References of "Scientific congresses and symposiums"
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See detailAnalysis of climatic conditions of wildfires in Belgium with an automatic daily atmospheric circulation patterns classification
Erpicum, Michel ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg; Mabille, Georges ULg

Conference (2008, October 02)

An automatic daily atmospheric circulation patterns classification was built using the geopotential heights of 850 hPa level from the ECMWF (re)analysis over the period 1958-2007. The classification is ... [more ▼]

An automatic daily atmospheric circulation patterns classification was built using the geopotential heights of 850 hPa level from the ECMWF (re)analysis over the period 1958-2007. The classification is based on a similarity index between two 850hPa geopotential maps centred on Belgium, taking into account the slope difference between both daily geopotential surfaces as well as the absolute geopotential difference between both surfaces. Wildfire occurrences are analysed in April and September together with monthly frequencies and persistences of daily atmospheric circulation patterns types as well as with monthly variability of weather climate conditions. [less ▲]

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See detailLimestone karst rodents in Southeast Asia
Latinne, Alice ULg; Michaux, Johan ULg

Conference (2008, October 02)

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See detailIntegration of Accurate 2D Inundation Modelling, Vector Land Use Database and Economic Evaluation
Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2008, October 02)

Within the global framework of the climate change, according to most Regional Climate Mod-els the maximum peak discharges in river will increase in importance and frequency. Therefore the people will have ... [more ▼]

Within the global framework of the climate change, according to most Regional Climate Mod-els the maximum peak discharges in river will increase in importance and frequency. Therefore the people will have to face worst inundation conditions. In order to protect themselves from the increasing flood risk, the communities have to draw up suitable flood protection measures. The selection and the evaluation among the different possible flood mitigation measures requires developing decision-support system (DSS). This sys-tem has to take into consideration parameters such as hydraulic, economic, social or environmental. This pa-per focuses on the integration between two components of the DSS, namely the evaluation of the economic impacts of floods and the hydrodynamic modelling. The hydraulic simulations are conducted by means of WOLF 2D flow modelling system and provide as an output high resolution flood maps detailing the distribu-tion of water depth and flow velocity in the floodplains. The integration is ensured by the use of very accurate geographic databases and an automated procedure which makes the most of geomatic methods. The paper de-tails the application of the integrated assessment procedure for a case study along the river Ourthe located in the Meuse basin (Belgium). Moreover, possibilities of validation of the economic damage evaluation proce-dure are investigated by comparing computation results with real damage data recorded by the Belgian Disas-ter Fund after several major flood events (2003, 2002, 1995, and 1993). [less ▲]

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See detailModelling rapidly rotating stars
Reese, Daniel ULg

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2008, October 01), 118

Recent interferometric observations have drawn attention to the effects of rapid rotation on stellar structure. Consequently, a number of 2D models and pulsation codes have been and are being developed in ... [more ▼]

Recent interferometric observations have drawn attention to the effects of rapid rotation on stellar structure. Consequently, a number of 2D models and pulsation codes have been and are being developed in order to gain a better understanding of such stars. These have shed light on effects like centrifugal deformation, gravity darkening, differential rotation and the transport of chemical elements and angular momentum. Pulsation modes within these stars have a different geometrical structure, characterised by a new organisation of the frequency spectrum, as shown by eigenmode calculations and ray dynamics. [less ▲]

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See detailNew cycles found in air temperature data and proxy series
Nicolay, Samuel ULg; Mabille, Georges ULg; Fettweis, Xavier ULg et al

Conference (2008, October 01)

We apply the wavelet transform tool to detect unsuspected cycles in several climatic time series

Detailed reference viewed: 16 (1 ULg)
See detailCharacterization of prolatinomas resistant to dopaminergic agonists
Vroonen, Laurent ULg; Tamagno, G.; Naves, L. et al

in 18th Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine and Metabolic societies : Bruxelles, 25 octobre 2008 (2008, October)

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See detailLa répression du négationnisme en Belgique : de la réussite législative au blocage politique
Grandjean, Geoffrey ULg

Conference (2008, October)

This study focuses on the prosecution of genocide-denial in Belgium and on the current deadlock of this political question. A political science approach is used to shed light on this issue which makes ... [more ▼]

This study focuses on the prosecution of genocide-denial in Belgium and on the current deadlock of this political question. A political science approach is used to shed light on this issue which makes often the headlines. The study is based on the analysis of parliamentary documents and on several interviews with the key actors of this issue. This approach enables an analytic understanding of this question. The research topic is all the more meaningful because it concerns dialectics between the present and the past and it puts into questions the place of history in politics. [less ▲]

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See detailStrontium ranelate : long-term efficacy over 8 years in postmenopausal osteoporotic women
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Sawicki, A; Roces-Varela, A et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2008, October), 58

Detailed reference viewed: 18 (5 ULg)
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See detailLa gestion de la diversité dans les PME
Cornet, Annie ULg; Warland, P.

Conference (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 87 (12 ULg)
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See detailAesthetic evaluation and control of concrete building surfaces
Martin, Marie ULg; Gilson, Arnaud; Courard, Luc ULg

in Eterradossi, O. (Ed.) Materials and Sensations 2008 Proceedings (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 46 (6 ULg)
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See detailIn vitro modelisation of prions neuroinvasion mediated by dendritic cells
Dorban, G.; Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Heinen, Ernst ULg et al

Poster (2008, October)

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See detailLa réalité clinique des myopathies équines
Votion, Dominique ULg; van Galen, Gaby; Serteyn, Didier ULg

(2008, October)

Based on histology and the recent genetic studies, several equine neuromuscular disorders have been identified. Lately, several studies have defined the prevalence of myopathies based on histology in ... [more ▼]

Based on histology and the recent genetic studies, several equine neuromuscular disorders have been identified. Lately, several studies have defined the prevalence of myopathies based on histology in equine populations with and without clinical signs of neuromuscular disorders. These studies have showed a high prevalence of myopathies including polysaccharide storage myopathy, recurrent exertional rhabdomyolysis and equine motor neurone disease in horses showing signs of neuromuscular disorders as well as in the general equine population. Based on histology alone, a significant percentage of horses with clinical signs of myopathies remained without a definite diagnosis. In conclusion, horses may be affected by a variety of myopathies, which necessitate an appropriate prophylaxis and a fine diagnostic procedure to avoid the unwanted severe clinical signs associated to muscle disorders. [less ▲]

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See detailVitamine D: effets « phosphocalciques » et « non-phosphocalciques ».
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Souberbielle, Jean-Claude

Conference (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 38 (2 ULg)
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See detailFractionation process to produce a new milk ingredient enriched in phospholipids and sphingolipids
Bodson, P.; Dalemans, D.; Danthine, Sabine ULg et al

Poster (2008, October)

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See detailLe goût et l'odorat, une sensorialité commune?
Von Hoffmann, Viktoria ULg

Conference (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (4 ULg)
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See detailBluetongue in wild ruminants (Cervus elaphus) in southern Belgium
Linden, Annick ULg; Mousset, B; Grégoire, F et al

Conference (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 3 (1 ULg)
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See detailImprovement of the organisation of wildlife disease surveillance in Belgium : The WildSurv project
Tavernier, P; Linden, Annick ULg; Pirot, P et al

Conference (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 11 (1 ULg)
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See detailMulti-scale spatial variability of amphipod assemblages from the foliar stratum of the Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile meadow
Sturaro, Nicolas ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Michel, Loïc ULg et al

Conference (2008, October)

Studying spatial patterns is of ecological importance in order to understand the causes of the distribution and abundance of organisms, and it also provides valuable basis for management and conservation ... [more ▼]

Studying spatial patterns is of ecological importance in order to understand the causes of the distribution and abundance of organisms, and it also provides valuable basis for management and conservation. In the Mediterranean coastal zone, the Posidonia oceanica seagrass meadows constitute one of the dominant ecosystems and are an important habitat for vagile invertebrates. Among these, amphipods comprise a large number of species, with considerable abundance and biomass, as well as being an important trophic resource for fish populations. Until now, little attention has been given to the horizontal variability at different spatial scales of amphipod assemblages associated with P. oceanica meadows. A hierarchical sampling design, spanning three orders of magnitude (from 1 to 100s of metres) was elaborated. Sampling was undertaken in March 2007 in the meadows of Calvi Bay (NW Corsica), at depths ranging from 10 to 13 m, using a suction sampler. Our results indicated an important horizontal variability of the studied assemblage, and this at different spatial scales. In addition, these results tend to show that the small scale (~ 1 m and ~ 10 m) influenced abundance, while the medium-scale (~ 100 m) influenced diversity. Some potential causes of the observed patterns are discussed. These results emphasize the importance of considering different spatial scales in the study of the vagile invertebrates associated with P. oceanica meadows. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 62 (21 ULg)
See detailWatch out Burn out
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

Conference (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 36 (4 ULg)
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See detailFire Performance of undamaged and pre-damaged welded steel-concrete composite beam-to-column joints with concrete filled tubes
Alderighi, Elisabetta; Bursi, Oreste; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg et al

Conference (2008, October)

Major earthquakes in urban areas have often been followed by significant conflagrations that have been difficult to control and have resulted in extensive damage to property. Earthquakes, then, increase ... [more ▼]

Major earthquakes in urban areas have often been followed by significant conflagrations that have been difficult to control and have resulted in extensive damage to property. Earthquakes, then, increase the risk of loss of life if a fire occurs within a building. It is obvious therefore that a fire after an earthquake is a design scenario that should be properly addressed in any performance-based design, in locations where significant earthquakes can occur. In this paper both experimental and numerical results of undamaged and pre-damaged welded steel-concrete composite beam-to-column joints with concrete filled tubes are described as part of a European project aimed at developing fundamental data, design guidelines and prequalification of ductile and fire resistant composite beam-to-column joints. In detail, both the experimental program and the fire experimental results are presented and discussed in this paper together with thermal numerical simulations on frames and joints. Both the experimental activity and the numerical work demonstrated the adequacy of the seismic and joint fire design. [less ▲]

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See detailCrossed random effects models for the detection of differential item functioning in psychometrics
Magis, David ULg; Frederickx, Sofie; Tuerlinckx, Francis et al

Conference (2008, October)

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See detailSpatial heterogeneity at small scale in the microbenthic loop of Posidonia oceanica meadows
Pete, Dorothée ULg; Lenartz, Fabian ULg; Velimirov, Branko et al

Conference (2008, October)

In the Mediterranean coastal zone, one the most important ecosystem is the Posidonia oceanica meadow. This seagrass is endemic of the Mediterranean Sea and plays many important ecological roles like ... [more ▼]

In the Mediterranean coastal zone, one the most important ecosystem is the Posidonia oceanica meadow. This seagrass is endemic of the Mediterranean Sea and plays many important ecological roles like oxygen production, nursery for numerous commercial species of fishes and protection of coastal zones by reducing the impact of waves. However, there is a severe lack of informations on small scale variations in its sediment compartment. In an attempt to understand spatial variations in the microbenthic loop (bacteria, organic matter, microphytobenthos and meiofauna) of this ecosystem, an experiment was led in Calvi Bay (Corsica, France), in March 2008, at 10 m depth. Twelve points were sampled randomly in a 125 x 125 cm grid, divided into twenty-five 25 x 25 cm squares, to assess and describe the spatial distribution and variations of different parameters of the sediment. Those parameters are granulometry, density of the P. oceanica meadow, nutrients concentration in pore water, bacteria (biomass, abundance, morphotypes), organic matter (biomass), microphytobenthos (biomass), roots and rhizomes (biomass) and meiofauna (biomass). Distribution maps were produced using the DIVA (Data-Interpolating Variational Analysis) method. Our results prove that the sediment compartment is highly heterogeneous at small scale, especially for bacteria and in the first centimeter of sediment cores. Moreover, a correlation has been established between microphytobenhtos variations and phosphate concentration in pore water. For the first time, such small scale variations are depicted in a P. oceanica meadow, which underlines the importance to take them into account in sampling strategies. [less ▲]

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See detailReconstruction of Missing Satellite Total Suspended Matter Data over the Southern North Sea and English Channel using Empirical Orthogonal Function Decomposition of Satellite Imagery and Hydrodynamical Modelling
Sirjacobs, Damien ULg; Alvera Azcarate, Aïda ULg; Barth, Alexander ULg et al

Poster (2008, October)

Optical remote sensing data archives generally have many gaps caused by clouds or other retrieval problems. However, for the light forcing of ecosystem models continuous fields are required. For ... [more ▼]

Optical remote sensing data archives generally have many gaps caused by clouds or other retrieval problems. However, for the light forcing of ecosystem models continuous fields are required. For parameters exhibiting strong spatial and temporal correlations for regions of similar dynamics or from day to day, the missing data can be estimated by use of statistical techniques. In this context, the Data Interpolation with Empirical Orthogonal Functions (DINEOF) method is used for reconstruction of complete space-time information for surface total suspended matter (TSM) and chlorophyll a from a 5-year archive of MODIS and MERIS products over the Southern North Sea and English Channel. The DINEOF univariate methodology has been previously demonstrated for Mediterranean sea surface temperature data (Alvera-Azcarate et al., 2005, Beckers et al., 2006). Alvera-Azcarate et al (2007) showed that SST reconstructions could be improved by using a multivariate approach in which SST, chlorophyll and wind fields were taken into account together for the analyses. Here, TSM images will be used in combination with information from the COHERENS hydrodynamical model to provide a complete and continuous estimate of surface TSM for the Southern North Sea throughout the period 2003-2005. In addition to the remotely sensed TSM, the DINEOF multivariate analysis will consider wind fields, depth integrated currents, surface elevations and bottom stresses. Reconstucted images are compared with the original incomplete images. Validation of the method is achieved by estimation of information removed from the training data by exclusion of entire images and by addition of artificial clouds. The data reconstruction technique has further applications in the processing and quality control of optical remote sensing data. Perspectives will be outlined for improving the quality control of retrieved parameters and for the improvement of retrievals by adding statistical information to the conventional spectral processing. References: Alvera-Azcarate, A., Barth, A., Rixen, M., and Beckers, J.-M.: Reconstruction of incomplete oceanographic data sets using Empirical Orthogonal Functions. Application to the Adriatic Sea, Ocean Modelling, 9, 325–346, 2005. Alvera-Azcarate, A., Barth, A., Beckers, J. M., and Weisberg, R. H.: Multivariate Reconstruction of Missing Data in Sea Surface Temperature, Chlorophyll and Wind Satellite Fields, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, C03008, doi:10.1029/2006JC003660, 2007. Beckers J.-M., A. Barth & A. Alvera-Azcarate, DINEOF reconstruction of clouded images including error maps. Application to the Sea-Surface Temperature around Corsican Island, Ocean Sciences, 2: 183–199, 2006. [less ▲]

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See detailRerudescence de la myopathie atypique du cheval au pré en Europe
Marcillaud Pitel, Christel; van Galen, Gaby; Guix, Esteban et al

in In Proceedings: Journée AVEF (Association des Vétérinaires Equins Français) (2008, October)

Atypical myopathy (AM) or atypical myoglobinuria, is an acute and massive rhabdomyolysis syndrom. Most of cases occurs during autumn and spring, and affects grazing horses, often after windy bad weather ... [more ▼]

Atypical myopathy (AM) or atypical myoglobinuria, is an acute and massive rhabdomyolysis syndrom. Most of cases occurs during autumn and spring, and affects grazing horses, often after windy bad weather. Death occurs within 72 hours in the majority of cases. In autumn 2002, the first French case was reported to the French national Network for epidemiological surveillance of Equine Diseases (RESPE). The condition was formerly described in 1985, and cases are reported each year in Europe (Great Britain, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland The Netherlands, France) and also in the USA. The AMAG (Atypical Myopathy Alert Group) collects epidemiological and clinical data. Determination of etiological hypothesis, symptoms and risk factors were obtained from these studies to help veterinary practitioners to better diagnose MA. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation based energy consumption calculation of an office building using solar-assisted air conditioning
Thomas, Sébastien ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg

Poster (2008, October)

To minimize environmental impact and CO2 production associated with air-conditioning system operation, it is reasonable to evaluate the prospects of a clean energy source. The targets of the study are to ... [more ▼]

To minimize environmental impact and CO2 production associated with air-conditioning system operation, it is reasonable to evaluate the prospects of a clean energy source. The targets of the study are to evaluate cooling energy consumption to maintain thermal comfort in an office building and to point out solar energy to satisfy these cooling needs. Simulations were carried out with three different cooling systems in the same operating conditions to determine as accurately as possible the potential use of solar energy. For comparison purpose, the base case is a classical air-conditioning system (heat pump for cooling, gas boiler for heating). Two other configurations were simulated: a classical vapour compression system fed by photovoltaic panels and electricity grid as back-up and, absorption chiller fed by solar thermal panel field and by gas boiler. In the three chosen locations (Paris, Lisbon and Stockholm), results shown that installing photovoltaic panels on the roof is really interesting from the primary energy consumption point of view. [less ▲]

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See detailIntrasaccular injection of aminoglycosides: a novel method for temporary damaging fish inner ear hair cells
Faucher, Karine ULg; Aas-Hansen, Øyvind; Damsgard, Borge et al

Poster (2008, October)

Fish models are increasingly being used for hearing research investigations. Aminoglycoside antibiotics that are used for damaging the inner ear hair cells can have systemic side effects leading to death ... [more ▼]

Fish models are increasingly being used for hearing research investigations. Aminoglycoside antibiotics that are used for damaging the inner ear hair cells can have systemic side effects leading to death of study animals. This study aimed to compare two methods: i) systemic (intravenous) and ii) local (intrasaccular) gentamicin administration for induction of inner ear hair cell damage in the Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua (L.). Hair cell damage was assessed using scanning electron microscopy; hair cell density, prevalence of immature hair cells and kinocilia length were measured. Gentamicin-treated fish were compared with control and sham fish. Intravenous gentamicin led to dose-dependent mortality caused by nephrotoxicity. The only visible effect after treatment was more immature hair cells and shorter kinocilia, the effect on hair cell density was equivocal. Following intrasaccular gentamicin treatment, fish mortality was negligible, and hair cells were damaged regardless of dose. Here, we observed decreased hair cell density, high prevalence of immature hair cells, and significantly shortened kinocilia. Conclusion: intrasaccular injection is preferable to intravenous injection of gentamicin for the study of ototoxicity in the Atlantic cod. [less ▲]

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See detailOcean biogeochemical cycles and climate sensitivity in an Earth system model
Mouchet, Anne ULg; Loutre, M. F.; Fichefet, T. et al

Conference (2008, October)

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See detailPatrones paleobiológicos y éxito evolutivo de las floras del Paleozoico
Cascales - Miñana, Borja ULg; Ruiz-Sánchez, Francisco J.

in Ruiz-Omeñaca, Jose I.; Piñuela, Laura; García Ramos, Juan C. (Eds.) Proceedings of the XXIV Annual Meeting of the Spanish Society of Palaeontology (abstract book) (2008, October)

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See detailAn international, collaborative study of disease characteristics and response to therapy in 60 pituitary adenoma patients with Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptor Interacting
Tikhomirova, M.; Daly, Adrian ULg; Jaffrain-Réa, M. L. et al

in 18th Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine and Metabolic societies : Bruxelles, 25 octobre 2008 (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 17 (5 ULg)
See detailSedimentological traces of earthquakes in recent lakes sediments along the North Anatolian Fault, Turkey
Avsar, Ulas; Boes, X; Hubert, Aurelia ULg et al

Conference (2008, October)

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See detailModeling and experimental investigation of an Organic Rankine Cycle using scroll expander for small scale solar applications
Quoilin, Sylvain ULg; Orosz, Matthew; Lemort, Vincent ULg

(2008, October)

This study aims at developing and optimizing an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) for a small scale, decentralized parabolic trough system. A numerical model the Organic Rankine Cycle is developed and an ... [more ▼]

This study aims at developing and optimizing an Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) for a small scale, decentralized parabolic trough system. A numerical model the Organic Rankine Cycle is developed and an experimental study is carried out on an ORC prototype working with refrigerant HCFC-123, and whose heat sources consist in two hot air flows. The ORC model is built by connecting different sub-models: the heat exchanger models, a volumetric pump model and a scroll expander model. Measured performances of the ORC prototype are presented and allow the validation of the ORC model. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation-assisted audit of an air conditioned building
Bertagnolio, Stéphane ULg; Lebrun, Jean ULg; Hannay, Cleide ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference for Enhanced Building Operation, Berlin, Germany (2008, October)

The example presented here concerns the audit of a typical, medium-size, office building erected in Brussels at the end of the sixties. This building is equipped with a classical old fashioned air ... [more ▼]

The example presented here concerns the audit of a typical, medium-size, office building erected in Brussels at the end of the sixties. This building is equipped with a classical old fashioned air conditioning system with air handling units and four-pipes induction units. In the first part of the paper, a classical audit procedure is applied. It consists in a systematic analysis of all information available, with help of very simple calculation. In the second part of the paper, an equation-based building-HVAC simulation tool is used to assist the audit. Fuel and electricity consumption are then interpreted and significant energy saving opportunities are identified. [less ▲]

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See detailCoded structural light imaging system for weed detection in outdoor conditions
Destain, Marie-France ULg; Piron, Alexis ULg

Conference (2008, October)

A method of determining the position of weeds growing in soil amongst crops is described. Is uses a camera to acquire stereoscopic images of plants.

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See detailLes nouveaux outils d’investigation des myopathies « typiques » et atypique.
Votion, Dominique ULg; van Galen, Gaby; Deby-Dupont, Ginette et al

(2008, October)

This paper aims at describing new investigation tools that are currently under development. Oxymetry, electron spin resonance and myeloperoxidase assays may be applied on muscle sample taken by ... [more ▼]

This paper aims at describing new investigation tools that are currently under development. Oxymetry, electron spin resonance and myeloperoxidase assays may be applied on muscle sample taken by microbiopsy as well as on culture of myocytes. In a next future, these tools should improve our knowledge of the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in clinical and subclinical equine myopathies. [less ▲]

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See detail. Do innervation of germinal centre and contacts between FDC and nerve fibers be keys to understand the susceptibility difference between bovines and humans to the BSE agent?
Defaweux, Valérie ULg; Dorban, G.; Antoine, Nadine ULg et al

Poster (2008, October)

Background: In regard to BSE and vCJD, the agent tropism for lymphoid tissues is completely different even if the infectious strain responsible and the way of inoculation are identical. During vCJD, the ... [more ▼]

Background: In regard to BSE and vCJD, the agent tropism for lymphoid tissues is completely different even if the infectious strain responsible and the way of inoculation are identical. During vCJD, the infectious agent crosses the digestive barrier and multiplies in lymphoid organs, before progressively reaching the brain. Indeed, in vCJD, it accumulates in the ileum, tonsils, spleen and appendix of infected individuals. In contrast, in cattle, the BSE agent has a low affinity for lymphoid tissues and mainly accumulates in the nervous system. During preclinical stages, infectivity, other than that in the peripheral nervous system or central nervous system, is confined in the distal ileum of orally infected cattle. So, it appears that, at least in the case of BSE and vCJD, host properties can influence the accumulation of the infectious agent in lymphoid organs. Objectives and methods: In this study, we analysed by confocale microscopy the mucosal innervation and the interface between nerve fibres and FDC in bovine and human tonsils using a panel of antibodies. Since differences in the innervation of lymphoid organs depending on species and on age have been reported, we analysed two categories of bovines (calves less than 12 months old and bovines older than 24 months) and two categories of humans (patients less than 5 years old and patients older than 25 years). Results: In both species, ways of innervation by-passing germinal centres could be postulated: nerve fibres are widely distributed in antigen/cell traffic area: the lamina propria, the interfollicular zone and the lymphoepithelial area. We pointed out that, only in tonsils of bovines older than 24 months, nerve fibres are observed to be in contact with FDC. In contrast, in human tonsils, no nerve fibres established contacts with FDC, whatever the age. Discussion: Innervation of germinal centres can be said to be an age-dependent dynamic process in bovines. The weak innervation of the secondary lymphoid organs could thus be a rate-limiting step to neuroinvasion in humans. This species difference could influence the way of neuroinvasion and thus, the susceptibility of bovines and humans to the BSE agent. [less ▲]

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See detailLe processus de défaillance de l'entreprise : Intégration et relecture de la littérature
Crutzen, Nathalie ULg; Van Caillie, Didier ULg

in Actes du 9ème Congrès International Francophone de la PME (2008, October)

Un examen de la littérature sur la prévention des défaillances d’entreprises conduit au constat que cette littérature est fragmentée et qu’il n’existe donc pas de théorie unificatrice sur le pourquoi et ... [more ▼]

Un examen de la littérature sur la prévention des défaillances d’entreprises conduit au constat que cette littérature est fragmentée et qu’il n’existe donc pas de théorie unificatrice sur le pourquoi et le comment de la défaillance des entreprises alors qu’il est nécessaire d’évoluer vers un consensus si l’on veut continuer à faire des progrès en matière de prévention de ce phénomène (Crutzen et Van Caillie, 2007a). Partant de ces observations et sur base d’un modèle de la performance absolue, ce papier propose un cadre théorique intégrateur de la littérature. Concrètement, de part une relecture multidimensionnelle des enseignements mis en évidence dans la littérature, ce papier se propose de modéliser le processus de défaillance de l’entreprise. Deux types de modèles sont présentés. D’une part, un modèle multidimensionnel explique que la défaillance d’une entreprise résulte d’une interaction entre des facteurs individuels, des facteurs microéconomiques et des facteurs macroéconomiques. D’autre part, deux modèles du processus de défaillance, focalisés au niveau microéconomique, sont présentés : le modèle de la déplétion des ressources et le modèle de l’IceBerg. [less ▲]

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See detailUnderwater Imagery, a Measuring Tool to Extend the Spatio-Temporal Understanding of Benthic Organisms Dynamics: Case Study of Codium elisabethae in the Azores.
Sirjacobs, Damien ULg; Tempera, Fernando; Cardigos, Frederico et al

Poster (2008, October)

Benthic habitat mapping studies have been increasingly exploiting the use of underwater images to collect information on substrate nature and biological coverage. Concurrently, research has been ongoing ... [more ▼]

Benthic habitat mapping studies have been increasingly exploiting the use of underwater images to collect information on substrate nature and biological coverage. Concurrently, research has been ongoing to develop methods that use the imagery collected to conduct regular quantitative monitoring studies of biological resources distributed over large areas. This study provides the first multi-annual monitoring information on the dynamics of a benthic macroalgae population derived from underwater imagery collected by scuba divers in the Monte da Guia Site of Community Importance /Natura 2000 network (Faial isl. Azores, NE Atlantic). The green alga Codium elisabethae - a long-living green alga that represents a potential good indicator of coastal environmental change - was chosen for the study. The analyses focus on using the underwater imagery to quantify seasonal fluctuations of density, percentage cover, biomass, growth rate and primary production of the species. Two study sites were investigated: one was located in a sheltered no-go reserve exhibiting a dense C. elisabethae population, and the other in a location experiencing more exposed conditions and holding a sparser population. Between August 2003 and November 2005, fifteen (15) photo coverages were collected by scuba-divers. Subsequent processing consisted of producing image mosaics and using automated and interactive change detection methods that recognized, measured and counted individuals present in photos of fixed quadrats and yielded dynamical parameters such as population structures, growth, recruitment, and mortality. Chi-square tests of image-derived estimates and in situ measurements confirmed the validity of a centimeter precision estimation of population structure for individuals above 4 cm diameter. Important variability of population structure and density were observed at small spatial scales. Population density showed a sharp reduction in autumn 2003 and did not show a full recovery in spring and summer 2004. During the following year, population of the protected site maintained density and biomass, while at the exposed site population density dropped. The production of information based on observations of thousands of individuals is mandatory in biological population statistics. The presented imagery approach made it possible, avoiding the need to collect all the measurements and quantitative information during time-constrained SCUBA diving operations. [less ▲]

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See detailHolographic interferometry with photorefractive crystals : recent industrial applications
Thizy, Cédric ULg; Georges, Marc ULg; Hustinx, Guy-Michel et al

in Proceedings of the International Symposium to Commemorate the 60th Anniversary of the Invention of Holography (2008, October)

Photorefractive crystals allow in-situ dynamic holographic recording and indefinite reusability. Also they exhibit specific properties that other recording materials do not and which can be advantageously ... [more ▼]

Photorefractive crystals allow in-situ dynamic holographic recording and indefinite reusability. Also they exhibit specific properties that other recording materials do not and which can be advantageously used in holographic interferometry. For 15 years we have been developing holographic interferometry techniques and devices with Bi12SiO20 (BSO) crystals. The dynamic behaviour of the latter allows a high degree of userfriendliness of holographic interferometry (like techniques based on electronic recording), together with higher resolution interferograms (no speckle noise - no need of filtering). In the past we already have presented a wide range of applications in metrology, NDT and vibrations measurement. Here we present recent industrial applications obtained with a device which is now commercially available. It has proven successful applications in highly demanding applications where high resolution was required [less ▲]

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See detailEcology and silviculture of black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.)
Claessens, Hugues ULg; Oosterbaan, Anne; Savill, Peter

Poster (2008, October)

Black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.) is widespread across Europe, both in forest and on open land along the watercourses. It plays a major role in nature conservation, thanks to its relation with ... [more ▼]

Black alder (Alnus glutinosa (L.) Gaertn.) is widespread across Europe, both in forest and on open land along the watercourses. It plays a major role in nature conservation, thanks to its relation with the river ecosystems and its network distribution on open land. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation numérique des écoulements mixtes hautement transitoires dans les conduits d’évacuation des eaux
Kerger, François ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg et al

in Proceedings 3ème Journées Doctorales En Hydrologie Urbaine (2008, October)

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See detailDevelopment of a strategy to study toxicodynamic of pollutants in spawning sea turtles from the French West Indies
Dyc, Christelle ULg; Bouquegneau, Jean-Marie ULg; De Pauw-Gillet, Marie-Claire ULg et al

Poster (2008, October)

Sea turtles including the green turtle Chelonia mydas and the hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata are critically endangered species, facing different factors as marine pollution. There is a blatant ... [more ▼]

Sea turtles including the green turtle Chelonia mydas and the hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata are critically endangered species, facing different factors as marine pollution. There is a blatant lack of data dealing with toxicants such as metals and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) in sea turtles. We developed a strategy to apprehend levels, effects and transfer to offspring of several pollutants in sea turtles. Sampling of blood, subcutaneous tissue and eggs of 15 gravid C. mydas and E. imbricata was carried out between July and September 2008 in Martinique (Diamant’s beach) and Guadeloupe (Petite Terre and Marie-Galante). Blood was collected from the dorso-cervical sinus and subcutaneous tissue was sampled in shoulder of the spawning females using a 5 mm biopsy punch (Kai Europe GmbH, Germany). Total blood and serum were successfully taken for metal, POP and biomarker investigations. T-mercury was analyzed by DMA milestones while PCBs, DDT and chlordecone were analyzed by EDC Ni63 high performance gas chromatography HPLC. Samples of serum were analyzed for vitamins (A and E) by HPLC and for thyroid hormones (triiodothyronine and thyroxine) by radioimmunoassay. In parallel to this field study, a cell model using 3T3-L1 cell line was built up to test in vitro effects of PCBs and mercury as well as the relationship between in vitro exposure and fat mobilization. Preliminary results showed a dose-response relationship between increased Aroclor 1234 and 1252 concentrations (0.5 ppb, 1 ppb and 1.5 ppb) and adipocyte mortality (Nucleocounter). The strategy we propose here will bring further insights on levels and potential impact of pollutants on female sea turtles and their offspring. [less ▲]

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See detailAnatomo-pathological and genetic studies of adult McCune-Albright syndrome
Burlacu, M. C.; Thiry, Albert ULg; Livadariu, E. et al

in 18th Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine and Metabolic societies : Bruxelles, 25 octobre 2008 (2008, October)

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See detailModélisation hydrodynamique 2D et SIG à haute résolution pour l’évaluation de mesures de protection contre les inondations en milieu urbain
Ernst, Julien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg; Archambeau, Pierre ULg et al

in 3e journées doctorales en hydrologie urbaine (2008, October)

Within the global framework of climate change, the majority of the regional climatic models (RCM - Regional Climatic Model) predict an increase in the frequency and importance of the rainy events ... [more ▼]

Within the global framework of climate change, the majority of the regional climatic models (RCM - Regional Climatic Model) predict an increase in the frequency and importance of the rainy events. Therefore, the populations will have to face an increased risk of flooding. In order to draw up suitable protection strategy in this context, decision-making tool must be developed to select the adequate mitigation measure among the whole of the possible protection measures. This system has to take into account parameters such as hydraulic economic, social or environmental. This paper focuses on the integration between the economic evaluation of the undergone damage and the two-dimensional hydrodynamic modelling implemented using the model WOLF 2D. The integration is ensured by the use of pointed geographical information systems and an automated procedure, based on the methods of geomatic, guaranteeing a perfect applicability of methodology for the analysis of urban areas. The whole of methodology is then applied to the evaluation of a measurement of adaptation to Ourthe (basin of the Meuse), namely the rehabilitation of an old channel formerly used to allow the river transport to the river. [less ▲]

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See detailImage Quality, Accuracy of Attenuation and Scatter Corrections of the microPET Focus 120 Using the NEMA NU4-2008 Phantom
Bahri, Mohamed Ali ULg; Plenevaux, Alain ULg; Seret, Alain ULg

Poster (2008, October)

This work aimed at evaluating the image quality and the accuracy of attenuation and scatter corrections methodologies provided with the microPET Focus 120 scanner. The protocol used here is described in ... [more ▼]

This work aimed at evaluating the image quality and the accuracy of attenuation and scatter corrections methodologies provided with the microPET Focus 120 scanner. The protocol used here is described in the forthcoming NEMA NU4-2008 document. This study included 1 h transmission experiments, with two sources (68Ge and 57Co, both one half-live old), in coincidence mode (Ge) with and without windowing, and singles mode (Ge and Co). Transmission data with Co were also collected for shorter acquisition times (515/1030/2060 s). Transmission with scatter correction, and emission with attenuation with or without scatter correction, slices were reconstructed using 2D-FBP (ramp filter). The uniformity, the recovery coefficients (RC) and the accuracy of corrections were evaluated as described in the NEMA document. We also determined the attenuation coefficient (AC) for water using the methodology applied to measure the mean pixel value for the emission slices of the uniform part of the phantom. The Co single mode measurements provided a mean AC for water closer to the theoretical value than the Ge measurements either in single or in coincidence mode even for the shortest acquisition time. Moreover, the lowest coefficients of variation per pixel of the uniform slices were measured for attenuation corrected data based on Co measurements. Also, spill-over ratio for non-emitting air and water compartments reflected a higher capability of this attenuation correction method for scatter correction. The RC measured on emission image corrected only for attenuation did not show any significant difference linked to the transmission measured methods. However, higher RC values were noted for Ge coincidence with windowing when emission data were corrected for both attenuation and scatter. Hence, Co singles transmission seems to be the most suitable method for attenuation correction on the microPET Focus 120 scanner. [less ▲]

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See detailDiagnostic différentiel des troubles musculaires.
van Galen, Gaby; Amory, Hélène ULg; Serteyn, Didier ULg et al

(2008, October)

The horse is particularly prone to myopathies, which can be acquired or inherited. The history and clinical signs of myopathic horses are of major importance for their diagnosis, but they can be quite ... [more ▼]

The horse is particularly prone to myopathies, which can be acquired or inherited. The history and clinical signs of myopathic horses are of major importance for their diagnosis, but they can be quite aspecific, complicating the diagnosis. Often complementary exams, as rectal exploration, locomotory and/or neurological examination, blood and urine analysis, are necessary to distinguish a myopathy from other conditions. When the presence of a myopathy is confirmed, ideally its origin should be determined. The origin can sometimes be suspected by specific elements in the signalment, history and/or complementary exams, but often needs to be confirmed by the histological examination of a muscle biopsy and/or genetic tests. [less ▲]

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See detailCyclin dependant kinase inhibitor 1B (CDKN1B) gene mutations in familial isolated pituitary adenomas (FIPA) : Analysis in 84 families
Apetrii, P.; Tikhomirova, M.; Daly, Adrian ULg et al

in 18th Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine and Metabolic societies : Bruxelles, 25 octobre 2008 (2008, October)

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See detailMolecular Systematics of Rattini in South East Asia
Pagès, Marie ULg

Conference (2008, October)

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See detailLa notion d'infiniment petit dans la construction des raisonnements économistes
Henry, Valérie ULg

Conference (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 29 (2 ULg)
See detailTwo novel mutations of the calcium sensing receptor gene
Livaradiu, E.; Rydlewski, C.; Hamoir, Etienne ULg et al

in 18th Meeting of the Belgian Endocrine and Metabolic societies : Bruxelles, 25 octobre 2008 (2008, October)

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See detailRemote Sensing of Suspended Particulate Matter in Turbid Waters: State of the Art and Future Perspectives.
Ruddick, Kevin; Nechad, Bouchra; Park, Youngje et al

Conference (2008, October)

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See detailPotential use of Paracentrotus lividus as bioindicator for recent trace element pollution monitoring
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Bouquegneau, Jean-Marie ULg

Poster (2008, October)

The Mediterranean Sea is an enclosed basin, highly submitted to anthropogenic pressures. Chemical pollution originating from coastal urban centres and industries, or carried by air and rivers, will ... [more ▼]

The Mediterranean Sea is an enclosed basin, highly submitted to anthropogenic pressures. Chemical pollution originating from coastal urban centres and industries, or carried by air and rivers, will primarily affect its coastal ecosystems. The pollution by trace elements into the marine environment is rapidly evolving further to the recent modifications of their production and industrial uses by men. As a result, some trace elements that were previously poorly studied can be considered now as environmental pollutants, whose concentrations can sometimes be way above their natural baseline levels. The purple sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus is a well know bioindicator used for metal pollution monitoring (Fe, Cd, Cr, Pb, Zn and Cu) along the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts. This sedentary organism successfully concentrates the pollutants diluted in its environment, and the measured concentrations reflect properly the health status of the ecosystem. This study is a first approach on the use of P. lividus as bioindicator for some less investigated trace elements (Al, V, Mn, Co, Ni, Se, Mo and Ag), chosen for their potential toxic effects. We have compared the element concentrations of the digestive tract tissues and gonads of female and male sea urchins. The organisms were frozen prior to dissection, or they were dissected alive, the two experimental procedures being compared afterwards. The existence of an eventual relationship between their gonadic index or their test diameter and the measured pollutant concentrations was also investigated. [less ▲]

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See detailTransect GLACIOCLIM-SAMBA : observation et modélisation du Bilan de Masse de Surface sur la zone de transition côte-plateau Antarctique
Agosta, Cécile ULg; Genthon, Christophe; Favier, Vincent et al

Conference (2008, October)

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See detailOntogenetic determinism of colour polymorphism in a coral reef fish, Chrysiptera brownriggii (Pomacentridae)
Frederich, Bruno ULg; Brié, Christophe; Santos, Raphael et al

Poster (2008, October)

The determinism of ontogenetic colour changes induced by environmental factors is poorly understood in marine fishes, especially in coral ecosystems. The present study, conducted at the Rangiroa Atoll ... [more ▼]

The determinism of ontogenetic colour changes induced by environmental factors is poorly understood in marine fishes, especially in coral ecosystems. The present study, conducted at the Rangiroa Atoll (French Polynesia) explored the effects of fish density and brightness/darkness condition (type of background) on colour determination during the ontogeny of a territorial damselfish Chrysiptera brownriggii (Bennett 1828). In this species, larvae always colonize the reef (settlement) in a yellow morph, while juveniles and adults can display two distinct colour-patterns: yellow and dark brown. Our experiments in aquaria showed that a significant higher proportion of C. brownriggii larvae turned into the brown morph in a dark condition during a period of 5 and 15 days (70-100% of brown morph induction) just after reef settlement. A significant positive effect of fish density inducing a brown colour morph was also highlighted. After a first colour induction, reversibility experiments illustrated that juveniles can change their colour morph anew after a 5-day period. Although a shift from brown to yellow morph seemed to be more limited. In the dark condition, yellow adults did not change their colour after a 5-day period. Our results showed that the colour dimorphism in C. brownriggii should be density-dependent. The period of sensitivity seems to last throughout the post-settlement period. We suggest that the yellow morph in C. brownriggii can be viewed as a paedomorphic trait. Overall, our results reveal that a darkness/lightness environment and fish density are environmental cues related to colour determinism in the polyphenetic C. brownriggii. [less ▲]

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See detailASPERGER SYNDROME: Clinical picture at a 5-year-old boy and diagnostic work of assessment.
Philippe, Paule ULg; Scholl, Jean-Marc ULg

Poster (2008, October)

The child's parents consulted the Liege Autism Référence Center at Liège in 2007; the child was 5 years old. The main difficulties arise at school: the child does not follow the orders, disrupts the class ... [more ▼]

The child's parents consulted the Liege Autism Référence Center at Liège in 2007; the child was 5 years old. The main difficulties arise at school: the child does not follow the orders, disrupts the class; but except the school, he is very curious to learn, he possesses a surprising vocabulary and memory at his age The multidisciplinary team realized the clinical diagnostic work of assessment (neuropsychological tests, observations at school, at home, during consultations).The various examinations realized previously were consulted and gathered. This poster resume parents observations, assesment results, hypothesis of neurophysiology,of diagnosis following DSM IV, Zero to Three .It's present also our proposition of coverage(care) and orientation. [less ▲]

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See detailConduite à tenir face a un cas de myopathie atypique du cheval au pré
Van Galen, Gaby ULg; Serteyn, Didier ULg; Marcillaud Pitel, Chistel et al

(2008, October)

Owing to the systematic recording of epidemiological and clinical data of European cases of atypical myopathy via the « Atypical Myopathy Alert Group » (AMAG) risk factors for AM have been recognized ... [more ▼]

Owing to the systematic recording of epidemiological and clinical data of European cases of atypical myopathy via the « Atypical Myopathy Alert Group » (AMAG) risk factors for AM have been recognized. Preventive measures may be advised from the identified demographic, managemental and environmental risk factors for atypical myopathy. From the clinical course of affected horses and the review of the lately published scientific papers, a symptomatic treatment is proposed as well as a supportive therapy based on the recently identified pathological process involved in atypical myopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailTesting methods applicable to refrigeration components and systems
Quoilin, Sylvain ULg

Poster (2008, October)

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See detailInterdomain Traffic Engineering in a Locator/Identifier Separation Context
Saucez, Damien; Donnet, Benoît ULg; Iannone, Luigi et al

in IEEE Internet Network Management Workshop (2008, October)

The Routing Research Group (RRG) of the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) is currently discussing several architectural solutions to build an interdomain routing architecture that scales better than the ... [more ▼]

The Routing Research Group (RRG) of the Internet Research Task Force (IRTF) is currently discussing several architectural solutions to build an interdomain routing architecture that scales better than the existing one. The solutions family currently being discussed concerns the addresses separation into locators and identifiers, LISP being one of them. Such a separation provides opportunities in terms of traffic engineering. In this paper, we propose an open and flexible solution that allows an ISP using identifier/locator separation to engineer its interdomain traffic. Our solution relies on the utilization of a service that transparently ranks paths using cost functions. We implement a prototype server and demonstrate its benefits in a LISP testbed. [less ▲]

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See detailHolographic techniques at long wave infrared wavelengths
Vandenrijt, Jean-François ULg; Georges, Marc ULg

in Proceedings of the International Symposium to Commemorate the 60th Anniversary of the Invention of Holography (2008, October)

For industrial applications, holographic interferometry and electronic speckle pattern interferometry techniques using visible laser light are often too sensitive to external perturbations. Consequently ... [more ▼]

For industrial applications, holographic interferometry and electronic speckle pattern interferometry techniques using visible laser light are often too sensitive to external perturbations. Consequently they require too much stability, preventing their widespread use in field applications. One simple idea to overcome this problem is to increase the wavelength of the laser light. We considered the 10 µm wavelength range corresponding to well known CO2 laser and because imagers exist in this spectral range. One other important advantage is that the strain/displacement measurement range is larger than the equivalent techniques in visible light. We will present the preliminary experiences performed so far with components available in our lab. Mainly, we show in-plane electronic speckle pattern interferometry and for the first time digital holographic interferometry. We also discuss specific problems related to the wavelength increase. [less ▲]

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See detailEVALUATION OF EARTHQUAKE- TRIGGERED LANDSLIDES IN EL SALVADOR USING A GIS- BASED NEWMARK MODEL
Garcia-Rodriguez, MJ; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Benito, B.

in The 14th World Conference on Earthquake Engineering (2008, October)

In this work, a model for evaluating earthquake-triggered landslides hazard following the Newmark methodology is developed in a Geographical Information System (GIS). It is applied to El Salvador, one of ... [more ▼]

In this work, a model for evaluating earthquake-triggered landslides hazard following the Newmark methodology is developed in a Geographical Information System (GIS). It is applied to El Salvador, one of the most seismically active regions in Central America, where the last severe destructive earthquakes occurred in January 13th and February 13th, 2001. The first of these earthquakes triggered more the 500 landslides and killed at least 844 people. This study is centred on the area (10x6km) where the most tragic landslide occurred (Las Colinas landslide). The model is based on the Newmark method, which treats a potential landslide as a rigid block sliding on an inclined plane. It requires inputs characterizing the geological conditions and the intensity of earthquake ground motions. The procedure includes factors such as earthquake magnitude, source-site distance, strength of geologic materials, ground water conditions and slope. The data set used in the application includes an earthquake-triggered landslides inventory for the 2001 earthquakes, a 1:100,000-scale geologic map of the region, digital cartography, strong-motion records, data on engineering properties of geologic units, and high-resolution (10 m) digital elevation models of the topography, all of them integrated in the GIS. Displacements of possible landslides along the slope (Newmark displacements) are computed from the Arias Intensity (Ia), and the Critical Acceleration (ac); the latter is inferred from the Factor of Safety (Fs). Newmark displacements have been applied to predict a landslide hazard map at regional scale, in areas where ground-shaking and geological conditions are well known. [less ▲]

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See detailRole of photorefractive holographic interferometry in Impact Assessment Procedure applied to movable cultural heritage
Thizy, Cédric ULg; De Rauw, Dominique ULg; Georges, Marc ULg et al

in Proceedings of the International Symposium to Commemorate the 60th Anniversary of the Invention of Holography (2008, October)

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See detailCharacterization of copper grain growth limitations inside narrow wires depending of overburden thickness
Dubreuil, Olivier ULg; Cordeau, Maryline; Mourier, Thierry et al

in Microelectronic Engineering (2008, October), 85(10), 1988-1991

With the downscaling of feature dimensions, copper interconnects exhibit properties differing from bulk or film material. Resistivity increases and limits electrical performances, and reliability of ... [more ▼]

With the downscaling of feature dimensions, copper interconnects exhibit properties differing from bulk or film material. Resistivity increases and limits electrical performances, and reliability of interconnects becomes a more important challenge for each new technological node. In this study, we present an approach of copper grain growth control inside narrow wires by adding a step between the copper electro-chemical deposition (ECD) and the chemical–mechanical polishing (CMP). This step corresponds to a partial CMP step (pre-CMP) and is applied after ECD and before anneal in order to modify the copper previous termoverburdennext term thickness. Depending on the targeted thickness, copper grain growth occurs during anneal with different efficiencies. Crystallization and grain growth behavior inside wires is investigated with focused ions beam (FIB). We present here our methodology for sample preparation and characterization. Results are focused on electrical variations and on morphological aspects of copper crystallization and grain growth inside lines observed with various overburden thicknesses. [less ▲]

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See detailUne lecture scientométrique de la littérature sur les réseaux sociaux en sciences de gestion et en entrepreneuriat
Froehlicher, Thomas ULg; Bares, Franck; Bourgne, Patrick

Conference (2008, October)

Detailed reference viewed: 55 (6 ULg)
See detailHistopathological comparison of two mouse-adapted influenza A strains in mice.
Garigliany, Mutien-Marie ULg; Habyarimana, Adélite; Cornet, Anne et al

Conference (2008, October)

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See detailEvaluation of sedation depth and quality of performed procedures following administration of α2-agonists combined or not with butorphanol in horses.
Barbry, Stephanie; Verwilghen, Denis ULg; Van Galen, Gaby ULg et al

Poster (2008, October)

Several molecules available in equine medicine provide profound sedation and good analgesia when performing diagnostic or surgical procedures. They differ slightly in degree of action, as well in time as ... [more ▼]

Several molecules available in equine medicine provide profound sedation and good analgesia when performing diagnostic or surgical procedures. They differ slightly in degree of action, as well in time as in depth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the depth of sedation and quality of performing a standardized procedure after injection of an 2-agonist alone or associated with butorphanol. Horses presented to the Equine Clinic of Liege University from December 2007 to June 2008 for an endoscopic, dental, radiological or ophthalmological examination of which owner and clinician agreed to include the horse in the study were retained. All horses (n=133) were sedated in a randomized double blind fashion using one of the six following protocols: detomidine (D) (0.01mg/kg IV), romifidine (R) (0.04mg/kg IV), or xylazine (X) (0.5mg/kg IV) alone or associated with butorphanol (B) (0.02mg/kg IV). Stability, head position and the reaction to a stimulus (auditive and visual) were evaluated before the start of the procedure. An overall subjective grade using a 10 cm line scale was given to evaluate sedation depth (ranging from no effect to maximal depth on line) and the quality of the performed procedure (ranging from not realised to ideal examination). For each specific procedure, the same clinician experienced in his particular field evaluated the parameters. Data were related by a variance analysis using SAS system and considered significant if P<0.01. The used protocols significantly influenced both sedation depth and examination quality. Sedation depth increased significantly when B was added in all the three 2-agonists used (mean ± SD): D: 6.46±0.33; D+B: 7.06±0.37; R: 4.93±0.46; R+B: 7.04±0.45; X: 4.94±0.43; X+B: 7.75±0.40. Detomidine provided a significantly better quality of the examination compared to romifidine and xylazine. The addiction of butorphanol significantly decreased the examination quality when added to detomidine and increased the quality when combined with romifidine and xylazine. Mean (± SD) of the quality of performed procedures: D: 8.41±0.54; D+B: 6.06±0.64; R: 6.68±0.71; R+B: 7.16±0.67; X: 4.47±0.67; X+B: 4.52±0.64. Comparison of sedation depth and quality of performed examination revealed an increase in quality of examination scores with increasing depth of sedation until a certain level. As from sedation depths with scores of 8 or more, a decrease in quality of examination was encountered. This report shows the important effect of butorphanol addition on sedation. However, increasing sedation depth was not necessarily linked to a better quality of procedure, notably due to difficulties in handling strongly sedated horses for the procedures performed in this study. [less ▲]

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See detailPhilosophie politique et approche pragmatique du politique en contexte islamique. Lecture d’al-Mâwardi
Nachi, Mohamed ULg

in Gandolfi et Levi, Paola et Giovani (Ed.) Entre théologie et Politique: Les origines théologiques cachées de la pensée politique contemporaine dans les pays de la Méditerranée (2008, October)

Montrer l'apport d'al-Mâwardi pour le développement d'une approche pragmatique du politique en contexte islamique

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See detailBases biologiques et éco-hydrauliques pour la restauration de la continuité piscicole en rivière : premier bilan et perspectives en Région Wallonne (Belgique).
Ovidio, Michaël ULg; Philippart, Jean-Claude ULg; Denoel, Philippe et al

Conference (2008, October)

Dans le prolongement de la Directive Benelux d’avril 1996 (libre circulation des poissons migrateurs) et de la Directive Cadre sur l’Eau de l’Union Européenne (2000/60/CE), le rétablissement de la ... [more ▼]

Dans le prolongement de la Directive Benelux d’avril 1996 (libre circulation des poissons migrateurs) et de la Directive Cadre sur l’Eau de l’Union Européenne (2000/60/CE), le rétablissement de la continuité piscicole dans nos cours d’eau fait partie des objectifs prioritaires de la Direction des Cours d’eau Non Navigables du Ministère de la Région Wallonne. Depuis 1997, différents acteurs, gestionnaires, sociétés de pêches et scientifiques abordent en profondeur cette problématique par l’exécution de différentes actions intégrées. Depuis environ 10 ans, un travail de terrain considérable est accompli pour le compte de la Région wallonne par la Fédération de Pêche Vesdre-Amblève (asbl) qui répertorie et géoréférence la totalité des obstacles physiques susceptibles de perturber la continuité piscicole dans les cours d’eau de Wallonie. En parallèle, le Laboratoire de Démographie des Poissons et d’Hydroécologie (LDPH) de l’Université de Liège étudie l’impact biologique de certains de ces obstacles sur les populations de poissons, principalement en utilisant la technique du radio-pistage. Ces recherches permettent de mieux connaître les phénomènes de mobilité et de migrations des poissons de nos cours d’eau ainsi que leurs capacités à franchir en remontée des obstacles typologiquement très différents. Ces travaux permettent d’identifier les sites critiques qui doivent prioritairement êtres équipés de dispositifs de franchissement efficaces. Le contrôle scientifique du fonctionnement des passes migratoires nouvellement construites démontre clairement leurs effets positifs sur la qualité écologique et piscicole de la rivière. De tels résultats justifient fortement de multiplier ce type d’action de restauration écologique (hydromorphologique) dans d’autres cours d’eau. Au cours de notre exposé, nous présenterons, avec des résultats concrets, un premier bilan des travaux déjà effectués et nous dégagerons les perspectives à moyen et long terme en matière de libre circulation des poissons dans les cours d’eau wallons, non seulement en remontée mais aussi en descente (ou dévalaison). [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailIn-situ SAXS of resorcinol-formaldehyde gel formation: either colloid aggregation or microphase separation
Gommes, Cédric ULg; Roberts, Anthony; Goderis, Bart

Poster (2008, October)

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See detailSpatial and interannual variability of the Schyphozoan medusae, Pelagia noctiluca (Forksål), in the Bay of Calvi (Corsica)
Collignon, Amandine ULg; Goffart, Anne ULg; Lejeune, Pierre et al

Poster (2008, October)

The temporal distribution of the Schyphozoan medusae Pelagia noctiluca (Forksål) has been examined weekly in the oligotrophic coastal waters of the Bay of Calvi (Corsica) from 2003 to 2008. The ... [more ▼]

The temporal distribution of the Schyphozoan medusae Pelagia noctiluca (Forksål) has been examined weekly in the oligotrophic coastal waters of the Bay of Calvi (Corsica) from 2003 to 2008. The observations show a gradual increase of jellyfish number in 2004 to 2005, followed by a dramatic increase in the 2006 and a significant reduction in summers 2007 and 2008. The numeration of ephyra larvae in plankton and ovarian histology show a higher reproduction in June 2006. An analysis of the spatial distribution of the Pelagia noctiluca in the area of the Bay of Calvi emphasises that during the 2006 bloom, most of the organisms are present at a distance of the coastline where they are forming actives swarms of 200 m of length with 5 to 10 individual per m3. In the swarms, the individuals are healthful and swim actively in the upper layer (10 t 60 m) with tentacles extended, probably catching the food. The swarms are generally located around wind-protected area where the surface turbulence is reduced and where zooplankton is accumulating. Sometimes, the swarms migrate vertically probably in relation with changes of wind conditions. In some cases, moribund individuals partially destroyed or at the end of their biological cycle escape from active swarms and drift passively, at the surface, under the action of water movements, into coastal waters and beaches where they accumulate and reach 200 individual per m3. In these passive swarms the individuals continue to swim slowly but are actively fed by some Sparid fish. [less ▲]

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See detailCoronography with a dynamic hologram
Ricci, Davide ULg; Le Coroller, Hervé; Piron, Pierre ULg

Poster (2008, September 26)

An innovative solution to improve the performances of coronagraphs consists in adding, in the optical scheme, a dynamic hologram removing most of the residual speckle starlight. Our simulations show that ... [more ▼]

An innovative solution to improve the performances of coronagraphs consists in adding, in the optical scheme, a dynamic hologram removing most of the residual speckle starlight. Our simulations show that the detection limit in the flux ratio between a host star and a very near planet, in the case of wavefront bumpiness imperfections at lambda/20 (resp. lambda/100), improves over a factor 1000 (resp. 10000) when equipped with a hologram, allowing to direct image an exo-Earth at a distance of 11 parsec with a 6.5m space telescope. [less ▲]

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Peer Reviewed
See detailEntre France, Italie et Levant, Philippe de Clèves et la « croisade de Mytilène » (1501) : portrait d’un seigneur bourguignon par l’historiographe royal Jean d’Auton
Dumont, Jonathan ULg

in Cauchies, Jean-Marie (Ed.) Bourguignons en Italie, Italiens dans les pays bourguignons (XIVe–XVIe s.) (2008, September 26)

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See detailUne copie en maġribī du Kitāb al-Faraj baʿd aš-Šidda d'at-Tanūḫī
Franssen, Elise ULg

Poster (2008, September 26)

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See detailOn mathematical concepts for the material world
Leclercq, Bruno ULg

Conference (2008, September 25)

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See detailEmerging International Standards : If a dream could come true
Michel, Quentin ULg

Conference (2008, September 25)

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Peer Reviewed
See detailReflection spheres of the public, social and cooperative economy
Fecher-Bourgeois, Fabienne ULg; Lévesque, Benoît

Conference (2008, September 24)

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See detailUne institution en quête de légitimité : le contrat stratégique pour l'Ecole en Communauté française de Belgique
Guillaume, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2008, September 24)

Cette intervention visait à interroger les difficultés existantes dans l'école secondaire de la Communauté française de Belgique et susceptibles d'entraver la mise en oeuvre du programme éducatif affirmé ... [more ▼]

Cette intervention visait à interroger les difficultés existantes dans l'école secondaire de la Communauté française de Belgique et susceptibles d'entraver la mise en oeuvre du programme éducatif affirmé dans le Contrat stratégique pour l'Ecole. [less ▲]

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