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See detailUtilization of a probiotic-hemicellulases combination to prevent effects of Salmonella contamination of broilers
Dubois Dauphin, Robin ULg; Vandeplas, Sabrina ULg; Welling, Gjalt W. et al

in Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Food Microbiology (2004, September 16)

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a combination probiotic - hemicellulases by its relative incidence on gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiota, correlated to the animal ... [more ▼]

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a combination probiotic - hemicellulases by its relative incidence on gastrointestinal (GI) tract microbiota, correlated to the animal performances during the growing period of broilers infected or not with Salmonella typhimurium [less ▲]

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See detailDeterminantes genéticos de virulencia de cepas de Escherichia coli productoras de Toxina Shiga de origen bovino
Mercado, E.C.; Rodriguez, Sabrina ULg; Vilte, D. et al

Poster (2004, September 15)

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See detailUtilidad de la prueba de PCR para el diagnóstico rápido de los Herpes Virus Equinos tipo 1 y 4 en forma combinada
Álvarez, I.; Craig, M.I.; Rodriguez, Sabrina ULg et al

Poster (2004, September 15)

UTILIDAD DE LA PRUEBA DE PCR PARA EL DIAGNOSTICO RAPIDO DE LOS HERPES VIRUS EQUINOS TIPO 1 Y 4 EN FORMA COMBINADA Alvarez I.1*,Craig M.I.1, Rodríguez S.1, Barrandeguy M.1 y Trono K.1 1 Instituto de ... [more ▼]

UTILIDAD DE LA PRUEBA DE PCR PARA EL DIAGNOSTICO RAPIDO DE LOS HERPES VIRUS EQUINOS TIPO 1 Y 4 EN FORMA COMBINADA Alvarez I.1*,Craig M.I.1, Rodríguez S.1, Barrandeguy M.1 y Trono K.1 1 Instituto de Virología, CICVyA. INTA. CC25. 1712. Castelar. Argentina *ialvarez@cicv.inta.gov.ar Cuando se utilizan técnicas de diagnóstico virológico basadas en sistemas libre de células como la prueba de PCR, resulta crítico demostrar que los resultados que se obtienen de su aplicación concuerdan con los resultados obtenidos con el aislamiento viral en cultivo de tejidos, ya que se ha demostrado que la detección de ácidos nucleicos en muestras en estudio no siempre tiene una correlación directa con la causa del cuadro clínico observado. El significado que puede atribuirse a los resultados obtenidos por la prueba de PCR dependerá exclusivamente de la concordancia obtenida con la prueba Gold Standard, lo que permitirá definir claramente el contexto de aplicación de la PCR y la interpretación de los resultados. Con el objetivo de disponer de una herramienta de diagnóstico combinada, rápida y sin utilizar cultivos celulares para la detección del herpes virus equino tipo 1 (HVE-1) y del herpes virus equino tipo 4 (HVE-4), causantes del aborto viral y de un cuadro respiratorio en potrillos, se estandarizó la técnica de PCR según fue descripta en Lawrence et a (1994) con algunas modificaciones, y se evaluó su performance al aplicarse para el diagnóstico de los agentes mencionados en muestras de campo procedentes de casos naturales de abortos o cuadros de tos y moco. La prueba utilizada en este trabajo es un ensayo de tipo múltiple que amplifica fragmentos complementarios al gen de la glicoproteína C del HVE-1 y al gen 76 del HVE-4, donde el tamaño diferencial de los fragmentos obtenidos permite distinguir el origen del material amplificado. Se siguieron los tres criterios básicos descriptos por Hiney and Smith (1999) para la validación de una prueba in vitro de amplificación enzimática, es decir, la evaluación de la cantidad de detección (sensibilidad), calidad de detección (especificidad) y confiabilidad de la prueba en estudio, que fueron evaluados en forma secuencial. A partir de las muestras de abortos e hisopados nasales que ingresaron al laboratorio para análisis virológico por aislamiento viral en cultivo de células desde 1996 hasta la actualidad, se seleccionaron y analizaron un total de 166 muestras. De un total de 34 hisopados nasales, 2 resultaron positivos por las 2 pruebas, ninguno de los hisopos negativos por una de las 2 pruebas resultó positivo por la otra, con un 100% de correlación de resultados. Asimismo, de un total de 132 muestras de aborto analizadas, 31 resultaron positivas por las 2 pruebas, ninguno de los abortos negativos por una las 2 pruebas resultó positivo por la otra, con un 100% de correlación de resultados. Se obtuvo una correlación total entre los resultados obtenidos por la prueba de PCR y el diagnóstico de cultivos de tejidos, considerando los 2 virus en cuestión. Para evaluar la especificidad de la técnica utilizada, se realizó la prueba de PCR utilizando como templado material genético procedente de agentes virales relacionados con el mismo cuadro patológico como el Virus de la Influenza Equina (VIE) y el Virus de la Arteritis Viral Equina (AVE). Además se utilizaron dos virus de la misma familia causantes de otros cuadros patológicos, Herpes virus Equino 2 (HVE-2) y Herpes Virus Equino 3 (HVE-3). No se observaron resultados positivos con ninguno de los cuatro templados utilizados y se confirmó que no amplifica fragmentos inespecíficos. La utilización de una determinada técnica para el diagnóstico del Herpes Virus Equino necesita un alto nivel de confiabilidad, ya que los resultados de la metodología usada podrían condicionar las decisiones referidas al manejo de la población equina bajo estudio. Los resultados obtenidos en el presente trabajo permiten otorgar un importante valor diagnóstico a la prueba de PCR para la detección combinada de Herpes Virus Equino 1 y 4 debido a que presenta total concordancia con los resultados obtenidos en el laboratorio utilizando la prueba de diagnostico convencional de aislamiento viral en cultivo de células. Además es importante recalcar que es una prueba rápida donde el resultado puede obtenerse a las 4 horas. Por esto se puede concluir que la PCR múltiple es una herramienta de diagnostico importante que posibilita tomar medidas de contención inmediatas disminuyendo el impacto económico de estas infecciones en la producción equina. Hiney, M.P. and Smith, P.R. (1998). Validation of polymerase chain reaction- based techniques for proxy detection of bacterial fish pathogens: framework, problems and possible solutions for environmental applications. Aquaculture 162:41-68 Lawrence G.L., Gilkerson J., Love D.N., Sabine M., Whalley J.M. (1994). Rapid, single-step differentiation of equid herpesviruses 1 and 4 from clinical material using the polymerase chain reaction and virus-specific primer. Journal of Virological Methods 47:59-72 [less ▲]

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See detailDas Tympanon des Sudportals in Saint-Omer (Frankreich)
Van den Bossche, Benoît ULg

Conference (2004, September 11)

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See detailLe froment d'hiver
Couvreur, Luc; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Livre Blanc: Céréales - Gembloux - Informations avant les semis (2004, September 09)

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See detailLa qualité des froments d'hiver en 2004?
Sinnaeve, Geoges; Lenartz, J.; Vancutsem, Françoise ULg et al

in Livre Blanc: Céréales - Gembloux - Informations avant les semis (2004, September 09)

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See detailEscourgeon et Orge d'hiver fourragers
Monfort, Bruno; Herman, Jean-Luc; Bodson, Bernard ULg et al

in Livre Blanc: Céréales - Gembloux - Informations avant les semis (2004, September 09)

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See detailAlkenone carbon isotopes during a bloom of Emiliania huxleyi: Effects of CO2 concentration and production
Benthien, Albert; Riebesell, Ulf; Engel, Anja et al

Poster (2004, September 05)

The carbon isotopic composition of the C37-alkenones has been used in various paleoceanographic studies to estimate the ancient surface water CO2 concentration [CO2aq]. A number of recent culture, field ... [more ▼]

The carbon isotopic composition of the C37-alkenones has been used in various paleoceanographic studies to estimate the ancient surface water CO2 concentration [CO2aq]. A number of recent culture, field and sediment studies, however, indicate that the carbon isotopic fractionation in haptophyte algae is predominantly controlled by physiological processes and environmental factors other than the ambient [CO2aq]. The most prominent factors are algal growth rate, nutrient availability, light intensity, the carbon uptake mechanism, and the carbon source. To what extent these different factors might affect the carbon isotopic signal of alkenones ultimately preserved in the sediment is still under debate. Causes of uncertainty are the individual strenghts and weaknesses of the different methodological approaches. Culture experiments, for example, cannot perfectly recreate the sum of natural growth conditions and physical processes affecting the carbon isotopic signal in the field and its preservation in the sediment. On the other hand, core-top data represent several hundred to a couple of thousand years and therefore only reflect an average. Here, we present the first study testing the effects of [CO2aq] on the alkenone isotopic signal under natural bloom conditions in a semi-closed system. In a series of 9 floating mesocosms in a Norwegian fjord a bloom of Emiliania huxleyi was followed over a three week period. The mesocosms were covered by gas tight tents. The atmospheric and seawater pCO2 were manipulated to achieve different CO2 levels in the tent atmosphere ranging from pre-industrial (190 ppmv) to year 2100 levels (680 ppmv) as predicted by the IPCC’s report. We found that during the exponential growth phase the isotopic fractionation of alkenones decreased by 5 to 7 per mill and reached a plateau during the stationary phase. During the stationary phase the alkenone content per cell increased from 1-2 pg/cell to 6-8 pg/cell. Between the [CO2aq] treatments we observed an alkenone isotopic difference of only 2 per mill. These results indicate that changes in algal physiology and/or environmental conditions occuring during the course of an algal bloom strongly affect alkenone isotope fractionation. This effect overrides a comparatively small variation in the alkenone isotopic signal due to [CO2aq]. Implications for alkenone isotopic fractionation as a paleo-production or paleo-nutrient proxy will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailMarcadores genéticos de virulencia en el Virus de la Leucosis Bovina: Un enfoque filogenético.
Rodriguez, Sabrina ULg; Zwerdling, A.; Jones, L.R. et al

Poster (2004, September 02)

Marcadores genéticos de virulencia en el Virus de la Leucosis Bovina. Un enfoque filogenético. Rodriguez, SM1; Zwerdling A1; Jones, LR1; Trono, K1 1Instituto de Virología, CICVyA, INTA-Castelar. CC 25 ... [more ▼]

Marcadores genéticos de virulencia en el Virus de la Leucosis Bovina. Un enfoque filogenético. Rodriguez, SM1; Zwerdling A1; Jones, LR1; Trono, K1 1Instituto de Virología, CICVyA, INTA-Castelar. CC 25 (1712), Castelar. El virus de la leucosis bovina (Bovine Leukemia Virus, BLV) es un retrovirus oncogénico B-linfocitotrópico perteneciente al genero Deltaretrovirus que afecta al ganado bovino. Junto a los virus responsables de la leucemia de células T de los humanos (Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus-1 y Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Virus-2) y de los simios (Simian T-lymhotropic Virus), están clasificados dentro de la familia Retroviridae. Estos virus están asociados con malignidades de células B o T del sistema inmune. La mayoría de los individuos infectados con BLV son portadores asintomáticos en los que la infección pasa clínicamente desapercibida (AL). Cerca del 30% de los animales infectados desarrolla una proliferación benigna policlonal de células B, denominada Linfocitosis Persistente (LP). Sólo un pequeño porcentaje de los animales infectados (1 a 5%) desarrolla linfomas malignos o linfosarcomas (LS) de origen clonal. Realizando comparaciones entre las regiones genómicas 5' Long Terminal Repeats (5' LTR), involucradas en la regulación de la expresión génica viral, observamos la existencia de una correlación entre algunos sitios nucleotídicos y el desarrollo de casos de LS. Si bien esta correlación sugiere la presencia de marcadores de patogenia en la región LTR, es necesario analizar en un contexto histórico (cladograma) la aparición independiente de dicho marcador en conjunto con el desarrollo de LS. Con ese objetivo, se obtuvieron secuencias correspondientes a las regiones genómicas codificantes para las proteínas Env (utilizada en varios trabajos para realizar estudios comparativos) y Px. Las secuencias fueron alineadas mediante el programa ClustalX y los alineamientos fueron utilizados para obtener cladogramas mediante las rutinas de máxima parsimonia del programa PAUP*. El análisis de los árboles obtenidos sugiere que la adquisición del marcador en el sector LTR y el desarrollo de LS en diferentes aislamientos serían independientes, apoyando la hipótesis de la existencia de un marcador de patogenia en dicho sector. Sin embargo, el análisis debe ser ampliado incluyendo más aislamientos del virus y posiblemente otras regiones genómicas, para posibilitar la realización de análisis estadísticos de la correlación y confirmar los resultados del análisis filogenético. Cabe destacar que las topologías obtenidas a partir de las regiones genómicas Env y Px presentan diferencias, lo cual abre la discusión acerca de qué región utilizar para realizar estudios comparativos y filogenéticos para estudiar este virus. Palabras Claves: BLV, LTR, Env, pX, cladograma [less ▲]

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See detailThe Polarization Evolution of the Optical Afterglow of GRB 030329
Greiner, J.; Klose, S.; Reinsch, K. et al

in GAMMA-RAY BURSTS: 30 YEARS OF DISCOVERY (2004, September 01)

We report 31 polarimetric observations of the afterglow of GRB 030329 with high signal-to-noise and high sampling frequency. The data imply that the afterglow magnetic field has small coherence length and ... [more ▼]

We report 31 polarimetric observations of the afterglow of GRB 030329 with high signal-to-noise and high sampling frequency. The data imply that the afterglow magnetic field has small coherence length and is mostly random, probably generated by turbulence. [less ▲]

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See detailTypologie des processus de transformation et performance de la GRH
Cornet, Annie ULg; Bareil, Céline; Luc, Danièle et al

Conference (2004, September)

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See detailThe presentation of self in the thymus network: a novel way for prevention and cure of autoimmune diseases
Geenen, Vincent ULg

in Journal of Neuroimmunology (2004, September), 154

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See detailDetection of defects on fruits by machine vision and unsupervised segmentation
Kleynen, Olivier; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in AgEng 2004 Conference (2004, September)

Defect detection on fruits by machine vision is a complex task. Indeed, the sound tissue colour is not uniform and the defects present a wide variability in colour, shape and texture. Mostly often, images ... [more ▼]

Defect detection on fruits by machine vision is a complex task. Indeed, the sound tissue colour is not uniform and the defects present a wide variability in colour, shape and texture. Mostly often, images are acquired by conventional RGB cameras and defect segmentation is performed by algorithms based on Bayes' rules. The efficiency of these methods can be improved firstly by acquiring images with a dedicated vision system (multi-spectral imager) and secondly by implementing unsupervised segmentation methods (method derived from the 'mean shift' procedure of Camaniciu and Meer, 2002). [less ▲]

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See detailSTABILIZATION THROUGH WEAK AND OCCASIONAL INTERACTIONS : A BILLIARD BENCHMARK
Gerard, Manuel; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in Proceedings of the 6th IFAC Symposium on Nonlinear Control Systems (2004, September)

The paper addresses the stabilization of periodic orbits in a wedge billiard with actuated edges. It is shown how the rich dynamical properties of the open-loop dynamics, e.g. ergodicity properties and ... [more ▼]

The paper addresses the stabilization of periodic orbits in a wedge billiard with actuated edges. It is shown how the rich dynamical properties of the open-loop dynamics, e.g. ergodicity properties and KAM curves, can be exploited to design robust stabilizing feedbacks with large basins of attraction. [less ▲]

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See detailEffect of Welding on Ultimate Compressive Strength of Aluminium Stiffened Panels
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Richir, T.; Toderan, C. et al

in HIPER’2004, High Performances Marine Vehicules (2004, September)

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See detailUltimate strength of aluminium stiffened panels: Sensitivity analysis
Rigo, Philippe ULg; Sarghiuta, R.; Otelea, C. et al

in PRADS’2004, 9th Int. Symposium on Practical Design of Ships and other Floating Structures, Germany, Seehafen Verslag GmbH, Hambourg, vol.1, Sept. 2004 (2004, September)

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See detailBronchial reactivity assessed by whole body barometric plethymography is correlated with lower airway inflammation in cats
Kirschvink, N.; Leemans, J.; Delvaux, François ULg et al

in 14th ESVIM Meeting - Barcelona - Espagne (2004, September)

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See detailDiscovery of new rheumatoid arthritis biomarkers using SELDI-TOF-MS ProteinChip approach
de Seny, D. M.; Fillet, Marianne ULg; Meuwis, Marie-Alice ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2004, September), 50(9, Suppl. S), 124

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See detailA new treatment for the reduction of vertebral and non-vertebral fractures in post-menopausal women with osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Brixen, Kim; Bianchi, Gerolamo et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2004, September), 50(number 9 (suppl.)), 291

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See detailOn the solution of the aeroelastic galloping problem
Vio, Gareth Arthur; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg; Cooper, Jonathan Edward

in Proceedings of the 2004 International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering (2004, September)

A global stability analysis of the transverse galloping of a square section beam in a normal steady ow was performed. The analysis was applied to a mathematical model using experimentally measured ... [more ▼]

A global stability analysis of the transverse galloping of a square section beam in a normal steady ow was performed. The analysis was applied to a mathematical model using experimentally measured stationary aerodynamic forces. The system was modelled as an ordinary differential equation with small non-linearity in the velocity term. Three methods are used for the stability analysis: 1. a harmonic balance approach, 2. normal form theory, 3. cell mapping. The resulting stability predictions were compared with each other and with results obtained from numerical integration. It is shown that the hysteretic stability of the non-linear aeroelastic oscillator was captured by all the methods. Additionally, the methods had a varying degree of success in predicting the amplitude of limit cycle oscillations undergone by the aeroelastic oscillator. [less ▲]

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See detailA guidance assistance method for precision sugar beet sowing using machine vision.
Leemans, Vincent ULg; Destain, Marie-France ULg

in Pr. Josse De Baerdemaeker (Ed.) AgEng 2004 Conference - Engineering the future - Book of abstracts (2004, September)

This paper presents a method for seed drill guidance by using machine vision

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See detailPractical case of HACCP methodology used for Staphylococcus aureus groth control in raw milk "fromage frais".
Broze, Olivier; Defrize, Nathalie; Sindic, Marianne ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Ninth conference on food microbiology (2004, September)

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See detailLupin seeds as a substitute to soybean in broiler chiken feeding : incorporation level and enzyme preparation effects on performances, digestibility and meat composition.
Froidmont, Eric; Beckers, Yves ULg; Dehareng, frédéric et al

in 55th Meeting of European Association of Animal Production (2004, September)

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See detailControl of Listeria monocytogenes in dairy farms.
Di Tanna, Sybille ULg; Belleflamme, Christel ULg; Anceau, Christine ULg et al

in Proceedings of the Ninth conference on food microbiology (2004, September)

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See detailStability and Limit Cycle Oscillation Amplitude Prediction for Multi-DOF Aeroelastic Systems with Piecewise Linear Non-Linearities
Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg; Vio, Gareth Arthur; Cooper, Jonathan Edward

in Proceedings of the 2004 International Conference on Noise and Vibration Engineering (2004, September)

Discontinuous non-linearities such as freeplay and bilinear stiffness are often encountered in aeroelastic systems, sometimes as a result of wear and tear. It is important to predict the effect of such ... [more ▼]

Discontinuous non-linearities such as freeplay and bilinear stiffness are often encountered in aeroelastic systems, sometimes as a result of wear and tear. It is important to predict the effect of such non-linearities on the dynamic behaviour of a system, so that adequate safety guidelines can be drafted. As a consequence, the prediction of the bifurcation behaviour of a system featuring a discontinuous nonlinearity is crucial. Additionally, the post-bifurcation behaviour of the system is also of interest since it may consist of relatively harmless Limit Cycle Oscillations (LCO) of low amplitude or of unexpected catastrophic high amplitude LCOs. In this paper the bifurcation and post-bifurcation behaviour of a simulated Multi-DOF aeroelastic system with bilinear and freeplay nonlinearities are investigated using the Harmonic Balance method and a novel method for the prediction of the bifurcation conditions and LCO amplitudes. The method is based on the fact that the nonlinearities investigated are piecewise linear. The ratios of the real parts of the system eigenvalues in the various ranges of the bilinear spring are used in order to infer LCO amplitude information. By means of a demonstration on a simulated aeroelastic system with piece-wise linear stiffness, it is shown that the proposed approach is successful in yielding the full bifurcation and post-bifurcation behaviour of the system. Comparison of the amplitude predictions obtained from the Harmonic Balance technique and the Piecewise Linearisation proposed approach show that the latter are more consistent and closer to the true amplitudes throughout the airspeed range. The bifurcation analysis is extended to the special case where the inner stiffness of the bilinear spring is equal to zero, i.e. freeplay stiffness. It is shown that the Piecewise Linear analysis fails to capture the bifurcation behaviour for this case, while the Harmonic Balance method still produces some accurate predictions. [less ▲]

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See detailOPEN-LOOP STABILIZATION OF 2D IMPACT JUGGLING
Ronsse, Renaud; Lefèvre, Philippe; Sepulchre, Rodolphe ULg

in Proceedings of 6th IFAC Symposium on Nonlinear Control Systems (2004, September)

The paper studies the properties of a sinusoidally vibrating wedge billiard as a model for 2D impact juggling. It is shown that some periodic orbits that are unstable in the elastic xed wedge become ... [more ▼]

The paper studies the properties of a sinusoidally vibrating wedge billiard as a model for 2D impact juggling. It is shown that some periodic orbits that are unstable in the elastic xed wedge become exponentially stable in the (non-)elastic vibrating wedge. These orbits are linked with some classical juggling patterns, providing an interesting benchmark for the study of the frequency-locking properties in human rhythmic tasks. [less ▲]

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See detailEcologie de la loutre (Lutra lutra) et conservation de ses habitats riverains
Libois, Roland ULg

in Actes du 1er colloque international "gestion et préservation des ressoures en eau" (2004, September)

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See detailLipids composition of milk fat globule membrane extracted from cream
Bodson, Pascal; Danthine, Sabine ULg; Blecker, Christophe ULg

Poster (2004, September)

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See detailWhole-body barometric plethysmography in healthy dogs: effect of sedation on basal respiratory variables and during histamine challenge
Talavera, J.; Kirschvink, N.; Clercx, Cécile ULg

in 14th ESVIM Meeting - Barcelona - Espagne (2004, September)

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See detailNeurophysiological mechanisms of hypnosis
Faymonville, Marie-Elisabeth ULg; Maquet, Pierre ULg; Laureys, Steven ULg

in International Journal of Psychophysiology (2004, September), 54(1-2), 43-44

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See detailAn error decomposition method: Application to mediterranean sst simulations assessment
Ben Bouallegue, Z.; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Beckers, Jean-Marie ULg

Conference (2004, September)

Fields composed of daily simulations provided by an OGCM of the Mediterranean Sea are compared to weekly satellite observations. The method used is inspired of the object-oriented verification procedure ... [more ▼]

Fields composed of daily simulations provided by an OGCM of the Mediterranean Sea are compared to weekly satellite observations. The method used is inspired of the object-oriented verification procedure introduced in meteorological forecast assessment by Ebert and al. 2000. The Error Decomposition Method presented here aims to identify error sources. The method is carried out within the framework of the MFSTEP hindcasts. The MFSTEP project is an international scientific collaboration program which aims to create an operational forecasting system for the Mediterranean Sea. The simulations provided at the basin scale are 10 days forecasting fields in a 3-D ocean. The hydrodynamic model primitive equations are combined with the data assimilation scheme SOFA applied every week. The set of data used for the comparison are weekly SST satellite observations and means of seven daily MFSTEP simulations (analyzed fields) for the equivalent weeks. The original simulation is transformed until the total squared difference between the observed and hindcast fields is minimized. Successively, a new combination of seven consecutive daily simulations is produced, the new SST field is displaced horizontally and the bias suppressed. This allows a decomposition of the total error in 4 parts: a temporal shift error, a position error, an intensity error and a pattern error. This last element is the remaining error after simulation field transformation and corresponds to the unexplained error. The method is applied at different restricted areas of the Mediterranean basin. The predominant displacements in time and in space minimizing error are discussed through the physical processes taking places at each location. More over, ratio between the different error components is analysed in term of scale effect: the role of the application domain size is pointed out. Finally, the seasonal impact on the different results is commented. [less ▲]

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See detailHeating effects on some quality caracteristics of date seed oil.
Besbes, Souhail; Blecker, Christophe ULg; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

Poster (2004, September)

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See detailEchocardiography as an aid in the diagnosis of pulmonary thrombo-embolism
Van Israel, N.; Clercx, Cécile ULg; Else, R. W.

in 14th ESVIM Meeting - Barcelona - Espagne (2004, September)

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See detailDynamique d'une population de martins pêcheurs (Alcedo atthis) en Belgique en liaison avec la gestion des cours d'eau.
Libois, Roland ULg

in Actes du 1er colloque international "gestion et préservation des ressoures en eau" (2004, September)

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See detailLong term outcome in dogs with sinonasal aspergillosis treated with intranasal infusion of enilconazole
Schuller, S.; Clercx, Cécile ULg

in 14th ESVIM Meeting - Barcelona - Espagne (2004, September)

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See detailTolerability of monthly oral ibandronate in postmenopausal osteoporosis: 1-year results from the MOBILE Study
Recker, Robert R; Silverman, Stuart L; Kendler, David L et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2004, September), 50(number 9 (suppl.)), 293

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See detailUtilization of a probiotic-hemicellulases combination to prevent effects of Samonella contamination of broilers.
Dubois Dauphin, Robin ULg; Vandeplas, Sabrina ULg; Welling, Gjalt et al

in Proceeding of the 9th Conference on Food Microbiology, University of Gent (Belgium), September 16-17, 2004 (2004, September)

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See detailIntrinsic and irradiation-induced tumor selectivity of liposome-based gene therapy targeting Akt activation.
Martinive, Philippe ULg; Sonveaux, Pierre; Brouet, Agnes et al

Poster (2004, September)

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See detailDevelopment of functional material for direct manufacturing for ceramic and metal parts by Optoform process
Clarinval, Anne-Marie; Carrus, Raoul; Vaneetveld, Grégory ULg et al

Conference (2004, September)

Optoform LLC developed a technology to process paste compositions based upon photo-curable resins and fillers. This new process is called by Optoform LLC : the direct composite manufacturing This ... [more ▼]

Optoform LLC developed a technology to process paste compositions based upon photo-curable resins and fillers. This new process is called by Optoform LLC : the direct composite manufacturing This technique is quite flexible and allows the development of very different materials(polymeric, metallic, ceramic). This paper is an overview of the use limitation and the advantages of materials developed by the CRIF or by other teams. Materials requiring or not a post-processing step have been developed. The limits or restrictions of use of these materials have been studied in order to meet the requirements and needs of various industrial sectors in the United States and in Europe (e.g. car racing, aerospace and aeronautical sectors, tooling industries, …). [less ▲]

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See detailDilatometric Investigations on the Decomposition of Austenite in Two Medium-Carbon Steels With and Without Cr and Mo Additions
Mertens, Anne ULg; Brown, Andrew J.; Zhao, Lie et al

in Proceedings of the MS&T'04 Conference (2004, September)

The interest of small additions of Cr (< 3 wt %) and Mo (~ 0.2 wt %) in steels for automotive and bearing applications has been recently highlighted. The microstructure of these steels is primarily based ... [more ▼]

The interest of small additions of Cr (< 3 wt %) and Mo (~ 0.2 wt %) in steels for automotive and bearing applications has been recently highlighted. The microstructure of these steels is primarily based on the bainitic phase. In order to optimize their microstructure and their mechanical properties, it is, therefore, of primary importance to gain a better understanding of the influence of Cr and Mo on austenite decomposition in varying temperature regimes with a particular attention to the transition between ferrite, bainite and martensite formation. In the present work, dilatometry, combined with detailed microstructural characterisation, is used in order to obtain a full view of transformation processes and kinetics in two medium-carbon steels with and without Cr and Mo additions. [less ▲]

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See detailPatologies ORL et pathologies dentaires: une frontière commune
FINCK, Camille ULg

Conference (2004, September)

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See detailMeasurement of Halogenated Contaminants in Human Serum and Milk using GCxGC-IDTOFMS
Focant, Jean-François ULg; sjodin; Turner et al

Conference (2004, September)

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See detailTaxonomical study of lactic acid-producing spore-forming bacteria isolated from soil.
Bayane, A.; Diawara, B.; Roblain, D. et al

Poster (2004, September)

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See detailModelling groundwater flow and solute transport in karstic systems: from dreams to the reality – how can models help for groundwater vulnerability assessment ?
Dassargues, Alain ULg

in Proceedings of Trans-Karst 2004, International Transdisciplinary Conference on Development and Conservation of Karst Regions (2004, September)

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See detailPerformance increase of carbon dioxide refrigeration cycle with the addition of parallel compression economization
Bell, Ian ULg

in Proceedings of the 6th IIR Gustav Lorenzen Natural Working Fluids (2004, September)

In the future, it would be preferable to replace the halocarbon refrigerants with natural refrigerants like carbon dioxide, but there have been concerns over the use of carbon dioxide as a refrigerant due ... [more ▼]

In the future, it would be preferable to replace the halocarbon refrigerants with natural refrigerants like carbon dioxide, but there have been concerns over the use of carbon dioxide as a refrigerant due to its perceived inefficiency. It is possible to partially overcome this problem by the manipulation of the cylinders of the compressors used in the vapor compression refrigeration cycle. If some of the cylinders are used to compress vapor in a parallel compression system from an intermediary pressure, a refrigerating effect and COP greater than that of the system with all of the cylinders on suction can be achieved. An analytic model was created that allowed environmental and physical parameters to be altered. The investigations also included experimentation with the addition of superheat for the primary compression path, for which performance increases were noted for some operating conditions. The primary focus of the research was for the use of carbon dioxide in a standard air conditioning application. Accordingly, evaporation and condensation pressures were selected to correspond closely with evaporation and condensation temperatures for other refrigerants. Under the conditions used for the following research, superheating did not improve efficiency, and was not included. Physical limitations placed on the ratio of the suction cylinder swept volume to the economized cylinder swept volume suggest that building this economized compressor would be feasible. In fact, a standard reciprocating compressor could be altered such that 2 to 4 cylinders, depending on the volumetric ratio, are used for the economized path. The research demonstrates that under some conditions an economized carbon dioxide system outperforms a similar halocarbon system in terms of efficiency and capacity. In the end, this is the litmus test that proves that carbon dioxide can compete on the level with popular halocarbon refrigerants in this economized mode. [less ▲]

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See detailStrontium treatment has a pronounced Effect on cartilage degradation in postmenopausal women
Alexandersen, Peter; Tanko, Laszlo B; Bagger, Yu Z et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2004, September), 50(number 9 (suppl.)), 346

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See detailToxards a SCAR Marine Biodiversity Information Network (SCAR MarBIN)
De Broyer, Claude; Danis, Bruno; Meerhaege, Angelo et al

Poster (2004, September)

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See detailEstrogen and pain: a study in aromatase knock-out mice using the formalin model.
Multon, Sylvie ULg

Conference (2004, September)

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See detailSensor network design using genetic algorithm
Gerkens, Carine ULg; Heyen, Georges ULg

(2004, September)

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See detailValidating Blade Vibration Amplitudes from Blade Tip-Timing Data Analysis
Gallego-Garrido, Jon; Dimitriadis, Grigorios ULg

in Vibrations in Rotating Machinery (2004, September)

Blade Tip-Timing (BTT) is a method for the measurement of blade vibration in rotating bladed assemblies such as those found in turbomachinery. BTT data needs to be analysed by specially formulated methods ... [more ▼]

Blade Tip-Timing (BTT) is a method for the measurement of blade vibration in rotating bladed assemblies such as those found in turbomachinery. BTT data needs to be analysed by specially formulated methods, to yield the vibration frequencies and amplitudes. Although such methods have been shown to recover frequencies successfully, they have not been validated experimentally for amplitude recovery. In the present paper an improved experimental procedure for amplitude measurement is described. The paper presents a comparison between the experimental observation of the blade vibration amplitudes and the answers obtained from the BTT data analysis methods, providing experimental evidence of the ability of these methods to extract the correct blade vibration amplitudes from BTT data. [less ▲]

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See detailChemo-Mechanical Modelling of Soil or Rock Degradation
Charlier, Robert ULg; Boukpeti, N.

in 2nd Int. Symposium on Continuous and Discontinuous Modelling of Cohesive Frictional Materials. (2004, September)

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See detailPd-Ag/SiO2 and Pd-Cu/SiO2 cogelled xerogel catalysts for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane into ethylene
Lambert, Stéphanie ULg; Ferauche, Fabrice; Brasseur, Alain et al

in CD-ROM of full texts of the 16th International Congress of Chemical and Process Engineering, CHISA (Paper A7.2, 11 p.) (2004, August 22)

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See detailPlasma composition in the Jovian magnetosphere
Radioti, Aikaterini ULg; Krupp, N.; Woch, J. et al

Poster (2004, August 03)

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See detailFocii determination of an off axis ellipsoid : Theory to practice
Houbrechts, Yvette ULg; Roose, Stéphane ULg; Stockman, Yvan ULg

in Osten, W.; Novak, E. (Eds.) Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Laser and Laser Information Technologies (2004, August 02)

In the frame of cryogenic test on an off axis ellipsoid, it has been required to set-up an unambiguous method to determine and track the foci position during temperature transitions. This procedure was ... [more ▼]

In the frame of cryogenic test on an off axis ellipsoid, it has been required to set-up an unambiguous method to determine and track the foci position during temperature transitions. This procedure was mandatory to avoid: (1) impact of the operator skills working on triple shift scheme to assure continuously monitoring of the ellipsoid shape during cool down. (2) correctly dissociate the impact of the thermal deformation on the mirror shape with respect to alignment errors. This paper will demonstrate the process, starting from ideal ellipsoid shape, then introducing 3D metrology data in a model, and finally presents the results in a practical situation. [less ▲]

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See detailGetDP/Gmsh: Benefits and Pitfalls of an Open Software Environment
Geuzaine, Christophe ULg

in Kettunen, L. (Ed.) Proceedings of the Advanced Computational Electromagnetism workshop, Seminar on Modern Software Design (2004, August 02)

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See detailWhat can the S [B9] database do for you?
Pourbaix, D.; Jancart, Sylvie ULg; Boffin, H. M. J.

in Allen; Scarfe (Eds.) The environments and evolution of double and multiple stars (2004, August 01)

This paper illustrates different kinds of problems that can be tackled with S [B[SUP]9[/SUP]], the 9th catalogue of spectroscopic binary orbits.

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See detailGeophysical Validation of SCIAMACHY NO2 Vertical Columns: Overview of Early 2004 Results
Lambert, Jean-Christopher; Blumenstock, Thomas; Boersma, F. et al

in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on the Atmospheric Chemistry Validation of ENVISAT (ACVE-2), ESA-ESRIN, Frascati, Italy, 3-7 May 2004 (ESA SP-562, August 2004) ESC01JL1 (2004, August)

Following the recommendations drawn after the Commissioning Phase of the ENVISAT satellite in 2002, SCIAMACHY near real time data processors were upgraded to version 5.01 in early 2004. Before public ... [more ▼]

Following the recommendations drawn after the Commissioning Phase of the ENVISAT satellite in 2002, SCIAMACHY near real time data processors were upgraded to version 5.01 in early 2004. Before public release of the new SCIAMACHY nitrogen dioxide (NO2) vertical column data product, several validation teams investigated its improvement and assessed its geophysical consistency by means of correlative studies involving NDSC-affiliated ground-based networks of DOAS UV-visible and FTIR spectrometers and the ERS-2 GOME satellite. In parallel, preliminary SCIAMACHY NO2 column data products generated by research processors under development at scientific institutes were also tested, using the same correlative data and validation procedures. Digesting the results obtained by a list of validation teams and SCIAMACHY data processing teams, this overview paper draws a preliminary quality assessment of the SCIAMACHY NO2 column data sets available in spring 2004. [less ▲]

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See detailGeneration of closed-form models for the control of flexible mechanisms: a numerical approach
Bruls, Olivier ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Proc. of the 7th Int. Conf. on Motion and Vibration Control (MOVIC) (2004, August)

In robotics, most high performances control strategies require a closed-form representation of the mechanical dynamic behaviour. This is even more critical when significant flexible effects are to be ... [more ▼]

In robotics, most high performances control strategies require a closed-form representation of the mechanical dynamic behaviour. This is even more critical when significant flexible effects are to be considered in the control algorithm. This paper presents a method to build closed-form dynamic equations for flexible multibody systems in terms of minimal coordinates. Relying on the Finite Element (FE) formulation, the method is able to tackle complex topologies with closed-loops in a systematic way. The method is based on an interpolation strategy. For a number of selected points in the configuration space, a full Finite Element model is built and reduced according to a component mode synthesis. Then, a piecewise polynomial model is adjusted to match the collected data. In order to guarantee the continuity of the model, a mode tracking strategy is implemented. After the presentation of the reduction procedure and of the interpolation strategy, a four-bar mechanism is analyzed as an illustrative example. [less ▲]

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See detailPE teachers’ competencies: which ones are considered as the most important and where are they acquired?
Cloes, Marc ULg; Laraki, Nadine; Piéron, Maurice

Poster (2004, August)

It is well accepted that teacher prepration is a long term process during which a large array of competencies are progressively developed. Since 2001, in the French Community of Belgium, a decree lists ... [more ▼]

It is well accepted that teacher prepration is a long term process during which a large array of competencies are progressively developed. Since 2001, in the French Community of Belgium, a decree lists the competencies that teachers should develop to achieve their role within the educational system. This study aimed to identify competencies taht PE teachers consider as important and to determine, from their point of view, in which context these competencies are developed. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of anthropometric caracteristics and jumping ability in junior top level volleyball athletes. Comparison by role
Ciccarone, G.; Fontani, G.; Albert, Adelin ULg et al

Poster (2004, August)

This study is focused on the comparison of the players characteristics in youth Italian top level volleyball athletes according to the role on the game.

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See detailA systematic model reduction method for the control of flexible multibody systems
Bruls, Olivier ULg; Duysinx, Pierre ULg; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg

in Proc. of the 21st Int. Congress of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (ICTAM) (2004, August)

This paper presents a method to build closed-form dynamic equations for flexible multibody systems with a minimal kinematic description. Relying on the Finite Element formalism, the method is able to ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a method to build closed-form dynamic equations for flexible multibody systems with a minimal kinematic description. Relying on the Finite Element formalism, the method is able to tackle complex topologies with closed-loops in a systematic way. Thus, it will be of great use in the framework of model based control of flexible mechanisms. The reduction procedure is based on an interpolation strategy: a Finite Element model is built and reduced for a number of selected points in the configuration space, and then, a piecewise polynomial model is adjusted to match the collected data. A few applications of the reduction method are considered: a serial pick-and-place machine, a flexible four bar mechanism, and a parallel kinematic manipulator. [less ▲]

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See detailA heat piloted residential 5 kW fuel cell
Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg; Maréchal, François; Lerson, Sébastien et al

(2004, August)

based on residential house demand (electrical, heating, domestic hot water), the optimisation of the use of a SOFC fuel cell of about 5 kWe is detailed to reduce CO2 emission at their minimum.

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See detailImprovement of students’ motivation in a pe class. An action-research project
Cloes, Marc ULg; Viseur, C.; Motter, Pascale

in Klissouras, V.; Kellis, S.; Mouratidis, I. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2004 Pre-Olympic Congress. Sport Science through the Ages. (2004, August)

Adolescents' motivation is a major concern of PE teachers. Many students, especially girls, are characterized by unmotivated behaviours in the gym. For two decades, quantitative research has been ... [more ▼]

Adolescents' motivation is a major concern of PE teachers. Many students, especially girls, are characterized by unmotivated behaviours in the gym. For two decades, quantitative research has been conducted to better understand the problem. More recently, some qualitative studies have been proposed. ... [less ▲]

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See detailA distributed algorithm for weighted max-min fairness in MPLS networks
Skivée, Fabian ULg; Leduc, Guy ULg

in Lecture Notes in Computer Science (2004, August), 3124

We propose a novel distributed algorithm to achieve a weighted max-min sharing of the network capacity. We present the Weight Proportional Max-Min policy (WPMM) that supports a minimal rate requirement ... [more ▼]

We propose a novel distributed algorithm to achieve a weighted max-min sharing of the network capacity. We present the Weight Proportional Max-Min policy (WPMM) that supports a minimal rate requirement and an optional maximal rate constraint and allocates network bandwidth among all aggregates based on a weight associated with each one. Our algorithm achieves this policy for IP/MPLS networks using the RSVP-TE signalling protocol. It uses per-LSP accounting in each node to keep track of the state information of each LSP. It uses a novel explicit bottleneck link strategy and a different control architecture in which we update the control packet in the forward path. Simulations show that these two elements improve substantially the convergence time compared to algorithms designed for ATM networks. [less ▲]

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See detailTravail sans repère et qualité de vie: de nouveaux enjeux psychosociaux
Renier, Nathalie ULg; Rorive, Brigitte

Conference (2004, August)

Les formes de flexibilité fonctionnelle souvent présentées comme des approches « gagnant-gagnant » permettant aux individus et aux organisations de mieux s’adapter aux pressions de leurs environnements ... [more ▼]

Les formes de flexibilité fonctionnelle souvent présentées comme des approches « gagnant-gagnant » permettant aux individus et aux organisations de mieux s’adapter aux pressions de leurs environnements, ne sont pas sans incidence sur la qualité du travail et de l’emploi. Elles favorisent l’apparition de nouvelles formes de précarité et de vulnérabilité jusqu’ici peu prises en considération. Elles concernent autant les conditions de travail (difficulté à résister aux pressions temporelles, à articuler les différents niveaux d’exigence, à se conformer à de nouvelles formes de contrôle) que les conditions d’emploi (dilution du lien de subordination, modification de la relation d’emploi, invisibilité du travail, etc.). Les principales réponses apportées à ces difficultés résident dans le développement de compétences d’auto-gouvernance et l’émergence de nouveaux mécanismes identitaires. [less ▲]

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See detailPork quality as related to halothane genotype and slaughter conditions in a belgian study
Leroy, Bernadette ULg; Beduin, Jean-Marie; Etienne, Grégory et al

in Proceedings of the 50th International Congress of Meat Science and Technology (2004, August)

The objectives of this study were to evaluate technological and organoleptic properties of pork meat representative of different Belgian production systems and to determine the contribution of significant ... [more ▼]

The objectives of this study were to evaluate technological and organoleptic properties of pork meat representative of different Belgian production systems and to determine the contribution of significant factors to meat quality variability, in particular the halothane genotype, fasting time, lairage time and slaughtering plant. A total of 521 pigs were used in five Belgian commercial slaughtering plants over a 1 ½ year period. 79% of pigs belonged to four different quality production systems. The remaining 21% were randomly sampled in standard production. The lairage time (LT) was measured at slaughter. In the slaughterline, the entire intestinal tractus (OW) and the carcass (HCW) were weighed, the pH1 and electrical conductivity (PQM1) were measured 45 min post mortem in the longissimus dorsi muscle. One 2.5 cm thick cut of this muscle was removed 24h post mortem for further measurements in the lab : ultimate pH (pHu), ultimate electrical conductivity (PQMu), color (CIE L*a*b*), drip loss (DL), cooking loss (CL) and tenderness (WBPSF). The halothane genotype (CC, CT and TT for homozygote negative, heterozygote negative and homozygote positive for the RYR1 gene mutation respectively). The data were analyzed using SAS and the General Linear Model (GLM) SAS procedure was used in order to estimate the influence of halothane genotype, LT and slaughterhouse on the variability of pH1, PQM1, pHu, PQMu, drip loss, cooking loss, CIE Lab and WBPSF. The relative weight of OW on HCW was included in the models as covariate and used as inverse indicator of the fasting time. Least Squares Means (LSM) were computed for significant effect in the models and compared pairwise by the Student’s t-test. A large variation was observed for the meat quality parameters, in particular for pH1 (from 5.30 to 6.85), DL (from 1.2 to 11.4%) and CIE L* (from 41.6 to 66.4%). The lowest values for pH1 and highest values for DL or CIE L* indicated the presence of pale, soft, exudative meat. For all parameters –except for the pHu, CL and WBPSF– a moderate to great part of variation was explained by the GLM models (R² = 0.22-0.56). The halothane genotype effect was highly significant (p<0.001) on most meat quality traits : pH1, PQM1, PQMu and color parameters (CIE Lab) but not significant on pHu and CL. The LT had a highly significant influence only on PQMu, CIE b and DL. There was a highly significant effect (p<0.01) of the slaughtering plant on pH1, PQM1, PQMu and color parameters (CIE Lab) and a significant influence (p<0.01) on the variability of DL and CL. By contrast, the fasting time had no effect on most meat quality parameters except on DL (p<0.01) and CL (p<0.001). As indicated by the regression coefficient, an increase of OW/hot HCW seems to be related to an increase of DL (p<0.01) or CL (p<0.001). From the halothane genotype Least Squares Means and their standard errors, it appeared that meat quality was negatively affected by the presence of the RYR1 mutation. DL differed significantly (p<0.05) between genotypes with the TT pigs having the highest DL (6.8%) while that of the CC (5.5%) was the lowest and that of CT intermediate (6.1%). CL was also significantly higher (p<0.05) in TT pigs indicating lower water holding capacity. Significant differences between CC and TT genotypes (p< 0.05) were observed in terms of pH1 (6.12 vs 5.69), PQM1 (4.9 vs 6.4) and PQMu (9.7 vs 12.7). The CIE L and b values (56.9% and 16.6) were significantly higher (p<0.05) in the TT group comparatively to CC (55.0% and 15.8%) or CT pigs (54.6% and 15.4). The higher L value of the TT genotypes indicated paler meat. The WBPSF was the lowest for CT pigs with no significant difference observed between the CC and TT genotypes. A significant effect (p<0.05) of the abattoir was observed for all meat quality parameters. Although it would be necessary to determine the reasons for abattoirs differences, the small and old structure of one of the abattoirs and the lack of training of the staff could partially explain the results. Further research is needed to evaluate the interaction terms and to identify slaughtering factors which could explain slaughterhouse differences in terms of meat quality. [less ▲]

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See detailThe equilibrium finite element model and error estimation for plate bending
Nguyen-Xuan, Hung; Debongnie, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2004, August)

This paper presents a procedure for computing approximate solution of bending Kirchhoff plate with an equilibrium finite element model. The accuracy of the equilibrium approach is evaluated through the ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a procedure for computing approximate solution of bending Kirchhoff plate with an equilibrium finite element model. The accuracy of the equilibrium approach is evaluated through the concept of error estimator. Especially, a dual analysis by finite elements which leads to lower and upper bounds of the exact solution is presented in numerical examples. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganisation of « sport + studies programmes » at secondary school level: the perceptions of the students and the staff
Cloes, Marc ULg

in Klissouras, V.; Kellis, S.; Mouratidis, I. (Eds.) Proceedings of the 2004 Pre-Olympic Congress. Sport Science through the Ages. (2004, August)

It is undeniable that sporting success requires an intensive practice, increasingly early and strictly supervised. This necessarily implies that the young athltes find a balance btween the sporting and ... [more ▼]

It is undeniable that sporting success requires an intensive practice, increasingly early and strictly supervised. This necessarily implies that the young athltes find a balance btween the sporting and school education. All around the world, seceral organisations were proposed in order to facilitate the task of the sporting hopes and to enable them to encure their future life as well as possible. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of DMM addition in light fuel oil on the flame emission in a domestic hot water boiler
Masy, Cédric; Ngendakumana, Philippe ULg

Conference (2004, August)

In order to investigate the soot reduction potentialities of DMM (called also methylal) addition in an overall lean diffusion flame, tests have been carried out on our experimental fuel oil boiler whose ... [more ▼]

In order to investigate the soot reduction potentialities of DMM (called also methylal) addition in an overall lean diffusion flame, tests have been carried out on our experimental fuel oil boiler whose burner is equipped with a spill-return atomizer. The tests have been performed in steady state regime without and with addition of DMM. During all the tests, the oxygen at the chimney was kept constant (around 3%) by adjusting the position of the burner air damper and thus the air combustion mass flow rate. The combustion chamber has two quartz windows through which the flame emission was registered by using a photodiode sensible in visible range. Classical gas analysers were used to measure the CO and NOx concentrations at the chimney. DMM percentages up to 15% (by mass) have been tested. [less ▲]

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See detailRadiosynthesis and in vivo evaluation of 123I-rTIMP-2 as potential SPECT tumour imaging agent
Oltenfreiter, R.; Staelens, L.; Burvenich, I. et al

in European Journal of Nuclear Medicine & Molecular Imaging (2004, August), 31(Suppl. 2), 391

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See detailAnalysis of the volleyball spike: relationships between several parameters and the speed of the ball
Cloes, Marc ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Barsin, M. et al

Poster (2004, August)

In volleyball, the spike's effectiveness is a determining element of the team's success. To perform at a high level, a player must be able to produce spikes characterized by a speed of the ball that ... [more ▼]

In volleyball, the spike's effectiveness is a determining element of the team's success. To perform at a high level, a player must be able to produce spikes characterized by a speed of the ball that increase the defence's uncertainly. A high speed spike needs technical and muscular qualities. ... [less ▲]

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See detailShort-circuit mechanical effects on outdoor HV substations with wide bundling.
Pitz, Volker; Köster, Hans-Joachim; Stein, Norbert et al

in Conférence Internationale des grands réseaux électriques à haute tension - CIGRE (2004, August)

This paper presents results of a research project investigating the mechanical effects of short-circuit currents in high-voltage substations with conductor bundles. The experimental part was performed on ... [more ▼]

This paper presents results of a research project investigating the mechanical effects of short-circuit currents in high-voltage substations with conductor bundles. The experimental part was performed on two set-ups, called "100 kV arrangement" and "400 kV arrangement". Those two set-ups differed in the height of the crossarm, the phase-to-phase distance and the conductor sag. Additional parameters which were varied in the course of the experiments included the level and duration of the short-circuit current, the type and number of the spacers used and the bundle spacing. Various forces in the flexible busbar and the supporting structure were recorded during the tests and the stiffness as well as the eigenfrequency of the portals used for supporting the conductors were determined. The test results were evaluated with respect to the maxima of the pinch force, the tensile force and the drop force. They are presented and compared with existing assumptions and calculation methods. The results of this project shall enable IEC standardization committees and CIGRE working groups to carry on with their intended studies and establish a comprehensive method of calculating the mechanical effects in substations with bundle conductors. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalysis of the volleyball spike: relationships between several parameters and the speed of the ball
Cloes, Marc ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Barsin, M. et al

in Proceedings of the 2004 Pre-Olympic Congress Sport Science through the Ages (2004, August)

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See detailPhase separation during silica gel formation followed by time-resolved SAXS
Gommes, Cédric ULg; Goderis, Bart; Pirard, Jean-Paul ULg et al

Poster (2004, August)

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See detailAssessment of the Electric and Magnetic field levels in the vicinity of the HV overhead power lines in Belgium.
Hoeffelman, Jean; Decat, Gilbert; Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Conférence Internationale des Grands Réseaux Electriques à Haute Tension - CIGRE (2004, August)

Maximum exposure levels in the vicinity of HV power lines in Belgium.

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See detailNew Insights in the History of the First International Congress of Geography (Antwerp, 1871).
Vandersmissen, Jan ULg

Conference (2004, August)

The internationalisation of geography gained its full strength after World War I. But this phenomenon originated in the third quarter of the nineteenth century, encouraged by the public attention for ... [more ▼]

The internationalisation of geography gained its full strength after World War I. But this phenomenon originated in the third quarter of the nineteenth century, encouraged by the public attention for exploration, the gradual professionalisation of geography at universities, and the organisation of international congresses. The first congres of this type was organised in Antwerp, Belgium, in 1871. The meeting set standards for all other pre-War international congresses of geography. In this contribution we give new insights in the realization of the Antwerp Congress. We focuss on the initiators Charles Ruelens, Jan-Hubert Van Raemdonck and Pierre Génard, their motives for action, the challenges and difficulties they found on their way. We discuss the collaboration between the Belgian organising committee and the European geographical societies, in particular the “Société de Géographie de Paris”. We discover how the first programme was drawn up en give a detailed image of the participants, paying attention to their origins and fields of interests. Finally we show the results of their debates and try to evaluate the lasting results of the encounter. This paper is based on the recently discovered archives of the first Congress in the City Archives of Antwerp. [less ▲]

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See detailLimiting windstorm effects on tower by the « low drag » cable
Lilien, Jean-Louis ULg; Snegovski, Dmitri; Capelle, Thierry et al

(2004, August)

Hurricane winds affect the flow around electrical conductor in a way that it may reach the critical (Drag crisis) and postcritical states. It is thus important to introduce the cable aerodynamic drag as ... [more ▼]

Hurricane winds affect the flow around electrical conductor in a way that it may reach the critical (Drag crisis) and postcritical states. It is thus important to introduce the cable aerodynamic drag as Reynolds-dependent when calculating the response of the power transmission line under hurricane. To represent the respective wind loading on cable, the turbulent, spatially non-uniform wind model is used. In order to assess the behaviour and cyclic fatigue loads under hurricane conditions of different transmission line conductors, the time response analyses were done. Results of comparative study of the smooth cable AERO-Z and classical multistrand cable, including the percentage of load reduction offered to supporting structure, are presented. [less ▲]

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See detailDiversité intra-organisationnelle et sens au travail dans les centres d'appels externes
Naedenoen, Frédéric ULg; Zune, Marc

Conference (2004, August)

Après avoir décrit le secteur des centres d’appels sous les traits universels d’un post-taylorisme, la littérature souligne depuis peu l’hétérogénéité du secteur. Nous concentrons notre propos sur la ... [more ▼]

Après avoir décrit le secteur des centres d’appels sous les traits universels d’un post-taylorisme, la littérature souligne depuis peu l’hétérogénéité du secteur. Nous concentrons notre propos sur la diversité organisationnelle présente au sein même d’une entreprise et mettons en évidence l’existence de deux logiques organisationnelles en tension, que nous qualifions de centrifuge et de centripète. A partir du concept giddensien de "région", nous envisageons ensuite les conséquences de cette situation sur le sens que les téléopérateurs donnent à leur travail. [less ▲]

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See detailFirst Ground-Based Validation of SCIAMACHY V5.01 Ozone Column
Lambert, Jean-Christopher; Allaart, M; Andersen, S.B. et al

in Proceedings of the Second Workshop on the Atmospheric Chemistry Validation of ENVISAT (ACVE-2), ESA-ESRIN, Frascati, Italy, 3-7 May 2004 (ESA SP-562, August 2004) ESC01JL1 (2004, August)

In early 2004, the near real-time data processor of ENVISAT SCIAMACHY (SCI_NL) was upgraded to version 5.01. Based on the correlative measurements acquired and collected during the commissioning phase of ... [more ▼]

In early 2004, the near real-time data processor of ENVISAT SCIAMACHY (SCI_NL) was upgraded to version 5.01. Based on the correlative measurements acquired and collected during the commissioning phase of the satellite in 2002, a preliminary validation was organised to verify the improvement and assess the geophysical consistency of the new SCIAMACHY ozone vertical column data product. The present overview summarises the results obtained by a list of validation teams and involving ground-based data acquired from pole to pole by complementary ground-based sensors. The studies conclude to an improvement compared to previous versions 3.5x. They also confirm the presence of expected errors (e.g. dependence on solar elevation and on ozone column) inherited from the GOME Data Processor GDP 2.4, on which the SCIAMACHY processor SCI_NL is based. [less ▲]

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See detailA Systems Biology Perspective of Apoptosis Signalling
Bullinger, Eric ULg

Conference (2004, July 24)

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See detailHydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane on Pd-Ag catalysts supported on texture-tailored materials
Job, Nathalie ULg; Heinrichs, Benoît ULg; Ferauche, Fabrice et al

Conference (2004, July 19)

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See detailContribution to the design of sway composite frames
Maquoi, René ULg; Jaspart, Jean-Pierre ULg; Demonceau, Jean-François ULg

in Leon, Roberto; Lange, Jörg (Eds.) Composite Construction in Steel and Concrete V (2004, July 18)

This paper presents numerical and analytical studies carried out at Liège University, as part of a European research project, with the objective to investigate the in-plane behaviour of composite sway ... [more ▼]

This paper presents numerical and analytical studies carried out at Liège University, as part of a European research project, with the objective to investigate the in-plane behaviour of composite sway frames under static loading. [less ▲]

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