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See detailPopular Candidates and/or Party Soldiers? The Interactive Effect of Candidates’ Vote-Earning Capacity and the Candidate-Party Congruence at the 2014 Belgium Elections
Dodeigne, Jérémy ULg; Meulewaeter, Conrad

Conference (2017, April 25)

Political parties need to act as unitary actors in parliaments to implement their policy goals. The literature has acknowledged that candidate selection process is one of the most powerful tools for a ... [more ▼]

Political parties need to act as unitary actors in parliaments to implement their policy goals. The literature has acknowledged that candidate selection process is one of the most powerful tools for a party to achieve and maintain internal cohesion within the parliamentary group. Political parties that do not win election cannot develop their policy goals though. Candidate selection processes present thus two – potentially conflicting – objectives: vote-seeking strategy (recruiting ‘popular candidates’) and policy-seeking strategy (enlisting ‘party soldiers’). The personalization of politics, where electoral campaigns are increasingly personal while eroding the role of issues and ideology in voting behaviour, enhances the tensions between parties’ vote-seeking and policy-seeking strategies. According to some scholars, the former even prevails over the other which causes critical consequences for the functioning of parties in legislature and the broader democratic political systems. However, in line with more recent development in the literature, we argue that personalization is not necessarily a zero-sum game: political parties can balance tickets using both strategies. In that configuration, one strategy interacts with the other, rather than prevail over the other. Using an innovative and consistent measurement of candidate-party congruence, we test this interaction on the recruitment of candidates at the 2014 Belgian elections. Overall, our results prove that vote-seeking strategy matters but heavily depends on policy-seeking strategy. It demonstrates that parties use both strategies as a trade-off to balance their lists, even though vote-seeking strategy ultimately prevails for a substantial number of candidates studied. The results call for a more positive normative account of the personalization thesis. The later has the potential to keep voters, candidates and parties connected in the representation process. [less ▲]

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See detailMultiple Semantic Priming and Latin Sequential Collocations : when Text Linguistics and Language Learning meet Cognitive Psychology
Lavigne, Frederic; Longrée, Dominique ULg; Mellet, Sylvie

Conference (2017, April 25)

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See detailDetermining fine population structure using iterative pruning
Chaichoompu, Kridsadakorn ULg; Yazew, Fentaw Abegaz; Tongsima, Sissades et al

Poster (2017, April 25)

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See detailHow phosphorus limitation can control climatic gas sources and sinks
Gypens, N; Borges, Alberto ULg; Ghyoot, C

Poster (2017, April 25)

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See detailThaw pond dynamics and carbon emissions in a Siberian lowland tundra landscape
Van Huissteden, J.; Heijmans, M.M.P.D.; Dean, J. et al

Poster (2017, April 25)

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See detailOn a conjecture about regularity and l-abelian complexity
Vandomme, Elise ULg

Conference (2017, April 25)

A natural generalization of automatic sequences over an infinite alphabet is given by the notion of k-regular sequences, introduced by Allouche and Shallit in 1992. The k-regularity of a sequence provides ... [more ▼]

A natural generalization of automatic sequences over an infinite alphabet is given by the notion of k-regular sequences, introduced by Allouche and Shallit in 1992. The k-regularity of a sequence provides us with structural information about how the different terms are related to each other. We show that a sequence satisfying a certain symmetry property is 2-regular. We apply this theorem to develop a general approach for studying the l-abelian complexity of 2-automatic sequences. In particular, we prove that the period-doubling word and the Thue–Morse word have 2-abelian complexity sequences that are 2-regular. The computation and arguments leading to these results fit into a quite general scheme that can be used to obtain additional regularity results. This supports the conjecture that the l-abelian complexity of a $k$-automatic sequence is a k-regular sequence. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacteristics of surface chlorophyll-a concentrations in the South China Sea
Huynh, Thi Hong Ngu ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aida ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg et al

Poster (2017, April 25)

In this study, the spatial and temporal variability of surface chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentrations in the South China Sea (SCS) is investigated, using the cloud-free MODISA Chl-a data set (2003-2016 ... [more ▼]

In this study, the spatial and temporal variability of surface chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) concentrations in the South China Sea (SCS) is investigated, using the cloud-free MODISA Chl-a data set (2003-2016) reconstructed by the Data Interpolating Empirical Orthogonal Functions technique. EOF analysis on the reconstructed data set presents the characteristics of the surface Chl-a: (1) the first mode presents the high Chl-a concentrations in the coastal regions, except those of the Palawan and Philippines, generally with peaks in summer (June-July) and winter (November-December). (2) the second mode shows the seasonal variability of Chl-a in the whole basin, increasing in winter and decreasing in summer. (3) the third mode highlights the out-of-phase variability of the southern SCS Chl-a between the west and east coasts in winter and summer. The analysis also indicates that the variability of surface Chl-a is influenced by ENSO with a time lag of 5-9 months. [less ▲]

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See detailPredicting gully densities at sub-continental scales: a case study for the Horn of Africa
Vanmaercke, Matthias ULg; Pelckmans, Ignace; Poesen, Jean

Conference (2017, April 25)

Gully erosion is a major cause of land degradation in many regions, due to its negative impacts on catchment hydrology, its associated losses of land and damage to infrastructure, as well as its often ... [more ▼]

Gully erosion is a major cause of land degradation in many regions, due to its negative impacts on catchment hydrology, its associated losses of land and damage to infrastructure, as well as its often major contributions to catchment sediment yields. Mitigation and prevention of gully erosion requires a good knowledge of its spatial patterns and controlling factors. However, our ability to simulate or predict this process remains currently very limited. This is especially the case for the regional scale. Whereas detailed case studies have provided important insights into the drivers of gully erosion at local scales, these findings are often difficult to upscale to larger regions. Here we utilized a simple and cheap method to predict patterns of gully density at the sub-continental scale. By means of a random sampling procedure, we mapped gully densities for over sixty study sites across the Horn of Africa, using freely available Google Earth imagery. Next, we statistically analyzed which factors best explained the observed variation in mapped gully density. Based on these findings, we constructed a multiple regression model that simulates gully density, based on topography (average slope), soil characteristics (percentage silt) and land use (NDVI-value). Although our model could benefit from further refinement, it succeeds already fairly well in simulating the patterns of gully density at sub-continental scales. Over 75% of the predicted gully densities differ less than 5% from the observed gully density, while over 90% of the predictions deviate less than 10%. Exploration of our results further showed that this methodology may be highly useful to quantify total gully erosion rates at regional and continental scales as well as the contribution of gully erosion to catchment sediment yields. [less ▲]

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See detailSalinity impact on seed yield, polyphenols composition and antioxidant activity of Fennel (Foeniculum vulgarae Mill) extracts
Bettaieb Rebey, Ines; Bourgou, S.; Msaada, K. et al

Poster (2017, April 24)

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See detailMomentum, sensible heat and CO2 correlation coefficient: what can we learn from 20 years of eddy covariance measurements
Hurdebise, Quentin ULg; De Ligne, Anne ULg; Vincke, Caroline et al

Poster (2017, April 24)

Long-term data series of carbon dioxide and other gas exchanges between terrestrial ecosystems and atmosphere become more and more numerous. Long-term analyses of such exchanges require a good ... [more ▼]

Long-term data series of carbon dioxide and other gas exchanges between terrestrial ecosystems and atmosphere become more and more numerous. Long-term analyses of such exchanges require a good understanding of measurement conditions during the investigated period. Independently of climate drivers, measurements may indeed be influenced by measurement conditions themselves subjected to long-term variability due to vegetation growth or set-up changes. The present research refers to the Vielsalm Terrestrial Observatory (VTO) an ICOS candidate site located in a mixed forest (beech, silver fir, Douglas fir, Norway spruce) in the Belgian Ardenne. Fluxes of momentum, carbon dioxide and sensible heat have been continuously measured there by eddy covariance for more than 20 years. During this period, changes in canopy height and measurement height occurred. The correlation coefficients (for momemtum, sensible heat and CO2) and the normalized standard deviations measured for the past 20 years at the Vielsalm Terrestrial Observatory (VTO) were analysed in order to define how the fluxes, independently of climate conditions, were affected by the surrounding environment evolution, including tree growth, forest thinning and tower height change. A relationship between canopy aerodynamic distance and the momentum correlation coefficient was found which is characteristic of the roughness sublayer, and suggests that momentum transport processes were affected by z-d. In contrast, no relationship was found for sensible heat and CO2 correlation coefficients, suggesting that the z-d variability observed did not affect their turbulent transport. There were strong differences in these coefficients, however, between two wind sectors, characterized by contrasted stands (height differences, homogeneity) and different hypotheses were raised to explain it. This study highlighted the importance of taking the surrounding environment variability into account in order to ensure the spatio-temporal consistency of datasets. [less ▲]

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See detailGeomorphic and Hydrological challenges in Africa: implications for soil and water conservation
Vanmaercke, Matthias ULg; Poesen, Jean

Conference (2017, April 24)

Expected scenarios of climate change and population growth confront Africa with various important challenges related to food, water and energy security. Many of these challenges are closely linked to the ... [more ▼]

Expected scenarios of climate change and population growth confront Africa with various important challenges related to food, water and energy security. Many of these challenges are closely linked to the impacts of soil erosion and other geomorphic processes, such as reduced crop yields, sedimentation of reservoirs and reduced freshwater quality. Despite the urgency and extent of many of these challenges, the causes and dynamics of these processes and their impacts remain severely understudied. This becomes apparent when the availability of e.g. soil erosion and catchment sediment export measurements for Africa is compared to that of other continents. Nonetheless, a substantial amount of geomorphic research has been conducted in Africa. Many of this work dates back from several decades ago, and were often only reported in ‘gray literature’ (e.g. internal reports). Here we present an overview of our current state of knowledge on soil erosion and its implications in Africa. We discuss which geomorphic process rate measurements are currently available and what can be learned from these with respect to the challenged raised above. We especially focus on our current understanding about the effectiveness of soil and water conservation techniques at various spatial and temporal scales. Based on specific case-studies (e.g. in Ethiopia and Uganda) and a meta-analysis of previous work, we highlight some research gaps, research needs and research opportunities when aiming to use Africa’s soil and water resources sustainably and efficiently [less ▲]

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See detailCancer associated fibroblast-derived integrin α11 regulates PDGFRβ signaling to promote breast cancer progression
Primac, Irina ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; cimino, Jonathan et al

Conference (2017, April 24)

CAF-specific proteins can provide important prognostic markers and targets for anticancer drugs. Recently, integrin α11 (ITGA11) emerged as a new biomarker of CAFs. ITGA11 is mainly expressed by ... [more ▼]

CAF-specific proteins can provide important prognostic markers and targets for anticancer drugs. Recently, integrin α11 (ITGA11) emerged as a new biomarker of CAFs. ITGA11 is mainly expressed by mesenchymal cells and is correlated with fibroblast activation and matrix reorganization. While the role of ITGA11 in wound healing has been well described, only a very limited number of reports have assessed its role in the cancer disease. This research project aims to investigate the role of stromal ITGA11 in breast cancer. To analyze the in vivo effects of ITGA11 on tumor insurgence, growth and metastasis, we crossed the oncogenic MMTv-PyMT mice with the ITGA11 KO/WT mice, which develop spontaneously breast tumors. ITGA11 deletion strongly delayed tumor growth and metastasis in PyMT mouse model. ITGA11 was poorly expressed at early stages of the tumor progression and its expression was strongly increased in the late stage invasive carcinomas. Importantly, a reduced angiogenesis and collagen content was observed in tumors lacking of ITGA11. Furthermore, a strong co-localization between ITGA11 and PDGFRb, but not other CAF markers such as alpha smooth actin, was also observed within the tumor stroma, suggesting that ITGA11 defines a subpopulation of CAFs, which is not represented by myofibroblasts, but rather PDGFRb+ CAFs. For mechanistic investigation, CAFs and breast cancer cells were isolated from the PyMT model. ITGA11 co-immunoprecipitated with PDGFRb in the isolated CAFs and regulated its phosphorylation. Interestingly, ITGA11-deficient CAFs failed to promote CAF and cancer cell invasion, in contrast to WT CAFs in a spheroid invasion assay. A high throughput comparative proteomics analysis on CAF spheroids in 3D a system was next performed. Proteomics data identified several proteins with relevance in the cancer disease which were significantly modulated in CAFs through ITGA11 down-regulation. The top-ranking candidates are under validation and molecular pathways, which may link these targets and ITGA11 will be further analyzed in the in vitro models. Overall, these in vivo and in vitro data show that ITGA11 defines a PDGFRβ+ subpopulation of CAFs distinct from α-SMA+ myofibroblasts that promote tumor cell invasion and angiogenesis at late stages of carcinoma evolution. ITGA11 is a promising target within the stroma of breast cancer and further investigations of its molecular signaling pathways will be of great relevance. [less ▲]

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See detailDetermining RUSLE P-factors for stonebunds and trenches in rangeland and cropland, Northern Ethiopia
Taye, Gebeyehu; Poesen, Jean; Vanmaercke, Matthias ULg et al

Conference (2017, April 24)

The implementation of soil and water conservation (SWC) measures in the Ethiopian highlands is a top priority to reduce soil erosion rates and to enhance the sustainability of agroecosystem. Nonetheless ... [more ▼]

The implementation of soil and water conservation (SWC) measures in the Ethiopian highlands is a top priority to reduce soil erosion rates and to enhance the sustainability of agroecosystem. Nonetheless, the effectiveness of many of these measures for different hillslope and land use conditions remains currently poorly understood. As a result, the overall effects of these measures at regional or catchment scale remain hard to quantify. This study addresses this knowledge gap by determining the cover-management (C) and support practice (P) factors of the Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation (RUSLE), for commonly used SWC measures in semi-arid environments (i.e. stone bunds, trenches and a combination of both). Calculations were based on soil loss data collected with runoff plots in Tigray, northern Ethiopia (i.e. 21 runoff plots of 600 to 1000 m2 , monitored during 2010, 2011 and 2012). The runoff plots were installed in rangeland and cropland sites corresponding to a gentle (5%), medium (12%) and steep (16%) slope gradients. The C and P factors of the RUSLE were calculated following the recommended standard procedures. Results show that the C-factor for rangeland ranges from 0.31 to 0.98 and from 0.06 to 0.39 for cropland. For rangeland, this large variability is due to variations in vegetation cover caused by grazing. In cropland, C-factors vary with tillage practices and crop types. The calculated P-factors ranged from 0.32 to 0.74 for stone bunds, from 0.07 to 0.65 for trenches and from 0.03 to 0.22 for a combination of both stone bunds and trenches. This variability is partly due to variations in the density of the implemented measures in relation to land use (cropland vs rangeland) and slope angles. However, also annual variations in P factor values are highly significant. Especially trenches showed a very significant decline of effectiveness over time, which is attributable to their reduced static storage capacity as a result of sediment deposition (e.g. for trenches in rangeland: 0.07-0.13 in 2010 to 0.37-0.65 in 2012). Hence, the results of this work may not only help in better modelling and quantifying the average long-term impacts of SWC measures over larger areas, but also show the importance of considering temporal variations of the effectiveness of SWC measures. [less ▲]

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See detailTo be plastic is fantastic: delineate coral species niches for assessing their tolerance to changes
Denis, Vianney; Sturaro, Nicolas ULg; Yang, Shan-Hua et al

Conference (2017, April 24)

Climatic and anthropogenic disturbances alter coral reefs by reconfiguring existing coral assemblages. Surviving species are selected by the new environment based on particular traits that they may ... [more ▼]

Climatic and anthropogenic disturbances alter coral reefs by reconfiguring existing coral assemblages. Surviving species are selected by the new environment based on particular traits that they may exhibit. The plasticity in traits will define ecological strategies associated with contrasted degrees of tolerance to changes. In this process, specialists are expected to tolerate few changes to the environmental conditions and are restricted to specific habitat. To contrast, generalists can cope with a wider range of environmental conditions by readjusting traits according to the habitat’s features. Ecological strategies in corals have been exclusively defined according to species’ trait averages, irrespective of individual variations. Challenges representing the acquisition and use of energy have also tended to be oversimplified, specifically by the choice of easy traits in the absence of strong scientific evidence. Here, we propose a framework to re-examine strategies in scleractinian corals by focusing on the intraspecific variation of traits. We will show how the characteristics of a given species niche can help coral species to tolerate changes, illustrating this approach with examples taken from high-latitude locations and mesophotic coral ecosystems. We will demonstrate that multidisciplinary approach focusing on three major characteristics of the coral holobiont (its physiology, trophic ecology, and associated micriobiome), we can enhance the comprehension of ecological plasticity of coral species and predict future ecosystem reconfiguration. [less ▲]

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See detailLymphatic vasculature requires estrogen receptor alpha signaling to protect from lymphedema
Morfoisse, Florent ULg

Conference (2017, April 24)

Rationale: Estrogen play a crucial role on the cardiovascular system and, particularly, on the vascular endothelium. However, the effect of estrogen on the lymphatic system has been poorly investigated ... [more ▼]

Rationale: Estrogen play a crucial role on the cardiovascular system and, particularly, on the vascular endothelium. However, the effect of estrogen on the lymphatic system has been poorly investigated. Objective: We aimed to demonstrate the protective effect of the 17 estradiol (E2), the most potent endogenous estrogen in lymphedema, a lymphatic dysfunction, which results in a massive fluid and fat accumulation. Methods and Results: Immunohistochemistry revealed that high doses of E2 modified skin microenvironment and stimulated lymphangiogenesis. E2 activates lymphatic endothelium through a transcriptional activation induced by its receptor ER. Using an original model of secondary lymphedema, we found a protective effect of E2 that prevents limb swelling. Loss of ER function using selective estrogen modulator (SERM) and in Tie2 Cre(+); ER-/- mice lead to a disruption of the lymphatic network promoting lymphedema. This effect was associated with a remodeling of LEC, an inhibition of gene expression, and ERK, but not AKT E2-induced phosphorylation. Conclusion: These findings reveal a new facet of the influence of estrogens in the management of the lymphatic system in pathological condition and provides more evidences that secondary lymphedema is not only a side effect of surgery, but is worsen by hormone therapy. [less ▲]

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See detailAvatars et actualité de la phénoménotechnique
Pieron, Julien ULg

Conference (2017, April 24)

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See detailHow learning methods in anatomy allow a boost of visuospatial abilities for undergraduate students
Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Ernst, Denise; Dernier, Adrienne ULg et al

Poster (2017, April 24)

Because it is know that visuospatial abilities affect anatomy learning and that our students are heterogeneous related to these competences, it is essential to offer an educational strategy designed to ... [more ▼]

Because it is know that visuospatial abilities affect anatomy learning and that our students are heterogeneous related to these competences, it is essential to offer an educational strategy designed to specifically train and develop those skills at the beginning of the anatomy courses. We managed to offer various formative activities that improve visuospatial skills. [less ▲]

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See detailReduced Tillage generates higher N2O emissions: results of continuous chamber-based measurement in a winter wheat field.
Broux, François ULg; Lognoul, Margaux ULg; Theodorakopoulos, Nicolas et al

Poster (2017, April 24)

Agriculture is one of the most important contributors to GHG emission, notably through fertilized croplands. Though, few publications have studied simultaneously and through continuous measurement the N2O ... [more ▼]

Agriculture is one of the most important contributors to GHG emission, notably through fertilized croplands. Though, few publications have studied simultaneously and through continuous measurement the N2O and CO2 emissions in cultivated lands. We conducted this study to assess the effect of farming practices and climate on both N2O and CO2 emissions from a winter wheat crop. The experiment was held in an experimental field in the loamy region in Belgium from March 2016 till crop harvest in August 2016. The fluxes were measured on two nearby parcels in a winter wheat field with restitution of the residues from previous crop. For the past 8 years, one parcel was subjected to a Reduced tillage (RT, 10 cm depth) and the other one to a conventional tillage (CT, 25 cm depth). On each parcel, the emissions are assessed with homemade automated closed chambers. Measurement continuity and good temporal resolution (one mean flux every 4 hours) of the system allowed a fine detection and quantification of the emission peaks which usually represent the major part of N2O fluxes. In addition to gas fluxes, soil water content and temperature were measured continuously. Soil samples were taken regularly to determine soil pH, soil organic carbon and nitrogen pools (total, NO3- and NH4+) and study microbial diversity and nitrification/denitrification gene expression. Surprisingly, results showed N2O emissions twice as large in the RT parcel as in the CT parcel. On the contrary, less important CO2 emissions were observed under RT. Several emission peaks of N2O were observed during the measurement period. The peaks occurred after fertilization events and seemed to be triggered by an elevation of soil water content. Interesting links could be made between soil NH4-N and NO3-N pools and N2O emissions. Nitrification being the main process originating the fluxes was suggested on the one hand by the temporal evolution of nitrogen pools and N2O emissions and on the other hand by the relation between spatial variability of the emissions with the soil nitrate content. A comparison of the emissions between ST and CT and a discussion on peaks temporal dynamic, focusing on their intensity, duration and starting time will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailA terminology in General Practice / Family Medicine to represent non-clinical aspects for various usages
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Grosjean, Julien; Ittoo, Ashwin ULg et al

in R. Randell et al. (Ed.) Informatics for Health: Connected Citizen-Led Wellness and Population Health (2017, April 24)

Abstract. The hereby proposed terminology called “Q-Codes” can be defined as an extension of the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2). It deals with non-clinical concepts that are ... [more ▼]

Abstract. The hereby proposed terminology called “Q-Codes” can be defined as an extension of the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2). It deals with non-clinical concepts that are relevant in General Practice/Family Medicine (GP/FM). This terminology is a good way to put an emphasis on underestimated topics such as Teaching, Patient issues or Ethics. It aims at indexing GP/FM documents such as congress abstracts and theses to get a more comprehensive view about the GP/FM domain. The 182 identified Q-Codes have been very precisely defined by a college of experts (physicians and terminologists) from twelve countries. The result is available on the Health Terminology/Ontology Portal (http://www.hetop.org/Q) and formatted in OWL-2 for further semantic considerations and will be used to index the 2016 WONCA World congress communications. [less ▲]

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See detailCanopy aerodynamic distance (z-d) estimation and impact on eddy covariance measurements
Hurdebise, Quentin ULg; De Ligne, Anne ULg; Vincke, Caroline et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts 2017 (2017, April 24)

Understanding if and how the spatial and temporal variability of the surrounding environment affects turbulence is essential for long-term eddy covariance measurements above growing and heterogeneous ... [more ▼]

Understanding if and how the spatial and temporal variability of the surrounding environment affects turbulence is essential for long-term eddy covariance measurements above growing and heterogeneous ecosystems. It requires characterizing the surrounding environment. One way to achieve this is to analyse the canopy aerodynamic distance, which is the difference between measurement height (z) and displacement height (d). In this study, twenty years of eddy covariance measurements from the Vielsalm Terrestrial Observatory, a site located in a mixed temperate forest, were used. Canopy aerodynamic distance (z-d) estimates were obtained using two micrometeorological methods: the first one, which is original so far as we know, was based on analysing sensible heat cospectra; the second one was derived from the wind speed profile equation. Canopy height estimates based on inventories were used to validate both methods. The micrometeorological methods allowed the z-d variations due to changes in canopy or measurement height to be detected. In addition, the results obtained using the two methods were well correlated, spatially and temporally, with the z-d derived from canopy height measurements. The micrometeorological approaches used could therefore be a promising tool for investigating z-d variability at a high directional and temporal resolution. Questions remain, however, particularly with regard to the variability observed that cannot be explained by canopy or measurement height variation. Forest management practices and the non-fulfilment of similarity relationships were suspected to be the main explanatory factors. [less ▲]

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See detailDose-dependent effect of Estetrol on Angiogenesis and Tumor Growth
Gallez, Anne ULg; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Lenfant, Françoise et al

Poster (2017, April 24)

Hormone replacement therapies (HRT) based on estrogen preparations are the most powerful treatments to prevent menopause symptoms. However, they are associated to an increased risk of breast cancer and ... [more ▼]

Hormone replacement therapies (HRT) based on estrogen preparations are the most powerful treatments to prevent menopause symptoms. However, they are associated to an increased risk of breast cancer and they sustain the development of Estrogen Receptor α-positive tumors (ERα+). In addition, we have previously observed that estradiol (E2) can promote the growth of ERα-negative (ERα-) tumors, by increasing tumor angiogenesis that subsequently improves oxygen and nutrients delivery, thereby preventing hypoxia and necrosis. To identify new and safe drugs for the development of HRT presenting a better benefit/risk ratio, it is therefore necessary to evaluate the potential impact of new candidates on both ERα+ and ERα- tumors. In this context, estetrol (E4), a natural estrogen exclusively produced by the fetal liver, is a promising candidate. [less ▲]

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See detailEpithelial lining fluid penetration of temocillin administered by continuous infusion in critically ill patients with nosocomial pneumonia
VISEE, Clotilde ULg; LAYIOS, Nathalie ULg; MISTRETTA, Virginie ULg et al

Conference (2017, April 23)

The administration of 6g per day of temocillin by continuous infusion in critically patients with severe nosocomial pneumonia allows a penetration ratio, measured by the ELF/plasma ratio of AUCs, of 0.14 ... [more ▼]

The administration of 6g per day of temocillin by continuous infusion in critically patients with severe nosocomial pneumonia allows a penetration ratio, measured by the ELF/plasma ratio of AUCs, of 0.14 and 0.57 and a mean (± SE) ELF concentration , in mg/L, of 9.8 ± 1.3 and 9.8 ± 1.6 for total and free drug, respectively. Standard error of AUCs should be calculated by the Bootstrap method and Monte Carlo simulations should be performed for subsequent PK/PD analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailClay minerals behaviour in thin sandy clay-rich lacustrine turbidites (Lake Hazar, Turkey)
El Ouahabi, Meriam ULg; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; Lamair, Laura ULg et al

Poster (2017, April 23)

Turbidites have been extensively studied in many different areas using cores or outcrop, which represent only an integrated snapshot of a dynamic evolving flow. Laboratory experiments provide the missing ... [more ▼]

Turbidites have been extensively studied in many different areas using cores or outcrop, which represent only an integrated snapshot of a dynamic evolving flow. Laboratory experiments provide the missing relationships between the flow characteristics and their deposits. In particular, flume experiments emphasize that the presence of clay plays a key role in turbidity current dynamics. Clay fraction, in small amount, provides cohesive strength to sediment mixtures and can damp turbulence. However, the degree of flocculation is dependent on factors such as the amount and size of clay particles, the surface of clay particles, chemistry and pH conditions in which the clay particles are dispersed. The present study focuses on thin clayey sand turbidites found in Lake Hazar (Turkey) occurring in stacked thin beds. Depositional processes and sources have been previously studied and three types were deciphered, including laminar flows dominated by cohesion, transitional, and turbulence flow regimes (Hage et al., in revision). For the purpose of determine the clay behavior in the three flow regimes, clay mineralogical, geochemical measurements on the cores allow characterising the turbidites. SEM observations provide further information regarding the morphology of clay minerals and other clasts. The study is particularly relevant given the highly alkaline and saline water of the Hazar Lake. Clay minerals in Hazar Lake sediments include kaolinite (1:1-type), illite and chlorite (2:1-type). Hazar lake water is alkaline having pH around 9.3, in such alkaline environment, a cation-exchange reaction takes place. Furthermore, in saline water (16‰), salts can act as a shield and decrease the repulsive forces between clay particle surfaces. So, pH and salt content jointly impact the behaviour of clays differently. Since the Al-faces of clay structures have a negative charge in basic solutions. At high pH, all kaolinite surfaces become negative-charged, and then kaolinite particles are dispersed, and the suspension is stabilized supported by our SEM observations. In alkaline water, kaolinite reveals a lower degree of consolidation. While, alkaline water has no measurable effect on illite and chlorite surface properties due to the absence of modifications in charge. Illite and chlorite form with other clasts clusters or aggregate structures in suspension when the particle interactions are dominated by attractive energies were formed. The aggregate structure plays a major part in the flow behavior of clay suspensions. Flocs will immobilize the suspending medium, and give rise to increasing viscosity and yield strength of the suspension. [less ▲]

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See detailAre Vitek2 system and E-test relevant and reliable for determining susceptibility to temocillin?
VISEE, Clotilde ULg; FRIPPIAT, Frédéric ULg; DESCY, Julie ULg et al

Poster (2017, April 22)

Compared to BMD, Vitek2® seems to overestimate sensitivity and underestimate resistance, while E-test® seems to overestimate resistance, pleading for the use of BMD when evaluating susceptibility to ... [more ▼]

Compared to BMD, Vitek2® seems to overestimate sensitivity and underestimate resistance, while E-test® seems to overestimate resistance, pleading for the use of BMD when evaluating susceptibility to temocillin. However, this study, which is currently enrolling more patients, will include more isolates in order to meet FDA criteria set out in Cumitech 31A for validation of method comparison [less ▲]

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See detail3D investigation into the bust of Akhenaten in the Louvre Museum
Laboury, Dimitri ULg; Mulliez, Maud

Conference (2017, April 22)

Purchased in 1905 by G. Bénédite from the Antiquity market, the unprovenanced limestone bust of Akhenaten now kept in the Louvre Museum (under the inventory number E 11076) is world-famous but, in the end ... [more ▼]

Purchased in 1905 by G. Bénédite from the Antiquity market, the unprovenanced limestone bust of Akhenaten now kept in the Louvre Museum (under the inventory number E 11076) is world-famous but, in the end, rather poorly studied. In the context of an international research project entitled RetroColor 3D (funded by the Région Nouvelle Aquitaine, France, and the University of Bordeaux Montaigne, at Archeovision - UMS 3657 of the CNRS), this exceptional piece of sculpture was investigated anew with the help of 3D reconstruction as a methodological tool. Reporting on this transdisciplinary analysis, the paper will explain how this led to a better understanding of the bust’s original function in the creation of royal portraiture during the so-called Amarna period. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude des traitements numériques de base dans le syndrome 22q11: Impact des troubles visuo-spatiaux
Attout, Lucie ULg; Noël, Marie-Pascale; Vossius, Line ULg et al

Conference (2017, April 22)

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See detailNon-invasive analysis of mural paintings from a late-Republican house in Ostia
Strivay, David ULg; Morard, Thomas ULg; Herens, Elodie ULg et al

Conference (2017, April 21)

This paper is a comprehensive analytical study of the murals belonging to an ancient Roman house through the characterization of materials. The project focuses on the wall paintings of the Domus dei ... [more ▼]

This paper is a comprehensive analytical study of the murals belonging to an ancient Roman house through the characterization of materials. The project focuses on the wall paintings of the Domus dei Bucrani - a house of the end of the Republican era discovered on the site of the Schola del Traiano in Ostia. This domus has undergone several phases of development in the 1st century BC before being destroyed around 20 BC. A new house was immediately rebuilt after a major change from the ground, which allowed exceptional preservation of the decoration system. The results complement our knowledge of Roman painting techniques during the 1st century BC and also provide a comprehensive multidisciplinary approach to the problem of conservation of wall paintings. These two related objectives have been studied using non-destructive testing methods (MA-XRF, FTIR and Raman spectroscopy). The analyses have been performed in situ using our mobile systems. The different set-ups had to be modified in order to be able to work on horizontal surfaces, specially our XRF scanner. The study of the pictorial layers address various issues in the field of archaeology: what technique has been implemented? Does the same technique was used in both phases of the development of the domus? Do they correspond to the techniques described by ancient writers? These responses are compared to those observed in other sets of murals dating from the 1st century BC. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse spatiale intrasite basée sur un Système d'Information Géographique et appliquée aux vastes sites de plein air du Paléolithique moyen en France septentrionale. L’Exemple de Caours (Somme, France).
Moreau, Gwénaëlle ULg; Locht, Jean-Luc

Conference (2017, April 21)

Durant le Paléolithique moyen, l’alternance entre les périodes glaciaire et interglaciaire a rendu le peuplement de la France septentrionale discontinu. Cette région bénéficie d’un bon cadre ... [more ▼]

Durant le Paléolithique moyen, l’alternance entre les périodes glaciaire et interglaciaire a rendu le peuplement de la France septentrionale discontinu. Cette région bénéficie d’un bon cadre chronostratigraphique permettant l’étude des peuplements néandertaliens. Cependant certains aspects de leurs comportements restent encore mal caractérisés, particulièrement la fonction des sites reste souvent à préciser. L’étude de l’organisation spatiale intrasite apporte des éléments de réponse à ces questions. La fouille d’un site du Paléolithique moyen ne met pas directement en évidence l’organisation spatiale des lieux de vie, une modélisation est nécessaire pour la déceler. Nous avons donc débuté la construction d’un protocole d’analyse spatiale basé sur un Système d’Information Géographique et appuyé sur les sites de Caours. Ce site possède un rôle majeur de par sa superficie et l’excellente préservation des restes fauniques. Nous montrons ici l’existence d’une organisation spatiale sous forme de zones de concentration de vestiges en corrélant plusieurs méthodes – parmi lesquelles le K-mean Clustering et la Kernel Density Estimation. Nous préciserons ensuite la fonction de ces zones au sein d’un espace de vie et leur interaction entre elles au travers de la distribution spatiale des différents vestiges fauniques ou lithiques. [less ▲]

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See detailDealing with Alexithymia in a Day Psychiatric Hospital - A study identifying significant modulators to promote recovery
Nasello, Julian ULg; Servais, Catherine; Close, Mireille et al

Conference (2017, April 21)

Objective: in this research, we studied changings and modulations of alexithymia [defined by Difficulties in Identifying Feelings (DIF); in Discussing Feelings (DDF) and by an Externally-Oriented Thinking ... [more ▼]

Objective: in this research, we studied changings and modulations of alexithymia [defined by Difficulties in Identifying Feelings (DIF); in Discussing Feelings (DDF) and by an Externally-Oriented Thinking (EOT)]. The purpose was to investigate if Day Psychiatric Hospitalization (DPH) could promote significant improvements on difficulties linked to alexithymia in a population of mood disorders patients (N = 73). Methods & results: a first study showed significant reductions of alexithymia scores. Considered as a personality trait, alexithymia’s changings lead us to promote the relative stability hypothesis, by displaying that moderate to high correlational levels were achieved. A second study revealed the variables impacting significantly on alexithymia. The selected variables were: demographic (i.e. gender; age; number of days of treatment); MMPI-2 variables; and perceived social support (assessed with the MSPSS scale). We found notably a positive effect of perceived social support (PSS) that reduced difficulties associated to alexithymia and other variables that increased alexithymia levels (e.g. antisocial practices, negative attitude to treatment). Conclusion: positive effects of PSS are well known and two main hypotheses were already proposed to explain its effect: PSS acting directly or as a buffer on stressful events. In conclusion, at the one hand, we showed that it is possible to significantly decrease at a certain level a phenomenon such as alexithymia. At the other hand, we enlightened significant modulators of alexithymia that might help therapists to promote or avoid specific aspects for patients involved in a recovery process. [less ▲]

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See detailExpanding chemistry's horizon with continuous-flow reactors - part II
Monbaliu, Jean-Christophe ULg

Conference (2017, April 20)

Continuous-flow micro- and mesofluidic reactors come with inherent properties that can be advantageously utilized for expanding the horizon of synthetic organic chemistry. Accurate control over local ... [more ▼]

Continuous-flow micro- and mesofluidic reactors come with inherent properties that can be advantageously utilized for expanding the horizon of synthetic organic chemistry. Accurate control over local process parameters, even under extreme conditions, inherent safety, production homogeneity and seamless scale-up are amongst the most important assets of continuous-flow chemistry. Besides, flow chemistry enables the design of efficient multistep processes with significantly reduced footprints. In this lecture, we will discuss some of the most fascinating aspects of continuous-flow micro- and mesofluidic reactors in the specific context of preparative organic chemistry. Multiple examples illustrating the development and implementation of continuous-flow multistep strategies for the synthesis of high-value added organic targets will be presented. [less ▲]

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See detailUS (Post-)Pastoral Non-Fiction and the Toxic Sublime
Lombard, David ULg

Conference (2017, April 20)

As Frank O’Hara mentions, “[i]n past times there was nature and there was human nature; because of the ferocity of modern life, man and nature have become one” (1971). However, this statement is wrong as ... [more ▼]

As Frank O’Hara mentions, “[i]n past times there was nature and there was human nature; because of the ferocity of modern life, man and nature have become one” (1971). However, this statement is wrong as nature has, in fact, never been ‘neutral’, independent of human influence but has instead always been depicted and defined by humans. In the age of the Anthropocene, numerous are the ways of reconsidering our relationship with our physical environment and reframing the pastoral mode so that it would best illustrate the interconnectedness between the human and the non-human. For example, Joshua Corey recently proposed an analysis of “postmodern pastoral poetry” in order to “enter this [very] zone of the pastoral”, meaning “the vision of humanity undivided from nature” (2012). Nevertheless, Corey is himself with several other famous literary critics, or more specifically ecocritics, “part of this [ ] movement that seeks to define a pastoral that has avoided the traps of idealisation [or pastoral sentimentalism] in seeking a discourse that can both celebrate and take some responsibility for nature without false consciousness” or, in other words, a more ecocentric repossession of pastoral that Terry Gifford defines as “post-pastoral”. In this paper, my purpose is to analyse US post-pastoral non-fiction, mainly memoirs and essays that include a pastoral retreat in the natural landscape, to demonstrate the importance of relating humans to the natural landscape but also to the technological and toxic landscapes. In order to do so, I intend to use the concept of the toxic sublime and to revalue it as a new perspective in the study of the relationship between American literature and our physical environment. [less ▲]

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See detailThe beginning of the Gravettian in North-Western Europe. Changing behaviours between 28.000 and 26.000 BP
Touzé, Olivier ULg

Conference (2017, April 20)

Between 30.000 and 28.000 BP, the material culture of European hunter-gatherers societies is affected by a series of modifications leading to the development of new technical and symbolic traits commonly ... [more ▼]

Between 30.000 and 28.000 BP, the material culture of European hunter-gatherers societies is affected by a series of modifications leading to the development of new technical and symbolic traits commonly labelled as “Gravettian”. The Gravettian period display a very broad distribution of these traits, whether in terms of geography or in terms of chronology. Their adoption, and the consecutive disappearance of those prevailing during the Aurignacian, is still largely debated. Several hypotheses are considered, going from a diffusion process coming from Central Europe, to a simultaneous development of the Gravettian in various areas across Europe. To address such question, regions like Central Europe and South-West France play a major role because of numerous sites offering reliable data. North-western Europe, on the contrary, is characterized by the scarcity of well-documented sites, a situation that also characterise the EUP in general in this region. Stratigraphic sequences, especially those of Belgium, are also problematic because of a long history of research starting in the 19th century. However, a limited number of open-air sites dated to the early phase of the Gravettian period, reunite the conditions for an extensive study of Early Gravettian technical behaviours: Maisières-Canal (Province of Hainaut, Belgium), Ormesson – Les Bossats (Seine-et-Marne, France) and, to a lesser extent, Station de l’Hermitage (Province of Liège, Belgium). The study of the lithic industries recovered at these sites, suggest that the appearance of the Gravettian was a progressive process in North-western Europe, taking place between 28.000 and 26.000 BP, and involving the development of at least one specific technical tradition. This tradition diverges from the usual Early Gravettian industries on technological, typological and functional grounds. Therefore, we intend to show that, despite the overall poverty of the data regarding the EUP in North-West Europe, this territory can nonetheless participate significantly to the reflections on the developmental process of the Gravettian. [less ▲]

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See detailPour une psychopathologie éthologique et criminologique : l’apport croisé de Debuyst et Demaret
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Adam, Christophe

Conference (2017, April 20)

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See detailViolence dans les relations amoureuses : le contexte conflictuel est-il adéquat pour son étude ?
Courtain, Audrey ULg; Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

Poster (2017, April 20)

La violence dans les relations amoureuses des adolescents et jeunes adultes est étudiée depuis un peu plus d’une trentaine d’années (Makepeace, 1981). Ces recherches ont souvent utilisé le questionnaire ... [more ▼]

La violence dans les relations amoureuses des adolescents et jeunes adultes est étudiée depuis un peu plus d’une trentaine d’années (Makepeace, 1981). Ces recherches ont souvent utilisé le questionnaire Conflict Tactics Scale (« CTS 1 », Straus, 1979 ; « CTS2 », Strauss et al., 1996) pour investiguer le phénomène, jusqu’au développement du questionnaire Conflict in Adolescent Dating Relationships Inventory (« CADRI », Wolfe et al., 2001) précisément élaboré pour la violence dans les relations amoureuses. Or, les consignes de passation du CADRI rencontrent celles du CTS en termes de contexte de conflit : « Les phrases suivantes te questionnent sur des situations qui ont pu t’arriver à toi et à ton/ta petit(e) copain/copine pendant que vous vous disputiez ». Le CADRI s’inscrit dans la continuité du CTS eu égard à la théorie du conflit qui leur est sous-jacente. Notre présente recherche entend investiguer comment cette consigne introductive influence les taux de violences agies et subies. En passation groupale, un questionnaire papier a été soumis à des étudiants (N>200, 16-23 ans) en Belgique francophone. Dans un premier temps, les participants ont répondu à une version modifiée du CADRI où la consigne introductive ne circonscrivait pas les items de violence à du conflit ; dans un second temps, ils ont répondu à la version-type délimitant les items de violence à un contexte de conflit. Pour ces deux versions, la perpétration et la victimisation sont étudiées sous cinq formes de violences : verbale/émotionnelle, physique, sexuelle, relationnelle, et par menace. Pour certaines formes de violences agies et subies, les résultats indiquent des différences de score de perpétration et de victimisation selon le type de test (CADRI en version modifiée vs. CADRI en version-type), tantôt pour les participants de sexe féminin, tantôt pour les participants de sexe masculin. Des interactions entre le type de test et le sexe des répondants sont également relevées. Cette étude permet d’interroger la (non) pertinence d’une consigne mentionnant le conflit pour étudier la violence dans les relations amoureuses, consigne ayant d’ailleurs des impacts différents selon le sexe du répondant. En ce sens, délimiter l’étude de la violence dans les relations amoureuses à un contexte de conflit nous met à risque de grandement sous-estimer les prévalences de perpétration et de victimisation, les violences hors-conflit n’étant pas prise en considération. Egalement, considérant les interactions entre type de test et sexe des répondants, il est important de désormais s’assurer que les différentes prévalences relevées pour chaque sexe ne sont plus des différences liées à l’éventuelle compréhension genrée de cette consigne. Enfin, prendre en compte la violence dans les relations amoureuses dans un contexte non-délimité à du conflit permettra d’élaborer de nouvelles stratégies de prévention et de sensibilisation incluant davantage de contextes. [less ▲]

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See detailMises en observation au départ d’un service d’urgences psychiatriques : Procédure, population et orientation.
Schmits, Emilie ULg; Evrard, Maude; Valassopoulou, Eftychia et al

Poster (2017, April 20)

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See detailIntroduction: Comics and Memory
Ahmed, Maaheen; Crucifix, Benoît ULg

Conference (2017, April 19)

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See detailCritique clinique et phénoménologique de l’objectivation diagnostique : réflexions sur la personnalité antisociale et la psychopathie
Adam, Christophe; Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2017, April 19)

L’atelier propose une réflexion épistémologique sur les outils nosographiques dominants le champ de la psychologie clinique et de la psychiatrie. Notre propos se centrera sur une analyse critique de la ... [more ▼]

L’atelier propose une réflexion épistémologique sur les outils nosographiques dominants le champ de la psychologie clinique et de la psychiatrie. Notre propos se centrera sur une analyse critique de la personnalité antisociale selon les DSM-IV et -5 et du diagnostic de psychopathie selon la PCL-R. Inscrit dans le champ de la phénoménologie clinique et d’une lecture dynamique de la psychopathologie, notre propos s’appuiera sur plusieurs situations cliniques. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation des traits psychopathiques dans une population de sujets schizophrènes : Les limites de la PCL-R
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Matteucci, Marie; De Page, Louis et al

Poster (2017, April 19)

Notre étude vise à déterminer si la PCL-R (Psychopathy Check List- Revised), destinée à évaluer la psychopathie et utilisée dans le contexte médico-légal, est adaptée à des sujets diagnostiqués ... [more ▼]

Notre étude vise à déterminer si la PCL-R (Psychopathy Check List- Revised), destinée à évaluer la psychopathie et utilisée dans le contexte médico-légal, est adaptée à des sujets diagnostiqués schizophrènes. Notre hypothèse principale est que plusieurs items de l’échelle peuvent être côtés avec le même score et pourtant exprimer une manière d’être et d’agir différente si le sujet est réellement psychopathe ou s’il est schizophrène. Afin d’éprouver notre hypothèse, nous avons sélectionné sept patients présentant soit une schizophrénie, soit une personnalité psychopathiques, soit considérés comme potentiels « héboïdophrènes » (schizophrénie pseudo-psychopathique) à qui nous avons administré la PCL-R. À partir d’analyses qualitatives, nous avons ensuite établi une liste d’items de la PCL-R sensibles à la psychose. Nous observons que 45% des items se révèlent positivement ou négativement influencés par la psychose au-delà de tout trait psychopathique. Sémiologiquement, c’est la présence de la dynamique paranoïde de la schizophrénie qui influence principalement les scores attribués aux items de la PCL-R. Cette recherche suggère des hypothèses concernant l’interaction psychose-psychopathie et son rapport avec des actes de violence. La conclusion de l’étude est que la PCL-R connait des limitations importantes en ce qui concerne son application à une population de sujets schizophrènes. [less ▲]

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See detailTriangles de Pascal et compagnie
Stipulanti, Manon ULg

Conference (2017, April 19)

Le triangle de Pascal classique ainsi que le triangle de Sierpiński sont des objets largement étudiés. Ils montrent des aspects auto-similaires et ont des liens avec les systèmes dynamiques, les automates ... [more ▼]

Le triangle de Pascal classique ainsi que le triangle de Sierpiński sont des objets largement étudiés. Ils montrent des aspects auto-similaires et ont des liens avec les systèmes dynamiques, les automates cellulaires, la théorie des nombres et les suites dites automatiques. Dans ce séminaire, nous présentons un travail en collaboration avec Julien Leroy et Michel Rigo. Dans un premier temps, nous introduisons une généralisation du triangle de Pascal basée sur les coefficients binomiaux de mots finis et nous étudions le cas plus particulier des représentations en base 2. Ces coefficients comptent le nombre de fois qu’un mot fini apparaît comme sous-suite d’un autre mot fini. De la même façon que le triangle de Sierpiński peut être construit comme l’ensemble limite, pour la distance de Hausdorff, d’une suite convergente de compacts renormalisés extraits du triangle de Pascal classique modulo 2, nous décrivons et étudions les premières propriétés du sous-ensemble de [0, 1] × [0, 1] associé à ce triangle de Pascal généralisé modulo un nombre premier p. Dans un second temps, nous étudions la suite qui compte, sur chaque ligne du triangle de Pascal généralisé en base 2, le nombre de coefficients binomiaux strictement positifs. Cette suite présente une régularité étonnante qui peut être mise en évidence en utilisant une structure particulière de graphes, appelée arbre des sous-mots. [less ▲]

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See detailExpériences urbaines enchantées, comment les saisir ?,
Brahy, Rachel ULg

Conference (2017, April 19)

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See detailTraits psychopathiques dans une population infra-clinique et traitement émotionnel
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Bral, Laura; Dehon, Hedwige ULg et al

Poster (2017, April 19)

L’intérêt pour la psychopathie infra-clinique n’est pas neuf. Toutefois, les études sur le sujet sont encore peu nombreuses. Notre recherche a consisté à mettre à l’épreuve deux hypothèses. La première ... [more ▼]

L’intérêt pour la psychopathie infra-clinique n’est pas neuf. Toutefois, les études sur le sujet sont encore peu nombreuses. Notre recherche a consisté à mettre à l’épreuve deux hypothèses. La première, concerne la présence de « traits psychopathiques » dans la population tout-venant et la seconde tend à évaluer dans quelle mesure la présence de ces traits influence le traitement émotionnel. Pour tester ces hypothèses, nous avons créé une version « online » du SRP-III (Self Report Psychopathy). Aux soixante-quatre items initialement présents dans cette échelle nous avons ajouté dix-sept items afin d’être en mesure d’également coter la PCL-R (Psychopathy Check List- Revised). Deux groupes de chacun treize participants ont été créés sur base de leur score au SRP-III (un groupe « faibles caractéristiques psychopathique » et un groupe « fortes caractéristiques psychopathiques »). La seconde partie de l’étude consistait en une entrevue durant laquelle nous avons procédé à des mises en situation d’induction émotionnelle. Pour mesurer l’influence de cette induction, trois tâches cognitives étaient administrées aux sujets des deux groupes. La première hypothèse s’est vue confirmée à travers la récolte des données du questionnaire en ligne. Quant à la seconde hypothèse, les résultats statistiques n’indiquent aucune différence significative entre les groupes en ce qui concerne leur score aux tâches cognitives. Il est donc suggéré que la présence de traits psychopathiques n’influence pas le traitement émotionnel. Cette recherche confirme la présence de la psychopathie dans la population tout-venant et semble infirmer, parmi cette population, l’hypothèse d’un déficit du traitement émotionnel. [less ▲]

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See detailGoverning radioactive waste in the interim: A cross-national comparison
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg

Conference (2017, April 18)

In this presentation, I briefly review current practices in different countries (e.g. USA, Belgium) concerning the interim storage of intermediate and high-level radioactive waste. Drawing on ongoing ... [more ▼]

In this presentation, I briefly review current practices in different countries (e.g. USA, Belgium) concerning the interim storage of intermediate and high-level radioactive waste. Drawing on ongoing research within the Programme for the Integration of Social Aspects into nuclear research (PISA) at the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK-CEN, I provide a definition of interim storage and outline a possible research agenda for this area. Interim storage is defined as the stowing of high-level radioactive waste in temporary facilities for an indefinite period, until a more permanent solution is established. As the large majority of countries still has decades, if not centuries, to go before geological disposal facilities become operational, the notions of “temporary” and “interim” cover immense timespans that remain unaccounted for by scientists, technologists, regulators, implementers, and policy makers. It is therefore worth asking the following research questions: Which social, legal, and ethical considerations come into play when the concepts of “temporary” and “interim” are stretched? How do social, legal, and technical considerations interact with regard to (prolonged) interim storage facility safety? The outputs of this line of investigation are relevant to all actors involved in radioactive waste management, including governments, waste management organisations, civil society, and wider publics. [less ▲]

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See detailHacia una teoría sobre la autoficción (neo)fantástica hispanoamericana: un análisis del miedo en Wasabi de Alan Pauls, El gran vidrio de Mario Bellatín y Los ingrávidos de Valeria Luiselli
Licata, Nicolas ULg

Conference (2017, April 18)

Después de determinar cuáles son los límites que le conceden disciplinas como la historia de las emociones, el psicoanálisis y la filosofía, esta breve comunicación se centra en el miedo como efecto de la ... [more ▼]

Después de determinar cuáles son los límites que le conceden disciplinas como la historia de las emociones, el psicoanálisis y la filosofía, esta breve comunicación se centra en el miedo como efecto de la literatura fantástica, y más concretamente, en el marco de esa categoría específica de novelas que Vincent Colonna ha bautizado “autoficción fantástica” (2004). A la luz de tres de estas ficciones fantásticas modernas articuladas en torno a sus propios autores, explicamos por qué, en nuestra opinión, el efecto que producen en el lector (implícito) difiere del miedo. No se trata de un efecto inferior o superior, sino sencillamente distinto: la angustia. [less ▲]

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See detailThe oldest eucaryotes: challenges in interpreting the fossil record
Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Conference (2017, April 17)

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See detailExploration ENMG du plexus brachial
WANG, François-Charles ULg

Conference (2017, April 15)

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See detailAtelier : ENMG de l'épaule
WANG, François-Charles ULg

Conference (2017, April 15)

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See detailThe French Reception of Leonard Cohen or How to Deal with Cultural Hybridity ?
Mus, Francis ULg

Conference (2017, April 14)

Writer-musicians in translation, or how to deal with artistic hybridity? The case of Leonard Cohen. Amazon.com is just one of the many websites that has a separate category for writer-musicians in its ... [more ▼]

Writer-musicians in translation, or how to deal with artistic hybridity? The case of Leonard Cohen. Amazon.com is just one of the many websites that has a separate category for writer-musicians in its books section: singers who are also authors – or vice versa. Leonard Cohen, Patti Smith, Ry Cooder, Nick Cave and Bob Dylan are just a few examples, and while they tend to be known and recognised as musicians, their literary works are generally well-received and translated into a number of languages. To what extent are the different mediums treated differently; are separate translation strategies employed; do literary and musical institutions elbow each other out the way when it comes to the reception and creation of a translation? Leonard Cohen is an example par excellence. France saw not only his (complete) literary works translated into French, but also many of his albums. That is notable, as Susam-Saraeva has previously argued that popular music is generally not translated. Using a discourse analysis of reviews and critical writings on Cohen in the French media (Rock et Folk, Pop Music, Extra, etc.) from the early 1970 (which was when his career as a singer truly skyrocketed in France and the rest of Western Europe), I will determine which arguments were used to justify both the initiative to translate his work as well as the various translation strategies (Franzon 2008). This line of argumentation is then compared with a number of other translations. For some songs – which were often first released as poems – there were even different translations in circulation. Secondly, I shall compare these findings to a more recent body of work – the reception and translation of his collection of poems, Book of Longing (2006) [Le Livre du Désir] and the album Ten New Songs (2001). The album was a compilation of a selection of poems from Book of Longing that Cohen set to music. In France all the lyrics were translated and included on the album’s insert. Using this quasi-simultaneous double-translation, I shall assess how the same text was translated and received in the musical and literary systems (in France) and whether the politics of translation with respect to Cohen’s work has changed over the years. [less ▲]

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See detailSPECTROSCOPIC AND POLARIMETRIC SURVEY OF L-TYPE ASTEROIDS
Devogele, Maxime ULg; Tanga, P; Cellino, A et al

Conference (2017, April 14)

Introduction: Spectroscopic and polarimetric observations are of fundamental importance in order to derive information about the surface properties of asteroids. In 2006, the asteroid (234) Barbara was ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Spectroscopic and polarimetric observations are of fundamental importance in order to derive information about the surface properties of asteroids. In 2006, the asteroid (234) Barbara was found to possess a pecular polarimetric response characterized by an abnormaly large value of the inversion angle. Later on, several other similar asteroids were discovered. They were called Barbarian asteroids in reference to (234) Barbara. Spectroscopically, all the Barbarian asteroids belong to the L, Ld and in a few cases K types in the Bus and Binzel visible taxonomy. When a classification extended to near-infrared is considered, all those known to date group into the L class. The most commonly accepted explanation for the polarimetric anomaly is the high abundance of Spinel-bearing, fluffy (type A) CAIs (Calcium-Aluminium rich Inclusion) whose optical properties could reproduce the observed polarimetry. If this hypothesis is confirmed, Barbarian asteroids could contain an anomalous amount of the first minerals condensed after the formation of the Solar system. Based on these motivations, we organized a systematic campaign of spectroscopy and polarimetry of Barbarians/L-type asteroids. Observations: 35 asteroids were observed using spectroscopy or polarimetry, or both. These asteroids include members of Watsonia, Henan and Klumpkea families which are known to be made of Barbarian and/or L type asteroids. The polarimetric data were obtained with the ToPol instrument at the Calern station of the Observatoire de la Côte d’Azur. The spectroscopic data were obtained at the IRTF NASA facility. Data analysis: The phase-polarization curve of the polarimetric data was analysed to derive the inversion angle of the asteroids. The spectroscopic data were analysed using a Hapke spectral mixing model. This method combines end-member spectra in order to fit the asteroid spectrum and derive its composition. The end-members used are the Allende matrix from which CAIs were removed, MgO rich olivine, and fluffy type A CAI. A Hapke space-weathering model was used in order to simulate the space-weathering effect on the spectra of asteroids. Results: The polarimetric data allowed us to discover 3 new Barbarian asteroids and to remove 4 asteroids from the Barbarian candidate list. We found that the inversion angle of Barbarian asteroids ranges from 26° to 30°. High CAI abundances ranging from 5 to 50% were found in L type asteroid spectra. We find for the first time a link between the abundance of CAIs and the polarimetric response. Spaceweathering also appears to play a role in polarimetry, showing an aging effect on the granularity of the surface regolith. [less ▲]

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See detailEnergy assessment of suburban neighborhoods : insights from Wallonia and perspectives for a suburban renewal
Marique, Anne-Françoise ULg

Conference (2017, April 12)

The aim of the paper is to present a method to assess the energy efficiency of suburban areas, taking into account both energy efficiency of buildings and the impacts of location and urban form on the ... [more ▼]

The aim of the paper is to present a method to assess the energy efficiency of suburban areas, taking into account both energy efficiency of buildings and the impacts of location and urban form on the energy balance of suburban areas. The method is applied to the Walloon region of Belgium and perspectives for a sustainable suburban renewal are proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailEchelles et serpents. Lire en réseau pour mieux traduire
Neelsen, Sarah ULg

Conference (2017, April 12)

Based on a corpus of texts that are used to teach seminars in translation into the foreign language, the present paper argues that for future translators good reading skills are almost as important as ... [more ▼]

Based on a corpus of texts that are used to teach seminars in translation into the foreign language, the present paper argues that for future translators good reading skills are almost as important as high-level proficiency in both languages. The corpus comprises texts that share a common topic (travelling) but differ in terms of genre, so that the specific characteristics of each text can be described in relation to the other component texts rather than to abstract text types included in text typologies. The exercises in the seminars, before actually starting to translate, aimed at reading a text at different levels, i.e. the text as a whole, its discursive dynamics, and its component parts, while trying to connect it to the other texts included in the corpus. The preparatory exploration of the source text as well as the actual process of translation can be conceptualized as the Game of the Goose (or Snakes and Ladders): translators have to find their way through the text, taking advantage from short cuts and anticipating pitfalls they already know from past experiences. [less ▲]

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See detailThe role of natural hazards and human activities on change of sedimentation patterns: The case of Lake Yamanaka (Fuji Five Lakes, Japan)
Lamair, Laura ULg; Hubert, Aurelia ULg; El Ouahabi, Meriam ULg et al

Conference (2017, April 10)

The last eruption of Mt Fuji (Japan) occurred in A.D. 1707. The eruption lasted 16 days from 16 December 1707 to 1 January 1708 (Tsuya, 1955) and 1.8 km3 of volcanic materials were ejected in total ... [more ▼]

The last eruption of Mt Fuji (Japan) occurred in A.D. 1707. The eruption lasted 16 days from 16 December 1707 to 1 January 1708 (Tsuya, 1955) and 1.8 km3 of volcanic materials were ejected in total (Miyaji et al., 2011). Lake Yamanaka, a very shallow lake (max. 14. 3 m depth) located at the foot of the east-north-eastern flank of Mt Fuji, was heavily impacted by the eruption. A thick scoria layer entirely covered the catchment of Lake Yamanaka. The thickness of the deposit varies from 5 to 37 cm around Lake Yamanaka and reaches up to 149 cm at the south-west extremity of the catchment (Miyaji et al., 2011). In order to study the influence of Hoei eruption on Lake Yamanaka, 5 gravity cores were taken during the 2014 QuakeRecNankai campaign. The Hoei scoria was present at the bottom of the one core and in the core catcher of the four other cores. High resolution magnetic susceptibility, XRD, XRF, LOI, C/N and 210Pb/137Cs analyses were performed on the gravity cores. The results shows three distinct periods of sedimentation: (1) From Hoei eruption to A.D. 1900; (2) From A.D. 1900 to A.D. 1990; (3) From A.D. 1990 to A.D. 2014. The first period is characterized by a very low sedimentation rate (~0.07 cm/yr). During this period, the sediments of the catchment were trapped below the thick Hoei scoria layer. However, peaks of terrigenous input are recorded. We link such detrical signals with violent typhoons that hit the Fuji Five Lakes region. The water from the heavy rains percolated through the porous thick scoria layer and saturated it. As a result, surface runoffs carried the sediments from the catchment into Lake Yamanaka. The second period (from A.D. 1900 to A.D. 1990) is defined by an increase of the sedimentation rate (~0.16 cm/yr). The development of soil and the agriculture (e.g. pastureland, rice field, mulberry plantations) reduced the impact of Hoei scoria. The terrigenous inputs are higher than previously but remained more or less constant during this period of time. As the thickness of the scoria layer is partially reduced or covered by new soil, rains triggered by smaller typhoons could drain the sediments from watershed and transport them into the lake. The most recent period representing the last 27 years is characterized by a very high sedimentation rate (~1.036 cm/yr). The transition between period 2 and period 3 corresponds to the development of mass tourism and the urbanization around Lake Yamanaka. It is marked by an increasing of atmospheric pollution (Pb, Zn). In the upper part of the cores, a peak of 137Cs is observed. Such peak is related to cesium fall-out after Fukushima incident in 2011. In addition to the fingerprint of human impact, the lake also record a terrigenous signal related to the 2007 Fitow typhoon which provoked damage in the area. This study highlights the influence of eruptions and typhoons on the sedimentation of Lake Yamanaka. In the present day, the sedimentation recovery after a major eruption is accelerated by human activity. References: Miyaji N., Kan'no A., Kanamaru T., Mannen K. 2011. High-resolution reconstruction of the Hoei eruption (AD 1707) of Fuji volcano, Japan. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 207, 113–129. Tsuya, H. 1955. Geological and petrological studies of volcano, Fuji, V.: 5. on the 1707 eruption of Volcano Fuji. Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Institute 33, 341–383. [less ▲]

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See detailModellierung der chemischen Kinetik. Entwicklung eines Verständnisses auf molekularer Ebene anhand gezielter Versuche
Nihant, Brigitte ULg; Karous, Hamad ULg; Leyh, Bernard ULg

Conference (2017, April 08)

Damit die Lernenden als zukünftige verantwortliche Bürger eine authentische Vision der Wissenschaft und ihrer Grenzen gewinnen, heben die Rahmen- und Lehrpläne immer mehr die Notwendigkeit hervor, sie mit ... [more ▼]

Damit die Lernenden als zukünftige verantwortliche Bürger eine authentische Vision der Wissenschaft und ihrer Grenzen gewinnen, heben die Rahmen- und Lehrpläne immer mehr die Notwendigkeit hervor, sie mit wissenschaftlichen Modellen und derer Erarbeitung vertraulich zu machen. Die chemische Kinetik bietet einen günstigen Rahmen, solche Modellierungskompetenzen zu fördern. Das didaktische Ziel kann wie folgt zusammengefasst werden: Eine chemische Reaktion als das Resultat wirksamer Stöße zwischen Molekülen beschreiben, um den Einfluss verschiedener experimenteller Faktoren auf die Reaktionsgeschwindigkeit zu erklären. Dies verlangt eine Modellierung, bei der die vier Ebenen (empirisch, makroskopisch, symbolisch, mikroskopisch) des didaktischen Tetraeders von Kermen und Méheut (2009) (Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 10, 24-34) erörtert werden. In diesem Vortrag werden verschiedene Aktivitäten (z.B. Versuche über molekulare Diffusion, Einführung des Begriffes des Übergangszustandes anhand angepasster, selbstgebauter Molekülmodelle) präsentiert und didaktisch ausgewertet. Großes Gewicht wird darauf gelegt, dass die Lernenden sich der erklärenden Rolle der Modelle bewusst werden, dass ihre Autonomie gefördert wird, indem der Schwierigkeitsgrad der sogenannten Zone der nächsten Entwicklung (Wygotski) entspricht, und dass das vorgestellte didaktische Modellierungsverfahren die Denkweise der Wissenschaftler reflektiert. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of Migration in a Multi-Risk Context: Case of Bujumbura/Burundi
Nibigira, Léonidas ULg; Ozer, Pierre ULg; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg

in MAIER, ROBIN; REVELL, MARK (Eds.) THE AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF GEOGRAPHERS, 2017 Annual Meeting, April 5 - 9, 2017 Boston, Massachusetts / PROGRAM (2017, April 08)

Human mobility affects land use and human density distribution. Unfortunately, this rarely takes into account the real and potential changes induced by hazards on the natural systems. Thus, migration and ... [more ▼]

Human mobility affects land use and human density distribution. Unfortunately, this rarely takes into account the real and potential changes induced by hazards on the natural systems. Thus, migration and natural hazards should be constantly analyzed through cross-sectional and global studies to reduce disastrous consequences resulting from their mutual interactions. In a multi-risk and demographic sprawl context, the study focused on the cross-analysis of human density and natural hazards in Bujumbura. The results show that migration of people should ideally be guided by knowledge of the area's sensitivity to natural hazards, taking into account other parameters such as hazards susceptibility maps and production opportunities. While the migration of people toward overcrowded centers constitutes a big challenge, it is an important asset when it concerns areas in need of manpower. It also allows the balance in relieving saturated areas, reducing human pressure on the environment. Therefore, there is a need that policymakers comply with those aspects, finding the right balance for a better situation. [less ▲]

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See detailLe sens de la vue et le sens de la marche. Déambulation et signification dans l'œuvre de Marc-Antoine Mathieu
Belloi, Livio ULg

Conference (2017, April 08)

Dans la foulée de l'ouvrage publié par Ian Hague ("Comics and the Senses", Routledge, 2014), cette conférence aborde la double question du sens et des sens dans le domaine de la bande dessinée ... [more ▼]

Dans la foulée de l'ouvrage publié par Ian Hague ("Comics and the Senses", Routledge, 2014), cette conférence aborde la double question du sens et des sens dans le domaine de la bande dessinée contemporaine, en se concentrant d'abord sur l'œuvre de Marc-Antoine Mathieu. Chemin faisant, l'œuvre de Mathieu se voit mise en regard avec "La Différence invisible" (2016) de Julie Dachez et Mademoiselle Caroline. [less ▲]

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See detailCovering codes
Vandomme, Elise ULg

Conference (2017, April 07)

Covering problems are traditional issues in mathematics. For instance, a natural covering problem in the n-dimensional euclidean space is to ask for the minimal number of identical spheres needed to cover ... [more ▼]

Covering problems are traditional issues in mathematics. For instance, a natural covering problem in the n-dimensional euclidean space is to ask for the minimal number of identical spheres needed to cover a large volume. The same issues can be considered in graphs. The corresponding covering problem is to determine the minimal number of r-balls that can be placed in such a way that every vertex of the graph is contained in at least one of them. In this talk, we consider coverings that satisfy special multiplicity conditions, called (r,a,b)-covering codes. These codes generalizes the notion of perfect codes in graphs that correspond to tilings of the graph with r-balls. We focus our attention on the multidimensional infinite grid and discuss the periodicity of (r,a,b)-codes in this case. Finally, for the dimension 2, we determine the possible values of the constant a and b. [less ▲]

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See detailMapping the impact of research-by-design : paths cleared by architectural experimentation
Joachim, Guillaume ULg

Conference (2017, April 07)

This paper aims at building a critical reflection on the valuation of design experimentation in architectural research and its impact on knowledge production. These considerations are rooted in the ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at building a critical reflection on the valuation of design experimentation in architectural research and its impact on knowledge production. These considerations are rooted in the observation of a hybrid and prospective research experience led at the University of Liège (Revisiting the apartment building 2015-2016), combining documentary research, field investigation, and a research-by-design international design studio gathering 40 architects and students in architecture. We first position the essay on the issue of harnessing design activity for the benefit of architectural research. Secondly we report on the investigation observed and the distinct knowledge production modalities involved in the project. The particular implication of the act of designing is highlighted, among other steps of the investigation, and we put forward some characteristic features of the research process. We particularly consider the different design techniques, tools and representational processes involved in four distinct architectural experimentations and their impact in the emergence of design strategies or spatial interventions. We finally open a discussion on the questions raised by the valuation of these proposals in the research, and stress the inherent tension between opening new perspectives and redefining the scope of inquiry. [less ▲]

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See detailOptimization of houseflies’ larvae production on pig wastes and brewers’ grains for integrated fish and pig farms in the tropics
Mafwila Kinkela, Patrick ULg; BWABWA, Denis; Kambashi Mutiaka, Bienvenu ULg et al

Conference (2017, April 07)

Improved maggot production of flies in integrated farm by farmers , using available by-product, on-farm wastes and agricultural stored wet can be an opportunity to provide an important additional source ... [more ▼]

Improved maggot production of flies in integrated farm by farmers , using available by-product, on-farm wastes and agricultural stored wet can be an opportunity to provide an important additional source of high quality protein and can intensify fish production. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of various design parameters on system-level fire fragility functions for steel buildings
Elhami Khorasani, Negar; Gernay, Thomas ULg; Garlock, Maria

Conference (2017, April 07)

The existing literature in fire engineering is mostly based on single component study of structures, as opposed to system level building performance. In current practice, fire does not need to be ... [more ▼]

The existing literature in fire engineering is mostly based on single component study of structures, as opposed to system level building performance. In current practice, fire does not need to be considered as part of the structural design of the building. The required fire protection for steel components in a building is based on prescriptive design guidelines, which are based on standard fire tests on individual structural members. In addition, the fire-structure engineering has primary focused on deterministic analysis, while the field is moving towards performance-based design in recent years. Meanwhile, the scenarios leading to a fire event and the performance of the structure at elevated temperatures involve a great level of uncertainty. This work focuses on fire-structure interaction with the objective of developing fire fragility functions that capture fire damage uncertainty for the entire building (i.e., at the system-level). A fragility function provides the probability of exceeding a damage state for a given intensity measure of a given hazard. Fire fragility functions can be developed to measure the expected losses based on performance of a building structural system, rather than a single component. Different functions can be developed for buildings with different typologies (e.g. high-rise steel building with moment resisting frame, low rise steel building with bracing). This presentation derives fragility functions based on stochastic analyses of prototype buildings. In developing the fragility functions, uncertainties in the fire model, the heat transfer model and the thermo-mechanical response should be considered; but such a large number of random variables adds to the complexity of analysis and the computational time. Based on a sensitivity analysis for steel gravity frames, this work identifies the most important input parameters to be considered as random variables when developing fire fragility functions for an entire building. The sensitivity analysis for a multi-story steel building prototype is completed considering uncertainties at the compartment and building levels. At the compartment level, uncertainty in the fire scenario, compartment geometry, applied load, thermal and mechanical properties of steel and insulating materials are considered. At the building level, the influence of fire-resistance rating, building height, and occupancy type are studied. The results of this study identify the local and global parameters needed as part of deriving system-level fire fragility functions for a steel building. [less ▲]

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See detailPhenomenological Analysis of Existentialist Novels: Body, Emotion, Perception
Franck, Thomas ULg

Conference (2017, April 07)

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See detailPost-blast fire resistance of low-rise buildings through membrane action of composite floor slabs
Haase, Bryce; Elhami Khorasani, Negar; Gernay, Thomas ULg

Conference (2017, April 06)

Sever fires in buildings can lead to local failures, instability, partial or total collapse of the structure. In majority of the times, fire is a secondary event, after blast or impact, while the building ... [more ▼]

Sever fires in buildings can lead to local failures, instability, partial or total collapse of the structure. In majority of the times, fire is a secondary event, after blast or impact, while the building has experienced some damage. Examples of widely known events include the 1968 Ronan Point collapse in the UK, the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing, the World Trade Center Collapse in New York in 2001, the 2014 collapse of a building at New York’s Harlem neighborhood due to a gas explosion, and the recent 2015 collapse of a building at New York’s East Village also due to a gas explosion. The initial shock to the building can be conservatively modeled by removing an intermediate vertical supporting element (i.e. loss of load-carrying capacity in a critical element), leading to an increased span for composite floor slabs. In a lowrise building, if there is enough reinforcement throughout the slab and enough continuity and restraint, despite large deflections that will develop, the slab is capable of carrying the loads by membrane action. Fundamentally, the floor system behaves as an inverted dome structure with radial tensile forces and a compressive hoop stresses. This holds true at ambient temperature, yet a similar resisting mechanism forms during fire. Previous research and experimental work shows that fire performance of composite floor slabs can be used to reduce the fire protection requirement of the steel elements, i.e. the designer should take advantage of reserve capacity in the composite floor slab membrane action. The utilization of membrane action in the design of composite floor slabs has been used, to some extent, for mitigating collapse from single events (blast or fire only). Given that, often the initial blast is followed by a secondary fire event, this work investigates the system-level performance of low-rise damaged buildings subject to post-blast fires. The hypothesis is that, when incorporated in the design, low-rise buildings can withstand the post-blast fires through membrane action of composite floor slabs. Application of this concept, within a performance-based framework, can be used to avoid progressive collapse, or at the minimum increase fire resistance to allow for safe evacuation. This work investigates the design requirements for beam sizes, fire protection, concrete reinforcement and cover thickness to develop membrane action for a pre-defined fire resistance rating under cascading post-blast fires. [less ▲]

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See detailPhronesis as Enacted Knowledge. The Case of Belgian Prison Governors Enacting Prison Organisations and Prison Policy
Dubois, Christophe ULg

Conference (2017, April 04)

In the last fifteen years, Belgian prisons have been characterized by an increase of managerial and legal regulations. This rise of “inscribed knowledge” (Freeman & Sturdy, 2015) however leads to a ... [more ▼]

In the last fifteen years, Belgian prisons have been characterized by an increase of managerial and legal regulations. This rise of “inscribed knowledge” (Freeman & Sturdy, 2015) however leads to a sharper need of prison governors for “practical wisdom” (Chia and Holt, 2009). Firstly, because law and policy don't apply automatically, but must always be interpreted by human actors in relation to the situation. Secondly, because the increase of legal and managerial inscriptions reinforces prison governors’ more general inclinations to “satisficing” decisions (March and Simon, 1958). Drawing on four years of qualitative research with 40 Belgian prison governors, this empirically based paper analyses how they cope with complex, uncertain and ambiguous situations where neither epistemic nor technical knowledge is available. In doing so, we assume that they – at least marginally – “enact” prison organisations and prison policy (Weick, 1988). [less ▲]

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See detailQuaternary prevention, the art of “primum non nocere”
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2017, April 03)

State of the art of the concept of Quaternary prevention

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See detailBeehive trials in Gamba (Gabon) with ecophysiological approaches. Panel Session 4, Mitigation approaches to reduce HWC.
Ngama, Steeve ULg

Conference (2017, April 03)

Food is often source of conflict between humans and wildlife in Gabon with elephants being the worst crop-raiders and “problem animals”. Damages to crops drastically reduce income, amplifying poverty and ... [more ▼]

Food is often source of conflict between humans and wildlife in Gabon with elephants being the worst crop-raiders and “problem animals”. Damages to crops drastically reduce income, amplifying poverty and creating a negative perception of wild animals among rural people. Using beehives has been proposed as one of the best non-lethal methods to deter elephants from crop raiding; so we experienced whether the presence of the African honey bees species Apis mellifera adansonii deterred forest elephants (Loxodonta Africana cyclotis) from feeding on fruit trees on the one hand and if local people could perform modern beekeeping. We found that beehives can be effective deterrents of crop raiding by elephants, but rural people must actively manage hives to keep them at the optimum activity level. Most interestingly, modern beekeeping benefits wild bees preservation (because local people destroy them to collect honey), agriculture through pollination and could be effectively used as a bush-meat trade alternative. We learned from those experiences that conservation is performed and assumed daily by people sharing spaces and resources with wildlife. For that we need to transfer knowledge and capacities to them in order to achieve effective long lasting conservation outcomes. We also must go beyond aspirin (symptomatic) treatments by investigating elephant crop raiding root causes with multidisciplinary ecophysiological approaches. In animals ecophysiology examines the relevance of physiological processes to social, behavioural and ecological constraints with an eco-centric view. Thus, they will help get better understanding of what lead elephant to face threats such as bees or what could explain nutritional behavior and crop selection of elephants. [less ▲]

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See detailLe patriotisme économique : nationalisme banal et communauté imaginée
Claisse, Frédéric ULg

Conference (2017, April 03)

Revenant sur les appels à la « fierté collective », au « patriotisme économique » et au « nationalisme d’ouverture » réitérés par les derniers Ministres-Présidents à la tête de la Wallonie, la ... [more ▼]

Revenant sur les appels à la « fierté collective », au « patriotisme économique » et au « nationalisme d’ouverture » réitérés par les derniers Ministres-Présidents à la tête de la Wallonie, la communication s’attache à montrer comment ces tentatives de revitalisation d’un sentiment d’attachement identitaire, tout en relevant des manifestations du « nationalisme banal » (M. Billig), entretiennent le déficit d’imaginaire régional, réduit au développement de la « marque Wallonie » et de sa promotion auprès de ses habitants et des investisseurs. L’insistance sur la seule valeur économique et instrumentale de la communauté, visant à améliorer la compétitivité de la région sur son marché global et intérieur, fait d’autant mieux ressortir, par contraste, la dimension narrative sous-jacente à l’imagination nationaliste, particulièrement mise en évidence dans la nouvelle économie de l’enrichissement (L. Boltanski et A. Esquerre), fondée sur la patrimonialisation et l’exploitation du passé comme gisement de valeur. Du croisement des deux axes ainsi dégagés (nationalisme de faible ou forte intensité ; recours plus ou moins appuyé au storytelling), émerge une conception élargie du nationalisme, qui en fait apparaître de nouvelles modalités et permet d’ouvrir à une autre compréhension de doctrines comme le national-libéralisme ou le projet post-national. Dans la continuité des observations de M. Billig, notre cadre d'analyse structurale tend à faire des mouvements nationalistes (au sens le plus courant du terme dans l’analyse politique) un simple cas particulier parmi d’autres modes de participation plus ordinaires, infra-conscientes et naturalisées, à la communauté nationale. [less ▲]

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See detailConstruire l’action publique et rendre des comptes: Les cas d’opérateurs privés et publics de l’emploi1
Beuker, Laura ULg; Gérard, Julie ULg

Conference (2017, April 03)

Cette contribution porte un intérêt singulier à la construction de l’action publique par les intermédiaires privés et publics de l’emploi, au travers de leur mission d’accompagnement des demandeurs ... [more ▼]

Cette contribution porte un intérêt singulier à la construction de l’action publique par les intermédiaires privés et publics de l’emploi, au travers de leur mission d’accompagnement des demandeurs d’emploi. Elle porte sur l’analyse des tensions intra professionnelles qui résultent de la mise en oeuvre d’une politique d’activation, dans un contexte de gestion mixte du marché du travail, en Belgique francophone. Elle prend pour objet l’accompagnement des demandeurs d’emploi, en tant que mesure destinée à assurer la réinsertion socioprofessionnelle des demandeurs d’emploi par une lutte contre le chômage de longue durée et l’exclusion sociale (Orianne, 2006). Elle s’appuie sur recherche empirique de nature qualitative (N=233 séquences d’observation ; N=40 entretiens semi-directifs), effectuée entre janvier 2013 et juin 2014 en Fédération Wallonie-Bruxelles auprès du service public régional de l’emploi Bruxellois et d’un prestataire privé. Face à la nécessité croissante de fournir des services à un marché du travail flexible et en évolution constante, d’impérieux besoins de transparence et de modernisation des services publics de l’emploi belges sont apparus. Cette transformation de l’action publique s’est notamment apparentée à une décentralisation partielle de leurs ressources et de leurs responsabilités auprès de partenaires privés (agences d’emploi privées commerciales ou opérateurs non-marchands) afin d’assurer conjointement la réinsertion socioprofessionnelle des demandeurs d’emploi par la dispense d’un accompagnement ciblé et personnalisé (Aubert et Patry, 2004). Par cette collaboration, les opérateurs privés participent désormais activement à la construction de l’action publique par le pouvoir qu’ils détiennent via l’exercice – par délégation – des fonctions étatiques alors que jusque dans les années 80, l’État orientait, contrôlait et assurait seul la régulation du marché du travail (Muller et Surel, 1998). En échange, tant les services publics de l’emploi que les prestataires privés sont amenés, dans le cadre de leurs activités d’accompagnement, à devoir rendre des comptes sur la réalisation effective de leurs pratiques. Cette exigence d’accountability comporte un double but : être transparent et légitimer l’utilisation de l’argent public. S’inscrivant dans une sociologie de l’action publique, cette contribution tend à rendre compte que cette forme de gouvernance de l’action publique (Lascoumes et Le Galès, 2012 ; Yaya, 2005) repose sur une gestion par les procédures et sur une pression aux résultats, transformant dès lors le travail quotidien des intermédiaires de l’emploi sous couvert d’une rationalisation de l’action publique. Ce faisant, elle démontre la présence d’un conflit entre l’implémentation d’une mesure d’activation et l’évaluation de son efficacité par les pouvoirs publics. [less ▲]

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See detailThemes related to prevention in the Q-Codes taxonomy. Call to a collaborative exploration into the abstracts of Europrev meetings
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2017, April 03)

Background For the documentation of the clinical data, the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2) is used, often in conjunction with the more granular International Classification of ... [more ▼]

Background For the documentation of the clinical data, the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2) is used, often in conjunction with the more granular International Classification of Diseases (ICD). For retrieval of scientific bibliographic information in GP/FM, Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) are used. With over 25,000 available MeSH descriptors, indexing is not easy, and yet not all aspects of the broad field of GM/FM are covered . ICPC-2 has been developed to identify reasons for encounter, symptoms, acts performed or requested and diagnosis in daily practice: It captures clinical encounters for epidemiological research. But, it was not constructed to reflect the non-clinical aspects of the profession, such as organizational, managerial, educational, and investigational aspects. Recently, a new taxonomy of organizational aspect of GM/FM has been developed to ameliorate this situation. The purpose of this development was to provide tools to exploit modern technology in terminology for information storage and retrieval systems , such as machine learning, semantic web techniques and natural language processing (NLP). The 182 concepts identified were thoroughly described in terminology records, which are freely accessible on the web (www.hetop.eu/Q). All concept and definitions were translated into 8 languages and are available online. (http://3cgp.woncaeurope.org). A book is available in 6 languages To develop the Q-codes 1700 abstracts of GP/FM congresses have been carefully analyzed. This has been the basis of the work. As a team of the EGRPN has also analyzed 600 EGPRN abstracts and developed a taxonomy of research, I have this work has been incorporated to update the QR domain. Thus ongoing Q-Codes are based on the analysis of 2300 abstracts The most important fact is that there is a Q-Codes only if the theme has been discussed by physicians during congresses. This is a bottom-up approach which contrast with the expert approach of the authors of textbook The Q-Codes have been integrated with the clinical classification ICPC-2 into a coherent whole, under the name Core Content of General Practice and Family Medicine (3CGP), for further enhancement of medical documentation and indexing of GP/FM master thesis and congress abstracts The value of a taxonomy is determined by the quality and speed of the maintenance and updating process. This will be handled by a working group of the Wonca International Classification Committee (WICC) (www.ph3c.org/Q) already authors of ICPC-2. Aim to present the preventive aspects of the Q-codes, a taxonomy specifically directed to describe the managerial aspects of GP/FM. To make a call to Europrev members to come an board of the Q-codes working group and to help to make more accurate the preventive fields in the Q-Codes taxonomy download abstract below [less ▲]

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See detailDémocratie et populisme ; un combat pour le peuple
Debras, François ULg

Conference (2017, April 03)

L’appel au peuple contre des élites (politiques, économiques,…) constitue le cœur de la rhétorique populiste. Cependant, cette invocation du peuple, des hommes de la rue, des citoyens ordinaires n’est pas ... [more ▼]

L’appel au peuple contre des élites (politiques, économiques,…) constitue le cœur de la rhétorique populiste. Cependant, cette invocation du peuple, des hommes de la rue, des citoyens ordinaires n’est pas un acte strictement populiste. En effet, si la démocratie peut se définir, entre autre, comme le pouvoir au peuple, n’induit-elle pas alors un nécessaires recours à sa mobilisation ? Comment distinguer l’appel au peuple du discours populiste, d’un discours démocratique ? Plus précisément, comment pouvons-nous définir le peuple ? Et quels sont les enjeux politiques et idéologiques qui sous-tendent sa mobilisation dans la rhétorique populiste ? Pour répondre à cette interrogation, nous proposons, dans un premier temps, en nous appuyant sur la littérature scientifique, de clarifier la notion de peuple et de populisme. Dans un second temps, nous étudierons le discours politique du Front national français tout en mobilisant les apports théoriques précédemment analysés. Pour ce faire, nous concentrerons notre attention sur le programme du parti, les communications orales de ses principaux représentants ainsi que les différents éditoriaux publiés sur leurs sites internet. L’analyse est discursive. En guise de conclusion, nous reviendrons sur la classification du Front national en tant que parti populiste tout en essayant de dégager les points communs et les divergences que nous pouvons observer entre la notion de peuple telle que définie par la littérature scientifique sur la démocratie, le populisme et dans les discours du FN. À terme, nous espérons ainsi mieux comprendre la notion de peuple dans l’argumentaire frontiste ainsi que ses différents éléments constituants. [less ▲]

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See detailDes complots partout? Epistémologie du discours conspirationniste
Debras, François ULg

Poster (2017, April 03)

Il n’existe pas d’un côté des « farfelus » qui voient des complots partout et de l’autre, des scientifiques rationnels qui considèrent que les complots sont des divagations. L’adhésion aux théories du ... [more ▼]

Il n’existe pas d’un côté des « farfelus » qui voient des complots partout et de l’autre, des scientifiques rationnels qui considèrent que les complots sont des divagations. L’adhésion aux théories du complot n’est pas un simple oui ou non. C’est un curseur qui indique que chacun se pose des questions et émet des doutes. De plus, l’histoire témoigne de l’existence de multiples complots bien réels que nous ne nions pas (incident de Mukden, incident du golf de Tonkin, affaire des couveuses au Koweit,…). Les théories du complot nous invitent à ne pas croire aveuglément tout ce que nous racontent les médias. Mais, à l’inverse, il ne faut pas non plus déceler des complots partout et analyser un monde « lu à l’envers » où tout ce qui est présenté comme vrai est faux et inversement. [less ▲]

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See detailSaisir les reconfigurations des pratiques d'engagement de "publics" en science et technologie
Macq, Hadrien ULg

Poster (2017, April 03)

La gouvernance des sciences et des technologies se trouve actuellement dans une situation de tension entre deux dynamiques : un agenda néo-libéral promouvant l’innovation technologique, d’une part, et un ... [more ▼]

La gouvernance des sciences et des technologies se trouve actuellement dans une situation de tension entre deux dynamiques : un agenda néo-libéral promouvant l’innovation technologique, d’une part, et un mouvement de démocratisation et d’expérimentation collective, d’autre part. Cette recherche vise à analyser les effets de cette tension sur les différentes pratiques d’engagement de « publics » promues par les autorités publiques. Elle poursuit dès lors une double ambition : caractériser les formes émergentes d’engagement de « publics » et les comparer aux précédentes afin de saisir ce que ce changement de pratiques implique pour la gouvernance des sciences et des technologies. [less ▲]

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See detailExploitation et instrumentation des mémoires
Nossent, Jérôme ULg

Poster (2017, April 03)

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See detailStable GPR101 over-Expressing Cell Lines As an Invaluable Tool for Functional Studies, Ligand Screening, and the Identification of Deregulated Genes/Pathways in Patients with X-Linked Acrogigantism
Trivellin, Giampaolo; Janjic, Maria; Larco, Darwin et al

Poster (2017, April 02)

Background: GPR101 is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that is duplicated in patients with X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG) and over-expressed in their GH- and PRL-secreting tumors. GPR101 is a ... [more ▼]

Background: GPR101 is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) that is duplicated in patients with X-linked acrogigantism (X-LAG) and over-expressed in their GH- and PRL-secreting tumors. GPR101 is a constitutively active GPCR that strongly activates the cAMP pathway. To elucidate the mechanisms through which GPR101 causes GH over-secretion we generated HEK293 and GH/PRL-secreting (GH3) cells with stable GPR101 expression. Methods: Both cell lines were created via direct integration of a human GPR101-coding sequence into their genome. In HEK293 cells this was achieved by transient transfection of a GPR101-expressing plasmid, while GH3 were transduced with GPR101 lentiviral particles. Cells were selected with appropriate antibiotics and the surviving clones expanded. GPR101 expression was quantified by RT-qPCR and immunofluorescence/western blotting. Cell proliferation (MTT assay), cAMP levels (125I-labeled cAMP tracer), and calcium signaling (FURA 2 AM) were determined. RNA was extracted from both cell lines and subjected to RNA-seq. Differential gene expression between control and GPR101-expressing cells and pathway analysis was carried out with the Stirplate and MetaCore softwares, respectively. De-regulated genes were validated by RT-qPCR. Results: High GPR101 expression was achieved in both cell lines and confirmed at the mRNA and protein level. GPR101-expressing cells proliferated at different rates from the respective controls: GPR101-HEK293 cells were slow-dividing, while GPR101-GH3 divided faster. cAMP production was enhanced in GPR101-GH3 and accompained by increased excitability of cells. Differential expression analysis in HEK293 cells revealed several up-regulated and few down-regulated genes. Among the genes with high expression, several were linked to the cAMP pathway: CGA, PCK1, LINC00473 and PDE3A. Enrichment analysis ranked cytoskeleton remodeling and cell cycle regulation (inhibition of G1/S transition) as the most relevant pathways. In GH3 cells most of the genes with a significantly different expression encoded for membrane-localized proteins, among which were ion channels (Trpm8, Kcnj1), GPCRs (Trhr), and calcium sensors (Syt4, Anxa1). Biological processes associated with these genes are: vesicle transport and fusion, cytoskeleton organization, and energy homeostasis. Conclusions: These results show that the intrinsic activity of GPR101 strongly stimulates cAMP production and this in turn facilitates voltage-gated calcium influx. Changes in cAMP/calcium signaling are accompanied with faster/slower cell division depending on the cell type. Accordingly, several genes associated with these and related pathways are differentially expressed. The establishment of these cell lines will be of paramount importance to validate putative GPR101 ligands and to conduct functional studies. [less ▲]

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See detailFrom parts to whole and back again. The emblem system in the French Jesuit Festivals
De Marco, Rosa ULg

in Höpel, Ingrid; McKeown, Simon (Eds.) Emblems and Impact Volume II Von Zentrum und Peripherie der Emblematik. Selected Proceedings of the 10th International Conference of the Society for Emblem Studies (2017, April 01)

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See detailI viaggi di studio: una risorsa per accompagnare il lavoro educativo
Pirard, Florence ULg

Conference (2017, April 01)

Quand ils sont inscrits dans des dispositifs d’accompagnement organisés en réseau et ancrés dans les pratiques professionnelles, on peut faire l’hypothèse que les voyages d’étude contribuent à une ... [more ▼]

Quand ils sont inscrits dans des dispositifs d’accompagnement organisés en réseau et ancrés dans les pratiques professionnelles, on peut faire l’hypothèse que les voyages d’étude contribuent à une transformation à la fois des acteurs qui découvrent d’autres manières de penser et d’agir et des actions qu’ils sont susceptibles d’améliorer. Ils s’inscrivent dans des dispositifs qui relèvent d’une culture de la professionnalisation et se démarquent d'autres types d'actions formatives inscrites dans les cultures de l'enseignement et de la formation. Ils constituent des opportunités d'apprentissage professionnels en situation informelles. La conférence questionne la place du voyage d’étude dans la formation des professionnel-le-s de l'enfance, les conditions de sa mise en œuvre et les effets observés sur les pratiques professionnelles. [less ▲]

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See detailAn innovative non-animal chitosan hydrogel is able to restore the rheology of osteoarthritis synovial fluid ex vivo
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Rocasalbas, Guillem; Chausson, Mickaël et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017, April)

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See detailContrôle du mouvement lombopelvien et football
Grosdent, Stéphanie ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Cortès Flores, A. et al

in Kinesitherapie Revue (2017, April), 184

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See detailWork environment and work-to-family conflict: Mediating role of work investment.
Babic, Audrey ULg; Stinglhamber, Florence; Barbier, Marie ULg et al

Poster (2017, April)

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See detailUn contrat d'enseignement de la médecine du IIIe siècle avant notre ère : P.Heid. III 226
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg

in Ricciardetto, Antonio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) En marge du Serment hippocratique : contrats et serments dans le monde gréco-romain. Actes de la Journée d'étude internationale (Université de Liège, 29 octobre 2014) (2017, April)

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See detailHST observations of Jupiter's UV aurora during Juno's orbits PJ03, PJ04 and PJ05
Grodent, Denis ULg; Gladstone, G Randall; Clarke, John T. et al

Poster (2017, April)

The intense ultraviolet auroral emissions of Jupiter are currently being monitored in the frame of a large Hubble Space Telescope (HST) program meant to support the NASA Juno prime mission. The present ... [more ▼]

The intense ultraviolet auroral emissions of Jupiter are currently being monitored in the frame of a large Hubble Space Telescope (HST) program meant to support the NASA Juno prime mission. The present study addresses the three first Juno orbits (PJ03, 04 and 05) during which HST obtained parallel observations. These three campaigns basically consist of a 2-week period bracketing the time of Juno’s closest approach of Jupiter (CA). At least one HST visit is scheduled every day during the week before and the week following CA. During the ∼12-hour period centered on CA and depending on observing constraints, several HST visits are programmed in order to obtain as many simultaneous observations with Juno-UVS as possible. In addition, at least one HST visit is obtained near Juno’s apojove, when UVS is continuously monitoring Jupiter’s global auroral power, without spatial resolution, for about 12 hours. We are using the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) in time-tag mode in order to provide spatially resolved movies of Jupiter’s highly dynamic aurora with timescales ranging from seconds to several days. We discuss the preliminary exploitation of the HST data and present these results in such a way as to provide a global magnetospheric context for the different Juno instruments studying Jupiter’s magnetosphere, as well as for the numerous ground based and space based observatories participating to the Juno mission. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the evolution of the osteoarthritis pathology and the mechanical properties of cartilage in a spontaneous osteoarthritis model in the Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs.
Legrand, Catherine ULg; Centonze, Prescilia ULg; Comblain, Fanny ULg et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2017, April), 25

In animal models, the severity of cartilage damage is assessed by histological scores evaluating the structure, the proteoglycan con- tent, the integrity of the tidemark, the cellularity, and osteophytes ... [more ▼]

In animal models, the severity of cartilage damage is assessed by histological scores evaluating the structure, the proteoglycan con- tent, the integrity of the tidemark, the cellularity, and osteophytes. In parallel to these histological analyzes, we studied the mechanical properties of cartilage at different stages of disease progression in the Dunkin-Hartley guinea pigs. We also correlated the severity of histo- logical lesions with the mechanical properties of cartilage. [less ▲]

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See detailImplications of Juno energetic particle observations over Jupiter’s polar regions for understanding magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling at strongly magnetized planets
Mauk, Barry; Haggerty, Dennis; Paranicas, Christopher et al

Conference (2017, April)

Juno obtained low altitude space environment measurements over Jupiter’s poles on 27 August 2016 and then again on 11 December 2016. Particle distributions were observed over the poles within the downward ... [more ▼]

Juno obtained low altitude space environment measurements over Jupiter’s poles on 27 August 2016 and then again on 11 December 2016. Particle distributions were observed over the poles within the downward loss cones sufficient to power nominally observed auroral emissions and with the characteristic energies anticipated from remote spectroscopic ultra-violet auroral imaging. However, the character of the particle distributions apparently causing the most intense auroral emissions were very different from those that cause the most intense aurora at Earth and from those anticipated from prevailing models of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling at Jupiter. The observations are highly suggestive of a predominance of a magnetic field-aligned stochastic acceleration of energetic auroral electrons rather than the more coherent acceleration processes anticipated. The Juno observations have similarities to observations observed at higher altitudes at Saturn by the Cassini mission suggesting that there may be some commonality between the magnetosphere-ionosphere couplings at these two giant planets. Here we present the Juno energetic particle observations, discuss their similarities and differences with published observations from Earth and Saturn, and deliberate on the implications of these finding for general understanding of magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling processes. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Belgian Internment Policy as an Example of Hybrid Governance
Pans, Maurice; Darcis, Coralie ULg

in Tijdschrift voor Bestuurswetenschappen en Publiekrecht (2017, April), 4(4),

Het domein van de zorg voor geïnterneerde personen kent internationaal een omslag. Naast de “criminalisering” van personen met een psychiatrische stoornis die criminele feiten begaan, ontwikkelen er zich ... [more ▼]

Het domein van de zorg voor geïnterneerde personen kent internationaal een omslag. Naast de “criminalisering” van personen met een psychiatrische stoornis die criminele feiten begaan, ontwikkelen er zich nieuwe visies en zorgperspectieven op de kwaliteit van leven en de re-integratie in de maatschappij van zowel personen met psychische kwetsbaarheid als geïnterneerde personen.1 Tot zeer recent werden geïnterneerde personen bijna exclusief benaderd als personen die misdaden of misdrijven hebben gepleegd waar ze door hun psychische stoornis niet voor verantwoordelijk konden worden gesteld. De onderliggende logica van de aanpak was sterk geënt op een model waarbij opsluiting en isolatie van de maatschappij centraal stonden omwille van misdaad. Geïnterneerde personen werden om die reden opgesloten in een gevangenissysteem volgens een justitiële benadering. Het behandelings- en zorgperspectief raakte hierbij ondergesneeuwd. De “criminalisering” van personen met psychische stoornissen heeft in België historisch geleid tot inadequate aanpak en begeleiding van deze groep patiënten. Meerdere veroordelingen van de Belgische Staat door het Europees Hof voor de Rechten van de Mens (EHRM), overvolle gevangenissen, het gebrek aan somatische en psychiatrische gezondheidszorg binnen gevangenissen en psychiatrische annexen en aanbevelingen van het Europees Comité voor de Preventie van Foltering en Onmenselijke of Vernederende Behandeling of Bestraffing (CPT) zijn directe aanleidingen voor het Masterplan Internering (juni 2016)2 en de wet van 5 mei 2014 betreffende de internering van personen3. In deze bijdrage staan we stil bij het Masterplan Internering van 2016 en de nieuwe Interneringswet van 5 mei 2014. We proberen te duiden op welke manier in beide bronnen randvoorwaarden worden gecreëerd voor een hybride bestuursvorm in de sector. We staan kort stil bij beleidsmatige en juridische ontwikkelingen die vooraf gingen. [less ▲]

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