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See detailAnalytical Challenges in the Study of South-North Intra-EU Mobility
Lafleur, Jean-Michel ULg; Stanek, Mikolaj

Conference (2016, November 29)

This presentation discusses the challenges met in measuring the flows of Southern European EU migrants who moved to North Western Europe during the financial and economic crisis that started in 2008. The ... [more ▼]

This presentation discusses the challenges met in measuring the flows of Southern European EU migrants who moved to North Western Europe during the financial and economic crisis that started in 2008. The presentation shows that EU wide and national databases have strenghts and weaknesses and that further improvement in statistical data collection process could help the understanding of complex migratory patterns. More details is available on this research by downloading the free e-bbok at the following address: http://www.springer.com/gp/book/9783319397610 [less ▲]

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See detailReturn to play after injection of PRP to treat tendinopathies
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2016, November 26)

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See detailL'activation comportementale est-elle pertinente pour tous les adultes dépressifs ? Une analyse en clusters
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Van der Linden, Martial ULg et al

Poster (2016, November 26)

INTRODUCTION : L’hétérogénéité de la dépression est de plus en plus mise en évidence en termes de profils de symptômes, de réponse au traitement, etc. Les théories comportementales de la dépression ... [more ▼]

INTRODUCTION : L’hétérogénéité de la dépression est de plus en plus mise en évidence en termes de profils de symptômes, de réponse au traitement, etc. Les théories comportementales de la dépression soulignent l’importance de l’inactivité ainsi que des faibles niveaux de plaisir et de fréquence d’activités plaisantes dans le maintien de la dépression. Cette étude poursuit deux objectifs : (1) investiguer l’hétérogénéité de la depression via une analyse en clusters, (2) investiguer les valeurs prédictives de l’inactivité ainsi que des faibles niveaux de plaisir et de fréquence d’activités plaisantes sur la dépression en fonction du cluster d’appartenance. METHODE : Des adultes tout venant et/ou consultant des centres de santé mentale ont été recrutés (âge entre 18 et 60 ans). Ils ont complété l’Inventaire de Dépression de Beck – Seconde Edition, l’Echelle d’Activation Comportementale pour la Dépression – Version courte, et l’Inventaire des événements plaisants. RESULTATS : Une solution en six clusters a été mise en évidence : “gros dormeurs/heavy sleepers”, “dépressifs cognitifs/cognitive depressives”, “dépressifs affectifs-somatiques/affective-somatic depressives”, “dépressifs légers/mild depressives”, “dépressifs dormant peu/sleepless depressives”, “dépressifs typiques/typical depressives”. Des relations significatives entre inactivité, fréquence d’activités plaisantes et dépression ont seulement été observées chez les “dépressifs cognitifs/cognitive depressives”, les “dépressifs légers/mild depressives” et les “dépressifs typiques/typical depressives”. DISCUSSION : Les résultats confirment l’hétérogénéité de la dépression puisque six clusters ont été mis en évidence. Par ailleurs, l’activation comportementale ne semble pertinente que pour trois de ces clusters dans lesquels les postulats du modèle comportemental de la dépression sont confirmés (“dépressifs cognitifs/cognitive depressives”, “dépressifs légers/mild depressives”, “dépressifs typiques/typical depressives”). [less ▲]

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See detailLa médecine générale en mutation : perspectives sociologiques
Slomian, Cynthia ULg

Conference (2016, November 26)

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See detailWhat can a diagnosis do? The case of the "genetization" of autism
Thoreau, François ULg; Duysens, Fanny ULg

Conference (2016, November 25)

The loose condition of "autism" is undergoing through a broad process of (re)definition under the aegis of genomic medicine, which promises to find (epi)genetic causes to autism, or at least to some forms ... [more ▼]

The loose condition of "autism" is undergoing through a broad process of (re)definition under the aegis of genomic medicine, which promises to find (epi)genetic causes to autism, or at least to some forms of the Autism Spectrum Disorder. What is at stake is a scientific controversy about the very definition of the condition, i.e. the diagnosis itself. Whether it is considered primarily as a psychopathology or as a genetic disorder has consequences. It has implications regarding who would have the authority to diagnose the condition but also about the ways of taking care of persons with autism. In this paper, we depart from the paradox that some patients' organizations claim for a "geneticization" of the condition, so as to get rid of any sort of "psy-" related dimensions. It seems paradoxical because if the causes of autism are to be found in the genes, and hereby partly determined, it would seem to imply that the margins for effective therapy are narrowing down. We want to test the hypothesis that the more objective, "naturalized" a diagnosis is, the more it opens up possibilities for broadening the therapeutic reach outside the autist bodies, questioning the "milieu" of the disorder — the environment through which it is produced and the wealth of linkages and relationships through which living with autism could be eased. In other words, stressing that the diagnosis is a site to explore these contested dimensions of autism, its "geneticization" could lead to more active uptakes in patients care, whereas blurry diagnosis could not afford a similar reach. Following a pragmatic stance of an "art of consequences" (I. Stengers), we investigate the tensions raised by a genetic diagnosis which tends to "objectify" or "naturalize" the causes of the condition with respect to the lived experiences of persones with autism and their relatives, following some of the contested dimensions of a "politics of diagnosis" in their effects on affected autistic bodies and minds. To unfold those issues, our ongoing inquiry considers the interactions between various persons and institutions involved in the debate in Belgium. [less ▲]

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See detailMise en débat du marxisme et enjeux rhétoriques dans les textes de présentation des revues intellectuelles de l’immédiat après-guerre
Franck, Thomas ULg

Conference (2016, November 25)

À la suite d’une analyse de la mise en débat du marxisme au sein des revues intellectuelles de l’immédiat après-guerre et d’une étude de la trajectoire idéologique d’un intellectuel particulier, Gérard ... [more ▼]

À la suite d’une analyse de la mise en débat du marxisme au sein des revues intellectuelles de l’immédiat après-guerre et d’une étude de la trajectoire idéologique d’un intellectuel particulier, Gérard Genette, au sein de l’espace des revues militantes, cette communication analyse le cas particulier de la revue Socialisme ou barbarie dans une double perspective d’analyse du discours et de philosophie politique. Notre hypothèse serait la suivante : les revues favoriseraient, par leur matérialité discursive et éditoriale, l’émergence de débats idéologiques plus ou moins polémiques et oppositionnels autour du marxisme. En replaçant la création de ces revues dans leur contexte socio-discursif, nous entendons interroger la manière dont les textes de présentation singularisent, tout en les reproduisant, un interdiscours et une socialité bien précis. Si l’étude des articles parus dans Les Temps Modernes et Critique de mai à décembre 1946 a pu mettre en relation une obsession discursive quant aux marxismes orthodoxes et hétérodoxes et à la montée historique du P.C.F., le contexte de création de Socialisme ou barbarie (1949) nous obligera à tenir compte d’événements politiques et culturels divers (Guerre froide, constitution des deux Allemagnes, création de la revue La Table ronde, parution d’articles consacrés aux évolutions politiques et idéologiques dans Les Temps Modernes, Critique et Esprit, Traité de Londres, création de la République Populaire de Chine, centenaire du Manifeste du parti communiste, etc.). Notre communication se concentrera plus particulièrement sur le texte de présentation de la revue dans ce qu’il dit d’une historicité discursive et idéologique précise. Les textes de positionnement et de repositionnement des revues permettent en effet de dégager un ensemble d’enjeux et de tensions à l’oeuvre au sein de la communauté intellectuelle. Leur caractère plus ou moins affirmatif, parfois à la limite du pamphlétaire, entraîne une série de traits rhétoriques significatifs (attaques ad hominem, questions rhétoriques, allo-attributions, registre polémique, vocabulaire de l’attaque-défense, ironie, etc.), traduisant des positions idéologiques, qu’il sera nécessaire d’analyser dans le premier texte de la revue de Castoriadis et Lefort. L’attention portée aux thématiques marxistes se justifie par la véritable croissance des discours à ce propos dans l’immédiat après-guerre et par le besoin réel qu’éprouvent les intellectuels français de se positionner par rapport au P.C.F. et aux autres mouvances marxistes. Un rapport particulier se crée dès lors entre le savoir et une certaine temporalité que le genre de la revue met en oeuvre au travers de son éclatement et de sa périodicité. En effet, par la transmission d’un état des travaux non abouti et par l’urgence de sa situation sociale, il permet de saisir sur le vif un savoir en cours d’élaboration, constituant ainsi une forme de « mémoire immédiate » faisant état d’une histoire des idées collectives. Le rythme des publications, les stratégies de positionnement idéologique, la circulation des concepts et la nécessité de répondre aux besoins des lecteurs rendent ces savoirs intrinsèquement dynamiques et critiques, dans une constante interaction entre le monde social et les idées qui le façonnent. Comme le note Yves Peyré, dans Les Revues littéraires au XXe siècle, on trouve, d’une part, un « acte militant à la racine même de la revue » et, d’autre part, la réponse à un besoin de mettre en scène, par une polyphonie de voix, un dialogue agissant sur la réalité sociale et se construisant par le profit de débats, de dissonances et de dissensions internes et externes. [less ▲]

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See detailDétourner les jeux vidéo : une nouvelle forme de jeu ?
Barnabé, Fanny ULg

Conference (2016, November 25)

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See detailIntroduction : pour une troisième voie entre hack et yack ?
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

Conference (2016, November 24)

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See detailL'évangile digital. Théories et technologies chez H.M. Enzensberger
Hamers, Jérémy ULg

Conference (2016, November 24)

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See detailUncertainties in determination of fire resistance by experimental testing and by calculation
Dumont, Fabien ULg; Gernay, Thomas ULg; Franssen, Jean-Marc ULg

Conference (2016, November 24)

In Europe, certification of the fire resistance of building construction elements can be assessed by experimental testing or by calculation. To date, both communities (testing and calculation) express the ... [more ▼]

In Europe, certification of the fire resistance of building construction elements can be assessed by experimental testing or by calculation. To date, both communities (testing and calculation) express the fire resistance results in a deterministic way, i.e. each fire resistance result consists in a single number as if there was no uncertainty. However, when asking different partners within a community to assess the fire resistance of a given element of building construction subjected to a given fire scenario (a so-called “round robin” exercise), the reported results exhibit a very significant variability. Recent efforts have been undertaken to evaluate the extent of the scatter for fire resistance results, i.e. a process of "uncertainty evaluation". This process recognizes the fact that, for a given element of building construction and a given fire scenario, only a probability distribution (as opposite to a deterministic value) can be attributed to the fire resistance result. This approach opens the door to probabilistic reporting as an alternative to deterministic one. [less ▲]

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See detailLe pervers, le psychopathe et les limites de l’empathie
Englebert, Jérôme ULg

Conference (2016, November 22)

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See detailIndexer les Thèses de master en médecine générale et de famille?
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, November 22)

Les responsables des formations à la Médecine générale et de famille (MG/MF) des trois universités francophones de Wallonie et Bruxelles souhaitent prévoir la conservation et l’édition online des Travaux ... [more ▼]

Les responsables des formations à la Médecine générale et de famille (MG/MF) des trois universités francophones de Wallonie et Bruxelles souhaitent prévoir la conservation et l’édition online des Travaux de Fin d’Etude (TFE) des Internes en formation. Assembler et publier un grand nombre de travaux montera la force et l’importance du travail fourni par les Internes. La mise à disposition publique nécessite donc un système d’indexation adéquat à la pratique de la MG/MFi. Il s’agit ici de littérature dite « grise » mais dont l’importance ne doit pas être méconnueii En bibliographie usuelle, les publications sont généralement indexées par les Medical subject Heading (MeSH) de la National Library of Medicineiii. Toutefois, il n’est pas aisé de standardiser l’indexation au départ d’une liste de plus de 25.000 MeSH non prévu spécifiquement pour l’exercice de la MG/MF. Dans le cadre de sa thèse de doctorat en médecine générale et de famille (ULg, Prof. Vanmeerbeek), l’auteur a développé un tel système d’indexation. Une nouvelle classification des items non-cliniques, développées sous le nom de Q-Codes a été élaboréeiv. Elle est associée à la Classification Internationale des soins Primaires, deuxième édition (CISP-2). Ces deux outils forment ensemble un instrument de catégorisation de l’activité et des publications en MG/MF. Il est connu sous l’acronyme 3CGP, ou Core Content Classification in GP/FM.v 3CGP offre moins de 900 codes. [less ▲]

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See detailA MACRO-ELEMENT FOR THE NONLINEAR ANALYSIS OF DEEP BEAMS BASED ON A THREE-PARAMETER KINEMATIC MODEL
Liu, Jian ULg; Mihaylov, Boyan ULg

Conference (2016, November 22)

This paper presents a computationally-effective macro element for predicting the complete shear response of RC deep beams. The element stems from a three-parameter kinematic theory (3PKT) for the shear ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a computationally-effective macro element for predicting the complete shear response of RC deep beams. The element stems from a three-parameter kinematic theory (3PKT) for the shear strength and deformation capacity of deep beams under double curvature. The macro element consists of two rotational springs and one transverse spring to simulate the nonlinear flexural and shear behaviour of deep shear spans. The element is applied to two deep beams tested to shear failure under three-point bending. The results are used to study the effect of unsymmetrical shear failures on the pre- and post-peak behaviour of nominally symmetrical members. It is found that the post-peak response is sensitive to the unloading path of the shear resisting mechanisms as well as to the global roughness of the critical diagonal cracks. Based on these analyses, modifications to the constitutive relationships of the shear mechanisms are proposed, and the macro element is applied to a continuous deep beam. It is shown that the model adequately captures the complete behaviour of the beam, including the redistribution of forces following the shear failure in the critical shear span. [less ▲]

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See detailPolitiques du corps fantôme et phénoménologie sociale
Cormann, Grégory ULg

Conference (2016, November 21)

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See detailMichel Franchimont, un professeur : quels changements dans l’enseignement du droit dans les universités depuis lors?
Kéfer, Fabienne ULg

Conference (2016, November 18)

Il s'agit de faire le point sur les évolutions de l'enseignement du droit dans les universités belges, et en particulier celle de Liège, sur la période 1994-2016.

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See detailLes indices de détection de patron de réponse inapproprié de type carré-moyens non-pondérés: à manipuler avec précaution!
Beland, Sebastien; Raiche, Gilles; Magis, David ULg et al

Conference (2016, November 17)

Le carré-moyen non-pondéré U comme indice de détection (unweighted mean square statistics) (Wright & Stone, 1979) et sa version standardisée ZU (Wright, 1980) sont parmi les indices de détection de ... [more ▼]

Le carré-moyen non-pondéré U comme indice de détection (unweighted mean square statistics) (Wright & Stone, 1979) et sa version standardisée ZU (Wright, 1980) sont parmi les indices de détection de patrons de réponse inappropriés paramétriques les plus connus. On retrouve l’un et/ou l’autre de ces indices dans des logiciels commerciaux ou gratuits tels que RUMM2030, FACETS ou la librairie R eRm en plus d’en faire mention dans les articles les plus cités sur le sujet (Karabatsos, 2003; Meijer et Sijtsma, 2001). Durant les dernières décennies, quelques voix se sont élevées afin de sensibiliser les utilisateurs aux problèmes que présentent U et ZU (Karabatsos, 2000; Smith, 1991). Ils semblent, en effet, présenter des scores extrêmes qui rendraient leur utilisation inadéquate dans certaines situations. Cette présentation aura comme objectif d’étudier les limites des indices U et ZU. Nous utiliserons une étude de simulation et différents modèles de réponses à l’item dichotomiques afin de soutenir notre propos. Les auteurs de l’étude concluront leur présentation en discutant de l’importance de manipuler ces indices avec précaution. [less ▲]

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See detailDiscutante du panel 'cohésion sociale et participation sociale'
Gavray, Claire ULg

Conference (2016, November 17)

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See detailLe facteur kurde dans les conflits au Moyen-Orient.
Bayramzadeh, Kamal ULg

Conference (2016, November 17)

Le facteur kurde dans les conflits au Moyen-Orient.. Résumé, L’objectif principal de cette communication est de montrer les enjeux politiques et sécuritaires de l’implication des Kurdes dans les conflits ... [more ▼]

Le facteur kurde dans les conflits au Moyen-Orient.. Résumé, L’objectif principal de cette communication est de montrer les enjeux politiques et sécuritaires de l’implication des Kurdes dans les conflits au Proche et au Moyen-Orient. La participation des Kurdes à la résistance à l’État islamique et leur rôle déterminant dans le conflit en Irak et en Syrie ont fortement augmenté leur poids politique. Depuis le déclenchement du conflit en Syrie la question kurde est devenue un sujet de préoccupation pour certains pays de la région qui ont peur des conséquences de la naissance d’une entité fédérale dans le Nord de la Syrie. Ceci crée un dilemme de sécurité pour la Turquie et l’Iran qui ont des convergences d’intérêt sur la question kurde. C’est pourquoi nous constatons depuis quelques mois l’intensification de la guerre entre le PKK et la Turquie et l’entrée de l’armée turque dans le Nord de la Syrie, à quoi il faut ajouter la reprise de la lutte armée du PDKI dans le Kurdistan iranien. Ce qui montre le caractère transfrontalier du facteur kurde au Moyen-Orient [less ▲]

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See detailHot-Melt Extrusion as a Continuous Manufacturing Process to Form Ternary Cyclodextrin Inclusion Complexes
Thiry, Justine ULg; Krier, Fabrice; Ratwatte, Shenelka et al

Poster (2016, November 16)

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See detailDevelopment of a new method for arabidopsides extraction and purification
Genva, Manon ULg; Andersson, Mats X; Nasir, Mehmet Nail ULg et al

Poster (2016, November 16)

In the present work, a new method for arabidopsides extraction and purification was developed.

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See detailSavant éclairé ou génie de l’ombre ? Les figures croisées de Tesla et Edison dans la culture populaire et médiatique
Stienon, Valérie ULg

Conference (2016, November 16)

L'épisode de la "guerre des courants électriques" survenue aux États-Unis dans les années 1880-1890 a donné lieu à de nombreuses représentations qui posent les inventeurs Thomas Edison et Nikola Tesla ... [more ▼]

L'épisode de la "guerre des courants électriques" survenue aux États-Unis dans les années 1880-1890 a donné lieu à de nombreuses représentations qui posent les inventeurs Thomas Edison et Nikola Tesla comme les protagonistes d’une guerre dramatisée autour de la question de l’électricité, avec ses possibles, ses infrastructures et son pouvoir économique, occasion de rejouer l’opposition des deux légendes, merveilleuse et noire, de l’électricité. Tous les matériaux sont réunis pour forger la légende. Une polémique à l’impact social important, qui questionne les rôles du savant, la valeur de la vérité scientifique, les considérations commerciales et la part d’ésotérisme liée à une nouvelle énergie touchant à l’invisible. Une proximité des récits scientifiques, médiatiques et littéraires, à propos de ces deux hommes liés à la notoriété et à l’image publique. Un grand potentiel visuel, comme en attestent les démonstrations spectaculaires (électrocutions d'animaux, expérimentations aux chutes du Niagara) et les mises en scène photographiques. À partir du binôme structurel que forment Edison et Tesla dans les représentations culturelles et médiatiques, la communication interroge deux sous-genres spécifiques, les édisonnades et le teslapunk, en analysant leur contexte d'émergence, leurs horizons d'attente et leurs interactions. [less ▲]

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See detailDifferent and synergistic effect of 5-Azacytidine and Rapamycin on ex vivo expansion of natural human T Regulatory cells
Conteduca, Giuseppina ULg

Poster (2016, November 16)

Natural T regulatory cells (Treg) are challenging to expand ex vivo, and this has severely hindered in vivo evaluation of their therapeutic potential. 5-Azacytidine (5-azaC) and Rapamycin (RAPA) are ... [more ▼]

Natural T regulatory cells (Treg) are challenging to expand ex vivo, and this has severely hindered in vivo evaluation of their therapeutic potential. 5-Azacytidine (5-azaC) and Rapamycin (RAPA) are immunosuppressive drugs that promote selectively the expansion of CD4+CD25highFoxp3+ regulatory T cells. We investigated whether 5-azaC and RAPA could be used together to promote the ex vivo expansion of Tregs purified from adult human peripheral blood. : We found that 5-azaC helped maintain FOXP3 expression during the expansion process probably by promoting the conversion of T conventional (Tconv) in Treg, instead Rapa induces selectively apoptosis in Tconv cells and expansion in Treg. Addition of 5-azaC to RAPA treated cultures improved gene expression of FOXP3, CD25, STAT5 and TGF-B resulted in enhanced Treg expansion and suppressive activity. Also Rapa and 5-AzaC combination sustain Bcl-2 protein expression in Treg conferring resistance to apoptosis process. 5-azaC may have utility in ex vivo expansion of human Tregs, not as a single agent, but in combination with RAPA. These data may considerably accelerate the development of immunotherapeutic approaches for the treatment of autoimmune disease or posttransplant alloreactions by the adoptive transfer of nTreg cells. [less ▲]

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See detailComment former à l'argumentation?
Scheepers, Caroline ULg; Delneste, Stéphanie

Conference (2016, November 16)

Confronté à des questions qui touchent à l'éthique, quelle conduite argumentative va mobiliser un petit groupe d'intervenants pour débattre des questions posées? Plus concrètement, quel sera le degré d ... [more ▼]

Confronté à des questions qui touchent à l'éthique, quelle conduite argumentative va mobiliser un petit groupe d'intervenants pour débattre des questions posées? Plus concrètement, quel sera le degré d'argumentativité du discours? Quelle est la visée des échanges : convaincre ou persuader? Quels types d'arguments seront convoqués? Sur quelles valeurs se fonderont-ils? Quels phénomènes de contre-argumentation émergeront? L'atelier, pratique, consiste à mettre en situation les participants (profs de philo au primaire, au secondaire ou au supérieur) de débattre ou d'analyser un débat. [less ▲]

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See detailZinc, iron and manganese interaction within the frd3 Arabidopsis mutant
Scheepers, Maxime ULg; Spielmann, Julien ULg; Goormaghtigh, Erik et al

Poster (2016, November 16)

Zinc and iron are two essential micronutrients for plants. The homeostasis networks of the two metals are intertwined. Arabidopsis halleri is a zinc- and cadmium-tolerant and zinc-hyperaccumulating ... [more ▼]

Zinc and iron are two essential micronutrients for plants. The homeostasis networks of the two metals are intertwined. Arabidopsis halleri is a zinc- and cadmium-tolerant and zinc-hyperaccumulating species, which also present adaptation of its iron homeostasis(1,4). Transcriptomic studies identified genes which are constitu-tively over-expressed in Arabidopsis halleri compared to Arabidopsis thaliana and which may have a role in metal tolerance or accumulation(2-4). Among them, a candidate gene encodes the FRD3 (FERRIC REDUCTASE DEFECTIVE 3) protein, a member of the MATE family of membrane transporters. FRD3 is a citrate transporter involved in iron homeostasis(5-7) and plays a role in zinc tolerance in A. thaliana(8). The FRD3 gene displays a complex regulation. In A. thaliana, alternative transcript initiation for FRD3 determines two transcripts, which dif-fer in their 5'UTRs and have differential translation efficiency. The two transcripts are selectively regulated under stress conditions: iron and zinc depletion, zinc excess or cadmium presence(9). In A. halleri, a single highly ex-pressed FRD3 transcript with high translation efficiency is present(9). [less ▲]

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See detailShear banding simulation in clay rock around an underground opening, and its contact mechanism with the gallery’s lining
Charlier, Robert ULg; Salehnia, Fatemeh ULg

in Proc. 5th International conference on geotechnical engineering and soil mechanics (2016, November 15)

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See detailBurgerwetenschap na Fukushima
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg

Conference (2016, November 14)

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See detailEvaluation of adaptive facades: Case study, Al Bahar Towers, UAE
Attia, Shady ULg

in Amato, Alex (Ed.) TOGETHER LET’S BUILD A SUSTAINABLE FUTURE (2016, November 13)

The assessment of adaptive facades presents a barrier in light of the fact that there is no settled assessment technique se to systematically reach this goal. Many of the available façade performance ... [more ▼]

The assessment of adaptive facades presents a barrier in light of the fact that there is no settled assessment technique se to systematically reach this goal. Many of the available façade performance evaluation systems or frameworks have restricted applicability for such advanced building facades. The complexity of adaptive or dynamic facades evaluation is related to the performance evaluation of façade elements, systems and overall building performance coupled to occupant behavior and occupant satisfaction. In this context, we present\s a case study for an adaptive sunscreens façade and evaluate its performance and occupant behavior. The evaluation focuses mainly on pre and post construction phase of adaptive facades: The design assist phase (including the durability test, visual mockup, onsite mashrabiya mounting and weather stripping), the commissioning phase (field verification and performance testing) and the monitoring phase. The selected project is a 150 meters high twin tower that stands with honey-comb inspired structure and automated dynamic solar screen that responds to the sun’s movement. These solar screens respond dynamically and automatically to the angle of the sun which improves the control over energy consumption, solar radiation and glare with the ability to admit natural light into the building. The paper is part of the research activities of working group 3 of the European COST Action 1403 on “Adaptive Facades “. Different methods were used for evaluation, this include: interviews with the architect and façade engineer and technical control specialist, occupants, reviews of standard and codes, review of energy models and a systematic design process mapping. A documentation of the case study describing the post construction occupant comfort, and façade operation was prepared. This paper’s audience is mainly project managers, architects, building façade engineers together with facility managers concerned with the process of design, construction and operation of adaptive sunscreens facades. The outcome of this study identifies quantifiable performance indicators and effective strategies for the design and performance evaluation of optimal adaptive facades. [less ▲]

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See detailImages et figures. Dispositifs de re-découpage du sensible (Rancière)
Hagelstein, Maud ULg

Conference (2016, November 12)

Dans son historiographie critique (Les noms de l’histoire, 1992 / Figures de l’histoire, 2012), J. Rancière définit pour l’époque contemporaine des formes alternatives de poétique, de mise en récit et de ... [more ▼]

Dans son historiographie critique (Les noms de l’histoire, 1992 / Figures de l’histoire, 2012), J. Rancière définit pour l’époque contemporaine des formes alternatives de poétique, de mise en récit et de mise en visibilité de l’histoire, qui auraient pour effet de mieux prendre en compte les anonymes et de découper autrement le sensible. Dans de nombreux textes (cf. par ex. Le destin des images, sur la « phrase-image »), Rancière étudie les formes d’accompagnement entre images et mots, et pense la figurabilité comme articulation de deux pouvoirs expressifs en un agencement spécifique. Pour échapper au débat stérile sur la préséance de l’image sur le langage (ou vice-versa), on envisagera avec Rancière l’idée selon laquelle l’image serait une « manière dont les choses parlent et se taisent ». L’image ne dit pas mieux les intensités que les mots, mais elle aménage un lieu inédit pour la mise en fiction des paroles de l’histoire. En ce sens spécifique, la figurabilité, comme mise en scène des mots et des images, doit pouvoir compter sur le travail de l’indétermination – comme on le montrera avec quelques exemples cinématographiques. [less ▲]

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See detailLa pollution atmosphérique enregistrée dans les stalagmites de Han-sur-Lesse
Allan, Mohammed ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Verheyden, sophie

Conference (2016, November 12)

Les spéléothèmes sont maintenant considérées comme précieuses archives climatiques et environnementales sur les continents, offrant un certain nombre d'avantages par rapport à d'autres archives ... [more ▼]

Les spéléothèmes sont maintenant considérées comme précieuses archives climatiques et environnementales sur les continents, offrant un certain nombre d'avantages par rapport à d'autres archives continentales (les sédiments lacustres, les carottes de glace….). Cette archive peut être aisément datables (U/Th, comptage de lamines et 14C), et présentent une haute résolution temporelle (décennale à saisonnière). Cependant, leur potentiel pour l'enregistrement de la pollution de l'environnement est largement inexploré et principalement axé sur la quantification des contributions d'aérosols dans des grottes touristiques. Cette étude est un des premières études qui utilise les spéléothèmes pour retracer la pollution atmosphérique. Basé sur deux spéléothèmes collectées dans la grotte de Han-sur-Lesse (S-Belgique), ce travail a deux objectifs : 1) le premier est de quantifier la concentration du Pb pour la dernière 250 ans, 2) le second objectif est de définir les sources anthropiques prédominantes de Pb en utilisant les rapports isotopiques du Pb et en basant sur les comparaisons avec les données historiques des activités anthropogéniques en Europe et la Belgique. Les concentrations en éléments traces (Al et Pb) (mesurées par LA-ICP-MS et ICP-MS) et les rapports isotopiques du Pb (mesurées par MC-ICP-MS) permettent d'identifier trois intervalles caractérisés par un enrichissement particulier en Pb : de 1880 à 1905 AD, de 1945 à 1965 AD, et de 1975 à 1990 AD. Les spéléothèmes montrent des changements similaires au niveau historique de la pollution atmosphérique connu en Belgique. Les rapports isotopiques du Pb distinguent clairement les sources de Pb et confirment que le charbon et la combustion de l'essence combinée avec des activités métallurgiques régionales étaient les sources prédominantes de la pollution au cours des 250 dernières années. Cette étude met l'accent sur la capacité des spéléothèmes d’enregistrer la pollution atmosphérique. [less ▲]

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See detailLeibniz and the Polyp, or the Metaphysical Puzzle of Life
Dony, Arthur ULg

Conference (2016, November 11)

In this paper, I propose to explore the link between experience and reason in the problem of the apprehension of life. My general claim is that philosophical issues are necessarily involved in a theory of ... [more ▼]

In this paper, I propose to explore the link between experience and reason in the problem of the apprehension of life. My general claim is that philosophical issues are necessarily involved in a theory of living organisms, since identifying a certain entity as a living being is to go beyond its manifestations. In part I, I argue that the empirical approach of the natural sciences cannot fully account for the peculiarity of life. In particular, I argue that the different criteria used to distinguish the living from the non-living, as those proposed in biology, are inadequate, both de facto and de jure. Indeed, they are constantly challenged by inventions of machines displaying features commonly regarded as specific to livings, and also by discoveries of new organisms whose unexpected features overcome the boundaries of our categories. More fundamentally, I hold that these criteria fail to provide sufficient conditions for qualifying beings as living, as long as the external appearances of life can, in principle, be reproduced by lifeless automatons. Therefore the phenomenological aspect of life, which cannot be accessed in a third person point of view (as the perception itself), turns out to be crucial. In the second part, I elaborate on these issues by focusing on the leibnizian theory of living beings. According to Leibniz, the distinctive feature of life is to have of a real unity, which must be conceived as the one to be found in a perceiving soul. After a brief survey on the foundations of this theory, I will emphasize how Leibniz’s attempt to account for the true unity of living beings – as opposed to the accidental unity of non-living things – exemplifies the problematic relationship between the observable properties of organized matter and the inner (or metaphysical) properties of the living as such. In Leibniz’s case indeed, the lack of empirical evidence forces him to resort to philosophical postulates, namely the principle of analogy and the principle of continuity. This latter principle allows him to qualify plants as living beings and to predict the existence of “borderline” organisms as the polyp. Finally, I will propose to consider the discovery of the polyp in the eighteenth century as a case of particular interest and a challenge to the classical conceptions of the living. Among its numerous outstanding properties, the polyp has the faculty to regenerate when cut into pieces, each of them becoming a whole new organism, and to breed by budding. Moreover, a polyp is constituted as a colony of self-contained, smaller polyps. Because of that, it is difficult to determine what the living organism exactly is: is it the colony as a whole or each of its members? And if the whole constitutes a real organism, how shall we explain its oneness? These issues raise the crucial questions of unity and individuality, which are of tremendous importance with regard to the ontological status of life. [less ▲]

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See detailElektrodynamische Fragmentierung von Elektroschrott
Iseli, Cédric; Streicher-Porte, Martin; Martino, Rémi ULg et al

Poster (2016, November 11)

Untersuchungen dazu werden in diesem Bericht am Beispiel von WEEE und speziell an Leiter-platten aufgezeigt. Die Versuche zeigen, dass EDF für verschiedenste Arten von Elektroschrott eingesetzt werden ... [more ▼]

Untersuchungen dazu werden in diesem Bericht am Beispiel von WEEE und speziell an Leiter-platten aufgezeigt. Die Versuche zeigen, dass EDF für verschiedenste Arten von Elektroschrott eingesetzt werden kann. Verschweisste Kompaktgeräte können zum Beispiel so weit geöffnet werden, dass die ge-wünschte Komponente freigelegt und entfernt werden kann. Leiterplatten haben die Eigenschaft, dass bei kontinuierlich steigendem Energieeintrag zuerst die aufgebrachten Komponenten abgetrennt werden, bevor die Cu-Bahnen freigelegt werden. Bei noch höherem Energieeintrag wird die Leiterplatte schlussendlich zerkleinert und vollständig zer-stört. Durch diese Entfrachtung der Leiterplatte kann ein metallreiches Konzentrat hergestellt werden. [less ▲]

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See detailEndocrine disruptors and parasitism: which effects on the sex behaviour of the amphipod Gammarus pulex ?
Fivet, Adeline; Horion, Sibylle; Thomé, Jean-Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2016, November 10)

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See detailBehaviour of bulk superconducting trapped field magnets subjected to magnetic fields with a transverse component
Vanderbemden, Philippe ULg; Caps, Hervé ULg; Vanderheyden, Benoît ULg et al

Conference (2016, November 10)

Bulk superconductors can be used as trapped field magnets with unprecedented performances. Such trapped field magnets find a variety of engineering applications, in particular for brushless rotating ... [more ▼]

Bulk superconductors can be used as trapped field magnets with unprecedented performances. Such trapped field magnets find a variety of engineering applications, in particular for brushless rotating machines and levitation devices. Compared to conventional permanent magnets, however, the magnetic field generated by a superconducting trapped field magnet is much more sensitive to the presence of an external field that is not perfectly aligned with the superconductor magnetic moment, i.e. when the external field has a transverse component. A situation where the superconductor experiences a magnetic field with a transverse component is likely to happen several times during running operation of the device. As an example, in a “trapped flux” synchronous machine, any variation of the load of the shaft may lead to a slight misalignment of the magnetic moment of the superconductor (placed in the rotor) with respect to the rotating field (generated by the stator). In such a situation, the superconductor is subjected to a rotating field, and the situation is likely to be different from a situation where the superconductor is subjected to a pure transverse field. In the present work, we aim at examining different scenarios (i.e. transverse or rotating) where the trapped field magnet is subjected to a transverse component. These configurations are examined both experimentally and numerically. The numerical model is used to determine the distribution of currents in the cross-section of the superconductor. We examine the conditions where the rotating field leads to a partial remagnetization of the sample and is therefore less detrimental that the application of a pure transverse field. We also show that the magnetic moment of the sample may behave differently that the field at the surface of the superconductor. Finally, we investigate the behavior of structures where the superconductor is attached to a thin ferromagnetic disk, and show the beneficial effect of such hybrid structures compared to the superconductor alone. Acknowledgements : The research was funded through the University of Liège (ULg) and an ARC grant for Concerted Research Actions, financed by the French Community of Belgium (Wallonia-Brussels Federation), under reference ARC 11/16-03. We greatly acknowledge M. Morita, S. Nariki and H. Teshima from Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation, Futtsu, Chiba. [less ▲]

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See detailLa tradition textuelle de Gerard du Frattre, un fragment d’histoire littéraire ?
Lambert, Adélaïde ULg

Conference (2016, November 09)

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See detailLes Bandes détournées de Jochen Gerner et Ilan Manouach: entre destruction et engendrement
Crucifix, Benoît ULg; Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

Conference (2016, November 09)

Occupant tout les deux une position liminale du champ de la bande dessinée, Jochen Gerner et Ilan Manouach se sont, chacun à leur manière, livrés à des expériences réflexives de destruction de l'image en ... [more ▼]

Occupant tout les deux une position liminale du champ de la bande dessinée, Jochen Gerner et Ilan Manouach se sont, chacun à leur manière, livrés à des expériences réflexives de destruction de l'image en bande dessinée par le détournement. Ainsi, avec ses projets tels que TNT en Amérique, Abstraction (1941-1968), ou Le Panorama du Feu, Jochen Gerner opère par la technique du recouvrement une relecture d'albums classiques et de petits formats populaires, attirant l'attention sur certains motifs graphiques, abstraits ou figuratifs des objets détournés. Plus en phase avec l'héritage situationniste du détournement, Ilan Manouach intervient sur les œuvres appropriées pour en questionner les principes idéologiques : Katz interroge la métaphore animale au cœur de Maus, tandis qu'avec Les Schtroumpfs noirs, il retourne au thème de la représentation en imprimant l'album de Peyo entièrement en cyan. Moins politisé dans Riki fermier, Manouach y fait disparaître les personnages d'un album de Petzi pour ne garder que celui du pélican Riki, suivant un projet d'écriture à contrainte décrit comme « lipogrammatique ». Pour Gerner comme Manouach, la pratique du détournement touche directement à la matérialité de l'objet de bande dessinée, au sens où il y a une intervention physique sur les bandes dessinées détournées – que ce soit par recouvrement, retouche ou réimpression – qui se double d'un maintien du format de l'objet détourné (48 CC, pocket, pamphlet ou roman graphique). Le lecteur se retrouve ainsi face à une dé-familiarisation d'un objet pourtant connu et reconnu dans sa matérialité. Cette expérience conscientise un acte réflexif de destruction : les images d'origine se voient recouvertes de noir, rayées, masquées, retouchées, effacées, défigurées. Tout en étant extrêmement opaque, ce rapport à la matérialité est cependant différent d'autres formes de « graphiation » qui attirent l'attention sur une gestuelle physique, sur les traces de la main. Ces deux pratiques du détournement mettent en scène une destruction d'images, dont les livres en portent la trace, donnant lieu à une traçabilité différente d'une graphiation qui mettrait en avant la patte graphique du dessinateur. La mesure destructrice de cette acte de détournement se retrouve d'ailleurs en prises avec le dispositif juridique du copyright, comme l'atteste la réaction des ayant-droits à Katz, envoyé au pilon. Face à ces deux formes de destruction (destruction de l'œuvre détourné et, retour du bâton, pilonnage du détournement), MetaKatz s'offre une double portée réflexive qui couvre toute la portée du geste destructeur au cœur du détournement, un acte qui se veut en même temps être une forme d'engendrement, puisqu'il ouvre à de nouveaux dispositifs, à de nouvelles images, et à de nouvelles lectures. Notre communication mettra donc en parallèle les œuvres d'Ilan Manouach et de Jochen Gerner afin d'examiner comment la question de la destruction se trouve au cœur du détournement, et de façon plus spécifique, comment celle-ci relève d'un rapport complexe à la matérialité du médium dont nous étudierons les enjeux. [less ▲]

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See detailBRAIN-TRAINS: Integrating the LCA methodology in and interdisciplinary project
Merchan Arribas, Angel ULg; Belboom, Sandra ULg; Léonard, Angélique ULg

in Proceedings of the 5th international conference on Life Cycle approaches (2016, November 09)

BRAIN-TRAINS is a project supported by the Belgian Federal Government that deals with the possible development of rail freight intermodality in Belgium, approaching this transport issue from an ... [more ▼]

BRAIN-TRAINS is a project supported by the Belgian Federal Government that deals with the possible development of rail freight intermodality in Belgium, approaching this transport issue from an interdisciplinary perspective. Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology is used to analyse the sustainability impact of rail freight intermodality. The rail freight system has been divided in three sub-systems: rail transport operation, rail infrastructure and rail transport equipment (locomotives and wagons). First, a SWOT analysis of the intermodal rail freight transport has been performed to identify internal characteristics and possible external trends of the intermodal rail freight transport. The most important elements identified in the SWOT analysis have been selected through a Delphi-technique with the collaboration of a panel of expert. Thirdly, the selected elements have been translated into clear and measurable parameters, defining for every parameter an input value to quantify the scenarios. The parameters are measured in “tonne-kilometre”. Finally, three divergent Belgian scenarios with a time horizon set in 2030 have been built for further analysis. These scenarios are directly linked to the third strategic goal of the European Commission’s White Paper on transport (2011), which aims to shift the 30% of road freight over 300 km to other modes such as rail transport by 2030. As a result, a best, worst and medium case scenarios have been developed, depending on whether the 30% shift has been successfully accomplished, the status quo has been maintained or the goal has not been completely reached by 2030, respectively. The direct transport emissions and energy consumption during the rail transport activity have been determined using the LCA methodology. These LCA results have been used to improve the accuracy of existing commercial databases as Ecoinvent for the Belgian situation. [less ▲]

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See detailSevere deficiency of the somatotrope GHRH/GH/IGF-1 axis induces a dramatic susceptibility to Streptococcus pneumoniae infection.
Farhat, Khalil ULg; Bodart, Gwennaëlle ULg; Desmet, Christophe ULg et al

Poster (2016, November 07)

Deletion of the growth hormone-releasing hormone gene (Ghrh) results in a severe deficiency of the somatotrope GHRH-GH-IGF-1 axis causing dwarf phenotype that can be reversed by GH or GHRH supplementation ... [more ▼]

Deletion of the growth hormone-releasing hormone gene (Ghrh) results in a severe deficiency of the somatotrope GHRH-GH-IGF-1 axis causing dwarf phenotype that can be reversed by GH or GHRH supplementation (Alba & Salvatori, Endocrinology 2004;145:4134). In basal conditions, the immunological phenotype of Ghrh-/- mice is not markedly disturbed except for a decrease in B cells and an increase in generation of thymic (t) Treg cells (submitted for publication). These data prompted us to investigate immune responses of Ghrh-/- mice using vaccination and infection by S. pneumoniae as models since the response to both stimuli rely on the innate immune system and B cells. Ghrh-/- mice were unable to trigger production of specific IgM and IgG against serotype 1 pneumococcal polysaccharide (PPS) after vaccination with either native PPS (Pnx23) or protein-PPS conjugate (Prev-13) vaccines. A short GH supplementation to Ghrh-/- mice (1 daily injection of 1 mg/kg GH for 4 weeks) restored IgM and IgG response to Pnx23 vaccine but not to Prev-13. This suggests that GH differently impacts on B-1, marginal zone B-2 or innate B-1 B cells. Furthermore, after intranasal instillation of a non-lethal dose of serotype 1 S. pneumoniae, Ghrh-/- mice exhibited a dramatic susceptibility reflected by bacteremia 24h after infection and a survival limit of 72 h, compared to WT C57BL/6 mice that need only 24h to clear infection. The possible impact of GH deficiency on components of the innate immune system that play an important role in defense of the respiratory tract against pneumococcal infection is under current investigation. (*Equal first and last authors. KF is supported by a research grant from the Lebanese Government; GB is Research Assistant, CD is Research Associate, and VG is Research Director at the NFSR of Belgium). [less ▲]

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See detailWhat is going on here and now when a patient meets a family doctor? A P4 minded cybernetic observation of the consultation process.
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, November 04)

The consultation is a meeting between two human beings, where one is the patient, playing the part of the sick, while the other plays the therapeutic role. It is also a meeting between knowledge and ... [more ▼]

The consultation is a meeting between two human beings, where one is the patient, playing the part of the sick, while the other plays the therapeutic role. It is also a meeting between knowledge and feeling. The doctor's knowledge/thoughts (true or false) influences the thoughts/knowledge (true or false) of the patient, in a dialectical relationship. In a way, the patient-doctor encounter is a meeting between science and conscience fitted in the symbolic world of human beings. The term science, as it is used here, encompasses the knowledge of the biological, the mental and the social being, as well as the observation of what is going on here and now, a cybernetic observation of the consultation itself, in a manner of speaking. Through his or her training, the doctor inevitably confronts the patient with the disease. It is his or her job to reveal it. He or she will be gratified to have, at least, found the evil, by always pushing the limits of diagnostic exploration. In an attempt to know better about what we are doing, we will go through a recent work on the main themes discussed by GPs during congresses ( www.hetop.eu/Q ) to examine which ones are dealing with the Quaternary prevention concept. We will ask to the participants if and when Quaternary prevention could exert a deep influence throughout their consultation process and their patients care pathway. [less ▲]

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See detail« Cap-Haïtien » or « how to ‘construct’ a flood risk in a decade »
Gracius, Gracia Joseph; Ozer, Pierre ULg

Poster (2016, November 04)

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See detailOf microbes, incidents and citizens: A look inside the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK-CEN
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg

Conference (2016, November 04)

In this presentation, I provide an overview of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK-CEN and delve into three research lines presently being developed within the SCK-CEN social science research group: 1 ... [more ▼]

In this presentation, I provide an overview of the Belgian Nuclear Research Centre SCK-CEN and delve into three research lines presently being developed within the SCK-CEN social science research group: 1. citizen science after Fukushima, 2. incident reporting at SCK-CEN, 3. the impact of microbes and microbiology on radioactive waste governance. [less ▲]

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See detailRecent evolution of the coastline in the Gulf of Guinea. Example of Togo and Benin (2000-2015)
Ozer, Pierre ULg; Hountondji, Yvon-Carmen; de Longueville, Florence

Poster (2016, November 04)

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See detailTowards Optimization of Thermally Induced Magnetization Switching
Ostler, Thomas ULg

Conference (2016, November 04)

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See detailRisk management in Ivory Coast : Case Study of Population Evictions in Port-Bouët, Abidjan
Comoe, Raymond; Ozer, Pierre ULg

Poster (2016, November 04)

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See detailEntorse de cheville - Le traitement fonctionnel
Kaux, Jean-François ULg

Conference (2016, November 03)

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See detailQuaternary prevention and mental health
Jamoulle, Marc ULg

Conference (2016, November 03)

Quaternary prevention, as a product of the patient doctor relationships, involves actions taken to identify patients at risk of Overmedicalisation, to protect them from unnecessary medical procedures and ... [more ▼]

Quaternary prevention, as a product of the patient doctor relationships, involves actions taken to identify patients at risk of Overmedicalisation, to protect them from unnecessary medical procedures and offer ethically acceptable alternatives. Quaternary prevention, born from the meeting between two worlds of thought, two cultural backgrounds, two kinds of anxiety implies deep implications for decision about mental health issues. There is an urgent need for quaternary prevention in primary care mental health, to counter the medicalisation of normal distressing human emotions and take care with humanity of suffering human beings. The relational bases of the P4 concept are exposed. A Continual Profesional Development session (two days) of a team of 25 French GPs based in St Etienne, France (ADEPUL, CPD society, October 2016) about “Quaternary attitude and mental health” in six steps is related. Step 1; one month before the seminar : retrieving of clinical personal experiences . Step 2; sharing experiences in little groups report synthesis. Step 3; (second day) Critical reading report experts contributions. Step 4; Disease or disease mongering in mental health case reports debate. Step 5; Pros & cons trial about ADD/H, tribunal, attorney, lawyer, jury and final judgment. Step 6; After one month, exchange of modified clinical situations related by participants. [less ▲]

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See detailLes problèmes “riches” de tournées de véhicules
Limbourg, Sabine ULg

Conference (2016, November 03)

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See detailTerminologia Multilíngue de Clínica General / Medicina de Família e Comunidade
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Treuherz, Arthur; Gomes, Luis Filipe et al

Poster (2016, November 02)

Creation of the Q-Codes online knowledge base The list of themes, called Q-Codes has been elaborated in a bottom-up approach, by retrieving, in a qualitative analysis study, the themes most frequently ... [more ▼]

Creation of the Q-Codes online knowledge base The list of themes, called Q-Codes has been elaborated in a bottom-up approach, by retrieving, in a qualitative analysis study, the themes most frequently addressed by GPs when they meet in congresses. A taxonomy has been build. A multilingual terminological record has been developed for each of the 182 items identified. This work is freely available online on www.hetop.eu/Q (free access after inscription) and is supported by the Rouen (France) biomedical informatics department of the University of Rouen (France). All the data are available in the Web Ontology language (OWL-2), an ontology-ready format fit for future use in the semantic web. The product, user guide and e-learning are available on http://3cgp.docpatient.net/ The Q-codes base is aimed at several uses: • Online repository of knowledge specific to GP/FM in several languages • Online PubMed linked bibliographic system easy to use for training in GP/FM • Resource for online e-learning • Resource for analysis of content of congresses in GP/FM in joint usage with ICPC-2 and indexation of gray literature • Research area : o automatic or semi-automatic congresses indexation system o linking GP/FM to the web of data and the linked data initiative The multilingual terminology in GP/FM Out of the online database we are proud to present you the • General Practice / Family Medicine Multilingual Terminology – English version • Terminologia Multilíngue de Clínica Geral / Medicina de Família e Comunidade - Versão em Português • Terminología multilingüe de la medicina general y de familia- Versión española • Terminologie multilingue de médecine générale et de famille – Version française • Een meertalige terminologie in de huisartsgeneeskunde - Nederlandse versie • Từ điển thuật ngữ đa ngôn ngữ về y học tổng quát và y học gia đình – (Vietnamese) • -Codes and definitions will be also available online in Korean and Turkish Those 6 books (60 pages) are readable / downloadable freely online on http://3cgp.docpatient.net/ and contain an explanation of the elaboration process of the taxonomy, a tabular list of the Q-Codes, the list of their definitions and an index. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Q-Codes: General Practice / Family Medicine Online Multilingual Terminology & Knowledge Base. A semantic web based resource in English, Portuguese, French, Spanish, Dutch, Vietnamese, Turkish and Korean
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Gusso, Gustavo; Mariño, Maria Ana et al

Conference (2016, November 02)

The session is devoted to the launch of an online knowledge database specific to GP / FM. This work is the result of a two years’ work of a cooperative project between participants from 12 countries and 8 ... [more ▼]

The session is devoted to the launch of an online knowledge database specific to GP / FM. This work is the result of a two years’ work of a cooperative project between participants from 12 countries and 8 languages. People are now used to the International classification of Primary Care (ICPC-2) which addresses the clinical issues in GP/FM , ie Symptoms, Process and Diagnosis. We have work on non-clinical issues i.e. all themes addressed by GPs during congresses which concern organizational, ethical, structure, teaching or patient related issues not encompassed by ICPC-2. The letter Q was used to name Q-Codes because this letter wasn’t yet used in ICPC-2. Q-codes are a classification of non-clinical items in General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). Q-codes are a classification of non-clinical items in General Practice / Family Medicine (GP/FM). After a demonstration of the Q-Codes terminology and of the online database, we are proud to present to you a new GP/FM terminology in 6 languages freely available online. Relevant urls are : • for Q-Codes knowledge base http://www.hetop.eu/Q • for user guide and download http://3cgp.docpatient.net/ Contact marc.jamoulle@doct.ulg.ac.be [less ▲]

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See detailLa compétitivité du transport intermodal
Limbourg, Sabine ULg

Conference (2016, November 02)

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See detailLife Cycle Costing for a Near Zero Energy Building in Jordan: Initial Study
Attia, Shady ULg; Al-Khuraissat, Maysoon

in The 5th Architectural Jordanian International Conference (2016, November 01)

Green Building movement has grown in Jordan for the last 10 year for environmental and financial reasons directly related to energy consumption and cost. Despite the few success stories, green design and ... [more ▼]

Green Building movement has grown in Jordan for the last 10 year for environmental and financial reasons directly related to energy consumption and cost. Despite the few success stories, green design and green buildings are not yet the norm in the building sector in the country. One main concern for design engineers as well as investors and building owners is the extra cost green building will bring compared to traditional one. This assumption is wrong since a building cost should be analyzed through its life cycle, which not only include design and construction but also operation and maintenance costs as well. Since issuing the Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Law No. 13 of 2012, Jordan opened a new era in the RE and EE, a changing point directly related to this law is the ability to sell electricity production to electricity companies and not only being consumers. The building sector is a direct winner if designers and engineers make right decisions. An ambitious but possible goal is to design and build Net Zero Buildings, which are buildings that produce energy as much as they consume. The aim of this paper is to provide real life cost-effective building strategies and design scenarios that will lead to a successful near Zero Energy Building in Jordan. The paper will use a representative residential apartment in the city of Amman (135- 155 m2) as the base case for the study. The design will be upgraded to include main green building strategies recommended for the climatic zone, provide loads for required systems, and test them all against performance and cost. Design scenarios will be tested and refined tell reach the best design formula that will be both functional and cost effective. The paper will provide a list of recommendations for best economically feasible design solutions and system selections that can lead to a near Zero Energy Building in Jordan for residential apartments. [less ▲]

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See detailPreoptic glutamate and estradiol release during male sexual behavior
de Bournonville, Catherine ULg; de Bournonville, Marie-Pierre ULg; Aourz, Najat et al

Poster (2016, November)

Beside its long-term control by steroids, male sexual behavior is also modulated by neuroestrogens in a dynamic way (within minutes) in a number of species ranging from fishes to mammals. Studies in male ... [more ▼]

Beside its long-term control by steroids, male sexual behavior is also modulated by neuroestrogens in a dynamic way (within minutes) in a number of species ranging from fishes to mammals. Studies in male Japanese quail have also identified following exposure to a receptive female a rapid decrease in the activity of brain aromatase (AA) the enzyme responsible for the conversion of androgens into estrogens. These effects occur mainly within the medial preoptic nucleus (POM), a sexually dimorphic structure of the preoptic area that plays a key role in the activation of male sexual behavior and contains the highest AA in the brain. In vitro studies demonstrated that AA can be rapidly inhibited by calcium-dependent phosphorylations of the enzyme triggered by the activation of AMPA and kainate receptors. We confirmed here this rapid effect of glutamate on AA by injecting kainate in the POM of anesthetized males and measuring AA in the tissue after brain collection. AA in POM was inhibited in the kainate-injected hemisphere compared to the control hemisphere injected with vehicle. In a second experiment, we showed by in vivo microdialysis that glutamate is released in POM during copulation. These results thus suggest that glutamate controls dynamic changes of AA that occur in the brain during sexual interactions. To confirm that the decrease in AA leads to an actual reduction of local estradiol concentration, we quantified via microdialysis and radioimmunoassay changes in estradiol concentration in the male POM during sexual interactions with a female. Surprisingly, a dramatic elevation of estradiol was observed during copulation. Estradiol has been shown to enhance acutely male sexual motivation, therefore the function of its increase in the POM could be to maintain motivation during the entire sexual encounter. The decrease of AA observed ex vivo after copulation would then reflect a compensatory mechanism to restore baseline pre-copulatory conditions. Importantly, these results highlight that although long-term changes in AA are often used as a proxy for local estradiol concentrations, these two measures can show major short-term discrepancies possibly reflecting variations in estrogen turnover. [less ▲]

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See detailATTITUDES AND BELIEFS CONCERNING LOW BACK PAIN AMONG PHYSIOTHERAPY STUDENTS IN BELGIUM AND THE NETHERLANDS: A CROSSSECTIONAL STUDY
Leysen, M.; Nijs, J.; Van Wilgen, C.P. et al

in Back to Specific Low Back Pain (2016, November)

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See detailInstitut de droit International’s Crisis (1873-1890’)
Genin, Vincent ULg

Conference (2016, November)

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See detailCROSS-CULTURAL TRANSLATION, VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE FRENCH VERSION OF THE « PAIN BELIEFS QUESTIONNAIRE »
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Duvallon, Louise ULg; Roussel, N. et al

in Back to Specific Low Back Pain (2016, November)

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See detailEvaluation et gestion des scenarii de dysfonctionnement des barrages-réservoirs en Belgique
Liégeois, Benoît; Pirotton, Michel ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Sûreté des barrages et enjeux (2016, November)

Belgium has fifteen structures included in the list of large dams of the International Committee on Large Dams. Six are managed by Engie Company, the other nine are owned by the Walloon regional public ... [more ▼]

Belgium has fifteen structures included in the list of large dams of the International Committee on Large Dams. Six are managed by Engie Company, the other nine are owned by the Walloon regional public authority. The Belgian legislator has never enacted specific rules for large dams. However, managers have always been concerned with this issue. They developed procedures and methods that were subject to exchanges of experience with their counterparts, in particular through the Belgian Committee on Large Dams. In this ongoing research of security, the impact of multiple failure scenarios (dam break, quick emptying …) on the people and the environment downstream of dams is a particular focal point. An impact study has been conducted for the main plants. This study is based on a deterministic numerical method. The methodology, the assumptions regarding the failure mode or emptying and the lessons learned from the analyses are presented. These results are an important step in the assessment and the management of risks. Indeed, regulations were recently enacted for the management and the coordination of any activity likely to seriously impact public safety during crisis periods. These rules apply therefore for large dams. In this context, managers have established an emergency plan for each structure. This paper provides a broad overview on the issues of the evaluation and the management of dysfunction risks of Belgian dams, as well as on approaches and collaborations initiated between the private managers and public authority. [less ▲]

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See detailCaractéristiques et évolution de la force après rééducation de la rupture de coiffe des rotateurs
Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg; Schwartz, Cédric ULg; MAHIEU, Xavier ULg et al

in Abstract Book des XVIIIèmes RENCONTRES ISOCINETIQUES MEDIMEX / ROTSCHILD (2016, November)

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See detailSpinal pain in elite field hockey players: A cross sectional study
Roussel, N.A.; Demeure, I.; Demoulin, Christophe ULg et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailRobustness of spatial autocorrelation tests
Ernst, Marie ULg

Poster (2016, November)

Spatial autocorrelation expresses the dependence between values at neighbouring locations. Testing if the spatial autocorrelation is significant may confirm or deny the need to consider spatial analysis ... [more ▼]

Spatial autocorrelation expresses the dependence between values at neighbouring locations. Testing if the spatial autocorrelation is significant may confirm or deny the need to consider spatial analysis over the classical one. Indeed, the analysis of spatial data is only meaningful if the spatial components bring information. Several measures of spatial autocorrelation are defined in the literature. Moran’s index, Geary’s ratio and Getis-Ord statistic are the most used statistics. Tests based on these measures have been developed in the literature using asymptotic and permutation results. They are used in practice in many fields, for instance in geography, economics, biogeosciences, medicine, ... However, these tests should be cautiously applied because they are not robust. A single contaminated observation can significantly modify their results. This poster is composed of two parts. Firstly, the robustness of already available tools for measuring spatial autocorrelation will be analysed. Secondly, alternative methods will be proposed to robustly test the spatial autocorrelation. [less ▲]

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See detailAre fatigue-related EMG parameters correlated to trunk extensor muscles fatigue induced by the Sorensen test?
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; George, F.; Matheve, T. et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailWeak performance of glomerular filtration rate equations in stable lung/liver transplant recipients compared to 51Cr-EDTA clearance.
Navaux, Emilie; Gustot, Thierry; Racape, Judith et al

Conference (2016, November)

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See detailMOTOR CONTROL LEARNING AT THE LUMBAR SPINE USING SENSOR-BASED POSTURAL FEEDBACK: A RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Matheve, T.; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Claes, G. et al

in Back to Specific Low Back Pain (2016, November)

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See detailCLINICAL ASSESSMENT TEST OF FEAR AVOIDANCE FOR CHRONIC LOW BACK PAIN PATIENT
SOMVILLE, Pierre-René ULg; Valoir, M.; Demoulin, Christophe ULg

in Back to Specific Low Back Pain (2016, November)

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See detailStability and Consistency of the LISP Pull Routing Architecture
Li, Yue; Saucez, Damien; Iannone, Luigi et al

in Proc. IEEE Workshop on Network Measurements (WNM) (2016, November)

Future Internet has been a hot topic for the last decade. One of the approaches put forward in order to revise the Internet architecture is LISP~--~Locator/ID Separation Protocol, which leverages the ... [more ▼]

Future Internet has been a hot topic for the last decade. One of the approaches put forward in order to revise the Internet architecture is LISP~--~Locator/ID Separation Protocol, which leverages the separation of the identifier and the locator roles of IP addresses. Contrary to the classical push model used by the BGP-based routing architecture, LISP relies on a pull model. In particular, routing information is pulled from a new network element, the Mapping System, to provide the association between the identifier (i.e., the address used to identify a host inside a domain) and a list of locators (i.e., the addresses to locate an attachment point) upon an explicit query. In this paper, we evaluate a LISP Mapping System deployment in the public LISP Beta Network from two standpoints: Stability and Consistency. Our measurements show that the mapping information is stable over time and consistent between the different mapping entities and the vantage points. Our analysis shows that there are cases where the Mapping System is unstable and/or inconsistent, hence, beside proposing a taxonomy in order to classify them, we carry out an in-depth investigation of such cases so to provide hints on how to improve the performance of LISP. [less ▲]

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See detailBeliefs in the general population regarding the "cracking" or "popping" noise from spine thrust manipulation
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Baeri, D.; TOUSSAINT, Geoffrey ULg et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailSpinal pain in elite field hockey players: A systematic review
Roussel, N.A.; Rottiers, J.; Lemmens, J. et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailOn the Analysis of Internet Paths with DisNETPerf, a Distributed Paths Performance Analyzer
Wassermann, Sarah ULg; Casas, Pedro; Donnet, Benoît ULg et al

in Proc. 10th IEEE Workshop on Network Measurements (WNM) (2016, November)

Traceroute is the most widely used Internet path analysis tool today to study the topology of the Internet and to diagnose routing failures as well as poor performance events. A major limitation of ... [more ▼]

Traceroute is the most widely used Internet path analysis tool today to study the topology of the Internet and to diagnose routing failures as well as poor performance events. A major limitation of traceroute when the destination is not controllable by the user is its inability to measure reverse paths, i.e., the path from any given destination back to the source. This is a major drawback for ISPs, who need to understand the performance of the Internet paths connecting popular services (e.g., YouTube and Facebook) to their customers. Even if public servers and distributed measurement platforms can provide partial reverse path visibility through ad-hoc measurements, there is still a need for a structured approach capable of analyzing the performance of Internet paths connecting any pair of nodes (servers, routers, hosts, etc.). While the problem of reverse traceroute has been addressed in the past, proposed techniques rely on IP address spoofing – which might lead to security concerns, and assume the availability of certain route-tracking options –, which might not be available. In this paper, we introduce and evaluate DisNETPerf, a new tool which provides exactly the same type of information as traceroute, but for paths connecting arbitrarily selected nodes. DisNETPerf works by firstly locating probes (i.e., measurement points) that are the closest to a given target node, using them to perform traceroute measurements from the target point-of-view to a given destination for path performance monitoring and troubleshooting purposes. We propose two techniques for probe location, and demonstrate that the reverse path (from server to users) can be measured with very high accuracy in certain scenarios. We also analyze relevant characteristics of Internet paths and distributed measurement platforms, which reinforce the applicability and relevance of DisNETPerf in current Internet. [less ▲]

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See detailLiturgie, cérémonial et architecture des églises des congrégations féminines implantées en ville sur la « dorsale catholique » (XVe-XVIIIe siècles)
Piront, Julie ULg

Conference (2016, November)

Dans les églises des congrégations féminines, la problématique du « voir » est étroitement associée au « ne pas être vu ». Plus encore que leurs homologues masculins, moniales et religieuses, implantées ... [more ▼]

Dans les églises des congrégations féminines, la problématique du « voir » est étroitement associée au « ne pas être vu ». Plus encore que leurs homologues masculins, moniales et religieuses, implantées en milieu urbain tout en étant soumises à la stricte clôture, ont dû trouver des solutions architecturales qui satisfassent à ces deux exigences. Dans ce contexte, les enjeux se focalisent en particulier sur l’articulation de l’église « extérieure » et de l’église « intérieure » – pour reprendre l’expression de Carlo Borromeo – où se déroulent les principaux moments de la vie liturgique de la communauté. En examinant les églises de trois ordres méconnus implantés aux frontières de la catholicité entre le XVe et le XVIIIe siècle (chanoinesses du Saint-Sépulcre, bénédictines réformées de la Paix Notre-Dame et annonciades célestes), il s’agit d’analyser tant la forme (plan, décor, mobilier) que la fonction des nouvelles constructions, mais aussi les aménagements – bien moins connus – des églises monastiques préexistantes et des maisons particulières acquises lors de la fondation. [less ▲]

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See detailSpeech style manipulations in dysarthria in French-speaking children: Acoustic findings.
Ancelle, Josephine; Moya Gale, G.; Hetrick, B et al

Poster (2016, November)

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See detailComparisons of estimated GFR and Cockcroft Gault equations: calibration against relative risk for all-cause mortality.
Warnock, DG; van den Brand, JAJG; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg et al

Poster (2016, November)

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See detailA single group session of pain physiology education is effective to improve the understanding of neurophysiology of pain in patients with chronic low back pain
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Brasseur, Pauline; Crielaard, Jean-Michel ULg et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailKnowledge and beliefs of health care professionals performing thrust spinal manipulations on these techniques: A preliminary study
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; TOUSSAINT, Geoffrey ULg; Grosdent, Stéphanie ULg et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailSPINAL PAIN IN ELITE FIELD HOCKEY PLAYERS: A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY
Lemmens, J.; Rottiers, J.; Demeure, I. et al

in Back to Specific Low Back Pain (2016, November)

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See detailShould hamstring muscles be stretched by flexing the hip while keeping the knee extended or by flexing the hip with a flexed knee and then extending the knee?
Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Wolfs, Sébastien ULg; Chevalier, M. et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailRécupération musculaire après plastie LCA : conséquences sur le retour au sport
Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg et al

in Abstract Book des XVIIIèmes RENCONTRES ISOCINETIQUES MEDIMEX / ROTSCHILD (2016, November)

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See detailMotor control learning at the lumbar spine using sensor-based postural feedback: Preliminary results of a randomized controlled trial
Matheve, T.; Demoulin, Christophe ULg; Claes, G. et al

in Vleeming, Andry (Ed.) 9th Interdisciplinary World Congress on Low Back and Pelvic Girdle Pain - Progress in Evidence based diagnosis and treatment (2016, November)

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See detailExcited hyperons of the N = 2 band in the 1/Nc expansion
Stancu, Floarea ULg

in Bled Workshops in Physics (2016, November), 17(1), 25-31

The spectrum of excited baryons in the $N$ = 2 band is reanalyzed in the $1/N_c$ expansion method, with emphasis on hyperons. Predictions are made for the classification of these excited baryons into SU(3 ... [more ▼]

The spectrum of excited baryons in the $N$ = 2 band is reanalyzed in the $1/N_c$ expansion method, with emphasis on hyperons. Predictions are made for the classification of these excited baryons into SU(3) singlets, octets and decuplets. [less ▲]

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See detailGlomerular filtration rate in healthy living potential kidney donors: a meta-analysis.
Pottel, H; Hoste; DELANAYE, Pierre ULg

Poster (2016, November)

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See detailCartels in the EU: who appeals and who wins?
Gautier, Axel ULg

Conference (2016, November)

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See detailThe Base of Fabia Fabiana from Acci (Guadix, Granada). A Reassessment
Veymiers, Richard ULg; Gasparini, Valentino

Conference (2016, November)

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See detail"Madame Bovary c'est moi"
Cormann, Grégory ULg

Conference (2016, October 29)

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See detailApplication of rep-PCR as molecular typing method for dermatophytes
SACHELI, Rosalie ULg; ADJETEY BAHUN, Akolé ULg; DARFOUF, Rajae ULg et al

Conference (2016, October 29)

Background The distinction of dermatophytes strains by conventional methods is problematic due to a lack of reliable characteristics between isolates. The ability to identify individual organisms allows ... [more ▼]

Background The distinction of dermatophytes strains by conventional methods is problematic due to a lack of reliable characteristics between isolates. The ability to identify individual organisms allows identification of infection sources, such as communal swimming and public washing rooms and apply appropriate control measures. Several outbreaks of dermatophytes infection have already been described in Europe and the feasibility of comparing DNA fingerprints is of interest in this particular field. We have successfully applied the rep-PCR method for typing dermatophytes species such as Microsporum audouinii, Trichophyton violaceum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes complex (T.mentagrophytes complex). Methods The Diversilab® system (bioMérieux, France) has been used to perform rep-PCR. Strains of M. audouinii (116) and T. violaceum (23) were collected during a national survey conducted by the National Reference center (NRC) for mycoses (Liège) in Belgium from February 2013 to March 2014. Strains of T. mentagrophytes complex (32) are part of the national collection of the NRC collected between 2012 and 2015. Results The Diversilab® is able to distinguish different subspecies between the same species complex as it was confirmed with the T. mentagrophytes complex. For this group of strains, two major groups are clearly visible after Diversilab analysis and correspond to white strains (ITS sequenced as T. interdigitale) and yellow strains (ITS sequenced as A. benhamiae) of T. mentagrophytes complex. Both groups share only 70% of similarity. Within a same species of dermatophyte, the Rep-PCR is also able to define several subgroups sometimes linked with epidemiological factors. Inside the T. violaceum strains circulating in Belgium, two different DNA fingerprints have been found. These two subgroups were well separated regarding the geographical location in Belgium (Wallonia and Flanders). Inside the M. audouinii species, 6 different DNA fingerprints have been detected with a main group. The degree of similarity between these six groups is comprised between 85,6% and 94%. Strains belonging to the six groups were defined as M. audouinii by ITS sequencing. Conclusion The DiversiLab® system with the Rep-PCR technology proved to be an efficient method for dermatophytes molecular typing. It is highly sensitive to discriminate small genotypic variation between two strains within the same species which is not possible with other molecular methods such as ITS sequencing. Inside the T. mentagrophytes complex, it permits to easily distinguish the yellow zoophilic strains from the white anthropophilic strain, hardly possible by microscopy. [less ▲]

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See detailLes masques de Sartre: de l'anthropologie à Frantz Fanon et Hubert Lyautey
Cormann, Grégory ULg

Conference (2016, October 28)

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See detailDeriving cultural heritage values: the use of social media
Ginzarly, Manal ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg

in Old and New Media for the Image of the Landscape (2016, October 28)

Nel 2011 l’UNESCO ha adottato la Raccomandazione sul Paesaggio Storico Urbano che mira al riconoscimento e all'identificazione della stratificazione e dell'interconnessione dei valori - naturali e ... [more ▼]

Nel 2011 l’UNESCO ha adottato la Raccomandazione sul Paesaggio Storico Urbano che mira al riconoscimento e all'identificazione della stratificazione e dell'interconnessione dei valori - naturali e culturali, materiali e immateriali, internazionali e locali – riscontrabili in qualsiasi città storica, concepita come un “patrimonio vivente” delle comunità. In tale visione il patrimonio culturale urbano è un elemento riconosciuto non solo dagli esperti, ma dalle intere società che ne valutano gli elementi identitari mirando a conservarli per le generazioni future. La Raccomandazione, in particolare, sostiene che per l'interpretazione e la conservazione del patrimonio culturale si può beneficiare di metodi di valutazione tradizionali e di metodi innovativi basati su dati geo-localizzati e sui dati digitali dei social media, come tweets geo-localizzati, impronte digitali e foto su Flickr. Il presente contributo illustra una metodologia basata sull’analisi delle immagini su Flickr. Dai risultati ottenuti si è evinto che proprio l’indagine dei social media può contribuire ad una comprensione significativa dei valori culturali del contesto urbano, fornendo così la possibilità di una migliore integrazione dei valori socio-culturali riconosciuti dalla collettività nei processi di conservazione e di pianificazione urbana. [less ▲]

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