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See detailEstimating pCO2 from remote sensing in the Belgian coastal zone
Borges, Alberto; Ruddick, Kevin; Lacroix, Geneviève et al

in ESA Special Publication SP-686 (2010)

In coastal waters, a purely field observation based approach will probably be insufficient to better constrain estimates of air-sea CO2 fluxes, to study their inter-annual variability and their long-term ... [more ▼]

In coastal waters, a purely field observation based approach will probably be insufficient to better constrain estimates of air-sea CO2 fluxes, to study their inter-annual variability and their long-term changes. One approach to achieve these goals is to use remotely sensed fields of relevant biogeochemical variables to extrapolate available data, and produce maps of the partial pressure of CO2 (pCO2) and air-sea CO2 fluxes. In the open ocean this approach has to some extent been successfully used based on fields of chlorophyll-a (Chla) and sea surface temperature (SST). This approach remains challenging in coastal waters that have complex optical properties (Case-II waters) and that exhibit highly dynamic pCO2 temporal and spatial variations. In the frame of the Belgian funded BELCOLOUR-II project (Optical remote sensing of marine, coastal and inland waters; http://www.mumm.ac.be/BELCOLOUR/), three field cruises per year (April, July and September) for optical measurements were carried in 2007, 2008, 2009 in the Southern Bight of the North Sea (SBNS). Based on these data-sets, we derived algorithms to compute pCO2 from Chl-a and sea surface salinity (SSS) using multipolynomial regressions (MPR). Here we report the first application of the MPR algorithms to derive pCO2 fields in the Belgian coastal zone based on data gathered in 2007, using remote sensed Chl-a (MERIS) and SSS computed with a 3-D hydrodynamical model of SBNS (COHERENS). [less ▲]

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See detailEffects of L-carnitine administration on hatchability and blood parameters of broiler and layer chicks
Tona, Kokou; Nouboukpo, E.; Kamers, B. et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailComparison between the SMM and GEMINI++ de-excitation models
Mancusi, Davide ULg; Cugnon, Joseph ULg; Boudard, A. et al

in Proceedings to the Satellite Meeting on Nuclear Spallation Reactions, International Topical Meeting on Nuclear Research Applications and Utilization of Accelerators 2009 (2010)

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See detailQuelles perspectives durables pour le vermicelle de tolomane dans la province de Hung Yen (Vietnam) ?
Vy Le Thi, Long; Vu Dinh, Ton; Duquesne, Brigitte ULg

in University of Parma, Faculty of Economics (Ed.) 116th EAAE Seminar "Spatial dynamics in agri-food systems : implications for sustainability and consumer welfare" (2010)

Le but de cette étude est de proposer des axes de recherche en vue de renforcer, dans une perspective de développement durable, la transformation locale et la commercialisation d'un produit traditionnel ... [more ▼]

Le but de cette étude est de proposer des axes de recherche en vue de renforcer, dans une perspective de développement durable, la transformation locale et la commercialisation d'un produit traditionnel vietnamien typique : le vermicelle de tolomane. [less ▲]

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See detailStray light analysis and optimization of the ASPIICS/PROBA-3 Formation Flying solar coronagraph
Mazzoli, Alexandra ULg; Landini, Federico; Vivès, Sébastien et al

in SPIE, Space Telescopes and Instrumentation 2010 : Optical, Infrared and Millimeter Wave (San Diego, 27 juin-2 juillet) (2010)

PROBA-3 is a technology mission devoted to the in-orbit demonstration of formation flying techniques and technologies. PROBA-3 will implement a giant coronagraph (called ASPIICS) that will both demonstrate ... [more ▼]

PROBA-3 is a technology mission devoted to the in-orbit demonstration of formation flying techniques and technologies. PROBA-3 will implement a giant coronagraph (called ASPIICS) that will both demonstrate and exploit the capabilities and performances of formation flying. ASPIICS is distributed on two spacecrafts separated by 150m, one hosting the external occulting disk and the other the optical part of the coronagraph. This part implements a three-mirror-anastigmat (TMA) telescope. Its pupil is placed about 800mm in front of the primary mirror, a solution allowing an efficient baffling and a high reduction of the stray light inside the instrument. A complete stray light analysis of the TMA has been carried out to design the baffles and to establish the required roughness of the mirrors. The analysis has been performed in two steps: first, by calculating the diffraction pattern behind the occulter due to an extended monochromatic source having the diameter of the Sun; second, by propagating this diffraction pattern, through all the telescope optical components, to the prime focal plane. The results obtained are described in this article. [less ▲]

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See detailEl doble juego de una vida y de una obra. Jorge Semprun y la literatura comprometida
Denis, Benoît ULg

in Pla, Xavier (Ed.) Jorge Semprun o les espirales de la memoria (2010)

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See detailCyclostratigraphic implications of Devonian-climate astronomical forcing.
De Vleeschouwer, David; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg et al

in Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs (2010), 42(5), 540

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See detailApproaches for assessing potential impacts of thyroid hormone disrupting chemicals in wild sea bass (Dicentrarchus labrax)
Schnitzler, Joseph ULg; Klaren, Peter; Thomé, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2010)

Organic compounds such as pesticides and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) are well described endocrine disrupters; of particular interest are effects on thyroid function. To assess the ability of occurring ... [more ▼]

Organic compounds such as pesticides and polychlorobiphenyls (PCBs) are well described endocrine disrupters; of particular interest are effects on thyroid function. To assess the ability of occurring pollutants in European coastal areas to disrupt the thyroid system in sea bass, a field study in the major European estuaries, namely, the Scheldt, the Seine, the Loire, the Charente and the Garonne has been conducted. Several thyroid endpoints were simultaneously examined. Diameter of follicles and the epithelial cell heights give an indication on the production and secretion activity of the thyroid gland. The activity of enzymes involved in the metabolism (deiodination, glucuronidation and sulfatation) of thyroid hormones was analyzed. Finally thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) concentrations were analyzed in muscle by radioimmunoassay. The combined use of all those endpoints gives us an overview of the complex thyroid hormone system. PCB concentration in wild fish varied from 10 to 100 ng g-1 wet weight (ww) depending on length and location. Each region has its own contamination levels and profiles reflecting the contribution of pollutants from rivers. The contamination levels were as follows: the highest concentrations were measured in individuals collected from the coastal region near the Scheldt > Seine > Loire > Charente and the lowest levels were observed in sea bass from coastal regions near the Garonne. Measurements of metabolic activity revealed an altered hepatic T4 outer ring deiodinase whereas T4 sulfatation and T4 glucuronidation were not affected. Owing to the extensive autoregulatory feedback at both central and peripheral levels, the thyroid hormone concentrations were preserved despite the PCB induced changes in thyroid hormone dynamics. [less ▲]

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See detailThe 900-yr sedimentary record of Lago Thompson, Northern Chilean Patagonia
Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Nuttin, L.; Bertrand, S. et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailContractuele aansprakelijkheid in het bouwrecht. Rechtspraakoverzicht 1999-2009
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Hoebeeck, Maarten

in Tijdschrift voor Bouwrecht en Onroerend Goed (2010), (3), 124-137

Examen de la jurisprudence récente relative à la responsabilité contractuelle en droit de la construction.

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See detailFinger Tapping feature extraction in Parkinson's disease using low-cost accelerometers
Stamatakis, Julien; Cremers, Julien ULg; Macq, Benoït et al

in Proceedings 10th IEEE International Conference on Information Technology and Applications in Biomedicine (ITAB 2010) (2010)

The clinical hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD) are movement poverty and slowness (i.e. bradykinesia), muscle rigidity and limb tremor. The physicians usually quantify these motor disturbances by ... [more ▼]

The clinical hallmarks of Parkinson's disease (PD) are movement poverty and slowness (i.e. bradykinesia), muscle rigidity and limb tremor. The physicians usually quantify these motor disturbances by assigning a severity score according to validated but time-consuming clinical scales such as the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) - part III. These clinical ratings are however prone to subjectivity and inter-rater variability. The PD medical community is therefore looking for a faster and more objective rating method. As a first step towards this goal, a tri-axial accelerometer-based system is proposed as patients are engaged in a repetitive finger tapping task, which is classically used to assess bradykinesia in the UPDRS-III. After developing the hardware, an algorithm has been developed, that automatically epoched the signal on a trial-by-trial basis and quantified, among others, movement speed, amplitude, hesitations or halts as validated by visual inspection of video recordings during the task. The results obtained in a PD patient and an healthy volunteer are presented. Preliminary results show that PD patients and healthy volunteers have different features profiles, so that a classifier could be set up to predict objective UPDRS-III scores. [less ▲]

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See detailIdentification of chromosomal regions associated with segregation distortion of SSR markers and the genes controlling the low-gossypol seed & high-gossypol plant trait of Gossypium sturtianum
Benbouza, H.; Diouf, F.B.; Schefflers, J. et al

Conference (2010)

Distorted segregation of DNA markers is commonly encountered, especially in inter-specific crosses. Our main objective in this study was to identify chromosomal regions consistently associated with ... [more ▼]

Distorted segregation of DNA markers is commonly encountered, especially in inter-specific crosses. Our main objective in this study was to identify chromosomal regions consistently associated with segregation distortion in [(G. hirsutum x G. raimondii) x G. sturtianum] (HRS) hybrid. Segregation distortion skews the genotypic frequencies from their Mendelian expectations. In HRS progeny, chi square analysis (P < 0.01) showed significant skewed in all targeted linkage groups c2-c14, c3-c17, and c6-c25. Chromosomal region was regarded as being associated with skewed segregation, if three or more closely linked markers exhibited significant segregation distortion in one or more population(s). The targeted introgression regions in the tested population seem to be favourable for segregation distortion. Segregation distortion in HRS hybrid progenies differed in male and female gametes. Furthermore, the data indicated that the environment has strongly influenced the transfer of SSR markers through microspores. The consistent location of these chromosomal regions in selfed and backcross of HRS derivatives indicate probably the identification of segregation distortion regions (SDRs) in HRS hybrid. Comparison with results regarding the segregation distortion regions obtained in previous research by other authors and results we obtained regarding the absence of recombinations between BNL3436 and BNL1153 markers mapped on c6-c25 chromosome and spanned by 64 cM on the G. hirsutum map, after several generations of selfing, arise the question of the conservation of the gene order and spacing in G. sturtianum. Results showed that three SSR markers mapped on c6-c25 linkages groups were systematically transmitted in all selected progenies of the HRS tri-specific hybrid. Furthermore, the high percentages of loci with significant segregation distortion observed in this study suppose that a genetic mechanism may exist for preferential transmission of alien chromosomes segments. High heterozygosity frequencies (+/- 80%) were observed for all conserved G. sturtianum SSR markers, after several generations of backcrossing and selfing, which indicate that the cytogenetic and genetic conditions for obtaining homozygotes at high frequency are not met. [less ▲]

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See detailInvestigation of the influence of surface roughness modification of bone tissue engineering scaffolds
Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Pyka, Grzegorz; Van Bael, Simon et al

in Abstract book SkyScan User Meeting 2010 (2010)

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See detailAutour de l’"Instructio ad tyronem" (1672). Les enjeux d’une définition dogmatique de l’Immaculée Conception
Delfosse, Annick ULg

in Raymond, Baustert (Ed.) Le Jansénisme et l'Europe (2010)

This article concentrates on the disputes born from de redaction followed by the publication of a little theology handbook entitled “Instructio ad tyronem” (1672). Work of a Canon of Gent, Peter van ... [more ▼]

This article concentrates on the disputes born from de redaction followed by the publication of a little theology handbook entitled “Instructio ad tyronem” (1672). Work of a Canon of Gent, Peter van Buscum, it causes passionate reactions in the Low Countries because it questions the possibility of a dogmatic definition of the Immaculate Conception. The A. shows how two clans confront each other. The first group comprises some theologians and priests trained in the Louvain University to the positive theology. They promote, from a theological as well as religious point of view, a moderate and rigorous behaviour, invoking the obligation of fidelity to the scriptural and patristic sources. The others (Eugène-Albert d’Allamont, Gent’s Bishop, Carlo Francesco Airoldi, internuncio, Mendicants and Jesuits) are the defenders of Rome. They sustain some demonstrative worship forms, sometimes ostentatious. The one and the others weren’t able to get along. Their opposition manifested itself around the “Instructio”. [less ▲]

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See detailUrinary NGAL: Use of absolute value or ratio to creatinine?
Cavalier, Etienne ULg; Bekaert, Anne-Catherine ULg; Legrand, Delphine ULg et al

in Acta Clinica Belgica (2010), 65-3

Introduction: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has emerged as a promising marker for the detection of acute kidney injury. This marker has been proposed for urinary measurement. However ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has emerged as a promising marker for the detection of acute kidney injury. This marker has been proposed for urinary measurement. However, in the literature, authors indistinctly use "absolute" value or NGAL to creatinine ratio. Up to now, there are no strong arguments favouring for one. This question is of importance as this marker is sensed to be used only on urine random samples. To find an answer to this very practical matter, one approach could be to compare biological CV(intra-individual variation) of the "absolute" and ratio results. [less ▲]

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See detailLa stratégie interrégionale de l’UE et le régionalisme latino-américain à l’heure des mutations géopolitiques
Santander, Sébastian ULg

in Lebullenger, Joël; Flaesch-Mougin, Catherine (Eds.) Regards croisés sur les intégrations régionales Europe / Amériques en lien avec l’Afrique (2010)

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See detailInfluence on fertility of Lianol Solapro incorporation in lactation diet
Wavreille, José; Planchon, Viviane; Renaville, Robert ULg et al

in 21 Inter. Pig Vet Society Congress (2010)

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See detailTime Series Forecasting Using a TSK Fuzzy System tuned with Simulated Annealing
Almaraashi, Majid; John, Robert; Coupland, Simon et al

in 2010 IEEE International Conference on Fuzzy Systems (FUZZ-IEEE 2010) (2010)

In this paper, a combination of a Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy system (TSK) and simulated annealing is used to predict well known time series by searching for the best configuration of the fuzzy system. Simulated ... [more ▼]

In this paper, a combination of a Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy system (TSK) and simulated annealing is used to predict well known time series by searching for the best configuration of the fuzzy system. Simulated annealing is used to optimise the parameters of the antecedent and the consequent parts of the fuzzy system rules. The results of the proposed method are encouraging indicating that simulated annealing and fuzzy logic are able to combine well in time series prediction. [less ▲]

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See detailOut of Africa: north-westwards Pleistocene expansions of the heather Erica arborea
Desamore, Aurélie ULg

Poster (2010)

ntroduction Erica arborea L. is a dominant element of the circum-Mediterranean region. Its broad, disjunct distribution, ranging from Macaronesia to eastern Africa, is consistent with the fragmentation of ... [more ▼]

ntroduction Erica arborea L. is a dominant element of the circum-Mediterranean region. Its broad, disjunct distribution, ranging from Macaronesia to eastern Africa, is consistent with the fragmentation of the evergreen tropical forests that dominated Europe and North Africa in the Tertiary. (fig.1) Aim Is the current disjunct distribution of E. arborea a relict of a once wider distribution or a recent range expansion in response to the establishment of suitable conditions ? [less ▲]

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See detailFirst man in the eastern Finland : an Early Mesolithic inland site with a red-ochre grave in Joensuu Rahakangas
Pesonen, Petro; Hertell, Esa; Nyholm, Mikael et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailDE LA CULTURE ITINERANTE SUR BRULIS AUX JACHERES ENRICHIES PRODUCTRICES DE CHARBON DE BOIS, EN R. D. DU CONGO
Peltier, Régis; Bisiaux, Franck; Dubiez, Emilien et al

Conference (2010)

—From slash-and-burn to slash-and-charcoal in R.D. Congo Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, has some 8 million inhabitants and is mainly surrounded by savanna and patches of ... [more ▼]

—From slash-and-burn to slash-and-charcoal in R.D. Congo Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, has some 8 million inhabitants and is mainly surrounded by savanna and patches of degraded forest. Estimated fuelwood consumption is in the range of 3 to 6 million tones of fuelwood equivalent per year (representing 0.6 to 1.2 MT of charcoal per year if all the wood were charcoaled). The Mampu project was designed as the pilot phase of a reforestation project covering 100 000 hectares of sandy soil on the Bateke plateau and aiming to remedy wood and charcoal scarcities. Despite the conflicts, about 8000 hectares of Acacia auriculiformis were planted, mainly from 1987 to 1993. From about 1994, the Mampu plantation was divided into 25 hectare plots for 320 farming families. Cultivation mainly follows the agroforestry pattern based on improved fallows, which draws on traditional slash-and-burn farming. Total charcoal production from the plantation varies from 8 000 to 12 000 tonnes per year, in addition to 10 000 T/year of cassava, 1 200 T/year of maize and 6 T/year of honey. The success of the project is an incentive to apply the model to the savanna lands on the Bateke plateaus, taking traditional land rights into consideration and continuing activities to diversify and process production locally. This will help to cover a larger share of urban needs for renewable energy while also creating rural employment. However, other agroforestry systems deserve to be tested or developed for different ecological and social or economic conditions across the country, such as management of the natural regrowth of local multiple-use species as applied with the traditional system of fallow enrichment (Nkunku) in the Lower Congo. [less ▲]

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See detailHM modelling of in-situ gas injection tests in bentonite and argillite: the PGZ experiment
Gerard, Pierre ULg; Charlier, Robert ULg; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg et al

in Clays in Natural and Engineered Barriers for Radioactive Waste Confinement (2010)

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See detailModification of the trapped field in bulk HTS as a result of the drilling of a pattern of artificial holes
Lousberg, G. P.; Fagnard, Jean-François ULg; Ausloos, Marcel ULg et al

in Journal of Physics: Conference Series (2010), 234

The trapped magnetic field is examined in bulk high-temperature superconductors that are artificially drilled along their c-axis. The influence of the hole pattern on the magnetization is studied and ... [more ▼]

The trapped magnetic field is examined in bulk high-temperature superconductors that are artificially drilled along their c-axis. The influence of the hole pattern on the magnetization is studied and compared by means of numerical models and Hall probe mapping techniques. To this aim, we consider two bulk YBCO samples with a rectangular cross-section that are drilled each by six holes arranged either on a rectangular lattice (sample I) or on a centered rectangular lattice (sample II). For the numerical analysis, three different models are considered for calculating the trapped flux: (i), a two-dimensional (2D) Bean model neglecting demagnetizing effects and flux creep, (ii), a 2D finite-element model neglecting demagnetizing effects but incorporating magnetic relaxation in the form of an E – J power law, and, (iii), a 3D finite element analysis that takes into account both the finite height of the sample and flux creep effects. For the experimental analysis, the trapped magnetic flux density is measured above the sample surface by Hall probe mapping performed before and after the drilling process. The maximum trapped flux density in the drilled samples is found to be smaller than that in the plain samples. The smallest magnetization drop is found for sample II, with the centered rectangular lattice. This result is confirmed by the numerical models. In each sample, the relative drops that are calculated independently with the three different models are in good agreement. As observed experimentally, the magnetization drop calculated in the sample II is the smallest one and its relative value is comparable to the measured one. By contrast, the measured magnetization drop in sample (1) is much larger than that predicted by the simulations, most likely because of a change of the microstructure during the drilling process. [less ▲]

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See detailLittérature et politique à la Renaissance
Moreno, Paola ULg

in Staquet, Anne (Ed.) Au temps des grandes découvertes : quand l’Europe renaît (2010)

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See detailMtDNA haplogroups define two phenotypes of osteoarthritis
Rego-Perez, I; Fernandez-Moreno, M; DEBERG, Michelle ULg et al

in Arthritis and Rheumatism (2010), 62

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See detailEffects of methionine sources in interaction with dietary protein content on performance and oxidative status of broiler chickens
Swennen, Q.; Buyse, Johan; Mercier, Yves et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailLa noblesse en milieu urbain dans l’espace mosan (XIIIe-XVe siècles)
Marchandisse, Alain ULg

in Dutour, Thierry (Ed.) Les Nobles et la ville dans l’espace francophone (XIIe-XVIe siècles) (2010)

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See detailDiarrhea and vomitting in a yorkshire terrier
Ramery, Eve ULg; Papakonstantinou, Stratos; Pinilla, Manuel et al

Conference (2010)

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See detailAPPLICATION OF THE XDS-CALUX BIOASSAY IN ROUTINE: SEMI-QUANTITATIVE SCREENING USING AL-BEQ CUT-OFF VALUES
Vanderperren, H.; Haedrich, J.; Eppe, Gauthier ULg et al

in Organohalogen Compounds (2010), 72

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See detailSocial enterprise
Defourny, Jacques ULg

Conference (2010)

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See detailGene expression of the lipoxygenase pathway in a tomato species tolerant to salt stress
Ghars, Mohamed Ali ULg; Muhovski, Y.; Ghanem, M. et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailDevelopment of a new crossbred based evaluation for carcass quality of Piétrain boars in the Walloon Region of Belgium
Dufrasne, Marie ULg; Hammami, Hedi ULg; Jaspart, Véronique et al

in Book of Abstract of the 61st Annual Meeting of the European Association for Animal Production (2010)

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See detailA phase I trial of sutent, a tyrosine kinase inhibitor combined with ionizing irradiation in rectal cancer: protocol KIRC 08-01
COUCKE, Philippe ULg

in Belgian Journal of Medical Oncology [=BJMO] (2010), 4(2), 65-66

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See detailStructures phrastiques et analyse automatique des données morphosyntaxiques : le projet LatSynt
Longrée, Dominique ULg; Purnelle, Gérald ULg; Philippart de Foy, Caroline ULg

in Bolasco, Sergio (Ed.) Proceedings of the JADT 2010, 10th International Conference on the Statistical Analysis of Textual Data, Rome, 9-11 June 2010. (2010)

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See detailSpectrométrie de masse MALDI-TOF en bactériologie clinique ou comment identifier une bactérie en une minute
MEEX, Cécile ULg

in Spectrométrie de masse MALDI-TOF en bactériologie clinique ou comment identifier une bactérie en une minute (2010)

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See detailMesure du volume de fin d'expiration (VFE) en cours de ventilation contrôlée après chirurgie cardiaque
MARCHAL, Vanessa; SOTTIAUX, Thierry; PUJOL, B et al

in Réanimation (2010), 19(Suppl 1), 180325

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See detailLe régime juridique des "petits" contrats: questions choisies en matière de contrat de dépôt et de contrat d'entreprise
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Grisard, Delphine ULg; Salzburger, Romain ULg

in Lecocq, Pascale; Engels, C. (Eds.) Chronique de droit à l'usage des juges de paix et de police (2010)

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See detailSurfology: what does it mean for polymer concrete composites?
Courard, Luc ULg; Garbacz, Andrzej

in Proceedings of the 13th International Congress on Polymers in Concrete ICPIC 2010 (2010)

Surfology is a scientific concept including all surface properties of materials and its influence on adhesion. The study of adhesion of polymer concrete composites is on the border - interface - between ... [more ▼]

Surfology is a scientific concept including all surface properties of materials and its influence on adhesion. The study of adhesion of polymer concrete composites is on the border - interface - between materials science and engineering. Interface quality is clearly influenced by surface properties of materials. Quality is uneasy to define but, at the level of interface, it could integrate all what favours the contact between concrete and polymers, like shrinkage, rigidity, surface roughness, wettability, viscosity…etc. Surfology contributes to understand what will make the contact effective or not, and allow interactions of variable intensities between the materials. Different scales of observation – micro to macro - are needed to exactly represent what happens when materials are put into contact. The objective of the paper is to analyse the effect of surface parameters (surfology) on poly-mer concrete composites. Influence of water content, roughness and type of material will be taken into account as factor influencing wettability and thermodynamic properties of surface. Viscosity and shear level of resinous materials will be considered in the same way. Engineering point of view will be taken into account through adhesion evaluation and correlated to surface material properties. [less ▲]

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See detailRem Koolhaas, Le Corbusier et la ville-événement
Steinmetz, Rudy ULg

Conference (2010)

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See detailAutomatic stimulus-induced medial premotor cortex activation without perception or action
D'Ostilio, Kevin ULg; Garraux, Gaëtan ULg

Poster (2010)

Evidence from functional imaging studies suggests that well-established stimulus-action associations may induce an automatic activation of the motor preparation system even when there is no intention to ... [more ▼]

Evidence from functional imaging studies suggests that well-established stimulus-action associations may induce an automatic activation of the motor preparation system even when there is no intention to make the associated movement (Grezes & Decety, 2002). Here we investigated whether this automatic motor activation can also be elicited by visual stimuli that are not consciously perceived. However, previous subliminal masked experiments used supraliminal response-target in such a way that unconscious mechanisms were inferred from the accumulation of the effect of the subliminal masked stimulus and the motor response. Here, to investigate neural correlates of unconscious process induced by subliminal stimuli, we used event-related BOLD fMRI at 3T to record brain activity in 24 healthy volunteers (mean age: 21 ± 2 years) as they performed a subliminal priming task (see Eimer & Schlaghecken, 1998). In this visuomotor task, participants were asked to make speeded button presses with the left or right hand following double leftward (<< <<) or rightward (>> >>) pointing arrows, which were preceded by a masked subliminal prime of 17 ms (compatible/incompatible arrows or neutral stimulus). Reaction time analysis revealed the classical positive compatibility effect (PCE), mainly shorter reaction times for compatible (mean RT: 369±38 ms) than for incompatible (mean RT: 383± 30 ms) in comparison to neutral trials (mean RT: 375± 38 ms). In a prime identification task, subjects’ performance was at chance level for primes presented for 17 ms, suggesting that the prime was not consciously perceived in the main experiment. Theses behavioral results suggest an automatic and unconscious motor activation induced by the prime. The responded stimuli were randomly intermixed with non-responded stimuli (0 0) with the assumption that the subliminal arrow prime also elicited an automatic motor activation in these passive trials as in responded trials. Imaging analysis of these non-responded trials showed first that activation was mainly restricted to posterior brain areas when using a subliminal stimulus that has not been previously associated with a motor response. Second, when the subliminal stimulus has been strongly associated with a motor response, this activation extended to rostral brain regions classically involved in motor preparation as the SMA, the premotor cortex and the striatum (cluster level p< 0.05 corrected). This finding corroborates the involvement of a fronto-striatal network, especially of the SMA in automatic and unconscious motor activation. [less ▲]

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See detailEcosystem services in mixed forests and monocultures: comparing stakeholders’ perceptions and scientific knowledge
Carnol, Monique ULg; Branquart, Etienne; Muys, Bart et al

in Book of Abstacts, IUFRO 7.01 Conference: Adaptation of Forest Ecosystems to Air Pollution and Climate Change, Antalya 2010 (2010)

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See detailHuman Papillomavirus Virus-Like particles and NK cell interactions:role of CD16
Renoux, Virginie ULg; Langers Inge; Clémenceau Béatrice et al

in International Immunology (2010), 22(suppl Pt 5), 17

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See detailPrediction of stillbirth by monotoring endocrine and metabolic parameters in dairy cattle
Szenci, 0; Bajcsy, A. C.; Brydl, E. et al

in Reproduction in Domestic Animals (2010), 45(Suppl 3), 109

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See detailAgroécologie: Le chainon manquant. Rôle de consommateurs et d'ONG dans les processus émergeants d'apprentissage
Stassart, Pierre M ULg; Claes, Chris

in Anonyme (Ed.) Proceeding ISDA 2010 Innovation Sustainable Development of Agriculture (2010)

Abstract — Academic texts on agro-ecology are often too limited to production systems. When notions of food systems and food value chains are described they introduce the consumer as a choice taker ... [more ▼]

Abstract — Academic texts on agro-ecology are often too limited to production systems. When notions of food systems and food value chains are described they introduce the consumer as a choice taker, reflecting neoclassical economic theory. The study of the emergence of two agro-ecological chains in Benin and Belgium explains how consumer demands are key learning resources for chain co-creation. In the case of the fair trade rice chain an NGO stimulates the co-creation process while in the beef chain in Gaume consumers who are directly involved in a deliberative process bring about this questioning. [less ▲]

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See detailExperimental and computational study of the correlation between oxygen tension, cell viability and proliferation in fibrin hydrogels
Demol, J.; Lambrechts, D.; Geris, Liesbet ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 17th conference of the European Society of Biomechanics (2010)

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See detailLimiting the parameter search space for dynamic models with rational kinetics using semi-definite programming
Fey, Dirk; Bullinger, Eric ULg

in Proceeding of the 11th International Symposium on Computer Applications in Biotechnology (2010)

Estimation of kinetic parameters is a key step in modelling, as direct measurements are often expensive, time-consuming or even infeasible. The class of dynamic models in polynomial form is particularly ... [more ▼]

Estimation of kinetic parameters is a key step in modelling, as direct measurements are often expensive, time-consuming or even infeasible. The class of dynamic models in polynomial form is particularly relevant in systems biology and biochemical engineering, as those models naturally arise from modelling biochemical reactions using for instance mass action, Michaelis-Menten or Hill kinetics. Often the parameters are not uniquely identifiable for a given model structure and measurement set. Thus the question of which parameters are consistent or inconsistent with the data arises naturally. Here we present a method capable of proving inconsistency of entire parameter regions with the data. Based on the polynomial representation of the system, we formulate a feasibility problem that can be solved efficiently by semi-definite programming. The feasibility problem allows us to check consistency of entire parameter regions by using upper and lower bounds on the parameters. This drastically limits the search space for subsequent parameter estimation methods. In contrast to similar approaches in the literature, the here presented approach does not require a steady state assumption. Measurements at discrete time points are used, but neither regular sampling intervals, nor a time discretisation of the system is required. Measurement uncertainties are dealt with using upper and lower bounds on the measured states. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the grinding performance in ball mills with a conductive and inductive sensor
Köttgen, Axel ULg; de Haas, Bernard; Keshav, Pratish et al

Poster (2010)

A series of tests were conducted in a South African concentrator on the secondary grinding mill. The results were analysed and provided showed the importance of selecting an optimum density and filling ... [more ▼]

A series of tests were conducted in a South African concentrator on the secondary grinding mill. The results were analysed and provided showed the importance of selecting an optimum density and filling degree of the mill. Moreover, a Sensomag (r) is installed on this mill and the surveys showed that an increase of the density was improving the mixing of balls in the pulp and increasing the grinding performance. [less ▲]

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See detailUVIS FUV spectra of Saturn’s aurora
Gustin, Jacques ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg; Grodent, Denis ULg et al

Conference (2010)

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See detailThe psychology behind road pricing: Identification of socio-cognitive factors inducing changes in activity-travel behavior
Cools, Mario ULg; Brijs, Kris; Moons, Elke et al

in Proceedings of the 12 World Conference on Transport Research (2010)

The overall final objective of this study is to investigate the effect of road pricing on people’s tendency to adapt their current travel behaviour. In order to reach this goal, a two-stage hierarchical ... [more ▼]

The overall final objective of this study is to investigate the effect of road pricing on people’s tendency to adapt their current travel behaviour. In order to reach this goal, a two-stage hierarchical model is estimated, concentrated around the concept of public acceptability. The research was conducted in Flanders, the Dutch-speaking region of Belgium, by means of an interactive stated adaptation survey, administered on the internet, involving 300 respondents. It is found that behavioural changes themselves are not dependent on the perceived acceptability of road pricing. In addition, earlier findings concerning the acceptability of push measures are validated, and the relevance of using latent factors rather than aggregate indicators is illustrated. [less ▲]

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See detailLes animateurs de la vie littéraire. Sociabilités littéraires au sein du sous-champ belge francophone de l’entre-deux-guerres
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

in Joyeux-Prunel, Béatrice (Ed.) L'art et la mesure. Histoire de l'art et méthodes quantitatives (2010)

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See detailPreparation of CMI-1 supported H3+xPMo12-xVxO40 for the selective oxidation of propylene
Benadji, S.; Eloy, P.; Léonard, Alexandre ULg et al

in Studies in Surface Science and Catalysis (2010), 175

Catalysts, comprising 30 wt.% of heteropolyacids (HPAs) H 3+xPMo 12-xV xO 40 (x = 0-3) supported on a mesoporous material CMI-1 by dry impregnation were characterized by several techniques. Their ... [more ▼]

Catalysts, comprising 30 wt.% of heteropolyacids (HPAs) H 3+xPMo 12-xV xO 40 (x = 0-3) supported on a mesoporous material CMI-1 by dry impregnation were characterized by several techniques. Their catalytic performances were compared to those of bulk HPAs in the propylene oxidation by molecular oxygen at 350°C. The supported HPAs exhibit higher catalytic activity in propylene oxidation than the bulk ones and favoured the formation of acrolein, acetaldehyde and acetic acid, compared to the mother catalysts which lead only to the formation of COx. The enhanced oxidation catalytic activity of supported systems was attributed to the fine dispersion of H 3+xPMo 12-xVxO 40 species on the CMI-1 mesoporous material via physical adsorption, together with the fact that the structure of both CMI-1 and HPAs remained intact during the impregnation. © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. [less ▲]

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See detailOrganic farming in Wallonia : situation and perspectives
Burny, Philippe ULg

Conference (2010)

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See detailLes lendemains des guerres burgondo-liégeoises du XVe siècle
Marchandisse, Alain ULg; Coura, Geneviève

in Pernot, François; Toureille, Valérie (Eds.) Lendemains de guerre ... : de l'Antiquité au monde contemporain : les hommes, l'espace et le récit, l'économie et le politique (2010)

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See detailPhotoacclimation responses of a symbiotic sea anemone reveal an important host cellular plasticity
Roberty, Stéphane ULg; Fransolet, David ULg; Ladrière, Ophélie ULg et al

Poster (2010)

The high productivity of coral reef ecosystems is largely attributed to the mutualistic symbiosis between reef-building corals and their intracellular dinoflagellate in the genus Symbiodinium commonly ... [more ▼]

The high productivity of coral reef ecosystems is largely attributed to the mutualistic symbiosis between reef-building corals and their intracellular dinoflagellate in the genus Symbiodinium commonly referred to as zooxanthellae. These photosynthetic algae translocate a majority of their photosynthetically fixed carbon to the host and contribute to their metabolic needs and the calcification process. <i>Symbiodinium</i> must maintain a balance between the energy derived from the light reactions in the chloroplast and the amount of energy used during dark reactions and other metabolic processes. Nevertheless, in the natural environment the holobiont have to cope with daily and seasonal changes in light intensity, upsetting that balance and creating a stress that induces a physiological response (photoacclimation) to optimize growth rates. After a ten day exposition to high and very low light intensity, morphological and photophysiological analysis conducted on the symbiotic sea anemone, Anemonia manjano, reveal significant modifications of the host tissues ultrastructure and the Symbiodinium metabolic processes (photosynthesis, respiration). Those results highlight particularly important gastrodermal and ectodermal plasticity in which symbiotic cnidarians acclimate to the Symbiodinium physiological status (mainly photosynthesis) by varying the density of particular cellular types (e.g.: cnidocytes, gastrodermal cells) contained in their tissues. [less ▲]

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See detailWater dynamics in the soil-plant continuum: which features regulate the uptake?
Lobet, Guillaume ULg; Javaux, M.; Pagès, L. et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailDeveloping an acoustic map of the north coast of moorea, French Polynesia: a roadmap for settling larvae
Berten, Laetitia ULg; Lecchini, David; Simpson, Steve et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailPosidonia oceanica (L.) Delile, a usefull tool for the biomonitoring of chemical contamination along the Mediterranean coast: a multiple trace element study
Richir, Jonathan ULg; Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Sartoretto, Stéphane et al

in 4th Mediterranean Symposium on Marine Vegetation (2010)

The concentrations of 19 trace elements (TE): Be, Al, V, Mn, Co, As, Se, Mo, Ag, Sn, Sb and Bi as well as Cr, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb, were analyzed by DRC ICP-MS in Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile ... [more ▼]

The concentrations of 19 trace elements (TE): Be, Al, V, Mn, Co, As, Se, Mo, Ag, Sn, Sb and Bi as well as Cr, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn, Cd and Pb, were analyzed by DRC ICP-MS in Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile leaves from the Mediterranean French coast. The first 12 TE have little been studied nowadays. Except for Al, Cr, Fe, Cu and Ag, TE were preferentially accumulated in photosynthetic part of leaves. Moreover, trace element concentrations of the third intermediate leaf are representative of the integral shoot, and could be used alone in biomonitoring. Environmental background concentrations of the 12 little studied TE were determined, and spatial variations were related to anthropic activities. Compared to previous publications, concentrations of the 7 other TE classically investigated present a diminution or a stabilization, reflecting the change of anthropogenic inflows. In conclusion, P. oceanica is a sensitive bioindicator for chemical contamination, even for the twelve little studied TE. [less ▲]

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See detailSimulation of Particle Levitation due to Dielectrophoresis
Rochus, Véronique ULg; Hannot, Stephan; Golinval, Jean-Claude ULg et al

in EuroSimE 2010 (2010)

The aim of the research is to model accurately dielectrophoresis using different numerical tools and compare them to experimental results. The dielectrophoresis phenomenon consists in the creation of ... [more ▼]

The aim of the research is to model accurately dielectrophoresis using different numerical tools and compare them to experimental results. The dielectrophoresis phenomenon consists in the creation of electrostatic forces on nano or micro particles due to a gradient of electric field. The aim of such a setup is to control the motion of micro or nano particles for MEMS applications, for instance, for bioanalysis devices. To validate the numerical results, some prototypes have been fabricated at TU Delft. Using these simulations, a design of microstructure has been chosen to levitate Silica micro-particles. Experimental measurements have been performed and some characteristic behaviours of particle depending on the amplitude and the frequency of the applied voltage have been identified. The measurements are compared to the numerical simulation. [less ▲]

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See detailFunctional interplay between macroH2A and Polycomb Repressive Complexes
Creppe, Catherine ULg; Valero, Vanesa; Di Croce, Luciano et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailVentriculo-Arterial Coupling: an ideal problem for collaboration between clinicians and engineers
MORIMONT, Philippe ULg; Desaive, Thomas ULg; Chase et al

in Proceedings of CONTROL 2010 (2010)

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See detailBubble: a Javascript engine level countermeasure against heap-spraying attacks
Gadaleta, Francesco ULg; Younan, Yves; Joosen, Wouter et al

in Bubble: a Javascript engine level countermeasure against heap-spraying attacks (2010)

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See detailSelective determination of drug enantiomers by non-aqueous capillary electrophoresis
Crommen, Jacques ULg; Rousseau, Anne; Fradi, Ines et al

Conference (2010)

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See detailThe use of Mimics for the validated quantification of bone formation in bone tissue engineering scaffolds
Kerckhofs, Greet ULg; Van Cleynenbreugel, Tim; Schepers, Evert et al

Conference (2010)

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See detailSelective epitaxial growth of III-V semiconductor heterostructures on Si substrates for logic applications
Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Wang, Gang; Waldron, Niamh et al

in 218th ECS Meeting, 2010 (2010)

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See detailCorrélation aldostérone et parathormone en cas d'hyperparathyroïdie primaire vs secondaire?
Ho, Thi Thanh Giang ULg; Keutgens, Aurore ULg; Chapelle, Jean-Paul ULg et al

in Annales de Biologie Clinique (2010), 68(6), 703-4

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See detailCentral neuromodulation in cluster headache patients treated with occipital nerve stimulators: A PET study
Magis, Delphine ULg; Bruno, Marie-Aurélie ULg; Fumal, Arnaud ULg et al

in Acta Neurologica Belgica (2010), 110(Suppl 1), 17

OBJECTIVES: Use functional brain imaging to explore activity changes in centres involved in trigeminal pain processing and control before and after occipital neurostimulation in drug-resistant chronic ... [more ▼]

OBJECTIVES: Use functional brain imaging to explore activity changes in centres involved in trigeminal pain processing and control before and after occipital neurostimulation in drug-resistant chronic cluster headache patients. BACKGROUND: Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) provides relief to about 60% of patients suffering from drug-resistant chronic cluster headache (drCCH). Its mode of action, however, remains elusive, but the long latency to meaningful effect suggests that ONS induces slow neuromodulation. METHODS: Ten drCCH patients underwent an 18FDG-PET scan after ONS durations varying between 0 and 30 months. All were scanned with ongoing ONS (ON) and with the stimulator switched OFF. RESULTS: After 6-30 months of ONS, 3 patients were pain free and 4 had a ≥ 90% reduction of attack frequency (responders). In patients overall compared to controls, several areas of the pain matrix were hypermetabolic: ipsilateral hypothalamus, midbrain and ipsilateral lower pons. All normalized after ONS, except the hypothalamus. Switching ON or OFF the stimulator had little influence on brain glucose metabolism. The perigenual anterior cingulate cortex (PACC) was hyperactive in ONS responders compared to non-responders. INTERPRETATION AND CONCLUSIONS: Metabolic normalization in the pain neuromatrix and lack of short-term changes induced by the stimulation support the hypothesis that ONS acts in drCCH through slow neuromodulatory processes. Selective activation in responders of PACC, a pivotal structure in the endogenous opioid system, suggests that ONS may restore balance within dysfunctioning pain control centres. That ONS is nothing but a symptomatic treatment might be illustrated by the persistent hypothalamic hypermetabolism which could explain why autonomic attacks may persist despite pain relief and why cluster attacks recur shortly after stimulator arrest. [less ▲]

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See detailNormal anatomy and anatomical pitfalls of the distal extremity of the horse with Multi Detector Computed Tomography (MDCT)
Van Thielen, Bert; Murray, Rachel; Van Dooren, JP et al

Poster (2010)

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See detailRegards croisés sur le contrat de dépôt et le contrat d'entreprise
Kohl, Benoît ULg; Grisard, Delphine ULg; Salzburger, Romain ULg

in Germain, J. F. (Ed.) Questions spéciales en droit des contrats (2010)

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See detailInfluence du type de fertilisation, du jour de pâturage et du mois de l’année sur les rejets azotés des vaches laitières
Dufrasne, Isabelle ULg; Istasse, Louis ULg; Robaye, Vincent ULg et al

in Marcoen, Jean Marie; Vandenberghe, Christophe (Eds.) Acte de l'atelier "Nitrate - Eau" (2010)

Influence of the fertilization type, the day in the paddock and the month on nitrogen rejections in dairy cows. The present study aims to quantify nitrogen (N) rejections in dairy cows on a rotational ... [more ▼]

Influence of the fertilization type, the day in the paddock and the month on nitrogen rejections in dairy cows. The present study aims to quantify nitrogen (N) rejections in dairy cows on a rotational grazing system with different types of fertilization (compost, slurry and mineral N) at two different days in the paddock (days 3 and 5) and during two different periods (June and September). Grass yield and height were measured along with the chemical composition. The live weight was recorded when the cows moved into the paddock and milk yields was recorded at each milking. N intakes were measured on the basis of the energy requirement. When the cows were in the paddocks, individual samples of faeces and urine were collected to assess N rejections. The urea content in milk from the tank or from the individual cows was also measured. N intake was higher on day 3 than on day 5 and in September as compared with in June but was not influenced by the fertilization. The amount of N produced in milk was not influenced either by the fertilization, by the day on the paddock or by the month. The amount of urinary N was significantly higher in the N mineral group than in the two other groups. The N excretion in faeces and urines was higher on day 3 than on day 5. In June, the N excretion by the urine was lower than in September while the N excretion by the faeces was higher. Equations were calculated in order to estimate the N excretion by the urine in grazing dairy cows from the urea content in milk of a group of cows. [less ▲]

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See detailDelta and deep basin Jurassic deposits from Iran: relationship between magnetic susceptibility and facies
Sardar Abadi, Mehrdad ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg; Zamanzadeh

in Abstract 4eme Congrès Français de Stratigraphie, Strati2010, Paris, France, 30 Augustus – 2 September (2010)

This study concerns, the Kashafrud Formation from Kopet Dagh Basin in its type section, which corresponds to the first Jurassic sedimentary cycle in Iran,. Sedimentary studies were carried out to propose ... [more ▼]

This study concerns, the Kashafrud Formation from Kopet Dagh Basin in its type section, which corresponds to the first Jurassic sedimentary cycle in Iran,. Sedimentary studies were carried out to propose a paleoenvironmental model of the sedimentary succession. Furthermore, magnetic susceptibility (MS) measurements were performed and compared with sedimentological evolution. The MS curve evolution is related to the abundance of magnetic minerals, which itself is related to lithogenic supplies which could be related mostly to sea level and climatic changes. Theoretically, a regression will lead to a more important proportion of landmass exposed and so to an increase of detritic minerals in the sedimentary system and so to an increasing MS. A transgression will decrease MS (Ellwood et al., 2000). Palaeoenvironments of this Jurassic succession from base to top are: flood dominated delta, deep basin deposits, silisiclastic and mixed silisiclastic and carbonate shoreface deposits. Comparison between facies evolution and MS curve shows that the facies which are deposited in delta and shoreface zones have low MS values; on the contrary basinal deposits are presenting high MS values. The facies deposited in mixed silisiclastic and carbonate shoreface have lowest MS values. So it appears that the deeper basinal deposits have the highest MS values and the shallower deltaic and shorelines facies have the lowest MS values, in opposition with theoretical background. This could be related to water agitation and sedimentation rate during deposition. In the deltaic and shoreface environments, a high water agitation could prevent the detritic particles to settle and a high sedimentary rate could dilute the magnetic minerals (see Da Silva et al., 2009). It actually seams that the carbonate production in the upper parts of the studied interval has led to a dramatic decrease in MS values. This study clearly shows the significant role of MS in environmental analysis, and the importance of a strong sedimentological background. Ellwood, B.B., Crick, R.E., El Hassani, A., Benoist, S.L. & Young, R.H., 2000. Magnetosusceptibility event and cyclostratigraphy method applied to marine rocks: detrital input versus carbonate productivity. Geology, 28: 1135-1138. Da Silva, A.-C., Mabille, C. & Boulvain, F., 2009. Influence of sedimentary setting on the use of magnetic susceptibility: examples from the Devonian of Belgium. Sedimentology, 56: 1292-1306. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the use of locally composite columns to improve the seismic robustness of reinforced concrete frames
Degée, Hervé ULg; Plumier, André ULg

in Proceedings of the 8th Sismica Conference (2010)

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See detailSemiclassics of Andreev billiards
Engl, T.; Kuipers, J.; Berkolaiko, G. et al

in vanTiggelen, B Stockmann, HJ (Ed.) MESOSCOPIC PHYSICS IN COMPLEX MEDIA (2010)

By coupling a superconductor to a quantum cavity or dot one may decide whether its classical counterpart has integrable or chaotic dynamics by looking at the density of states. Random matrix theory (RMT ... [more ▼]

By coupling a superconductor to a quantum cavity or dot one may decide whether its classical counterpart has integrable or chaotic dynamics by looking at the density of states. Random matrix theory (RMT) predicts a true gap of the order of the Thoules energy E(T) if the classical motion is chaotic and an exponential damping in the case of integrable motion. We use semiclassical techniques developed in the recent years to reproduce the RMT predictions. Using the same techniques we show that the existance of a superconductor in proximity of the dot has crucial effects on the conductance. [less ▲]

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