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See detailIonospheric slab thickness: analysis and monitoring applications
Stankov, Stanimir; Warnant, René ULg

in Proceedings of the 12th International Ionospheric Effects Symposium (IES2008) (2008, May)

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See detailAn overlay maintenance protocol for overlay routing on top of ad hoc networks
Calomme, Sandrine; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2008, May), 4982

The protocol described in this paper builds and maintains an overlay topology on top of an ad hoc network. The overlay is intended to be used by a routing application. As flooding is a key component of ... [more ▼]

The protocol described in this paper builds and maintains an overlay topology on top of an ad hoc network. The overlay is intended to be used by a routing application. As flooding is a key component of many route discovery mechanisms in MANETs, we evaluate the delivery percentage, bandwidth consumption and time duration of flooding a message on the overlay. We also consider the overlay path stretch as an indicator for the data transfer transmission time. The protocol does not require any information from the underlay routing protocol, nor cooperation from the nodes that do not belong to the overlay. Each overlay node maintains a set of nearest overlay nodes and exchanges its neighbourhood information with them in order to select useful overlay links. Resilience is afforded by setting a minimum number of overlay neighbours. The performance observed over OLSR are good, for all overlay densities and mobility level studied. [less ▲]

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See detailBackward Euler method for single time step finite element simulation of the magnetization of high-temperature bulk superconductors with non linear conductivity
Lousberg, Grégory ULg

Conference (2008, May)

We consider a three dimensional (3D) finite element modeling of high temperature superconductors (HTS) submitted to a uniform magnetic field varying linearly with time. HTS are characterized by a non ... [more ▼]

We consider a three dimensional (3D) finite element modeling of high temperature superconductors (HTS) submitted to a uniform magnetic field varying linearly with time. HTS are characterized by a non linear conductivity described by a power law with the critical exponent, n. We implement an A- phi weak formulation into the opensource solver GetDP. Backward Euler method is used for the temporal resolution and is coupled to a non linear Picard iteration scheme for dealing with the non linear resistivity of HTS.We consider single- and multiple-time step methods and show that the single time step method produces an accurate result in a drastically reduced calculation time for HTS with large pinning strength (or similarly, with large values of n). The finite element formulation is validated by comparing the magnetization of a HTS tube calculated either with our finite element formulation or with other well-known techniques. The numerical method is then applied for comparing the magnetization of cylinders that are drilled by different periodic arrangements of columnar holes parallel to the cylinder axis. [less ▲]

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See detailA continuum damage model for alveolar bone remodeling
Mengoni, Marlène ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Fourth International Conference on Advance COmputational Methods in ENgineering - ACOMEN 2008 (2008, May)

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See detailInvestigation of methane production in Tunisian MSW landfills
Hiligsmann, Serge ULg; Mhiri, F.; Belaid, S. et al

Poster (2008, May)

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See detailA decision problem for ultimately periodic sets in non-standard numeration systems
Charlier, Emilie ULg

Conference (2008, May)

We consider the following decidability problem: Given a linear numeration system U and a set X ⊆ N such that rep_U(X) is recognized by a (deterministic) finite automaton. Is it decidable whether or not X ... [more ▼]

We consider the following decidability problem: Given a linear numeration system U and a set X ⊆ N such that rep_U(X) is recognized by a (deterministic) finite automaton. Is it decidable whether or not X is ultimately periodic, i.e., whether or not X is a finite union of arithmetic progressions? In this work, we give a decision procedure for this problem whenever U is a linear numeration system such that N is U -recognizable and satisfying a relation of the form U_{i+k} = a_1 U_{i+k−1} + · · · + a_k U_i with a_k = ±1 (the main reason for this assumption is that 1 and −1 are the only two integers invertible modulo n for all n ≥ 2). [less ▲]

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See detailDu contexte conventionnaliste austinien au contexte wittgensteinien
Gauvry, Charlotte ULg

Conference (2008, May)

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See detailCerebral correlates of false memories and illusory recollection after sleep and sleep deprivation.
Darsaud, A.; Dehon, Hedwige ULg; et al.

Poster (2008, May)

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See detailIssues in FEM-based Modeling of Brain Shift in Neurosurgery
Vigneron, Lara M.; Boman, Romain ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg et al

in Hogge, Michel; Van Keer, R.; Noels, Ludovic (Eds.) et al Proceedings of ACOMEN’2008, Advanced Computational Methods in Engineering (2008, May)

We consider the problem of improving outcomes for neurosurgery patients by enhancing intraoperative navigation and guidance. Current navigation systems do not accurately account for intraoperative brain ... [more ▼]

We consider the problem of improving outcomes for neurosurgery patients by enhancing intraoperative navigation and guidance. Current navigation systems do not accurately account for intraoperative brain deformation. In this work, we focus on the brain shift deformation that occurs just after the opening of the skull and dura, before any cut and subsequent deformation has happened. We test several algorithms and parameters in order to evaluate their impact on the modeling of the brain shift. [less ▲]

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See detailAbstraction, cinéma et Einfühlung. Esthétique de Vertigo
Mélon, Marc-Emmanuel ULg

Conference (2008, May)

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See detailVariable selection for dynamic treatment regimes: a reinforcement learning approach
Fonteneau, Raphaël ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg

in The annual machine learning conference of Belgium and the Netherlands (BeNeLearn 2008) (2008, May)

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See detailLes effets des arrêts de la CJCE et du TPICE
Petit, Nicolas ULg; Defossez, Alexandre ULg

Conference (2008, May)

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See detailBrain responses following sleep loss are predicted by a polymorphism in PERIOD3 as assessed in humans using fMRI
Vandewalle, Gilles ULg; Archer, Simon N; Wuillaume, Catherine et al

Poster (2008, May)

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See detailHow to involve stakeholders in CSR certifications?
El Abboubi, Manal ULg; Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference (2008, May)

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See detailAdolescent social and political participation
Born, Michel ULg; Mathys, Cécile ULg; Fournier, Bernard ULg et al

Conference (2008, May)

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See detailStatut et fonctions d'un centre de langues universitaire
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference (2008, May)

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See detailHeat Pumping and Reversible Air Conditioning: How to make the best use of HVAC equipment ?
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg; Lebrun, Jean ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International IEA Heat Pump Conference, Zurich, Switzerland (2008, May)

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See detailModel reduction techniques to speed up multibody dynamics simulations
Heirman, Gert; Bruls, Olivier ULg; Desmet, Wim et al

in 4th International Conference on Advanced Computational Methods in Engineering (ACOMEN) – Book of Abstracts (2008, May)

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See detailMulti-Criteria Selection of Hydraulic Gates
Daniel, R.; Dembick, E.; Rigo, Philippe ULg

in International Navigation Seminar, PIANC AGA2008, Beijing, China Communication Press (CIP), Beijing, China, May 2008 (2008, May)

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See detailL’Inventaire Systémique de Qualité de Vie pour Enfants (ISQV-E©) : Etude de validation
Missotten, Pierre ULg; Lemétayer, Fabienne; Spitz, Elisabeth et al

Poster (2008, May)

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See detailExophthalmos and strabismus associated with a frontal mucocele in a 6-month-old puppy
Monclin, Sébastien ULg; Saulnier-Troff F.; Bolen, Géraldine ULg et al

Poster (2008, May)

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See detailViolations et risque: une analyse de cas dans l'industrie pharmaceutique.
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg; Côte, Virginie

Conference (2008, May)

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See detailTowards a Two-Tier Internet coordinate system to mitigate the impact of Triangle Inequality Violations
Kaafar, Mohamed Ali ULg; Gueye, Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba ULg; Cantin, François ULg et al

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2008, May), 4982

Routing policies or path inflation can give rise to violations of the Triangle Inequality with respect to delay (RTTs) in the Internet. In network coordinate systems, such Triangle Inequality Violations ... [more ▼]

Routing policies or path inflation can give rise to violations of the Triangle Inequality with respect to delay (RTTs) in the Internet. In network coordinate systems, such Triangle Inequality Violations (TIVs) will introduce inaccuracy, as nodes in this particular case could not be embedded into any metric space. In this paper, we consider these TIVs as an inherent and natural property of the Internet; rather than trying to remove them, we consider characterizing them and mitigating their impact on distributed coordinate systems. In a first step, we study TIVs existing in the Internet, using different metrics in order to quantify various levels of TIVs’ severity. Our results show that path lengths do have an effect on the impact of these TIVs. In particular, the shorter the link between any two nodes is, the less severe TIVs involved in are. In a second step, we do leverage our study to reduce the impact of TIVs on coordinate systems. We focus on the particular case of the Vivaldi coordinate system and we explore how TIVs may impact its accuracy and stability. In particular, we observed correlation between the (in)stability and high effective error of nodes’ coordinates with respect to their involvement in TIVs situations. We finally propose a Two-Tier architecture opposed to a flat structure of Vivaldi that do mitigate the effect of TIVs on the distances predictions. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessing the geographic resolution of exhaustive tabulation for geolocating Internet hosts
Siwpersad, S. S.; Gueye, Cheikh Ahmadou Bamba ULg; Uhlig, Steve

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2008, April 29)

Geolocation of Internet hosts relies mainly on exhaustive tabulation techniques. Those techniques consist in building a database, that keeps the mapping between IP blocks and a geographic location ... [more ▼]

Geolocation of Internet hosts relies mainly on exhaustive tabulation techniques. Those techniques consist in building a database, that keeps the mapping between IP blocks and a geographic location. Relying on a single location for a whole IP block requires using a coarse enough geographic resolution. As this geographic resolution is not made explicit in databases, we try in this paper to better understand it by comparing the location estimates of databases with a well-established active measurements-based geolocation technique. We show that the geographic resolution of geolocation databases is far coarser than the resolution provided by active measurements for individual IP addresses. Given the lack of information in databases about the expected location error within each IP block, one cannot havemuch confidence in the accuracy of their location estimates. Geolocation databases should either provide information about the expected accuracy of the location estimates within each block, or reveal information about how their location estimates have been built, unless databases have to be trusted blindly. [less ▲]

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See detailAgir collectivement maintenant et demain : la société du risque comme vecteur de changement
Fallon, Catherine ULg; Joris, Geoffrey ULg; Zwetkoff, Catherine ULg

Conference (2008, April 25)

Le vocable de la « Société du Risque » permet de désigner la transformation systémique des sociétés occidentales post-industrielles où l’individualisation radicale des comportements et des choix ... [more ▼]

Le vocable de la « Société du Risque » permet de désigner la transformation systémique des sociétés occidentales post-industrielles où l’individualisation radicale des comportements et des choix accompagne une transformation majeure sur le plan démographique et socio-économique . Dans les pays industrialisés, la différentiation accrue des modèles sociaux, des styles de vie et des modes de participation provoque une crise des modalités de socialisation via les instances de régulation sociale et engendre de nouvelles demandes sociales. Les citoyens ont accès à de plus en plus d’informations et exigent des gouvernants d’être plus écoutés, voire à participer directement au processus de formation de la décision politique, mettant à mal les structures traditionnelles de représentation. Les nouveaux médias et Internet jouent ici aussi un rôle majeur, puisqu’ils permettent de construire rapidement et à peu de frais des réseaux locaux ou alternatifs voire globaux, bien différents des canaux institutionnels. Ces nouveaux réseaux peuvent contribuer à former de nouvelles bases de mobilisation collective fluides et ponctuelles. Face à ces transformations sociales, le système politico-administratif peine à s’adapter et à assurer la légitimation de ses actions. Les pouvoirs publics sont appelés à définir de nouveaux cadres de gestion de l’espace public, plus réflexifs, capables d’aligner les acteurs non seulement sur l’action entreprise proprement dite mais également sur les instruments publics mobilisés, tout en s’inscrivant dans les lignes de force de la globalisation. Les questions propres à la « Société du Risque » contribuent à remodeler et élargir l’espace spatio-temporel pour la gestion des conséquences des risques modernes. Une partie croissante des décisions de régulations politiques, par exemple dans le domaine de la définition des normes d’environnement, est prise à un niveau supranational, le plus souvent européen, espace politique original qui tend à bouleverser les formes d’engagement et à générer de nouveaux instruments structurant les interactions aux différents niveaux de responsabilité. Notre contribution propose d’approfondir certaines dimensions mises en avant dans le paradigme de la « Société du Risque » pour les confronter aux nouvelles pratiques d’engagement collectif et de régulation publique observées au cours des dernières années en Région wallonne, pour tester dans quelle mesure le questionnement propre à la modernité réflexive peut contribuer à l’intelligibilité des transformations socio-politiques actuelles. [less ▲]

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See detailLa logique, fondement ou modèle de l'arithmétique ?
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

Conference (2008, April 25)

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See detailMaitrisez vos actes chirurgicaux sans stress + travaux pratiques
LAMBERT, France ULg; LECLOUX, Geoffrey ULg; DEBATY, Bertrand ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 25)

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See detailAujourd’hui comme hier, des jeunes s’engagent, participent et s’intéressent à la politique
Fournier, Bernard ULg; Reuchamps, Min ULg; Flaba, Elodie ULg

Conference (2008, April 25)

Today many people argue that the youth is uninterested in politics; according to them, there is amongst the young people some sort of political apathy. In fact, electoral turnout declines dramatically in ... [more ▼]

Today many people argue that the youth is uninterested in politics; according to them, there is amongst the young people some sort of political apathy. In fact, electoral turnout declines dramatically in all Western democracies, especially among the young voters. However, drawing from a survey on 1437 students (16-18 y. old), we demonstrate that some young people do engage, participate and are interested in politics. Above all, a multifaceted analysis of political participation and interest is needed to depict the political attitudes of the today’s youth. [less ▲]

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See detailL’actualité du fédéralisme. Perceptions et préférences fédérales des citoyens francophones belges
Reuchamps, Min ULg

Conference (2008, April 24)

In both Belgium and Canada, federalism is a hot and important topic. In order to explore the federal perceptions and preferences of the citizens in these two federations, four citizens’ meetings or ... [more ▼]

In both Belgium and Canada, federalism is a hot and important topic. In order to explore the federal perceptions and preferences of the citizens in these two federations, four citizens’ meetings or assemblies are organised: two in Belgium (in Liège, Wallonia, in French, and in Antwerp, Flanders, in Dutch), and two in Canada (in Montreal, Quebec, in French, and in Kingston, Ontario, in English). During a whole day, sixty citizens are gathered to discuss with four experts and in small groups about the federalism in their country. The organisation and the methodology of the meetings are inspired from both citizens’ assemblies and deliberative polls. The first meeting took place at the Université de Liège, on September 29, 2007. The preliminary analyses of the qualitative and quantitative data collected during the nine hours long exchanges are presented in this paper. The first analyses shed light on the relations between the federal perceptions and preferences of French-speaking Belgian citizens. The preliminary results emphasise the diversity of knowledge, attitudes and opinions on Belgian federalism and highlight the contrast between these perceptions and preferences and the federal reality of Belgium as well as its possible evolution. The second meeting took place at the Université de Montréal, on March 15, 2008 and will be followed, respectively in June and November 2008, by the meetings in Kingston and in Antwerp. [less ▲]

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See detailAre foreign profitability disclosures value-relevant ? Disaggregation resolves the puzzle
Muller, Aline ULg; Joliet, Robert

Conference (2008, April 23)

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See detailDiet, habitat use, and seed dispersal by a pigtail macaque (Macaca nemestrina leonina) troop in Khao Yai National Park (Thailand)
Huynen, Marie-Claude ULg; Latinne, Alice ULg; Savini, Tommaso ULg

Conference (2008, April 23)

While studying the influence of human proximity on the ecology of pigtail macaques, a species not well documented in continental Thailand, we collected data on ranging and foraging behaviours of a troop ... [more ▼]

While studying the influence of human proximity on the ecology of pigtail macaques, a species not well documented in continental Thailand, we collected data on ranging and foraging behaviours of a troop of Macaca nemestrina leonina living in the surroundings of Khao Yai National park tourist centre. We present here data suggesting a role as seed dispersers for the pigtails, role which has not been considered yet when analysing the importance of the frugivorous community in forest regeneration. Such a role might be however expected based on the highly frugivorous diet of the macaques, the presence of cheek pouches, and the relatively long distance they travel daily. <br /> <br />The studied troop counts about 40 individuals, with 3 adult males for 9 adult females, and occupies a 100 ha home range with sleeping sites close to the tourist facilities. Macaques spent about 30% of their days in primary forests, and more than 60 percent in secondary forest and open areas. They consume a certain proportion of human food (6.4%), but spend most time foraging for wild food in the surrounding forest. Fruits count for an important part of their diet (76%) and, indeed, the faeces analysis reveals the presence of a high number of seeds, which size ranges up to above 15mm. Their viability was assessed using the cut-test and Tetrazolium immersion, showing a high percentage of viable seeds in the samples. Three series of seeds (defecated, spat, and control seeds) placed in germination boxes reached a high germination rate, with no uniform significant differences between defecated, spat and control seeds. Seeds without pulp, a frequent case when macaques reject them after transport and processing, seem to be more likely to germinate than seeds rejected with their pulp directly under the parent tree. These results suggest altogether that pigtail macaques are potential seed dispersers, an important factor in regard of their regular use of degraded habitat zones. [less ▲]

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See detailPériphéries du sujet
Havelange, Carl ULg

Conference (2008, April 22)

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See detailNew results on the UV Io footprint morphology and brightness
Bonfond, Bertrand ULg; Grodent, Denis ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg et al

Poster (2008, April 18)

The Io UV footprint is an auroral feature on Jupiter caused by the electromagnetic interaction between the satellite Io and the Jovian magnetosphere. The footprint morphology and the spots multiplicity ... [more ▼]

The Io UV footprint is an auroral feature on Jupiter caused by the electromagnetic interaction between the satellite Io and the Jovian magnetosphere. The footprint morphology and the spots multiplicity have been found to vary with the location of Io in the plasma torus. We show recent Hubble Space Telescope (HST) images that reveal a new feature in the footprint: a faint leading spot that appears upstream of the main spot in one hemisphere when Io is close to the opposite border of the torus. A possible interpretation relates the leading spots and one downward secondary spot to electron beams generated by downstream currents in the opposite hemisphere. We also present a 3D model of the Io footprint emissions in the 100 to 170 nm wavelength range. Comparisons between this model and the HST images enable us to study the actual size and shape of the different Io footprint features. It also allows to measure the footprint brightness on the new images with a better estimation of the geometric effects (e.g. limb brightening). The observations presented here provide critical constraints to the Io-plasma torus interaction modeling. [less ▲]

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See detailUne réception chahutée : le 'Sonnet du trou du cul' de Rimbaud et Verlaine
Saint-Amand, Denis ULg

Conference (2008, April 18)

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See detailJupiter’s diffuse auroral emissions - Comparison of HST and Galileo data
Radioti, Aikaterini ULg; Tomás, A. T. M.; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 18)

Based on an extensive HST FUV image database obtained between 1997 and 2007, we have studied the morphology and brightness of the equatorward diffuse auroral emissions in both Jovian hemispheres. The ... [more ▼]

Based on an extensive HST FUV image database obtained between 1997 and 2007, we have studied the morphology and brightness of the equatorward diffuse auroral emissions in both Jovian hemispheres. The emissions are wider and brighter on the dusk side than on the dawn and they often form multiple discrete arcs parallel to the main oval. What could be the origin of these equatorward diffuse emissions and their local time variations is still unclear. Galileo observations have shown changes in the electron pitch angle distributions between the inner and middle magnetosphere of Jupiter (10 to 17 RJ ) which could be associated with auroral emissions, without the need of field aligned currents. We derive the electron precipitation flux for the first time in a global scale, based on Galileo electron measurements between 10 and 17 RJ . We magnetically map this region in the ionosphere and compare the derived energy flux with the brightness of the diffuse emissions. We discuss the possibility that the energetic particle distribution in the middle magnetosphere could account for the multiple structured equatorward diffuse emissions and their local time variations. [less ▲]

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See detailObservational evidence of a localized magnetic anomaly near Jupiter’s North Pole
Grodent, Denis ULg; Bonfond, Bertrand ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 18)

We have analyzed more than 1000 HST/ACS images of Jupiter’s ultraviolet auroral emission in the northern hemisphere. A systematic planet center finding algorithm made it possible to infer reliable and ... [more ▼]

We have analyzed more than 1000 HST/ACS images of Jupiter’s ultraviolet auroral emission in the northern hemisphere. A systematic planet center finding algorithm made it possible to infer reliable and consistent jovicentric location of the auroral footprints of Io, Europa and Ganymede. These footprints form reference contours which provide an absolute magnetic mapping from the ionosphere of Jupiter to the equatorial plane, independent of any magnetic field model. So far, the VIP4 magnetic field model is the most accurate in terms of fitting the auroral emissions. However, it cannot reproduce the distorted shape of the satellites UV footpaths in the “kink region” in the northern ionosphere between S3 longitudes 80 ̊-150 ̊. We show that the model is significantly improved by decreasing the VIP4 surface magnetic field in the kink region and by adding a localized dipolar perturbation field beneath the surface. [less ▲]

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See detailHow do ice sheets impact on climate sensitivity and ocean meridional overturning circulation?
Loutre, M. F.; Fichefet, T.; Goosse, H. et al

Poster (2008, April 17)

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See detailClimate and marine carbon cycle response to changes in the strength of the southern hemispheric westerlies
Menviel, L.; Timmermann, A.; Mouchet, Anne ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 17)

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See detailFidelity Discounts and Rebates not Justified by Costs
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Conference (2008, April 17)

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See detailSolar activity in connection with a 2.5 years periode cycle in air temperature time series using the Morlet wavelet method
Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Mabille, Georges ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 17)

The Morlet wavelet is applied to air temperature time series obtained from several weather stations and reveals the existence of a period cycle of 20-30 months since 1950, with an estimated amplitude of 0 ... [more ▼]

The Morlet wavelet is applied to air temperature time series obtained from several weather stations and reveals the existence of a period cycle of 20-30 months since 1950, with an estimated amplitude of 0.5 C. The origin of this period is investigated by computing the scale spectra associated to the principal indices that characterize air mass flows in the troposphere and the stratosphere, as well as the signals related to the sunspot number and the solar flux. Each analysed signal shows this period of approximatively 2.5 years. This suggests that the 2.5 years-cycle could be resulted from the solar activity. [less ▲]

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See detailNew pH-sensitive flower micelles for potential tumour targeting
Cajot, Sébastien ULg; Van Butsele, Kathy; Jérôme, Christine ULg

Poster (2008, April 16)

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See detailFunctional Development of Advanced Driver Assistance Systems by means of Driving Simulators
Christen, Fréderic ULg; Benmimoun, A.; Deutschle, S.

Poster (2008, April 16)

Der Beitrag beschreibt die Funktionsentwicklung von Fahrerassistenzsystemen an der Forschungsgesellschaft Kraftfahrwesen mbH Aachen (fka) und am Institut für Kraftfahrwesen (ika) der RWTH Aachen mittels ... [more ▼]

Der Beitrag beschreibt die Funktionsentwicklung von Fahrerassistenzsystemen an der Forschungsgesellschaft Kraftfahrwesen mbH Aachen (fka) und am Institut für Kraftfahrwesen (ika) der RWTH Aachen mittels Fahrsimulatoren. Dabei wird konkret auf die Entwicklung eines Kreuzungsassistenten sowie eines sogenannten KONVOI-Systems eingegangen. Beide Systeme wurden u.a. unter Verwendung des statischen Fahrsimulators InDriveS entwickelt. Der in diesem Beitrag vorgestellte Ansatz eines Kreuzungsassistenten basiert auf Kommunikation: Fahrzeug-Fahrzeug-Kommunikation (C2C) und Infrastruktur-Fahrzeug- Kommunikation (I2C). Hierfür wurden in der Verkehrsfluss- und Fahrsimulation verschiedene Systemvarianten betrachtet, um unterschiedliche Stufen der Systemkomplexität und unter- schiedliche Zeitrahmen für die Realisierung eines solchen Assistenten zu berücksichtigen. Jede dieser Systemvarianten wurde hinsichtlich deren Wirkung auf die Verkehrssicherheit bewertet. Daneben wurde auch die Benutzerakzeptanz unter Berücksichtigung verschiedener Mensch-Maschine-Schnittstellen betrachtet. Die Ergebnisse zeigen, dass die Kommunikationsreichweite der wichtigste Parameter für die Systemauslegung und -spezifikation darstellt. Für die Wirkung des Kreuzungsassistenten auf die Verkehrssicherheit ist in erster Linie der Ausrüstungsgrad entscheidend. Für die Benutzerakzeptanz ist die Detektionsrate von möglichen Konfliktsituationen und die Vermeidung von kritischen Situationen entscheidend. Das dargestellte KONVOI-System ermöglicht die Automatisierung von Nutzfahrzeugkolonnen auf Autobahnen. Neben der Funktionsentwicklung zur automatischen Abstandsregelung und Querführung werden in dem Projekt die Auswirkungen von KONVOIs auf den übrigen Verkehr analysiert und die bei den Fahrern auftretenden Belastungen und die Akzeptanz des Systems untersucht. Begleitend werden rechtliche Aspekte der kommerziellen Nutzung von Lkw-KONVOIs in Deutschland weiterentwickelt. Um die Komplexität der zu entwickelnden Lösungen zur Funktionserweiterung der Fahrzeuge zu bewältigen und eine hohe Zuverlässigkeit der Systeme zu gewährleisten, erfolgt die Systementwicklung mit Hilfe von Simulationswerkzeugen (MATLAB/Simulink, Stateflow, Verkehrsflusssimulation PELOPS und Lkw- Fahrsimulator InDriveS). Abschließend geht der Beitrag auf den neuen dynamischen Fahrsimulator der RWTH Aachen ein. [less ▲]

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See detailAre foreign profitability disclosures value-relevant ? Disaggregation resolves the puzzle
Muller, Aline ULg; Joliet, Robert

Conference (2008, April 16)

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See detailElectron Photodetachment of DNA Polyanions: Photoelectron Spectroscopy and UV Action Spectroscopy
Gabelica, Valérie ULg; Rosu, Frédéric ULg; De Pauw, Edwin ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 15)

DNA polyanions trapped in a mass spectrometer undergo electron detachment following irradiation with UV light [1-3]. Electron photodetachment is a 1-photon process, and its efficiency depends on: - The ... [more ▼]

DNA polyanions trapped in a mass spectrometer undergo electron detachment following irradiation with UV light [1-3]. Electron photodetachment is a 1-photon process, and its efficiency depends on: - The nature of the DNA bases: guanine-containing strands are the most prone to electron photodetachment, followed by adenine, cytosine, and finally thymine. - The excitation wavelength: electron detachment is maximum around 260 nm, corresponding to base excitation. - The charge of the polyanion: higher charge state ions undergo more efficient electron detachment because of the Coulombic repulsion. Here we will discuss the electron photodetachment mechanism in the light of the most recent experimental results. Because the base-dependence of electron photodetachment efficiency is correlated with the base ionization potential and is maximum at wavelengths corresponding to the base absorption, we initially proposed that electron photodetachment might occur directly from the base, and that the photodetachment yield was correlated with the electron binding energy to the base [2]. Photoelectron spectroscopy experiments were performed on DNA multiply charged anions with varying base composition to probe how the electron binding energies changes with the base composition. Finally, the electron detachment channel was used to perform UV spectroscopy experiments on large DNA polyanions trapped in the gas phase. Gas-phase UV spectra of DNA duplexes and G-quadruplexes containing up to 24 bases (> 7000 Da) will be presented. [1] V. Gabelica, T. Tabarin, R. Antoine, F. Rosu, I. Compagnon, M. Broyer, E. De Pauw, and P. Dugourd, Anal. Chem. 78, 6564 (2006). [2] V. Gabelica, F. Rosu, T. Tabarin, C. Kinet, R. Antoine, M. Broyer, E. De Pauw, and P. Dugourd, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 129, 4706 (2007). [3] V. Gabelica, F. Rosu, E. De Pauw, R. Antoine, T. Tabarin, M. Broyer, and P. Dugourd, J. Am. Soc. Mass Spectrom. 18, 1990 (2007). [less ▲]

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See detailA record negative Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance rate in 2007
Fettweis, Xavier ULg

Poster (2008, April 15)

Results made with the regional climate model MAR show a record surface melt (592 km³/yr = a global sea level rise of 1.6 mm/yr) of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) during summer 2007 compared with 1970-2006 ... [more ▼]

Results made with the regional climate model MAR show a record surface melt (592 km³/yr = a global sea level rise of 1.6 mm/yr) of the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) during summer 2007 compared with 1970-2006. This record melt, detected also in the microwave satellite data, is associated with very low snowfall (508 km³/yr) inducing a negative Surface Mass Balance (SMB) rate of -65 km³/yr. Such a negative simulated SMB rate is unprecedented in the recent Greenland history. The summer 2007 is associated with a positive SST anomaly, a negative 2006-2007 GrIS winter accumulation and anomalous advection of warm air masses over the GrIS. Sensitivity experiments carried out by the MAR model evaluate the impacts of these anomalies on the Greenland climate and SMB. The main impacts of a warmer SST anomaly in the MAR model are more precipitation over Greenland due to an enhanced evaporation above the ocean and, an increase of surface melt induced by the advection of warmer oceanic air (>0°C) into the continent by the atmospheric part of MAR. A negative winter accumulation anomaly exposes ice and old snow (with a lower albedo) earlier than previous years in the ablation zone which significantly increases the melting given the albedo feedback. Finally, changes in the boundaries forcing of the MAR model test the consequence of the anomalous persistent southerly airflow during June and July. [less ▲]

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See detailImpacts of ice sheet mask and resolution on estimating the surface mass balance of the Greenland ice sheet
Fettweis, Xavier ULg

Poster (2008, April 15)

The impacts of the spatial resolution and a Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) mask on modelling the Surface Mass Balance (SMB) are studied with the regional climate model MAR coupled with a complex energy ... [more ▼]

The impacts of the spatial resolution and a Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) mask on modelling the Surface Mass Balance (SMB) are studied with the regional climate model MAR coupled with a complex energy balance/snowpack model. On the one hand, too coarse resolution prevents the model from resolving adequately the steep ice sheet margin and the ablation zone, not wider than 100 km in Greenland, where substantial seasonal melting occurs. The resolution affects also the precipitation modelling. On the other hand, a too large ice sheet mask (i.e. with low-altitude ice pixels in the model, where there is no ice in reality) leads to an overestimation of the run-off. In addition, due to the albedo feedback, biases in the ice sheet mask have also consequences on the surface energy balance. [less ▲]

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See detailEstimation of the 1900-2100 Greenland ice sheet surface mass balance
Fettweis, Xavier ULg

Conference (2008, April 15)

Results from a 37-year simulation (1970-2006) over the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) with the regional climate model MAR reveals that more than 97% of the interannual variability of the modelled Surface Mass ... [more ▼]

Results from a 37-year simulation (1970-2006) over the Greenland ice sheet (GrIS) with the regional climate model MAR reveals that more than 97% of the interannual variability of the modelled Surface Mass Balance (SMB) is explained by the GrIS summer temperature anomaly and the GrIS annual precipitation anomaly. This dependence is also fully confirmed by another model using the ECMWF (re)analysis. This multiple regression is then used to empirically estimate the GrIS SMB since 1900 from climatological time series and reanalysises. The projected SMB changes in the 21st century are investigated with the set of simulations performed with AOGCM's for the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report. These estimations show that the high surface mass loss rates of these last years (1998, 2003, 2006) are not unprecedented in the GrIS history of the last hundred years. The minimum SMB rate seems to be occurred in the 1930's due to a combination of dryer and warmer years than now although the effect of the man-induced global warming was not perceptible at that time. The AOGCM's project that the SMB rate of the 1930s would be common at the end of this century. The temperature would be higher than in the 1930s but the increase of accumulation would partly offset the acceleration of surface melt due to the temperature increase. If no change will occur in the iceberg discharge rate, such negative SMB rates would be not large enough to significantly increase in the future the fresh meltwater flux from the GrIS into the ocean. However, these assumptions are based on an empirical multiple regression only currently validated and the accuracy and time homogeneity of the data sets and AOGCM results used in these estimations constitute a large uncertainty. [less ▲]

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See detailOcean biogeochemical cycles and climate sensitivity in an Earth system model
Mouchet, Anne ULg; Loutre, M. F.; Fichefet, T. et al

Conference (2008, April 14)

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See detailThree-dimensional analysis of oceanographic data with the software DIVA
Troupin, Charles ULg; Ouberdous, Mohamed ULg; Machín, Francisco et al

Poster (2008, April 13)

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See detailMétaphores spatiales dans la symbolique démocratique
Herla, Anne ULg

Conference (2008, April 12)

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See detailPerceived safety climate and job resources : relationships with safety behaviour.
Chmiel, N.; Hansez, Isabelle ULg

Conference (2008, April 12)

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See detailLa cité de Nkamba : l’imaginaire kimbanguiste et son espace symbolique
Melice, Anne ULg

Conference (2008, April 12)

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See detailTranscrire un document médiéval en XML : Pour qui et comment ?
Mazziotta, Nicolas ULg; Lavrentiev, Alexei

Conference (2008, April 11)

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See detailOn-line respiratory mechanics in newborns: stability and effect of ventilatory mode.
Rigo, Vincent ULg; Rigo, Jacques ULg

in Berger, Th. (Ed.) 9th EPNV Final Program and Abstracts (2008, April 11)

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See detailNeural network involved in young and elderly adults
Feyers, Dorothée ULg; Collette, Fabienne ULg; D'Argembeau, Arnaud ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Cognitive Aging Conference (2008, April 11)

In agreement with the literature, we have recently observed that the ventro-medial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) is activated both in young and elderly subjects during a adjective judgment task requiring ... [more ▼]

In agreement with the literature, we have recently observed that the ventro-medial prefrontal cortex (VMPFC) is activated both in young and elderly subjects during a adjective judgment task requiring judgment about self vs. other in the context of a first (1PP) or third (3PP) perspective-taking (Ruby et al., submitted). Here, we have performed functional connectivity analyses to determine the network of cerebral areas associated to the performance of young and elderly subjects. Results indicate that, in the 1PP condition, activity of the VMPFC is related to the medial orbito-frontal, posterior and inferior temporal and parietal areas in elderly, but to the occipital cortex only in young subjects. In the 3PP condition, functional connectivity exist between the VMPFC and posterior temporal and lateral orbito-frontal areas in elderly, but with occipital and parietal areas only in young subjects. The cerebral areas associated to VMPFC activity in young subjects were previously described as involved both in autobiographic memory retrieval and mentalizing processes. With regard to elderly, the cerebral network evidenced is related to autobiographic memory retrieval (parietal and temporal areas) but also to the attribution of emotional valence to the adjectives (medial orbito-frontal) and perspective taking both in 1PP and 3PP conditions (lateral orbito-frontal). These results indicate (1) that the VMPFC is connected to a larger cerebral network in elderly than in young subjects during self judgements; (2) that young subjects perform the task on the basis of autobiographical information retrieval only, while elderly subjects use supplementary, more reflexive, cognitive processes. [less ▲]

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See detailLa procession-spectacle comme recomposition de l’espace
Delfosse, Annick ULg

Conference (2008, April 10)

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See detailScreening for chronic kidney disease and other associated risk factors in rural congolese oil company in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).
Sumaili, Ernest; Zinga, Chantal; Nseka, Nazaire et al

Poster (2008, April 10)

This study indicates that CKD and traditional risk factors for CKD are very prevalent in this rural Oil Company. Screenings for these conditions are thus imperative to put high on the health agenda ... [more ▼]

This study indicates that CKD and traditional risk factors for CKD are very prevalent in this rural Oil Company. Screenings for these conditions are thus imperative to put high on the health agenda. Additional studies are needed of the causes of CKD in this company and probably in other areas of the DRC. [less ▲]

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See detailSynthesis of novel functional aliphatic polyesters by association of ring-opening polymerization and click chemistry
Lecomte, Philippe ULg; Schmeits, Stephanie ULg; Riva, Raphaël ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 09)

Nowadays, biodegradable and biocompatible aliphatic polyesters are widely used as environmentally friendly thermoplastics and biomaterials. Nevertheless, the absence of any functional group along the ... [more ▼]

Nowadays, biodegradable and biocompatible aliphatic polyesters are widely used as environmentally friendly thermoplastics and biomaterials. Nevertheless, the absence of any functional group along the chain is a severe limitation for the development of new applications. Very recently, it was reported by Emrick et al. and by us that copper(I)-mediated 1,3-dipolar Huisgen's cycloaddition of alkynes and azides, the most widely used “click” reaction in the frame of macromolecular engineering, is very efficient to derivatize aliphatic polyesters. Due to the tolerance for many functional groups, cumbersome protection and deprotection steps are not needed. One main advantage of copper(I)-mediated Huisgen's cycloaddition compared to other reactions previously used to derivatize aliphatic polyesters relies on the mildness of the experimental conditions, which results in limited degradation. Our most recent results dealing with the combination of “click” chemistry and ring-opening polymerization towards functional PCL and PLA, networks, graft and hyperbranched copolymers will be highlighted. [less ▲]

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See detailHallucinations in children and adolescents: Risk factors and treatment strategies
Laroi, Frank ULg

Conference (2008, April 05)

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See detailBelgian Communities : an increasing gap
Baye, Ariane ULg; Fagnant, Annick ULg; Hindryckx, Geneviève ULg et al

Conference (2008, April 04)

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See detailDIVA-4.2.1: presentation of the new features
Troupin, Charles ULg; Machín, Francisco; Ouberdous, Mohamed ULg et al

Poster (2008, April 03)

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See detailDiversité moléculaire des cyanobactéries planctonniques dans les eaux de surface belges
Lara, Yannick ULg; Lambion, Alexandre ULg; Simon, Patricia ULg et al

Poster (2008, April 02)

Les développements massifs de cyanobactéries ou ‘blooms’ sont devenus un phénomène récurrent et de plus en plus important dans les eaux douces du monde entier durant la dernière décennie. Ces ... [more ▼]

Les développements massifs de cyanobactéries ou ‘blooms’ sont devenus un phénomène récurrent et de plus en plus important dans les eaux douces du monde entier durant la dernière décennie. Ces efflorescences présentent des risques potentiels majeurs pour la santé humaine et animale et interfèrent négativement avec l'utilisation des eaux de surface par exemple, pour le captage d'eau potable, les loisirs nautiques, l'irrigation, les exploitations piscicoles. Entre 25 et 70% des blooms sont toxiques. Comme beaucoup de pays la Belgique n'a pas échappé au problème des efflorescences de cyanobactéries toxiques, mais il y a encore relativement peu de données. Durant la dernière décennie, trois projets européens et nationaux (MIDICHIP 1999-2003, B-BLOOMS 2003-2005, B-BLOOMS 2 2007-2011) se sont intéressés à la diversité des cyanobactéries dans les eaux de surfaces belges. Nous présentons ici un arbre phylogénétique élaboré à partir d’ un pool de 249 séquences partielles du gène codant pour l’ARNr 16S obtenu à partir de 31 échantillons d’eaux belges issus de ces projets. Cet arbre représente la mise à jour d’une base de données qui constitue l’inventaire des cyanobactéries d’eaux douces belges. Cette base de données permet le suivi de l’évolution de la diversité observable de ces organismes en Belgique et la surveillance de l’apparition d’espèces tropicales comme conséquence aux changements climatiques globaux. [less ▲]

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See detailPredicting bovine milk urea concentration for future test-day records in a management perspective
Bastin, Catherine ULg; Laloux, Laurent; Bertozzi, Carlo et al

Conference (2008, April 02)

Detailed reference viewed: 20 (1 ULg)