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See detailStrategic assessment of urban cultural heritage : the case of Old Town Square in Prague
Teller, Jacques ULg; Drdacky, T.

in European research on cultural heritage : state of the art studies - Vol. 4 (2006)

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See detailA simplified method to account for the non linearity of aerodynamic coefficients in the analysis of wind-loaded bridges
Denoël, Vincent ULg; Degée, Hervé ULg

in Proceedings of the 7th National Congres on Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (2006)

Based on a non linear quasi-steady wind model, this paper presents the statistical characteristics of the wind loading. These statistical characteristics are computed in an analysical way and validated ... [more ▼]

Based on a non linear quasi-steady wind model, this paper presents the statistical characteristics of the wind loading. These statistical characteristics are computed in an analysical way and validated thanks to a Monte Carlo simulation.After this validation, a parametric study allows giving some general observations concerning the non Gaussianity of the loading. Statistical moments up to the fourth order are computed in an analytical way. The subsequent relations are expressed as a function of the slope and curvature of the aerodynamic coefficients. They are a usefull tool for the assessment of the non Gaussianity of the wind loading on any bridge deck. This is illustrated for three famous European bridges. [less ▲]

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See detailLa posture psychanalytique
Naziri, Despina ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailMacroprolactinemia in a patient with prolactinoma : A condition that may occur
Burlacu, M. C.; Valdes Socin, Hernan Gonzalo ULg; Betea, Daniela ULg et al

in 23ème Congrès de la Société Française d'Endocrinologie - Abstract book (2006)

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See detailSelection of antagonists against Penicillium expansum and Botrytis cinerea, two postharvest apple parasites
Achbani, E. H.; Mounir, R.; El Jaafari, S. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailEtude du colmatage dans un bioréacteur membranaire à recirculation externe utilisé en nitrification partielle
Kouakou, Edouard; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg; Marchot, Pierre ULg et al

in Proceedings of MEMPRO 3 - Intégration des membranes dans les procédés (2006)

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See detailGenetical control of sympodial growth and flowering in tomato
Thouet, Johanna ULg; Ormenese, Sandra ULg; Périlleux, Claire ULg

in Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A : Molecular & Integrative Physiology (2006), 143(4), 170-171

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See detailDevelopment of a chemiotherapy protocol to sanitise banana genotypes infected by banana mild mosaic virus (BanMMV)
Busogoro, J. P.; Vandermolen, M.; Masquelier, L. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailLes patients acromégales sont-il mal pris en charge? De la mauvaise utilisation des bases de données
Petrossians, Patrick ULg; Tichomirova, M.; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in 23ème Congrès de la Société Française d'Endocrinologie - Abstract book (2006)

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See detailPreoperative Brain Image Update with FEM- and XFEM-based Biomedical Model
Vigneron, Lara M.; Boman, Romain C.; Robe, Pierre A. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailNumerical simulation in cold rolling using adiabatic strip model : application to large roll deformation
STEPHANY, A.; Ponthot, Jean-Philippe ULg; LEGRAND, N.

in AUSTRIB 06 (2006)

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See detailPerception of aphid infested tomato plant volatiles by the predator Episyrphus balteatus
Verheggen, François ULg; Arnaud, Ludovic; Capella, Quentin et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailInfluence du degré de mouture et de l'extrusion sur la valeur nutritionnelle de la graine de lupin
Froidmont, Eric; Bonnet, Maxime; Beckers, Yves ULg et al

in Rencontres autour des Recherches sur les Ruminants (2006), 12

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See detailApplying statistics recomended by regulatory documents.
Rozet, Eric ULg; Boulanger, Bruno ULg; Dewe, W. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailPoro Hypo Plastic analysis of the progressive excavation of the Mol URL connecting Gallery
Desrues, Jacques; Bésuelle, Pierre; Coll, Cécile et al

in Van Cotthem, Alain; Charlier, Robert; Thimus, Jean-Francois (Eds.) EUROCK 2006 - Multiphysics Coupling and Long Term Behaviour in Rock Mechanics (2006)

In the framework of a Euratom research program devoted to Nuclear Waste deposition security assessment, a numerical simulation of the excavation of a gallery in the Boom Clay layer at Mol (Belgium) has ... [more ▼]

In the framework of a Euratom research program devoted to Nuclear Waste deposition security assessment, a numerical simulation of the excavation of a gallery in the Boom Clay layer at Mol (Belgium) has been performed In order to model the progressive excavation and lining installation process, a special sequence of desactivation/activation of sets of elements was elaborated. In particular, this numerical strategy allowed to take into account the fact that, due to the deformation of the massif as the excavation progresses, the material to be excavated once the front has reached a given position into the rock mass cannot be defined a priori, but is resulting of the modelling of the previous phases up to the present one. [less ▲]

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See detailWoningbouwet: kroniek van rechtspraak 2000-2006
Kohl, Benoît ULg

in Deketelaere, K.; Verbeke, A. (Eds.) Jaarboek bouwrecht 2005-2006 (2006)

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See detailNonlinear energy pumping: a new paradigm for vibration mitigation
Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg; Lee, Young-Sup; McFarland, D. M. et al

in 7ème congrès national de Mécanique Th. et App., Mons, 2006 (2006)

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See detailLe roman peut-il se passer de la réalité ? La querelle des réalismes
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Fabry, Geneviève; Roland, Hubert (Eds.) Les Frontières du réalisme dans la littérature narrative du XXe siècle. The Borders of Realism in 20th Century Narrative Literature (2006)

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See detailAn astrobiology QUIZZ: How to recognize extraterrestrial life?
Vandenabeele-Trambouze, O.; Alekina, I.; Benzerara, K. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailEffect of surface preparation techniques on the cohesion of superficial concrete: comparison between jack-hammering and water-jetting
Courard, Luc ULg; Bissonnette, Benoît; Belair, Normand

in Beushausen, H.; Dehn, F.; Alexander, M. G. (Eds.) Concrete Repair, Rehabilitation and Retrofitting (2006)

The aim of concrete surface preparation is to obtain a surface with properties similar to those of the bulk concrete. Superficial concrete must be sound, dry, cohesive and contaminant-free. Particularly ... [more ▼]

The aim of concrete surface preparation is to obtain a surface with properties similar to those of the bulk concrete. Superficial concrete must be sound, dry, cohesive and contaminant-free. Particularly, the preparation must be performed in such a way that sound and homogeneous concrete is reached. The most widespread surface preparation techniques are sandblasting, jack-hammering, milling and other water hydro-jetting. Evaluation of the effect of surface preparation is often based upon surface roughness or specific sur-face. It is necessary however to investigate further within the first few centimetres from the surface to verify the concrete homogeneity and soundness. Pull-off test is a destructive method that can be useful for such evaluation, but it only gives an indication; the observation of the failure mode is more instructive. This paper summarizes the results of a microscopy investigation performed to quantify the number and length of cracks. The analysis leads to the comparison of jack-hammering and water-jetting techniques in terms of their poten-tial effect on superficial cohesion of concrete. [less ▲]

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See detailEvaluation of geochemical determinism of trace elements in forest soils at regional scales. Lessons from the Permanent Forest Condition Survey.
Colinet, Gilles ULg; Baize, Denis; Lacroix, Daniel et al

Conference (2006)

The natural concentration of some elements in soil varies regionally according to lithology and locally with site-specific soil forming conditions such as relief or vegetation characteristics. Knowledge ... [more ▼]

The natural concentration of some elements in soil varies regionally according to lithology and locally with site-specific soil forming conditions such as relief or vegetation characteristics. Knowledge of the natural total concentrations of trace metals is now considered as prerequisite for the detection and assesment of anthropogenic contaminations. The Permanent Forest Inventory is a programme financed by the Ministry of the Walloon Region which aims at assessing and monitoring the forest condition in Southern Belgium. A part of this programme is dedicated to the implementation of a soil quality monitoring network. The observation plots are located at the intersection of a regular grid. Ten percent of the forest plots are planned to be sampled each year, which theorically supposes a time-frequency of 10 years for the monitoring considerations. Up to now, three field campaigns have been completed and 245 soil samples analyzed. Once a plot precisely located on the field, soil is sampled by mixing twenty 20cm-deep cores taken at the perimeter of a 10m large circle. Environmental observations complete the field work. These concern the physical environment, the soil morphology and the vegetation characteristics. The following parameters are measured in the laboratory: total organic carbon, total nitrogen, pHwater, pHKCl, exchangeable acidity and aluminium, cationic exchangeable capacity, NH4Cl-exctractible cations, total, mineral, and exchangeable P, and aqua-regia extractible concentrations of Ca, Mg, K, Al, Fe, Cr, Ni, Mn, Zn, Cu, Pb, Co, and Cd. Statistical analysis were then performed on the results in order to identify the driving factors of the soil properties, especially the geochemical determinism. Relationships between parameters and between parameters and field observations were thus investigated. Then the relevance of some classifications to differenciate the soil properties was evaluated and finally the spatial structure of the parameters was compared to the geographical distribution patterns of lithology, soil associations, or ecological territories. Although some diversity can be found among the soil series in this survey, soils developped from shales and/or sandstones are largely dominant. The first results therefore show a large extreme-based variability and moderate variation coefficients. The exchangeable cations and carbonate–sensitive parameters are the most variable. Frequency distributions are often largely skewed. Exchangeable cations appear to be more closely linked to acidity status than organic content while pseudo-total concentrations show rather good linear relationships between each other, to the exception of Pb and Cd. Both elements seem linked to specific lithologies, the presence of limestone for Pb, some clay-rich parent material or limestone for Cd. Among the soil characteristics, the nature and the abundance of the coarse fragments associated to the fine earth is the most differenciating criteria for pseudo-total content. Finally, there are clear convergences between spatial distributions of most of the elements and lithology or small natural regions. [less ▲]

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See detailLe nez électronique, un nouvel outil diagnostique pour les maladies respiratoires du cheval ?
Salinas, Emmanuelle; Ramery, Eve ULg; Fraipont, Audrey ULg et al

in Proceedings: AVEF, Versailles, France (2006)

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See detailGeo-electrical data fusion by stochastic co-conditioning simulations for delineating groundwater protection zones
Dassargues, Alain ULg

in CMWR XVI - Computational Methods in Water Resources (2006)

In hydrogeology, advances in the delimitation of protection zones are made by the use of stochastic simulations integrating all available data. In practice, due to the few available measurements of the ... [more ▼]

In hydrogeology, advances in the delimitation of protection zones are made by the use of stochastic simulations integrating all available data. In practice, due to the few available measurements of the main parameters (hard data), it is very useful to integrate several secondary properties of the media as indirect data (soft data) to reduce the uncertainty of the results. In aquifers, most of the solute spreading is governed by the hydraulic conductivity (K) spatial variability, which is generally considered as the main uncertain parameter. A stochastic approach integrating hydraulic conductivity measurements (hard data), head observations and shallow electrical resistivity tomography (soft data) is presented. Results are discussed on a synthetic and on a practical case. It is shown in practice how the uncertainty of the well capture zone probability distribution (CaPD) can be reduced. Since geophysical data and head observations are easier to collect on the field then hydraulic conductivity measurements, they are generally more abundant. The methodology presented can even be used in real applications when little or no information is available about the hydraulic properties, through the conditioning on geophysical data and/or head observations. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification de gènes d'intérêt pour le traitement du cheval poussif
Ramery, Eve ULg; Closset, Rodrigue; Salinas, Emmanuelle et al

in Proceedings: AVEF, Versailles, France (2006)

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See detailREMOVAL OF PCDD/FS AND DL-PCBS FROM FISH OILS BY VOLATILISATION PROCEDURES
Carbonnelle, Sophie; Eppe, Gauthier ULg; Hellebosch, L. et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2006)

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See detailEffects of a single injection of a progesterone receptor antagonist during the third month of gestation in sheep
Taverne, M. A. M.; Regeling, J. I.; Sulon, Joseph ULg et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2006), 41(4), 310

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See detailLes fondements d'un humanisme : la question du droit naturel à Port-Royal
Vanhoorne, Frédérick ULg

in Port-Royal et l'humanisme. Actes du colloque de Caen, 21-23 septembre 2005 (2006)

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See detailLe réseau Natura 2000 en Région wallonne : stratégies, réseaux écologiques et mise en oeuvre.
Dufrêne, Marc ULg

in Lebrun, Philippe (Ed.) Chaire Tractebel-Environnement 2004 - Biodiversité : Etat, enjeux et perspectives (2006)

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See detailEffects of lipopeptidesonmodel membranes
Deleu, Magali ULg

in 6th annual surface and colloid symposium: lipid-peptide interactions and biological function (2006)

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See detailPréparation de lames minces par FIB et étude MET de la patine de bronze noir
Mirguet, Claude; Malavelle, F.; BenAssayag, G. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailThe Castelnau's fish collection and watercolour notebooks
Loneux, Michèle ULg

in Segers, Hendrik; Desmet, P.; Baus, Erika (Eds.) Proceedings of the 3rd GBIF Science Symposium - Tropical Biodiversity: Science, Data, Conservation (2006)

In 1865, Jean-Theodore Lacordaire (professor of natural sciences at the University of Liège) purchased more than thousand specimens collected by the famous explorer ‘Comte de Castelnau’. Castelnau (London ... [more ▼]

In 1865, Jean-Theodore Lacordaire (professor of natural sciences at the University of Liège) purchased more than thousand specimens collected by the famous explorer ‘Comte de Castelnau’. Castelnau (London 1812 – Melbourne 1880) travelled around the world being both explorer and diplomat. His most famous trip was the crossing of South America from Mato Gross to Peru, coming back by the Amazon. He discovered and described several species. The specimens collected by Castelnau present at the Museum of Zoology include mainly birds and fishes. One of the fish specimens is labelled as Chrysophrys nasutus type and is probably the (holo)type specimen for Cymatoceps nasutus. The fish specimens were accompanied by five original watercolour notebooks, showing coloured fish-drawings made by the collector at the catch moment. Despite the fact that some of the paintings were used in the past to restore the colours of the naturalised fishes, further research on the relations between the collection and the notebooks should be made. [less ▲]

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See detailPotential Estimation of Fatty Acid Content in Cow Milk by Mid-Infrared Spectrometry
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Dardenne, Pierre; Lognay, Georges ULg et al

in Prooceedings of the 35th ICAR session (2006)

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See detailAndrogens regulation of the ERBB1 and ERBB2 oncogene expression in human prostate cancer cells
Pignon, Jean-Christophe; Delacroix, Laurence; Nolens, Grégory et al

Poster (2006)

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See detailAbout the audit of air conditioning systems : customer advising with the help of case studies and benchmarks, modelling and simulation
Alexandre, José Luis; Knight, Ian; Andre, Philippe ULg et al

in Bertoldi, Paolo; Atanasiu, Bogdan (Eds.) Proceeding of the international conference IEECB'06 (2006)

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See detailCSL TV chambers Updating
Grodent, Christophe ULg; franco

Conference (2006)

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See detailFeasibility of STAP for passive GSM-based radar
Neyt, Xavier; Raout, J.; Kubika, Virginie et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailReal attacks on virtual networks: Vivaldi out of tune
Kaafar, M. A.; Mathy, Laurent ULg; Turletti, T. et al

in Proceedings of the 2006 SIGCOMM workshop on Large-scale attack defense (2006)

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See detailHashimoto's Encephalopathy in graves' disease
Tamagno, G.; de Carlo, E.; Beckers, Albert ULg et al

in 23ème Congrès de la Société Française d'Endocrinologie - Abstract book (2006)

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See detailWithin and across breed differences in fatty acids profiles of milk and milk fat
Soyeurt, Hélène ULg; Dardenne, Pierre; Croquet, Coraline et al

in Proceedings of the Bristish Society of Animal Science (2006)

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See detailLa régénération des espèces forestières vulnérables à l'Est du Cameroun : cas de Milicia excelsa
Daïnou, Kasso ULg; Doucet, Jean-Louis ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg

Conference (2006)

Au Cameroun, le processus de la gestion durable des forêts a conduit une société d'exploitation forestière industrielle à procéder depuis quelques années, en partenariat avec des institutions de recherche ... [more ▼]

Au Cameroun, le processus de la gestion durable des forêts a conduit une société d'exploitation forestière industrielle à procéder depuis quelques années, en partenariat avec des institutions de recherche locales ou internationales, à des études scientifiques d'espèces identifiées comme vulnérable dans ses concessions. A ce titre, la détermination de techniques d'interventions sylvicoles pragmatiques ainsi que l'écologie d'espèces telles que l'iroko, Milicia excelsa sont étudiées afin de comprendre et de remédier au faible niveau de régénération naturelle. Les observations portent d'une part sur les performances de fructification (phénologie, pluie de graine, germination) et de dispersion des semences, et d'autre part, sur la dynamique de populations naturelles de juvéniles. Etant donné qu'une faible performance de régénération peut être due à la consanguinité, elle-même résultant de la raréfaction des populations, il est prévu également une analyse de la diversité génétique locale. Parallèlement, des essais de plantations permettent de juger des effets de différents facteurs abiotiques ou biotiques sur la dynamique des plantules. [less ▲]

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See detailReactive transport modelling of a groundwater contamination by ammoniacal liquor
Haerens, Bruno; Prommer, Henning; Lerner, David N. et al

(2006)

A reactive transport modeling study was carried out to assess the fate of a groundwater contamination by ammoniacal liquor from a former coking plant and the associated geochemical response. The ... [more ▼]

A reactive transport modeling study was carried out to assess the fate of a groundwater contamination by ammoniacal liquor from a former coking plant and the associated geochemical response. The simulations over a 45-year period provide a conclusive explanation and quantitative description of all measured data from observation wells down gradient of the contaminant source. It is shown that cation exchange exerts the main control on the fate of the ammonium plume as it strongly retards the migration of dissolved ammonium. The sorption of ammonium is accompanied by the elution of native cations, an effect that can be seen in some observation wells where ammonium is absent. While phenol has not been detected in the observation wells in recent years, the modeling results suggest that it has completely degraded in the aquifer, which is inferred from the agreement between the simulated and the observed geochemical fingerprint that the degradation of phenol imposes on groundwater composition. [less ▲]

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See detailEquivariant quantizations and Cartan connections
Mathonet, Pierre ULg

in Bulletin of the Belgian Mathematical Society Simon Stevin (2006), 13(5), 857-874

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See detailGilles of Binche and Processional Giants and Dragons in Belgium and France : Evolution and Social Impacts
Lempereur, Françoise ULg

in Proceedings of the 2006 International Conference on Intangible Cultural Heritage of Daija Matsu (2006)

The Carnival of Binche and the Processional giants and dragons of Mons and Ath are the first Belgian elements recognized as Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO ... [more ▼]

The Carnival of Binche and the Processional giants and dragons of Mons and Ath are the first Belgian elements recognized as Masterpieces of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. This communication introduced them and thinks about the importance of this heritage and about the dangers that get to it. [less ▲]

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See detailA Semi-Algebraic Description of Discrete Naive Bayes Models with Two Hidden Classes
Auvray, Vincent ULg; Geurts, Pierre ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg

in Proc. Ninth International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Mathematics (2006)

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See detailClinical data based optimal STI strategies for HIV: a reinforcement learning approach
Ernst, Damien ULg; Stan, Guy-Bart; Gonçalves, Jorge et al

in Proceedings of the 45th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC 2006) (2006)

This paper addresses the problem of computing optimal structured treatment interruption strategies for HIV infected patients. We show that reinforcement learning may be useful to extract such strategies ... [more ▼]

This paper addresses the problem of computing optimal structured treatment interruption strategies for HIV infected patients. We show that reinforcement learning may be useful to extract such strategies directly from clinical data, without the need of an accurate mathematical model of HIV infection dynamics. To support our claims, we report simulation results obtained by running a recently proposed batch-mode reinforcement learning algorithm, known as fitted Q iteration, on numerically generated data. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of omega-3 fatty acid supplementation (fish oil) on bronchial reactivity, airway inflammation and oxidative stress markers in a feline model of asthma
Kirschvinck, N.; Leemans, Jérôme ULg; Delvaux, F. et al

in Proceedings: 16th Congress European College of Veterinary Internal Medicine – companion animals (2006)

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See detailAmélioration de la visualisation des lésions parathyroïdiennes dans l’hyperparathyroïdie primaire par la tomographie pinhole au MIBI-Tc99m.
Ansquer, C.; Mirallié, E.; Oudoux, A. et al

in Médecine Nucléaire : Imagerie Fonctionnelle et Métabolique (2006), 30(09), 518

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See detailEngagement et contre-engagement. Des politiques de la littérature
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Kaempfer, Jean-Marie; Florey, Sonya; Meizoz, Jérôme (Eds.) Formes de l'engagement littéraire (XVe-XXIe siècles) (2006)

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See detailFrom lectin-histochemistry to pregnancy diagnosis by lectin-ELISA: applications of lectins for the characterisation of bovine pregnancy-associated glycoprotein.
Klisch, K.; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Beckers, Jean-François ULg et al

in Proceedings of the XXVIth Congress of the European Association of Veterinary Anatomists (2006)

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See detailCanopy-atmosphere interaction in forests: a key process in nutrient cycling and pollution interception
Carnol, Monique ULg; Guillaume, Patricia ULg

in Book of Abstracts, SCK-CEN-BLG-1032, Topical day on: Biogeochemical response of forest vegetation to chronic pollution: processes, dynamics and modelling (2006)

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See detailCharacterisation of bio-insecticide proteins in industrial residues from pea seeds (Pisum sativum L.)
Cuertero Diaz, Gaetan; Colinet, Frederic; Portetelle, Daniel ULg et al

in Abstract book (2006)

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See detailStructural properties of bounded languages with respect to multiplication by a constant
Charlier, Emilie ULg; Rigo, Michel ULg

in Actes des Journées Montoises d'Informatique Théorique (2006)

We consider the preservation of recognizability of a set of integers after multiplication by a constant for numeration systems built over a bounded language. As a corollary we show that any nonnegative ... [more ▼]

We consider the preservation of recognizability of a set of integers after multiplication by a constant for numeration systems built over a bounded language. As a corollary we show that any nonnegative integer can be written as a sum of binomial coefficients with some prescribed properties. [less ▲]

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See detailComparative assessment of old and new suboptimal control schemes on three example processes
Journee, Michel ULg; Schweickhardt, T.; Allgöwer, Frank

in Proceedings of the 13th IFAC Workshop on Control Applications of Optimisation, Paris (2006)

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See detailDiagnostic impact of thoracic radiography in an experimental model of feline asthma
Kirschvinck, N.; Kersnak, E.; Leemans, Jérôme ULg et al

in Proceedings: 24th Symposium of the Veterinary Comparative Respiratory Society,”Respiratory infections and zoonoses" (2006)

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See detailClassification of groundwater samples in wetlands using selforganizing maps
Peeters, Luk; Dassargues, Alain ULg

in Stauffer, Fr; Dassargues, Alain (Eds.) Quantitative Geology from Multiple Sources: S10 Use of multiple sources in conditioning/calibrating groundwater flow and transport models (2006)

Groundwater chemistry in groundwater-fed wetlands often is the result of mixing of discharging groundwater and rainfall in combination with chemical reactions altering the chemical composition, mostly due ... [more ▼]

Groundwater chemistry in groundwater-fed wetlands often is the result of mixing of discharging groundwater and rainfall in combination with chemical reactions altering the chemical composition, mostly due to changes in redox conditions. In this study, a Self-Organizing Map is used to classify chemical groundwater samples of three groundwaterfed wetlands in Belgium in order to identify the origin of groundwater and to deduce redox conditions in the wetlands. The Self-Organizing Map (SOM) algorithm is an unsupervised neural network technique to represent a multidimensional dataset on a two-dimensional grid in a topology-preserving way, allowing investigation of non-linear, complex relationships between variables and grouping of the data (Kohonen, 1995). The SOM is trained with data from a regional groundwater monitoring network and rainfall data. The resulting SOM is able to distinguish between samples of different origin or redox conditions within the regional aquifers. Subsequently, samples of the three wetlands are shown to the SOM and each sample is classified as having a chemical composition comparable to rainfall or to one of the regional aquifers. [less ▲]

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See detailViola calaminaria: genetic diversity and occurrence in Belgium.
Bizoux, Jean-Philippe ULg; Brevers, florence; Mahy, Grégory ULg

Conference (2006)

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See detailCaractérisation isotopique des eaux du granite et de l’auréole métamorphique d’Oulmès (Maroc central)
Olive, Philippe; Dassargues, Alain ULg; Griere, Olivier et al

in Integrated Water Resources management and Challenges of the Sustainable Development (2006)

Dans le bassin d’Oulmès sont exploitées et commercialisées par la société des Eaux Minérales d’Oulmès qui constitue le plus gros embouteilleur d’eaux minérales du Maroc :Sidi Ali Lala Haya. Le pluton ... [more ▼]

Dans le bassin d’Oulmès sont exploitées et commercialisées par la société des Eaux Minérales d’Oulmès qui constitue le plus gros embouteilleur d’eaux minérales du Maroc :Sidi Ali Lala Haya. Le pluton granitique, d’âge hercynien, d’Oulmès est un granite à biotite et muscovite. Il présente une fracturation très marquée et un système filonien très développé. L’altération, très poussée, se manifeste par une arénitisation généralisée qui s’étend en profondeur. Le kaolin caractérise cette altération d’origine hydrothermale. L’eau de Lalla Haya émerge dans les granites à la faveur de fissures à une température de 42°C, il s’agit d’une eau carbo-gazeuse, bicarbonatée sodique. L’auréole métamorphique générée par ce granite englobe la formation des schistes en dalles, roches métapélitiques cambro-ordoviciennes homogènes. L’eau de Sidi Ali est faiblement minéralisée, elle aussi bicarbonatée sodique avec une pression partielle de CO2 non négligeable L’utilisation de l’outil isotopique a permis de préciser un certain nombre de points concernant la recharge et l’écoulement des eaux souterraines dans le bassin d’Oulmès. Les teneurs en 18O d’une vingtaine de sources situées autour du site et étagées entre 300 et 2000 m s’alignent suivant un gradient de -0,21 ‰ / 100 m. La zone de recharge commune des eaux du granite et des schistes en dalle se situe vers 1100/1300 m. De plus le rapport 18O/D pour ces deux types d’eau indique un appauvrissement en 18O de près de 1 ‰ dû à un échange avec le CO2 magmatique. Le temps de séjour moyen des eaux dans l’auréole métamorphique est de quelques dizaines d années (présence de 3H thermonucléaire) et, au moins, de plusieurs centaines d’années dans les eaux du massif granitique (absence de 3H thermonucléaire). De la remontée de CO2 magmatique, à 14C mort, il résulte que la teneur en 14C du carbone minéral dissous est quasiment nulle et qu’il vieillit, plus ou moins, les activités en 14C du carbone minéral dissous des eaux de l’auréole. En conclusion l’eau qui s’infiltre dans les fractures du massif granitique où elle se réchauffe suivant un gradient géothermique d’environ 40°C/km. Comme le géothermomètre Na/K indique une température de 165 °C, elle atteint une profondeur de l’ordre de 2 à 3 km. Elle s’est enrichie en CO2 magmatique et remonte par effet de gaz lift et donne naissance à Lalla Haya. Cette remontée ne se limite pas au seul massif granitique mais s’étend à l’auréole métamorphique en profitant des fractures du massif et des filons de quartz en provenance du batholite où elle se mélange, en proportions variables, aux eaux récentes qui se sont infiltrées directement sur les schistes en dalles. Ce sont ces fluides hydrothermaux qui ont donné naissance aux dépôts hydrothermaux autrefois exploités en mines (Sn). [less ▲]

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See detailStrategy for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of crop syrup containing enzymatically produced Isomaltooligosaccharides known as emerging prebiotics.
Goffin, Dorothée ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Wathelet, Bernard ULg et al

Poster (2006)

Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are non-digestible oligosaccharides, considered as prebiotics and therefore aim to selectively feed probiotics indigenous to the human colon. Recent data obtained in human ... [more ▼]

Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are non-digestible oligosaccharides, considered as prebiotics and therefore aim to selectively feed probiotics indigenous to the human colon. Recent data obtained in human subjects, support the involvement of dietary oligosaccharides in physiological processes in the different intestinal cell type and also outside the gastrointestinal tract (e.g. hormone production, lipid and carbohydrate metabolism). IMOs consists of glucose monomers linked by at least one α-1-6, or in a lower proportion α -1-3 (nigerose family) or α -1-2 (kojibiose family) glucosidic linkages. In our case they are produced enzymatically from corn starch. It results in a very complex mixture with molecules characterized at the same time by their DP value (from 2 to ~20), linkages types (α-1-2, 3 or 6) and the proportion and position of each type of linkage (only α -1-6 or combined types). The challenge of this study was to find a qualitative and quantitative method to characterize the syrups. In a subsequent study, every unidentified peak could be determined by NMR or Mass spectrometry. Three different chromatographic methods have been tested and compared over their selectivity, sensibility, robustness, applicability and their quantitative power. The HPLC-RID (Refractive Index Detector) used with a Prevail Carbohydrate column (Alltech), adapted for carbohydrates with a certain value of DP, appear to be poorly selective due to the obligation of working in isocratic conditions. The HPLC-ELSD (Evaporating Light Scattering Detector) used with the same column gave a very good separation upon the DP as the Prevail accepts a wide range of solvant changing and even a separation of the different DP 2 molecules. The sensibility was also improved due to the stability of the baseline. The quantitative analysis is a bit more awkward due to the relatively limited linear portion of the calibration curve. High-performance Anion Exchange Chromatography coupled with Pulsed Amperometric Detection (HPAEC-PAD) appeared to deserve a special mention, since it provides selective separation and sensitive detection. In fact, this technique is the only chromatographic one to separate with effectiveness homologue molecules having a difference only in their DP (up to high DPs) or linkage types. This is due to the separation mode based on the difference in ionic force of the sugars in alkaline conditions (mainly due to the DP and the structure of the molecule). However, during the detection, the electrochemical behavior of carbohydrates can be affected by molecular weight as well as by structural differences giving rise to different response factors; as a consequence, HPAEC-PAD is not generally considered as suitable for quantitative studies of complex mixtures of oligosaccharides. In this work a methodological approach is presented in order to get a quantitative response through a rigorous methodology for our IMOs. It also opens the way to the theoretical determination of the response factor for the homologue molecules in relation with their structure and DP. [less ▲]

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See detailLutte biologique contre les maladies de post-récolte des pommes: Sélection des antagonistes de Penicillium expansum et de Botrytis cinerea
Achbani, E. H.; Mounir, R.; El Jaafari, S. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailAnimal models of drug addiction: advantages and limitations
Quertemont, Etienne ULg

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2006), 106

Various animal models have been developed to investigate the neurobiological and behavioral mechanisms of drug addiction. The most popular of these animal models include the locomotor sensitization ... [more ▼]

Various animal models have been developed to investigate the neurobiological and behavioral mechanisms of drug addiction. The most popular of these animal models include the locomotor sensitization paradigm, the place conditioning procedure and the self-administration technique. With these techniques, it is possible to mimic in rodents the major aspects of human drug addiction. The self-administration procedure is the most widely used and show an excellent natural and predictive validity. In the self-administration protocol, experimental animals, usually rats or mice, are allowed to press a lever in order to gain access to a small dose of an addictive drug. The drug may be given to the animal through the oral, the intravenous or the intracranial route of administration, according to the purpose of the study. In recent years, the classical self-administration procedure has been adapted to study the specific neurobiological basis of drug relapse. In this now called drug reinstatement paradigm, when drug self-administration behaviors are well established, an extinction procedure starts, during which lever pressing is no longer reinforced by drug access. After a number of such extinction sessions, lever pressing gradually declines and eventually stops. Drug-seeking behaviors are therefore said to be extinguished. It is then possible to test various stimuli in order to investigate whether they reinstate drug-seeking behaviors and use such a reinstatement as an animal model of drug relapse. Three types of stimuli have been shown to reinstate drug-seeking behaviors: a small priming dose of drug, drug-associated cues and a stressful stimuli. The effects of these three relapse-triggering stimuli are mediated by different neurobiological mechanisms, leading to the expectation that they may be targeted by different pharmacotherapeutic and behavioral interventions. Despite the high value of the current animal models of drug addiction, there show several limitations. In particular, it is difficult to differentiate between self-controlled and compulsive drug use in animals. As only uncontrolled compulsive drug consumption characterizes drug addiction in humans, such a limitation might explain the high frequency of false positive results in animal experiments. Indeed, it is common that therapeutic interventions successfully developed in animals later proved to be disappointing in humans. [less ▲]

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See detailL'assiette des Belges en chiffres
Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

Poster (2006)

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See detailAn outreach experience
Nazé, Yaël ULg

in European Planetary Science Congress 2006 (2006)

In our technological world, Science is everywhere and to participate to the public debates, citizens will need some basic scientific notions. Raising awareness of the public in Science is thus always ... [more ▼]

In our technological world, Science is everywhere and to participate to the public debates, citizens will need some basic scientific notions. Raising awareness of the public in Science is thus always worthwhile, even though only a small fraction of the audience will envisage a career in the field. Bringing science to the layman should even be a duty for scientists: we should not forget that we are paid by taxpayers, and are part of a public service; and besides, people tend to reject things that they do not understand - to get support, scientists need to enter the public arena and confront the crowd. Relying on attractive images and a timeless fascination, astronomy is particularly suited to do that. But what should a willing astronomer do to share (his/her) knowledge? There is certainly no definitive answer for that, but a few hints can still be given. Based on personal experience, this talk will present a few tips and things to avoid in three cases: animations (for kids and grown-ups), writing, and talking. [less ▲]

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See detailLa métacognition comme outil pour améliorer le transfert à long terme: Méthodes pour évaluer quantitativement la métacognition: avantages et inconvénients de 3 méthodologies.
Castaigne, Jean-Loup ULg

in Actes du 23e colloque international de l'association internationale de prédagogie universitaire (AIPU) (2006)

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See detailA Comparison of Methods for Photospheric Abundance Determinations in K-Type Stars
Affer, L.; Micela, G.; Morel, Thierry ULg et al

in Chemical Abundances and Mixing in Stars in the Milky Way and its Satellites, ESO ASTROPHYSICS SYMPOSIA. ISBN 978-3-540-34135-2. Springer-Verlag, 2006, p. 31 (2006)

We have performed a detailed abundance analysis of six inactive K-type stars using high-resolution optical spectra. We have used three different techniques and compared the results obtained in order to ... [more ▼]

We have performed a detailed abundance analysis of six inactive K-type stars using high-resolution optical spectra. We have used three different techniques and compared the results obtained in order to establish their respective merits and faults. The two spectroscopic methods give consistent results suggesting that non- LTE effects are small, whereas the â mixedâ spectroscopic-photometric method leads to photospheric parameters and abundances systematically lower than those obtained with the other two. We have also determined the starsâ positions in H-R diagrams and made a comparison between the gravities derived from the ionization equilibrium of the iron lines and from the evolutionary tracks: the agreement is reasonably good. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of tumor-associated lipogenesis in the formation and composition of membrane microdomains
Timmermans, L.; Kischel, Philippe; Beckers, Albert ULg et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailConcentration of Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (PBDEs) in Household Dust from Various Countries Is Dust a Major Source of Human Exposure?
Sjödin, Andreas; Päpke, Olaf; Focant, Jean-François ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2006), 68

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See detailLe coton dans le monde, place du coton africain et principaux enjeux.
Berti, Fabio ULg; Hofs, J. L.; Zagbai, H. S. et al

in Biotechnologie, Agronomie, Société et Environnement = Biotechnology, Agronomy, Society and Environment [=BASE] (2006), 10(4),

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See detailDetection of Quantitative Trait Loci for reproduction and production traits in Large White and French Landrace pig populations
Tribout, T.; Iannuccelli, N.; Druet, Tom ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 8th World Congress on Genetics Applied to Livestock Production (2006)

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See detailEvolution of paleoclimatic conditions and vegetation change in Himalaya from compound specific hydrogen and carbon analyses
Palhol, F.; Galy, V.; France-Lanord, C. et al

in Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta (2006), 70(18), 468-468

Supplied by the Ganga–Brahmaputra fluvial system, the Bengal Fan provides an integrated record of the Himalayan basin history through time. The active channel-levee system of the middle fan documents the ... [more ▼]

Supplied by the Ganga–Brahmaputra fluvial system, the Bengal Fan provides an integrated record of the Himalayan basin history through time. The active channel-levee system of the middle fan documents the last glacial/interglacial cycle. Organic geochemistry studies have shown that the organic matter contained in the Bengal Fan sediments is mainly of terrestrial origin. We analysed terrestrial n-alkanes (C27–C33) from Bengal Fan sediments and modern Ganga–Brahmaputra sediments. Comparison of compound specific hydrogen and carbon isotopic ratios in these samples allow us to follow the evolution of paleoenvironmental conditions since the Last Glacial Maximum. Carbon molecular isotopic data on the odd-HMW n-alkanes show a shift of 4&, corresponding to an evolution in the Himalayan system from a C4-dominated vegetation at LGM to a C3- dominated vegetation during the Holocene. It is now well known that C4 plants are more adapted than C3 plants to low atmospheric CO2 concentrations and to relatively hot and dry climate. In the same time, molecular D/H isotopic ratios measured on the same samples show an increase of the deuterium content of about 20& during the Holocene, which is consistent with lower temperature at the end of the LGM in the Himalaya. As low temperature should favored C3 plants, the predominance of a C4 vegetation have to be linked with dryer conditions at the end of the LGM. Afterwards, the increase of the C3/C4 ratio in the Himalayan system is related to a concomitant increase of humidity and pCO2 during the Holocene. [less ▲]

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See detailSelection of bacteria to decrease in vitro growth of Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli and characterization of their antagonistic activities
Marcq, Christopher ULg; Didderen, Isabelle; Dubois Dauphin, Robin ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Eleventh Conference on Food Microbiology (2006)

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See detailMechanisms of larval cohort suppression and population fluctuation in tiger salamanders.
Whiteman, Howard; Wissinger, Scott; Denoël, Mathieu ULg

Conference (2006)

The mechanisms underlying population fluctuation have been well studied in mammals and insects but less research has focused on amphibians. Yet, the current global decline of amphibians requires that we ... [more ▼]

The mechanisms underlying population fluctuation have been well studied in mammals and insects but less research has focused on amphibians. Yet, the current global decline of amphibians requires that we understand these mechanisms, and be able to distinguish between anthropogenically induced declines and natural population fluctuations. We have followed a population of the Arizona tiger salamander, Ambystoma tigrinum nebulosum, over 16 years and through two cycles of population fluctuation, which is typified by the production of “boom” cohorts followed by suppression of larval recruitment by paedomorphic adults in this cohort. We tested two hypotheses for this suppression, cannibalism and resource depression, using a series of meso- and microcosm experiments. We found significant direct (mortality) and indirect (behavior, diet, growth rates) effects of cannibalism by larger larvae and paedomorphic adults on hatchling and 1st-year larvae, suggesting that both cannibalism and the threat of cannibalism play a large role in suppression of larval cohorts. In contrast, paedomorphic adults showed no substantial effects on larval survival, diet, or growth via resource depression, in part because paedomorphic adults reduced availability of large benthic invertebrates, while hatchlings fed primarily on smaller benthos and zooplankton. However, current experiments suggest that hatchlings can be impacted by cohorts of larvae that are more similar in size and diet. Our results lend insight into the mechanisms underlying fluctuations in this population, and suggest that a better understanding of natural population fluctuations will aid amphibian conservation efforts. [less ▲]

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See detailQuel avenir pour les quotas laitiers européens ?
Burny, Philippe ULg

Poster (2006)

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See detailFast method to predict an earing profile based on Lankford coefficients and yield locus
Lelotte, Thomas; Duchene, Laurent ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg

in Mota Soares, C. A. (Ed.) Proceedings of the III European Conference on Computational Mechanics Solids (ECCM III) (2006)

This paper compares three methods to determine the earing profile that appears during the deep-drawing test of a circular steel sheet. Three steel grades will be studied. The first method is an ... [more ▼]

This paper compares three methods to determine the earing profile that appears during the deep-drawing test of a circular steel sheet. Three steel grades will be studied. The first method is an experimental test made by a hydraulic press. The second one is a finite ele-ment method (FEM) deep-drawing simulation using a micro-macro texture based constitutive law. The last one directly determines the general aspect of the earing profile from the yield locus which is computed from the initial texture. The goal of this study is to validate the last approach. So, an earing profile prediction can quickly be obtained just from material’s tex-ture. [less ▲]

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See detailA preliminary study of serum haptoglobin in bovine fetal blood.
Humblet, Marie-France ULg; Melo de Sousa, Noelita ULg; Boutet et al

in Proceedings of the 6th European Colloquium on Acute Phase Proteins (2006)

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See detailFlight Simulator with IR and MMW Radar Image Generation Capabilities
Bonjean, Maxime E.; Lapierre, Fabian D.; Schiefele, Jeff et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailEUREF Related Activities in Belgium
Bruyninx, Carine; Carpentier, Goerges; De Vidts, B. et al

in EUREF Publication No 14 (2006)

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See detailOK3: Méthode d’arbres à sortie noyau pour la prédiction de sorties structurées et l’apprentissage de noyau
Geurts, Pierre ULg; Wehenkel, Louis ULg; d'Alché-Buc, Florence

in Proc. of CAP (Conférence francophone d'apprentissage) (2006)

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See detailRole of lipopeptides in the biological control activity of Bacillus subtilis
Ongena, Marc ULg; Jourdan, E.; Adam, A. et al

Conference (2006)

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See detailCorrelation of Experimental and Numerical Results on Electrostatically Actuated Micro-Beams
Rochus, Véronique ULg; Rixen, Daniel; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Technical Proceedings of the 2006 NSTI Nanotechnology Conference and Trade Show (2006), 3

The aim of this paper is to validate numerical simula- tions of electromechanical coupling in micro-structures using some experimental results. The micro-structures studied here consist in a micro-bridge ... [more ▼]

The aim of this paper is to validate numerical simula- tions of electromechanical coupling in micro-structures using some experimental results. The micro-structures studied here consist in a micro-bridge and two cantilever micro-beams. Multi-physics models of micro-electro- mechanical systems (MEMS) based on the ¯nite ele- ment method (FEM) are used to model the strongly coupled electro-mechanical interactions and to perform static analyses taking into account large displacements. In all the cases treated here the numerical results are in very good agreement with the experimental results. [less ▲]

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