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See detailETUDE PAR IMAGERIE NUMERIQUE ET GRANULOMETRIE LASER DE L'INFLUENCE DE HUIT ADJUVANTS SUR LA FORMATION DU JET DE PULVERISATION POUR TROIS TYPES DE BUSES.
Stainier, Charles; Lebeau, Frédéric ULg; Straet, S. et al

Conference (2004, March 11)

The liquid sheet characteristics as a function of the adjuvant were measured using digital images. The droplet size distribution was measured using a Malvern particle size analyser. It appears that the ... [more ▼]

The liquid sheet characteristics as a function of the adjuvant were measured using digital images. The droplet size distribution was measured using a Malvern particle size analyser. It appears that the dynamical surface tension plays a critical role in the spray formation. Spray formulation containing Li-700, Silwet L-77, Flofix and Actirob are characterised by a lower dynamical surface tension than those containing Tensiofix D03, Trend 90, Frigate and Break-thru S240. For the three agricultural spray nozzles tested and in comparaison with pure water, the first group shortened the length of the liquid sheet before a perforation break-up mode when the second group lengthened it slightly before a wave disintegration break-up mode. The lengthening of the liquid sheet, is followed by a diminution of the VMD. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling the seasonal cycle of the biological productivity in the Ligurian Sea by means of a 1D interdisciplinary model
Raick, C.; Soetaert, K.; Grégoire, Marilaure ULg

in VLIZ Young Scientists' Day, Brugge, Belgium 5 March 2004: book of abstracts. VLIZ Special Publication, 17 (2004, March 05)

A one-dimensional coupled physical-biogeochemical model has been built to study the pelagic food web of the Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean Sea). The physical model is the turbulent closure model (version ... [more ▼]

A one-dimensional coupled physical-biogeochemical model has been built to study the pelagic food web of the Ligurian Sea (NW Mediterranean Sea). The physical model is the turbulent closure model (version 1D) developed at the GeoHydrodynamics and Environmental Laboratory (GHER) of the University of Liège. The ecosystem model contains nineteen state variables describing the carbon and nitrogen cycles of the pelagic food web. Phytoplankton and zooplankton are both divided in three size-based compartments and the model includes an explicit representation of the microbial loop including bacteria, dissolved organic matter, nano-, and micro- zooplankton. The internal carbon/nitrogen ratio is assumed variable for phytoplankton and detritus, and constant for zooplankton and bacteria. Silicate is considered as a potential limiting nutrient of phytoplankton growth. The aggregation model described in Kriest and Evans (2000) is used to evaluate the sinking rate of particulate detritus. The model is forced at the air-sea interface by meteorological data coming from METEO France. The DYFAMED time series data obtained during the year 2000 are used to calibrate and validate the biological model. The comparison of model results within in-situ DYFAMED data shows that although some processes are not represented by the model, such as horizontal and vertical advections, model results are in good agreement with observations and differences observed can be explained with environmental conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the coupling of primary production and calcification at the continental margin
Harlay, Jérôme ULg; Chou, Lei; Roevros, Nathalie et al

Poster (2004, March 05)

Until now, little attention has been paid to the processes controlling the production, dissolution and fate of biogenic calcium carbonate in the oceans. It is however well known that net deposition rates ... [more ▼]

Until now, little attention has been paid to the processes controlling the production, dissolution and fate of biogenic calcium carbonate in the oceans. It is however well known that net deposition rates of inorganic carbon to the sediments are comparable to those of organic matter. There remains still large uncertainties concerning the production and redissolution of biogenic carbonate in the marine system and thus about the role of the carbonate pump in response to anthropogenic CO2 perturbations. The understanding of these processes is also a prerequisite to predict the response of marine organisms to global environmental changes. In the framework of the Belgian global change programme, we have developed a project devoted to the study of the inorganic carbon cycle in the Bay of Biscay where coccolithophorid blooms occur frequently. The study focuses on processes associated with the oceanic production and dissolution of calcium carbonate, by combining field investigations, laboratory experiments and modelling efforts. Remote sensing demonstrates a close relationship between vertical mixing along the continental margin and the development of the phytoplankton bloom. We will present here, results of 14C incorporation experiments used to evaluate the rate of production of organic and inorganic particulate carbon, obtained during a coccolithophorid spring bloom in the investigated area. A tentative mass balance of the carbon fluxes for this area will be presented, confirming the importance that the calcium carbonate pump may play in the oceanic system. [less ▲]

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See detailCarbon dioxide transfer at the ice-sea and air-ice interfaces: a step towards the end of a long-lived paradigm ?
Delille, Bruno ULg; Trevena, A.; Lannuzel, D. et al

Poster (2004, March 05)

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See detailOptimization of the encapsulation of Thrombin Receptor Agonist Peptide in PLGA microbeads
Stashevskaya, Kira; Grandfils, Christian ULg; Markvicheva, E. et al

Conference (2004, March 04)

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See detailPlace du sartan dans l'hypertension artérielle
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2004, March 04)

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See detailLa césarienne dans l'espèce bovine. Protocole de réalisation.
Hanzen, Christian ULg

Conference (2004, March)

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See detailRegional blood flows of hypoplastic left heart infants ventilated with non conventional PEEPs
Rigo, Vincent ULg; Escoredo, Sandra; Robertson, Murray et al

in Tijdschrift van de Belgische Kinderarts = Journal du Pédiatre Belge (2004, March)

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See detailUtilisation du MEOPA en pédiatrie
ROUSSEAU, Anne-Françoise ULg; LEPAGE, Philippe; TOMAT, Anne-Marie

Poster (2004, March)

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See detailCharakterisierung des bronchialen “remodellings” in einem Modell von felinem Asthma
Kirschvink, N.; Delvaux, François ULg; Vincke, G. et al

in 45. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Pneumologie - Frankfurt - Allemangne - Mars 2004 (2004, March)

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See detailReliable simulation of mechatronic systems using Newmark algorithms
Bruls, Olivier ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

Conference (2004, March)

In the framework of flexible multibody systems simulation, the stability and the accuracy of the time integration process can be guaranteed by a family of implicit integrators derived from the Newmark ... [more ▼]

In the framework of flexible multibody systems simulation, the stability and the accuracy of the time integration process can be guaranteed by a family of implicit integrators derived from the Newmark scheme (Hilber-Hughes-Taylor and Generalized- methods). This paper deals with the extension of those reliable integrators for the simulation of mechatronic systems. In order to account for the strong coupling between the mechanism and the control system, the coupled set of equations contains mechanical and control variables. The generation of those equations, their numerical treatment and their time integration may become unmanageable for realistic control systems. In many cases, it is however sufficient to consider a weak coupling, which means that the action of the control system is treated as an external force disturbing the dynamic equilibrium. The weak coupling assumption is fully justified when a digital controller is present in the control loop. Then, the control actions exhibit discontinuous transitions at each sampling instant. The standard form of the Newmark scheme assumes continuity of the acceleration variables, and is thus not appropriate for this situation. Therefore, we propose an adapted Newmark scheme which achieves an explicit treatment of the acceleration jumps throughout the integration process, so that the proper simulation of the mechatronic system is guaranteed. The paper describes the detailed modifications of the integration algorithm. Illustrative examples are used to point out the critical situations where they prevent from substantial integration errors. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation de l'expression orale et de l'expression écrite en langues étrangères : présentation et analyse de différents outils
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Simons, Germain ULg; Van Hoof, Florence ULg et al

in Actes du 3ème congrès des chercheurs en éducation : (re)trouver le plaisir d'enseigner et d'apprendre. Construire savoirs et compétences (2004, March)

Cette communication présente une réflexion sur le type de tâches à proposer lors de l évaluation certificative, ensuite sur les critères à prendre en compte et enfin sur les indicateurs de réussite. Cette ... [more ▼]

Cette communication présente une réflexion sur le type de tâches à proposer lors de l évaluation certificative, ensuite sur les critères à prendre en compte et enfin sur les indicateurs de réussite. Cette réflexion repose d'une part sur un programme de recherche-action portant sur l optimisation de l expression orale en anglais/langue étrangère [2000-2002], et sur un autre programme de recherche-action portant sur l identification et la déconstruction de stéréotypes liés à la langue et à la culture étrangères (néerlandais et français) [2002-2004], et d'autre part sur les travaux réalisés au sein de la Commission de Pilotage du Système éducatif. [less ▲]

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See detailLa coordination horizontale, un mode de gestion des compétences stratégique pour une justice face à de nouvelles exigences ?
Schoenaers, Frédéric ULg

in Management des compétences et des connaissances : outils stratégiques en GRH (2004, March)

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See detailPulsed holographic interferometry with photorefractive crystals. Recent advances of the european “PHIFE” project
Georges, Marc ULg; Lemaire, Philippe; Pauliat, Gilles et al

Conference (2004, March)

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See detailPrésentation de deux grandes approches didactiques destinées à articuler compétences et savoirs dans le domaine de l'apprentissage des langues étrangères en contexte scolaire
Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Simons, Germain ULg; Van Hoof, Florence ULg et al

in Actes du 3ème congrès des chercheurs en éducation : (re)trouver le plaisir d'enseigner et d'apprendre. Construire savoirs et compétences (2004, March)

Dans cette communication, nous présenterons deux grandes approches didactiques destinées à articuler compétences et savoirs linguistiques dans le domaine de l enseignement de l anglais et du néerlandais ... [more ▼]

Dans cette communication, nous présenterons deux grandes approches didactiques destinées à articuler compétences et savoirs linguistiques dans le domaine de l enseignement de l anglais et du néerlandais/langues étrangères. Dans les deux cas, le public-cible est constitué d élèves évoluant dans l enseignement secondaire général supérieur. [less ▲]

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See detailION BEAM FIGURING OF CVD SILICON CARBIDE MIRRORS
Gailly, Patrick ULg

in Warmbein, B (Ed.) Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Space Optics (ICSO 2004) (2004, March)

Optical and structural elements made of silicon carbide are increasingly found in space instruments. Chemical vapor deposited silicon carbide (CVD-SiC) is used as a reflective coating on SiC optics in ... [more ▼]

Optical and structural elements made of silicon carbide are increasingly found in space instruments. Chemical vapor deposited silicon carbide (CVD-SiC) is used as a reflective coating on SiC optics in reason of its good behavior under polishing. The advantage of applying ion beam figuring (IBF) to CVD-SiC over other surface figure-improving techniques is discussed herein. The results of an IBF sequence performed at the Centre Spatial de Liège on a 100 mm CVD-SiC mirror are reported. The process allowed to reduce the mirror surface errors from 243 nm to 13 nm rms . Beside the surface figure, roughness is another critical feature to consider in order to preserve the optical quality of CVD-SiC . Thus, experiments focusing on the evolution of roughness were performed in various ion beam etching conditions. The roughness of samples etched at different depths down to 3 m was determined with an optical profilometer. These measurements emphasize the importance of selecting the right combination of gas and beam energy to keep roughness at a low level. Kaufman-type ion sources are generally used to perform IBF but the performance of an end-Hall ion source in figuring CVD-SiC mirrors was also evaluated in this study. In order to do so, ion beam etching profiles obtained with the end-Hall source on CVD-SiC were measured and used as a basis for IBF simulations. [less ▲]

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See detailAnaerobic power and isokinetic strength of basketball players
Lehance, Cédric ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Schiltz, Marc et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2004, March), 12(1), 62-63

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See detailImplication of surface charge effects in color removal from effluents by chemical coagulation - the case of CI Reactive Blue 4 dye
Gaydardzhiev, Stoyan ULg; Ay, Peter

in Pratsinis, S. (Ed.) Proceeedings CD of Partec 2004 Inetrnational Congress of Particle Technology (2004, March)

Characterisation of dye flcos during colour removal from synthetic waste water is presented. Surface charge and floc size and shapes are measured and an implications towards the predominant removal ... [more ▼]

Characterisation of dye flcos during colour removal from synthetic waste water is presented. Surface charge and floc size and shapes are measured and an implications towards the predominant removal emchanisms is made. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of plyometric training on functional performances and isokinetic strength
Lehance, Cédric ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Maquet, Didier ULg et al

in Isokinetics & Exercise Science (2004, March), 12(1), 79-80

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See detailDesign of nanoobjects endowed with specific properties
Willet, Nicolas ULg; Qiu, Hongjin; Rieger, Jutta ULg et al

Conference (2004, March)

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See detailParotidite bactérienne du prématuré
Rigo, Vincent ULg; Hansoul, Sandrine; Rausin, Léon et al

in Journal du Pédiatre Belge (2004, March)

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See detailHypertension artérielle et diabète : comment gérer?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2004, February 19)

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See detailInvalidation du gène Rhcg de la famille rhésus
Biver, Sophie ULg

Conference (2004, February 19)

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See detailSuccès ou réussite ? Formes et normes de la consécration symbolique
Durand, Pascal ULg

Conference (2004, February 19)

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See detailBilan d'une saison très tardive du point des maladies: Résultats des essais fongicides en 2003 sur le site de Lonzée
Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Moreau, Jean-Marc; Bodson, Bernard ULg

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (2004, February 18)

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See detailLes conseils de fumure azotée
Bodson, Bernard ULg; Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg et al

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (2004, February 18)

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See detailFractionnement de la fumure azotée: deux ou trois fractions? fumure au tallage ou pas?
Bodson, Bernard ULg; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (2004, February 18)

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See detailFroments alternatifs et de printemps
Couvreur, Luc; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Fumure et protection phytosanitaire des céréales (2004, February 18)

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See detailInventory control in a multi-supplier system
Arda, Yasemin ULg; Hennet, Jean-Claude

in IGLS 04, 13th International Working Seminar on Production Economics, Igls/Innsbruck, Austria, 16-20 February 2004 (2004, February 16)

An enterprise network is analyzed from the viewpoint of an end-product manufacturer who receives customer orders and organises his production and supply policy so as to minimize the sum of his average ... [more ▼]

An enterprise network is analyzed from the viewpoint of an end-product manufacturer who receives customer orders and organises his production and supply policy so as to minimize the sum of his average holding cost and average stock-out cost. For each main component to be ordered, the producer has several possible suppliers. The arrivals of customers’ orders are random and delivery times from suppliers are also supposed random. This supply system is represented as a queuing network and the producer uses a base-stock inventory control policy that keeps constant the position inventory level (current inventory level + pending replenishment orders). The decision variables are the reference position inventory level and the percentages of orders sent to the different suppliers. In the queuing network model, the percentages of orders are implemented as Bernoulli branching parameters. A close-form expression of the expected cost criterion is obtained as a complex non-linear function of decision variables. A decomposed approach is proposed for solving the optimization problem in an approximate manner. The quality of the approximate solution is evaluated by comparison to the exact solution, which can be computed numerically in some simple cases, in particular in the two-supplier case. Numerical applications show the important economic advantage for the producer of sending orders to several suppliers rather than to a single one. [less ▲]

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See detailSurface properties of two closely related sugar esters : glucose octanoate and octyl glucuronate.
Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude; Moreau, B. et al

Poster (2004, February 11)

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See detailEndocardite à Staphylococcus aureus.
HUYNEN, Pascale ULg

Conference (2004, February 11)

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See detailLipolysis inhibition by proteose-peptone : an interfaciale study.
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude

Poster (2004, February 11)

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See detailDirectives actualisées pour le traitement de l'hypertension artérielle
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2004, February 11)

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See detailStudy of synthesis and surface activity of inulin lauric esters.
Ius, E.; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Verardo, G. et al

Poster (2004, February 11)

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See detailThe effect of the hydrophobic chain lenght on surface properties of enzymatically prepared n-alkylesters of glucuronic acid.
Piccicuto, Salvator; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Marlier, Michel et al

Poster (2004, February 11)

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See detailInterfacial study of lipolysis inhibition by proteins.
Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Deroanne, Claude

Poster (2004, February 11)

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See detailMAGRITTE: an instrument suite for the solar atmospheric imaging assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory
Rochus, Pierre ULg; Defise, Jean-Marc ULg; Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2004, February 01)

The Solar Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory will characterize the dynamical evolution of the solar plasma from the chromosphere to the corona, and will follow the ... [more ▼]

The Solar Atmospheric Imaging Assembly (AIA) aboard the Solar Dynamics Observatory will characterize the dynamical evolution of the solar plasma from the chromosphere to the corona, and will follow the connection of plasma dynamics with magnetic activity throughout the solar atmosphere. The AIA consists of 7 high-resolution imaging telescopes in the following spectral bandpasses: 1215Å. Ly-a, 304 Å He II, 629 Å OV, 465 Å Ne VII, 195 Å Fe XII (includes Fe XXIV), 284 Å Fe XV, and 335 Å Fe XVI. The telescopes are grouped by instrumental approach: the MAGRITTE Filtergraphs (R. MAGRITTE, famous 20th Century Belgian Surrealistic Artist), five multilayer EUV channels with bandpasses ranging from 195 to 1216 Å, and the SPECTRE Spectroheliograph with one soft-EUV channel at OV 629 Å. They will be simultaneously operated with a 10-second imaging cadence. These two instruments, the electronic boxes and two redundant Guide Telescopes (GT) constitute the AIA suite. They will be mounted and coaligned on a dedicated common optical bench. The GTs will provide pointing jitter information to the whole SHARPP assembly. This paper presents the selected technologies, the different challenges, the trade-offs to be made in phase A, and the model philosophy. From a scientific viewpoint, the unique combination high temporal and spatial resolutions with the simultaneous multi-channel capability will allow MAGRITTE / SPECTRE to explore new domains in the dynamics of the solar atmosphere, in particular the fast small-scale phenomena. We show how the spectral channels of the different instruments were derived to fulfill the AIA scientific objectives, and we outline how this imager array will address key science issues, like the transition region and coronal waves or flare precursors, in coordination with other SDO experiments. We finally describe the real-time solar monitoring products that will be made available for space-weather forecasting applications. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign of an implantable micropump
Smal, Olivier; Merken, Patrick; Croquet, Vincent et al

in Proceedings of the International Precision Assembly Seminar (2004, February)

The implantable programmable micropump is an interesting solution to treat chronic diseases such as diabetes with regular micro-injections of medicine. However, current applications of micropumps are ... [more ▼]

The implantable programmable micropump is an interesting solution to treat chronic diseases such as diabetes with regular micro-injections of medicine. However, current applications of micropumps are limited by their rather expensive cost. The challenge is therefore to develop a low cost alternative by reducing the number of parts and by simplifying the assembly. As the pump and its tank will be placed under the skin in order to increase comfort, such a system should be small and reliable. In this paper, we present the micropump we developed within the framework of the 4M-µ pump interuniversity project (Methods and Means for the Miniaturization of Machines). [less ▲]

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See detailDesign and test of a circular notch hinge
Merken, Patrick; Smal, Olivier; Debongnie, Jean-François ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Precision Assembly Seminar (2004, February)

At the microscale, classical bearings such as ball bearings, sliding bearings and other pivots may be difficult to manufacture. Among all possible solutions to replace them, the notch hing seems to be ... [more ▼]

At the microscale, classical bearings such as ball bearings, sliding bearings and other pivots may be difficult to manufacture. Among all possible solutions to replace them, the notch hing seems to be very attractive through its many advantages. The major limitation is on the rotation angle. This paper presents a new simplified analytical model for the prediction of the maximum angular displacement and the angular stiffness of a notch hinge. To validate our model, an experimental set-up has been developed. [less ▲]

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See detailMise au point d'une méthode de détermination in vitro du taux de fermentation des fibres dans le gros intestin du porc
Boudry, Christelle ULg; Buldgen, André; Anciaux, Benoit et al

in 36èmes Journées de la Recherche Porcine (2004, February)

L’objectif des études synthétisées dans cette communication consiste à mettre au point une méthode in vitro, simple, fiable et respectueuse du bien-être animal, pour mesurer la fermentation des fibres ... [more ▼]

L’objectif des études synthétisées dans cette communication consiste à mettre au point une méthode in vitro, simple, fiable et respectueuse du bien-être animal, pour mesurer la fermentation des fibres dans le gros intestin du porc. Les travaux ont été réalisés en adaptant la méthode de BOISEN et FERNANDEZ à la pepsine-pancréatine pour simuler la digestion des aliments dans la première partie du tube digestif. La méthode d’incubation en seringues de MENKE et STEINGASS a ensuite été utilisée pour quantifier la production de gaz des résidus de la prédigestion. Les expériences, réalisées au moyen de porcs en croissance, ont porté sur la quantité et le mode de filtration des substrats prédigérés par la pepsine-pancréatine, l’identification d’un aliment de référence, la dilution des inoculi dans la solution tampon en seringues et la comparaison des fermentations, en utilisant comme inoculi des contenus d’intestin ou des matières fécales. Les résultats montrent que la répétabilité de la digestion in vitro par la pepsine-pancréatine est satisfaisante et que les quantités d’aliment incubées peuvent être augmentées par rapport à la méthode de référence. La filtration des résidus peut être réalisée sur creusets filtrants ou sur toile Nylon. La pulpe de betterave constitue un aliment témoin idéal. Après 24 h d’incubation, la production de gaz obtenue à partir d’inoculi fécaux dilués 20 fois dans la solution tampon est identique à celle enregistrée à partir d’inoculi intestinaux dilués 10 fois dans le même tampon. [less ▲]

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See detailSustained antihypertensive activity of telmisartan vs valsartan
Lacourciere, Yves; Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg; White, William et al

Poster (2004, February)

DBP reduction in the last 6 h of the once-daily dosing interval and 24-h mean DBP control when a dose is missed are significantly superior with telmisartan than with valsartan. Thus, telmisartan due to ... [more ▼]

DBP reduction in the last 6 h of the once-daily dosing interval and 24-h mean DBP control when a dose is missed are significantly superior with telmisartan than with valsartan. Thus, telmisartan due to its longer half-life offers more sustained BP control, especially at the end of the dosing period and provides sustained efficacy in poorly compliant patients. [less ▲]

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See detailSystems Biology: A Systems Theory Perspective
Bullinger, Eric ULg

Conference (2004, February)

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See detailAntagonistic activity of yeast against post-harvest diseases of tropical fruits
Jijakli, Haissam ULg

Conference (2004, February)

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See detailVocal folds lesions consecutive to respiratory tract infections
FINCK, Camille ULg

Conference (2004, February)

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See detailNovel surgical technique for the treatment of female urinary incontinence: Transobturator vaginal tape inside-out
de Leval, Jean ULg; Bonnet, Pierre ULg; Reul, Olivier ULg et al

in European Urology Supplements (2004, February), 3(2), 226

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See detailHS-SPME - GCMS characterization of volatile secondary products from 37 Trichoderma strains
Delvigne, Frank ULg; Verscheure, M.; Palm, Rodolphe ULg et al

Poster (2004, February)

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See detailLearning movement patterns in mobile networks: a generic method
François, Jean-Marc; Leduc, Guy ULg; Martin, Sylvain ULg

in European Wireless 2004 (2004, February)

Predicting terminals movements in mobile networks is useful for more than one reason, in particular for routing management. A way to do such prediction is to learn the movement patterns of mobile nodes ... [more ▼]

Predicting terminals movements in mobile networks is useful for more than one reason, in particular for routing management. A way to do such prediction is to learn the movement patterns of mobile nodes passing by an access router. In this paper, the information (e.g. layer 2 measurements) related to the different paths followed by mobiles are learned using a hidden Markov model. Simulations have been done using this method and show it can handle different layer~2 signals and collect statistical information when no such signal is available. Furthermore, the method works when no information is available and can be extended so as to guess the timing of the handoffs. [less ▲]

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See detailLe bilinguisme précoce : implications sur l'acquisition de la langue maternelle orale et écrite
Comblain, Annick ULg

Conference (2004, January 24)

Apprendre à lire dans une langue n’interfère pas avec l’apprentissage de la lecture dans une autre langue mais prépare plutôt le terrain pour apprendre à lire dans une autre langue. Comme dans le langage ... [more ▼]

Apprendre à lire dans une langue n’interfère pas avec l’apprentissage de la lecture dans une autre langue mais prépare plutôt le terrain pour apprendre à lire dans une autre langue. Comme dans le langage oral, il peut y avoir quelques « mixing » de prononciation au niveau des mots qui disparaissent progressivement au fur et à mesure que les langues se compartimentalisent. Avec le temps, l’enfant apprendra également que des mots qui s’écrivent de la même manière dans les deux langues peuvent se prononcer de manière différente. Une recherche menée sur des enfants francophones Belges suivant un programme d’immersion scolaire en anglais et ayant appris à lire en anglais confirment ces observations. 150 enfants âgés de 7 à 12 ans fréquentant ce programme ont été testés sur leurs compétences en lecture du français (décodage et compréhension). Leurs performances (type et nombre d’erreurs, vitesse de lecture) ont été comparées à celles d’enfants francophones fréquentant un enseignement unilingue. Leurs habiletés métaphonologiques (manipulation de la rime et du phonème) ont également été testées. [less ▲]

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See detailDéveloppement de la lecture chez les enfants trisomiques 21
Comblain, Annick ULg

Conference (2004, January 24)

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See detailPrevention of violence in the sports area: social and educative measures
Comeron, Manuel ULg

Conference (2004, January 23)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (1 ULg)
See detailStudy of metal regulation in Arabidopsis halleri
Hanikenne, Marc ULg

Conference (2004, January 22)

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See detailInterprétation des résultats d’évaluation en EAD - Pratiques du LabSET-ULg
Poumay, Marianne ULg

Conference (2004, January 20)

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See detailQuel traitement antihypertenseur pour quel patient?
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2004, January 16)

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See detailMinimum, une autre utopie de l’écriture architecturale contemporaine
Dawans, Stéphane ULg

Conference (2004, January 15)

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See detailHypertension artérielle et facteurs de risque
Krzesinski, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2004, January 14)

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See detailLa formation en communication et en gestion du stress des médecins
Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Liénard, Aurore; Meunier, Julie et al

Poster (2004, January 07)

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See detailENEAS: the European Network of Excellence in AsteroSeismology
Aerts, C.; Baglin, A.; Christensen-Dalsgaard, J. et al

in Favata, F.; Aigrain, S.; Wilson, A. (Eds.) Second Eddington Workshop: Stellar structure and habitable planet finding, 9 - 11 April 2003, Palermo, Italy (2004, January 01)

Asteroseismology is one of the major important science topics in astrophysics in the coming decade. Several recent breakthroughs have indeed been made in Europe in this field. The observational data will ... [more ▼]

Asteroseismology is one of the major important science topics in astrophysics in the coming decade. Several recent breakthroughs have indeed been made in Europe in this field. The observational data will improve significantly in the near future, as upgraded ground-based instruments are being built and two European asteroseismic space missions are planned for launch between 2005 and 2008. They will provide us for the first time with ultra-high-accuracy, high-temporal resoluton data from space for stars other than the Sun. A successful asteroseismic study involves many different steps, from state-of-the-art raw data treatment to theoretical physical modelling of the oscillation frequencies. Our network is set up to meet the needs of combining and exchanging the different expertises of the participating institutes, of training PhD students and of both training and exchanging post-doctoral researchers. This will guarantee the most fruitful and efficient exploitation of the very substantial investments that are being made in Europe in future observations of stellar oscillations, strengthening Europe's leading position in this research field. Also, it will be a test-bed for the development of efficient procedures for collaboration across the internet, involving a vast range of procedures and skills, as well as extensive common use of a broad variety of data. Furthermore, procedures will be incorporated for the joint training of students, which is an essential part of our project. [less ▲]

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See detailAdditional science potential for COROT
Weiss, W. W.; Aerts, C.; Aigrain, S. et al

in Favata, F.; Aigrain, S.; Wilson, A. (Eds.) Stellar Structure and Habitable Planet Finding (2004, January 01)

Space experiments which are aiming towards asteroseismology and the detection of exoplanets, like COROT or MOST, Eddington and Kepler, are designed to deliver high precision photometric data. Obviously ... [more ▼]

Space experiments which are aiming towards asteroseismology and the detection of exoplanets, like COROT or MOST, Eddington and Kepler, are designed to deliver high precision photometric data. Obviously, they can be used also for other purposes than the primary science goals and in addition many other targets can or will be automatically observed simultaneously with the primary targets. As a consequence, fascinating possibilities for additional (parallel, secondary) science projects emerge. For COROT a dedicated working group was thus established with the goal to contribute any useful information which may optimize the scientific output of the mission. [less ▲]

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See detailPreliminary Results from the XMM Medium Deep Survey
Maraschi, L.; Tajer, M.; Trinchieri, G. et al

in Mújica, Raúl; Maiolino, Roberto (Eds.) Multiwavelength AGN Surveys, Proceedings of the Guillermo Haro Conference (2004, January 01)

Not Available

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See detailThe Photospheric Abundances of Active Binaries: First Results
Morel, Thierry ULg; Micela, G.; Favata, F. et al

in Stars as Suns : Activity, Evolution and Planets (2004, January 01)

The coronal abundances of chromospherically active binaries have come under close scrutiny in recent years thanks to several X-ray satellites such as XMM or Chandra. Unfortunately a detailed analysis of ... [more ▼]

The coronal abundances of chromospherically active binaries have come under close scrutiny in recent years thanks to several X-ray satellites such as XMM or Chandra. Unfortunately a detailed analysis of the chemical fractionation processes that are possibly operating between the photosphere and the corona is plagued by the lack of reliable and accurate photospheric abundance determinations. In particular a detailed investigation of the photospheric metal content seems worthwhile in the light of several studies that have questioned the customary use of photometric indices as effective temperature indicators in active binaries. We shall present our ongoing effort to determine in a self-consistent way accurate physical parameters and photospheric abundances for a large number of systems and discuss the implications of our results on their abundance patterns and evolutionary status. Preliminary results suggest that these systems are not as iron-deficient as found in previous studies and indicate an overabundance of several key elements (e.g. Na Mg Al Ca) with respect to the solar pattern. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-adiabatic pulsations in delta Scuti stars
Moya, A.; Garrido, R.; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg

in Stellar Structure and Habitable Planet Finding (2004, January 01)

For delta Scuti stars, phase differences and amplitude ratios between the relative effective temperature variation and the relative radial displacement can be derived from multicolor photometric ... [more ▼]

For delta Scuti stars, phase differences and amplitude ratios between the relative effective temperature variation and the relative radial displacement can be derived from multicolor photometric observations. The same quantities can be also calculated from theoretical non-adiabatic pulsation models. We present here these theoretical results, which indicate that non-adiabatic quantities depend on the mixing length parameter alpha used to treat the convection in the standard Mixing Length Theory (MLT). This dependence can be used to test and to constrain, through multicolor observations, the way MLT describes convection in the outermost layers of the star. We will use the equilibrium models provided by the CESAM evolutionary code. The pulsational observables are calculated by using a non-adiabatic pulsation code developed by R. Garridon and A. Moya. In the evolutionary and pulsation codes, a complete reconstruction of the non-grey atmosphere (Kurucz models) is included. The interaction between pulsation and atmosphere, as described by Dupret et al. (2002), is also included in the code. [less ▲]

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See detailDynamic holography for fringerprints detection
Lemaire, Philippe; Georges, Marc ULg

Conference (2004, January)

Fingerprint detection method is generally based on optical contrast technique. We present a special case of holographic interferometry use, that envisages fingerprint visualisation on base of their relief ... [more ▼]

Fingerprint detection method is generally based on optical contrast technique. We present a special case of holographic interferometry use, that envisages fingerprint visualisation on base of their relief. Background of the algorithm is first presented and discussed. We finish by practical application. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Iq motif defines the conformation of the interacting calmodullin
Rebowski; Terrak, Mohammed ULg; Lu, R. C. et al

in Biophysical Journal (2004, January), 86

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See detailEtat de l'art de l'holographie dynamique : systèmes appliqués à la métrologie et au contrôle non destructif
Georges, Marc ULg; Thizy, Cédric ULg; Ryhon, Sébastien et al

Conference (2004, January)

Dans ce papier, nous présentons le résultat de plus de dix années de recherche et développement au Centre Spatial de Liège (CSL) concernant une caméra holographique (utilisant la technique de l ... [more ▼]

Dans ce papier, nous présentons le résultat de plus de dix années de recherche et développement au Centre Spatial de Liège (CSL) concernant une caméra holographique (utilisant la technique de l'interférométrie holographique) capable d'effectuer des mesures, sans contact et sur un grand champ, de déplacements dans la gamme des microns et submicrons. Les principales applications montrées sont la recherche de défauts, l'identification de modes de vibration et la métrologie de déplacements. [less ▲]

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See detailAir-sea CO2 fluxes in the Southern Ocean inferred from satellite data
Boutin, J.; Rangama, Y.; Etcheto, J. et al

Poster (2004, January)

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See detailUtilisation de l’habitat par la truite commune. Apport de la biotélémétrie.
Ovidio, Michaël ULg

Conference (2004, January)

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See detailFour extended formulations of the corner polyhedron
Louveaux, Quentin ULg

Conference (2004, January)

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See detailFinite element prediction of the swift effect based on Taylor-type polycrystal plasticity models
Duchene, Laurent ULg; Delannay, L.; Habraken, Anne ULg

in Stören, Sigurd (Ed.) Proceedings of the 7th ESAFORM conference on Materials Forming (2004)

This paper describes the main concepts of the stress-strain interpolation model that has been implemented in the non-linear finite element code Lagamine. This model consists in a local description of the ... [more ▼]

This paper describes the main concepts of the stress-strain interpolation model that has been implemented in the non-linear finite element code Lagamine. This model consists in a local description of the yield locus based on the texture of the material through the full constraints Taylor’s model. The prediction of the Swift effect is investigated: the influence of the texture evolution is shown up. The LAMEL model is also investigated for the Swift effect prediction. [less ▲]

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See detailInteraction between antimicrobial peptides and membranes
Deleu, Magali ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailThe Recovery of Mamlūk Chancery Documents in an Unsuspected Place
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Winter, Michael; Levanoni, Amalia (Eds.) The Mamluks in Egyptian and Syrian Politics and Society (2004)

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See detailTroubles nerveux accompagnant les maladies organiques ou métaboliques
Amory, Hélène ULg

in Proceedings of 2ème Journée Toulousaine de Médecine Equine (2004)

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See detailPosition of the Moesian platform at the Lochkovian. Hypothesis based on miospores
Steemans, Philippe ULg; Lakova, I.; Breuer, P.

Conference (2004)

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See detailLes paramyxovirus des mammifères marins
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg

in proceeding of the conference (2004)

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See detailDéveloppement d'un système harmonisé de surveillance de la qualité des terres agricoles en Région wallonne anticipant la future directive européenne sur les sols
Warin, A.; Bernaerdt, R.; Delcarte, E. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2004), 8(2), 69-83

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See detailLa place de la recherche scientifique dans le tissu social
Laitat, E.; Marcoen, Jean Marie ULg

in Terre wallonne - Humains admis (2004), 8(2), 67-69

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See detailOptimal location of inter-modal terminals
Jourquin, Bart; Limbourg, Sabine ULg

Conference (2004)

The known methods to solve the problem of the optimal location of inter-modal terminals are “node” based, in the sense that they use the locations of the demands and the supplies as main input. The basic ... [more ▼]

The known methods to solve the problem of the optimal location of inter-modal terminals are “node” based, in the sense that they use the locations of the demands and the supplies as main input. The basic idea of this new research is to use the flows between these origins and destinations as additional input. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment of molecular tests for the detection of Ilar and latent viruses and Banana Mild Mosaic Virus
Marbot, S.; Reichel, H.; Kummert, J. et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailTrace metal variations in tissues of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) stranded along Southern North Sea coasts
Drouguet, Olivier; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Holsbeek, Ludo et al

Poster (2004)

During the last decade, recurrent epizootics have affected harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) populations in the North Sea. The trace metal levels of the harbour seal in the Southern North Sea are poorly known ... [more ▼]

During the last decade, recurrent epizootics have affected harbour seal (Phoca vitulina) populations in the North Sea. The trace metal levels of the harbour seal in the Southern North Sea are poorly known. In this study, trace metal concentrations (Zn, Cu, Fe, Cd, Hg and Se) were measured in tissues (liver, kidney and muscle) of 72 harbour seals collected along the coasts of France, Belgium and Netherlands between 1994 and 2004. Hg levels were significantly higher in seals from the Southern North Sea than in seals from Norwegian waters (1) probably due to the amount of anthropogenic inputs in the North Sea. Hepatic Hg was positively correlated to hepatic Se, both increasing with the length of the seals. Such a relationship reflects an age accumulation process coupled to a detoxication mechanism involving antagonism between Hg and Se in the liver. Increasing Zn and Hg hepatic levels were observed with degrading body condition of the harbour seals, which is reflected by decreasing blubber thickness and high hepatic to total body mass ratio. Body condition was particularly poor in seals which died from infectious diseases. These observations tend to indicate a global redistribution of trace metals from muscle and blubber to liver, as a result of protein and lipid catabolism linked to disease and starvation. [less ▲]

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See detailSimultaneous Chandra X-ray, HST UV, and Ulysses Radio Observations of Jupiter's Aurora
Elsner, R. F.; Bhardwaj, A.; Waite, J. H. et al

Poster (2004)

Observations of Jupiter carried out by the Chandra ACIS-S instrument over 24-26 February, 2003, show that the auroral X-ray spectrum consists of line emission consistent with high-charge states of ... [more ▼]

Observations of Jupiter carried out by the Chandra ACIS-S instrument over 24-26 February, 2003, show that the auroral X-ray spectrum consists of line emission consistent with high-charge states of precipitating ions, and not a continuum as might be expected from bremsstrahlung. The part of the spectrum due to oxygen peaks around 650 eV, which indicates a high fraction of fully-stripped oxygen in the precipitating ion flux. The OVIII emission lines at 653 eV and 774 eV, as well as the OVII emission lines at 561 eV and 666 eV, are clearly identified. There is also line emission at lower energies in the spectral region extending from 250 to 350 eV for which sulfur and carbon lines are possible candidates. The Jovian auroral spectra differ significantly from measured cometary X-ray spectra. The charge state distribution of the oxygen ion emission evident in the measured auroral spectra strongly suggests that, independent of the source of the energetic ions (magnetospheric or solar wind) the ions have undergone additional acceleration. For the magnetospheric case, acceleration to energies exceeding 10 MeV is apparently required. The ion acceleration also helps to explain the high intensities of the X-rays observed. The phase space densities of unaccelerated source populations of either solar wind or magnetospheric ions are orders of magnitude too small to explain the observed emissions. The Chandra X-ray observations were executed simultaneously with observations at ultraviolet wavelengths by the Hubble Space Telescope and at radio wavelengths by the Ulysses spacecraft. These additional data sets provide interesting hints as to the location of the source region and the acceleration characteristics of the generation mechanism. The combined observations suggest that the source of the X rays is magnetospheric in origin, and that strong field-aligned electric fields are present which simultaneously create both the several-MeV energetic ion population and the relativistic electrons believed to be responsible for the generation of 40 minute quasi-periodic radio outbursts. [less ▲]

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See detailNutrient fluxes in three pure forest stands (Fagus sylvatica, Quercus petraea and Picea abies) on acid soils in the Haute Ardenne
Degrave, Frédéric; Carnol, Monique ULg

in Biodiversity: state, stakes and future; 7,8 & 9 April 2004, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, Symposium, Programme, Abstracts, Participants (2004)

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