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See detail3rd Generation PTH: Clinical utility
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg

Conference (2015, November 20)

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See detailQue garder parmi les index de résistance à la fatigue?
Paulus, Julien ULg; Bosquet, Laurent; Gremeaux, Vincent et al

Conference (2015, November 20)

Objectif Les tests isocinétiques contribuent régulièrement à l'évaluation de la performance musculaire et en sont considérés comme un gold standard [1]. Les tests de fatigabilité peuvent s'avérer ... [more ▼]

Objectif Les tests isocinétiques contribuent régulièrement à l'évaluation de la performance musculaire et en sont considérés comme un gold standard [1]. Les tests de fatigabilité peuvent s'avérer complémentaires des épreuves courtes de force notamment pour évaluer un athlète sollicitant particulièrement la filière anaérobie lactique ou dans des contextes pathologiques spécifiques [2]. Bien que Bosquet et al. [3] aient démontré la reproductibilité d'un protocole de fatigabilité pour le genou, à notre connaissance, aucune étude, ayant pour objectif d'être exhaustive dans son analyse, n'a été menée sur la reproductibilité des paramètres mesurés (meilleure répétition, cumuls total et partiels) et index de fatigue (quotient des n dernières répétitions par les x premières, du cumul des répétitions par la meilleure,…). Ces index et paramètres mesurés sont néanmoins proposés directement par les dynamomètres, sans en connaître systématiquement la méthode de calcul, et/ou utilisés en clinique et dans la littérature pour caractériser la fatigabilité musculaire du genou [4]. Sont-ils cependant suffisamment reproductibles pour que leur utilisation soit scientifiquement validée? Matériel & méthode Dix-huit sujets, modérément actifs, ont réalisé trente extensions-flexions maximales du genou à trois occasions, avec sept à dix jours de repos entre chaque session. Le moment de force maximum (MFM) et le travail maximal (Wmax) de chaque répétition ont été enregistrés pour compiler onze paramètres mesurés et construire quarante-quatre index. La reproductibilité de chaque paramètre et index a été évaluée via leur ICC (2,1), SEM et MD respectifs. Résultats Les valeurs d'ICC des paramètres mesurés pour les extenseurs du genou sont quasi-systématiquement supérieures à 0.8 tandis que celles pour les fléchisseurs oscillent entre 0.7 et 0.8. Les valeurs d'ICC pour les "index de fatigue" construits sont inférieures à 0.7 et 0.5 respectivement pour les extenseurs et fléchisseurs. Aucune différence notable n'est observée entre la reproductibilité du MFM et celle du Wmax (que ce soit pour les extenseurs ou les fléchisseurs ou pour les paramètres mesurés et les "index de fatigue"). Discussion Au vu des valeurs obtenues sur notre population, il apparait qu'aucun index de fatigue calculé ne semble suffisamment reproductible pour une utilisation clinique ou scientifique! Seuls les paramètres mesurés tels que la meilleure répétition, le cumul total ou partiel présentent une reproductibilité qui peut être qualifiée de (très) haute voire excellente et sont donc utilisables en clinique ou en recherche pour caractériser la fatigabilité musculaire du genou. [less ▲]

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See detailKDIGO a guidelines for bone turnover management in dialysis patients
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg

Conference (2015, November 20)

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See detailMitigating the Nuclear ‘Dual-Use Dilemma’: Suggestions for the Enhancement of the Culture of Responsibility
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

Conference (2015, November 19)

The speech aims at delineating a proper ethical and legal response to the ‘dual-use dilemma’ of nuclear science and technologies. After assessing the different models of governance proposed so far in ... [more ▼]

The speech aims at delineating a proper ethical and legal response to the ‘dual-use dilemma’ of nuclear science and technologies. After assessing the different models of governance proposed so far in nuclear field for addressing the ‘dual-use’ feature of nuclear technologies, and based on precautionary, proactionary or cost/benefit approaches, it suggests the adoption of a framework based on the notion of ‘responsible stewardship’. This model entails: (a) a constant analysis of nuclear technology, both on the side of risks and of benefits, through the involvement and cooperation of all the stakeholders in the field (the involvement of both ‘top down’ and ‘bottom up’ actors, i.e. governments and scientific community); (b) the adoption of policies through ‘hard law’ and ‘soft law’ sources, which should be periodically revised, and based on the proportionality principle and the reasonableness one (with a balance among rights and freedom, from a constitutional viewpoint); (c) an ongoing communication, dialogue and interaction between actors in the nuclear area. A specific attention is devoted to the balance between the freedom to research and the security needs. Then, the concrete ways for applying such model are explained, in particular with regards to the issue of control of materials, education of people, and control of information. Finally, the historical steps in the governance of nuclear technologies and the positions of different religions addressing the issue have been explored, in order to provide some examples of the suggested approach. [less ▲]

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See detail"Matériau documentaire, expérimentation formelle : sur Release (2010) de Bill Morrison"
Belloi, Livio ULg

Conference (2015, November 19)

Cette communication se penche sur "Release" (2010), un film relativement peu connu du cinéaste américain Bill Morrison. Relevant du cinéma de found footage, cette œuvre retravaille une vue d'actualités ... [more ▼]

Cette communication se penche sur "Release" (2010), un film relativement peu connu du cinéaste américain Bill Morrison. Relevant du cinéma de found footage, cette œuvre retravaille une vue d'actualités tournée en 1930 aux abords du pénitencier de Philadelphie. Cette communication s'interroge sur les modalités (notamment : développement en miroir et mise en boucle) et les enjeux de cette reprise. [less ▲]

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See detailParler pour soi-même dans un espace médiatique : les postures énonciatives dans le blog d'Ivan Rioufol
Servais, Christine ULg

Conference (2015, November 19)

A partir de l'analyse de l'énonciation dans le Blog d'Ivan Rioufol, je tente de mettre en évidence les caractéristiques politiques de ce discours, c'est-à-dire la manière dont il structure l'espace public ... [more ▼]

A partir de l'analyse de l'énonciation dans le Blog d'Ivan Rioufol, je tente de mettre en évidence les caractéristiques politiques de ce discours, c'est-à-dire la manière dont il structure l'espace public et la place qu'il y donne à son lecteur. Ce sont donc les effets politiques et policiers, au sens de Rancière, que j'y mets en évidence. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotional distress in Pediatric Cystic Fibrosis: using the Common-Sense Model of Self-Regulation to understand the role of illness perception and coping strategies
Toucheque, Malorie ULg; Stassart, Céline ULg; Duncan, Christina et al

Conference (2015, November 19)

Background: The common sense model of self-regulation (CSM) provides a framework for understanding the connection between emotions, thoughts and behaviors in people experiencing illness. However, most of ... [more ▼]

Background: The common sense model of self-regulation (CSM) provides a framework for understanding the connection between emotions, thoughts and behaviors in people experiencing illness. However, most of model in health psychology, including the CSM, were initially addressed to adult patients. Objective: This study examines the traditional conceptualization of the CSM where coping act as a mediator of the relation between illness perception and emotional distress in a pediatric population with chronic disease, namely Cystic Fibrosis (CF). Method: Using a cross-sectional design, 38 children with CF aged between 8 and 12 years participated in the study. All children were asked to complete: the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children (STAIC), the Children’s Depression Inventory (CDI), the Kidcope and the Children’s Illness Perception Questionnaire (CIPQ). A composite score labelled “emotional distress” including scores of anxiety and depressive symptoms were created. Results: Illness perception predicted emotional distress (Timeline: β = .43; t = 2.835; p = .007; Consequences: β = .50; t = 3.429; p = .002; Control: β = .18; t = 1.088; p = .284). As regard with coping strategies, only emotional outburst and distraction predicted emotional distress (emotional outburst: β = .48; t = 3.241; p = .003; distraction: β = .32; t = 2.038; p = .049). However, there were no relation of illness perception subscales with emotional outburst and distraction. Therefore, the mediational role of coping strategies between illness perception and emotional distress could not be tested. Conclusion: Findings did not confirm the original conceptualization of coping as a mediator suggesting that the CSM needs to be adapted when applied with a pediatric population. Even though young children are able to think before acting (i.e. Piaget’s work), future research should explore the possibility that cognitions and actions exist at the same level and can independently impact adjustment outcomes. [less ▲]

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See detailL'Azacytidine comme traitement de la maladie du greffon contre l'hôte de type chronique sclérodermique expérimentale.
Fransolet, Gilles ULg; Ehx, Grégory ULg; SOMJA, Joan ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 19)

Introduction: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) has remained a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for the last decades. Following unmanipulated peripheral-blood ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) has remained a major complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for the last decades. Following unmanipulated peripheral-blood stem cell transplantation, 60% of the patients experience chronic GVHD while approximately 15% of them develop a sclerodermic form of chronic GVHD characterized by multiple organ fibrosis and loss of skin elasticity. Regulatory T cells (Tregs) play a pivotal protective role in the pathogenesis of chronic GVHD by inhibiting alloreactive conventional T cells (Tconvs). Several studies have shown that hypomethylating agents such as azacytidine (Aza) can demethylate the master transcription factor of Treg (Forkhead box protein 3 factor, FoxP3), thus promoting Treg differentiation from Tconvs. This work investigates the impact of Aza in a classical murine model of sclerodermic chronic GVHD (B10.D2  BALB/cJ). Methods: In vitro analyses have been performed to determine the impact of Aza on collagen production. NIH-3T3 fibroblastic cells were plated and stimulated with 50 ng of PDGF or 10 ng of TGF-beta. Cells were then cultured with various concentrations of Aza for 48 hours. After culture, cells were stained with Sirius Red before quantification of collagen amount by absorbance at 490 nm. For in vivo experiments, lethally irradiated (7 Gy) BALB/cJ recipient mice were injected with 107 bone marrow cells + 7.107splenocytes from B10.D2 donor mice to induce scl-cGVHD. Recipients were injected with either 0,5 or 2 mg/kg of Aza every 48 hours from day 10 to 30 following transplantation. GVHD was scored using a five criteria scale (weight loss, activity, fibrosis, hair loss and mice posture; 0-1-2 points/criteria). Mice were sacrificed at a score of 8/10 (or > 20% weight loss) or at day 52 after transplantation (end of experiment). Results: Concerning in vitro analyses, results suggest a decreased production of collagen at higher concentration of Aza with both stimulations (seen by a gradual diminution of absorbance). For in vivo experiments, mice treated with Aza 0.5 mg/kg (n = 14) or 2 mg/kg (n = 25) had significant lower clinical scores of GVHD compared to control ones (n = 23) after treatment. FACS analysis showed a higher proportion of Treg among CD4+ T cells in the blood of Aza 2 mg/kg mice than in control mice at day 35 following transplantation (P = 0.047), as well as a higher percentage of Tregs expressing the KI67 proliferative marker on the same time point (P = 0.0005). Finally, analyses of the cellular blood components with Cell-dyn demonstrated that Aza 2 mg/kg treated mice were significantly lymphopenic as compared to control mice at day 35 after transplantation (P = 0.05). Conclusion : Aza prevented sclerodermic GVHD in this classical murine model of chronic GVHD. [less ▲]

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See detailLiquidity patterns in the US corporate bond market
Heck, Stéphanie ULg; Margaritis, Dimitri; Muller, Aline ULg

Conference (2015, November 19)

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See detailCompensatory Metabolism Promotes Cancer Cell Adaptation to HDAC5 Silencing
Hendrick, Elodie ULg

Conference (2015, November 19)

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See detail5-Azacytidine and Rapamycin: different and synergistic effect on ex vivo expansion of natural human T Regulatory cells
Conteduca, Giuseppina ULg

Conference (2015, November 19)

BACKGROUND: Natural T regulatory cells (Treg) are challenging to expand ex vivo, and this has severely hindered in vivo evaluation of their therapeutic potential. 5-Azacytidine (5-azaC) and Rapamycin ... [more ▼]

BACKGROUND: Natural T regulatory cells (Treg) are challenging to expand ex vivo, and this has severely hindered in vivo evaluation of their therapeutic potential. 5-Azacytidine (5-azaC) and Rapamycin (RAPA) are immunosuppressive drugs that promote selectively the expansion of CD4+CD25highFoxp3+ regulatory T cells OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether 5-azaC and RAPA could be used together to promote the ex vivo expansion of Tregs purified from adult human peripheral blood. METHODS: CD4+CD25+ and CD4+CD25- T cells were isolated from PBMC of normal controls using Miltenyi beads and FACS ARIA sorting. These cells subsets were cultured in the presence of anti-CD3/CD28 antibodies and 200 IU/ml of IL2 for 2 weeks. RAPA (100nM) and 5-azaC (1µM) were added to half of the cultures. We monitored cell expansion and after harvest, the cell phenotype, gene expression, T suppression activity and Annexin V binding were determined and compared to values obtained with control cell culture and with freshly-separated CD4+CD25+ and CD4+CD25- T cells. Also we tested the absolute number of Treg in the several culture conditions during the time of expansion. RESULTS: We found that 5-azaC helped maintain FOXP3 expression during the expansion process probably by promoting the conversion of T conventional (Tconv) in Treg, instead Rapa induces selectively apoptosis in Tconv cells and expansion in Treg. The addition of 5-azaC to RAPA treated cultures improved gene expression of FOXP3, CD25, STAT5 and TGF-B resulted in enhanced Treg expansion and suppressive activity. Also Rapa and 5-AzaC combination sustain Bcl-2 protein expression in Treg conferring resistance to apoptosis process. CONCLUSION: 5-azaC may have utility in ex vivo expansion of human Tregs, not as a single agent, but in combination with RAPA. These data may considerably accelerate the development of immunotherapeutic approaches for the treatment of autoimmune disease or posttransplant alloreactions by the adoptive transfer of nTreg cells. [less ▲]

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See detailNew technologies in Mycology: PCR for diagnosis
Hayette, Marie-Pierre ULg

Conference (2015, November 19)

Molecular biology techniques are widely used in mycology. First of all they are used for confirmation of difficult or uncertain identifications. In this case PCR followed by ITS sequencing is generally ... [more ▼]

Molecular biology techniques are widely used in mycology. First of all they are used for confirmation of difficult or uncertain identifications. In this case PCR followed by ITS sequencing is generally used. For diagnostic purposes, PCR is mostly applied for the detection of invasive infections such as pneumocystosis, candidosis or aspergillosis. However these techniques (Candida and Aspergillus detection) are still not included in the recommandations given by EORTC by lack of standardisation. However, the development of new commercially available techniques, will probably change the diagnostic algorithm. New commercial PCR kits applied to the detection of dermatophytes are also recently available to the laboratories and they will be a good complement to culture-based diagnostic methods. [less ▲]

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See detailÉtude comparative de nouveaux indices de détection de la réponse qui s’apparentent au hasard et à l’inattention
Béland, Sébastien; Raîche, Gilles; Magis, David ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 19)

Certains étudiants peuvent répondre au hasard ou être inattentifs dans une situation de testing. Plusieurs approches ont déjà été développées pour détecter ce type de réponse (Zickar et Drasgow, 1996 ... [more ▼]

Certains étudiants peuvent répondre au hasard ou être inattentifs dans une situation de testing. Plusieurs approches ont déjà été développées pour détecter ce type de réponse (Zickar et Drasgow, 1996). Parmi celles-ci, l’utilisation d’indices de détection de patrons de réponses inappropriés (person-fit indices) est l’approche qui est la plus étudiée et qui semble la plus prometteuse (Karabatsos, 2003; Meijer et Sijtsma, 2001). Dans le cadre de cette étude, nous nous concentrerons sur trois indices de détection populaires qui présentent des caractéristiques permettant d’en faciliter l’interprétation : lz (Drasgow, Levine et Williams, 1985), ZU (Wright et Masters, 1982) et ZW (Wright et Masters, 1982). Toutefois, il s’est avéré qu’ils sont tous fortement affectés par le fait que l’habileté d’un étudiant est estimée plutôt que réelle (Li et Olejnik, 1997; Molenaar et Hoijtink, 1990). Voilà pourquoi Snijders (2001) a proposé une version corrigée de l’indice lz (nommée lz*) qui prend en considération ce problème important. Nous avons déjà appliqué la correction de Snijders aux indices U et W en créant les indices ZU* et ZW* (Magis, Béland et Raîche, 2014). L’objectif de cette étude sera d’examiner le comportement des indices corrigés lz*, ZU* et ZW* et de leur version standardisée. Pour ce faire, nous effectuerons trois études différentes : une analyse descriptive des scores des indices, une analyse des erreurs de type I et une analyse de leur puissance de détection. Les analyses ont démontré que ce sont les indices corrigés lz* et ZW* qui sont les plus intéressants à utiliser puisque leurs scores suivent approximativement la loi N(0,1) et puisqu’ils permettent de bien détecter les réponses qui s’apparentent au hasard et à l’inattention. [less ▲]

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See detailGoverning anticipation through flexibility. The use of models for the regulation of chemicals
Thoreau, François ULg; Laurent, Brice

Conference (2015, November 18)

As the use of models is increasing within regulatory bodies, it is important to grasp both the empirical practices of producing and using them, and their political meaning. At stake here is the ... [more ▼]

As the use of models is increasing within regulatory bodies, it is important to grasp both the empirical practices of producing and using them, and their political meaning. At stake here is the possibility of identifying the characteristics of a way of governing anticipations that would be based on models. In this paper, we engage in such an exploration by focusing on models developed to predict the potential risks of chemicals. These models, called “Quantitative Structure-Activities Relationship” (QSAR), are based on statistical correlations between a set of descriptors (e.g. chemical composition, crystalline structures…) and a set of physicochemical properties, including potential toxicity. They are developed using a limited number of substances that serve as reference points, so that the properties of other chemicals could later be predicted by the model, according to their proximities to the reference points. QSAR models have been promoted by regulatory agencies for over twenty years, but have been recently gaining momentum in Europe, in the wake of the REACH regulation. As the regulation on chemicals is becoming more constraining on private companies, usual experimental approaches raise many concerns (which are lengthy, costly and often requires animal testing). Based on the analysis of the relevant documentation, interviews with scientists and regulators, as well as the ethnographic observation of a recent research project attempting to developed QSAR models for nanomaterials, this paper provides the preliminary elements for describing the mode of governing anticipation that emerges from the use of such models. We contend that QSAR approaches offer empirical examples to identify a mode of governing anticipation based on flexibility, understood at the epistemic and political levels. [less ▲]

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See detailLes biomarqueurs de l'arthrose
Henrotin, Yves ULg

Conference (2015, November 17)

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See detailInsuffisance hépatique aigue: traitement conservateur et alternatives thérapeutiques
DETRY, Olivier ULg

Conference (2015, November 17)

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See detailLes urgences par traumatisme fermé ou ouvert de l'abdomen
DETRY, Olivier ULg

Conference (2015, November 17)

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See detailHow to circulate "population varieties" inside a locked seed system? Kaol Kozh's case
Hecquet, Corentin ULg

Conference (2015, November 17)

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See detailLa détection précoce de la maladie d'Alzheimer
Bastin, Christine ULg

Conference (2015, November 17)

Lorsque le diagnostic de maladie d’Alzheimer est posé, les atteintes au niveau du cerveau et l’ampleur des difficultés dans la vie quotidienne ont atteint un seuil critique. Actuellement, les chercheurs ... [more ▼]

Lorsque le diagnostic de maladie d’Alzheimer est posé, les atteintes au niveau du cerveau et l’ampleur des difficultés dans la vie quotidienne ont atteint un seuil critique. Actuellement, les chercheurs et les cliniciens pensent que pour tenter de retarder l’apparition d’une démence, voire même l’empêcher, il faut agir bien avant que les premiers symptômes majeurs apparaissent. Le défi actuel est de trouver les meilleurs outils permettant de détecter le plus tôt possible les premiers signes de la maladie. Etant donné que des changements cognitifs peuvent être détectés très tôt, les neuropsychologues tentent d’identifier parmi les tests qui forment le bilan neuropsychologique ceux qui permettent de prédire au mieux le développement futur d’une maladie d’Alzheimer. Les recherches ont suggéré que les mesures ayant le meilleur pouvoir de prédiction semblent être celles de mémoire épisodique (qui est la capacité à se souvenir d’événements vécus dans un contexte bien précis) et les mesures de fluence verbale (qui est la capacité à citer un grand nombre de mots appartenant à une catégorie ou commençant par une lettre donnée). Le groupe Vieillissement et Mémoire, au sein du Centre de Recherches du Cyclotron (Université de Liège), poursuit actuellement deux lignes de recherche en lien avec la question de la détection précoce de la maladie d’Alzheimer : Premièrement, nous tentons de déterminer si nous pouvons encore mieux détecter les personnes à risque de développer une maladie d’Alzheimer en affinant les mesures de la mémoire. Le point de départ de cette recherche doit être une compréhension approfondie des mécanismes qui régissent le fonctionnement de la mémoire ainsi que de leurs bases cérébrales. Nos premiers résultats ont montré une perte précoce de la capacité à réactiver tous les détails d’un épisode vécu, associée à une déconnexion entre les régions d’un réseau cérébral incluant le cortex cingulaire postérieur et l’hippocampe. Deuxièmement, nous étudions les facteurs protecteurs qui permettent à certaines personnes de mieux résister que d’autres aux effets négatifs du vieillissement et de la pathologie cérébrale. Une étude non encore publiée menée auprès de personnes âgées sans trouble cognitif a montré que plus les personnes avaient étudié longtemps et avaient pratiqué une activité physique au cours de leur vie, meilleure était leur capacité à se souvenir des détails des événements vécus. Enfin, une approche idéale pour Identifier le plus tôt possible qui risque de développer des symptômes de déclin cognitif est l’approche multidisciplinaire. Plutôt que d’évaluer l’intérêt d’une mesure seule, nous proposons de tenir compte de manière combinée des différents éléments qui semblent contribuer à la détection précoce de la maladie d’Alzheimer : modifications neuropathologiques, mesures neuropsychologiques, mesures de la structure et du fonctionnement cérébral, habitudes de vie, changements physiologiques et modification du sommeil. [less ▲]

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See detailD'un Primo en local à un Primo dans le cloud: deux déploiements en deux ans d'une solution discovery à l'Université de Liège
Renaville, François ULg

Conference (2015, November 17)

En février 2013, les Bibliothèques de l'Université de Liège ont mis en production la solution discovery Primo, hébergée en local. Le projet s’est étalé sur une dizaine de mois, offrant ainsi aux ... [more ▼]

En février 2013, les Bibliothèques de l'Université de Liège ont mis en production la solution discovery Primo, hébergée en local. Le projet s’est étalé sur une dizaine de mois, offrant ainsi aux professionnels des Bibliothèques la possibilité de se familiariser avec le nouvel outil avant le lancement officiel. Moins d’un an plus tard, les Bibliothèques décidaient de passer au système de gestion de bibliothèque Alma, ce qui impliquait à nouveau le déploiement d’un Primo, cette fois-ci dans le cloud. En six mois, la migration vers Alma et le lancement de la nouvelle interface discovery étaient réalisés. Cette présentation balaye les moments clés des deux projets de déploiement Primo, en mettant l'accent sur la composante organisationnelle, la formation des équipes et la gestion du changement. [less ▲]

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See detailEmotion, violence, cohabitation. A propos de Vers la cohabitation de Judith Butler
Cormann, Grégory ULg

Conference (2015, November 16)

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See detailLa guerre comme modèle des rapports de pouvoir. Question à Judith Butler
Caeymaex, Florence ULg

Conference (2015, November 16)

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See detailBien soigner l'arthrose: un enjeu capital pour notre société!
Henrotin, Yves ULg

Conference (2015, November 16)

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See detailFungal skin infections: from the clinic to the laboratory
Hayette, Marie-Pierre ULg

Conference (2015, November 14)

Superficial fungal infections are largely represented in the world population and are mainly caused by dermatophytes. Clinical signs can be confusing and it is important to get a rapid diagnostic to apply ... [more ▼]

Superficial fungal infections are largely represented in the world population and are mainly caused by dermatophytes. Clinical signs can be confusing and it is important to get a rapid diagnostic to apply the right treatment.The diagnostic procedures are still culture-based methods but molecular technologies are recently available under commercial kits and will be probable part of a new algorithm in the laboratory diagnosis. [less ▲]

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See detailReturn policy of Fukushima evacuees under controversies on radiological risks
Hasegawa, Reiko ULg; Fassert, Christine

Conference (2015, November 14)

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See detailThe Q-Codes. From Dunedin 2007 to Hyderabad 2015
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2015, November 14)

Aim Coding abstracts of communications of GPs during congress allows more efficient exchange of information through a specific indexing process. Coding with Core Content Classification in General Practice ... [more ▼]

Aim Coding abstracts of communications of GPs during congress allows more efficient exchange of information through a specific indexing process. Coding with Core Content Classification in General Practice/Family Medicine (3CGP/FM), an association of ICPC and of a new tool called Q-Codes means identifying the main concepts the writer is willing to share in his/her contribution. This is called ‘text classification’ or ‘topic list building’ in computer sciences and ‘qualitative data analysis’ in cognitive sciences. The GP is dealing with issues concerning the patient and with issues concerning the management of the job. Symptoms, diagnosis and process are up to what we will call clinical activities. General management as well as ethical or quality related issues are up to what we will call non-clinical or managerial activities. Clinical activities will be identified in the abstracts by the use of the International Classification of Primary Care second edition, electronic, version 5 (ICPC-2 e ver5). Managerial activities will be identified in the abstracts by the use of the Q-Codes, version 2.1, 2015 which we are explaining now in detail. Method The European cross-lingual portal of health terminologies for indexing and searching Web resources (www.hetop.eu) is using the OWL 2 Web Ontology Language, relying for instance to Bioportal and connected to the world of the Internet of data. We have developed the terminological content of 183 items called Q-codes using a graphic Interface, filling the knowledge base with relevant information about the concept studied, linking them to professional terminologies like MeSH, or to lay ones like Babelnet and DBpedia, if any, and relying them to top bibliographic free full text citations of the domain. Results 183 Q-Codes have been designed and 177 extensive terminological records are available online, for now for beta testers. The whole process is described on http://docpatient.net/3CGP. The ongoing version of the Q-codes is available here in 6 languages http://docpatient.net/3CGP/Q-Codes_ver_2_2.pdf The poster present a general overview of the terminological development. [less ▲]

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See detailDer Wiederaufbau der deutsch-belgischen Beziehungen nach 1945
Brüll, Christoph ULg

Conference (2015, November 14)

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See detailLa place de l’énergie dans la régionalisation de l’Europe
Sisu, Madalina ULg

Conference (2015, November 13)

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See detailL’entrée à l’école maternelle, le vécu des familles en situation de précarité
Pirard, Florence ULg; Morgante, Aurélie; Housen, Marie ULg

Conference (2015, November 13)

Notre communication a pour objectif de mieux comprendre le vécu des familles lors de l’entrée de leur(s) enfant(s) à l’école maternelle en Fédération Wallonie Bruxelles (FWB, Belgique), en particulier ... [more ▼]

Notre communication a pour objectif de mieux comprendre le vécu des familles lors de l’entrée de leur(s) enfant(s) à l’école maternelle en Fédération Wallonie Bruxelles (FWB, Belgique), en particulier celui des familles en situation de précarité. Elle pose la question de la transition et de l’entrée à l’école maternelle dans le parcours des enfants et de leur famille, question peu étudiée dans les recherches belges et internationales. Elle s'inscrit dans un contexte caractérisé par une entrée relativement précoce à l'école maternelle (2 ans et demi) et une fréquentation massive comparativement aux taux de participation enregistrés dans d’autres pays européens. Pour beaucoup d’enfants, cette entrée représente la première expérience de vie dans un cadre professionnel car en FWB, comme dans les autres pays où l’offre de services est divisée, seule une partie des jeunes enfants ont accès à une place en milieux d’accueil avant l’école maternelle (27,7 % de taux de couverture en milieux d’accueil à la fin de l’année 2010 pour les moins de 3 ans), les enfants des familles en situation de précarité étant les moins représentés. Dans ce contexte, les résultats de nos recherches fondés sur des entretiens à visée compréhensive menés avec des parents, essentiellement des mères montrent les difficultés à établir un dialogue à partir de l’expérience de vie des enfants dans l’institution éducative qui semble souvent peu visible et compréhensible malgré l'importance que les participants lui est accorde. Ils nous amènent à réinterroger les pratiques d’accueil et d’éducation dans une perspective de coéducation, la formation initiale des professionnelles et plus largement les conditions d’un développement professionnel continu [less ▲]

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See detailSnow cover evolution and its impact on flooding in the Ourthe River catchment (southeast of Belgium) over the period 1958­-2014 using the MAR model
Wyard, Coraline ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Erpicum, Michel ULg

Conference (2015, November 13)

The Ourthe River (southeast of Belgium) is one of the main tributaries of the Meuse River with a catchment area of 3500 km². About 50 % of the floods which occur in the Ourthe River catchment are due to ... [more ▼]

The Ourthe River (southeast of Belgium) is one of the main tributaries of the Meuse River with a catchment area of 3500 km². About 50 % of the floods which occur in the Ourthe River catchment are due to rainfall events associated with the melting of the snow which covers the Ardennes in winter. In this study, hydroclimatic conditions favourable to flooding were reconstructed over the period 1958-2014 using the regional climate model MAR (« Modèle Atmosphérique Régional ») forced by the ERA-interim reanalysis and by the NCEP1 reanalysis. As validation, the MAR results were compared to weather station-based data. A trends analysis was then performed in order to study the evolution of conditions favourable to flooding in the Ourthe River catchment. When the MAR model is forced by the NCEP1 reanalysis, results show a significant decrease in hydroclimatic conditions favourable to flooding because of a decrease in snow accumulation as well as a decrease in the frequency of extreme precipitation events in winter. When MAR is forced by the ERA-interim reanalysis, non-significant trends are found, which could be explained by an underestimation of the precipitation amount computed by the ERA-40 reanalysis before 1979. Further studies are needed to explain the decreasing trends in snow accumulation and extreme precipitation events. Moreover, an hydrological model could also be forced by the MAR outputs in order to improve flood detection. [less ▲]

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See detailFourniture de pages web expliquant la médecine du travail aux médecins généralistes
Mairiaux, Philippe ULg; Mortelmans, Katrien

Conference (2015, November 13)

Detailed reference viewed: 37 (3 ULg)
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See detailDe Freaks à Decasia, de l'image du monstre à l'image monstrueuse
Jousten, Lison ULg

Conference (2015, November 13)

L’intervention vise à élargir la question de la monstruosité dans le cadre du cinéma, souvent réduite à une étude de motif, en confrontant Freaks (Tod Browning, 1932) à Decasia (Bill Morrison, 2002). Si ... [more ▼]

L’intervention vise à élargir la question de la monstruosité dans le cadre du cinéma, souvent réduite à une étude de motif, en confrontant Freaks (Tod Browning, 1932) à Decasia (Bill Morrison, 2002). Si au premier abord, tout semble séparer le classique hollywoodien qui fit figurer des monstres véritables à l’écran du film expérimental de found footage créé sur base d’images corrompues, l’analyse croisée des deux œuvres révèle une visée commune. [less ▲]

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See detailFarms for Future? Contribution of agroecological farms to the delivery of ecosystem services
Boeraeve, Fanny ULg; Dendoncker, Nicolas; Dufrêne, Marc ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 12)

In the western part of the Hainaut province in Belgium, a dynamic network of several farms intentionally incorporates biodiversity within their practices and across multiple scales. While it is suggested ... [more ▼]

In the western part of the Hainaut province in Belgium, a dynamic network of several farms intentionally incorporates biodiversity within their practices and across multiple scales. While it is suggested that such diversification of agricultural practices supports ecological processes in turn favoring biomass production and providing other ecosystem services (ES) to society, few studies have actually attested this fact. A recent review by Kremen and Miles (2012) comparing the provision of 12 ES in organic and conventional systems concludes that ‘integrated whole-system studies of the influence of different farming practices on multiples ES are critically needed’; a conclusion confirmed by the few existing farm-scale ES assessments. This research’s goal is to fulfill this gap by providing comprehensive knowledge about the socio-ecological performance of such systems. To achieve this, we rely on the tool of integrated ES assessment, which includes both a biophysical and a social valuation. Such value-pluralism is of high relevance in agricultural contexts, where multiple values are required to capture the diversity of needs and wants that nature can contribute to fulfill for society and individuals. With the aim to get better insights into societal values, a ‘field thesis committee’ was launched. This latter one includes local farmers and citizens who are consulted throughout the research. For instance, at the start of the project, a participative ES selection was organized to guide the research towards ES important in the eyes of local stakeholders. The presentation first introduces the innovative multi-actor and multi-disciplinary approach developed in this project. Preliminary results are then presented and interpreted. We believe our approach can bring significant contribution to body of knowledge on the reconciliation of social and environmental expectancies. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 58 (9 ULg)
See detailAre diagrams dispensable in proofs ?
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

Conference (2015, November 11)

Detailed reference viewed: 21 (1 ULg)
See detailEvaluation of head-up and head-down displays in stereoscopic driving simulation environment
Grogna, David ULg; Sodnik, Jaka; Verly, Jacques ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 10)

Detailed reference viewed: 22 (2 ULg)
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See detailProduction multimédia à l’ULg : vers une typologie des usages pédagogiques et des ressources mobilisées
Martin, Pierre; Van de Poël, Jean-François ULg; Verpoorten, Dominique ULg

Conference (2015, November 10)

Ce poster introduit à une typologie de productions multimédia pédagogiques. Elle est issue d’une recherche à caractère exploratoire conduite sur plus de 1000 productions réalisées par IFRES-eCampus dans ... [more ▼]

Ce poster introduit à une typologie de productions multimédia pédagogiques. Elle est issue d’une recherche à caractère exploratoire conduite sur plus de 1000 productions réalisées par IFRES-eCampus dans le studio multimédia de l'Université de Liège. La typologie a ceci de particulier qu'elle associe chaque catégorie multimédia identifiée à une estimation des ressources nécessaire à sa production, sur le plan pédagogique, technique et de l'accompagnement. [less ▲]

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See detailRural landscape design: think local, involve locals
Boeraeve, Fanny ULg; Pipart, Nathalie; Dendoncker, Nicolas et al

Conference (2015, November 10)

The urge to involve stakeholders from the start of ecosystem service (ES) assessments is increasingly addressed in literature. This is even more the case when studying rural landscape planning for which ... [more ▼]

The urge to involve stakeholders from the start of ecosystem service (ES) assessments is increasingly addressed in literature. This is even more the case when studying rural landscape planning for which impacts on ES have proved to be highly context specific. Despite the growing amount of social ES valuations, few studies integrate them to a biophysical ES assessment. To fill in this gap, we developed a methodology where the social ES valuation directly serves the biophysical ES assessment. By combining components of the Delphi and the focus group methods, our approach allows to provide good insights on the preferred ES within the studied locality. Thanks to the deliberative phase, it also provides information on the divergences and convergences among the social values held by local stakeholders. The underpinning aim of the exercise is to reach a consent within the group. Conversely to a consensus where the decision must be unanimous, a consent seeks decisions where nobody has fundamental opposition to it. We believe that applying such approach has the potential to: - guide the biophysical ES assessment towards ES which are relevant to the study area and important in the eyes of local stakeholders; - create opportunity for collective social learning; - identify networks of influences and/or social interdependencies related to ES; - empower local stakeholders while enhancing the democratic process of decision-making. The presentation first introduces the backbone of the methodology. Two case-studies in which we applied the innovative approach will then be presented. The first case study relates to local ES assessment carried out in agroecological and conventional farms in a Western locality in Belgium. The second case-study relates to a land consolidation scheme project. Outcomes of the approach applied in both cases are put forward, and adaptation of the methodology for the distinct purposes and contexts are elucidated. [less ▲]

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See detailThe notion of trade sanctions and the EU system
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

Conference (2015, November 09)

The main rule in trade law is the freedom of trade. However, some limitations should be introduced for protecting non-economic interests, such as security. One of the ways for ensuring these interests is ... [more ▼]

The main rule in trade law is the freedom of trade. However, some limitations should be introduced for protecting non-economic interests, such as security. One of the ways for ensuring these interests is represented by national strategic trade control systems. In case of violation of these rules, sanctions should be provided. The contribution aims at analysing the existing sanctions in trade law area, distinguishing between "internal penalties", meant as the violation of export control regimes, and "external sanctions", referred to the violation of embargoes. The analysis is a comparative one, and focuses particularly on the EU level. [less ▲]

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See detailSTAtion of Reference and rEsearch on Change of local and global Anthropogenic Pressures on Mediterranean Ecosystems Drifts: The STARECAPMED project
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Abadie, Arnaud ULg; Binard, Marc ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 08)

The Marine and Oceanographic Research Station STARESO in the Calvi Bay, Corsica (France), is a unique tool in a preserved natural site that includes all the characteristic ecosystems of the Mediterranean ... [more ▼]

The Marine and Oceanographic Research Station STARESO in the Calvi Bay, Corsica (France), is a unique tool in a preserved natural site that includes all the characteristic ecosystems of the Mediterranean littoral. The station, established in 1970, has archived environmental data for decades. The STARECAPMED project, multidisciplinary, articulates itself around these two main features. Its objective is to understand how human activities can interact with the fundamental processes that govern the functioning of the different coastal ecosystems of a Mediterranean bay. The understanding of these interactions involves: (i) the identification of the anthropogenic pressures; (ii) the quantification of their impacts on the ecosystems; (iii) the prioritization of these impacts. STARECAPMED also aims to confirm the relevance of the use of the Calvi Bay as a reference in the study of local and global pressures and the changes they may cause on the structure and the functioning of Mediterranean coastal ecosytems. [less ▲]

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See detailThe trace element contamination of coastal waters: A holistic approach to environmental monitoring surveys
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg

Conference (2015, November 07)

Sustained monitoring programs are necessary to evidence the efficacy of regulatory controls on pollutant discharges and to assess the health status of ecosystems. Within this perspective, this study aimed ... [more ▼]

Sustained monitoring programs are necessary to evidence the efficacy of regulatory controls on pollutant discharges and to assess the health status of ecosystems. Within this perspective, this study aimed to monitor the coastal trace element contamination of the whole Mediterranean, using Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile as bioindicator. But sustainable coastal management also requires the development of appropriate classification systems intended, among other purposes, for environmental managers and policy makers. The combined utilization of several complementary monitoring tools - water quality scale, pollution index, spatial analysis - successfully led to the development of such an operational classification system: it allowed to assess contamination threats and to depict contamination gradients of the entire Mediterranean, while assessing more regional and local impacts. Consequently, such holistic approaches should be privileged to accurately monitor the contamination rate of coastal waters and to transfer relevant information on this composite problem to environmental managers and policy makers. [less ▲]

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See detailPrise en charge non pharmacologique de la gonarthrose; actualités et perspectives
Henrotin, Yves ULg

Conference (2015, November 07)

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See detailL'ostéopathie: mythe ou réalité?
Henrotin, Yves ULg

Conference (2015, November 07)

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See detail) The spatial variability of trace element bioaccumulation processes: Tools to environmental management
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Lejeune, Lejeune; Lepoint, Gilles ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 07)

As transitional environments, coastal meadows are particularly vulnerable to pollution. Trace elements remain contaminants of concern because of their persistence, their ability to accumulate in biota and ... [more ▼]

As transitional environments, coastal meadows are particularly vulnerable to pollution. Trace elements remain contaminants of concern because of their persistence, their ability to accumulate in biota and their toxicity. Local, regional, national and cross-border programs are thus initiated to monitor their environmental occurrence. Sentinel organisms, or bioindicators, have been widely used to this end since they accumulate the bioavailable and thus potentially toxic fraction of contaminants. In the framework of the STARECAPMED project, the accumulation of trace elements in the seagrass Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile was studied at different spatial scales: along a radial (100 m scale), in a bay (1 km scale), along the French Mediterranean littoral (10-100 km scale) and along the whole Mediterranean coastline (100-1000 km scale). Results showed that the contamination of the sampled shoots could vary as much at opposite scales. This benthic primary producer accumulates contaminants sequestered in the sediments, in addition to their dissolved fraction in the water column. The sediments also offer a time integration of coastal pollution and thus amplify the pollution signal recorded by the seagrass, resulting in the observed spatial variability. These results demonstrate that the in-depth knowledge of the ecology of the monitored bioindicator and the interactions it shares with its environment cannot be ignored. Such failure could lead to erroneous interpretations of the levels of contamination of monitored sites, and points out the need to define a sampling strategy based on the monitoring objectives and the selected bioindicator. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 47 (8 ULg)
See detailPrévoir/prévenir la contamination : récit d’anticipation et hygiénisme
Stienon, Valérie ULg

Conference (2015, November 07)

Au croisement de la médecine, de l’urbanisme et du réformisme social, les théories hygiénistes influencent profondément les conceptions du vivre-ensemble au XIXe siècle en France. Au même moment, les ... [more ▼]

Au croisement de la médecine, de l’urbanisme et du réformisme social, les théories hygiénistes influencent profondément les conceptions du vivre-ensemble au XIXe siècle en France. Au même moment, les romans d’anticipation développent des préoccupations similaires à travers leurs visions de la communauté : conditions fragiles de la santé publique, mesures prophylactiques contre l’épidémie, mises à l’épreuve du corps social et des infrastructures urbaines. Émile Souvestre envisage l’allaitement des enfants à la vapeur (Le Monde tel qu’il sera, 1846), Jules Verne conçoit France-Ville comme la « cité du bien-être » centrée sur la propreté (Les Cinq Cents Millions de la Bégum, 1879), Léon Daudet satirise une autocratie médicale devenue meurtrière par l’application outrancière des lois d’hygiène (Les Morticoles, 1894) et Paul Adam présente l’organisation des villes selon les cycles de la reproduction, favorisant la femme enceinte mais rendant stérile le soldat (Les Lettres de Malaisie, 1898). Les convergences entre les théories hygiénistes et les récits d’anticipation reposent non seulement sur un discours social et idéologique privilégiant certaines topiques comme la contamination, mais aussi sur des formes d’expression spécifiques, l’hygiénisme ayant généré nombre d’écrits – du traité à l’essai – caractérisés par leur propre poétique. Poser des principes, édicter des lois, recenser les composantes du corps social, réformer les mœurs, cartographier la ville et catégoriser ses habitants : ces démarches cognitives et les rhétoriques qui leur sont associées transitent aussi par la fiction romanesque, qui les fait siennes. On propose d’examiner ce double aspect : entre théorie et application, entre discours social et roman, comment la fiction d’anticipation s’approprie-t-elle l’hygiénisme pour en confirmer les principes, les critiquer ou les réinventer ? Quelles sont les modalités de ce dialogue à la fois prédictif et prescriptif (intégration, citation, transposition) ? Enfin, une évolution est-elle perceptible au long de la seconde moitié du siècle ? [less ▲]

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See detailDo changes in atmospheric CO2 concentration affect aphid alarm signaling?
Boullis, Antoine ULg; Appeldoorn, Claire; Oostrom, Marjolein et al

Conference (2015, November 06)

The effects of global atmospheric changes on vegetation and associated insect populations are increasingly studied, but how these gases affect the interactions between herbivore insects and their natural ... [more ▼]

The effects of global atmospheric changes on vegetation and associated insect populations are increasingly studied, but how these gases affect the interactions between herbivore insects and their natural enemies is less clear. As the efficacy of natural enemies is governed largely by behavioral mechanisms, changes in the behavior of insect prey defenses can change the dynamics of insect populations. The impact of increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) concentrations on aphid population dynamic is well documented. However, few publications about their chemical ecology are reported. Aphids are using many chemical signals to communicate with each other or with their environment. For example aphids produce an alarm pheromone to signal the presence of a natural enemy in the colony. For our experiments, aphids Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) were reared on Vicia faba L. in home-made Plexiglas® chambers, allowing us to control the CO2 concentration, temperature and humidity. Aphids were reared under both ambient (aCO2 ≈ 400 ppm) and elevated (eCO2 ≈ 800 ppm) CO2 concentration for several generations. Here we quantified the emission of (E)-β-Farnesene (EβF - main compound of alarm pheromone) released by predated aphids reared under ambient or elevated CO2 concentration, with two different methods: a real-time analysis, and the total amount analysis. The EβF content of whole aphid bodies was also analyzed, as well as the escape behavior of aphid colony according to the growing conditions of aphid populations. These results will be discussed in terms of biological control in future climate. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of Regiella insecticola infection on EBF production in Acyrthosiphon pisum Harris
Bauwens, Julien ULg; Mazzucchelli, Gabriel ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 06)

Symbionts of aphids influence their host from many points of view. We investigate the potential influence of bacterial symbionts on the production and emission of the aphid alarm pheromone, E-β-franesene ... [more ▼]

Symbionts of aphids influence their host from many points of view. We investigate the potential influence of bacterial symbionts on the production and emission of the aphid alarm pheromone, E-β-franesene. Some trends could be observed in the total EβF production. Particularly, aphid strains infected by Buchnera only seemed to produce less alarm pheromone. By contrast, the presence of Regiella insecticola seemed to increase EβF production. Mevalonate pathway was investigated by RT-qPCR. This analysis showed a slightly lower transcription level o mIPPS in Regiella-infected strains. This enzyme is involved in the last step of EβF production. By contrast, two enzymes involved respectively in the linkage and release of farnesyl moeities on proteins c-terminal ends. Escape tests were conducted to assay if these results were traduced by differential behavior in front of a predator. Preliminary results showed significantly higher dropping behavior for Regiella-infected strains. [less ▲]

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See detailLes réseaux télématiques et leurs effets sur la participation partisane. Le cas du Parti Pirate belge
Macq, Hadrien ULg

Conference (2015, November 06)

Si l’idée d’une participation politique par le biais d’Internet semble de prime abord reléguer au second plan les médiations politiques, en ce compris les partis, ces derniers se sont peu à peu saisi des ... [more ▼]

Si l’idée d’une participation politique par le biais d’Internet semble de prime abord reléguer au second plan les médiations politiques, en ce compris les partis, ces derniers se sont peu à peu saisi des réseaux. Cette tendance serait d’ailleurs arrivée à son zénith avec l’émergence de « cyber partis », basant toute leur structure sur l’usage des réseaux télématiques. Dans le système politique belge, un parti semble répondre à cette définition : le Parti Pirate, qui se distingue précisément par une utilisation intensive d’Internet et qui semble incarner le phénomène de transformation de la forme partisane à l’heure du numérique. L’émergence d’un tel parti s’inscrit dans un contexte particulier. En effet, depuis les années 1990, en Belgique comme de nombreux autres Etats européens, la thèse du déclin de la participation politique et des partis politiques s’est trouvée renforcée par le déclin des effectifs partisans et l’émergence d’un militantisme plus souple, distancié. La question que nous posons dès lors est la suivante : dans un contexte de mutations de l’engagement et de déclin des effectifs partisans, l’usage des réseaux télématiques à l’intérieur du Parti Pirate jouent-ils un rôle dans la décision individuelle de s’engager au sein de celui-ci ? Autrement dit, Internet peut-il permettre de réconcilier les nouvelles formes de militantisme et l’engagement partisan ? [less ▲]

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See detailApplications de l'argile crue en construction
Grigoletto, Sophie ULg; paul, Julien

Conference (2015, November 05)

L’utilisation de l’argile en construction permet d’atteindre des propriétés spécifiques en termes de résistance mécanique et d’inertie thermique. Les recherches menées à l’Université de Liège, en ... [more ▼]

L’utilisation de l’argile en construction permet d’atteindre des propriétés spécifiques en termes de résistance mécanique et d’inertie thermique. Les recherches menées à l’Université de Liège, en collaboration avec l’entreprise MOBIC, ont permis de développer des produits permettant l’amélioration de l’inertie thermique de panneaux à ossature bois. L’effet de l’apport de la couche d’inertie au sein des constructions à ossature bois a été quantifié expérimentalement par l’instrumentation de modules jumeaux de 20m². Cet effet sur le confort thermique a également été modélisé par des simulations thermiques en vue de quantifier les bénéfices sur les surchauffes en été, les réductions des consommations énergétiques en hiver pour divers scénarii au moyen d’un programme de simulation dynamique des échanges thermiques et des bilans d’énergie au sein de bâtiments [less ▲]

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See detailBiomakers of osteoarthritis
Henrotin, Yves ULg

Conference (2015, November 05)

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See detailCorrespondances et récits de vie inédits de contemplatives du XVIIe siècle : des sources révélatrices de tiraillement intérieurs entre le Ciel et l’Église
Henneau, Marie-Elisabeth ULg

Conference (2015, November 05)

Dans une section de colloque intitulée « Hommes, Église, Institutions à l’époque moderne », il est important de faire entendre des voix de femmes, qui, sans avoir la notoriété et la science des moniales ... [more ▼]

Dans une section de colloque intitulée « Hommes, Église, Institutions à l’époque moderne », il est important de faire entendre des voix de femmes, qui, sans avoir la notoriété et la science des moniales de Port-Royal, n’en ont pas moins imité l’audace et tenté de résister aux injonctions de l’autorité ecclésiale au nom de leur conscience. Cette communication fera le point sur l’apport de certaines collections d’archives produites en interne par des religieuses qui recourent à l’écrit pour défendre leur point de vue face aux instances dirigeantes – annales, abrégés de vertus et correspondances – et sur d’autres documents où la voix de ces femmes est relayée et commentée par les gens d’Église venus les interroger – scrutins et rapports de visites régulières. Cette question sera plus spécialement examinée dans le contexte de la lutte menée par le pouvoir épiscopal au diocèse de Liège contre divers membres du réseau janséniste soupçonnés de semer le trouble dans plusieurs communautés féminines à la fin du XVIIe et au début du XVIIIe siècle. On tentera une analyse de discours croisés entre partis féminins, parfois opposés, et réactions masculines, tout aussi diversifiées, en présentant deux études de cas touchant les sépulcrines de Bouillon et de Marchienne-au-Pont, d’une part, et les deux communautés d’annonciades célestes de Liège, d’autre part [less ▲]

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See detailApplications de la terre crue en construction
Grigoletto, Sophie ULg; Paul, Julien; Lebeau, Frédéric ULg et al

Conference (2015, November 05)

L’utilisation de l’argile en construction permet d’atteindre des propriétés spécifiques en termes de résistance mécanique et d’inertie thermique. Les recherches menées à l’Université de Liège, en ... [more ▼]

L’utilisation de l’argile en construction permet d’atteindre des propriétés spécifiques en termes de résistance mécanique et d’inertie thermique. Les recherches menées à l’Université de Liège, en collaboration avec l’entreprise MOBIC, ont permis de développer des produits permettant l’amélioration de l’inertie thermique de panneaux à ossature bois. L’effet de l’apport de la couche d’inertie au sein des constructions à ossature bois a été quantifié expérimentalement par l’instrumentation de modules jumeaux de 20m². Cet effet sur le confort thermique a également été modélisé par des simulations thermiques en vue de quantifier les bénéfices sur les surchauffes en été, les réductions des consommations énergétiques en hiver pour divers scénarii au moyen d’un programme de simulation dynamique des échanges thermiques et des bilans d’énergie au sein de bâtiments [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 82 (12 ULg)
See detailGame studies in french speaking area
Hurel, Pierre-Yves ULg

Conference (2015, November 05)

Dans cette communication, j'ai présenté le champ des "game studies" à mon laboratoire d'accueil, le GAP, au sein duquel j'ai effectué un séjour de recherche d'octobre à décembre 2015. J'ai présenté les ... [more ▼]

Dans cette communication, j'ai présenté le champ des "game studies" à mon laboratoire d'accueil, le GAP, au sein duquel j'ai effectué un séjour de recherche d'octobre à décembre 2015. J'ai présenté les principales spécificités du champ francophone (tel quel le recours à Henriot), les institutions structurant le milieu (OMNSH, LabJMV, etc.) et quelques travaux récents et reconnus. [less ▲]

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See detailLes secrets derrière la porte : la mise en scène de la peur dans le cinéma hollywoodien (Autour de "Scream" de Wes Craven)
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

Conference (2015, November 04)

La porte est une figure centrale de l’effroi dans le cinéma populaire américain, de Fritz Lang ("Secret Beyond thé Door", 1947) à "Paranormal Activity" (Oren Peli, 2009) en passant par le travail de ... [more ▼]

La porte est une figure centrale de l’effroi dans le cinéma populaire américain, de Fritz Lang ("Secret Beyond thé Door", 1947) à "Paranormal Activity" (Oren Peli, 2009) en passant par le travail de fétichisation de Carpenter ("Halloween", 1978) ou d’institutionnalisation de Pete Docter ("Monstres et Cie", 2001). Mais c’est au travail de déconstruction mythologique de la porte dans le cinéma américain par Wes Craven, dans la série des films "Scream" (1996-2011), que cette intervention s'attache essentiellement, dévoilant les enjeux métacritiques de la mise en scène du cinéaste contemporain spécialiste de l’épouvante. [less ▲]

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See detailÀ Gênes autour de Boucicaut. L'armée royale française face à la révolte de 1409-1410
Masson, Christophe ULg

Conference (2015, November 04)

La fin de la puissance française à Gênes est marquée par une révolte qui renversa le pouvoir de Charles VI. Prenant la route de la capitale ligure, le gouverneur royal, le maréchal Jean Le Meingre, dit ... [more ▼]

La fin de la puissance française à Gênes est marquée par une révolte qui renversa le pouvoir de Charles VI. Prenant la route de la capitale ligure, le gouverneur royal, le maréchal Jean Le Meingre, dit Boucicaut, alors en Lombardie, regroupa autour de lui une armée composée de troupes françaises et piémontaises, le prince d'Achaïe et comte de Piémont étant à l'époque un de ses plus fidèles alliés, si pas le dernier en terre d'Italie. C'est à l'étude de cette société militaire particulière, organisée autour d'une personnalité et en perpétuelle recomposition – à la suite entre autres de l'envoi de renforts depuis Paris – que nous nous intéresserons dans le cadre de cette communication. Il s'agira dans un premier temps de dresser le profil de cette compagnie, en mettant avant tout en évidence la place que jouèrent dans son organisation les réseaux de sociabilité du maréchal de France – expérience des expéditions d'Orient, ordre de l'écu vert à la dame blanche... On y rencontrera certains des plus fidèles compagnons d'armes du maréchal, dont certains furent à ses côtés lors de la bataille d'Azincourt, tel Louis de Boisredont. Il s'agira donc non seulement d'identifier ces hommes d'armes, artisans ou clercs mais surtout de comprendre les raisons de leur présence aux côtés du maréchal. Dans un second temps, nous nous intéresserons à la pratique de la guerre qui fut celle de cette troupe, dans un terroir qui était presque parfaitement étrangers aux usages de la « guerre anglaise ». Comment celle-ci se définissait-elle et quelles furent ses originalités ? Il importera également de constater en quelle mesure celle-ci a pu peser sur les dernières années que Jean Le Meingre passa à combattre en France, et notamment sur son plan de bataille dressé à la veille de la bataille d'Azincourt. Cette communication tirera un grand profit non seulement des chroniques italiennes et des dépêches diplomatiques qui se firent l'écho de cette campagne mais surtout d'un document d'archive d'une valeur exceptionnelle, le compte KK 40 des Archives nationales, composé sur ordre de Boucicaut au lendemain de son retour en France en vue de se faire rembourser par Charles VI l'argent qu'il avança pour l'entretien de son armée. Celui-ci se trouve au cœur de nos recherches actuelles puisque nous travaillons actuellement à son édition qui, nous l'espérons, pourra être achevée et publiée au cours de l'année 2016. [less ▲]

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See detailMonitoring The quality Loss Performance of Products
Faraz, Alireza ULg; Treiblmaier, Horst

Conference (2015, November 03)

This paper presents a control chart based on the Taguchi (1986)’s loss function for monitoring the performance of a process and its capability in monetary form. The proposed chart monitors the loss due to ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a control chart based on the Taguchi (1986)’s loss function for monitoring the performance of a process and its capability in monetary form. The proposed chart monitors the loss due to poor quality to the society. The proposed control chart also allows for simultaneously monitoring both changes of the mean and variance. [less ▲]

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See detailSleep deprivation affects global cortical responsiveness
Gaggioni, Giulia ULg; Ly, Julien; Chellappa, Sarah et al

Conference (2015, November 02)

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See detailPied douloureux de l'enfant sportif
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2015, November 01)

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See detailMusic and Musicality in Caryl Phillips’s Crossing the River
Mascoli, Giulia ULg

Conference (2015, November 01)

This paper deals with Caryl Phillips, a contemporary British author of Caribbean descent, whose work, both fiction and non-fiction, testifies to his interest in music, both thematically and formally ... [more ▼]

This paper deals with Caryl Phillips, a contemporary British author of Caribbean descent, whose work, both fiction and non-fiction, testifies to his interest in music, both thematically and formally: countless references to music can be found in the titles of his books, in scenes involving musical performances, in the use in the narrative of musical terminology, but also in intriguing structural analogies with musical forms. My proposal is to analyse the influence of music in Phillips’s novel Crossing the River (1993; London: Vintage), which has been described as his most jazzy text. Very much like jazz -- which is for the Barbadian poet Edward Kamau Brathwaite “a cry from the heart of the hurt man”-- Phillips’ writing gives a voice to the victims of history, to shattered individuals in pain whose tragic fate is viewed at once as personal and collective. The novel not only illustrates the thematic overlaps between his narrative and the issues addressed in the lyrics of the African American musical tradition, such as discrimination and family disruption, but also exemplifies the author’s formal musical influence through the recurrent and creative use of meaningful variations in rhythm and of repetitions, which are again focal constituents of jazz. Throughout the novel, especially in the sections framing the narrative, the continual modulation of purposeful words such as “listen”, the variation of rhythm through punctuation and stressed/unstressed syllables, the reiterated elements, create a sonic pattern that goes over and over in the readers’ mind. My contention is that Phillips’ musical language crucially contributes to the emotional impact of his lyrical prose, which generates in the readers mixed feelings of sympathy and disorientation and prevents them from forgetting the characters’ stories which resonate long after closing the book. [less ▲]

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See detailThe pragmatics of correlation or how models reshape the government of technical objects
Thoreau, François ULg; Laurent, Brice

Conference (2015, November)

In this paper we focus on how models carry out correlations and how correlations are used as techniques of government. Correlations are fragile exercises which put together two phenomenon, e.g. one ... [more ▼]

In this paper we focus on how models carry out correlations and how correlations are used as techniques of government. Correlations are fragile exercises which put together two phenomenon, e.g. one nanoparticle and one toxic effect, without linking them with a straight causality. We examine correlations in the situated case of QSAR (quantitative structure-activity relationship) models applied to the toxicity of nanoparticles. Using scientific and regulatory documentation related to QSAR, and the preliminary results of an empirical study of a QSAR project conducted in France, we analyze the initial expectations, i.e. providing knowledge on nanoparticles useful for regulatory purposes, and how this ambition was confronted to the refusal of nanoparticles to feed the QSAR models in a satisfying way. We argue that this led to "thinking on the edge" the wonders and worries of correlation. This calls for a pragmatics of correlation: what does it do? Which are the effects and consequences of a "co-relating" approach? Exploring these questions leads us to examine the type of knowledge produced through models applied to large sets of data, and how it contributes to certain types of regulatory objectivity, particularly in the European legal context. Thus, we discuss the ways in which a pragmatics of correlation offers analytical entry points for the study of the contemporary transformation of the public administration of technical objects.   [less ▲]

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See detailLa mise en scène du travail à distance: proposition d'une lecture goffmanienne
Franssen, Marine ULg; Rondeaux, Giseline ULg

Conference (2015, November)

Cette communication s’appuie sur les résultats issus d’une recherche menée dans une entreprise européenne du secteur des télécommunications, portant sur le travail à distance. Elle valorise en particulier ... [more ▼]

Cette communication s’appuie sur les résultats issus d’une recherche menée dans une entreprise européenne du secteur des télécommunications, portant sur le travail à distance. Elle valorise en particulier les apports des travaux de Goffman dans l’analyse de ce phénomène, tant sur le plan méthodologique que sur le plan de l’analyse. Dans le cadre de cette étude, l’équipe de recherche a élaboré une méthodologie d’observation multifocale, visant à cerner certains aspects du travail à distance généralement oblitérés par la littérature, essentiellement basée sur des pratiques déclaratives. Le recours à cette méthode d’observation permet ainsi de mettre en évidence des stratégies d’interaction mises en place par les acteurs à distance, choisissant de rendre visibles ou, a contrario, de maintenir cachées certaines attitudes lors d’interactions à distance. Par ailleurs, la mobilisation du concept de cadres de l’expérience, au coeur des travaux de Goffman, met également en évidence deux enjeux pour lesquels les différents cadrages d’une même situation influence la perception de dispositifs RH. Les résultats obtenus enrichissent l’appréhension des dispositifs de gestion du travail et du management à distance, en intégrant la compréhension et l’expérience qu’ont les acteurs des dispositifs ainsi que la manière dont ils se les approprient. [less ▲]

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See detailStructure and variability of the Martian upper atmosphere: Ultraviolet dayglow observations by MAVEN/IUVS
Deighan; Jain; Lo et al

Conference (2015, November)

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See detailThe Twelfth Camel and the Legacy of the Deconstruction in Architectural Practices
Bodart, Céline ULg

Conference (2015, November)

Most of recent anthologies on architectural theory concede that the encounter between architects and the derridean philosophy of deconstruction has marked a kind of turning point in our architectural ... [more ▼]

Most of recent anthologies on architectural theory concede that the encounter between architects and the derridean philosophy of deconstruction has marked a kind of turning point in our architectural practices (Sykes, 2010; Mallgrave, Goodman, 2011; Greig, Cairns, Heynen, 2012). Yet this specific episode of our late history seem still provoke a kind of discomfort in the French-speaking part of the contemporary architectural debate. It is as if no one could take on what this disciplinary crossing of the mid-eighties both has produced and has not succeeded in producing. So now, thirty years later, how to be the heirs of such a theoretical experiment? “Inheritance is never a given; it is always a task. It remains before us” (Derrida, 1994). The present paper will attempt to develop what is at stake in the question of the inheritance of deconstruction in architecture. But if inheritance is a “task”, the concern is not here to simply describe it but to take on this task; the concern is to take part at the always ongoing building of this theoretical inheritance. Based on a thesis research still in progress, the paper will present some of the methodological experiments (Despret, 2001) set up in order to build an inheritance for deconstruction in the French-speaking part of architectural debate, and more specifically the original French translation of Wigley's essay, “The Architecture of Deconstruction: Derrida's Haunt”. The translation is here to be understood as an artifact from which new ways to inherit this historical turning of architectural theory can be built. But how to build such an inheritance in a way that doesn't erase its contradictions? And what does it mean to build it today ? The entire methodological apparatus of this attempt of translation will be display as a speculative process, considering theory as a living material for architectural creation. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 'twelfth camel' and the inheritance of the deconstruction in architectural practices.
Bodart, Céline ULg

Conference (2015, November)

Most of recent anthologies on architectural theory concede that the encounter between architects and the derridean philosophy of deconstruction has marked a kind of turning point in our architectural ... [more ▼]

Most of recent anthologies on architectural theory concede that the encounter between architects and the derridean philosophy of deconstruction has marked a kind of turning point in our architectural practices (Sykes, 2010; Mallgrave, Goodman, 2011; Greig, Cairns, Heynen, 2012). Yet this specific episode of our late history seem still provoke a kind of discomfort in the French-speaking part of the contemporary architectural debate. It is as if no one could take on what this disciplinary crossing of the mid-eighties both has produced and has not succeeded in producing. So now, thirty years later, how to be the heirs of such a theoretical experiment? “Inheritance is never a given; it is always a task. It remains before us” (Derrida, 1994). The present paper will attempt to develop what is at stake in the question of the inheritance of deconstruction in architecture. But if inheritance is a “task”, the concern is not here to simply describe it but to take on this task; the concern is to take part at the always ongoing building of this theoretical inheritance. Based on a thesis research still in progress, the paper will present some of the methodological experiments (Despret, 2001) set up in order to build an inheritance for deconstruction in the French-speaking part of architectural debate, and more specifically the original French translation of Wigley's essay, “The Architecture of Deconstruction: Derrida's Haunt”. The translation is here to be understood as an artifact from which new ways to inherit this historical turning of architectural theory can be built. But how to build such an inheritance in a way that doesn't erase its contradictions? And what does it mean to build it today ? The entire methodological apparatus of this attempt of translation will be display as a speculative process, considering theory as a living material for architectural creation. [less ▲]

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See detailPolymer chemistry for theragnostics
Liu, Ji; Detrembleur, Christophe ULg; Duguet, Etienne et al

Conference (2015, November)

Stimuli-responsive nano-materials have been playing increasingly important roles in the biomedical field due to their ability to adapt their physico-chemical properties in response to external stimuli ... [more ▼]

Stimuli-responsive nano-materials have been playing increasingly important roles in the biomedical field due to their ability to adapt their physico-chemical properties in response to external stimuli, such as temperature, pH, ionic strength, magnetic field, etc. Nanohybrids combining inorganic particles and stimuli-responsive polymers are particularly well-suited to develop advanced drug nanocarriers for targeted delivery and concomitant diagnostics. Based on the recent developments in controlled radical polymerization, especially cobalt-mediated radical polymerization, various hybrid nanostructures have been synthesized and tested as drug delivery systems able to trigger the drug release in response to dedicated environment conditions or external stimuli. Studies on cytotoxicity, cellular uptake and in vitro triggered release with cell culture will also highlight the potential of these new materials. [less ▲]

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See detailThe last 1,000 years in the Northern Congo Basin
Morin, Julie ULg; Fayolle, Adeline ULg; Favier, Charly et al

Conference (2015, November)

Review of the events that happened in the northern Congo basin during the last 1,000 yr. Positive impact of human disturbances on the regeneration of light-demanding trees. Negative impact of the European ... [more ▼]

Review of the events that happened in the northern Congo basin during the last 1,000 yr. Positive impact of human disturbances on the regeneration of light-demanding trees. Negative impact of the European colonization and following events on human populations and tree regeneration. [less ▲]

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See detailTransformational Leadership, Role Conflict, and the Moderating Role of Uncertainty Avoidance
Selzer, Veronika Luisa; Schumann, Jan Hendrik; Büttgen, Marion et al

Conference (2015, November)

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See detailBurundi: L'enseignement et apprentissage du français aux élèves rapatriés
Nshinyabashira, Guy-André ULg

Conference (2015, November)

Burundi: The teaching and learning of French returnees students Summary of the report 1965, 1969, 1972 and from April 2015 1988.1993 alas, Burundi lives recurrently a political-ethnic violence spiral that ... [more ▼]

Burundi: The teaching and learning of French returnees students Summary of the report 1965, 1969, 1972 and from April 2015 1988.1993 alas, Burundi lives recurrently a political-ethnic violence spiral that claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of Burundian and forced into internal and external exile more one million Burundi. Since 2006, most of these exiles began returning voluntarily, while others are forcibly evicted from Tanzania to neighboring provinces of Burundi. In total, 478 865 people have been repatriated since 2002 and 95.068 in 2008. And since August 2013, following the political tensions between Rwanda (northern Burundi) and Tanzania (east and southern Burundi) 10,000 5à Burundi refugees were forcibly repatriated a week. People in school age integrate the education system in place where French is a language taught and teaching language. It was initiated in classes, intercultural dialogue of languages and cultures in contact between students who speak Swahili and English on one hand and on the other hand their hosts who speak Kirundi and French elementary level. However, resistors extending to verbal or physical violence are seen following their remoteness of linguistic realities of their migratory journey To achieve the objectives of social inclusion and school integration strategies have been implemented to allow newcomers to develop a practice more or less adequate French. Cultural sessions with spontaneous participation and freedom to use the language they master the most (French, English, Swahili and Kirundi) facilitated the initiation of a synergy in training in French with other languages of the course migration of our learners Based on a work tool, basic lexicon in four languages taught in Burundi in 2011 funded a priority solidarity fund for French cooperation I introduced theatrical improvisations activities such as motivational tools and learning about living together and reconciliation and for the personal development of learners pleasure of learning French and to learn French we have prepared and performed a sequence on reconciliation Patrice Faye and each repetition was , simultaneously, subject to a French lesson . This was a source of cohesion among our learners. The motivation was strengthened and despite their learning difficulties and communicate a positive report to the French language has gradually developed and installed. Note , for all practical purposes, a dramatic decision in 2006 , months after the end of a terrible war , was to install the compulsory teaching of languages in the first four primary year to a student population of six years following a 90% rural population . This was to teach simultaneously Kirundi (L1) , mother tongue, French (L2 ), English (L3) and Kiswahili (L4) , widespread language in the neighboring States. This measure was the subject of a scientific and political debate it is easy to guess. This issue has , subsequently made subject of my thesis project title ; " Burundi : The teaching and learning of French to college kids repatriated from Tanzania and the East of the DRC .Profils language , school conditions and educational proposals" Burundi : L’enseignement et apprentissage du français aux élèves rapatriés Résumé de la communication 1965, 1969, 1972, 1988,1993 et depuis avril 2015 hélas, le Burundi vit de manière récurrente une spirale de violences politico-ethnique qui a emporté la vie des centaines de milliers de burundais et contraint à l’exil intérieur et extérieur plus d’un million de burundais. Depuis 2006, la plupart de ces exilés ont commencé à rentrer de façon volontaire, tandis que d’autres sont expulsés de force de la Tanzanie, vers des provinces limitrophes du Burundi. Au total, 478.865 personnes ont été rapatriées depuis 2002, et 95.068 en 2008. Et depuis août 2013, suite aux tensions politiques entre le Rwanda (au nord du Burundi) et la Tanzanie (à l’Est et sud du Burundi), 5à 10.000 réfugiés burundais étaient rapatriés de force par semaine . Les personnes en âge scolaires intègrent le système éducatif en place où le français est une langue enseignée et langue d’enseignement. Il s’agissait d’initier, dans les classes, un dialogue interculturel des langues et cultures en contact entre les élèves qui parlent le swahili et l’anglais d’une part et d’autre part leurs hôtes qui parlent le kirundi et un français de niveau élémentaire. Cependant, des résistances allant jusqu’aux violences verbales voire physiques s’observent suite à leur éloignement des réalités linguistiques de leur parcours migratoire. Afin de réaliser les objectifs d’insertion sociale et d’intégration scolaire, des stratégies ont été mises en œuvre pour permettre aux nouveaux arrivants de développer une pratique plus ou moins suffisante du français. Des séances culturelles avec une participation spontanée et liberté d’utiliser la langue qu’on maîtrise le plus (français, anglais, swahili et le kirundi ) ont facilité la mise en route d’une formation en français en synergie avec les autres langues du parcours migratoire de nos apprenants en nous basant sur un outil de travail, Lexique de base en quatre langues enseignées au Burundi,2011 financé par un fonds de solidarité prioritaire de la coopération française . J’ai introduit des activités d’improvisations théâtrales, comme outils de motivation et d’apprentissage, sur le vivre ensemble et la réconciliation, puis, pour l’épanouissement personnel des apprenants au plaisir d’apprendre en français et d’apprendre le français, nous avons préparé et joué une séquence sur la réconciliation de Patrice FAYE et chaque répétition faisait, en même temps, objet d’une leçon de français. Ceci a été une source de cohésion entre nos apprenants. La motivation s’était renforcée et malgré leurs difficultés d’apprentissage et de communiquer, un rapport positif à la langue française s’est peu à peu élaboré et installé. Notons, pour toutes fins utiles, qu'une décision spectaculaire prise en 2006, quelques mois après la fin d'une épouvantable guerre, était d'installer l'enseignement obligatoire de quatre langues dès la première année du primaire, à une clientèle scolaire de six ans issue d'une population à 90 % rurale. Il s'agissait d'enseigner en même temps le kirundi (L1), langue maternelle, le français (L2), l'anglais (L3) et le kiswahili (L4), langue répandue dans les États voisins. Cette mesure a été l'objet d'un débat scientifique et politique qu'il est aisé de deviner. Cette question a, par la suite, fait objet du titre mon projet de thèse ; « Burundi : L’enseignement et apprentissage du français aux jeunes collégiens rapatriés de Tanzanie et de l’Est de la RDC .Profils linguistiques, conditions scolaires et propositions didactiques » [less ▲]

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See detailRimbaud fétiche
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

Conference (2015, November)

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See detailLa dissolution des mœurs à Liège aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles
Drécourt, Aurore ULg

Conference (2015, November)

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See detailActivity vs. Stability: a multi-proxy approach to reconstruct fluvial morphodynamics of Wadi Selloum in the vicinity of the rock shelter Ifri n’ammar (Morocco)
Bartz, Melanie; Rhixon, Gilles; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULg et al

Conference (2015, November)

The impact of environmental changes on the emergence and dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH) is particularly important in North Africa, since the Straits of Gibraltar might have served as ... [more ▼]

The impact of environmental changes on the emergence and dispersal of anatomically modern humans (AMH) is particularly important in North Africa, since the Straits of Gibraltar might have served as western migration route for AMH from Africa to Europe. The prehistoric rock shelter of Ifri n’Ammar in NE Morocco reveals discontinuous Middle and Late Palaeolithic occupation phases since ~170 ka. Our study focuses on Wadi Selloum deposits to unravel palaeoenvironmental features and geomorphological aspects of the direct vicinity of Ifri n’Ammar. As a tributary of the Moulouya River, the catchment area of this ephemeral stream amounts to ~290 km², spanning elevations between ~700 and 200 m above sea level. Headwaters of the 35 km long Wadi Selloum drain Mesozoic limestone and dolomite. The application of luminescence dating techniques on Wadi Selloum deposits yielded burial ages between 1.3 ± 0.2 ka and 78 ± 7 ka, covering morphodynamically stable and active phases. Overbank fines include well-developed soil horizons as evidence of stability and of more humid periods than today around 80 ka and during the Holocene. This is supported by pedofeatures discovered in thin sections as well as the composition of clay minerals of the wadi sediments. Disordered clay minerals and partly illite/chlorite mixed-layer characterize the soil levels. Levels relatively rich in chlorite, illite, ankerite and quartz are interpreted as corresponding to relatively dry periods, while more humid periods lead to more intensive weathering and consequently to the dominance of clay minerals more advanced in the relative stability scale, such as kaolinite. Smectite is taken to indicate a climate with contrasting seasons and a pronounced dry season. In contrast, coarse-grained deposits, which are partly characterised by calcrete layers, point to drier conditions after 80 ka and 14 ka. In addition, the lack of palaeosols confirms morphodynamic activity during these periods. Acknowledgement. This research is supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) within the framework of the CRC 806 “Our Way to Europe” (http://www.sfb806.uni-koeln.de/). [less ▲]

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See detailRethinking the "case mémorable" : Olivier Josso Hamel's Memories of Comics in "Au travail"
Crucifix, Benoît ULg

Conference (2015, October 31)

In 1984, introducing a new section of Les Cahiers de la bande dessinée, Pierre Sterckx coined the concept of “case mémorable” (remembered panel) to refer to specific comics panels remembered from ... [more ▼]

In 1984, introducing a new section of Les Cahiers de la bande dessinée, Pierre Sterckx coined the concept of “case mémorable” (remembered panel) to refer to specific comics panels remembered from childhood reading because of their visual effect. The idea of a case mémorable, however, was not only a cognitive concept: it implied an active remembrance, as the magazine section urged readers to send in their analyses of their own remembered panels. It consisted in an intimate act of canonization based on the collective sharing of a personal history of comics. As Sterckx wrote, the case mémorable is “an atom of comics history.” French cartoonists Blutch and Olivier Josso Hamel have put the concept to fruitful uses in their autobiographical work, coupling the remembrance of their childhood to that of their reading experiences. This paper focuses in particular on Josso Hamel's Au travail, sketching out how the author represents an anti-narrative reading experience, projecting his own experiences onto the albums, reshaping their narratives along other axes. Redrawing these panels further compels the artist to reinvent his own graphic style. In this sense, Josso Hamel portrays what it means to remember and possess an image, raising compelling questions not only about quotation and appropriation but also about the relation between the single image and the narrative sequence, which are examined under the light of comics theory (Baetens, Marion) and film studies (Burgin, Mulvey). Through the analysis of Josso Hamel's bande dessinée, this paper revisits Sterckx's concept of the remembered panel as a citational practice loaded with memory-making effects. [less ▲]

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See detailLe nouveau régime fiscal des intercommunales
Garroy, Sabine ULg

Conference (2015, October 31)

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See detailThe Body Beautiful: Le corps en résistance dans le cinéma de Ngozi Onwurah.
Herbert, Emilie ULg

Conference (2015, October 30)

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See detailLe cercle et la profondeur. La piste circassienne, modèle immersif d’un cinéma tridimensionnel ?
Tomasovic, Dick ULg

Conference (2015, October 30)

Apparue au 18e siècle, la piste, dont la forme circulaire est idéale pour faciliter l’équilibre des cavaliers qui profitent de la force centrifuge, devient rapidement l’un des éléments définitoires de ... [more ▼]

Apparue au 18e siècle, la piste, dont la forme circulaire est idéale pour faciliter l’équilibre des cavaliers qui profitent de la force centrifuge, devient rapidement l’un des éléments définitoires de l’esthétique circassienne tout en s’offrant comme l’une des nouvelles composantes normatives du spectaculaire. Depuis, si le cercle est par excellence l’espace de représentation du cirque, il semble pouvoir représenter aussi pour le cinéma une source d’inspiration dans le cadre du renouvellement perpétuel d’une conception de la mise en scène favorisant les effets d’immersion et d’attraction. À travers l’évocation de différents exemples issus de l’histoire du cinéma, avec un focus particulier sur le cinéma stéréoscopique contemporain, et notamment la série très populaire des films de danse de la franchise Step Up (2006-2014) dont les trois derniers opus ont été exploités en 3-D, cette communication s’intéressera aux effets d’immersion, de jaillissement et de volumétrie permis par la restitution de performances corporelles saisies dans un espace simulant la tridimensionnalité et travaillé par les dynamiques du concave et du convexe. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards a TEI compliant interchange format for Ancient Egyptian-Coptic textual resources
Coulon, Laurent; Elwert, Frederik; Morlock, Emmanuelle et al

Conference (2015, October 30)

Sharing digital textual resources is an actual challenge for scholars working on Ancient Egyptian-Coptic (3000 BC-1350 AD). There are two types of reasons for this: first, the different writing systems ... [more ▼]

Sharing digital textual resources is an actual challenge for scholars working on Ancient Egyptian-Coptic (3000 BC-1350 AD). There are two types of reasons for this: first, the different writing systems that have been used throughout the history of this language (hieroglyphic and hieratic scripts, demotic, Coptic) led to various solutions as regards the encoding of texts; second, the diverging aims and scopes of the projects involved in creating annotated corpora of Ancient Egyptian-Coptic generated representation formats with few characteristics in common. As a result, the resources themselves cannot be shared, and no standard tool can be used for encoding, annotating, querying or analyzing these resources. In order to overcome these issues, several leading projects in the field join forces and introduce a TEI compliant interchange data model that has the following characteristics: 1) The ancient Egyptian-Coptic TEI interchange data model represents an agreement on a subset of the EpiDoc schema towards which the textual data of each project can be converted. Project specific annotations are dealt with either using stand-off markup that refers to tokens of transliterated texts (Bański 2010; Pose et al. 2014), or on the basis of data models that are true expansions of the kernel interchange data model. 2) The specialized metadata elements and attributes referring to Egyptological concepts are based on controlled vocabularies that are shared and enriched collaboratively by the projects. 3) These metadata apply either to physical text-bearing objects, inscribed physical features, witnesses (on documents) or texts (Morlock & Santin 2014). As the conceptualization of the relationship between these entities is shared between projects, coherence and precision when describing both the material, philological and linguistic dimensions of textual resources can be obtained. [less ▲]

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See detailInfusing SoTL components in staff training - A faculty development continuum at the university of Liège
Verpoorten, Dominique ULg; Jérôme, Françoise ULg; Delfosse, Catherine ULg et al

Conference (2015, October 29)

This presentation documents the attempt of the University of Liège (Belgium) to establish a "pedagogical development continuum" by offering three nested programs, each likely to be credited in the next ... [more ▼]

This presentation documents the attempt of the University of Liège (Belgium) to establish a "pedagogical development continuum" by offering three nested programs, each likely to be credited in the next one, thanks to a single overarching competency framework (the CREER model). At a proper level of intensity, each program builds upon components of SoTL, defined after Potter & Kustra (2011) as: "the systematic study of teaching and learning, using established or validated criteria of scholarship, to understand how teaching (beliefs, behaviours, attitudes, and values) can maximize learning, and/or develop a more accurate understanding of learning, resulting in products that are publicly shared for critique and use by an appropriate community". [less ▲]

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See detailFaculty engagement with blended learning - A study based on the Theory of Planned Behavior
Huart, Johanne ULg; Detroz, Pascal ULg; Verpoorten, Dominique ULg

Conference (2015, October 29)

The paper presents the methodology and results of a survey research conducted at the University of Liege (Belgium) about blended learning (Garrison & Vaughan, 2012). It investigates the level of use of ... [more ▼]

The paper presents the methodology and results of a survey research conducted at the University of Liege (Belgium) about blended learning (Garrison & Vaughan, 2012). It investigates the level of use of this instructional practice and elicits determinants that predict or prevent its implementation. [less ▲]

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