References of "Scientific congresses and symposiums"
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See detailExpected Design Space: a Bayesian perspective based on modelling, prediction and multi-criteria decision method
Lebrun, Pierre ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg

Conference (2009, October)

The Design Space (DS) is defined as the set of factors settings (input conditions) that provides results at least better than pre-defined acceptance limits. The proposed methodology aims at identifying a ... [more ▼]

The Design Space (DS) is defined as the set of factors settings (input conditions) that provides results at least better than pre-defined acceptance limits. The proposed methodology aims at identifying a region in the space of factors that will likely provide satisfactory results during the future use of an analytical method or process in routine, through an optimization process. First, in a Bayesian framework, DS is derived from the joint predictive posterior distribution of the responses in a multivariate multiple regression problem using non-informative as well as informative prior distribution of the parameters. The case of DS in presence of highly correlated responses will be covered. Second, a multi-criteria decision is taken with respect to the pre-defined acceptance limits, aiming to identify the DS of any analytical methods or other processes. A strong link is made between acceptance limits and objective functions to optimize, using desirability functions and index. Examples based on high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods will be given, illustrating the applicability of the methodology with highly correlated and constrained responses. [less ▲]

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See detailIonosphere Modelling Based on the NeQuick Model and GNSS Data Ingestion
Bidaine, Benoît ULg; Warnant, René ULg

in Second International Colloquium - Scientific and Fundamental Aspects of the Galileo Programme (2009, October)

As for other GNSS, the ionospheric effect remains one of the main factors limiting Galileo accuracy. For single frequency users, this contribution to the error budget will be mitigated by a global ... [more ▼]

As for other GNSS, the ionospheric effect remains one of the main factors limiting Galileo accuracy. For single frequency users, this contribution to the error budget will be mitigated by a global algorithm based on the NeQuick model. This quick-run empirical model provides flexible solutions for combining ionospheric information obtained from various systems, from GNSS to ionosondes and topside sounders thanks to which NeQuick has been designed. Hence it constitutes an interesting simulation tool not only serving Galileo needs for mitigation of the ionospheric effect but also widening the use of new data available thanks to the future European system. NeQuick provides the electron density as a function of location, time and solar activity. Thanks to numerical integration, the total content in free electrons of the ionosphere (Total Electron Content, TEC) can be deduced as well as the ionospheric propagation delay depending linearly on TEC on satellite-to-receiver path. The model is particularly suited to be used within an optimization procedure called ingestion. In this framework, an “effective ionization level” Az plays the role of the solar activity input in order to fit a specific dataset. For Galileo single frequency operation, daily Az values will be computed from slant TEC measurements performed within the ground segment. In this study, we perform slant TEC ingestion for a dozen of locations around the world where both an ionosonde and a GPS receiver are installed. These collocated instruments allow us to compare measured and modelled vertical TEC in different ways showing for example global statistics or dependence towards latitude. We analyze such results for the year 2002 (high solar activity level) giving an interesting insight in the situation we could observe when Galileo reach its Full Operation Capability, during the next solar maximum. [less ▲]

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See detailAffective valence influences participant’s susceptibility to false memories and illusory recollection
Dehon, Hedwige ULg; laroi, Frank; Van der Linden, Martial

Poster (2009, October)

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See detailL'évaluation fonctionnelle et musculaire de l'épaule pathologique
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg

in Livre des résumés du 1er Congrès de la Société Scientifique de Kinésithérapie : "Les outils d'évaluation Peut-on encore les ignorer ?" (2009, October)

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See detailHigh diversity in late Early Cretaceous ichthyosaurs
Fischer, Valentin ULg; Guiomar, Myette; Godefroit, Pascal

Poster (2009, October)

Considered as the last survivors of a dying group, all Cretaceous ichthyosaurs have traditionally been incorporated within a single genus, Platypterygius. This waste-basket genus includes large ... [more ▼]

Considered as the last survivors of a dying group, all Cretaceous ichthyosaurs have traditionally been incorporated within a single genus, Platypterygius. This waste-basket genus includes large ichthyosaurs with numerous, large and conical tooth crowns and bulbous polygonal root well anchored in dental grooves. With such a dentition, Platypterygius can be included within the “Smash guild”. However, the study of new specimens from the Aptian-Albian marls of the Vocontian basin (SE France) reveals an unexpected diversity of late Early Cretaceous ichthyosaurs. Beside “classical” Platypterygius specimens, another type of ichthyosaur with very tiny and pointed teeth has been found in the mid-Albian marls of Sisteron, in High-Provence Alps. This new taxon is based on a partial crushed skull, two basioccipitals, 8 teeth, and 15 centra. The teeth range from 20mm to 2cm and are highly compressed labio-lingualy, with a thickness/wideness ratio of the root sometimes as low as 1/4. Crowns are slightly curved and sharply pointed, indicating a diet of small and soft preys. Interestingly, although the rostral bones are slender and delicate – thus radically different from conventional Late Early Cretaceous ichthyosaurs – the basioccipital of this taxon shares many characters with Platypterygius and is of the same overall size. Together with the recently named genus Maiaspondylus from the Albian of western Canada, these specimens suggest a higher diversity of late Early Cretaceous ichthyosaurs, in contradiction with the current view of ichthyosaur extinction, said to be gradually decreasing in diversity since the Middle Jurassic. In fact, the number of ecological niches occupied by ichthyosaurs apparently even increased from the Late Jurassic until the late Early Cretaceous. Therefore, the ecological impact of the Cenomanian-Turonian boundary on marine reptile faunas was probably more severe than previously thought. [less ▲]

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See detailImplementation of new Fast-GC-MS and UHPLC-MS/MS data in a conventional GC-MS database for heroin profiling
Debrus, Benjamin ULg; Broséus, Julian; Guillarme, Davy et al

Conference (2009, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 61 (11 ULg)
See detailL'évaluation de la musculature rachidienne du lombalgique : analyse critique des outils disponibles
Vanderthommen, Marc ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg

in Livre des résumés du 1er Congrès de la Société Scientifique de Kinésithérapie : "Les outils d'évaluation Peut-on encore les ignorer ?" (2009, October)

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See detailRaisonnement et délimitation du champ des connaissances au cours d’un curriculum PBL
Collard, Anne ULg; Gelaes, Sabine; Bourguignon, Jean-Pierre ULg

in Pédagogie Médicale (2009, October), 10 Suppl. 1

Contexte et Problématique : Depuis 2000, des séminaires d’Apprentissage Par Problèmes ont été introduits tout au long du curriculum médical (7 ans) à l’Université de Liège. Nous avons montré ... [more ▼]

Contexte et Problématique : Depuis 2000, des séminaires d’Apprentissage Par Problèmes ont été introduits tout au long du curriculum médical (7 ans) à l’Université de Liège. Nous avons montré antérieurement que la capacité de raisonnement est évidente dès la 3ième année du curriculum et augmente dans le décours de celui-ci, alors que les connaissances factuelles ont présenté un déclin assez rapide après la 3ième année. Lors des évaluations orales portant sur la discussion d’une vignette clinique avec un Collège d’enseignants, ceux-ci ont fait le constat suivant : l’étudiant, encouragé au raisonnement, privilégie parfois celui-ci en négligeant voire ignorant le rapport critique aux connaissances qui sous-tendent ce raisonnement. L’étudiant raisonne mais valide difficilement son raisonnement. Questions de recherche : 1) La délimitation du champ des connaissances peut-elle être estimée et comment varie-t-elle au cours du curriculum? 2) Est-elle en relation avec le raisonnement biomédical évalué par un TCS et cette relation varie-t-elle au cours du curriculum ? Méthodes : Un test de connaissances factuelles (un test vrai/faux avec degrés de certitude) ainsi qu’un test de raisonnement (un test de Concordance de Scripts, TCS) ont été administrés à 104 étudiants (année 3 à 6) et à un panel de référents. Le domaine choisi pour mener nos investigations était l’endocrinologie. Un indice de la capacité à délimiter le champ de ses propres connaissances a été calculé comme suit : la différence entre les degrés de certitude pour les réponses correctes et ceux pour les réponses incorrectes au test vrai/faux. Une différence positive élevée indiquerait une bonne capacité à délimiter le champ de ses connaissances alors qu’une différence négative indiquerait une mauvaise capacité de délimitation. Résultats : Pour chaque année d’étude, les degrés de certitude pour les réponses correctes étaient supérieurs à ceux pour les réponses incorrectes. La différence entre ceux-ci, soit l’indice de délimitation du champ des connaissances, ne variait pas en fonction de l’année d’étude. Par ailleurs, cet indice s’est avéré être positivement corrélé aux scores TCS pour les 4 années d’études. Conclusions : La capacité à délimiter le champ de ses propres connaissances semble être reliée à la capacité de raisonnement indépendamment de la progression dans le curriculum de formation médicale. [less ▲]

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See detailStationary Roll Forming Simulation using Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian Formalism
Boman, Romain ULg; Depauw, Antoine; Hérisson, Damien et al

in Proceedings of International Roll Forming Congress 2009 (2009, October)

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See detailEndoscopie à l'effort : les examens sur piste et sur tapis roulant sont-ils équivalents ?
Van Erck, Emmanuelle ULg; Frippiat, Thibault ULg; Dupuis, Marie-Capucine ULg et al

in Proceedings des Journées annuelles de l’Association vétérinaire équine française (2009) (2009, October)

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See detailPrevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in an Elderly Population: Impact of the Choice of the Equation Used for Estimating GFR
Mariat, Christophe; Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Maillard, Nicolas et al

Poster (2009, October)

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See detailSwimming ontogeny in Dicentrarchus labrax
Olivier, Damien ULg; Parmentier, Eric ULg

Poster (2009, October)

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See detailOptimization of dynamic embedded, Water based surface heat (and cold) emitting system for buildings.
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Franck, Pierre-Yves ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg

Conference (2009, October)

This paper presents the heat flow model and the experimental test bench developed to optimize a new kind of heating floor. In the first part of the text is described the new kind of high reactivity ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the heat flow model and the experimental test bench developed to optimize a new kind of heating floor. In the first part of the text is described the new kind of high reactivity emitting device for building heating and cooling. A second part illustrates the numerical model developed to evaluate the device efficiency. Finally experimental test bench implementation and results are presented. Both computational and experimental results support the use of colder water in comparison to other heating devices. This implies energy savings for building heating. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of the suitability of the land surface model JULES for climate impact studies in Belgian ecosystem
Van Den Hoof, Catherine; Aubinet, Marc ULg; Heinesch, Bernard ULg et al

Conference (2009, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 35 (1 ULg)
See detailApports de la luminescence à la chronologie de la basilique Saint-Seurin de Bordeaux
Bouvier, Armel; Guibert, Pierre; Sapin, Christian ULg et al

Conference (2009, October)

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See detailPrediction of genetic interactions in yeast using machine learning
Schrynemackers, Marie ULg

Poster (2009, October)

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See detailTotal Electron Content monitoring using triple frequency GNSS: results with GIOVE-A data
Spits, Justine; Warnant, René ULg

in Proceedings of the Second International Colloquium - Scientific and Fundamental Aspects of the Galileo Programme (2009, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 19 (0 ULg)
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See detailMicrofossil evidence for +21 m eustatic sea level during marine isotope stage 11
van Hengstum, P. J.; Scott, Dave; Javaux, Emmanuelle ULg

Conference (2009, October)

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See detailVariations in sound production in <i>Dascyllus flavicaudus<i>
Kever, Loïc ULg; Lecchini, David; Parmentier, Eric ULg

Poster (2009, October)

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See detailThe clinical and economic burden of nonadherence with osteoporosis medications
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Value in Health (2009, October), 12(7), 444

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See detailImproved Forwarding Architecture and Resource Management for Multi-Core Software Routers
Egi, Norbert; Greenhalgh, Adam; Handley, Mark et al

in NPC 2009 Proceedings (2009, October)

Recent technological advances in commodity server architectures, with multiple multi-core CPUs, integrated memory controllers, high-speed interconnects and enhanced network interface cards, provide ... [more ▼]

Recent technological advances in commodity server architectures, with multiple multi-core CPUs, integrated memory controllers, high-speed interconnects and enhanced network interface cards, provide substantial computational capacity and thus an attractive platform for packet forwarding. However, to exploit this available capacity, we need a suitable software platform that allows effective parallel packet processing and resource management. In this paper, we at first introduce an improved forwarding architecture for software routers that enhances parallelism by exploiting hardware classification and multi-queue support, already available in recent commodity network interface cards. After evaluating the original scheduling algorithm of the widely-used Click modular router, we propose solutions for extending this scheduler for improved fairness, throughput and more precise resource management. To illustrate the potential benefits of our proposal, we implement and evaluate a few key elements of our overall design. [less ▲]

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See detailIntroduction to the PIANC Report 106 on Locks - Innovations In Navigation Lock Design.
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in PIANC WORKSHOP on Locks - Innovations In Navigation Lock Design, Brussels, Oct 2009 (2009, October)

First paper of the workshop - General presentation of the PIANC report N° 106 on Locks

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See detailA three-year on Anaplasma phagocytophilum in wild cervids populations in Southern Belgium.
Nahayo, A; Heyman, P; Cochez, C et al

Conference (2009, October)

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See detailSome issues related to unstructured mesh generation
Compère, G.; Remacle, J.-F.; Marchandise, E. et al

in Proceedings of Current and New Trends in Scientific Computing, CMM-DIM 2009 (2009, October)

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See detailAccurate measurement of arterial input function during FDG PET using a beta microprobe
Warnock, Geoffrey ULg; Lemaire, Christian ULg; Langlois, Xavier et al

in Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow & Metabolism (2009, October), 29(S1), 339-339

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See detailCommutation de paquets logicielle sur routeurs PC multi-coeurs
Egi, Norbert; Greenhalgh, Adam; Handley, Mark et al

in Actes de CFIP 2009 (2009, October)

Les processeurs multi-coeurs sur PC, en même temps que les progrès récents sur la performance de la mémoire et des bus, suggèrent un candidat idéal pour la construction d’architectures de routeurs ... [more ▼]

Les processeurs multi-coeurs sur PC, en même temps que les progrès récents sur la performance de la mémoire et des bus, suggèrent un candidat idéal pour la construction d’architectures de routeurs purement logicielles qui soient flexibles et en même temps performantes. Dans cet article, nous présentons une architecture de commutation de paquets pour les routeurs logiciels ou virtuels dont l’objectif principal est de prévenir des accès mémoire coûteux tout en utilisant les ressources CPU disponibles au mieux pour traiter et commuter les paquets. Nous présentons premièrement le principe d’arbre de commutation dont la fonction est de garder les paquets commutés dans la même hiérarchie de cache du processeur. Nous identifions ensuite la source de contention principale des performances de commutation comme l’accès concurrent aux interfaces de sorties puis analysons les gains potentiels de performance en utilisant un verrou sur les interfaces de sortie ainsi qu’un mécanisme de retour sur l’état des queues du routeur. Finalement, nous proposons et évaluons une modification des arbres de commutation qui permet de contourner la contention due au partage des interfaces de sortie par les arbres [less ▲]

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See detailÉmissions gazeuses liées au séchage convectif de boues de station d’épuration
Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Herbreteau, Benjamin; Nicol, François et al

in SFGP (Ed.) Récents Progrès en Génie des Procédés - N°98 - A la croisée des sciences et des cultures pour relever les défis industriels du XXIème siècle - Actes du 12ème Congrès de la Société Française de Génie des Procédés, Marseille, France, 14-16 octobre 2009 (2009, October)

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See detailNumerical simulations of the sound propagation in non rectilinear streets
Billon, Alexis ULg; Picaut, Judicaël; Valeau, Vincent et al

Conference (2009, October)

At high frequencies, the sound propagation can be approximated by the propagation of sound particles which are reflected and absorbed at the boundaries. This propagation follows then a transport process ... [more ▼]

At high frequencies, the sound propagation can be approximated by the propagation of sound particles which are reflected and absorbed at the boundaries. This propagation follows then a transport process. In urban canyons, this transport process can be reduced to a diffusion process. The resultant model allows one to obtain the spatial distribution of the acoustical energy in a street in a few seconds using a classical finite elements program. This diffusion model has been previously validated in rectilinear streets for different geometrical and acoustical parameters. In this paper, more complex geometries such as varying cross-sections, bents and streets crossings are dealt with. As the diffusion model only models the reverberated sound field, diffraction effects on the direct sound field at streets corners are added. The obtained results are then compared to scale model experiments. [less ▲]

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See detailRoll forming of Ultra High Strength Steels: progresses in experimental and modelling knowledge
Depauw, Antoine; Hérisson, Damien; Boman, Romain ULg et al

in Proceedings of International Roll Forming Congress 2009 (2009, October)

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See detailVaccination with class-I restricted PrP peptides induces cytotoxic CD8+ T cells and prolongs the clinical phase duration of murine scrapie
Bruley Rosset, Martine; Sacquin, Antoine; Defaweux, Valérie ULg et al

Poster (2009, October)

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See detailSound Field Modeling in Architectural Acoustics using a Diffusion Equation Based Model
Fortin, Nicolas; Picaut, Judicaël; Billon, Alexis ULg et al

Conference (2009, October)

In this paper, an implementation of a model for room-acoustic predictions in COMSOL Multiphysics is presented. The model (called diffusion model) is based on the solving of diffusion equations instead of ... [more ▼]

In this paper, an implementation of a model for room-acoustic predictions in COMSOL Multiphysics is presented. The model (called diffusion model) is based on the solving of diffusion equations instead of classical wave equations and allows simulating the sound propagation in complex geometries at high frequency. Instead of using COMSOL Multiplysics to solve directly the problem, a specific tool has been developed. It is composed of a user-friendly interface (I-Simpa) which manipulates all the physical data of the problem (geometries, acoustic properties and elements…) and generates an interoperability script to execute COMSOL Multiplysics via the generation of .m file scripts. Then, numerical results are processed by I-Simpa for the acoustic post-treatment and results display, like sound levels, reverberation times… [less ▲]

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See detailNEMA NU1-2001 performance tests of Philips Brightview SPECT cameras
Seret, Alain ULg

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2009, October), 36(S2), 408

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See detailObjective study of spatial attributes in the room impulse response's late part and their relevance for auralization
Billon, Alexis ULg; Embrechts, Jean-Jacques ULg

in Proceedings of the Euronoise 2009 Congress (2009, October)

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See detailLe PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma) peut-il favoriser la régénération tendineuse ?
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Drion, Pierre ULg; Pascon, Frédéric ULg et al

in Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique (2009, October), 52(Sup. 1), 109-110

Introduction : Certaines tendinopathies (l’épicondylite, la tendinopathie rotulienne supérieure ou encore la tendinopathie d’Achille) demeurent rebelles malgré un traitement « classique » bien conduit ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Certaines tendinopathies (l’épicondylite, la tendinopathie rotulienne supérieure ou encore la tendinopathie d’Achille) demeurent rebelles malgré un traitement « classique » bien conduit : repos, orthèse, AINS, électrothérapie, kinésithérapie, infiltrations de corticoïdes, ondes de choc... Certains travaux, essentiellement in vitro, soulignent les potentialités réparatrices des plaquettes qui présentent la capacité d’accélérer la cicatrisation de différents tissus : os, muscles et tendons. Objectifs : Le but de notre étude préliminaire est d’objectiver l’effet « accélérateur » sur la réparation tendineuse suite à l’emploi d’injection de plasma enrichi en plaquettes (platelet-rich plasma ou PRP) car cette technique pourrait représenter une thérapeutique d’avenir en médecine physique et en traumatologie du sport. Méthodes : Nous avons sectionné et réalisé un défect de 5mm dans le tendon d’Achille de rats (N = 12). Quatre rats ont bénéficié d’une injection in loco de PRP et remis en liberté comme les autres dans leur cage. Trois rats (2 sans PRP et 1 avec PRP) sont euthanasiés à J5, J10, J20 et J30 et le tendon d’Achille en cours de régénération est disséqué et prélevé. Une étude biomécanique de traction jusqu’à rupture est réalisé à l’aide de « Cryo-jaw ». Résultats : L’analyse des résultats montre que la force développée pour obtenir la rupture tendineuse doit être plus importante pour les tendons ayant bénéficié d’une injection de PRP et ce dès J5. Discussion – Conclusion : Cette série préliminaire permet de montrer que les injections de PRP permettent une accélération de la cicatrisation tendineuse et une augmentation des valeurs de résistances à la traction. Une étude avec un plus grand nombre de sujets est en cours. [less ▲]

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See detailComparaison de 5 techniques de prération du PRP (Platelet-Rich Plasma ou plasma)
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Le Goff, Caroline ULg; Seidel, Laurence ULg et al

in Annales de Réadaptation et de Médecine Physique (2009, October), 52(Sup. 1), 109

Introduction : Depuis une vingtaine d’années, le développement des activités sportives s’accompagne d’une incidence accrue de diverses tendinopathies, souvent rebelles aux traitements conservateurs ... [more ▼]

Introduction : Depuis une vingtaine d’années, le développement des activités sportives s’accompagne d’une incidence accrue de diverses tendinopathies, souvent rebelles aux traitements conservateurs classiques (anti-inflammatoires non stéroïdiens, orthèses, kinésithérapie, infiltrations…). De nouvelles thérapeutiques, dont l’injection de concentrés plaquettaires (plasma riche en plaquettes ou PRP), sont actuellement en cours d’évaluation clinique. Objectifs : L’injection de PRP fait actuellement l’objet de recherche comme thérapeutique des tendinopathies chroniques. L’injection intra-tendineuse nécessite idéalement un volume minimal afin de diminuer la pression lors de l’injection et minimiser les douleurs, mais il doit également présenter une concentration plaquettaire élevée ; par ailleurs, la quantité de facteurs de croissance libérés pourrait être liée au système de préparation. Méthodes : Après avoir prélevés divers échantillons de sang veineux chez 5 patients, nous avons comparé 5 techniques de préparation du PRP : celle du Service d’Hématologie Biologique du CHU de Liège, le PRP Kit de Curasan®, les techniques Plateltex®, GPS®II et RegenLab®. Résultats : Les différentes techniques permettent d’obtenir des concentrations plaquettaires plus importantes que dans le sang avec des volumes variables (de 0,3 mL à 6 mL) et un nombre de globules rouges et globules blancs limité (sauf pour GPS® II). Le nombre de plaquettes/µL apparaît plus élevé avec la technique Plateltex® et obtient le plus petit volume à injecter. Les autres techniques permettent également d’obtenir de petits volumes sauf avec le GPS®II. Le nombre de plaquettes collectées dans le PRP apparaît donc plus élevé avec cette technique mais avec une concentration faible. Discussion – Conclusion : La technique décrite par Plateltex® permet de recueillir le PRP le plus concentré dans le volume le plus faible. [less ▲]

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See detailLock gates - Part B: Ship impact
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Gernay, Thomas ULg

in PIANC International Workshop, 15-16 October 2009, Edt. Ph Rigo, PIANC, Brussels (2009, October)

This paper presents an overview of the state of art of ship impact analysis on lock gates. First, the different kinds of analysis are presented, which are: empirical approach, analytical-rational approach ... [more ▼]

This paper presents an overview of the state of art of ship impact analysis on lock gates. First, the different kinds of analysis are presented, which are: empirical approach, analytical-rational approach, and finite element methods performed with quasi-static analysis or dynamic analysis. A discussion on the hypothesis and the calculus time required by each method is carried out with a view to clarify the state-of-practice for engineers. Then, a quasi-static analysis by finite elements modeling a ship impact is performed on the specific case of a new lock gate designed in Belgium for the “Seine-Escaut Est” project. The results suggest some design recommendations to provide a ductile behavior and so impact strength for the gate structure. [less ▲]

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See detailThe clinical and economic burden of non-adherence with oral bisphosphonates in osteoporotic patients
Hiligsmann, Mickaël ULg; Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2009, October), 60(number 10 (suppl.)), 328

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See detailLock Gates - Innovative concepts
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Herbillon, Vincent ULg; Thiry, Arnaud ULg

in PIANC Workshop 'INNOVATIONS IN NAVIGATION LOCK DESIGN' (2009, October)

This paper introduces some new innovative concepts identifies by the INCOM WG29 and reported in the PIANC report 106 “Innovations in Navigation Lock Design”, 2009.The paper focusses on innovation in LOCK ... [more ▼]

This paper introduces some new innovative concepts identifies by the INCOM WG29 and reported in the PIANC report 106 “Innovations in Navigation Lock Design”, 2009.The paper focusses on innovation in LOCK GATES [less ▲]

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See detailAmphibia-Reptilia: Editorial report 2008-2009
Denoël, Mathieu ULg

Conference (2009, September 30)

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See detailPopulation displacements in a 4°C+ world
Gemenne, François ULg

Conference (2009, September 29)

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See detailTetrazolium testing in Allium genus
Rodriguez Quilon, Isabel; Adam, Gilles ULg; Duran, José María

Poster (2009, September 29)

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See detailTHERMO-HYDRO-MECHANICAL MODELLING OF HOLLOW CYLINDER LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS ON BOOM CLAY
Dizier, Arnaud ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg; Garitte, Benoit et al

in EC-TIMODAZ-THERESA THMC conference, 29 Sep. – 01 Oct. 2009 (2009, September 29)

The aim of the TIMODAZ project is to investigate the effect of thermal changes on the excavation damaged zone (EDZ) around nuclear deep disposals in clay-based geological formations. In the framework of ... [more ▼]

The aim of the TIMODAZ project is to investigate the effect of thermal changes on the excavation damaged zone (EDZ) around nuclear deep disposals in clay-based geological formations. In the framework of WP5.2 of this project, it is intended to develop constitutive models and numerical tools reproducing the thermo-hydro-mechanical (THM) evolution of the host rocks at real time and repository scale. Predictive THM modelling of on-going laboratory experiments has been realised by several partners of the project to compare different finite element codes and to provide a first insight into the THM responses of the tested materials. The experiment consists of a hollow cylinder of clayey material, which is subjected to THM loadings. The modelling of this experiment is realised with different constitutive laws (thermo-elasticity, elastic-perfectly plastic laws, hardening plasticity and/or thermo-plasticity). Results show that the choice of the THM model is a key issue for the prediction of the process implied in this modelling. For the current objective of this work, the assumption of isotropy was found to be fair enough. However, preliminary experimental results got in WP3 of the present project point out a certain mechanical anisotropy of the tested clay. Consequently, further development of constitutive laws considering mechanical anisotropy will probably be necessary in the future. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitative dynamic proteome biology of anterior mice hippocampus
Jackers, Pascale ULg

Conference (2009, September 28)

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See detailNano-sized drug carriers and their interactions with biomimetic model membranes
Frost, R; Cerda, B; Grandfils, Christian ULg et al

Poster (2009, September 28)

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See detailLiposomes loaded with diglyceride ester of methotrexate and mephalan: sutdies on stability and hemocompatibilit
Kuznetsova, N; Sevrin, Chantal ULg; Lespineux, David et al

Poster (2009, September 28)

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See detailActivation of the complement by PLGA nanoparticles.
Cerda, B; Sevrin, Chantal ULg; Patronidou, C et al

Poster (2009, September 28)

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See detailMémoire épisodique et métamémoire dans la variante comportementale de la démence fronto-temporale
Feyers, Dorothée ULg; Bastin, Christine ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg et al

Conference (2009, September 28)

Impaired memory performance does not constitute the prominent deficit in frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Nevertheless, it has been suggested that some specific aspects of memory may be disrupted in FTD ... [more ▼]

Impaired memory performance does not constitute the prominent deficit in frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Nevertheless, it has been suggested that some specific aspects of memory may be disrupted in FTD patients, in particular, the ability to consciously recollect the context in which information has been learned (Simons et al., 2002). The aims of the current study was to investigate the states of awareness accompanying recognition memory by asking participants to make Remember/Know/Guess judgments. Concretely, 12 FDT patients and 12 matched healthy participants studied 20 word pairs. During cued recall, each trial consisted of one word from a pair and participants had to try to recall the associated word. Finally, a 5-alternative forced-choice recognition task was given and participants had to say whether they chose a word because they recollected the study context (Remember), they knew they saw the word, without recalling anything else (Know) or they guessed (Guess). Results from the cued recall and recognition parts indicated that FTD recalled less word pairs than the controls, but had similar levels of recognition performance. Nevertheless, FTD patients gave less Remember responses than the controls, and tended to give more Guess responses. To conclude, episodic memory performance in FTD was characterised by impaired self-initiated memory retrieval processes. Although global recognition memory performance was preserved, FTD patients’ memories lacked of autonoetic consciousness and were mainly based on familiarity judgments and guessing. This pattern of results is similar to that found in patients with focal frontal lobe lesions (e.g., Wheeler et al., 1995; Wheeler & Stuss, 2003) and is consistent with the idea that the memory dysfunctions observed in FTD may stem from damage to the prefrontal cortex. [less ▲]

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See detailQuantitative dynamic proteome biology of anterior mice hippocampus
Jackers, Pascale ULg; Vafiadaki, Elizabeth; Arvanitis, D.A. et al

Poster (2009, September 27)

Neurodegeneration is a molecular process that occurs during several brain diseases (Parkinson, Alzheimer, Epilepsies). This process leads to the reorganization of synapses and neurons in the Central ... [more ▼]

Neurodegeneration is a molecular process that occurs during several brain diseases (Parkinson, Alzheimer, Epilepsies). This process leads to the reorganization of synapses and neurons in the Central Nervous System. The search for early medication to reduce neurodegeneration is a major challenge in Neuroscience. To this aim, VALAPODYN, a European Commission-funded research network, develops functional genomics and proteomics related to the dynamics of molecular interaction networks (MIN). MIN modeling investigates protein-protein interactions and regulation networks. Using a mouse model of induced hippocampal cell loss associated with focal epilepsy, dynamic protein expression analyses were conducted at 10 successive time-points during the first 24h. Protein expression was analysed by mass spectrometry, using a “classical” gel-based method as a means of covering all modulated proteins at each considered time-points. Proteins were extracted from minutes amount of frozen hippocampal samples and subjected on two-dimensional difference in-gel electrophoresis (2D-DIGE). This analysis allows quantification of cyanine-labelled proteins. A total of 252 differentially regulated proteins spots were picked digested and identified using MALDI/TOF-TOF mass spectrometry. Overall the expressions of 127 different proteins were identified as reproducibly modulated over the time-range studied. Several proteins have multiple protein spots resulting from different isoforms. The functional annotation of these proteins shows that, among other mechanisms, most of them are involved in the response to stress, synapse remodelling, neuron development, and intracellular signal transduction. [less ▲]

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See detailProteomic characterization of a Chlamydomonas reinhardtii mutant lacking the mitochondrial alternative oxidase
Mathy, Grégory ULg

Conference (2009, September 27)

Conférence réalisée sur la carractérisation d'un mutant AOX- chez l'algue unicellulaire Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

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See detailDroplet internal flow measurement using micro-PIV
Lebeau, Frédéric ULg; Vetrano, Maria-Rosaria; van Beeck, Jeroen et al

Poster (2009, September 25)

The micro-PIV technique represents a development of the general particle image velocimetry technique to applications in fluid mechanics phenomena at a micrometric scale. It takes advantage from the very ... [more ▼]

The micro-PIV technique represents a development of the general particle image velocimetry technique to applications in fluid mechanics phenomena at a micrometric scale. It takes advantage from the very small depth of field of long distance objectives with high magnification to carry out accurate measurements in the focusing plane. The typical configuration consists of a microscope coupled to a pulsated laser and a double exposure PIV camera. The flow is seeded using sub-micrometric fluorescent particles. The laser light is directed on the investigated flow through the epifluorescent microscope objective. The light re-emitted by the fluorescent particles is detected by the PIV camera equipped of an optical filter to select only the fluorescence wavelength. The micro-PIV technique presents a large interest in the validation of numerical codes developed in different micro-fluidic framework such as biological flows and in industrial application as the ink-jet print-head. To investigate the micro-PIV measurements capabilities for fast moving and deforming droplets, measurement of the flow inside a jet ejected by a piezo-driven capillary up to the droplet formation by Rayleigh instability are studied in combination with PTV in order to distinguish the main liquid movement from the bulk one. Liquids differing from each other for their viscosity and their surface tension as well as piezo-element frequency in the 1 to 8 KHz range are investigated. The flow rate of the jet is adjusted by means of a pushing syringe system. Low concentration of 0.86 microns fluorescent particles is employed as seeding in order to have good signal to noise ratios. The ensemble averaging method is used to increase the height of the correlation peaks. Stroboscopic method is used to achieve several couples of frames taken in the same conditions thanks to high repeatability of piezo-driven instabilities. Moreover changing the delay of stroboscopy all the droplet formation phases can be analyzed in detail. In the experimental configuration, optical aberrations play a role since they affect the position and shape of the particle images and as a consequence the velocity field. The two main optical aberration experienced are astigmatism and measurement plane deformation. Astigmatism cannot be avoided in the experimental configuration, as it is clearly observed on droplet images were particles above and bellow the focalisation plane appear as perpendicular lines (Fig 1a). Nevertheless cross correlation method is not sensitive on particle image shape. As the measurement plane defined by the focal plane of the microscope is located inside a curved transparent object, it deformed as it was passing through a lens. The deformation of the objective plane affects the measurements as a function of the optical configuration, droplet curvature and relative refractive index. However, in the studied configuration, deformed plane differs only from the straight one of about 8 µm. The micro-PIV method is therefore suited to measure the instantaneous vector field inside droplets through cross-correlation methods (Fig 1b). The internal flow recirculation is observed. Measurements can be also performed in different planes inside the droplet depending on focalisation plane. [less ▲]

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See detailLes technologies textiles : outils de la médecine régénérative
Grandfils, Christian ULg

Conference (2009, September 25)

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See detailSur les traces des lieux de culte isiaques du Péloponnèse
Veymiers, Richard ULg

Conference (2009, September 25)

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See detailThe Paradoxes of Grace: New Impingements on Australian Literary Territory
Delrez, Marc ULg

Conference (2009, September 24)

The title of Robert Drewe’s latest novel, Grace (2005), shares with J. M. Coetzee’s antonymous Disgrace (1999) a polysemous quality which derives from both works’ attempt to capture the ethical stance of ... [more ▼]

The title of Robert Drewe’s latest novel, Grace (2005), shares with J. M. Coetzee’s antonymous Disgrace (1999) a polysemous quality which derives from both works’ attempt to capture the ethical stance of a society in a way which has personal and political ramifications at the same time. The Australian text shows some concern with the predicament of a boatload of asylum seekers from Indonesia, who later escape from their detention centre in the Kimberleys; but Drewe’s progressive denunciation of Australia’s treatment of refugees is potentially compromised by the Australian anxiety over territorial integrity which provides an unshakeable context for this kind of thematic development. More generally, my paper will explore the ambiguities attending a discursive move which seeks to absorb race into larger categories of political meaning, and the related difficulty of achieving the ‘grace’ of complete freedom from colonialist parameters in an Australian culture where some suspense over territory continues to brood. [less ▲]

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See detailThe fragile histidine triad gene regulates epithelial-mesenchymal transition associated with invasion of lung tumor cells.
Joannes, A; Bonnomet, Arnaud; Polette, Myriam et al

Poster (2009, September 23)

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See detailImplication of Zonula Occludens-1 (ZO-1) in the metastatic progression of mammary epithelial tumor cells.
Brysse, Anne; Polette, M; Bindels, S et al

Poster (2009, September 23)

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See detailEnvironmental and genetic sources of variability of stearoyl Coenzyme-A desaturase 9 activity during and across lactations
Arnould, Valérie ULg; Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg

Conference (2009, September 23)

Milk fatty acid (FA) profile is far from the optimal fat composition in regards to human health. Different natural sources of variation such as feeding or genetics could be used to modify the contents of ... [more ▼]

Milk fatty acid (FA) profile is far from the optimal fat composition in regards to human health. Different natural sources of variation such as feeding or genetics could be used to modify the contents of unsaturated fatty acids. The impact of feeding is well described; however, genetics effects on the milk FA composition are not well studied. Increasing the unsaturated fatty acids contents of bovine milk could have the potential to raise the nutritive and therapeutic values of dairy products. The stearoyl Coenzyme-A desaturase 9 (delta-9) gene was identified as a potential functional candidate gene affecting milk fat composition in dairy cattle. The objective of this research was to study the genetic variability on this enzyme activity across lactations. A total of 199,977 test-day records were obtained from 29,603 Holstein cows in first lactation, 154,267 records from 23,453 Holstein cows in second lactation, and 173,244 records from 75,887 Holstein cows in third and later lactations. The used model was a multiple-trait random regressions test-day model. Fixed effects were: herd x date of test, and class of age. Random effects were: herd x year of calving, permanent environmental, additive genetic, and residual effects. The studied traits were milk yield, protein content, percentage of fat, monounsaturated fatty acids estimated by mid-infrared spectrometry, and the ratios reflecting the delta-9 activity. Obtained heritability estimates of delta-9 as well as the genetic and phenotypic correlations varied across lactations. These results suggest potential improvements of milk fat composition based on delta-9 activity using animal selection and appropriate management practices. [less ▲]

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See detailSteps to implement animal breeding for improved nutritional quality of bovine milk
Gengler, Nicolas ULg; Soyeurt, Hélène ULg

Conference (2009, September 23)

Animal improvement is always directed towards a given selection objective. These objectives in dairy cattle have been changing in the last forty years passing from simple yield only potentially associated ... [more ▼]

Animal improvement is always directed towards a given selection objective. These objectives in dairy cattle have been changing in the last forty years passing from simple yield only potentially associated with type, towards more complex ones including also functional traits as fertility and longevity. Milk composition has been selected too in most countries, however focussing only on major components, fat and protein. During the last years interest in milk quality traits, especially nutritionally quality has been increasing. Implementing breeding for additional traits first requires that animals can be evaluated for them because data is available and they are heritable enough. The objective of our research was to develop the needed steps to implement animal breeding for improved nutritional quality. Until recently data for fatty acid (FA) composition could not be obtained easily. However calibration equations for mid-infrared (MIR) spectrometry data generated in routine milk analysis done during milk recording were developed. They are used in routine in Belgium (Walloon Region) and Luxembourg and generate MIR data used to predict FA for up to 100.000 cows for every test date, therefore up to a maximum of 1 million test-day records. Multivariate test-day models were developed that allow estimating genetic parameters and ultimately breeding values as soon as enough data is available. Daily heritabilities estimated ranged between 0.1 and 0.4 showing that sufficient genetic differences exist. Because of the lack of historical data correlated traits as milk yield, fat and protein content will be analyse together with FA. For the future research on correlations between FA and other economically important traits will be done. Results are needed to integrate FA in the selection objectives. Because of the relative lack of historical data there is a high interest to research using genomic information to provide combined breeding values. [less ▲]

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See detailSustainable dairy farming - A case study of Holsteins in a developed and an emerging country
Hammami, Hedi ULg; Rekik, Boulbaba; Bormann, Jeanne et al

Conference (2009, September 23)

Sustainability of breeding programs under the flow of exchange among various environments are conditioned by the ability of genotypes to adjust sufficiently their phenotypes in response to changes in ... [more ▼]

Sustainability of breeding programs under the flow of exchange among various environments are conditioned by the ability of genotypes to adjust sufficiently their phenotypes in response to changes in their new bio-physical conditions, and also by the capabilities of farmers to balance between environmental, ethical, social. and economic aspects. The objective of this paper was to quantify the effectiveness of genetic responses from indirect selection in high- and low- to medium- input systems using Luxembourg and Tunisian Hoisteins. The magnitude of genotype-by-environment interaction (GxE) for production traits was firstly investigated based on the country border delimitation as environmental character state. Secondly, three herd management levels reflecting feeding and management intensity were identified in each country and GxE was investigated within and across country environments. Significant GxE was detected for milk yield and persistency with large differences in genetic and permanent environmental variances between the 2 countries. Genetic correlations for 305-d milk yield and persistency between Luxembourg and Tunisia were 0.60 and 0.36. Low rank correlations obtained between estimated breeding values of common sires translated a significant re-ranking between the 2 countries. Within-country environments analysis show that the magnitude of GxE varied from only scaling effects resulting from heterogeneous variances in high-input systems to considerable re-ranking of common sires under limited feeding resources, low management care, and stressful conditions in low-input systems. Overall, this study shows that substantial differences exist between Hoisteins in terms of their sensitivity to production environ ment suspecting the sustainability of the dairying system. In high-input systems, GxE effects are expected to be easily managed but harmful effects of intensive dairy systems should be considered. Selection of breeds under less intensive production systems respecting the ruminant's specificities should be encouraged. In law-input systems, selection for adaptive traits under their specifie conditions and improvement of management conditions and husbandry practices are needed. [less ▲]

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See detailApproches numériques et expérimentales en appui à la gestion durable des sédiments
Dewals, Benjamin ULg

Conference (2009, September 23)

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See detailRisks analysis of dairy practices impact on herd udder health in walloon dairy farms
Theron, Léonard ULg; Saegerman, Claude ULg; Hanzen, Christian ULg

Poster (2009, September 22)

As most of production pathologies in dairy farming, mastitis is characterized by a multifactorial aetiology. Its diagnosis and treatment requires a good knowledge of its determinant and predisposing ... [more ▼]

As most of production pathologies in dairy farming, mastitis is characterized by a multifactorial aetiology. Its diagnosis and treatment requires a good knowledge of its determinant and predisposing factors. The comparative epidemiology of 349 walloon farms registered to individual milk analysis programs led to highlight the practices used in farms whose last 3 months' herd somatic cell count was above 400.000 cells/ml. We identified the following risk indicators relative to 1) herd demography : age, composition, herd production average, percentage of high cell counts animals 2) the animal housing : use of straw as bedding stall for all classes of animals and lack of a calving pen 3) the milking machine : milking cups cleaning 4) the dairy practices : lack of washing cloth towels between 2 milkings, occasional foremilk check, stripping, lack of post-dip and 5) animal nutrition : mould on beet pulp silos and composition of the main concentrate. This descriptive and univariate analysis confirmed the risky situation of a large majority of dairy farms regarding the recommendations of good dairy practices guides. [less ▲]

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See detailla pandémie de grippe H1N1, un défi de taille pour le Médecin Généraliste
Burette, Philippe ULg

Conference (2009, September 22)

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See detailHypertension, prévention, traitements et conséquences
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2009, September 22)

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See detailCheap Biofuels Expensive Food: Insights Gained with Global Balances
Pfennig, Andreas ULg

Conference (2009, September 21)

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See detailEffect of the transversus abdominis plane block on pain after laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair
Adedjoumo, Moibi; Amabili, P.; Detry, Olivier ULg et al

in Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica (2009, September 19), 60(3), 205

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See detailPulse pressure and ambulatory arterial stiffness index (AASI) in patients wit type 1 diabetes
Philips, Jean-Christophe ULg; Marchand, Monique ULg; Saint-Remy, Annie ULg et al

Conference (2009, September 19)

Results of PP and AASI measurements performed during a 24H AMBP recording and a 3 min posture test are not superimposable, but gave complementary information, in a population with type 1 diabetes mellitus ... [more ▼]

Results of PP and AASI measurements performed during a 24H AMBP recording and a 3 min posture test are not superimposable, but gave complementary information, in a population with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Our proof-of-concept study does not support the use of AASI as a cardiovascular risk marker when calculated during a short posture test. [less ▲]

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See detailEfficacité, efficience, qualité : quelle évaluation pour quelle Justice ?
Ficet, Joël ULg

Conference (2009, September 18)

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See detailMarital satisfaction and emotional communication in couples with an alcoholic member
Dethier, Marie ULg; Counerotte, Christelle; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2009, September 18)

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See detailMarital satisfaction, emotion and mental health in parents of child with autism spectrum disorder
Blairy, Sylvie ULg; Counerotte, Christelle; Léonard, Cathy

Poster (2009, September 18)

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See detailCobalt mediated radical polymerization (CMRP) using bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II): a unique tool for controlling the radical polymerization of conjugated and unconjugated vinyl monomers
Hurtgen, Marie ULg; Debuigne, Antoine ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2009, September 17)

Cobalt-Mediated Radical Polymerization (CMRP) imparts a high level of control on the polymerization of acrylic and vinylic esters, acrylic acid and acrylonitrile. However, each class of monomers appears ... [more ▼]

Cobalt-Mediated Radical Polymerization (CMRP) imparts a high level of control on the polymerization of acrylic and vinylic esters, acrylic acid and acrylonitrile. However, each class of monomers appears to be controlled by one class of cobalt complexes. For example, the polymerization of acrylates and acrylic acid is mediated by cobalt porphyrin complexes while vinyl acetate (VAc) and acrylonitrile are efficiently controlled by bis(acetylacetonato)cobalt(II) (Co(acac)2). Therefore, a challenging issue in CMRP remains to broaden the range of monomers that can be controlled by the same cobalt complex. Recently, the controlled random copolymerization of butyl acrylate (BuA) with VAc was performed using the conventional V-70/Co(acac)2 CMRP system, but the homopolymerization of BuA remained uncontrolled. In this work, we used a new alkylcobalt(III) adduct to initiate and control the copolymerization of BuA with VAc. This achievement resulted in a significant improvement over the V-70/Co(acac)2 pair regarding the molecular weight control and the polydispersity indexes. Moreover, for the first time, the alkylcobalt(III) adduct was also efficient in controlling the homopolymerization of BuA and yielded low polydispersity PBuA even in the absence of VAc. These results indicate that Co(acac)2 is a versatile mediator for the CMRP of both unconjugated vinyl monomers (VAc, N-vinylpyrrolidone) and conjugated monomers such as acrylates. It gives access to copolymers that cannot be prepared by other controlled radical polymerization techniques. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence of hearing voices in the general population
Krakvik, Bodil; Kalhovde, Anne-Martha; Laroi, Frank ULg et al

Conference (2009, September 17)

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See detailNew perfulorinated macroligand for the implementation of dispersion atom transfer radical polymerization in sc CO2
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Calberg, Cédric ULg; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2009, September 17)

Due to an increasing need for polymers with well-defined architecture (diblock-, graft-, star-shaped copolymers), molecular weight and/or functional end-groups, the use of controlled radical ... [more ▼]

Due to an increasing need for polymers with well-defined architecture (diblock-, graft-, star-shaped copolymers), molecular weight and/or functional end-groups, the use of controlled radical polymerization (CRP) in scCO2 has started to gain attention. Among all the controlled processes, Atom Transfer Radical Polymerization has emerged as a robust tool for the preparation of polymers with well-defined molecular weight, architecture and chain-end functionality. In a very recent paper, we reported the first efficient dispersion ATRP of methyl methacrylate (MMA) in scCO2 using a fluorinated polymeric ligand that had a dual role, i.e., the complexation of the copper salt and the stabilization of PMMA growing particles. In this contribution, we extended this new system to the dispersion ATRP of styrene2, to the synthesis of diblock copolymers beads2 or to the preparation of PMMA particles by AGET ATRP. Because both ATRP and alkyne-azide Huisgen’s 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition relies on the use of a Cu(I) catalyst, synthesis of pyrene end-functionalized polymers by simultaneous dispersion ATRP and click reaction was also investigated in supercritical carbon dioxide. Finally, the immobilization of these new macroligands onto an inorganic support leads to the formation of pseudo-homogeneous catalyst that were successfully used to prepare CO2-soluble perfluorinated methacrylate and depending on the molecular weight and TEDETA composition of the macroligand, results obtained by supported ATRP without addition of Cu(II) as deactivator are identical to those obtained by homogeneous ATRP. [less ▲]

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See detailIMPROVE - Design of Innovative Ship Concepts using an Integrated Decision Support System for Ship Production and Operation
Rigo, Philippe ULg

in IMPROVE Workshop (EU Project FP6 n°031382), DUBROVNIK 17-18 Sept. 2009, Croatia, Editor V. Zanic – Univ. of Zagreb (2009, September 17)

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See detailIn situ formation of stabilizers for the implementation of dispersion nitroxide mediated polymerization of MMA in supercritical carbon dioxide
Grignard, Bruno ULg; Gigmes, Didier; Jérôme, Christine ULg et al

Poster (2009, September 17)

Controlled dispersion Nitroxide Mediated Polymerization (NMP) of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was successfully carried out for the first time in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the presence of CO2 ... [more ▼]

Controlled dispersion Nitroxide Mediated Polymerization (NMP) of methyl methacrylate (MMA) was successfully carried out for the first time in supercritical carbon dioxide (scCO2) in the presence of CO2-philic perfluorinated surfactant that was generated “in situ”. The control of the MMA polymerization relies on the strategy developed by Charleux et al. that consists of using a SG1-based alkoxyamine, i.e. the block-builder, in the presence of small amount of styrene. In a first step, CO2 soluble polyheptadecafluorodecylacrylate was prepared in scCO2 using block-builder as an alkoxyamine. In a second step, nitroxide SG1 mediated dispersion polymerization of MMA was conducted at 70°C and 300 bar in the presence of 5 w% of SG1 terminated surfactant compared to the monomer. Different monomer to alkoxyamine molar ratios were investigated in order to target different molecular weights. In each case, the monomer conversion was high (>90 %), the experimental molecular weight was in good agreement with the theoretical value and the polydispersity was narrow (Mw/Mn ~1.2). Moreover, after depressurisation of the cell, PMMA was collected as a free flowing powder consisting of small sized microspheres. [less ▲]

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See detailα-chloro-ε-caprolactone, a versatile precursor for grafting of aliphatic polyesters
Riva, Raphaël ULg; Lenoir, Sandrine ULg; Lecomte, Philippe ULg et al

Poster (2009, September 17)

Macromolecular engineering is one of the most powerful tool to synthesise many polymers of various architectures and with tailored properties. This contribution aims at reporting on a novel strategy for ... [more ▼]

Macromolecular engineering is one of the most powerful tool to synthesise many polymers of various architectures and with tailored properties. This contribution aims at reporting on a novel strategy for the macromolecular engineering of poly-ε-caprolactone (PCL) which is based on the use of a dual monomer / initiator compound, α-chloro-ε-caprolactone (αClεCL). Indeed, αClεCL is not only polymerizable by ring opening initiated by metal alkoxides, but it is also an initiator for the atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) of vinyl monomers, so leading easily to the synthesis of macromonomers. Polystyrene macromonomer has been prepared by this method and successfully copolymerized with ε-caprolactone (εCL) with formation of the corresponding grafted PCL. αClεCL is also a precursor of copolyesters with εCL that bear pendant chlorides. These (co)polyesters have been used as macroinitiators for the ATRP of methyl methacrylate in order to synthesise the corresponding graft copolymer. On the other hand, the pendant chlorides of poly(αClεCL-co-εCL) copolyesters were easily converted into azide with formation of the corresponding azide bearing copolyester. This copolyester was then reacted with an alkyne bearing an ATRP initiator by “Click chemistry”. The conversion of chlorides into more efficient ATRP initiators led to the improvement of the initiation efficiency of the macroinitiator. [less ▲]

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See detailThe impact of culture on cognitive performance in neuropsychological tests.
Schmitz, Xavier ULg; Mardaga, Julie; Meulemans, Thierry ULg

Poster (2009, September 17)

Detailed reference viewed: 33 (7 ULg)