References of "Scientific congresses and symposiums"
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See detailLe gender mainstreaming et le gender budgeting en Belgique
Cornet, Annie ULg

Conference (2007, September 19)

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See detailHow fertilizer and soil nitrogen are distributed into winter wheat plant
Boulelouah, Nadia; Destain, Jean-Pierre ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

(2007, September 16)

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See detailRole of masks, caps, gowns and skin disinfection
Brichant, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2007, September 15)

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See detailTransgression sexuelle à l’adolescence : un passage à l’acte sexuel dans le parcours de la délinquance ou un passage à l’acte délinquant dans le parcours sexuel de ces adolescents ?
Glowacz, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2007, September 14)

Depuis quelques années, en Belgique, notre pratique d’expert judiciaire rend compte d’une augmentation des signalements et de plaintes d’abus sexuel à l’encontre d’adolescents ainsi que de l’abaissement ... [more ▼]

Depuis quelques années, en Belgique, notre pratique d’expert judiciaire rend compte d’une augmentation des signalements et de plaintes d’abus sexuel à l’encontre d’adolescents ainsi que de l’abaissement de l’âge de ces adolescents suspectés de tels agissements sur des enfants pré-pubères ou des pairs. Si ces adolescents ont en commun cette transgression sexuelle qui prend diverses formes, tous les auteurs ( Worling, 2001, Barbaree and Marshall, 2006, Hunter J.A., Figueredo A.J., Malamuth N.M. & Becker J.V., 2003 …) s’accordent sur le fait que ces adolescents et pré-adolescents forment un groupe hétérogène au niveau de leur mode de fonctionnement psychologique, social et sexuel, et au niveau de leur engagement dans la délinquance. Dans le cadre de notre communication, à partir des données préliminaires d’une recherche portant sur le fonctionnement psychologique et psycho-social de ces pré-adolescents et adolescents, et d’une présentation de vignettes cliniques, nous développerons les différentes formes de passages à l’acte transgressif au niveau sexuel selon l’âge des adolescents et l’âge des victimes, et nous tenterons de comprendre l’inscription de cet acte au niveau du de développement psycho-social de l’adolescent et de son engagement dans la délinquance. Une analyse plus spécifique portera sur le mode de consommation pornographique de ces mineurs « transgresseur sexuel » qui sera comparé au mode de consommation pornographique d’un échantillon d’adolescents et adolescentes non délinquants et à un groupe d’adolescents et adolescentes délinquants. [less ▲]

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See detailActivity of metalloproteinases mmp2 and mmp9 in matched serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluidsamples from dogs with chronic bronchitis cvresus recurrent infectious bronchopneumonia
Bolognin, M.; Kirschvink, N.; Wiggers, L. et al

in 17th ECVIM Meeting - Budapest - Hongrie - Septembre 2007 (2007, September 13)

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See detailQualité: récolte 2007: encore une récolte difficile à gérer!
Sinnaeve, Geoges; Paridaens, A.-M.; Chandelier, Anne et al

in Livre Blanc: Céréales - Gembloux (2007, September 13)

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See detailVariétés: froment d'hiver
Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Couvreur, Luc; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Livre Blanc: Céréales - Gembloux (2007, September 13)

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See detailVariétés: escourgeon et orge d'hiver fourragers
Monfort, Bruno; Herman, Jean-Luc; Couvreur, Luc et al

in Livre Blanc: Céréales - Gembloux - Informations avant les semis (2007, September 13)

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See detailImplantation des cultures
Bodson, Bernard ULg; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Monfort, Bruno

in Livre Blanc: Céréales - Gembloux - Informations avant les semis (2007, September 13)

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See detailPotential of space-based infrared Bracewell interferometers for planet detection
Defrere, Denis ULg; Absil, Olivier ULg; Hanot, Charles ULg et al

in Coulter, D. (Ed.) Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets III (2007, September 12)

The Darwin and TPF-I space missions will be able to study the atmosphere of distant worlds similar to the Earth. Flying these space-based interferometers will however be an extraordinary technological ... [more ▼]

The Darwin and TPF-I space missions will be able to study the atmosphere of distant worlds similar to the Earth. Flying these space-based interferometers will however be an extraordinary technological challenge and a first step could be taken by a smaller mission. Several proposals have already been made in this context, using the simplest nulling scheme composed of two collectors, i.e., the original Bracewell interferometer. Two of these projects, viz. Pegase and the Fourier-Kelvin Space Interferometer, show very good perspectives for the characterisation of hot extra-solar giant planets (i.e., Jupiter-size planets orbiting close to their parent star). In this paper, we build on these concepts and try to optimise a Bracewell interferometer for the detection of Earth-like planets. The major challenge is to efficiently subtract the emission of the exo-zodiacal cloud which cannot be suppressed by classical phase chopping techniques as in the case of multi-telescopes nulling interferometers. We investigate the potential performance of split-pupil configurations with phase chopping and of OPD modulation techniques, which are good candidates for such a mitigation. Finally, we give a general overview of the performance to be expected from space-based Bracewell interferometers for the detection of extra-solar planets. In particular, the prospects for known extra-solar planets are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional Characterization of Snail2 repression complex
Molina Ortiz, Patricia ULg; MacPherson, Matthew; Cano, Amparo et al

Poster (2007, September 10)

Snail2, also called Slug, is a member of the Snail-family of zinc-finger transcription factors that plays a significant role both during development and carcinogenesis, by controlling epithelial ... [more ▼]

Snail2, also called Slug, is a member of the Snail-family of zinc-finger transcription factors that plays a significant role both during development and carcinogenesis, by controlling epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) processes. Snail2 has been also described as a direct transcriptional repression of E-cadherin during EMT being implicated as a prosurvival factor during tumorogenesis. Snail1 and Snail2 are highly homologous factors, containing a common N-terminal transrepressor domain (SNAG), a C-terminus DNA binding domain of four (Snail1) or five (Snail2) zinc fingers, and a divergent central region, which in Snail2 is formed by a unique domain called `Slug domain´ whose function remains to be elucidated. Snail1 repressor activity has been shown to be dependent on SNAG-mediated interaction with a repression complex formed by the corepressor mSin3a and histone deacetylases 1/2 (HDAC1/2). Importantly Snail1 transcription factor is further regulated through phosphorylation by various kinases. However, at date little is known about the control of Snail2 repressor activity. Here, we present interesting data shedding light into the regulation and function of Snail2 as a E-cadherin repressor. For this purpose we have performed ectopic expression of several Snail2 deletion mutants and examined the contribution of the specific domains to protein stability, localization and E-cadherin repressor activity. These data reveal a key role for the `Slug domain´ to repress E-cadherin expression. Furthermore, in vivo phosphorylation analysis revealed that specific phosphorylation on Snail2 protein is implicated in Snail2 function as a transcriptional repressor whose functional significance is currently being investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailPeptides entrapped in biodegradable PLGA microparticles accelerate tissue repair at gastric ulcer treatment in rats
Markvicheva, E; Stashevskaya, K; Prudchenko, I et al

Conference (2007, September 09)

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See detailExploring the Formation Pathways of DNA G-Quadruplex Architectures
Rosu, Frédéric ULg; Poncelet, Harmonie; Teulade-Fichou, Marie-Paule et al

Conference (2007, September 07)

Guanine-rich DNA strands can form the so-called G-quadruplex architectures due to the formation of quartets of guanines linked by 8 hydrogen bonds. G-quadruplexes are further stabilized by the inclusion ... [more ▼]

Guanine-rich DNA strands can form the so-called G-quadruplex architectures due to the formation of quartets of guanines linked by 8 hydrogen bonds. G-quadruplexes are further stabilized by the inclusion of cations between the G-quartets. The abundance of G-rich regions throughout the genome and their very presence in telomeric regions made G-quadruplexes interesting targets. NMR and crystallographic studies of G-quadruplex structures revealed amazing variety in the G-quadruplex topologies. The next challenge will be to understand the rules governing the formation of the various topologies, in order to predict relevant G-quadruplexes in the genome, and in order to act rationally on their formation or disruption. To date, only few experimental [1] or theoretical [2] studies have been devoted to investigating the mechanisms of G-quadruplex formation. We report here a detailed investigation of DNA G-quadruplex formation pathways using electrospray mass spectrometry (ESI-MS). The sequences TGnT (n = 3-6) were purchased from Eurogentec (Seraing, Beliugm). ESI-MS experiments were performed in the negative ion mode on a Q-TOF Ultima Global (Waters, Manchester, UK). The cation used was ammonium (up to 150 mM). Experiments were performed in the presence and absence of methanol (up to 20%) as co-solvent. ESI-MS allows counting both the number of strands and the number of cations in each intermediate. We could confirm the presence of transient dimer and trimer intermediates in low abundance. More unexpectedly, ESI-MS also reveals unambiguously the formation of pentamers which contain ammonium cations. The pentamers slowly convert into tetramers. Counting the number of included cations also revealed that, in the case of (TG6T)4, inclusion of four ammonium cations is fast, while the inclusion of the last ammonium ion is very slow. We also found that the addition of methanol (initially added to obtain higher ion intensities) significantly increases the rate of G-quadruplex formation. Finally, we also investigated the role of G-quadruplex ligands in the rate of formation of G-quadruplexes. We could classify the ligands according to their increase of G-quadruplex formation kinetics, and distinguish the intermediates. Interestingly, one ligand showed formation of a higher-order structure by bridging two G-quadruplexes. Acknowledgement: The authors thank the FRS-FNRS for their support. References: [1] J. Gros et al., Nucleic Acids Res., 2007, doi:10.1093/nar/gkm111. [2] R. Stefl et al., Biophys. J., 2003, 85(3), 1787-1804. [less ▲]

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See detailNew Data on Political Interest and Participation of the Young People (16-18 y. old) in Liège, Belgium
Fournier, Bernard ULg; Reuchamps, Min ULg

Conference (2007, September 06)

In 1990, one of us administered a questionnaire to 640 students from nine high schools in Liège (Belgium) and its suburb. The survey aimed at measuring the political interest of the youth and their level ... [more ▼]

In 1990, one of us administered a questionnaire to 640 students from nine high schools in Liège (Belgium) and its suburb. The survey aimed at measuring the political interest of the youth and their level of participation in a wide range of associations. The questionnaire, which was also administered in Quebec and Paris, was made of 200 other indicators (confidence toward the institutions, impact of the political decisions, role of the state, etc.). Last spring, we administered a similar questionnaire to the same schools in order to compare the data gathered in our previous researches and the new data. The comparison will engage the oft-asked questions in the field about political participation—or its decline—amongst the youth. The new data show, as in 1990, that approximately two-thirds of the students (16-18 years old) participate in associational life in a broad sense. Political participation sensu stricto is still less popular than participation in organisations campaigning for the defence of human rights or the environment. We also observe significant differences in the traditional sociological categories. Yet, as we did for the 1990 data, we shall move our analysis beyond the usual sociological categories in order to stress the internal differences between groups. As such, we shall privilege the analysis in terms of classifications. With a more precise image of the various forms of participation as well as the attitudes related to it, different patterns will characterise young people’s participation. Accordingly, our understanding of the political socialisation’s mechanisms will be adapted. Such an inquiry seems necessary in order to engage the traditional views on political participation and interest of today’s youth. [less ▲]

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See detailState of the Art in Spinal Cord Injury – Research and Clinical Application
Martin, Didier ULg

Conference (2007, September 06)

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See detailMacromolecular engineering of cyclic aliphatic polyesters by ring-opening polymerization and "click" chemistry
Lecomte, Philippe ULg; Li, Haiying; Riva, Raphaël ULg et al

Conference (2007, September 04)

The last decades have witnessed a steadily increasing progress in the macromolecular engineering of the main families of synthetic polymers. Ring-shaped copolymers show a unique topology due to the ... [more ▼]

The last decades have witnessed a steadily increasing progress in the macromolecular engineering of the main families of synthetic polymers. Ring-shaped copolymers show a unique topology due to the absence of any chain-end and exhibit distinct properties from their linear counterparts, such as glass transition temperature, order-disorder transition, reduced viscosity, lower hydrodynamic volumes. This communication aims at reporting on a novel route to biodegradable cyclic polyesters. Our strategy is based on the work of Prof. Kricheldorf who initiated the ring-opening polymerization of ε-caprolactone by cyclic tin dialkoxides, e.g., 2,2-dibutyl-2-stanna-1,3-dioxepane (DSDOP) in order to obtain “living” macrocyclic PCL, still containing two endocyclic tin-oxygen bonds. In this work, the resumption of polymerization by a few units of ε-caprolactone substituted by an acrylic unit, e.g., 1-(2-oxooxepan-3-yl)ethyl prop- 2-enoate, followed by intramolecular photo-crosslinking of pendant unsaturations and finally by hydrolysis gave rise to macrocyclic PCL. As a rule, this strategy is very well-suited for the synthesis of high molecular weight PCL. Moreover, tin alkoxides were kept untouched after the cross-linking step and remained thus available for further macromolecular engineering. The process was extended to the synthesis of other architectures such as sun-shaped, two-tail tadpoleshaped, and eight-shaped copolyesters. The second part of the lecture, it will be shown that the copper(I)-catalyzed Huisgen’s [3+2] cycloaddition, which is the most popular “Click" reaction, is very efficient to graft alkynes, duly substituted by functional groups or chains, onto aliphatic copolyesters bearing pendant azides. Interestingly enough, mild conditions were found and no degradation was observed during the “click” derivatization of copolyesters of PCL. The “click” reactions of alkynes onto pendant azides of copolyesters of PLA, by far more sensitive than PCL, was also successfully carried out without any detectable degradation. ”Click” chemistry is very versatile because this reaction was successfully implemented to graft functional groups or chains directly onto ω-azido-ε-caprolactone, without any ring-opening of the lactone, in order to make available a new range of functional caprolactones. Finally, the “click” grafting of PEO onto the tails of tadpole-shaped copolymers will be shown to be a route to amphiphilic copolymers with an original architecture. [less ▲]

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See detailPlanktonic Archaea in Lake Kivu
Llirós, Marc; Darchambeau, François ULg; Plasencia, Anna et al

Conference (2007, September 02)

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See detailThe annular groove phase mask coronagraph: an achromatic optical vortex
Mawet, D.; Riaud, Pierre ULg; Hanot, Charles ULg et al

in Coulter, Daniel R (Ed.) "Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets III" Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 6693, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2007, September 01)

The Annular Groove Phase Mask coronagraph (AGPM) is an intrinsically achromatic vectorial vortex. It consists of integrated subwavelength optical elements whose space-variant polarization properties can ... [more ▼]

The Annular Groove Phase Mask coronagraph (AGPM) is an intrinsically achromatic vectorial vortex. It consists of integrated subwavelength optical elements whose space-variant polarization properties can be engineered and optimized to synthesize one of the theoretically most efficient coronagraphs. This paper briefly recalls the principles of the AGPM, presents the benefit of its implementation inside a polarimetric differential imager, realistic numerical simulations assessing its performances, as well as the current status of the near-infrared and visible prototype manufacturing operations. [less ▲]

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See detailSWAP: a novel EUV telescope for space weather
Defise, Jean-Marc ULg; Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Berghmans, David et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2007, September 01)

The SWAP telescope (Sun Watcher using Active Pixel System detector and Image Processing) is being developed to be part of the PROBA2 payload, an ESA technological mission to be launched in early 2008 ... [more ▼]

The SWAP telescope (Sun Watcher using Active Pixel System detector and Image Processing) is being developed to be part of the PROBA2 payload, an ESA technological mission to be launched in early 2008. SWAP is directly derived from the concept of the EIT telescope that we developed in the '90s for the SOHO mission. Several major innovations have been introduced in the design of the instrument in order to be compliant with the requirements of the PROBA2 mini-satellite: compactness with a new of-axis optical design, radiation resistance with a new CMOS-APS detector, a very low power electronics, an athermal opto-mechanical system, optimized onboard compression schemes combined with prioritization of collected data, autonomy with automatic triggering of observation and off-pointing procedures in case of Solar event occurrence, ... All these new features result from the low resource requirements (power, mass, telemetry) of the mini-satellite, but also take advantage of the specificities of a modern technological platform, such as quick pointing agility, new powerful on-board processor, Packetwire interface and autonomous operations. These new enhancements will greatly improve the operations of SWAP as a space weather sentinel from a low Earth orbit while the downlink capabilities are limited. This paper summarizes the conceptual design, the development and the qualification of the instrument, the autonomous operations and the expected performances for science exploitation. [less ▲]

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See detailFresnel rhombs as achromatic phase shifters for infrared nulling interferometry: first experimental results
Hanot, Charles ULg; Mawet, D.; Loicq, Jerôme ULg et al

in Coulter, Daniel R (Ed.) "Techniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets III" Proceedings of the SPIE, Volume 6693, Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2007, September 01)

One of the most critical units of nulling interferometers is the Achromatic Phase Shifter. The concept we propose here is based on optimized Fresnel rhombs, using the total internal reflection phenomenon ... [more ▼]

One of the most critical units of nulling interferometers is the Achromatic Phase Shifter. The concept we propose here is based on optimized Fresnel rhombs, using the total internal reflection phenomenon, modulated or not. The total internal reflection induces a phase shift between the polarization components of the incident light. We present the principles, the current status of the prototype manufacturing and testing operations, as well as preliminary experiments on a ZnSe Fresnel rhomb in the visible that have led to a first error source assessment study. Thanks to these first experimental results using a simple polarimeter arrangement, we have identified the bulk scattering as being the main error source. Fortunately, we have experimentally verified that the scattering can be mitigated using spatial filters and does not decrease the phase shifting capabilities of the ZnSe Fresnel rhomb. [less ▲]

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See detailSTEREO: Heliospheric Imager design, pre-flight, and in-flight response comparison
Halain, Jean-Philippe ULg; Mazy, Emmanuel ULg; Defise, Jean-Marc ULg et al

in Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) Conference Series (2007, September 01)

The Heliospheric Imager (HI) is part of the SECCHI suite of instruments on-board the two STEREO observatories launched in October 2006. The two HI instruments provide stereographic image pairs of solar ... [more ▼]

The Heliospheric Imager (HI) is part of the SECCHI suite of instruments on-board the two STEREO observatories launched in October 2006. The two HI instruments provide stereographic image pairs of solar coronal plasma and coronal mass ejections (CME) over a field of view ranging from 13 to 330 R[SUB]0[/SUB]. The HI instrument is a combination of two refractive optical systems with a two stage multi-vane baffle system. The key challenge of the instrument design is the rejection of the solar disk light by the front baffle, with total straylight attenuation at the detector level of the order of 10[SUP]-13[/SUP] to 10[SUP]-15[/SUP]. Optical systems and baffles were designed and tested to reach the required rejection. This paper presents the pre-flight optical tests performed under vacuum on the two HI flight models in flight temperature conditions. These tests included an end-to-end straylight verification of the front baffle efficiency, a co-alignment and an optical calibration of the optical systems. A comparison of the theoretical predictions of the instrument response and performance with the calibration results is presented. The instrument in-flight photometric and stray light performance are also presented and compared with the expected results. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and application of test cases for comparing vertical ground heat exchangers models
Bernier, Michel; Kummert, Michael; Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg

in Proceedings of the 10th International IBPSA Conference, Beijing, China (2007, September)

The main objective of this paper is to establish a set of test cases for analytical verifications and intermodel comparisons of ground heat exchanger (GHX) models used in building simulation programs ... [more ▼]

The main objective of this paper is to establish a set of test cases for analytical verifications and intermodel comparisons of ground heat exchanger (GHX) models used in building simulation programs. Several test cases are suggested. They range from steady-state heat rejection in a single borehole to varying hourly loads with large yearly thermal imbalance in multiple borehole configurations. The usefulness of the proposed test cases is illustrated by running them with different GHX models. This comparison exercise has shown that 1-D models compare favourably well with the more elaborate 3-D models for relatively small simulation periods. The cyclic heat rejection/collection test has revealed some small deficiency in the load aggregation scheme of a particular model. Finally, the use of the asymmetric (cooling dominated) load profile test case for a bore field composed of 100 boreholes revealed that the borehole wall temperature predicted by two GHX models can differ by as much as 10oC after a 30 year simulation. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of DigiPac Simulations of packed columns using x-ray microtomography
Jia, X.; Xu, C.; Caulkin, R. et al

in Mc Cann, H.; Johansen, G. A. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Bergen, Norway, September 6-9, 2007 (2007, September)

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See detailApplication of the Arbitrary Lagrangian Eulerian Formulation to the Numerical Simulation of Forming Process
Boman, Romain ULg; Papeleux, Luc ULg; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Owen, D. R. J.; Oñate, E. (Eds.) COMPLAS 2007 : IX International Conference on Computational Plasticity Fundamentals and Applications (2007, September)

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See detailHeat Pumping and Reversible Air Conditioning: Retrofit opportunities in a laboratory building
Aparecida Silva, Cleide; Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg; Hannay, Jules et al

Conference (2007, September)

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See detailImpact des conditions préanalytiques sur le dosage de la PTH
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Delanaye, Pierre ULg; Carlisi, Ignazia ULg et al

in Néphrologie & Thérapeutique (2007, September), 3(5), 192

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See detailOral ibandronate (150mg) administered monthly provides similar improvements in hip bone mineral density as oral alendronate (70mg) administered weekly in postmenopausal osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Borges, Joao LC; Recknor, Chris et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2007, September), 56(number 9 (suppl.)), 611

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See detailThermal System for Phenix, the New ESTEC Thermal Vacuum Chamber
Grodent, Christophe ULg; Guiot, Marc ULg; Jamotton, Pierre ULg

in Fletcher K. (Ed.) ESA-SP-639 (2007, September)

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See detailBloodless liver transplantation: Experience with Jehovah's witnesses
Detry, Olivier ULg; De Roover, Arnaud ULg; Coimbra Marques, Carla ULg et al

in Transplant International (2007, September), 20(Supplement 2), 291812

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See detailLa dysphonie, diagnostic et traitements
FINCK, Camille ULg

Conference (2007, September)

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See detailNSAIDs in the management of musculoskeletal conditions: a comparative meta-analysis of the efficacy/safety profile of piroxicam
Richy, Florent; Scarpignato, Carmalo; Lanas, Angel et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2007, September), 56(number 9 (suppl.)), 599-600

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See detailWall stent placement to prevent coils migration during intrahepatic embolisation of porto-systemic shunt in a dog
Bolen, Géraldine ULg; De Busscher, Virginie; Cavrenne, Romain et al

Poster (2007, September)

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See detailCaractérisation phénotypique des cellules associées aux neurones à GnRH dérivées des placodes olfactives embryonnaires
Desroziers, Elodie ULg; Ottogalli, Monique; Delaleu, Bernadette et al

Poster (2007, September)

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See detailThe Ursidae phylogeny based on the combined analysis of nuclear genes
Pagès, Marie ULg; Calvignac, Sébastien; Klein, Catherine et al

Poster (2007, September)

To definitively solve the last the ambiguities concerning the evolutionary history of Ursidae, we sequenced ten nuclear genes for all the eight extant bear species. By combining these new sequences with ... [more ▼]

To definitively solve the last the ambiguities concerning the evolutionary history of Ursidae, we sequenced ten nuclear genes for all the eight extant bear species. By combining these new sequences with those of four other recently published nuclear markers, we provide new insights into the phylogenetic relationships of the Ursidae family members. The hypothesis that the giant panda was the first species to diverge among ursids is definitively confirmed and the branching order within the Ursus genus is clarified for the first time. Moreover, these analyses indicate that the American and the Asiatic black bears do not cluster as sister taxa, as had been previously hypothesised. Sun and sloth bears undoubtedly appear as the most basal ursine species but uncertainties about their exact relationships remain. [less ▲]

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See detailL'audience de plaidoiries ou comment "révolutionner l'audience"
de Leval, Georges ULg; Chantry, Valérie ULg

in Commission Université-Palais (2007, September), 95

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See detailACE I/D polymorphism predicts end stage renal disease and or mortality in type I diabetic patients except for those with already advanced nephropathy: the follow up of the Genesis/Genediab Studies
Fysekidis, M.; Hadjadj, S.; Roussel, R. et al

in Diabetologia (2007, September), 50(Suppl. 1), 157-158

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See detailLiaison VZV IgG and VZV IgM assays: a comparative study
Huynen, Pascale ULg; Melin, Pierrette ULg; De Mol, Patrick ULg

Poster (2007, September)

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See detailOn the spatial variation of double-sloped decay in coupled-volume concert halls
Billon, Alexis ULg

Conference (2007, September)

In a system of coupled rooms, a double-sloped can be observed in the room containing the source when the coupled room is more reverberant. This decay is formed of a first quick energy decrease due to the ... [more ▼]

In a system of coupled rooms, a double-sloped can be observed in the room containing the source when the coupled room is more reverberant. This decay is formed of a first quick energy decrease due to the first room and a second slower one due to the energy which is fed back from the coupled room. Today, this effect is used to obtain simultaneously clarity and reverberance in concert halls. Parameters to achieve a strong double-sloped decay are now well known. In this preliminary work, the spatial variation of the double decay strength within the concert hall is studied using numerical simulations. Firstly, the indicators quantifying the double decay used in this study are presented. Then, the results of two configurations with the same coupling characteristics but with different coupling area locations are compared. Finally, an empirical model based on the statistical theory is proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling the sound transmission through separation walls using a diffusion model
Billon, Alexis ULg; Foy, Cédric; Valeau, Vincent et al

Conference (2007, September)

The diffusion model has been used successfully to evaluate the acoustic behaviour of a system of coupled rooms connected through a coupling aperture. In this paper, an extension of this model is proposed ... [more ▼]

The diffusion model has been used successfully to evaluate the acoustic behaviour of a system of coupled rooms connected through a coupling aperture. In this paper, an extension of this model is proposed to deal with the propagation of sound energy through a partition wall. The diffusion model can be considered as an extension of the statistical theory to none diffuse sound fields. Numerical comparisons with the statistical theory are then carried out. The following parameters are varied: its transmission loss of the separation wall, its surface, the coupled room’s absorption coefficient and the coupled room’s volume. The agreement between the statistical theory and the diffusion model is very good. [less ▲]

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See detailAssessment of three ovulation induction protocols in mares (hCG, Buserelin and Crude Equine Gonadotropin)
Mourier, E.; Ponthier, Jérôme ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2007, September), 42(Suppl. 2), 76

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See detailSusceptibility profile to penicillin, erythromycin and clindamycin of clinical isolates of grup B streptococci recently isolated in Belgium and detection of erythromycin resistance genes
MELIN, Pierrette ULg; Megali, Caroline; Hayette, Marie-Pierre ULg et al

in ASM (Ed.) Program and Abstracts of the 47th Intersciences Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (2007, September)

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See detailFrequency Domain Integral Equations for Acoustic and Electromagnetic Scattering Problems
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg; Reitich, F.; Turc, C.

in Proceedings of the Workshop on High-order methods for computational wave propagation and scattering (2007, September)

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See detailFeasibility study of the diluted combustion in a semi-industrial boiler at low temperatures
Seggio, Giovanni; Ngendakumana, Philippe ULg; Pesenti, Barbara et al

Conference (2007, September)

The aim of this work is to assess the technical feasibility and highlight the specific problem of application of diluted (or mild) combustion in a medium scale boiler by direct gas injection. The main ... [more ▼]

The aim of this work is to assess the technical feasibility and highlight the specific problem of application of diluted (or mild) combustion in a medium scale boiler by direct gas injection. The main difficulty is due to the high geometrical confinement and heat losses of a typical boiler combustion chamber, which prevents from getting the minimum level of reactants dilution and temperature needed to reach mild combustion regime. Last year, a preliminary CFD study was performed to select a jet burner and secondary gas injector able to generate sufficient dilution and temperature of the air and gas jets before they meet in the combustion chamber of the boiler. In this work, the optimization of the position and the diameter of the gas injector has been performed. Finally, the boundary conditions and the parameters of the combustion model have been investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailL’entreprise à l’envers comme nouvel outil de restructuration : la GRH face à ses paradoxes
Deflandre, Dimitri; Xhauflair, Virginie ULg

Conference (2007, September)

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See detailDiffusion-based models for predicting sound fields in rooms with mixed specular and diffuse reflection
Foy, Cédric; Billon, Alexis ULg; Valeau, Vincent et al

Conference (2007, September)

A diffusion model, based on the numerical solution of a diffusion equation, was developed in the past to give accurate predictions of the sound-pressure level and of the sound decay at any location in a ... [more ▼]

A diffusion model, based on the numerical solution of a diffusion equation, was developed in the past to give accurate predictions of the sound-pressure level and of the sound decay at any location in a single enclosure or in coupled rooms. However, this model is limited to rooms with diffusely reflecting walls. In this study, two methods are presented to extend this model to rooms with mixed specular and diffuse reflections, defined by the classical room-acoustics scattering coefficient. The first method models the reverberant field by using a modified diffusion process, with an empirical diffusion constant departing from the theoretical one based on the mean free path. The set of these coefficients, which depend on the scattering coefficient, has been found empirically to fit the results given by a ray-tracing program. The second method is a hybrid approach. The reverberant sound field due to the diffuse reflections is first obtained with the original diffusion model. Then the sound field due to the specular reflections is modelled with an image-source model. The results given by the two approaches are compared to experimental data obtained for several types of rooms (a classroom, an office and some long rooms). [less ▲]

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See detailFabrication of lab-on-chip devices from fluoropolymers
Taberham, A; Kraft, Michael ULg; Mowlem, M et al

in Proceedings of "MME 2007 Conference : Portugal - Septembre 2007" (2007, September)

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See detailInfluence of physico-chemical characteristics of limestone fillers on fresch and hardened mortar performances
Michel, Frédéric ULg; Piérard, Julie; Courard, Luc ULg et al

in De Schutter, G.; Boel, V. (Eds.) Self-Compacting Concrete SCC 2007 (2007, September)

In order to meet the specific requirements for fresh Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC), i.e. a high workability together with a good resistance to segregation, the amount of coarse aggregates has to be ... [more ▼]

In order to meet the specific requirements for fresh Self-Compacting Concrete (SCC), i.e. a high workability together with a good resistance to segregation, the amount of coarse aggregates has to be reduced and replaced by fine material. Since cement is quite expensive and can develop a high heat of hydration with possible problems for thermal cracks in massive concrete, mineral fillers are usually used. In Belgium, local available materials are limestone fillers; they are very well-adapted for the optimisation of particle packing and flow behaviour of cementitious paste in SCC mixes. These by-products are issued from different sectors, such as the aggregate and lime production industry (quarrying operations) and the ornamental stones industry (sawing operations). The suitability of these fillers for use in SCC or conventional concrete production was investigated. This paper reports the effect of the nature and the substitution rate of the fillers on the properties of mortars. Some relationship between the physico-chemical properties of the fillers and the properties of mortars were brought forward. [less ▲]

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See detailThe business failure process : towards an integrative model of the literature
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

Conference (2007, September)

Considering the fragmented literature dedicated to business failure prevention and considering the need for a unifying conceptual framework on how and why companies fail, the aim of this paper is to ... [more ▼]

Considering the fragmented literature dedicated to business failure prevention and considering the need for a unifying conceptual framework on how and why companies fail, the aim of this paper is to gather the findings from the multiple studies focused on the identification of failure factors and of failure paths, in order to propose a unifying model showing the chronological combination of the diverse factors leading a company to bankruptcy. An in-depth analysis of the existing literature and of its limitations leads us to the elaboration of an original integrative model on how and why companies fail. It is founded on a resource-based view of the firm (Wernerfelt, 1984) and it represents the different general phases through which a company goes by in its evolution towards its juridical failure. Moreover it emphasizes the fact that all companies do not necessarily follow the same paths before they disappear (Argenti, 1976). [less ▲]

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See detail. Study of neuronal cells preconditioning by ESR.
Guelluy, Pierre-Henri ULg; Deby-Dupont; Hoebeke, Maryse ULg

Poster (2007, September)

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See detailCondizioni per una tipologia dei discorsi universitari
Defays, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference (2007, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 14 (1 ULg)
See detailAn atypical cell during development of the auditory organ : the inner pillar cell
Thelen, Nicolas ULg; Malgrange, Brigitte ULg; Thiry, Marc ULg

Poster (2007, September)

Although the structure of the auditory organ in mature mammals, the organ of Corti, is clearly established, its development is far to be elucidated. Using cytochemical and immunohistochemical methods at ... [more ▼]

Although the structure of the auditory organ in mature mammals, the organ of Corti, is clearly established, its development is far to be elucidated. Using cytochemical and immunohistochemical methods at the light and electron microscope levels, we examined its spatiotemporal development in rats from embryonic day 16 (E16) to E19. <br />At E16, whatever the region of the cochlear studied (base, middle, apex), the organ of Corti is not present. We demonstrate that the organ of Corti develops from a non-proliferative cell zone that is located in the junctional region between the greater epithelial ridge and the lesser epithelial ridge of the cochlear duct and that is characterized by the presence of numerous microvilli. Using the periodic acid-thiocarbohydrazide-silver proteinate method, we reveal that the first cells to develop in this zone are the inner pillar cells, a particular type of nonsensory supporting cells; they arise in the base of the cochlear duct at the boundary between the two ridges at E16. The cell differentiation in this prosensory region continues according to a base-to-apex gradient, the inner hair cells appear in the greater epithelial ridge at E17 and the outer hair cells in the lesser epithelial ridge at E18. At E19, all the different cell types of the organ of Corti are well in place. We also show that the development of the inner pillar cells within the prosensory region does not involve Notch1 signaling. These results highlight the central role that cells could play the inner pillar in the organ of Corti development. [less ▲]

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See detailUndertreatment with anti-osteoporotic drugs after hip fracture
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Fabri, Valérie; Mertens, Raf et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2007, September), 56(number 9 (suppl.)), 614

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See detailImproved blood pressure control with lumiracoxib compared with ibuprofen: a randomized trial in osteoarthritis patients with controlled hypertension
MacDonald, Thomas M; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Littlejohn, Thomas W et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2007, September), 56(number 9 (suppl.)), 659

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See detailEffect of ruminal degradable ,itrogen defocit on nitrogen metabolismingrowing double muscled Belgian Blue bulls fed beet pulp silage based diet
Valkeners, Damien; Beckers, Yves ULg; Lindebrings, Aurore et al

Poster (2007, September)

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See detailLa Flexicurité revisitée à l’aune des pratiques effectives
Xhauflair, Virginie ULg; Pichault, François ULg

Conference (2007, September)

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See detailPsychobiological correlates of communication skills use and learning: Preliminary results
Merckaert, I.; Libert, Y.; Bragard, Isabelle ULg et al

in Psycho-oncology (2007, September)

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See detailPolicy, lived experience and research on career-long professional preparation for PE teachers in Wallonia
Cloes, Marc ULg

Conference (2007, September)

This presentaiton was focused on three major questions: A brief description of the landscape of the PETPD in Wallonia including details about the regulations; Illustration of activities proposed in this ... [more ▼]

This presentaiton was focused on three major questions: A brief description of the landscape of the PETPD in Wallonia including details about the regulations; Illustration of activities proposed in this region, and; Summarizing of some research results [less ▲]

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See detailRemagnetization of bulk high-temperature superconductors subjected to crossed and rotating magnetic fields
Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg; Hong, Z.; Coombs, T. A. et al

in Superconductor Science and Technology (2007, September), 20(9 Sp. Iss. SI), 174-183

Bulk melt-processed Y-Ba-Cu-O (YBCO) has significant potential for a variety of high-field permanent-magnet-like applications, such as the rotor of a brushless motor. When used in rotating devices of this ... [more ▼]

Bulk melt-processed Y-Ba-Cu-O (YBCO) has significant potential for a variety of high-field permanent-magnet-like applications, such as the rotor of a brushless motor. When used in rotating devices of this kind, however, the YBCO can be subjected to both transient and alternating magnetic fields that are not parallel to the direction of magnetization and which have a detrimental effect on the trapped field. These effects may lead to long-term decay of the magnetization of the bulk sample. In the present work, we analyze both experimentally and numerically the remagnetization process of a melt-processed YBCO single domain that has been partially demagnetized by a magnetic field applied orthogonal to the initial direction of trapped flux. Magnetic torque measurements are used as a tool to probe changes in the remanent magnetization during various sequences of applied field. The application of a small magnetic field between the transverse cycles parallel to the direction of original magnetization results in partial remagnetization of the sample. Rotating the applied field, however, is found to be much more efficient at remagnetizing the bulk material than applying a magnetizing field pulse of the same amplitude. The principal features of the experimental data can be reproduced qualitatively using a two-dimensional finite-element numerical model based on an E-J power law. Finally, the remagnetization process is shown to result from the complex modification of current distribution within the cross-section of the bulk sample. [less ▲]

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See detailA Grid-enabled Lattice-Boltzmann-based modelling system
Dethier, Gérard ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg; de Marneffe, Pierre-Arnoul ULg et al

in Wyrzykowski, Roman; Dongarra, Jack; Karczewski, Konrad (Eds.) et al Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics (2007, September)

Lattice-Boltzmann (LB) methods are a well-known technique in the context of computational fluid dynamics. By nature, they can eas- ily be parallelized but their adaptation to the Grid environment is not ... [more ▼]

Lattice-Boltzmann (LB) methods are a well-known technique in the context of computational fluid dynamics. By nature, they can eas- ily be parallelized but their adaptation to the Grid environment is not trivial due to hardware heterogeneity (CPU, memory. . . ) in a Grid. A load balancing method to dynamically handle the differences in terms of CPU number and power among the machines of a Grid is presented. The CPU power is dynamically estimated using a benchmark. An estimation method of execution time is also given. [less ▲]

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See detailLes fractures all ceram
MAINJOT, Amélie ULg; Nacar, M

Conference (2007, September)

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See detailEfficient and Resilient Overlay Topologies over Ad Hoc Networks
Calomme, Sandrine; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2007, September), 4725

We discuss what kind of overlay topology should be pro-actively built before an overlay routing protocol enters a route search process on top of it. The basic overlay structures we study are the K-Nearest ... [more ▼]

We discuss what kind of overlay topology should be pro-actively built before an overlay routing protocol enters a route search process on top of it. The basic overlay structures we study are the K-Nearest Neighbours overlay topologies, connecting every overlay node to its K nearest peers. We introduce a family of optimizations, based on a pruning rule. As flooding is a key component of many route discovery mechanisms in MANETs, our performance study focusses on the delivery percentage, bandwidth consumption and time duration of flooding on the overlay. We also consider the overlay path stretch and the overlay nodes degree as respective indicators for the data transfer transmission time and overlay resilience. We finally recommend to optimize the K-Nearest Neighbours overlay topologies with the most selective pruning rule and, if necessary, to set a minimal bound on the overlay node degree for improving resilience. [less ▲]

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See detailThe hematopoiesis-supporting activity of mesenchymal stem cells increases with the number of passages
Briquet, Alexandra ULg; Beguin, Yves ULg; Gothot, André ULg

in Experimental Hematology (2007, September), 35(9, Suppl. 2), 125-125

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See detailMathematical modelling of TNF- induced anti-apoptotic signalling pathways in mammalian cells based on dynamic and quantitative experiments
Schliemann, Monica ULg; Eißing, Thomas; Scheurich, Peter et al

in Proc. 2nd Foundations of Systems Biology in Engineering FOSBE 2007 (2007, September)

2nd Foundations of Systems Biology in Engineering FOSBE 2007

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See detailModel Extension Facilitates Parameter Estimation for Kinetic Reaction Networks
Fey, Dirk; Bullinger, Eric ULg

Poster (2007, September)

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See detailMeasurement of the magnetic flux threading holes of drilled superconductors
Lousberg, Grégory ULg

Poster (2007, September)

Article associé : Measurement of the magnetic field inside the holes of a drilled bulk high-Tc superconductor

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See detailCompatibility performance as a fundamental requirement for the repair of concrete structures with Self-Compacting Repair Mortars
Courard, Luc ULg; Bissonnette, Benoît

in De Schutter, Geert; Boel, V. (Eds.) Self Compacting Concrete SCC2007 (2007, September)

Durable adhesion of repair material on concrete substrate requires compatibility between the materials to be bonded. There are four main compatibility components to be addressed in any concrete repair ... [more ▼]

Durable adhesion of repair material on concrete substrate requires compatibility between the materials to be bonded. There are four main compatibility components to be addressed in any concrete repair scenario: dimensional, permeability, chemical and electrochemical compatibility. Among those, dimensional compatibility is often prevalent: while a cement-base repair material inevitably undergoes shrinkage, the substrate opposes to its free movement, a situation that can lead to cracking and, subsequently, promote debonding. Besides, an essential requirement for bond development is the creation of the interface itself: the intimate contact between the repair system and concrete substrate is required in order to maximize adhesion. Adequate compaction of the new layer is consequently one of the main parameters that will govern the quality of the bond: sufficient vibration or specific rheological properties for the repair material are needed. Self-Compacting Repair Mortar (SCRM) can be advantageously used in many repair situations. Limestone fillers seem to offer interesting advantages as addition to these repair materials as they increase the workability of the final product. Several materials have been tested and characterised by means of a physical, chemical and mechanical characterization test program: specific attention has been given to water demand and superplasticizer efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of poor adherence to bisphosphonates therapy on hip fracture risk in osteoporotic women
Rabenda, Véronique ULg; Fabri, Véronique; Mertens, Raf et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2007, September), 56(number 9 (suppl.)), 271

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See detailPollutant Cycling and Removal Processes within a subsurface Flow Constructed Wetland.
Fonder, N.; Xanthoulis, Dimitri ULg

in Wetland Pollutant Dynamics and Control. (2007, September)

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See detailAeroacoustics coupling of a misaligned jet-slot-oscillator with non-planar modes of a resonator
Glesser, Martin; Billon, Alexis ULg; Valeau, Vincent et al

Conference (2007, September)

The impingement of a plane jet on a slotted plate produces a “jet-slot oscillator” emitting acoustic tones. The coupling of such tones with high-order acoustic resonances of the flow-supply duct (i.e ... [more ▼]

The impingement of a plane jet on a slotted plate produces a “jet-slot oscillator” emitting acoustic tones. The coupling of such tones with high-order acoustic resonances of the flow-supply duct (i.e., above the first transverse mode cut-off frequency) is studied experimentally , in the particular case where the jet-exit and the obstacle are misaligned in the spanwise direction. An experimental set-up based on microphones and hot-wire probes is used to investigate the effect of the slot angle on the sound production mechanism. The aligned jet-slot oscillator is first studied, showing that the parallelism between the jet exit and the slot imposes the excitation of planar modes of the resonator only. Conversely, the misaligned jet-slot oscillator appears to be coupled with a combination of planar and transverse modes. The induced spanwise variation of the acoustic field phase has two consequences. First, it compensates the difference of vortices convection time in the spanwise direction, due to the obstacle misalignment. Second, it enhances the spanwise coherence of the aeroacoustic source produced by the jet-slot interaction: the vortex-tubes are shed in an oblique direction which tends to be parallel to the obstacle. [less ▲]

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See detailDetection of micro-RNA/gene interactions involved in angiogenesis using machine learning techniques
Huynh-Thu, Vân Anh ULg; Hiard, Samuel ULg; Geurts, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2007, September)

Motivation: Angiogenesis is the process responsible for the growth of new blood vessels from existing ones. It is also associated with the development of cancer, as tumors need to be irrigated by blood ... [more ▼]

Motivation: Angiogenesis is the process responsible for the growth of new blood vessels from existing ones. It is also associated with the development of cancer, as tumors need to be irrigated by blood vessels for growing. New cancer therapies appear that exploit angiogenesis inhibitors, also called angiostatic agents, to asphyxiate and starve the tumors. Better understanding the regulatory mechanisms that control angiogenesis is thus fundamental. Recently, short non-coding RNA molecules, called micro-RNAs, have been discovered that are involved in post- transcriptional regulation of gene expressions. These molecules bind to RNA messengers following the base pairing rules, preventing them from being translated into proteins and/or tagging them for degradation. The main goal of this work is to use computational approaches to identify micro-RNAs involved in angiogenesis. Method: In order to identify genes involved in angiogenesis, bovine endothelial cells were treated by a known angiogenesis inhibitor [1], prolactin 16K, and their gene expression profile was compared to the profile of untreated cells. The genes were then divided into three classes: up-regulated, down-regulated, and unaffected genes. The 3'UTR regions of these genes were then analysed by machine learning techniques. Different approaches were considered. First, we described each gene by a vector of motif counts in their 3'UTR regions and used machine learning techniques to rank the motifs according to their relevance for separating the genes into the different classes. We considered successively motifs corresponding to the seeds of known micro- RNAs and also all possible motifs of a given length. To rank the motifs, we compared ensemble of decision trees and linear support vector machines. Second, we considered an approach called Segment and Combine that was proposed in [2]. Finally, we also carried out an exhaustive search of all motifs of a given length that satisfy some constraints on specificity and coverage with respect to a given gene category. Results: The ability of the different approaches at identifying relevant motifs was first assessed on genes predicted to be the target of some known miRNAs. In this simple setting, most methods were able to identify the micro-RNA seed. The results obtained on the genes regulated by prolactin 16K are also very encouraging. We were able to identify one micro-RNA already known to play a role in angiogenesis and several motifs are predicted by different approaches as very specific of up- or down-regulation by prolactin 16K. Their relationship with known micro-RNAs is certainly worth exploring. Conclusion: Machine learning approaches are promising techniques for the identification of micro-RNA/gene interactions. Future work will concern the application of the same kind of techniques on promoters for the identification of transcription factor binding sites. [less ▲]

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See detailCoupling Principle Component Analysis and Kalman Filtering Algorithms for On-Line Aircraft Engine Diagnostics
Borguet, Sébastien ULg; Léonard, Olivier ULg

in Proceedings of the 18th ISABE Conference (2007, September)

Engine health monitoring has been an area of intensive research for more than three decades. Numerous methods have been developed with the goal of determining a faithful picture of the engine condition ... [more ▼]

Engine health monitoring has been an area of intensive research for more than three decades. Numerous methods have been developed with the goal of determining a faithful picture of the engine condition. It becomes largely admitted that a practical implementation of a monitoring tool will rely on an adequate fusion of some techniques. In this framework, the present contribution proposes an original approach for coupling two diagnosis tools in order to enhance the capability of an engine health monitoring system. One tool is based on a Principal Component Analysis scheme and the other one on a Kalman filter technique. The three methodologies are compared and the benefit of the fused tool is demonstrated on simulated fault cases which can be expected on a current turbofan layout. [less ▲]

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See detailCO emissions of fuel oil boilers in transient and cyclic regimes: performance of burners without and with “antidrip” systems
Makaire, Danielle ULg; Ngendakumana, Philippe ULg

Conference (2007, September)

CO emission peaks from fuel oil boilers in transient and cyclic regimes have been measured in previous studies. In order to evaluate these emissions, tests have been performed without and with an anti ... [more ▼]

CO emission peaks from fuel oil boilers in transient and cyclic regimes have been measured in previous studies. In order to evaluate these emissions, tests have been performed without and with an anti-drip system installed on the burner nozzle. Flue gas composition was measured using classical analysers (CO2, O2, CO and NOx) and CO emissions results were analysed and discussed. It was found that the anti-drip system reduced cold start CO emissions and did not affect steady-state CO emissions. At first, no reduction was noticed when the burner was cycling. Further investigation indicated that there was an experimental artefact caused by an air volume trapped in the pressure measurement system. When the air was purged and with the anti-drip system, CO peaks when the burner was cycling were strongly reduced and CO emissions remained under European standards limits. [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of strontium ranelate on radiographic spinal osteoarthritis progression
Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Delferriere, Danielle; Roux, Christian et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2007, September), 56(number 9 (suppl.)), 315

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See detailObservation of wall effects in activated carbon filters by x-ray µCT
Léonard, Angélique ULg; Wullens, Hilda; Blacher, Silvia ULg et al

in Mc Cann, H.; Johansen, G. A. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 5th World Congress on Industrial Process Tomography, Bergen, Norway, September 6-9, 2007 (2007, September)

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See detailA Quasi-One Dimensiona Model for Axial Turbines
Adam, Olivier; Léonard, Olivier ULg

in Proceedings of the 18th ISABE Conference (2007, September)

An axial turbine model is presented that is intended to predict its aerodynamic performance based only on the turbine geometry and thermodynamic environment. The model is an extension of an existing quasi ... [more ▼]

An axial turbine model is presented that is intended to predict its aerodynamic performance based only on the turbine geometry and thermodynamic environment. The model is an extension of an existing quasi-1D compressor representation. The simulation tool is able to compute the flow through a whole multistage turbine, with detail at the blade row level. It relies upon a quasi-one dimensional Euler system of equations, expressed here in curvilinear coordinates, and resulting from the application of mass, momentum and energy conservation principles in finite-volume formalism. The source terms expressing the interactions between the flow, the blades and the flowpath are determined using the velocity triangles for each blade row, at mid-span. The solver performs an elaborate implicit time-marching resolution of the equations. The enthalpy loss coefficients as well as the blade outlet flow angles are evaluated through open literature correlations. An efficient representation of the Craig-Cox loss coefficients and the Ainley-Mathieson outlet flow angle correlation brings the necessary empirical information for the velocity triangle computations. The computer code was validated against a high pressure turbine test case featuring multiple cooling flows. The results show the good capabilities of the turbine model using only standard correlations. The computed efficiency also shows the need to model the cooling losses. The low speed, low expansion rate results may finally indicate that the code accuracy would benefit from a correlation parametric identification such as the one led in the compressor case. [less ▲]

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See detailModel Extension Facilitates Parameter Estimation for Kinetic Reaction Networks
Fey, Dirk; Bullinger, Eric ULg

Poster (2007, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 2 (0 ULg)
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See detailImpact of the da Vinci robotic system on the learning of surgical skills: Implication and limits for training and safety
Blavier, Adelaïde ULg; Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

in Troccaz, J; Merloz, P (Eds.) Computer-aided medical interventions: Tools and applications (2007, September)

Detailed reference viewed: 7 (0 ULg)