References of "Scientific congresses and symposiums"
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See detailControlling factors and occurrence of inorganic and organic compounds in groundwater of urban and industrial areas
Gesels, Julie ULg; Dollé, Fabien ULg; Leclercq, Julie et al

Conference (2015, September)

A relatively extensive survey of groundwater contaminants is performed in urban and industrial contexts, at the regional scale (Walloon Region of Belgium), outside spots of contamination related to ... [more ▼]

A relatively extensive survey of groundwater contaminants is performed in urban and industrial contexts, at the regional scale (Walloon Region of Belgium), outside spots of contamination related to contaminated sites. More specifically, the most detected inorganic trace elements and organic contaminants are identified and their levels of occurrence are described statistically. Mechanisms that can explain their occurrence in groundwater are discussed. From a more pragmatic point of view, the data set has been also used to derive upper limits of pollutant background concentrations to be used in decision-making related to the management of contaminated groundwater in urban and industrial environments. The results presented are based on 243 samples from 8 sectors located in different geological contexts and different urban and industrial contexts. Each groundwater sample was analyzed for 19 inorganic trace elements, 61 organic micro-pollutants and 10 major and minor elements. Five physico-chemical parameters were measured in the field, at the time of sampling to determine the environmental conditions prevailing in groundwater. For comparison, existing groundwater analyses in natural context, available for the entire Walloon Region, were compiled from several databases. Cumulative distribution function plots allow comparing the distributions of inorganic trace elements in urban and industrial sectors to those obtained at the scale of the entire Walloon region. Cumulative distribution function plots are also used to compare the distribution of the inorganic trace elements in the different lithologies, in urban and industrial contexts. The composition of groundwater is altered in urban and industrial sectors with increased concentrations for most inorganic trace elements and organic contaminants. Anthropogenic influence is not limited to inputs of pollutants but also to alterations of subsurface environmental conditions, in particular redox conditions, resulting in the mobilization of pollutants. The influence of lithology is also marked in the data set. [less ▲]

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See detailWhat can we learn about quasars and uni cation scheme with the microlensing technique ?
Sluse, Dominique ULg

Conference (2015, September)

Our understanding of the gravitational lensing phenomenon has deeply progressed since the discovery of the "first" gravitationally lensed object in 1979 by Walsh and collaborators. With more than hundreds ... [more ▼]

Our understanding of the gravitational lensing phenomenon has deeply progressed since the discovery of the "first" gravitationally lensed object in 1979 by Walsh and collaborators. With more than hundreds of quasars known to be multiply imaged by a foreground galaxy, gravitational lensing is now a powerful astrophysical and cosmological tool. The stars located in lensing galaxies produce small deflections of the light rays coming from distant quasars which adds to the main deflection from the lensing galaxy. Because the deflection caused by the stars is small, the micro-images they produce remain unresolved. Only a flickering of the flux and spectral deformation of lensed quasars images are observed. I will explain how this micro-lensing effect, can be used to study the inner region of distant quasars. Specifically, I will zoom out from the inner accretion disc up to the torus, and give an overview of the information which can be retrieved at each of these scales. I will give a special emphasis on the constraint we can put on the orientation/geometry of the various emitting regions (i.e. disc, broad line region, torus) at each of these scales. [less ▲]

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See detailModel-Based Stressed Blood Volume is an Index of Fluid Responsiveness
Pironet, Antoine ULg; Dauby, Pierre ULg; Chase, J. Geoffrey et al

in IFAC PapersOnLine (2015, September)

Fluid therapy is frequently used to manage acute circulatory failure. This therapy aims to restore cardiac output by fluid administration, which increases the quantity of fluid in the circulation. However ... [more ▼]

Fluid therapy is frequently used to manage acute circulatory failure. This therapy aims to restore cardiac output by fluid administration, which increases the quantity of fluid in the circulation. However, it has been shown to be effective only in certain cases, leading to the need for indices of fluid responsiveness. Total stressed blood volume has recently been shown to be such an index of fluid responsiveness. However, the current methods to determine this parameter require specific procedures. In this work, a more straightforward method is developed using data available in the intensive care unit. A simple three-chamber cardiovascular system model is used, of which total stressed blood volume is a parameter. All model parameters (including total stressed blood volume) are adjusted to pig experimental data during fluid administrations. The resulting value of total stressed blood volume is always negatively associated with the relative change in cardiac output after fluid administration. This finding confirms that total stressed blood volume is an index of fluid responsiveness. Another finding of this study is that the response curves are subject-specific. The method developed in this work can be applied to humans, since the data required is typically available in an intensive care unit. [less ▲]

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See detailTailoring γ-Al2O3 supports with specific silicon precursors
Claude, Vincent ULg; Vilaseca, Miriam; Lambert, Stéphanie ULg

Poster (2015, September)

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See detailDeciphering the molecular mechanisms underlying NLRP3 inflammasome activation by saturated fatty acids
Gianfrancesco, Marco ULg; Bloch, Katarzyna; Dehairs, Jonas et al

Poster (2015, September)

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See detailOne-year follow-up of platelet-rich plasma infiltration to treat chronic proximal patellar tendinopathies
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Bruyère, Olivier ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg et al

in European Journal of Sports Medicine (2015, September), 3(Suppl 1), 113

Introduction: Infiltration of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) may be considered as a recent therapeutic option for chronic tendinopathies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical status and the ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Infiltration of Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) may be considered as a recent therapeutic option for chronic tendinopathies. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical status and the return to sports activities in patients with chronic upper patellar tendinopathies. Material and methods : Twenty subjects with chronic upper patellar tendinopathy benefited from 1 infiltration of PRP. The follow-up (up to 1 year) was assessed by means of a Visual Anologue Scale (VAS), the International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) form and the Victorian Institute of Sport Assessment (VISA-P) score. Moreover, subjects had to answer an information questionnaire concerning their life and sports activities. Results : Seventy percents of the patients reported a favourable evolution with decrease of pain, and returned to sports activities. With time, VAS dropped significantly and both IKDC and VISA-P scores improved also significantly. Conclusion : This study confirms that a local injection of PRP coupled with a program of eccentric rehabilitation for treating a chronic jumper's knee, improves pain symptoms and the functionalities of the subjects’ knee up to 1 year after injection. [less ▲]

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See detailCadaveric VOC profiling from human internal cavity
Stefanuto, Pierre-Hugues ULg; Varlet, Vincent; Grabherr, Silke et al

Conference (2015, September)

The processes tacking place during body decomposition is not yet totally understood. Soon after death, the different parts of a body start to decompose. This phenomenon conduct to the production of gases ... [more ▼]

The processes tacking place during body decomposition is not yet totally understood. Soon after death, the different parts of a body start to decompose. This phenomenon conduct to the production of gases inside or around the different organs. These gases reservoirs can be located using imaging tools as post-mortem computed tomography (PMCT) and subsequently sample (1). The analysis of very volatile compounds inside these internal cavities already provides useful information for legal medicine investigations (2). It gives valuable information about the potential cause of death avoiding the invasiveness of the autopsy procedure. This project wanted to perform an untargeted screening of this internal cavity in order to monitor the decomposition process taking place inside a cadaver. The analytical method was base on previously used techniques for complete decomposition analysis (3-4). This study wanted to investigate the volatile organic compounds (VOC) mixture present in these cavities. To achieve this task, we applied solid phase micro-extraction (SPME) combined with two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to high-resolution time of flight mass spectrometer (GC×GC-HRTOFMS). The first point was to demonstrate the ability of GC×GC-HRTOFMS to detect these VOC. The combination of different statistical approaches conducted to establishment of potential biomarkers list. Base on these biomarkers identification, different decomposition stages were observed for different organs in the same body. The cardiac area seems to decompose faster than the other tissues studied in this project. References 1. Levy A.D. et al., Am. J. Forensic Med. Pathol. (2010) 31, 12-17. 2. Varlet V. et al., Anal. Chim. Acta (2013) 784, 42-46. 3. Stadler S. et al., Anal Chem (2013) 85, 998–1005. 4. Stefanuto et al. CPC (2014) 79, 786-789. [less ▲]

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See detailMagnesium-doped Cuprous Oxide (Mg:Cu2O) thin films as a transparent p-type semiconductor oxide
Avelas Resende, João ULg; Nguyen, Ngoc Duy ULg; Deschanvres, Jean-Luc et al

Poster (2015, September)

Oxide electronics is an important emerging area, notably for the development of transparent thin film transistors (TFTs) and other complex electronic circuits. The successful application of n-type oxides ... [more ▼]

Oxide electronics is an important emerging area, notably for the development of transparent thin film transistors (TFTs) and other complex electronic circuits. The successful application of n-type oxides to TFTs has motivated the interest in p-type oxide based semiconductors, also to be applied to TFTs or to complementary metal-oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology. However, until now there is a lack of p-type oxide semiconductors with performance similar to that of n-type oxide. Among the different metallic oxides, Cu (I)-based oxides exhibit one of the lowest ionic character. These compounds are therefore one of the most promising candidates as p-type transparent semiconductors.Nevertheless, the band gap of 2,17eV is modest for transparent electronics applications, since the transmittance of Cu2O films is low on the visible part of the light spectrum. The incorporation of cations with large radii than Cu has been proposed as a way to achieve a higher band gap, by diminishing of three-dimensional Cu-Cu interactions, only possible with larger cations than Cu+. Therefore, cation doped Cu2O thin films were grown by metal-organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD). The three doping elements studied (Sr2+, Sn2+ and La3+) were selected having in account theoretical predictions for the band structure and the deposition conditions of Cu2O. The study focus on thin films growth optimization combined with electronic transport analysis and optical transmittance measurements. [less ▲]

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See detailIntegrated multi sensor system for parallel in-situ monitoring of cell nutrients, metabolites and cell mass in biothechnological processes
Mross, S; Zimmerman, T; Winkin, N et al

in Proc. Eurosensors, CS02-1 (2015, September)

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See detailA perfect estimation of a background image does not lead to a perfect background subtraction: analysis of the upper bound on the performance
Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Van Droogenbroeck, Marc ULg

in International Conference on Image Analysis and Processing (ICIAP) (2015, September)

The quest for the “best” background subtraction technique is ongoing. Despite that a considerable effort has been undertaken to develop flexible and efficient methods, some elementary questions are still ... [more ▼]

The quest for the “best” background subtraction technique is ongoing. Despite that a considerable effort has been undertaken to develop flexible and efficient methods, some elementary questions are still unanswered. One of them is the existence of an intrinsic upper bound to the performance. In fact, data are affected by noise, and therefore it is illusory to believe that it is possible to achieve a perfect segmentation. This paper aims at exploring some intrinsic limitations of the principle of background subtraction. The purpose consists in studying the impact of several limiting factors separately. One of our conclusions is that even if an algorithm would be able to calculate a perfect background image, it is not sufficient to achieve a perfect segmentation with background subtraction, due to other intrinsic limitations. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of the Crystallization Behavior and the Subsequent Martensitic Transformation in a High Chromium Cast Steel submitted to Different Austenitization Temperatures
Tchuindjang, Jérôme Tchoufack ULg; Habraken, Anne ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg

Conference (2015, September)

The crystallization behavior a High Chromium Cast Steel (HCCS) has been determined under Equilibrium conditions with ThermoCalc® software, and under non-Equilibrium conditions through Differential Thermal ... [more ▼]

The crystallization behavior a High Chromium Cast Steel (HCCS) has been determined under Equilibrium conditions with ThermoCalc® software, and under non-Equilibrium conditions through Differential Thermal Analyses (DTA). The results are compared to each other and the differences between the predicted solidification path and the actual one obtained from DTA (Figure 1) are highlighted. The microstructure in the as-cast conditions is characterized while using both scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and hardness measurements. The SEM analysis involves a combination of methods such as backscattered electron observation, energy dispersive spectrometry and backscattered-electron diffraction with X rays, which ensure proper identification of complex solidification carbides and the matrix made of martensite and retained austenite (Figure 2a). Solid state transformations occurring during the heating stage up to the austenitization temperature are studied towards both DTA and dilatometry, especially the dissolution/precipitation reactions. Different austenitization temperatures are considered prior to cooling down to room temperature during dilatometry tests to determine the starting points (Ms) for martensite transformation. In addition a cryogenic quenching within liquid nitrogen is performed which allows the completion of the martensitic transformation (Figure 2b) and help determining the critical point for the end of the martensitic reaction (Mf points). An enhanced discussion based on the influence of the cooling rate and the undercooling is developed to explain the differences that are observed between equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions, which are mainly related to the solidification sequence and the carbides formed. The influence of the austenitization temperature and the matrix composition/supersaturation on both Ms and Mf points is also discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailProspects of a new dynamic simulation software for real-time applications on the Hydro-Québec system
Aristidou, Petros ULg; Lebeau, Simon; Loud, Lester et al

in 2015 CIGRÉ Canada Conference proceedings (2015, September)

Hydro-Québec has a long interest in on-line Dynamic Security Assessment (DSA) driven by its challenging power network dynamics (angle, frequency and voltage stability, short and long-term dynamics). At ... [more ▼]

Hydro-Québec has a long interest in on-line Dynamic Security Assessment (DSA) driven by its challenging power network dynamics (angle, frequency and voltage stability, short and long-term dynamics). At the moment, off-line calculated security indicators are combined with an on-line monitoring system to ensure the security of the system. However, new developments in power system dynamic simulation algorithms facilitate real-time or near-real-time DSA calculations and enable on-line transfer limits determination. In this paper, the domain-decomposition-based algorithm implemented in the dynamic simulator RAMSES is presented, along with the techniques used to accelerate both its sequential and parallel execution. RAMSES exploits the localized response of power systems to disturbances and the timescale decomposition of dynamic phenomena to provide sequential acceleration when the simulation is performed on a single processing unit. In addition, when more computational units are available, the parallelization potential of domain-decomposition methods is exploited to provide parallel acceleration. The presented algorithm and techniques are tested on a realistic model of the Hydro-Québec system and the accuracy of dynamic response, the sequential and parallel performances are evaluated. Finally, the real-time capabilities of the simulator are assessed using a shared-memory parallel processing platform. [less ▲]

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See detailProperty rights, freedom of testation and protection of family members under the EU Succession Regulation
Wautelet, Patrick ULg

Conference (2015, September)

Cette présentation synthétise les possibilités offertes par le Règlement succession afin de protéger les proches du défunt contre la volonté de celui-ci de les priver des droits réservataires qui ... [more ▼]

Cette présentation synthétise les possibilités offertes par le Règlement succession afin de protéger les proches du défunt contre la volonté de celui-ci de les priver des droits réservataires qui pourraient leur revenir. [less ▲]

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See detailDelinquent youth groups in Belgium: representations of their realities
Witvrouw, Line ULg

Conference (2015, September)

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See detailX-LAG : une nouvelle cause de gigantisme
Beckers, Albert ULg

in Abstract book - Annales d'Endocrinologie - 32ème Congrès de la Société Française d'Endocrinologie (2015, September)

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See detailSound production in piranhas and relatives: comparisons between species
Melotte, Geoffrey ULg; Michel, Christian ULg; Parmentier, Eric ULg

Poster (2015, September)

Acoustic communication plays an important role in the life of many teleost species where it is mainly involved in agonistic and/or courtship behavior. Despite the large number of Serrasalmidae species (92 ... [more ▼]

Acoustic communication plays an important role in the life of many teleost species where it is mainly involved in agonistic and/or courtship behavior. Despite the large number of Serrasalmidae species (92), sound production has been described only in the genera Serrasalmus and Pygocentrus. The aim of this study was first to investigate the sound producing abilities of different Serrasalmidae species and then to describe and understand the corresponding mechanisms. One herbivorous species, Piaractus brachypomus, produces sounds composed of a single pulse. The mechanism would involve the vibration of the bladder due to the hypaxial musculature contraction. In contrast, the calls emitted by Serrasalmus rhombeus, Serrasalmus compressus, Serrasalmus marginatus, Serrasalmus elongatus, Pygocentrus nattereri and Pristobrycon eigenmanni are all harmonic sounds composed of several pulses without inter-pulse interval. They all show the same kind of mechanism: the sound results from the forced vibration of the swimbladder following the contraction of sonic muscles that are attached to a perpendicular tendon surrounding ventrally the bladder. A last species, Pygopristis denticulata, is able to produce another type of sounds. It consists of several pulses with irregular pulse period and is likely produced by a sonic muscle inserting on the skull and on the rostral part of the swimbladder. The relatively high diversity of sound types and mechanisms in Serrasalmidae will be used in the future to understand the evolutionary development of this particular behavior. Do the mechanisms evolve separately or is there a continuity between them? [less ▲]

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See detailCorrelation between muscle mass and muscle strength among nursing home residents
Buckinx, Fanny ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg et al

in European Geriatric Medicine (2015, September), 6S1

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See detailArchitecture of educational OUFTI-1 nanosatellite of University of Liège, as tested in preparation for space flight
Werner, Xavier ULg; De Dijcker, Sébastien ULg; Broun, Valery ULg et al

Poster (2015, September)

Overview of the OUFTI-1 nanosatellite space segment. The OUFTI-1 project was initiated in September 2007. The nanosatellite is a one-unit (1U) CubeSat. Its main payload is - in essence - a D-STAR repeater ... [more ▼]

Overview of the OUFTI-1 nanosatellite space segment. The OUFTI-1 project was initiated in September 2007. The nanosatellite is a one-unit (1U) CubeSat. Its main payload is - in essence - a D-STAR repeater in space, potentially the first one ever. D-STAR is an amateur-radio (“ham”), digital radio communication - protocol (with associated equipment) allowing the simultaneous transmission of voice and data, such as GPS coordinates and call-signs. [less ▲]

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See detailDevelopment and validation of a self-administrated quality of life questionnaire specific to sarcopenia: the SarQol
Beaudart, Charlotte ULg; Reginster, Jean-Yves ULg; Rizzoli, R. et al

in European Geriatric Medicine (2015, September), 6S1

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See detailLocal Treatment for Monochrome Outdoor Painted Metal Sculptures: Assessing the suitability of conservation paints for retouching
van Basten, Nikki; Defeyt, Catherine ULg; Rivenc, Rachel

in Conservation of Sculpture Parks (2015, September)

When outdoor painted sculptures get chipped, scratched or abraded, conservators might consider local retouching treatments as an option that would protect the exposed metal substrate and restore the ... [more ▼]

When outdoor painted sculptures get chipped, scratched or abraded, conservators might consider local retouching treatments as an option that would protect the exposed metal substrate and restore the aesthetic integrity, thus postponing a very costly and invasive overall repainting. Unfortunately, matching colour gloss and texture on large monochrome surfaces is always challenging. This paper reports on research undertaken to investigate some of the materials and application techniques that could be used to improve the matching of local areas of inpainting as part of a broader maintenance strategy for painted works in sculpture parks, and discusses some of the advantages and disadvantages of working with both industrial products and conservation materials. Previous work by the lead author investigated the use of industrial paints to retouch monochrome painted metal sculptures, using Claes Oldenburg’s Trowel (1971) from the Kröller-Müller Museum as a case study. Several industrial products were tested and for Trowel it was found that using a paint of the same type as the original, manipulated to modify its gloss and colour, gave the best results. However, the original paint is not always available on the market because of product discontinuation or paint formulations changing over the years, and so research on alternative products was carried out at the Getty Conservation Institute. Instead of investigating industrial paint systems, a range of conservation paints and products that are usually employed in indoor applications were tested. Although these materials are unlikely to match the durability of industrial products in outdoor settings, they offer a number of advantages that might make them appropriate for temporary treatments, including a better workability for colour and gloss adjustments, a generally easier application procedure, better availability in small quantities, and a lower cost than their industrial counterparts. For the present study, a matte industrial paint that was recently developed as a coating for Alexander Calder sculptures was used as the target surface. Various conservation retouching paints were selected and used to retouch mock-ups prepared with these matte industrial paints, which were damaged with scratches and other mechanical means to reproduce typical damage to painted sculpture. The simulated scratches and losses were first primed and filled using materials that were selected in consultation with conservators and the paint industry. Since the composition of some of these products was unclear they were analysed and determined. The retouching was then carried out as a last step, applying the paint with an airbrush and using an ‘over-the-edge spray technique’. Some of the retouching paints were modified following the advice of the manufacturer to improve workability or durability. The colour retention of the various products is currently being tested with artificial aging in a weatherometer; the adhesion of the local treatment and the compatibility with the overall paint will be tested with the mock-ups placed outdoors for an extended period of time. Preliminary results show that the workability of some of the products tested is satisfying and that the retouching, when carried out properly, reintegrates both the paint coherence and the visual aspect of the artwork. [less ▲]

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See detailImpact of an ultra-trail of 330 km on plasma levels of cardiac biomarkers
LE GOFF, Caroline ULg; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Gergelé, Laurent et al

in European Journal of Sports Medicine (2015, September), 3(Suppl 1), 77

Introduction/Aim: While a moderate exercise produces beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, consequences of a supraphysiological effort are not yet clear. The aim of our study was to evaluate ... [more ▼]

Introduction/Aim: While a moderate exercise produces beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, consequences of a supraphysiological effort are not yet clear. The aim of our study was to evaluate the consequences of such an effort on cardiac markers, markers of inflammation but also markers of renal function. This project also studied the evolution of new biomarkers of cardiac fibrosis such as the ST2 and galectin-3. Material and Methods: 51 people attending the Tor des Géants (330 km, with an altitude range of 24,000 meters) have been followed. The study is conducted on 33 participants having reached at least half of the race (148.7 km). Blood and urine samples were collected at four different times: before the race, halfway, at the finish and three days after arrival. Several biomarkers were assayed on different analyzers such COBAS®, KRYPTOR®, VIDAS® and ETIMAX®. Meanwhile, the ST2 was measured manually. Results: During this ultra-endurance effort, the plasma levels of cardiac markers (hsTnT, NT-proBNP, copeptin, H-FABP, ST2, Gal-3), muscle (CK, myoglobin) and inflammation (CRP DFO, GB) have increased significantly to halfway (148.7 km). Meanwhile, the markers of renal function (urinary NGAL and plasma and urinary creatinine) have only slightly varied, excepting plasma creatinine. Conclusions: The study suggests that there is no permanent structural damage at the myocardium level. However, the low pace adopted by the runners, due to fatigue, caused an inflammatory response as well as muscle damage less important than a shorter race. Nevertheless, an endurance race as the Tor des Géants means an intense physical and psychological effort. [less ▲]

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See detailRelation entre hygiène bucco-dentaire et tendinopathies chez les sportifs
Kipgen, Laurence; Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Rompen, Eric ULg et al

in 8ème Congrès Commun SFMES - SFTS (2015, September)

Intoduction : De nos jours, la majorité des patients consultent un dentiste pour des problèmes dentaires stricto senso et fort peu pour des pathologies liées au parodonte. Ce dernier est pourtant leur ... [more ▼]

Intoduction : De nos jours, la majorité des patients consultent un dentiste pour des problèmes dentaires stricto senso et fort peu pour des pathologies liées au parodonte. Ce dernier est pourtant leur structure d’ancrage permettant le maintien des dents et donc de l’appareil manducateur. La présence d’un saignement gingival au brossage quotidien, étant la plupart du temps non douloureux, ne déclenche souvent aucune inquiétude ni demande de consultation. Il s'agit pourtant d'un des signes cliniques les plus évidents des parodontopathies qui affectent, à des degrés divers, pratiquement 90% de la population en France dans toutes les tranches d'âge et cause la perte de 30 à 40% des dents. Objectif : Le parodonte représente un des points fragiles de notre corps permettant facilement l’entrée de bactéries dans la circulation sanguine et expliquant une relation entre la maladie parodontale et certaines maladies systémiques. Qu’en est-t-il des tendinopathies? Cette étude a pour objectif de mettre en évidence les relations entre l’hygiène bucco-dentaire et ses répercussions sur les tendinopathies. Matériel & méthode : Soixante-quatre sportifs réguliers ont participé à un examen parodontal complet au cours duquel les paramètres cliniques suivants ont été enregistrés: indices de plaque (PI), indice gingival (GI) et indice de saignement papillaire (PBI). Les athlètes ont été répartis en trois groupes en fonction de leur état de santé : « athlètes non blessés » (ANB), « athlètes blessés » (AB) et « athlètes régulièrement blessés » (ARB). Résultats : En comparant les groupes ANB et AB on remarque une différence significative entre les trois valeurs enregistrées (IP : p=0.023 ; IG : p<0.0001 ; PBI : p<0.0001). Le groupe ARB ne montre pas de différences significatives avec les deux autre groupes. Discussion et Conclusion : Notre étude montre une relation entre les parodontopathies et les tendinopathies mais le modèle ne permet pas à déterminer l’origine ni l’importance de cette relation. Il est recommandé aux athlètes de prêter suffisaient attention à leur hygiène de vie générale et de ne pas négliger leur hygiène dentaire. [less ▲]

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See detailTHE SILURO – DEVONIAN SUCCESSIONS IN THE TASSILI N'AJJER OUTCROPS (SE, ALGERIA): SEDIMENTOLOGY AND STRATIGRAPHY
Djouder, Hocine ULg; Boulvain, Frédéric ULg; Da Silva, Anne-Christine ULg et al

in IGCP 596 - SDS SYMPOSIUM : Climate change and Biodiversity patterns in the Mid-Palaeozoic (2015, September)

The sedimentary basins of North Africa have been accumulated a thick sedimentary succession of Palaeozoic, especially Siluro – Devonian sediments. These successions have been deposited in wide sags and ... [more ▼]

The sedimentary basins of North Africa have been accumulated a thick sedimentary succession of Palaeozoic, especially Siluro – Devonian sediments. These successions have been deposited in wide sags and sub-basins in a cratonic setting, along the northwestern passive margin of the Gondwana. This sedimentation is mainly controlled by rapid eustatic sea-level variations and by the opening of the proto-Tethyan Ocean during the Early Palaeozoic (Beuf et al., 1971; Boot et al., 1998). During this Siluro-Devonian Period, a high subsidence occurred, allowing a high pile of sediments and organic-rich shales were deposited in many places that form important hydrocarbon reservoirs and source rocks throughout North Africa basins and Middle East (Lüning et al., 2000). In the prolific Illizi and Berkine basins (Western Ghadames, Algeria) a basin-wide approach is needed, especially with the new “shale gas and shale oil” frontier in the upcoming years, in order to capture regional trends and re-assessment the Siluro-Devonian successions. Our project focuses on the Berkine Basin and its margin, which covers nearly 102.000 km2. This basin includes a thick sedimentary series of 7000 m corresponding to complex reservoirs but also black shales of the basal Silurian and Frasnian, which are respectively major and secondary source rock systems. Complete logging of spectacular large-scale and well exposed outcrops of the Siluro-Devonian sediments was carried out at the south margin (SE, Tassili n’Ajjer) of the Illizi-Berkine basins (Djouder et al., 2012; Djouder et al., 2014). The following analysis incorporates biostratigraphic, ichnological, sedimentological, Magnetic susceptibility (MS) and high resolution stratigraphic data. It would allow providing a framework of deposits, ranging from offshore to deltaic deposits for the Silurian and from fluvial to normal-marine depositional conditions for the Devonian. References Cited: Beuf, S., Biju-Duval, B., De Charpal, O., Rognon, P., Gariel, O., Bennacef, A., 1971. Les Grès du Paléozoïque inférieur au Sahara : Sédimentation et Discontinuité, Évolution Structurale d’un Craton. Publication de l‘Institut Français du Pétrole. N° 18, Edition Technip, Paris. p. 464. Boote, D.R.D., Clark-Lowes, D.D., Traut, M.W., 1998. Palaeozoic petroleum systems of North Africa. In: Macgregor, D.S., Moo- dy, R.T.J., Clark-Lowes, D.D. (Eds.), Petroleum Geology of North Africa. Geol. Soc. London Sp. Publ., vol. 132, pp. 7–68. Lüning, S., Craig, J., Loydell, D.K., Štorch, P., Fitches, B., 2000. Lower Silurian ‘hot shales’ in North Africa and Arabia: regional distribution and depositional model. Earth-Science Reviews, vol. 49, pp. 121-200. Djouder, H., Pagel, M., Murat, B., Orsingher, M., 2012. Le Silurien du Bassin de Berkine. Projet « Shale Gas » Profond. 10éme Colloque du Groupe Français des Argiles, Présentation Orale, Limoge, France 14-18 Mai 2012. http://hdl.handle.net/2268/171556 Djouder, H., Boulvain, F., Da Silva, A-C., Cornet, P., Lüning, S., 2014. Tassili n’Ajjer (Sahara Oriental Algérien) – Résultats préliminaires sur le Silurien – Dévonien : Journée Thématique de l’Association des Sédimentologistes Français (ASF) – Diagenèse : avancées récentes et perspectives, Présentation Poster, Orsay-Paris, France 04 Juillet 2014. http://hdl.handle.net/2268/171557 [less ▲]

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See detailFish as aquatic "sniffer dogs": Olfactory-mediated behaviors and conditioning of common carps to cadaver odors
Jamandre, Brian Wade ULg; Ferrari, Frederic; Joseph, Jean-Ronald et al

Conference (2015, September)

Even with the aide of modern technology, the search for cadaver or human remains underwater is still assisted by sniffer dogs mainly because of their superior sense of olfaction. However, dogs rely on ... [more ▼]

Even with the aide of modern technology, the search for cadaver or human remains underwater is still assisted by sniffer dogs mainly because of their superior sense of olfaction. However, dogs rely on volatile organic compounds in the air and that this may constraint their ability when searching for submerged cadavers. On the other hand, it has long been recognized that fishes use olfaction to sample odors from their surroundings to accomplish a task and are capable of acquiring new skills through training or conditioning. Despite decades of experimental and observational studies of the olfactory sensitivities of fishes, its potential application to forensic sciences has never been truly explored. In this pioneering research, we explore the possibility of using fish olfaction in detecting cadaver odors (porcine origin), using common carps Cyprinus carpio as model species in a series of experiments under laboratory conditions. We first observed the innate behavior of carps towards cadaver odors. Afterwards, the carps were trained in two-choice chamber experimental tanks by appetitive olfactory conditioning and odor masking methods. We also experimented on the effects of cadaver odors by early exposure using eggs and larval impregnation techniques, and observing the behaviors when they develop to early juveniles. In general, we found out that common carps are naturally repelled to cadaver odors. However using our devised conditioning protocol, results show that the conditioned carps were able to learn to be attracted to cadaver odors despite their innate aversion. The development of fish for cadaver detection is a simple but innovative idea and that it may present a cost-effective and reliable solution for the shortcomings of the existing methods in underwater cadaver search. We anticipate that this research will open up a variety of different studies in pursuit of developing fishes as biosensors and its application to forensic sciences. [less ▲]

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See detailNon-adiabatic study of the Kepler subgiant KIC 6442183
Grosjean, Mathieu ULg; Dupret, Marc-Antoine ULg; Belkacem, Kevin et al

in The Space Photometry Revolution CoRoT Symposium 3, Kepler KASC-7 joint meeting (2015, September)

Thanks to the precision of Kepler observations, [3] were able to measure the linewidth and amplitude of individual modes (including mixed modes) in several sub- giant power spectra. We perform a forward ... [more ▼]

Thanks to the precision of Kepler observations, [3] were able to measure the linewidth and amplitude of individual modes (including mixed modes) in several sub- giant power spectra. We perform a forward modelling of a Kepler subgiant based on sur- face properties and observed frequencies. Non-adiabatic computations including a time- dependent treatment of convection give the lifetimes of radial and non-radial modes. Next, combining the lifetimes and inertias with a stochastic excitation model gives the ampli- tudes of the modes. We can now directly compare theoretical and observed linewidths and amplitudes of mixed-modes to obtain new constraints on our theoretical models. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of individuals’ susceptibility to false memory induced by both DRM and misinformation paradigms involving emotional material
Martial, Charlotte ULg; Dehon, Hedwige ULg

Poster (2015, September)

False memories induced by the DRM procedure (“Deese, Roediger and McDermott”; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) or the misinformation procedure (in which a person’s recollection of a witnessed ... [more ▼]

False memories induced by the DRM procedure (“Deese, Roediger and McDermott”; Deese, 1959; Roediger & McDermott, 1995) or the misinformation procedure (in which a person’s recollection of a witnessed event is altered after exposure to misinformation about this event; Loftus et al., 1978) are due to errors in source monitoring processes (e.g., Johnson et al., 1993) and one might expect the correlation between these false memories quite positive. However, the few laboratory studies comparing the DRM paradigm and the misinformation paradigm show small (Zhu et al., 2013) or no correlation (Ost et al., 2013) between the false memories elicited by these procedures. However, these studies vary in terms of methodological details. For instance, false memories from the misinformation procedure involved emotional content while those from the DRM procedure only included neutral materials. This study investigated the relationship between false memories induced by two different paradigms (a DRM task and a misinformation procedure) both involving an emotional material. Participants (N = 154) completed an emotional variant of the DRM (neutral, positive and negative lists) and the misinformation (neutral, positive and negative images) procedures and their performances on both tasks were compared. Although both paradigms reliably induced false memories in participants, our analyses revealed only a marginally weak positive correlation (r = .147, p = .051) between misinformation and DRM false memories using emotional variants. These results support the idea that DRM and misinformation false memories are underpinned by (at least in part) different mechanisms and that the previous mixed results were not due to the specific content of the DRM or the misinformation task used. [less ▲]

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See detailFabriquer la nature pour la récréation des citadins : le tourisme à la ferme, la « renaturation » d’un service dénaturé ?
Dubois, Charline ULg; Schmitz, Serge ULg

Conference (2015, September)

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous ... [more ▼]

Beaucoup de personnes associent / confondent les espaces agricoles et espaces de nature, tant au niveau des utilisateurs qu’au niveau des décideurs. A travers l’activité spécifique de l’agritourisme, nous voulons interroger la domestication de la nature par les agriculteurs afin qu’elle colle aux représentations des clients urbains. Nous analysons les nouvelles manières de concevoir la campagne et la nature au travers d’activités de loisirs et services récréatifs à la ferme. Certains agriculteurs, voulant diversifier leurs activités, participer au développement local ou récupérer et promouvoir une image valorisante de leur métier, développent de nouveaux produits et services touristiques, culturels, gastronomiques, de bien-être et de santé à destination de la société (Watkins & Matless 2003, Poulot 2011, Aubry & Pourias 2013). Pour accueillir des touristes, les agriculteurs ne doivent-ils pas dénaturer l’activité agricole pour « renaturer » de manière urbaine l’environnement proche ? Les agriculteurs qui choisissent l’agritourisme adaptent ainsi progressivement leurs produits aux attentes des citoyens. Mais quelle limite donner à cette adaptation quand on connaît le lien entre l’activité agricole et l’activité d’accueil à la ferme ? Quelle est l’importance de l’atout nature dans cette diversification ? Nous interrogeons d’abord un corpus de 40 récits de vie auprès d’agriculteurs wallons et luxembourgeois, tenanciers d’une activité de diversification centrée sur le tourisme au sein de leur exploitation agricole (pratiques agricoles différentes, produits touristiques variés, expériences courtes et longues, motivations complexes) (Dubois 2014). Ensuite nous utilisons les résultats d’une enquête réalisée dans la rue auprès de touristes potentiels (sur les 1148 individus interrogés dans 7 pôles touristiques de Wallonie et du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg, 48% se considèrent comme urbain) (Dubois 2014). Nous utilisons enfin une analyse des exploitations agricoles visitées et de leurs abords au travers des éléments et caractéristiques (milieu physique, anthropique, humain, animaux, produits touristiques) mis en avant dans les photos prises sur le terrain et dans les images utilisées pour leur promotion touristique. Les analyses de contenu (analyses qualitatives avec NVivo®) et les analyses statistiques (analyses quantitatives avec Statistica®) font ressortir que le concept de nature mis en avant se focalise aux paysages, aux promenades et au calme : notamment des paysages que la personne peut observer depuis la terrasse, des promenades balisées de courte durée et un calme qui invite au repos et où la personne se sent en sécurité. La nature voulue par les urbains est une nature très sélective et cadrée. Mais même si les agriculteurs évoluent dans leur finage, il existe des initiatives et des stratégies différentes : la plupart des agriculteurs se contentent de domestiquer la nature au abords de la ferme pour faire paraître un cadre agréable et sécurisant, se gardant de modifier leur pratiques agricoles dans les champs avoisinants, d’autres, minoritaires, on prévu des parcours de découvertes et des activités intégrées dans la nature tels les golfs fermiers. [less ▲]

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See detailThe use of the Vadose Zone Experimental Setup as an innovative in situ characterization method for the vadose zone: a case study at an industrial contaminated site in Belgium
Fernandez de Vera, Natalia ULg; Beaujean, Jean ULg; Jamin, Pierre ULg et al

Conference (2015, September)

The development of protection and remediation plans for contaminated soil and groundwater require a detailed understanding of the transport of pollutants in the subsurface. However, such understanding is ... [more ▼]

The development of protection and remediation plans for contaminated soil and groundwater require a detailed understanding of the transport of pollutants in the subsurface. However, such understanding is affected by the lack of spatial and temporal coverage provided by the current in situ characterization technologies. A new system has been developed in order to overcome such limitations. The vadose zone experimental setup is a new development combining cross-hole geophysics and the Vadose Zone Monitoring System (VMS). In cross-hole geophysics, an injection of an electrical current using electrodes installed in vertical boreholes is triggered. From measured potential differences, spatial patterns related with subsurface heterogeneities, water content and solute concentrations are inferred. The VMS allows continuous measurements of water content at different depths of the vadose zone, as well as water sampling. The system is formed by a flexible sleeve containing monitoring units along its depth which is installed in a slanted borehole. The system was installed at a former industrial site in Belgium, where soil and groundwater are contaminated with BTEX, PAH, and heavy metals. Two VMS were installed in two slanted boreholes on site, together with four vertical boreholes containing electrodes for geophysical measurements. The site was initially monitored under natural recharge conditions. Water content sensors located along the VMS registered fast wetting and draining reactions to rainfall events followed by the activation of water transport through fractures. Results from soil water samples show continuous evolution of water chemistry with depth, due to disequilibrium between infiltrated water and the hydrochemical conditions in the unsaturated zone. Subsequently, a saline tracer was injected in the surface. The transport of the tracer in the subsurface was monitored via cross-hole and surface geophysics. Results from imaging reflect the evolution of a plume through vertical and lateral transport and dilution. [less ▲]

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See detailInfluence of soft ferromagnetic materials on the magnetic flux density above large grain, bulk high temperature (RE)BCO superconductors: measurements and modelling
Philippe, Matthieu ULg; Ainslie, Mark D; Fagnard, Jean-François ULg et al

Poster (2015, September)

Due to their ability to trap high magnetic fields, bulk (RE)BCO superconductors can be used as powerful permanent magnets in various engineering applications such as rotating machines and magnetic ... [more ▼]

Due to their ability to trap high magnetic fields, bulk (RE)BCO superconductors can be used as powerful permanent magnets in various engineering applications such as rotating machines and magnetic bearings. We combine soft ferromagnetic pieces with bulk, large grain (RE)BCO high temperature superconductors to form superconductor/ferromagnet (SC/FM) hybrid structures. We study how the ferromagnetic pieces influence (i) the profile shape of the trapped magnetic flux density at the surface of each structure and (ii) the decrease of the trapped field under an applied field that is orthogonal to the main magnetization (crossed field configuration). Hall probe mappings of the trapped magnetic flux density profile above the hybrid structures at 77 K are compared to modelled profiles using a 2D finite element method. Modelling results are in excellent qualitative and quantitative agreement with the measurements. The model is then used to study the magnetic flux distribution and predict the behaviour for other constitutive laws and ferromagnet geometries. For the modelled configurations, the magnetic flux density is enhanced on the face opposite to the ferromagnet. Both thickness and saturation magnetization of the ferromagnetic material are found to be important parameters. The saturation regime of the ferromagnet can be predicted using a simple analytical model. We show that thin ferromagnetic discs can be driven to full saturation even though the superconductor magnetic field is much smaller than their saturation magnetization. Remarkably, the beneficial influence of the ferromagnet on the trapped field can be observed even if the trapped flux density above the superconductor is much larger than the ferromagnet saturation magnetization. Finally, we show that the ferromagnetic material acts as a magnetic shield and lowers the relative demagnetization effect caused by the application of transverse (crossed) magnetic field cycles. [less ▲]

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See detailOverview of the ground facilities for controlling the OUFTI-1 nanosatellite and for routing its radio-communications through the worldwide D-STAR repeater network
Werner, Xavier ULg; De Dijcker, Sébastien ULg; Broun, Valery ULg et al

Poster (2015, September)

Overview of the current state and upgrade plan of the OUFTI-1 nanosatellite ground segment. The OUFTI-1 project was initiated in September 2007. The OUFTI-1 nanosatellite is a one-unit (1U) CubeSat. Its ... [more ▼]

Overview of the current state and upgrade plan of the OUFTI-1 nanosatellite ground segment. The OUFTI-1 project was initiated in September 2007. The OUFTI-1 nanosatellite is a one-unit (1U) CubeSat. Its main payload is - in essence - a D-STAR repeater in space, potentially the first one ever. D-STAR is an amateur-radio (“ham”), digital radio-communication protocol (with associated equipment) allowing the simultaneous transmission of voice and data, such as GPS coordinates and call-signs. The satellite was tested in 2014 and 2015 within the ESA’s Education Office Fly Your Satellite! (FYS) project, and it is now fully qualified and ready for launch and operation in space. [less ▲]

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See detailExploring the effect of a second closely-timed infiltration of PRP to treat proximal patellar tendinopathy
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Croisier, Jean-Louis ULg; Forthomme, Bénédicte ULg et al

in European Journal of Sports Medicine (2015, September), 3(Suppl 1), 54

Introduction: Some clinical series have evaluated the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of proximal patellar tendinopathy. Although it is possible that a single infiltrative ... [more ▼]

Introduction: Some clinical series have evaluated the effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in the treatment of proximal patellar tendinopathy. Although it is possible that a single infiltrative administration may prove to be an effective treatment for this indication, most of the existing studies evaluated the effects of 2 or 3 successive infiltrations. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether 2 infiltrations of PRP proves more effective than a single treatment. Material and methods: Twenty patients suffering from chronic proximal patellar tendinopathy were enrolled into the study and split into two randomized groups (1 or 2 infiltrations of PRP, respectively). The 3-month follow-up evaluation consisted of VAS, IKDC and VISA-P scores, along with algometer, isokinetic and ultrasounds evaluations. After 1 year, subjects were contacted to define their functional evolution. Results: The concentration of the PRP used for each infiltration was similar in both groups, and contained no red or white cells. Results revealed no difference in treatment efficacy between the groups. Discussion and conclusion: The comparison between 1 or 2 infiltrations of PRP did not reveal any difference between the 2 groups at short to mid term. A second closely-timed infiltration of PRP to treat chronic proximal patellar tendinopathy is not necessary to improve the efficacy of this treatment in the short term. [less ▲]

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See detailIUVS observations of Nitric Oxide nightglow
Stiepen, Arnaud ULg; The IUVS team

Conference (2015, September)

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See detailLes progrès de la foresterie sociale et communautaire
Vermeulen, Cédric ULg; Meunier, Quentin; Moumbogou, Carl et al

Conference (2015, September)

Depuis plus de dix ans, le Gabon s'est doté de lois forestières riches en promesses quant à la gestion sociale des massifs forestiers par les populations locales, à travers le concept de « forêt ... [more ▼]

Depuis plus de dix ans, le Gabon s'est doté de lois forestières riches en promesses quant à la gestion sociale des massifs forestiers par les populations locales, à travers le concept de « forêt communautaire ». C'est dans ce cadre que s'est inscrit le projet Union Européenne DACEFI, projet mis en oeuvre de 2010 à 2014 à travers un partenariat entre le Ministère en charge des Forêts, le WWF, l’association sans but lucratif belge Nature+ et le Laboratoire de foresterie tropicale et subtropicale de Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech. L'objectif était de développer la foresterie sociale et communautaire sur les plans technique, institutionnel et organisationnel. Les équipes du projet ont développé des concepts et méthodes innovantes adaptées aux contextes socio-économiques locaux. La mise en place d'un cadre réglementaire a permis la création des premières forêts communautaires du Gabon, tandis que le renforcement de capacités au niveau des communautés a permis une autonomisation et une responsabilisation nécessaire à la mise en oeuvre des premiers plans simples de gestion. DACEFI en chiffres, c’est une centaine de villages sensibilisés depuis le début du projet, 16 sites partenaires accompagnés, 8 associations villageoises reconnues et formées, 7 communautés activement engagées dans la création d’une forêt communautaire, plus de 10 écoles et plusieurs centaines d’élèves primaires sensibilisés sur la gestion durable, 10 textes de loi rédigés ou révisés pour la mise en place du cadre réglementaire régissant les forêts communautaires au Gabon, une clé de répartition des revenus construite, accompagnée d’outils ludiques pour sa mise en place et sa compréhension et enfin plus de 10 000 plants d’arbres produits en pépinières et des dizaines de sites enrichis. Un film a également été produit qui sera présenté séparément au congrès. [less ▲]

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See detailModel refinements of transformers via a subproblem finite element method
Dular, Patrick ULg; Kuo-Peng, Patrick; Ferreira da Luz, Mauricio et al

in Proceedings of ISEF 2015 (2015, September)

A progressive modeling of transformers is performed via a subproblem finite element method. A complete problem is split into subproblems with different adapted overlapping meshes. Model refinements are ... [more ▼]

A progressive modeling of transformers is performed via a subproblem finite element method. A complete problem is split into subproblems with different adapted overlapping meshes. Model refinements are performed from ideal to real flux tubes, 1-D to 2-D to 3-D models, linear to nonlinear materials, perfect to real materials, single wire to volume conductor windings, and homogenized to fine models of cores and coils, with any coupling of these changes. The proposed unified procedure efficiently feeds each subproblem via interface conditions, which lightens mesh-to-mesh sources transfers, and quantifies the gain given by each refinement on both local fields and global quantities. [less ▲]

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See detailValidation of the French translation of the VISA-A
Kaux, Jean-François ULg; Delvaux, François ULg; Oppong-Kyei, Julian et al

in European Journal of Sports Medicine (2015, September), 3(Suppl 1), 112-113

Introduction : The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment– Achilles (VISA-A) was designed to evaluate the clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy. It has been developed in English and therefore is ... [more ▼]

Introduction : The Victorian Institute of Sports Assessment– Achilles (VISA-A) was designed to evaluate the clinical severity of Achilles tendinopathy. It has been developed in English and therefore is not adapted for French-speaking patients. Although this questionnaire has already been translated into different languages but not in French. French is spoken by most than 275 millions of people and is one of the 2 official languages of the International Olympic Committee, and one of the 6 official languages and one of the 2 working languages of the United Nation Organisation. The aim of this study was to translate this questionnaires into French and to study its reliability and validity. Methods : The questionnaire was translated into French (VISA-AF) according to the "guidelines for the process of cross-cultural adaptation of self-report measures" using six steps: translation, synthesis, back translation, expert committee review, pretesting, and appraisal of the adaptation process by the expert committee. Once the final versions obtained, several psychometric proprieties such as test-retest fidelity, internal coherence, construct validity and floor and ceiling effects were evaluated. We recruited 116 subjects who were distributed in 3 groups: pathological patients (n=31), at risk athletes (n=63), healthy people (n=22). Results : The questionnaire was approved by the expert committee after the pre-final version test. On a scale ranging from 0 (theoretical minimum) to 100 (asymptomatic subject), the average scores of the VISA-PF obtained were 59 (± 18) for the pathological group, 99 (± 1) for the healthy group and 94 (± 7) for the sports-risk group. The VISA-A-F shows excellent reliability. The VISA-AF shows low correlations with the divergent sub-scales of the SF-36 and moderate correlations with the convergent sub-scales of the SF-36. No floor and ceiling effects were detected during the evaluation of the two questionnaires. Conclusion : The French versions of the VISA-A is equivalent to its original version and is reliable and valid questionnaire for French speaking patients with Achilles tendinopathy. [less ▲]

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See detailA feasibility study for a self-oscillating loop for a three degree of freedom coupled MEMS resonator force sensor
Zhao, C; Wood, GS; Pu, SH et al

in Proc. Eurosensors MP-L01 (2015, September)

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See detailSimple Median-Based Method for Stationary Background Generation Using Background Subtraction Algorithms
Laugraud, Benjamin ULg; Pierard, Sébastien ULg; Braham, Marc ULg et al

in New Trends in Image Analysis and Processing - ICIAP 2015 Workshops (2015, September)

The estimation of the background image from a video sequence is necessary in some applications. Computing the median for each pixel over time is effective, but it fails when the background is visible for ... [more ▼]

The estimation of the background image from a video sequence is necessary in some applications. Computing the median for each pixel over time is effective, but it fails when the background is visible for less than half of the time. In this paper, we propose a new method leveraging the segmentation performed by a background subtraction algorithm, which reduces the set of color candidates, for each pixel, before the median is applied. Our method is simple and fully generic as any background subtraction algorithm can be used. While recent background subtraction algorithms are excellent in detecting moving objects, our experiments show that the frame difference algorithm is a technique that compare advantageously to more advanced ones. Finally, we present the background images obtained on the SBI dataset, which appear to be almost perfect. The source code of our method can be downloaded at http://www.ulg.ac.be/telecom/research/sbg . [less ▲]

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See detailFirst Results From MAVEN’s Imaging UV Spectrograph
Schneider; McClintock; Stewart et al

Conference (2015, September)

We report the first results from The Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) aboard the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile and EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft orbiting Mars. The instrument is accomplishing its ... [more ▼]

We report the first results from The Imaging Ultraviolet Spectrograph (IUVS) aboard the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile and EvolutioN (MAVEN) spacecraft orbiting Mars. The instrument is accomplishing its goals of characterizing the atmospheric composition and structure, enabling studies of atmospheric escape that will contribute to our understanding of Mars’ atmospheric evolution. In addition, the instrument has made unexpected discoveries concerning meteor showers, aurora and nightglow on Mars. [less ▲]

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See detailComparison of the wear behavior of high speed steel grades obtained from conventional casting and laser cladding
Hashemi, Seyedeh Neda ULg; Lecomte-Beckers, Jacqueline ULg; Montrieux, Henri-Michel ULg et al

Conference (2015, September)

Tools Steels are alloys which withstand severe mechanical and physicochemical stresses in service. Therefore their alloying design that involved both the original chemical composition and the casting ... [more ▼]

Tools Steels are alloys which withstand severe mechanical and physicochemical stresses in service. Therefore their alloying design that involved both the original chemical composition and the casting route is crucial in order to achieve a tailored microstructure exhibiting enhanced wear performances. Tools steels obtained from conventional casting processes had received lot of attention so far as they yield typical microstructure composed of a quasi-continuous network of coarse grain boundary carbides with grain size ranging between 20 to 200 µm. Direct energy deposition applied to Tools Steels represents a new emerging technique that may allow ultrafine grained microstructures due to the higher cooling rates achieved especially in the solidification range. In this paper, four tool steels grades were studied, one of them being obtained from a conventional casting process and the other ones originated from the direct energy deposition. Differential Thermal Analysis helps enhancing the solidification sequence of the studied alloys, while their microstructure after subsequent heat treatment was characterized by the means of both optical and electron microscopes together with hardness measurements. Tribological tests carried out at room temperature and at high temperature were performed while using a “pin-on-disc” device. Based on the friction coefficient and the wear rate, the wear performances of the tool steel were determined and compared with one another. The influence of metallurgical features (the grain size, or the nature, the size and the distribution of carbides) on the wear behavior was also enhanced. The setting of the wear test parameters together with the microstructure of the studied materials seems to strongly influence the subsequent abrasion and wear mechanisms. [less ▲]

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See detailModelling Agents’ Behavior in the Context of River Floods: An Ant Colony based Approach
Saadi, Ismaïl ULg; El Saeid Mustafa, Ahmed Mohamed ULg; Teller, Jacques ULg et al

Conference (2015, September)

This paper presents a model for understanding short-term travelers’ behavior in the context of river floods. In several cities, river floods are considerably affecting urban transportation systems. In ... [more ▼]

This paper presents a model for understanding short-term travelers’ behavior in the context of river floods. In several cities, river floods are considerably affecting urban transportation systems. In this regard, decision makers need comprehensive models to define efficient risk management strategies. The dynamic nature of this problem requires an algorithm able to deal with traffic redirecting during the micro-simulation process. Furthermore, a transportation network contains a significant number of links and nodes which lead to large computation times. In this regard, an Ant Colony Optimization (ACO) algorithm is proposed to solve such combinatorial problems. In a basic ACO, some ants/agents might push the algorithm to converge toward non-optimal solutions. In this context, a MAX-MIN Ant System (AS) approach is included in the algorithm to stimulate the best solutions. In addition, the discrete choice model is adapted to allow more behavioral reactions regarding simulated river floods. [less ▲]

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See detailTwinkling Lights in the Nightside Upper Atmosphere: How Nightglow Contributes to our Understanding of Global Dynamics
Brecht, Amanda; Bougher, S.; Stiepen, Arnaud ULg et al

Conference (2015, September)

Upper atmospheres of planets continuously emit photons in the UV, Visible, and IR regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Some of these emissions are classified as airglow, which includes dayglow and ... [more ▼]

Upper atmospheres of planets continuously emit photons in the UV, Visible, and IR regions of the electromagnetic spectrum. Some of these emissions are classified as airglow, which includes dayglow and nightglow. There are several mechanisms to create these emissions, but this presentation will focus on nightglow emissions resulting from photochemistry of neutral components. These neutral components originate on the dayside and are transported from the dayside to the nightside of a planet, where they subsequently undergo chemical reactions yielding nightglow. Nightglow emissions serve as effective tracers for planetary middle and upper atmosphere global wind systems due to their variable peak brightness and spatial distributions. The main planetary focus for this presentation will be on Mars and Venus’ atmospheres, due to the similar chemical constituents which populate their upper atmospheres. Currently, NO UV nightglow has been observed (e.g. Venus Express, Mars Express) on both Venus and Mars, while O2 IR nightglow has only been observed on Venus but is predicted to be seen on Mars. The observations show variations in time and location (latitude, local time, and altitude). The locations of the maximum nightglow intensities on each planet are different, but are supportive of the general picture of these two planet’s global circulation patterns. Model implications for both nightglows on both planets can provide valuable insight and understanding of the dynamical and chemical processes creating the nightglow emission variability. Two three-dimensional general circulation models will be utilized: the Venus Thermospheric General Circulation Model (VTGCM) and the Mars Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model (MGITM). The model output will be compared to nightglow datasets for each planet individually and planet to planet, to contrast the variations of the nightglow features and the underlying drivers for those variations. [less ▲]

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See detailA next-generation protocol for the assessment of cyanobacterial diversity
Stelmach Pessi, Igor ULg; de Carvalho Maalouf, Pedro; Laughinghouse IV, Haywood Dail et al

Poster (2015, September)

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See detailCell-based description of ventricular contraction in a model of the human cardiovascular system
Kosta, Sarah ULg; Negroni, Jorge; Lascano, Elena et al

Poster (2015, August 31)

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See detailEstimation of Airline Itinerary Choice Models Using Disaggregate Ticket Data
Lurkin, Virginie ULg; Garrow, Laurie A.; Higgins, Matthew J. et al

in 55th AGIFORS Annual Proceedings 2015 (2015, August 29)

Airline itinerary choice models support many multi-million dollar decisions, i.e., they are used to evaluate potential route schedules. Classic models suffer from major limitations, most notably they use ... [more ▼]

Airline itinerary choice models support many multi-million dollar decisions, i.e., they are used to evaluate potential route schedules. Classic models suffer from major limitations, most notably they use average fare information but to not correct for price endogeneity. We use a novel database of airline tickets to estimate itinerary choice models using detailed fare data and compare these to classic itinerary choice models that use aggregate fare information but correct for price endogeneity. [less ▲]

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See detailHTLV-1/BLV antisense-RNA dependent host gene perturbation in pre-leukemic and leukemic clones
Rosewick, Nicolas; Durkin, Keith ULg; Marçais, Ambroise et al

in Retrovirology (2015, August 28), 12(1),

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See detailOne hand – many faces. Painterly practices in the Theban Tomb of vizier Amenemope (TT 29)
Laboury, Dimitri ULg; Pieke, Gabriele

Conference (2015, August 28)

Since 1999, the Belgian Archaeological Expedition in the Theban (Mission archéologique dans la Nécropole thébaine - MANT) is executing fieldwork in several tombs located in the southern part of Sheikh ... [more ▼]

Since 1999, the Belgian Archaeological Expedition in the Theban (Mission archéologique dans la Nécropole thébaine - MANT) is executing fieldwork in several tombs located in the southern part of Sheikh Abdel Gurna. As part of this fieldwork, the project “Painters and painting in the Theban Necropolis under the 18th Dynasty“ (FNRS – Univeristy of Liège) aims at studying painterly practices and working procedures of artists and workshops in charge of the decoration of elite tombs in this cemetery. The paper will present the results of recent work carried out in this context in the tomb of Amenemope (TT 29), vizier under Amenhotep II. Unlike in many other Theban tombs of the 18th dynasty where different painters are attested, evidence points to a single hand, responsible for the execution of the entire wall paintings preserved in this funerary chapel. Nevertheless the style of human figures or hieroglyphs is not completely consistent but to the contrary shows certain variability in the layout and execution of motifs, that the paper will address as an issue. [less ▲]

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See detailA Rorschach study of the borderline personality
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Rommes, Jennifer; Mormont, Christian ULg et al

Conference (2015, August 28)

Nous étudions les manifestations psychologiques au test de Rorschach de sujets présentant un diagnostic de trouble de la personnalité borderline. Dans la continuité des études de Mormont (1969) et Mihura ... [more ▼]

Nous étudions les manifestations psychologiques au test de Rorschach de sujets présentant un diagnostic de trouble de la personnalité borderline. Dans la continuité des études de Mormont (1969) et Mihura (2006), nous avons administré le test à 15 sujets selon les recommandations du Système Intégré. Nos résultats indiquent les tendances spécifiques suivantes : une affectivité qui tend à être extratensive ou ambiéquale (86,7% des sujets), une proportion élevée de réponses couleur/forme (80%), un nombre élevé d’abstractions (66,7%), un nombre important de réponses « agressives » (80%) et « morbides » (86,7%). Une altération variable du testing de la réalité apparait pour chaque protocole. Notons la présence importante (80%) de références personnelles (PER). Signalons également la présence constante de termes particuliers dans le verbatim : énonciation de la couleur rouge (sang, amour), caractère dysphorique de certaines réponses (monstrueux, diabolique), ainsi que des perceptions duales (le bien/le mal). En conclusion, notre étude suggère que le Rorschach en Système Intégré, repérant en première approche des éléments psychologiques que l'on peut raisonnablement mettre en rapport avec la sémiologie clinique et la théorie des personnalités borderlines, l'approfondissement de la recherche peut laisser espérer une meilleure compréhension de ce trouble complexe. [less ▲]

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See detailThe Rorschach and the theory of art: the sublime and the formal
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Sass, Louis

Conference (2015, August 28)

Together with the crucial work of standardization initiated by Exner, a future focus for research on the Rorschach test concerns the psychological significance of the variables. The Comprehensive System ... [more ▼]

Together with the crucial work of standardization initiated by Exner, a future focus for research on the Rorschach test concerns the psychological significance of the variables. The Comprehensive System has a solid empirical basis offering impressive validity and reliability. By contrast, study and discussion of the psychological correlates of the different codes and their interpretation remains something of a work-in-progress, in much need of both speculative hypotheses and theoretical reflection. In this context, we hope to offer an original hypothesis that is rooted in esthetic theory (Schiller, Burke, Schopenhauer), literature (Stendahl), the philosophy of art (Kant), and existential philosophy (Heidegger). In this paper we propose to introduce the notion of the « sublime », which is to be distinguished from the « beautiful », in order to provide a way of interpreting the significance of both Vista (V) and Form Dimension (FD) responses in the Rorschach. The sublime is associated with a submersion of the cognitive faculties, even a state of feeling overwhelmed, in contrast with the clarity of the beautiful, which is associated with an experience of things being circumscribed in space and under the cognitive/perceptual control of the subject. Our reflection will lead into discussion of the links between perception and anxiety, and to the distinction to be made between anxiety and fear. In concluding, we will take up the adaptive dimension of Vista and FD responses, insofar as they reflect, in accord with Rorschach (1921) and Exner (2003), various forms of introspective awareness. [less ▲]

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See detailImproving the methodology for the detection of proviral integration sites in the host genome via high throughput sequencing.
Durkin, Keith ULg; Artesi, Maria ULg; Rosewick, Nicolas et al

in Retrovirology (2015, August 28), 12(1),

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See detailExploring the schizophrenic hyperreflexivity on the Rorschach test
Englebert, Jérôme ULg; Bataille, Jennifer; Mormont, Christian ULg et al

Poster (2015, August 28)

L’hyper-réflexivité schizophrénique peut être définie comme une attitude particulière de la conscience consistant à interroger de façon explicite et réflexive des phénomènes généralement implicites et ... [more ▼]

L’hyper-réflexivité schizophrénique peut être définie comme une attitude particulière de la conscience consistant à interroger de façon explicite et réflexive des phénomènes généralement implicites et préréflexifs (Sass, 2014). Notre hypothèse est que ce mécanisme se manifeste dans les protocoles du test de Rorschach des sujets schizophrènes (Englebert, 2013). Pour l’éprouver, nous avons administré le test à douze sujets schizophrènes. L’originalité de cette recherche repose sur une seconde présentation des planches (trois jours plus tard) qui a permis d’évoquer avec les sujets la permanence de leurs perceptions et de discuter de l’acception commune de celles-ci (pensez-vous que la plupart des autres personnes pourrait voir ce que vous voyez ?). Les résultats confirment notre hypothèse, tant au niveau quantitatif (les marqueurs de l’hyper-réflexivité que nous avions identifiés se retrouvent dans la majorité des protocoles) que qualitatif (phrases suggérant une interrogation épistémologique du test, par exemple). Enfin, nous remarquerons que l’attitude schizophrénique envers le test de Rorschach est assez subtile puisqu’elle identifie le fondement épistémologique du test reposant sur la nécessité d’une fausse perception – une « violation de la réalité » selon Exner (2003). Les sujets schizophrènes mettent en évidence la règle implicite sur laquelle repose le test qui consiste à ne pas donner la seule véritable bonne réponse (systématique) au test qui est « une tache ». [less ▲]

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See detailRamses goes Online. An annotated corpus of Late Egyptian texts in interaction with the Egyptological community
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge; Winand, Jean ULg

Conference (2015, August 27)

The Ramses project was first introduced to Egyptologists in 2008, during the 10th interna-tional congress of Egyptologists held in Rhodes (Winand et al. in press). After eight years of IT developments ... [more ▼]

The Ramses project was first introduced to Egyptologists in 2008, during the 10th interna-tional congress of Egyptologists held in Rhodes (Winand et al. in press). After eight years of IT developments (under the responsibility of S. Rosmorduc) and of annotation of Late Egyptian texts (Polis et al. 2013; Polis & Winand 2013), the data can now progressively be made available online. After an introduction providing general information about the annotated corpus (510 000+ tokens; 65 000+ hieroglyphic spellings; 10 000+ lemmata; 4000+ texts), this paper will focus on three main aspects: 1. Description of the functionalities of the annotating tool (the TextEditor), with a special attention to the metadata that are used for describing the documents and texts that are integrated in the corpus. This section will include proposals regarding the creation of shared thesauri for describing (written) Egyptian material. 2. Discussion of the solution that has been designed for handling the evolution of the database (see already Rosmorduc 2013), both as regards its content — namely, any change that affects texts, lemmata, inflexions, spellings, etc. — and its structure — types and structure of the metadata, evolution of the texts representation format, etc. In a nutshell, the new database will use the technique of event sourcing, where the database is seen as a sequence of editing events, which allows both “time travel” in the database history, and easy fix of editing mistakes. 3. Presentation of the first Online version of Ramses. Several corpora of Late Egyptian texts (the so-called Tomb Robberies, the Late Egyptian Stories, the Late Ramesside letters and a selection of ostraca from Deir el-Medineh) will be made available for the first time at the occasion the 11th International Congress in Florence. The website will of course allow users to browse the annotated texts and lexemes, and to make simple or complex queries. Besides, we will also encourage Egyptologists to interact directly with the data, e.g., by flagging inaccuracies or signaling alternative analysis. [less ▲]

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See detailA shared repository of hieroglyphic signs: The Thot sign-list
Polis, Stéphane ULg; Rosmorduc, Serge

Conference (2015, August 27)

The principles to be taken into consideration for building a hieroglyphic sign list have been discussed for quite some time (Schenkel 1977), and recently received renewed and additional attention (Meeks ... [more ▼]

The principles to be taken into consideration for building a hieroglyphic sign list have been discussed for quite some time (Schenkel 1977), and recently received renewed and additional attention (Meeks 2013, Polis & Rosmorduc 2013). The catalogs of hieroglyphic signs (e.g. Buurman et al. 1988, Grimal et al. 1993), however, did not implement these principles, since their goal was rather to allow for the encoding and rendering (either on paper or on screen) of as many hieroglyphs as possible. As a result, hieroglyphic text editors (Gozzoli 2013) will usually do the trick when one aims at displaying hieroglyphic texts, but in its current state, the Manuel de Codage makes the creation of annotated corpora that include hieroglyphs problematic (Nederhof 2013). In this paper, we do not focus on issues pertaining to the relative positioning of hieroglyphs (Nederhof 2002), but on another — more essential — problem, namely the hieroglyphic sign-list itself. Existing sign-lists suffer from the fact that they are (1) unstructured, (2) unreferenced, and (3) non-described. Based on our experience with respect to the encoding of hieroglyphic spellings in the Ramses corpus (Polis et al. 2013; Polis & Winand 2013), we present a beta version of the Thot sign-list, which has the following features (see the discussion in Polis & Rosmorduc 2013): 1. The sign-list is structured: each hieroglyph of the sign-list belongs to one of the three following categories: grapheme, class and shape (from the more abstract to the more concrete, see also Meeks 2013). 2. Signs are referenced: each sign is accompanied by at least one reference to a publication in which the hieroglyph is used in context. For this purpose, the unpublished lists of hieroglyphic signs compiled by Hornung and Schenkel have been instrumental. We are much grateful to both of them for sharing this material with us and allowing us to use it in this context. 3. Signs are described at two levels: a. The functions that each hieroglyph can fulfill (Polis & Rosmorduc in press), with illustrative examples for each function. b. The salient iconic features of each hieroglyph, based on a controlled vocabulary. Practically, the Thot sign-list is a Wiki, i.e., a web application that allows collaborative modification of its content and structure. Thanks to the Semantic Mediawiki extension, one can create links between any signs sharing a given property. The goal is obviously to allow any Egyptologist to enrich the structured sign-list Thot with new signs, references and descriptions. [less ▲]

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See detailElicitor screening to protect wheat against Zymoseptoria tritici
Le Mire, Géraldine ULg; SIAH, ALI; Deleu, Magali ULg et al

Conference (2015, August 27)

Plants face an array of biotic and abiotic stresses in their environment, making it necessary to use various chemical inputs to maintain satisfactory yield. Today, conventional agriculture is evolving ... [more ▼]

Plants face an array of biotic and abiotic stresses in their environment, making it necessary to use various chemical inputs to maintain satisfactory yield. Today, conventional agriculture is evolving towards more sustainable practices, out of respect for human health and the environment. Elicitors are considered as promising biological control tools and draw major interest in IPM strategies. These plant-immunity triggering compounds, also called “stimulators of plant natural defenses”, induce a general and systemic resistance in the plant to various diseases. Although numerous elicitors have already been identified and some of them reached the market since the late 1970s, further investigations are still required to better understand the mode of action of these molecules in the plant and ensure a consistent efficiency under various field conditions. Few elicitors have yet been successfully tested and formulated to protect monocotyledonous crop plants such as wheat, which is cultivated over large areas in Europe. This study focuses on the screening of ten potential elicitor products of various origins and structures to protect winter wheat against the fungal pathogen Zymoseptoria tritici. Greenhouse trials were carried out to measure the ability of the different products to reduce disease foliar symptoms (necrosis, chlorosis and pycnidia). Topical spraying treatments with 3 different concentrations of each product were carried out 5 days before pathogen inoculation. Disease severity (% of symptoms on the total surface of the third leaf) was then scored every 2 days up to 28 days post-inoculation. In addition, phytotoxicity and biocide activity of these products was evaluated under greenhouse and laboratory conditions, respectively. The corresponding results will be presented and discussed with the perspective to choose the best elicitor candidates and to undertake investigations on the signaling pathway and the influence of environmental parameters on the elicitation capacity. [less ▲]

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See detailWhy are flux avalanches deflected by a metallic layer?
Brisbois, Jérémy ULg

Poster (2015, August 27)

Sudden avalanches of magnetic flux bursting into a superconducting sample are deflected from their trajectories when encountering a conductive layer deposited on top of the superconductor. Remarkably, in ... [more ▼]

Sudden avalanches of magnetic flux bursting into a superconducting sample are deflected from their trajectories when encountering a conductive layer deposited on top of the superconductor. Remarkably, in some cases the flux is totally excluded from the area covered by the conductive layer. Even if experimental evidence of the phenomenon has been available for a few years, there is currently no theoretical model to describe it. Moreover, the question whether a single vortex would also undergo deflection when entering the region covered by a metallic layer is still unanswered. In this work we use the magneto-optical imaging (MOI) technique, based on the Faraday effect, to show that a conductive layer (Cu) can repel flux avalanches triggered in an underlying superconducting film (Nb) (see figure above). We present a simple classical model that accounts for the deflection of a single vortex and considers a magnetic monopole approaching a semi-infinite conductive plane. This model suggests that electromagnetic braking, arising from the eddy currents induced in the metal due to the moving vortex, is an important mechanism responsible for avalanche deflection. Furthermore, we have found that early theoretical descriptions for the vortex damping enhancement due to the metallic sheet need a correction at large vortex velocities, where a decrease of the damping coefficient is expected. [less ▲]

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See detailA new dictionary of Ancient Egyptian
Winand, Jean ULg

Conference (2015, August 27)

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See detailTradition and Creativity. Toward a Study of Intericonicity in Ancient Egyptian Art
Laboury, Dimitri ULg

Conference (2015, August 27)

Although a key-concept in Art historical discourse and reasoning, creativity has almost always been avoided as an issue in the discussion of Ancient Egyptian Art, as if the notion was simply irrelevant in ... [more ▼]

Although a key-concept in Art historical discourse and reasoning, creativity has almost always been avoided as an issue in the discussion of Ancient Egyptian Art, as if the notion was simply irrelevant in such a context. This surprising phenomenon has clearly deep roots in the history of the western vision of Ancient Egyptian Art (and civilization). Nonetheless, the investigation of some (actually quite rare) cases of true copies in Ancient Egyptian Art reveals that creativity operated within a process of reinterpretation of previous works and their tradition, a process that can be best analyzed, it seems, with the help of the conceptual frame of intericonicity (or interpictoriality). The paper will also aim to defend the use of this notional tool in the analysis of Ancient Egyptian Art by attempting to define how creativity was conceptualized in Ancient Egyptian textual claims for innovation and originality. [less ▲]

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See detailHypnose et Stress : "La communication hypnotique comme outil d'amélioration de la qualité des soins et du bien être au travail ?"
Nyssen, Anne-Sophie ULg

Conference (2015, August 27)

Hypnose et Stress : "La communication hypnotique comme outil d'amélioration de la qualité des soins et du bien être au travail ?" La communication fait partie intégrante de la relation de soin. Mais ... [more ▼]

Hypnose et Stress : "La communication hypnotique comme outil d'amélioration de la qualité des soins et du bien être au travail ?" La communication fait partie intégrante de la relation de soin. Mais, quelle attention portons-nous aux mots que nous utilisons au quotidien dans nos interactions ? On estime que 70 à 80% des plaintes et des poursuites en matière médicale sont liés à des problèmes de communication : manque d’attention du personnel pressé, jargon incompréhensible, manque de collaboration,... Ces difficultés de communication manifestent leurs conséquences à la fois chez les patients et chez le personnel soignant, qui ne sort pas indemne des difficultés relationnelles. Ces dernières années, il n’y a pas un mois sans qu’une nouvelle étude parle de stress et de burnout chez le personnel soignant. Dans cet exposé, nous présenterons l’évolution du concept du stress, sa relation à la perception de contrôle et nous inviterons les soignants que nous sommes à observer un regard critique sur nos échanges verbaux. Nous montrerons comment les mots que nous utilisons au quotidien peuvent être porteurs de suggestions négatives et avoir un « effet nocebo » et comment l’apprentissage de l’hypnose constitue un outil puissant permettant d’améliorer à la fois la qualité des soins et le bien être au travail. [less ▲]

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See detailChallenges for the restoration of dry calcareous grasslands in quarries: does nature need help?
Pitz, Carline ULg; Piqueray, Julien; Harzé, Mélanie ULg et al

Conference (2015, August 26)

In order to maximize the biodiversity potential of dry calcareous grasslands in former quarries two options are available to managers: (i) allow species to spontaneously recolonize the site, (ii ... [more ▼]

In order to maximize the biodiversity potential of dry calcareous grasslands in former quarries two options are available to managers: (i) allow species to spontaneously recolonize the site, (ii) implement technical support for ecosystem restoration. This study aimed at characterizing the spontaneous communities established in dry area of unexploited quarries and at comparing communities encountered to the succession panel of dry grasslands. To evaluate the ecological succession in quarries, three successional stages where defined: (i) less than three years; (ii) three to 20 years; and (iii) more than 20 years after exploitation. For each successional stage, six parcels were selected and 20 1m2 plots were randomly marked in each parcel. All selected parcels presented dry grasslands abiotic conditions: filtering and stony soils and south orientation. During the 2014 vegetation period, percentage cover of higher plant species was recorded in each plot. Explaining environmental variables including coordinates, altitude, slope (degrees), soil depth, exposure, maximum vegetation height, bare ground cover, moss cover, and shrub cover (%) were measured. Our main results showed that, over decades of time, the ecological succession in dry area of unexploited quarries does not approach a typical formation of dry calcareous grassland. Most recolonizations tended to form meadows communities, except for three sites belonging to a specific landscape context. Potential implications for future quarries restoration will be discussed. [less ▲]

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See detailAnthropogenic landscape change: synthesis of the concepts and quantification methods
Andre, Marie ULg; Vranken, Isabelle ULg; Mahy, Grégory ULg et al

Conference (2015, August 26)

Anthropogenic disturbances impact the whole biosphere, at least indirectly, and are of major concern in various disciplines and policies. To tackle it, most studies, specific to their thematic, create ... [more ▼]

Anthropogenic disturbances impact the whole biosphere, at least indirectly, and are of major concern in various disciplines and policies. To tackle it, most studies, specific to their thematic, create their own reference framework without connection with related purposes in other disciplines. This results in a plethora of terms and concepts that in turn impedes addressing that issue on a comprehensive way as well as complementarity between studies. Here, we clarify and synthesize the most frequently employed terms to characterise human impact on the environment (anthropisation, naturalness, hemeroby, novel ecosystem, analogous ecosystem, climax, etc.), their synonyms, the nuances and relationships between each of them, as well as the concepts used to designate the responses given by humans to environmental disturbances (restoration, management, conservation). We go on reviewing the methods used to assess anthropogenic changes, exploring different branches of ecology and geography. The strengths and weaknesses of the existing approaches are then used as a basis to develop a new analytical framework: we propose an action-oriented type of naturalness, and we develop a general methodology to quantify landscape anthropisation. Our methodology combines object-oriented and gradient analyses. Moreover, it is based on the assessment of ecosystem disturbance, landscape configuration and dynamics as well as on easily acquired data sets. Our integrated approach of the concern could be at the basis of land planning, environmental restoration and management practices as well as policies. [less ▲]

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See detailNegative Relative Clauses in Late Egyptian. A Functional Perspective
Sojic, Nathalie ULg

Poster (2015, August 26)

The poster contains a functional taxonomy of the negative relative clauses in Late Egyptian

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See detailGeophysical Investigation of the Pb-Zn deposit of Lontzen-Popplsberg, Belgium
Evrard, Maxime ULg

Conference (2015, August 26)

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See detail"Reden und Rufe": are they kingly patterns?
Motte, Aurore ULg

Poster (2015, August 26)

Les discours des travailleurs, ou « Reden und Rufe », sont principalement connus grâce aux travaux d’Erman et Guglielmi [1]. Malgré quelques faiblesses, ceux-ci sont toujours les seuls ouvrages de ... [more ▼]

Les discours des travailleurs, ou « Reden und Rufe », sont principalement connus grâce aux travaux d’Erman et Guglielmi [1]. Malgré quelques faiblesses, ceux-ci sont toujours les seuls ouvrages de référence disponibles. Ce travail ambitionne de s’intéresser aux origines des discours des travailleurs. Quand, où, comment, pourquoi émergent-ils ? Autant de questions laissées jusqu’ici sans réponses. Après une brève remise en contexte des « Reden und Rufe », il sera montré que les discours des travailleurs sont une partie intégrante du « nouveau » programme décoratif royal, dont l’apothéose est atteinte sous Sahourê. Ce papier présentera également les premières réceptions de ces discours dans les tombes privées et leur évolution au sein de l’élite (mise en évidence de traditions phraséologiques, d’adaptation et d’innovation). Il sera montré que les discours des travailleurs s’inscrivent dans la tradition égyptienne de l’élite, qui reprend à son compte des motifs d’origine royale pour établir son propre programme décoratif. [1] A. ERMAN (1919), Reden, Rufe und Lieder auf Gräberbildern des Alten Reiches, Berlin (APAW philos.-hist. Kl., Abh. 15). W. GUGLIELMI (1973), Reden, Rufe und Lieder auf altägyptischen Darstellungen der Landwirtschaft, Viehzucht, des Fisch- und Vogelfangs vom Mittleren Reich bis zur Spätzeit, Bonn, Habelt (TÄB 1). [less ▲]

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See detailperrénité et mutations des familles : approche sociologique
Gavray, Claire ULg

Conference (2015, August 26)

remise en cause des clichés concernant l'évolution de La Famille ; discussions autour des enjeux contemporains et futurs qui concernent les familles

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See detailThe harmonic balance method for bifurcation analysis of large-scale nonlinear mechanical systems
Detroux, Thibaut ULg; Renson, Ludovic ULg; Masset, Luc ULg et al

Conference (2015, August 26)

The harmonic balance (HB) method is widely used in the literature for analyzing the periodic solutions of nonlinear mechanical systems. The objective of this paper is to extend the method for bifurcation ... [more ▼]

The harmonic balance (HB) method is widely used in the literature for analyzing the periodic solutions of nonlinear mechanical systems. The objective of this paper is to extend the method for bifurcation analysis, i.e., for the detection and tracking of bifurcations of nonlinear systems. To this end, an algorithm that combines the computation of the Floquet exponents with bordering techniques is developed. A new procedure for the tracking of Neimark-Sacker bifurcations that exploits the properties of eigenvalue derivatives is also proposed. As an application, the frequency response of a structure spacecraft is studied, together with two nonlinear phenomena, namely quasiperiodic oscillations and detached resonance curves. This example illustrates how bifurcation tracking using the HB method can be employed as a promising design tool for detecting and eliminating such undesired behaviors. [less ▲]

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See detailPromoting quarries biodiversity through partnerships: a Belgian case study
Seleck, Maxime ULg; Harzé, Mélanie ULg; Pitz, Carline ULg et al

Conference (2015, August 25)

Throughout the life cycle of quarries, a large diversity of temporary habitats is generated, sometimes left to evolve to more permanent ones. In many cases, the biological roles of quarries are neglected ... [more ▼]

Throughout the life cycle of quarries, a large diversity of temporary habitats is generated, sometimes left to evolve to more permanent ones. In many cases, the biological roles of quarries are neglected though they are playing a significant role as stepping-stones and regulating green infrastructure in landscapes. In highly urbanized and controlled landscapes, quarries are an exceptional opportunity to maintain rare and threatened transient habitats hosting fugitive species. Such ephemeral biodiversity is hard to manage through a site legal protection status. As exploitation progresses, more permanent, biodiverse habitats settle in abandoned areas but the biologic potential could also be maximized by optimized groundwork through the whole exploitation process. Exploitation plans taking into consideration biodiversity could allow maximizing quarry biodiversity hosting capacity during the exploitation phase and in further rehabilitation schemes. Since 2012 Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech (University of Liège) provides support to FEDIEX - the Belgian federation of extractive industries – in its implementation of a sectorial charter on “Quarries and Biodiversity” that aims at i) raising members’ awareness; ii) promoting the integration of practical recommendations for the protection and management of biodiversity in exploitation plans; iii) quarries’ personnel trainings. Our presentation will trace realizations undertaken under this collaboration, among which the “Mr/Ms Biodiversity” training organized in 2013, 2014 and 2015, the publication of folders popularising the management and enhancement of nature in active quarries and the collaboration in the redaction of a “LIFE in Quarries” project (LIFE Biodiversity) submitted for the 2014 LIFE call. [less ▲]

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See detailDoes combining a wheat and pea mixture with methyl salicylate reduces aphid populations in both crops?
Chevalier Mendes Lopes, Thomas ULg; Fassotte, Bérénice ULg; Hatt, Séverin ULg et al

Conference (2015, August 25)

Aphids are important pests of wheat and pea. Among the alternative methods to control them with less reliance on insecticides, crop associations already proved to be efficient. However, if increasing the ... [more ▼]

Aphids are important pests of wheat and pea. Among the alternative methods to control them with less reliance on insecticides, crop associations already proved to be efficient. However, if increasing the chemical and structural complexity of vegetation can disrupt their host plants location, the searching efficiency of predators and parasitoids can also be reduced. Therefore, these beneficials may not always be more abundant in such systems. Combining crop associations with attractive semiochemicals for natural enemies can be interesting to solve this problem. In this research, we compared the effect of a wheat and pea pure stand, wheat and pea mixture, and wheat and pea mixture combined with methyl salicylate (MeSA) formulated in alginate gel beads, on the abundance and diversity of aphids and their natural enemies. These were weekly observed on plants during 2013 and 2014 growing seasons. Over these two years, significantly higher numbers of pea aphids (Acyrthosiphon pisum (H.)) were observed in the pure stand of pea compared with both mixtures (with and without MeSA). No significant differences were observed between treatments for wheat aphids (Sitobion avenae (F.), Metopolophium dirhodum (W.) and Rhopalosiphum padi (L.)), which were significantly less abundant than pea aphids. Aphid natural enemies were mainly observed on pea plants. Hoverfly larvae abundance was not significantly different between treatments during both years. The same phenomenon occurred with hoverfly pupae in 2013, while these were significantly more abundant in both mixtures compared with the pure stand in 2014. However, their number did not differ significantly between the mixture with and without MeSA. Few ladybirds and lacewings were observed. No significant differences were observed between treatments for parasitoid mummies in 2013. Their abundance was significantly higher in the pure stand of pea compared with both mixtures in 2014. Results from this study show that mixing wheat and pea is an efficient method to maintain aphid populations at a very low level on pea. The use of MeSA did not show significant effects on natural enemies. However, mixing these crops may be enough to reduce aphid populations under an acceptable threshold. [less ▲]

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See detailL’appropriation du jeu vidéo: le cas des créateurs amateurs
Hurel, Pierre-Yves ULg

Conference (2015, August 25)

"Notre communication, basée sur les résultats de ces entretiens en cours, se concentrera sur les questions liées au début de l’activité des amateurs car ces dernières révèlent les étapes successives du ... [more ▼]

"Notre communication, basée sur les résultats de ces entretiens en cours, se concentrera sur les questions liées au début de l’activité des amateurs car ces dernières révèlent les étapes successives du processus d’appropriation d’un média généralement perçu comme lointain, complexe, hors de portée. Notre intervention montrera que la découverte d’un logiciel d’aide est vécue comme un évènement majeur du parcours de l’amateur, notamment parce qu’elle s’inscrit dans un processus d’appropriation qui était déjà en cours." [less ▲]

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See detailCharacterization of talcschist's weathering Materials in Henguegue (Cameroon)
Woguia, Damaris Laure ULg; Ngo Bidjeck, Louise Marie

Poster (2015, August 25)

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See detailDoes elevation in atmospheric CO2 concentration impact aphid alarm signaling?
Boullis, Antoine ULg; Appeldoorn, Claire; Oostrom, Marjolein et al

Poster (2015, August 24)

The effect of global atmospheric changes on interactions between vegetation and phytophagous insects is well studied since several years, but how does these changes affect the interactions between ... [more ▼]

The effect of global atmospheric changes on interactions between vegetation and phytophagous insects is well studied since several years, but how does these changes affect the interactions between herbivore insects and their natural enemies is less clear. Impact of an increase in CO2 concentration on aphids is also well documented, but few publications focused on their chemical ecology. When endegered, aphids emit an alarm pheromone (generally composed of only one molecule: (E)-Beta-Farnesene) to induce an escape behavior in the colony. Here, we studied how an increase in CO2 concentration affects the alarm signaling mechanisms of the aphid Acyrthosiphon pisum, focusing on the production, the emission (under attack) and the perception of this signal. [less ▲]

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See detailThe ‘Landscape’ of Nuclear Safeguards: a Comparative Analysis of the International and Regional Systems
Colussi, Ilaria Anna ULg

Poster (2015, August 24)

Nuclear proliferation poses a severe threat to the international community, and the role of the law in this area is crucial. The notion of ‘nuclear non-proliferation’ is twofold: (a)disarm or vertical non ... [more ▼]

Nuclear proliferation poses a severe threat to the international community, and the role of the law in this area is crucial. The notion of ‘nuclear non-proliferation’ is twofold: (a)disarm or vertical non-proliferation: measures for reduction of the number of existing arsenals; (b)horizontal non-proliferation: containment of the number of States and no State entities that do not have but are acquiring nuclear weapons, or developing the capability and materials for producing them. Different sources of the law exist at the international and regional level for addressing the issue. For the implementation of the principles and obligations embedded in the agreements, it is essential to set up a verification and safeguards system. Safeguards provisions are established at the international and regional level. Thus, the aim of this study to analyse, critically and comparatively, the different safeguards systems that have been legally adopted at the international and regional level so far. [less ▲]

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See detailStudy of Developmental and Molecular Processes Regulated by Sorbs1 using a Combination of in vitro and in vivo models Alexandra Veloso1, Anouk Bleuart1, Maud Martin1, Jonathan Bruyr1, Marie-Ange Mavaccarella1, and Franck Dequiedt1
Bacquelaine Veloso, Alexandra ULg; Dequiedt, Franck ULg

Poster (2015, August 24)

SoHo proteins belong to a family that includes three members: Sorbs1 (Cbl associated protein CAP/ponsin), Sorbs2 (Arg-Binding Protein 2, ArgBP2) and Sorbs3 (Vinexin). These proteins share a similar ... [more ▼]

SoHo proteins belong to a family that includes three members: Sorbs1 (Cbl associated protein CAP/ponsin), Sorbs2 (Arg-Binding Protein 2, ArgBP2) and Sorbs3 (Vinexin). These proteins share a similar structure with a SoHo domain in N-terminal region and three SH3 domains in carboxy terminal region. These characteristic domains bind to several signaling molecules involved in a variety of cytoskeleton-related processes, and SoHo family members are thus thought to function as adaptor proteins. However, the precise role of these proteins in the cytoskeleton regulation and associated biological functions remains unknown. It is well established that cytoskeleton regulation is critical for various developmental events including angiogenesis, the process by which new blood vessels develop from pre-existing ones, and myogenesis, the process responsible for muscle formation and regeneration. The goal of this project is to identify the developmental function of Sorbs1 and characterize the underlying molecular events by exploiting a combination of in vivo (Zebrafish) and in vitro models. Phenotype analysis revealed that Morpholino-mediated knock-down of Sorbs1 induces abnormal development of cardiac, angiogenic and muscles structures. Knock-down zebrafish embryos were unable to form cardiac looping and present a cardiac edema. Also, it was noticed that tail morphology was altered by Sorbs1 knock-down suggesting that Sorbs1 plays a role in trunk muscle formation. Finally, the development of venous angiogenic structures, such as caudal vein plexus (CVP) and subintestinal veins (SIV), was specifically affected by Sorbs1inactivation. Interestingly, Sorbs1 seems to have a specific role in venous angiogenesis (CVP and SIV), since arterial angiogenic structures, such as Intersegmental vessels, were not affected in Sorbs1 morphants. In conclusion, these preliminary results of our work highlighted important developmental defects by consequence of Sorbs1 inactivation in Zebrafish. Some of these defects appear to be regulated by angiogenesis and myogenesis, two developmental processes for which the therapeutic implications are undeniable. [less ▲]

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See detailTuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) development on wild and cultivated plant species
Bawin, Thomas ULg; Dujeu, David ULg; Fagan, Maud et al

Conference (2015, August 24)

Introduction: The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a widespread invasive species damaging economically important solanaceous crop plants, including tomatoes and potatoes ... [more ▼]

Introduction: The tomato leafminer, Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae), is a widespread invasive species damaging economically important solanaceous crop plants, including tomatoes and potatoes. Little is known about the ability of the microlepidoptera to encounter and develop on alternative wild and agricultural plant species. These plants could provide refuges and have to be identified for more efficient integrated management strategies. Objectives: In the present study, we assessed under laboratory conditions the ability of T. absoluta to develop on such plant species referred as potential hosts in the literature, including Solanaceae, Chenopodiaceae, Convolvulaceae, Fabaceae, and Malvaceae. Materials and methods: For each plant species, fitness tests were performed in Petri dishes by isolating single individuals with excised leaf. Two choice behavioral assays were performed in flying tunnels. Volatile organic compounds released by solanaceous plants were trapped using a dynamic collection system, and analyzed by GC-MS. Results: We found that Solanum species allowed higher larval survivability and shorter development time (from egg to adult emergency) compared to the other plants. Non-solanaceous plants were not able to sustain T. absoluta larvae. Two choice behavioral assays revealed that adult distribution and female oviposition did not differ between Solanum species, which were preferred to other tested solanaceous plants. The hypothesis that female host plant choice is influenced by plant volatile organic compounds was tested. Solanum volatile profiles showed similarities, and were presenting quantitative and qualitative differences with the other tested solanaceous plants, providing some explanations in the observed behavioral discrimination. Further electrophysiological and behavioral assays are required to confirm the effect of specific chemicals on the choice of the oviposition site in T. absoluta. Conclusion: It can be concluded that Solanum species are the more suitable hosts for T. absoluta development. Other solanaceous plant species could be opportunistically colonized with little incidence but care should be taken in these results as genetic variability in insects and plants, as well as plant physiological state, might have an impact on the pest survivability. [less ▲]

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See detailSpecial seminar "Quaternary Prevention (P4) or First do not harm "
Jamoulle, Marc ULg; Widmer, Daniel; Wagner, Hamilton et al

Conference (2015, August 23)

Quaternary prevention (P4), an answer of family doctors facing overmedicalization aims to protect the patient or population against the dangers of medicine. Harmful effects can appear with preventive ... [more ▼]

Quaternary prevention (P4), an answer of family doctors facing overmedicalization aims to protect the patient or population against the dangers of medicine. Harmful effects can appear with preventive activities (example: prostate cancer screening by PSA) such as by therapeutic interventions (example: disruptive medicine). P4 promoted by the Wonca (World Organization of Family Doctors) is practiced in different ways around the world. The seminar should present examples of teaching and application of P4 in different countries. 6 short talks (total 45 min) will be followed by an open roundtable about the philosophical aspects of P4, where the audience can participate. Asking the question: « is acting always justified in medicine? », P4 opens our thinking to a philosophy of action. Questioning the best way to reduce uncertainty, P4 is rooted in a philosophy of knowledge. How to decide action or abstention? How to appreciate the danger of both? How to accompany a patient without harmful effects (primum non nocere)? More about P4 on www.ph3c.org/p4. [less ▲]

Detailed reference viewed: 114 (13 ULg)
See detailBacterial community composition in three freshwater reservoirs of di erent alkalinity and trophic status
Llirós, Marc; Inceoglu, Ozgul; Garcia-Armisen, Tamara et al

Poster (2015, August 23)

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See detail"Additive Layer Manufacturing for Space Instrumentation and subsystems"
Rochus, Pierre ULg

Conference (2015, August 22)

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See detailThe study of air-ice CO2 exchange emphasize the importance of gas bubble transport during sea ice growth
Kotovitch, Marie ULg; Moreau, Sébastien; Zhou, Jiayun et al

Poster (2015, August 20)

We report air-ice CO2 fluxes measured continuously using automated chambers over artificial sea ice from freezing to decay. We observed an uptake of CO2 as seawater was cooling down prior to sea ice ... [more ▼]

We report air-ice CO2 fluxes measured continuously using automated chambers over artificial sea ice from freezing to decay. We observed an uptake of CO2 as seawater was cooling down prior to sea ice formation. As soon as the first ice crystals started to form, we observed a shift from a sink to a source. Sea ice released CO2 until we initiated the ice decay by warming the atmosphere. Sea ice then returned to be a CO2 sink. Direct measurements of the fluxes were consistent with the depletion of dissolved inorganic carbon in sea ice. Measurements of bulk partial pressure of CO2 in sea ice and of atmospheric CO2 allowed us to assess a gas exchange coefficient for CO2 at the air-sea ice interface during the grow stage. We compared these observations with a 1D biogeochemical model. Discrepancies between the model and the observations lead us to emphasize the role of gas bubbles in CO2 transport through sea ice. [less ▲]

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See detailDissensus, Unclosure, and Agonistic Appraisal: Reconceiving of Technology Assessment and Consensus Conferences as Forms of Social Experimentation
Van Oudheusden, Michiel ULg

Conference (2015, August 20)

In this paper, I inquire into two public deliberative formats that aim to render scientific and technological practices more socially robust: the consensus conference and participatory technology ... [more ▼]

In this paper, I inquire into two public deliberative formats that aim to render scientific and technological practices more socially robust: the consensus conference and participatory technology assessment (pTA). Drawing on experiences in the US National Institute of Health Consensus Conferences and in a Flemish pTA on nanotechnologies, I make explicit how these formats enact a strong appeal to consensus; thereby delegitimizing conflict and disagreement among deliberating parties. By perceiving of these formats as social experiments that typically elicit undecided procedures and tentative, “unclosed” outputs, it is possible to: (a) pinpoint how conflict pervades deliberative engagements in science and technology, and (b) revalue conflict dynamics as a useful heuristic that encourages (rather than hampers) the expression of disagreement. I argue that deliberately seeking out conflict in deliberation is both morally responsible and epsitemically fruitful, as it obliges participants to refine their worldviews in confrontation with competing truth claims and enables them to articulate their personal or group needs. To further develop these lines of reasoning, I propose three conceptions that contrast with the consensus ideal: dissensus, unclosure, and (ant)agonistic learning. I conclude by offering suggestions on how to build critical reflection about the ethical, political, and epistemic implications of social experimentation into processes of science and technology governance. [less ▲]

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See detailTwo differentiation trends and parent magmas at Calbuco volcano (CSVZ, Chille)
Montalbano, Salvatrice ULg; Schiano, Pierre; Cluzel, Nicolas et al

Poster (2015, August 19)

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See detailUSING OF AN EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN TO CHARACTERIZE THE CONVECTIVE DRYING BEHAVIOR OF DIFFERENT SLUDGES
Fraikin, Laurent ULg; Salmon, Thierry ULg; Herbreteau, Benjamin et al

in Drying Technology (2015, August 18), 33(11), 1302-1308

Drying appears as a major step prior to valorization of sludge from wastewater treatment plant. This study uses an experimental design on different sludges to highlight the drying behavior according to ... [more ▼]

Drying appears as a major step prior to valorization of sludge from wastewater treatment plant. This study uses an experimental design on different sludges to highlight the drying behavior according to drying conditions, storage and extrusion. This research is performed with industrial view, but on a single cylinder sample, and focuses on five responds: maximum drying flux, time to reach 95% of dry matter, final volume, critical moisture and slowing-down coefficient. [less ▲]

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See detailBiotechnological potential of the microflora associated with the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum
Martin, Marjolaine ULg; Martin, Renée ULg; Barbeyron, Tristan et al

in Journal of Microbial and Biochemical Technology (2015, August 18), 7(4), 179

Bacteria associated with algae are underexplored despite their huge biodiversity and the fact that they differ markedly from those living freely in seawater. These bacterial communities are known to ... [more ▼]

Bacteria associated with algae are underexplored despite their huge biodiversity and the fact that they differ markedly from those living freely in seawater. These bacterial communities are known to represent great potential for the production of diverse bioactive compounds, such as specific glycoside hydrolases, as they interact in multiple complex ways with their host. Furthermore, enzymes from marine bacteria have original properties, like cold-adapted, halotolerant and highly stable, which are constantly searched out by bio-industries. The aim of our study was to identify bacteria, associated with the brown alga Ascophyllum nodosum, showing diverse polysaccharolytic activities. To isolate cultivable microorganisms, algal thalli of Ascophyllum nodosum were swabbed with sterile cotton tips and marine agar plates were inoculated. Three-hundred isolated bacteria were screened for agarase, kappa- and iota-carrageenase, and sulfatase activities on specific marine media. Thirty-two bacteria with polysaccharolytic activities were isolated and a part of their 16S rDNA (8F-1492R) were amplified and sequenced. Twenty-seven were classified as Flavobacteriia and five as Gammaproteobacteria. Putative new strains and species of Zobellia, Maribacter, Cellulophaga, Shewanella, Glaciecola, Pseudoalteromonas and Colwellia were identified by phylogenetic analysis. All those genera are well-known to colonize algal surface but only some of them are famous to degrade algal polysaccharides (Zobellia, Maribacter, Cellulophaga, and Pseudoalteromonas). However, all those novel bacterial strains/species showed multiple and diverse enzymatic activities (agarase, iota-and kappa-carrageenase, cellulase, beta-glucosidase, sulfatase and/or amylase activities). Genomics libraries with their DNA were constructed in Escherichia coli and Bacillus subtilis and are screened to identify the genes coding for the observed enzymatic activities. Those novel glycoside hydrolases from unknown marine bacteria should have original and innovative properties with great biotechnological potential. [less ▲]

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See detailAGING MECHANISMS IN AMORPHOUS PHASE CHANGE MATERIALS
Raty, Jean-Yves ULg

Conference (2015, August 18)

Aging phenomena are common to all amorphous structures, but of special importance in phase change materials (PCM) since it impedes the realization of multi-level memories. Different interpretations have ... [more ▼]

Aging phenomena are common to all amorphous structures, but of special importance in phase change materials (PCM) since it impedes the realization of multi-level memories. Different interpretations have been proposed, but we focus here on the structural relaxation of amorphous GeTe, chosen because it is the simplest system that is representative of the wider class of GST alloys, lying along the GeTe-Sb2Te3 composition line of the GeSbTe phase diagram. The direct melt-and-quench DFT based Molecular Dynamics approach leads to models with a few hundred atoms, and, hence a small number of atomic environments. Here we sample a large number of local atomic environments, and bonding schemes, by chemically substituting different alloys to favor different local atomic structures. This enables spanning a larger fraction of the configuration space relevant to aging. GST alloys are known to display complex bonding that does not follow the chemist’s “octet-rule”. This lead to many controversies, especially concerning the local structure around Ge atoms. We overcome this problem by using state of the art non local DFT-MD, including the so-called van der Waals corrections. This leads to more clearly defined environments that are thoroughly analyzed. We can then identify their fingerprints in the available structural experimental data and assess their stability to find the driving forces leading to the structural relaxation. The calculated electronic properties nicely match the most recent photothermal deflection spectroscopy experiments. Our results support a model of the amorphous phase and its time evolution that involves an evolution of the local (chemical) order towards that of the crystal (by getting rid of homopolar bonds), and an evolution of its electronic properties that drift away from those of the crystal, driven by an increase of the Peierls-like distortion of the local environments in the amorphous [1]. [1] J.Y Raty, W. Zhang, J. Luckas, C. Chen, R. Mazzarello, C. Bichara and M. Wuttig, Nature Comm. To appear. [less ▲]

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See detailPast and future distributions of Southeast Asian murine rodents: the influence of climate changes
Latinne, Alice ULg; Meynard, Christine; Morand, Serge et al

Conference (2015, August 18)

Our study, involving species distribution modelling techniques, aimed at assessing the influence of past and future climatic fluctuations on Southeast Asian small mammal distributions using two forest ... [more ▼]

Our study, involving species distribution modelling techniques, aimed at assessing the influence of past and future climatic fluctuations on Southeast Asian small mammal distributions using two forest-dwelling (Leopoldamys herberti and Leopoldamys sabanus) and one karst endemic (Leopoldamys neilli) rodent species as models. Our model predictions contradict the well-established hypothesis that Southeast Asian forest-dwelling species were confined to small refugia during the LGM. Moreover, these results suggest that the distribution of several East and Southeast Asian taxa were in their refugial state during Pleistocene interglacial periods rather than during glacial periods. This could be because of vegetation changes that may have occurred at that time as a result of the increased seasonality observed during the LIG. The two future climate change scenarios used in this study predicted that large climatically suitable areas would still be available in the future for the three species. [less ▲]

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See detailAtmospheric metal pollution over the last 250 years inferred from speleothem geochemistry
Allan, Mohammed ULg; Fagel, Nathalie ULg; Verheyden, Sophie

Conference (2015, August 17)

Lead concentrations and isotope ratios from two speleothems from the Han-sur-Lesse cave in southern Belgium were measured in order to study the ability of speleothems to act as archives of atmospheric ... [more ▼]

Lead concentrations and isotope ratios from two speleothems from the Han-sur-Lesse cave in southern Belgium were measured in order to study the ability of speleothems to act as archives of atmospheric pollution. To address this aim we analyzed trace elemental Al and Pb compositions by LA-ICP-MS and ICP-MS as well as Pb isotopes by MC-ICP-MS. The results help to identify three Pb-enriched intervals: from 1880 to 1905 AD, from 1945 to 1965 AD, and from 1975 to 1990 AD. The speleothem record is consistent with the evolution of atmospheric pollution in Belgium. Lead isotope ratios confirm that coal and gasoline combustion, combined with regional metallurgical activities, were the predominant Pb pollution sources in the stalagmites during the last 250 years. This research underscores the importance of speleothems as a valuable tool for the discrimination between anthropogenic and natural lead contributions in the environment and consequently for quantifying the anthropogenic contribution or determining natural background values in continental settings. [less ▲]

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See detailNi-Cu/SiO2 cogelled xerogel catalysts for selective hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane into ethylene
Lambert, Stéphanie ULg

Conference (2015, August 13)

Hydrodechlorination of chlorinated organics is a particularly attractive alternative compared with incineration of wastes from the chlorine industry from both economic and environmental points of view ... [more ▼]

Hydrodechlorination of chlorinated organics is a particularly attractive alternative compared with incineration of wastes from the chlorine industry from both economic and environmental points of view. Several authors demonstrated the ability of bimetallic catalysts, composed of metals from Groups VIII and IB, to convert chlorinated alkanes selectively into less or not chlorinated alkenes. The purpose of this study is to measure catalytic activity and selectivities of 1,2-dichloroethane hydrodechlorination over Ni-Cu/SiO2 cogelled xerogel catalysts and to study relationships between catalytic activity and surface properties of bimetallic catalysts. To understand the mechanism of hydrodechlorination of 1,2-dichloroethane on a supported alloy, the surface composition of Ni-Cu alloy is measured from H2 chemisorption, XRD and TEM. Values obtained indicate a very pronounced surface enrichment with copper. Samples containing various amounts of nickel and copper are xerogels prepared by a one-step sol-gel procedure, which consists in the cogelation of the silica precursor, tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), with organically substituted alkoxides capable of forming chelates with nickel and copper ions. The resulting alcogels were dried under vacuum at 80°C, calcined in air at 400°C, and finally reduced in hydrogen at 450°C. For each catalytic experiment, 0.11 g of catalyst pellets were tested. The temperature was successively kept at 200, 250, 300, 350 and 300°C. While 1,2-dichloroethane hydrodechlorination over pure nickel mainly produces ethane, increasing copper content in bimetallic catalysts results in an increase in ethylene selectivity. Used alone, copper deactivates rapidly due to their covering by chlorine atoms. When nickel is present, it supplies hydrogen atoms for the regeneration of the chlorinated copper surfaces into metallic copper. The specific consumption rate of 1,2-dichloroethane decreases when copper loading increases. The turnover frequency, that is, the number of catalytic cycle per active site (nickel atom and its surrounding copper atoms) and per second, seems to be independent of surface composition of alloy particles. [less ▲]

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See detailLa presse vidéoludique francophone : formats (papier et numérique) et histoire
Dozo, Björn-Olav ULg

Conference (2015, August 11)

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See detailDepression in Women and in Men: Differences on Behavioral Avoidance and on Behavioral Activation
Wagener, Aurélie ULg; Baeyens, Céline; Blairy, Sylvie ULg

Poster (2015, August 06)

Depression is a well-known disorder characterized by e.g. sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, feelings of guilt or worthlessness. Depression is also characterized by a decrease of the level of ... [more ▼]

Depression is a well-known disorder characterized by e.g. sadness, loss of interest and pleasure, feelings of guilt or worthlessness. Depression is also characterized by a decrease of the level of engagement in activities also conceptualized as behavioral avoidance. Indeed, depressed patients less and less engage themselves in pleasurable activities (e.g. they spend more and more time in their bed, see their friends more rarely). Reciprocally, this decrease of the level of engagement in activities reinforces and maintains depressive symptoms. This relationship between depression and a low level of engagement in activities is well-established in the scientific literature but no study has, until now, discussed the reasons of this decrease of engagement in activities. According to theoretical models of depression (Beck, 2008; Lewinsohn, 1985; Watkins, 2009), five sets of psychological processes (PP) are involved in depressive symptomatology: negative repetitive thoughts, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, low environmental rewards, negative self-image and inhibition. We hypothesize that these PP could be considered as explaining factors of the behavioral avoidance. Furthermore, we hypothesize that other PP could be considered as explaining factors of the behavioral activation (adaptive emotion regulation strategies, high environmental rewards, positive self-image, approach and high self-clarity). Then, our aim is to assess the links between behavioral avoidance as well as activation and the PP mentioned above. In order to reach this objective, we developed a model of these links based on the psychological model of mental ill-health of Kinderman (2005, 2013). According to this model, biological, social and circumstantial factors lead to mental disorders through their conjoint effects on psychological processes. Furthermore, because depression is different in women and in men, we assessed the adequacy of our model according to the sex. Clinical and community adults completed an online survey assessing the psychological processes mentioned above, avoidance and activation. Since several questionnaires were used to assess each PP, factorial scores were computed for each one. Preliminary analyses (confirmatory factor analyses) were realized with a sample of 393 women and 139 men. The results revealed differences between men and women. For women, on the one hand, low levels of environmental rewards, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and negative repetitive thoughts are linked to behavioral avoidance, and on the other hand, high levels of environmental rewards and positive self-image are linked to behavioral activation. For men, on the one hand, negative self-image, maladaptive emotion regulation strategies and low environmental rewards are linked to behavioral avoidance, and, on the other hand, high levels of environmental rewards and positive self-image are linked to behavioral activation. The final results will be presented during the convention, as data-collection is on-going and will end in May 2015. Clinical implications of these results will also be discussed such as the relevance of working on the levels of environmental rewards. [less ▲]

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See detailAlternatives to traditional valorisation ways for brewer’s spent grains
Villani, Nicolas ULg; Aguedo, Mario ULg; Richel, Aurore ULg

Poster (2015, August 05)

Brewer’s Spent Grains (BSG) are a highly available and cheap food supply chain waste (FSCW) that is mainly used in low-valued feed applications. This residue represents around 85 % of the total amount of ... [more ▼]

Brewer’s Spent Grains (BSG) are a highly available and cheap food supply chain waste (FSCW) that is mainly used in low-valued feed applications. This residue represents around 85 % of the total amount of waste produced by breweries with an annual tonnage of 3.4 million tons (on a dry basis) in the European Union. Based on its composition, BSG could be valorised in a wide variety of value-added products. For example, cellulose and remaining starch could easily be turned into ethanol or used as solid state fermentation media or as platform molecules for further chemical synthesis. These alternative valorisation ways could lead to an important economic relief through the whole brewery industry. Herein is described a multistep fractionation of BSG into cellulosic pulp, free sugars, proteins, germs and lignin using an Organosolv acidic pretreatment. This extraction procedure has been optimised in order to allow the most efficient and complete valorisation of BSG. [less ▲]

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