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See detailA consensual Diving-PAM protocol to monitor Posidonia oceanica photosynthesis
Gobert, Sylvie ULg; Lepoint, Gilles ULg; Silva, João et al

in PeerJ (2015)

The seagrass Posidonia oceanica is widely recognized as an effective bioindicator of the health status of Mediterranean coastal waters. Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements, in particular through the ... [more ▼]

The seagrass Posidonia oceanica is widely recognized as an effective bioindicator of the health status of Mediterranean coastal waters. Chlorophyll fluorescence measurements, in particular through the Pulse Amplitude Modulated (PAM) fluorometry method, are performed to study aquatic plant ecology and vitality and to assess their responses to diverse stressful factors. However, the current understanding of P. oceanica photosynthetic responses to environmental stresses does only allow scientists to use the PAM-method as a complementary tool to other more-robust monitoring techniques. Consequently, a more in-depth knowledge of the natural causes of variability of P. oceanica photosynthetic responses are a prerequisite to any surveys relying on that time and cost-effective method. In the framework of the STARECAPMED project, this work aimed to determine the influence of several environmental (depth, daytime, season) and plant-specific characteristics (leaf age, leaf part analyzed, epiphytic coverage) on the photosynthetic responses (Y, ETR, RLC) of P. oceanica. Water temperature, irradiance and several biochemical parameters of the seagrass (chl.a, chl.b, C, N, P, micronutrients such as Fe, Cu) were measured as well. The field survey was performed in a pristine meadow in the Calvi Bay, Corsica. Environmental and plant-physiological characteristics deeply influenced P. oceanica photosynthetic responses. As an example, ETR decreased with depth, contrary to Y that mostly increased. ETR was lower in the basal part of leaf blade, and the epiphytic coverage of leaf tips slightly increased their ETR compared to leaf tips cleaned of epiphytes. Depth and leaf part-related variations in RLC were also observed. Because of this natural variability, it appears essential to develop a consensual protocol of chlorophyll fluorescence measurements to publish reliable and comparable results between studies. We therefore notably suggest to perform measurements close to midday, when photosynthetic responses are the highest; at 10-15 m depth in order to avoid, among others, low depth light irradiance variability; on the middle part of the 3rd-4th external leaf, well developed, highly photosynthetic, and little epiphyted. Finally, because P. oceanica fluorescence was correlated with N, P and chl.b leaf contents, the PAM-method could afterwards be used as bioindicator technique, according to the protocol proposed. [less ▲]

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See detailPrevalence of frailty in nursing home residents according to various diagnostic tools
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Dardenne, Nadia ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2015), 4(S1), 61

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See detailÉtude anatomoradiologique d’un crâne déformé d’Ancón (Pérou)
Ricciardetto, Antonio ULg; Boman, Françoise; Duchat, Florent et al

in Charlier, Philippe (Ed.) Actes du Ve Colloque international de Pathographie (2015)

Matériels et méthodes : l’étude porte sur un crâne déformé provenant d’Ancón au Pérou, inventorié au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN) de Paris en 1889. L’étude est géographique, historique ... [more ▼]

Matériels et méthodes : l’étude porte sur un crâne déformé provenant d’Ancón au Pérou, inventorié au Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle (MNHN) de Paris en 1889. L’étude est géographique, historique, macroscopique et tomodensitométrique. Résultats : situé sur la côte à 40 km au nord de Lima, la capitale du Pérou, le site d’Ancón est un site archéologique de la période lithique, et un lieu de sépulture depuis l’époque Chavín (1250 à 250 av. J.-Chr.). Dès l’époque Chavín, les peuples du Pérou ancien construisaient des centres cérémoniels dirigés par une élite théocratique, et déformaient le crâne des enfants dès les premiers jours de la vie, à l’aide de moyens de pression variés. La déformation du crâne d’Ancón est une déformation antéro-postérieure oblique, brachycéphale, bilobée et asymétrique, sans trépanation ni déformation dentaire associée. C’est une variante bilobée du type Huaura de déformation crânienne, qui est associé aux régions de Chancay-Ancón et Lima. L’étude tomodensitométrique des variations d’épaisseur de la voûte, avec amincissement en regard des zones de pression, a montré que la déformation était intentionnelle, et caractérisée par une pression fronto-pariéto-temporale bilatérale surtout antérieure et dégressive d’avant en arrière, associée à une pression frontale, occipitale, et sagittale médiane. En l’absence de contexte et de datation, l’ancienneté du crâne étudié ne peut pas être précisée au long d’une période de presque trois millénaires, jusqu’à la domination Inca et l’arrivée des Espagnols (1532). Le crâne pourrait appartenir à l’une ou l’autre des cultures successives du site d’Ancón : Chavín, Baňos de Boza o Miramar, Lima, Wari, et Chancay (1200 à 1470), dont les céramiques représentent la déformation bilobée. Le crâne est probablement celui d’une femme âgée de plus de 45 ans à son décès, de statut social élevé, faisant partie de l’élite magico-religieuse, politique et économique dirigeante. L’étude de l’endocrâne a permis d’observer la déformation des veines superficielles et des lobes du cerveau. Il existe des signes de parodonpathie chronique à un stade avancé. Un abcès d’origine dentaire pourrait avoir été la cause du décès. Conclusions et perspectives : en ce qui concerne la pratique des déformations crâniennes, la région d’Ancón-Chancay et de Lima paraît être remarquable à trois égards : par le grand nombre de crânes déformés, par le grand nombre de crânes bilobés, et par la proportion importante de femmes, dont on peut supposer qu’elles étaient nées de familles nobles, et destinées dès l’enfance à faire partie de l’élite théocratique. La reconstitution 3D de l’épaisseur de la voûte crânienne a permis pour la première fois à notre connaissance de caractériser ce type de déformation, et pourrait permettre de reconstituer l’appareil déformateur. Seule la reprise des exhumations programmées sur le site d’Ancón, dans le cadre d’un projet prospectif pluridisciplinaire, pourrait permettre de mieux préciser la proportion d’individus à crâne déformé, la proportion des crânes bilobés, et le sex ratio, dans chaque contexte historique et socio-culturel de ce type de déformation crânienne intentionnelle ; et, peut-être, de retrouver in situ l’appareil déformateur correspondant. [less ▲]

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See detailIsolated response curves in a base-excited, two-degree-of-freedom, nonlinear system
Noël, Jean-Philippe ULg; Detroux, Thibaut ULg; Masset, Luc ULg et al

in Proceedings of the ASME 2015 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences (2015)

In the present paper, isolated response curves in a nonlinear system consisting of two masses sliding on a horizontal guide are examined. Transverse springs are attached to one mass to provide the ... [more ▼]

In the present paper, isolated response curves in a nonlinear system consisting of two masses sliding on a horizontal guide are examined. Transverse springs are attached to one mass to provide the nonlinear restoring force, and a harmonic motion of the complete system is imposed by prescribing the displacement of their supports. Numerical simulations are carried out to study the conditions of existence of isolated solutions, their bifurcations, their merging with the main response branch and their basins of attraction. This is achieved using tools including nonlinear normal modes, energy balance, harmonic balance-based continuation and bifurcation tracking, and global analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailReverse current transient behavior of pGeSn/nGe diodes
Baert, Bruno ULg; Gupta, Somya; Gencarelli, Federica et al

Conference (2015)

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See detailA FE² model for Hydro-mechanical coupling
van den Eijnden, Abraham Pieter ULg; Collin, Frédéric ULg; Bésuelle, Pierre et al

in Chau, Kam-Tim; Zhao, Jidong (Eds.) Bifurcation and Degradation of Geomaterials in the New Millenium (2015)

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See detailSignes et corrections dans le P.Vat. gr. 11v - Favorinos, De exsilio
Macedo, Gabriel ULg

in Marganne, Marie-Hélène; Amato, Eugenio (Eds.) Entre papyrologie, philologie et littérature. Autour du traité "Sur l'Exil" de Favorinos d'Arles. Actes de la journée d'études, Nantes 13-11-2013 (2015)

A study of scribal practices, signs and corrections on the only known copy of Favorinos' De exsilio.

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See detailGlucosamine and chondroitin salts in the management of osteoarthritis in Europe
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 60-61

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See detailEnquêter sur les non-publics de la culture: quelle posture de recherche pour quel dispositif méthodologique?
Ghebaur, Cosmina ULg

in Questions de Communication (2015)

Mes travaux portent sur les non-publics de la culture et leur fabrication institutionnelle, à savoir leur production par les institutions chargées de mettre en œuvre sur un territoire donné les politiques ... [more ▼]

Mes travaux portent sur les non-publics de la culture et leur fabrication institutionnelle, à savoir leur production par les institutions chargées de mettre en œuvre sur un territoire donné les politiques culturelles les concernant. Pour explorer cette question, je me place dans la perspective initiée en sociologie de l'art par Pascale Ancel et Alain Pessin (2004) et caractérisée par la remise en question de la frontière entre publics et non-publics. On peut, écrit Martine Azam (2004), être " à la fois " public et non-public s'agissant de deux objets culturels différents ou du même objet à des moments différents. L'objectif de cet article est d'expliciter les principaux choix méthodologiques que j'ai été amenée à faire en enquêtant, avec cette posture de recherche, sur une exposition photographique en extérieur organisée dans une ville de la banlieue parisienne. [less ▲]

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See detailThe anti-angiogenic peptide Anginex blocks osteoclastogenesis
Muller, Joséphine ULg; Binsfeld, Marilène ULg; DUBOIS, Sophie ULg et al

in Belgian Journal of Hematology (2015), Abstracts book

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See detailGIS-Based Landslide Susceptibility Mapping in the Great Lakes Region of Africa, Case Study of Bujumbura Burundi
Nibigira, Léonidas ULg; Draidia, Salah ULg; Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg

in Engineering Geology for Society and Territory-Volume 2 (2015)

Abstract: Landslides in Central Africa represent a constant threat to the population. The present work took its motivation from the increasing number of recorded incidents in recent times. It is focused ... [more ▼]

Abstract: Landslides in Central Africa represent a constant threat to the population. The present work took its motivation from the increasing number of recorded incidents in recent times. It is focused on the analysis of mass movements in a regional context. Remote sensing based on the use of satellite images (Pleiades images of 2011) and aerial photographs (1957, 1958 and 1981) allowed us to identify instabilities at different scales. The study of these mass movements and the characterization of the processes governing ... [less ▲]

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See detailA Lower Tournaisian (Hastarian) silicified brachiopod-coral fauna from South Belgium
Denayer, Julien ULg; Mottequin, Bernard; Poty, Edouard

Conference (2015)

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See detailImpact of stone content on soil moisture measurement with capacitive sensors 10HS (Decagon)
Deraedt, Deborah ULg; Bernard, Julien ULg; Biettlot, Louise ULg et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2015), 17

Lot of soil survey focused on agricultural soils. For practical reasons, those soils have a low stone content. So, most of the soil water content sensors are placed on low stone content soils and the ... [more ▼]

Lot of soil survey focused on agricultural soils. For practical reasons, those soils have a low stone content. So, most of the soil water content sensors are placed on low stone content soils and the calibration equations are developed for them. Yet some researches take an interest in forest soils that are often much different from the previous ones. The differences lie in their stone content and their slope. Lots of studies have proved the importance of making soil specific calibration of the soil water content sensor. As our lab use regularly the 10HS sensors (Decagon Devices, United States) in forested soil, we decided to evaluate the importance of the stone content in the soil moisture measurement. The soil used for this experimentation comes from Gembloux (50◦33’54.9”N, 4◦42’11.3”E). It is silt that has been sieved at 2 mm to remove the gravel. The stones used to form the samples come from an experimental site located in the Belgian Ardennes (50◦1’52.6”N, 4◦53’22.5”E). They are mainly composed of schist with some quartz and sandstone elements. Initially, only five samples were constructed with three replications each. The size and the proportion of stones were the variables. Stones were classified in two groups, the first contains gravels whose size is less than 1,5 cm and a the second contains gravels whose size is comprised between 2 and 3 cm. The proportions of stone selected for the experiment are 0, 20 and 40%. In order to generate validation data, two more samples were constructed with intermediate proportion of stone content (30%). The samples were built in PVC container which dimensions are slightly bigger than the sensor volume of influence (1.1-1.3l). The soil samples were saturated and then dried on a thermal chamber set at about 32◦C. During at least 14 days, the samples soil water content was determined by the sensor measurement with the Procheck read-out system (Decagon Devices, United State) and by weighting the samples thrice a day. The evolution of the soil sample height was monitored as well. As first result, the stone content is a parameter that seems to influence soil water content. The stone size is no important. Because soil moisture deserves to be measured accurately in every soil and to confirm the first results the experiment is going on with more samples, different stone proportions, other sensor positioning and a natural air drying. [less ▲]

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See detailLa ‘Commendatio animæ’ dans les littératures romanes des origines
Valenti, Gianluca ULg

in Draelants, Isabelle; Balouzat-Loubet, Christelle (Eds.) La formule au Moyen Âge, II / Formulas in Medieval Culture, II. Actes du colloque international / Proceedings of the International Conference (2015)

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See detailThe “Belgian Tetris”: assessing the political impact of metaphors on citizens’ perception of and attitude towards Belgian federalism.
Perrez, Julien ULg; Reuchamps, Min

Conference (2015)

In the literature, the political impact of metaphors has often been taken for granted from metaphor analysis in political discourse. However, a more global understanding of what this political impact ... [more ▼]

In the literature, the political impact of metaphors has often been taken for granted from metaphor analysis in political discourse. However, a more global understanding of what this political impact could consist of, is still lacking from the current research agenda. To be able to account for how metaphors, through discourses, actively shape the political reality, it is important to look at the relationships between metaphorical discourses and their environment. Based on the idea that metaphors do not only reflect the perceived reality, but also function as cues through which citizens come to understand complex political processes (Bougher 2012), the aim of this study is precisely to look at how specific metaphors might impact on the citizens’ framing of Belgian federalism. To measure the impact of metaphors on the citizens’ political representations and attitudes, we conducted a first experiment among 493 citizens based on an article (including a text and an image) published in the newspaper Le Soir (13-14 July 2013) in which Belgian federalism was deliberately compared to a Tetris game (AUTHORS, submitted). The participants were distributed into four experimental conditions according to the type of input they had been exposed to (respectively no input, text and image, image only, text only), and were asked to perform three interrelated tasks (a free description task, a picture association task and a questionnaire measuring their attitude towards Belgian federalism). The productions of the participants in the description task have been analyzed using keyword analyses and content analyses. The results suggest that the participants who had been exposed to the experimental text tend to differently frame their perception of Belgian federalism (among other things, by highlighting the notion of transfer of competences from the federal state to the sub-national entities). Whereas these results suggest that reading the text might have an impact on the representations of the citizens, they do not allow us to pinpoint the specific role played by the Tetris metaphor itself on these different representations. To further determine to what extent the observed influence of the text on the citizens’ representations can be attributed to the Tetris metaphor, we developed a follow-up experiment for which we produced two versions of the experimental text, namely a version in which the Tetris metaphor remained explicit and a version in which it had been left out. We conducted the experiment among 600 citizens distributed into 3 experimental conditions (respectively no input, original text, original text without explicit reference to the Tetris metaphor). They were asked to achieve the same three tasks as in the original experiment. The results are currently being analyzed and will be the main subject of our contribution. This experimental design should allow us (i) to observe the specific influence of the Tetris metaphor on the integration of textual information and (ii) to assess to what extent it shapes the citizens’ representations of Belgian federalism. [less ▲]

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See detailCastelvecchio Calvisio: et pourquoi pas un scénario ruskinien?
Houbart, Claudine ULg; Dawans, Stéphane ULg

in Crisan, Rodica; Fiorani, Donatella; Kealy, Loughlin (Eds.) et al Restoration/Reconstruction. Small Historic Centres. Conservation in the Midst of Change, EAAE IV meeting and workshop (Roma - Castelvecchio Calvisio, October 28-31, 2013) (2015)

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See detailImplémentation d’un cours avec simulation haute fidélité pour la préparation des internes débutant leur formation en pédiatrie et en médecine d’urgence
SCHUMACHER, Katharina ULg; Seghaye, Marie-Christine ULg; Solowianiuk, Marie et al

in Tijdschrift van de Belgische Kinderarts = Journal du Pédiatre Belge (2015), 17(1),

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See detailChronophage, le design empathique?
Elsen, Catherine ULg

in Findeli, Alain; Borja de Mozota, Brigitte; Froehlicher, Thomas (Eds.) et al Actes des 9èmes Ateliers de la Recherche en Design (2015)

Cet article envisage la dimension chronophage de l’approche empathique, une des dimensions fondamentales du design d’expérience. Quels efforts investir dans le raisonnement « centré-utilisateurs », et ... [more ▼]

Cet article envisage la dimension chronophage de l’approche empathique, une des dimensions fondamentales du design d’expérience. Quels efforts investir dans le raisonnement « centré-utilisateurs », et pour quels résultats ? L’examen des données récoltées au fil de quatre protocoles (un empirique et trois expérimentaux) révèle comment une “créativité disciplinée” peut outiller une approche plus agile des besoins-utilisateurs. [less ▲]

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See detailGestural expressions of spatial information in L1 and L2
Maarten, Lemmens; Perrez, Julien ULg

Conference (2015)

This paper reports on the analysis of gestures in the expression of static locative relationships in French and Dutch, for L1 speakers as well as for francophone learners of Dutch (L2). The data analysed ... [more ▼]

This paper reports on the analysis of gestures in the expression of static locative relationships in French and Dutch, for L1 speakers as well as for francophone learners of Dutch (L2). The data analysed is drawn from video-taped picture descriptions where subjects were asked to talk about the location of certain entities on these pictures. Tutton (2012) has observed that in spatial descriptions gestures often express information that remains unexpressed in the verbal production and that typically the information that is gesturally expressed is directional (cf. also McNeill 2000; Gullberg 2009, 2010). Our data only partially confirm his findings: in most cases, gestures express information that is also expressed verbally. In addition, while gestures are indeed well-suited to express direction, we argue that a clearer distinction is needed between directional and (purely) locational gestures. We suggest that the crucial factor identifying a locative gesture is the fact of the gesture being anchored in the representational gesture space, an issue that hitherto has not been discussed in the literature. While all gestures are necessarily made in the gesture space, anchored gestures are those that receive a clear representational location. These can be pointing gestures, but often they are not (e.g., an anchored shape-, size- or manner-gesture). Functionally, they are not unlike what Liddell (2003) has called buoys in ASL, i.e., clearly located and stationary signs that function as conceptual landmarks while the discourse continues. The difference with anchored gestures is that the latter are not stationary. Non-anchored gestures do not have such a precise location. For example, directional gestures are not really anchored to a specific point, but merely indicate a direction. Similarly, some iconic gestures express locative relations (e.g. BETWEEN, EVERYWHERE), but are made without being anchored in the representational gesture space (e.g., just in front of the speaker, in centre space). We argue that despite their locative semantics, they are not locative gestures. In fact, anchored locative gestures could thus be seen as grounding predications, i.e. "an instance (but not a type) is thought of as having a particular location in the domain of instantiation" (Langacker 1991:57). In addition, typological differences are manifest in gesture. In line with Talmy’s (2000) typological distinction between verb-framed and satellite-framed languages, Dutch can be described as a “location-rich” language and the descriptions of the native Dutch speakers abound with locative descriptions, through the highly grammaticalised use of posture verbs but also via other linguistic means (prepositions, adverbs, etc.). French, in contrast, is “location-poor”: the French narrations have significantly fewer locative descriptions and the locative information is much more general. Instead, they add narrative detail and meta-linguistic comments to their descriptions. The francophone learners of Dutch (with 3 levels of proficiency) use more gestures revealing the challenge that free expression in a second language poses, especially for the lowest proficiency levels: they use more shape gestures, more enactment gestures (e.g., pulling a drawer, brushing one’s hair, etc.), more reality-anchored gestures (e.g., pointing at one’s shoes when talking about shoes), and more meta-communicative gestures indicating their lexical shortcomings, e.g., word- search gestures (see Ladewig 2011). Overall, and as can be expected, the low proficiency L2 speakers use almost more gestures than words, which can be seen as a visual compensation for their lack of lexical accuracy; the gestural expression of advanced learners, in contrast, is much more locational in nature, in line with the target language (cf. also Gullberg 2009, 2010, Alferink & Gullberg 2014). [less ▲]

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See detailLessons Learned from Heat Balance Analysis for Holzkirchen Twin Houses Experiment
Masy, Gabrielle; Rehab, Imane ULg; Andre, Philippe ULg et al

in Energy Procedia (2015)

Holzkirchen full scale dynamic experiments were conducted in the framework of IEA Annex 58 research program with the aim to obtain and apply a high quality experimental dataset for model validation of ... [more ▼]

Holzkirchen full scale dynamic experiments were conducted in the framework of IEA Annex 58 research program with the aim to obtain and apply a high quality experimental dataset for model validation of full scale buildings. A first experiment was conducted in August 2013. Two identical houses were submitted to a side by side experiment, one with blinds up, one with blinds down. That first experience lasted 42 days including an initialization period, a Randomly Ordered Logarithmic Binary Sequence of heat inputs (ROLBS), and a re-initialization followed by a free-float period. A second experiment was conducted in April 2014 in one of the two houses, with higher levels of heating power in the South oriented zones and imposed indoor temperatures in the North oriented zones. Simulations were performed with EES Engineering Equation Solver using simplified RC dynamic models. The discrepancies observed between simulated results and measured data were first explained through a deeper analysis of thermal bridges, a better assessment of solar heat gains and a better assessment of the air duct heat losses. In the second experiment, the results revealed an underestimation of the building transmission heat losses. A candidate explanation might be the air stratification which would enhance heat losses on the ceiling side. A modelization of the upper and lower room air layers was introduced. The resulting simulated indoor temperature profiles were in accordance with the measurements. A complete breakdown of heat losses and heat gains was computed for both houses, using measured temperatures as input data for the simulation. [less ▲]

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See detailMuscle fatigue resistance and self-perceived fatigue in relation with sarcopenia and quality of life
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Bautmans, I et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2015), 4(S1), 61-62

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See detailDenosumab treatment in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis for up to 9 years: results through year 6 of the freedom extension
Papapoulos, S; Roux, C; Bone, HG et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 37-39

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See detailEmpirical model of a variable speed vapor injection compressor for air source heat pump dynamic modeling
Dechesne, Bertrand ULg; Bertagnolio, Stéphane

in International conference on compressors and their systems (2015)

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See detailTowards an Archaeological Information System: Improving the Core Data Model
Van Ruymbeke, Muriel ULg; Carré, Cyril ULg; Delfosse, Vincent ULg et al

in Giligny, F.; Djindjian, F.; Costa, L. (Eds.) et al CAA 2014 21st century Archaeology : Concepts methods and tools : Proceedings of the 42nd Annual Conference on Computer Applications and Quantitative Methods in Archaeology (2015)

The use of Geographic Information Systems within the field of archaeology has been demonstrated through numerous scientific studies in the past. However, such systems do not usually encompass all the ... [more ▼]

The use of Geographic Information Systems within the field of archaeology has been demonstrated through numerous scientific studies in the past. However, such systems do not usually encompass all the characteristics of the archaeological data. Since 2009, the Geomatics Unit of the University of Liège works on the development of a robust, flexible and dynamic Archaeological Information System. The interdisciplinary research group focuses on the development of a conceptual data model based on the general characteristics of archaeological data namely its spatio-temporal, heterogeneous, multimodal and imperfect character. The following paper exposes latest output and especially the integration of archaeological data ambiguity [less ▲]

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See detailThematic analysis and the 3rd person plural suffix pronoun in the Medinet Habu historical inscriptions
Gillen, Todd Jonathan ULg

in Kousoulis, Panagiotis (Ed.) Proceedings of the Tenth International Congress of Egyptologists (2015)

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See detailBuilding the future of European sustainability governance: a critical self-reflexive approach to a participatory Technology Assessment exercise
Claisse, Frédéric ULg; Delvenne, Pierre ULg; Macq, Hadrien et al

Conference (2015)

Europe Wide Views (EWV) on Sustainable Consumption is a cross-European citizen consultation providing unique insights into the views of ordinary citizens across Europe on sustainable consumption and ... [more ▼]

Europe Wide Views (EWV) on Sustainable Consumption is a cross-European citizen consultation providing unique insights into the views of ordinary citizens across Europe on sustainable consumption and policies connected to this complex issue. The consultation took place simultaneously in 11 EU member states on October 25th 2014 and involved 1035 European citizens. Throughout the day, the participating citizens deliberated with fellow citizens and voted on issues relating to future policy-making on sustainable consumption. Overall, EWV was framed as a participatory Technology Assessment (pTA) exercise. Following the hypothesis that TA practitioners do not enough question the design of their projects’ and their own normative assumptions, we suggest to put the consultation we organised in Wallonia (Belgium) to the test. The aggregated results of the consultations point to the fact that “citizens are [now, after the EWV] strongly in favour of policy-makers taking ambitious steps in order to foster a more sustainable consumption in society, and want to personally take action in this process”. Relying on our previous work on dystopia as empowerment, we suggest a self-reflexive experiment to inquire into how much the design of the consultation (including the materials that were circulated) and the messages that we conveyed pictured a threatening present that would lead to an apocalyptic future ‘if nothing was done’, thereby potentially biasing the results that will are to be translated into political recommendations. Our analysis will benefit from cross-breeding future studies and science and technology studies to think afresh invisible normativities induced by pTA of sustainable governance. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation and test cases for a free surface PSH model
Goffin, Louis ULg; Erpicum, Sébastien ULg; Dewals, Benjamin ULg et al

in Advances in hydroinformatics - Simhydro 2014 (2015)

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See detailClinical components linked to sarcopenia: the sarcophage study
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Petermans, Jean ULg et al

in Journal of Frailty & Aging (2015), 4(S1), 89

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See detailVolatile organic compounds emitted by Cavendish and Plantain banana plants
De Clerck, Caroline ULg; Kherkhofs, Celine; Berhal, Chadi et al

Poster (2015)

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See detailTiers et procédure - Rapport provisoire pour la Belgique
Frankignoul, Laurent ULg

in Les tiers (2015)

Il s'agit du rapport provisoire publié sur le site de l'Association Henri Capitant ; un rapport définitif fera l'objet d'une publication dans la collection consacrée aux journées internationales de l ... [more ▼]

Il s'agit du rapport provisoire publié sur le site de l'Association Henri Capitant ; un rapport définitif fera l'objet d'une publication dans la collection consacrée aux journées internationales de l'Association [less ▲]

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See detailHazard and Risk Related to Earthquake-Triggered Landslides
Havenith, Hans-Balder ULg; Fan, X.; Torgoev, A.

in Engineering Geology for Society and Territory-Volume 2 (2015)

Abstract This paper first analyses how important earthquake-induced landslide hazards are compared to other geohazards at world-wide scale. Further, we will outline where these hazards may have the ... [more ▼]

Abstract This paper first analyses how important earthquake-induced landslide hazards are compared to other geohazards at world-wide scale. Further, we will outline where these hazards may have the strongest impacts—at regional and local scale. In this regard, we consider the short-and long-term effects of geological, tectonic, climatic and morphological conditions. Hazard and risk related to these processes will also be analysed on the basis of a series of case histories: eg, the 1920 Haiyuan earthquake-landslide disaster in China. A ... [less ▲]

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See detailStandardisation of milk MIR spectra, Development of common MIR equations
Grelet, Clément ULg; Fernandez Pierna, Juan Antonio; Dardenne, Pierre et al

Conference (2015)

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See detailIs there a specific pattern of lean/fat mass ratio in sarcopenic subjects?
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 145-146

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See detailLe pari de la « Barrière des Pays-Bas » : des illusions sécuritaires aux réalités politiques et culturelles
Lanneau, Catherine ULg

Conference (2015)

Parmi ses multiples dispositions tendant à canaliser une France perçue comme expansionniste, le congrès de Vienne a entériné la naissance d’un Royaume uni des Pays-Bas, amalgamant des territoires ... [more ▼]

Parmi ses multiples dispositions tendant à canaliser une France perçue comme expansionniste, le congrès de Vienne a entériné la naissance d’un Royaume uni des Pays-Bas, amalgamant des territoires aujourd’hui répartis entre la Belgique, le Luxembourg et les actuels Pays-Bas. Qu’on y voie une barrière contre la France, une sentinelle plantée au nord ou un boulevard pour l’Europe, les Low countries ont un rôle stratégique majeur. Mais la logique militaire ne peut faire abstraction des hommes et les réalités politiques, religieuses, linguistiques conduiront, en 1830, à la fin d’une expérience que peu de diplomates considéraient d’ailleurs, dès ses prémisses, comme viable. Dans cette contribution, nous entendons faire le point sur la période post-française dans l’actuelle Belgique. En quoi les années 1814-1830 ont-elles été une étape cruciale dans l’affirmation d’une identité nationale ou d’un patriotisme belge ? Pourquoi la politique de Guillaume Ier s’est-elle heurtée, dans les provinces méridionales, à une opposition plurielle et parfois paradoxale ? Pourquoi peut-on dire que les questions de liberté d’enseignement, de liberté religieuse et de liberté linguistique se sont intimement liées pour constituer la matrice des événements de 1830, une matrice alimentée bien sûr également par des revendications de nature économique ? [less ▲]

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See detailElectricity storage with liquid fuels in a zone powered by 100% variable renewables
Léonard, Grégoire ULg; François-Lavet, Vincent ULg; Ernst, Damien ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on the European Energy Market - EEM15 (2015)

In this work, an electricity zone with 100% renewables is simulated to determine the optimal sizing of generation and storage capacities in such a zone. Using actual wind output data, the model evaluates ... [more ▼]

In this work, an electricity zone with 100% renewables is simulated to determine the optimal sizing of generation and storage capacities in such a zone. Using actual wind output data, the model evaluates the economic viability of a power-to-fuel storage technology that combines water electrolysis, CO2 capture and methanol synthesis. The main advantage of using methanol as an energy carrier is that liquid fuels are suitable for (long-term) energy storage thanks to their high energy density. The levelized electricity cost projection by 2050 equals 83.4 €/MWh in the base case configuration. The effects of storage round-trip efficiency and the storage unit lifetime are quantified and their impacts on the electricity cost discussed. Additional benefits of using methanol as a fuel substitute may be taken into account in further work. [less ▲]

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See detailLes frontières du droit à l'épreuve des films de mafias
Thirion, Nicolas ULg; Pasteger, David ULg

in Flores-Lonjou, Magalie (Ed.) Frontière(s) au cinéma - Actes des septièmes rencontres "Droit et cinéma" (2015)

demander dans quelle mesure l’injonction du brigand qui exige « la bourse ou la vie ! » peut être comparée à la norme de comportement édictée par un Etat sous la forme d’une loi, c’est poser la ... [more ▼]

demander dans quelle mesure l’injonction du brigand qui exige « la bourse ou la vie ! » peut être comparée à la norme de comportement édictée par un Etat sous la forme d’une loi, c’est poser la sempiternelle question de la frontière qui sépare le droit du non-droit, tout au moins dans une perspective juspositiviste, en tant que cette école de théorie du droit refuse de définir le phénomène juridique en se référant à une valeur ou un ensemble de valeurs. La frontière du droit et du non-droit est en effet particulièrement difficile à tracer, nonobstant plusieurs siècles de discussions philosophiques à ce sujet. Lorsque, fatigué de parcourir les chemins, le brigand décide de s’installer en ville pour s’y adonner au racket des commerçants du quartier et qu’il s’adjoint ensuite le concours d’autres bandits, c’est un gang de malfaiteurs qui voit le jour. Si, ultérieurement, ce gang se concerte avec d’autres bandes de truands pour s’épauler mutuellement dans les exactions auxquelles ils se livrent sur leurs territoires respectifs, il prend alors la forme d’une organisation criminelle ou, au sens large du terme, d’une « mafia ». Le cinéma de Francis Ford Coppola, Martin Scorsese, Brian De Palma, Sergio Leone ou bien encore Matteo Garrone, entre autres, dépeint, souvent avec réalisme, la genèse et le fonctionnement de telles organisations criminelles. La communication a proposé, au moyen d’illustrations tirées des films de ces grands cinéastes, une analyse de microscopie juridique du crime organisé. Une description serrée de la particule élémentaire du phénomène juridique, identifiée par Lucien François dans son ouvrage de théorie du droit Le cap des Tempêtes sous l’appellation de « jurème », met en lumière une indéniable proximité entre les techniques de pouvoir utilisées respectivement par le brigand isolé, la bande organisée et l’Etat souverain. En remontant ensuite vers la structure plus complexe d’un système étatique, on se demandera si, en fin de compte, dans la vision juspositiviste poussée au bout de sa logique par Lucien François, l’Etat ne pourrait être réduit, d’un point de vue ontologique, à un pouvoir de fait comparable, par les techniques de contrainte qu’il exerce sur ses sujets, à une organisation criminelle – abstraction faite des valeurs promues ou poursuivies par tel ou tel appareil étatique. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat's next for Technology Assessment? Experiences and Insights from Wallonia, Belgium
Delvenne, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015)

A video of the presentation can be watched here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Wlzpru9y5v4&index=18&list=PLgQy-FbfhVz4apGHLDWWEesazyeCg3hUf

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See detailAntoninos de Cos, les lophoura et les soins vétérinaires
Marganne, Marie-Hélène ULg

in Doyen-Higuet, Anne-Marie; Van den Abeele, Baudouin (Eds.) Chevaux, chiens, faucons. L’art vétérinaire antique et médiéval à travers les sources écrites, archéologiques et iconographiques (Louvain-La-Neuve, 24-26 mars 2011) (2015)

Poursuivant les recherches ébauchées à propos d'Antoninos de Cos, dont le nom apparaît, à propos de soins vétérinaires, dans un papyrus grec daté du début du IIIe siècle de notre ère réédité récemment par ... [more ▼]

Poursuivant les recherches ébauchées à propos d'Antoninos de Cos, dont le nom apparaît, à propos de soins vétérinaires, dans un papyrus grec daté du début du IIIe siècle de notre ère réédité récemment par nos soins (Matière médicale ou doxographie ? Révision de PSI inv. 3011 [MP3 2388], dans V. Boudon-Millot – A. Garzya – J. Jouanna & A. Roselli (éd.), Histoire de la tradition et édition des médecins grecs. Actes du VIe Colloque international, Paris, 12-14 avril 2008, Napoli, 2010, pp. 43-59 [Collectanea, 27]), on s'attache à rassembler les fragments qui pourraient être attribués à cet auteur, qu'ils relèvent de la médecine humaine ou vétérinaire, à retracer tant leur contexte chronologique que les étapes de leur transmission, à analyser leur contenu et à définir enfin leur apport à la connaissance de l'art vétérinaire antique et de son expression écrite. [less ▲]

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See detailCritical evaluation of promising markers for sarcopenia
CAVALIER, Etienne ULg; GADISSEUR, Romy ULg; GEBOES, Séverine ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 49-50

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See detailContact resistance problems applying ERT on low bulk density forested stony soils Is there a solution?
Deraedt, Deborah ULg; Touzé, Camille; Robert, Tanguy et al

in Geophysical Research Abstracts (2015), 17

Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) has often been put forward as a promising tool to quantify soil water and solute fluxes in a non-invasive way. In our experiment, we wanted to determine ... [more ▼]

Electrical resistivity tomography (ERT) has often been put forward as a promising tool to quantify soil water and solute fluxes in a non-invasive way. In our experiment, we wanted to determine preferential flow processes along a forested hillslope using a saline tracer with ERT. The experiment was conducted in the Houille watershed, subcatchment of the Meuse located in the North of Belgian Ardennes (50˚1’52.6”N, 4˚53’22.5”E). The climate is continental but the soil under spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) and Douglas fire stand (Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb.) Franco) remains quite dry (19% WVC in average) during the whole year. The soil is Cambisol and the parent rock is Devonian schist covered with variable thickness of silty loam soil. The soil density ranges from 1.13 to 1.87 g/cm3 on average. The stone content varies from 20 to 89% and the soil depth fluctuates between 70 and 130 cm. The ERT tests took place on June 1st 2012, April 1st, 2nd and 3rd 2014 and May 12th 2014. We used the Terrameter LS 12 channels (ABEM, Sweden) in 2012 test and the DAS-1 (Multi-Phase Technologies, United States) in 2014. Different electrode configurations and arrays were adopted for different dates (transect and grid arrays and Wenner – Schlumberger, Wenner alpha and dipole-dipole configurations). During all tests, we systematically faced technical problems, mainly related to bad electrode contact. The recorded data show values of contact resistance above 14873 Ω (our target value would be below 3000 Ω). Subsequently, we tried to improve the contact by predrilling the soil and pouring water in the electrode holes. The contact resistance improved to 14040 Ω as minimum. The same procedure with liquid mud was then tested to prevent quick percolation of the water from the electrode location. As a result, the lower contact resistance dropped to 11745 Ω. Finally, we applied about 25 litre of saline solution (CaCl2, 0.75g/L) homogeneously on the electrode grid. The minimum value of contact resistance reduced to 5222 Ω. This improved the contact resistance substantially, but complicates the execution of a pulse tracer experiment. To date we did not find any better solution to this problem and we keep searching a way to improve the contact resistance in stony forested soils with very low bulk density. We would like to exchange on these questions with EGU attendees in order to improve the experimental design or point out a new research path for these specific conditions. This could lead to enhance the use of ERT in soils with low density and high stone content. [less ▲]

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See detailRisques et défis sécuritaires de la (non)-intégration des Balkans occidentaux dans l’Union européenne
Lika, Liridon ULg

in Wintgens, Sophie; Grandjean, Geoffrey; Vanhaeren, Stéphanie (Eds.) L’insécurité en question : définition, enjeux et perspectives (2015)

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See detailUn partenariat pour promouvoir la biodiversité dans les carrières belges
Harzé, Mélanie ULg; Lussis, Benoît; Boisson, Sylvain ULg et al

Conference (2015)

Plus que toute autre industrie, les carrières entretiennent un lien étroit avec les écosystèmes. L’exploitation d’une carrière crée des conditions abiotiques propices au développement d’une mosaïque ... [more ▼]

Plus que toute autre industrie, les carrières entretiennent un lien étroit avec les écosystèmes. L’exploitation d’une carrière crée des conditions abiotiques propices au développement d’une mosaïque d’habitats comme les falaises et arènes rocheuses, les plans d’eau temporaires ou les pelouses pionnières, favorables à certaines espèces protégées en Europe comme le hibou grand-duc et le crapaud calamite. Nombre d’entre eux sont d’intérêt communautaire et sont devenus rares dans le Nord de l’Europe. Ces habitats temporaires s’installent souvent spontanément pendant l’exploitation d’une carrière mais une action conservatoire peut s’avérer nécessaire pour leur conservation sur le long terme. En fin de vie de la carrière une restauration écologique adéquate pourra favoriser l’installation de milieux plus permanents d’intérêt. Afin de promouvoir le développement de cette biodiversité, une planification réfléchie des plans d’exploitation et de réhabilitation est nécessaire. La fédération des industries extractives belge FEDIEX s’est engagée en 2012 avec la Région wallonne dans une charte sectorielle « carrières et biodiversité », définissant un plan d’action basé sur trois axes principaux : (1) la sensibilisation des membres ; (2) la diffusion de recommandations pratiques pour intégrer la protection et la gestion de la biodiversité dans les plans l’exploitation ; (3) la formation du personnel des carrières. Dans ce cadre, l’unité Biodiversité et paysage de la Faculté de Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (Université de Liège) collabore depuis 2012 avec la FEDIEX. Notre présentation portera sur les réalisations de cette collaboration ; notamment les formations « Carrières et Biodiversité » organisées à l’attention du secteur carrier, les résultats des actions concrètes mise en place en carrière, les documents de vulgarisation réalisés afin de donner aux gestionnaires les clés pour gérer et restaurer différents habitats et espèces protégées et notre collaboration à la rédaction d’un projet LIFE Biodiversity «LIFE in quarries » qui a été présenté à l’union européenne. [less ▲]

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See detailPercentage of women achieving non-osteoporotic BMD T-scores at the lumbar spine (LS) and total hip (TH) during up to 8 years of Denosumab (Dmab) treatment
Ferrari, S; Libanati, C; Lin, CJF et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 149-150

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See detailThe Syntax-Semantics Interface in Earlier Egyptian: a Case Study in Verbs of Cognition
Winand, Jean ULg

in Allen, James P.; Collier, Mark; Stauder, Andréas (Eds.) Coping with Obscurity: the Brown Workshop on Earlier Egyptian Grammar (2015)

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See detailLegal mobilization in comparative perspective: workplace discrimination and access to domestic labor court in Sweden and Belgium
Lejeune, Aude ULg

Conference (2015)

Some scholarly works on legal mobilization have highlighted the diffusion of litigious policies to address social problems in Europe, considering that a rights’ revolution was underway. While many of ... [more ▼]

Some scholarly works on legal mobilization have highlighted the diffusion of litigious policies to address social problems in Europe, considering that a rights’ revolution was underway. While many of these studies have examined the diffusion of litigious policy at European level or in the United Kingdom, I suggest paying attention to Belgium and Sweden, two countries that have been under-examined by the socio-legal literature. Focusing on the implementation of anti- discrimination policy and norms, this paper explores the litigious activity of national equality agencies in the domestic labor court. The analysis of organizations’ litigious policy in Continental Europe invites to integrate another variable to the analysis of the structure of legal opportunities: the relationship between the State and interests groups. I suggest here that labor unions shape the access to labor courts by equality agencies in each national setting. This contribution aims to highlight equality agencies’ structure and agency within different labor contexts, current anti- discrimination policies and legal culture. It relies on open-ended interviews conducted with lawyers from equality agencies and labor unions in Belgium and Sweden. More broadly, this contribution examines the processes of policy implementation of European directive within member states. [less ▲]

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See detailQuality of work life of rural emergency department nurses and physicians: a pilot study
Bragard, Isabelle ULg; Dupuis, Gilles; Archambault, Patrick et al

in Canadian Family Physician (2015), 61(Suppl 1), 9

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See detailAsteroid polarimetry : validation run on the CAPS polarimeter
Devogele, Maxime ULg; Cellino, A.; Massone, G. et al

Conference (2015)

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See detailTrabecular bone score (TBS) as a new complementary appproach for osteoporosis evaluation in clinical practice
Harvey, NC; Binkley, N; Brandi, ML et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 60

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See detailStifle intra-articular lipomatous lesion in a dog
Bergamino, Chiara; Liotta, Annalisa Pia ULg; Barthelemy, Nicolas ULg et al

in Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound (2015)

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See detailArticle 102 TFEU and the Test Debate
Petit, Nicolas ULg

Conference (2015)

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See detailIs early aggressive feeding dangerous for extremely low birth weight infants?
Blecic, Anne-Sophie; Delbos, Marion; RIGO, Vincent ULg et al

in Tijdschrift van de Belgische Kinderarts = Journal du Pédiatre Belge (2015), 17(1), 83

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See detailObservations sur la forme, l'état du support et la mise en page du P.Vat.gr. 11
Carlig, Nathan ULg

in Amato, Eugenio; Marganne, Marie-Hélène (Eds.) Le traité "Sur l'exil" de Favorinos d'Arles. Papyrologie, philologie et littérature (2015)

Observations sur le papyrus de Favorinos, son état de conservation et ses caractéristiques de forme et de mise en page, effectuées après autopsie du rouleau à la Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana

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See detailBaseline characteristics of the Liège hand osteoarthritis cohort (LIHOC)
Neuprez, Audrey ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Dardenne, Nadia ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 167

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See detailThe position of Strontium ranelate in today's management of osteoporosis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Brandi, ML; Cannata-Andia, J et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 39

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See detailL'exploitation laitière de demain : point de vue des éleveurs sur le contrôle environnemental et le contexte social de la ferme
Froidmont, E.; Vanwindekens, Frédéric ULg; Masure, A. et al

in CRA-w (Ed.) Carrefour des Productions animales, 20ème édition "L'exploitation laitière wallonne de demain : du point de vue des acteurs aux propositions de la recherche" (2015)

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See detailMonte Carlo Simulations of Autorotative Dynamics of a Simple Tower Crane Model
Vanvinckenroye, Hélène ULg; Denoël, Vincent ULg

in Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Wind Engineering (2015)

The increasing number of crane accidents recorded over the last years might be understood as a need for progress on crane modeling. The induced risk of self-excited vibrations has already been ... [more ▼]

The increasing number of crane accidents recorded over the last years might be understood as a need for progress on crane modeling. The induced risk of self-excited vibrations has already been investigated through numerous experiments. This work presents a simple numerical model of a crane in a turbulent wind field, in order to support the available experimental approaches. First, the problem is defined with the necessary assumptions of the model. Second, the equation of motion is developed and wind characteristics are detailed. This equation presents several specificities requiring dedicated resolution methods. In a first analysis, the crane model is simplified in order to approach the behavior of the parametric pendulum and enable a general comparison of both responses. Indeed, the parametric pendulum is a well-known problem that is already widely described in the literature. In a second step, the response of the crane is studied under a realistic stochastic wind load with the full model. [less ▲]

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See detailOn the modelling of compacted bentonite under in situ conditions
Dieudonné, Anne-Catherine ULg; Talandier, Jean; Charlier, Robert ULg

Conference (2015)

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See detailLa fin du Paléolithique moyen dans le Nord de l’Europe : la question des origines du Lincombien-Ranisien-Jerzmanowicien
Flas, Damien ULg

in Depaepe, Pascal; Goval, Emilie; Koehler, Héloïse (Eds.) et al Les plaines du Nord-Ouest : carrefour de l’Europe au Paléolithique moyen ? (2015)

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See detailAuroral spirals at Saturn
Radioti, Aikaterini ULg; Grodent, Denis ULg; Gérard, Jean-Claude ULg et al

Conference (2015)

We report Cassini/UVIS observations of auroral vortices at Saturn propagating from midnight to noon via dawn. The emission in the dawn auroral sector is observed to consist of several detached features ... [more ▼]

We report Cassini/UVIS observations of auroral vortices at Saturn propagating from midnight to noon via dawn. The emission in the dawn auroral sector is observed to consist of several detached features that swirl with time. They have a diameter of 6000 km in the ionosphere, which would correspond to plasma vortices in the magnetosphere of 12 to 15 Rs. ENA enhancements are observed simultaneously. However, they do not show any clear vortices. We estimate the velocity of the UV auroral feature to decrease from 85% of rigid corotation (28o/h) in the most equatorward part of the aurora to 68% of rigid corotation (22o/h) in the poleward part and we demonstrate that such velocity gradient could result in swirling auroral features. Particle velocities derived from magnetospheric data in previous studies, confirm large variations of the corotation fraction as a function of radial distance. We suggest that the auroral vortices could be the ionospheric footprints of hot dynamic populations containing strong velocity gradients. Alternatively, we consider another scenario that could generate auroral vortices based on field line deformation from the magnetosphere to the ionosphere, like it is proposed for the Earth. In that case the auroral spiral is the result of some processes that occurred in the transition region between the centers of vortices where strong shear flows existed. Finally, a third possibility is considered, according to which the auroral vortices reported here are the direct optical signatures of the plasma vortical flows in the magnetopause related to Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities. However, this might be less possible due to the very different spatial scales of the auroral features (12-15 Rs) and the observed plasma vortices in the magnetopause (1 Rs). [less ▲]

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See detailEndocrine disruption: it starts in the brain.
Parent, Anne-Simone ULg

Conference (2015)

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See detailRole of Kinases in VZV Nuclear Egress
Blondeau, Caroline ULg; Istaz, Bastienne; Lebrun, Marielle ULg et al

Poster (2015)

Like all Herpesviruses VZV expresses two conserved proteins forming the nuclear egress complex (NEC), namely ORF24p and ORF27p, respectively homologous to UL34 and UL31 in HSV-1. Many works described the ... [more ▼]

Like all Herpesviruses VZV expresses two conserved proteins forming the nuclear egress complex (NEC), namely ORF24p and ORF27p, respectively homologous to UL34 and UL31 in HSV-1. Many works described the role of this complex and viral kinases, the Alpha-herpesvirus specific kinase US3p, and hCMV UL97p (conserved in all Herpesviruses and homolog to UL13p in HSV-1), in the nuclear capsids translocation to the cytoplasm. Indeed, using a very complex mechanism, not yet fully characterized, nuclear capsids bud through the internal nuclear membrane, stay briefly in the perinuclear space and finally free the capsids into the cytoplasm through fusion of the primary envelope with the external nuclear membrane. In the cytoplasm, virions acquire the second and last envelopment before being released outside the cells. In order to better characterize the nuclear egress in the context of VZV, we focused our work on the NEC and on both viral kinases ORF47p and ORF66p respectively homologous to HSV-1 UL13p and US3p. By co-immunoprecipitation we identified a protein complex containing ORF24p, ORF27p and both viral kinases and are currently trying to determine the role of each kinase in the formation of this complex. We are also characterizing the phosphorylation status of these proteins depending on ORF66p and/or ORF47p. Immunofluorescence studies of cells infected with a deleted ORF66 or ORF47 virus showed mislocalisation of some viral proteins such as ORF24p as described for HSV-1. Finally electron microscopy analyses are in progress and will help to determine the role of both VZV kinases in the nuclear egress. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenges in teaching architectural morphogenesis
Stals, Adeline ULg; Elsen, Catherine ULg; Jancart, Sylvie ULg et al

in Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference for Design Education Researchers (2015)

Reviewing the successive cognitive, operative and constructive models of architectural morphogenesis through time, the paper first recalls students and teachers in architecture how designers started ... [more ▼]

Reviewing the successive cognitive, operative and constructive models of architectural morphogenesis through time, the paper first recalls students and teachers in architecture how designers started experimenting digital design to reach self-generative, morphogenetic morphologies. Generally referred to as “non-standard architecture”, this innovative morphogenesis favours a new kind of spatial and architectural audacity but also generates three types of rupture: i) a rupture between form and structure; ii) a rupture in terms of process continuity and iii) a rupture in terms of multi-disciplinary collaboration. We consequently have to acknowledge the fact that, at a current state, non-standard architecture still struggles in terms of self-coherency and implementation, leaving a large amount of projects at their virtual, embryonic state especially in pedagogical contexts. We believe the challenge resides in overcoming the overly simplistic and reductionist appeal of purely formal and visual non-standard architecture: these morphologies should, on the contrary, be intrinsically defined by their form and structure relationship. We suggest such reconciliation should occur during the early stages of architectural education. Two experimental instruments, that perhaps constitute interesting renewed pedagogical models, are reported in this paper and we conclude by listing the remaining challenges when it comes to the teaching of architectural morphogenesis. [less ▲]

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See detailCOST Action FA1407: Empowering NGS technologies for the study and diagnostic of plant viruses
Olmos, Antonio; Boonham, Neil; Büttner, Carmen et al

Poster (2015)

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See detailLe Transport de marchandises et de personnes sur le Nil en 823 A.H./1420 È.C.
Bauden, Frédéric ULg

in Schubert, Alexander T.; Sijpesteijn, Petra M. (Eds.) Documents and the History of the Early Islamic World (2015)

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See detailANALGESIC EFFICACY AND SAFETY OF CURCUMINOIDS IN CLINICAL PRACTICE: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW AND META-ANALYSIS OF RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS
Henrotin, Yves ULg; Sahebkar, A

in Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (2015), 23(S2), 356

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See detailA multi-scale magnetotail reconnection event at Saturn and associated flows: Cassini/UVIS auroral observations
Radioti, Aikaterini ULg; Grodent, Denis ULg; Jia, X. et al

Conference (2015)

We present high-resolution Cassini/UVIS (Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph) observations of Saturn's aurora during May 2013 (DOY 140-141). The observations reveal an enhanced auroral activity in the ... [more ▼]

We present high-resolution Cassini/UVIS (Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrograph) observations of Saturn's aurora during May 2013 (DOY 140-141). The observations reveal an enhanced auroral activity in the midnight-dawn quadrant in an extended local time sector (~02 to 05 LT), which rotates with an average velocity of ~ 45% of rigid corotation. The auroral dawn enhancement reported here, given its observed location and brightness, is most probably due to hot tenuous plasma carried inward in fast moving flux tubes returning from a tail reconnection site to the dayside. These flux tubes could generate intense field-aligned currents that would cause aurora to brighten. However, the origin of tail reconnection (solar wind or internally driven) is uncertain. Based mainly on the flux variations, which do not demonstrate flux closure, we suggest that the most plausible scenario is that of internally driven tail reconnection which operates on closed field lines. The observations also reveal multiple intensifications within the enhanced region suggesting an x-line in the tail, which extends from 02 to 05 LT. The localised enhancements evolve in arc and spot-like small scale features, which resemble vortices mainly in the beginning of the sequence. These auroral features could be related to plasma flows enhanced from reconnection which diverge into multiple narrow channels then spread azimuthally and radially. We suggest that the evolution of tail reconnection at Saturn may be pictured by an ensemble of numerous narrow current wedges or that inward transport initiated in the reconnection region could be explained by multiple localised flow burst events. The formation of vortical-like structures could then be related to field-aligned currents, building up in vortical flows in the tail. An alternative, but less plausible, scenario could be that the small scale auroral structures are related to viscous interactions involving small-scale reconnection. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalyse des contraintes de développement du fruit de la passion au Burundi. Cas de la commune Matongo province Kayanza
Bashangwa Mpozi, Bosco ULg; Ndimanya, Patrice; Lebailly, Philippe ULg

in Brot, Jean (Ed.) Les Cahiers de l'Association Tiers-Monde n° 30-2015 : XXXes Journées sur le Développement "Ethique, entrepreneuriat et développement" (2015)

Face à une situation de manque de terre et de pression démographique sans aucune amélioration des techniques de production, le choix des cultures à pratiquer permettant de rentabiliser la petite surface ... [more ▼]

Face à une situation de manque de terre et de pression démographique sans aucune amélioration des techniques de production, le choix des cultures à pratiquer permettant de rentabiliser la petite surface agricole disponible devient donc crucial pour les producteurs de Matongo en particulier et du Burundi en général. C'est dans ce contexte que le fruit de la passion est intégré dans les systèmes de production de certains ménages de Matongo dans le but d'améliorer leurs conditions de vie grâce à un supplément de revenu. Vu l'état actuel de la vulnérabilité de l'agriculture et de l'économie dans cette commune, il s'avère important de connaître les contraintes rencontrées par les adoptants du fruit de la passion en tenant compte de l'environnement dans lequel se pratique sa culture. [less ▲]

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See detailHealth related quality of life in sarcopenia
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Slomian, Justine ULg et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 148-149

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See detailHommes et dieux dans le formulaire métrique indo-iranien ancien
Swennen, Philippe ULg

in Démons iraniens: Actes du colloque international organisé à l'Université de Liège les 5 et 6 février 2009 à l'occasion des 65 ans de Jean Kellens (2015)

No Indo-iranian formula was coordinating gods with demons, but another one, welle attested, was linking mortal men with gods. Initially, it was saying the solidarity between both groups, who were meeting ... [more ▼]

No Indo-iranian formula was coordinating gods with demons, but another one, welle attested, was linking mortal men with gods. Initially, it was saying the solidarity between both groups, who were meeting on the sacrificial ground. Its use in Rigvedic and Avestan texts shows divergent evolutions. In India, men and gods go away from each other. In Iran, the original coordination, whose negative meaning is appearing, is inserted ina an always wider demonic list, which is included in a sentence using another inherited formula, whose theme was the crossing of enmities. During the evolution process of this formula, men go with the ancient *daiva- to demonisation. [less ▲]

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See detailRecommendation for the management of knee osteoarthritis
Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg

in Bone, Muscle and Joint Diseases (2015), (S35), 40

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See detailThree-node zero-thickness hydro-mechanical interface finite element for geotechnical applications
Cerfontaine, Benjamin ULg; Dieudonné, Anne-Catherine ULg; Radu, Jean-Pol ULg et al

in Proceedings of coupled 2015 (2015)

The paper briefly presents the main features of a hydro-mechanical coupled finite element of interface. The mechanical problems takes into account the the detection of contact, the development of a ... [more ▼]

The paper briefly presents the main features of a hydro-mechanical coupled finite element of interface. The mechanical problems takes into account the the detection of contact, the development of a contact pressure, the shearing and the relative sliding between two solids. A three-node discretisation of hydraulic problem allows the representation of fluid flows across and in the plane of the interface. The method involves a drop of pressure between each side of the interface and the inner medium. The hydro-mechanical couplings come from 1) the definition of the total pressure acting on each side of the interface according to the Terzaghi’s principle; 2) the dependence of the permeability on the gap variation; 3) the variation of the fluid mass stored within the gap. [less ▲]

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See detailOn some drawbacks and possible improvements of a lagrangian finite element approach for simulating incompressible flows
Cerquaglia, Marco Lucio ULg; Deliège, Geoffrey ULg; Boman, Romain ULg et al

Conference (2015)

In this paper a Lagrangian finite element approach for the simulation of incompressible flows is presented, based on the so-called Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM). The spatial discretization and the ... [more ▼]

In this paper a Lagrangian finite element approach for the simulation of incompressible flows is presented, based on the so-called Particle Finite Element Method (PFEM). The spatial discretization and the definition of the boundary terms are discussed in detail with a specific focus on free-surface flows. Additionally, some problems that can arise from the use of such a method are pointed out. Some numerical examples are given and discussed in the last section of the paper. [less ▲]

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See detailAnalytic solution for the relative motion of satellites in near-circular low-Earth orbits
Martinusi, Vladimir ULg; Dell'Elce, Lamberto ULg; Kerschen, Gaëtan ULg

in Proceedings of the AAS/AIAA Space FLight Mechanics Meeting (2015)

The paper presents the solution to the problem of the relative motion between two satellites orbiting Earth under the influence of the oblateness and atmospheric drag perturbations. Starting from the ... [more ▼]

The paper presents the solution to the problem of the relative motion between two satellites orbiting Earth under the influence of the oblateness and atmospheric drag perturbations. Starting from the analytic solution to the problem of the absolute motion, the closed-form equations of motion are obtained. No simplifying assumptions are made on the relative dynamics. [less ▲]

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See detailIn-situ & remote sensing studies of outer planet aurora
Badman, S.V.; Baines, K.H.; Bonfond, Bertrand ULg et al

Conference (2015)

The combination of in situ and remote sensing measurements of auroral processes has yielded a wealth of information about solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling at the giant planets. Results from ... [more ▼]

The combination of in situ and remote sensing measurements of auroral processes has yielded a wealth of information about solar wind-magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling at the giant planets. Results from the 2014 joint HST-Cassini Saturn auroral campaign are highlighted to demonstrate some of the interesting features observed in situ and their auroral counterparts, including: (1) perturbations on tens of minutes timescales in the high latitude ion fluxes, magnetic field, broadband plasma waves, and auroral intensity; (2) corotating auroral intensifications and their correspondence with models of the planetary period oscillations based on magnetic field perturbations; and (3) sub-corotating auroral features and their relationship to ring current enhancements observed in Energetic Neutral Atom (ENA) observations [less ▲]

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See detailA Typology of Customer-Perceived Bad News in Service Encounters
Delcourt, Cécile ULg; Gremler, Dwayne; van Riel, Allard et al

in The 14th International Research Symposium on Service Excellence in Management (2015)

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See detailOcanacatib antifracture efficacy and saftey in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis: results from the phase III long-term adonacatib fracture trial (LOFT)
McClung, MR; Langdahl, B; Papapoulos, S et al

in Osteoporosis International (2015), 26(S1), 35-36

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See detailProtein folding at extreme temperatures: current issues
Feller, Georges ULg

in Biophysical Journal (2015), 108(2 suppl. 1), 358

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