposed Brentano. He rather took Brentano’s descriptive psychology a step further: he introduced a dynamic component to the analysis of the psyche that could throw light on the blind spots in Brentano’s psychology. [less ▲]

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See detailUne parenté inattendue. Raymond Queneau et les recalés de l'écriture
Goto, Kanako ULg

Conference (2012, November)

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See detailThe containment strategy of extreme right wing parties : a failure ?
Italiano, Patrick ULg; Pieters, Jérôme ULg; Kovincic, Petar ULg et al

Conference (2012, November)

When confronted to data from European social Survey, there seems to be no link between the acceptance of immigration by public opinion in a sample of western Europe countries and the presence of extreme ... [more ▼]

When confronted to data from European social Survey, there seems to be no link between the acceptance of immigration by public opinion in a sample of western Europe countries and the presence of extreme right parties in those countries. This contradicts various political analysis and some other data. The paper states this possible discrepancy and tries to find explanations [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is the best use of sugar crops? Environmental assessment of two potential applications : biofuels vs. bioproducts
Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

Conference (2012, November)

Agricultural crops became through years an attractive option to increase European energy independence. Brazil has taken this opportunity since the seventies by using sugar cane bioethanol as vehicle fuel ... [more ▼]

Agricultural crops became through years an attractive option to increase European energy independence. Brazil has taken this opportunity since the seventies by using sugar cane bioethanol as vehicle fuel. The development of biofuels production is more recent in Europe. Due to temperate climates, bioethanol production is mostly based on wheat and sugar beet, this latter being considered as the ‘equivalent’ sugar crop to sugar cane for Europe. Biofuel is the most common application of bioethanol but its transformation into bioethylene through a dehydration step and then its polymerization into bioplastic can be an alternative as already found in Brazil. This paper will consider both potential uses and compare them using Life Cycle Assessment methodology. Common boundaries of the systems comprise the cultivation step for both crops, i.e. sugar cane and sugar beet, with all associated energetic and fertilizer consumptions, the transportation step from field to the industrial plant, the sugar crops transformation into hydrate bioethanol, the by-products valorisation and the specific end-of-life. For the biofuel scenario, a dehydration step using molecular sieve is added to get anhydrous bioethanol. For the bioethylene scenario, industrial dehydration and polymerization steps are added. Direct comparison between both scenarios is not possible due to different products uses. The comparison was then performed for both scenarios between the bio-based product and its fossil equivalent. ReCiPe 2008 method was used at midpoint level to get the environmental impacts. As expected, the impact of bio-based products in climate change and fossil fuel depletion categories decreases compared to the fossil counterparts. For other categories, difference is less significant and results are often better for fossil products. Land use change impact was implemented to assess its importance. Depending on assumptions, the greenhouse gas emissions from crop implementation on a natural land can counteract the previous mentioned benefits. To get an idea of the performance of each considered bioethanol use, a single score relative to the amount of sugar cane and sugar beet cultivated on one hectare was calculated using the endpoint level of ReCiPe 2008 methodology. The environmental gain was then evaluated comparing the bio-based product use with the classical one. The highest performance was obtained for the bioplastic scenario based on sugar cane followed by the sugar beet bioplastic. The E5 biofuel based on sugar beet reaches a slightly lower gain. The E85 fuel obtains less gain due to the higher amount of biofuel needed to drive the same distance as using fossil fuel. When taking the land use change into account, the best gain is given by the sugar beet bioplastic. On the one hand, this study shows the importance of assumptions, especially in the agricultural field, on the obtained results. On the other hand, it points out that considering bioethanol as a chemical intermediate and not a fuel can be better from an environmental point of view. [less ▲]

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