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See detailInside-out transobturator vaginal tape (TVT-O): Short-term results of a prospective study
Waltregny, David ULg; Reul, Olivier ULg; Bonnet, Pierre ULg et al

in International Urogynecology Journal & Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (2004)

Hypothesis / aims of study The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of the TVT-O inside-out procedure for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Study design ... [more ▼]

Hypothesis / aims of study The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of the TVT-O inside-out procedure for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Study design, materials and methods From March 2003 through September 2003, 53 patients with clinical evidence of SUI participated in this prospective clinical trial. Preoperative evaluation included complete history, physical examination, multichannel urodynamics, urine analysis, and cystoscopy. None of the patients presented the following exclusion criteria: post-void residual volume (PVR) ≥ 100 cc, detrusor overactivity or acontractility, contraindication to anesthesia, pregnancy, neurological pathology, or active urinary or vaginal infection. All patients met the following inclusion criteria: age > 25 and < 85 years, clinically demonstrated SUI, positive Ulmsten test, and maximum cystometric capacity ≥ 300 mL. In all patients, a sub-urethral tape (Gynecare®) was inserted by one single surgeon via an inside-out transobturator approach (TVT-O), as previously described (1). Evaluation of SUI, urgency/urge incontinence, daytime urinary frequency/nocturia, and lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction/retention was carried out using the Measurement of Urinary Handicap scale questionnaire (2). The importance of urinary incontinence was assessed with a visual analog scale graded from 0 to 10. Quality of life (QoL) assessment was performed using the validated Ditrovie self-administered questionnaire. Outpatient follow-up was perfomed at 1 and 6 months, and every 6 months thereafter. Follow-up evaluation included physical examination with a stress test, uroflowmetry, PVR, and symptom, visual analog, and QoL scales scoring. Cure was defined as no leakage based on both symptom scale scoring and physical examination. Improvement was defined as at least a 50% decrease in symptoms based on the questionnaire’s evaluation. Chart review was conducted by a physician not associated with the surgical procedure. The specific protocol used in this study was approved by the Medical Ethics committee of our Institution. All patients had given their written informed consent. Methods, defintions,and units conform to the standards recommended by the ICS. Results Mean age of the patients was 61.2 years (36 to 80). Of the 53 patients, 20 had undergone previous pelvic surgery. Forty-eight patients suffered from SUI. Five patients did not complain of SUI but had clinical evidence of SUI after reduction of pelvic organ prolapse (POP) during vaginal examination. The TVT-O procedure was associated with POP cure (performed before TVT-O) in 12 patients. Maximal urethral closure pressure was < 30 cm H20 in 6 patients. Follow-up time was ≥ 6 months in all women (max = 12.5; mean = 8). A total of 33 and 20 women received spinal and general anesthesia, respectively. Intraoperative blood loss was < 100 cc in all cases. No vaginal wall, urethral, or bladder perforation was encountered. No hematoma, neurological complication, fistula, vaginal or urethral erosion, or tape rejection was observed. Some patients reported pain symptoms, directly after the procedure, mainly located in the thigh regions (either uni- or bilaterally). Pain was always mild, never requiring opioid antalgics. No patient complained of persistent pain; indeed, pain had completely vanished within the first post-operative month in all cases. At the latest follow-up visit, PVR was < 100 cc and max flow rate was ≥ 10 mL/sec in 49 (92.4%) and 39 (73.6%) patients, respectively. One patient underwent an immediate tape release procedure for complete retention 2 days after TVT-O. Thereafter, the patient had no PVR and was completely dry. The tape was sectioned in 2 patients for chronic retention and/or urgency associated with bladder outlet obstruction, 4 and 7 months after the operation. Based on the SUI questionnaire evaluation and physical examination, 50 (94.3%) patients were cured. SUI symptoms had improved in 1 patient and had not changed in another. One patient with POP not complaining of SUI preoperatively (but with clinically demonstrated SUI following POP reduction) developed SUI after POP cure associated with TVT-O. Analysis of the urgency questionnaire’s results revealed that among the 53 patients, 32 did not complain of any urgency before the operation. Of these 32 patients, 3 patients developed de novo urgency, with one of them requiring tape sectioning because of obstruction-associated urge incontinence. Among the 21 patients with preoperative urge symptoms, 15 of them reported disappearance of urgency after the procedure. Urge symptoms were unchanged in the remaining 6 patients. Daytime frequency/nocturia symptoms scale scoring showed that 4 patients had a worsening of these symptoms while all other patients were either improved or unchanged. LUTS suggestive of bladder outlet obstruction/retention appeared or worsened in 3 patients, amongst which the 2 patients who required tape sectioning. These symptoms were unchanged or decreased (mainly in patients with associated POP cure) in all other patients. Analysis of the urinary incontinence visual analog and QoL scale scores demonstrated that the majority of patients reported disappearance of urinary leakage together with significant improvement of their QoL (Figures 1 and 2). Interpretation of results As already suggested by the results of a recent feasibility study (1), TVT-O appears to be associated with a minimal risk of peri-operative complications. Indeed, in our present prospective study, no injury to the bladder, vagina, or urethra was encountered and we have not observed any vascular, digestive or neurological complication. Our data suggest that TVT-O is associated with high objective and subjective SUI cure rates and a low incidence of post-operative complications. Longer follow-up times are required to determine the long-term efficacy of TVT-O. Concluding message The short term results of this prospective study suggest that TVT-O is a safe and efficient surgical procedure for the treatment of female SUI. References 1. Novel surgical technique for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: Transobturator vaginal tape inside-out. Eur Urol 44:724-730, 2003 2. Elaboration and validation of a specific quality of life questionnaire for urination urgency in women. Prog Urol 7:56-63, 1997 [less ▲]

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See detailPlacement of Piezoelectric Laminate Actuator for Active Structural Acoustic Control
Brasseur, Maud; De Boe, Pascal; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailAvaliação Nutricional da Rotulagem Nutricional Obrigatória Utilizada em Salsichas Normais e Light
Didimo Imazaki, Pedro Henrique ULg; Mano, Sérgio; Mônica, Freitas et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailEffect of GnRH day 12 after artificial insemination on pregnancy rate in the cow
Szenci, O.; Perényi, Z.; Karen, A. et al

in Proceedings: 23rd World Buiatrics Congress, Québec, Canada (2004)

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See detail18F-tyrosine PET in Neurooncology : an alternative to 11C-methionine.
KASCHTEN; LEMAIRE, C.; LUXEN, A. et al

in Journal of Nuclear Medicine (The) (2004), 45(SUPPL), 264

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See detailUse of heterologous and homologous radioimmunoassay (RIA) for ovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein (ovPAG) determination to detect pregnancy in sheep
Vandaele, L.; Verberckmoes, S.; De Cat, S. et al

in Reproduction (Cambridge, England). Abstract Series (2004), 31

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See detailConception et évaluation d’un cours en ligne destiné à améliorer les compétences de futurs enseignants en Education physique à l’analyse de tâche. Des savoirs techniques aux compétences pédagogiques.
Delfosse, Catherine ULg; Lenzen, Benoît; Cloes, Marc ULg

in Herphelin, M. (Ed.) Actes du 3ème Congrès des Chercheurs en Education. (Re)trouver le plaisir d'enseigner et d'apprendre. Construire savoirs et compétences (2004)

Ce cours utilise la plate-forme d’enseignement à distance WebCT et est accessible aux étudiants via Internet. Il s’adresse en priorité aux étudiants de 2ème candidature en éducation physique de ... [more ▼]

Ce cours utilise la plate-forme d’enseignement à distance WebCT et est accessible aux étudiants via Internet. Il s’adresse en priorité aux étudiants de 2ème candidature en éducation physique de l’Université de Liège mais pourrait être utilement proposé aux enseignants en formation continuée voire aux entraîneurs. Ce cours a été conçu dans le cadre du DES Formasup en Pédagogie Universitaire de l’Université de Liège, orientation EAD (enseignement à distance) par Benoît Lenzen, Assistant au Département des APS, en collaboration avec le LabSET (Laboratoire de Soutien à l’Enseignement Télématique). Ce travail constitue la première étape d’une réflexion plus large entamée sur la liaison entre apprentissage théorique et travail de terrain. [less ▲]

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See detailTowards (perceived) latency minimisation in audio-conferencing systems over application-level multicast
Blundell, N.; Mathy, Laurent ULg

in Systems, Man and Cybernetics, 2004 IEEE International Conference on (2004)

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See detailStudy of surfactin penetration into lipid monolayers by using AFM
Eeman, Marc; Berquand, Alexandre; Dufrêne, Yves et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailNovel markers reveal focal abnormalities of smooth muscles in human gastrointestinal motility disorders
Wedel, Theo; van Eys, G.; Waltregny, David ULg et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailThermomechanical Modeling at finite strains : updated EAS and SRI finite element formalisms
ADAM, L.; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg

in Proceedings of PACAM VIII, eigth Pan American Congress of Applied Mechanics (2004)

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See detailLa déacétylase d’histones HDAC8 est un nouveau marqueur de différenciation des cellules musculaires lisses
Glénisson, Wendy; de Leval, Laurence ULg; Tran, Syv Li et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailL'assurance contre la perte de revenus en Région wallonne
Paris, Catherine ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale (Ed.) Actualité législative en droit immobilier (2004)

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See detail« Questions choisies de droit des biens : servitudes et mitoyenneté »,
Lecocq, Pascale ULg; Boufflette, Sophie ULg; Vandeweerd, Nathalie

in Chronique de droit à l'usage des juges de paix et de police 2004 (2004)

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See detailOptimal location of inter-modal terminals
Jourquin, Bart; Limbourg, Sabine ULg

Conference (2004)

The known methods to solve the problem of the optimal location of inter-modal terminals are “node” based, in the sense that they use the locations of the demands and the supplies as main input. The basic ... [more ▼]

The known methods to solve the problem of the optimal location of inter-modal terminals are “node” based, in the sense that they use the locations of the demands and the supplies as main input. The basic idea of this new research is to use the flows between these origins and destinations as additional input. [less ▲]

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See detailLlandovery biostratigraphy of the Paraná Basin, East Paraguay
Mendlowicz Mauller, P.; Pereira, E.; Grahn, Y. et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailEvaluation of immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a Microsporum canis metalloprotease subunit vaccine in guinea pigs
Vermout, S.; Brouta, F.; Descamps, F. et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailUtilisation du cycle SMART de gestion qualité des évaluations standardisées dans le contexte d'une Haute Ecole: regard critique en termes de validité, fidélité, sensibilité des mesures, diagnosticité, praticabilité, équité et communicabilité
Gilles, Jean-Luc ULg; Lovinfosse, Vinciane

in Arzola Medina, Sergio (Ed.) XIV congreso mundial de ciencias de la educacion : educatores para una nueva cultura (2004)

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See detailVers une interface multimodale pour une assistance à la conception architecturale
Leclercq, Pierre ULg; Martin, G.; Deshayes, C. et al

in ACM Press (Ed.) Proceedings de la 16eme conférence francophone sur l'Interaction Homme-Machine IHM'04 (2004)

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See detailUse of mapped SSR markers to assist the selection of low-gossypol seeds and high-gossypol plant cultivars in upland cotton
Benbouza, H.; Lacape, M.; Jacquemin, J. M. et al

in Proceedings of the 2004 International cotton initiative workshop (2004)

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See detailNutrient fluxes in three pure forest stands (Fagus sylvatica, Quercus petraea and Picea abies) on acid soils in the Haute Ardenne
Degrave, Frédéric; Carnol, Monique ULg

in Biodiversity: state, stakes and future; 7,8 & 9 April 2004, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, Symposium, Programme, Abstracts, Participants (2004)

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See detailMathematical modelling applied to caspase activation reveals a requirement for additional control
Eißing, T.; Conzelmann, H.; Gilles, E. D. et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailL’architecture comme représentation de la justice pénale
Tieleman, David ULg

in GAMBARDELLA, Carmine; MARTUSCIELLO, Sabina (Eds.) Le Vie deai Mercanti : rappresentazione come governo della modificazione (2004)

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See detailImpacts of elevated CO2 on net nitrification and on the community structure of ammonia oxidising bacteria
Malchair, Sandrine ULg; Carnol, Monique ULg

in Biodiversity: state, stakes and future; 7,8 & 9 April 2004, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium, Symposium, Programme, Abstracts, Participants (2004)

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See detailGlobal design of hydraulic structures optimised with physically based flow solvers on multiblock structured grids
Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on River Sedimentation (2004)

This paper presents the numerical studies lead by the Laboratory of Applied Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Constructions of the University of Liège (HACH) for the rehabilitation of the 21-meter high ... [more ▼]

This paper presents the numerical studies lead by the Laboratory of Applied Hydrodynamics and Hydraulic Constructions of the University of Liège (HACH) for the rehabilitation of the 21-meter high Nisramont dam in Belgium. After determination of the up-to-date 1000-year return flood using the hydrological runoff model WOLFHYDRO on the global 74,000 ha watershed real topography coupled with statistical analyzes, and after validation on the existing situation and for extreme observed events, the 2D finite volume multiblock flow solver WOLF2D has been applied to the design of the new stilling basin and to the bottom outlet rehabilitation impact study. The multiblock solver possibilities allow mesh refinement close to interesting areas, such as dam spillway and stilling pool, without leading to prohibitive CPU times, while suitable shallow water equations formulation allows the computation of the flows on the strongly vertically curved bottom of the spillway. In the described simulation, 270,000 structured finite volumes, from .25 to 1 meters long, are used to simulate as a whole the flows in the upstream reservoir, dam, spillway, stilling basin and downstream river, this on a real topography. [less ▲]

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See detailMetodologia documentaria e insegnamento a distanza (traduit du français par Massimo Borghese)
Pochet, Bernard ULg

in Lombello Soffiato, Donatella; Lo Brano, Ademario (Eds.) Inciampare nel problema. Il Processo di ricerca dell'informazione nella biblioteca scolastica multimediale (2004)

During this presentation, we will mainly describe the information literacy courses at the University of Gembloux in Belgium (FUSAGx) and its gradual transformation of from presential education to distance ... [more ▼]

During this presentation, we will mainly describe the information literacy courses at the University of Gembloux in Belgium (FUSAGx) and its gradual transformation of from presential education to distance learning. The process is far from over, but some lessons can already be drawn from this 3 years experience's. [less ▲]

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See detailMECHANICAL STRAIN MODULATES MONOCYTE CHEMOTACTIC PROTEIN-1 AND IL-1BETA EXPRESSION BY CULTURED HUMAN AORTIC SMOOTH MUSCLE CELLS
Defawe, Olivier; Colige, Alain ULg; Deroanne, Christophe ULg et al

in Cardiovascular Pathology (2004), 13(3 suppl), 189

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See detailDes socles de compétences à la mise en place d'une démarche expérimentale à l'école primaire : intervention en formation initiale des enseignants
Hindryckx, Marie-Noëlle ULg; Graftiau, Marie-Christine; Stegen, Pierre

in Actes du Troisième Congrès des chercheurs e, Education (Re)trouver le plaisir d'enseigner et d'apprendre ; construire savoirs et compétences (2004)

recherche action menée en collaboration entre deux services universitaires et la Haute Ecole Charlemagne de Liège autour de la formation initiale des enseignants du primaire en sciences. Interventions ... [more ▼]

recherche action menée en collaboration entre deux services universitaires et la Haute Ecole Charlemagne de Liège autour de la formation initiale des enseignants du primaire en sciences. Interventions dans le cadre des ateliers de formation professionnelle [less ▲]

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See detailApproche quantitative de la consommation alimentaire en Région wallonne
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Cordier, L.

in Rencontre Agriculture – Alimentation – Santé (2004)

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See detailTakeover Bid under Belgian Law
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Matray, Didier ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailShould the safety and ethical evaluation of GMOs be based on the process or on the product of the novel gene combination?
du Jardin, Patrick ULg

in du Jardin, Patrick (Ed.) Science, Ethics & Society - 5th Congress of the European Society for Agricultural and Food Ethics (2004)

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See detailWhither dynamic congestion management ?
Wehenkel, Louis ULg

(2004)

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See detailContribution to the development of a biological control method against crown rot banana disease
Lassois, Ludivine ULg; de Lapeyre de Bellaire, Luc; Jijakli, Haissam ULg et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailEffects of temperature on the chemistry of the echinoderm skeleton
Ranner, Herwig; Ladrière, Ophélie ULg; Navez, Jacques et al

Poster (2004)

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See detailRayleigh-Marangoni-Benard instability of a Ferrofluid Layer, in a Vertical Magnetic Field
Hennenberg, M.; Weyssow, B.; Slavtchev, S. et al

in 10th International Conference on Magnetic Fluids (2004)

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See detailGCxGC-TOFMS of chlorinated dioxins and furans in environmental samples
Cochran, Jack; Focant, Jean-François ULg; Sjödin, Andreas et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2004), 66

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See detailMarket dynamics driven by the decision-making of both power producers and transmission owners
Minoia, Anna; Ernst, Damien ULg; Ilic, Marija

in Proceedings of the IEEE Power Engineering Society General Meeting 2004 (2004)

In this paper we consider an electricity market in which not only the power producers but also the transmission owners can submit a bid. The market is cleared at each stage by minimizing the sum of the ... [more ▼]

In this paper we consider an electricity market in which not only the power producers but also the transmission owners can submit a bid. The market is cleared at each stage by minimizing the sum of the production prices and the transmission prices. A model of the strategic behavior is formulated for the different agents of the system. This strategic behavior modelling leads to a market dynamics that can be used to determine the different payoffs of the agents over a temporal horizon. Simulations are carried out for several configurations of this two node power system. The influence of the transfer capacity and the market structure on the payoffs of the different agents is discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailQuelle place l’enseignement a-t-il parmi les motivations et projets professionnels des étudiants en Education physique?
Cloes, Marc ULg; Renard, Jean-Pierre; Gérard, Philippe et al

in Herphelin, M. (Ed.) Actes du 3ème Congrès des Chercheurs en Education. (Re)trouver le plaisir d'enseigner et d'apprendre. Construire savoirs et compétences (2004)

Il est commun de considérer que les études en éducation physique conduisent exclusivement à une carrière dans l’enseignement. Toutefois, les recherches portant sur les aspirations professionnelles des ... [more ▼]

Il est commun de considérer que les études en éducation physique conduisent exclusivement à une carrière dans l’enseignement. Toutefois, les recherches portant sur les aspirations professionnelles des étudiants entrant dans ce type de formation sont relativement rares et il n’est pas possible actuellement de déterminer si tous les étudiants possèdent réellement cette vocation «pédagogique». En Communauté française de Belgique, la présence et le succès de 12 établissements de formation en éducation physique a incité le Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche scientifique à commander une étude portant sur les motivations des jeunes qui s’engagent dans cette orientation de formation. [less ▲]

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See detailSelenium enriched winter barley for fattening bulls : animal performance and plasma metabolites
Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; de Behr, Vanessa; Delobel, Agathe et al

in Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science (2004)

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See detailÉvolution du Gravettien au Moyen Danube
Otte, Marcel ULg; Noiret, Pierre ULg

in Svoboda, Jirí; Sedlácková, Lenka (Eds.) The Gravettian along the Danube (2004)

Radiometric dates, typology and sedimentology suggest an autochthonous origin for the Gravettian culture in the Middle Danube. Its complex development is marked by tool specialisation, a demographic ... [more ▼]

Radiometric dates, typology and sedimentology suggest an autochthonous origin for the Gravettian culture in the Middle Danube. Its complex development is marked by tool specialisation, a demographic increase and an apparent sedentism. Subsequently, this key region spread to the east or the west by autonomous migratory movements during each phase (Bayacian, Kostenkian). The form of religiosity that is finally associated with this culture constitutes the first artistic creation evidencing a matriarchal system. Through the artistic forms, this belief system is also modified through time and across space: it is characterised as well by recognisable artistic “styles”. The broad Gravettian entity, in its distribution and the finesse of its adaptation, was a product of continental Europe, for which it constitutes the origin of later cultures and populations. At the same time, its plastic expressions seem to result in an Aurignacian acculturation, and its anatomy a blend of Neandertals with incoming modern humans. Curiously, recent phases are limited to the eastern Danube Basin. The Pleniglacial B seems to have interrupted western contacts, where the Magdalenians would soon appear, until Moravia. From then on, Europe as a whole would no longer be unified. In consequence, new approaches to the study of the Danubian Gravettian should be oriented towards the eastern plains, Moldavia and The Crimea. [less ▲]

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See detailMyeloperoxydase concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage from healthy and heavy horses
Art, Tatiana ULg; Desmet, Christophe ULg; Lekeux, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings : 22nd Symposium of the Veterinary and Comparative Respiratory Society (2004)

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See detailThe use of total error to validate analytical method : examples of applications
Laurentie, M.; Manceau, J.; Dewé, Walthère ULg et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailFebrile convulsions: an update
Lagae, L.; Ceulemans, B.; Misson, Jean-Paul ULg

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2004)

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See detailUsing the Complete Nano Engineering Geological Spectrum to Assess the Performance of Clay Barriers
Schmitz, Robrecht; Schroeder, Christian ULg; Thorez, Jacques ULg et al

in Hack, Robert; Azzam, Rafig; Charlier, Robert (Eds.) Engineering Geology for Infrastructure Planning in Europe (2004)

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See detailLiving related liver transplantation in adults: First year experience at the University of Liege
DETRY, Olivier ULg; DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; DELWAIDE, Jean ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2004), 67

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See detailSolute contaminant transport in variably saturated dual-porosity/ dual permeability chalk: field tracer experiments and modelling
Brouyère, Serge ULg

in Aagaard, Per; Bedbur, Eckart; Bidoglio, Giovanni (Eds.) et al Saturated & unsaturated zone: integration of process knowledge into effective models - COST Action 629 Workshop (2004)

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See detailChronic mastitis-affected cows display lower lipoxin levels than acute mastitis-affected cows
Boutet, Philippe ULg; Bureau, Fabrice ULg; Degand, Guy ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2004), 447

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See detailOnce-monthly oral ibandronate a new bisphosphonate dosing concept
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Miller, P.; Delmas, P. et al

in Calcified Tissue International (2004), 74(S1), 85

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See detailLinks between producers and consumers in alternative food systems in France and Belgium : sustainable development made practical ?
Lamine, Claire; Stassart, Pierre M ULg

in Proceedings of Eursafe Congress 2004 (2004)

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See detailProspective randomised controlled study of use of intrapulmonary percussive ventilation with chest physiotherapy after cardiac surgery
Fraipont, V.; Kellens, Isabelle ULg; Weber, T. et al

in Critical Care (2004), 8(Suppl 1), 15

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See detailCanonical framework for describing suboptimum radar space-time adaptive processing (STAP) techniques
De Grève, Sébastien; Lapierre, Fabian D.; Verly, Jacques ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailUse of a short-acting bronchodilator prevents bronchoscopy-induced airflow limitation in cats
Kirschvink, N.; Leemans, J.; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in 8th Annual Meeting de la Société Française de Pharmacologie - Strasbourg - France - Avril 2004 (2004)

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See detailCase report : A suspicion of cortico-cerebral necrosis in a Belgian Blue herd after ingestion of moulded silage
Guyot, Hugues ULg; Sandersen, Charlotte ULg; Aliaoui, Hamani et al

Poster (2004)

After ingestion of moulded beet pulp silage, cases of cortico-cerebral necrosis (CCN) and mortalities have been observed in a Belgian Blue (BB) herd. Contamination with Paecilomyces spp., a mould that ... [more ▼]

After ingestion of moulded beet pulp silage, cases of cortico-cerebral necrosis (CCN) and mortalities have been observed in a Belgian Blue (BB) herd. Contamination with Paecilomyces spp., a mould that produces byssochlamic acid, malformins and patulin, has been proven. Among these toxins, patulin is known to have cancerogenic, immunosuppressive and tremorgenic effects, but also acts on the respiratory and digestive systems. Twenty-five days after progressive introduction of beet pulp silage into the ration of a dual purpose BB herd, most of the animals showed diminished appetite, salivation and decreased milk production. All 35 cows were reluctant to consume the beet pulp silage, but continued to eat grass silage voluntarily. Seven of them showed anorexia and nervous symptoms, like head pressing and blindness. Four animals died within 1 week after onset of neurological symptoms. No necropsy has been performed, since legislation does not allow post-mortem examination of the central nervous system in the field. The three survivors had been treated successfully with thiamine (10 mg/kg, IV, TID) and recovered completely within five days. After the beet pulp silage had been identified as causative agent, it had been removed from the animals’ ration and no more clinical case has been observed. Four weeks later, the same beet pulp silage has been reintroduced into the animals’ ration and provoked again diminished appetite, salivation and a decrease in milk production in most of the animals. Clinical signs were also suggesting lead poisoning but any contact with lead containing material could have been excluded. Silage was obviously moulded and analysis revealed the presence of 1.6 million CFU Paecilomyces spp./g of silage. Although no further investigation has been made to identify the mycotoxins, an intoxication with patulin has been suspected, since other mycotoxins produced by these species are less toxic. Although it has not been described that CCN can be induced by ingestion of Paecilomyces spp., it seems that there is a close relation between ingestion of Paecilomyces-contaminated silage and observed clinical signs in this herd. [less ▲]

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See detailNew analogues of the KATP channel opener cromakalim : synthesis and pharmacological evaluation on rat pancreatic B-cells and rat aorta rings
Sebille, S.; De Tullio, Pascal ULg; Antoine, M. H. et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2004)

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See detailMusiques et littérature africaines-américaines
Sacré, Robert ULg

in Demeuldre, Michel (Ed.) Sentiments Doux-amers dans les Musiques du Monde . Délectations Moroses dans les blues, fado,tango, flamenco, rebetiko, p'ansori,ghazal,... (2004)

La tradition orale, la culture populaire et les musiques vocales pratiquées dans leurs communautés sont très présentes dans l'oeuvre des écrivains africains-américains en général et par exemple, dans " A ... [more ▼]

La tradition orale, la culture populaire et les musiques vocales pratiquées dans leurs communautés sont très présentes dans l'oeuvre des écrivains africains-américains en général et par exemple, dans " A Lesson before Dying" de Ernest GAINES. [less ▲]

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See detailLes marchés à terme des produits agricoles
Burny, Philippe ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailMotivation et démotivation : les élèves ont la parole
Chenu, Florent ULg

in Actes du 3e congrès des chercheurs en éducation, Espace Flagey, Bruxelles, Mai 2004. (2004)

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See detailSubchondral bone osteoblasts induce phenotypic changes in human osteoarthritic chondrocytes
Sanchez, Christelle ULg; Deberg, Michelle ULg; Piccardi, Nathalie et al

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2004), 12(Suppl. B), 99-100

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See detailCharacterization of preferential activity on platelet thromboxane A2 receptors of BM-613, a new thromboxane A2 antagonist
Hanson, Julien ULg; Rolin, S.; De Leval, X. et al

in Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology (2004)

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See detailSet-up of a camera quality programme in six departments: the initial experience
Seret, Alain ULg

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging (2004), 31

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See detailValidation of quantitation methods
Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Dewé, Walthère ULg; Hubert, Philippe ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailGeochemical and Pb isotopic investigations in peat bogs from Southern Chile: Identification of particles supplies and possible paleoclimate record
De Vleeschouwer, F.; Ibanez, M.; Mattielli, N. et al

in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2004), 68(11), 478-478

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See detailLarge scale 2D numerical modelling of reservoirs sedimentation and flushing operations
Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 9th International Symposium on River Sedimentation (2004)

The quasi-3D flow solver WOLF has been developed at the University of Liege for almost a decade. It has been used to carry out the simulation of silting processes in large reservoirs and to predict the ... [more ▼]

The quasi-3D flow solver WOLF has been developed at the University of Liege for almost a decade. It has been used to carry out the simulation of silting processes in large reservoirs and to predict the efficiency of flushing operations. Besides briefly depicting the mathematical and numerical model, the present paper demonstrates its applicability on the case of a large hydropower project in India. The silting process of the reservoir has been simulated by means of the quasi-3D flow model with a quasi-steady approach. For simulating flushing events, both the topography changes and their interactions with the flow have been carefully handled in a strongly coupled approach. This narrow coupling has required the development of a suitable upwind numerical scheme. Results are presented with 2D- and 3D-views, completed by cross-sections and curves of the variation of key variables. The numerous observations based on those results lead to a global assessment of the silting mechanism and of the flushing efficiency. [less ▲]

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See detailAn unified extended thermodynamic description of diffusion, thermodiffusion, suspensions and porous media
Lebon, Georgy ULg; Desaive, Thomas ULg; Dauby, Pierre ULg

in Proceedings International Conference on thermal engineering theory and application, Beirut (Liban), 2004 (2004)

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See detailReprésentations des réseaux de mots associés
Lejeune, Christophe ULg

in Purnelle, Gérald; Fairon, Cédrick; Dister, Anne (Eds.) Le poids des mots (2004)

Networks of associated words are used in qualitative data analysis software such as Candide, Réseau-Lu T-Lab on one side and Prospéro on the other side. The precise algorithm of both Candide and Prospéro ... [more ▼]

Networks of associated words are used in qualitative data analysis software such as Candide, Réseau-Lu T-Lab on one side and Prospéro on the other side. The precise algorithm of both Candide and Prospéro is described. Strength and limits of such a feature are compared with the gain it provides to social scientists. The paper concludes on a procedure helping to judge the adequacy and accuracy of categories of analysis constructed by the researcher. [less ▲]

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See detailSelenium enriched grass silage and winter barely for growing bulls: feedstuff composition and animal performance
de Behr, V.; Cabaraux, Jean-François ULg; Delobel, A. et al

in Proceedings of the British Society of Animal Science (2004)

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See detailPresentation of clinical cases
Mignon, Bernard ULg

Conference (2004)

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See detailNovel surgical technique for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence: Transobturator vaginal tape inside-out
de Leval, Jean ULg; Bonnet, Pierre ULg; Reul, Olivier ULg et al

Poster (2004)

Introduction and Objective: To describe a new, simple surgical technique for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to evaluate its feasibility. Methods: We have developed a novel ... [more ▼]

Introduction and Objective: To describe a new, simple surgical technique for the treatment of female stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and to evaluate its feasibility. Methods: We have developed a novel surgical treatment of SUI, the transobturator inside-out tension-free urethral suspension, which uses specifically designed surgical tools: a pair of stainless steel helical passers, two plastic tubes with a pointed distal end and one guide. Using these instruments, a synthetic tape is passed from underneath the urethra, through the obturator foramens, towards the thighs, without entering the pelvic region at any time during the procedure. The tubes bear a lateral opening, which allows the insertion of the helical passer into its lumen. The proximal end of each tube is attached to a non-absorbable synthetic tape. The guide acts as a shoe-horn to ease the introduction of the tubes assembled onto the helical passers from the perineal space through the obturator foramen. After perforation of the obturator membrane, a rotational movement of the helical passer around the upper part of ischio-pubic ramus allows the exit of the pointed tip of the tube and, further, of the tape at the level of the thigh on either side. The tape is positioned without tension under the junction between mid and distal urethra. Results: The procedure was carried out in 210 consecutive patients (mean age = 62 years) using the same operative protocol in all case subjects, independently of the patient’s size and weight. Mean operative time was 14 min (range = 6 to 20) in case of isolated SUI treatment. No bladder or urethra injury and no vascular (hematoma or bleeding) or neurological complication were observed. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that our novel transobturator inside-out surgical technique for treating SUI is feasible, accurate, and quick. This technique avoids damage to the urethra and bladder and, therefore, makes cystoscopy not necessary. Further prospective studies are currently ongoing to determine the efficacy of our new surgical approach for treating SUI. [less ▲]

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See detailLuminal contact improves human small bowel preservation
DE ROOVER, Arnaud ULg; de Leval, Laurence ULg; GILMAIRE, Julie ULg et al

in Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica (2004), 67

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See detailCartografía de Minerales Evaporiticos Utilizando Imágenes Satelitales de los Salares de Sud Lipez (Bolivia)
Caceres, Fernando; Ali-Ammar, Hamid; Pirard, Eric ULg

in XVI Congreso Geologico Boliviano (2004)

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See detailSiF'04, Structures in Fire
Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg; Benichou; Kodur et al

in Franssen, Jean-Marc (Ed.) Proceedings of the Third International Workshop (2004)

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See detailPotentialisation de l'immunité naturelle du rat nouveau-né par les polyamines exogènes
Powroznik, Brigitte; Gharbi, Myriam ULg; Dandrifosse, Guy ULg et al

Conference (2004)

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See detailInsulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) in camels : revelation by western ligand blotting and partial purification of insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 (IGFBP3)
Hammadi, Mohamed; Colinet, Frédéric ULg; Khorchani, Touhami et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2004), 8(Special issue), 53

It's well known that Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) are important in somatotrope axis in mammals. They modulate bioactivity of Insulin-like growth factor-I/II. In this study, we ... [more ▼]

It's well known that Insulin-like growth factor binding proteins (IGFBPs) are important in somatotrope axis in mammals. They modulate bioactivity of Insulin-like growth factor-I/II. In this study, we identified IGFBPs in blood of camel by Western ligand blotting and we investigated a procedure to purify IGFBP-3 from this species. Three distinct bands are observed. By analogy to that known in mammals, they are identified as insulin-like growht factor binding-3 (IGFBP-3:40-46 kDa), insulin-like growth factor binding proteins-2 (IGFBP-2: 32 kDa) and insulin-like growth factor binding proteins-1 (IGFBP-1: 28 kDa). IGFBP-3 precipitates in 40-60% by ammonium sulfate saturation of serum. Acidification of 40-60% fraction at pH 3.0 is necessary to dissociate IGFBP-3 from tertiary complex (IGFBP-3, acid labile subunit and IGF-I/II). IGFBP-3 is partially purified by anionic ions exchange chromatography at pH 8.5. It forms a clear doublet band. [less ▲]

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See detailImportance de la consommation alimentaire pour le développement durable de la production agricole : dispositifs mis en place en Région wallonne
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Gervais, Jean-Philippe; Larue, Bruno; Rastoin, Jean-Louis (Eds.) et al Développement durable et globalisation dans l'agroalimentaire (2004)

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See detailMeasurement of progesterone concentration in plasma samples: comparison of three radioimmunoassay procedures
Legras, B.; Beckers, Jean-François ULg; Sulon, J.

in Reproduction (Cambridge, England). Abstract Series (2004), 31

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See detailDéveloppement de systèmes spatiaux d'aide à la décision en environnement: applications de l'Outil Geo-Environnemental d'Aide a la Décision (OGEAD) valorisant les données sols.
Engels, Patrick ULg; Bock, Laurent ULg; Hecq, P. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2004), 8(2),

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See detailStaff development and e-tutors training
Banks, Sheena; Denis, Brigitte ULg; Fors, Uno et al

in Banks, Sheena; Goodyear, Peter; Hodgson, Vivien (Eds.) et al Networked learning 2004 : a research based conference on networked learning in higher education and lifelong learning : proceedings of the fourth international conference, Lancaster (2004)

This paper considers the rationale for the training and staff development of e-tutors. We then examine how this is implemented in practice through the presentation of case studies from three European ... [more ▼]

This paper considers the rationale for the training and staff development of e-tutors. We then examine how this is implemented in practice through the presentation of case studies from three European universities. Finally we analyse the differences and similarities of these case studies to exemplify some principles for training models and guidelines for training of e-tutors. We conclude that although it is possible to identify these principles of good practice, there is great flexibility and diversity of methods and approaches in the training and staff development of e-tutors. [less ▲]

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See detailNumerical simulation of tissue differentiation around loaded implants in a bone chamber
Geris, Liesbet ULg; Vander Sloten, Jos

in In Proceedings of the Mini-Symposium Biomécanique de l'appareil locomoteur (2004)

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See detailEffects of glycopyrrolate inhalation on pulmonary function in heaves-affected horses in crisis
Art, Tatiana ULg; De Moffarts, Brieuc; Van Erck, Emmanuelle ULg et al

in Pflügers Archiv : European Journal of Physiology (2004), 447

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See detailCollective Retrieval hy Autonomous Rohots
Meyer, Patrick ULg

Conference (2004)

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