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See detailDarwin ground-based European nulling interferometer experiment (GENIE)
Gondoin, Philippe; Absil, Olivier ULg; Fridlund, C V Malcolm et al

in Traub, Wesley (Ed.) Interferometry for Optical Astronomy II (2003, February 01)

Darwin is one of the most challenging space projects ever considered by the European Space Agency (ESA). Its principal objectives are to detect Earth-like planets around nearby stars and to characterize ... [more ▼]

Darwin is one of the most challenging space projects ever considered by the European Space Agency (ESA). Its principal objectives are to detect Earth-like planets around nearby stars and to characterize their atmospheres. Darwin is conceived as a space "nulling interferometer" which makes use of on-axis destructive interferences to extinguish the stellar light while keeping the off-axis signal of the orbiting planet. Within the frame of the Darwin program, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Southern Observatory (ESO) intend to build a ground-based technology demonstrator called GENIE (Ground based European Nulling Interferometry Experiment). Such a ground-based demonstrator built around the Very Large Telescope Interferometer (VLTI) in Paranal will test some of the key technologies required for the Darwin Infrared Space Interferometer. It will demonstrate that nulling interferometry can be achieved in a broad mid-IR band as a precursor to the next phase of the Darwin program. The present paper will describe the objectives and the status of the project. [less ▲]

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See detailInherent modulation: a fast chopping method for nulling interferometry
Absil, Olivier ULg; Karlsson, Anders; Kaltenegger, Lisa

in Shao, Michael (Ed.) Interferometry in Space (2003, February 01)

The reduction of the thermal background emission from the local and exozodiacal dust clouds is a critical element for the success of ESA's space mission, DARWIN. Internal modulation, a technique using ... [more ▼]

The reduction of the thermal background emission from the local and exozodiacal dust clouds is a critical element for the success of ESA's space mission, DARWIN. Internal modulation, a technique using fast signal chopping, isolating the planetary signal from these noise sources, was proposed by Mennesson and Léger. In this paper, a short review of internal modulation is given, and new configurations with internal modulation are proposed to reduce the complexity of the beam-combining optics. A modification to the implementation of internal modulation is then investigated. It provides similar performance with a single detector and a greatly simplified optical layout: the number of beam-combiners is reduced by a factor of about two. The principle of inherent modulation is different from internal modulation in that no sub-interferometers are used: different phase shifts are applied to the input beams before recombination such that an asymmetric transmission map is obtained directly, without plus or minuspi/2 modulation as used in internal modulation. By combining the phase shifts and the input beams differently a transposed transmission map is obtained, allowing the signal to be chopped. During operations, multiplexing between the two interferometers is performed, such that at any time only one interferometer is being used. [less ▲]

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See detailInfrared colours of star-forming galaxies and a flux calibration of ISOCAM ELAIS catalogues
Vaisanen, Petri; Morel, Thierry ULg

in Exploiting the ISO Data Archive. Infrared Astronomy in the Internet Age (2003, February 01)

We present J and K-band near-infrared photometry of a sample of ISOCAM sources detected by the European Large Area ISO-Survey (ELAIS). All of the high-reliability LW2 (6.7 μm) sources and 80 per cent of ... [more ▼]

We present J and K-band near-infrared photometry of a sample of ISOCAM sources detected by the European Large Area ISO-Survey (ELAIS). All of the high-reliability LW2 (6.7 μm) sources and 80 per cent of the LW3 (15 μm) sources are identified in the near-IR survey reaching K â 17.5 mag. The near- to mid-IR flux ratios can effectively be used to separate stars from galaxies in mid-IR surveys: at 6.7 μm, 80 per cent of the identified ELAIS objects are stars while at 15 μm 80 per cent are galaxies. The stars are then used to perform an accurate new calibration of the ELAIS ISOCAM data at both 6.7 and 15 μm: we adopt values of 1.23 and 1.05 ADU/gain/s/mJy for the LW2 and LW3 filters, respectively. The ISOCAM ELAIS survey is found to mostly detect strongly star-forming late-type galaxies. We show that near to mid-IR colour-colour diagrams can be used to further classify galaxies, as well as study star-formation. In a [15/2.2] vs. [6.7/2.2] plot the Hubble type of a galaxy can be roughly estimated from its position along the diagonal ([6.7/15] = 1) and the star-forming efficiency from a galaxys departure from the diagonal (eg. [6.7/15] <1). The ELAIS galaxies yield an average mid-IR flux ratio LW2/LW3 =0.67 ± 0.27. We discuss this [6.7/15] ratio as a star formation tracer using ISO and IRAS data of a local comparison sample. The [2.2/15] ratio is also found to be a good indicator of activity level in galaxies and conclude that the drop in the [6.7/15] ratio seen in strongly star-forming galaxies is a result of both an increase of 15 μm emission and an apparent depletion of 6.7 μm emission. [less ▲]

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See detailDesign and tests for the heliospheric imager of the STEREO mission
Defise, Jean-Marc ULg; Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Mazy, Emmanuel ULg et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2003, February 01)

The Heliospheric Imager (HI) is part of the SECCHI suite of instruments on-board the two STEREO spacecrafts to be launched in 2005. The two HI instruments will provide stereographic image pairs of solar ... [more ▼]

The Heliospheric Imager (HI) is part of the SECCHI suite of instruments on-board the two STEREO spacecrafts to be launched in 2005. The two HI instruments will provide stereographic image pairs of solar coronal plasma and coronal mass ejections (CME) over a wide field of view (~90°), ranging from 13 to 330 R[SUB]0[/SUB]. These observations compliment the 15 R[SUB]0[/SUB] field of view of the solar corona obtained by the other SECCHI instruments (2 coronagraphs and an EUV imager). The key challenge of the instrument design is the rejection of the solar disk light, with total straylight attenuation of the order of 10[SUP]-13 [/SUP]to 10[SUP]-15[/SUP]. A multi-vane diffractive baffle system has been theoretically optimized to achieve the lower requirement (10[SUP]-13[/SUP] for HI-1) and is combined with a secondary baffling system to reach the 10[SUP]-15[/SUP] rejection performance in the second camera system (HI-2). This paper presents the last updates of the SECCHI/HI design concept, with the expected performance. A verification program is currently in progress. The on-going stray-light verification tests are discussed. A set of tests has been conducted in air, and under vacuum. The results are presented and compared with the expected theoretical data. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of optical path delay control on a ground-based nulling interferometer
Absil, Olivier ULg; Coude du Foresto, Vincent

in Traub, Wesley (Ed.) Interferometry for Optical Astronomy II (2003, February 01)

Atmospheric turbulence is a major source of noise in any fiber-linked interferometer through the piston effect between the two arms of the interferometer which induces an erratic movement of the fringes ... [more ▼]

Atmospheric turbulence is a major source of noise in any fiber-linked interferometer through the piston effect between the two arms of the interferometer which induces an erratic movement of the fringes. Because the stellar light has to be permanently cancelled by the central dark fringe, a ground-based nulling interferometer is not possible without stringent optical path delay (OPD) control. In this paper, we investigate the influence of the residual OPD error of a fringe tracking unit on the performances of a nulling interferometer. The accuracy required for this control system strongly depends on the observation wavelength. If we want to detect exozodiacal clouds ten times as dense as our zodiacal dust cloud in the near-infrared (L' band), the performances of the fringe tracker are crucial: the residual OPD should be about 20 nanometers RMS. This specification can only be reached if the fringe sensor is optimized for bright sources. In the mid-infrared (N band), the requirements are strongly relaxed: OPD control with an accuracy of 400 nm RMS is sufficient to be background-limited, but a lower residual OPD (about 50 nm RMS) is strongly recommended to reduce the stellar leakage. [less ▲]

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See detailRouting in a MPLS network featuring preemption mechanisms
Blanchy, François; Mélon, Laurent; Leduc, Guy ULg

in 10th IEEE International Conference on Telecommunications (2003, February)

In the context of Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), we propose an integration of a computationally efficient preemption mechanism into a very dynamic Label Switched Paths (LSPs) routing scheme ... [more ▼]

In the context of Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), we propose an integration of a computationally efficient preemption mechanism into a very dynamic Label Switched Paths (LSPs) routing scheme described in a previous paper. This preemption scheme includes a quick heuristic able to select the most interesting LSPs to reroute from a link. The efficiency of this algorithm is obtained through a very rigid but seemingly appropriate policy concerning which LSPs are appropriate for preemption. A feedback from preemption on the routing process is proposed, in order to regulate the rate of the reroutings and to tune the balance between stability and continuous reorganization in a network. This integrated traffic engineering entity is tested on the accuracy of the heuristic, the relevance of the feedback and the whole integration, the influence of the routing policy on the preemption mechanism and the reliability of the managed network. [less ▲]

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See detailRegulation of training system for adults in educational technology
Denis, Brigitte ULg; Piette, Sylvie-Anne

in Stacey, E.; Davies, E. (Eds.) Quality education @ a distance (2003, February)

This paper reports the characteristics of a post graduate diploma on educational technologies based on a combination of face-to-face and distance activities and assesses its quality. We first define the ... [more ▼]

This paper reports the characteristics of a post graduate diploma on educational technologies based on a combination of face-to-face and distance activities and assesses its quality. We first define the bases of the training program and present several tools (logbook, portfolio and questionnaires) which have been used to evaluate and regulate both training and individual learning process. Our observations indicate an increase and better regulation of the quality of the educational and learning processes. On the basis of the results we achieved, we propose that our original design could be extended to similar adult training programs. The way this innovative system is integrated in the universities shows an evolution due to its success that implies a certain kind of return on investment due to the demand of such kinds of device. [less ▲]

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See detailHuman-Visual-System-Based Fusion of Multimodality 3D Neuroimagery using Brain-Shift-Compensating Finite-Element-Based Deformable Models
Verly, Jacques ULg; Vigneron, Lara; Petitjean, Nicolas et al

in Proceedings of SPIE (2003, February), 5029

Our goal is to fuse multimodality imagery to enhance image-guided neurosurgery. Images that need to be fused must be registered. Registration becomes a challenge when the imaged object deforms between the ... [more ▼]

Our goal is to fuse multimodality imagery to enhance image-guided neurosurgery. Images that need to be fused must be registered. Registration becomes a challenge when the imaged object deforms between the times the images to be fused are taken. This is the case when “brain-shift” occurs. We begin by describing our strategy for nonrigid registration via finite-element methods. Then, we independently discuss an image fusion strategy based on a model of the human visual system. We illustrate the operation of many components of the registration system and the operation of the fusion system. [less ▲]

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See detailLa fibromyalgie : exploration fonctionnelle musculaire
Maquet, Didier ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Demoulin, Christophe ULg et al

in Abstract book des Mardis de la Kinésithérapie 2003 (2003, February)

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See detailPit-I and other somatotrope candidate genes to optimize selection for milk traits in bovine species: the 21 century's strategy.
Parmentier, Isabelle; Gillard, Nathalie; Abras, Sven et al

Poster (2003, February)

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See detailDecentralized local backup LSP calculation with efficient bandwidth sharing
Mélon, Laurent; Blanchy, François; Leduc, Guy ULg

in 10th IEEE International Conference on Telecommunications (2003, February)

This paper focuses on the protection of virtual circuits (Label Switched Paths, LSPs) in a (G)MPLS (Generalised Multi-Protocol Label Switching) network. The proposed algorithm is designed to protect ... [more ▼]

This paper focuses on the protection of virtual circuits (Label Switched Paths, LSPs) in a (G)MPLS (Generalised Multi-Protocol Label Switching) network. The proposed algorithm is designed to protect traffic with strong delay requirements such as EF (Expedited Forwarding) ordered aggregates in a DiffServ domain. For this type of application endto- end recovery schemes are usually considered to be far too slow. Local, fast-rerouting is the only solution which can compete with restoration times offered by SONET self-healing ring. However local restoration has a cost in terms of extra bandwidth consumed for the backup paths. Our scheme thus includes a sophisticated resource aggregation mechanism based on the concepts of "backup-backup aggregation" and "backupprimary aggregation". The path selection algorithm is also designed to efficiently reduce the resource usage. Moreover, when considering LSPs at different preemption levels, our algorithm is able to correctly calculate the amount of bandwidth that can be preempted despite the sharing of resource. We show that our approach, though local, can compete with the state-of-theart end-to-end recovery schemes in terms of resource reservation. The major contribution of our scheme, the "backup-primary aggregation", was then also used in the context of end-to-end recovery and improved its performance substantially. [less ▲]

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See detailEtude de la sélectivité tissulaire d’un nouvel antagoniste des récepteurs au thromboxane A2, le BM-613
Hanson, Julien ULg; Rolin, S.; De Leval, X. et al

Poster (2003, January 31)

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See detailNouveaux analogues du cromakalim en tant qu’agents pharmacologiques potentials de la classe des activateurs des canaux KATP
Sebille, S.; Boverie, S.; De Tullio, Pascal ULg et al

Conference (2003, January 31)

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See detailSélection dans les conditions subtropicales d’une bactérie lactique aux propriétés probiotiques.
Bayane, A.; Diawara, B.; Roblain, D. et al

Poster (2003, January 22)

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See detailMéthode rapide de sélection de bactéries probiotiques par choc osmotique et marquage aux fluorochromes
Sow, M.; Roblain, D.; Thonart, Philippe ULg

Poster (2003, January 22)

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See detailPISA, a powerful tool to foster literacy development.
Lafontaine, Dominique ULg

Conference (2003, January 10)

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See detailCalcification and organic production of coccolithophorids Emiliania huxleyi under different atmospheric pCO2 in a mesocosm experiment
Delille, Bruno ULg; Harlay, Jérôme ULg; Chou, Lei et al

Poster (2003, January 07)

The response of primary production and calcification of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi to different partial pressures of CO2 (p CO2) have been investigated during a mesocosm bloom experiment in a ... [more ▼]

The response of primary production and calcification of the coccolithophorid Emiliania huxleyi to different partial pressures of CO2 (p CO2) have been investigated during a mesocosm bloom experiment in a Norwegian fjord. Glacial, present and next century atmospheric p CO2 conditions (respectively 180, 370 and 700 ppmV) have been simulated above the surface of large sea-water enclosures. If production of organic matter remains constant under elevated p CO2, the production of inorganic carbon appears to be affected in two ways. First, the beginning of calcification is delayed. Second, the production rate of inorganic carbon appears to be lowered by 40% in the future conditions, decreasing subsequently the calcification/photosynthesis ratio from 1 to 0.6. During the experiment a strong viral growth have been experienced, which have seriously depressed calcification as well. We propose the threshold of 5.10 6 cell/ml for E huxleyi virus abundance above which the production and calcification of the population of E. huxleyi are severely affected. [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of marine CaCO3 particles in the context of Global Change
Aerts, Katrien; Godoi, Ricardo; Harlay, Jérôme ULg et al

Poster (2003, January 07)

The expected increase in greenhouse gasses concentrations as a result of human activity is leading to significant climate change in the coming years. The fate of the anthropogenic CO2 has been intensively ... [more ▼]

The expected increase in greenhouse gasses concentrations as a result of human activity is leading to significant climate change in the coming years. The fate of the anthropogenic CO2 has been intensively studied. Being the largest reservoir of reactive carbon, the ocean acts as an important sink for anthropogenic CO2 and plays a significant role on the global biogeochemical cycle of carbon and its perturbations. There remain, however, large uncertainties concerning the uptake of carbon by the ocean, mainly due to insufficient knowledge of processes controlling the carbonate chemistry in surface waters. The effects of precipitation of calcium carbonate by calcifying organisms in the euphotic zone and redissolution of their skeletons have not been fully taken into account. This precipitation-dissolution process affects both the concentration of dissolved inorganic carbon and of total alkalinity and plays thus a significant role in the buffering capacity of seawater and its potential to act as a sink or a source of CO2 for the atmosphere. We aim to study the processes associated with the oceanic production and dissolution of CaCO3 in order to quantify the role of calcifying phytoplanktonic organisms in sequestering CO2. The calcareous skeletons of Coccolithophores, which comprise one of the main groups of calcifying organisms in the photic zone of the ocean, are analysed. The gut content of copepods, which grazes on coccolithophores is examined by different methods like Electron Probe Micro-Analysis (EPMA) and Micro X-Ray Fluorescence (M-XRF) in order to detect the possible dissolution features at the calcite surface. Automatic EPMA is used for the characterization of individual particles from ocean samples for their composition, morphology and size. Subsequent statistical processing techniques classifies the particles into specific particle clusters. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of the importance of the carbonate pump in surface waters of the Bay of Biscay
Harlay, Jérôme ULg; Chou, Lei; Dedonder, Virginie et al

Poster (2003, January 07)

Marine carbon research in the past decade has been mainly devoted to the understanding and quantification of processes controlling the fluxes of organic matter in the ocean. Little attention has been paid ... [more ▼]

Marine carbon research in the past decade has been mainly devoted to the understanding and quantification of processes controlling the fluxes of organic matter in the ocean. Little attention has been paid until now to the particulate inorganic carbon whose net fluxes to the sediments are comparable to those of the organic matter. There remains still a large uncertainty in the production and the fate of biogenic calcium carbonate in the oceanic carbon cycle. In the framework of the Belgian global change programme, we have developed a project devoted to the study of the inorganic carbon cycle in the Bay of Biscay where coccolithophorid blooms occur frequently. The study focuses on processes associated with the oceanic production and dissolution of calcium carbonate, by combining field investigations, laboratory experiments and modelling efforts. The rate of primary production and of calcification by phytoplankton is evaluated by 14C incubation experiments during a coccolithophorid bloom-forming period in the area of investigation. The relative production of organic matter and calcium carbonate in the photic zone along a transect from the continental shelf across the slope to deep waters will be presented. A tentative mass balance of the carbon fluxes for this area will be constructed. These preliminary results confirm the importance that the calcium carbonate pump may play in open ocean. [less ▲]

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See detailFonds de vallée : quelle gestion pour un développement durable ?
Rosillon, Françis ULg

in Actes du séminaire préalable à la définition d'un programme de recherche interdisciplinaire (2003, January)

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See detailApports de la recherche et outils mis en place pour la gestion et le contrôle de la qualité.
Sindic, Marianne ULg; Dardenne, Pierre

in L'avenir des filières de qualité différenciée. (2003, January)

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See detailEtude de l'hyperactivité bronchique induite par l'administration pulmonaire de cyclodextrines chez la souris
Bertholet, Pascal; Guéders, Maud ULg; Barillaro, Valery et al

Conference (2003, January)

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See detailVariability of air-sea CO2 fluxes in the Southern Ocean inferred from CARIOCA drifters, ships and remotely sensed measurements
Boutin, J.; Rangama, Y.; Etcheto, J. et al

Poster (2003, January)

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See detailAppliquer le nez électronique pour reconnaître et suivre en continu de mauvaises odeurs dans l'environnement
Nicolas, Jacques ULg

Conference (2003, January)

Le nez électronique avec une configuration très simple fournit des résultats encourageants pour détecter une odeur dans l’environnement. Il existe un réel espoir de pouvoir fabriquer des instruments ... [more ▼]

Le nez électronique avec une configuration très simple fournit des résultats encourageants pour détecter une odeur dans l’environnement. Il existe un réel espoir de pouvoir fabriquer des instruments portables capables de prévoir une odeur inconnue en temps réel sur le terrain. Le monitoring des odeurs environnementales est un challenge, mais une simple estimation est suffisante, il n'y a pas besoin de conditions opératoires très rigoureuses. Il reste néanmoins beaucoup de travail à faire avant que le nez électronique ne devienne une réalité dans l’environnement. La communication présente ce challenge en l'illustrant par de nombreuses applications réalisées par l'équipe de recherche. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractérisation physiologique de Bifidobactérium pour utilisation probiotique.
Majad, L.; Evrard, P.; Thonart, Philippe ULg

Poster (2003, January)

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See detailEtude in vivo d’une adsorption de probiotique (Lb. Plantarum) au niveau du tractus intestinal d’un poulet
Dubois Dauphin, Robin ULg; Amor, L.; Roblain, D. et al

Poster (2003, January)

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See detailLes facteurs de succès dans l'accompagnement du portage à distance de cours
Delfosse, Catherine ULg; Harmeling, Danielle; Poumay, Marianne ULg et al

in Actes du Colloque des deuxièmes rencontres du Kirchberg. (2003, January)

This paper presents a reflection about the key success factors involved in the process of turning traditional courses into on-line active courses. Within the context of ‘FORMADIS’ and other programmes ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a reflection about the key success factors involved in the process of turning traditional courses into on-line active courses. Within the context of ‘FORMADIS’ and other programmes, more than twenty projects have been accompanied by the LabSET in the past 3 years. The paper gives an overview of the tools and methods used for teacher support and training. It examines the projects ‘doing well’ and analyse what makes them sucessful. It considers the moment at which the success factors take place (before, during and after the various phases of development). It illustrates these key factors with practical examples. Whereas the majority of these factors seem to be obvious, this analysis will help considering the relations between them as well as the way of managing them successfully. [less ▲]

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See detail« Preuve et signature électronique des actes juridiques »,
Lecocq, Pascale ULg

in Delnoy, Paul (Ed.) Chronique de droit à l'usage des juges de paix et de police 2003 (2003, January)

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See detailExchange processes and nitrogen cycling on the shelf and slopes area of the Black Sea basin.
Grégoire, Marilaure ULg; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg; Kostianoy, A. et al

Conference (2003, January)

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See detailControl of ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesis using non-ionic surfactants by incorporation of transition metal ions in the micellar solution
Léonard, Alexandre ULg; Blin, Jean-Luc; Herrier, Gontran et al

in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (2003), 146

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See detailEffects of grassed buffer strip management on potential denitrification in a belgian agricultural watershed
Cors, Marie; Tychon, Bernard ULg

Conference (2003)

Riparian buffer strips are managed for the enhancement of water quality through control of non point source pollution. Denitrification in riparian buffer strips is thought to be the major process -with ... [more ▼]

Riparian buffer strips are managed for the enhancement of water quality through control of non point source pollution. Denitrification in riparian buffer strips is thought to be the major process -with nitrate uptake by plant growth- that reduces nitrate input in surface water. We investigated the Denitrifier Enzyme Activity (DEA) to test how the buffer strip management modifies the denitrification process. The experimental site is composed of a crop field and a 11 m wide grassed buffer strip at the border between the crop field and a tributary to the Attert river, South-East Belgium. Soil samples from the crop field and the buffer strip have been submitted to different imposed conditions combining glucose, nitrate and water saturation to investigate how antecedent water regime, nitrate and carbon content affect denitrification. The work included DEA measurements on undisturbed soil cores freshly sampled. Experiments on undisturbed soil cores identify the buffer strip as more effective in denitrification (p < 0.001) than the cropped field. However, experiments on samples conditioned under imposed carbon and/or nitrate contents emphasised the importance of micro-topography. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of elastoplastic model parameters in large deformation problems using gamma methods
Jeunechamps, Pierre-Paul ULg; Walmag, J.; Mathonet, V. et al

in Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Structural and Multidisciplinary Optimization (2003)

This paper reports on preliminary results of parameter identification problems in finite element non-linear analyses such as metal forming simulations. Two approaches are compared. The first one is the ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on preliminary results of parameter identification problems in finite element non-linear analyses such as metal forming simulations. Two approaches are compared. The first one is the classic Levenberg-Marquardt algorithm. The second one is a trust-region algorithm based on a quadratic model. The two algorithms are compared on two cases, one of them being an actuel experiment. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulations numériques d'essais de cisaillement simple
Flores, Paulo; De Montleau, P.; Habraken, Anne ULg et al

in 16ème Congrès fançais de Mécanique (2003)

Several tests have been designed in order to identify the initial yield locus and the parameters required in hardening laws. Taking into account the work done by Piljman (2001), M&S laboratory has started ... [more ▼]

Several tests have been designed in order to identify the initial yield locus and the parameters required in hardening laws. Taking into account the work done by Piljman (2001), M&S laboratory has started the construction of a bi-axial machien able to perform plane strain test, shear test (monotonic or cyclic), and a simultaneous combination of both. This article presents the simulation of a cyclic simple shear test using three types of hardening. [less ▲]

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See detailVariable Blue Stragglers and the EASE Scenario
Noels-Grötsch, Arlette ULg; Scuflaire, Richard ULg; Magain, Pierre ULg et al

in Thompson, M. J.; Cunha, M. S.; Monteiro, M.J.P.F.G. (Eds.) Asteroseismology Across the HR Diagram (2003)

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See detailDéverouiller le potentiel de l'eau en agriculture
Klohn, Wulf; Mollinga, Peter; Paranjape, K.J. Joy et Suhas et al

in Déverouiller le potentiel de l'eau en agriculture (2003)

A l’occasion du troisième Forum mondial de l’eau (WWF-3), qui se tient à Kyoto, au Japon, du 16 au 23 mars 2003, l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) présente un ... [more ▼]

A l’occasion du troisième Forum mondial de l’eau (WWF-3), qui se tient à Kyoto, au Japon, du 16 au 23 mars 2003, l’Organisation des Nations Unies pour l’alimentation et l’agriculture (FAO) présente un panorama des thèmes prioritaires que doivent aborder les responsables agricoles du monde entier en matière de mise en valeur des eaux en agriculture, et plus généralement de leurs répercussions sur la gestion des ressources en eau. La FAO a inscrit sa participation aux débats du WWF-3 de Kyoto sous le mot d’ordre «déverrouiller le potentiel de l’eau en agriculture». En effet, tous les renseignements statistiques confirment que l’agriculture est le secteur clé de la gestion de l’eau, pour le présent comme pour les décennies à venir. Pourtant, le secteur de la mise en valeur rurale des eaux se voit actuellement refuser un statut prioritaire dans les forums internationaux, par comparaison avec d’autres domaines concurrents. Il manque pour l’heure aux acteurs qui soutiennent ce secteur une stratégie valide et une présentation valorisante qui leur permettraient de maintenir l’attention sur ces questions. Des arguments nouveaux et puissants sont nécessaires pour remettre la mise en valeur rurale des eaux sur les rails. [less ▲]

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See detail“Dramatising the Verse or Versifying the Drama: Rita Dove’s The Darker Face of the Earth: A Verse Play.”
Bada, Valérie ULg

in Phillips, Kimberley L.; Pinson, Hermine D.; Lorenzo, Thomas (Eds.) et al Critical Voicings of Black Liberation. Resistance and Representations in the Americas (2003)

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See detailFLE, FLS, FLM : quelles didactiques pour quels enseignements à quels publics ?
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

in Delcomminette, Bernadette; Dumortier, Jean-Louis; Louis, Vincent (Eds.) et al Le français langue maternelle, étrangère, seconde: vers un nouveau partage? (2003)

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See detailDioxins, furans and dioxin-like PCBs in juvenile harbour porpoises (Phocoena Phocoena) from the North sea
Beans, Cristina; Debacker, Virginie ULg; Jauniaux, Thierry ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2003)

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See detailFinite element analysis of continuous steel casting
Castagne, S.; Pascon, Frédéric ULg; Miesse, G. et al

in Proceedings of the First International Conference Finite element for process analysis (2003)

In order to analyse the behaviour of steel during continuous casting and to improve the process, two complementary models of steel continuous casting using the finite element code LAGAMINE have been ... [more ▼]

In order to analyse the behaviour of steel during continuous casting and to improve the process, two complementary models of steel continuous casting using the finite element code LAGAMINE have been developed. We propose here a description of both macroscopic and mesoscopic approaches. The first one describes the whole continuous casting process, from the free surface in the mould and through the entire machine, including thermal and mechanical behaviour of the steel. The second approach focuses on the prediction of cracks and is developed at the grain scale. Results concerning the optimisation of the mould taper and the analysis of transverse cracks initiation are presented as industrial applications. [less ▲]

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See detailRepresentation of the « watermanship » and self-perception of swimming level in elementary school children
Cloes, Marc ULg; Noël, Dominique; Michel, Vincent et al

in Sena Lino, L.; Trindade Ornelas, R.; Carreiro da Costa, F. (Eds.) et al Innovation and New Technologies in Physical Education, Sport, Research and/on Teacher and Coach Preparation (2003)

Swimming is one of the most common sports activities in Walloon region as in many countries (Bodson, 1997). According to Boullé (1999) swimming courses concern various sectors of practice: the awakening ... [more ▼]

Swimming is one of the most common sports activities in Walloon region as in many countries (Bodson, 1997). According to Boullé (1999) swimming courses concern various sectors of practice: the awakening (blooming of the person), the discovery (educational purposes), the improvement (to pass a test or to carry out a performance), the leisure and maintenance (relaxation or improvement of the form and health), the practice in natural environment. Additionally, swimming is a prerequisite to other sports and cultural activities. Considering its place in individual safety, education, health and leisure, its importance in child and youth development is unchallenged. [less ▲]

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See detailA reinforcement learning based discrete supplementary control for power system transient stability enhancement
Glavic, Mevludin; Ernst, Damien ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Proceedings of the 12th Intelligent Systems Application to Power Systems Conference (ISAP 2003) (2003)

This paper proposes an application of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) method to the control of a dynamic brake aimed to enhance power system transient stability. The control law of the resistive brake is in ... [more ▼]

This paper proposes an application of a Reinforcement Learning (RL) method to the control of a dynamic brake aimed to enhance power system transient stability. The control law of the resistive brake is in the form of switching strategies. In particular, the paper focuses on the application of a model based RL method, known as prioritized sweeping, a method proven to be suitable in applications in which computation is considered to be cheap. The curse of dimensionality problem is resolved by the system state dimensionality reduction based on the One Machine Infinite Bus (OMIB) transformation. Results obtained by using a synthetic four-machine power system are given to illustrate the performances of the proposed methodology. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of the Llandovery in the Paraná Basin, Paraguay, boreholes 269-R1 and 269-R2
Mauller, P. M.; Pereira, E.; Grahn, Y. et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailThe Solar Influences Data Centre : A Partnership for Space Weather
Cugnon, P.; Van der Linden, Roland; Berghmans, David et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailCalibration and quality assessment of water vapor radiometer observations using radiosonde GPS and VLBI
Pottiaux, Eric; Becker, M.; Buerki, B. et al

Conference (2003)

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See detail2D1/2 thermo-mechanical model of continuous casting using FEM
Pascon, Frédéric ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg

in Brucato, V. (Ed.) Proceedings of the 6th International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming (2003)

Two complementary approaches of steel continuous casting modelling using the finite element code LAGAMINE have been developed in the M&S Department. The first one (at a macroscopic scale) describes the ... [more ▼]

Two complementary approaches of steel continuous casting modelling using the finite element code LAGAMINE have been developed in the M&S Department. The first one (at a macroscopic scale) describes the whole continuous casting process, from the free surface in the mould and through the entire machine, including thermal and mechanical behaviour of the steel. The second approach focuses on the prediction of cracks and is developed at grain scale. We present in this paper a description of the context in which the study started, the description of the macroscopic approach and some results. [less ▲]

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See detailSemi-automated high throughput extraction and cleanup method for the analysis of polybrominated diphenyl ethers, polybrominated, and polychlorinated biphenyls in human serum
SjÖdin, Andreas; Jones, Richard S.; Lapeza, Chester et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2003), 60

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See detailL'Observatoire de la consommation alimentaire
Claustriaux, Jean-Jacques ULg; Cordier, L.; Duquesne, Brigitte ULg et al

in Vers une politique de qualité, à quel prix ? (2003)

Description de l'utilisation d'une base de données relative aux achats de produits alimentaires effectués par des ménages.

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See detailConclusions fictives. Comment peut-on être francophone?
Demoulin, Laurent ULg

in Bertrand, Jean-Pierre; Gauvin, Lise (Eds.) Littérature mineures en langue majeure: Québec/Wallonie-Bruxelles (2003)

Comparaison de l'attitude critique des spécialistes de la littérature belge et des spécialistes de la littérature québécoise.

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See detailUn « Front populaire » en Belgique ? L’inexportable exemple français
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

in Les courants politiques et la Résistance : continuités ou ruptures? (2003)

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See detailWalking for pleasure in Belgium
Hanocq, Philippe ULg

in Busi, Roberto; Pezzagno, Michèle (Eds.) Living and walking in cities 8th International conference (2003)

Description of an original and ambitious project of the regional Walloon government (Belgium) intending for the promotion of not motorised travelling modes : the “RAVeL project”.

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See detailIndividualized versus standardized exercise training for claudicant patients.
Magne, Julien ULg; Boccalon, H; Bouley, M et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailThe Tricolor incident: Pathology, age composition and sex ratio of stranded birds
Jauniaux, Thierry ULg; Masure, S.

in meeting report (2003)

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See detailCandida albicans cheilitis in guinea pig may be caused by commensal strains carried in the lower genital tract
Mignon, Bernard ULg; Symoens, F.; Losson, Bertrand ULg

in Veterinary Dermatology (2003), 14(5), 242

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See detailQuantification of Angiogenesis of Embryonic Implantation Site by Image Analysis
Le Maire, Sophie; Blacher, Silvia ULg; Frankenne, F. et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailNumerical mdeling of hydro-mechanical fracture behaviour
Guiducci, Chiara; Collin, Frédéric ULg; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg et al

Conference (2003)

A numerical approach for modeling coupled Hydro-Mechanical fracture behavior in 2D is presented in this paper. This approach accounts for the strong dependence of the flow characteristics on fracture ... [more ▼]

A numerical approach for modeling coupled Hydro-Mechanical fracture behavior in 2D is presented in this paper. This approach accounts for the strong dependence of the flow characteristics on fracture apertures and offers an anisotropic description of the flow propagation in the fracture. An interface finite element and a constitutive model are developed . In order to validate the applicability of the model to general geomechanic problems, 2D simulations were performed. Results show the good application of the mathematical model and the fundamental hydraulic role played by the fractures. [less ▲]

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See detailL'évaluation de la maîtrise d'une langue, maternelle ou étrangère
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg; Maréchal, Marielle ULg

in Cahiers du Service de Pédagogie Expérimentale (SPE) (2003), 15-16

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See detailOverexpression of the platelet P2X1 ion channel.in transgenic mice generates a novel prothrombotic phenotype.
Oury, Cécile ULg; Kuijpers, Marijke; Toth-Zsamboki, Emese et al

in Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis [=JTH] (2003)

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See detailOptimisation of exercise training in clinical practice for claudicants patients.
Magne, Julien ULg; Boccalon, H; Bouley, M et al

Conference (2003)

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See detailSedimentology of the Frasnian carbonate platform of Belgium, Facies and magnetic susceptibility
Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg

in Abstract book 12th Bathurst meeting of carbonate sedimentologists (2003)

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See detailL'histoire des religions et les représentations du temps. En guise de préambule
Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane ULg

in Pirenne-Delforge, Vinciane; Tunca, Önhan (Eds.) Représentations du temps dans les religions. Actes du Colloque organisé par le Centre d'histoire des religions de l'Université de Liège (2003)

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See detailPopulism and producerism in Europe and United States
Jamin, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2003)

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See detailPhysical processes study in the transition zone of the Northwest African upwelling: climatological data analysis
Elmoussaoui, Abdellali; Djenidi, Salim ULg; Kostianoy, Andrey

(2003)

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See detailProcessing GPS measurements during periods of high ionospheric activity
Warnant, René ULg; Grevesse, Jonathan; Pottiaux, Eric

in Proceedings of EUREF 2002 Symposium (2003)

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See detailCombining stochastic simulations and inverse modelling for delineation of groundwater well capture zones
Rentier, Céline; Roubens, Marc ULg; Dassargues, Alain ULg

in Iu (Ed.) Computational Methods in Engineering and Science (2003)

In hydrogeology, protection zones of a spring or a pumping well are often delimited by isochrones that are computed using calibrated groundwater flow and transport models. In heterogeneous formations, all ... [more ▼]

In hydrogeology, protection zones of a spring or a pumping well are often delimited by isochrones that are computed using calibrated groundwater flow and transport models. In heterogeneous formations, all direct and indirect data, respectively called hard and soft data, must be used in an optimal way. Approaches involving in situ pumping and tracer tests, combined with geophysical and/or other geological observations, are developed. In a deterministic framework, the calibrated model is considered as the best representation of the reality at the current investigation stage, but result uncertainty remains unquantified. Using stochastic methods, a range of equally likely isochrones can be produced allowing to quantify the influence of our knowledge of the aquifer parameters on protection zone uncertainty. Furthermore, integration of soft data in a conditioned stochastic generation process, possibly associated with an inverse modeling procedure, can reduce the resulting uncertainty. A stochastic methodology for protection zone delineation integrating hydraulic conductivity measurements (hard data), head observations and electrical resistivity data (soft data) is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailOrigine et impact des risques biologiques, physiques et chimiques
Samb, Babacar; Schiffers, Bruno ULg

in Proceedings Bio-Scope - Atelier "Responsable Assurance Qualité Totale" (2003)

La préservation de la santé des consommateurs est devenue une préoccupation majeure en ce début de nouveau millénaire marqué par le poids de la société civile en général et des ligues de consommateurs en ... [more ▼]

La préservation de la santé des consommateurs est devenue une préoccupation majeure en ce début de nouveau millénaire marqué par le poids de la société civile en général et des ligues de consommateurs en particulier. Les exigences en termes de qualité sanitaire et de traçabilité, qui figurent non seulement dans des réglementations toujours plus strictes mais aussi dans des référentiels de qualité ou des cahiers de charge imposés aux producteurs, traduisent la volonté des consommateurs européens de savoir où, comment et quand les aliments qu'ils ont dans leur assiette ont été produits. [less ▲]

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See detailMultifunctionality : realities and local stakes construction
Vanloqueren, Gaetan; Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Baret, Philipppe

Conference (2003)

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See detailEffects of hypoxia on stress proteins of the piglet brain at birth
Chiral, Magali; Grongnet, Jean-François; Plumier, Jean-Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2003)

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See detailGENIE: a ground-based precursor for the IRSI-Darwin mission
Absil, Olivier ULg

in Aime, Claude; Soummer, Rémi (Eds.) Astronomy with High Contrast Imaging (2003)

During the preliminary phase A of the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment (GENIE), a number of interferometric configurations have been studied, in the cases of exozodiacal cloud and ... [more ▼]

During the preliminary phase A of the Ground-based European Nulling Interferometer Experiment (GENIE), a number of interferometric configurations have been studied, in the cases of exozodiacal cloud and hot Jupiter detection. Their expected performances have been computed in light of the measured or expected performances of the VLTI sub-systems. A simple Bracewell nulling interferometer, formed of two Unit Telescopes and working in the L' or N bands, has been identified as a good candidate configuration for exozodiacal cloud detection. External or internal chopping, fringe tracking and intensity matching will be critical issues for this configuration. In the case of hot Jupiter detection, a double Bracewell with internal modulation in the L' band seems well appropriate, and should allow to carry out low resolution spectroscopy on a few bright exoplanets. The basic assumptions and computations which have lead to these candidate configurations are described in this paper. [less ▲]

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See detailDes profils de motivation pour la lecture en 6e primaire : une approche différenciée
Schillings, Patricia ULg

in Caractères (2003), 10(1), 13-21

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See detailThe monitoring of the ionospheric activity using GPS measurements
Warnant, René ULg; Stankov, Stanimir; Jodogne, Jean-Claude et al

in Proceedings of the COST271 2002 workshop (2003)

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